A resort and marina on Peter Island, B.V.I.

Material Information

A resort and marina on Peter Island, B.V.I.
Buchman, Mariette Janet
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
62 unnumbered leaves : illustrations, chart, maps, color photographs ; 28 cm


Subjects / Keywords:
Resorts -- Designs and plans -- British Virgin Islands -- Peter Island ( lcsh )
Marinas -- Designs and plans -- British Virgin Islands -- Peter Island ( lcsh )
bibliography ( marcgt )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )


Includes bibliographical references (leaf 56).
General Note:
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, Master of Architecture, College of Design and Planning.
Statement of Responsibility:
Mariette Janet Buchman.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Colorado Denver
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
13755792 ( OCLC )
LD1190.A72 1986 .B82 ( lcc )

Full Text
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A Resort and Marina on Peter Island, B.V.I.
Mariette J. Buchman

MARi^rrB ^anbt
A B^sort gng| on Peter Islandx B..V _!...
An Architectural Thesis presented to the College of Design and Planning, University o-f Colorado at Denver in partial -f ul -f i 11 ment o-f the
requirements -for the Degree of Master of Architecture.
liariette Janet Euchman
Bp r i n g 19 B £>

The Thesis o-f Meriette Janet Buchman is approved
University o-f Colorado at Denver 15 May 1986

Project Summary Project Introduction Thesis Statement Additional Concerns Hi story/Cul ture Site
Site Introduction
Description of the Site
Site Analysis Cli mate
General Conditions
Climate Data
Climatic Considerations in Design
Project Description
Form/Identity/Reasons/Image ./Program Statement Progr ami Br ea.kd own
Description of Spaces: & Uses
/Spatial Qualities User Relationships Ob j ect i ves
Conclusion Bi bli ography
Intervi ews

Architecture is the articulation of space as to produce in the part i c:i pat or a definite space experience in relation to previous and anticipated space experiences.
Edmund Bacon

Prgigct Summary
This: project is to be a
water-front -facility combining a charter boat dock and anchorage area with a luxurious and expensive-resort. It. will be approx i mat. el y 45,000 square feet in built environment and will be located on Peter Island in the British West Indies.


F'rgject Introduction
The sea is utilitarian. The British Virgin islands are so small, everything must arrive from abroad. Nothing except some fruits, vegetables, meats and clothing are produced locally. Supplies arriving from overseas are imperative to the quality of life. Most natives earn their living from the sea, if not directly, through fishing, charter boat skippering and power boat driving; indirectly, through services for the tourists who arrive from across the water and who visit, the area because of the water.
While to the natives the sea is possibly more practical 1y orianted, visitors to the islands see it. serving as an unmatched playground. Sunning, sailing, skiing, scuba, snorkeling, swimming and windsurfing are outstanding activities in this envi ronment,
The sea is an important and determining factor in many communities; shipping and fishing industries as well as mtany and most resorts. What is an added consideration in this project is the fact that many users will not be land based. Their charter boat will be their home f or the duration of their stay. Living, sleeping, often dining, playing, etc. all while on the water. The orientation of these visitors lives is very different, than that of land based visitors and land based operations.

Theses statement
The? water is the determining feature in a project, of this type. Furthermore, the juxtaposition o-f water and land. The difference between impressions and experiences on land as related to water is the thesis for this design problem.
Perception of the water/land is
quite different, depending upon the side from which you are looking.
Looking at the waiter from the land, one is much more conscious of objects in the immediate
surroundings. Comprehension of
distances differs. Horizons are incomplete. Enjoyment of the
"everchanging seascape" is at a di stance.
Looking at the land from the water, one focuses on objects on the horizon. Concentration is often on things far away, a. destination or landmark. One is always aware of the sky and changing water patterns. One is also very conscious of the fragility of the shell protecting one from the elements, that enclosure being one's vessel. As one approaches the land, arrival is shelter in the fullest sense of the wor d.
The creation of space on land is very different from on water. On the sea one is afloat, on top of the water, superficially imposed on the density of the ocean. On land one can be within and enclosed by the elements that make up the medium; earth, wood, vegetation.

This project has two opposite but complementary directions of
f dous s
1. The water based users coming to land -for shelter, convenience luxury and corn-fort.
2. The land-based users, sleeping ashore, but spending all day in and around and on the water.
Compar i sons sued net, structured opposed to spread out
include the concise informal though ver life aboard a boat a the 1ooser, ramb1i ng aspects of life on land

More generally expressed as the impression of space while on the water as compared to space while on 1 and
Architecturally these differences can be promoted to increase the awareness and interest and emotional experience within the user whether
consciousi y Architecture awareness or
i- <- K -i
or may
1 ac k of architecture may be for providing
ex per i ences.
unconscious]y. enhance this awareness. The used as a tool ex c ep t i on a ]
>. U i

The di ff erences of impressions and experiences on the varying mediums (water or land) is the generating force. Questions of the serenity at sea as opposed to land, formality on the water as compared to land, social issues as well as emotional must be answered in an architectural fashion. The key to these postulates may well be in the link between water and land. Does the water go into the land? Dr does the land go into the water? Should this opposition be ex agerated or subdued? These differing aspects of life and differing perceptions are what causes the constant pull of emotions and senses from one to another. The draw:!, ng of man to the sea and the then satisfied urge being replaced by a pul 3 back to the shore, whether emotional or functional is an issue here.
Can these feelings be satisfied or at least complemented by the architec uural express!on?

Additional Concerns
The sequence of entry in this project has everything to do with the water. Whether it is the boat owner coming to the facility from his mooring or slip on the doc\ or the land-based visitor arriving off the ferry, from the airport, their experience through a sequence of spaces from reception site dining site activity site sleep, will be of utmost importance to the project.
In addition, there are some social issues to be addressed. What are the attitudes of these visitors? Should they really be totally pampered in their search for a true vacation or can they be stimulated in subtle or not so subtle ways while totally enjoying themselves in a relaxed fashion. Can this
approach make this facility something ot.ner than just another resort?
The hierarchy of functions in this project is a point. of discussion. The public, social
spaces are a unifying element while the retreat to personal boats or bungalows is an important part of the experience. While the Caribbean is a place conducive to whole hearted fun, more intimate places of contemplation can be valuable.

The style of living aboard a boat may be very different, than that on land. While jobs and duties may be more strict)y enforced because of the immediacy of importance involved, the social formality is much relaxed. Procedures on a boat may be thought of as outlandish in the comparable land setting. Personal space is perceived very differently on board a boat as compared to its perception on land. This difference can be quite disturbing to the user and must be addressed. "What looks oppressively close to one kind of observer may be cosily protective to another. (Arnheim, p.20)


"It is the image of the light and slender colonial house that first commands the attention of whoever tries to study West Indian architecture. And yet, in each island, as soon as one gets away from the large properties and wanders through the hills, one is struck by the density o-f a landscape in which construction and cultivation are so intimately linked. If the hut is so well integrated into the landscape, this is because it is at the center o-f the Caribbean garden..." (Berthelot, p.13)
Three -factors influence architecture historically: tradition, availability o-f materials and climate.
Climate has a strong influence. The severe sun necessitates expanses of shade to be incorporated into design while the rain has its own requirements. Precipitation often comes in squalls, falling densely and heavily within a short period of time-necessitating calculated runoff requirements in developed areas. Wind is a predominant design factor as it is always present and often a needed refresher from the heat. Proper orientation can greatly reduce heat gain and increase comfort. Hurricanes add their own requirements. The two to three month season needs to be prepared for with its romtoined wind and rain inflicting severe conditions.

JVfrr. cool were used in small houses. The whole structure was often raised from the ground, by pilings, rocks or some sort of visible -foundation raft. This practice is of European descent but is also dictated climatically because it allows for circulation of air and protects wood from insects. Often a double
entrance staircase with a strong vaulted area under the center was used, the center area being equipped as a hurricane shelter. The walls had many apertures, some with louvers, some with sashed windows. Often these houses would incorporate a verandah.
Materials avai1able i nclude native hardwoods, reeds, palmthatch and bamboo as well as some stone from! neighboring islands. Many building materials were also imported from abroad including bricks, tile, specialized stone and often timber from North America.
Simple, rough materials were used for construction for the rriost part. As the first years of col oni z at i. on past, some more exot i c materials came into use. The
governor's houses used cut rock and
quarry stone though they were
extremely similar ro their French
counterparts, nothing distinguishing them in a West Indian fashion.
For a the 18th
construetion wi despread. most often rectangles pi aceci space
period at the start.
moclul ar were p ieces, X IB' es, were together to form ... living but were easily dismantled to
century, practices The modular either 10' 10' X10' squar
allow mobility for land requirements or due changing hands.
cult i vat i on to property

Traditions of building stylo
vary gr eat; J y i n t he i s 1 ancis. While little survives of original native forms, influences from abroad can be found all over, English, Dutch and North American input can be noticed in many aspects of building.
Instigated by rural Eoropean architecture, the main facade of West Indian huts is oriented toward the street. Decoration and the entrance is also on this long side. Very often, especially in the English islands, the facade is symmetrical or basically so, with the door opening in the cente
English influenced buildings contained a prevalence of wooden fretwork balconies and also louvers. Sometimes curved wooden brackets to hold up an upper story veranda were used. These devices were derived from the shipbuilders.
Earliest (domestic) buildings were usually round or oval in plan with open-work wooden walls and thatched roofs usually without f1oors. Europeans i nt roduced squar e huts. On St. John there are timber frames with masonry filling and lime concrete floors and thatched roofs. Roofs were then replaced with corrugated iron. The Spaniards used tile instead of thatch. The practice of putting masonry fill around a wooden frame is called Sp a r j i S'h w a I 1 i n g Where wood was unavailable, sometimes free standing stone was used.

yv* "(''st
certainly inherited several f-e_£\oc+ froui the original native Caribbean bui 1 cJing f eatures. These include:
1. orientation towards the sea.
2. a strict separation between the communal and the private spaces.
3. the hearth separated -from the house.
A ground -floor was separated inside into two or three sections, a sitting room, a dining room, and a third space -for -food storage. The kitchen was always separate, usually a little 1 eant o, -f i ve or six steps riownwi nd.
The main importance o-f the native dwelling or hut", comes -from its meaning in the peoples lives.
"At the time o-f abolition, the hut was once again part of a system of 'selfsubsistence'." (Berthelot, p3J) It was once more at the
space with which people rel ationship. It also property and refuge, the only property "If the associated' to leave the owner's kept only his hut, set on rocks that distinguished his property clearly from! what
center of a had a direct was their someti roes possessed. worker had land, he the f our
remained the 'white man
'The inhabited area was defined by the daily activities of those who live in the hut. It i ncludes:
the hut -the kitchen -the hearthspace farmyard spaces h u t g a r d e n a r e a
decorative space in front of the house
-the washing and laundry space -the transitional spaces and passageways (Berthelot, p.14)

Jack Bertheiot u>3<> J* architect. in his native country o-f Guadeloupe. He wrote a number of books on the architecture o-f the area and has some interesting insights. He says, All
architecture -finds its -full
expression in increasing complexity. The simplicity o-f the original volumes contrasts with the
sophistication o-f the decoration, and the elegance o-f the roof systems fui which the extensions and verandahs are the pretext.*1 (Bertheiot, p.30)
The Caribbean islands contain
a great variety o-f architectural styles and influences. Yet there is a coherent West Indian architecture. Craftsmen copied European style' designs with the help of the prevalence of Georgian builder's handbooks. Homesick islanders
created replicas of Europe resulting in a Georgian style with a Creole accent. The style of the Caribbean is different on each island but the history of the slave and sugar society, colonialism and the demands nf the climate unify it. Jnfortunately the predominance of contemporary structures are clearly :o meet functional needs without nuch thought to architectural style or tradition.
lerthelot says, "If we are to loo!': for the evolution of the hut, we must see it. in the materials and heir formal possibilities, as well ts in increased technical mastery over the environment." (Bertheiot, .99)

* ; I


Site Introduction
The Virgin Islands (both British and U.S.. ) are ideal tor sailboat cruising. Strung along so as to easily provide landmarks -for navigation, they are spread out. enough to provide a variety of short or long daily sails. host visitors to the islands come for seventen-fourteen days of sailing. Chartering a boat from one of the jnaxii islands (St. Thomas or Tortola) and then exploring the islands at their leisure.
The West Indies are relaxed. Politically calm, they concentrate on promoting tourism while maintainig the natural beauty of the islands. The climate is ideal nine-tenths of the year providing clear sunny days and consistent breezes. Sailing is certainly the most recommended method for vacationing as the ferry service from island to island is erratic and expensive and many are too smal 1 to have ferry-service much less roads or cars.
The average hotel size in the B.V.I.. is 26 rooms, none over two stories. There are, however, several larger expensive resorts through the islands; Carieel Bay on St. John, Little Dix and The Bitter End on Virgin Gorda and several land-based resorts on St. Thomas.
Peter Island, just south of Tortola is the perfect setting for a marina/resort. A quick ferry from the port of Roadtown which is the capital of the British Virgin Islands on the island of Tortola, Peter Island has a sheltered harbor, sheltered beach and accessible ocean/windward facing beach which provide a variety not. found at many other sites.
Centrally located in the midst of the Virgins, this is a perfect

stopping place -for a -first out, last night before home, as a base camp -for the ad ventur ous sal 1 or
ni ght or even non-

Description of the Site
The U.S. and Bri t i eh Virgin I & 1 a n d e 1 i e a p p r o >; i m a tel y 60 miles east of Puerto Rico. This group of over 50 islands, cays and large rock outcrops are mainly volcanic in origin rising abruptly out. o-f the water, the peaks o-f a submerged mountain range, -framing what is called the Sir Francis Drake channel. The U.S. islands of St. Thomas, St, John and St. Croix are best known while the British grouping is less publicized. The main British Virgin Islands are Tortola, Virgin Gorda and Anegade while many smaller islands surround. One of these islands, five miles south of Roadtown, on Tortola, is Peter Island.
Peter Island is relatively small. It is approximately four square miles with a large coastline and a variety of private pockets of beach and secluded anchorages.
The island is relatively hilly. It rises at a fairly steep grade from sea level in most places, though allowing a leveling out of the beach in the coves and inlets. The seaward side of the island, spec i f i cal 1y of the site, is relatively rocky and exposure worn but between outcrops lie sandy stretches. Behind this beach is a windblown area with coconut palms and sandy scrub as shelter.
Moving to the leeward side of the island and the site, Dead Chest Bay has a marvelous stretch of white sand and palm trees framing a view of the channel, Tortola and passing yachts. Behind this beach lies scrubby brush and more trees.

Further along the site is Peter Island harbor. This harbor is enclosed by an area of land til, 1 with existing hotel units on it. It is into this body of water that the ferry arrives with guests and supplies and where boats may dock to step onto shore instead of swimming or rowing in to land.

Vefletat i_gn
The rain-fall determines much of the seasonal appearance of the island. The moist, er area have numerous palm trees and mangoes while the scrubbier hills have cactus, loblolly, frangipani and wild tamarind. The valleys also may hold hisbiscus, bougainvillea and flamboyant. The islands are mostly secondary forest and scrub. They may look very green and lush or mostly brown depending upon the r ai nf al 1 .


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lb continue the service of our sister publications, the YACHTSMANS GUIDE TO THE BAHAMAS, and the YACHTSMANS GUIDE TO THE GREATER ANTILLES, (the latter to be published in early 1983) which were both designed to direct yachtsmen through the entire length of those islands, it would seem logical that this volume would best serve its readers by beginning where the others left off. That is, to continue eastward from Hispaniola via Puerto Rico. However, inasmuch as the majority of our readers now fly into the Virgin Islands to commence their cruise, we are required by popular demand, to depart from our established West to East format, and place the Virgin Islands in the front of this Guide, followed by Puerto Rico. We are sure that native Puerto Ricans, and Virgin Islanders alike, who share, and know this cruising ground so well, will not take exception to our assisting the visiting sailor in this regard.
Like Hispaniola; Puerto Rico and the Virgins lie in the trade wind belt. These winds blow steadily from the East year 'round. A little stfon'ger, perhaps 20-25 knots from a little north of East in the winter,.and about 15 knots from just south of East in the summer. There are occasional lulls in this pattern which provide a welcome respite for motor yachts working their way through the islands using the shortest route.
The age old sailing technique for working around the coasts of some of the larger islands such as Puerto Rico is to sail at night, or early in the morning, when the offshore flow of air from these land masses has forced the trade winds farther offshore, and flattened the nearby seas. This phenomena applies to the waters surrounding the Greater Antilles year 'round, but is more perceptible during the summer and fall months when the offshore flow can better force the weaker trades farther to sea. It has been our experience that this "sea smoothing effect holds the chop down to one or two feet frorp several hours after sundown until midmorning or noon of the following day, when the trades take over once again, and the nearby seas rise to the usual three to five feet.
All private yachts journeying between the three countries herein are required to clear with the authorities both at their ports of departure, and ports of entry. Yachts should secure a clearance certificate prior to their departure. There is a nominal charge for this service as this document assures the authorities at the next port of the vessels origin. Private yachts journeying between the Bahamas and Puerto Rico via Hispaniola should refer to the Yachtsman's Guide to the Greater Antilles for this information.
CAUTION; Just to be aware of all facets of cruising the high seas these days; a warning to the thoughtful skipper on the possibility of hijacking. The U.S. Coast Guard advises owners of yachts cruising in the Caribbean to be very careful about taking on hitchhikers, and paid hands, by thoroughly checking their references and background. Even a rescue at sea should be approached with caution, and a float shot Hle< i soi whc 1 rej the r ai y if

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General Conditions
Fetor Island is located at IB -i_ 1 N L.. a t i t l.v be t> A _> f W a n o
Longitude. This posit)on wi thin the trade wind belt allows a balmy, subt r opi c:.a 1 cl i nr.ate. Dayt i me
temperatures usually range From 75 to B5 F year round, dropping approximately 30 F at night. The days are normally clear with low to moderate humidity and the trade winds blow consistently cooling overly hot days and providing e>; c ep t i on a 1 sailing. R airi s qua 11 s
pass over nightly providing needed moisture on the water scarce? islands.- The only varient weather occurs duri ng the hurricane season, late August through November. At this time, the skies may be overcast -for three to four days at a time, when a hurricane does come through, severe rains and winds with gusts up to 120 mph are possible. For the
majority of the year t hough, the c 1 i m a t e is- v e r y n e a r 1 y per fee t allowing enjoyment of the area to i ts f u 13- est extents.

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5 Station/Country ^ Jean (Farm. 8* )/Ut Location 18*28 N/86*08 Vi
1 Mean daily temperature
2 Mean daily maximum temperature
3 Mean daily minimum temperature
4 Absolute maximum temperature
5 Absolute minimum temperature
6 Mean relative humidity
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10 Maximum precipitation in 24 h
11 Mean number of days with precipitation
12 Mean duration ot aunsnine
13 Mean Quantity of radiation
14 Mean potential evaporation
15 Mean wmdspeed
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3 Mean daily minimum temperature in *C . .
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in mm 104 117i 141 13E 126 128 124 107 89 11 t 15
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5 Absolute minimum temperature in *C 176 LL7 _U.O 16.6! JJ> _ZL0 18.5 20,3 20.6, JO 2 18.8 17.4 171 76
6 Mean relative humidity in \ 14 11 tl 14 Il| 63 14 5 85 If 87 85 84 71
7 Mean precipitation n mm It 4f 51 I21_ 126 110. 214 _U27j 221 230 126 1840 28
6 Maximum precipitation m mm 1
9 Minimum precipitation in mm L
10 Maximum precipitation In 24 h In mm 45 43 4Z 76 123 76 71 1P3 238; 15? 133 86 23E J6
11 Mean number of days with precipitation > 0.1 mm 21 17 11 U 21 24 27 25 23 2? 22 23 283 >r
12 Mean duration of sunshine in h 2IL 227 --I57. 215 242 211l 224 256 21 i. 123 220 226 2787 7p
13 Mean Quantity of radiation in ly/day 1 1 1 n L _ '
14 Mean potential evaporation m mm 1! 12 111 '34. _!6V 14f 153 150 143. 1JS 124 106 1549 71
15 Mean wmdspeed id m/aec 8.3 4 7 41 _J1_ 1 A. 7,0 li 66 Li, 50 5.1 8 1 1 76
16 Mean predominent direction of the wind Leo. 1KI LXL ill _mi. 1H1 _IBL _L1L_ _ti eo 'jffut* um

Tolal Numb* r Tropical "yelones* Total Number Hurricane* Los* o f Life Damage by Categories**
All Reach tag All Reaching Tetsl All l mud Tout All United
Year Area* l. Coast Areaa t. ft Coast Areas lutes Areaa Sutra
11*42 10 3 4 I 17 6 7 7
1943 10 4 I 1 19 14 7 7
1944 11 4 7 9 1.074 44 9
1945 11 t l 3 29 7 9 ft
1946 4 4 3 1 & 0 7
46 20 24 10
1947 9 7 & 3 72 63 6
194 4 9 4 4 9 24 3 7 7
1949 13 2 7 2 4 4 ft 6
1950 13 4 11 3 17 19 7 7
1*51 10 1 0 144 0 7 6
54 37 11
1*5? 7 t 4 1 16 3 ft 6
1453 14 4 4 2 3 2 7 7
1954 11 4 6 3 720- 193 9 9
1955 12 4 9 3 1.91ft- 2)6 9 9
1956 9 2 4 1 76 21 7
62 19 33 10
1957 9 6 3 1 476 195
1951 10 1 7 0 49 t 7 7
1955 11 7 7 3 17 14 7 7
mo 7 6 4 2 115 65 9 6
1941 11 3 ft 2 $45 46
47 21 29
1942 6 1 3 e 4 4 6 6
1943 9 1 7 i 7,21ft- 11 7
1944 12 4 4 4 166 49 9 9
1965 C 2 4 1 76 75 $
1966 11 2 7 2 1. $40 54 1 7
42 12 27 9
1967 0 2 4 2 68 16 1
1969 7 3 4 2 11 9 7 7
1969 13 3 10 2 164 *56 9 9
1970 7 4 3 1 74 11 6
1971 12 5 5 3 44 9 6 ,
47 17 29 10
Tout *91 106 17ft 57
Mean 9.7 3.6 1.9 1.9
The Environmental Data Service baa for eoroe time recognised that without detailed expert appraisal of damage, all figure*
pubhabed are merely approximations. Since errors In dollar estimate* vary in proportion of the total damage, ttormi are
placed in categories varying from 1 to 9 aa follows:
1 Less than $60 4 $5,000 to $50,000 7 $5 Million to $50 Million
2 $50 to $500 5 $50,000 to $500,000 t $50 Million to $500 Million
9 $500 to $5,000 t *500.000 tc *5 Million *500 Million to *5 Billion
Including hurricane*
Additional deaths for which figures are not available
Frequency of Tropical Cyclones (Including Hurricanes) by Months and Year* Frequency of Tropical Cyclooea Roach Intensity by Moctha and Yei ag Hurr ra tcaee
*ay June July Aug Sept Oct 9o. Dec. Total May July Aug Sept. Oct. Mo*. Dec. Tout
1942 ft 3 ft 2 10 1942 3 1 4
1943 1 1 4 3 10 1943 1 1 t 1 S
1944 3 2 4 2 21 . 1944 2 1 3 1 7
1945 1 1 4 3 2 11 i 1945 1 1 1 t
194ft 1 1 2 2 2 6 i 1946 1 1 1 3
1947 1 2 3 3 j 1947 2 1 t
194ft 1 1 2 ft 1 2 ft 1 1948 1 3 1 3
1949 2 7 2 1 13 1949 2 1 7
4 3 ft 13 195& 4 3 4 11
1941 1 S 4 2 10 1951 1 2 3 2
1962 (Fsb.) 1 2 1 2 1952 2 t I
1953 1 2 4 4 1 1 14 1953 I 3 1 6
1954 1 1 2 4 1 1 1 11 1954 1 2 3 1 1
1965 1 4 ft t 12 1956 3 6 1 9
1964 1 1 1 4 1 ft 195* 1 1 1 1 4
1947 > 1 4 1 ft 1957 I I S
196ft 1 4 4 1 1ft 1964 3 3 1 7
m 1 2 t 1 9 t 11 196ft 1 t 3 1 7
196ft 1 t 1 ft 7 1940 f 1 2 4
1941 1 1 I 11 1941 1 $ 1 1
1942 1 2 2 ft 1962 1 1 I S
1643 1 1 ft t 9 1963 , 1 1 4 1 7
1964 1 1 4 4 1 1 It 1964 1 3 1
1964 1 1 t 1 1965 1 3
1964 1 4 1 4 2 11 1966 1 1 I 1 1 f
1947 1 4 ft 1947 1 1 |
Iftift 9 1 I 1 7 19ftft f 1
194ft 1 1 1 1 19 194ft ft 1 t 1 99
1 1 1 1 7 S 1970 1 1
1971 1 ft 6 1 1 t 197 1 4
total* 1 ft 2ft 94 7 19ft Sft II t 91 "T53 1 1 14 4ft 90 S3 1 1*9

E;Ii!Di*ii£ Consideratigns i_n Design
1. Reduce the amount of heat absorbed into the building.
ori e ntati on -materials
minimize reflectivity of the ground and building surfaces outside windows facing the sun use land-forms, structures or vegetation for shading -shape and orient the building shell to minimize exposure to the sun -shade walls exposed t.o the sun use heat reflective materials on sun oriented surfaces
2. Ventilation
-use open pIans on i n t er i ors -shape and orient. building for prevai1i ng breezes
-utilize vertical air shafts for convection loops


E'USSL^Dl1 Statement
A] 3 the program el entente should have a. strong connection with t h e water, e i t her v isua11y or
literally. The only exceptions to this requirement are the service spaces, though their access to the ferry dock is o-f extreme importance.
This facility is basically very expensive for the guests and though not exclusive socially, the standards of service and the general image of the project should be of the highest quality. The resort shou1d en ab1e t he visitor to
experience relaxation, comfort, beauty, and simple indulgence at every app ortun i t y.
Many o- the programatic elements are used by both the boat based visitors and the land based guests. These users may have some different needs and desires which must be considered both separately and jointly. One large difference is the extreme privacy desired by the land guests as opposed to the j o v i a 3. i t y a. n d c o m r a d e r i e o f t e n
associ ated wi th the "boat crowd". The clientele are primarily well-off British, U.S. and Canadian visitors looking for relaxation and quiet, while the c h a. r ter p e o p 1 e a r e o f t e n more social partyers. Both must be catered to with the emphasis on the m or e p rof i t a b 1 e 1 a n ci b a se d client e 1 e.

Program Breakdown
Mai n Faci1i ty
Square Feet
Entrance Lobby....................400
Reception. ......................150
Mens Restroom....................200
Womens Restroom. .................300
Adnrd ni strati on
Manager ................... 200
Secret ary/Accountant........120
Storage.................... 100
Mail, Radio, etc.............100
Meeting Lounge/Library...........1000
Conference Room..................400
Gift Shop................. .....300
Restaurant (3 rooms)
100 meal
70 person Bai"
30 person 15...............450
Ki t chen..................... 500
Refridgerator & Freezer......... 100
Storage (Dry) ................. 400
Lmpl oyee Lounge................ 300
Laundry/Housekeepi ng .......400
7320 Sq. Ft
Pool Area
Men's. ............. 300
Women s. ...... 300
Bar................................80.........Total 680 Sq. Ft
Beach Area
Beach Bar/Restaur ant
35 person 15.............700
Kitchen...................... .200
'cathouse 0 Beach.............. 200
Bathhouse Outdoor Movie Room. .............400
Tennis Hut. ................. .50
Total 2050 Sq

Guest Rooms
Harbor side (Boat-based Guests)
20 Uni ts Beach Luxury (Land-based Guests)
20 Units <£ 60C...........12000
Suites Beach
B Units Housekeeping/Storage.......... .200
Guest Houses (not to be designed)
Three Bedroom. ................. 2000
Four Bedroom w/pool............ 2800........Total
Boat Area
Dockmaster D-f-f ice.. ...... ....... 150
Slip Assignment/Ferry Off ice.... 200
Laundry......................... 100
Men s.... .............. 200
Women's........ 300
tieeti ng Area/F'hones. ............ 350. ....... Total
Grand Total
Exterior Areas
Dane i ng Pool Deck
Bar Exterior Seating
Tr ash
Electrici ty Dinghy Dock Wi ndsurf i ng Waterski i ng
Ferry ~ock Slips (Existing)
Sq. Ft
27600 Sq. Ft
4800 Sq. Ft.
1300 Sq. Ft. 43750 Sq. Ft.
. as required

i_al_ Qual_i.ti.e5
Boat Areas (boat users)
Functional, efficient, well-
organized, clean, well-used, not cramped, available by radio contact, easily accessible by foot and d i n g h y.
Service Areas (employees)
Functional, easy and pleasing to work in, not cramped, easily expandable (future guest rooms), completely separate from guests.
Pool Area (land water guests)
Beaut ifuJ
accessi ble,
comfortable for day guests to visit, (lockers nearby), lounging atmosphere, away from dressed visitors (proper attire).
Main Facility (land & water guests)
Impressive, image of luxury, opulence and quality should be obvious, functional, less casual, more f or ma1 comf ort ab1 e interesting for long-staying guests.
Beach Facilities (land & water guests)
Fun, casual, fun, functional, fun.
Guest Rooms
Harbor-side (water guests mostly) Economical comparatively, mostly 1-2 night stays, big baths, comfortable for boaters after cramped yachts, more practical, less luxurious than beach units.
Beach Units (land based guests) Luxurious, scrupulous details, bar, lounging facilities, private,
private decks, big closets.

(land baseci guests) Very luxurious, exotic, grand but not formal, very very special worth it, pr i vate decks, sec1uded.

User 6'eLstLCQ§bi-B&
ranee Lobby Recept i on Restrooms !-.ufnini strati on Meeting Lounge iference Room Gift Shop Restaurant Bar
Pool Bathouse Pool Bar Beach Bar
:h Restaurant Beach Kitchen Boathouse athouse Beach Movie Room Tenni s Beach
Harbor Rooms
Beach Rooms uites @ Beach
Housekeeping Dockmaster Boat Amenities Showers etc.

4IFMcT£o irtffc^TAHT
iMo p

To design a
facility that connects the workings of a charter boat dock area with a restaurant and resort area. To harmonize the bay beacn, ocean beach, dock and pool. To contrast the mechanical efficiency of the boats with the luxury and comfort on land. Living on board is cramped and fundamental. This is to be a fulfilling and relaxing spatial experience, organizing the functions into an efficient and workable system, while primarily providing an atmosphere that .is in turn, lively, serene, profound, informal, formal and playful. To create space within space and make the surrounding spaces important through the definition of the edges. To play with perspective, framing views. To organize a sequence of entry from sea to land, and then among the activities of the complex; lobby to verandah to restaurant etc. To use to advantage and interest, the differing features i.e. overlooks, secluded views, coconuts, activity and quiet contemplation. Tc> be inviting, safe, and pleasing.


(J9B2 UBC)
Guestrooms; R1 Main Restaurant & Bar; A3 Beach Restaurant £< Bar; A3 Kitchens ?< Support Areas: B2
Occupancy Separations;
A3 B2 R1
A3 None i Hr.
B2 1 Hr.
Exterior Wall & Openings:
Occupancy Exterior Wall Qpeni ngs
R1 1 Hr. Less 5' Not < 5 *
B2 1 Hr. Less 20' Not < 5 *
Protected < 10'
A3 2 Hr. Less 5 1 Hr. Less 40' Not < 5*
F'rot e cted < 10'
Floor Area
Allowable Floor Area;
notion Ty pe V N
story bui 1 ding e>
A3 = 6000 Bq. Ft
B2 = 8000 Sq. Ft
R1 = 6000 Sq Ft
(times two -for

Allowable Area Increases:
Separation on two sides:
1 1/47. -for each -foot over 20' m a i 504
Separation on tnree sides:
2 1/27 -for each -foot over 20' max. 1007.
Separation on all sides:
57. -for each -foot over 20' max. 1007.
Automatic Sprinkler Systems: triple area -for one story double area -for two story compounded with above increases
Area Separation Walls:
Two hour f i re r esi st i ve
construction and 1 1/2 hr.
openings not exceeding 257 of the total width of the wall.
Maximum Height:
Construction Type V N
A3 i Story
E2 2 Story
F; 1 2 Story
Exit Requirements
Egress Windows:
Every sleeping room below the fourth floor shall have at least one operable window or door approved for emergency escape or rescue.
Window: 5.7 Sq. Ft. min.
24" High min.
20" Wide min.

-i+ hx:
Total Occupant Load/ 50' =
Required Width in Feet Min. Dorr 3 dor 44" Wide Min. Corridor 36 Wide inside guest suites
Exits separated by at least one halt of diagonal ot room.
Distance to Exits:
Max. 150
Dorri dor
or 200' w/sprinkler 100' it last 150' in as per 3305
St ai rways:
Rise ?< Run
Land i nqs:
44" wi d e min . occupant load
over 50 36 wide or 1 ess min. occupant load 49
30" wide mi n. private stairs
w/occupant load less than 10
Rise: 4" Mi n.
y / 1/2" Max. public
B" Max . pr i vate
Run: 10" Min. publi c
9 " Mi n. pr i. vate
Landing dimension measured in
direction ot run to equal
wi dth ot stair but not
4 .
not reduce 1/2 at any
required to exceed Door swings shall required width by point or 7" at tully open. Distance to landing shall exceed 12' vertically.

Kandrsi 1s:
On both sides except in guest, rooms.
Min. 30' and Ma>;. 34" above nosing o-f treads.
Continuous -f u .'l i length and to extend e" past top and bottom.
Headroom on Stairway:
6'-6" Min.
width as per stairs Slope: not to exceed 1:12 Landings: at each 5' o-f rise Handrails: as per stairs


Proj_gct Cone l_usi^gn
The project turned out. to be fill that I expected and, o-f course, much more. In developing it -from the prethesis stage, programmatic elements turned out to need a little switching around and additional elements were introduced. However, the thesi s o-f the project and and the issues 1 was attempting to address stayed very solid. I was actually impressed with myself when, three weeks into design and again at the end, I read my prethesis over and realised how consistent I was being with thoughts and ideas.
I'm happy with how my architecture turned out. I realize how much more I would like to develop the details but I feel very comfortable with the design of the pieces as a whole. The ideas I had started with are somehow, all addressed in the resulting thesis project and that was foremost in my goals and objectives.


Bi bli ography
Adie, Donald Marinas; A Working Guide to their Development and Design; Architectural Press; London; 1975.
Anderson, David Resi_den.ce for an Ambassador;; Thesis for University of Colorado/Denver; 1984.
Arnheim, Rudolph The Dynamics of Archi.t ectural. Form; University of California Press; Berkely; 1977.
Berthelot, Jack S< Martin Guame Caribbean Popular; Editions Perspectives Creoles; Paris; 1982.
Bond, Bob S< Steve Sleight Cruising Boat Saiiing; Knopf; New York; 19B3.
Buisseret, David Historic Architecture of the Caribbean; Heinemann; London; 1980.
Callander, Hancock £< Joseph deChiara Time Saver Standards; McGraw-Hill Inc.; New York; 1973.
Carter, Robert Sail Far Away: Reflections on Life Afloat; Norton and Co.; New York; 1978.
Gosner, Pamela Caribbean Georgian:Great and Small Houses of the West Indies; Three Continents Press; Washington D.C.;
Head, Derek Marinas series; 1. Water Recreation 2. Harbour Design 3. Residential Marinas and Yachting Amenities; Viewpoint Publications; London; 1979.
Harman, Carter The West indies; Time Inc.; New York; 1963.
Hiscock, Eric Voyaging Under Sail.; Oxford University Press; London; 1970.
Madden, Anne The Best of Sail Cruising; Sail Books; Boston; 1977.
Moore, Charles The Place of Houses; Holt, Reinhart & Winston; C ana d a; 1974.
Slesin, Suzanne & others Caribbean Style; Clarkson N Potter Inc.; New York; 1985.
Street, Donald Street's Cruising Guide to the Eastern £§Cihbean; Norton S< Co.; London; 1980.

Intervi ews
Bruce Dreher sailor 1A October 3 9B5
Scott Blandford sailor 20 November 3^85
David Benson general manager of Peter Island Resort November 1 985
hike Liese director of Caribbean Caribbean sailing program December 1985
Bob Neal on charter boat skipper, St. Thomas 15 December 3 9B5


iV'e know lhat you will enjoy your visit to the British. /irgin Islands and especially to Peter Island, which lies ust to the south of Tortola, across the Sir Francis 'Jrake Channel from Road Town. The British Virgin sianas offer perhaps the finest cruising conditions maginanle and Peter Island the very best of facilities.
\s you begin to enjoy the facilities that are Peter sland, we ask that you respect the right to privacy of >ur resident guests and the natural beauty of our Virgin Island. It is this respect for nature and ones ellow man that has drawn you to these islands. May it )e what brings you hack again and again.
>ETER ISLAND HOTEL AND YACHT HARBOUR The Yacht Harbour is part of Peter Island Hotel and facht Harbour. The Resort is set on more than half of ;he island's area. Apart from the hotel facility and the /acht harbour in Sprat Bay, the Resort features superb tnd intimate dining, lovely beaches on Deadman's, iVhite and Reef Bays, tennis on three Laykold courts, .cuba diving and snorkeling, deepsea fishing, horseback iding and many more activities. As always our resident >uests are priviledged.
The Dockmaster is on duty in Sprat Bay from 8 am anti' 6 pm. The Dockmaster will assist you with information about the Resort and with mooring in the Yacht Harbour. Fuel, electricity, ice, water, and beers tnd sodas can be arranged through the Dockmaster. Freshwater showers and toilets are located in the main totel buildings adjacent to Sprat Bay. While at anchor n either Deadmans Bay or Sprat Bay, please seal boat :oilets and make every effort to keep halyard, radio tnd other noises to a minimum so that others are not disturbed.
Reservations for Resort activities such as tennis, horseback riding, deepsea fishing, and scuba diving must be made at the Front Desk. As always our activities are offered on an as available basis only.
Both resident and non-resident guests of Peter Island Hotel and Yacht Harbour are expected to be attractively attired at all times. Shirts and shoes are worn in the Main Bar at all times, AND SHORTS ARE NOT PERMITTED IN EITHER THE MAIN BAR OR DINING ROOM AFTER 6:30 P.M. As a guide, sports attire is worn throughout the day and cover-ups are worn at luncheon, when served in the dining room. At dinner, gentlemen generally wear sports jackets with or without ties. Ladies wear cocktail attire.
The Main Bar is open from 10:45 am until 10:45 pm daily. It is reserved after 7:30 pm for Resident Guests and those non-residents with dinner reservations in the Dining Room. The Resort operates a beach bar on Deadmans Bay beach from 11 am until 4 pm daily.
Breakfast is served in the Dining Room from 8 am until 10 am each morning.
Lunch for non-residents is available at the beach on Deadmans Bay from 12:30 pm until 2 pm.
In the evening, dinner is served for non-resident guests in.the Dining Room from 8 pm until 10 pm. The menu changes daily and fresh seafood and local fruits and vegetables are featured. Dinner is occasionally served also on Deadmans beach. (Please check with the Front Desk).
Dinner reservations can be made by calling the Hotel on Marine Channel 16 or by telephone, 42561. They should be made as early in the day as possible.
The Resort operates a well-stocked gift shop which is located just off the Lobby. Monday thru Saturday, the hours are 9 am to 4 pm.
THE RESORT SWIMMING POOL IS RESERVED SOLELY FOR RESIDENT GUESTS. Beach chairs in Deadmans Bay may be rented from the Beach Attendant on an as available basis.
First Hour Free $2.00 each hour the
(am) Day-Time $2.00 (pm) Dinner Guest Free
OVERNIGHT DOCKAGE Stern-To 60 cents per foot minimum $ 15.00
Along Side 75 cents per foot, up to 6 minimum $30.00
Along Side over 65 feet $ 1.00 per'
minimum $65.00
Rates available on request Please contact the Hotel Managem
110 Volts $ 9.50 per line per da 220 Volts $16.00 per line per da
$0.35 per scoop WATER
10 cents per gallon SHOWERS
Four Quarters ($0.25 x 4)
DIESEL & GASOLINE are availal
Contact the Harbour master for correc
$2.00 per bag

Peter Island
British Virgin Islands Daily Rates
21 December 1985 6 April 1986

Daily Rates
Daily Rates include:
Breakfast, lunch and dinner (FAP) plus early morning coffee service and afternoon tea. Rates in Beach Houses and Harbour Houses are for two persons. Single occupancy is $50 less and triple occupancy is $80 more.
Beach Houses $410
Twenty spacious guest rooms on famous Deadman Bay Beach. Each room features a private terrace or balcony, ceiling fan, refrigerator, a sitting area for entertaining, and a garden atrium separating the sleeping and bath areas.
Harbour Houses s340
Thirty-two completely refurbished guest rooms on a point between the Yacht Harbour and the Caribbean Sea. Each room features a spacious bath, refrigerator, the option of cross ventilation with ceiling fans or air conditioning, and a private patio or balcony.
Sprat Bay Cottage $600
A three-bedroom, two-bath accommodation on Sprat Bay, this cottage is ideal for those who enjoy a quiet yacht mooring environment. (Double occupancy. Each additional person s50, to a maximum of six persons.)
Crows Nest Villa S1650
Situated on a hill between Deadman Bay and the Yacht Harbour, this rare four-bedroom, four-bath villa includes vast outdoor terraces and a saltwater pool.
Eagles Nest Villa $2000
This spectacular four-bedroom, four-bath villa is perfect for those who desire the ultimate in privacy and one-of-a-kind accommodations.
All of the amenities and facilities of Peter Island are complimentary to guests of the resort.
Beach Chairs
Sunfish sailboats
Transportation to remote beaches
Saltwater pool
Boat service to and from Tortola
Horseback riding
Snorkeling gear
19' Squibs
Available at additional cost are:
Day sails to neighboring island
Crewed powerboats for island hopping excursions
Deep-sea fishing in world-record waters
Scuba diving
Scuba certification
Tennis instruction
In lieu of tipping, a 10% service charge is added to the Daily Rate and beverage checks.
Further tipping is not expected.
A 7% government hotel tax is added.
Due to the special design and structure of our resort, children under the age of eight (8) years of age are not encouraged.
Sports attire is worn throughout the day. Cover-ups are worn at luncheon when served in the dining room. After 6:30 p.m., gentlemen generally wear sports jackets with or without ties. Ladies wear cocktail attire.