Heritage Ranch

Material Information

Heritage Ranch a mountain retreat for women, Front Range, Colorado Rockies
Goodwin, Laura A
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
26, [16] leaves : illustrations, maps (some color), plans (some color) ; 28 cm


Subjects / Keywords:
Spiritual retreats -- Front Range (Colo. and Wyo.) ( lcsh )
Education parks -- Designs and plans -- Front Range (Colo. and Wyo.) ( lcsh )
Education parks ( fast )
Spiritual retreats ( fast )
United States -- Front Range ( fast )
Designs and plans. ( fast )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
Designs and plans ( fast )


General Note:
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Master's degree in Architecture, College of Design and Planning.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Laura A. Goodwin.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Auraria Library
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
09206169 ( OCLC )
LD1190.A72 1982 .G66 ( lcc )

Full Text
a mountain retreat for women
front range Colorado rookies
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TABLE OF CONTENTS : Illustrations
A note to the client ...................................Page 1
Problem Statement............................................1
Mineral and Timber Rights..............................4
Site Restrictions............................................4
Rules and Regulations........................................6
Uniform Building Code Jefferson County Zoning Regulations Accessory Uses Parking Requirements
Historic Precedent for Heritage Ranch........................12
Historical Background of the Site............................J.3
Cabin Design.................................................14
Ranch Supply Storage.........................................16
Sanitary Facilities..........................................J.6
Recreation Activities .......................................
Office/Control Point.........................................JO
Hot Tub Decks................................................Jl
Recreation Center............................................23
Education Building

Outdoor Firepit Area....................................Page 25
Garbage Storage..............................................26
Hot Tuba.....................................................27
Existing buildings...........................................

A program should be viewed as a tool, a sort of linguistic interpretation of the client's desires, in terms which are clear, well-organized and concise, for use by the architectural designer and other consultants. It should not propose architectural design solutions but suggest than through the presentation of facts.
In this particular instance, due to the purpose of this program for use in a student design thesis, it should not be considered as the express views of the client, but rather as a conceptualization of their most grandiose envisionings, of the scale and nature appropriate for thesis design.
At no time should any of the material presented, nor the conclusions drawn herein, be construed as final, or absolute. As mentioned above this program is written purely for use in a hypothetical sense. Given the shortness of time, the lack of certain information, some of the items have been assumed and therefore certain conclusions drawn, are based upon conjecture. It is cautioned that the client seek professional advice, while using this program as a basis for furthering her understanding of the complexities involved, for clarifying process, and for further research as a bibliographic source of information.
The main emphasis of this program leans towards more philosophical and aesthetic concerns, than is perhaps the client's intent. It is suggested that the client carefully consider the cost factors before making any decisions. The nature of designing for the realities of return on initial investment, management, maintenance, and lifecycle costs could necessitate a different approach to the problem than the one portrayed here.
The Heritage is located in the 'Front Range' of the Rocky Mountains, sane fifty miles southwest of Denver. It is immediately encompassed by National Forest lands along several of its boundaries, The Heritage will provide the appropriate setting for women to escape from city pressures, to pursue aspects of their education or talents, and to seek their heritage. Facilities for recreation, education, rest and relaxation will be appropriately designed with reference to the various goals, needs, facts, and problems as stated in this program.
The attraction to the Heritage lies in the several natural landscape qualities available on its 167 acre expanse, and the charm of the low-profile log cabin structures nestled harmoniously in their surround. It is clear that efforts should be made to maintain these ammenities, as they are the highlight attractions of the ranch, making it a viable profitmaking endeavor.
From a marketing point of view evidence of the success of the ranch has already demonstrated itself. A variety of women's organizations and individuals have inquired and rented the existing facilities over the short period of time that the ranch has been opened for use. Its proximity to Boulder, Denver, and Colorado Springs, its natural arrmenities, and the potential of women's 'Matronage' could indicate a considered profitable success with careful planning and judicious use of space.
The Challenge as a designer lies not only in the architectural retrofit of extant buildings, and the design of several new ones, but also in establishing the scope of the project and concluding a land-use proposal. The following program organizes in a simplistic format, the issues involved the goals, needs, facts, and problem statements, in the multiplicity of view points from client to user, with respect for a natural environmental balance.
The Heritage Ranch will be designed as a setting for the gathering of a variety of women for the purpose of pursuing self interests, education, or of advancing skills, and in an atmosphere which celebrate women, enhances personal interaction, and on the whole earns a profit for the investors.
The Heritage must yield a return on investment for the developers.
to realize this goal, the ranch must be a desirable place for women to vacation.
'desirable'is an ambiguous term which can be further equated in quantities of comfort, recreational ammenities, and/or special or

or unusual qualities of the ranch such as:
the interaction with nature
enhancement of interaction among women
the aesthetic quality of character, comfort, and beauty the novelty of energy self sufficiency, solar toilets, shower, etc. maintain the idyllic quality of the landscape pleasant interaction between lodgers and staff and full-time cohabitors of Heritage
the overall image created in the architectural design as pleasing and harmonious with the site and with the intent of the program the representation of women's heritage in the use of women's art, and historic elements wherever possible energy self-sufficiency through the use of alternate energy sources
Offering a variety of flexible rental arrangements to lodgers. Also to realize this goal of profit-making cost factors should be added to the desired goals listing:
the sense of security and safety as demonstrated in evidence on location
the feature of privacy and quiet aspired to the comfort of the sleeping quarters and other facilities adequate and appropriate amount and type of recreational facilities available
the quality of service and concern for the comfort of the lodgers
a well-outlined methodology for attacking the problem and obtaining the goals
minimum maintenance and labor involvement
ease of construction (as much as possible of the construction done by the women involved)
ease of managanent
durability of buildings, and systans low life-cycle costs
avoidance of costly errors in methodology, design, and construction
In addition to the above goals A___and B____plus child will be liv-
ing full time on the ranch. They have a set of goals and needs as well to express their relationship with the project and the order of their environ:
they want an amiable situation constructed in which they can interact with their lodgers, and the lodgers' activities the retrofitting of their house should incorporate and maintain the 'rustic' cabin image
they want to establish their territory and need for privacy in the sphere of their home
they want time to spend enjoying their home, not lost in resolving problans and wasted in serving lodgers hand and foot they want their hctne winterized, made more energy efficient and in general made more comfortable
'comfortable' in this instance means more easily cleaned and organized, draft free and warm through winter
The centralization of service facilities, kitchen/dining, washroom/ showers, and toilets can aleviate the repetition of expensive spaces and support systems. It also lends better to the use of more costly but environmentally concious systans. These service facilities should be located within 100 to 150 feet of sleeping/living cabins
A number of smaller cabins built in combination with the existing cabins could offer a wide variety of rental options. The rental options reflecting the most cormonly sought arranganents are expressed in the formulation of size and quantities of cabins.
A suggested arrangement would be to add four new four-person cabins, and one, two-person cabin for long-duration rental These conclusions are based on the number of arranganents it creates for renting as well as meeting the needs of a variety of users.
Users include groups of women vacationing at the ranch, women who are there to use the workshop facilities for day-use, and those who are

staying overnight at the ranch and also using the workshop facilities, or a mixture of day-only and over-night campers using seminar spaces, as well as singles or couples of women there to study or research.
Orient the buildings, and windcw locations to optimize solar ontions, and to accomodate lighting need, make artificial lighting supplemental to natural lighting wherever possible.
The character, architecturally, of all the buildings should be in keeping with the character of the existing architecture without sacrifice of efficiency in use and in energy consumption. The character of the existing buildings with minor exceptions is 'rustic'.
Windows and facilities orientation should accomodate view wherever possible. Any contradictions arising in opening location for view or energy reasons, should be carefully weighed, taking into consideration the activities from which view, natural light and natural ventilation would be denied, as well as the duration of day/night activity occuring within the space in question.
Maintaining a low-profile stance in site-design and architecture is a good approach. This includes the design of remote parking of cars, and the lew scale of the buildings on the site.
Heritage Ranch lies within an hour and a half drive of Denver and is accessible to women in terms of distance, from Boulder to Colorado Springs. The land lies just above 8,000 feet, and ranges in variety from low wetlands, grassy meadows, protected valleys, boulder-studded cliffs to forested hillsides. On several of its expanses it is bordered by the National Forest, which effectively adds to its recreational acerage. Two National Forest trails link closely to the site. These could be used to advantage. A lewer comer of the site is bounded by a privately owned ranch, which may saneday be incorporated into Heritage's acerage. (see location map to left)
There is a school en route as well as water access for the nearby conrnuni-ties, thus the road into the Ranch ranains open year-round. There are public service telephone and electric hookups. Natural gas hookup is not available, but a propane fuel tank is located on site.
There also are no sewage line hookups, sewage treatment by septic systan requires a permit. In order to qualify for this permit, soil tests are required to quantify the porosity of the soils. It may be advised under the conditions of steep slopes, and the delicacy of the environ to use an alternative waste disposal systan.
The site is located at the end of a winding twisting dirt road, isolated from the noise and congestion of the nearest town by some seven miles.
It is bounded by National Forest land which ensures an amount of noninterruption. The number of animals such as beaver and deer on the site is evidence of the site's remoteness.
A soils map is important for the successful interpretation and use in master planning, however a soils report and map are not yet available.
The following soils survey was derived by hypothesis based upon the nature of the plant life a given area supports.
Generally the soils in the Heritage vicinity are rated as moderate in the properties of shrinkage and swelling. This is acceptable in a broad sense for building construction. However in order to establish the carrying capacity of a given soil on location, testing needs to be completed. Without a knowledge of the carrying capacity the client risks dangerous building conditions. The buildings could move, collapse; foundations could heave. It cannot be stressed overmuch the need for soil- tests.
Soils exposed to wind and rain are subject to erosion. Construction should be limited in duration and season. Grasses or other ground cover should be planted inmediately in order to prevent soil erosion. To obtain further information contact your local Soils Conservationist for free advice.

WATER: The client holds water rights to surface water, spring water and well water. Surface water rights from the creek amount to one cubic foot per second. The remaining creek water is for use by the Lake Authority nearby; they have access through the site by way of the easement indicated.
Spring and well water must meet the stringent code regulations of the department of health in order to be used as a potable water source.
Springs must be tested frequently for their bacteria count, because they are easily contaminated. The location of septic leach fields may be critical to the maintenance, of clean usable .spring water. Septic systans are notorious water foulers.
Construction of artificial lakes or ponds should never be begun without first contacting the proper authorities. Colorado has very strict laws prohibiting the divergence of stream waters for any reason. Swimming holes as well are subject to the scrutiny of strict health codes, and construction restrictions. The amount of water flow needed at a given constant rate, the addition of chlorine to contain the bacteria count, etc. all tend to render a natural swimming hole a maintenance headache and cost-prohibitive to construct.
Existence of beaver on the stream for the full extent of the property makes it dangerous to have a swimning hole in light of the intestinal bacteria beaver introduce into the waters they inhabit. Those bacteria are infectious to other manmals.
MINERAL AND TIMBER RIGHTS: The client has all mineral and timber rights, inclusive of oil and gas
rights. The trees on site which yield valuable timber include the Ponderosa Pine, Colorado White Fir, and Lodgepole Pine.
SITE RESTRICTIONS: The local lake and town authorities claim access to the surface waters of the stream by the easenents provided. (See the applicable map.)
CLIMATE: Heritage Ranch lies within the Tfontane Climatic Zone. This corresponds with the 50 to 60 latitude in Canada. The typical growing season (period between last frost in spring to first frost in autumn) averages about 100 days. The Montane Zone is incorporated within the altitudes of 8,000 to 10,000 feet. The elevation of Heritage Ranch ranges from 7,800 feet to 8,400 feet above sea level. The latitude and longitude of the ranch are 39 and 105 respectively.
In summer the mountain location is marked by scattered thunderstorms in the afternoon and evenings. Winds are from the North, Northeast or East. The autumn weather is generally the least cloudy of the seasons marked by mild weather, and a relatively high amount of sunshine. Winds are generally from the North, originating in Canada and the arctic. Winter demonstrates periods of extane cold weather, for short amounts of time. Snowfall and chilling rains occur in high frequency with winds frcm North to the Northwest. Spring is the wettest, cloudiest, and windiest of the seasons with winds from the North to East. Southerly winds from the Gulf of Mexico, characterized as warm moist air masses occur throughout the year.
Here is a general run-down of climatic factors given in data form for the location of Dillon (the nearest weather station and source):
Average annual Tanperature (Mean)
Mean Normal Daily Maximum Temperature Mean Normal Daily Minimum Tanperature Mean Normal Daily Maximum Temperature Mean Normal Daily Minimum Temperature
40 to 45 F. (typ.) 30 January 10 January 75 July 40 July
Mean Annual Number of Days w Minimum Temperature
below 32 F inclusive 240 days
Mean Annual Number of Days w Maximum Temperature
above 70 F inclusive 10 days
Mean Annual Total Precipitation Mean Annual Total Snowfall
16 to 32 inches 100 inches

Relative Humidity % for January Relative Humidity % for July Mean Annual Total Heating Degree Days Mean Annual Total Cooling Degree Days (Base 65 F)
Percentage of Possible Sunshine Percentage of Possible Sunshine Annual Number of Days w Thunderstorms Date of First 32% in Fall Date of Last 32% in Spring
50 to 60% January 60 to 70% July 65
Sept. 1 June 1
60 to 70% 50 to 60% 10,000 500
The implications for solar apDlications are that heating is the primary energy concern. Modification of the temperature swing and addition of solar radiation with lag time will aid in maintaining comfort within the cabin. In winter the cabin should be protected from Arctic winds with sufficient thermal storage capabilities.
FLORA: Heritage Ranch typifies the flora of the Montane Zone, with its close stands of Lodgepole pines; on the north slopes one finds the Douglas Fir, and in abundance the Ponderosa pine along the sunny slopes. In the areas of higher altitude one can see the Alpine Fir, whiie Blue
Spruce and the Aspen are prevalent along streams and in more moist areas.
Aspens grow in groves forming large refreshing light green patches among the evergreens; breathtaking in their fall hues of golden yellow. The columbine thrives in the soil at their base, as well as in the meadow fields.
The meadows are decked in fanciful colors through spring and summer months where the brown-eyed Susan, Cranesbill, woodLily, asters, and Indian paintbrush bloom profusely.
Kinnikinnik and Prostrate juniper are the most common of the ground covers, while Shrubby Cinquefoil thrives in the moister areas of the streams.
Wild raspberry bushes make a nuisance of themselves with their ostentia-tious thorny branches, but boast a wonderful sweet edible berry for an all too short-lived season. The red-berried elder thrives at Heritage Ranch as well as the Honeysuckle and so many more plants and wildflowers that an amatuer like myself can hardly do justice to,in my attempts to classify them.
FAUNA: Wildlife though generally evasive is known to be abundant on the Ranch
by the finds of their evidence. While there one weekend I did spot long-eared black squirrels, coyote, and what appeared to have been a pair of eagles. Also, we heard the skin-crawling cry of a bobcat, though no other evidence of its whereabouts had been found. Beaver reek havoc with the flow of the stream, apportioning off some waters to form shallow ponds, and to build their beaver lodges in. Unfortunately many of these ponds become stagnant, and a breeding place of mosquitoes. There are top the normal prolific population of hare, gopher, and chipmunks.
The eagles are a major consideration in locating facilities; they fortunately appear to nest in some distant cliffs of the neighboring National Forest, but to locate too near than would likely disturb than and result in their leaving the area. Other items of possible distrubance to the wildlife, include not only the construction that will take place, and the people noise, but also the farm equipment. The sounds vhich occur continuously, as in the case of a wind generator can be tollerated, for instance, but a heavy incursion of tractors, and automobiles, could drive some of the animals away.
For this reason the movement or use of motorized vehicles should be limited throughout the site. It is suggested that save for loading and unloading the cars of the lodgers at their cabins, the vehicles should be parked in a parking area towards the front of the grounds.
HAZARDS: As with most of the Colorado woodlands, fire is an everpresent hazard. The
location on site of fire fighting features will add to the sense of security and may aid in lowering insurance praniums. A retention pond or tank could hold an amount of water for use in wetting down the structures in the event of afire anergency. It is suggested that the clients be prepared with modes of addressing the emergency situation if it arrives, in remov-

ing their lodgers frcm danger, contacts, and means of reducing property damage.
If the client does purchase the adjoining ranch lands they should be aware of the falling rock/avalanche condition along the extent of the cliff side above the ranch buildings there. Some work may need to be done to reduce the chance of that hazard.
RULES AND REGULATIONS: Rules and regulations can be classified in three main categories: Client's
rules regarding the ranch, Zoning regulations, and Code Requirements.
A break-down of these follows:
Uniform Building Code: Occupancy Ratings Occupancies included
A-3 any building or portion having an assembly room
with an occupant load of 300 or less without a stage
B-2 Drinking and dining establishment occupant load
less than 50, workshops using material not highly flamnable or combustible, storage and sales rooms for combustible goods, buildings or portions of buildings having rooms used for educational purposes beyond the twelth grade less than 50 occupants
E-3 Any building used for day-care purposes for more
than six chi ldren
M-l Private garages, agricultural buildings, and sheds
R-l Hotels and apartment houses, convents and monas-
teries (each accommodating more than 10 persons)
. so not included .
R-3 Dwellings and lodging houses
Required separation in building between uses (in hours)
B-l B-2 E-3 M-l R-3
A-3 3 N N 1 1
B-l - 1 4 1 1
B-2 1 1 1 N
E-3 4 1 1 1
M-l 1 1 1 - 1
R-3 1 N 1 1 -
Type IV construction - - heavy timber construction
Allowable Square Footages for Type IV Construction per Occupancy
Occupancy Allowable Floor Area (one story ht.) Maximum ht. of Building
A-3 13,500 sf 2 stories
B-l 18,000 sf 4
B-2 18,000 sf 4
E-3 20,200 sf 2
M-l 1,000 sf 1
R-3 unlimited 3

location on Property
Occupancy Fire Resist. Ext. Walls | I Openings in Ext. Walls Openings in Ext. Walls Protect ^
A-3 2 hr'. < 5 ft. not <5 ft. <10 ft.
B-l 1 hr. < 20 ft. not <5 ft. <10 ft.
B-2 1 hr. <20 ft. not <5 ft. <10 ft.
E-3 2 1 hr. < 5 ft. hr. <10 ft. not <5 ft. <10 ft.
M-l 1 hr. < 3 ft. not <3 ft.
R-3 1 hr. < 3 ft. not <3 ft.
Basement classification
If basement or first floor is used under B-l or R-l occupancies classify areas separately with B-l first floor, bassnent occupancy of 1 hr. construction 3 hr. separation
General Notes
Natural light -Natural ventilation -
Guest roans -
Emergency egress
windows -
Sleeping roans requiring egress
windows -
R-l and R-3 ceiling height -
Floor area -
Room width -
Efficiency dwellings -
Guest roans fire
warning -
Dwelling units and guest roans
heating -
l/10th floor area
l/20th floor area or artificial ventilation providing two air changes per hour with l/5th air from outside
natural ventilation l/20th or 5 sq. ft. minimum in bathroons, water closets, laundry rooms, and etc. air change must be 5 times per hour any room may be considered a portion of the adjoining roctn if the area of the cannon wall is open and unobstructed provides an opening of not less than l/10th the floor area of the interior room or 25 sq. ft. minimum
in sleeping rooms shall have a clear opening of 5.7 sq. ft. min. net clear opening dimensions of 24" ht. and 20" width, and should be not more than 44" to finished sill above floor
all below fourth story
not less than 7' 6" except in kitchen, bathroon,and water closet in which ceiling height may be 7' 0 in any room with a sloping ceiling ht. must be min. of 5' of wall above floor ht. every dwelling unit have at least one room with 150 sq. ft. of floor area
other habitable rooms other than kitchen must be 70 sq. ft. or larger in floor area No habitable rocm other than kitchen shall have a dimension less than 7'
living area of at least 220 sq. ft. of superficial floor area plus additional 100 sq. ft. of floor area provided for each occupant of such unit in excess of two must have a separate closet and be provided with kitchen sink, cooking appliances, and refrigeration, each with clear working space of min.
30" in front, unit must have a separate bathroom with water closet, lavatory, and bathtub and shower
sleeping rooms must have smoke detectors mounted on ceiling or wall
heating facilities shall be provided with heating means capable of maintaining a room temperature of

of 70%, at 3' above floor Handicapped units one is required Garage floor surface - must be of nonconibustible material
General Exit Requirements by code
Occupancy Number of Occupants per Floor Number of Exits per Floor Occupant Rating Sq. ft. per Occupant
Education to 50 1 B-2 7
Sanctuary to 50 1 A-3 7
Dining room to 50 1 B-2 15
Lodge roan to 50 1 B-2, A-3 7
Classroom to 50 1 B-2 10 20
Dormitory to 10 1 R-l 50
Dwelling to 10 1 R-3 300
Kitchen to 30 1 B-2 200
Day-care to 6 1 E-3 50
Offices to 30 1 B-2 100
All others to 50 1 100
Actual Number of Exits Required
Occupancy Uses Maximum No. Occupants for Design No. Exits Required Total Minimum Sq. Ft. Area by Code per Ind. Occupant Rating by Code
Education Bldg. to 50 2 350 B-2
Recreation Roan to 50 2 350 B-2, A-3
Sanctuary to 10 1 70 A-3
Ampitheater to 30 150 (1 per 18" of bench)
Outdoor Decks: Around firepit to 30 150
Outside fining to 30 450
Hottub area to 10 50
Office 2 1 100 B-2
Dwellings See Chart Page B-2
Workshop 6 1 300 B-2
Exit Width Exits -Corridors - total occupant load divided by 50% of the first story plus 25% of the immediately adjoining levels 36' to 48" wide clear opening may not pass through kitchen, closet, bathroom, restroom or similar function minimum 44" with more than 50 occupants, min. 36"
with 50 or less, 30" serving 10 or less, 36" minimum in R occupancies (unless serves 10 or less)

Stairs -
Ramps -
Aisles -
Frost penetration -Snowload -Windload -
for more than 50 occupants 44" minimum width, 36" for 50 or less, 30 for 10 or less handrails project maximum of 3 1/2" each side rails required both sides generally, in 'r' occunancv loads rails on open side or one side only (if other side is a wall), or if stair is 30" handrails on one side only and not necessarily the open side rise greater than 4" and less than 7 1/2" generally, with stairs for occupancy of 10 or less rise greater than 4" less than or equal to 8" run generally greater than or equal to 10", (9" with 10 or less occupant load)
circular stairs may be used as exit if minimum tread width is 10" and meets the general requirements for rise and run minimum headroom 6'6"
Maximum slope 1:12, for handicapped access minimum slope 1:8,ramps of 1:15 slope and steeper require handrails both sides,non-skid surface on ramps minimum headroom is 6'- 6"
between bench seating back to front of backless benches is 12"
30" deep 40 psf 30 psf
Uniform and Concentrated Loads in psf by Use
Occupancy Description Uniform Concentrated
Garage private pleasure auto storage 50
Office 50 2000
Residential 40 0
Restrooms 50
Storage light use 50
Educational 40 1000
REGULATIONS: Agricultural Ttoo District Intent of Classification
The Agricultural Two Zone District is designed to allow areas for general farming, ranching, intensive agricultural uses and agriculturally related uses.
Use Regulation
No building or land shall be used and no building shall be hereafter erected, converted or structurally altered unless otherwise provided herein, except for one or more of the following uses:
1. One family dwelling, private garage, bams, sheds, stables, silos, bunkhouses, corrals, pens and runs.
2. General farming including grains, fruit, vegetables, grasses, hay, stock raising, and keeping of horses.
3. Poultry hatcheries and farms, fish hatcheries and dairy farms.
4. Greenhouses and nurseries, including both wholesale and retail, provided products sold are raised on the premises.
5. Forestry farming including raising of trees for any purpose.
6. Roadside stands for operation during riot more than six (6) months
in each year for the sale of farm products raised or produced on the premises, provided such stands are located not less than thirty (30) feet distant from any street, highway, or right-of-way line.
7. Feed lots.
8. Feeding of garbage to hogs.
9. Fur farms and raising of rabbits.
10. Dog kennels and catteries.
11. Veterinarian hospitals.
12. Special Uses: The following uses shall be permitted only upon approval of the Planning Commission and the Board of County Commissioners:

a. Railroad right-of-way.
b. Water supply reservoir, wells, water tower or filter beds, irrigation canal.
c. Savage treatment plants.
d. Telephone exchange, electric substations, including electric transmission and distribution lines or gas regulator station where no repair or storage facilities are maintained.
Height Regulation
1. AREA AND MINIMUM WIDTH OF LOT: For every use listed herein, there shall be provided a minimum lot area of ten (10) acres. The minimum width of lot shall be three hundred (300) feet.
2. FRONT YARD: The minimum depth of front yard for dwellings and private garages shall be fifty (50) feet. Accessory buildings housing livestock shall be setback at least seventy-five (75) feet from the front lot line. Feed lots, fur farms, poultry farms, garbage fed hog operations, kennels and catteries will be setback at least one hundred (100) feet from the front lot line, (this requirement includes all pens, runs, or structures which are used or occupied in conjunction with these activities). All other accessory buildings not listed herein shall be setback at least fifty (50) feet frcm the front lot line.
3. SIDE YARD: Hie minimum width of sideyard for dwellings and private garages shall be thirty (30) feet. Accessory buildings housing livestock shall be setback at least seventy-five (75) feet from the side lot line. Feed lots, fur farms, poultry farms, garbage fed
hog operations, kennels and catteries will be setback at least one hundred (100) feet from the side lot line, (this requirenent includes all pens, runs or structures which are used or occupied in conjunction with these activities). All other accessory buildings not listed herein shall be setback at least fifty (50) feet from the side lot line.
4. REAR YARD: The minimum depth of rear yard shall be fifty (50) feet for all buildings and structures.
1. In any property abutting a Residential Zone District, no use causing an objectionable ordor, noise or dust shall be permitted within five hundred (500) feet of the boundary of the Residential District.
2. The storage of manure shall not be permitted within one hundred (100) feet of the front lot line and fifty (50) feet of the side lot lines.
3. The approval of the Jefferson County Health Department shall be obtained for all sanitation systems, runs, pens, corrals, or the location of any structure or area which houses livestock, poultry, grains, feed, or manure.
4. Whenever dangerous or exotic animals are kept on the pranises, adequate safeguards shall be provided. In the case of stallions, such animals shall be kept in a pen, corral, or run area enclosed by an eight (8) foot chain link fence, or material equal or greater in strength.
A use customarily incidental to a use permitted in any district shall be permitted when located on the same lot. The following accessory use, in addition to those hereinbefore mentioned, shall be permitted:
1. The letting of rooms and the providing of table board for not more than five (5) persons in any private dwelling.
2. Dwellings for farm or ranch employees airoloyed on the premises or for farm or ranch tenants on any farm or ranch. Any other building or structure incidental to the operation of any ordinary farm or ranch, irrespective of size.
3. A restaurant, public dining room or other services customary to an apartment house and incidental to its residential use may be located therein as an accessory use.
4. Buildings housing technical offices, laboratories, medical offices, pharmacies, radiological facilities, medical and surgical suppliers, housing for personnel employed on the pranises, and other similar uses may be located on the grounds of any hospital or sanitarium.

PARKING REQUIKFMENTS: When a Resolution or plan is adopted by the County Ccranissioners of Jefferson County for the purpose of establishing requiranents that parking spaces be provided with the section or sections of Jefferson County, then such plan or requiranents shall be provided as follows:
No land shall be used or occupied, no structures shall be designed, erected or altered and no use shall be operated unless the off-street parking space herein required is provided in at least the amount and maintained in the manner therein set forth. However, off-street parking space need be neither provided or maintained for land structures actually used, occupied and operated on the effective date of this Resolution. If after the effective date of this Resolution, such land uses and structures are expanded or changed to require a greater amount of off-street parking space, the amount of off-street parking space not required to be furnished, by reason of the foregoing exclusion for maintenance of off-street parking space, shall be maintained in accordance with the following classifications, unless after effective date of this Resolution, such land uses and structures are expanded or changed to require a greater amount of off-street parking space. The surace of parking stalls, isles and truck standing spaces shall be treated, prepared and maintained for drainage and the elimination of dust and dirt.
1. All parking spaces, required for any use and provided in compliance with the provisions of this section, shall be considered to be required spaces for the use or uses necessary and shall not be reduced or infringed upon in any manner.
2. All required parking stalls should be located on the premises to which such requirements apply or within off-street space not distant more than five hundred (500) feet from such premises, provided that such stalls as are required for enployees and proprietors of any premises may be located in an off-street parking space distant not more than one thousand (1,000) feet from such premises.
3. Provision of parking stalls shared jointly by several persons in the same block or in the same vicinity is permissible, in which case, the number of stalls required shall be the sum total of the individual requirements provided.
Where it is found by the Board of Adjustment, upon application thereto, that the parking demand engendered by the different uses, included in any joint arrangements to provide parking stalls required herein, occurs at definite different times of day. as in the case of a theatre generating demand for parking after normal daytime business hours and a store generating demand for parking during such daytime hours and in such similar cases, the Board may reduce the total number of parking stalls to be jointly provided.
A. In a case where it is clearly sham by the applicant, to the satisfaction of the Board of Adjustment, that the provision of the amount of the space required herein for parking stalls, because of the particular nature of a proposed use, would be unnecessary, particularly difficult or create unnecessary hardship, the Board of Adjustment may reduce such requirements.
1. For the purpose of this Resolution, one (1) parking stall shall not be less than three hundred (300) feet in area to include that area which is required for means of ingress or egress thereto.
2. A driveway for access, to any single parking stall or to a parking lot, shall be not less than twelve (12) feet in width nor more than thirty (30) feet in width at the property line along the street. It shall be so located as to minimize traffic hazards and congestion.
All residential driveway widths shall be not more than twenty (20) feet.
1. Not less than two (2) parking spaces for:
a. Each single family residence.
2. Not less than one (1) for:
a. Each guest rocm or sleeping room in a motel or motor hotel and each camp site in any automobile camp or trailer park.

b, Each two (2) guest rooms in any hotel, boarding house, fraternity house, sorority house or dormitory in addition to the number of parking spaces required for dining and entertainment uses.
Each three (3) seats or similar accommodations in any restaurant, theatre, auditorium, entertainment facility hall for meetings, dancing or social events, and other uses where seats or similar accommodations are provided for gathering of six (6) or more persons.
SUPEKVISION/CONTRDL: Control over land abuse, auto and people traffic, invasion of privacy,
undesirable noise and activity, and the intrusion of in-wandering persons and wild animals need be considered. An entry control point with administrative personnel in attendance can assign lodgers to their cabins and administer the rules of the use of the grounds. Restricted use of lodger's autos only for delivery and pick-uo to their cabins, while parking their vehicles in a parking area nearer the front of the grounds should eliminate an auto traffic problem. Restricted traffic flow as well as the segregation of day-camp use from over-night use may be advised in limiting the traffic flow through the site.
Attention should be paid to the proximity of two nature trails in the National Forest, from which many unsuspecting hikers wander onto ranch lands. A connection could be made between these trails to the ranch lands but their connection could be clearly marked, so mistakes would not be made. Ihe entry gate also needs some distinctive signage.
Signage here, as well as elsewhere on the site, is subject to code authority approval. Ihere will at most times be scmeone living full time on the ranch to insure the property against the intrusion of persons who might otherwise trespass the premises.
The question of controlling the risk of danger from predatory animals was raised and other than designing animalproof. waste recepticles, which will not attract these animals further the designer can do little more. The issue of maintaining a gun for the client's protection and that of her lodgers lies on her shoulders. Perhaps she would prefer a 100 pound bow, or a tranquilizing gun instead.
Fences in areas may be appropriate in designating the bounds of the site, as well as areas which are potentially hazardous or contain areas of private use. Fences may also be employed as privacy screens, and to contain wind driven snow. The present barbed wire fences may present a health hazard to skiers and hikers alike. The ones which are necessary should remain but others may be replaced with a more harmonious fence of a rustic character, for example.
Although the client does not want to create a climate which prevents the interaction of the lodgers with the land, the hope is to impress upon their lodgers the delicacy of the environment. and the desirability of privacy and respect for the other lodgers and dwellers on the ranch. This can be portrayed in careful design and the treatment of the spaces, but a good portion will depend upon the advertisements for the Heritage Ranch. The features of privacy and quiet should be considered as anmenities and can be marketed as such.
HERITAGE RANCH: Heritage Ranch may be setting a precedent as an exclusively all women's retreat with the emphasis on womanhood appreciation. There are a few camps for women, but these generally stress women's roles in today's white male society a concept presented by Anne Schaef in the Book, Homan's Realities, These retreats established for dieting or improving personal' appearance and others for religious endeavors, are usually designed for the pursuit of male validation for the women involved.
Heritage Ranch pursues women's heritage, education and celebrates womanhood. I found mention of a women's camp established in the Colorado Rockies during the Depression. Its purpose was to train women to be more efficient and thrifty in their domestic work.
Another example occured circa 600 B.C. on the Isle of Lesbos in the Lydian Empire It was here the women were well educated and free to pursue careers as magistrate scholars, artists, scientists and more. They had a university for women which we famous as a center of education. There, Sappho, one of the nine terrestrial muses

and other female scholars, together with their students created a lifestyle which embodies a portion of the concepts of Heritage Ranch, These women educated each other, wrote works, music and poetry in praise of their contemporaries and to compliment the aspects of their lives, They had, for example, songs with which to speed their work or to ease pain in childbirth as well as to mourn for their dead,
The early Greeks admired and praised these women of Lesbos. Later, Greeks grew fearful of their power, They feared their would be at the hands of the Anazons. They began to isolate their women to women' s quarters called the Gynaceum.
Christian and moslera fanatics destroyed the works of 'women and pagans alike. They dismantled Goddess worship cults and dismissed women's technological advances in medicine and science. They declared the works and deeds of the women of Lesbos as profane and forcibly deterred the gathering of women. Confinement of women spread to the far east, parts of Africa and through Europe. Wealthy women and royalty held the last bastions of power from the formerly matrilineal and matriarchal world.
To date some 2,600 years after Sappho, women gathering to improve their status in society, to meet in kind to praise women and to work for the betterment of human-kind are met with ridicule and abuse by some men and women who embrace the white male social doctrone. Women still struggle for an education equal to her brothers and to pursue those careers which her fanale ancestors pursued but are now male dominated and to seek equal compensation for her work.
This brings us to the (question of women as architects and women as clients and hew this relates to Heritage Ranch.
I would be hard pressed to prove that there is a women's architecture and that isn't my opinion but there is an extensive history of women's involvement in architecture as well as several opinions pointing to a women's architecture.
In a brief historical survey, from research I'll be using in a historical documentation, I have found a fey direct references to women architects, master builders, and engineers. Several women of the ancient world are worthy of note; Hashop (fl. 2420 B.C.) was queen and architect in Egypt. Pathshepsut queen of Egypt, was involved in large scale construction projects (fl. 1500 B.C.). Ninlith, high priestess of Lagash, drew plans, dictated materials and methods of construction, location, and supervised construction of one of the most prodigious termenos of the time, (2135 B.C.) Dido (850 B.C.) founded the city of Carthage Carmenta (800 B.C.) founded Etruscan Rome. Nitocrus (600 B.C.) engineered a bridge crossing the Euphrates, connecting the two portions of Babylon. Semeramis(650 B.C.) rebuild the ruined rubble of Babylon into the wondrous hanging gardens of Babylonia. She onployed vaulted systems, mechanical water pumps, aqueducts and dikes to produce her gardens. Tomyris (600 B.C.) founded Tamyrus.
Arsinde II (300 B.C.) founded Arsinos. Martha of the Red Tresses, founded Hnhain, Ireland. The "Golden Mean" was established and presented to the classical world by Theano (fl. 540-510 B.C.) Later in Greece, though women were confined in women's quarters, some managed to pursue careers and achieved greatness.Phile (100 B.C.) constructed acqueducts and resevoirs. Plotine (120)or "Augusta" constructed harbors, built highways, bridges and developed public education. Many women were founders of hospitals, universities and other public works. Some of these women were: Eustochin (419) and St. Paula, founders of the first convent in Jerusalen; Fabiola founded the first public hospital in Rome in 390.
Paula built three convents, a monastery and a hospital in Jerusalen,
Anna Comnena founded a hospital in Byzantium 1100 A.D.; Macrina built a hospital at Cappodolia 370 A.D. Still others can be added to this list of founders: Eudocia hospital and medical school in Jerusalem; Gala Placidia of Ravena and Theodora of Byzantium who as empresses were involved in many building projects. Artemesia II created one of the seven wonders of the ancent world to memorialize her brother/husband, Mausolus in Halicarnassus
c. 400 B.C. The list of women involved in building projects is a lengthy one, and somehow it demonstrates the deterioration of technology, through treatment of children, and the decay of civilization followed closely the removal of power from women. They were'confined, subjugated to male authority, and not educated. Women as architects appeared in less and less frequency. Sabina Von Steinbach, may have stood alone in the Dark Ages
12 a

as a master builder. She completed the Strasbourg Cathedral, 1318, The witchhunts combined with the "industrial1 revolution severed extended families. Ties between parents and children were strained, In general, the western civilization was plunged into times which were inhumane, brutal, plagued, and depressed. It's remarkable that wealthy women still continued to found hosoitals, convents, and abbeys. Women of intellect usually survived by fleeing to abbeys and often ruling as abbesses.
These were the only outlets to Dover allowed women, In the 1600's the paoal authority ruled that women's religious orders were illegitimate and to be ended unless they were in support of monies thus relieving monks of worldly duties in order to Dursue academic studies. Many abbeys were built and ruled by women: Angelburga (c. 875) Italy, Cunnegund (1224-1292), Poland, Sabel of France (1225-1270) founded the Longchamo Abby, Dorrleline c. 1300 founded a Beguine order in Marseilles, Ragegund founded an abbey at Potiers (518-587) of St. Croix, Adelaide founded St. Martin at Tours, Bertha built the First Christ Church at Cantebury (c. 612), Agnes was abbess and founded Quedlin (1184-1203), Berthilde (c. 680) restored and was abbess of Chelles Paris, Gisella (c. 807) was a benedictine abbess, Hilde of Whitby was founder and abbess of the famed double monastery of 1*1111 tby, Eadelburga (fl. 730) Queen of Wessex and abbess, Ethelrede founded and was abbess of the Abbey at Ely ( 630-679).
Catherine Beecher Stowe developed model homes and wrote studies on domestic organization and efficiency. (1800-1878). Elizabeth Talbot as an architect built several cottages. She was known as the countess of Shewsburg and Bess of Harwick (1518-1608). Eileen Grey was an architect in Ireland. She was a forerunner of the modem movement. Her work was wholly ignored and remained unknown. Sophia Hayden and Julia >brgan head the names of women architects in America.
This is but a brief synoosis of women who were involved in architecture.
In the future, I intend to document their work and their lives. At present,
I cannot compare their architecture to see if there are any traits which stand out distinguishing a women's architecture. I am not, therefore, prepared to make any conclusions but Susanna Torre, makes some comparisons in her article, "The Pyramid and the Labyrinth" from FKMEN IN AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE. At some point, someone decided men's architecture was logical, angular, and ordered, while women's architecture was considered curvilinear, assymetrical, and illogical. Susanna offers some evidence to back this notion. In the Llanda Villa by Grandma Prisbey and the Winchester House by Sarah Winchester, Susanna demonstrates woman's architecture by two untrained and unsocialized designers. She declines from drawing any absolute conclusions because of the scant quantity of evidence available. She states that because women architects are so greatly entrenched in social attitudes their architecture may not clearly belie the innate quality or spacial understanding in aform which' is unique :ttr women.
Heritage Ranch was originally settled and built by the kfenden family. The homestead cabin, built in the 1860's is the dwelling occupying the lower portion of the site and is known as Elizabeth Blackwell Cabin. This log-house is typical of its era in its construction. The timbers were planked or hewn on two sides so that the interior and exterior surfaces appear flat. The logs are joined together at the comers in the square notch detail, which leaves rather large areas between logs to chink. The cabin was recently re-chinked with concrete in the 1970's, which is unfortunate. A more-air-impregnated material would have been preferable for its insulating value. The logs appear to be well preserved. Although it is not known whether any preservative chemicals have been used, the cabin sesns to remain termite free. Fortunately the builders of this cabin and the other buildings on the site had the foresight to lay up the wood piers on stone foundation walls. This aspect of the construction is not typical of the time period. The usual practice was to rely on buried wooden posts which were very susceptible to decay and insect infestation.
The Big House was built in 1915, of three-side squared logs, joined in the beautiful half dovetail notch detail. The logs were hewn to a seven inch thickness leaving the exterior side round and writh the bark intact. Because of the golden/orange color of these pine logs it is thought that they may have been emersed in a preservative. The farmhouse is quite large with living and dining rooms, kitchen annex, lean-to bath addition and three upstairs bedrooms.

Kerr- structure.
The tool shed (Hypatia) was perhaps built between these two formerly mentioned buildings. It is constructed of vertical milled lumber and includes a loft. Interestingly this building has no ridge beam, which may indicate its construction before the turn of the century.
The honeymoon cottage (Theodora) was constructed with the same comer joint detailing as the Big House so it was most likely built at the same time. It is a very tiny building which may have suffered some structural damage. At the base of its north wall it is lined with a sheet of galvanized steel. Ibis may have been a rodent preventative measure, or it may hide some decayed wood where the wall had been buried under dirt. It may have been underground without proper preservative treatment.
There are several other buildings and remnants of buildings, including a delapidated garage, which should be demolished and a plywood trailer-cabin used presently for storage and a workshop. The workshop was built by the last owners who also 'renovated' the interior of the Elizabeth Blackwell Cabin. The workshop is poorly insulated with rockwool batt and is likewise poorly daylit. This building lacks the character of the other buildings and may need a facelift or perhaps it should be removed.
For further information on the existing buildings, please see the summary page
- comfort, shelter from the elements
- adequate heating/cooling, light, air and space for activities
- activities include cooking, food preparation, food and utensil storage, cleaning, dining, sleeping, general storage, studying, relaxing, entertaining, personal hygiene (cleaning), etc.
Arrangement of rooms:
- cabins might contain one room which houses all of the activities rather than individual rooms
- cabins may begin with one main room and others may be added as necessitated or desired, i.e., kitchen, or sleeping rooms
- try to avoid wasteful circulation such as a diagonal flow which is space wasteful
- either exploit circulation space by enlarging it to accommodate another activity or minimize the space it requires
- enough counter and storage space
- sloped counter toward sink for drainage
- good working relationship between appliances and work areas
- toe space under counters
- counter heights suited to the average women's dimensions generally 36" is standard, but perhaps 34" would be more appropriate here
- nice to have morning sun in kitchen
- counter height electric receptacles
- plan for ease of cleaning
- fixture alignment in one row is most efficient, but not absolute must
- hot wrater heater in bathroom could help heat room
- best plumbing arrangement is kitchen fixtures backed up to bathroom plumbing wall where applicable
- durable materials, not subj ect to mold or water damage or heavy use
- easy to clean materials and design
- beds occupy a great deal, of space, which could be used to better benefit; might choose to use alternative bed types, portable cots, bunk bed, trundle bed, sofa bed, pull out wall-housed bed, or a european sofa bed -although these alternatives often mean less comfort
- separate rooms for children might be advisable as they often play in these rooms
- sleeping area in the one-room situation may be located in alcoves, a portion of the main room, or a loft.

- storage for fuel near stoves
- storage for food stuffs, utensils, books, personal items
- closed storage areas for less frequently used items and items which should be protected from air, bug or rodent infestation, or to prevent feeling of clutter
- roofed outside spaces may be suitable for certain storage items, such as firewood, bikes, and durable items
- basement storage (sub-grade) may be desirable for storage of perishable food stuffs grown on property or other. This would be items such as potatoes, apples, etc.
- air-locking mud room may be desirable in its heat-saving application as well as for storing muddy outdoors gear such as boots, coats, etc. or porch for small cabin storage of outdoor gear
Cabin Facilities:
No. of Minimum Area
Cabin Users by Code sf
Elizabeth Blackwell 6-10 dwelling-3000sf
Margaret Sanger 2-3 guest-150sf
Ellen Richas 1-2 guest-150sf
Sojourner Truth 2-4 guest-200sf
Kaahumanu 2-4 guest-200sf
Maria de Refugio Garcia 2-4 guest-200sf
Sara Winnenuca 2-4 guest-200sf
Augusta Savage 1-2 eff. -200sf
Total ~3T~
Main House 3-6 dwelling-1800sf
Staff Efficiencies Hypatia 2-3 eff.-320sf
Theodora 2-3 -320sf
Bath- Fire- Existing
Kitchen room place Building
yes yes yes yes-'little house
no no no yes-tool shed *
no no no yes-'honeymoon cottage
no no no no
no no no no
no no no no
no no no no
yes no no no
yes yes yes
no no no
no no no
* These figures are subject
to change when the actual square footage of the existing buildings is derived
General Rsnarks:
All habitable cabins shall be heated and winterized for year-round use Heating elements in all cabins shall double in function as cooking stoves (minimal use)
Those cabins not having separate toilet and shower facilities shall be located within reach of a centralized washhouse and toilets Those cabins existing shall be retrofitted to concur with code regulations
i _
the manager/attendant, and the maintenance personnel will be offered minimal housing on site
this housing will include ample space for their living activities and room for two small children or an extra adult these facilities will include private and minimal kitchens showers and lavatories may be included but if these buildings are close enough to the centralized washrocm and toilets, it is preferred they use those
two such small cabins will be designed
these cabins should be designed to optimize privacy
the staff housing will be winterized and oriented to maximize solar
access and view as well as optimizing natural light and ventilation
the activities to be contained within the staff cabins are the same as those for the guest cabins
in this way if either of the cabins is left vacant, it can be rented to lodgers
again, the character of these cabins is expected to reflect that of the ranch

- storage needs to be provided for extra matresses, linens, dishes, etc. in an insect and rodent-proof shelter
- storage which is fire-proof should be provided for flanmable items such as paints, insecticides, etc.
- storage should also be provided for cars and farm-type equipment used in ranch maintenance
- storage for hay and grain if horses, goats and other domestic animals are to be housed on site
- storage of building and other maintenance materials and tools
- storage of supplies soaps, linens, cleaning equipment should be close to point of lose and accessible by delivery vehicle
if toilets are located in out-house type structures, wash basins and
pitchers may provide cleaning opportunity
lavatories may be provided in shower rooms if desired
showers should be provided may be centrally located for more efficient
showers should number one per eight persons lavatories should number one per toilet
it may be desirable to locate one lavatory in each cabin and/or sink for kitchen purposes, but these will be subject to clogging and maintenance may cost valuable rental time materials should be waterproof and mildew resistant materials should be durable and for heavy-use purposes materials and design should be easily cleaned and readily santized one shower and lavatory should be designed for handicapped use shavers and washroom area in general need not be stark in appearance it may be desirable to continue the basic style and character of the rest of the ranch
water supplied to these facilities might be solar heated need adequate lighting
mirrors with adequate lighting should be located over lavatories floors should be skid resistant even when wet
good ventilation and sunlight in design can keep areas dry and free from mildew, etc.
floors should also drain properly
electric outlets, soap and dispensers/holders, towel hooks and shelving should be provided
storage space for washroom supplies may be directly adjacent benches should be provided in appropriate amount in the shower vicinity shavers should be divided into wet and dry areas janitorial closet may be located adjacent to washroom
SANITARY FACILITIES: toilets may be housed in washroans or in separate housing
- septic sewage systems may be unadvisable because of the location of fresh spring water in the area and because construction of such is so disruptive to the land.
- if composting systems are used one gains a variety of advantages over the septic system: use no water in toilet system
disposal of all biodegradable materials from kitchen scraps to sanitary napkins is possible
system occupies 'less' space, composting material for garden use is outcome, grey water may be filtered and used in garden
- composting system must maintain a 50 F. tenperature for proper winter use
- if septic system is used, disposal of sanitary napkins and other items must be done in a separate waste system
- materials used in toilet areas must be durable
- materials used in toilet areas must be easily cleaned and readily sanitized
- janitorial space may be provided if toilets are used in sufficient number to merit it
- lavatories may be located near toilets
toilets should number one per eight persons and should be located within 150 feet of location of groups of persons
- a mixture of single toilet houses and toilets in washroom may then be desirable
- toilets should be clean, nice in appearance, and comfortable in use, and order free
- if water type toilets are used, floor must drain properly
- adequate light should be provided as well as ventilation
pegs should be provided for coats, toilet paper and holders, shelves,

boxes for sage and lavender may be added as used in European outhouses to fight odors
WDRKSHOP: - present workshop may be used and retrofitted
- new structure may be built to house workshop if use for present building can be altered or old building is removed
- workshop for use in maintenance repairs and new construction in a limited sense
- it will house areas for bench and table equipment and power tools
- it should be as clutter free and organized as possible to avoid health hazards
- hand tools may be mounted on pegged walls or located in cabinets
- storage for building materials adjacent to or within the workshop must be provided
- storage for flammable items must be in a fire-proof space
- storage for small items may be provided in drawers mounted within cabinets of floor or wall type
- sink and safety eye wash should be provided for emergency use and for clean up
- fire fighting equipment should be located at hand
- large double doors or garage doors will provide entry and exit for large items
- power tools include: table saw, radial arm saw, jointer, lathe -wood, industrial Sander, jigsaw heavy duty, chain saws, routers, drill, hand sanders, etc.
- ample space should be provided around all machines
- anple work table and counter space should be provided
- adequate light should be provided
portable high intensity sources may be advisable to supplement general task lighting
- adequate electric outlets and power sources for the equipment must be designed
- artificial light may be supplemental to natural light sources as provided
- the shop in outward and interior appearance should reflect the general character of the ranch architecture

GARAGE; provide protective shelter for two autos and a van, tractor and tractor accessories, and if work horses are used wagon and other farm equipment may need housed
- the garage does not need to be heated unless it is used for storage of items which should not freeze
- if the structure housing the cars and large machinery is one with stables and housing animals, it could save building space and materials
- if the garage houses other activities such as the workshop, it should meet all the requirements of that function
- adequate lighting and ventilation need be provided
- storage for auto maintenance supplies and tools is needed
- the architecture of t he garage should reflect the character of the ranch architecture

provide protective shelter for two work horses and space for two goats, several rabbit cages and perhaps one or two quarter horses for private use
horses require a great deal of work and space adequate stable space must be provided
there must be adequate, well-ventilated storage for hay and grain there must be cabinet storage for medicines, vitamins j and grooming equipment
water needs to be located in the immediate vicinity for animal's thirst as well as for cleaning than and their habitat horses and other large domestic animals require several enclosed grassy areas to pasture
they must be reqularly rotated from pasture to pasture to ensure the proper environmental recovery
a general rule of thumb is one acre per horse
an area immediate to the stables must be provided for animal elimination materials
this material may be composted and subsequently used on the property but with the amount of compost produced by people on the site, the addition of animal compost may be more than can be used this material may be sold to a company which produces material for garden use (if compost sanitary disposal system is used for human waste) the stables and pastures should be so located to avoid contamination of water sources

- building to house administrative staff and equipment for the purpose of handling phone calls and assigning cabins and facilities to lodgers, collecting; billing, and in general, keeping things under control
- the building should be minimal but adequate to house managerial activities
- there should be a fire-proof box/vault, desk with lockable money drawer, filing cabinets, shelving, phone, typewriter, comfortable chair, and storage for personal items and office supplies
- the office should be located in plain view of incoming and outgoing persons
- from this point, all persons can be directed to their ultimate destination on the site and shown where to park their cars
r, the building should be open and comfortable for the attendant with adequate lighting and ventilation
- in winter the office may be run if winterized or relocated in one of the other staff buildings in order to reduce the number of staff for the slower season

Activities Indoor/ (Xitdoor No, of Players Season of Use Hrs. of Use Spec. Space/ Place Req'd. Remarks
Hiking Out ? S-S"f all day fran site to N.P. trails gate and or signage may be advised to indicate private property
Fishing Out ? all yr. dy/nte ponds and/or stream stocking of fish might be required
Volleyball Out 30 Max. sumner all day flat meadow rotate location in order to allw land to repair damage
Horse-back Riding CXit 10 all yr. all day stables, fd. stor., fields horses for recreation use involve a great deal of labor and time not suggested
Star-gazing Out ? all yr. nite telescope semi-protected area away frctn glare source lights
Hot-tubbing Out/ In 8-10 all yr. dy/nte hot tub, deck shower hot tub for full yr. use requires insulation and protection from elements
Swimming Oat/ In ? all yr. day very spec. pool and natural swim hole requires constant work not suggested
Horse Shoe Pitching Out 10 S-S-f day see drawing use in area of heavy use does not require grassy area
Rafting Out ? s-s-f day rapids there are no rapids on the Heritage, but perhaps trips can be arranged
Reading Oat/ In all/ any all yr. dy/nte books and book stor. books can be centrally located for campers use
Table games Out/ In all/ any all yr. dy/nte games game stor. games can also be centrally located for campers use
Ping-pong In 4 (10) all yr. day table and equipment requires a great deal of space but is portable
Pool/billiards In 4 all yr. day pool table & equipment pool table and equipment more expensive than ping-pong, not portable, nor removable, requires much room not suggested
Badminton Out 8 s-s-f day net and flat meadow rotate net frequently is kinder on grasses than volleyball but not as popular
Gathering Around the Fireplace Out/ In ? all yr. dy/nte nte winter fireplace comfortable place to gather provide indoor and outdoor communal fireplace
Cross-country Out ? winter day ski trails hiking trail in National forest can double as a ski trail in winter
Ice skating Out ? winter day pond
Sleighing Out ? winter day sleigh run sleigh run is already cut into the hillside as indicated

HOT TUB DECKS; - decks shall be oriented to optimize view and solarization potential
- they shall be built of durable, easily maintained materials which are consistant with materials used throughout the project
rv the decks for public use shall be of barrier free design with the exception of the hot tubs (not enough roan for ladder and steps in hot tub) slthough if they are located flush with the deck floor, they may be considered accessible
- these hot tubs must be strictly maintained and kept in accordance with public health standards
- the tubs will have tight fitting lids to prevent dirt pile up in the water and to keep children out when adults are not there to supervise
- the tubs may be sesigned for all year use in which case they must be encased in insulating material and housed in a heated space
- if hot tubs are used year round, the space they are contained in should be protective against the elanents, i.e. a green house, or porch with portable panels attachable for cold season use
- hot tubs should seat ten persons (public use) and six (private use)
- hot tub decks should be private from off property view particularly
- these decks should provide seating for guests, storage for towels, and apparel
- all the necessary equipment for maintaining the hot tubs should be provided and adequately housed
- supplies and equipment for maintaining the cleanliness of the tubs should be housed adjacent
- sufficient protection from cold winds should be provided by means of constructed and/or plant screens
- piped in music may be a desired plus for design consideration

Two types ot seat supports, (b) Fire platform.
a private space for individuals to go to in order to be alone to contemplate
a place that inspires quiet reverance
a place that enhances interaction with nature and inspires awe of the natural setting
an architectural space which is comfortable for sitting during long periods of time
there should be a feeling of close connection with the out door surroundings in this space
the location of this sanctuary has been chosen by the cliait and is indicated on the Master Plan
the locale is atop the 'castle rock' which gives a sense of loftiness and from which a large expansive area of forest terrain can be viewed several people felt very strongly about this space, so it will ranain a separate structure from the general facilities for thought and meditation this sanctuary is in no way associated with any set religion but it may present an opportunity to denonstrate women's history and perhaps 'women's religion'
if this building is designed for year-round use, it will need heating and artificial lighting
its renote location may make it difficult to locate utility hookups to it there should be seating for a small number of persons one to ten the materials used should be of relatively low-maintenance and congruous with the surroundings
AMPI1HEATER: meeting place for purposes of drama, psychodrama, education, etc.
- should seat thirty persons
- it will not employ any articicial amplification devices
- totally outdoor space
- contain a very simple stage and seating area

RECREATION CENTER: a recreation center may be a multipurpose building which houses central kitchen/dining facilities, games and book borrowing space, and a cannon rocm used in evenings for gathering around a fireplace, and in the day for a ccumon entertaining space or for educational purposes this building should incorporate ample rocm for game playing, seating guests of thirty or so and designed for its multiplicity of activities views and natrual lighting should play an important part in window location
- character should be in accord with the ranch architecture kitchen/dining facilities must meet code regulations
dining area should be designed to seat thirty persons comfortable
- the recreation center will be designed for year-round use


- this building will be designed as a day use sunmer only structure
- it will be rented during suraner months for seminars and workshops for day only campers and for overnight campers as well
- when two such educational facilities are required simultaneously, the recreation center's main room can double
- in winter the main recreation room may be used as the educational space
- the Education Building will provide ample space for fifty persons
- comfortable seats and writing surfaces should be provided
the building should give one the feeling of being open to the out of doors with ample natural lighting and ventilation provided
- chalk boards, tack-up boards and other educational amnenities should be provided (if the chairs are portable along with the writing surfaces, they can be removed to the recreation center as needed?
- there must be adequate lighting for the activities contained

- the outdoor fire place space is an area provided for the campers to enjoy a good bonfire, toast marshmellows
" and in general enjoy the lifting sensation of the roaring flames
" the campers are not allowed to have open fires on the site; this gives them an opportunity to maintain an enclosed safe fire
- seating should be portable immediately around the fire pit
- the material enclosing the fixe pit and arround the floor base should be noncombustible
- there should be somewhat protected storage for firewood
- there may be a separate or connected fireplace for outdoor cooking
- there should be adequate workspace around the fireplace and storage facilities for fuel
- the cooking fireplace should be close in proximity to outdoor eating tables
- it may be advantageous to protect these areas frcm rain with an overhead roof so they might be vised in inclement weather

GARBAGE STORAGE; - if the compost waste system is employed, organic wastes (edible stuff to animals) will be decomposed and the only waste materials to be disposed of would be glass, metal, and plastics, and amounts of paper (recyclable items) r- if the compost system is not used, the wastes are susceptible to animal and insect infestation - the composting system requires maintenance every one of two years (once) while a garbage dispenser needs to be contained within an animal proof, rodent resistant, insect proof shelter and must be cleaned it requires a garbage collection truck to empty weekly or biweekly storage of garbage dispenser must be withing a fire-retardant structure - ample space must be designed for the movement of the garbage truck for emptying purposes - the garbage dispenser should be located on the way out for lodgers to dispose of their garbage or the staff will have to empty trash - if the staff empties trash, the garbage dispenser housing could be concealed from view if possible the building should be in keeping with the architectural style - adequate ventilation should be provided and cleaning equipment located nearby - location of the waste dispenser housing should not present a health hazard nor cause foul odor or unsightly appearance on the site to its occupants

round or oval
typically 4 deep but range in 2 % to 5 feet deep typical diameters of 5', 6' also; 3 % to 12 feet 4' X 5' tub holds 500 gallons of water 4' X 6' holds 700 gallons full of water, tubs may weigh 7,000 to 8,000 lbs, vertical grain all heart redwood 15 year lifespan redwood resists decay, doesn't splinter, swells easily to water-tightness, subject to damage by chemicals cedar not as long lived oak tends to decay teak best but price is prohibitive use kiln-dried wood (not air dried)
including pump, filter, heater and tub, cost could be $3,000 to 86,000 must be maintained constantly
operating costs: main bill is heat, chemicals, $15 to $25/mo. electricity for lights
construction requires a building permit; lack of permit may be grounds for example for manufactures or suppliers to invalidate warranties
place in sun out of the way of shadows, not on North side of house out of path of major winds
out of doors through winter but temperature of water must be maintained above freezing including pipes, etc. (not advisable) indoor use: weight over 250psf., condensation control condensation combat with moisture loving plants, two-glazed windows and good ventilation and walls paneled with unfinished wood which will absorb excess moisture solar application requires six hours of sun daily to provide 70 to 100 per cent heating need cost of solar package, $1,800 to $2,100
size of collector 2' X 8' or 3' X 6' panels, a total of 80 to 1,200 square feet which is 3 or 4 units to heat a 4' X 6' tub cover tub with insulated lid

Sanctuary 1 £ n Ci O' Parking 4 Workshop/ Storage 4 Washroom II (5T. + shwrs.) 4 Washroom I (4T. + shwrs.) 4 Office/Control Point 4 Belva Lockwood 4 w 11 M fD p 5 H- o p* pj (0 p Maria Del Refugio 4 £= Pi c I p c p Augusta Savage 4 Barn 4 o pj i P3 0Q fD P Staff Hypatia 4 Staff Theodora 4 Elizabeth Blackwell Cabin 4 Main House 4 Sanctuary
Main House P P P- P- P" P p p p P ro !-* Cn Cn Cn i P
Elizabeth Blackwell P P CO U> P- CO CO CO CO CO CO P Cn Cn 1 Cn P
Staff Theodora P n> NJ NJ NJ CO CO CO CO co ro CO Cn 1 cn Cn P
Staff Hypatia P H* H* H* NJ CO CO CO CO CO NJ co 1 NJ Cn Cn P
Garage P no H* CO CO CO CO CO CO CO N) 1 cn NJ CO H-* P
Barn : P NJ H-* P" P~ p p p p p H* NJ NJ p NJ P
Augusta Savage CO p CO I-* P' U) CO CO CO 1 p CO NJ to NJ P P
Kaahumanu CO p CO H* P- CO CO CO 1 u> p CO CO co NJ P P
Maria Del Refugio CO p CO H* P CO CO 1 CO CO p CO CO CO NJ P P
Ellen Richas CO p CO M P co 1 co CO co p co CO CO NJ P P
Belva Lockwood CO p CO H-* P 1 co CO co CO p CO CO CO NJ P P
Office/ Control Point NJ NJ U) H* 1 p p p p p p CO CO CO P CO P
Washroom I CO CO NJ 1 CO h1 1i h-* H* (* CO co co CO CO P P
Washroom II nj M 1 CO H* CO CO co CO co H* NJ H* H* CO P P
Workshop/ Storage nj i H* CO NJ p p p p p CO CO CO CO p P P
Parking 1 NJ U) co NJ CO CO CO co OJ P p CO CO CO P P

Phased Development: Phase One
build manager director's cabin/office winterize staff housing build education facility'
utilities, water, sewage, electricity hook up updated and connection to each facility requiring
retrofit present buildings for their subsequwnt use
construct washhouses as needed
construct parking area
hydro seed all new construction
general site clean-up
build swimming area (if required)
begin construction on owners new house
Phase Two:
transfer owners furniture and posessions to new home
locate and retrofit as needed the recreation facilities within the
former owner's resience
general site clean-up
install hot tubs and decks.
build outdoor firepit and deck
post camp signage upon building department approval construct privacy fences and install general landscape material general reforestation
Phase Three:
winterize additional facilities as needed construct outdoor ampitheater
build any additional washroom facilities as required construct play area for children's day-care build any outbuildings or other support structures contiue planting, reforestation and general site clean up build barn/garage


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