WEST SIDE RECORDER
Volume 10Number 4
Monthly Newspaper of the West Side, Denver, Colorado
The Mexican Folkloric Dance Group, sponsored by the Westside Coalition is shown performing on the steps of City Hall, Tuesday, April 3rd, for a crowd of some 300 to 400 Denver residents who turned out for the Day
of Concern. Father Sullivan, Pastor at St. Joes, was the main speaker and pointed to the recent federal cutbacks that have effected social service programs.
DiMonno Attacks 'Childrens Code
On Monday evening, April 2nd, Councilman Eugene Gino DiManna introduced a resolution to the City Council urging the State Senate to pass Senate Bill No. 303 which would change the Colorado Childrens Code.
The Colorado Childrens Code was adopted in 1967 to proyide safeguards for juveniles so that they would not be tried as hardened criminals, and provided avenues for court authorities to pursue to try and rehabilitate young offenders rather than merely locking them up.
Councilman DiManna stated at the City Council meeting I feel that the only way to solve the rising crime problem is to change the Childrens Code and stop the juvenile element and crime at that level.
He is the same city councilman who encouraged Chief of Police Dill to let police use physical force in dealing with the youth at La Raza Park rather than to negotiate differences last sum-
mer. Councilman DiManna was later found writing letters of support for known criminals that were associates of his, trying to get them out of trouble.
Because Councilman DiManna could not support his resolution when questions were raised by the other councilman, they all voted unanimously (including Councilman DiManna) to postpone action on the resolution for one week so they could be better informed before voting.
The following week, Monday, April 9th, the Councilmen were still confused on whether to vote in favor of DiManrias resolution, and Councilman DiManna appeared equally confused for a second time, for on that evening he didnt utter a sound.
All the councilmen voted not to act on the DiManna Resolution, but rather to join together and help Gino DiManna write a letter supporting the Senate in trying to address itself to the juvenile problems facing this state.
Coalition To Sponsor Festivities
St. Cajetaas Parishioners Ponder Fotere 01 Church
The .Westside Coalition will be hosting Cinco de Mayo festivities on Santa Fe Drive between 8th and 9th Avenues, Saturday May 5th, between 12:00 noon and 7:00 in -the evening, tdany community organization groups, arid area businessmen will have booths and displays for selling their goods. Several organizations will be selling food, there will be Mexican bands and Mexican folkloric dancing will be performed by some of the
On Thursday evening, April 12th, approximately 300 residents turned out at a ralley at the Inner City Parish to voice their concerns regarding the proposed destruction of the facility to make way for more parking space for faculty and Students at West High.
Speakers representing different agencies supported the Parish struggle to maintain their building and the programs they offered. Young people spoke and pointed out that if the Parish were destroyed they would have no where to go and pleaded with the audience to make every effort to save the building. Older people pointed out that they regarded the Parish as a home away from home, and would feel very left out if they could not come to the Parish for the programs offered for their age group. Area principles in the area spoke briefly and were also supportive.
Several elected officials were invited, but the only one that showed up was State Representative Betty Benavidez from District 7, which covers the West-side. She too was supportive, and asked what measures would be taken to save the building, and pledged to work with others in preserving the structure. Councilman Eugene Gino DiManna was noticeably absent, having
elementary school children in the neighborhood. The street will be closed off that day so that the booths can be set up.
September 16, (Grito de Dolores) arid May 5, (Cinco de Mayo) are two of Mexico's National holidays. On September 16, 1810, at his little Parish church, Father Hidalgo uttered the now famous Grito de Delores, which called for an end to Spanish rule and Mexican Inde-pendance. With 50,000 Indians
been notified and invited to the meeting.
Ramiro Cruz Aedo, Director of the Inner City Parish, sum-morized the meeting by saying all avenues would be explored to save the building and noted that the struggle was not one with West High School, but with the Denver Public School Administration. A meeting was set for Monday, April 23 with the Superintendant of Schools and he asked for those in attendance to be present to air their views.
and mestizos united under the banner of the Virgin of Guadalupe, he led an unsuccessful attempt to establish Mexican Independance, and was executed: In 1821 many of his followers joined Augustin de Itur-bide and were successful in secur-ring Independance for Mexico.
Cinco de Mayo, the other major national Mexican holiday commemorates the Mexicans victory over the French in a major battle fought at Puebla on May 5, 1862.
France had invaded Mexico in 1862 for not paying foreign debts, the ambitious Napolean III sent the Archduke Maximilian of Austria to establish a second French empire in 1864. At this point one of Mexicos greatest leaders emerged to combat French imperialism, his name was Benito Juarez. Juarez was a full-blooded Zapotec Indian from the city of Oazaca and later he became President of Mexico.
Since 75% of the residents of West Denver are of Mexican or Mexican American ancestry, the Westside Coalition would encourage them to come and enjoy the festivities. It is hoped that residents of the entire city would also take this opportunity to come to the Westside and enjoy a day of music, food, and entertainment.
Officials of the Catholic Archdiocese of Denver and members of St. Cajetans Parish are pondering what will happen after the wrecking ball levels the landmark at 1156 Ninth Street.
St. Cajetans has been a center for religious and Spanish speaking cultural activities in Auraria since 1926.
Sometime next year, the church, designated a Denver landmark in 1970 by the City Council, will be torn down to make way for the Auraria Education Complex.
The archdiocese has sold the church, rectory, and convent to the Denver Urban Renewal Authority (DURA) for $268,000. Negotiations are under way to sell the school building.
DURA will take possession of the church property March 30. Martin Work, archdiocesan director of Administration and Planning explained that the archdiocese wants to lease the property for at least a year while plans for the future are formulated. He said the archdiocese will rent the church for $675 a month.
Since the parish, which claims about 150 families is a national parish for the Spanish speaking in the metropolitan area, Archbishop James V. Casey has said that whatever is realized from the sale of the property will be turned back into a project for the Spanish speaking.
In the meantime, a committee concerned about St. Cajetans has been formed and is seeking suggestions from the congregation. Members of the planning committee also are meeting with officials of the archdiocese.
Fidel Aguilar of 1641 Irving Street is chairman. Also among the committee members are Mrs. Lucricia Vigil of 1560 Newton St., Joe Quintana of 2740 So. Perry St., and Rudy Martinez of 638 Lowell Blvd.
Among the alternatives already under discussion are:
The prospect of building an entirely new church and cultural center for Spanish speaking in
the inner city.
The possible merger with an existing parish.
Work stressed that were not way down the road on deciding the future.
Auxiliary Bishop George R. Evans, Vicar for Urban and Rural Affairs, declared We dont want to make a mistake. Were trying to get the best answer.
Martinez pointed out that the congregation draws people from throughout the area. He said its important to plan now before families begin to frequent other parishes and the Spanish speaking identity of the congregation is lost.
St. Cajetans parish was formed with a nucleus of Catholics in 1922. Originally, the parishioners met in the old St. Leos Church which has since been torn down.
Catholic philanthropist J. K. Mullen offered to donate a site for the church if the congregation could raise $5,000. The parish had raised more than $4,000 when the bank that held their savings failed.
Mullen didnt desert the parish. He gave the congregation the land, a small house for the priest and money to begin construction. Later, he contributed even more money to see the church to its completion.
The Theatine Order of Priests, founded in Italy in 1524, became responsible for the parish. The church was named after the orders founder, St. Cajetan. The priests also established a credit union to help the Auraria congregation.
A dance has been scheduled at St. Joes to celebrate the ending of Lent. The dance will begin after services on Saturday, April 21. The time will be from 9:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. Music will be provided by The4-Ms. The price is $7.00 per couple. Beer and Set-ups will be provided.
This young Westsider is anxiously awaiting the Cinco de Mayo festivities to be held on Santa Fe Drive, May 5.
Area Parish Struggles To Remain Open
Page 2West Side RecorderApril, 1973
; OUR POSITION
Short Sighted Views
Letters to the Editor
Help Needed With Foster Care
It is indeed unfortunate that the Weslside is represented by a councilman whose views on juvenile delinquency are so short sighted that his answer to the rising juvenile crime rate is limited to locking up young offenders rather than trying to rehabilitate them.
Councilman Eugene *'Gino DiMannas recent resolution supporting changes in the Childrens Code should not go unchallenged. Some of the changes that are called for would be having 14 year olds go before adult court rather than juvenile court. We believe that this type of action would be very damaging, for if a youngster were sentenced he would either have to go to Canyon City or Buena Vista with no hope of being placed in alternative rehabilitation programs that are offered to juveniles.
Canyon City or Buena Vista are filled with individuals who have
been subjected to a unjust legal system, that more times than not., makes them even more hardened than when they went in. We wonder if Councilman DiManna feels that this is the proper place to send a young offender of 14 years of age.
Another change that Councilman DiManna would support would be to allow juveniles to be questioned without the parents present. This type of action would mean that if a parent couldnt be located a youth could still be questioned and charged. We feel that young people 14 years of age could be harassed into making statements that would later be held against them in court, and is most unjust.
We would suggest that Councilman DiManna research what he is talking about before introducing support of legislation that would be harmful to our youth, and our community.
Future Of St. Cajetan
The future of St. Cajetan is of great concern, not only to parishioners. but also the the Spanish speaking community. We will wish to keep the identity, which St. Cajetan has had since 1922, represented in religious and cultural activities.
Whereas, the Archdiocese has sold the property now occupied by St. Cajetans Parish, and whereas the disposal of said property is not the choosing of its parishioners, rather the result of progressive metropolitan Denver planning, we the people of St. Cajetans are asking only for relocation of what we now have.
Our wishes are to retain a National Parish, as we feel a parish as such, offers a feeling of security and hope to the Spanish speaking community. The statistics of sick calls, baptisms, weddings, funerals, and the labor of our school and its results during these 50 years of operation are overwhelming^ confirming the dedicated service of the Theatine Padres. All this can continue to flourish with a note of Spanish-Mexican-American joy and exhuberance, if Archdiocese of Denver grants our relocation plea.
Archbishop James Casey has made a firm committment that all funds derived from the sale of St. Cajetan properties will go to the establishment of a St. Cajetan Parish; however, as he says, We still dont know the details of how to implement this.
Respectfully submitted, Miss Delphine Garcia St. Cajetan Parish Council
Action Center Conducts Survey
Counselors at the West Side Action Center have been busy out in the field doing rent surverys. Basically its been found that rents are being raised since the rent freeze was lifted by President Nixon on Jan. 12 of this year.
Landlords were asked by the
Nixon Administration to keep their rents stable: however, with no controls from Internal Revenue Service, rents are being raised at the whim of the landlord.
Right now there is not much a (Continued on page 6)
CHILDREN'S ART CONTEST 858 Santa Fe
WHERE? 858 Santa Fe Drive
* WHEN? May 5th Cinco de Mayo Street Festival
* Prizes will be awarded in two age divisions eligible:
1. Grade school
2. Junior High
* Theme will be Indian, Mexican, and Spanis Art
* Art work no larger than 15" x 25"
*lf possible, Art work should be matted (frame with poster board recommended)
* Contest entries will be accepted no later than May 3rd, (Wednesday) at our address
* Shop hours: 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday thru Saturday
* Reminder: Westside Artists and Craftsmen visit us and reserve a display for your works.
* For more information call Juan or Connie at 893-6719
We are seeking your help in regard to foster children and foster care. We ask you to do two things: (1) appoint a delegate from your group to a workshop to be held later this spring by Friends of Foster Care, (2) call attention to your members the need for foster parents and the long-range value for our community in helping foster children and their families.
President Nixon has proclaimed April 8-14,1973 as National Action for Foster Children Week. The week highlights a year-round program of securing* public recognition and support for work performed by foster parents and social workers on behalf of Americas forgotten minority 315,000 foster children in the U. S. Foster parents play a
short term or long term. The ultimate aim of foster care services is to restore the child to his vital role in our community in helping these children grow into Americas future citizens.
Denver has been designated as one of six demonstration areas in the country to provide a public support program model for foster care. In the State of Colorado there are 1,700 foster homes and 3,600 foster children. The Denver metro area has approximately 900 foster homes certified by public and private social agencies. More are needed.
Foster children must live apart from their own parents who are in crisis and unable to care for their children. The children range from newborn to age 21 and come from all races, religions, social and economic backgrounds. Foster care may be.
Supports School Candidates
For the past five years, I have been involved in school matters: especially within the West Side. I have been involved in every school board election, and have come to know many people who work in the schools, or in the area of education even though they are not school personnel. Three of these invididuals are now running for the school board election.
Even though these three persons are not running as a team, they are the ones I have known and recommend for your consideration as you vote on May 15. These individuals are Bernard Valdez, Kay Schomp, and Omar Blair. I met all' three of them through community involvement in the schools of Denver. Because of the fact that they have been speaking to the school administration and Board members and have been frustrated because they have not been heard, I am sure that they will listen to the people when we come before them with school problems. They will understand what we mean by community schools because they have spoken on behalf of this concept. Kay, Bernard, and Omar will understand us when we talk about the inequality of education and facilities in our schools because they themselves have spoken on behalf of equal education and facilities for all students in all segments of the city. They will also understand the term community participation because they believe that the community is an integral part of the schools and the schools of the community. Valdez, Schomp, and Blair know what we mean by neighborhood schools because they, too, know the value of a neighborhood as a family centered community, where the community helps in making decisions in the schools that affect the learning of their children. (This is in total contradiction today
where the present school board is making important decisions behind closed doors.)
When we talk about bilingual-bicultural education, they know very well what it is all about. Why do they know? Simply by the fact that all three have known what it means to be a member of a group that has been discriminated against: Mrs. Schomp is a woman, Mr. Valdez is Mexican-American, and Mr.. Blair is Black.
There is a lot more I could share with you about Omar, Bernard, and Kay;- and I hope you can call. But for now I want to ask you that you consider these three people to represent the education of your children as your elected board members in the Denver Public Schools system.
We ha ve lost some good School Board members; it is about time we elect others just as good. Vote for: Bernard Valdez, Kay Schomp, and Omar Blair.
P.S. They are not opposing one another: in fact, complement one another.
natural parents under improved home conditions. Foster children require a loving home, foster parents who cata cope with their individual needs, offer understanding and a feeling of belonging, food, shelter, clothing, medical and dental care. There is a need for continued recruitment of foster families, especially to serve teen-agers and children with physical and emotional problems.
Foster parents and social agencies find it increasingly difficult to serve the needs of foster children, largely because of a lack of community resources. It is only through voluntary efforts and increased funding that communities can help fill the needs of children in foster care.
We encourage your special efforts of community support for foster children April 8-14th. For more information about joining Friends of Foster Children call the Department of Community Services of United Way, 573-6666. Please give them the name of the delegate you select to attend the workshop.
Our foster children will be grateful for your concern.
(Mrs.) Kate Stonington, Chairman
National Action Week for Foster Children
(Mrs.) Betty Tucker, Pres. Friends of Foster Children
WESTSIDE RECORDER STAFF Acting Editor Richard Castro Advertising Manager Bob Federico Secretary Loretta Robles Reporters Celina Garcia Don Schierling Brice Balmer Alberta Crespin Waldo Benavidez Chuck Garcia
AZTLAN THEATRE 974 Santa Fe 573-0188
may movie schedule *
English Movies, Thursday & Friday Doors Open 6:30p.m.
May 3rd & 4th... HOSPITAL (GP) with George C.
Scott and PRIME CUT (R) with Lee Marvin
May 9th, 10th, 11th Return by Popular Demand MIMIH
SOLDIER BLUE (R) with Candice Bergen and Peter Strauss and CHATO'S LAND (GP) with Charles Bronson
May 17th & 18th AND HOPE TO DIE (GP) with Robert
Ryan and Mia Farrow and WALK ABOUT (GP) Human Interest Story
May 24th & 25th
MELINDA (R) with C. Lockhart and V. McGee and THEY ONLY KILL THEIR MASTERS (GP) with James Garner
May 31 st & June 1st.. THE REVENGERS (GP) with Ernest
Borgnine and William Holden and WAR BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN (GP) with Jack Lemmon and Barbara Harris
ALL SEATS 50C.......
Mexican Movies shown Saturdays and Sundays, call for that schedule.
1973West Sid* RecorderPag* 3
The West side Coalition
CINCO DE MAYO Street FESTIVAL
, MtttM .'O^aniJati aris and ,
Wvi a* AftLAH THEATRE
8 *, SAT. MAY 5-
BLOCKS Of 8n,.
Page 4^-West Side RecorderApril, 1973
Carnival At Baker Oae Of Best Eveats ia Recent Years
The Carnival held at Baker on April 5 was one of the most successful events ( of recent years. Over a thousand people attended: fifty cakes were donated and given away in the Cake Walk: hundreds of burritos. tamales, and hot dogs were eaten: nine door prizes were distributed to the winners: and the Baker Student Parent Teacher Advisary Council ended up with $431 to carry on their organization.
The nine door prizes were all distributed to the winners, some of whom the judges did not recognize because they were cousins, brothers, nephews and relatives who came for the fun. Winners who were recognized were: radio. James Aglesby: records, Cathy Sandoval and Agapita Sandoval: football. Manuel Evans:
basketball. Brenda Rodriguez.
The Carnival Committee and Mr. Genera, school principal, asked that their thanks be given to all the people from this community who helped by contributing cakes, time, and other prizes, and to those who attended the function. The atmosphere was one of fun and good spirit.
The Student Parent Teacher Advisory Council (SPTAC) was organized this year to bring about better communication and to improve relationships among parents, students, school people, and others in the community, to help advise on objections and methods and to provide activities that encourage attendance. Membership is open to parents, former or present pupils of Baker and its feeder schools. v On the agenda for the next meeting on May 3 at 7:30 is the election of officers for this next school year. Present officers are: Chairman, Mr. Ben Trujillo: First Vice Chairman, Mrs. Jean Casados: Second Vice Chairman, Mr. Jesse Arellano: Third Vice Chairman, Mr. Don Genera: First Secretary, Miss Jean McBernie: Second Secretary. Miss Faye Valero; Treasurer. Mr. Jay Marquez. Anyone interested in coming may get more information by calling Baker. 222-9718.
St. Josephs Grade School was chosen for outstanding sportsmanship during the Junior Parochial League Basketball Tournament. The trophy was awarded to the basketball team as well as cheerleaders and fans. Shown with the trophy are; (Standing, left to right) Steve Martinez, Eric Duran, Orlando Del Toro, Danny Jinenez, Donald Martinez,
Vincent Crespin, Alvin Martinez. (Second Row:) Gerald Romero, Mike Garcia, James Trujillo, David Romero, Aldo Sanchez and Joe Garcia (Third Row:) Mary Jo Norman, Wanda Cordova, Loretta Cordova, Delores Valdez, and Noelle Choquette. (Front Row:) Margot Garcia, Bernice Lopez, Rose Trujillo, Linda Archuleta, and Linda Recek.
Congresswoman Pat Schroe-der announced today that two members of her Task Force on Housing were named to important offices of the National, Housing Conference.
Mrs. Schroeder said that Lee Johnson who is heading up her Task Force in Denver, was elected Vipe President of the National Organization. Mr. Johnson, she said, has long been active in the housing field, and has es-
A partial solution for families plagued by rising food costs was suggested in Denver todayI (Inflation) gardens.
During World Wars I and II, approximately 18 million Americans planted V VICTORY GARDENS TO SOFTEN THE BLOW OF FOOD SHORTAGES.
Today, Colorado Federal
pecially been interested in low and moderate income housing. John Babbs, Mrs. Schroeder said, was named to the Board of Directors of the National Housing Conference.
Johnson is currently the President of Denver Metro Housing, Inc.
Babbs is a Denver attorney. For the past two years he has been associated with Colorado Housing, Inc.
Savings & Loan Association, in cooperation with the Denver Botanic Gardens and W. W. Wilmore Nurseries, Inc., proposes that people plant I (Inflation) gardens to combat the rising cost of feeding their families.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (Continued on page 7)
Two members of St. Josephs Grade School basketball team were chosen to be on the All-Star Parochial Basketball Team. Both Danny Jimenez and Alvin Martinez were chosen among the teams playing in the Parochial Tournament. They were eligible to participate in the All-Star North-South game which was played at the Denver Auditorium before one of the Rocket games.
Latest Happenings At St. Josephs Church
May devotions Tuesday, May 1 at a six oclock Mass followed by a pot luck supper. Everyone welcome. Bring two dishes with a little more in each than your family would eat.
Registration for all new corners to St. Joseph grades 1 through 8 will be held during the week of April 30. Come to the school or call 534-4558.
Field day for St. Joseph Grade School will be Sunday, May 20 at Washington Park. Activities begin with Mass at 12 oclock noon.
Last P.T.A. Meeting Thursday, May 17. Officers for the next school year will be elected at this time.
In June 1972, Mr. Bernard Valdez was appointed to the Board of Education replacing Bert Gallegos who resigned. THIS POSITION MUST BE REPLACED BY YOUR VOTE.
SCHOOL FINANCING: Quality Education is not a bargain item. It is very expensive. "I PLEDGE MY EFFORTS TO WORK WITHIN THE SCHOOL BOARD TO ACHIEVE THE BEST AND MOST EFFICIENT EDUCATIONAL SCHOOL SYSTEM WE CAN POSSIBLY AFFORD." Bernard Valdez
Based upon his experience on the Board since last June, Mr. Valdez will continue to enhance the educational opportunities for all children in Denver. Mr. Valdez is a candidate for a six year term on May 15 School Board Election. We urge you to consider his administrative and civic involvement and commitment to education by YOUR supporting VOTE.
Let us share with you Mr. Valdez's philisophical views on basic issues on education:
PUBLIC SCHOOLS: Educational opportunities must be available to all children. Special educational programs be made available to children with special needs. Education should serve as the equalizer of opportunities.
NEIGHBORHOOD SCHOOLS: The neighborhood school is an institution which binds the neighborhood together and must be protected as a tool to bind our cultures and heal our diversity.
PERSONNEL POLICY: This primary function of our schools is to provide a quality education to every child.
Paid for by the Committee to elect Bernard Valdez.
k Fresh Requesson
727 Santa Fe CINCO DE MAYO SPECIAL
Fernandez Frozen Hominy 24 oz. Bag 390
Shurfine Hominy #21/2 can 5 for $1.
x rresit nequessun rimo Demis
| (Available daily) 10 lbs. $1.46 |
s (Goat cheese from Trinidad) 8
Morisas Fava Beans (Horse beans) 8
8 (BloodSausage) .590 lb. 8
El Molino Hot Chili Peppers 4 oz. can, 3 for a $1.
LOTS MORE MEXICAN FOOD Delivery Service A vail able Call: 572-8209
April, 1973West Side RecorderPage 5
This month the Westside Recorder would like to spotlight two very active community residents, they are Mr. and Mrs. Lupe Carlos who live at 93 W. Cedar.
Mr. Carlos is a foreman for the City and County Waste Water Control Division and has held a position with them for more than 15 years. Originally from East Denver, he has made his roots here in the Westside, and is struggling to preserve the residential family makeup of this neighborhood.
Mrs. Carlos in addition to raising her seven children, works mornings at Auraria Community Center as a Headstart Teacher Assistant. She served as President of the Alameda PTA two years ago, and she and her husband are very actively trying to keep Alameda Elementary School from closing. She believes that Alameda School is offering the children there a good education because it is a small neighborhood school and can provide the children there with the individual attention they deserve.
Mr. Carlos is the chairman of
the Mexican Folkloric Dance group, sponsored by the Westside Coalition. Denise, Cindy, Jackie, Jerry, and John all attend Alameda Elementary School. The girls are also involved in the Mexican Dance group, in addition they are in the Pioneers Club sponsored by Carona Church. The majority of the children at-
tended La Academia del Barrio, a Chicano orientated summer school here in the Westside these past three years.
The Recorder would like to salute the Carlos family for their community participation and involvement. It is families like theirs that provide the backbone of the community.
liferMacioR de Enfermo Reumatica
Que es una enfermedad reumatica del corazon? Una enfermedad reumatica del corazon es cuando uno ha sufrido Fiebre Reumatica y cuando las valvulas del corazon han sufrido cicatrices defectuosas que estor-ban al trabajo del corazon.
Que es una enfermedad congenita del corazon? Una enfermedad congenita del corazon es cuando una persona nace con un defecto de nacimiento del corazon o de sus arterias o venas grandes. Un defecto de esta clase usualmente necesita corregirse con cirugia.
Son hereditarias las enfermedades del corazon? Si usted tiene parientes muy cercanos que murieron del corazon cuando ellos eran jovens, ES POSIBLE que usted tambien tenga peligro.
Westside Health Center 990 Federal Boulevard Telefono 292-9690
Casita Esperanza 801 West 5th Avenue Telefono 534-0657
Mariposa Health Clinic 1178 Mariposa Telefono 623-8782
Hospital Use Increases
the La Sangre Housing Corp., which is affiliated with the West Side Action Center. The group buys older homes and remodels them, then sells them back to low and moderate income families. An example of two of the housings units they have worked on can be seen at 68 and 74 W. Bayaud. Mr. Carlos believes .hat one of the only ways to preserve a community like West Denver is to develop more home ownership by families of the area. If more home ownership can not be generated, he sees a danger of the neighborhood dying off, and that is why he spends much volunteer time on housing.
Another concern of the couple is politics. Mr. Carlos is the committeeman in his precinct, and Mrs. Carlos is the committee-woman. They were both instrumental in getting Mrs. Betty Benavidez elected to a second term in the House of Representatives.
The Carlos children are also taking an active part in Westside activities. Martin, the oldest is enrolled in the R.O.T.C. at Byers Junior High. Lupe Jr., dances for
Patient use of Denver Department of Health and Hospitals services reached a new high in 1972.
Manager of Health and Hospitals Dr. Edward G. Dreyfus said that visits to Denver General Hspital and neighborhood health program clinics totaled 681,500 for the year, an increase of almost 20,000 visits over 1971.
For the second straight year, most of the increase in utilization occurred in the DGH clinics, which recorded 281,200 patient visits in 1972, up 11% over 1971.
The DGH pediatrics clinic, which in the. spring of 1972 extended its hours to provide evening and weekend services, had the sharpest increase in utilization. 1972 visits totaled 20,100, compared to 12,400 for 1971.
The agencys venereal disease clinic, which under an agreement with suburban health departments was opened to all metro area residents last year, had a
57% increase in utilization. 1972 visits totaled 9,500.
The hospitals obstetrics and gynecology clinic, which had a slight decrease in maternity patients during 1972 but an increase in family planning visits, recorded 39,900 visits in 1972, an increase of 44% over the previous year.
Other clinics which showed marked increases in utilization are dental, medical and surgical.
After a reduction in service hours in 1972, utilisation at both the Eastside and Westside neighborhood health centers decreased slightly. The Eastside center recorded 99,700 visits a*nd the Westside 120,300. The health programs eight smaller health stations maintained almost the same level of utilization as the previous year. 1972 visits totaled 126,100.
Model City mental health program decentralized facilities had 31,200 patient visits during the year, up 24% over 1971.
Moke our voices heard.
We think all Denver children deserve a good education.
We think all Denver parents deserve a voice on the Denver school board.
will be another voice for our community working for better schools for our children.
On May 15th we get two votes for the six year term to improve Denver's schools.
Make both those votes count.
Make one of them Blair.
Paid for by the Omar Blair Campaign Committee.
Rev. Ramiro Cruz-Aedo, Paco Sanchez and Joe Colin,
Mr. and Mrs. Lupe Carlos
Foster Parents Needed
Do you have an extra measure of love and patience to give to children? More foster parents are needed by the Denver Department of Child Welfare, to help care for needy children.
A foster home provides care for children of all ages on a twenty-four hour basis. They are treated as members of your own family. Many of the children need to live away from their own parents for a variety of reasons centering around individual or family problems. A foster parents interest, understanding, affection and care are vital to children who are separated from their own families. Sometimes the children stay in the foster home on a long term basis or they return to their own parents after a short stay; in addition, some children are placed in adoptive homes after having been in foster care.
We need all kinds of families for these- children. We interview interested families and you decide what age and type of child would be best in your home. We want to know that you have space and adequate heat, ventilation, etc. The child need not have a room of his own, but he does need his own bed and space for his
belongings. To care for foster children you have to be certified by the State, and we help you get this certification. We do ask that you have chest X-rays and a doctors statement as to your health.
Each foster child has his own caseworker who maintains close contact with you and your foster child. The foster parent is a part of a team working in a childs behalf. The Department of Welfare provides for the childs room and board and medical care.
Homes are needed for all kinds of children, but especially for teenagers, children with mental handicaps, and children with medical problems. There is a vital need for group homes for four or more kids, especially teenagers.
If you are interested in becoming a foster parent, call the intake department at Denver Child Welfare, 292-4100, and tell them you are interested. (If you live outside of Denver County, you will be referred to the correct Department of Welfare.) If you enjoy children and feel you can give to a child who needs a special sense of love and security, please give us a call.
Sunday8:009:1511:0012:15 Daily8:0012:155:15 Holiday7:00-8:0012:155:15
Daily 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Saturdays 4:00 p.m. to 5:30 p.m.
7:30 to 8:30 p.m.
LEGION OF MARY-
Each Monday at 7:00 p.m.
4th Sunday of Month at 1:30 p.m. Mass
NOVENA TO ST. ANTHONY-
Tuesdays at 8:00 a.m., 12:15 p.m.,
NOVENA TO ST. JUDE-
Fridays at 8 a.m., 12:15 p.m. and 5:15 p m
ST. ELIZABETH'S CHURCH
255 9556 * HI* and Curtis Sts.
Page 6West Side RecorderApril, 1973
Youth Development Program To Begin
Throughout Westside Area
12 Mos. 3.00 24 Mos. 6.00 36 Mos. 9.00
* Kay Shomp has been involved in matters that improve the educational needs in the Westside. We urge you to VOTE for KAY SHOMP.
(Continued from page 2) tenant can do but pay the rent increase. Westside Tenant Rights has been encouraging tenants to phone IRS and complain about the rent freeze being lifted. The number to call is 837-3911. When you call, tell IRS exactly what has happened to
WANT TO SUBSCRIBE?
Call our circulation department at 534-5088 or fill in below.
The Westside Youth Development Program is to be implemented in the geographical area bordered by Colfax Avenue on the North. Broadway on the East. Alameda on the South and Platte River on the West. This area is served by two junior high schools and four elementary schools. This area is predominantly Chicano and experiences a high rate of status and deliquent offenses.
This program should enable the integration of services through interagency communication and consumer-citizen involvement. A community services coordinating team will aid in agency response to child and youth needs through:
1. A community hearing panel which will be involved in the processing and advisory of status and petty offenders.
2. A community school coordinator who will expand the concept of community for. the schools and in turn will enlarge education opportunities for the child and his parents.
3. A training and information coordinator who will inform the community (child, parent, professional, businessman, and laborer) of the needs, priorities, and solutions of community problems relating to youth.
The Community Hearing Panel will be involved on the assumption that community involvement will lead to better understanding of the problem. Its purpose will be to inform the community as to child and youth problems and have the community directly involved in definition and solution of those problems. Chris Vigil the hearing panel coordinator will administer this program. Children and youth who ha ve been identified as pre-delinquents or status offenders will appear before a community hearing panel made up of three youth and two adults. The five member panel will be made up of residents of this community.
Andy Garcia, and Carlos Perez the two Community School Coordinators wifi function as needed with child, parent, and the school. The majority of youth problems in this area arise as a result of school problems. With the help of Andy, and Carlos we hope it will enable parents and children to relate to the educational experience. The community school coordinators, communicating with the coordinating team, will enable the schools to be more responsive to the community.
Fred De Herrera the Training and Information Coordinator will develop a system of continuing
Dave Sanddoval, Director of Innovative Studies at Metro State College is shown conducting in-service training for some of the YDDPA staff. Also pictured are Andy Garcia, Joe Romero, and Eugene Quintana with his back to the camera.
The (YDDPA) Program in West Denver is staffed by. several community streetworkers. Joe Romero is a resident of the area and brings understanding to the problems
that the youth are faced with.
you and how you feel about there not being any more controls. Remember, tenants pay taxes too and your voice has a right to be heard!
In the near future a meeting will be called to inform tenants'of things they can do to get themselves organized when they are faced with raised rents, housing
code violations, etc. No exact time has been set. For further Information please phone Betty at the Westside Action Center, 534-5141.
Also we are still in need of more information on rent increases. If you have had your rent raised, contact us. We need facts and figures!
JohnZapien Craig Hart Rich Castro Adolph Gomez Manuel Martinez Ramiro-Cruz Aedo Betty Benavidez Waldo Benavidez Joe Giron Tom Martinez
Come to a STOMP WITH SHOMP May 4, at the A Ibany Hotel. Dancing, music, door prizes 9:00 p.m. 12: a.m.
$15.00 per couple
Yoga Class Available
The YWCA of Metropolitan Denver is adding a second class# of Yoga to accommodate the overflow from existing yoga classes. The class in Beginning Yoga will meet Thursday evenings at 7:00 p.m. starting April 26.
The YWCA received numerous requests for another class after spring registration closed. This class has been created to meet those requests. The class will meet for 8 weeks and will be instructed by Miss Linville. Further registration information is available by calling the YWCA at 825-7141.
services for a child and his family. Fred will be responsible for relating program needs and solutions to the entire community.
The role of the Street Workers, which are filled by Jennifer Vigil, Dorothy Montoya, Gene Quintana. and Joe Romero, is to provide the youngsters referred to the program with alternatives and resources not available to them through the ordinary juvenile judicial proceedings. The street worker strives to develop a very close and an in-depth relationship with both the youth and his parents. Many resources are available in and out of the community to the street workers.
Katie Segura, Secretary to the
Westside Youth Development Program will be happy to answer all questions you may have about the program. Katie is also responsible for all the clerical work in the office.
Sonny Soriano the Program Director reviews referrals and makes the initial decision to accept the case or to reject it and refer elsewhere. Sonny is also responsible for all the staff and all administrative duties. Sonny Soriano commitments to the program and goals will be featured at a later date.
If anyone has any questions about WESTSIDE YOUTH DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM, please call or come by the West-side Action Center (up the stairs) 11th and Santa Fe.
Sonny Soriano directs the new and innovative juvenile program on the Westside. Long active in working with the youth in the neighborhood, he is optimistic about the effect the program will have in rehabilitating young offenders before they are sent to institutions.
SUPPORT YOUR COMMUNITY SUPPORT KAY SHOMP
* The SCHOOL BOARD ELECTIONS,
Tuesday, MAY 15TH are of great importance to the whole city and to people of all cultures in the city. It is a matter of concern that many people VOTE.
* KAY SHOMP is running for the FOUR YEAR TERM. Mr. Valdez is running for a six year term, therefore, not opposing each other.
Clip & Mail To:
WESTSIDE RECORDER 904 WEST 9th AVENUE DENVER, COLORADO
April, 1973West Side RecorderPage 7
Baker Drill Team is shown performing at Boulder Campus Field House in State competition.
Baker Drill Team Performs
Health Board Elections To Be Conducted
Community Days Set For April 25,26
Visit your schools is the invitation from every public school in Denver during School Community Days, April 25 and 26. During the past 18 years the number of visitors has averaged 20,000 persons for the two visiting days. The Denver Public Schools are planning school-community days to show the community and its citizens the programs and activities that are going on in their schools.
To better accommodate school visitors, two days have been set aside for visitations Wednesday, April 25, for elementary schools, and Thursday, April 26, for junior and senior high schools. The theme for the visitation days will be From the Roots Up Public Education.
According to Howard L. Johnson, superintendent, It is felt that through school-community days the Denver Public Schools can demonstrate to the community and its citizens the programs and activities that are going on in the schools. It is hoped that citizens, particularly those without school-age children, can come to know the purposes, the achievements, and the problems of their public schools. This visitation provides the opportunity for members of the community to inspect facilities and their utilization. I hope a large number of Denver citizens will visit their schools sometime in these two days.
The DPS visiting days are part of Colorado Public Schools Week, April 22 to 28. Roger Hansen, Rocky Mountain Center on Environment, is honorary chairman of this years observance.
Planning for each schools activities is carried out by the schools parent organizations, the human relations committee, teachers, and local school-community representatives.
7 new ways to feed your Kitty from your car!
In full swinganother Time-Saver to make banking here even faster and easier! Our all-new 7-lane drive-thru is second to none for pleasure and convenience. Come soon, see 7 more reasons to keep your kitty at National City! Monday-Friday 7 a.m.-6p.m.
99 South Broadway
Last Saturday, April 7, Baker had one boys and one girls drill team entered into the State Competition at Boulders C.U. Campus Fieldhouse. The competition started at 8:00 A.M. and awards were given that evening at 7:00 P.M. All students involved received for drill team exhibition honor cards to be worn on their uniforms.
Bakers girls team was
(Continued from page 4) this week announced that overall food prices in February rose by 2.2 percent on a seasonally adjusted basis. Food purchased in grocery stores rose by 2.4 percent the biggest increase on record.
The Colorado Federal I-garden program, an idea which originated with the saving and loan associations president,
Class Definition Under general supervision and direction, makes management studies of courts and judicial agencies within prescribed limitations; does related work as required.
Surveys and analyzes organization structures, functions, processes, and procedures involved in court administration; gathers facts, collects samples, observes personnel, and makes recommendations to supervisor concerning organization structure, methods, and procedures; prepares and presents research data as directed, including narrative reports, charts, graphs, and tables; performs related duties as required.
Employment Standards Graduation from college with major work in public or business administration or a closely related field and two years of experience as a Court Administrator I or comparable level: appropriate court administrative experience may be substituted for the educational requirements.
$884 $1,185 Per Month This job is a grant position in the Denver Juvenile Court and will primarily concern itself with coordinating and evaluating juvenile justice grants within the Court.
unusual in that it was the only junior high drill team entered in the competition. Members of the team were Debbie De Hart, Commander, Velma Cruz, Barbara Pierce, Cindy Galindo, Tina Fuentes, Geraldine Cardenaz, Gloria Romero, Ann Valencia, Anna Baca, Name Carruthers, Kathy Martinez, Vicky Ealy, Theresa Quinones.
The Annual Election of members to the City-Wide Health Council of the Denver Neighborhood Health Council of -the Denver Neighborhood Health Program has been scheduled for Friday and Saturday, May 18 and 19, between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 5: oo p.m. each day.
In 1972, nineteen (19) people were elected and four (4) people were appointed to serve on the twenty-one (21) member City-Wide Health Council, for staggerd terms ranging from one to three years. Council By-laws require that elections be held annually for those positions that expire within that particular year.
In May of this year, six 1 year terms on the Council will expire. These positions will be filled on a 3 year term basis by virtue of the 1973 City-Wide Health Council Elections.
Two (2) people will be elected to serve on the City-Wide Health Council representing the East-side Neighborhood Health Center, one (1) person to represent the Westside Neighborhood Health Center, one (1) person to
early summer squash and cucumbers. Canning garden seeds are golden midget corn, winter onions, green bush beans, turnips and beets.
A specially-prepared instruction leaflet, I-gardens Fight Inflation, will be included by the Denver Botanic Gardens. The flyer, which suggests ideas for designing a backyard garden and gives tips on growing vegetables in Colorado, was preparfed for the program by Andrew R. Knauer, Assistant Director of the Botanic Gardens.
Doctor William Gambill, Denver Botanic Gardens Director, praised the program and noted that, sound backyard planning can produce ample vegetables for a family, as well as a pretty garden.
represent the Mariposa Health Station, one (1). person to represent the Casita Esperansa Health Station and one (1) person to represent the Casita Esperansa Health Station and one (1) person to represent the Cith At Large. Currently, these positions are being held by Lawrence Carey, Julie Warren. Rose Trujillo, Evelyn Jackson, Mack Salaz, and Bobbie Jo Carroll, respectively.
The City-Wide Health Council is required under condition of the contract and agreement negotiated by Denver Opportunity, Inc. with the City and County of Denver, Department of Health and Hospitals. The latter administers and operates the Comprehensive Neighborhood Health Program through a direct grant from the United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare Health Services and Mental Health Administration, (HEW/HSMHA). Denver Opportunity, Inc. is under contract with HEW/HSMHA to provide for and to administer the Consumer Participation Program as required by the federal government for the Health Program.
The City-Wide Health Council has the responsibility to aid in the coordination and implementation of the Denver Neighborhood Health Program and to provide for meaningful resident consumer involvement in the total program.
A free movie was shown at the Aztlan Theatre on March 24,1973. The movie was sponsored by the Westside Coalition in conjunction with the Colorado Wyoming Regional Medical Program.
Over 700 kids attended the movie, Snowball Express. Another movie in June is planned by the Coalition.
FIRST MENNONITE CHURCH
430 West 9th A venue Kermit Dersture, Pastor
Worships: 9 a. m. Sundays Brice Baimer
Bus Driver for summer program, 20 hurs. per week at $2.16 per hour. June 11 thru August 17 (mornings) Must be 25 years or older.
Call: Brice Balmer 892-1038 or John Hushman 825-4862
William D. Johnson, offers families their choice of Spring Garden and Canning Garden seed kits, at $1 each. The $1 cost represents the wholesale price of the seeds, plus handing and mailing.
Supplied at cost by
Supplied at cost by W.W. Wilmore Nurseries, Inc., the spring garden selection includes leaf lettuce, radishes, carrots,
Marilyn Theos, City and County Building, Room 154, 297-5975 by 5:00 P.M., April 20,1973.
The Metropolitan State College Sociology and Anthropology Departments have an opening for a Senior Clerk Stenographer, Position salaried at $469.00 per. mo.
Performs advanced independent and complex secretarial and clerical work requiring the taking and transcribing of oral dictation may supervise a small group of clerical or stenographic employees and does related work as required.
Two years of office- clerical experience including one year with stenographic duties. Substitution: appropriate
business school or other education may be substituted on a year-for-year basis for up to one year of the required general clerical experience.
Persons interested in the above position should contact Mr. Bill Moland, Asst, to the V.P. for Business & Finance, Forum Building, 250 West 14th Ave. Room 908 phone number 292-5190, ext. 239 or 264. All applicants interested should apply by 5:00 p.m.. May 4,1973.
ST. JOSEPHS CHURCH
7 a.m., 8:30 a.m., 10 a.m., & 12 Noon SPANISH MASS every Sunday at 10 a.m.
GRADE SCHOOL Our grade school is not closing. It is open to all children in our Parish. Tuition is only $75.00 per family, if the family takes an active part in our Parish. We welcome any questions, there are still openings for next year. First choice will be given to children from our neighborhood.
MOTHERS DAY DANCE Saturday Night 9:30 p.m. 1:00 a.m.
Music Ernie Lee & His Knightmen Beer & set-ups $7.00 per couple Our Gym 6th and Galapago
CENTER 568 Galapago 222-9126
RECTORY OFFICE 605 West 6th A venue 534-4408
Page 8West Side RecorderApril, 1973
| Neighborhood Notes |
Mr. & Mrs. Daniel Clark Yates Sr., 825 Zenobia, announce the baptism of their son, Daniel Clark Yates on Sunday, March
Mr. & Mrs. George Canales, 1024 Stuart, announce the baptism of their son, Christopher George, on March 18,1973.
Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Arellano, 1125 Santa Fe Drive, announced the baptism of their infant son Andrew Steven Arellano on March 17,1973.
Mr. & Mrs. Wilfredo Figueroa, 1156 Mariposa, had their baby daughter, Janene Yvette, baptised on April 1,1973.
Mr. & Mrs. Juan Carlos Garbero, 1027 Potomac St., Aurora, announce the baptism of their daughter, Haydee Denise, on March 24,1973.
Mr. & Mrs. David Blea, 135 West Bayaud, announce the baptism of their baby daughter, Christine Francie Blea, on March 25th, 1973.
Mr. & Mrs Joseph Herrera, 1328 Kalamath St., announce the baptism of their daughter, Josette Marie Herrera, on March
Mr. & Mrs. Timothy Harrison, 1328 Kalamath, announce the baptism of their daughter, LeAnn Paula, on March 25,1973.
Mr. & Mrs. Juan Segura, 2948 W. Holden Place, announce the baptism of their infant son, Nathan John, on March 18,1973.
Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Sharpsteen, announce the baptism of their daughter, Florietta on April 5, 1973.
St. Josephs Hosts Boxiag Tovraneat
On April 12th, 13th, and 14th, St. Joseph was the host of a Boxing Tournament. A total of six teams representing various parts of the city participated in the Tournament. The teams included: St. Anthonys, Auraria Athletic Center, St. Dominics. 20th Street Center, Rudy Park, and the host St. Joseph.
READ THE RECORDER
AZTLAN THEATRE (10th & Santa Fe Drive)
SPECIAL SHOWING OF CRISTO 70 Wednesday, April 25,1973 3:00 p.m. Sharp $1.00 for all seats! Tickets can be bought directly at box office Cristo Setenta is a fantastic Mexican film (in Spanish). It is a story of five youth who belong to today's most swinging generation and who make no bones of their boredom and anxiety to live a modern life.
They decide to hold up a plane, in flight, which is carrying a payroll of one million pesos to Del Monte Mining Center.
Everything is so perfectly calculated that no clue is left after the plan is consummated. Police are baffled by this case.
The boys flee to a village with the loot, posing as graduate engineering students.
Raul grows a beard, and the villagers ask him to play the part of Jesus Christ in their coming Passion Play. Jaime becomes blinded with jealousy by the yet undivided loot and murders Raul on the night of the play. Raul dies on the cross, on stage. What is left is the body of a man betrayed for thirty pieces of silver.
Aguirre Attends Bicultural Conference
vention Center at San Diego, California.
The primary purpose of the conference was to illustrate the effectiveness of using the students primary language and culture as a medium of learning.
Over 4.000 delegates from the United States and five foreign countries were in attendance at the five-day conference.
According to Aguirre, it has been proven that students who attend schools with bi-lingual, .bicultural programs have shown a marked improvement in their learning capabilities and are as competent as other students in scholastic achievement.
Strange as it may seem there are still educators who cling to the notion that English is the only effective means with which to communicate with students and stimulate their desires for learning said Aguirre.
The main focus now, is to train more bi-lingual, bi-cultural teachers and to allow Ethnic Studies Departments in institutions of higher learning to have a direct input into training of teachers according to Aguirre.
The shocking thing, however, said Aguirre is that in Colorado minority groups are not involved in teacher training. Institutions of higher learning are producing teachers who are not sensitive towards the needs of E lacks and Chicanos and in most instances have limited knowledge of the language, history and culture of the students they teach.
The drastic high drop-out rate among Chicano students in the schools of the Southwest could be highly minimized by properly 'trained teachers and school districts demanding that, in service training programs for its teachers be implemented.
It is imperative that institutions of higher learning take a closer look at their teacher training programs and that the expertise of the Ethnic Studies Departments be directly involved in training teachers in the special sensitiveness needed in meeting the needs of bi-lingual, bi-cultural students.
ANNES BEAUTY SALONI
HAIRCUTS-PERMANENTS AND SHAGS OUR SPECIALTY
OPEN 6 DAYS A WEEK 244-5604 971 SANTA FE
Gina Crespin points out the right answer to Steven Vigil in 2nd grade class held at Del Pueblo Elementary.
Pictured left to right are; Susan Moya, Marie Salazar, Silvana Benavidez and standing is Jo Jo Martinez. They are a few of the neighborhood residents involved in the ceramics class at Auraria Community Center.
Rueben Aguirre, Chairman and Assistant Professor of Chicano Studies at Metropolitan State College attended the International Multilingual, Multicultural Conference held April 1-5 at the Town and Country Con-
Danny Cordova found that Honesty is the best policy. Danny found a book of checks belonging to a woman who lives in North Denver. He called the owner, who in turn sent him a reward for his honesty.
Dawn Arroyo checks out one of the many bi- lingual books available to the children at Del Pueblo Elementary.
Chicano Students Recruit At M.S.C.
A group of students from the Chicano Studies Department of M.S.C. are conducting a recruitment drive for more Chicano students for the summer and fall quarters.
The enrollment of Chicano students is very low in comparison to the high Chicano population of the Denver Metro area.
In order to acquaint students with M.S.C. a visiting day has been set up for Friday April 27, from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. The purpose of this visiting day is to introduce the prospective students who plan to attend M.S.C. this summer or fall to the college environment.
M.S.C. students will serve as guides and will take the visiting students to Chicano studies
classes and will introduce them to Chicano instructors and other personnel. A rap session will conclude the days visitation in the AA Building, Room 102 with coffee and refreshments.
Prospective students should be aware of the fact that financial aid is available in the form of loans, grants and work-study. The amount received depends on the parents income for the past year.
M.S.C. has an open door policy which means that students need only a high school diploma or a GED certificate. The grade point average is not considered in admission.
Those planning to attend the visiting day should call Alberta Crespin at 222-6071 or Gloria Madrid at 292-5190, Ext. 255 for
A special invitation is extended to Seniors of West High School and St. Josephs High School.
The offices of the Chicano Studies Department are located at AA Building at 1300 Glenarm, Room 214-215.
718 W. 3rd Ave.
6:30 a.m.-7 p.m. 266-1259 como siempre Hablamos Espanol
West Side Recorder 904 W. 9th. Denver, Colorado 80204 Non-Profit Organization U.S. POSTAGE PAID Denver, Colo. Permit No. 1495