Village Square Leisure Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Material Information

Village Square Leisure Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada an architectural masters thesis
Peirce, Paul H
Place of Publication:
Denver, Colo.
University of Colorado Denver
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
approximately 111 leaves : illustrations (some color), maps, plans ; 22 x 28 cm

Thesis/Dissertation Information

Master's ( Master of Architecture)
Degree Grantor:
University of Colorado Denver
Degree Divisions:
College of Archatecture and Planning, CU Denver
Degree Disciplines:
Environmental Design


Subjects / Keywords:
Recreation centers -- Alberta -- Calgary ( lcsh )
Recreation centers ( fast )
Alberta -- Calgary ( fast )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )


General Note:
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Master's degree in Architecture, College of Design and Planning.
Statement of Responsibility:
prepared by Paul H. Peirce.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Colorado Denver
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
08646467 ( OCLC )
LD1190.A72 1981 .P44 ( lcc )

Full Text

auraria library
An Architectural Masters Thesis prepared by Paul H. Peirce
Submitted to the Thesis Committee Department of Architecture College of Environmental Design University of Colorado at Denver

History -Village Square Concept
The Project -Project Description -Issues Addressed -Goals and Objectives -Summary of Space Required
Personal Goals Advisory Board Calgary
Physical Description Topographical Features Soils
Surrounding Facility Development Access Pedestrian and Bicycle access
- Public Transportation
- Automobile Access
Utility Servicing Climate Calgary Weather
By-Law Requirements Architectural Controls
Table of Contents

Arenas Complex Swimming Complex Dry Sports Complex Locker Room Complex Library Complex Local Health Complex Social Services Complex Central Services Complex Restaurant Complex
Relationship Diagrams-Leisure Centre Relationship Diagram
Problem Statement
Technical Data


The concept of Village Square was evolved in the spring of 1973, during the initial subdivision planning for the communities of Whitehorn, Temple, Rundle, and Pineridge (collectively known as the Properties) in north-east Calgary.
"The concept of a Sector Activity Centre or Village Square has created an opportunity to co-ordinate the various elements required for the community in a way to enable the optimization of the requirements for open space, parking and the joint use of facilities wherever possible. It is vital that a cross section of community needs is included in the Square. The growth of urban communities has illustrated that a major problem is the lack of personal identity and therefore personal commitment to an identifiable community. The proliferation of various required services throughout a suburban sprawl has been attributed to many of the current urban problems. The philosophy of this proposal is the restoration of the Town concept within the major urban fabric."
excerpt from "the Village Square concept" design brief prepared for Daon Development Corporation
The surrounding communities have been planned cognizant of the concept for a multi-use focal point and are now in the final stages of development. The Village Square has been conceived as the heart of the Properties, to include the full spectrum of its local needs including:
1. recreational and social component
2. commercial component

3. educational component
4. church park
5. multi-family residential
The requirements beyond the scope of the immediate, day to day needs of commerce, education, recreation, and medical care are served by the regional facilities of the City at large.
The Village Square Leisure Centre is the major recreational and social component in an integrated complex of facilities forming a central focal point for the surrounding residential area.

The Village Square Leisure Centre is the first multi-facility proposed as a response to the Parks and Recreation 1976/77 Policy Statement. That policy proposes the combination of extensive recreation facilities with other activities.
The Village Square Leisure Centre is required to be an integra-complex of recreational and social facilities situated to serve a population of 50,000 in the suburban locality of the Properties .
The project shall contain the following facilities:
-twin arenas -leisure pools -dry sports complex -locker/change facilities -library
-health services -social services
-administration/arts and crafts area -restaurant/lounge areas
The Leisure Centre is adjacent to the Village Square Shopping Centre and physically located around an open pedestrian mall. Therefore it is one of the primary elements that contribute to the Village Square concept.

A) Community identity ..........
B) Response to climate
C) Energy conservation
D) Joint Land use .
E) Open space
F) Transportation and access. .
generate an identifiable form which will enhance the image of the Village Square.
in building design as well as creating varying degrees of climatic controlled exterior spaces.
utilization of passive solar design principles.
for more efficient patterns of access and parking to minimize the intrusion of incompatible activities into the residential areas.
respect the existing and proposed open space network tying the four communities together and allow access to the Centre from all areas of the Properties by pedestrians and cyclists.
allow the user a choice to the means of access to the Centre with greater emphasis on pedes-trian/cycle and public transit systems.

1) To provide multiple recreational facilities and social facilities for residents of the Properties in all age groups.
2) To encourage the use of public transportation by users to the Centre.
3) To encourage the user to partake of a wide range of activities.
4) To provide supplementary or complementary recreational facilities for the school age population.
5) To provide for the family recreational needs of the residents of the Properties.
6) The Centre should be complementary and supplementary to neighborhood recreation centres for the provision of facilities and programs.
7) To provide for a satisfying and pleasant work environment for staff.
8) To operate the facility with as few staff as possible, consistent with programmes and safety.
9) To provide for future expansion of the facility.
To achieve good economics of energy utilization, efficiency, and recovery.

Complex Name Inside Space (sq. ft.) Outside Space (sq. ft.)
Arenas 46,880
Swimming 42,670 1,400
Dry Sports 19,020
Locker Room 11,650
Library 13,740
Local Health 3,380
Social Services 490
Central Services 7,170
Restaurant 7,000
NET TOTAL AREA 152,000 1,400
Circulation (15% gross) 28,500
Mechanical (5% gross) 9,500

To express my philosophy of design.
To develop and exhibit the capability of generating design package with sound methodology and process.
To carry the project through design development stage with some detail design as may be necessary for a complete solution which satisfies the requirements of the program.

Gary Long Robert Kindig Davis Holder Lome Simpson Trevor Holgate Wave Tek
Automated Swimpools
Design/Mechanical Advisor
Design Advisor/Critic
Structural Advisor
Conceptual Design
Pool Design Inc.
Dept, of Architecture Dept, of Architecture Dept, of Architecture Calgary Architect Calgary Architect Ashland, Ohio

It has been only 100 years since the Northwest Mounted Police established Fort Calgary in the Bow River Valley. Today, the City of Calgary covers 156 square miles of the foothills of the Canadian Rockies and is the fastest growing city in the country. The population is 560,600, as of May 1980, and is increasing by 20,000 to 25,000 a year.
Calgary, often characterized as "Dallas North", has an economy based on oil and gas exploration and production in Alberta and the Canadian Arctic. As a result the city is the energy capital of Canada and is rapidly becoming the country's financial and corporate centre.
Critics contend that Calgary's only culture is the Calgary Stampede, a week long rodeo and hoopla called "The Greatest Outdoor Show on Earth". Yet the city has live theatre, ballet and a resident symphony orchestra as well as the Glenbow centre, a museum-art gallary which boasts the finest collection of Western Canadian artifacts. Now plans are taking shape for the multi-million dollar Calgary Centre for the Performing Arts.
Recently, Calgary has become a major centre for spectator sports with the acquisition of the Flames of the National Hockey League and the Rogues of the North American Soccer League. These teams join the Stampeders of the Canadian Football League and have accelerated the planning of a new stadium and arena complex to house professional sporting events.
Calgary's overwhelming growth has created traffic congestion and suburban sprawl. As one of the solutions to these problems, a light rail transportation system has been planned and is cur-

rently under construction. Completion of the first route to the south is expected in mid 1980.
The downtown core, with an area of 700 acres, is defined by the arc of the Bow River and the main line of the Canadian Pacific Railway. This confinement has forced the rapid growth of downtown to the vertical and to the development of an extensive "Plus 15" network. The success of the "Plus 15" is due to Calgary's bitter cold winters and the connection of three important retail blocks with two large department stores at either end. The centre block being a three-level shopping mall topped off with Devonian Gardens, a 2.5 acre glass-enclosed park with several fountains, a playground, skating rink, small amphitheatre and over 20,000 plants.
Calgary's severe winter weather is modified occassionally by Chinook winds that blow over the mountains from the west. The Chinook is capable of causing extreme fluctuations in temperature, from sub-zero to thaw conditions in a few hours. The Chinook also has an impact on the vegetation of the Calgary region; as several species of trees and shrubs, common to other areas of Alberta, cannot withstand these freez-thaw conditions.

Part II


i I O I N D
Collactar StrMfi lM RMltM main fopdar
Walkway 4 Blkaway Sinaia Family Rasidantlal Mult Ip la Family Raddantla Commarclal
Foulbh Saporato Sch Fonlbl* Rubik School
Fork and Op an Spaca Chlldrans Playground
} i n *i*i 1 77 / a 1 i
* A
/ \"X
SA Daon Proparty C3o.onA.loah Bros Proporty
THE properties'
Lad co Davalopmant Sarvkoa Doc IfTJ
km ntrt Ha Nil*
M 4/74 Jmif Ml74
TRANS CANADA HIOHWAY itiuck aouti txramwAvi

concept plan
DCion DeveLOPmenTS ltd

The site available for development of the complete leisure centre is divided into three parts:
A) The main site described as Lot 5, block 32, with a total of 7.0 acres community reserve land
B) A subsidiary site described as Lot 3, block 32, with a total of 1.0 acre community services site
C) Three lots described as R-9, Lot B and a narrow piece of land adjacent to the southern extension of R-9, with all pieces located in the northern half of block 32.
The A and B sections above are contiguous and will be considered as forming one parcel of 8.0 acres. This parcel will be referred to as "the site" throughout the text of this document.
The C section will be considered as the most suitable location for the development of the outdoor recreation areas. The planning of the leisure centre should take into account the ultimate development of the outdoor recreational facilities as well as the ultimate development of all surrounding areas.

on;a VH
auDdivision & zoning
DCion DevCLOpnnenTS ltd

Canopy; dark brown metal roof 6"cedar siding,stained
Walls; giant brick,medium brown'flashed'
Paving; red shale interlocking stone

The site slopes down approximately 10 feet moving in a west to east direction and approximately 7 feet moving from the north to the south of the site.
The site is generally open field with no vegetation other than prairie grass and weeds.

The soil conditions at the site consist of varying depths of fill and natural clay underlain by shale bedrock. Both the natural clay and bedrock are acceptable for support of a structure on spread or strip footings. In some locations, over-excavation of the natural clay may be necessary in order to bear all footings on strata having uniform settlement characteristics.

The areas surrounding the site are either already developed or the development can be predicted with sufficient accuracy to align the design of the leisure centre.
A) To the west is located the Village Square shopping centre. A portion of the centre at the north end containing
the commercial racquet and handball courts is approximately two stories in height. The remainder of the centre is one storey with typical roof-mounted mechanical equipment. Views of the roof of this complex should be avoided or screened.
B) To the south is the area designated as the church park.
The structures designed for this area are one to two stories in height and have highly developed roof lines. This complex may provide favorable views and will not entirely obscure the view to the well developed landscape of the multi-family residential area beyond.
C) The east side of the site has been developed with single family detached dwellings. The leisure centre should not present unsightly appearance to the houses and should have as good a scale relationship as possible.
D) To the northeast a series of low-rise multi-family and senior citizen residences has been developed. Vehicular access to the leisure centre should not unduly intrude on the access to these residential developments.
E) To the northwest is the proposed school site. The development of a senior high school could occur almost anywhere on the total reserve site. For the leisure centre the following options should be preserved:

1. A direct, physical connection between the leisure centre and the school facility.
2. The development of the reserve site north of the school site as the outdoor recreational areas as an adjunct to the leisure centre. This would require a grade level pedestrian connection across the public transit lanes of 26th Ave./Pinetown PI.

Pedestrian access is most probable from the following points:
A) From the Village Square shopping mall.
B) From 26th Ave./Pinetown PI. A public transit lane and pedestrian/bicycle path system.
C) From the 56th Street side of the site.
D) At the southwest corner of the site from the footpath providing access from the multi-family units.
Because of the restricted vehicular access on the north side of the site (26th Ave./Pinetown Pi.) this is considered an advantageous place to encourage pedestrian and bicycle access to the site.
The connection between the shopping mall and the leisure centre could be developed to the mutual advantage of the two complexes. This development could take the form of a walking/sitting plaza or as an all weather connection.

The proposed Calgary transit system for the Properties will be as follows:
A) Blue Arrow and Express bus services will run north/south on 52 Street NE providing direct connections between the Properties and Marlborough and downtown.
B) Two east/west connector loops (one serving Rundle and Pineridge, the other serving Whitehorn and Temple) will pass within 1/4 mile of most homes, feeding the 52 Street NE corridor and the proposed LRT line along 36 Street NE.
C) A crosstown service will link the Properties with Marlborough and the northwest sector of the City.
The transit system as proposed is designed principally to serve commuters between the Properties and downtown. Only the' southern feeder loop will directly service the leisure centre site. The two feeder loops in the Properties will not operate on Sundays.
The public transit system as planned will not adequately service the complex, due to inadequate routing and infrequency of service. Unless present plans are revised the private automobile will be the most convenient form of transportation for many users.
This will result in a heavy demand for on site parking.

Direct vehicular access to the site could be from three locations:
1. From 56 Street NE, a collector road. Any access should be in the middle of the block away from intersections.
2. From 26th Ave./Pinetown PI. thru traffic is restricted to transit buses yet a major access to the site should be considered from the portion of this corridor to the east of the bus trap. Such access would not interrupt pedestrian movement to the site from the north, northwest and school site.
3. From Pineland PI., a local road serving only the church park and the leisure centre.
Service and delivery access would be best handled directly from 56 Street NE or from the shopping centre service bay.

Mcknight blvd.
open space for parks, schools & recreation
separate elementary school separate junior high school scparato senior high school public senior high school
NOTE: The number type and location of other public schools will be determined by Future School Board policy and educational needs.
local open space/tot lots sector centre area requiring replot P'peline buffer freeway ~ expressway major street collector streets pedestrian link
transit routes
* bus loop
nc neighbourhood shopping centre

scale > I = 1600

The following types of parking will have to be accommodated on or near the site:
1. Staff short-term parking:
-principally for public health and social services staff
-Should be within 150' (20 30 seconds) of entrance to
specific facility
-Should be reserved with plug-in facilities
2. Staff long-term parking:
-for staff of all facilities in the complex other than those accommodated in 1. (above)
-should be within 650' (2 minutes) of entrance to the
-should be reserved with plug-in facilities
3. Short-term user parking:
-principally to serve public health, social services and library patrons
-should be within 150' (20 30 seconds) of entrance to
specific facility
-metered parking is recommended
4. Long-term user parking:
-to serve the entire recreation centre
-should be within 650' (2 minutes) of a principal entrance
-should provide accommodation for up to two 45' school buses
5. Spectator parking:
-will be of low frequency use
-could be up to 1/4 mile (4-5 minutes) away from prin-

ciple entrance
-must be able to handle mass arrivals and exits
-could be shared with other nearby facilities
-could be located on school site if agreed to by the Calgary Public School Board
6. Private vehicular drop-off and pick-up:
-should be immediately accessible to the principal user entrance
-should provide waiting spaces for 1-10 minutes periods
7. School bus drop-off and pick-up:
-should be immediately accessible to the swimming and dry sports complex entrances
-should include waiting space for one bus for up to 15 minutes
Leisure Centre Staff Public Health Professionals
1 stall/3 employees
Leisure Centre Spectators Public Library Staff & Users
Public Health Users Leisure Centre Users
1 stall/enployee 1 stall/3 users 1 stall/10 users 1 stall/10 seats 1 stall/150 s.f.
Restaurant Staff 5> Users Social Services Professionals Social Services Users
of public space 1 stall/3 seats 1 stall/enployee 1 stall/3 users

At the present time all necessary services such as gas, water, telephone, electrical power, sanitary and storm sewers are available. Most of the services are established underground adjacent to the boundaries of the site.
However there is a 10' water main located in a utility right of way along the southern edge of the leisure centre site (Lot 5, block 32) separating this site from the community services site (Lot 3, block 32). The construction of the leisure centre must take into account the required access to this water line. Development on the area over the water line may take place in the following ways:
A. Construction of paved or other hard surfaces.
B. Construction of buildings with continuous tunnel access to the pipe.
C. If the above construction methods are not possible and it is proven that it is not economically feasible to respect the right of way relocation of the water main to the south of Lot 3 may be possible.

Yearly mean temperature Peak minimum temperature Peak maximum temperature
3.4 degrees Celcius -45 C. (February 1893)
36 C. (July 1919 and 1933)
Average annual degree days Average annual precipitation
Yearly average hours of sunshine Daily average hours of sunshine Yearly average wind speed
Formulas for converting degrees:
5,330 (1941 1970)
437.1 mm. (298.7 mm. rain) (152.7 cm. snow)
2,207 hrs.
6.0 hrs.
16.6 km/hr.
Degrees Fahrenheit 32 x 5/9 Degrees Celcius Degrees Celcius +32 x 9/5 = Degrees Fahrenheit
,o* U *o

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
coldest on record (mean avg. C) -25.3 -24.4 -12.9 - 3.8 6.8 9.7 13.3 12.1 5.1 0.2 -19.1 -17.1
warmest on record (mean avg. C) - 0.6 2.0 4.3 9.5 14.4 17.7 19.6 19.6 15.9 9.8 6.1 - 0.1
average temperature (C) -10.9 - 7.4 - 4.3 3.4 9.3 13.2 16.5 15.2 10.7 5.7 2.6 - 6.6
normal degree days 899 728 689 437 264 148 64 97 221 385 618 793
max. number de-gree days 1352 1241 968 665 358 260 150 194 370 563 1043 1099
min. number degree days 584 504 432 263 122 37 26 43 7Q 265 368 573
lowest recorded temp. (9C) -44.4 -45 -37,4 -30 -16,7 -3,3 -0,6 -2,2 -13,3 -22.2 -35 -42.8
highest recorded temp. (9C) 16.1 18.9 22.8 29.4 32.3 35 36 35.6 33,3 29,4 22,6 19.4
normal precipitation (mm.) 17 19.8 20.3 29.5 49,8 91,7 68,3 55.9 35,6 18,8 16 14.7
max. amount precip. (mm.) 44.2 49.3 61 98.3 226.1 224 245,4 238.8 232.9 75,4 69,9 56.9
min, amount precip. (mm.) trace 0,2 trace trace 1,5 6,6 2,5 trace trace trace trace trace
average hours of sunshine 103 118 156 189 240 236 317 273 182 165.9 115.7 92
average wind speed (km./hr.) direction 16.3 w. 16.1 S. 16.6 N. 18.7 NNW 18.5 NNW 17.5 NNW 15.1 NNW 14.6 NNW 16.4 NNW 17.1 W. 15.9 W. 16.1 W.
max. peak wind gusts (km./hr.) direction 127 W. 126 NNW 129 NW 116 NNW 111 NW 127 SSW 127 NNW 109 NNW 100 NNW 115 NNW 113 SW Ill NW

Part III

Land use classification ... PE Public Park, School and
Recreation District
Permitted Uses . . Natural areas
Parks and playground facilities Public and separate schools Utilities
Permitted Use Rules:
a) Right of Way Setbacks
Setbacks from property lines shall be a minimum of 20 feet
b) Landscaped Area
All minimum required yards and all adjoining City boulevards shall be landscaped.
c) Outside Storage/Garbage Storage
Outside storage areas shall be visually screened from all adjacent sites and public thoroughfares.
d) Parking and Loading
-The Approving Authority may allow for the provision of required parking on a site other than the proposed development site provided that the alternate site is within 400 feet of the approved use.
-Development containing or providing for more than one use shall provide parking and loading facilities equal to the sum of the requirements for the individual uses.

-Developments shall be allowed parking spaces for compact automobiles providing that these spaces account for no more than 20 percent of the total parking required.
-A minimum of one parking stall, having a minimum width of 13 feet shall be provided for the handicapped and be located close to building entrances.
-Loading spaces shall be designed and located so that all vehicles using those spaces can be parked and manoeuvred entirely within the bounds of the site.
-A loading space shall be a minimum width of 10 feet and a minimum length of 30 feet and maintain an overhead clearance of 14 feet.

The intent of the architectural control is to allow as much flexibility within the Village Square as possible and ensure that the various components are related in expression of form, materials and space relationships.
1. Site Planning
Sites shall be developed so as to group buildings in a common area with landscaped pedestrian open space separating the uses, and parking generally organized around the perimeter.
Sites shall be organized cognizant of the east west and north south open space pedestrian system.
2. Pedestrian Movement
Sites shall be developed to encourage pedestrian movement between the various uses associated with the site and provide pedestrian access to the City sidewalk system.
3. Landscaping
All sites of one acre or greater shall have a landscape plan prepared to the approval of the Developer's architect.
4. Parking
Parking areas shall be setback 20 feet from property lines which abut streets.
5. Garbage Storage
Separate garbage storage enclosures for each site shall be provided in a location such as to have a minimum of exposure to public areas.

6. Materials
The use of natural materials in the darker color range should be exploited fully.
All building elevations should have similar treatment.
7. Colors
All colors throughout the Village Square should be in the earth tone range. Any other color used should be used in the graphics, or as accent colors.
Brick the dark range in red, brown, and charcoal tones Wood natural stained finishes preferred
Metal color should relate to the earth tones of the brick and wood


The two arenas will provide ice surfaces for minor and adult hockey, figure skating and public skating. The priority of use is for hockey and both ice sheets must be available for that activity. However, the other activites must be given due consideration.
Arena 'A' is to be suitable for ice activites on a 12 month basis. Arena 'B' is to be suitable for non-ice operation during four months of the summer.
Because of the diverse activities possible, it is anticipated that several combinations of activites could occur. The possibilities that should be accommodated are shown below:
1 Hockey Hockey
2 Hockey Figure Skating
3 Hockey Public Skating
4 Figure Skating Public Skating
1 Hockey Sports/Games
2 Figure Skating Sports/Games
3 Hockey Performance
4 Figure Skating Performance
Arenas Complex

A) The Arenas complex should be capable of operating as four distinct units. The areas are:
1. Arena 'A' with four change/shower rooms
2. The staff areas, including officials change room, first aid room, mechanical, zamboni and storage rooms
3. Arena 'B' with four change/shower rooms, public skate change area, lounge and fast food area
4. Spectator area of Area 'A'
Each area should be capable of operation independent of the others. If required, users should be able to move between areas and the security should be as unobtructive as possible.
B) Arena 'B' is to be used for a wide variety of purposes including non-ice purposes such as conventions and exhibitions.
This possible increase in density should be considered in
the design.
C) The adaptation of the Arenas complex to the needs of handicapped persons is confined to the movement of persons to
the spectator area of Arena 'A' and the associated washrooms.
D) It is important to restrict the transmission and reflection of noise within and between components. Particularly between Arenas 'A' and B* and between the change/shower areas and the public areas.
E) Except on the ice opposing hockey teams must not come in contact before, during or after games.
F) There should be good connections from the lobby to the main circulation spine of the Leisure Centre and to the outside.

1) To provide ice surfaces sufficient for all minor hockey teams
in the Properties.
RESPONSE . . Space for male and female hockey players
2) To give equal treatment to leisure skating as to hockey.
RESPONSE . . One arena to have one side with moveable boards
3) To provide for non-ice arena activites
RESPONSE. One arena to provide suitable lighting, ventilation and exit facilites for up to 1500 people
. Provide sufficient storage for a variety of activities
4) To be able to operate the arenas as a separate but interrelated component of the total facility
RESPONSE Spectators should be able to move from hockey
arena to spectating in other activity areas
The arenas may share the same lobby space as the rest of the centre yet that lobby can be segregated for early morning access

Hockey players:
Public skaters:
Figure skaters:
Arenas staff:
On each team there will be about 18 persons. With two sheets of ice dedicated to hockey and to allow for changeover, up to 8 teams, 144 players, must be accommodated in 8 change rooms.
It is assumed that the number of public skaters will not exceed 400 persons. The changing facilities need only accommodate 150 at any one time, but all 400 should have access to a locker.
It is not anticipated that more than 50 figure skaters would be on one sheet of ice at one time.
1 Arena Manager 1 Ticket Taker (part time)
1 Fast Food Operator

The major access points to the complex are:
-External access to the ticket/lobby area,
-Access from central circulation of the Leisure Centre.
-A good connection for the movement of a stretcher from first aid to an outside ambulance loading point,
-An outside access from the zamboni room.
Inside the complex there are two main areas:
-The 12 month ice surface for Arena 'A'
-The 8 month ice surface for Arena 'B'
Circulation is to be controlled depending on the arena of focus and whether the person is a skater, an official or staff member, or a spectator.

Net Space (sq. ft.)
Lobby 485
Ticket Vending Area 100
Office 200
Arena 'A' 17,330
Hockey Change Room 285
Hockey Change Room 285
Hockey Change Room 285
Hockey Change Room 285
Shower and Drying Space 90
Shower and Drying Space 90
Washroom 30
Washroom 30
Spectator Area 1,400
Male Spectator Washroom 80
Female Spectator Washroom 90
Valuables Storage 5
Arena B' 17,330
Hockey Change Room 285
Hockey Change Room 285
Hockey Change Room 285
Hockey Change Room 285
Shower and Drying Space 90
Shower and Drying Space 90
Washroom 30
Washroom 30
Public Skate Change 1,200
Male Public Washroom 150
Female Public Washroom 180
Locker Area 500
20 (2 staff) 1-6 50 18 18 18 18 3 3 2 2
(60 lockers) 1,500 18 18 18 18 3 3 2 2
(400 lockers)

Net Space (sq. ft.)
Public Skater Lounge 1,500 150
First Aid Room 140 2 (1
Fast Food Preparation and Vending 270 16 (2
Zamboni Room 540 -
Storage 1,300 -
Officials Change Room 100 6
Officials Washroom and Shower 80 4
Mechanical Room 1,075 -
Skate Sharpening Room 65 1
- 3 staff)

At the Village Square Leisure Centre, the pools of the swimming complex will be the focal point of the entire centre, although users will be encouraged to use a wide variety of activities.
Within the swimming complex there will be five feature areas:
1) Leisure pool with wave making equipment
2) Instructional/competitive pool
3) Diving tank with 1 m. and 3 m. boards
4) Shallow kiddy pool with action amusements
5) A well developed deck space including:
-relaxation/lounge area -solarium
-fast food outlet and eating area -games area -hot tubs
Swimming Pool Complex

A) The leisure pool will cover an area of 13,000 sq. feet, and will feature recreational swimming, body surfing and water sliding.
The pool should be a free-form design, consistent with the requirements of the wave making equipment and should provide small sheltered areas in both shallow and deep areas. The main shallow area should be opposite to the wave maker.
As the wave maker will be in operation only for a portion of each hour, there should be substantial deck space for the time between wave periods. This deck will provide opportunity for diverse recreational activities.
B) The instructional/competitive pool should provide 6 lane, 25 m. competition ability (with free lanes on each side). However, its major function will be swimming instruction for school children and adults. In the time available not used for instruction, swimmers will use the pool for recreational swimming or for lap/distance swimming.
C) The diving tank will provide both 1 m. and 3 m. diving boards. In addition three other activities will take place in the diving tank:
1. Synchronized swimming
2. Water polo
3. Canoe use and safety instruction
D) The kiddy pool will be used as a play area for small children or as a place for primary introduction/instruction to swimming .

The spectator areas may be separate or combined areas (depending on pool layout) for viewing of competitive activities in diving tank or 25 metre pool. One or both of these areas may also provide viewing of recreational activities in the leisure pool.
F) The staff locker rooms and related facilities are to be part of the swimming complex, not requiring the pool staff to enter through the locker room complex.
G) The lounge areas with an area of 8,000 sq. ft. will provide for lounging, sitting, relaxing and moving between the public recreational components. This area will provide the "beach" for the leisure pool.

1) To provide a setting where swimming is part of a range of opportunities to be used on individual visits to the centre.
RESPONSE . . . The common locker room system serving both
'wet' and 'dry' activities will help to achieve this goal, as will the provision of amenities in both the locker rooms and pool areas
2) To provide a variety of positive aquatic experiences in order to appear to as wide a range of the target population as possible .
RESPONSE . . . Give equal treatment to each of the recrea-
tional, instructional and competitive functions of the complex
3) Provide for the safe use of the pool areas by staff and patrons.
RESPONSE . . . Clear informational/instructional signage,
slip resistant floors, isolated electrical system

The design size of the pools is based on accepted planning standards and related to the activities to be accommodated in each pool. For example, in the leisure pool and instructional pool capacity is based on 50 sq. ft. per person. In the potentially more dangerous diving tank more space per person is allocated -150 sq. ft. For deck space and areas around the pools such as the lounge area, capacity is based on 25 sq. ft. per person.
The instructional pool has a design capacity of 175 persons. However, when in full use for classes a total of only 72 persons would be accommodated.
The diving tank has a design capacity of 6 persons, but it is possible that two classes of 12 persons each could use the pool.
The kiddy pool is the smallest pool, at 19 persons capacity.
The leisure pool has a design capacity of 260 persons and its associated lounge area could accommodate 320 persons.
The following types of users are envisioned for the swimming complex :
-public recreational swimmers -swimming class (and or practice)
-competitive swimmers
-mom and tot swim programme
-chaperone child swim programme
-pool staff

The swimming complex is one of the largest complexes in the leisure centre. It is composed of four different pools together with ancilliary deck space. Although each of the pools is specified as separate space, the architect is encouraged to explore solutions that will develop a service of deliniable and contiguous spaces with the leisure pool as the focal point of the complex.
The users will enter the complex via the locker room complex.
Staff will enter via a restricted circulation connection and a separate locker room area.
The delivery of chlorine and other chemicals used in the purification process should be delivered directly from the outside to the appropriate mechanical space.

Name Net Space (sq. ft.) Design Capacity
Waiting Space 480 70
Kiddy Pool 530 19
Instructional Pool 6,200 175
Diving Tank 2,300 24
Leisure Pool 13,000 260
Pool Mechanical Room 4,000 -
Chlorine Room 100 -
Wave Maker Mechanical Room 970 -
Lounge 8,000 320
Games Area 1,780 30
Solarium 750 30
Eating Area 650 50
Fast Food Preparation 240 10 (2 3 staff)
Male Public Washroom 40 3
Female Public Washroom 50 3
Hot Tubs Area 370 24
Pool Supervisors Office 160 1-5
Staff Station 320 8
Male Staff Change Room 220 11
Female Staff Change Room 150 7
Female Staff Shower & Washroom i 100 4
Pool Storage 860 -
Spectator Area 400 50
Spectator Area 1,000 150
Outdoor Deck Space 1,400 60

The dry sports complex is a complementary facility to the swimming pools complex. It is a facility that can be used independently of or in conjunction with the swimming complex.
Most of the dry sports activities are accommodated in the sports hall. This hall will provide space for one or more activities depending on the amount of space required.
The sports hall will provide the single largest area (apart from the arenas) for public assembly. Therefore, it should be planned for large gatherings, such as public meetings, dances and theatrical performances. With respect to later activity; the acoustics, lighting, etc. would not be adequate by professional standards but until such time as a proper theatre is built, (as part of the nearby school) this facility will suffice.
Dry Sports Complex

Activity Type
Team Sport Individual Competitors Solitary Activity
Badminton* X X
Basketball* X '
Boxing* X
Broomball* X
Dance*0 X
Dodgeball* X
Exercise/Fitness0 X
Fencing* X
Football (indoor)* X
Gymnastics+ X X X
Soccer (indoor)* X
Table Tennis* X
Volleyball* X
Weightlifting/Bodybuilding X X
Wrestling* X
Wall Climbingt X
* To be accommodated in Sports Hall
+ To be accommodated in Gymnasium
o To be accommodated in Exercise Room

1) To provide facilities for a wide range of team sports.
2) To provide facilities for the improvement of physical fitness through non-team exercise.
RESPONSE . . Provide activity spaces suitable for a wide
variety of structured and unstructured sporting activities.
3) To provide a facility which is able to withstand hard use sports.
RESPONSE . . . Utilize durable materials and finishes.
4) To provide space for stage presentations.
RESPONSE . . Spectator seating in the sports hall must be
adaptable for a variety of functions.
5) To provide a facility that can be operated with a minimum of supervision.
RESPONSE . . Provide adequate emergency exists consistent
with the maximum numbers of spectators.
. Slip resistent floors, but suitable to active sports.

The maximum number of persons required for planning each of the major components is:
Sports Hall - 56 persons (for four courts of volleyball)
Gymnasium - 24 persons (engaged in or waiting for ac-
Weight Training/Equipment Room 16 persons (engaged in exercise or waiting)
Exercise/Fitness rooms 25 persons (using or waiting to
use equipment)
Users of the dry sports complex may include the following:
-competitive sports teams and officials -non-competitive groups -individual recreational users -group fitness classes
-general public attending meetings, dances, etc.
-amateur theatrical groups -spectators

There are two ways for users to enter this complex:
1) Through the locker room complex
2) Via the central circulation of the leisure centre,
a connection that will be most appropriate for spectators or persons attending meetings or dances held in the sports hall.
A third connection for the movement of a portable stage and any equipment necessary for performances should be provided to the sports hall.
Within the complex each of the components operates as a separate space and need only connect to the circulation system of the complex.

Net Space Design
(sq. ft.)_____________Capacity
Sports Hall Sports Hall Storage Gymnasium Gymnasium Storage Weight Training/Equipment Room
Exercise Fitness Rooms Males Washroom Female Washroom Solarium
13,200 1,500
540 -
2,760 24
430 -
700 16
860 25
40 3
50 3
440 16

The locker room complex is considered as the major service or support complex to the swimming complex and the dry sports complex. As such it does not have end functions in itself but rather facilitates the functions of the other two complexes.
The locker room complex will provide sufficient locker space, change space and ancilliary space for all users of wet and dry activities, such that users will not be required to change lockers when moving from one complex to another. As part of the locker room functions a variety of amenities will be provided. These include:
-saunas and needle showers -showers
-change cubicles for a limited number of users -hair dryers
Locker Room Complex

1) The locker room should provide a positive experience for users of the facility.
RESPONSE . . . Control moisture problem associated with
locker room activities by utilizing non-absorbant, heated floors and good air circulation.
2) To provide sufficient locker room space so that any user can have a locker available for the duration of his/her use of the pool, dry sports complex or the outdoor recreational facilities.
3) To minimize the destructive tendencies and effects of some users, visitors and staff.
RESPONSE Utilize vandal resistant fixtures and fittings, durable wall, floor and ceiling finishes with bright and cheerful colors.
4) To provide locker room facilities for all age groups and for the physically handicapped.
RESPONSE Utilize 'barrier-free' design principles.

The following facility requirements for locker spaces and change spaces are derived from the forecast maximum number number of users for the swimming complex and the dry sports complex.
Complex Planned Maximum Capacity Max. No. of Lockers Required -10 for Locker Sharing Net Max. Required No. of Lockers Required No. of Change Places
Swimming 1012 1317 132 185 319
Dry Sports 121 231 23 208 92
TOTAL 1133 1548 155 1393 411

The locker room complex is the support service for both the swimming complex and the dry sports complex.
Male and female users and pool staff enter the complex via a lobby. From this point pools staff separate to their own change facilities. Male and female users also separate to segregated change facilities.
Within the complex users proceed in a linear pattern from locker room past showers and washrooms. Pool users are required for sanitation to have a cleansing shower prior to using the pools.
The facility should allow pool users to circulate back and forth from the pools.

Ticket Vending Area Control Office and Towel Dispensary Valuables Storage Valuables Storage Male Locker Room Male Shower and Drying Area Male Washroom Male Sauna Area Male Needle Shower Area Female Locker Room Female Shower and Drying Area Female Washroom Female Sauna Area Female Needle Shower Area Tot Change Area First Aid Room
Net Space Design
(sq. ft.)________Capacity
325 50
35 2 staff
400 3 staff
10 (100 lockers)
10 (100 lockers)
4,330 206
465 22
140 9
100 20
200 24
4,330 206
500 22
220 12
65 12
120 4
260 10 (10 infants!
140 2 (1 staff)

The library complex for the Village Square Leisure Centre will represent a slight departure for the City of Calgary Public Library. The new library will be distinct from other branch libraries in that:
-the size of the book and periodicals section will be larger -there will be an enhanced reference capability -the director of the branch will be the supervising coordinator for up to four addition branches
The leisure centre library will offer the following facilities:
-Community meeting rooms for groups of up to 50 persons and up to 200 persons. The larger room will have a projection booth and portable stage.
-Book stacks, microform use and storage areas, tape and record facilities and a periodicals section.
-work and lounge areas for the public
-an area for children, including a childrens stack area, activity area and a toy box area -staff area, including workroom, lounge and washrooms
Library Complex

1) Library staff should be encouraged to provide maximum service to the public.
RESPONSE . . The staff workroom and lounge should not pro-
vide a place where staff are inaccessible to the public.
2) The library should serve as a coordinating function for up to four subordinate libraries.
3) The library should have a highly visible location and presentation to attract a wide variety of patrons.
Front door should be on a major circulation route
The various library activity areas should be easily identifiable.
Access to parking for staff and public. Interior design should be of good quality and present a warm inviting appearance.
4) The library should be capable of offering a wide variety of services to the public.
5) To have some flexibility in the organization and operation of library space.
RESPONSE . . Operation of several types of programmes in
one general purpose space.
. Meeting rooms usable when main library is closed.

6) To provide an environment suitable for casual reading and study.
RESPONSE . . Provide quiet lounge area and private study
7) To provide an efficient heating, air conditioning and ventilation system that will not cause deterioration of books, microform materials, films, art work, etc.
RESPONSE . . The library should have visual access to the
exterior but designed so as not to cause deterioration of stacked books.
8) To provide a satisfying and pleasant work environment for staff.
RESPONSE . . . Provide staff lounge which is relatively iso-
lated from other functions in the library.
9) To minimize vandalism.
RESPONSE . . Majority of stock and study space to be visible
from circulation desk.
. . . Use of durable furnishings and finishes.
10) To operate the facility as economically as possible, consistent with service and programmes.
RESPONSE . . . Minimize energy and staff costs.

There are four types of users of the library complex:
1) users of the library proper
2) users of the meeting rooms
3) children using the programming areas
4) library staff
The rxumbers of users and staff will vary considerably.
During slack periods the library will be staffed by two nonprofessionals. At peak times the library will be staffed by five persons including one professional librarian.
The boys and girls area can handle up to 50 children, but typically will handle 30 children. The toy box area can handle up to 10, but more comfortably 5 children.
Each of the other public library areas can handle 10 to 22 persons, but on a typical day the total number of patrons will be less than 25 at a time.
The small meeting room can accommodate up to 50 people, and the larger meeting room up to 200 people.

The library complex has two principal external links:
1) Directly to the outside for loading and unloading of books, periodicals, films and microforms. The delivery point should be accessible on a 24 hour per day basis and not be dependent on centre personnel to assist.
2) Directly from central circulation. This is the mode of entrance for users and staff. This entrance should be convenient to a building entrance/egress point which in turn is close to short term public parking.
Within the library complex there are three major areas:
1) A meeting room area which can be operated separately from the rest of the library.
2) A public access of the library providing spaces for the reference collection, catalogue, stacks, lounges and work areas. There are separate areas for children and adults.
3) The staff work and lounge areas.
The service entrance and the lobby are the main control points for circulation.

Name Net Space (sq. ft.) Design Capacity
Circulation Control 300 4 (2 staff
Book Stacks 4,300 20
Records and Tapes Stores 260 10
Current Periodicals 160 7
Readers' Lounge 430 20
Study Area 380 22
Small Meeting Room 500 50
Large Meeting Room 2,300 200
Boys' and Girls' Area 500 50 children
Toy Box 200 10 children
Display/Lobby 450 10
Catalogue 160 6
Office of Branch Head 130 1 - - 4
Workroom 480 4 staff
Storage 300 -
Staff Lounge 270 10 staff
Microform Area 200 6
Listening Area 300 10
Male Washroom 35 2
Female Washroom 35 2
Film Service 240 6 staff
Boy's and Girls' Stacks 860 30 children
Reference 600 18
Chair and Table Storage 240 -
Projection Room 40 1
Male Staff Washroom 35 2
Female Staff Washroom 35 2

The local health unit seeks to provide medical services in the following ways:
-Provision of a clinic for babies, involving examination, counselling, referral, testing and an innoculation/ immunization programme.
-Operation of an adult immunization innoculation programme.
-Conducting home visits to new mothers, the handicapped, infirm and the aged.
-Conducting school examination and education programmes.
Local Health Complex

1) Provision of space for the efficient operation of programmes in clinic, in school, and in home settings.
RESPONSE . . . Adequate parking and convenient access to the
facility for patients/visitors and staff.
2) To have a facility which enhances the positive image of the health unit.
RESPONSE . . . Provide a highly visable, open location with
bright, cheerful and tasteful surroundings.
3) To provide an environment suitable fer the instruction of student nurses.
RESPONSE Provision of work/study space suitable for
student nurses assigned to the unit.
. . . Provision of group meeting space where both
students and staff can assemble.

The number of staff who will operate from the clinic are shown below:
Type of Staff________________Permanent________Occasional
Supervisors 3 -
Nurses or Nursing Assistants 14 -
Clerical 2 -
Doctors - 1
Student Nurses 3
The number of users can vary considerably. If there is no clinic being operated then the number of users will be much reduced, But if all clinic/examination rooms are in operation then up to 10 patients per hour can be seen, with as many as 60 patients per day being seen. Since most of the patients are infants, they are accompanied by the mother and one or more other small children. Therefore, the number of users passing through the clinic can be in excess of 120 per day.

The local health unit is a relatively self contained complex providing both clinical and office environments.
Access for users (patients) should be via a close connection from short term parking to central circulation, and from central circulation to the waiting and reception areas of the complex.
This will facilitate mothers with babies and small children.
Staff access is from staff parking to central circulation to the complex. This should be a convenient connection to facilitate the movement of supplies, equipment, etc. necessary for both home and school programmes.
Within the complex there are two major areas, each originating in the reception space.
1) A user/patient area focused on a pre-examination room and 5 individual examination rooms.
2) A staff office area with restricted circulation.
There is a connection to the social services complex through a shared staff lounge. However, local health has a secure connection from this staff lounge to the remainder of the complex.

Net Space Design
Name (sq. ft.) Capacity
Waiting Area 280 12 (3 children)
Child Play Area 100 6 - 1C 1 children
Reception/General Office 250 3 (2 staff)
File Storage 60 -
Mothers' Room 250 10
Male Client/Staff Washroom 35 2
Female Client Washroom 40 2
Clinic 150 3 (1 staff)
Clinic 150 3 (1 staff)
Clinic 120 3 (1 staff)
Clinic 120 3 (1 staff)
Clinic 120 3 (1 staff)
Laboratory/Clinic Supplies 130 2
Nursing Supervisor Office 120 2 (1 staff)
District Supervisor Office 120 2 (1 staff)
Visiting Doctor Office 120 2 (1 staff)
Community Health Nurse &
Community Health Aid Office 860 13 staff
Staff Lounge 320 15
Female Staff Washroom 35 2

The social services department of the community will operate a satellite office at the leisure centre. The office will be concerned with only two of its many responsibilities:
-The supervision of young clients in conflict with the law.
-Community development.
In performance of its duties it will interview clients in private office settings. The offices should be pleasant non-threatening environments with visual access to the outside. For the community development work, the main emphasis will be on the planning and administration of community development programmes.
Social Services Complex

1) Provision of an environment suitable for client contact as the primary function.
RESPONSE The following services and facilities should
be shared with the local health complex.
-Waiting area
-Staff lounge and washrooms
-Xerox and office equipment
2) To have a highly visible operation distinguishable from other components of the leisure centre.
RESPONSE . . . Clients should have direct and easy access
without having to ask directions elsewhere in the centre in order to maintain confidentiality when visiting social services.

There will be one receptionist/secretary and three professional staff stationed in the social services complex.
There is a capability to interview up to three clients at a time. Waiting space for up to six persons will be shared with the local health complex.

The social services complex is a grouping of three private offices connected to a reception area.
The staff and clients coming to the complex do so via the central circulation component of the centre.
Direct access (via central circulation) should be provided from both the short-term parking area and the transit stop. Also a re-sonably direct connection with the future school is desirable.
After hours access must be provided either by a private entrance or a manned staff point.
The waiting area and staff lounge are shared with the local health complex. Access to the lounge is by a direct secure connection.

Name Net Space (sq. ft.) Design Capacity
Reception 130 1 staff
Office 120 1-4
Office 120 1-4
Office 120 1-4

The central services complex is a collection of spaces which are
operated by Parks and Recreation but are not sports facilities.
The basic functions of the central services complex are:
-To provide for the administration of the leisure centre as an ongoing facility.
-To provide space for community activities such as arts and crafts and related functions.
-To provide a central circulation system to link the various complexes that make up the centre.
-To provide day-care service.
The administration of the facility has two major aspects:
1) Provision of central office functions for the individual recreation complexes.
2) The dispensing of information about the operation of the centre and any of its complexes.
The community activities area shall contain the following functions:
-small and medium size meetings
-craft/instructional sessions providing adequate storage space for ongoing programmes.
Central Services Complex

The central circulation function should provide not only a circulation system to link the complexes, but also function as a place for various informal activities, such as:
-several small lounge/waiting spaces
-display spaces for ongoing art exhibitions $nd information displays
-permanent display for trophies and awards of teams operating from the centre.
The day-care service provides a supervised baby-sitting service for parents using the centre for activities where it is not ap-^ propriate to have children along.

1) To effectively monitor the continuing use of the facility, and to utilize that information to fine tune the centre operations
RESPONSE ... A means of monitoring should be through the use
of control points, which are capable of gathering information regarding the use of each facility.
2) The central circulation system of the building should encourage the concept that all components in the facility are equally important to the centre and that all are services to be utilized.
RESPONSE . . The architectural style, colors, materials,
etc. should be consistent for all areas of central circulation.
. All complexes of the centre should be provided with points of entry that are clearly visible and part of the main circulation.

The numbers relating to central circulation are the sum of all the users as well as the movements between complexes (except between the locker room complex and the dry sports complex and the swimming complex). It is likely that the number of movements will be over 5,000 per day, including both entrance and egress movements.
It is possible for all craft rooms to be active at the same time. The five crafts rooms with an average of 20 persons per room could hold a total of 100 persons.
The day-care centre has a capacity of 50 children, and with an average turnaround time of 1 1/2 hours, it is possible that the day care could have up to 300 users on a busy day.

The central services complex is composed of the following areas: -the central circulation area
-the community activities area, administration and day-care centre
The central circulation is divided into areas relating to:
-recreation functions including swimming, dry sports and locker room complexes
-the arenas complex which have a more independent operation -central services
From the outside the central circulation has a variety of penetration points. These points must adequately serve all complexes with individual and specialized requirements for access of both staff and users.

Net Space Design
(sg. ft.)_________Capacity
Central Circulation
General Administration Office
Manager's Office
Male Public Washroom
Female Public Washroom
Pottery Room
Glaze and Kiln Room
Drying Room
Pottery Storage
Weaving Room
Fine Art Room
Clean Crafts Room
Dirty Crafts Room
Day Care Centre
Day Care Supervisor Office
Child Coatroom and Washroom
(Architect's discretion)
270 2 (2 staff
160 1-5
100 4
90 4
1,000 30
300 10
100 -
100 -
1,000 30
1,000 30
300 -
750 20
750 20
1,000 50 children
160 3 staff
90 -

The Village Square Leisure Centre will incorporate a variety of eating facilities and capabilities. Eating will be an enhancement to the total recreation process. It is a prime planning intention for the centre to utilize the restaurant to encourage patrons to come earlier, stay longer, and engage in more activities.
The following types of food service will be provided:
A) Cafeteria this will be the focal point of the restaurant complex in terms of seating capabilities.
B) Dining Room this will be the most luxurious with service by Waiter or Waitress.
C) Banquet will be part of the centre social life, and in the future may play a major role in the community life of the Properties.
D) Fast Food will be provided at the satellite food vending locations in arenas and swimming complexes; and as part of the cafeteria serving line in the restaurant complex itself.

1) To provide a variety of eating environments in the leisure centre.
RESPONSE Provide fast food outlets immediately adjacent to activity areas as well as the self-service cafeteria and full service dining room.
2) To encourage the consumption of food as part of the relaxation process.
RESPONSE . . The decor of the facility should bring
together the concept that the facility is orientated towards sports and recreation.
. . The main eating area should provide a
view into one or more of the recreational areas.
3) The eating facility should be operable in a cost efficient manner.
RESPONSE . . . The central kitchen should act as a com-
missary for any other fast food outlets in the facility.

Required service parameters:
Cafeteria should be capable of serving up to 200 persons over a period of 2 hours.
Dining Room should be capable of serving up to 100 persons in a 2 hour period.
Lounge should be capable of seating up to 100 persons, whose stay will be from 1/2 to 1 hour.
Food production up to 25 staff, including several part time.
Food service for dining and cafeteria service; up to 8
staff, including some part time.
Lounge at least 6 staff.
There are four types of users identified for the restaurant complex.
1) Cafeteria users for either full meals or snacks.
2) Dining Room users for full meals with service
3) Liquor lounge users for relaxing with a drink
4) Banquet users -for organized functions with full
waited service.

The major access points to the cafeteria, dining and lounge areas for users should be via central circulation of the leisure centre. It is important that these areas be highly visible from central circulation.
The kitchen must have good access to an external loading area for both delivery and refuse disposal purposes. The kitchen must also have close relation to the dining and cafeteria facilities .
The dining room must have a close relation with the lounge for liquor service.
The three major facilities of the restaurant complex; the cafeteria, dining room and lounge, all should provide views to either or both the outside or any major recreational complex of the leisure centre.

Net Space Design
Name___________________________(sq. ft.)_____Capacity
Fast Food Cafeteria 2,400 200 (4 staff)
Dining Room/Banquet 1,200 100 (4 staff)
Lounge 1,200 100 (6 staff)
Kitchen 1,800 25 staff
Male Washroom 180 8
Female Washroom 220 10

Part V

Space scaled to approximate net space requirements.
Space should be contiguous.
Direct physical connection required. Point of control and/or monitoring. Access into and/or out of a component. Major circulation connection.
Outdoor space.
Two way visual access required.
One way visual access required.
Spaces should be separated.

Arenas Complex

Swimming Pool Complex

Dry Sports Complex