Citation
Roundhouse marketplace

Material Information

Title:
Roundhouse marketplace
Creator:
Wollum, James A
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
42 leaves : illustrations, charts, maps, color photograph, plans ; 22 x 28 cm

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Buildings -- Remodeling for other use -- Colorado -- Denver ( lcsh )
Roundhouses (Railroads) -- Colorado -- Denver ( lcsh )
Buildings -- Remodeling for other use ( fast )
Roundhouses (Railroads) ( fast )
Colorado -- Denver ( fast )
Genre:
bibliography ( marcgt )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references (leaf 42).
General Note:
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, Master of Architecture, College of Design and Planning.
Statement of Responsibility:
James A. Wollum.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Colorado Denver
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
12202008 ( OCLC )
ocm12202008
Classification:
LD1190.A72 1985 .W64 ( lcc )

Full Text
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JAMES A. WOLLUM
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SPRING 1985
AN ARCHITECTURAL THESIS PRESENTED TO THE COLLEGE OF DESIGN AND PLANNING, UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER, IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE.


THE THESIS OF JAMES WOLLUM IS APPROVED:
COMMITTEE CHAIRMAN
______
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER



PAGE
. TITLE PAGE 1
. SIGNATURE PAGE 2
. TABLE OF CONTENTS 3
. INTRODUCTION 4
. GOALS 6
. STATEMENT 7
. ASSUMPTIONS 9
. HISTORY 10
. WHAT EXISTS NOW 13
. SITE ANALYSIS 16
. CLIMATE 27
. PROGRAM OF SPACES 28
. BUILDING CODES 31
. ZONING 32
. DESIGN SOLUTION DRAWINGS & MODEL CONCLUSION 41
BIBLIOGRAPHY
42
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PROPOSAL
I PROPOSE TO DEVELOP A MUSEUM/MARKET/RESTAURANT COMPLEX ON THE SITE OF THE ABANDONED COLORADO AND SOUTHERN RAILROAD LOCOMOTIVE REPAIR FACILITY. THE SITE IS LOCATED IN THE SOUTH PLATTE RIVER AREA WEST OF THE AURARIA CAMPUS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER. THE EXISTING BUILDING ON THE SITE, THE ROUNDHOUSE, WILL BE DEVELOPED AS A RAILROAD REPAIR MUSEUM, AND THE NEW BUILDINGS WILL HOUSE A MARKETPLACE AND RESTAURANTS.
SINCE THE BUILDING AND SITE ARE SITUATED IN AN UNDEVELOPED URBAN AREA OF DENVER, IT IS NECESSARY TO DEVELOP A SCENARIO AS TO HOW THIS AREA WILL DEVELOP (i.e. INFRASTRUCTURE AND LANDUSE). AS A BASIS FOR MY SCENARIO, I WILL USE THE URBAN DESIGN COMMITTEE OF THE DENVER CHAPTER OF THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECT'S REPORT ON THE CENTRAL PLATTE VALLEY (SEE APPENDIX) AS AN OUTLINE FOR INFRASTRUCTURE.
I WILL ALSO USE PREDICITONS FROM INFORMED INDIVIDUALS AS TO THE LAND USE.
THE SIZE OF THE SITE AS OUTLINED IS 240,000 SQ. FEET. THE SIZE OF THE EXISTING BUILDING IS APPROXIMATELY 10,000 SQ. FEET, AND THE SIZE OF THE PROPOSED NEW BUILDINGS WILL BE A TOTAL OF 30,000 SQ. FEET.
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WHY THE ROUNDHOUSE
I HAVE BEEN INTRIGUED BY THE ROUNDHOUSE EVER SINCE I FIRST CAME IN CONTACT WITH IT. I AM NOT QUITE SURE IF MY INTEREST WAS SPARKED BY ITS UNIQUE ROUND SHAPE, ITS PIVOTAL RELATIONSHIP TO THE RIVER, ITS POSITION BETWEEN DOWNTOWN AND MILE HI STADIUM, ITS RAILROAD HERITAGE, OR A COMBINATION OF ALL OF THESE ELEMENTS. NONETHELESS, THEY SEEM TO PRESENT A UNIQUE SET OF INGREDIENTS AROUND WHICH TO DEVELOP A THESIS.
WHAT DIRECTION SHOULD SUCH A THESIS TAKE ? AFTER MUCH THOUGHT, I HAVE CONCLUDED THAT THIS SITE AND BUILDING HAVE AN AURA ABOUT THEM,
AS THEY ARE THE PHYSICAL REMAINS OF YEARS OF HUMAN ENDEAVOR, AN INTEGRAL PART OF WESTERN HERITAGE. IT IS THIS INTRIGUE WITH HISTORY THAT FORMS A BASIS FOR MY THESIS. HISTORY WILL JUSTIFY SAVING THE ROUNDHOUSE AND SUGGEST A METHOD OF DESIGN TO ENHANCE IT.
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CREATE THE SENSE OF PLACE OF THE ROUNDHOUSE.
USE THE ROUNDHOUSE AND TURNTABLE HISTORICAL ELEMENTS AS A MEANS TO SAVE THE ROUNDHOUSE FOR FUTURE USE AND ENJOYMENT.
CREATE A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE OLD BUILDING AND THE NEW ONES BE. SUCCESSFULL UTILIZING THE HISTORICAL ELEMENTS.
SET A PRECEDENT FOR THE SOON TO BE DEVELOPED AREA.
INVESTIGATE OLD/NEW COMPATABILITY IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RELATIONSHIPS.



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ARCHITECTS, AS DESIGNERS OF ENVIRONMENTS, ARE CONTINUALLY STRIVING TO FIND THE RIGHT COMBINATION OF ELEMENTS THAT WILL MAKE A SPACE SUCCESSFUL. HOW CAN WE DEFINE A SUCCESSFUL SPACE ? IT IS ONE THAT IS INTENSELY USED AND THUS ADDS VITALITY TO ITS ENVIRONMENT. IT IS ONE THAT CREATES A SPECIAL FEELING WITHIN THE PERSON EXPERIENCING IT.
THERE ARE MANY ELEMENTS THAT CREATE THIS SENSE OF PLACE. A SUBTLE CHANGE IN PERCEPTION CAN TAKE PLACE WHEN A PERSON HAS THE OPPORTUNITY TO GENUINELY EXPERIENCE SOMETHING HISTORIC, INCLUDING ARCHITECTURE. MODERN LIFE HAS BECOME SO ABSTRACT AND CONVOLUTED THAT PEOPLE TEND TO FEEL ALIENATED FROM THEIR ENVIRONMENT. MODERN ARCHITECTURE CONTRIBUTES TO THIS ALIENATION BY CREATING STARK DETAIL AND ODD, DISCOMFORTING PROPORTIONS. IF A PERSON IS ABLE TO EXPERIENCE AN ARTIFACT, WHETHER IT BE A HISTORIC BUILDING OF JUST AN OLD DOOR KNOB, HE BEGINS TO UNDERSTAND SMALL BUT SIGNIFICANT EVENTS OF PRIOR HUMAN EXPERIENCE. HE THEN FORMS AN IDENTIFICATION WITH THE SPACE AND REDUCES HIS FEELINGS OF ALIENATION. THIS IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SENSE OF PLACE.
NEW BUILDING DESIGN, LACKING SENSITIVITY IN CONTEXT WITH THE OLD BUILDING, TENDS TO DESTOY THE UNIQUE CHARACTER OF THE LATTER. SINCE IT IS INEVITABLE AND EVEN DESIRABLE THAT THE NEW BUILDING IS BUILT IN CONTEXT WITH THE OLD BUILDING, HOW SHOULD THE DESIGN OF THE TWO RELATE ?
THERE ARE MANY THEORIES THAT DEAL WITH CONTEXTURAL RELATIONSHIPS OF OLD VERSUS NEW.
I CHOOSE TO EXPLORE ONE THAT ALLOWS BUILDINGS TO BE PHYSICALLY EXPRESSIVE OF WHAT WAS, GIVEN THE NECESSARY COMPROMISES OF ADAPTIVE-REUSE CHANGES. THE THEORY ALLOWS EXISTING BUILDINGS AS LITTLE INTERVENTION AS POSSIBLE, WHILE ALLOWING ANY NEW BUILDING TO BE EXPRESSIVE OF ITS OWN ARCHITECTURAL RESPONSE. BY ACCEPTING EACH TYPE OF BUILDING FOR WHAT IT IS, THIS APPROACH IS THE MOST GENUINE.
WHILE THIS APPROACH RECOGNIZES THE HONESTY OF EXPRESSION, IT ALSO CREATES A NEW PROBLEM,
THAT OF DUALITY. BY CLEARLY PROVIDING AN EXPRESSION. OF DUALITY, THIS THEORY CAN IGNORE EACH PART'S RESPONSIBILITY TO THE WHOLE.
ROBERT VENTURI STATES IN COMPLEXITY AND CONTRADICTION THAT "EVERY BUILDING HAS AN OBLIGATION TOWARDS THE DIFFICULT WHOLE" AND THAT "IT IS THE DIFFICULT UNITY THROUGH INCLUSION RATHER THAN THE EASY UNITY THROUGH EXCLUSION" THAT MAKES ARCHITECTURE INTERESTING. DUALTIY CAN CAUSE EXTREME CONTRASTS IN BUILDING TYPES THAT CAN DILUTE, IF NOT DESTROY, ANY TRACE OF INCLUSION NECESSARY FOR HISTORICAL BUILDINGS TO HAVE ANY DIGNITY WHATSOEVERIT FORCES HISTORICAL BUILDINGS ONTO A STAGE WHERE THEY WERE NEVER MEANT TO BE.
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I AM PROPOSING AN ARCHITECTURAL STATEMENT DESIGN THESIS THAT WILL ATTEMPT TO ANSWER THIS PROBLEM.
I CONTEND THAT DELIBERATE HISTORICAL PROPORTIONING OF ELEMENTS IN THE DESIGN OF THE NEW BUILDING WILL ALLOW ENOUGH FAMILIARITY WITH THE OLD BUILDING TO: (SEE ILLUSTRATIONS NEXT PAGE)
1) PROVIDE INFLECTION, I.E., THE WHOLE IS IMPLIED BY EXPLOITING THE NATURE OF THE INDIVIDUAL PARTS.
2) PROVIDE A COMMON ELEMENT THAT WILL SERVE TO DIMINISH A HARSH CONTRAST AND PROVIDE A NECESSARY CONTEXT.
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THE SITE AND BUILDING THAT I CHOOSE FOR THIS PROJECT ARE LOCATED IN AN UNDEVELOPED AREA OF DENVER. IN ORDER FOR ME TO PROCEED IN A MORE REALISTIC MANNER, I WILL ASSUME THE FOLLOWING:
. ACCEPT THE AIA CENTRAL PLATTE VALLEY REPORT AS A BASIS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION NETWORK AND LANDUSE PATTERN TO BE DEVELOPED IN THIS AREA.
. ASSUME THAT MOST OF THE SITE ALONG THE SOUTH PLATTE RIVER WILL BE UTILIZED AS PARK AREA AS PROPOSED IN THE AIA REPORT (SEE APPENDIX FOR ENTIRE AIA REPORT).
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THE HISTORY OF THE SOUTH PLATTE RIVER AREA OF DENVER DATES BACK TO THE BEGINNING OF WHITE SETTLEMENT IN THE REGION. DENVER WAS FOUNDED AS A RESULT OF THE GOLD RUSH OF THE 1860s, AT THE CONFLUENCE OF CHERRY CREEK AND THE NORTH PLATTE RIVER. THIS AREA IS ONLY A QUARTER OF A MILE NORTH OF MY THESIS SITE. WITH THE GOLD CAME PEOPLE, AND THE NEED FOR CHEAP AND FAST TRANSPORTATION. RAILROADS FILLED THIS NEED, AND HENCE A NETWORK OF RAIL LINES SERVING THE STATE AND THE REST OF THE WEST WAS ESTABLISHED. SOON AFTER, OTHER SETTLEMENTS SPRANG UP ALONG THE RAIL LINES, AND THE RAILROADS BECAME A VITAL LINK THAT KNIT TOGETHER THE FABRIC OF THE WEST.
THE COLORADO AND SOUTHERN RAILROAD, THE ORIGINAL OWNER OF THIS SITE, WAS ONE SUCH EARLY RAILROAD. THE ROUNDHOUSE IS ONE BUILDING THAT STILL EXISTS FROM A COMPLEX OF MANY BUILDINGS WHOSE PURPOSE WAS TO HOUSE THE REPAIR FACILITIES FOR LOCOMOTIVES. THE ROUNDHOUSE WAS ORIGINALLY LARGE ENOUGH TO SERVICE FORTY LOCOMOTIVES AT ONCE. IN ADDITION TO THE ROUNDHOUSE, A TURNTABLE STILL EXISTS. THE TURNTABLE (A CIRCULAR, MOVABLE, BRIDGE-LIKE STRUCTURE) WAS USED TO POSITION LOCOMOTIVES TO MOVE INTO THE ROUNDHOUSE.
IT WAS ORIGINALLY SIXTY FEET LONG, BUT AS THE SIZE OF LOCOMOTIVES INCREASED, IT WAS EXPANDED TO ITS CURRENT ONE HUNDRED FOOT SIZE.
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THE RICE YARD, AS THE FACILITY WAS NAMED, SERVICED ALL LOCOMOTIVES OF THE COLORADO AND SOUTHERN RAILROAD, INCLUDING ENGINES OF THE NARROW GAUGE LINES TO CENTRAL CITY, GEORGETOWN, SOUTH PARK AND LEADVILLE. GRADUALLY, AS THE RAILROAD CONVERTED TO DIESEL ENGINES, THE RICE YARD WAS PHASED OUT. CONSEQUENTLY, PARTS OF THE FACILITY WERE TORN DOWN. TODAY, ONLY THE TURNTABLE AND A FIVE BAY PORTION OF THE ROUNDHOUSE REMAIN. ALTHOUGH ALL OF THE OTHER BUILDINGS WERE TORN DOWN, TRACES OF THEIR FOUNDATIONS CAN BE FOUND.
SEE PHOTOS AND ILLUSTRATIONS NEXT PAGE






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PRESENT INVENTORY
. SINCE AT PRESENT THERE IS NO FORMAL ACCESS, THIS IS AN ASSUMPTION
. MAJOR ACCESS IS SEVENTH STREET
. MINOR ACCESS IS E. PLATTER RIVER DRIVE AND BASSET DRIVE.
PROBLEMS
. E. PLATTE RIVER DRIVE IMPEDES PEDESTRIAN ACCESS TO RIVER AND ACTIVITIES ON OTHER SIDE OF RIVER.
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES
. NORTHERN PART OF SITE MOST DESIRABLE FOR PARKING.
. POSSIBILITIES FOR INCORPORATION OF PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE TO WEST BANK OF RIVER.


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PRESENT INVENTORY
. SINCE AREA SURROUNDING SITE IS UNDEVELOPED, THESE ARE ASSUMPTIONS BASED ON PROJECTED USE SCENARIOS.
PROBLEMS
. PARKING IN PARK AREA CREATES VISUAL DISTRACTION.
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES OBJECT IN SPACE DESIGN PHILOSOPHY. INCORPORATE LANDSCAPE INTO DESIGN. EDGE OR TRANSITIONAL QUALITIES.
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PRESENT INVENTORY
. DUE TO THE ROUNDHOUSE LOCATION AND LOW DENSITY THAT SURROUNDS THE SITE, THERE ARE EXCITING VIEWS OF :
. DOWNTOWN'S TALL BUILDINGS MOUNTAINS
. PLATTE RIVER AND GREENWAY CHILDREN'S MUSEUM & MILE HI STADIUM
PROBLEM
. FUTURE DEVELOPMENT TO EAST OF SITE COULD OBLITERATE VIEW OF DOWNTOWN.
. PROXIMITY OF 1-25 TO WEST DIMINISHES VIEW OF MOUNTAINS.
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES
VIEWS TEND TO BE SOUTH FACING -POSSIBILITIES OF INCORPORATING SOLAR.
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Source: Platt* Valley Laadownere Aaaociation, tram Daovar PIaiming Office data
INDUSTRIAL LAND USE
Source: Platte Valley Landowner* Aaaociation, Iron Denver Planning Office data


SOILS
SUMMARY
Development in the Centrel Plette Valley will require special attention to the handling of radioactive materials at former dump sites, and to the area's charsctaristic swelling clay soils which dictate certain building foundation considerations.

PRESENT INVENTORY DEPTH VARIES FROM 10' TO 20'
. SOIL ABOVE BEDROCK IS RECENT ALLUVIUM
PROBLEMS
. SHALLOW BEDROCK LIMITS EXTENSIVE UNDERGROUND FACILITIES.
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES
. SOLID BASE FOR BUILDING OPPORTUNITIES.
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DEPTH OF MANMADE FILL


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HISTORIC SITES
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FLOODPLAIN / HYDROLOGY

SUMMARY
The floodplain and floodway which would be generated in the event of a 100 year flood along the South Platte River make rechan-neliaation of the river imperative for safe development aouth of the confluence.
PRESENT INVENTORY
. FLOODPLAIN IS TOTAL AREA COVERED BY STANDING WATER.
. FLOODWAY IS AREA IN WHICH WATER WOULD BE ACTUALLY FLOWING.
PROBLEMS
. SITE IS IN FLOODWAY RIVER CHANNELIZATION AND/OR OTHER FLOOD CONTROL MEASURES WOULD BE REQUIRED.
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PUBLIC OPEN SPACE
SUMMARY
Future development provides an opportunity to expend the Greenvay open space Into park areas available to both new Platte Valley residents and the surrounding neighborhoods.

PRESENT INVENTORY
. GREENWAY EXISTS ALONG SOUTH PLATTER RIVER-OPPOSITE SITE.
. BIKE PATHS OCCUR ALONG CHERRY CREEK AND SURROUNDING PLATTE VALLEY.
PROBLEMS
. ACTIVITIES OF PARK SEPARATED BY RIVER.
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES BRIDGE FOR PEDESTRIANS
. INCORPORATE FUNCTIONS COMPATIBLE WITH PARK. OBJECT WITHIN A SPACE DESIGN PHILOSOPHY.


AIR QUALITY

SUMMARY
Significant air pollution, generated by heavy highway and Central Business District traffic, is trapped in the topographical sink of the Central Tlatte Valley.
PRESENT INVENTORY
. THE SITE IS IN A TOPOGRAPHICAL SINK -TEMPERATURE INVERSIONS ARE COMMON.
. AIR POLLUTION IS COMMON.
PROBLEMS
. 30-50 DAYS UNACCEPTABLY HIGH CARBON MONOXIDE COUNT PER YEAR VIOLATES FEDERAL STANDARDS.
. SUSPENDED PARTICLES DIMINISH VIEWS.
. OUTSIDE ACTIVITIES RESTRUCTURED DURING HIGH POLLUTION PERIODS.
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES
. PROVIDE INDOOR SPACES TO ESCAPE.


NOISE
SUMMARY
Unacceptable noise levels are generated in the Central Platte Valley by highway traffic, trains, and industry. Berms or barriers which buffer noise sources are more effective close to the barrier than further away.
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PRESENT INVENTORY
. 1-25 NOISE LEVEL ESTIMATED 65-75 DECIBELS
PROBLEMS
. PROXIMITY OF 1-25 WAY IN WHICH 1-25 SURROUNDS SITE
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES
. ABATEMENT TECHNIQUES
. EARTH BERMS BARRIERS ORIENTATION


ECOLOGY
SUMMARY
The sparse natural vegetation currently growing In the Central Platte Valley provides a Halted habitat for small mammals and a variety o( birds.
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PRESENT INVENTORY
DIVERSE RIPARIAN VEGITATION
. WILDLIFE CONSISTING OF RATS, BEAVERS, FISH, BIRDS AND WATERFOWL.
PROBLEMS
. WITH INCREASED DEVELOPMENT, GREATER CHANCE FOR CONFLICT.
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES
. USE OF NATURE IN DESIGN IS BENEFICIAL.
WATER QUALITY
SUMMARY
The quality of water in the South Platte River and Cherry Creek has been improving in the past decade. Increased run-off caused by any development could adversely affect water quality unless treated before flowing into the rivers.
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PRESENT INVENTORY IMPROVING WATER QUALITY POLLUTANTS ARE AMMONIA AND FECAL CLOROFORM ODOR IS WORST DURING LOW WATER.
PROBLEMS
. INCREASED RUNOFF FROM DEVELOPMENT COULD RESULT IN INCREASED POLLUTION.
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES POTENTIAL FOR RECREATION POTENTIAL FOR DESIGN AMENITY


ENERGY EFFICIENCY
SUMMARY
Denver's chereccerlaclcally sunny weather, combined with the flat, open terrain of the Central Platte Valley, provide an excellent opportunity for development occuring here to utilise the sun for energy-efficient design.

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PRESENT INVENTORY SUNNY 68% OF TIME MILD AVERAGE TEMPERATURES DAILY AND SEASONAL EXTREMES
PROBLEMS
. AIR POLLUTION LESSENS SUN'S INTENSITY STRONG WINDS RESTRICT DESIGN
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES
. AT PRESENT, SOUTHERN ORIENTATION SHOULD BE UTILIZED.
. FLAT TERRAIN, NO SHADOWS
CLIMATIC DATA
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE fF I
HEATING AND COOLING CHART
600
600
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DENVER
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NORMAL HEATING DEGREE OATS HE3B NORMAL COOLING DEGREE OATS L_J SON ANGLE
LONGITUDE 104.52 WEST
LATITUDE 39.52 NORTH
ALTITUDE 5280 FT. ABOVE SEA LEVEL
SON ANGLE


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INTRODUCTION
SINCE THIS PROJECT USES HISTORY AS ITS THEME,
THE BUILDING THAT IS LEFT ON SITE, THE ROUNDHOUSE, WILL BE DEVELOPED AS A RAILROAD MUSEUM. THIS MUSEUM WILL SHOWCASE NOT ONLY LOCOMOTIVES, BUT ALSO THE REPAIR PROCRESS (SEE SITE SECTION FDR DESCRIPTION).
REASONS FOR USE
. INTEGRITY OF KEEPING WITH BUILDING'S ORIGINAL USE
. SERVE AS DRAW TO LURE PEOPLE SINCE IT IS A DESTINATION TYPE PROJECT
SPACES
. TRAIN DISPLAY AND REPAIR AREA PHOTOGRAPHIC EXHIBIT AREA EXHIBIT SUPPORT AREA ADMINISTRATION OFFICES PUBLIC RESTROOMS PRIVATE RESTROOMS
TOTAL
7.000 SQ. FT.
1.000 1,000
500
500
500
10,500 SQ. FT.
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES
. LARGE SCALE SPACE FOR LARGE SCALE OBJECTS NATURAL LIGHTING HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE


INTRODUCTION
THIS PROJECT WILL INCLUDE INDOOR/OCTDOOR FARMERS TYPE MARKET. THE MARKET WILL HAVE 20-AO OWNER-OPERATED RETAIL SHOPS, MAINLY FOOD RELATED SMALL SHOPS.
REASONS FOR USE
. DENVER HAS NO SUCH FACILITY
. CENTRAL LOCATION THAT WOULD MAKE IT CONVENIENT FOR SHOPPING
. AN ATTRACTION FOR REST OF DEVELOPMENT
. AN ENTITY THAT ATTRACTS ALL TYPES OF PEOPLE LARGER BASE TO DRAW PEOPLE
. MARKETS TRADITIONALLY CREATE ACTIVITY, NECESSARY FOR ECONOMIC SUCCESS
SPACES
MAIN MARKET AREA (INDOOR) 8,000 SQ. FT.
RESTROOMS 1,000 SQ. FT.
JANITORAL 500 SQ. FT,
HVAC
500 SQ. FT
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES
. FLEXIBILITY IS OF PRIME IMPORTANCE .. IN RETAIL SPACE .. INDOOR/OUTDOOR


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INTRODUCTION
THIS PROJECT WILL INCLUDE :
.6-12 TAKE OUT RESTAURANTS DINING AREA.
WITH COMMON
. 2 MEDIUM SIZED RESTARUANTS, EACH WITH A BAR AREA AND ITS OWN DINING AREA.
REASONS FOR USE
. RESTAURANTS COMPLETE A RETAIL DEVELOPMENT WHERE VISITOR CAN EAT AND SHOP
. RESTAURANTS ARE AN ATTRACTION FDR DESTINATION VISITORS
. RESTAURANTS CREATE ACTIVITY
SPACE REQUIREMENTS
. FOOD COURT VENDORS (EACH)
..SERVICE 800 SQ. FT.
..DINING AREA (COMBINED) 4,000
RESTAURANTS (EACH)
. .MAIN DINING AREA 1,000
..BAR & LOUNGE 800
. .KITCHEN/SUPPORT 800
. .RESTROOMS 500
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES
. USERS ARE ABLE TO VIEW ACTIVITY INDOOR/OUTDOOR CONCEPT MORE INTIMACY IN SCALE
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PROJECT: ROUNDHOUSE ADAPTIVE REUSE
LOCATION: DENVER, COLORADO
. FIRE ZONE
. OCCUPANCY CLASSIFICATION ..PRINCIPLE B-3 (MUSEUM)
..OTHERS B-3 (MARKET)
F-l (RESTAURANT)
. CONSTRUCTION TYPE III
. OCCUPANCY SEPARATION REQ. ..B3T0F1 NONE
. FIRE RESISTANCE OF EXTERIOR WALLS ..2 HR
. OPENINGS IN EXTERIOR WALLS N.A.
. MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE FLOOR AREA ..30,100 SQ. FT.
..IF SPRINKLERED
. MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE HEIGHT ..FOUR STORIES 75'
. FIRE RESISTANCE REQUIREMENTS ..EXTERIOR WALLS:. 1 HR.
..INT, BEARING WALLS 1 HR. STRUCTURAL FRAME 1 HR
. WIND DESIGN VELOCITY
WIND DESIGN VELOCITY
..90 MPH AT .85
OCCUPANY LOAD
..B 3 15 SQ.FT./PERSON
NUMBER OF EXITS 2 OR MORE
..MAX. TRAVEL DISTANCE 150'
..WITH SPRINKLERS 200'
EXIT DOORS 36 WIDTH
EXIT CORRIDORS 44' WIDTH
..1 HR. FIRE RATING
STAIRS 1 FOR OCC. LD OF 50 OR MORE
..WIDTH 44"
..MAX. RISER 7.5
..MAX. TREAD 10.0
..HANDRAILS 42"
..HANDRAILS POST
SPACING- 6"
..DISTANCE BETWEEN
LANDINGS 12-6"
CORRIDORS DEAD END ALLOWED
..MAX. LENGTH
50'


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THIS PROPERTY IS ZONED I-Z BUT F OR FLOOD ZONE RESTRICTIONS ALSO APPLY.
THIS SITE WOULD BE DEVELOPED UNDER PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENT (PUB) REGULATIONS BECAUSE IT ALLOWS GREATER FLEXIBILITY OF USES AND DESIGN.
P.U.D. IS CHARACTERIZED BY UNIFIED SITE DESIGN FOR CLUSTERING BUILDINGS AND PROVIDING COMMON SPACE, DENSITY INCREASES, MIX OF BUILDING TYPES AND LAND USES.
DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
1) ADEQUATE DESIGN OF GRADES AND GUTTERS AND DRAINAGE IN ACCORDANCE WITH SPECIFIED RULES AND REGULATIONS.
2) PROPER ALIGNMENT OF SIGNS AND LIGHTS NOT TO INTEFERE WITH TRAFFIC SIGNALS.
3) ADEQUATE AMOUNTS OF SAFE RECREATION AREA LOCATIONS.
4) FENCES, WALLS OR YEAR ROUND NATURAL SCREEN PLANTING OR LANDSCAPING WHEN NECESSARY TO SHIELD RESIDENTIAL AREAS FROM COMMERCIAL OR INDUSTRIAL AREAS.
5) ADEQUATE AMOUNTS OF SAFE, CONVENIENT PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION FACILITIES,
MASS TRANSPORTATION STOPS AND SHELTERS AND RESTROOMS.
6) ADEQUATE TREATMENT OF DRAINAGE TO HANDLE STORM WATERS, PREVENT EROSION AND MINIMIZE THE FORMATION OF DUST.
FLOOD RESTRICTIONS CERTAIN USES
. NO INCREASE IN FLOOD LEVEL DURING 100 YEAR FLOOD.
. FIRST FLOOR 1' ABOVE 100 YEAR FLOOD
. FLOODPROOFED WALLS SUBSTANTIALLY IMPERMEABLE TO PASSAGE OF WATER.
. SUBSTANTIAL STRUCTURES TO RESIST HYDRO STATIC AND BUOYANCY EFFECTS.
. FILL DOES NOT IMPEDE WATERCOURSE OF FLOODWAY
. FILL OR MATERIAL WILL BE PROTECTED FROM EROSION BY RIP RAP.


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PRESENT INVENTORY
. MUSEUM 1 SPACE/200 SQ. FT. 50 SPACES
. MARKETPLACE 1 SPACE/500 SQ. FT. 200 SPACES
. RESTAURANTS 1 SPACE/TABLE
1 TABLE/15 SQ. FT. 50 SPACES
TOTAL 300 SPACES
. COMBINATION REDUCTION FACTOR .6
. TOTAL PARKING REQUIREMENT 180 SPACES
PROBLEMS
. VISUAL EFFECTS ON FLAT SITE INCREASING RUNOFF IN FLOOD PLAIN
DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES EASING VISUAL EFFECTS BY BERMING





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^rr£Lu^i IN THIS THESIS I CHOSE TO INVESTIGATE BOTH HISTORICAL ELEMENTS AND PROPORTIONING AS THEMES THAT UNIFY OLD AND NEW ARCHITECTURE. IT WAS MY CONTENTION THAT A SUCCESSFUL COMBINATION OF THESE ELEMENTS CREATED A SENSE OF PLACE.
BUT I HAVE POUND THAT THE PARAMETERS OF THIS THESIS INVESTIGATION ARE TOO NARROW. THE UNIFYING ELEMENTS ARE NOT ONLY PROPORTIONING AND THE USE OF HISTORICAL ELEMENTS, BUT THEY MUST ALSO INCLUDE THE SENSITIVE USE OF MATERIALS, FORM, SCALE, RHYTHM, MASSING, ETC, ALL OF THE TOOLS IN AN ARCHITECT'S PALATE. ARCHITECTS, AS DESIGNERS, SHOULD NOT LIMIT THE NUMBER OF THESE ELEMENTS AVAILABLE TO THEM. ANY ATTEMPT TO ISOLATE A CERTAIN NUMBER OF THESE ELEMENTS WHILE TRYING TO SUCCESSFULLY CREATE THE CONTEXTURAL RELATIONSHIP IS DOOMED FOR FAILURE. AN ARCHITECT*S KNOWLEDGE, AWARENESS AND SKILL, COMBINED WITH THE EFFECTIVE USE OF ALL THESE TOOLS, WILL CREATE THE UNIFYING EFFECT DESIRED.
I HAVE ALSO FOUND THAT THERE ARE INHERENT CHARACTERISTICS IN ANY ADAPTIVE RE-USE PROJECT THAT CAN AID OR DETRACT FROM THE SUCCESSFULNESS OF THE PROJECT. IN THIS PARTICULAR PROJECT, TWO SUCH CHARACTERISTICS AIDED IN DEVELOPING A SENSE OF PLACE.
THE FIRST IS THE CIRCULAR FORM OF THE ROUNDHOUSE, WITH THE TURNTABLE SERVING AS A FOCAL POINT.
THIS ORGANIZATION SERVES TO CENTRALIZE BOTH ACTIVITY AND ATTENTION. THE SECOND ELEMENT IS THE SCALE OF THE BUILDINGS AS THEY FACE THE TRAIN YARD. THEY CREATE A SPACE, A STAGE WHERE ACTIVITY CAN TAKE PLACE. THIS IS ANALOGOUS TO THE SPACES CREATED BY OLD BUILDINGS IN THE STREETS OF URBAN AREAS. THESE TWO INHERENT CHARACTERISTICS OF THIS PROJECT CREATE UNIQUE CONDITIONS THAT ENHANCE THE SENSE OF PLACE.



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. DENVER ZONE HANDBOOK
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. HISTORIC PRESERVATION. BY JAMES MARSTON FITCH. MCGRAW HILL, NEW YORK 1982.
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COLORADO RAILROAD MUSEUM, GOLDEN, CO.