Citation
Bellingham Yacht Club

Material Information

Title:
Bellingham Yacht Club
Creator:
Morris, Shannon Sue
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
2 volumes : illustrations (some color), maps, color photographs, plans ; 22 x 28 cm

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Yacht clubs -- Designs and plans -- Washington (State) -- Bellingham ( lcsh )
Yacht clubs ( fast )
Washington (State) -- Bellingham ( fast )
Genre:
Designs and plans. ( fast )
bibliography ( marcgt )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
Designs and plans ( fast )

Notes

Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
General Note:
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Master's degree in Architecture, College of Design and Planning.
General Note:
V. 2 contains site photos.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Shannon Sue Morris.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Colorado Denver
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
08818691 ( OCLC )
ocm08818691
Classification:
LD1190.A72 1981 .M67 ( lcc )

Full Text

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of the port authority.
The Seattle Port Commission began in 1911, earlier than the New York-New Jersey authority. Influential citizens and private associations had campaigned to secure state legislation allowing port districts to be formed on county lines. Along with persons in many other ports, people in Seattle were worried about railroads controlling the waterfront and transportation rates. The timber industry, the Alaska gold rush in 1897, rail and sea connections made by Great Northern and others, the growing trade with Japan, and above all, the opening of the Panama Canal, stimulated Seattle to begin a port agency. Other Puget Sound ports (including Bellingham in 1920) followed Seattles lead in the next few years.
The four major responsibilities of the port are: transportation terminals, harbor improvements, industrial development, and related recreation facilities. Sites under the control of the Port include: North Terminal (international shipping), South Terminal Warehouse and Labeling Facility, Bellingham International Airport, Blaine Harbor, and Squalicum Harbor.
The growth of pleasure boating and the continuance of fishing have stimulated the expansion of Squalicum Harbor and related industry. Conversely, this growth of pleasure boating and fishing could not have occurred without the cooperation of the port's officials and the protection of its moorage, storage and launching facilities.
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Squalicum Harbor: site analysis
Squalicum Harbor is host to many varied activities.
Commercial fishing is big business at Squalicum Harbor. Ample moorage is available for the existing commercial fishing fleet backed up with work areas and web lockers for storage of gear. Once the fish are caught, they are brought back to companies located at Squalicum Industrial part for processing, canning or quick-freezing, and fo cold storage.
The present Bellingham Yacht Club site and surrounding area will continue to be the center for recreational boating. Parking is available at the site as well as access to moorage. A new building is under construction in connection with the harbormaster's office that will provide showers and a laundry facility for visiting boaters, and will screen the ice machine and trash receptacle.
Two malls at Squalicum offer a variety of water-oriented businesses in eluding restaurants, boat sales, marine accessories and boat service.
The port leases industrial properties to a variety of companies at the Squalicum site. These include: plants


for receiving, processing, quick-freezing and cold storage of fish products, fruits and vegetables; a plywood manufacturing plant; shipyards including Weldcraft; petroleum storage and distribution centers. All have access to rail and truck transportation.
The Corps of Engineers are presently working on the $8 million Squalicum Harbor Expansion, to the southeast of the Yacht Club site. A total of 725 new boat moorages for primarily recreational boats under 30' will be made available in 51 acres of new harbor space protected by a new breakwater, and serviced by 35 acres of new land. Additional commercial moorage will be sited near the webhouses to keep the commercial fleet together.
access
The yacht club site is serviced by the #4 Squalicum Mall bus. Parking is provided as per the lease agreement with the port. Sidewalks exist only around the malls and commercial buildings.
Access to the boat moorage is for pedestrians only and provided by ramps that must accommodate a 15' rise and fall in the tide. The main ramp to the recreational boat moorage is at the south corner of the existing yacht club.
Access to the commercial fleet is by ramps to the south of the harbormaster's office. A ramp to the north of Squalicum Yacht Club is to the covered boat moorage dock.
Major auto access to the site is from Roeder Avenue, a four lane arterial paralleling the railroad tracks and servicing the entire Squalicum Fill area and harbor. Private automobiles are the major means of access to the site.
views
Views are extensive and dramatic. The city of Bellingham is visible to the southeast, with Mount Baker and the Cascades occasionally visible behind the city to the east. Western


JAN FEB MAR
APR
MAY
JUN
AVERAGE DAILY SOLAR RADIATION (BTU/DAY/SQ 252 472 917 1376 1665 1724
PERCENT OF POSSIBLE SUNSHINE
28 34 42 47 52 49
Washington University is visible on Sehome Hill just to the south of the city. From due south to northwest, views are of Bellingham Bay, Post Point, Vendovi, Lummi, Orcas and other Islands, The Olympic Mountains and Vancouver Island Mountain ranges (weather permitting), Point Frances, and of the entire commercial and recreational moorage, with thousands of boats directly in front of the club. Views to the north and east are not as attractive: Weld-craft Shipyards and other industries border on the site to the north, and one-story malls and marina-related businesses are to the east. Residences perch on the bluff to the east overlooking the bay.
solar
Average daily solar radiation is low in the northwest due to a fairly constant cloud cover. However, the cloud cover also moderates winter temperatures and minimizes diurnal swing, making passive solar techniques
JUL FT. ) AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
1805 1617 1129 638 326 218
63 56 53 37 28 23
feasible. The lowest temperatures occur during clear sky conditions in the winter, allowing direct solar gain at this time. The cloud cover also diffuses the sun's luminescence, providing more even daylighting situations; however, the clouds and water also reflect glare, a condition which needs to be controlled in order to enjoy the view.
site selection
The site for the proposed facility will be the same as the existing facility. Throughout the marina expansion, the Port of Bellingham intends to keep the Squalicum Harbor area as the center for recreational boating. The major pedestrian access to the moorage and the Port's new marina service facility are within thirty feet of the site. Squalicum Yacht Club could possibly be persuaded to surrender their facility to the north of the Bellingham Yacht Club site. Bellingham Yacht Club could then expand to the north, and easily accommodate the Squalicum Yacht
19




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climate
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Bellingham is located in northwestern Washington state, latitude 4847', longitude 12229', elevation 120'. Some of the factors which play an important role in the climate of Bellingham are its distance from the Pacific Ocean and other large bodies of water, coastal ranges of mountains on the Olympic Peninsula to the south and on Vancouver Island to the west, the Cascade range of mountains which rise to elevations of 5000 to 8000 feet within 75 miles east of the city, the southerly migration of storms moving out of the Gulf of Alaska during the winter and their return to a more northerly path in the summer.
The climate of Bellingham can be classified as a marine-type in most respects. The air is rather moist throughout most of the year and the daily range in temperature is small. Maximum temperatures of 90 or above are unusual and are of short duration in the summer. The coastal mountains on Vancouver Island and the Olympic Peninsula protect the city from the main force of storms moving eastward from over the Pacific Ocean. Breaks in the coastal mountains and the Straits of Georgia and


Juan de Fuca permit a large amount of moist air from over the ocean to reach the area. This marine air is usually warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer than air over the interior of the continent at this latitude.
The Cascade Mountains shield the area from cold air in the interior during the winter, and the warm air in the summer. However, occasionally cold air from the interior of Canada will move through the Fraser River Canyon and spread southward bringing low temperatures to the Bellingham area. The lowest temperatures in the winter and highest in the summer are usually associated with easterly or northeasterly winds. The lowest humidity is observed when easterly winds are blowing down the western slope of the Cascades. The growing season is quite long and usually lasts from about the middle of March to the latter part of November. Grass usually remains green throughout the winter.
The prevailing southwesterly circulation of warm, moist air from over the Pacific Ocean keeps the average winter daytime temperature in the 40*s and the nighttime temperature in the
upper 20's or lower 30*s. There is a gradual shift of the winds to a westerly and northerly direction during the summer. Cool air from over the Pacific Ocean in the summer keeps the average afternoon temperature in the mid-70's and the nighttime temperature in the mid 40s.
The highest wind velocities are usually from a southwesterly direction during the winter, although occasionally strong northerly winds occur with the passage of a storm. Wind velocities are usually much lower in the summer than in the winter months.
There is a pronounced, though not sharply defined, rainy season and considerable cloudiness during the winter. About three-fourths of the annual rainfall is received from October through April. December is the wettest month and July and August are the driest months. Snowfall is rather light and on the average does not remain on the ground for long periods of time. Precipitation and snowfall increase rapidly in an easterly direction. Some of the heaviest snowfall and greatest snow depths in the United States have been recorded in the Mt. Baker area,


approximately 40 miles east of the city.
The occurrence of light fog is most frequent during late fall and winter. Thunderstorms average about six per year, lightning damage is very infrequent, and tornadoes have never been reported in the city.
The following pages show climatological summaries for Bellingham and Seattle (88 miles to the south).
Seattle has an almost identical climatological summary from NOAA, the only differences being that Seattle's temperature is moderated a few degrees in the extremes due to urbanization. Information from Seattle is included because it is more complete than information from Bellingham.
27


U. S. DEPARTMENT or COMMERCE, WEATHER BUREAU
LATITUDE ItS 1*7'
LONGITUDE 122 29
ZLEV. (GROUND) 120*
m COOPERATION WITH BELLINGHAM CHAMBER OF COMMERCI CUMATOGRAPHT OP THE UNITED STATES NO. 20 1* *5
CLIMATOLOGICAL SUMMARY
MEANS AND EXTREMES POR PERIOD 1928 1957
STATION*
BELLINGHAM, HASH. 1

Month Temperature (*F) : R a s I tj 1 Precipitation Totals (Inches) Mean number of days Month
Means Extremes Mean Greatest daily Year Snow, Sleet Precip. .10 inch or more Temperature*
Mu. Min.
i 9 Q fl Daily minimum Monthly Record highest M 8 >- Record lowest Year Mean Maximum monthly Year Greatest daily Year 90 and above 32* and below 32 and below 0* and below
(a) 3 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30
JAN 1*3.1 28.9 56.0 61* 1935 - 1* 1937+ 900 3.98 2.95 1935 2.5 11.0 1937 7.5 1929 11 0 1* 18 * JAN
FEB U7.5 30.7 39.1 66 191*3*- - 3 1950 730 3.15 2.02 1951 2.3 15.2 1936 6.0 191*9 9 0 1 16 FEB
MAH 52.2 33.9 1*3.1 72 1928 10 1955 680 3.21 1.59 1930 1.3 27.0 1951 9.0 1951 10 0 * 13 0 MAH
APR 58.6 37.0 1*7.8 82 1931* 19 1951 520 2.16 1.28 191*1* T T 191*8 T 191*8 7 0 0 8 0 APR
MAY 6i*.9 1*1.1 53.0 85 1956 22 1951* 370 1.72 2.26 1952 5 0 0 2 0 MAT
JUN 68.8 1*6.1 57.5 92 1955 29 1933 230 1.96 2.32 191*6 5 * 0 0 JUN
JUL 73.3 1*7.7 60.5 91* 1951+ 31* 191*9+ 11*0 1.00 1.50 1932 3 0 0 0 JUL
ATO 73.7 1*7.0 60.1* 91 19 35*- 31* 191*5+ 11*0 1.00 1.77 1950 3 * 0 0 0 AUG
SEP 69-5 1*3.5 56.5 90 1951 27 1931* 260 1.88 1.50 1930 5 0 0 1 0 SEP
OCT 60.8 39.0 50.0 85 1936 22 191*9 1*70' 3.63 1.96 191*5 T T 191*9 T 19L9 9 0 0 6 0 OCT
NOV 51.6 31*. 5 1*3-1 71 191*9 3 1955 660 U.18 1.81 1932 .7 7.0 1937 l*.o 1955+ 11 0 11 0 NOV
DEC 1*6.6 32.1* 39.5 67 19hl 5 1932 800 U.76 1.85 191*9 1.8 , 7.5 191*8 5.0 19l*9+ 13 0 1 li* 0 DEC
JUL JAN JAN MAR MAR
Year 59.2 38.5 1*8.9 91* 1951+ - 1* 1937+ 5900 32.63 2.95 1935 8.6 27.0 1951 9*0 1951 91 6 89 * Year
(a) Average length of record, year*.
T Tracer an amount too small to measure. Base 65*F
+ Also on earlier dates, months, or years
* Less than one half, f estimated.


t £*TA CORRECTED AFTER PUBLICATION OF THE MONTHLY ISSUE.
Normals, Means, And Extremes
Meant and extremes above are from existing and comparable exposures. Annual extremes have been exceeded at other sites in the locality as follows: Lowest temperature 3 in January 1893; maximum monthly precipitation 15.33 in December 1933 minimum monthly precipitation 0.00 in July 1922 and earlier dates; maximum precipitation in 24 houre 3.52 in December 1921; maximum sx>nthly snowfall 35.4 in February 1916; maximum snowfall in 24 hours 21.5 in February 1916.
(a) Length of record, years, through the current year unless otherwise noted, based on January data.
(b) 70* and above at Alaskan stations.
* Less than one haK.
T Trace.
NORMALS Based on record for the 1941-1970 period.
DATE OF AN EXTREME The most recent In cases of multiple occurrence.
PREVAILING HIND DIRECTION Record through 1963.
WIN0 DIRECTION Numerals Indicate tens of degrees clockwise from true north. 00 Indicates calm.
FASTEST MILE HIND Speed Is fastest observed 1-mlnute value when the direction 1s 1n tens of degrees.
X Record for 1934-64.
0 For the period 1934-1957.


Yur Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Annual Season | July I Aug !Sept Oct | Nov | Dec Jan Feb [ Mar Apr M
IMI 5.16 1 .*6 1 .*6 1 .87 3. 36 0.98 0.36 2.03 3.03 2.39 5.56 7.C0 3*. 76 1 9 1 2 0.0 0.0 o.c o.n 0.0 0.0 1.0 T o.c o.ol
19*? ?.8J 2.27 2.C9 1.61 1.68 2.96 0.57 0.53 0.27 1.68 9 0 5.21 31.10 19*2-* 0.0 o.n o.c r.o 0.0 T ia.* T o.c o.c
19*3 3.15 2.0? *.39 2.*3 1.77 0.9? 0.36 1.15 0.12 5.73 1 .43 1.27 ?* 9* 19*3-** 0.0 o.a o.c n.o 0.0 0. T 0.0 0.2 0.0 0
19** 3.53 2.38 1.2? 2.01 1.1* C.63 0.3? 0. *6 0.65 1.8* .* 1.00 19.15 19**-*5 0.0 n.n o.a o.r 0.0 0.? 0.0 T f 0.0 0
19*5 3.01 5.66 *.99 3.03 2.71 0.55 0.16 0. 33 3.*6 2.23 6.77 5.*9 38.39
1 9 5 6 c.a o.n o.a c.o 0.8 c.o T 1.2 3.0 o.c 0
19*6 * *5 5.53 2.68 1 .86 0. 36 2.26 0.59 0.16 1.36 3.*7 6.36 5.79 3*.§7 19* 6-* 7 0.0 0.0 0.0 T 5.) 0. * 3.8 T O.C T :
19*7 3.79 *.08 2.65 1.67 C.60 2.29 C.58 0.5* 0.81 7.*3 3.66 6.26 3*.56 1 9 7 8 0.0 0.0 o.c O.C 0.0 T T 0.3 0.9 T c
19*8 3.97 6.0* 3.65 2.60 *.67 2.02 1 .81 l .** 3.07 2.31 6.07 * .58 * 2 2 J 1 9*8-*9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T ?. 6 7.0 10.* o.: o.c c
19*9 l.3 6.8? 2.86 1.23 1.35 0.23 0.6S 0. 39 1.30 3.*5 5.95 * 59 30.25 19*9-50 c.o 0.0 0.0 T O.C 1.9 31.0 1.0 T 0.0 0
1 95C 7.50 5.73 7.23 2.39 0. 6* 0.* 3 0.80 1.17 1 .*3 5.*7 7.51 6.63 6.95
1950-5 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 I T T T T 7.5 o.o 0
1951 6.13 6.9? 2.66 0.52 1. 35 0.30 O.O* 0.71 2.03 *.71 5.01 * 15 3*.58 1951-52 c.o 0.0 o.c o.r 0.0 1.9 6.6 T T 0.0 c
195? * ? 5 1.90 1.93 1.6? C. 35 1.97 0.51 0 *6 0.2* 0.80 1.0* * 5 19.52 1952-53 0.0 0.0 o.a o.o 0.0 n. o T T O.C 0.0 0
1953 10. V3 2.or 3.22 1.61 1.92 1 .** 0.58 0.71 2.85 3.55 6.01 3.31 38.13 1953-5* 0.0 0.0 o.c 0.0 0.0 c.o 16.9 0.0 T 0.0 0
195* 8.6* 5.31 2.08 2.6 2 1.57 1 .*9 1.18 1.22 1.66 1.0* 6.92 * *6 38.19 1 9 5 5 5 0.0 o.c o.c o.c o.c T r 0.5 0.5 o.c c
1955 2.07 2.62 1.73 2.20 1.5* 1 .66 1 .*1 T 1.2* 5.33 7.79 6.00 35.59
1955-56 0.0 0.0 o.a 0.0 5.5 6.9 0.3 1.9 2 . 0.0 c
1956 7.8? 2.16 5.69 0.59 C. 68 2.66 0.15 0.61 2.22 * .*1 1.53 3.59 32.11 1956-51 o.c o.c o.c o.n O.C *. 10.1 6.8 O.C 0.0 c
1957 ?.7* 5.51 5.70 2.32 1.12 1.58 0.57 0.97 0.60 3.96 2.68 * 36 32.11 1957-58 0.0 0.0 o.c o.c o.c 0. C 0.0 O.C T 0.0 0
1958 7.6? 5.27 1.91 2.6? C.9? 0.72 r 0.3? 1 7 3.12 6.53 5.51 36.21 1958-59 0.0 o.c o.c o.r T T 5. C 1.! T 3.0 0
1959 8.9* 3.15 3.39 1 .86 1.50 1.53 0.77 0.39 2.33 2.36 5 .*9 6.20 37.91 1959-60 0.0 o.c o.c o.c O.C T l.c O.C 5 .! o.c c
1*60 5.59 3.*5 3.93 2.68 2.66 0.57 T 1 3 0.99 *. 10 8.01 3.21 36.62
1960-61 o.c o.n o.c o.c *.5 O.C 0.0 T T 0.0 0
1961 6.76 7.75 *.20 2.01 3.07 0.* J 0.76 0.57 0.62 2.63 *.39 5.56 38.97 1961-62 o.c o.r o.c o.c O.C 0. i T 6.C o.c c
196? 2.50 1.93 3.*3 1.8? 1.50 0.69 1.11 1 .*1 2.02 3.* 1 6.87 3.83 30.52 1962-6! 0.0 o.c o.a c.c T r.c 1 .6 T T 0.0 0
1963 1.91 3.97 2.96 2.75 0.9* 1.95 0.6? 0.76 0.69 *.16 7.6 3 * .9* 33.53 1963-6* o.c 0.0 o.c c.c T o.c 1 .* T 7 0.0 0
196* a. 16 1.55 3.20 1.29 1.07 3.68 0.8* 1 .*6 2.01 0.6 3 8.11 * 86 37.06 1 9 6 65 o.a n.r o.c o.c l.S 6. el O.C O.C 0.0 0
1*65 5.83 *.26 0.** 3.79 1.25 0 7 0 8 1.61 0.75 2.03 5.01 7.06 33.00
1965-66 0.0 0.0 o.c 0.0 0.0 7.6 T T 0.6 0.0 0
1966 6 0 2.36 *.76 2.0? 1.3* 0.75 1 39 0.17 1.57 2.21 7.18 7.73 37.68 1966-61 o.c c.c 0.1 o.c o.c l.C 5. C C.C O.C 0.0 0
1967 9.0? 2.18 3.61 2.76 C.52 1.35 0.05 T 1.21 5.*? 2.01 5.33 33.*6 1967-68 o.c c.o o.c 0.0 0.0 2.5 6.0 0.0 o.a T 0
1966 7.39 * .67 5.11 2 C 6 1.3* 2.52 0 8 *.26 1 .63 3.52 *.87 10.07 *8.1* 1966-69 o.c o.a o.c o.c 0.0 1 3. 5 22.7 0.0 o.a 0.0 0
1969 5.83 3.58 1.97 3.39 2.27 1.22 0.2 0.15 5 1 1.72 2.73 6.89 35.39 1 9 6 9 T C 0.1 o.c o.c 0.0 0.0 0. T 0.0 o.a T 0
19 70 8.11 2.01 3.07 2.73 1.00 0.78 0.58 0.7* 2.01 3. *2 *.30 8 3* 37.n*
1970-71 o.c o.c 0.1 o.r 0.1 T 9.1 5.1 i .c 0.0 0
1971 *.25 3.97 7.16 2.33 1.51 1.85 0.58 0 *6 3.08 3.06 *.?5 5.29 37.79 1971-7? o.c o.r o.c T 0.0 6. a.o 0.0 o.c 1.0 c
197? 5.15 3.61 6.Cl *.20 0. 3* 1.98 0.67 1.06 3.27 o.*e 3.19 8.36 *C. 32 1972-73 o.c o.c o.c O.C 0.0 5.C 1.7 o.n o.c o.o 0
197 J *.61 2.0C 1.55 0.93 1.11 1.73 0.25 0.57 1.56 2.7* 8 0 9.56 38.01 1973-7* o.c o.c o.c 0.0 7 0.3 2.0 0.0 i. 0.0 0
197* 6.53 *.19 5.69 1.83 i.*e 1.07 1 .98 0.11 0.2 J 1.78 5.56 6.5? 38.9* 1 9 7 7 o.c o.c o.c 0.0 0.0 6.0 1.0 0.5 T r 0
1975 5.03 *.91 *.62 2.51 1.51 1.26 0.11 2.81 0.03 8.0* 6 0 7.57 *5.00
1975-71 o.c o.c o.c o.c 0.5 0. 0.0 0.0 T 0.0 0
1976 9.33 9.63 3.6* 2.in 1.67 1.07 1.0? 3.05 I. 3 1.9* 0.50 ? .no 27.78 1976-77 c.c o.c o.c o.r o.c 0. 3 l.Ol o.a T 0.0 0
1977 2.13 2.11 5.2* 1.35 *.2* 0.59 C.60 5 *> 2.6? 2.72 5.03 5.81 38.11 1977-71 o.c o.c o.c o.c 0.3 f r 0.0 0.0 0
1979 5.57 1.7? 2.61 3.53 2.02 0.57 2.16 1.65 5.6? 0.87 6.52 1 .*? 36.26 1976-71 o.c o.c o.c o.c 6.0 T T T O.C
1979 2.20 6.32 1.32 2.69 1.07 0 5 0.97 0.61 1.86 *.81 2.26 10.29 I* 87 1979-61 o.c o.c o.c o.c 0.0 T 11.9 2.5 0.1 0.0
I960 6.96 3.6* 3.27 3.65 I.SI 2.68 0 9 1.7* 1 3 1.*? 6.1? 7.19 *0.30
1960-61 0.( o.c o.c o.r o.a l.c
RCC090 ccoo
Caw 5.76 1.67 3.59 2.29 1.99 1.37 0 70 3.16 1.63 3.03 5.06 6.66 S6.02 taw o.c e.i el 0.6 1. 1 1.9 0.6 0.1




codes
zoning
The site is located in a Heavy Manufacturing Distrist, according to the Bellingham Zoning Ordinance. The Heavy Manufacturing District (HM) is intended to preserve land for industries which may create a greater degree of hazard or more annoyance than would be permitted in any other Use District. Certain uses such as residential and retail businesses are not permitted in this Dis-strict in order to encourage heavy industry in locating in areas where their operation will be neither injurious to, nor hindered by, these uses. Permitted uses are: manufacture, compounding, processing, refining, treatment, and assembly of any product, not prohibited hereunder. The following materials and operations are prohibited:
Explosives
Distillation of bones, rendering of inedible fat, and disposal of dead animals


Glue, ammonia, chlorine and bleaching powder
Slaughter houses and stockyards Petroleum or gas refining
The following retail activities are permitted:
Motor vehicles, heavy equipment and boats
Building materials
Fuel and oil
Feed, seed, and grain
Eating and drinking establishments
Industrial equipment and supplies
The following are other permitted uses:
Warehousing and wholesale establishments
Storage and freight terminals Advertising devices; however, such devices shall not be located within five-hundred (500) feet of a designated Scenic Route. Transportation facilities Public utilities
Density regulations are as follows:
Site area: no minimum
Lot coverage and open space: none required
Height: no limits
Minimum yards: none required except where the property flanks, abuts, or is opposite a Residential Use District, in which case a twenty-five (25) foot yard shall be maintained on the side facing such Use District.
Pollution standards set up by Regional, State or Federal Pollution Controll Commissions or Boards shall apply to all Heavy Manufacturing Uses.
The yacht club falls under the definition of a Private Club or Lodge: land and/or building that is privately owned and normally restricted from use by the general public and operated as an assembly area by and for a non-profit organization, society, lodge, fraternity, yacht club or similar entity. The facility may or may not feature eating, drinking, dancing or similar activities.
Minimum site area shall be 20,000 square feet and there shall be a buffer


strip with screening on all sides abutting residential uses.
Landscaping shall be required where necessary to preserve the appearance of the residential character of the neighborhood.
The building shall be of a design that will be compatible with the residences in the area.
Parking shall be no less than the minimum required, however, the Board shall determine if additional space will be needed to guarantee that all parking of patrons' vehicles will be on the premises and will be adequate for the use. All parking shall be screened from the view of the surrounding residential uses.
The permit shall not be granted unless the use fronts on and is served by streets that meet the standards of the city.
A sign may be allowed provided it is made part of the design of the building or is built as a landscaping structure. It shall bear no advertising and shall have no moving parts nor be unusually bright or glaring.
Parking spaces shall be located within 300 feet of the parking
generator. One parking space is required for each 150 square feet of floor space devoted to the assembly or meeting area. If eating/drinking facilities are included, there shall be one parking space required for each 50 square feet devoted to such activity. If the assemble or meeting area is also used for eating/drinking, the requirement shall be one space for each 50 square feet of floor space devoted to such combination of uses. The lease from the Port of Bellingham states that "the lessee agrees to provide space for the parking of vehicles in numbers necessary to comply with applicable regulations and otherwise to accomodate business requirements and not to rely on public streets.
Any building being or intended to be used for offices, hotel, restaurant, assemble area or other similar use shall be provided with off-street loading berths. One berth must be provided for a building containing 20,000 to 50,000 square feet and maintained with the following standards:
Each loading berth shall be at least 10 feet wide, 45 feet long, and 14


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rVVSfiCV'VVfij /oo^\*
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\50
floo
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feet high.
Loading berths may be located in any required yard providing such berth is not roofed.
Loading berths shall be located entirely on the property they are intended to serve and designed in such a way that a street does not serve as a maneuvering area.
Access to loading berths shall be from an alley when such exists.
If it is desirable, two or more buildings having a common wall may locate their required loading berths in one than the sum of the required berths for all the buildings concerned, and further, there shall be access from each building to the loading berth.
Loading areas shall be so designed that traffic congestion and interference is avoided and the highest possible degree of safety is maintained.

building
The Uniform Building Code has been adopted by the City of Bellingham and by Whatcom County. Occupancy type has been determined to be A 2.1 Construction type has been determined to be IV, heavy timber. A code check follows.
3


Occupancy Classification! A 2.1
Construction Types IV
Allowed Square Footagei 13500 for one story all sides have separation 0 feet to property line 5$ increase for each foot by which minimum width exceeds 20' total s.f. allowed by separations 60570
proposed square footages 24000
Building Heights
allowed maximum height for construction types 65'
number of stories permitted for
occupancy and construction types 2
Exterior Wallss
fire resistances 2 hours less than 10 feet, one hour elsewhere openings! not permitted less than 5* protected less than 10'
Types of construction fire-resistive requirements! (H.T.) exterior bearing wallss 4 hour interior bearing wallss 1
exceptions granted to buildings 10C$ sprinkled
exterior non-bearing wallss 4 structural frames 1 or H.T. partitions permanents 1 or H.T. shaft enclosures! 1 floorss H.T. roofss H.T.
exterior doors and windows! 2103(b) Occupant Loads
number of occupants (33A)s 1600 2 exits required over 50 handicapped access provided
Occupancy Requirements! four required exits 31 feet minimum width reasonable arrangement maximum distance to exits 150' exits not through kitchens, storerooms, restrooms, closets handicapped provisions required door swing direction of exit travel door widths 3' exitway greater than 32"
hardware openable from inside
without key or special knowledge corridorss 44" minimum width access and dead endss possible to go in either direction from any point in a corridor to a separate exit except dead ends not exceeding 20' in length


Occupancy requirements (cont.)
walls not less than one-hour fire-resistive construction, ceiling not less than one-hour floor or roof system
door opening protected by a smoke and draft control assembly having a rating of not less than 20 minutes stairways* width minimum 44" landings* equal to width of stairway up to 4'
not more than 12' between landings door intrusions shall not reduce minimum dimension to less than 42"; required width by more than 3a" when fully open
handrails* one on each side and intermediate handrails over 88" wide guardrails* all unenclosed roof and floor openings, open and glazed sides of landings and ramps, balconies or porches more than 30" above grade or floor below and roofs used for other than the service of the building shall be protected by a guardrail
exterior construction can be combustible material for type IV 2 stories interior construction* as per part V UBG ramps* 44" minimum width slope* 1*12 maximum
landings* for slopes greater than 1*15 top and bottom and for every 5' of rise door intrusions shall not reduce minimum dimension to less than 42"s required
width by more than 3z" when fully open courts* minimum 44", ?' high unobstructed, one-hour f.r. construction 10* above floor for exit courts less than 10 wide
exits* one-hour fire-resistive no openings except exit doorways and openings in exterior walls extent and barrier* shall include
landings, parts of floors connecting stairway flights, corridor leading from stairway to exterior of building
smoke enclosures not required
Signs* every required exit doorway and
where otherwise required to indicate egress
illumination* 2 lamps greater than 15 watts each, separate circuits
37


shoreline
The Shoreline Management Act of 1971 became effective June 1, 1971. The Act originated from the State Legislature but gained approval by the voters of the State in November, 1972. The major goal of the Shoreline Act is to "coordinate the regulation of shoreline uses so as to insure uses which result in long term over short term benefit, protect the resources and ecology of the shorelines, increase both visual and physical public access to the shorelines, and accommodate water dependent uses."
The Act establishes a cooperative program of shoreline management between local government and the state. Local government is charged with the primary responsibility for initiating and administering the regulatory program of the Act. The Department of Ecology acts primarily in a supportive and review capacity with primary emphasis on insuring compliance with the policy and provisions of the Act. Additionally, the Department of Ecology established guidelines to be followed by local government in preparation of their local Shoreline Master Program.
The Shoreline Management Master
Program for the City of Bellingham was adopted in April, 1974. The program reflects the existing conditions: the Bellingham shoreline is already urban and developed, and the program is relatively simple compared to the County Shoreline Master Program, which reflects the quantity and diversity of shoreline affected. Goals and objectives were established for seven elements: shoreline use, economic development, public access, circulation, recreational, conservation and historical/cultural. Policies were developed relating to twenty-one various use activities which might occur on the shorelines. Goals and objectives pertinent to the yacht club are as follows.
The yacht club is considered a non-conforming use within the Urban Environment II classification: an area where the physical character of the shoreline and water make it valuable for water dependent uses, and which will be reserved by the Master Program for recreational, industrial or commercial water dependent uses, or the provide an opportunity for a substantial number of the general public to enjoy the shorelines. All developments lawfully


erected, installed and maintained in a lawful condition prior to the effective date of the Master Program but which do ndtconform to the regulations contained in the program, are considered non-conforming developments. (The yacht c-lub does not conform to the goal stating that shorelines should be acquired and maintained for public access.) Non-conforming developments may continue to exist or be completed according to the following provisions:
Non-conforming developments may be enlarged, remodeled or renovated provided such alterations do not contribute to additional encroachment or infringement of the Program.
Non-conforming developments which are destroyed beyond 50 percent of their value shall not be restored except in conformance to regulations contained in the Program.
When a non-conforming development is enlarged, remodeled or renovated, it shall meet all applicable regulations of the Program except that which makes it non-conforming.
If fill is used, leaching must be prevented.
No major topographical changes are
allowed (Department of Fisheries regulation) .
In the Urban II designation, no setback from the water is required, nor is there a height limitation.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers permit program protects the quality of our nation's water resources, maintains water quality by protecting marshes, swamps and similar environmentally valuable wetland resources, prevents alteration or obstruction of a navigable water of the United States, and controls dumping of dredged material in ocean waters. A corps permit is required if there are plans to locate a structure, excavate, or discharge dredged or fill mateial in waters of the United States. In order to avoid the permit process, it is suggested that the design and construction" of the proposed yacht club avoid the following activities and structures: boat ramps, bulkheads, dis-
charging solids, dredging or filling, intake pipes, mooring buoys, outfall pipes, pipes and cables, piers and wharves, riprap, or signs.
39


barrier-free
The State of Washington, considered one of the more progressive in terms of barrier-free design legislation, now has one of the most comprehensive regulations for such design in the nation. The Washington State Building Code Advisory Council voted to adopt the "Rules and Regulations Setting Barrier-Free Design Standards" into the Washington Administrative Code, effective October, 1976. These standards updated previous legislation by using specific code language and by solving the problem of enforcement of guideline language.
"An Illustrated Handbook for Barrier Free Design; Washington State Fules and Regulations," was published under contract to the Easter Seal Society. The prupose of the handbook is to graphically describe the intent of the regulations and means of complying with them. The book will be used as the standard for accessibility
design for the yacht club.
40


Experimental wind-powered generator at the Pofl of Moses Lake
Me Nary Dam near Hermiston, Oregon (State of Oregon Travel Information Section photo)
environmental
systems
Energy and its use will become increasingly important in the years ahead. There is no place in our hemisphere that has surplus. In the Pacific Northwest we share the problem with the rest of the land, but to a lesser degree because of the firm base of hydro power.
Electric power is supplied by a combination of many (over 20) federal dams, private dams, and private coal fired, oil fired, and gas fired thermal plants plus government nuclear plants and private nuclear plants and even air driven and gas driven turbine generators. All these sources feed into a grid system covering six Western States with interties to British Columbia and California. This base system supplies power to REA's, PUD's, municipalities, private systems, and to a small select group of individual companies with big energy needs.
This area is geared to electric energy for cooking, washing, drying, and heating.


Natural gas is supplied to Whatcom County by pipeline from Canada. In the last ten years it has made considerable impact on the industrial and home heating market. At the present time the supply picture from Canada is clouded and the cost has risen sharply. The prices are still competitive and the fuel is convenient to use but the uncertainty of supply has curtailed the consumer demand.
oil
Oil is available and may be in surplus in our small preferred location as the Alaska oil arrives. Further conservation efforts, to save oil for mobile equipment rather than use it as fuel for stationary power needs, will change the pattern of use as well as the
quantity in the near future. It is expected all energy sources will be avail able here and competitive price wise so power uses here will be decided on convenience .
coal
The area of Whatcom County is rich in coal reserves from low grade bitumin ous to high grade anthracite. In the near future our abundant electricity, the convenience of natural gas and oil, will likely eliminate coal with its inconvenience, plus its heavy polluting characteristics from taking up much slack in the local energy picture.
nuclear
The center for nuclear power devel opment in the United Stated is at Hanford, Washington, and as the extreme emotion connected with the use of this


power decreases more sources will be made available. The Satsop plant now under construction will add greatly to the supply of power and will tend to quiet the fears of those concerned with the safety of nuclear plants. Overall our area is in a preferred position with relation to energy supply.
water
Water for the city of Bellingham is supplied from Lake Whatcom. At certain times of the year, water from the Middle Fork of the Nooksack River is diverted into Lake Whatcom to aid in the supply.
Bellingham's water plant is one of the most modern in the state, and has a capacity to filter and chlorinate 30 million gallons per day. The use factor is about 10MMGPD of this potable water. In addition, the Lake Whatcom supply provides about 50 MMGPD of raw water to Georgia Pacific Corporation.
The most important things to be remembered about water are that it is
good, it is plentiful, and it is inexpensive .
garbage
The City of Bellingham incinerates its garbage. Most all other towns and communities in the country may make use of this clean, hygienic method of garbage disposal on a contract basis, in the near future. Garbage is collected by sanitary service, a private company.
sewage
All incorporated cities and towns in the country, except Nooksack, have city sewers and primary treatment plants. Septic tanks are the rule in unincorporated areas. The major industrial plants in the Cherry Point area provide their own disposal systems.




Sire
Bellingham is rated as a Class 3 City by the Fire Insurance Rating Bureau. The fire department has 90 employees, 5 stations, 5 front-line pumpers, one 100* ladder company truck with 80* snorkle, 4 ambulances and re-susitation equipment. Outlying areas of Bellingham and Blaine, Everson, Ferndale, Lynden, and Nooksack are served by well trained volunteer forces with good equipment.
4 £


delt&
soils
The yacht club site is located on Squalicum Fill. The fill is manmade and consists of garbage, chunks of concrete, and sawdust from early mills. The fill is on a river delta and was located at the bottom of the sandstone bluffs on which Bellingham is located to provide a feasible location for water-related industries.
slope
The site is flat. At the water's edge, a metal seawall retains the fill on which the facility exists. The tide rises to a maximum of +12 feet, at which point the water level is approximately 4 feet below the top of the sea wall.
The tide falls to a minimum of -3 feet. There are two tide cycles a day.
40





'f
; I Trtr-tf tirt^nnn*
history
No one can deny the and the desire of a coastal town to own volved with the joy boating especially
attraction of the sea person living in a a boat and become in-and challenge of in a town with the
maritime assets of Bellingham. Commercial boating industries have located in Bellingham: shipping, fishing, boat-
building; and have indirectly stimulated recreational yachting through booms and recessions, wars and peacetime.
Organized sailboat racing in Bellingham Bay originated in 1877 in connection with the fourth of July celebration: four boats raced a four mile wind-
ward leeward course. (Small boats had been built and sailed on the Bay in the 1850's and some "pick-up" races probably happened over the years before 1877.). Managed races appeared again on July 5, 1890: four boats raced around stake
vessels off Point Frances and Fairhaven. In 1891, eight boats raced, with Siren of Vancouver winning, followed by Maybel and Nellie, both of New Whatcom. Large crowds observed the 1891 regatta from shore and steamers, many having arrived on the newly completed railroad to Vancouver.
The international regatta began in


1892 and Bellingham Bay skippers led in promoting the idea. Seattle, Victoria and New Whatcom Yacht Clubs formed partly out of the desire to compete in the regatta at Victoria on the Queen's Birthday, May 24, 1892.
The Fairhaven Yacht Club was formed and built a clubhouse on the hill above the Wellborn Wharf in Fairhaven. The club enrolled and established a trophy and racing rules for forthcoming regattas. The FYC also formed the NIYA (Northwestern International Yachting Association) in August, 1892, and hosted their first regatta October.3, 1892 in which 13 vessels competed.
Even though the bay towns were caught in the nation-wide depression of the 1890's, which lasted locally from 1892 to 1898, the shipping industry indirectly stimulated yachting. Eighteen steamers a day sailed in Bellingham Bay in 1890 and fourteen steamers over five tons registered Bellingham Bay as home. In the late 19th century, Bellingham Bay boats cruised to Orcas, picnicked on Sinclair and enjoyed most of the anchorages known today.
In 1894 the international regatta was held on Bellingham Bay and was
sponsored by FYC and NWYC. Yachts from Victoria, Everett, Tacoma, Port Angeles, Coupeville and other ports moored at the G Street Wharf. The International Yachting Association ran two races over two days. Of 19 yachts entered, 9 were from FYC or NWYC. The first race was sailed in westerly breezes with Myth, a flyer that dominated racing on the Sound for the next 5 years, leading until the wind died, when Hornet, a good drifter, caught her before the race was cancelled. That night, the Bellingham Bay yacht clubs sponsored a boxing smoker at the athletic club. The reception for the masters and their ladies at the Knights of Pythias hall also highlighted the social events. Yacht racing attracted enormous crowds who would watch from the shore or from steamers.
The international regatta was held yearly in Seattle, Victoria or Bellingham until 1898, when war was declared on Spain.
While the international regatta continued after the turn of the century, Bellingham Bay boat participation declined. In 1902, an article appeared in the Fairhaven Weekly Herald lamenting the lack of winds at the previous NIYA


regattas held in Port Townsend. Even though there were only a few sailboats in Bellingham Bay, the article said, there were better winds and lesser currents, making the Bay the best place to race, where the "yachting spirit of Puget Sound was cradled." Local sailors have said the same thing ever since.
In 1904, several events occurred to indicate a revival of local interest in yachting, particularly the opening of the new Bellingham Bay Yacht Club clubhouse at the end of August. Located between the E. K. Wood Mill and the old coal bunkers, not far from the Starr Rock Buoy, the clubhouse was 50' by 25', lh stories, built on a 70' by 45' float, reached by a pontoon walk from land.
The sixty members and guests held a stag party to inaugurate the facility.
Canoes, tenders and gear were stored at the club and some seven boats moored in front.
The NIYA regatta was hosted by BBYC in 1905, and Bellingham put on quite a show over the holiday. Lummi Indian canoes raced (including matches against Indians and Chinese), tug of war, wheelbarrow and foot races and even a traditional greased pig chase enlivened
'm
the spectacle. A large crowd watched the 25 yachts race in five classes over a 15 mile course.
Sailboat racing on Bellingham Bay dwindled after 1906 because owners tired of the sport or moved. The most popular cause of the demise however, was the rise of gasoline engine power boats.
Why depend on the vagaries of sail when you can get there faster in a powerboat? The first engines were neither reliable nor fast, but they caught the fancy of many local persons by 1900. In 1909, the Lake Whatcom Motor Club opened a facility near Silver Beach, limited its membership to 100 and staged "launch racing." The BBYC cruised to Eagle Harbor on Cypress Island in July and invited the motor club to go along. Wives were invited as well on both power and sailboats. Other popular cruising spots were Inati Bay on Lummi Island and Vendovi Island. The present Bellingham Yacht Club formed in 1909, evolving from the old BBYC and FYC, BBYC descending from New Whatcom Yacht Club. In the remaining years of peace before the onslaught of World War I, motor boat racing reached epidemic proportions up and down the Pacific Coast.
50


By 1909, motor boat racing had been incorporated into the NIYA Regatta and the IPBA (International Power Boat Association) had been organized. From July 2 to 7, speedboat and sailboat races operated at Seattle. Power boats participated in the Pacific International Long Distance Race.
With the entry of Canada into World War I, the international regatta lapsed from 1915 to 1919. The U.S. went to war in 1917 and American yacht racing ceased. World War I also terminated the NIYA which had lasted for 22 years.
In 1920, British Columbia and Washington yachtsmen organized the Pacific International Yachting Association; the purpose of the association was to "promote and conduct International and Interclub regattas and races in Northwestern waters and to foster and encourage the general development of yachting and motorboating." Seven yacht clubs gave their support; BYC, dormant at the time, did not join PIYA until 1926. The new association absorbed both the old NIYA and Pacific International Powerboat Association. In 1920, a rendezvous was held at Cowichan Bay on July 1 Canadian Dominion Day and
with the Fourth of July formed a binational holiday. Two hundred yachts gathered in Cowichan Bay to celebrate the renewal of international yacht racing in the Pacific Northwest.
Although powerboats were more numerous, sail events dominated. Seven classes accommodated different sizes and types of sailboats. Side events at the regattas such as rowing, canoeing and swimming indicated the amount of enthusiasm. Events were hosted in Seattle, Victoria, Vancouver and Tacoma from 1920 to 1930.
Bellingham Yacht Club began to revive in 1926 when the club secured new moorage in Chuckanut Bay. Commodore F. Stanley Piper organized a cruise to Inati Bay and held catboat and powerboat races there.
Starting on June 26, 1928, ten powerboats raced from Olympia to Juneau, Alaska. This was the first of a semiannual predicted log race sponsored by the IPBA and won in September, 1953 by the author's father. The author's mother went along for the ride, and the author narrowly missed Alaskan citizenship by birth, choosing a later, safer October birthday.


In 1928, the new club facility on Chuckanut Bay opened. From 1928 to 1946 the BYC operated from a clubhouse, dock and moorage on the pretty little bay. Revenues from slot machines financed all the private clubs in Whatcom County until March, 1960, when gambling was made illegal in Washington. The club had about 100 members. There was a bar but no restaurant, and moorages were occupied only during the sailing season, not the winter.
Bay lumber mills boomed, exporting huge cargoes of lumber and shingles to U.S. and foreign ports. Times were good and plenty of power boating undoubtedly took place. The Great Crash of 1929 introduced the depression that lasted to 1939, but, surprisingly, Bellingham yachting activity showed a marked increase. The city's population remained relatively static between the wars:
1920: 25,535, 1930: 30,823, 1940:
29,314. It is assumed that mill activity on the Bay induced the BYC's removal to Chuckanut Bay on the Larrabee property.
General yachting developments in the 1920's included the advent of NAYRU (North American Yacht Racing Union) in
1925, on top of the local and regional associations. Rules were developed that produced cruisers with moderate, easy lines. More and more one designs appeared, nourishing level racing in classes.
On July 1, 1931, the PIYA regatta opened at Bellingham for the first time since 1906. Over 80 yachts moored in Chuckanut Bay. One design and cruising classes raced a 4.5 mile triangle course in Bellingham Bay off Starr Rock. Powerboat races ran around Eliza Island. Bellingham also hosted the PIYA regattas in 1935 and 1939.
The BYC listed far more powerboats in the Thirties than sailing craft. However, a junior yacht club existed that sailed in various sized dinghies on Chuckanut Bay. Smaller boats hauled out in the winter and stored in sheds at Squalicum, Whatcom Creek, Southside and Chuckanut Bay. In this present day of foul pollution on the bay, it is difficult to believe that citizens enjoyed a beautiful sandy swimming beach just west of Squalicum Creek in the interwar years. They even boasted a ferris wheel and amusement park.
In 1940, even though Canada was at
s:


war, 45 yachts met at Cowichan Bay for a regatta. Faces were missing, whole crews were having a last fling before signing up in the armed forces. The Japanese attack brought the U.S. into World War II. Five years went by before Pacific Northwest yachtsmen renewed the PIYA. As the regatta increased its numbers in the postwar years, the former close homogeneity and fellowship of the interwar years disappeared forever.
In Bellingham, during World War II, many of the powerboaters joined the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary. Bob Diehl, former owner of the authors yacht, and others served as a night patrol, watching for fires in the three shipyards building minesweepers and tugs at Squalicum and Post Point. In assisting the one Coast Guard vessel in the harbor, these sentries made up for the lack of sleep by always being able to obtain fuel in a time of rationing. After VJ day in August of 1945, yachtsmen began to reconsider peace-time life. City population in Bellingham in 1950 amounted to 34,112; in 1960, 34,688; in 1970, 39,797, indicating a shift from a static to growing populace.
Vast and vital changes altered the
I
yachting scene after World War II. As Americans and Canadians began to adjust to the Cold War and the Atomic Age, they also began to race again at PIYA. For several years, no major changes appeared, but in the 1950's, transitions in design and material began to manifest themselves and by the 1960s a veritable revolution erupted, coinciding with the social unrest of that decade. Manila lines and cotton sails were displaced by dacron and nylon. Stainless steel rigging replaced galvanized stays and shrouds. Aluminum spars sprouted. Fiberglass hull construction put sailboats and powerboats within the reach of the man of average income, who realized they were also much easier to maintain. Light displacement hulls, fin keels and spade rudders became popular. Innumerable new electronic gadget festooned the bridges and cockpits of recreational craft, spinoffs of a technological age. The CCA Racing Rule obtained in most regattas. This rule figured handicaps based on a variety of factors: sail area, displacement, hull measurements.
New marinas, brokerages, chandleries, shipyards and lofts emerged. Starting in 1957, Uniflite of Bellingham


developed into one of the nation's finest builders of fiberglass planing cruisers. In the early 60s they built the Luders 44 foot yawls for the U.S. Naval Academy and sloop rigged several 44's for the local owners.
The PIYA regatta reopened its regatta in 1946 at Vancouver. BYC yacht racing did not revive for several years, but the club facilities moved from Chuckanut bay to the foot of Cornwall Avenue.
A building was purchased from Bloedel-Donovan who were ceasing operations. They brought the Chuckanut Clubhouse in on a barge and added a leanto. Then, eight men bought in as the Chuckanut Development Company, attempting to make the BYC a paying venture. They added slot machines, a bar and dining facilities inside and a few floats outside. In winter, boats were stored in the grain elevator at the Port Dock, at the moorage between the Puget Sound Pulp and Timber and the Port Dock, in North Chuckanut Bay, Carland's Lagoon, Wrang's shipyard year Squalicum, but not in Squalicum Harbor itself, which was full of fishing boats. Club members manually operated a "stiff arm"
i
A f
to hoist boats. Around 1952, the club reincorporated on a stock membership structure. The sellers received life memberships as part of the deal.
During the Fifties, the club experienced hard times. Membership amounted to 5-600, with dues at $25.
Some members purchased life memberships in order to help with the finances. In 1937, the Bellingham Boat Owners Association formed and developed a moorage at the South Side Boathaven, in front of the present Uniflite plant. They had broken away from the BYC in a social dispute; they also desired permanent, protected moorage from the Port Commission. A severe storm shattered the wooden breakwater in 1947, causing the BBOA's removal to Squalicum, where they changed their name to Squalicum Yacht Club, enrolling about 80 members.
The year, 1948, was important for the BYC. Six Lightnings were purchased for the purpose of club racing in one designs. In 1946, the BYC listed only twelve boats of all kinds while the BBOA numbered 107. By 1952, BYC recorded 25 assorted sailboats and 72 power, while BBOA cited 98 powerboats. Not only did club racing begin in one designs with
5.


Population Figures
1920
1930
1940
1950
I960
1970
1980
Lightnings, but in 1950, a Dragon was purchased from a Norwegian. Other Dragon purchases constituted the first Dragon fleet in the United States. In 1949, the PIYA campaigned in Bellingham, with 150 entrants. Thus, local sailboat racing began in earnest once again, carrying on until the present.
In 1952, as evidence of the renewed vitality, the BYC staged the official Olympic Games trials for Dragons. The King of Norway donated a beautiful model of a Dragon Boat as the trophy. In 1951, BYC skippers began to compete in spring and summer series for. the Hyde and Hillyard trophies, while Lightnings established a permanent club plaque. Dragons aspired to the Butterfly Trophy. They also set up a trophy for the overall season winner. In the midfifties, enthusiasts raced on opening day in May, continued on Saturdays, Sundays and Wednesdays until Labor Day. Their numbers were not great but they instituted the modern BYC racing pattern. The long distance race around Vendovi Island started with three drinks at the bar and descended to acts of minor sabotage on rival's boats before the LeMans type start.
Bellingham Whatcom County Washington State
25535 50600 1351621
30823 59128 1563396
29314 60355 1736000
34112 66733 2379000
34688 70317 2853214
39797 81377 3341399
45748 106592
A junior sailing program was operated. Six 12' skiffs purchased by the First Mates (the women's group) were outfitted for $50 a boat. In the late 50's they graduated to Penguins and moved to Lake Whatcom. Eight frostbite races a day were held on weekends: rain, sleet, snow or rain. Quite a few BYC youngsters passed through this program before it died out in 1960.
Western Washington State College's Viking Yacht Club also raced Penguins against other colleges and universities.
Seattle hosted 230 boats at the 1952 PIYA. People used to enjoy an entire week at the PIYA in the 50's, a decade less pressurized than the one to follow. Bellingham hosted the PIYA regatta in 1954 and 1959, with 150 boats at each event. Top features included international team races and interclub races. Ladies also raced in Lightnings. The Pacific Northwest Lightning Championships were held on Bellingham Bay in 1953, 1954, 1955 and 1957. Twenty to thirty boats showed at each event.
As the decade ended, sailing in Bellingham began to decline. Boats were sold, fleets faded out. However, the U.S. International 14's Championships
55


were held on the bay in 1961. PIYA continued to grow in the the Northwest: 200 boats at Port Townsend in 1960 and 215 in Seattle in 1962.
The Bellingham Yacht Club relocated to Squalicum Harbor in 1962, following the consolidation of pleasure boats at Squalicum. (The facility on Cornwall was barged down to La Conner and is now the Lighthouse restaurant.)
A new facility was built on port property (see Port of Bellingham) has been added on to once, and is the facility occupied today, with a limit of 1750 members.
In 1963 racing perked up again in Bellingham: Seven to eight sailors
carried on the racing events started in the 50's. Bellingham hosted the PIYA in 1964 with many different events: long and short distance, power and sailboats, dinghys and keel boats. The years, 1965 and 1967 were peak and transition years for the PIYA: West Vancouver hosted 287 boats--a few were fiberglass and Victoria hosted 282 boats. Subsequent years would see fewer and different boats with increasing sophisticated equipment and competing events.
Before World War I it was possible

for a yacht to win for a decade with only occasional modifications. After 1970, many owners believed it advisable to move to a new design every three years. Handicap rules changed the appearance of sailboats from sleek long lines to a shorter, wider look in an effort to get better handicap ratings.
A variety of old and new designs mixed at big regional races. PIYA enrolled as many yachts in a week in 1973 as they did in a year in the 50's.
Boats would attend the PIYA races from as far away as San Francisco. Swiftsure, a long distance race (250 miles) established in the 1930's with six entrants, hosted over 100 boats in the early 1970's, over 200 boats in the late '70s, and was accompanied by other long distance races: West Vancouver Yacht Club's Southern Straits Race, first held in 1969, Seattle Yacht Club's Great Equalizer, 1971, along with a multitude of other events. IPBA carried on the International Cruiser Race, a predicted log race that went to Alaska in alternate years, but no longer met with PIYA in force over the Fourth of July.
In the years 1968-73, powerboats of the BYC vastly outnumbered sailboats: a


reversal of the forties and fifties.
The U.S. Coast Guard Auxilary maintained activity with local safety inspections and patrols, and the U.S. Power Squadron conducted piloting and advanced classes for hundreds of recreational boaters, thereby contributing to water safety and seamanship.
Awards banquets were held yearly where serious dinner and drink blended with serious and bonehead awards. In 1969 a tradition of Wednesday night buffets started, hosted by the BYC and held after the weekly racing series.
BYC in 1964, 1968 and 1970 hosted the PIYA and also hosted the American Intercollegiate Championships in C-Larks in 1969. A junior program sponsored sailing lessons from 1969 to 1971: seventy-five youngsters graduated from classes held in 420's at Lake Whatcom and taught by WWSC students. In 1972 interest faded, but the idea was kept alive with the purchase of six El Toros for the club, kept today in storage and occasionally rented out by the members.
In 1970 the awards banquet added the sailing group from Lake Whatcom. Organized racing was held in 420's and M-scows. Racing on the lake declined in

1973, with the strong exception of the Viking Yacht Club, which, with a fleet of nine 420's, hosted seasonal and regional events for collegiate teams, and sent two teams in 1976 and 1977 to the nationals, with the author as team captain.
The early 1970's witnessed a marked increase in the size, equipment and number of yachts. The BYC hosted an increasing number of events (see Club Events) to accommodate power and sail-boaters, boating and social members.
The number of registered racers went from 44 in 1973 to over 100 in 1980.
The energy crisis had an effect on boating activity: many power boats are for sale at a very reasonable price, but most people elect to keep their boats and make shorter cruises, or cruise in Canadian waters, where fuel is cheaper and more plentiful. Sailing events have increased in number with spring, summer and fall series, weekend races, and the annual PITCH regatta sponsored by BYC: the largest level racing event in North America.
Yachting has been and will continue to be a focal activity in the Bellingham area. The proximity to idyllic cruising
s;


spots, the spirit of competition with the elements and with other boaters, and the opportunity to have social events with people with common interests will continue to pressure Bellingham Yacht Club to expand and improve its facilities as the population of Bellingham and the population of boaters increase.
Start op a Race, for Cruising Boats, in 1937, at Cowiciian Bay
58


yacht club activities
The Bellingham Yacht Club facility is host to many varied activities. The major allocation of space is to the restaurant which, along with the bar, is kept open and accessible to the general membership at all times, no matter what event the yacht club might be hosting at the time. Events are of a social nature, and may be contemporaneous with a holiday, meeting of a special group of members or non-members or a competitive event. Following is a list of events, occasions and general meetings.
. PITCH (Pacific International Ton Championships) is the largest level racing event held in North America. Over 200 sailboats come from all over the northwest to participate in three days of racing over Labor Day weekend. Attendant activities include: dinners and an awards ban-
quet, race committee and protest committee meetings, measurements, general organization and dissemination of information, and copious drinking and socializing.
. Membership meeting: first Wednesday of each month from September to


April. Programs include special speakers, wine tasting, travel/ slide shows, and two Tom and Jerry parties at Thanksgiving and Christmas.
Commodore's Ball in November: a formal event honoring the new Commodore with dinner and a fifteen to seventeen piece band.
Dinner Theatre: once a month for five months.
Theme Nights: members come in costume appropriate to the theme (Country-Western night, Polynesian night, shipwreck night, and Mardi Gras night) and have dinner and dance to a four to five piece band.
A children's Christmas party in December.
First Mates: the women's group meets on the third Tuesday of each month of September-June for lunch. Two meeting days a year are fashion shows, which draw
500 people each day: 300 at lunch, 250 at dinner.
Purse Seiners: a group of women involved in activities benefit-ting the fishing industry have one event monthly at the yacht club.
Propellor Club: an association of businesspeople involved in support of waterfront activities and port functions meets and conducts business and pleasure at the yacht club as do the other following associations:
U.S. Power Squadron (conducts classes for the general public about boating safety and navigation)
Coast Guard Auxilary
Wheel and Keel Yacht Club
Opening Day: the first Saturday in May is the opening day of the boating season. The yacht club organizes and hosts the event.


One hundred seventy-five boats pass in review before a grandstand" of boats at anchor.
Social events and banquets are held at the yacht club after the parade.
The Commodore's Picnic: Inati Bay is about an hour's cruise from the yacht club and is presently held in a ten year lease with a fifty-year option to renew by the yacht club.
It is an ideal place for a day cruise or overnighter with good anchorage, a beach and hiking trails. At the Commodore's Picnic, 500 people participate in an organized cruise to Inati Bay.
The sailing fleet has a spring, summer, and fall series, with races held Wednesday nights, eight to ten times each season. As many as 100 or more boats sail in five divisions. After each race, the yacht club hosts a potluck dinner for the racers and their crew, usually friends,
family or WWU students. The sailing fleet also has five or six overnight/long distance races to other islands annually, and participates in long distance races held by other clubs.
. The women's sailing fleet also has three seasons of series, with racing on Tuesday nights. The women's sailing fleet also has lessons and seminars in the winter.
. Powerboaters do not have as many organized events due to the energy shortage, but they play a tremendous part in the social activities of the club and have organized weekend cruises.
. The Bellingham Yacht Club also sponsors the Sea Scouts, a group of young boaters. They have a 100-passenger boat that is used for cruising and as a committee boat during large race events.
No junior yacht club exists now, however, there are six Toros (8' junior sailing dinghys) stored under the


commercial loan.
building.
The yacht club also plays host to individual parties. The dining room is full to capacity (300) during the noon hour, with mostly business people having lunch. Dinner is served 6:00 10:30 Tuesday through Sunday. Average number of dinners served per night is 150, with more dinners served Friday and Saturday. Lunch and dinner menus are on the following pages.
Bellingham industries conduct business with many foreign companies, and representatives from abroad are often entertained at the yacht club.
The club has the opportunity to select from a large number of bands who travel between Vancouver and Seattle. Bands play dinner and dance music almost every night of the week.
At present, the yacht club has 1,750 active members, 250 out-of-state members, and 75 life members. Annual dues for membership are: active, $125; out-of-state, $62.50; and life members are exempt from payment of dues.
Revenues for 1980: dining room, $520,000; bar, $240,000; dues and income, $190,000.
Construction would be financed by a
e:


| ftv* <^fCtJTKs 4//foCTNs
YourcMain cDiningcHgom at ttie-'fellingt\gm ITaclxf: Club
a member of the Bellingham Yacht Club, it is our desire to serve 1 the best quality available and to serve you and your guests promptly 1 th gracious service.
that you receive your dinner as promptly as possible and prepared rour satisfaction, our service staff hands your order in after you have i hrough the salad bar or you have received your appetizers and a If you are limited for time in receiving your dinner, please advise i /alter or waitress, we will hand your order into the kitchen im-diately so you will receive your entree promptly.
the end of your dinner, the service staff will present your food :< to the host or person requesting check. Your comments are most pful to the membership, management and staff in order that we may r' ually evaluate our menu selections, food preparation and service.
: appreciate your comments to help us serve our members.
njoy 'Youf' ^Evening

Special Cocktail Hors d'Oeuvre-' *Plates
(Served Only in the Bar)
Mixed Seafood Platter.................................
Assorted Prawns, Scallops. Oysters, Cod ami French Fries,
Served with Cocktail and Tartar Sauce
Cold Barbecued Pork Loin..............................
Thin Pork Tenderloin Slices, Served with Our House llot Mustard and Sesame Seeds
Steak Platter.........................................
Choice Cubes of Steak Marinated In Terlyaki Sauce and Served with a Loaf of Our Own Fresh Baked Bread
Appetizers
Shrimp Cocktail...............
with Cocktail Sauce
Shrimp Cocktail...............
with Swedish Sauce
Melon with Parma Ham............................
Thin Slices of Parma Ham. Served Over Melon of the Season
Crab Cocktail....
with Swedish Sauce
Crab Cocktail....
with Cocktail Sauce
From Our Soup Tureeri
Cup Bowl
B<
Soup du Jour.. Clam Chowder
French Onion Soup...........
"au Gratin''
6
kimiMM KtMhlM iKIMfllOfi MUIMMi KVUAMl/fi


eFrom Our Salad Pantry
< ab Louie.....................................................
Fresh Dungcness Crabmeat Served on Crisp Shredded Lettuce, Garnished with a Hard-Cooked Kgg. Ripe Tomato and Olives
irimp Louie.................................................
Sparkling Tiny Rink Shrimp Served on a Bed of Shredded Lettuce. Garnished Exquisitely for Your Eye's Delight
! ilad Bar a La Carte..........................................
Build Your Own Salad from Our Large Assortment of Salad Makings
All Salads are Served with Rolls. Butter and Your Choice of Dressings
Entrees
HICKEN NEPTUNE.......................................
A Creation from (he Yacht Club's Own Kitchen a Breast of Washington Grown Chicken Filled with Dungcness Crabmeat, Cheese and Herbs, Served on a Bed of Steamed Rice with Broccoli and Hollandalsc
\N FRIED LIVER AND ONIONS............................
Liver Cooked lo Your Desire with Sauteed Onions and Grilled Bacon. Garnished with Apple Rings
CORDON BLEU............................................
Veal Slcak Stuffed with Ham and Cheese, Cooked to Perfection
URRIED CHICKEN.......................................
Cubes of Chicken Breast Sauteed in Duller, Onions and White Sauce with a Curry Powder, Served on a Bed of Steamed Rice
URRIED PRAWNS........................................
Five Large Prawns Sauteed In Butter. Onion and White Sauce with Curry Powder, Served on a Bed of Steamed Rice
Unless Otherwise Indicated All Dinners Served with Clam Choivder. Soup du Jour or Salad and Your Choice of Baked Potato. Rice. French Fries
or Onion Rings
flits* s/flQSjlVN* .
cFrom the-' Sea
CAPTAINS PLATE...................................
A Bountiful Harvest from the Ocean Floor Fresh Breaded Fish, Prawns, Oysters and Scallops, Served with Tartar Sauce. Cocktail Sauce and Lemon Wedges
PUGET SOUND OYSTERS...............................
Battered and Deep Fried or Sauteed in White Wine the Pride of the Pacific Northwest
DEEP SEA SCALLOPS.................................
Sauteed In Our Chefs Special Wine Sauce
DEEP FRIED PRAWNS.................................
A Generous Serving of Prawns Served with Tartar Sauce. Cocktail Sauce and Lemon Wedges Always a Crowd Pleaser
SAUTEED DUNGENESS CRAB LEGS.......................
Dungcness Crab Legs Sauteed In White Wine, Butter and Chives. Served with Rice
ALASKA KING CRAB LEG..............................
A House Specialty Broiled Open Faced and Served with Drawn Butter
FILET OF SOLE MEUNIERE..........................
Pan Fried Sole In Butter. Lemon and While Wine
FILET OF SOLE ALMONDINE.........................
Pan Fried Sole in Butter and Lemon. Lightly Sprinkled with Almond Slivers
STEAMER CLAMS BY THE CROCK........................
A I louse Specially
BROILED SALMON....................................
Our Native Pride
POACHED SALMON....................................
A Favorite of the Northwest Served with Hollandalsc Sauce
BROILED LOBSTER TAIL........Priced Dally. Ask Your Walt Person ft
Succulent Lobster. Served with Drawn Butter
Unless Otherwise Indicated All Dinners Served with Clam Chowder. Son/ du Jour or Salad and Your Choice of Baked Potato. Rice. French Fries
or Onion Rings
6 *
------ ^ ^ ttflMi a ^vUrtfUlyS ifvttflf



From the Charbroiler
PRIME RIB
Available Thursday through Sunday the Premium Roast of All. Served In Its Own Natural Juices
ADMIRALS CUT.....................................
An Extra Cut of (he Finest U.S.D.A. Choice Beef
FIRST MATES PORTION................................
A Generous Portion of I he Finest U.S.D.A. Choice Beel
JETITE FILET.......................................
'enter Cut Tenderloin for (lie Lady or Small Appetite, Cooked to Your
)esire
i'i.EET CAPTAINS FILET...........................
A Generous Portion ol Center Cut Choice Tenderloin Cooked to Your test re
: OPPED SIRLOIN STEAK.............................
Freshly Chopped Sirloin Smothered in Sauteed Onions
CW YORK STEAK.....................................
lie King of All Steaks From the Finest of Beef
3i\0CIIETTE OF BEEF...............................
Marinated Cubes of Tenderloin of Beef in a Caesar's Sauce. Served on a lo wer with Mushrooms. Onions and Bell Peppers
5 DAK AND PRAWNS..................................
Filet Sleak with Deep Sea Prawns for the Person Who Wants Both the Land and Sea
r E COMMODORES PLATE.............................
.obster Tall ami Filet a Meal for the Most Discriminate Palate
hi less Otherwise Indicated All Dinners Served with Clam Chowder. Soup du ojr or Salad and Your Choice of linked Iotato. Rice. French Fries or Onion Rings
t ii
3
i
For the Junior Sailors
IUnder Age 121
Barnicle Bill Burger................*.............
A Hamburger Served with Lettuce. Tomato, Pickles and French Fries
Whale of a Fish Tail..............................
Batter Dipped Fish Served wilh French Fries, Wedge of Lemon and Tartar Sauce
Captain Kid Plate.................................
A Junior Serving of Prawns with French Fries. Wedge of Lemon and Tartar Sauce
Garden Vegetables A La Carte
1
1
I
!

Asparagus Spears Hollandaise.... Broccoli Hollandaise.
Fresh Sauteed Mushrooms.......
Beverages
Coffee.......
Decaf or Sanka. Tea...........
Iced Tea...
Milk.......
Large Milk
Birthday or Anniversary Cake (On Short Notice)
Let Us Plan Your Receptions or Private Parties
; (fvyRtjy/
61


^From Our Salad Panfry
ruvii Vegetable Salad............................................4^
li?-4- with Alfalfa Sprouts, Artichoke, Broccoli, Cauliflower and Tomato, Garnished it isparagus Spears, Egg Wedges and Topped with Our Own Paris Dressing
c 3ala3..........................................................
Delightful Salad of Shrimp and Egg. Cubed Chicken and Mixed Fruit, Garnished it omato and Egg
il Houie.........................................................
assed Salad Topped with Crab Meal on a Bed of Romaine Lettuce, Garnished with g Tomato. Black Olive, Bell Pepper and Lemon Wedge, Served with the Dressing
I jr Choice
i...p Couie ......................................................A^A
ossed Salad Topped with Shrimp on a Bed of Romaine Lettuce, Garnished with g Tomato, Black Olive, Bell Pepper and Lemon Wedge. Served with the Dressing
f ir Choice
?ca Turl< a lenerous Portions of Cubed Turkey Served on a Bed of Shredded Lettuce, a >hed with Egg, Tomato. Black Olive and Pickle
1 Sala3........................................................4AA
ri0" Salad Greens with Ham, Turkey and Julienne Slices of Swiss and American h le, Garnished with Egg, Tomato. Black Olives and Pickles, Served with Your h e of Dressing
sso3 Scrimp Sala3..................................................HAA
0 ail Shrimp and Shredded Lettuce Tossed with Thousand Island Dressing, ia ihed with Egg, Lemon and Tomato
ig .Mepfunes Plato..............................................i*AP.
1 ki"o Portion of Potato Salad Surrouned by Crab, Shrimp, Prawns and Salmon,
,c npanied with Hot Sauce and Tartar Sauce
t. Salmon Plato ................................................v>-4A.
fold Poached Salmon Served on a Bed of Romaine Lettuce, Garnished with Egg, c o, Asparagus Spears and Lemon Wedge, Served with Fruit
lo)aisfliner Delights
t al Groun3 &oof Patty................................... 40Q.
>1 J with Cottage Cheese, Tomato Wedges, Vegetable and a Slice of Dry Toast
1 pplo an3 Gollago dl^ooso Sala3................................A£A.
Please (3sh About Our
^From Our Sandwich ISar
^ad|t dlub 13 urgor............................................,
'/* Pound of Choice Meat Patty with Lettuce, Tomato. Our Special Relish, Mayonnaise, Garnished with Pickle Wedge and a Scoop of Potato Salad or French Fries
Gommo3ore I3urgcr................................................A-4A.
'A Pound of Choice Meat Patty with Bacon, Cheese, Lettuce, Tomato. Our Special Relish, Mayonnaise, Garnished with a Pickle Wedge and a Scoop of Potato Salad or French Fries
^)id].........................................A-95 .
Sauteed Mushrooms, Alfalfa Sprouts and Sliced Tomatoes, Topped with Melted Swiss Cheese. Served Open-Faced and Accompanied with Fruit and Cottage Cheese
I3.C.T.........................................................A4A.
Bacon, Lettuce and Tomato on Toasted Bread
l^oasi fSocf San3ittid]........................................A v>Q.
Generous Portions of Sliced Beef, Served with Lettuce, Butter and Mayonnaise
Slicc3 Turb Thinly Sliced Turkey, Served with Lettuce, Butter and Mayonnaise
Clubhouse......................................................4.4 A.
Turkey, Bacon, Lettuce and Tomato Sandwiched Between Three Slices of Toasted Bread
Sgg Sala3 San3it>ich...........................................4- 40.
A Blend of Eggs and Mayonnaise
Triple Deeper..................................................4 #A.
Ham, American Cheese and Tomato Slices Served on Toasted Sourdough Bread
ii.y.d. .......................,...............................
A Blend of Crab Meat, Cheddar Cheese and Our Owrf Wine Sauce, Served on a Toasted English Muffin, Garnished with Lettuce, Tomato and Black Olive
6 <


Hoi Snfrees
i iune dasserole...................................................
Choice of Shrimp or Crab Baked in a Cheese Sauce, Served with Asparagus Spears, ist and Fruit
c ains Plate......................................................
A Mixed Hale of Deep Fried Prawns, Scallops, Fish and Oysters, Served with French }3, Cole Slaw and Tartar Sauce
i t of Solo..........................................................HAiQ
uep Fried and Served with French Fries, Cole Slaw and Tartar Sauce
< > Tried Prawns.................................................M 'P.
nd Battered Prawns, Served with French Fries, Cole Slaw and Tartar Sauce
an s Pride of Puget Sound, Served with French Fries, Cole Slaw and Tartar Sauce
i :l]oon Steal* Special...........................................
0 oz New York Steak, Served with French Fries and Soup or Salad, Just the Flight
e for Lunch
1 ich Dip...........................................................Ai^A.
Slices of Ftoast Beef, Served on a French Roll with au Jus, Accompanied by nch Fries
) tern Dip...........................................................A.1A
Generous Portion of Ground Beef, Served on a French Roll with au Jus,
Accompanied by French Fries
Side Orders
r^hTries loO Polalo Salad -.
n Rings J.45, Collage Cheese . , Wq
IScoerages
£ m.5 -Ms
oa .45 tfQilh .50 .45
: iea .MS Bullermilh $Q
Desseris
: ream .45 (?fy<>s i. \ .40 tfi)alnul Cahe .... )A5
Sundaes............................
Pineapple, Chocolate or Butterscotch
Special (Zocl^fail Kors clOeupre Plates
Served Only In the Bar
ftOiftod Seafood Platter.....................................k.-^Q 1C
Assorted Prawns, Scallops, Oysters, Cod and French Fries, Served with Cocktail and Tartar Sauce
dold ISarbecued Pori* Coin...................................te.-5Q ... 1C
Thin Pork Tenderioln Slices, Served with Our House Hot Mustard and Sesame Seeds
Steal* Platter............................................................H
Choice Cubes of Steak Marinated in Teriyakl Sauce, Served with a Loaf of Our Own Fresh Baked Bread
(Appetizers
Shrimp docl*tail................drab docl*!ail.................................1
with Cocktail Sauce with Swedish Sauce
Shrimp Oocl*toil................4AA drab docl*fail.............................1
with Swedish Sauce with Cocktail Sauce
ftftelon u?ifh Parma Ham.......................................................M
Two Thin Slices of Parma Ham Served over Fresh Melon of the Season
Trom Our Soup Tureen
Cup Bowl
.45 .45 .45 U5
Trench Onion Soup "au Gratin .
Soup du Sour dlam dhovoder
6*


pre-design
research
Pre-design research is concerned with obtaining information about users which will aid the designer in designing a product which meets the users needs. The user group of the yacht club is easily identified and willing to cooperate in discussion about the yacht club activities and about the problems of the existing facility and potential assets of a new facility. Here is a summary of ideas that were related during interviews with members (power-boaters, sailors and non-boatowners), present and former officers of the club, and the manager.
The present yacht club facility is a social club more than a yacht club in that social activities are accomodated and activities directly related to boating are not. Showers, a workshop area, and a small boat dock were mentioned often as potentially useful functions, as was an area convertable to a childcare use during evening races.
The sailors would like to see the club spend less money on remodels, silverware and so on, and would like to purchase a Boston Whaler or another type of fifteen to twenty foot motorboat to run races and set marks. If the


facility were set back more from the water's edge, an area could be created in front to have a hoist and an area to store such a boat. The area could also be used by large, informal groups that gather between races or during summer sailing classes
Younger community members though not considered to be club "joiners" -need to be encouraged to join the yacht club and support the activities. This could possibly be accomplished by having more than one major social space in the facility, and by encouraging small boat sailing and racing.
The lobby is too small and too dark. The coat room is inadequate.
In a sense, the lounge/dining/ dance area is too large; too many conflicting uses occur simultaneously.
The lounge area alone is not large enough, is often too crowded, and generates a noise level not appreciated by the diners. It also faces away from the view. The size and openness of the dining area is not a problem as people like to socialize and "table-hop"; however, some semi-privacy could be created between tables by plants, and temporary dividers are used often and
should be of a soundproof and aesthetic nature. Dividing the dining room in a permanent fashion would also divide the open view of the water.
Nautical allusions, particularly ramps, waste space and make some people feel like they are on parade. Columns in the dining room interfere with sight lines during dinner theatre. The dance floor is often wasted space; a movable parquet floor could be installed on dance nights and removed for meetings or other events. Air conditioning is needed.
Mentioned more than anything else was a need to have more communication with the outdoors. A porch or veranda would create access to the outside, and could be glassed in during the winter to have a sunroom.
The kitchen area works well in terms of flow, but is cramped and overloaded and needs to be increased in size and available workspace. The kitchen should be centrally located with served areas branching off--"every step costs money." The bar lacks sufficient refrigeration space.
Meeting rooms need to comfortably hold small groups of 30 or less,


receptions of 60 people, meetings of 120, or parties of 300. The Commodore's Room is the ideal size for its meeting function; the Ward Room needs to be doubled for its party function. Lighting is fluorescent, harsh, and should be controlled by dimmers. A psychological problem coexists with putting all meeting areas downstairs; it could be overcome by putting informal uses downstairs--a Junior Yacht Club meeting room, showers, employee lockers and lounge area, and storage.
The manager's office is small and doesn't afford the privacy necessary for employer-employee relations. The assistant manager also needs a desk. Employees do not have adequate lounge, locker, or dining space.
*

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qualitative
descriptioKis
Selected general building area categories contain sub-areas. The general categories are
lobby
lounges
dining area
stage and dance floor
kitchen
offices
restrooms
meeting rooms
employees
storage
services
mechanical
circulation
Qualitative descriptions for most of the areas follow, with a summary of square footage allocations at the end.


lobby
Nature of activity: supervision, information, waiting, trophy display, reservations, cashier, phoning, entry.
Spatial character: "top aesthetics", introduction to and interaction with other areas, focus to reception as entering, gracious, reflective of yachting activity.
Functional relationship: supervision of areas; screening of members; monitor pulse of activity throughout building; close to toilets, vending, phone; waiting area for persons with reservations for dinner.
Accessibility: easy, direct ac-
cess from parking, less direct from moorage.
Security: this is the center of
supervision; cash, coats and other valuables will have to be kept secure; members can be
screened, non-members and guests must register.
Furnishings and Equipment: seat- ing, counter, cash register, intercom/p.a., cupboard storage, light controls, display case--trophies, pay phones, vending machine (cigarettes), clock.
Environmental controls: air-lock entry, circuit controls for building, control solar heat gain, shelter for outside waiting.
Orientation: shelter from wind,
visibility to parking, pick-up point.
Light: subdued light in waiting
area, task lighting at reception desk, accent lighting on display, well-lit entry for persons arriving after dark.
Special surfaces: entry doors must have transparency for safety, carpet floor mirrors for security observation, glass display cases.
Space allocation: 1,100 sq. ft.
waiting area and display 600 desk and work area 100
counter 100
phone and vending 50
75


lounges
Nature of activity: drinking, socializing, entertaining.
Spatial character: social atmosphere, yet privacy at tables; less formal than dining.
Accessibility: tie to dancing
area, bar and storage, dining area; one lounge directly accessible to deck; one lounge directly accessible from lobby; no direct access to public.
Security: persons entering are
screened by bartender.
Furnishings: tables and chairs
for lounging; space at the bar.
Environmental controls: good acoustics; control solar heat gain; adequate ventilation.
Orientation: inward, as a social
room, and outward to the view.
Lighting: control glare while
utilizing daylighting; subdued, warm, dimmer-controlled lighting that flatters people.
Special surfaces: carpet floor, acoustically absorbent ceiling; quality furnishings.
Space allocation: 5,200 sq. ft.
bar
bar storage seating
150 150 1,800 (x2=) 4,200 1,000
roof deck


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.1
dining area
Nature of activity: lunching, dining, drinking, socializing, entertaining .
Spatial character: spacious, formal yet gracious, communal, social atmosphere yet privacy at the table.
Functional relationship: direct ties from lounge, lobby and kitchen; proximity to dance floor so dinner music is audible but not too loud, view important; proximity to stage for dinner theatre.
Accessibility: handicapped access
direct from lobby; serving and dish-removing access directly to and from kitchen.
Security: persons entering are
screened by Maitre D.
Furnishings and equipment: tables and chairs, dividers, podium for Maitre D. buffet (removable), screen for slides, wait stations (to include coffee urns, water pitchers, glasses, cups).
Environmental controls: good acoustics; control solar heat gain; adequate ventilation; p.a. system, limit noise from other rooms.
Orientation: inward, as a social
room, and outward to the view.
Lighting: control glare while
utilizing daylighting; subdued, warm, dimmer-controlled lighting that flatters people and food.
Special surfaces: carpet floor; acoustically absorbent ceiling; quality furnishings.
Space allocation: 2,175 sq. ft.
reservations/menus 25 seating 2,000 wait stations (3x50=) 150


kitchen
Nature of activity: cooking, food preparation, dishwashing and clean-up.
Spatial character: clean, efficient, durable, bright.
Functional relationship: direct tie to dining room, tie to meeting rooms via dumbwaiter, delivery dock.
Accessibility: delivery directly
to kitchen, separate entry for employees.
Security: secure storage; safety
is important.
Furnishings and equipment: work counters, dishwasher, grill/ range,oven, deep fryer, large sinks, refrigerator (walk-in), freezer, exhaust hoods, mixer, pots, pans, dishes, utensils, cupboards, pass-through areas, electrical outlets, food storage (rodent-proof), stools, micro-wave, ice machine, commercial
garbage disposal, fire extinguishers .
Environmental controls: Avoid odors spreading into building (vent hoods), contain the kitchen sounds, operable windows, thoroughly washable (must be disinfected, sanitary).
Orientation: exterior concern is
for delivery and ability to vent adequately.
Lighting: generous lighting with
task lighting, natural light is desirable.
Special surfaces: everything has to be able to be antiseptically clean; stainless steel fixtures and equipment is most common.
Space Allocation: 2,200 sq. ft.
kitchen 1,600
storage 350
chefs office 100
employee dining 150


offices
Nature of activity: paper work; administration; accounting; communications .
Spatial character: simple, light and cheerful, organized, privacy where needed for employee relations .
Functional relationship: independent of daily club activities tie to reception, storage handy.
Accessibility: not directly open
to public.
Security: valuables such as type-
writers, files, special equipment and safes must be able to be secured.
Furnishings and equipment: four to five desks with chairs, typewriters, wastebaskets, phones, plenty of outlets, work tables.
Environmental controls: good
accoustics to keep it reasonably quiet for working, standard HVAC
Orientation: Inward to activities
of accounting, organization, supervision.
Light: natural lighting desirable;
task lighting for work areas.
Special surfaces: carpet floor, acoustically absorbent ceiling.
Space allocation: 925 sq. ft.
manager 125 assistant manager 100 accounting 300 storage 400
79


restrooms
Nature of activity: washing, showering, "going to the bathroom," changing clothes, looking at.one's self.
Spatial character: not a place to linger, scrubbed clean, some privacy.
Functional relationship: restroom tie to lobby, lounge and dining room, shower/restrooms tie to dock, meeting rooms.
Accessibility: handicapped; not
directly accessible from outdoors.
Security: individual responsi-
bility; provide lockers.
Furnishings and equipment: men's restroom--urinals, toilets, lavatories; women's restroom--toilets, lavatories, vanity area; men's shower/restroom-- toilets, urinals, showers, dressing area, lockers, mirrors with shelves, waste baskets, outlets; women's shower/ restroom--toilets, showers,
dressing area, lockers, mirrors with shelves, waste baskets, outlets.
Environmental controls: good
ventilation due to high moisture problem; non-corrosive materials; visual barriers to avoid possible embarrassment; control acoustics.
Orientation: acts as interior
link; no apparent need to respond to exterior forces.
Lighting: extra lighting by mir-
rors, less illumination in toilet and shower areas; moderate to high illumination level in locker and circulation areas.
Special surfaces: carpet locker areas, waterproof floor with drains for toilet, lavatories and circulation; tile floor and walls in showers, use acoustically absorbent materials where possible, special care needs to be taken to keep water from being carried over into dry (carpeted) areas.
Space allocation: 1,400 sq. ft.
men's restroom 300
women's restroom 300
men's shower/restroom 400 8C


meeting rooms
Nature of activity: meetings of groups, organizations, classes; receptions, banquets; slides and movies; parties.
Spatial character: many uses, therefore flexible, divisible.
Functional relationship: easy flow from entry; proximity to kitchen via dumbwaiter, storage nearby, toilets nearby, bar optional for use.
Accessibility: must come through lobby first for screening, directions.
Security: moderate for meeting rooms, but secure storage necessary.
Furnishings: all portable furni-
ture; tables and chairs easily put in storage; projector, chalkboards, screens should be available; flexible partitions.
Environmental controls: window shades, control p.a. for room;
adequate ventilation for large groups, operable windows. Orientation: good view and natur-
al light if possible.
Light: general illumination sub-
divided by switches for each area, spotlights for focus points (speaker), dimmer switches; flattering quality, control natural light Special surfaces: hard carpet or hardwood, acoustics must not be too harsh (avoid excessive hard surfaces).
Space allocation: 3,800 sq. ft.
Commodore's room (meetings) 500 Ward Room (parties) 1,800
Junior Room (both) 1,500


Lobby 1,100 sq. ft.
waiting area and display 600
desk and work area 100
counter 100
phone and vending 50
coat room 250
Lounges (two) 5,200 sq. ft.
bar 150
bar storage 150
. seating 1,800 (x2=) 4,200
roof deck 1,000
Dining Area 2,175 sq. ft.
reservations/menus 25
seating 2,000
wait stations (3x50=) 150
Stage and Dance Floor 1,100 sq. ft.
stage 200
dance floor 900
sjsace allocation summary
Kitchen 2,200 sq. ft
kitchen 1,600
storage . 350
chefs office 100
employee dining 150
Offices 925 sq. ft
manager 125
assistant manager 100
accounting 300
storage 400
Restrooms 1,400 sq. ft
men's restroom 300
women's restroom 300
men's shower/restroom 400
women's shower/restroom 400
Meeting rooms 3,800 sq. ft
Commodore's room (meetings) 500 Ward Room (parties) 1,800
Junior Room (both) 1,500


Employees 300 sq. ft.
lounge and lockers 300
Storage 1,500 sq. ft.
furniture 1, 000
boats 500
Services 400 sq. ft.
laundry 150
storage 50
j anitor 200
Mechanical 700 sq. ft.
Circulation @ 20% 3,445 sq. ft.
24,270 total
sq. ft.
Site Additions:
covered work space boat hoist small boat dock and access
83


diagrammatic
relationships


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process
Plans were obtained for three yacht clubst Bellingham Yacht Club, Seattle Yacht Club, and San Francisco Yacht Club, Rooms were measured, charted, and correlated, with respect to number of members. Square footages for the new yacht club were determined by extrapolating correlations and adjusting them using suggestions and complaints from the pre-design research.
0


BYC sq.ft. SYC sqft# SFYC sq.ft.
meeting room 984 storage 440 porch 567
foyer 280 men 214 entrance 270
accounting 280 boiler room 447 stair hall 648
laundry 84 junior room 1496 main lounge 1920
men/shower 140 binnacle 1548 stage 192
women/shower 140 storage 368 lounge 2079
liquor storage 128 office 308 grille room 1755
banquet 308 storage 430 office 888 '
furniture storage 924- employee's lounge 143 pantry 261
bar 140 shower 121 coats 264
mechanical 364 storage 104 locker 540
janitor 196 storage 270
employee 196 men 440 toilets 405
Commodore's room 4l4 foyer 612 mechanical 720
lobby 360 office 344
coats 77 coat room 130 main dining 4125
office 99 linen closet private dining 1254
men 340 kitchen 1368 chart room 990
women 340 dining room 253 kitchen 1656
cashier 192 bar 56 balcony 855
bar storage 161 gallery 112 toilets 432
bar 140 social hall 1496 storage 450
lounge 1458 main dining room 1505 staff 364
dance floor 924 15$ circulation ,3H5
dining 1584 women 209 24035
band/stage 128 Commodore's room 572
kitchen 950 lounge 1782
kitchen storage 344 men 168
15% circulation 1251 storage 144
13^26 roof deck 1088
15$ circulation 2384
10282


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sources
Hitchman, James H. The Port of Bellingham. 1920-1970.
Yacht Racing on Bellingham Bay 1877-1973*
Jones, Bernie. Doing Sociology with the Design Professions.
Morris, Frank. Marine Atlas.
Thomas, Robert. Chuckanut Chronicles.
Martin, Harry. Contemporary Homes of the Pacific Northwest, various pamphlets from the Bellingham Chamber of Commerce.
Atkin, W.W. and Adler, Joan. Interiors Book of Restaurants. Whitney Library of Design, N.Y..N.Y. 19^01
Davern, Jeanne M. Places for People. McGraw Hill, N.Y. 1976.
Lawson, Fred. Restaurant Planning and Design. Design Council Publications, London, U.K. 1973*
Smith, Douglas. Hotel and Restaurant Design. Design Couhcil Publications, London, U.K. 1978.
Packard, R.T. Architectural Graphic Standards.
Time-Saver Standards
Washington State Rules and Regulations. An Illustrated Handbook for Barrier Free
Design.


interviews
June 3
Carol Hansen, secretary, Everett Yacht Club
Pat Ambrose, sailor, member, Bellingham Yacht Club
Rick Wilson, vice-commodore, Bellingham Yacht Club
June 5
Bill Lausch, harbormaster, Port of Bellingham August 1?
Marilyn Vogel, Bellingham Planning Department
Paul Rushing, administrator, Whatcom County Building Department Marsha Bolster, interior designer and long-time resident
Lyle Erlewine, architect and principal, Architects Johnson/Erlewine/Christensen August 18
Potts Swartz, sailor and member, BYC
Babs Baker, member, director, Planned Parenthood
Brian Griffin, businessman, Griffin Garett Johansen & Schacht, sailor and active member, BYC
Jeannie DeLorme Carlson, interior designer, member BYC Pete Ambrose, physican, sailor, member BYC
August 19
Dan Olson, sailor, long-time member and former commodore, BYC August 20
Bob Jerstedt, Jerstedt Lumber, powerboater, member, BYC Bob Williamson, graphic artist at WWU, sailor, member BYC Dick Ameny, club manager, BYC
Tony Donato, designer in-house for Dos Padres Restaurants, member BYC and sailor