New building for the College of Design and Planning

Material Information

New building for the College of Design and Planning new building for School of Architecture and Planning
Lee, Dong Hoon
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
65 unnumbered leaves : illustrations (some color), charts, maps, plans ; 28 cm


Subjects / Keywords:
Buildings ( fast )
Designs and plans. ( fast )
bibliography ( marcgt )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
Designs and plans ( fast )


Includes bibliographical references (leaves 56-57).
General Note:
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, Master of Architecture, College of Design and Planning.
Statement of Responsibility:
Dong Hoon Lee.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Colorado Denver
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
15515797 ( OCLC )
LD1190.A72 1986 .L426 ( lcc )

Full Text
auraria library
Donghoon Lee

An Architectural Thesis presented to the College of Design and Planning, University of Colorado at Denver in par t i a 1 f u 1 f i 11 men t f or t he r e qu i r Binen t s f or t h e Deqr ee of Master of Architecture.
Spring 1986

The Thesis
o f Dong i s
C o m m .i. 11 e e C h a i r m a n
Pr i n c i p a 1 Ad v.i sor
University of Colorado at Denver



This thesis project is the design of- a new facility for the College of Design and Planning in University of Colorado at Denver. The site is located at the Auraria Campus in Denver surrounded by Larimer st.., Lawrence st. 13th st. and 11th st, on which new UCD building is constructed. The size of building is 61,145 sq. ft. which will be to accomodate design studio, classrooms, librairy, offices and support i ng f ac i 1 i t. i es.
With this project, I intend to explore a set of issues and ideas that most appropriate to the particular problem.
The new building will have an important role. As an unique design and planning school in Colorado that houses all five major design disciplines (architecture, landscape architecture, planning, urban design, and interior design), this place will be the "Academy" for the professors and students, and will be the "Mecca" for the professional architects and planners who have pride themselves for supporting the school. So, the school will provide the meeting place between comniumity and students to interchange their knowledge. To satisfy this, two different environments are to be made which for the study of students, faculties and for the intimacy inviting of visitor. So it is important, to have a funtional zoning, clarity of organization and simplicity of circulation in this building.
This role is amplified by its geographic location. The m o u n t a i n s t a t e r e g i o n is expert e n c i n g a c c e 1 e r a t e d g r o w t h a n d environmental development, and has many things still need to be developed. Especially, located at the edge of downtown Denver, this school has a great opportunity and advantage f or r i p eri i n g d own t own en v .i. r on men t.
One of characteristics of this building is the complexity in program and form. This building will consist of spaces which have hierarchies of scale, activity, movement, and structure. To solve this problem, the idea of flexibility will be needed within one room and/or within whole building. So :i. t will be a multi functioning building that has multi fuctioriirig rooms, but strong as a whole.
Some rest.r i. ct: i ons are applied to the bui 1 di ng5 s ap pear anee such as 11 e igh t, mater i ai s i n Aur ar ia Campus, an d new design school building also follows this regulations.
But I will explore the form of new building in another way from existing campus buildings which have mixed form of planar and skeletal. The physical form of building which

house the process of design education is self-evidently important. This concept is related many part with Art. But, architecture as an art is so subjective and complicated and always has some part that is personal and unpredictable. If we try to fine the basis of this art, we must not look for too much things at once. The first requirement is having an intention. Many buildings have no intention and no hope to being art. There is no such things spontaneous or accidental architecture. Through process of trial and error, of gradual improvement and adaptation to function, environment and context ... , building becomes architecture which raised to
the level of art. The predominant, form of new building will be a plastic form. Plastic is sculptural, configuration. It tells people about art in architectural form very well.


A r a r .i a i s w h e r e D e n v e r b e g i n ..
Adjacent and to the west of down town 3 8 b 1 o c k d i s t r i c t c: a 1 led A u r a r :i a. A c c o r d i n g developed in the late 1960s, this district with local and -federal funds by the Denver Aut hor i t. y. Fi na 11 y t he st ate i s t o buy the a s:i te f or a hi gher educat i on center.
Denver is a to plans
i. s t o b e a c q u i r e d t.) r b a n R e n e w a 1 1 a n d t o p r o v i d e
In the late 1850s, the lure of gold brought prospectors across the prairie to the juction of Cherry Creek and the South Platte River. In the Autumn of 1858, a small group of these prospectors, including Levi J. Russell from Auraria, Geogj.a, organized the Auraria Town Company.
Auraria site at 60s

The town site which the group selected was on the west of bank of Cherry Creek at the toot of Rocky Mountain. It included what is now called Auraia. Shortly after Auraria was began, other settlers organized the Denver City Company and stacked out a rival townsi te across Cherry Creek to the east. Early in the i860, the two towns were consolidated and took the name of Denver.
Auraia flowrished as a complete community. While other p a r ts o f D en v er b ecame si mp1y busi ness d i st r i ct s or residential district, Auraria continued to support a wide spectrum of urban life.
For many decades it was possible to find in Auraria attractive homes, business blocks, schools, hotels, and churches. Auraria was a microcosm of 19th century Denver.

More and more of us live, work, and play in the urban centers of our nation. Higher education is focusing its a 1t e n t i o n t o w a r d u r b a no r i e n t e d 1 e a r n .i. n g p r o g r a m s C e r t a i n 1 y there is merit to the idea that a person who is committee to spending much of his life in the city might very well benefit greatly from obtaining his education in an institution dedicated to the city and located in the very heart of the city.
IJCD is a "downtown" center of the University of Colorado which offers defines programs, primarily at the upper division and graduate levels, as a convenience to qualified students living or working in Denver,
Instructional and research programs heavily dependent on complex laboratories will center on the Boulder campus of the University. Some emphasis will be placed on urban oriented i nstruct i oria.1 and service programs.
The College of Design and Planning (CDP) originated as a five year program on Boulder campus, University of Col orado.
In 1976, the graduate program was moved to the Denver campus of University of Colorado in order to closely associate :i. t. s e 1 f w i t h p r a c t. i c i n g d e s i g n a n d p 1 a n n i n g p r o f e s s ion a 1 s
The trasfer was a strong step toward integration with the "real world" and has lead to the schools reputation for a praqmati c curr:i cu 1 ar that dea 1 s in energy, CAD, environmental and economic realities.
Also it provides the great, opportunity for the students who works part time in design offices and planning agencies that are concentrated in the downtown, Denver, Located at. the heart of Metropolitan area can be advantageous theses who need maturity and career, especially in the field of design and planning.
These strong points distinguishe the graduate program of the College of Design and Planning in Denver Campus among design s c: h o o 1 n ation a 11 y,
The College offers programs for two purposess to train men and women who can meet the complex and demanding cha 11 enge of deve 1 op i ng and shap :i. ng en vi r onmon t, and t.o provide the practicing professional a means of keeping a b r e a s t. o f c u 11 u r a 1 a n d t e c h n o 1 o q i c a 1 c h a n o e s.

Thr Col 1Rqe maintains traditional and essential ties wi th the pr o-fessianals to practitioners in the community, and relies on local prof essi oriel s to reinforce its teaching program.
ii a s t e r o f A r c h i t e c t u r e
The Division of Architecture offers three programs,, all of which lead to the Master of Art: hi t ecture. The three p r i g r a m s a r e n a m e d b v t y p i c a 1 t i m e i nr e s i d e n c e s t h i e 2y e a r ,,
two-year, and one year programs. The three- and two....year
programs lead to the first professional degree for
archi tectural practice; the one..year program leads to a
second professional degree. Its '-ole and purpose is the education of men and women who wish to design buildings. The division provides studies in archi tectural design,, graphic communications, history and theory, technology, and professianal practice.
Master of Architecture in Urban Design
Ur b a n de sign i s Of U-? of t h e grad u p r cxj r a ms t aug ht at UC T) C3. :idt sal 1 ucat. i on :i n tf "l 0 c. or o o f +: j-, e
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research, this program preparesstudents to on an advanced 1 eve 1 in desi gn prab 1.em soIving
M a s t s r a f L a n d s c: a p e A r c h i t e c t u r
The academic program leading to the Master of Landscape Architecture respans to a perceived need to offer p r a f e s s i o n a 1 t r a i n i n g t h a t p r e p a r e s s t u d e n t s t o m e e t t h e complex and demanding challenges of shaping the arid region 1 andscape.
Urban and rural development pressure in the western region has created on urgent need for comprehensive landscape problem-solving skills. These skills include an understanding of the earth sciences which determine the arid region concept at "environmental limits and tolerances." The pracesses cJesc:ri bed i n these re 1 ated ear th sc: i nc as provi de a regional concept for designing and planning landscape for pub 1 i c a.nd p r i vat e use human en r i ch ment, an d r esour c e conservation.
T h e c i.i r r i c u 1 u m h a s b e en p 1 a n n ed t o i n c 1 ud e t h a s e a w a r e n e s s e s and skills considered essential to core and advanced praf ess:i ona 1 trai ning i n t.he f i eld of 1 andscape architecture. These area include concentration in design, land and building technology, history and theory of the bui11 environment, and a working know1edge of natura1 system. The primary focus of the program is Design and the d e s i g n p r o c: e s s.
Master's D ragree in P1 an ning and Community Deve1opwent The MPCD division prepares students to became p r o f e s s :i o n a 1 p 1 a r n e r s c a r e a r s p e c i a 1 i s t. s i n r e s e a r c 1i i n g, designing, evaluating, and community action.. Planners build careers in such fields as environmental design, community development, land use and growth management. social servi ces, n vi r on men t al admi ni str at. i on and assessment, policy analysis, energy development, natural resources, land development, private pi arm inq consultation, corporate pa1 rising, urban redevelopment, housing and regional pal nni rig.
Center for Community Development and Design
The Center for Community Development, and Design p r o v i d e s e d u c a t i o n a 1 a n d t e c h n i c a 1 a s s i s t a n c e t o s o 1 v e design, planning, and community development porhlems upon request to groups, organizati ons, neighborhoods, communities, and small towns that cannot afford or do not have access to these services. The Center provides these services to aid in the devel op merit of community and to encourage local self-reliance. These services are provided by facultystudent research and assistance teams.
A central goal of the Center is to combine academic and practical experience of students working with community

members on problem solving through supervised projects in the field. The faculty and staff of the Center coordinate community pro.j ects f or whieh students regi ster throuah classes in the various academic curricula. Students who regi ster f or these pr o,i ects assume an added r esponsi b 11 i. t.y o f sat i s f yi ng c 1. ierit needs t hat goes beyond academi c credi t






J U a



West Colfax Avenue




5dWWaNy_l GldOiSIH

Stelizabeths church has been designated as a historical landmark by the City and County of Denver and has been recognized as a national landmark. It was constructed in 1898, styled Gothic with a few Romanesque motifs.
This small stone building is Denvers earliest church that still remains standing. Its location is significant in that the church was constructed on the site of the very first Sunday school in the Rocky Mountain Region, a "Union Sunday School" Constrction on Emmanuel chapel began in 1876. The exterior heavy stone wall construction and narrow window openings give the church an appearance of a mixed Romanesque and Gothic style. In 1963, the church was converted into an a r t i s t s s t u d i o..
St. cajetans church became a Denver landmark in 1970, due m o r e t o i t. s s o c i a 1 s i g n .i f i c a n c e t h a n to a r chitectura 1 m e r i t St. Cajetans church was constructed in 1926. The site of this church was originally the old muller homestead and the area was then considered Denver's finest residential district. The style is Spanish, and wall material is brick and stucco.
Various of the Tivoli Brewery buildings were constructed during a period of over three decades, from the 1860s into t h e 1890s T h e y i n c 1 u d e d n o t o n 1 y t h e b r e w e r y f a c i 1 i t i e s, but a beer hall and one of two turnverein halls in Auraria. This building has received official designation as a Denver landmark. It has a Old Country Bavarian style.


The auraria site is within tha boundaries of the City and County of Denver and under most circumstances would be subject to the zoinging regulations of this municipality. The State of Colorado, however, is not bound by municipal regulations, thus any use made of this site by the State of C o 1 o r a d o w o u 1 d n o t n e c e s s a r i 1 y b e r e q u i r e d t o c o m p 1 y w i t h the zoning regulations. The following zoning analysis is based upon the assumption that the Auraria site will be developed in compliance with the zoning regulations of the Ci t y an d Coun t y of Denver.
Applicable zoning ordinance ; Denver Zoning Ordinance.
Z o n j. n g C1 a s s i f i c a t i o n 5 R 5 Building setback 5 Front 20
Rear 207 Side 77 6"
Y a r d r e q u .i. r e m e n t: B u .i. 1 d i n g s h o u 1 d a d j o i n a y a r d, p u b I i c space or street on at least one side.
Parking/1oading requirements one parking space per every 600 square feet of building area, (existing Auraria parking lots fulfill this requirement.) Three loading berths are required
(based on square foot of building area.)
Screen!ng to exceed p r op er t y. along all
and wall height requirement; walls or fences not 48" in height are allowed along the front of the Walls not to exceed 72" in height are permitted o t her pr op ert y 1i n es
Mi sc. requirement; Exterior stairs may project into the previously mentioned setbacks; 57 along the front, 10 along the rear, and 37 along the sides, the same restrictions apply to any device or accessory used to control light e n t e r i n g t h e b u i 1 d i n g.
Porches and terraces may project 57 into the front or rear set.bas k

I-Fire zone; 3 (section 1601 a.)
2.Occupancy Classification; A (table 5A)
A s s e m b 1 y b u :i. 1 d i n g with a s t a g e a rt d a n o c c u p a n c t 1 o a d o f .1. 0 or more
3. Construct.i on type; 2 (table 17-A)
4 Max i. mum a 11 owab .1 e f 1 oor ar ea; 22, 500 (t ab 1 e 5-C)
If over one story;
The total area of all floors of building over one story in height shall not exceed 200 percent of the area permitted f or one st;or y bu i 1 d i ngs -
Mo single floor area shall exceed that permitted for one s t or y b u i. .1 d i n g s.
Basements and cellars need not be included in the total a 11 o w a b 1 e a r e a.
5 M a x i fit u m a 1.1 o w a b 1 e It e i g h t;
Feet; 55 (Self-imposed height in Auraria Campus)
6,. Fire resistance of exterior wall 2 hours
1 e s st t I t a n 10 f e e t

1 hours less than 40 fett
7 Op eri :i n g s i n ex t er :i. or wa 11 s Not permitted less than 5 feet Protected less than 10 feet
8W i n d o w s r e q u i r e d i n r o o m s;
Window area; At least. 10% of the floor area
9 M .i. n i m u m c e :i. 1 i n g h e i g h t i n r o o m s; 7 f e e t
10F i r e r e s i s t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s
Ex ter i or bear :i. ng wa 11 s ...
.1 n t er i or bear :i. ng wa.11 s .....
Ex t ei'- :i. or non-beari ng wa 11 s ..
S t r u c t u r a 1 f r a m e -----------
Perrnanent part i t ions .............
Ve r t i ca1 openings ..................
E x t. e r i o r d o o r s --------------'
4 hours (table 17-4)
h our s (t. ab 1 e 1 7-4)
4 hours (t ab1e 17-4)
hours (t. ab 1 e 17-4)
i hour (table 17-4)
2 hours (table 17-4)
r-y hours (table 17-4)
1 hour (t ab1e 17-4)
3/4 hours (table 17-4)
11.St ruc t ur a1 requi r ement s;
Framework; Structural framework shall be of structural (chapter 27) reinforced concrete (chapter 26) or masonr (chapter 24)

Stairs; Stairs and landings shall be constructed of reinforced concrete or structural steel (chapter 33)
Occupacy type; school Basis ; 50
Actual load ; 60,000/50 = 1200
Number of exits required; More than 2 (sec.3302 a.)
Minimum width of exits; total occupant load / 50 (feet)
(sec.3302 j. >
Ex i t. seperati on arrangement;
At least 2 of the exits shall be remote from each other and arranged and constructed to minimize any possibility that both may become blocked by any one fire or other emergen c y c ondit i on
Maximum allowable travel distance to exit; 150 feet
(sec:. 3315 f )
With sprinklers; 200 feet (sec.3315 f.)
Exit doors;
Minimum width; 3 feet (sec.3303 d.)
Maximum leaf width; 4 feet. (sec. 3303 e. )
E x i t c o r r i d o r s;
.3304 b.>
Max i mum al 1 owab 1 e wi d th; 44 i rich (sec

Dead end corridors maximum length; 20 feet: (sec. 3304 f.) W a .1.1 f .i. r e r e s i s t a n c: e r e q u i. red; o n e h o u r (s e c 3304 q.. )
D o o r s a n d f r a m e s f i. r e r e s i s t a n c e r e q u ired; 3 / 4 h o u r s (table 33-B)
Mi nimum wi dth 44 inches occ. 3. oad of more than 50
36 inches occ. .1. oad of less than 50
30 inches occ. 3. oad of 1 ess than 10
(sec 3305 b.>
Minimum r i ser al 1 owed; 7-2/ 3. (sec . 3305 c. )
M i n i mum tread a 11 o w e d; 3. / 4 i n c h < sec:.' 3305 c.)
Landi ngs;
Mini mum size; 44 i nch (sec:. 3303 h.. )
Maximum size required; 5 feet, when straight run
Han dr a i 3. s;
I n t e r m e d i a t e r a i. 3. s r e q u j. r e d a t s t a j. r s; W i d t h i. s q r e a t e r t h a n 88 inches (sec.3305 i.)
Maximum width between int. rails; 88 inches
Ex cept. i ons app 1 i cab 1 e; Stai rways 44 i. nches or 1 ess i. n wi dth Height above nosing; Not less than 30 inches or more than 34 i nches
Balusters required; At least 4.2 inches high (sec. 1714)
Ramps; (sec.3306)
Max i mum si ope;
1 /12

Handrails required; At least one side 32 inches high
Exit signs required; White letter at least 5 inches high on
a green background
14T a i 1 e t. r o o m r e q u i r e m e n t s < t a b 1 e 5 E 4)
Fi x ture coun t requ i r emen ts;
Lavatories; 1 per 2 water closets or/and urinals W a t e r c lose t s; 1 p e r .1.0 0
Urinals; 1 per 30
L a v a t o r i e s; .1. p e r 2 w a t e r c 1 o s e t s a n d / o r u r i n a 1 s W a t e r c: .1 o s e t s; 1 p e r 4 5
Drinking -fountain requirements; 1 per 100 with .1. per floor mini mum
H a n d i c a p p e d r e q u .i. r e m e n t s;
One water closet and one lavatory for each six accessible must provide one means of exit by ramp from first floor (s e c 3301, s e c 510)
.1.5 .Us e o f p u b 1 i c p r o p e r t y;
Doors p r ohi bi t ed f r om sw i n g i n g i n t o pr opert y; Sh a11 n ot project beyond property line (sec. 4507)
Restriction on marquees, canopies;
Marquees; All marquees shall be at least 8 feet above public

way (sec.4505)
Conopies; A canopy shall be at least 8 feet above the public
way (sec.4506)


Denver is located on the south Platte River on the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains The Denvers climate tI"iat .i s an i mpor t ant f actor gover ni ng ar cI t.i tectura 1 response, is characterised by low relative humidity, light, to moderate winds, mild average temperatures with wide diurnal and seasonal extremes, (The average monthly temperature varies from 30.4 F in January to 73.3 F in July.) light precipitation, (Precipitation averages about 15 5 i n c hi e s p e r y e a r 1... i 111 e p r e c i p i t a t i o n f a 11 s d u r i n g t h e winter. More than 50 7, of the annual precipitation occurs f r om Apr i 1 t hr ough Ju 1 y. Thurtder st or ms occur f ai r 1 y frequently on summer afternoons. Annual snowfall averages 62 inches but. persistent sn awe over is unusual.) and high degree of so 1 ar r ad i at i on
T h e c o m b i n a t i o n o f b u i. 1 d j. n g s, p a v e d p o 11 u t i o n h a s c h a n g e d t h e 1 o c a 1 D e n v e r s d o w n t o w n a r e a i s h o 11 e r t h a n s u r r o u n d i n q summer. During the winter, air pollution receipt of solar radiation.
s u r f a c e s a n d a i r cli mate. The countrysi de i n i n t e i" f e r e s w i t h t h e
E> e n v e r; L. a t i t u d e .... -...-....-39. 45 %
L o n g i t u d e ------------------------104.52 W
A v e r age ye a r p r e c i p i t a t i o n -------14.53"
Average year temperature ----------------------------50.2 F
A v e r a g e r e 1 a t. i v e h u m i d i. t. y ----4 0 %
Degree days; Heating ....---------------------------6016
Percent possible sunshine (yearly) ....587,

A S 0 N D
5 4
3 2 1 0
~ 14.53

J F M A M J J A S 0 N D ,
flHI V . \ \ r' ' ;
TOTAL = 59.0
A S 0 N D
TOTAL = 707.



Wind speed 4-12 mph
13-24 mph n~l
More than 24 mph teagH
Strongest wind
from northwest every month of the year
North and northwest wind ---- arctic air from Canada
and Alaska
South and southwest wind ---- warm, moist air from
golf of Mexico
West wind --- pacific air modified by passage over
Roc ky Mountains
Denver is located in the belt of the prevailing wester!i es.

The primary wind
From the south every month of the year
The secondary wind
From north-northwest, in winter From north-east .in spring and summer From north in fall


Design studio --- The studios are the major and most common
area in the building. In addition to design works, constant informal conducts are happened among the students, professors and visitors. Location of the studios should be at the center of gravity of all the spaces, and in such a way that the paths which go in and out of the space should be lie cobwebbed to .it. Atmosphere for the work of creation is critical important element, in this space. Natural ventilation and lighting should be considered, as these area are used extensively and at all hours of the day and night. Flexibility in the studio should be considered. It is highly recommended that, students can devide their workspace up and so form smaller groups. Also students want to change the space which is specifically turned to the needs of their working. One of the design solution is; Lay out the space as wings of open space, with free standing columns around their edges, so students define half-private and common spaces opening into one another. Set down enough columns so that, people can fill them in over the years in many different w ays b u t a 1 w a y s i n a s e m i p e r m a n e n t f a s h .i o n.
Seminar/Jury space Seminar rooms are used primarily for
student presentations and small informal classes.
A u d i o / V i s u a 1 c a p a c i t y i. s r e q u i r e d a s w e 11 a s t a c k up w a 11 s u r f a c e o n t h e w a 11 s
Classroom --- Classrooms are required for large, structures
classes of 20 or more students. Standard desk stations and blackboards are required. One large lecture hall or auditorium is required for meeting and/or lectures. Full audio/visual usage is necessary. The possibility for community and intercampus use should be considered.

Major factors to be considered in designing a classrooms are the fol1owing
1.. Sea t j. n g and w r i t. i n g surf a c e s
2. Space and furnishings for lecturer
3. Th e u se o f wa11 space, i nc1ud i n g c h a1kb oards, sereen s, size and location of window
4.. Facilities for projection and windows
5. Coat rqcks, storages and other conveniences
6. Acoustics and lighting
7 Heati n g and a i r c ond i t ionin g
The seating arrangement is the most important feature in determining the size and shape of a classroom.
In a class of 50 or fewer students, where a long front, chalkboard is desirable, it seems better to have the front wall longer than the side walls,, This presupposes that there are more students in a row of seats than there are row,.
The large lecture room should be built, to accomodate? a variety of project system. Good visibility depends on not only a arrangement of chalkboards and of projection screens and equipment, but also seating arrangemebnts. Factors to be considered; avoidance of obstructures, slope of floor, height of the platform, viewing distance, and the extreme vertical and horizontal viewing angles.
Offices --- For the facuty and department, directories,
offuices are required. The minimum size is 100 aquare feet, each. Typical desks and adequate book shelyes and storage is necessary. Teaching assistant, visiting critics and student representative offices are desired.
Library .. In addition to serving as book reference area,
the library should allow for quiet, studies and reading.
S p a c e f o r m i c r o f i .1 m p reject o r s, s 1 i d e f i .1 e s, p e r i o d .i. c a 1 s, flat, files and archive storage of old projects is necessary.
3 i X groups are dealt, with; those relating to:
1.. C o 1 u m n s p a c i n g
2. Ceiling heights and floor size area
3. Reader accomodations
4. Book storage 5 C a r d c a t a 1 og s
6. Govermerit standards

.1.. Col umn spat: i rig
Square Modules with the Column Spacing a Multiple of 3 ft (Plus VA ft for the Column Itself)*
Bay size Sections between columns, standard 3 ft Ranges to a bay Range spacing on centers
19 ft 6 in. by 19 ft 6 in. 6 5 3 ft 10% in.
6 4 4 ft 10% in.
6 3 6 ft 6 in.
22 ft 6 in. by 22 ft 6 in. 7 6 3 ft 9 in.
7 5 4 ft 8 in.
7 4 5 ft 7% in.
25 ft 8 in. by 25 ft 6 in. 8 7 3 ft 7% in.
8 6 4 ft 3 in.
8 5 5 ft 1 % in.
8 4 6 ft 4% in.
28 ft 6 in. by 28 ft 6 in. 9 8 3 ft 6% in.
9 7 4 ft 0% in.
9 6 4 ft 9 in.
9 5 5 ft 8% in.
Columns should not be wider than the depth of range. 14 by 14 in. up to 14 by 18 in. is suggested.
Square Modules with Column Spacing Multiple of 3 ft*
Bay size Sections between columns standard 3 ft Ranges to a bay Range spacing on centers
18 ft by 18 ft 5 5 3 ft 7% in.
5 4 4 ft 6 in.
5 3 6 ft
21 ft by 21 ft 6 6 3 ft 6 in.
6 5 4 ft 2% in.
6 4 5 ft 3 in.
24 ft by 24 ft 7 7 3 ft 5% in.
7 6 4 ft
7 5 4 ft 9% in.
7 4 8 ft
27 ft by 27 ft 8 8 3 ft 4% in.
8 7 3 ft 10% in.
8 8 4 ft 6 in.
8 5 5 ft 4% in.
8 4 6 ft 9 in.
'Columns should not be wider than the depth of the range. 18 by 32 in. is suggested.
2 Ce i 1 i ng h e i qh t s anci -f 1 oor
size areas
Clear Ceiling Heights
Suggested functional
Area minimum* maximumf
Book stacks^ Stacks with lights at right angle 7 It 8 in. 8 ft 6 in.
to ranges^ Stacks with lights on range tops 8 ft 4 in. 8 ft 9 in.
functioning by ceiling reflection . 9 It 0 in. 9 ft 6 in.
Reading areas under 100 sg ft Individual seating in large 7 ft 6 in. 8 ft 6 in.
8reas . 8 ft 4 in. 9 ft 6 in.
Large reading rooms over 100
ft long broken by screens or bookcases . 9 ft 6 in. 10 ft 6 in.
Auditoriums up to 1,500 sq ft Entrance or main level with . 9 ft 6 in. 10 ft 6 in.
over 20,000 sq ft . 9 ft 6 in. 10 ft 8 in.
Floor with mezzanine*] . 15 ft 6 in. 18 It 6 in.
Suggested Formulas for Percentage of Gross Square Footage Functionally Desirable on the Central-Services Level*
Gross building area in sq ft Size of collections in volumes Minimum percentages of gross area on central-services level
Under 20,000 Under 100,000 40-50
20,000-45.000 100,000-250.000 33H-40
40,000-80,000 250,000-500.000 25-33,4
75,000-150,000 500,000-1,000,000 20-30
135,000 + 1,000,000 -f 164-25

3.Seating accomodations for readers and the services to readers are the largest space consummers in most libraries.
Suggestions for types of seating accomodations and the percentage of each type.
a. Tables for four or more; not more than 20 '/.
b. Lounge chair; Not more than 157.
c Individual accomodations; up to 85X
Additional space required for service to readers.
a. the public catalog; space around the bi b.1 i ographi cal and reference and current-periodical collections which is required because of heavy use.
b. Special accomodations for microfilm reproductions, maps, manuscr i pts, arch 1 ves, and other co 1 1 ect i ons riot she.1 ved i n the main stack area.
c:. St af f wor k i ng quar s
Exhibit space --- Public access to all exhbit areas is
hi g h 1 y desired. As a resu 1t, severa 1 areas may have t.o be created. Indoor and outdoor experimental exhibit areas shou 1 d be cortsi dered. Exhib.i. t inc 1 ude 3 diment:i ona 1 mode 1 s and drawings.
Support facilities --- Photographic studio, woodworking and
model building shops, computer aided design room and research laboratories are needed.
Audio Visual ---- This space needs storage foe equipment and
office space for technician/coordinator. Extra space is required as a photographic studio including copy stand and lights. A darkroom for photographic processing and printing is required; allow for 5 enlarger stations. A sound studio is needed for the production of synchronized slide/tape presentations.
Shop --- The shop is to be a multi-use area with facilities
for woodworking, metal arts, and painting. A security area is required for a small tool storage, with a
t.echni ci an/coodi nator office related to it. The space must be devided in such a way that several activities can go on a t a o c: e w i t. It o u t i rt t e r f e r i rt g w i t h e a c h o t h e r .
Technical labs ---- These areas are for use in relation to
the technical offerings at the college. Among these fields are; Computer Aided Design, Photogrammetry, Materials, Environmental systems and Research Laboratories.

Student lounge ---- Indoor and outdoor informal student
gathering areas are desired. Club meeting and private studies are conducted in these space.
Main entrance .. The position of main entrance controls the
layout of the building. It controls movement to and from the building. The entrance must be placed in such a way that people who approach the building see the entrance or some hint of where the entrance is, as soon as they see building itself, and placed at a point where it can be seen immediately from the main avenues of approach and give it. a b o 1 d, v i s i b 1 e s h a p e w h i c h s t a n d s out i n f r o n t o f b u i 1 d j. n g.
Public out door park ---- People always try to find a spot
where they can have their backs protected, looking out toward some larger opening, there are two things to be considered when we make outdoor spaces. First, /make at. least one smaller spaces, which look into it and forms a natural back for it. Second, place it, and its openings, so that it looks into at least one larger space.
Movement in the studio or between studio and seminar/jury or between studio and lounge is as important as the rooms themselves; and its arrangement has as much effect on social interaction in the rooms, as the interiors of the rooms. It is recommanded to avoid the use of c: or rod or and passages. Instead, use common rooms as rooms for movement and for gather i ng.

This diagram gives the basic: idea of developing a schematic: design. The other way of organization will be test agai nst t.hi s di agr am t:o make t:er n how success f u 11 y they achieve a fluidity of comfortable working relationships.

Layout, the space of building so that they creat sequence which begins with the entrance and the most part of building, then leads into the slightly more f area, and finaly to the most private domains.
pub1i c :>r i vate

Lighting and acoustics
Lighting and acoustical qualities are important factors that will be a major consideration in design school.
Conflicting sound requirements should be minimized by the spatial isolation or soundproof consideration.
Natural lighting should be considered in organazing the space in terms of quality of space and economic solution.
Urientation Acoustics
Studi o N *
Semi nar/j ury * Q
Classroom * Q
Faculy room S Q
Ad mi nis. N/5 0
CCDD * . Q
Li brary N Q
Ex hi bit * *
Shops * *
Lounge S *
En t r v S *
Or i en t at i on ;
North; N South; S I Jn i mp or t an t; t
Acousti cs;
Quiet; Q Uni mpor t an t; *

Design studio; A r c h i t. e c t u r e 5 0 % Planning 107. L.. an dsc: a pe arch .i. t. ec: t u r e 20 V. Int er i or desi qn 1OY. 1 J r b a n d e s i g n 10 7. <50 square feet per student.) 15,000 sq. ft
Semi n ar,J ur y; 5 rooms t 500 sf. A11 o w f o r t h e p> o s s i b i 1 i t y o f d i v i d .i. n g the space for smaller meetings or combining two into one. 2,500 sq. ft
Classrooms; 5,900 sq. ft
3 classrooms 700 sf. 2,100 sf.
<20 sf per student $ 35 person) 1 lecture hall 3,800 sf.
F a c u 11 y o f f i c e; 4,350 sq. ft
25 faculty 100 sf. 2,500 5 director 150 sf. - 750 10 visiting 80 sf. 800 Faculty lounge 300 sf, sf sf. sf .
A d minis t. r a t i o n; 1,975 sq. ft
Admi ni st.rat. :i. ve assi stant - 150 sf sf .
3 secretaries 125 375 R e c e f j t i o n / w a i t i n g - - 2 5 0 Records/ work room 350 C o n f e r e n c e - 4 0 0 Storage room 250 sf. sf. sf sf sf .
Librarys 5,750 sq. ft
s t o c k s, r e a d i n g a r e a study table 5,000 sf .

Check.ou t d es k
500 sf.
E h i ta it spac e; A u d i o / v :i. s u a 1 .1
Technical office and storage room
Photo studio ----------
Dark room -------------
S o u n d s t u d i o ---
2, 500 s qf t. 2,000 sq. ft
500 sf. 300 sf. 1,000 sf. 200 sf.
Model shop;
Work area ------------
T ec: h n i c i an o f f ice
2,150 sq, ft
2,000 sf
150 s f,
T e c h n .i. c a 1 lab s;
Computer a:i. ded design room 4 research lab 250 ..............
1,600 sq, ft
600 sf. 1,000 sf
S t u d e n t 1 o u n g e 5 CCDD;
Director ...-..
4 office 100 Recep t:. i on ar ea
Records -.....
Conference ----
15 studio SO
500 sq, ft .1,720 sq, ft
150 sf-
400 sf -
120 sf
150 sf
150 sf -
750 sf ..
Rest r ooms < w/ showers);
1,200 sq. ft 47, 145 sq. ft
Ci r c u1 a t i on, Mec hanical, and ser vice p1u s 30"
14,000 sq, ft
sq, ft


1 A.1. ex ander chr i stopher. A I'i m§l_§ss Way.of.Bui 1 di.n(j. New
Ox f or cl IJn i versi ty Press, 1977
2. Raskin, Eugene. Archi.tecture_andl_.People.. Englewood Cliffs, NJ! PrenticeHal 1, 1974.
3. Pevsner, N.i. kol aus. A_Jfi story ...of._..By.i_l ding Priceton, NJs Princeton University Press, 1976.
4 Dober, Richard, ed. Pl anning__and_Bui l_d^ng__Faci l i ties_f or di9bsC._Educati.gQi. Stroudburg, PA: Dowden, Hutchinson and ross, 1976.
5. El Shishini, Linda Boring, ed. Camp.us_.Bui_l_di_ng_that Works^ Phi 1adelphi a: North American Publishing, 1972.
6. Roth, Alfred. The New School house.. New York: Preager, 1966.
7. A1exander, Christopher, Sara Ishikawa and Murray
Si 1 verstei n. A_.Patt.ern_Language:__Tgwn,______Bui 1 di ngsj,
Qonstrucrign.. New York: Oxford University Press, 1977.
8. Caudill, William et al. Architectureand You. New York: Whitney Library of Design, 1978.
9. de Chiara, Josept and John Hancock Callender. TimeSaver Standard_for_Bui,lding_typesi. New york: McGraw-Hill, 1978.
10. Ventur i. Robert. Qgmp 1 ex i ty_, and Contradi cti on i n Architecture._ New York: MDMA, 1977.
.1.1. Aurari a_Hi gher Educati_gn Center ..Master _P1an :__1973-1976 a5 Denver, inc.
12. Wi 11 i e T. Chi artg. Uni .ver si_ty;_of .._.Cgl gradg, Graduate
School__of _J)esign_and ..Planning., Uni ver si ty of Col or ado,
13. Michael Col 1 ins. The_Adagtive_Re_Use_gf_TWQLI. .BREWERY tg_ .the ...Graduate... School ,_of ...Design ,_and._Pl.ann_i ng^ Uni ver si ty of Colorado, 1980.
14. Randy Mai mi 11 an. A New, Bui 1 d:i r>Q ...for ...the Gr aduat e_ Schgol Q £D e § i,g n a ri d P1 a rt n i n g. Uni ver si ty of Col or ado, .1.980.
15. Lamar Kelsey and Associates. Site Planning Workshop,
Aur ar i a Hi.gher_Educat i gn _Center , 19"70
16. U. S. Weather Bureau. Standard|...Statistical Cl imate
S u m m a r y f g r., D e n v e r, C g 1 g r a d o 1979.
17. DenverBui1di ng_Cgde, 1982.

18 Ca l. 1 eridar John Hancock. ecL A r c h i t e c t u r a I.D e s i_ g n D a t a. N e w
Time Saver..Sta r i d ards
Yorks lie Gr awHi 11 ,
for 1974.


8-8 N0UD3S

/. Seminar / Jury ft Design studio ft Class room 4. Faculty office ft Administration ft Library 7. Exhibit space ft. Photo studio ft. Dark room to Model shop II. CAD room B Research lab
B Center for Community Development and design
. iti t rt i 1 itftiHtTl Til
hi t rl iti liTtrt 11ititth' i t