Citation
Englewood Community Center

Material Information

Title:
Englewood Community Center Englewood, Colorado
Creator:
Munyan, William A
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
57 unnumbered leaves : charts, maps, plans ; 28 cm

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Community centers -- Designs and plans -- Colorado -- Englewood ( lcsh )
Community centers ( fast )
Colorado -- Englewood ( fast )
Genre:
Designs and plans. ( fast )
bibliography ( marcgt )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
Designs and plans ( fast )

Notes

Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references (leaf 57).
General Note:
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Master's degree in Architecture, College of Design and Planning.
Statement of Responsibility:
William A. Munyan.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Colorado Denver
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
09208608 ( OCLC )
ocm09208608
Classification:
LD1190.A72 1982 .M86 ( lcc )

Full Text
Qatfc ?A2fi4 00265 8764
ENGLEWOOD COMMUNITY CENTER
ENGLEWOOD, COLORADO
A PARTIAL FULLFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE FALL 1982
WILLIAM A. MUNYAN MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE THESIS DESIGN PROJECT COLLEGE OF ENVIROMENTAL DESIGN UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER


PREFACE


PREFACE
This thesis design project is the culmination of my college education at the University of Colorado. At the Graduate School of Architecture my thesis design offers an opportunity to utilize this knowledge in a project that can be carried beyond the design development stage into a complete and integrated solution.
Since the early 1900's, parks and recreation facilities have been recognized as a significant responsibility of municipal government in the United States. Every major city in the country operates a system of parks, playgrounds, athletic fields, zoos, museums, pools, golf courses and similar facilities. The needs of various age groups are met by athletic, social, cultural and similar activities; today, well over a billion dollars are spent each year by cities, towns and villages to support such programs.
It is widely accepted that park and recreation departments make an important contribution to helping cities become healthier and happier places in which to live. Englewood, Colorado is attempting to enrich the existing community services with the addition of new cultural and recreational facilities. My goal is to design a community recreation facility to meet the needs of the City of Englewood.


LOCATION


LOCATION
Downtown Englewood is located astride some of the major arterial corridors in the south Denver metropolitan area. South Broadway and U.S. 285 cut right through it, while South Santa Fe Drive serves as a western boundary. The following map indicates the boundaries of the downtown area and shows that this high activity center has residential development on three sides the north, east and south.


GENERAL LAND USE PLAN
1. CINDERELLA CITY SHOPPING CENTER
2. BROADWAY/ACOMA RETAIL AREA 3 GIRARD STREET RETAIL AREA
4. PRIME DEVELOPMENT AREA
5. PUBLIC DEVELOPMENT AREA
6. MEDICALLY REFLATED DEVELOPMENT
7. MIXED USE AREA
8. HOTEL /OFFICE / PUBLIC PARKING AREA




LOCATION
Downtown Englewood is located astride some of the major arterial corridors in the south Denver metropolitan area. South Broadway and U.S. 285 cut right through it, while South Santa Fe Drive serves as a western boundary. The following map indicates the boundaries of the downtown area and shows that this high activity center has residential development on three sides the north, east and south.


PARKS AND RECREATION
The parks and recreation program began in the late 1940's with a single park and the Old Timer's baseball program. Parks expansion received a big boost in 1964 when voters approved the sale of the city's largest park for $1 million. With these funds, the parks department was able to purchase plots of land for neighborhood parks in many parts of the city.
Although development of new parks has continued, there remains a lack of open space and green areas throughout much of the city, especially in older residential areas. The number of recreational services is still below national standards for Englewood's population.
It has been and continues to be the primary goal of the Englewood Parks and Recreation Department to improve upon the quality of life for all citizens of the community. By providing varied wholesome leisure opportunitites, it is our belief that this goal can be attained. In 1977 the Elsie Malley Senior Recreation Center was opened as a result of the need being recognized to serve the older population of Englewood. Senior citizens constitute approximately 16% of the population of this community; and it is, therefore, suggested that an obligation exists to provide the remainder of the population with the same service.
The need for a community center in Englewood is great. The Parks and Recreation Department almost totally depends upon the schools for facilities in which recreation programs can be offered and will continue to use them whenever they are available. But there is a need for a facility that can be used during school hours as well as after-school hours. Leisure time programs should be offered when people have their leisure time.
Over 75% of the population in the Denver Metropolitan area has use of, and suuports with tax monies, a community center which would indicate that community center services are generally desired by a large majority of the people in the metro area. Englewood is one of the few communities not providing these services.


Englewood has very few undeveloped tracts of land in the City which poses a very difficult problem when attempting to locate a site on which a community center might be built. Ideally the Center should be located near the center of town in an area some distance from residences so as not to cause concern regarding traffic congestion, parking and noise. Access to public transportation would also be a very important consideration. Land which is more square then linear would lend itself to a more functional building design. Passive solar and energy conservation design could be utilized if the land had a south exposure and a slight slope. The City of Englewood Community Development Department was asked to assist in pinpointing potential sites utilizing the criteria which had been recommended. (See the site list and map included with this report.)
i




INTERNAL CIRCULATION




POTENTIAL COMMUNITY CENTER SITES
1. 800 West Dartmouth Avenue (approximately 5 acres):
Advantages: Centrally located near Cinderella City activity center with nearby existing parking and adjacent to Cushing Park.
Di sadvantages: The land is partially in the flood plain. The design of buildings would be more difficult because of the linear shape of the land. Future light rail system may encroach on the land and make it less desirable because of the view and noise. This site is also a landfill which would make it difficult to build on.
2. West of Kalamath Street between Nassau and Oxford Avenues, adjacent to Seal test Dairy property (approximately 5 acres):
Advantages: Centrally located with good access from residential areas. Level land of the proper shape and design. This property is surrounded on three sides by industrial use which would lessen chance of residential complaints regarding parking and noise.
Disadvantages: The site is not near an activity center and there is no direct public transportation service in this area.
3. West of the City Ditch between West Tufts and Stanford Avenues (approximately 5.5 acres):
Advantages: Level land of proper shape and size with good access from West Tufts Avenue and residential neighborhoods. Could provide a buffer between residential and industrial uses.
Disadvantages: Not centrally located nor is it near the more densely populated center of Englewood. The site has industrial uses on three sides.


4. Decatur Street and Union Avenue, next to Centennial Park (approximately 5.6 acres):
Advantages: The site could be an extension of Centennial Park which would provide open space and some sharing of parking. Good access on South Federal Boulevard and West Union and could be served by public transportation.
Disadvantages: The irregular size of the parcels of land -one square parcel of 2.6 acres and seven lots which combine to make a rectangular parcel to the north. Not centrally located and within two miles of Sheridan's Community Center.
5. First National Bank property, 34400 blocks of South Cherokee and South Bannock Streets (acreage not available):
Advantages: Good central location in an activity center. Good access for all modes of transportation. It could provide a link between 3400 South Broadway commercial center and Cinderella City and be a factor for the revitalization of the downtown area.
| Disadvantages: Necessity of complete cooperation of the First National Bank in development of their future plans for this area which are unknown at this time. The future RTD Center has not been determined. It is unlikely that First National Bank would abandon this property.
6. Golf Course property, or the addition of land adjacent:
Advantages: Combined use of City owned land with golf course and other recreational uses now in the planning stage. Good access on West Oxford Avenue and affords a great deal of flexibility of design.


- Disadvantages: Not centrally located or within the city limits of Englewood. Within two miles of Sheridan Community Center. This property is also a landfill and would be difficult to build on.
7. Prowswood Site, east of South Lafayette Street and north of U.S. 285 (approximately 35.18 acres):
Advantages: Centrally located with good access near high density residential areas. Good access to public transportation.
Disadvantages: The use of this site would require an amendment to the recorded planned development of some 1,100 residential units. This would cut down on the open space for the development.
8. Pasternack Property in southeast Englewood (approximately 16 acres):
Advantages: Large amount of land available; this land is defined in the comprehensive plan as best used for park, open space and recreation uses. Good access to the property. Use of this property for recreational purposes may overcome some objections to the water tower.
Disadvantages: The property is partly in the flood plain. The best access is from Littleton rather than Englewood and is not centrally located.
9. Small scattered sites throughout the City:
a. Washington School (approximately 1.5 acres) b. Elsie Duncan School (approximately 1 acre) c. Scenic View School (approximately 3.3 acres)
Advantages: Dispersal of recreational activities throughout the City with priority given to neighborhood needs. The buildings are already there with some community needs being met immediately. The spread-out use could make it more accessible to more neighborhoods.


Disadvantages: Remodeling design to include all uses will be less flexible. It would preclude the future use of the building as a school. Parking space would be limited and none of these facilities would have direct bus service. Neighborhood centers would not meet the need for one large community recreation center in Englewood. None are very centrally located.
10. Denny Miller Field, 3600 block between South Elati and
South Cherokee (approximately 5.5 acres):
Advantages: Very centrally located near activity
center. Accessible from all sides with public transportation available. Size and shape of land are good.
Disadvantages: Would require the relocation of Denny Miller field and Miller Building Craft Center which would be costly.
11. Sinclair Middle School:
Advantages: This school has a wide variety of rooms
which would accommodate many of the facilities desirable in a community center. A swimming pool does exist which could be covered for year-round use. Location is fairly central with reasonable access to public transportation. Size and shape of land offer much potential.
Disadvantages: The size of the building is greater than would be needed and supervisions and control of a facility this size would pose a costly problem because of its layout. Adequate off-street parking would be less than is needed. Extensive remodeling would be required in order to accommodate racquetball/handball courts. Abandonment by the School District is doubtful.


12. Flood Middle School:
Advantages: Again, this building has a wide variety
of useful rooms and facilities that would be functional as a community recreation center. Location is very central and there is good access to public transportation.
Disadvantages: The same problem exists as far as size of the building and supervision problems that would result. Very little parking is available, and the building is not accessible on the north because of Highway 285. The plumbing and wiring are quite old, and extensive remodeling would be necessary in order to accommodate racquetball/handball courts. Abandonment by the School District is unknown.


SITE GROUPS
GROUP 1 FIRST CHOICE:
1. Site 10 - Miller Field
2. Site 7 - Kenyon/Galapago
3. Site 13 - Kenyon/Jefferson
4. Site 8 - Kenyon/Inca
GROUP 2 SECOND CHOICE:
5. Site 14 Swedish Site
6. Site 15 Dairy Site
7. Site 6 Floyd/Huron
GROUP 3 THIRD CHOICE:
8. Site 11 Floyd/Acoma
9. Site 12 Logan/Hampden
10. Site 3 West Stanford/City Ditch
11. Site 9 Galapago/Belleview
GROUP 4 FOURTH CHOICE:
12. Site 5 - West Quincy/Railroad
13. Site 4 - Radcliff/Windermere
14. Site 2 - West Quincy/Railroad
15. Site 1 - West Belleview/Windermere


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SITE EVALUATION MATRIX ENGLEWOOD COMMUNITY CENTER


SITE EVALUATION
Denny Miller Park: Bounded by West Ithaca, West Jefferson,
South Elati and South Cherokee.
Site Area:
400' x 600' = 240,000 S.F. or 5.5 acres.
Positive Factors:
(Excluding land cost)
1. Good vehicular access.
2. Near downton.
3. Good pedestrian access to southern residential area.
4. Topography good.
5. Good solar exposure.
6. No (known) drainage problems.
7. Utilities immediately available
8. Public transportation access.
Negative Factors: (Excluding land cost)
1. Would require demolition of existing Denny Miller Building and/or other existing recreation facilities.


SUN
W. HAMPDEN


CONTOURS


WIND FREQUENCY


ENVIRONMENTAL GUILDLINES
1. Solar and Wind Exposure:
Tall structures located adjacent to major open spaces should be sited to insure maximum sunlight on the open spaces during the winter months.
The grouping of tall buildings should be sited to allow for proper air circulation.
Tall buildings should be sited upon the north side of pedestrian spaces to provide protection from winter storms.
Wind breaks such as tree groupings should be provided in all major open spaces.
2. Planting:
Plant materials should be selected from varieties and species that are acclimated for special climatic conditions found within the Englewood area. Attention should be given to the size and character of materials which will produce the desired landscaped effect. Provisions should be made for irrigation and feeding systems and placement for proper maintenance and protection to insure mature growth of the plants.
a. Plant materials should be arranged in a manner to complement the architectural quality of plaza areas.
b. Deciduous trees should be used in plaza areas to al-allow sunlight during the winter months.
3. Parking:
a. Parking areas should be screened from public view by landscaping.
b. The use of berms should be encouraged along the major street system to complement the planting effect and to provide a protective separation and screening device between pedestrian and vehicle.


CLIMATE
Sun: Winter 40 N Latitude
AM PM AZIMUTH ALTITUDE
12:00 180- O' 26-30'
10:00 2:00 150-30' 20-30'
8:00 4:00 127- O' 5-30'
7:30 4:30 121- O' 0- O'
Fall, Spring
AM PM AZIMUTH ALTITUDE
12:00 180- O' 50- O'
10:00 2:00 138- O' 41-30'
8:00 4:00 110-30l 22-30'
6:00 6:00 90- O' 0- O'
Summer
AM PM AZIMUTH ALTITUDE
12:00 180- O' 73-30'
11:00 1:00 138- O' 69- O'
10:00 2:00 114- O' 60- 0
8:00 4:00 89- O' 37-30'
4:30 7:30 59- O' 0- O'


Temperature:
DEGREE DAYS
DAY AVERAGE NIGHT AVERAGE HEATING COOL II
J 37.5 14.4 1204 0
F 46.1 22.9 876 0
M 49.9 26.1 828 0
A 59.4 35.9 514 2
M 68.4 45.8 247 10
J 87.0 56.8 9 224
J 89.8 62.9 0 358
A 87.1 59.2 4 263
S 80.7 50.8 56 88
0 67.0 37.8 386 1
N 55.3 28.5 683 0
D 55.0 27.4 731 0
Precipitation: 14" per year.
Snow averages 54" per year.


Wind:
DIRECTION AVERAGE VELOCITY
J SE 7.2 mph
F sw 7.7 mph
M w 8.5 mph
A WNW 8.5 mph
M N 8.4 mph
J s 8.5 mph
J s 8.0 mph
A s 8.4 mph
S s 7.5 mph
0 s 6.0 mph
N ssw 7.5 mph
D ssw 8.0 mph


building


GENERAL DESIGN AND PROGRAM
A community center is just as its name implies: a center at which the community can gather to enjoy their leisure moments. Consequently, it should be located relatively close to the population area.
The outside architecture of any community center should be neat and attractive. It should blend in with area architecture and the natural surroundings. Vandal proofing the exterior is also important. Excessive glass and roofs that are easily accessible should be avoided. It may also be necessary to install a security system.
The most important design considerations are traffic control and ease of supervision. A center can be a very relaxed place to work as well as play. However, poor design, making constant supervision necessary, often causes a very tense atmosphere.
There is no substitute for quality design and construction. A clean wholesome atmosphere will create a feeling for clean wholesome living. Earthtone colors will blend with all seasons and create a sense of warmth and well being. Outside decks provide places to relax and additional summer program space.
Quality carpets should be purchased. The areas that wear first should be carpeted with a different color carpet, making a nice color contrast and allowing wear areas to be replaced without replacing the entire carpet.
There can never be enough storage. With a high level of programming, it may be wise to purchase a washer and dryer to launder towels and uniforms. Storage off the main office is an absolute necessity. It will be used to store equipment issued daily, lost and found, etc.
A. Lobby:
The lobby is the first inside area the patrons will see. It should create a good impression. Soft music, attractive plantings, attractive program display units, hotel type reception desk and business office, etc. are most appropriate.


The registration area should be neat, efficient and professional in appearance. Most important, it must allow for good crowd control and supervision. Plenty of storage is necessary.
B. Lounge and Concession:
One room in the center should have a relaxing, quiet atmosphere. A fireplace, carpet, comfortable furniture, attractive paintings, etc. will help create the appropriate mood. If the setting of the center is in an attractive outdoor setting, one wall should be entirely glass affording a pleasant outdoor view (i.e., if the setting is in the woods, then bird and animal feed stations should be outside the window with hidden microphones bringing the natural woodland sounds into the quiet lounge).
The concession area should not be a part of the lounge area. The concessions may be a group of vending machines in a separate area with a tile floor. The area should be very visible from supervision control points.
Either a vending machine area or private concession food stand can be successful. Most centers are converting private concessions to vending units.
It is important that vending machines cover all outlets and that ample storage is allowed for stocking vendible items. A small area in the concession room should be a-vailable for chairs and tables.
C. Game Room:
The game room is one of the most heavily travelled areas in a community center. It also demands the most supervision. It should be located in an area where it can be constantly supervised and locked when closed to use.
The game room may be divided into several sections including a ping pong room, pool room and an area for pin ball, foosball, air hockey, etc. If the games are on casters with proper storage, the room may also be used as a multipurpose room.


Games may be coin operated, free or an I.D. card may be required for issue of necessary equipment at the front desk.
It may be appropriate to give the game room a coat room to keep coats, hats, boots and books from being thrown anywhere. Two small coat rooms (one for girls and one for boys will eliminate a lot of hastles and childish conduct).
As noise can become quite a problem, the rooms should be carpeted and soundproofed. Because of the noise, the game room should not be located near areas where quiet activities may be conducted, such as a TV room or senior center.
D. Preschool Room:
The preschool room can be a most important part of the center program. It will provide positive play experiences for youth while mother and dad are pursuing their own leisure activities.
The room should have outside access to a tiny tot play area complete with modern innovative play apparatus.
Large preschool graphics on the wall lend color and appeal to young participants. The room should be equipped with small furniture, such as picnic tables.
A teared play pyramid covered with carpet and set into one corner makes an excellent place to play.
E. Senior Citizens Room:
Depending upon the popularity and request for senior citizens activities, it may be necessary to construct a separate senior citizens room. It should have a separate access from the outside.
Because of the availability of the entire center to senior citizens, the senior room should be limited to a lounge with a "home living room" type of atmosphere. A quiet games area, small kitchenette and plenty of storage will also be necessary.


Providing the seniors with a small store area where they may sell on consignment the many craft items that they make will add a great deal to senior programming. Volunteer seniors may take turns supervising the store.
F. Multi-Purpose Room:
Normally, an all-purpose room will have portable partitions to allow flexibility in scheduling. A small kitchenette in one room will allow small luncheons to be accommodated.
If boxing is popular, the multi-purpose room is a good area for the ring to be built unless it is planned into a weight training facility.
G. Lockers:
Lockers are often poorly designed and difficult to clean. Careful consideration should be given to the need for daily cleaning and sanitation. As an example, a custodial closet should be located in each locker or between the two lockers.
The men's locker should be larger than women's. If they are to be used as a pool locker, wet traffic from the pool should be kept separate from the dry traffic off the street. All stall partitions should be fiberglass instead of metal due to the corrosion caused by chlorine. A quality ventilation system is an absolute necessity.
A good floor is poured epoxy which should be poured 12 to 18 inches up the wall making it easier to hose down walls and floors.
There are varying opinions toward a coed sauna versus one small sauna in each locker room. Either can be appropriate depending upon local opinion.
To ease cleaning and save space, lockers should be built up off the floor resting on a wide base that doubles as a bench. Full length lockers are ideal. If space will not allow all full length units, a variety of 1/2 length and full length should be installed. Small locker units should be installed in the lobby for books, pocketbooks, etc.
This will keep people from using large lockers for small i terns.


There are varying opinions concerning coin-operated lockers. If they are used, the type that will not allow a
key to be removed until the locker is locked shut is best.
The location of mirrors should be such that they do not expose the locker area to passersby when the door is open.
One set of shower knobs should be low on the wall for
young people. Also, one toilet and one sink should be lower than the others. A closed circuit TV or sound monitor may be a wise investment to control locker facilities.
H. Swimming Pool:
The pool design will depend greatly upon the type of filtration system and type of tank construction selected. A few of the not so obvious design factors are listed:
1. Six lanes is a normal pool size for recreation use.
2. A movable bulkhead should be considered to seal off the diving tank from the rest of the pool.
3. Most pools have a pre-hung ceiling with lights located such that they can be changed from the deck rather than from the pool.
4. An observation area outside the pool will cut down on the amount of non-swimmer traffic in the pool.
5. A nice addition is to have a pool sign listing the names of the lifeguards on duty at any given time.
6. Sunair bags is a most efficient way of handling clothes. It is an excellent alternative or supplement to lockers.
7. Long bench seats along one side of a pool is an excellent place to store lane lines. By lifting the seat, space is available for the lines and vacuum tube.
8. Provide hooks on one wall to hang kayaks used for lessons.
I. Handball Courts:
The popularity of handball and racquetball is overwhelming the country. The biggest mistakes in community center design is to build too few courts.


Courts are expensive but experiments are being made with concrete walls and epoxy paint to help cut costs. A spectator opening should start at 14 feet. Plexiglass can be put above 14 feet to keep children from crawling into the court.
A mistake often made is planning too much spectator space. Little room is required. The handball balcony should be closed off from other areas due to the noise factor.
J. Gymnasium:
There are conflicting opinions as to the best floor finish for a gymnasium. Several centers are using a Tartan type surface; some are experimenting with carpet, while most are using traditional hardwood with a polyurethane finish. The Tartan surface requires a special machine to keep it clean. Many believe ankle injuries are more common on Tartan than on wood floors. There is more maintenance with wood.
The floor surface should be marked for a tennis court with a white line around the perimeter of the gym at the height of a net to allow tennis practice.
Acoustics are usually poor in a gym. It can be greatly improved if the upper half of the walls are covered with sheetrock or cork panels. Observation windows should be a part of one wall at the second floor level, if the building design allows observation from the second floor.
Storage is always a problem in centers, especially in gymnasiums. One long outside wall should be built for roll-in storage to store tables, chairs, net standards, gymnastics equipment, etc.
One double 12 foot door should open to the outside of the building allowing easy delivery of portable bleachers, etc.
A novel addition to the gym is an elevated running track around the gym at the second floor height.


K. Weight Room:
The weight equipment should not be located in a hallway or open space. It must be in a room of its own where it can be easily controlled and locked when not in use. Supervision of a weight room is essential. One glass wall will allow the center desk supervisor visual control of weight lifting activity.
The floor should be a rubberized tile with extra matts under all weight equipment to cut down on noise damage to the floor and damage to the weights.
The room needs to be well ventilated. Equipment should include stationary bicycles, speed bags, a universal gym, and Olympic set, punching bags, rope jumping area, work out charts and a boxing ring if there is interest in boxing.
L. Kitchen:
The kitchen requires outdoor access to accommodate deliveries and garbage removal. Prior to design, the use of the kitchen should be carefully considered. If it is to be used for cooking classes, enough space should be allowed in the kitchen for conducting the class and serving a small group. Stools, low work areas, etc. should be incorporated into the plan for children's cooking classes.
i If only a small service kitchen used for catering is needed, it may be easily hidden behind folding doors in a gym area or multi-purpose room.
M. Dance Studio:
A dance studio is best if it is used only as a studio, but it can easily double as a dry crafts or multi-purpose room. If an arts wing is incorporated into the building, it should be located in that wing and on the first floor so dancing will not disturb people in activities below.
The room should have a hardwood or tile floor. The walls are best if they can be covered with carpeted gypsum to soften the noise.


A large closet to store phonographs, records and other dance supplies is needed. An area for children's coats is also important.
Equipment in the room may include bars and mirrors. If the room is to be used for dry crafts as well, be sure to include hooks in the ceiling along the perimeter for mac-rame instruction.
Exterior windows should not be located such that they allow passersby to watch dancing lessons.
N. Outdoor Facilities:
Outdoor support facilities will vary according to the amount of land available and proximity of other outdoor park facilities. Certainly, ample automobile and bicycle parking are a must. Bicycle parking should be close to the entrance and covered if possible.
If a tiny tots room is incorporated into the building, then outdoor children's apparatus area, located close to the outside entrance of a preschool room, is most appropriate.
Jogging courses that are mapped and marked starting and ending at the center will encourage physical fitness.
Two or three lengths of trail, one of which can be a fitness trail, will make jogging attractive to people of all ability levels.
Cement inserts in the brick exterior walls can be used for outdoor, one wall handball. A variety of other outdoor facilities may be found at a center including an outdoor education center, picnic area with pavilion, skating and wading pond (also used for canoe and kayak lessons), tennis and volleyball courts, outdoor lighted basketball, baseball and softball diamonds, rifle and archery range,
18 hole golf course and shuffle board courts.
An amphitheater is a most appropriate outdoor addition especially if it can be combined with an indoor stage and theater program. An indoor stage can be designed so an exterior stage wall is easily removed opening it up to the outdoor amphitheater.


COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER PROGRAM
1. Physical Activities Rooms: Area in Sq. Ft.
a. Gym 72 x 94 (includes 5 ft. surround) floor markings for basketball, volleyball and badminton, place for gymnastics practice. 9,000
b. 8 handball/racquetball courts @20 x 40 each. 8,000
c. Handball access and spectators, 3 @20 x 40 each. 300
d. Weight training room, 15 x 20)_nmh. e. Exercise room, 20 x 20 ) f. Gym storage, office, control. 800
400
Total 18,500
2. Classrooms/Lobby:
a. 2 crafts rooms @500 sq. ft. each. 1,000
b. Crafts room storage. 300
c. Meeting room dividable into 2 classrooms. 600
d. Meeting room cooking facilities (a small serving kitchen area for potlucks, etc.). 500
e. Meeting room storage (chairs, etc.). 500
f. Dance room with mirror and ballet bars (15 x 25). 375
g. Lounge, games, vending machines, etc. 625
h. Checkout storage. 150
i. Central Control: Checkout, sign-up and office. 150
j. 2 public toilets @80 sq. ft. each. 160
Total 4,360
3. Pool House:
a. Swimming Pool: 50 meter, L-shape with teaching bay and 1 meter diving board. 7,330
b. Pool storage. 300
c. Filtration equipment. 200
d. Pool office, control. 50


e. Spectator seating for 50 300
Total 8,180
4. Locker Rooms:
a. 2 @1,000 sq. ft. each. b. 2 saunas. 2,000 200
Total 2,200
5. Tiny Tot/Babysitting Room:
a. Child care while parents are at center. 800
6. Laundry Facility:
a. Towel rental. 100
7. Pro Shop:
a. Racquetball and handball equipment sales. 600
8. Mechanical Equipment:
a. Mechanical room. b. Janitor 4,000 220
Total 4,220
9. Circulation, Restrooms, Closets, etc. 4,000


TOTALS:
1 - 18 ,500 sq. ft.
2 - 4 ,360 sq. ft.
3 - 8 ,180 sq. ft.
4 - 2 ,200 sq. ft.
5 - 800 sq. ft.
6 - 100 sq. ft.
7 - 600 sq. ft.
8 - 4 ,220 sq. ft.
9 - 4 ,000 sq. ft.
42 ,960 sq. ft.
OUTSIDE FACILITIES: Tennis )
Running Track )
Baseball )
Football/Soccer ) as available
Shuffleboard )
Horseshoes )
Amphitheatre )


SPACE MATRIX
Vestibule I Lobby | Control Desk | Check Room | Di rector j Staff Toilet i Lounge E Seniors [ Seniors I Kitchen i Games Kids 1 Games Adults : Table Games j Crafts & Storage i Classroom i Classroom 1 Gym/Multi-Purpose o o a D C r OO Spectator i General Exercise } Hand/Racquetball | Basket Room 1 Control S Toilets (two) 1 Sauna j Utility Custodial j
Vestibule
Lobby
Control Desk r m
Check Room
Di rector 1
Staff Toilets r
Lounge 1 1 1 _
Seniors 1 1 1
Seniors 1 1 _
Kitchen 1
Games Kids r r
Games Adults 1 4 1 r
Table Games 1 2 r 1 1 1 n
Crafts & Storage i r 1 ]
Classroom r J J _
Classroom r J 1
Gym/Multi-Purpose 4 J r m m -
Swimming Pool r * m
Spectator V A i r
General Exercise | I 1 r | a
Hand/Racguetball ] r m m 1 a ___J
Basket Room r r a 1
Control r r V r r m m
lailets (Two)
Sauna
Utility Custodial
3
III r
in rr
El
a

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CODE REGULATIONS
Setback:
- front setback 25'-0".
- side setback 20-0".
- rear setback 25-0".
Height:
- height limit = 60-0".
Parking:
- 1 space for each 150 square feet of public space.
- 1 space for each 2 employees.
Egress:
- minimum of 2 per story.
- 150'-0" maximum distance to exit.
- 200'-0" maximum distance to exit in building that is sprinkled throughout.
- width of stairs and corridors 15 square feet per person = occupancy load width 3'-0", corridors 3'-0".
- stairs tread 10" or wider, riser 7-1/2" maximum, landings same width as stairways.
- all doors must swing in direction of exit travel.
- emergency lighting required.
Handicapped Requirements:
- building must be accessible to handicapped.
- ramps width equal to stairways.
slope 1:10" maximum 5'-0" platform required every 15'-0" of horizontal run.
- corridors 42" wide minimum.
- toilets 1 fixture of each type must be accessible to handicapped; stalls 3'-0" wide, 6'-0" deep minimum clear floor space is 5'-0".
- parking 2% of total spaces for handicapped.


A NEW COMMUNITY AND RECREATIONAL CENTER
WILLIAM A MUNYAIM MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE THESIS PROJECT


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ENGLEWOOD
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COMMUNITY CENTER
ENGLEWOOD
COLORADO




ELATI PARK
COMMUNITY CENTER
ENGLEWOOD
COLORADO


COMMUNITY CENTER FINANCING
A. Construction Costs:
Estimates for the present cost of building a community center at approximately $60.00 per square foot. This cost is estimated to be rising about one to one and one-half percent per month due to inflation. This price includes an equipment package sufficient to open a center. The following costs were computed using the estimated construction cost of $60.00 per square foot:
1. Minimum Facility - 4,850 sq. ft. x $60.00 =
$ 291, ,000.
2. Average Facility - 34,750 sq. ft. x $60.00 =
$2,085. ,000.
3. Ultimate Facility - 45,000 sq. ft. x $60.00 =
$2,700,000.
B. Operating Costs:
Normal operating costs of a community center include staff salaries, utilities, program supplies and custodial supplies. The average size community center mentioned in this report would require a minimum of three, and possibly four, staff people to manage its operation: one director, one recreation leader, one custodian and one receptionistsecretary. It is the opinion of this Department that if Englewood were to build a community center of average size that no additional staff would need to be hired with the exception of a custodian and a secretary/receptionist which perhaps could be part-time.
South Suburban Park and Recreation District was contacted in order to get an estimated cost of the operation and revenues of its new 34,000 square foot center which would be indicative of the average community center mentioned earlier. (The Citizens Community Center Facility Committee has recommended that Englewood needs a center in the neighborhood of 35,000 sq. ft.)
1. Operational Cost (1981 estimate) $181,182.
2. Revenues (1981 estimate) - $177,000.


Other communities with established centers were contacted and the indication was that revenues were approximately two-thirds of operational costs. All agencies that were contacted stated that racquetbal1/handball courts were their largest revenue producer with South Suburban estimating that $20,000 revenue is derived from each court per year. The next largest reported revenue producer was food vending machines and electronic game machines (center owned with Northglenn estimating $25,000 annually.


FUNDING POSSIBILITIES
A number of ways to fund the construction of a community center exist. This report will address two of these possibilities, the Public Improvement Fund and the sale of General Obligation Bonds.
A. Public Improvement Fund: Acquisition of land and the construction of a community center could be spread over a two
to four year period.
1. First Year - immediate option on
the purchase,of a site.
2. Second Year - purchase of the land
3. Third and Possibly Fourth Year construction of the
center.
B. General Oblication Bond: The City Finance Department was contacted for the purpose of obtaining estimated figures on what a Bond Issue might cost the taxpayer of Englewood. For purposes of estimating these costs, the average size center of 34,750 sq. ft. at $60.00 per square foot will be used. A Bond Issue to fund construction costs totaling $2,085,000 amortized over thirty years would increase the property tax approximately $1.42 per thousand assessed evaluation per year. A $55,000 home in Englewood would realize an increase of approximately $6.00 per year, and a $70,000 dollar home an increase of approximately $9.00 per year.
NOTE: Bond issued at 9.5% interest would equal 1.55 mill increase. (Includes construction only; does not cover cost of land.)


BUDGET
The 1982 bond issue will include a budget of $2,085,000 for the Community Center.
Preliminary square footage estimate: 42,960 sq. ft. at $60.00
sq. ft. = $2,577,600.
(Price does not include cost of land, but it does include an equipment package sufficient to open a center.)

\


SOURCES
1. Butler, George, Introduction to Community Recreation; McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, 1967.
2. Cheek, Neil and Burch, William, The Social Organization of Leisure in Human Society; Harper and Row, Publishers,
New York, 1976.
3. Dulles, Foster R., A History of Recreation; Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1965.
4. Fish, Harriet, Activities Program for Senior Citizens; Parker Publishing Company, Inc., West Nyack, New York, 1971.
5. Gold, Seymour M., Urban Recreation Planning; Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, 1973.
6. Guggenheimer, Elinor C., Planning for Parks and Recreation Needs in Urban Areas; Twayne Publishers, New York, 1969.
7. Kraus, Richard, Recreation and Leisure in Modern Society; Appleton-Centrury-Crofts, New York, 1971.
8. "Urban Parks and Recreation: A Challenge of the 1970's: A Research Study"; by the Community Council of Greater New York and Professor Richard Kraus, New York, 1972.
9. Miller, Norman and Robinson, Duane, The Leisure Age; Wads-worth Publishing Co., Belmont, California, 1963.
10. Nesbitt, John and Brown, Paul, Recreation and Leisure Ser-vice for the Disadvanted; Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia,
1970.
11. Ramsey and Sleeper, Architectural Graphic Standards; Sixth Edition, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1970.
12. Tillman, Albert, The Program Book for Recreation Profession-als; Mayfield Publishing Co., Palo Alto, California, 1973.
13. "Uniform Building Codes"; prepared by International Conference of Building Officials, California, 1979 edition.