The wonderful world of clothes

Material Information

The wonderful world of clothes
Fox, Ruth Gelarie
Holubar, Oldrich
Robert Hall Clothes, Inc
U.S. Committee for UNICEF
Place of Publication:
New York?
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
40 pages : color illustrations ; 28 cm


Subjects / Keywords:
Clothing and dress ( lcsh )
Clothing and dress ( fast )
non-fiction ( marcgt )


Statement of Responsibility:
by Ruth Gelarie Fox ; ill., Oldrich Holubar ; created by Robert Hall Clothes, inc. in cooperation with the United States Committee for UNICEF.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Auraria Library
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
02497231 ( OCLC )
63014353 ( LCCN )
GT518 .F6 ( lcc )
391.009 Fox ( ddc )

Auraria Membership

Auraria Library
Literature Collections

Full Text

By Ruth Gelarie Fox
Illustrations Oldrich Holubar
Created by ROBERT HALL CLOTHES, INC. in cooperation with the UNITED

Argentina 11
Brazil 10
China 23
Czechoslovakia 35
Denmark 12
Egypt 8
England 26
Eskimo 29
France 16
Germany 32
Ghana 33
Greece 28
Holland 6
India 6
Iran (Persia) 22
Ireland 28
Israel 31
Italy 15
Japan 34
Lapland 13
Mexico 24
Nigeria 30
Norway 10
Outer Space 36
Russia (USSR) 21
Scotland 27
Spain 14
Sweden 13 Copyright 1963, by Robert Hall Clothes, Inc.,
Switzerland 17 Division of United Merchants and Manufacturers, Inc.
Thailand (Siam) 9 _ All rights reserved, including the right
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 63-14353

In this age where no point on the globe is more than a few hours away
from any other point, our young peoples interest in the customs,
aspirations, and needs of their contemporaries around the world is
greater than ever before. This interest and concern find a concrete ex-
pression on Halloween, when American boys and girls dress upmany
of them in foreign costumesto uTrick or Treat for UNICEF, the
United Nations Childrens Fund.
Depending on where they happen to have been born, children dress
differently, speak different languages, play different games, eat different
foods. Peoples clothes reveal much of their habits and their ways of
living, and even of their joys and problemsfrom the light, gaily colored
dress seen on the Mediterranean to the Eskimos furs observed in the
northernmost areas.
However, such external differences among children disappear be-
fore the universal similarities. In order to grow up and become healthy
and self-supporting adults, all children need nutritious foods and clean
water, protection from disease, and educational opportunities.
UNICEF is dedicated to the health and welfare of the worlds chil-
dren and mothers. It seems fitting, therefore, that this book which illus-
trates varied types of international clothes be offered as a tribute to
this organizations efforts to encourage mankinds hopes and ambitions
for its children. The United States Committee for UNICEF appreciates
this recognition of its work, and expresses the ivish that this panorama
of colorful costumes may serve as an inspiration for pageants, parties,
and plays held with the intention of showing concern for the worlds
needy children.
(Mrs. Guido Pantaleoni, Jr.)
United States Committee for UNICEF
United Nations, New York

This could be a family in New York, Copenhagen, Rome or Moscow. The
clothes they wear are typical of those worn in every major city of the
world. We refer to the style of these clothes as western, American, Euro-
pean or modern.
But clothing style is dynamic and ever-changing. The modern styl-
ing you see today is actually an outgrowth of centuries of evolution
sparked by such diverse influences as tradition, culture, work, climate,
religion. Each country has its own rich heritage. And while the peoples
of the world are more and more adopting the modern look with which
we are all familiartraces of traditional costume are still found every-
Our costume heritage holds special charms for all of us. Even the
most sophisticated modern will turn up in the costume of his forefathers
for a holiday or special occasion. And why not? Its fun to return to the
costumes of our heritagewhether it be the sari of India, the fustanella
of Greece, the kilt of Scotland or the kimono of Japan.
We of Robert Hall are delighted to have the opportunity to bring
thank the United States Committee for UNICEF for their support and
guidance with this project. We hope it will give you, your family, and
all your friends many hours of pleasure and new understanding of your
neighbors in the world all around you.
Harold Rosner, President
Robert Hall Clothes, Inc.
New York City

Perhaps best known of the traditional
costumes of the United States, is that of
the American cowboy. Popularized in
book, song, movies and television, the
cowboy is probably as much the hero of
boys and girls in other countries as he is
in America. He works outdoors, his
vigorous life devoted to herding and
tending cattle. He wears chaps, which
are wide leather overalls usually open at
the back, a ten gallon hat which has a
wide brim to protect him from the
intense sun of the plains. He usually
carries a lasso. It is a rope or a long
thong of leather with a noose for
catching cattle. The cowboy takes great
pride in his western saddle which is
often quite ornate and sometimes filigreed
with silver. He wears riding boots
with high heels and spurs. Spurs are spike-
like metal pieces attached to his
boots. The high heels help him in mounting
his horse and support him in the saddle.
His spurs keep the horse on the move.
Another example of traditional costumes can
be seen in the newest and fiftieth
state of the United States, Hawaii. Here
women often wear the traditional
muumuu. Made in a variety of gay
prints, the muumuu .is a loose fitting
garment that hangs down to the very
heels of a ladys shoes. First introduced
by missionaries who came to the
Hawaiian Islands in the 1820s, it is still a very
popular mode of dress. A lei, or
neck-chain, of beautiful, real tropical
flowers is often worn with the muumuu.

Most Dutch families today dress just
like you and I. But if you visit the island
of Marken in the Zuyder Zee, r*
you will see Dutch families dress just
as they did in olden times. Mother wears tJ_
a long wide skirt, a gay blouse, a lace '
and muslin cap and klompvn /
wooden shoes. She slips the shoes off
before she goes into the house and
usually does her housework in her stocking
feet. Father wears large, full and
very long trousers, a double-breasted
jacket fastened with silver buttons, and
wooden shoes. Boys and girls of Marken
dress exactly alike until they are seven
years old. Like his sister, the boy wears
long curls. Both wear straight blouses,
long full skirts and caps. The boys cap is
exactly the same as the girls except
that it has a silver button. When a little
boy reaches the age of seven his curls are
cut off and he dresses just like his father!
Who wouldnt love a chance to wear the INDIA
beautiful, simple sari of the Indian
lady? We cant imagine anything more
graceful! Six yards long and four yards

wide, it is made of brilliantly colored,
embroidered or printed cotton or silk.
It winds around the waist to form a
long skirt, then it is brought up over the
left shoulder. The free end is carried over
the head like a shawl. Indian dancers
wear their saris like trousers to dance
more easily. An Indian girl does not
wear a sari until she is twelve or thirteen.
The narrow border of woven design around
the sari represents the different regions
of the country. Under the sari the
Indian lady wears a tight, short blouse
talia gold locket on a delicate chain
hangs about her neck and sometimes takes the
place of a wedding ring. Earrings of heavy
pendant for her forehead, necklaces,
finger rings, bracelets, armlets, anklets
and in some districts even nose rings are
The Indian mans traditional
dress is a long, highnecked coat that
buttons at the left side and tight trousers.
He may also wear a long draped loincloth.
with short sleeves. The
gold often reach to her shoulders, a rich


Probably the most important part of
his costume is his hat. There are many
varieties. The turban is one. It measures
five to twenty-five yards long and can be wound
around the head in many ways, sometimes
with one end hanging down the back.
It is called a pagri. The tarbush is very
similar to the fez but it has
no tassel. Another type of cap worn is r
the Ghandi cap, a sort of peaked hat
like those worn by soldiers. Wonderful
red leather shoes, often elaborately
embroidered and with upturned toes
are common throughout India.
Egypts big city residents wear modern
style clothes. But there are many
examples of traditional dress in the
country. A long galabiya or robe, for
EGYPT the men is customary. The galabiya is
collarless, long-sleeved and closed in
front except for the neck opening. The
neck opening usually reveals a bright
waistcoat held in place with a wide belt
wound around the waist. Villagers wear
colorful skull caps with thin white shawls
wound around them. Their slipper-shoes
are called bulgha. But most
villagers work barefoot and wear
these slippers only on special occasions.

A womans dress is long, loose-fitting
and generally a colorful cotton print.
It has a slight or non-existent waistline.
Outside the house the lady wears a black
milaya or long draped robe. A shy
woman usually draws a part of her black
robe across the lower part of her face in the
company of male strangersor wears a
veil of crocheted yarn called a buru.
Her head is bound with colorful
kerchiefs decorated with border frills and
called mandils. Her shoes are
traditionally black although young girls
can wear colored shoes.
Perhaps most famous in the traditional
costume of Thailand are the
bright colors, fine fabrics and exquisite
prints. These have made the Thai
costume one of the loveliest in the world.
Although both men and women in
the cities will wear western dress, those in
the country may often be found in
their traditional costumes. For the men it
is a simple jacket and trousers. For
women, it is a jacket or blouse with
panung. A panung is one yard in width and
three yards long. It is wrapped about
the body so that it f of ms a gracefully
draped skirt. One of the best known
hats in all the world comes from Thailand.
It is the pagoda-like metal covered
hat of the Siamese dancers.


Bahia is a state in Brazil where the women
wear outfits that are really breathtakingly
beautiful. They combine African and
Portuguese styles and include a turban,
a shawl, wide starched skirts, a light blouse
often full of ruffles and wooden soled
slippers. The Bahian loves beads and
will wear pounds of them around her neck.
Over the turban the Bahia lady may carry a
basket piled high with flowers, leaves and
fruit to sell at market. When filled it may
reach as high as ten inches over her head!

You will have to do some exploring to find
examples of the unusual national costume
of Norway. Only the most remote villages
and mountain towns still use them.
In Saetersdalen the men wear trousers
that reach almost to the neck and are
held at the shoulders by narrow strips
of cloth. They look like overalls.

On holidays a cloth jacket is added.
Women wear heavy cloth skirts which
look like pinafores and extend from
shoulders to knees. White blouses
with full sleeves embroidered at the
wristbands are fashionable. Massive
silver brooches and belts fastened with
silver buckles are part of the costume.
The women of Norway wear interesting
caps called skaut. The skaut is a large
square of white linen, starched and
pleated, then folded and tied to the
head. The young girls wear square shaped
bonnets in bright colors covered with beads
and trimmed with gay ribbon streamers.
* Visit the great cattle-raising areas of
Argentina and you will find the countrys
famous cowboy, the gaucho. He wears
a chiripa. It is a square of colored cloth
or a blanket wound about the waist and
legs and fastened by a massive belt of
solid silver. With it he dons white

cotton trousers which he tucks into the
tops of high boots. The boots are made of
the very softest leather but have big
spurs. Over his shirt goes a short
embroidered jacket. A large felt hat
and a bright kerchief about the neck can
be seen far and wide as he gallops across
the plains tending his herds.

^ Of course, people in Denmark dress
like you and I. But on certain special
/ occasions, whether he is young or old,
/ the Danes traditional costume is short
trousers. They are buttoned to the knee.
With it he wears long stockings, low
shoes with great silver buckles and a
short coat fastened with a double row
of buttons. In certain districts the Danish lady
wears ankle length skirts, a laced top with full
sleeves, an apron with crosswise
decorations of embroidery and a small
fringed and graceful shoulder shawl.
Her bright bonnet has long streamers
and is decorated at the back instead
of the front. It is covered with lovely
embroidered designs. The front is
extremely simple with only a lace frill
to frame the face and a ribbon bo\
to tie under the chin.

In Sweden the men wear leather knee
breeches, short coats and wool stockings.
They wear round felt hats. These
are their traditional costumes. The
traditional dress of the women consists
of long skirts and bright blouses. Over the
blouses the Swedish women wear
ornate little vests fastened with laces.

-I 'Kvft
At the very northern most tip of Sweden
and in parts of Norway, Finland and Russia
as well, live the Lapps. They dress warmly
like Eskimos because this northern
part of the world is so cold.
Reindeer run wild here.
The Lapps wear colorful
ankle-length trousers and long heavy
coats called kappa. They use the skin

of reindeer to make boots. The boots are
pointed with upturned toes.
They wear mittens to help keep out the cold.
Both men and women dress alikeexcept
the womens kappa are longer and fuller.
Mens caps have visors and yarn pompoms.
The womens caps are simple fez-like
coverings with heavy embroidery.
It may come as a surprise to you but
the men of Spain dress traditionally in
costumes that are dark and somber.
Their jackets and knee length trousers
are generally dark blue, green or black.
N They wear white shirts with these and
a cape called a manta. The only bright
note in the whole costume is a colorful
sash called a faja. In some districts the men
wear a coat instead of a cloak. This coat is
called a gambeto. In the area of Catalonia
a man is likely to wear a red or purple
stocking cap called a gorro. It is the kind
of cap you might wear for ice skating!
. On the other hand, the Spanish ladies
love sparkle. Short bright skirts trimmed
with lace, spangled aprons, and lacy
blouses are the custom. They wear
brilliant shawls over their shoulders.
For street wear Spanish ladies dress
entirely in black. They even wear black
scarves over their heads.

The lace mantilla arranged over an
enormously high comb, with flowers at
the side, is reserved for special occasions.
So is the embroidered silk manton
de mantillaa very large silk shawl
with a deep fringe.
The Italian is especially fond of
elaborate buttons. He uses them on his coat,
his jacket and even on his knee breeches.
But his sash and his long stockings are
the two most colorful items in his national
costume. In Calabria the mans hat is fun.
It consists of a small upturned brim
with a cone shaped crown with six or eight
ribbons hanging from its top down to the
waist. The Italian womens sleeves are
unique. They are separate from the dress
and are attached by ribbons. Traditionally
Italian women wear colorful and exciting
aprons. They are made of a length
of wool or silk edged with elaborate
embroidery and worn over a long skirt.
Many Italian women wear tovaglias
over their heads. The tovaglia is made
of white linen, eighteen inches wide and
two yards long. The ends are trimmed
with fringe. One half of the tovaglia falls
to the waist, the other half is folded
on the forehead and falls to the sides
of the face. There is nothing
quite so graceful and beautiful.

Of course, in the big cities of France
the people dress just the way we do. But in the
provinces and on special holidays the
French dress in the traditional costumes
of their native areas. Who wouldnt? Its fun!
For example, in Brittanythe Breton
.an wears an impressive broad
brimmed felt hat. It is called a toe.
The toe is decorated with ribbon
and has streamers which fall below the
shoulders. He wears accordion-pleated
breeches called bragon braz and a vest of
the brightest, gayest colors imaginable.
The vest has two rows of silver buttons
from the waist to the neck. Over the
vest goes a short cloth jacket.
The French womens traditional hats
are unique. In Brittany they wear brightly
colored bonnets. Alsatian women are
famous for their wide, black ribboned
bows. In Normandy and Savoy the caps
of the women are the most extravagant.
They date back to the 1400s.
Cone-shaped and standing high over
the head, they form two great
wings on either side. In Savoy, the great
lace caps are so fragile that on rainy
days the women wear two hats. One the
capthe other a large felt hat to protect it.

But to see a really strange custom go to
the Bay of Biscay, Here stilts are
as important as shoes. Why? Because
the land in this area is very swampy.
People make their living by raising sheep.
In order to follow their sheep through
the watery areas they walk on giant stilts
which are strapped to their legs. The
shepherd carries another long pole with
a seat. When he wants to rest he uses
this seat. What does he do to pass the
time? Believe it or nothe knits! Imagine
what a strange sight it is to see half a dozen
men, each high in the air on their stilts
all busily knitting!
The traditional costumes of Switzerland
are really delightful. The Swiss lady
wears a red, brown or black full cloth
skirt. She wears a snowy white blouse
and long white or red stockings. Her
shoes are leather with ample silver
buckles. She has an apron but the
color differs depending upon where she
lives. In the Zurich area, it is gaily striped
red; in Schaffhausen, yellow; in St. Gall,
red and blue; in Grisons, white; and
in Schwyz it combines all the colors
found in all other districts! The top
of the traditional dress is close fitting with
narrow straps at the shoulders and
brightly colored ribbons laced across
the front. The way her hair is combed
depends on the area in which she lives.

The unmarried ladies of Schaffhausen
wear one long braid, in Uri they wear
two braids, in Basel they let their hair
hang free. In Schwyz they draw their
hair up in puffs between the wings of a
lace cap called the rosehube and hold it
all in place with a long silver pin called
the rosenadel. Many ladies wear lace
wing-like capsblack for young girls,
white for married ladies. They decorate
the caps with flowers and ribbons. The
schlappe of Appenzell is one of the
prettiest youll see anywhere. It is ^
a small bonnet with a pair of almost
round wings coming out from each side
of the head. It looks like a butterfly
ready for flight. The mans traditional
costume is a white
linen shirt, close fitting breeches of
leather or cloth, a scarlet vest or a short
jacket with brightly colored lapels
and a three quarter length coat. Long
stockings of white or colored wool are
sometimes held by a garter at the knee.
He usually wears low shoes with large
buckles of silver. A bright neckerchief
and an ornate belt completes the costume.

Each district of Yugoslavia has its own
traditional costumes. The Croatian woman
wears a short linen skirt over two or
three very wide petticoats. She wears
an apron with beautiful blue and red

embroidery. With this, she wears a sheepskin
jacket decorated with buttons and
beads or a shawl. A kerchief tied under
the chin or worn like a turban is ,jt
common. The Croatian woman wears /
thick stockings and like the Croatian
man, the stockings have fancy designs
and knee garters decorated with tassels
in various colors. Serbian women wear
shallow pillbox hats trimmed with
heart shaped metal discs along with
A beautifully embroidered skirts, bodices
and aprons. In Montenegro the mans
costume consists of baggy knee
breeches resembling a divided skirt, an
embroidered waistcoat and a long coat
reaching to the knees. In this district an
unmarried lady wears a small round
red cap called a kapa while the married
woman wears a kapa in black.
Much of the romance, beauty and color
of Turkeys history can be traced in
the traditional costumes of its people. Here
both men and women wear pantaloons.
In the Aegean region, the mans
costume consists of a richly embroidered
bolero-like jacket called a cepken.
Underneath the cepken he wears a shirt
which buttons closely down the front
and is embroidered at the collar. The
shirt is called a mintan. His pantaloons may

be short or long, but they are always
gathered on the waist and held by
yards and yards of richly colored sash
called the kusak. The womens pantaloons
are always very full and reach to
the ankles. They are called shalvar. A blouse
is worn with this and over the blouse is the
famed uc etek or jacket. The jacket is
in three parts-two panels in the front
and one in the back. The back panel trails
to the ankles. Often the fashionable
Turkish woman will tuck the two front
panels of her uc etek into the sash at her
waist giving her jacket a beautifully
draped and bustled effect. Embroidery
covers the ladys jacket. Almost always
it is a tulip pattern. It may surprise you
to know that the tulip was one of
the most loved and prized of the flowers of
Turkey and that in the 18th century
Turkey shipped the very first tulips
ever seen in Holland! Up to that time
there never was a tulip grown in Holland at
all ! Turkish women love jewelry
and wear dozens of thin gold bracelets,
necklaces, and dangling earrings. Their hats are
simply cloth squares. But sometimes the
Turkish woman will display her entire
dowry of gold pieces from a band on
her forehead at the front of the hat. While
many people may still remember the
fez as the Turkish hat, it is interesting to
know that it was outlawed by the
government in 1923, when the Turkish
republic was founded.

Russians hold close to their national
costumes and many can be spotted wearing
them in the streets of the big cities
as well as in country towns. Most
important to the mans costume is
a long blouse called the rubashka.
It is worn over the trousers.
The rubashkas long sleeves are full
and embroidered at the band. The bottom
edge of the blouse is also embroidered
so is the small standing collar. The
rubashka opens at the left side from
the neck to the waist and is belted.
With it the Russian wears plain trousers
tucked into tall boots. In the cold
regions of Russia the men traditionally
wear bulky fur hats. Women
wear very bright costumes
which consist of long colorful wool skirts
and billowy blouses with embroidered sleeves.
Over the blouse the Russian women favor
sleeveless jackets called sarafans.
The ladies hats are most interesting and
highly prized. They are worn indoors
as well as outdoors. All of them are shaped
close to the head so as to
cover the hair completely.

The design of the hats varies a tiaraa tall,
fez-like bonnet, a sweetly simple cap,
or a great fan-like affair spread
around the head. In the
Ukraine a young Russian girl
wraps her braids about her head and
gaily pins wreaths of flowers and
long bright ribbon streamers to the back.
IRAN (Persia)
a When not in modern dress
the women of Iran wear trousers. They
wear short skirts over them.
- In 1890 the great Persian ruler Nasir-u-Din
became much impressed with the
costumes that he saw in the ballet
when he visited Paris. And as the legend goes ,
upon his return to Persia, he ordered all the women of
his harem to wear short skirts like
ballet dancers instead of their customary
long skirts. And so the custom lived on.
The Persian womans outdoor costume was according
to tradition, a complete disguise. She covers herself
from head to foot in a shapeless black chador,
a combination veil and robe.
The men of Persia traditionally wear straight cloth
trousers, soft white, embroidered shirts
and long jackets made of silk or velvet
embroidered with gold threads.

Their hat is called a kolah. The kolali
is tall and without a brim. Moslem priests wear
the turban. Made of twenty yards
of fine muslin, it is usually woven of
many beautiful and contrasting colors.
A boy wears a hip-length shirt
over long, full trousers. The girls wear
enormous full velvet trousers, silk
or cotton tunics and short jackets.
Their tiny slippers are soled with wood,
and they usually wear great amounts
of jewelry from the time that
they are very young.
The traditional Chinese costume is nearly
the same for both men and women. It
consists of trousers called koo and a
jdcket called a shan and looks very much
like our Western pajamas. The jacket
buttons across the chest and under the
right arm, and has a standing collar
and loose sleeves. Over this, a sleeveless
vest is worn called a baishin. For more
formal or business occasions, the men
wore a Chang shan or long gown with a
ma qua or black outside jacket.
The women wore skirts over their koos for
all social occasions. Embroidered
coats with moons, dragons, stars and flowers
were generally reserved for the
mandarins, Chinas high officials and were
frequently symbols of the Buddhist
religion. The mandarins were also sometimes
permitted to wear a peacock feather
in their hats. Short cotton stockings, with
a seam up the,front were worn by
the Chinese women with embroidered cloth
or satin slippers called hsieh. Both
men and women were likely to carry

elegant fans. Because red was the symbol of
happiness to the Chinese, the bride
would wear an elaborate gown of
red for her wedding, the men a red
tassel on their hats and a red cord
on their queues or long braid.
This long braid worn by
the Chinese for hundreds of years is
gone now. Manchu conquerors forced
the Chinese to wear these between the
years 1644 and 1912. By the time he
is just a month old the Chinese child is
wearing wide baggy trousers that reach to
the ankles, a long coat and a jacket
that hangs to the hips. Both boys and girls
wear the same outfit. The most interesting
part of their costume are their first shoes
and mittens. They are practical and fun,
too. Cut in the shape of animal heads,
they will amuse baby for hours at a time!
Land of the hat dance and the bull fight,
Mexico has beautifully colorful costumes.
In the larger cities the people wear
suits and dresses just like our ownbut
in the country, many families hold to their
ageless and charming traditional dress.
The men of Mexico have a unique
costume. The famous Mexican hat

is called the sombrero. Its brim is
sometimes as wide as two feet! With it
the Mexican wears a white shirt
and white trousers. The Mexicans
distinctive sandals are called huaraches
A vivid multi-colored cape woven in
primitive designs is worn
throughout Mexico. The Spanish name
for this is the poncho or serape.
The poncho has a hole for the head,
the serape does not.
The Mexican woman usually wears a simple
blouse and a long, full skirt. Over her
head and around her shoulders she wears a long
veil, called a rebozo. On festive occasions
she wears a scarf of intricately woven lace
over her head. It is called a mantilla,
m For a look at one of the grandest
costumes in all of Mexico, visit
Tehuantepec district on a festival day.
A woman wears a short sleeveless
blouse and a wrapped skirt of blue or
red cotton. About the bottom of the skirt
is a wide ruffle of starched lace.
Most spectacular of all is her hat.
It is called a huipil. It is cotton lace
which forms a giant pleated flounce
around the face. The huipil is high and
wide and very grand. Even little girls
wear them. It is said that the huipil
was originally a babys shirt that was
worn for luck by the person who rescued
a child from drowning. ,

ENGLAND: Perhaps better known than any
other national costumes of England, is the
dress of the Royal Guard. You see the Royal Guard
parading in front of Buckingham
Palace. They turn neither to the left nor
right but march back and forthand
back and forth againlike toy soldiers.
Their giant bearskin hats stand high over
their foreheads and their bright red
jackets are so vivid they can be seen
far and wide. The English lawyer ^
is called a barrister. His traditional
costume is unusual. Did you know that
he always wears a white wig and a black
cloak when he appears in court? In
some country districts women
still wear an elaborate sunbonnet.
The bonnet has a stiff visor and a frill
falling to the shoulders. It is ideal for
protection from the sun.
WALES: The traditional costume for men
included knee breaches, high necked vests and
tail coats. Welsh women
wore full skirts, long aprons, a white
blouse and a shawl around their shoulders.
On her head she wore what looked very
much like a witchs hat. It was very
high, very black and very shiney.
Beneath it was a close fitting hood like a
baby cap tied with a big bow under the

chin. Today, it is only on special
holidays that these traditional costumes
are likely to be displayed.
It takes sixteen yards of woolen
cloth to make a Scotsmans kilt. Half of it
goes around the waist to the knee,
the other half is folded over his left
shoulder and held down with a pin or
brooch. All kilts are plaid or tartan
design and their colors are the
Scotsmans family colors. Stockings
are of tartan design, too. They are worn
just below the knees. Leather shoes
called brogans are worn. A cap with
an eagles feather at the side usual!
covers the Scotsmans head. A large
purse made of fur with a silver frame
hangs from his belt. It is called the
sporran. A short jacket of velvet or wool is
worn. Underneath the folds of his shoulder
shawl he carries a sword. Hed love to
play the bagpipe for you if you ask him!

IRELAND: Shawls and kerry cloaks are the
traditional features in the Irish national
dress. Heres an Irish lady in her
typical Kerry cloak.
The fustanella is the traditional costume
Sa/* worn by Greek men. It is bright, colorful
and gay. It consists of an enormous
white cloth skirt that ends just above
the knees. It is worn with a wide sleeved
shirt, a heavily embroidered vest and a
cummerbund. The Greek man wears
white stockings with tassels at the
knee, pompoms on the toes of his shoes

and a cap with a tassel of silk, i
woman wears a long, sleeveless coat
t with a cummerbund, a blouse with
I embroidered sleeves, a long white or blue
skirt and an apron. The way she folds
. and ties the kerchief on her head
, will tell the village in which she lives.
Coins, beads, and chains in great number
usually hang from her neck.
A very strange garment is worn by
the men of Anatolia in Greece. It is a
great felt cape worn as an overcoat
during the day and set up as a tent
for sleeping when night comes! ^

The land of freezing ice and snow in
Greenland and Alaska has kept the Eskimo
of today in the very same dress as his
father, his grandfather and even his
great-grandfather before him. All Eskimos
men, women and childrendress alike.
The costume consists of a shirt, a
fur coat, trousers and a pair of high
boots. The shirt is made of the skins of
birds and is called a Umiak. Black dog
fur edges the long sleeves, the neck,
and the hood which attaches to the shirt.
The man wears a coat called
an amork. It is made of soft sealskin
and reaches to his waist. The amork
is just like the Eskimo womans coat
called an amout. The only difference is

that the amout has a second fur hood in
which the Eskimo mother can carry her
baby. The trousers of both Eskimo
mother and father are sealskin. The
trousers are tucked into high boots
called kamiks. The kamiks reach
well over the knees. A womans boots are
embroidered and trimmed with feathers.
The Eskimo woman takes great pride in
her boots because this is the only
part of her costume that is different from the mans.
Pajama-like trousers and a colorful
agbada is the traditional costume of the
men of Nigeria. The agbada is like a
cape. It is sewn only a short way up from
the hem and then it is folded and draped
to the shoulder. Nigerian women are
lovely in blouses of white linen, a
figured skirt with matching iro or
overskirt. The iro is really a large,
straight piece of cotton clotheither tied
at the waist or thrown over the shoulders.
To complete the costume, the Nigerian
women wear turbans to match their skirts.
They are likely too, to wear necklaces of
bronze or gold. Several gold necklaces
worn together are a sign of wealth.

The dress worn throughout this country
is just like yours and mine. If you happen
to live and work on a kibbutz which is
a farm community, the dress is more
informal than in the cities. Both men and ISRAEL
women wear trousers or shorts and shirts
during the working day. Schoolboys
throughout Israel often wear shorts
while the girls love to wear blouses with
rounded neck bordered in beautiful
Yemenite designs.
Such designs are also embroidered on
the costumes worn by young Israelis
in folk dances based on both biblical
and modern themes. Sometimes on
special holidays the people of Israel
who come from nearly every country
around the world, will bring out the
national costumes of their early days, :
drawing on a rich, colorful heritage of
such countries as Poland, Russia,
Czechoslovakia, and Austria.
To watch the happy new
settlers in Israel
perform their dances
in these bright
costumes is indeed
an exciting experience.

There are so many different traditional
costumes in Germany it would be difficult
to describe them all in great detail.
Perhaps the most interesting of them
come from the Black Forest district. Here
the ladies wear tight bodices which lace
in front to frame a brightly patterned
blouse. Skirts are full and worn with
an apron. Sleeves are short and puffed
and decorated with white lace. The ladies
wear wonderfully pert little hats with
high crowns and very, very small brims.
In Baden interesting little clothing
customs can be seen from time to time.
For example, you might see a woma
wear an enormous hat
lecorated with giant velvet
pompoms. The bigger the hat,
the more important
the lady. The hat also
IIj'a gt | 61 * * tells whether the lady
* is married or not
a girl who is single wears a hat
with red pompoms, the married lady
wears a hat with black pompoms.
In the southern part of Germany
you might see men wearing long coats and
knee breeches, decorated stockings and felt
or straw hats. Undoubtedly one of the
most amusing costumes frequently seen
in Germany is that of the chimney sweep.
Believe it or not, he wears a long black
coat and a very high hat as though he
were going to a formal dance. But his
face is blackened and he carries a broom!

One of the newest African nations, this
country used to be called the Gold Coast.
Here the men wear beautiful toga-like
garments. The colors and prints and
designs of the cloth used are dazzling and
beautiful to see. Interesting in the costume
of the young ladies of Ghana is the
akwaba doll. This doll is not a toy
at all. A young women will tie it around
her waist to indicate that she is single.

Although western style clothes are a
common sight throughout Japan, the
famed and traditional kimono is worn
often in the big cities as well as in the
small villages of this country. Graceful
and elegant, the kimono is not designed
to accentuate the lines of the body; its
beauty lies in pattern and color. The
mans kimono is body length, dark in color
and very simply ornamented often
with his familys crest or coat of arms
painted on it. The ladys kimono is long,
full and quite ornate. Most
important accessory of the ladys kimono
is her obi. This is a sash measuring
m one foot wide by thirteen feet in length.
Each one is quite different and many
are made of the most beautiful brocade
imaginable! It winds around the
waist and ties in a otaiko musubi or drum-
style tie for everyday use. For
festive occasions though, a butterfly knot
called the cho musubi is used. A small
cushion called the obiage holds up the loop
of the sash The traditional haircomb
of Japan is swept up to the top of the
head. It is probably this hairdo that
has made the hat unknown in the
Japanese ladys traditional costume.
She uses a parasol to protect her from the
sun. As for her fan, youll always
find it tucked away neatly in the folds
of her obi. The Japanese lady wears
tabi or one-toed socks with sandals. The
sandals are called zori and fasten between
the first and second toes.

Brilliant colors and a huge amount of
embroidery make the Czechoslovakian
national costume one of the most
beautiful and exciting in all the world.5
There are many styles .
The Czech favors a shirt
richly embroidered at the wrist and neck.
He wears embroidered trousers tucked
into high black boots. To complete
the outfit, he has a short vest so thick
with embroidery that it is hard to see the vest
itself. The young man of a village named
Vlcnov, adds several huge red pompoms
to the front edges of his vest. A tiny
felt hat trimmed with an embroidered :
band and a long curved feather
or even a bunch of fresh flowers
completes this very gay
and decorative costume. The ,
Czech lady is a delight to see; T
In certain districts she wears
a full skirt with as many
as seven huge petticoats
underneath. Each
petticoat is trimmed
with handmade lace. Her blouse is soft and gathered
at the neck. It has very full sleeves.
Over the blouse she wears an embroidered
vest. Her apron is highly prized. It is
very bright and elaborately embroidered.
Sometimes it is even trimmed with lace.
She ties the apron with long, bright
ribbons. The married woman
wears a cap with kerchief over
The way the kerchief is folded indicates
the village or district in which she

There are only a few suits like these in OUTER S PAG E
the world. They were designed for space
travel and each costs many thousands
fit jlM of dollars. Picture yourself wearing one
I - 0f thggg suits. It has 1600 separate
pieces. It is made of rubber and nylon
coated with aluminum that weighs
20 pounds and fits around you with little
room to spare for movement. Of course
the outfit keeps you afloat if you happen to
want to take a swim. And if it should
get very warmyou would be comfortable,
for this suit has its own built-in air
conditioning system to keep you cool. If
you want to talk with friends anywhere
in the world, you can because this suit
also has a communications system
built right into it. Although you are
completely locked into your space suit
from head to toe, you neednt worry about
breathing easily. You have oxygen
pumping in to you from a connection at
your waist. It feeds into your helmet
and escapes through a special vent at the
top. Very few people have ever worn
these suits. Maybe a dozen men in all the
world. They were designed for
astronauts and one suit takes an army
of seamstresses months to make. It is all
custom-fitted. Without it astronauts like
John Glenn could not have blasted off from
Cape Canaveral, Florida, 100 miles into
space. A set of seven zippers, across
the chest, at the edge of the sleeves, across
the middle and down the front of the
legs at the ankles help to get it on and off.

An astronaut wears gloves tightly tucked
into the sleeves of his suit. They have vents
at the tips of the fingers. His shoes are
made of the same material as his suit.
Hes taped and belted, buckled and
buttoned and doesnt look quite human.
If you saw him walking past your
house in his space suit, you would think
you had seen a man from Mars! The
people who make these suits say they
\ are designed to act as a man-sized
space capsule with a locked-in atmosphere
just like the one we have on earth. Think
of the fun moon flights will beif they
outfit this suit with its own power
to fly. Then if the fancy hit youyou
could jump into your space suit, press
the button, start to rise off the ground and
float gently out into the stratosphere
toward the moon!


1. Where do the women wear trousers?
a) Holland b) Persia c) Ireland
2. Who wears a sari?
a) an Indian lady b) married women of
Turkey c) the men of Thailand.
3. The toga-like dress is worn by the men of
a) Greece b) Ghana c) Sweden
4. Where does the Eskimo live?
a) Greenland b) Russia c) Wales
15. What ladies wear stockings with the seam
up the front?
a) the Chinese b) the Spanish lady c) the
women of Holland
16. A long black tailcoat and a very high hat
is worn by..........
a) the English lawyer b) the German
chimney sweep c) the Argentine cowboy
17. If you lived on a kibbutz, what country
would you be in?
a) Turkey b) Switzerland c) Israel
5. In what country do both the men and
women wear pantaloons?
a) Holland b) Turkey c) Spain
6. Where are stilts sometimes as important
as shoes or a coat?
a) France b) Israel c) Russia
7. A gaucho is a cowboy. What country does
he come from?
a) United States b) Spain c) Argentina
8. One of the most important parts of this
ladys costume is her sash. She ties it one
way for everyday occasions, another way
for festive occasions. What country is she
a) Italy b) Japan c) China
9. Whether he is young or old, he wears short
trousers as part of his traditional dress.
His country is.........
a) Denmark b) Ireland c) Turkey
10. Where do Laplanders live?
a) near the borders of Norway, Sweden
and Russia b) on the Gold Coast of Africa
c) between Mexico and the United States
11. Who sometimes wears baskets of fruit
and flowers on her head?
a) the women of Brazil b) children in
Russia c) the married ladies of India
12. What man wears a suit with 1600 separate
a) the astronaut b) Laplanders c) Greek
13. Where do they wear a kimono?
a) China b) Japan c) Hawaii
18. Hes a lawyer. A white wig is part of his
traditional costume. Where does he live?
a) England b) Yugoslavia c) Spain
19. Who makes his boots from reindeer?
a) Russian b) Laplander c) the Japanese
20. Where does a lady wear her hat indoors?
a) Wales b) Italy c) Russia
14. Where does the man wear a long em-
broidered blouse?
a) Russia b) Italy c) Nigeria
The answers:
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1. sombrero (hat) Holland...
2. klompen (shoes) Japan....
3. fustanella (skirt) Mexico...
4. kilt Greece...
5. kerry cloak Scotland..
6. mantilla (shawl) Ireland ..
7. obi (sash) Egypt....
8. helmet Ghana....
9. buru (veil) Spaceman
10. toga Spain....
The answers:
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