Diario de la gente, Volume 2, Number 15

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Diario de la gente, Volume 2, Number 15
Series Title:
Diario de la gente
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Boulder, Colo.
Diario de la gente
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Auraria Library
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Full Text
Pass this issue to a brother
VoL II, No. 15
Boulder, Colorado, Aztlan
22 de Marzo, 1974

2,000 attend Solidarity Day
World Affairs conferees hear Bilingual-Bicultural speakers
An entire series on bilingual/bicultural education was presented March 11-15 at the 27th Annual Conference on World Affairs at the University. Series X was chaired by various local people concerned about the bilingual/bicultural program: University Professor Anthony Lozano; Pete Garcia, Boulder Valley School board member; Professor Jose DeOnis and State Rep. Ruben Valdez. Speakers came from all over the United States.
Oportunidad de Ser
Language at the school door: The first session on Monday March 11, began with speakers Dr. Gilbert Sanchez, Dr. Eduardo Hernandez, and Dr. Raymond J. Rodriguez.
Sanchez, now Director of biiingual/muliicultural Education at the center for Applied Linguistics at Arlington, Virginia, is how developing a resource unit center with specialized skills in the field. Dr. Eduardo Hernandez is a Sociologist at- Stanford University. Dr. Raymond J. Rodriguez is from the University of New Mexico at Albuquerque.
Dr. Gilbert Sanchez
Sanchez spoke first. He emphasized the programs already available and the great number needed. There is a bill in the Senate sponsored by Senators Edward Kennedy and Joseph Montoya which needs public support. He urged that everyone write to his senator asking him to support Bill S-1539. This bill will allocate $2Q0 million for bilingual education.
Sanchez said that there were already 20 states who have acted on or are acting on bilingual program allocations. These programs are not only for the Spanish-speaking, but also French, ,and Portugese, among others.
He concluded his brief statement with the results of a survey that the government will not release because it would cause em-barassment to the Nixon Administration. It is the study of 35 school districts, all of these districts said that they would take up the costs of training their own teachers for bilingual education. What would cause the Nixon Administration embarrasment is that, in spite of the interest and need of bilingual programs, Sanchez said, less money was allocated for bilingual programs this year than last
Hernandez feels that bilingual programs have great potential. He is concerned with the great emphasis of English in bilingual education. He feels, that there should be a stronger emphasis on the language spoken at home. He used Spanish as an example. Spanish is read more easily than English so one can advance faster reading Spanish, he said.
Hernandez said that a problem with the education today is that when a child enters the classroom and cant speak English,'he tries to learn new concepts in a
language foreign to him and this causes great pain and trouble. If a childs exposure to English is the proper sort, he said, the child can then learn rapidly and painlessly in a proper atmosphere.
Hernandez finished asking: Will Spanish survive and have the strength it had before?
Raymond J. Rodriguez
Rodriguez pointed out the faults in Blacks and Chicanos attempts or approaches in education in the schools. Funding, he feels, is a problem in any educational program. Either the money doesnt get to where its supposed to, or it isnt used by the right people .for the needed items. For example, many of those in charge of proposals dont ask the' teachers and community for an input as to where the money should gP-
Stefeotyping was emphasized -very strongly as wrong by Rodriguez. He said especially this stereotyping of Chicanos by Chicanos. Not all Chicanos are alike. Not all Chicanos are bilingual, some are even monolingual English speakers. We have to realize that people are individuals.
The greatest change bilingual/bicultural education could bring about is to make teachers realize that children are individuals and to have them treated as individuals, Rodriguez &id.
Research is, the third fault Rodriguez pointed out. Research he said is error oriented. He feels that we should look at whats good, also.
El Con Que
Where with all: Dr. Albar Pena, unquestionably one of the authorities on bilingual education, Director1 of the division of Bilingual Education at the University of Texas, San Antonio; Eduardo Hernandez, and Christopher Cory, Journalist, addressed the Wednesday, March 13-sesSion.
Dr. Albar Pena
Dr. Pena aired many misconceptions about Bilingual Education. Bilingual is not just speaking English as a second language; does not just teach a foreign language, but is used as a media to transmit information. Is hot an add-on program to regular curriculum, but is the entire curriculum to replace the present outdated program; and is not a remedial education used to meet the need of those who dont speak English.
Failure in bilingual education is because of implementation. Only too often prinicpals OK a bilingual program to pacify the community and wont give his support to those teachers working with the programs. Bilingual Education needs the support of a well informed community, they have to be brought in in the planning stages.
Also, a well-informed Administration willing to lend its support when needed is desirable. A school needs to relax outdated policies and implement new ones. A well qualified faculty is also needed who is sensitive and culturally aware. The faculty should also know how to teach concepts in both languages. The right materials that are relevant and adequate are also needed, Rodriguez said.
Financial assistance is always a big stumbling block for educational programs. Rodriguez feels that a school district should first allocate funds, itself, to begin a bilingual program. He said that there is a certain amount of money earmarked for each student and just ten percent of the childs monies would be. enough to implement a bilingual program. Federal and state funding is helpful but school districts shouldnt sit round and wait for money to be pushed their way for such programs.
Eduardo Hernandez
Eduardo Hernandez emphasized the need of the support and decision-making of the parents in the community. He feels that the variety of language used for bilingual education should be decided by them.
Many people are convinced that English is the only language which is important, saying good English speakers live, in the good homes and have good jobs, and want their kids to speak English, Hernandez said. He pointed out that there are people who speak good English working alongside those who have poorer jobs and homes and cant speak English. Spanish he said is a natural resource and no one will miss it until it is gone, like air and water.
Economic problems are not due -solely to the language one spteaks Hernandez pointed out. We need to teach that, our language is valuable.
(Work Ability) Dr. Henry Casso, Executive Secretary of the National Education Task Force de la Raza at the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque briefly addressed an audience of approximately 50, Thursday, March 14. Dr. Albar Pena and Dr. Pedro Rodriguez, Director of Chicano studies at the University of Washington in Seattle, also spoke.
Dr. Casso said that bilingual education is a fantastic, magnificent and wholesome contribution to the United States.
The reason to create a language and cultural maintenance model is to create a whole brown human being aware and able to analyze critically the monster who gobbles us up everyday, said Dr. Pedro Rodi guez.
He concluded by saying; What is the product? What do we want? How do we go about sure that we wind up with what we want?
DENVER The old cliche Its a small world took on a revolutionary meaning here as more than 2,000 people gathered on the steps of the State Capitol on a warm March 17 to join in solidarity with the Crusade for Justice and to hear many of the nations and the worlds leading activists speak.
The demonstration, commemorating the St. Patricks Day Massacre at the Crusade one year ago which left Luis Junior Martinez dead from police bullets, drew a list of speakers that looked like a log of Whos who in activism. They came from as far away as Puerto Rico ajid Chile and represented peoples of all colors.
The protestors marched to the capitol from various locations throughout the city. As they converged on the capitol, policemen kept a distant but watchful eye from a helicopter; some patroled
the parade in both marked and unmarked cruisers, complete with dogs and riot gear; and at least one plain-clothesman infiltrated the crowd wearing a bullet-proof' vest.
At times the" helicopter swooped so low that the noise drowned out the words of the speakers, but the demonstrators were not intimidated and the march and rally were carried out peacefully and successfully.
The participants carried signs proclaiming Viva Luis, Free Mario Vasquez, and Raza Si -r-' Racists No. The afternoon events were frequently broken up by shouted vivas and rhythmic applause.
Indians.wearing beaded ornaments, feathers and braids pounded on a ceremonial drum and chanted traditional songs and Chicanos wearing Mexican sombreros danced and sang
Continued page 5 See photos page 6-7
Rally draws 750
About 750 students gathered last week here in Boulder to demonstrate their support for the Crusade for Justice. During the rally, representatives of various student organizations spoke and expressed their organizational, concern and support for the Crusade. Other speakers included Ernesto Vigil, Gary Garrison and Arturo Bones Rodriguez,
all spokesmen for the Crusade.
Rodolfo Corky Gonzales, head of the Crusade For Justice and Los Tres del Barrio, a politically oppressed trio from Los Angeles, were scheduled to speak, however, didnt Gonzales was suffering from strep throat and Los Tres were detained because the courts would, not grant them permission to leave the State.
Ernesto Vigil emphasized the political repression of minorities and the poor in this country. He mentioned the Vietnam war and said it was not yet over because it was now at home. He was referring to last years March 17 confrontation with Denver Police and related incidents.
Slogans bring arrest
The Denver Police murdered Luis Martinez, remember March 17, read the freshly painted slogans on doors throughout campus. Minutes later Judy Sandoval and Randy Esquibel, both students at the University of Colorado, were arrested by campus police and taken to Boulder County Jail.
Both are charged with two fourth class felony counts, conspiracy and criminal mischief. If convicted, each count carries a maximum $120,000 fine and a two to twenty year sentence in the State Penitentiary.
Following their arrest, Ms. Sandoval and Mr. Esquibel appeared before Judge Martin Steinberg requesting Personal Recognizance Bonds. After reviewing the charges, Judge Steinberg granted them bond at $1,000 each. Their preliminary hearings are scheduled for March 18 at 11:00 am in Boulder County Court.
Vigil criticized last months truckers strike, saying the poor were getting poorer because the former rednecks and the former hardhats were shutting-down the major hiways. He also made reference to Mrs. Nixons recent trip to Venezuela. He called the trip another means of pacifying, the people.
Vigil concluded his speech by extending an invitation to everyone to join in a solidarity march and rally held in Denver the 17th.
Gary Garrison, an instructor at "Escuela Tlatelolco, spoke mostly about his experience as a political prisoner. Garrison is accused of bombing a paint store, in Denver.
He called the charges against him, a frame up. Garrison said when he was arrested, police wanted him to admit to the bombing and in return numerous charges would be dropped against him, including second degree murder. Im not that dumb, he said. Garrison is scheduled to appear in Denver District Court on June 10.
Local news continued on page 2
Dance Saturday nite, March 23 at Crusade for Justice, 1567 Downing. Cash Bar. $3.00 couple, $1.50 single proceeds go to Gary Garrison Defense Committee.
La Raza Unida Colorado State Convention Saturday March 23. Beginning at noon at Crusade for Justice^ 1567 Downing.

Pagina 2
El Diana. 22 de Marzo
Ballet reflects our Chlcano heritage
Local news
John Avila charged
John Avila, 15, has been charged with first degree assault and conspiracy and theft. John is i student at the Escuela de Aztlan, '966 Santa Fe Drive, and is a representative of his school on a boxing team at the Escuela Tlatelolco in Denver.
The charges stemmed from a confrontation at Baker Junior High, 574 W. 6th Ave., between Chicano students' and .the school officials which had been building up for ,weeks in December of 1973. Chicanos at the school said they felt a great deal of racism, from the teachers and school officials.
Students were concerned about school policies. They said school doors were locked immediately after the last bell of the morning and stayed that way until school was out, so no one was allowed to enter after the last bell. Assistant Principal, George Bogadi said that all the doors are locked except the front door. Students, he felt should have no trouble entering the school after the tardy bell;
Chicanos felt they are hindered by continous Police surveillance in the halls of the school. Bogadi said there is ununiformed sur-
veillance in the halls to keep adults but of the building, for bomb security.
The absence of Chicano students is also a concern of the Chicano Jr. High students. Bogadi blames the lack of chicano studies programs on the lack of interested students who sign up for the Courses.
..Feeling that they had put up
with enough mal treatment students at Baker submitted demands to the administrators in December of 197-3.
Representatives of the Escuela de Aztlan were invited by students to attend a ninth grade assembly. At this assembly the demands submitted the day before were completely ignored by the administration. Due to nonrecognition of their problems students walked out and held a demonstration outside of the school.
Police intervened at this demonstration. During this confrontation with the Police a student involved said pregnant, women were kicked, one lost her child because of this treatment, and children beaten, but the only incident which gained attention was that there was a policeman shot.
John pleaded innocent to the charges at an arraignment held Monday, March 11, in Denver.
ESTANCIA, N.M.If- Seven Chicano defendents in the EsCuela Tonantzin shoot-out were acquitted March 11, of charges of assault with intent to murder, when testimony in their trial clearly indicated that the two wounded police officers were victims of police bullets.
During the 16-day trial, Deputy District Attorney Bruce Kaufman, of Santa Fe, was unable to prove the "Santa Fe 1" were-guilty of any wrong doing the night of the police attack on Escuela To.nant-zin Sept. 3, 1973, which left a visitor to the school, Linda Montoya, dead.
According to testimony at the trial, Ms. Montoya was shot and another Chicano was wounded as they attempted to come out of the besieged give themselves up. Just before the fatal .shooting, an order to shoot the bastards was given, witnesses reported.
Ms. Montoya was shot by. Police Officer Antonio Griego, who was found innocent of any wrong doing, but has since disappeared.
The vicious attack on Escuela Tonantzin was similar in many ways to the earlier police attack on the Crusade for Justices Escuela Tlatelolco which left Luis Junior Martinez dead. Police testimony at the Resulting trials has been highly contradictory and their has been no proof that Chicanos did any shooting during the "shoot-outs.
Chicanos see the attacks as efforts to eliminate independent Chicano schools. Observers in New Mexico stated, We saw the lies and the prejudices of many lawmen...we also saw the brainwashed condition of many Chicano policemen.
Following the Santa Fe incident the local representatives of the Catholic chUrch attempted to remove the Escuela Tonantzin from the former convent. Now that the courts have ruled in the defendents favor, the community is awaiting the churchs response.
A meeting sponsored by U.M.A.S., and M.E.C.H.A. Members of Metropolitan State College, University of Colorado at Denver, Community College of Denver, Westside Action Center and the American-Indian Community will be held Saturday, March 23.
The, first; Chicano-lndio Educational Conference is a joint effort on the part of concerned Chicanos and Indios to create an awareness among OUr brothers and sisters of what education is and who it serves. If is a means to make our people aware of who has been in control of our education and whether of not they have done their job in educating us. To insure our future* we must unite and choose the road we will take in controlling our destiny.
The meeting will be held at 8:00 a.m. r SiOQ p m. at Escuela Del Pueblo Elementary School, 720 GalapagO. No charge to the public.
El Diario, in last issue, failed to include the hours of FLTF meetings FLTF Meetings April 3 UMC 159-B April i0 UMC 1.58-A
All Meetings at 3:00
In recent years the Chicano Movement has done much to bring back and preserve the beauty of our culture. One of these many beauties is the Mexican Folk dance. Through the struggles of revolutions and oppression our music and dances still remain.
The biggest and best known Mexican Folk dance troupe is El Ballet Folkorico de Mexico, presently under the direction of Norma Lopez Hernandez.
The Ballet Folklorico de Mexico consists of two ballet companies with over 200 dancers, musicians and, singers. The two ballet companies are known as the touring company and the resident company.
The Ballet Folklorico has toured most of Europe, Russia and Poland and has completed tours to Australia; New Zealand and several visits to the United States, Canada and the Latin Americas. The Ballet Folklorico recently appeared in Denver during its ninth United States tour.
Many of the dances done by the Ballet Folklorico are dances of love, courtship and marriage but the dances also tell stories of animals and their relationship to man and of the times of revolution and the struggles of the people.
Dances done in Mexico are strongly influenced by the Spanish culture* such as in the state of Vera Cruz, where the dances are performed with a considerable amount of footwork.
In the state of Tamaulipus dancing is done barefoot, showing the influence of the Indians.
The costumes worn for the dances relate back to the type of climate or lifestyle of a particular peddle: In the state of Yucatan,
for instance, which is in southern Mexico and near the equator a lot of white is worn to protect against the sun- The dances relate not only the stories of the people but also lot about the people.
Local Ballet
Out of the dance troupes in Colorado probably the better known is Ballet Chicano de Aztlan. Ballet Chicano de Aztlan has a troupe of about 25 Chicanos, the majority of whom are students of the Escuela Tlatelolco in Denver. The Ballet Chicano de Aztlan has been in existance now for about 6 years.
Under the direction of Enrique Montoya, the troupe has toured throughout Colorado, Kansas, Texas, New Mexico, Wyoming and several other states. Several, students have been sent to Mexico to learn from Ballet Folklorico and have, then come back and taught the rest of the troupe the dances with no charge to anyone.
The troupe is a nonprofit dance troupe and all the money made goes back into the Escuela Tlatelolco. For scheduling or information regarding Ballet Chicano de Aztlan call Enrique Montoya or Gina Gonzalez at 222-0825.
University Ballet
Another well known dance troupe in Colorado is the University of Colorados Ballet Folklorico directed by Lorenzo Trujillo.
There are several dances offered here at the University of Colorado. Performers are picked from the classes. This dance troupe has toured throughout Colorado and Wyoming.
Students interested in learning more about the dances of Mexico and their history should contact Mr. Trujillo by calling 443-2211 ext. 8316.
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El Diaria, 22 de Marzo
Farina 3
Their only crime was being Japanese
by Kathy Kanda
Photos from exhibit Executive order 9066
Poll Indicates Californians Seek To Eject All Japs
Los Angeles. Dec. A ( U P.) By a 14-to I ratio, Spiithcrn Culifornians in a poll conducted by the Los Angeles Times, today favored deportation of all Japanese from the United States and a ban upon further Nipponese immigration.
I'mil Sun unj s.fimrl Dec 6.1441
3 Jap Deportation Bills Introduced
By Ray Rfcfcw*
Lot Angeles Examiner Washington Burcaa
Washington. Jane 26.Prcccwted by the iharp paint at a Dies Committee investigation. Congress fa moving rapidly toward a face-to-face meeting with the hard problem of what to do with the 135,000 members of the Japanese race on the United States mainland and the 158,923 in Hawaii.
Tied into the problem are constitutional, economic and social concents, and even the matter of statehood for the island territory.
Lot Angeles Examiner. June 27,1942.
Mariagnes Uenishi Medrud was 14 years old when the FBI arrested her father and the U.S. Justice Department incarcerated her and rest of the family. Her crime being Japanese- Sentence two and one half years in a federal relocation camp, arid; two years separation from her father.
She never got tqdefend herself in a court of law, neither did the more than LI 2,000 other Japanese, who, were also^ im- prisoned, eyen though two-thirds of them were American-born citizens..r
On Dec. 7, 1941, Japanese bombers attacked Pearl Harbor, igniting anti-Japanese feelings on the mainland that had been smoldering for decades.
Mariagnes remembers her best friend not being permitted to talk .to her-. She remembers being afraid to walk in certain areas of Seattle, where she had grown up.
But the most traumatic occurrence was the night the FBI came after my father, she said.
Her father was a partner in a small produce market business, who immigrated as a youngs boy and had since lost all connections with his homeland. Nonetheless, he was one of about 2000 people who were arrested in three raids during January 1942.
Perhaps he was singled out because he spoke sOme English and was considered somewhat influential in the community, or maybe because he taught kendo, the Japanese sword-fighting mar-
tial art. The government held him for two and a half years and he has never known the real reason, Mariagnes said.
Of the 2000 Japanese-Americans arrested, few had, any direct ties with Japanjlin most were harmless old men who were denied citizenship by the, J 924 National Origins Act.. Buddhist priests and community leaders made up most of this group. ;
Executive order 9066
In February 1942^ President Frankli/i D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066. The prder called for the immediate removal Of all Japanese people from the West Coast.
The people had ten days to1 sell or store their possessions and were told ,to report for relocation with only as many things as they could carry bedding, extra clothes and eating utensils!
Within one month, 112,000 Japanese in .California, Oregon and Washington had been placed in 15 temporary assembly centers to wait for completion of inland camps.
These centers were mostly located in racetracks and fairgrounds. The evacuees had to clean out horsestalls, repair them and build their own furniture. There was little privacy one family to each stall inadequate medical facilities and communal bathrooms.
In November, they were moved to permanent inland camps which were built in 10 of the most
isolated areas in the country.
Mariagnes and her family were moved to Minidoka, Idaho, sagebrush coyntry. She and her mother, brother and sister, lived together in one 14x20 feet unit. Privacy here was also nonexistent.
For some people, there was a certain feeling of security and protection in the camps, especially the5 Older longer having to grub for a living, she said/r
But £or_ others it was an extremely difficult experience, primarily the young adults and their parents. There was nothing to do and if you went out of the gate, you could be shot. Family ties, once strong and meaningful, were weakened by the communal life style. There was no work for a while and families were no longer dependent on the men, but on the U.S. government.
Labor demands in menial occupations such as farmwork provided some release, but little money. And they always had to return to the camps.
The only way out was to join the armed forces and, while many young men were fighting in Europe, their parents were imprisoned in American concentration camps. The all-Japanese 442nd Regimental Combat Team was to become the most decorated unit in the war and suffered 10,000 casualties-9 more than three times its original strength.
In spring 1944, Mariagnes father was reunited with his family at Minidoka and they were all released in January 1945.
Almost all the evacuees were out of the camps by the end of 1945. They had proved their loyalty to America.
No Cause
It is interesting to note that throughout the war, there was not even one proven case of Japanese subversion or espionage. Though German and Italian espionage activities did occur, those, nationalities were not incarcerated-
After the relocation experience, some Japanese went back tO the -West Coast. But for others, the memory of being rejected was too
painful and they went elsewhere. The Uenishis went to New York.
Though the government had promised to store, their possessions, most of their things disappeared from small appliances to businesses and the losses totaled millions of dollars. Later they were offered monetary compensation at an exchange rate of about 10 cents to the dollar value, hardly worthwhile.
My father didnt even want to discuss it, Mariagnes said. He wanted to start a new life and blank out the evacuation experience.
Perhaps thats the quality that makes Japanese put things behind and keep, going to survive, she said.
Until recently, MaFiagnes herself considered relocation something we didnt have to experience but unfortunate, bad period in history.
I had hoped America had learned something.But during the 1960s, thenrAtty. Gen. John Mitchell threatened to place Black radicals and student demonstrators in camps.
The potential for it to happen again is there, she said. Its an
issue that cant be allowed to die. Racism is always thought of in a benign kind of way. But in this country, the potential for extreme racism is there, like in South Africa.
But we have sortie recourse through the courts, though sometimes not.
Mariagnes and her husband moved to Colorado in 1966. She' remembers hearing about a young Japanese woman who abandoned her baby in a trash can in Denver. Japanese-Americans had truly assimilated, she thought to herself.
Prior to the war, this would not have happened, because the womans family would have taken care of both her and the child, Mariagnes explained.
The Japanese (as a group) have made it, yes, in the material sense. But as far as Im concerned, as long as youre non-white, youre a minority and you face discrimination, she said. It might be subtle, unintentional racism, but it is there.
And unless the public is aware of the relocation, it can and will happen again.
Ebbets Field Presents
April 9-13
All ages welcome .1 5th & Curtis Denver, Colo. 534-01 61

CtiDiariti 22,de Mnrzo
Pagina 4
Movement vs. magnetism
to listen to the among friends,
1 March 17 What does it mean? |
2 La Gente--from many walks of life, of different colors, e E,creeds, and concerns-congregated at large Sunday afternoon' =
= on the capitol grounds. =
2 To many outsiders, it was simply another in a long array of 5 E marches and rallies enlisting s'dcial dissidents to speak their s E piece promoted by.the Crusade for Justice, the ulcer of Den- E E ver's Chicano Community. =
2 And to many insiders it was a chance E heavies while circulating pretentiously 2 acquaintances, anckothers. E
E Unfo > E
S Unfortunately, from my participant observer standpoint, E S many observers and non-observers left the thrust of the E E demonstration dangling. E
S Perhaps Ramon Arbola, P.S.P. chairman put it in proper per- 2 a spective when he said at a press conference on Monday mor- S
1 ning:"This is the first step in terms of coming together. We S
E need to unite our struggles in a joining effort. - s
2 An idea not totally new, but one that was unrecognizable g
2 three or folir years ago, and presently must be considered to 2 | be in a fledgling stage of development. £
= Perhaps the concept of "solidarity and unity is. nothing 2 a new. But perhaps the effective implementation os 2 2 idea is new to Chicanos. Particularly in regard to Chicano E E Nationalism. , 5
2 Chicano Nationalism, in the past has been the rallying cry 2 2 for many Mestizos branded Mexican-Americans" for reasons 2 E of logistics based on some imperialistic boundaries.|jt- has j§ E been an effective organizing tool and will continue to be as 2 E long as the various ill-maintained and unjustifiable cir- ',g£ 2 cumstances, conditions and prejudices continue to shape S 2 reality" for us. E
E But Chicano Nationalism isnt enough. The Chicano Ren- § § naissance 9f the sixties has generated som'e awareness and M | opened some eyes to the dilapidated state of existance we as E
1 Chicanos are forced to call "life." But the Rennaissance is E
| mearlv legacy. E
E Ricardo Flores Magon in the early 1900s after fleeing E
2 Mexico with his brother, Enrique, founded the Mexican 2 E Liberation Party and organized at least 6,000 members in Los g E Angeles around the cry of conquering land and liberty for 2
E And likewise the Tiburcio Vasquez, the Juan Cortinas Pan- S
3 cho Villa's, Emiliano Zapaptas and others, not to mention the E
E ones history has convientfy denied, who were-struggling for E S that basic right, "land and liberty for all." E
S Yet, that fire ignited by those sparks of the past rekindled = E today approaches a new horizon: that first step--uniting our 2 E struggles in a joining effort"--bringing all people with the com- jE 2 mon enemy together. E
E Perhaps it is just the natural progression in a systematic ap- e E proach to mass organizing. But is it a fundamental and an im- 2 2 portant step for Chicanos. Something that our ancestors, 2 2 for what ever reasons, were unable to do, and something that i |j we, for whatever reasons, are embarking on. i§
E But just as important to this effort of solidarity and unity, s 2 we must remember it is because of those before us- our an- 2 E cestors, our parents-that we are able to take this step, not in s £ spite of them. E
| Make Boulder your barrio |
2 Tom Trujillo of University Admissions and Records said last E E Saturday that recruitment of new UMAS-EOP students is E 2 progressing smoothly for the 1974-75 academic year, g 2 However, there are still slots for those Chicanos who are g g thinking of coming to college beginning either this summer or = 2 fall. |
The fact that Chicano students are now being admitted in 2 2 large numbers to the University is not easy to appreciate e S unless you know the hassles Chicanas used to be subject to E E when applying for college. For example, one of my friends 2 2 graduated in the lowest 25. of our high school graduating class 2 = of 450, yet he was able to be admitted to the 1969 summer | 2 program, an impossibility 10 years ago. E
Not enough emphasis has been placed on recruiting all g E kinds of Chicanos to the University, including GED students, E 2 veterans, married Chicanos & Chicanas, and those who E 2 graduated from high school years ago. All of these people 2 S should be told about the opportunities-at the University andE 2 be given a chance to-come to' school. 2
g .One of the best-times to recruit new University Chicanos 2 E will be the spring break vacation period, March 23 30. If you E S return to your community you can get in touch with some of E 5 the people Ive mentioned. For example, in Pueblo I knows 2 several friends who are now working in the steel mill theres = who would probably want to hear more about the summers 2 program and the suppQrtive services we have at the Univer-2 2 sity. E
Do the same when you go home thfs weekend. Ask yourS S younger brothers and sisters about graduating Chicanog 2 seniors who might not know about the chances they have to2 2 attend college. Hit up your older friends and see what they're E = doing now. 2
E If youll do just this little task for your Raza, you might help 2 2 10 of your brothers whom someone you recruited was able toE E help. The circle will be unbroken if you extend your hand to a 2 E hometown hermano.
Former students still active in movement
by Len Avila
Many people-have said that the Chicano student movement is dead. They have said that students are caught up by the false promises of a college degree. I can believe that this is true, in many cases, but we must look at the entire situation.
There are many problems which affect the Chicano students such as, financial* (or the lack of it>, Dope (LSD, Marijuana, Heroin, etc;), housing (or the lack of it), and many others. A student comes to the college campus not knowing the jungle which he is entering. A student comes not understanding the pitfalls of an affluent society. The students are very much like the sardines which are easily swallowed by the shark without never knowing their false existence inside the stomach of the shark until it is too late.
No one can change the existence of students themselves. No one critic from the outside can change the university but the students from within the university. The student movement is most important, while it is not the backbone of the struggle, it is still an important part of the puzzle.
Many former Chicano students are now actively participating in
the movement; Florencio (Freddy) Granado who now runs el Escritor (a Denver Chicano newspaper) was a not too distant La Raza Unida Candidate. Granado was formerly the Farm Labor Task Force Chairman at CU and later went on to be President of. UMAS, plus he was a MAP student. Another MAP student Ricardo Falcon, the organizer of MACHO, left the University to become an effective organizer in Fort Lupton until his death in 1972. Jose Calderon, former ASUC Vice-President, is now the State Chairman of La Raza Unida and a community organizer in Greeley. Ramon Vera, a former UM AS student has been an organizer for the Farmworkers Union and now is the editor of the AHORA news magazine. Many Students activity does not stop at the college but continues on when they return to their community.
Students today are much more political then. they were 8 years ago, but they could be much more active. The potential is always there but lately it has been fully realized. Today students must become more active in order to insure their own freedom. Th^ Universities like society are constantly testing our ability to
defend ourselves. They are just waiting for us to relax so that our hard fought freedom (programs) will be taken away. Students coming out of the mouth of this shark (universities) are veterans. While the University is not exactly like a regular community, it serves well as a testing ground for our' ideologies and organizational abilities.
While students are at the University they must realize that they are at an important crossroad in their lives. Students must decide whether to become involved in the struggle for freedom or to accept the shark and its false promises and dreams. It has been said time and again that freedom can not be bought but that it must be struggled for and won! Only students can help other students to free themselves we must all be fisherman so that the sardines might have a chance against the sharks.
After school, and later we must continue the role of students and learn from the poor our barrios so that we might serve them well. As long as we remain students of life and continue to learn from each other we will thus become stronger and more united.
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El Diario de la Genie is aa independent Chicano newspaper published biweekly by Chicano students al tbe University of Colorado, Boalder campus. The editorial conteaf of oar paper docs aot necessarily reflect tbe views of UMAS-EOP or tbe Uaiversity of Colorado, Oar offices are ia tbe Uaiversity Memorial Ceater, Room 416, Boalder, Colorado,
lafonaalioa about advertising rates, editorial coaleal or other aspects of El Diario can be ob-'ained by calling 443-2211, ext. 8836.
El Diario staff
Carlos Archuleta Guillermo DeHerrera Richard DeHerrera John L. Espinosa Randy Esquibcl Steve Estrada Vnthony Garcia
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Danny Salazar
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>;> 131- Dibrio} Mr d# Marzo
Pagina 5
Continued from page 1
2,000 Chicanos attend 'Day of Solidarity'
the Chilean people that they
corridos. 1 he music did not distract the demonstrators from the purpose for gathering.. The songs reflected the struggles of the people and one eorrido sang by Los Alvaradps told the story of March 17.
Since the unprovoked police confrontation .at the. Crusade two Chicano defendents,Ernesto Vigil and Louie Ramirez,'! have been acquitted and charges against a third were dropped. A fourth, Mario"Vasquez was found guilty of assault and is presently serving a sentenceMn the state reformatory, ..Alf. policemen involved in die incident were cleared of any wrong doing ^ without having to stand trial.
Although the events of a year ago were the focal point of the four hours of speeches, the topics often broadened to other subjects including the Chile coup, Wounded Knee, La Migra and drugs. The speakers included: activist attorney William Kunstler; American Indian leader Russell Means; Chicano leaders Rodolfo Corky Gonzales, Mario Cantu, Bert Corona and Jaime Rodrigues; Puerto Rican leader Ramon Arbona of the Socialist Party; and Fernanda Navarro, executive secretary to Mrs. Hor-tencia Allende, wife of slain Chilean President Salvador Allende.
Mrs. All-ende had been scheduled to speak at the rally, but a Crusade spokeswoman said she could not attend because she was denied a visa by U.S. government officials. Los Tres del Barrio, were also unable to be present because the judge in their case (a former law partner of Nixon) would not grant them permission to travel while out on appeal bond.
Corona of the Centro de Action Social Autonoma (CASA) set the mood for the rally when he highly praised the Crusade and the people of Denver. Buried
here iii- these mountains are the most destructive forces in the world (NORAD), but also here are the people the best organized who .fight for workers and oppressed peoples for that we respect you we love you, he said.
Were here in support of Blacks ,., Wounded Knee... the Crusade for Justice ... and a free Puerto Rico. We are also here to oppose the. Chile Junta and La Migra, he concluded.
Cantu, also of CASA, drew enthusiastic applause of the crowd when he shouted, We have come not only to say we are a Chicano Movement but a Revolutionary Chicano Movement!
Arbona told of the continuing oppression of Puerto Rico by the U.S. Imperialist. He. said he had received word just that day that his partys headquarters had been attacked and two persons had been wounded. Everytime they attack everytime they kill a Luis Martinez, this happens, he said as he pointed to the thousands of demonstrators.
"Lets not fool ourselves, it is going to be a long struggle and a difficult one. We will suffer more massacres. Lets leave today with one task in our minds organize E- organize ^'organize, Arbona said.'
Before the next speaker, Ms. Narvarro, was introduced the Ballet Chicano of the Escuela Tlatelolco performed in her honor. They also did a special dance dedicated to Luis Martinez, who was the instructor for the group when he was killed.
Ms. Navarro played tape recorded message from Mrs. Allende which was barely audible over the make-shift public address system. The message was in part: Today when the people of Chile are living their darkest moments, demonstrations like the one you are having are not possible. Mrs. Allende assured all supporters of
would be victorious in their struggle because liberty and justice are on our side.
. In her address, Ms. Navarro, quoted Chiles greatest poet, Pablo Neruda, who died a few weeks after the unprecedented bloodbath which followed the coup. It is a deep wound, but not a defeat, she quoted the poet.
The ClA, ITT and the Chilean bourgeois were responsible for the overthrow of Allende and the subsequent massacres of Chilean peoples, she said. We have a common enemy. ^Organize yourselves here in the belly of the monster . . for although we are
thousands of miles apart, we are together. Our struggle knows no boundaries.
She concluded her talk- with another quote from Neruda from his poem Death in the Square. Neruda was talking about another massacre in the poem, but when he called for the people to bring the murderers;: of the masses to justice she said the message was the same regardless of where the injustice occurred.
Jaime Rodriguez from the Committee to Free Los Tres, explained why the defendents (charged with assaulting a federal agent who was selling drugs in the barrio) could not be present.
He said the attack on the Crusade was hot only an attack on one organization., It was an attack on a movement and we are here to respond. Were not taking that shit anymore.
The mother of Luis Martinez was introduced by Corky Gonzales. Keep struggling like this and my son will never die, she told the audience. Gonzales also introduced Ricardo Romero* a deaf-mute, who Gonzales termed the feather-weight Champion of Aztlan.
Gonzales praised the speakers who had joined the demonstration and called them some of the
greatest humanitarians the world hasever known. He then proceeded to give an abbreviated history of the Crusade, which he founded.
In its history the Crusade has given its full support to the farmworkers struggle; it has began an alternative school when the. Chicanitos were not being treated as humans; it began an independent political "party; it traveled to Tierra Amarilla in support pf Reies, Lopez Tijerina; it has taken a stand against drugs; it was a pioneer in the anti-war movement; and it has. backed the student movement, he said.
When we proposed in independent Chicano party, we were accused of starting a racist party. What do you mean, we said, you already have racists parties.
America is back to doing nothing, but we will continue working, Gonzales assured the crowd. He cited the current streaker craze as an indicator of the state of the nation. "We ought show a picture of some of these students asses with a caption Back to normallancy, he said.
He emphasized the importance in building strong organizations, as the first step to entering into coalitions. That strength was evident in the crowd, he said as he looked out. "I see some old revolutionaries out there. They have been waiting for you young people for a long time and now theyre ready.
More chanting and drum beating preceeded the keynote speeches of Means and Kunstler, following their introduction by 'Ernesto Vigil, who was shot in the back by police at last year's St. Patricks Day.
Means is presently on trial on charges stemming from last years occupation of Wounded Knee. He spoke of the rallys unity theme in Indian terms. In Lakota, he said, there are four sacred colors because four is a sacred number.
It signifies the four winds, directions, and peoples.
The colors are red, yellow, black and white. Together they make brown, he said. We saw those colors come together at Wounded Knee, People of all colors fought, starved and prayed together.
He turned his attention to the upcoming 1976 picentennia 1 j celebration. The whiteman has; the gall to celebrated a birthday Sf; 1776 that .was built odn my blood bn your blood. This1 natibfitjS birthday will not be a happy one£ he promised. ; r We call on everyone everywhere to participate in blowing out the White mans candle, he added.
Means told the crowd that the members of the American Indian Movement expected to get it on again this summer in Montana where plans are being made to strip-mine two-thirds of an Indian reservation there.
They told me George Washington is the father of this nation and I believed them, Means said;.. ."That is, until they showed me his picture of a White man .... with white powdered hair a fluffy blouse wooden teeth . . and pink
Kunstler then took the megaphone and preducted the Second American Revolution before the second anniversary of the first American Revolution. We are gaining strength every day, he said, This rally is just one example of that strength."
He suggested how to deal with Nixon in saying, We should have the White House: surrounded by human beings who. would not let anything in of anyone outS then we would starve the bastard out. "Que viva Puerto Rico Libre, Que Viva la Raza", "All power to the people," Kunstler ended his talk.

Historic March i f- in pictures
II ^f|||
Photos by
; ? jj| f i f=-ylg John L. Espinosa
' Patty Garcia Jose Medina' Danny Salazar;;
V CN'Mlr; V'zbjM
Russell Weans
>&z. Corkv Som-z. F£Rn\AMOA NAVARRO
wario Cantu
k CSCUEU l ^mor iSTlP n*TEU
lJ^EA71IbkiJ fF

Fuginu H
E| OUrio, 22 de jVfarzo
academic year We want Chicanas y Chicanos
When considering college and university education, the Chicano high-school graduate or GED student should give the United Mexican-American Students and the Educational Opportunity Program top priority.
UMAS-EOP supportive services are among the best jn the nation, and can help the Chicano student get the most out of the University of Colorado educational experience
Our services include Counseling, tutorial aid, academic advising, Mexican-American classes, writing and general English tutoring, financial aid assistance, work-study aid, concentrated services and even recreational activities.
In addition, the University of Colorado is in itself one of the nations educational leaders. We have the best professors, most complete academic environment and the best overall educational program in the entire Southwestern United States.
The following articles will describe in greater detail the supportive services UMAS-EOP has to offer.
Supportive Services are the best in the nation
Financial Aid
Perhaps the most basic service provided by UMAS-EOP is financial aid, since most students, admitted; under the program are in need of financial assistance.
This year students attending the Summer Program will receive a complete financial aid package. This means that they will have,all fees, tuition, books, housing and food provided .in addition to a small..stipend for personal expenses. All of the summer financial aid vyill be grant pionies and will not ha,v,e;to. be paid back.
. Married£tu,d.ents,willbe housed in Universjty, housing apd, .single students will live in the dorms. Jerry Soliz, assistant director of financial aid told -'El Diario. that exceptional cases will be considered independently.
The personal-expenses-stipend for single students will be $25 and $40 for married students; the stipends will be paid every two weeks.
Deadline for applying fbr summer financial'aid is Aprilf§}| A student must also apply for FalL Semester 1974 and Spring Semester 1975 before he will be considered for summer financial aid.
All students applying for summer financial aid must also apply for the Basic Educational Opportunity Grant (BEOG) and must be able to show the financial aid. office proof of application before he will be considered for summer aid. Application forms for the BEOG can be obtained from any U.S. post office, high counselor or local college.
Although April 1 is the application deadline for financial aid, Soliz said that -late applications will be considered after those who met the deadline have been awarded their aid. He encouraged all potential students to visit the financial aid offices at their convenience and if they want further assistance in applying, contact: Jerry Soliz, Assistant Director of Financial Aid, Admin. Annex. 280, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, 8.0302 or call 443-2211, ext. 6281.
The functions of the Academic Advising Component are- many and diversified, But it exists legitimately because of Constant^ contacts and exchange' with the student population.
Students attending the Univen-sity of Colorado at Boulder, and at the Denver Center, utilize our advising services as well. Also, students seeking employment with various local corporations and companies use this office, as a. means of contacting, executive in the area of industry in which they choose,. The number of students^ seeking ih^ormation, major selection and prescience advising are just too numerous to mention at this time and within this space.
; Another furtction of this office: is to set up the rooms and a schedule of. courses for the -summer program, this way alleviates the possibility of class conflicts. This applies to the regular academic year in so far as this office is completely and solely responsible for pre-registration of the fall and spring semester encompassing controlled enrollment classes as well.
Academic Advising also in-. -eludes working with the student employment office in finding graduating Chicano seniors and placing them in permanent positions in accordance with their major.
Referring back to the summer program; we also administer the SVIB test, to incoming freshmen, and try to keep the testing as an on going test throughout the
regular academic year. That was nqt possible this semester because of the lack of funds to pay the testing office for computer print outs.
Working with the office of Admissions of other colleges and universities- throughout the icoun-try has given the advising 'component perhaps the largest centrally located store of booklets, registration materials and general grad, information in the UMAS program. To be sure'this store is always replenished our name is bn the mailing list' of Universities from Harvard to Stanford, and everywhere in between;
In conclusion, if one were t6 set both a number figure and a time spent figure as to the amount of students serviced to this component, all of the preciously mentioned factors must be taken into consideration. Based on that figure, the writer of this evaluation estimates approx. 50 hours a week servicing 12 to 15 students a day, or 60 to 80 students weeklv. |
in the'University atmosphere.
Wr, The counselor acts as a mediator between the academic environment and the new student. ^ESThe counselor is available at all times.
The. responsibility of the counselor, ;is to help;,the new student realize that his education is only a tool and that his expertise should be carried back to his community to aid his people.
The counseling component has also developed a summer, job bank for those students interested in a summer job. Contact University q-xtension 8316 for more details.'
Another aspect that has, come about is the concept .of. accountability.The counseling component has developed a set of procedures wherein each, counselor documents his working assistance with UMAS-EOP students.
negative numbers and solving linear equations. It continues with factoring, square roo.ts, exponents, quadratic equations, systems of equations, sets and graphs.
If you know all this, material then, of course, you wont need*1 Math 100. But if you are weak in all or some of the areas, the course will be available for you. We give a placement test to help determine where you should start. In the summer program most people will take either the first or the second part. A few people might take the entire course.
Students who take the first part may take the second part in the fall.
In addition, there is a Math Coordinator to help you. With any difficulties related to Mathematics. The coordinator will aissist you in selecting appropriate math courses for your major or interests. If you dont know what to do about a math course, you can always talk with the coordinator.
The UMAS-EOP counseling component works directly with approximately 300 Freshman students. Indirectly, the counseling component works with any Chicano student within the program in need of assistance, be it personal of academic.
The primary responsibilities and functions of the counseling component of UMAS-EOP are:
to develop and encourage the survival skills of new students
No matter what your Math background is, we have a course that will begin where you are ready to begin. Our Math 100 carries a total of 5 (five) college credits. It begins with a quick review of arithmetic, goes into evaluation of formulas, operations with positive and
History course will be offered
Joe Franco- Director
Paul Acosta Asst. Director
Ben Cordova Counselor Coordinator
Bev Archuleta Secretary
Margaret Montoya Secretary
Kris Gutierrez English Coordinator
Cleo Jaramillo Asst. Eng. Coordinator
John Cisneros 7 Academic Advising Coordinator
Alfonso FuentesH Tutorial Coordinator
Larry Trujillo Dance Coordinator
Corrinne Brase Math Coordinator
Rich Castro Recreation Coordinator
Ron Trujillo Art Coordinator
Eloy Abeyta Sociology (Professor Ramirez)
A new addition to the UMAS-EOP offerings of summer courses will be the voluntary History 6f the Chicano Student Movement on College Campuses. The course will locus on the reasons why Chicanos have organized on college campuses and the development of Chicano student organizations.
Prior to 1965, the number of Chicanos. graduating from universities and colleges was minimal. Chicano students became aware of the inequities in education and organized to work toward improving conditions. California and ^Texas were two states in which Chicano students became active, and Colorado followed their example. A lot of energy was exerted to recruit Chicano
students and faculty, and it became very necessary to involve the community.
Attempts will be made to invite former and present Chicano leaders in the community and from colleges to relate what they have done and what they are doing to improve the Chicano situation. The course will be very stimulating and motivating for all who take it.
UMAS history in Colorado will be covered extensively so that new students will have a clear understanding of what has taken place in the past. We feel that our history is of great importance so that we can maintain the spirit and tradition of Chicano unity and movement.

El Diaria, 22 de Mario
Pagina II
Sign of
Streaking what is it all about, could it be those who are turned on at the sight of their bodies because they were created in Gods own image, or are they just following the latest college fad because its the latest thing? If you chose the latter, you are probably right.
During the last several days many people were asked their opinion on the streaking fad. Few accepted it just as a fad, and most of them considered it a~senseless and shameless act created by whites to show their fear of, and belief in, theSystems sick acts of immorality. One young lady, when asked her opinion, said it shows no respect fbr themselves or anyone elses rights.
It is very nauseating to see so many people running around naked as a jaybird, especially
the times
We cant allow ourselves to be categorized with this type of behavior. As chicanos, we must try and understand the mentality of those who would allow themselves on one day say that they are for the end of all injustices and inequalities of America, and then turn around and do sick things like streaking.
Society is ready to accept anything that does notcreate an awareness of the corruption in this country, but will not allow people to see the real problems that exist today.
The media views streaking as fun and games, and as no harm towards anyone. What they dont realize is that the system creates' this simple and ridiculous game to distract our attention from the issues at hand.
Its a well known fact that a
to life than just running around doing things just because no one else can think of anything better to do."
It amazes me'to think that there are people who will run for and hold public office, and then will try and force their morals and values upon our people. If they are the ones who will sit oh juries and decide what is right for others, or examine our women in the doctors offices stereotyping our women as whores and > prostitutes, I would be reluctant to ever commit a crime or go to the doctor again.
I This can only make our movement stronger because it is now that we must organize and unite our people against this type of so-called man.
When I asked Magdeleno Avila -what he thought of speakers he said while we are trying to organize farmworkers so that they might be able to feed and clothe
2 tazas de harina 1/2 cucharita de sal
4 cucharitas de baking powder
3 cuartas de una taza de luche o agua
4 cucharas de manleca
Mezclese y cernase juntos los ingrediente secos. Combines^ la manteca con los dedos o un cuchillo o que quede gruesa en aparencia. Anadasele el liquido poco a poco y vayas? formando la masa en bolas pequenas. Cuarido ya este toda junta juntese todas las bolas pequenas en una sola. Untese la tela y el rodillo con harina extiendase la masa con el rodillo media pulgada de groesa. Corten las galletas y pongan a cocer en un horno muy caliente (450 grados F.) por 10 o 12 minytos. NOTA: Si se usa leche agna use nomas 2
NATILLAS 2 tazas de leche .3 o 4 huevos ,4 cucharas de azucar ; 2 cucharas de azucar quemada Poquita sal Nuez
(Estas se pueden cocer en el horno o en vapor.)
Esclad^ la leche, batas^ los huevos, anadesel^la azucar^ la sal y la nijez y mexcles^bien. Anadasele la leche cajjente en esta mixtura. Echese eh un molde. Si desea evaporar la natilla evaporese hasta que quede firme sin menealla. El agua eh el evaporizadora debe hervir lenta en vez de vigarosa-mente. Prube introduciendo un cuchillo en la natilla, si sale liempo la natilla esta cocida.
What is the team-concept?
A fter re vie wi rig t he eva 1 ua t i bri s from the different components from our last summer program (1973), it was apparent that there was an almost unanimous consensus that the team*concept be reinstated. The team-concept, in its original state however, did not allow for the students' academic differences. Because the students were not grouped according to their abilities, grouping was relatively easy.
This same approach cannot be utilized as it was in the past as our present program is structured to provide as much individualized attention as possible. However, it is still felt that the team-concept, in a modified form, can offer numerous advantages.
The twenty students will be randomly selected and then placed with the five\ staff members.
Again'; this procedure will enable us to place students in specific classes according to their abilities and will help relieve the boredom of going with the same students in every class. In addition, this methbd of grouping will qllow students of varying abilities to help one another within the team. Also, it is our belief that students should not be placed with their respective instructors and/or T.A.'s. This will hopefully allow the students more freedom to discuss problems encountered in a particular class. Because there will obviously not be enough Sociology people to go around, counselors and T.A.'s will be substituted whenever necessary.
To ensure success, teams should be required to meet at least once a week.
Student organization
Although UMAS-EOP and the UMAS organization deal with the same program there is a difference between the two. For example, UMAS-EOP conducts business at the administration level whereas the UMAS organization which is made up of students, deals with business at the student level.
The governing body of the organization is the Board of Directors consisting* of five at-large seats, five permanent components (Macho, art component, El Diario, Farm Labor Task Force and the entertainment component) and a Chairman and Vice-Chairman. Members of the
board are selected from within the student body of UMAS by an election. Although the board is a decision making body, major issues are taken to the UMAS student body which meets every two weeks.
The Board of Directors is only a small part of the organization.
The major, part, is made up of any and all UMAS students that give a damn about what comes down on "this campus and the way .it affects their Chicano brothers and sisters, Chicanos that have come-to the realization that the only way were going to maintain a Chicano program on this campus is to get off our. asses and keep the man pn his toes. We would be fools if we depended on^ the administralion pigs of this campus to run our program, if we did Chicanos would vanish from CU. It's our duty as Chicanos to build and strengthen our program for the Chicanitos and Chicanitas, yet to come..
Right now there are a lot of good leaders within the machine but they wont be here forever, that leaves it up .to you as a new student.
Sin Mas Mike Carreras
Chairman, UMAS board of directors .
< , Admissions Deadlines:
o For .Summer Program May 15 th
0 - For Fall Semester i§ Julv 1st
< Regarding Deadlines: Students may apply for admissions &/or ( f
< * financial aid (Deadline: April I) after deadline but will not be ( j
< > assured if admissions or financial aid if they apply late. H
h \ i
1 (
English course revitalized for Summer 74
A vast majority of the UMAS-EOP Summer Program students are not considered sophisticated and skillful writers. Part of this problem may lie in the fact that those students have only been exposed to the conventional and traditional methods of writing instruction found .in most secondary schools today. The problem may also be a result of instructors imposing their pedagogical philosophies on Chicano students who find little or no relevancy to their particular needs.
Because Chicanos come to the Summer Program so poorly equipped with the basic writing skills and because their writing often tends to be an accumulation of trite ideas' assembled in an unorganized, rambling manner, it
is-'our goal to hopefully motivate the students into writing about their experiences and their philosophies while incorporating the necessary writing skills. To ensure this proficiency in writing, an individualized E§ or at least a semi-individualized approach should be employed..
The length of class periods have been extended this summer to an hour and a half. Because of this, a lecture-seminar approach can be utilized. The lecture portion would entail the introduction of new material either in a large group or in several small groups while the remainder- of the class time would be conducted as a seminar.
Furthermore, all T.A.'s hired should be English majors and should demonstrate a strong command of those skills stressed in the courses. We will, however, cut back the number of T.A.'s per class "from two to one for budgetary purposes.
In addition, the writing lab will .be utilized throughout the Summer Program. This will allow those students who are still having severe difficulties to receive the additional attention needed. (Please see attached proposal on Writing lab.)
It is our belief that if all of the above changes are initiated and utilized, our students will be able to function adequately^ in a university atmosphere.
Summer curriculum to include Soc 111
The purpose of the course is to introduce the student to major theorists, theories, concepts and terminology in the field of Sociology. The approach will be grounded in -the Chicano experience-by attempting to exemplify sociological thought through application to Chicanos as interpreted by a Chicano sociologist.
The course is first and foremost an introductory course in Sociology. The major difference between the course as taught tor the Summer Program and the same course as-taught during the Fall and Spring semesters is that
every effort will be made to relate the content of Sociology to barrio life. What appears to be difficult material is better understood when the instructor puts the idea in context of examples relating to our lives as Chicanos. This will be the guiding principle for the course. However, the content will be the substance of Sociology.
The course was created for practical reasons. One is that most Chicanos eventually become Sociology majors, and eventually have to take Introduction to Sociology. The major problem with having to take, the course during the regular.yiear is that the
course is usually taught by an Anglo professor who either knows very little about Chicanos and/or makes very little effort in relating the material to Chicanos.
Under the circumstances, most Chicanos either drop the course or remain in it only to receive a CONDITIONAL or wind up with a grade of C or below.
This occurs not because Chicanos do not know the material, but because the instructor cannot relate sociological concepts to the Chicano's cultural reality.
I am interested in applying for admission into the University of Colorado, Boulder Campus, Educational Opportunity Program. Please send me an EOP Application Packet for the Mexican-American Program.
Name of Student
Last First Middle Phone No.
Home Mailing Address
Street or P.O. Box City - State __________
Have you ever attenoed a college or university? Yes -
Are you: Self-Supporting_____Supported by Parents Single Married.

Pagiitii 8
E| DurK 22 At Mi
academic year We want Chicanas y Chicanos
When considering college and university education, tfce Chicanohigh-school graduate or GED student should give the United Mexican-American Students and the Educational Opportunity Program top priority.
UMAS-EOP supportive services are among the best |n the nation, and can help the Chicano student get the most out of the University of Colorado educational experience
Our services include counseling, tutorial aid, academic advising, Mexican-American classes, writing and general English tutoring, financial aid assistance, work-study aid, concentrated services and even recreational activities.
In addition, the University of Colorado is in itself one of the nations educational leaders. We have the best professors, most complete academic environment and the best overall educational program in the entire Southwestern United States.
The following articles will describe in greater detail the supportive services UMAS-EOP has to offer.



Por Celestino
; Although no one coCild tell by l^reMbking at-him. he was.seared. He was trying harcl td'keep'hims'&lf frohv shaking, yet small tremors were flowing through his body. His face remained expressionless. but his mind screamed.frigh-tenihg sci'earhs' 'that just echoed and disappeared sOrhewhete in' the back of his minul: Something about this whole thing scared him. but he didnt know what it was; He knew it Wasn't physical, it.was something unnatural that was' scaring him. It was like br.ujas or l they alvyays scared him in this kind of way. yet he didnt believe in them. Even though he had never seen la llor-rona or a bruja they always.scared him. If only this thing was something physical he could touch. If only I knew what it was. I would throw myself at it, and fight it. I could feel it hurting me and I could hui*l it back. How can I fight

something if I don't know what it is. This thing: going,tb hurt me ahd IdorTt, like it. He screamed ^gain. oril^ this time it was louder,
b,ui again-if disappeared some- r
where in.the back of his iiiind.
He knew he ?was alone and a sudden feeli ng-iO f lonliness ,crept 1 tWcf hinVy He' hsfd never felt so alone in his life. In desperation., he -looked around but all that was there were those evil looking peo- pie with hideous expressions on their faces. He .had to el0s8 his eyes and looked away, but thjs didn't help for eyen in the darkness of his mind. the expression was implanted there. He became
frightened again and a wierd feel-; ing of lonline,ss\t>yercame him. He felt like crying, he almost called like a baby for his mother, but he caught himself and desperately fought back the tears of loneliness. To keep Trom crying, he-again looked around in hopes of seeing a friend or someone, and:.
again no bne was therg. Only iHoSe wierd looking?people sfiir- J; ing back at him. Sadly he looked away and wept, but no tears canie Vout of hts..e.yes-^s they,, we re lo'&t :somewhere in t.he back He heard someone call out his name, but it sounded so far away. He heard it again, each time .getting louder and closer. This time he knew where it game from, he tried desperately, to .ignore it; almost panicking he controlled himself. That thing was scaring him. again. He grew tense, nervous. He was like a cornered animal ready to strike at whatever, threatened him. ready to fight till death to spring to strike. Strike at what? He was scarfed. Afraid of something that wasn't natural. To keep from losing control, he started thinking of how he got
here. The chain of events swirled in his mind and realization hit him like a.-.5flap in the face. Fear gripped and he screamed, for he had -Wealized^Hyhy'he.was here: Suddenly he knew what was happen- ing. r
Even though he didn't hear the
jpixYnounoed .sentence-, he knew .' what it wajv?- When they Took* Him 1 away, he wasn't frightened.' be-' cause he knew what it was,that Was,scaring him. When they took him out. he shouted with all his might: with all his Carazon. with all his strength he could muster, he shouted aloud,; "Racist America, just because I am Brown". But no one heard him. for in the dark chambers of their; wierd minds hie was just another dirty mexican. probably high on dope or just crazy. And when the judge-said "may the lord, have mercy on your soul-." they all smiled that wierd smile of self-righteousness that scares us all.
The University of Colorado at Boulder is currently recruiting for the
Dean of Minority Affairs
The Dean will coordinate all Administrative Operations of the Educational Opportunity Programs.
A dictorate or masters Degree with relevant experience is required.
Send all resumes to:
Search Committee for Minority Affairs Regent Hall 301 Univ. of Colo.
Boulder, Colo. 80302
Applications due by April 15!
Bato del Barrio
Bato del barrio Poco aguitado Poco enojado
Pero por cierto de_lo mas alivianado
Solo aguantas. tu muleton Tantas.problemas .en el canton Frijoles y tortillas es el refin; ; ^
Todas las, niananas antes de ir al esjcuelin
Con tus calcos charoliados
Y tus khakis bien planchados Sobras de ir a un borlote
Y siempre listo para cualquier mitote
Los batos de otros lugares, ponganse clavo Si po la juegan fria van a quedar cateados, -no entren al barrio de Guadalupe or San Jose SFse les arranca, no pregunten porqUe
Entre nubes de yesca y. lagos de cerveza
nos llenabamos de alegriagy a veces de tristesa
Todos con pas ion rips poniamos a cantar
Gori nuestras canciphes, queriendo faMuna en amorar
Tu fuerza es tu roachismo Nuestro barrio es Orgullo y carnalismo Nunca nos vamps a aguitar : !Rorque batos def barrio-no se sab'en doblar
.EI.mundo/n6 nos puede olvidar Porque en/1odoslos~logares nos tuvimbs que prObar. En la.corre, el ranchci, Korea y- Vietnam .
Eres de Jos mas machos de Aztl^n
Mientras que el tiempo se pasa.
Estos batos sirven a nuestra raza
Las senoras rezan los misterios del rosbrlo Rezan por sus hijos los batos del barrio
' por Yanez 12-28-73

El Diariot 22 dt Marzo
Pagina II
Sign of the times
Streaking what is it all about, could it be those who are turned on at the sight of their bodies because they were created in Gods own image, or are they just following the latest college fad because its the latest thing? If you chose the latter, you are probably right.
During the last several days many people were asked their opinion on the streaking fad. Few accepted it just as a fad, and most of them considered it a~senseless and shameless act created by whites to show their fear of, and belief in, the Systems sick acts of immorality. One young lady, when asked her opinion, said it shows no respect fbr themselves or anyone elses rights.
It is very nauseating to see so many people running around naked as a jaybird, especially when they color to their skin. Another view of streaking is a silly white mans bag. Had it been chicanos who had started streaking, we would have been snatched up by the pigs and charged with everything from indecent exposure to being mentally retarding. But because the streakers are Anglos, society1 looks upon it as a college fad. This only goes to show the doubly standard society places on their values. Only Anglos can defy the law without any punishment from the law.
We cant allow ourselves to be categorized with this type of behavior. As chicanos, we must try and understand the mentality of those who would allow themselves on one day say that they are for the end of all injustices and inequalities of America, and then turn around and do sick things like streaking.
Society is ready to accept anything that does not create an awareness of the corruption in this country, but will not allow people to see the real problems that exist today.
The media views streaking as fun and games, and as no harm towards anyone. What they dont realize is that the system creates-this simple and ridiculous game to distract our attention from the issues at hand.
Its a well known fact that a movement without a cause is doomed to fail, just as one whose followers are led like cows to the market must and will fall: There is a lesson to be learned from streaking and that is that we as an oppressed people cannot allow our children to be continually exposed to the warped minds of those who would have you think anything is OK as long as it raises no question about those in power.
After examining all those who were interviewed, I could only agree with those who thought of it as morally wrong. There is more
to life than just running around doing things just because no one else can think of anything better to do.
It amazes me to think that there are people who will run for and hold public office, and then will try and force their morals and values upon our people. If they are the ones who will sit on juries and decide what is right for others, or examine our women in the doctors offices stereotyping our women as whores and prostitutes, I would be reluctant to ever commit a crime or go to the doctor again.
This can only make our movement stronger because it is now that we must organize and unite our people against this type of so-called man.
When I asked Magdeleno Avila -what he thought of speakers he said while we are trying to organize farmworkers so that they might be able to feed and clothe their families, streakers are taking theirs off just to get attention and set records.
Perhaps if the farmworkers were to take off their clothes then maybe they would gain national attention and support for their cause. I would hope that they not decide to take them off just for the sake of taking them off.
But they would keep their self respect and would accomplish all that they have set out to do with pride and dignity, for then and only then accomplish their goals without prostituting our people.
San Luis Colorados oldest town
Costilla and Conejos counties in the southern portion of the San Luis Valley are Colorados oldest settled areas.
Enclosed by the Sangre de Cristo mountains to the east and the San Juans to the west, they are so different from the rest of the state you might think you had already crossed the border into New Mexico. Nearly 100 percent of the residents are bilingual, and it is unusual to find a village without an adobe church.
Fort Garland is located 50 miles west of Walsenburg on Highway 160. The fort was established in 1858 to protect settlers in the valley and to harass the Indians. At one time there were 1,500 soldiers garrisoned at Fort Garland. It was abandoned* in 1883, and since 1945 it has been restored by the State Historical Society.
There are six one-story adobe buildings open to the public at the Fort. These include officers quarters, infantry and cavalry barracks. A display of photographs shows the fort as it looked in the 1880s and another how the restoration was done.
The commandants quarters, though barren, have been furnished and given an idea of what
they must have looked like when occupied, m one room life-sized wax figures portray'Kit Carson, who commanded the fort from 1866 to 1867, talking things over with Ouray, chief of the Ute.
One building on the site houses displays of early life in the valley, including that of the fur trappers, miners and Indians. Another shows graphically what occurred at the battle of La Glorieta Pass near Santa Fe in 1862 when Confederate troops were defeated in their attempt to push north to take oyer the Colorado gold fields.
Another interesting part of the museum is the display in the soldiers theatre of early Southwest religious art, incluidng paintings of various saints and elaborate crucifixes. The fort is open daily from 9 to 4:30, and admission is free.
Sixteen miles south of Fort garland is San Luis, the oldest town in Colorado. Its full name is San Luis de la Culebra, the last word (snake in Spanish), referring to the mountain range of the same name lying just to the east.
San Luis is a workjng community with little if any tourist business. Another interest is the Church of the Most Precious Blood, built in the early 1860s. The unpaved streets have been named bilingually, with Main Street leading through the downtown area and the Calle Del^ Gallo providing access to the back alleys.
Colorado 152 leads out of San Luis to the southeast toward an isolated group of villages in Colorado. The largest is Chama,
the smallest is San Francisco. They are alike in that they are 90 per cent adobe, extremely peaceful and very scenic (lying under the Culebra Range). However, there probably isnt a better place in Colorado to get away from it all.
West of San Luis, Colorado 142 crosses the valley between mesas, which passes a turquoise mine, and eventually connects with U.S. 285.
South on 285 there is the town of Conejos, with the oldest and most interesting church in the region, Church of O.ur Lady of Guadalupe.
This whole region is a delight to our cultural and historical pride of the Mestizo, so visit it if you can.
Juan Haro
Phillips 66 Service Station 800 Kalamath
Between Santa Fe & Kalamath on 8th Ave. 534-9453
Services include:
State Inspection Minor & major tune ups Light mechanical work Batt., Tires, & Accessories
Denver, Colorado
2 tazas de harina 1/2 cucharita de sal
4 cucharitas de baking powder
3 cuartas de una taza de luche o agua
4 cucharas de manteca
Mezclese y cernase juntos los ingrediente secos. Combines^ la manteca con los dedos o un cuchillo o que quede gruesa en aparencia. Anadasele el liquido poco a poco y vayas<2 formando la masa en bolas pequenas. Cuarido ya este toda junta juntese todas las bolas pequenas en una sola. Untese la tela y el rodillo con harina extiendase la masa con el rodillo media pulgada de groesa. Corten las galletas y pongan a cocer en un homo muy caliente (450 grados F.) por 10 o12 minytos. NOTA: Si se usa leche agria use nomas 2 cucharitas de baking powder y 1/2 cucharita de bicarbonate de soda (baking soda)..
6 huevos
6 cucharas de leche 3 cucharas de manteca o man-tequilla
1/2 cucharita de sal 1/2 cucharita de pimienta
Batase los huevos a que se revuelvan a clara y la yema. Anadas£* la leche y los con-dimentos, derritas^ la manteca en un sarten^y eches^ la mix-tura. Cuezase despacio hasta que se tueste bten de abajo. Pongase a tostar §n el horno por el lado de arriba: Pobles£ por la mitad y sirvase! Si se desea variarTa antes de doblarse, se le puede rellenar con queso raspado, con carne o con jamon picado o con papas cocidas y picadas y luego deblarse por la mitad.
1 taza de apio (celery)
1 1/2 taza de carne de polio
4 pepinos
1/2 taza de pina
Salsa mayonesa
Cortese el polio y juntes^con el apio, la piria' cortado en pedacitos y los pepinos rebanados. Combines* con la salsa mayonesa. Sirvase en lechuga.
2 tazas de leche
3 o 4 huevos
4 cucharas de azucar
2 cucharas de azucar quemada
Poquita sal
(Estas se pueden cocer en el horno o en vapor.)
Esclad^ la leche, batase* los huevos, anadesel^la azucar^ la sal y la nuez y mexclese bien. Anadasele la leche caliente en esta mixtura. Echese en un molde. Si desea evaporar la hatilla evaporese hasta que quede firme sin menealla. El agua en el evaporizadora debe hervir lenta en vez de vigarosa-mente. Prube introduciendo un cuchillo en la natilla, si* sale liempo la natilla esta cocida.
Si la natilla se quiere cocer en el horno pongase los moldes en una tartera de agua caliente y se cues^ en un homo moderado hasta que quede firme. Pruebese egual que la natilla cocida en el vapor. Pongase* una poea de azucar quemada y hech£* jara en el fondo de cada molde y la natilla se puede sacar mas facilmente.
Pongase* a derritir 1 taza de azucar. Cuando ya este bfen derritida y de color de caf£ eschesele 1 taza de agua her-viendo y hiervase hasta que el azucar se desage.
1 taza de azucar
3 cucharas de manteca
2 huevos
1 taza de leche
1/2 cucharita de nuez
2 tazas de harina **
4 cucharitas de baking powder 1 cucharita de sal
1 cucharita de canela
Revuelvase la manteca con la mitad de la azucar. Batase los: huevos y anadesele la otra mitad de azucar. Combinese las dos mixturas y anadasele la; jeche. Pongase**.el baking powder, la sal y las especias en la harina y anadasele a la primera mixtura. Estiendase la masa como una cuarto de pulgada de gruesa. Cortese con un cortador propio y friase en la manteca muy caliente hasta que queden bien dorados. Revuelguense en azucar.

Free Movie!
Los Olvidados
A story of the original Pachucos in Mexoco City
To Be Shown at UMAS General Assembly
Wednesday, April 3 7:00 pm Ramaley 104 Public Invited

The City of Boulder
SUMMER JOB OPENINGS with the Department of Parks & Recreation
The jobs vary considerably in responsibilities and pay rates
There are openings for swimming instructors, referees, etc. and many other areas.
APPLY IMMEDIATELY at the Municipal Building, Broadway and Canyon, or CALL: Mr. Lew Bass
Personnel Office 442-2020 Extension 308
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