Citation
Mountain Community Center, Gunnison, Colorao

Material Information

Title:
Mountain Community Center, Gunnison, Colorao
Creator:
Fuller, Michael B
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
65 unnumbered leaves : illustrations, charts, maps, plans (some folded) ; 22 x 28 cm

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Community centers -- Designs and plans -- Colorado -- Gunnison ( lcsh )
Recreation centers -- Designs and plans -- Colorado -- Gunnison ( lcsh )
Health facilities -- Designs and plans -- Colorado -- Gunnison ( lcsh )
Community centers ( fast )
Health facilities ( fast )
Recreation centers ( fast )
Colorado -- Gunnison ( fast )
Genre:
Designs and plans. ( fast )
bibliography ( marcgt )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
Designs and plans ( fast )

Notes

Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references (leaf 65).
General Note:
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Master's degree in Architecture, College of Design and Planning.
Statement of Responsibility:
Michael B. Fuller.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Colorado Denver
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
08677622 ( OCLC )
ocm08677622
Classification:
LD1190.A72 1981 .F84 ( lcc )

Full Text
MICHAEL B. FULLER MASTERS THESIS UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO
MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY CENTER, GUNNISON, COLORADO


I would like to thank Dan Schler of the University of Colorado at Denver and Director of the Kellog Foundation's Western Colorado Rural Communities Program for providing encouragement and financial assistance through the WCRCP.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
BACKGROUND
SITE
ENVIRONMENT
ZONING/CODES
FACILITIES
SOLUTION
FINANCIAL
APPENDIX
3
6
12
15
23
33
52


MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY CENTER, GUNNISON, COLORADO


In mid-July 1980, the county and the Steering Committee learned that no state money would be made available, largely because of the absence of local matching efforts and of aiy clear indication that community priorities had been formally identified. At this time the committee prepared a request for proposals from potential consultants, asking for help in 1) preparing a physical design of the structure, 2) developing plans for perpetual maintenance and operation of the facility, 3) identifying funding possibilities, 4) and conducting a viable community information programall designed to realize the concepts that had been developed. In August, AMAX Inc. announced its purchase of the Meadows subdivision and suggested that part of the public's share of the land be used as a site for the Mountain Community Center. Since that site had already been identified as the best of several possibilities for the proposed center, the Steering Committee readily endorsed the suggestion and based all subsequent planning on that location.
The concept of an all-purpose community center for Gunnison is not new.
At least two comprehensive efforts were pursued and abandoned during the past two decades and the current movement has been underway for over two years. While the need for a comprehensive Community Center has been recognized for many years, anticipated growth is providing an impetus for considerable community interest in the project at this time.
During the spring of 1979 several conversations among concerned citizens led to a revival of the idea with a focus on the realization that, while the city, county, college, and shcool district all have documented needs for additional facilities, it makes no sense for each to try to meet its own needs independently of all othersif a way could be found for all to work together. Following several meetings sponsored by the Western State College-Community Affairs Committee, a broadly-repr$sentative steering committee was appointed to coordinate continuing efforts.


I became involved in this project after a schematic design had been completed by Merrick & Co, the architectural firm retained by the commission.
In the Spring of 1981 Amax Inc. announced that the planned development of mining operations in the Gunnison area would be postponed. The effect this will have on the development of the Meadows PUD is not known, although it seems likely that the property will be developed at some point.
The intent of this project is to provide the community with a viable alternative solution in the event that, 1. The Meadows is developed in the near future, or 2. that the MCC is constructed prior to the rest of the PUD.
Also the drawings and model will be available to the community to be used in upcoming fund raising efforts.


GUNNISON, COLORADO
6


The presently proposed site for MCC is part of the Meadows Subdivision which received final approval from the Gunnison Planning and Zoning Commission on June 11, 1981. The final plat submission and construction drawings are before the City Council for final approval during 1981. Parcel 15 (6.0 acres) of the Meadows Subdivision has been conveyed to the City of Gunnison for public uses as part of the final plat approval. Exhibit A to the Deed indicates the City "shall not foreclose for a period
of two years from the date of this Deed use of the land as the site for-
a community and recreational center".


VICINITY MAP


5CALA
NO )
MOON! AiN VIEW ADDITION




THE SITE


MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY CENTER, GUNNISON, COLORADO


This data is taken from the U.S. Climatological Data Summary, 1951-1960, as this was the most recent source which summarized all years of record.
Site Location:
Altitude:
Precipitation:
Winds:
Temperature:
Diurnal Swing: Solar Data:
Lat. 38321 N.
Long. 105561 W.
7750'
Annual Average: 11.0"
Primarily westerly and north-westerly, no accurate velocity data available at this time.
Heating Degree Days: 9930 Cooling Degree Days: -0-
Heating Design Temperature: -15F.
Cooling Design Temperature: 80F.
Mean Daily(F) Mean Daily Mean Daily
Maximum (F) Minimum ( ,
Jan. 11.4 25.7 -7.8
Feb. 15.6 30.8 -2.7
Mar. 26.2 41.0 10.4
Apr, 39.7 56.3 22.7
May. 48.3 66.8 29.2
Jun. 56.6 76.4 37.2
Jul. 62.3 80.9 42.2
Aug. 60.6 79.1 40.8
Sept. 53.3 73.3 31.8
Oct. 43.0 62.6 21.3
Nov. 28.2 45.8 9.9
Dec. 16.4 29.9 -3.5
Jan. 35F.
Jun. 39F.
Maximum Altitude: 74 Minimum Altitude: 27
Percentage of Possible Sunshine: 75%


altitude angles


MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY CENTER, GUNNISON, COLORADO


projecl____aWMAUHIfY C&AV3?-________________________________________
LOCATION___GOHt-IlKlN CotoWo _____________________________________________
APPLICABLE ZONING ORDINANCE fSHPlNO i
APPilCABLE BUILDING CODE (/frl \T\L_____________________
ZONING CLASSIFICATION_______________
FLOOR AREA RATIO/BUILDING SQ. FT. LimTS_.jjNUlM.l1BP_______
BUILDING HEIGHT LIMITS: STORIES/FT. ________
BUILDING SET-BACK/YARD REQUIREMENTS _ ^
MINIMUM LOT SIZE REQUIREMENTS^____faifiQ p
OFF-STREET PARKING REQUIREMENTS___l Cfr&/'hO$ <7.?.
SCREEN ING/WALL HEIGHT REQUIREMENTS_ (?'
DRIVEWAY AND CURB CUT REQUIREMENTS__
FIRE ZONE DESIGNATION_____________________________
OCCUPANCY CLASSIFICATION___
OCCUPANCY SEPARATION REQUIREMENTS \ |^(?
CONSTRUCTION TYPE ...Ti&..\________________________________
EXTERIOR WALL FIRE RATINGS___| Wt__________________________
EXTERIOR WALL OPENINGS LIMITATIONS^__
FLOORS FIRE RATING___Pr|t__________________________________
ROOFS FIRE RATING £ Hg
PARTITIONS FIRE RATING_________________________ _______
STRUCTURAL FRAME FIRE RATING ____________
MAXIMUM FLOOR AREA: SPRINKLERED/UNSPRINKLERED 0HUfVl|f6p MAXIMUM HEIGHT: SPR I NKLERED/UNSPR I NKLERED UH UM


NUMBER OF EXITS REQUIRED ^ /\rt|HlfVltJfV\_____
NUMBER OF STAIRS REQUIRED_
DOOR WIDTH REQUIREMENTS___7?' /MINIMUM ................................
STAIR WIDTH REQUIREMENTS__44U
STA^WAY LANDING REQUIREMENTS c^m I ..........1 _ZTT...........I IT
CORRIDOR WIDTH REQUIREMENTS jVVljk/l^VKJU\
TRAVEL DISTANCE LIMITS 7~00 * _____
DEAD END CORRIDOR LIMITS ^ q 1
DOOR SWING REQUIREMENTS ..J2Jj^Cf|^\L 0 (*!. rTBfHJ^U fOt QOMV.ANCV > 50. ___________________
STAIR AND BALCONY RAIL REQUIREMENTS foNLC- * |£ Zp-
RISER TREAD LIMITS__MAXIMUM flSBEL_|_ 404/llN JMi/M ^________________________________________
RAMP REQUIREMENTSWlWtl. .. IMt MAXlMlM &J>i 0,6. W
VERTICAL OPENINGS LIMITS AND FIRE RATINGSftOty.) 4 U{?_,-
EXIT LIGHTING REQUIREMENTS_1 f.G.Q ________________________________________________
EMERGENCY LIGHTING REQUIREMENTS_____________v Jh|{?& Nl? B{^V ___________________
CEILING HEIGHT MINIMUMS___3'~Pl______________________________________________________________
MEZZANINE RESTRICTIONS ^ ...of 'fobM .M&h CX _J&QOM_______
LIGHT AND VENTILATION REQUIREMENTS ___________________________________ ______________________
ROOF ACCESS REQUIREMENTS ______________-________________________________
PENTHOUSE LIMITATIONS_C h'h)*? y'C. Of
SKYLIGHT REQUIREMENTS V^) /VIM* <7 1/PfO £T FURNACE AND BOILER ROOM RESTRICTIONS^, J [%$ _______________________________
CHIMNEY HEIGHT AND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS _______________________________________________
TOILET ROOM FIXTURE REQUIREMENTS_^_____________ _____ _______________________________________
SPRINKLER REQUIREMENTS^
DRY STANDPIPE REQUIREMENTS __________________________________________________
WET STANDPIPE REQUIREMENTS_A_l30lO .C_ 'f'fcfWj&L \>|$77^66-
17


CHAPTER 6 "R-3M RESIDENTIAL ZONE
( p^S>e^TLi^|
nj ppfec-t
SECTION:
11-6- 1: 11-6- 2: 11-6- 3: 11-6- 4: 11-6- 5: 11-6- 6: 11-6- 7: 11-6- 8: 11-6- 9: 11-6-10: 11-6-11: 11-6-12: 11-6-13: 11-6-14:
Permitted Uses Conditional Uses Minimum Lot Size Minimum Lot Frontage Minimum Set-Back Required Off-Street Parking Maximum Lot Coverage Maximum Building Height Minimum Building Dimension Signs:
Temporary Uses Minimum Floor Area Mobile Home Park Exception Mobile Home Park
11-6-1: PERMITTED USES:
(A) Single and Multiple Family residential dwellings.
(B) Church, parish house, religious education building.
(C) Home occupations, including sewing, tailoring,tutoring, orts and craFts, nursery schools, professional offices, and others ofo similar nature, provided they are carried on within the main dwelling unit solely by members of the family, except that one employee may be engaged.
(D) Parks, community buildings, ond uses, schools,
centers^ provided such are operated primarily for the benefit of the community or a part thereof, and not primarily for proFit.
(E) Mobile home parks.
11-6-2: CONDITIONAL USES: The following uses ond uses of similar
nature may be permitted, provided they are first approved by the Board of Adjustment and Appeals.
(A) Types of Uses.
18


CHAPTER VII Iti-family Residential)
A. Pu
and Intent
StStNJO fUACfcO |N
}
To provide for high density multiple-family residential units including individual mobile homes listed as a conditional use and mobile home parks which provide for maximum utilization of the land in such a way that provides for adequate open space and parking and other amenities for the inhabitants in accordance with the City's Land Use Plan and the following minimum standards:
B. Permitted Uses
Single and multiple family residential dwellings.
Church, parish house and religious education buildings.
Park, community building and uses and public schools
Mobile Home Parks.
. Home occupations, including but not limited to, sewing, tailoring, tutoring, arts and crafts, nursery school, professional offices and others of a similar nature, provided the home occupation is carried on within the dwelling unit and by members of the family, except that one employee may be engaged.
19


_ ;^ CHART OF ZONING DISTRICT STANDARDS
*The percentages for Maximum Structural Lot Coverages, Maximum Uncovered Parking and Access, Minimum Open Space, and Minimum Landscaping are a percentage of the total gross lot size or area and are exclusive of each other.
Maximum Minimum Minimum Maximum Maximum Minimum Minimum Minimum
Density Lot Size Lot Structural Uncovered Open Landscape Floor Area
Frontage Lot Parking Space
___________, Coverage & Access _______________
A 1 unit/acre 1 acre 150 ft. 10% 25% 70% NONE
R-1 3.5 unit/acre 0,000 sq. ft. 64 ft. 50% 10% 40% 1,000 sq. ft.
R- 1M 6 unit/acre 6,250 sq. ft. 50 ft. 40% ' 10% 50% 750 sq. ft.
R-2 12 unit/acre 6,250 sq. ft. 50 ft. 40% 15% 45% 650'
R-2M 16 unit/acre 6,250 sq. ft. 50 ft. 45% 20% 25% 10% 650'
R-2MIJ (See Mo 16 unit/acre bile Home Park Re 6,250 sq. ft. gulations, Artie 50 ft. .e II, Chapte 45% r IV) 20% 25% 10% 650'
R-3 30 unit/acre 6,250 sq. ft. 50 ft. 45% 40% 7.5% 7.5% 500* MF 300' EFF
B-1 6,250 sq. ft. 50 ft. 40% 15% 35% 10% 650' 300' EFF
CDD NONE NONE 100% 500' MF 300' EFF
C NONE NONE 50% . 45% 0% 5% 500' MF 300' EFF
I NONE NONE 50% 40% 5% 5% NONE
2C


SETBACKS
SIDE REAR
FRONT
MAXIMUM
BUILDING
HEIGHT
MINIMUM
BUILDING
WIDTH
%/ *
OFF-STREET PARKING"
A 10' lot line 15' lot line for corners 25* principle 5' accessory 65 center 15' property 35' NONE 2 spaces/unit
PH 10' lot line 15' lot line for corners 25* principle 5 accessory 65' center 15' property 35 24 2 spaces/unit
10 lot line 15' lot line for corners 25 principle 5' accessory 65 center 15' property 35* 24* 2 spaces/unit
fs-l 5' lot line 15* lot line for corners 25 principle 5' accessory 65 center 15 property 35 20 1 space first unit 2 spaces additional unit
5' lot line 15' lot line for corners 25* principle 5 accessory 65' center 15 property 35 20 1 space first unit 1.5 space additional
5' lot line 15' lot line for corners 25' principle 5* accessory 65' center 15' property 35 20' 1 space first unit 1.5 space additional
O Mobile Home Park Regulations, A rticle II, Chaj Jter IV)
1 5' lot line 15' lot line 25* principle 5 accessory 65 center 15' property 3 35 20* 1 space first unit 1.5 space additional Efficiency 1 space first u and 1 space for each additional unit
21


CHAPTER 12
GENERAL PARKING PROVISIONS
SECTION:
11-12-1: General Regulations
11-12-2: Off-Street Parking Requirements
11-12-3: Supplementary District Regulations
11-12-1: GENERAL REGULATIONS:
Size of Parking Spaces. Minimum nine feet by twenty feet (9'x 20'), excluding ingress and egress.
Lighting. All parking areas for night use In commercial districts shall be suitably illuminated and shall be directed away from property In a residential district.
All open parking areas containing more than four (4) parking spaces sholl be effectively screened on each side adjoining or fronting on property situated In a residential district or any Institutional premises.
No motor vehicle repair work shall be permitted In conjunction with accessory parking facilities In a commercial district.
11-12-2: OFF-STREET PARKING REQUIREMENTS: Space per unit
except In Central Business Zone:
(A) Residence, one (1) space per dwelling unit.
Hotel, one (1) space per rental unit.
Motel, one (1) space per rental unit.
Theatre, church, one (1) space for every four (4) seats.
Industrial, one (1) space per vehicle operated and one (1) spcce for each two (2) employees.
(B) The following uses shall provide one (1) off-street parking space for the number of square feet of gross floor area Indicated:
Type of Establishment: Eating and drinking places, non-profit club or lodge, cold storage, super market, gross floor area, two hundred (200). .
Retail store, commercial recreation places. Hundred fifty (gPT^"'......... ^
srps.s, F.r,eg*J&g
22


MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY CENTER, GUNNISON, COLORADO


The Mountain Community Center is a comprehensive multiple-use recreational and health facility to serve a broad based recreational district centered in Gunnison, Colorado. An indication of need is shown by the compiled results of a questionnaire conducted through the various community organizations and individuals (results attached)


Organization Activity // of Participants Age Current Frequency Facilities of Meetings Rating of Present Facilities Suggestions Space Needed in Future
Girl Scouts group meetings sports activities swimming art work gymnasium 60-80 7-12 Homes for small groups Webster H (hard to get) Inadequate for large groups gymnasium, large and small meeting rooms swimming pool
Young at Heart luncheons meetings meals on wheels 100 60 up Webster H 3xweek adequate swimming & exercise classes for senior citizens kitchen space & luncheon area
RE 1J training for competetive sports gymnastics plays/programs 1500 5-18 elementary daily Junior high Senior high Schools adequate but overused by general public auditorium for 700-1000 banquet space for 500
Webster Players Theater childrens ^drama Webster H 3-*1 X week Inadequate need storage stage, lighting theatre w/seatir for 200, storage area 30 x 30'
Volunteer Fire Dept. fire fighting 35 21- *15 None --iV*- Inadequate need place to stay in shape handball, running area, weight room
AAUW community service adult education 67 21- 78 high school 13x mo. plus various educat. classes adequate but becoming inadequate meeting room for 70-80
f
25


WSC HPER swimming gymnastics basketball volleyball raquetball 2000 3000 18- 22 WSC gym daily inadequate for indoor sports . 8-12 racquetball courts, 4-8 modified basketba! cts., jogging tra< weight room
Gunnison Stingrays competetive & practice swimming 30 6-18 WSC pool inadequate could have year round swim team, private lessons for public 50 meter pool spectator facilities diving area child's pool
Gunnison Recreation Dept. swimming archery rifle range raquetball tennis track ice skating 1000 up all ages high school daily WSC parks inadequate basketball, volleyball cts. gymnastics area swimming pool archery/rifle ran* indoor tennis com indoor track indoor ice rink
Gunnison 4-H 200+ 9-19 Webster varied inadequate indoor horse arena facilities for lai groups, dinners, exhibit day
Police Dept. law enforcement 15 18- 55 converted jail cell for physical activity- ' inadequate swimming pool pistol range gym, weight room
Sportsman's Association shooting 75- 80 8-70 Outdoor-r-'- daily Webster. inadequate for shooting j larger, safer indoor rigle rang<
WSC Activities Center speakers entertainer concerts 3200 17- 25 Wright 4 x Gym year inadequate large gathering conflict w/ other programs auditorium & stag: facility for 3200
26


Division of 1 sic concerts art exhibits exhibition rooms performing arts stag
Public Health clinics prenatal classes office space 600 % 0-92 Public Health Office adequate for present not for large population meeting/class rooms to hold 30 people. Clinic space w/ adequate restroom facilities and examining tables, storage areas for equipment, sinks
human Performance 1 =>b all ages WSC daily 1500-2000 sq. ft. testing, exercise equipment, exam room
Mental Health ( nter private consultation 250 5-65+ offices daily inadequate group activity rooms child activity-thera room, office space f 6 additional clinici
c 3 Service semi-private consultation 8000- 10,000 14- 70 offices daily inadequate by 1983-3000-6000 s open space concept w partitions, multipurpose room & manage office. Must be higl visible & accessable
American Red Cross training sessions classes, home nursing, youth activities, river safety all ages basement of public health - office, WSC adequate meeting rooms storage space
27


The resu;ts of the questionaire were distilled into the following space requirements.


INDOOR FACILITIES SQ FT NOISE LIGHT ACCESS FUNCTIONAL RELATIONSHIP
n- noisy q-quiet na- natural a- artificial c- controled o- outside access nl-near lockers e near entry v-view p- parking
I. Multi-Use Gymnasium 22 000 n a c nl
Basketball 4 regulation H.S. courts Volleyball 6 courts Badminton 6 courts Tennis 2 courts Trampoline Gymnastics Wrestling Rope climb peg climb Golf practice *
II. Running Track (elevated around perimeter of gym) incl/exercise areas and spectator seating 10 000 n a na c nl v
III. Exercise/Weight Room 1 000 n a c nl
Weight training, fitness training Universal gym body building machines Matt area
IV. Swimming Pool 25 Meters w/ Shallow "L" 8700 n na c nl v
Fitness & recreational swimming Instructional swimming Competitive swimming Synchronized swimming Minimum diving 1 meter board & 3 meter platform Deck space with minimum spectator space Outdoor sunning area enclosed (area not incl. in area above)
* Activities which can also occur in other rooms.
1 o


V. Handball/RacquetbaU Courts
4 courts
VI. Rifle Range/Archery/Batting Range
VII. Sauna/Whirlpool/Steam Room
VIII. Dressing Rooms Men's & Women's
Showers
Lockers
Dressing
Toilets
EX. Exercise/Dance Studio
Slimnastics/Creative Exercise
Fencing
Judo
X. Multi-Purpose Classroom/Meeting Rooms (4)
Community meetings Organization meetings Health related services Arts & Crafts
All class activities: bridge, music, cultural, etc.
Safety training
Senior Citizens activities *
XI. Offices
Staff offices Common offices Check-in
XII. Nursery
32 000 1 n a c nl
2 100 n a c nl
2 800 n a c e
1 600 n a c nl
4 800 q a na o e p
900 q a na c e v
775 q a na o e v
an


XIII. Kitchen Facilities
900
Service kitchen Cooking kitchen
XIX. Public Spaces
Entry-
Reception
Waiting
Hallways
Lounge
Concessions
Overlook racquetball & swimming pool Public restrooms
9 500
XX. Storage
XXI. Mechanical
XXII. Building Structure
Total
3 500 6 500
4 000 82 825
Outdoor Facilities
Parking 273 cars Service Drive
Tennis Courts 2 Shuffleboard Courts Horseshoe Pits
Volleyball Court sand, 2 courts Picnicking
n a o P
n a na c e p
o P
9 1


Problem Statement:
Function
The building performs two major functions- that of a recreation center and that of a community center. The activities should be grouped to provide seperation between the two functions. Athletic areas should be grouped arround locker rooms for ease of access.
Economy
The building should make maximum use of energy conservation strategies by responding to wind, solar and climatic conditions. The building should be functional with minimal operation and maintenance costs.


MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY CENTER, GUNNISON, COLORADO


SITE SCHEMATIC
34


BUILDING SCEMATIC
35




MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY CENTER, GUNNISON, COLORADO


Estimate of Construction Cost
Preliminary cost of construction estimate is as follows (based on Means Cost Data 1981 Edition):
1. Building Structure Only
83,620 s.f. at $39.35/s.f.
Plumbing at $4.71/s.f.
HVAC at $5.95/s.f.
Electrical at $5.60/s.f.
Subtotal ($55.60/s.f.)
2. Equipment Cost
/
Pool/Pool Equipment Basketball Backstops (8)
Bleacher Seating (50 persons)
Subtotal ($2.55/s.f.)
3. Site Improvements
Landscaping, Sidewalk, Curb 4 Gutter Outdoor Tennis Courts (2)
Paving (273 cars)
Subtotal ($2.35/s.f.)
4. Construction O & P Costs
General Conditions (3%)
Contractor's Overhead & Profit (10%)
Subtotal ($7.86/s.f.)
$3,290,447
393,850
497,539
468,272
$4,650,108
$ 190,000
16,000
_____6,000
$ 212,000
$ 50,000
40,000 105,000
$ 195,000
$ 152,000
505,710
$ 657,710
Total Cost of Construction Estimate (Total Cost/s.f. = $68.35)
$5,714,818
45


PROJECTED COSTS:
Construction includes building, equipment, site
improvements and contractor's overhead and profit $5,715,000
Moveable furniture/equipment 100,000
Architectural/Engineering (6% on construction) 343,000
Legal, Fiscal, Administration [5% on financing) 210,000
Land Costs, 6 acres improved @ $125,000/acre estimated 750,000
$7,118,000
LESS DONATIONS:
Land Donation (estimated) Challenge Grants (estimated) Matching Grants (estimated)
$ 750,000
1 ,000,000 1,000,000 -$2,750,000
NET ESTIMATED COSTS FOR PROJECT: $4,368,000
FINANCING COSTS:
The following numbers represent various costs dependent upon the amount of grant funds received. A land donation has been tentatively set aside; therefore, the project costs will project from $6,368,000 ($7,118,000 minus $750,000 land) downward to $1,368,000 in $1,000,000 increments.
Annual Annual
Requirement Requi rement
$6,368,000 0 11%, 20 yr. = $780,000 $3,368,000 0 11%, 20 yr. = $423,000
$5,368,000 0 11%, 20 Yr. = $674,000 $2,368,000 0 11%, 20 yr. = $298,000
$4,368,000 0 11%, 20 yr. = $549,000 $1 ,368,000 0 11%, 20 yr.. = $172,000
MAINTENANCE & OPERATION COSTS:
1982 $248,000 1995 $375,000
1984 $258,000 2000 $446,000
1990 $316,000
46


ESTIMATED EXPENSES
Staff
(1) Center Director (Recreation Director) $ 20,000
(2) Head Guard/Instructor (Recreation Leader) 30,000
(2-1/2) Cashier Receptionist 25,000
(1) Physical Fitness/RB Pro/Instructor 15,000
(4-1/2) F.T.E. Life Guard/Instructor/Coach 30,000
(2-1/2) Custodian 28,000
Subtotal Staff $148,000
Materials & Purchased Service
Utilities** $ 60,000
Pool Chemicals 5,000
Janitorial Supplies 10,000
Professional Services (elec., mech. etc.) 5,000
Concession Supplies 10,000
Pro Shop Supplies 10,000
$100,000
* This staff may be supplemented by college work study students and/or volunteers.
** This cost may be reduced 25% to 40% with a well designed active and passive solar system.
Annual Estimated Expenses $248,000
47


ESTIMATED REVENUE
Swimming Pool
Recreational Swimming ($. 50/child/day and $1.00/adult/day) $ 20,000 Instructional Swimming (contract with agency) 16,000
Competetive Swimming (contract with agency) 6,000
Subtotal Swimming
$ 42,000
Racquetball Courts
4 courts, 60 hrs./week at $4.00/court/hour for 50 weeks $ 48,000
Pro Shop Sales 20,000
Subtotal
$ 68,000
Program Fees
It is suggested that a 20% service charge be assessed to other programs,
i.e., fitness, yoga, dance, crafts, baseball, volleyball, etc. With an anticipated $50,000 total revenue from program fees, it would net $10,000.
$ 10,000
Annual Estimated Revenues $120,000
Annual Estimated Maintenance
and Operational Cost $128,000


Mountain Community Center
Projections
Page five
SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS:
Should the Mountain Community Project receive the $2,000,000 in grant funds anticipated and build on the 6 acres of land reserved in the Meadows Subdivision, the amount to finance would be approximately $4,368,000. A new Metropolitan District could be established with contractual relationships with the City, County, School District and College. This District could float general obligation bonds which would require a mill levy based on growth with AMAX of 6.1 mills in 1984, declining to 4,6 mills by 1985 and 2.1 mills by 1990,
Maintenance and operation would cost an additional 1.4 mills in 1984 with a decline to 1.1 mills in 1985 and .6 mills in 1990, assuming that 1/2 of the maintenance and operations charges come from user fees on the facilities.
If a sales tax were utilized, it would take 1.1 Combinations could be used such as l/2(t sales tax and 5 mills to service debt and pay maintenance and operations.
Assuming an average assessed valuation of $8,000, a resident of the proposed District could pay 10.3 mills for debt service and maintenance and operations which would equate to $51.20 per year, or $4.26 per month (14

MUNICIPAL OPTIONS
1. NEW METROPOLITAN DISTRICT Issues G.O. Bond
a. Boundaries of District to be established & voted
b. Can lease facility to County, City, School District, WSC, Industry
c. Can contract for maintenance & operation with other agency(s) or do own M&O.
d. Mill levy, sales tax, use fees, lease fees, etc. can be used
e. No indebtedness limitations
f. Current variations being studied:
1) Non profit corporation for pooling funds including foundations
2) Letter of credit guarantees which avoid bond guarantee restrictions
2. JOINT POWERS AGREEMENT
a. Appoint recreation board for participation by all entities
b. Share in Maintenance & Operation
c. Capital construction sharing in future
d. Use presently available techniques of municipal finance
1) ex. issue bonds through City with leases with other entities
e. Fees & charges available
3. CITY ISSUES G.O. BOND
a. Leases facility to County, School District, V/SC, Industry, self
b. Has its own board for management
4. NON PROFIT CORPORATION
a. Purchases land & leases to City, County, School District', WSC, Industry
b. Sells Lease Participation (bonds-currently being used & legality OK)
c. NON-PROPERTY TAX REVENUES ONLY CAN BE USED
5. COUNTY ISSUE ANTICIPATION WARRANTS
a. Lease facilities
b. Repay with sales tax (must be voted)
6. CITY OR COUNTY SALES TAX REVENUE BONDS (counties only if current legislation passes)
a. Lease to other entities
7. RECREATION AUTHORITY CREATED BY JOINT POWERS (diff. than No. 2 above) a. Revenues cannot include mill levy


IMPORTANT LIMITATIONS AND ABILITIES:
a. City, County, Metropolitan District, School District can own & operate public facilities:
1) acquire, sell, own, exchange, operate public recreation facilities, open space, park lands, play grounds, television & translators
2) acquire, equip & maintain land, buildings, or other recreational facilities without corporate *1 imitation of city or county & expend funds therefore
3) City, County, School District, Metro District can charge fees, Metro Rec. District cannot at present, however, current legislation will allow this.
4) WSC cannot finance facilities other than for employees & students, M&O ok.
b. General Obligation Bonds:
1) No G.O. Bond limitation for City of Gunnison
a) Sales tax or user fees can substitute for mill levy
2) County limited to 1.5% of assessed valuation (about 1,051,000).
3) School District = 20% of assessed valuation (about 12,266,000).
4) Metropolitan Recreation District = 4 mill limitation
5) Metropolitan District = no limitation
c. Revenue Bonds:
1) City Charter Limitations of 5% & 2%. Payable solely from revenue of facility
2) County Anticipation Warrants payable from rents, royalties, fees, charges
3) WSC for use by students & employees only.
4) School District No
5) Metropolitan Recreation District No, but with current legislation, yes
6) Metro District No limitation, payable from revenues of facility
d. Sales Tax Revenue Bonds
1) City charter presently requires vote with 15 yr. limitation (currently) a) could be changed with charter ammendment
2) County will be able with new legislation
t
e. Building authority
1) Only one political subdivision can have title when bonds are retired
2) Has it own board (appointed by the political subdivision
3) Paid from annual rentals of subdivision (non propertytax)
f. Industrial Revenue Bond
1) Payable solely from revenues by leasing to private party
2) County or City could retain ownership
g. NEW ENTITY: CIIjY OR COUNTY PUBLIC IMPROVEMENT DISTRICT
1) Board appointed by City or County
2) Is a seperate political subdivision
3) Only in unincorporated areas of County or in City depending on county or city type of district.
4) Limited to 25% of assessed valuation
51


MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY CENTER, GUNNISON, COLORADO


' j2.j^ (
DECLARATION
OF
COVENANTS, CONDITIONS, AND RESTRICTIONS
OF
THE MEADOWS AT GUNNISON
This DECLARATION OF COVENANTS,_______________CONDITIONS,____AND RESTRICTIONS, is made as of this ______________________________ day of , 1981 by Mt.
Emmons Mining Company, a Delaware corporation, (hereinafter
referred to as "Declarant"), for The Meadows at Gunnison, a subdivision which is hereinafter referred to as "The Meadows".
Declarant is the record owner of certain real property
located in the City of Gunnison, County of Gunnison, Colorado (the
"Property"), described more particularly on Exhibit A, attached hereto, made a part hereof and incorporated herein by reference, and desires to create thereon (a) an attractive and affordable residential community, through the development, sale, or rental of said property, and (b) attractive commercial and office improvements. :
I. Area of Application
A. The commercial area covenants in this document shall apply in their entirety to parcels 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 14 of The Meadows,
the plat thereof recorded on the ______ day of __________________,
1981 and bearing reception number ___________________, records of
the Clerk and Recorder of Gunnison County, Colorado (hereinafter referred to as the "Commercial Area").
B. The residential area covenants in this document shall apply in their entirety to parcels 1, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 16, 17 and 18
of The Meadows, the plat thereof recorded on the __________day of
____________, 1981 and bearing reception number ________________
records of the Clerk and Recorder of Gunnison County, Colorado (hereinafter referred to as the "Residential Area").
C. The public area covenants in this document shall apply in their
entirety to parcels 2 and 15 of The Meadows, the plat thereof recorded on the _____ day of __________, 1981 and bearing recep-


tion number _________ records of the Clerk and Recorder of
Gunnison County, Colorado (hereinafter referred to as the
"Public Area).
II. Covenants
A. Land Use and Building Type
(1) Uses within the Commercial Area shall comply with applicable codes of the City of Gunnison and with all the terms and conditions contained herein.
(2) No parcel within the Residential Area shall be used except for residential purposes. No building shall be erected, altered, placed, or permitted to remain on any parcel other than multiple family residential dwellings and recreation buildings and facilities, operated for the benefit of residents of the Residential Area and not primarily for profit.
(3) No parcel within the Public Area shall be used except for public purpose. Any buildings within the Public Area shall be harmonious with the buildings within the Commercial and Residential Areas.
B. Architectural Control
(1) No building shall be erected, placed or altered on any parcel within the Residential Area or the Commercial Area within The Meadows until the construction plans and specifications have been reviewed and approved in writing by the Architectural Review Committee (the "Committee") in accordance with the Architectural Standards ("Standards") adopted from time to time by Declarant, a copy of which may be obtained from the Committee. In considering plans and specifications, the Committee shall consider, in addition to -the Standards, the materials, color, texture of the proposed improvements, and the harmony of the design of the proposed improvements with those constructed or planned for The Meadows. The Committee shall review all plans and specifications for compliance with the Standards and must find said plans and specifications in compliance with those Standards prior to issuing its approval.
(2) No building shall be erected, placed or altered on any parcel within the Public Area within The Meadows until the
-2-


construction plans and specifications have been reviewed by the Committee.
C. Building Quality and Size
(1) No building shall be permitted to be erected, placed, or altered within the Residential Area that does not comply with all applicable building codes and regulations as prescribed by the City of Gunnison, Colorado.
(2) No building shall be permitted to be erected, placed, or altered within the Commercial Area that does not comply with all applicable building codes and regulations as prescribed by the City of Gunnison, Colorado.
(3) No building shall be permitted to be erected, placed, or altered within the Public Area that does not comply with all applicable building codes and regulations as prescribed by the City of Gunnison, Colorado.
D. Building Location
No building shall be located on any parcel nearer any property line than the minimum setback line, as provided in applicable ordinances of the City of Gunnison, Colorado. In any event no building shald be located nearer than twenty feet to any property line or nearer than 30 feet to any right of way line of any street unless approved by the Committee and by the City of Gunnison. For the purposes of these covenants, eaves, open porches, or decks shall not be considered as part of a building, provided, however, that this shall not be construed to permit any portion of any bulding or structure to encroach on or above any other lot or public or private easement.
E. Easements
*
Easements for the installation and maintenance of utilities, drainage facilities, irrigation channels, and bicycle and/or pedestrian trails are dedicated to the City of Gunnison if shown on the recorded plat. Within or over these easements, no structure, planting, or other materials shall be placed or permitted to remain which may damage or interfere with the installation and maintenance of utilities, drainage facilities, irrigation channels, and bicycle and/or pedestrian trails, which may change the direction of flow of drainage facilities or irrigation channels, which may restrict, obstruct, or retard
-3-


the flow of water through drainage facilities or irrigation channels, or which may limit public access to bicycle and/or pedestrian trails. The City of Gunnison may grant permits regarding the location of landscaping, parking, sidewalks, driveway, and recreation areas within said easements on such conditions as the City shall require, including the condition that the City shall not be responsible for damage to any improvements placed within the easement caused by installation, maintenance, or repair of City facilities within the easement. The easement portion of each parcel shall be maintained continuously by the owner of the parcel, except for those improvements which a public authority or utility company has placed within said easements and is therefore responsible.
F. Nuisances
No noxious or offensive activities shall be carried on upon any parcel, nor shall anything be done thereon which may be or may become a nuisance to owners and residents of The Meadows as a whole.
G. Vehicles and Boats
Except for emergency :repairs not taking more than two hours, there shall be no vehicle repair or maintenance of any kind including, but not limited to, draining any fluids from a vehicle unless the repair or maintenance is carried out solely within the confines of a building and solely by family members. No vehicles, including but not limited to automobiles, trucks, trailers, vans, recreation vehicles, snowmobiles, and row boats, shall be stored or parked outside of garages, car ports, parking areas or other parking or storage spaces designated by Declarant, or the association if applicable. This Section G. shall only apply to the Residential Area.
H. Temporary Structures
No structure of a temporary character shall be allowed to be placed or erected upon any parcel without the prior written approval of the Architectural Review Committee. In no case shall any temporary structure, trailer, tent, shack, barn, garage, or other outbuilding be allowed by an owner to be used or occupied as a residence either temporarily or permanently.


I. Signs
Although provisions of the City's ordinances respecting signs shall apply to the property described in Exhibit A and all portions thereof, the following shall constitute and operate as additional and further limitations upon said property:
(1) Electrical signs shall not be permitted, except for those signs using back-lighting as the only source of illumination.
(2) Free-standing signs shall be permitted, but only to the extent that they comply with the following requirements:
(a) No more than two (2) signs shall be permitted at any point of access described in II.R.(l).
(b) The height for lettering or logotypes of any and all establishments doing business in and upon the subject premises shall not exceed ten (10) inches.
(c) Lettering and logotypes pertaining to any
shopping mall situated upon the subject
premises, or pertaining to the entirety of the subject premises by their name as a single commercial entity, shall not exceed fourteen (14)
inches.
(d) Height of signs shall not exceed eight (8) feet, measured from the crown or high point of that street which is closest.
K. Pets, Livestock and Poultry
No animals, livestock, or poultry of any kind shall be bred, raised, or kept on any parcel or within any building,
except that dogs, cats, or other household pets may be kept, provided that they are not kept, bred, or maintained for any commercial purpose, and further that, they be housed totally within an owner's personal dwelling unit and must be maintained on a leash and under the constant control of the owner when outside said dwelling unit. The Declarants of any development within The Meadows or any association of owners therein shall
-5-


have the right to adopt and enforce more restrictive covenants regarding the matters in this paragraph.
Garbage and Refuse Disposal
No parcel shall be used or maintained as a dumping ground for rubbish or debris either by its owner or others; trash, garbage or other waste shall not be kept except in sanitary containers of a kind and in a location approved by the Committee. It shall be the responsibility of the owner to provide at his sole expense for the acquisition, placement, screening from public view, and sanitary maintenance of such sanitary containers.
Water Supply
No individual water supply system shall be permitted on any parcel. All buildings shall connect to the City of
Gunnison water system.
Sewage Disposal
No individual sewage disposal system shall be permitted on any parcel. All buildings shall connect to the City of
Gunnison sanitary sewer system.
Sight Distance at Intersections
No fence, wall, hedge, shrub, or tree planting which
obstructs sight lines at elevations between two and six feet. above the roadways shall be placed or permitted to remain on any corner parcel within the triangular area formed by the street right-of-way lines and a line connecting them at points 25 feet from the intersection of the street right-of-way lines. No tree shall be permitted within such distances of such
intersections unless foliage line is maintained at a height of more than six (6) feet from the ground.
Television and Communication Antennae and Dishes
No television or communication antennae or dishes shall be located outside of any structure within The Meadows unless the design, size and location have been approved by the Committee.


Q. Parking
There shall be provided a minimum of one and one-half automobile spaces for each residential unit within the Residential Area.
R. Covenants Regarding Commercial Area Adjacent to Colorado Highway No. 135
(1) Access. Provisions concerning access are and shall be as follows:
(a) There shall be no more than five (5) points of access along the highway.
(b) All of said access points shall be so situated as to be separated by a minimum distance of 325.0 feet.
(c) Said access ways shall be emplaced and constructed in accordance with applicable statutes, ordinances, regulations, and guidelines of the State of Colorado, the Colorado Department of Highways and the City.
(2) Landscaped Buffer Zones. Buffer zones, the purpose and
function of which is to provide non-vehicular, landscaped areas, are and shall he situated adjacent to all streets; and their minimum respective widths, as measured perpendicularly from streets, shall be as follows:
(a) Local street: Six (6) feet.
(b) Collector street: Ten (10) feet.
(c) Major arterial street: Twenty (20) feet.
(3) Types of Streets Defined. For purposes of these coven-
ants, the following definitions do and shall apply:
(a) "Local streets" means College View Court and Park View Circle.
(b) "Collector streets" means Colorado Street and Spencer Street.
(c) "Major arterial streets" means Colorado Highway 135 or Main Street.
-7-


S. Mobile Homes and Trailers
Mobile homes, trailers, and mobile home parks, are, and shall be prohibited; provided, however, that mobile homes or trailers may be used temporarily, but only in connection with construction of specific permanent improvements on the Property, and only so long as such construction continues uninterrupted .
Ill. Architectural Review Committee
A. Membership
The Committee shall be composed of three members. The initial members shall be appointed by the Declarant and successor members shall be appointed by Declarant for 10 years from the date hereof. In the event of the death or resignation of any members of the Committee, the Declarant shall have full authority to designate a successor for such 10 year period. Thereafter, the Committee shall be elected by a majority of the owners of the parcels within The Meadows as evidenced by a recorded written instrument, or shall be appointed by the master association for the Residential Area or the Commercial
Area, respectively. Except for parcels owned by the Declarant,
each parcel shall have one vote. The Declarant shall be entitled to vote with respect to parcels owned by it, and shall be entitled to two votes for each parcel owned by it. Developers of parcels who are assignees of Declarant shall also be entitled to two votes for each parcel owned by said assignee.
If there is more than one residential unit on a parcel there '
shall be one vote cast on behalf of the parcel, which shall be cast by the homeowners association or condominium association whichever is applicable. No member of the Committee shall be entitled to any compensation for services performed pursuant to this Declaration. -
B. Procedure
All requests to the Committee shall be in writing and shall include plans and specifications together with a site
plan of any proposed improvements. The Committee's approval or disapproval as required in these covenants shall be in writing. The Committee shall be the final authority for determining compliance with the Architectural Standards and shall have the right to enforce these Standards as provided for in these


covenants, including either to restrain violation or to recover damages, including reasonable attorneys' fees.
IV. General Provisions
A. Terms
These covenants are to run with the land and shall be binding on all parties and all persons claiming under them for a period of 15 years from the date these covenants are recorded, after which time said covenants shall be automatically extended for successive periods of 10 years unless an instrument signed by the majority of the then owners of parcels has been recorded, agreeing to terminate or change said covenants in whole or in part. If there is more than one residential unit on a parcel under separate ownership, the instrument shall be signed by the homeowners association or the condominium association, whichever is applicable.
B. Enforcement
Enforcement shall be by proceedings at law or in equity against any person or persons violating or attempting to violate any covenant, either to restrain violation or to recover damages including reasonable attorneys' fees and costs.
C. Amendment
Notwithstanding the provisions of Article IV.A., the
owners of a majority of the parcels within the Residential
Area, together with 70% of the beneficiaries of the Deeds of Trust on the residential units described in Paragraph I.B.,
shall have the right to amend these covenants and the Architectural Standards by executing and recording an amendment hereto. Declarant shall have the right to two votes for each parcel
owned by it in any vote to amend these covenants. An amendment to decrease the right of Declarant to have two votes for each parcel owned by it shall require approval of 100% of the parcel owners including Declarant. If there is more than one residential unit on a parcel under separate ownership, the vote shall be cast by the homeowners association or condominium association, whichever is applicable. The Declarant reserves the exclusive right to amend the covenants with respect to the Commercial Area. Notwithstanding the amendment procedures described above, there shall be no amendment regarding Articles
-9-


II.A(3), B(2), C(3), D, I, Q, R, or S, of these covenants without the written approval of the City of Gunnison.
D. Reserved Rights of Declarant.
For 10 years after the date hereof, Declarant shall have the rights to: (1) create a master association of owners within the Residential Area and require membership therein by all owners of rsidential units therein, which association shall have the right to assess the members for common expenses and
maintenance of common area of the Residential Area; (2) create additional easements for such matters as utilities to serve The Meadows or any portion thereof, excepting the Public Areas, and to facilitate drainage as The Meadows is developed; (3) post and maintian signs of Declarant and the various developers of projects within The Meadows; (4) establish and maintain temporary construction offices and yards and sales offices; (5)
create a master association of owners within the Commercial Area and require membership therein, which association shall
have the right to assess the members for common expenses and
maintenance of the Commercial Area; (6) amend these covenants to delete the Commercial Area and all references thereto; and (7) impose additional covenants on all or part of the Commercial Area.
E. Severability. :
Invalidation of any one of these covenants by judgment or court order shall in no way affect any of the other provisions which shall remain in full force and effect.
DECLARANT:
ATTEST:
Mt. Emmons Mining Company, a Delaware corporation,
(SEAL)
-10-


-11-


Exhibit A
Beginning at the center one-quarter corner of said Section 36; thence N 8937'47" W, along the South line of the East one-half of the Northwest one-quarter of said Section 36, a distance of 1320.67 feet to a point on the East line of a parcel of land conveyed to the State Department of Highways in Deed recorded May 14, 1974 in Book 469 at Page 190 of the Gunnison County Records; thence along the East line of said parcel of land the following four courses:
1) N 0019'48" E, a distance of 309.20 f eet;
2) N 0145'48" E, a distance of 200.10 feet;
3) N 00~'19 1 48" E, a distance of 800.40 feet;
4) N 00 30'12" w, a distance of 687.60 feet to a
point on the East line of a parcel of land conveyed to the County of Gunnison in right-of-way deed recorded May 29, 1948 in Book 278 at Page 196 of the Gunnison County Records;
thence N 0019,48" E, along said East line a distance of 655.62 feet to a point on the North line of the Northwest one-quarter of said Section 36; thence departing said East line S 8928'27M E and along said North line a distance of 1319.97 feet to the North South centerline of said Section 36; thence departing said North line S 0012'24" W, and along said North South centerline a distance of 2649.21 feet to the TRUE POINT OF BEGINNING.
Containing 80.17 acres more or less.
Basis of Bearings is the East Nest centerline of Section 36, being N 89 37'47" W.


Partial Bibliography:
1. Ching, Francis D. K. Architecture: Form, Space and Order. Van Norstrand Reinhold Co., NY, NY 1979
2. Ching, Francis D. K. Architectural Graphics.
Van Norstrand Reinhold Co. NY, NY 1975
3. Mountain Community Center Summary Report.
Gunnison, Colorado, 1981
3. deChira, Joseph, and John Hancock Callender.
Time Saver Standards For Building Types. McGraw Hill,Inc. NY,NY, 1973
4. Rawson, Daniel, Gunnison Health Center, Thesis Project. 1980
5. Pena, William. Problem Seeking. Chners Books International, Boston, Ma. 1977
6. Uniform Building Code, 1976 Edition. International Conference of Building Officials, Whittier, Ca. 1076
Sources;
I would like to thank Carl Pickett of Merrick and Company, Gunnison, Colorado for invaluable help in collecting information and documents, and for taking time to answer numerous questions.




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