Citation
The Capitol Hill community center

Material Information

Title:
The Capitol Hill community center
Creator:
Spielman, Eric A
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
45 leaves : illustrations, maps, color photographs, plans ; 28 cm

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Community centers -- Designs and plans -- Colorado -- Denver ( lcsh )
Community centers ( fast )
Colorado -- Denver ( fast )
Genre:
Architectural drawings. ( fast )
bibliography ( marcgt )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
Architectural drawings ( fast )

Notes

Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references (leaf 38).
General Note:
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, Master of Architecture, College of Design and Planning.
Statement of Responsibility:
Eric A. Spielman.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Colorado Denver
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
13770827 ( OCLC )
ocm13770827
Classification:
LD1190.A72 1986 .S665 ( lcc )

Full Text
ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN
AURARiA LIBRARY
CAPITOL HILL
COMMUNITY" CENTER
Eric A. Spielman May 1986
r
A+p
ID
1190
A78
1986
S665
BRRR
U16700 55 46511=
environmental design
AURARIA LIBRARY


The Capitol Hill Community Center
An Architectural Thesis presented to the Planning, University of Colorado at Denver
College of Design and in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Architecture
Eric A. Spiel man
Spring 1986


The Thesis of Eric.: A. Spiel man is approved.
Principle Advisor
University of Colorado at Denver May 1986


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction..... ..
F' r o j e c: t I) e s c r i p t i o n Vici nity Map T h e s i s I n t r o d u c t i o n Statement
L e g a 1 D e s c r i p t. i o n E: j. s t i n g C o n d i t i o n s Anal ys.i s Climate
Background Research .. .1 . 1: . . M . . . .1.0
Capitol Hill
Case St ud i esAg or a/Commun i t y Cent er s
Zoning and Codes.
r-y
Program ..........
Introduction
27
Centra 1 Act i vi ty Spac:e Commercia3 Recreat i on a 3.
Cu.l tural Educational Daycare
General Support Spaces
P r o g r a m S u. m m a r y Bibliography........
(_. O11 1 U 1 O n n u 11 n . u n n n n n n n n u n w 11 u n .
F t* 0 _j e c. L Desi gn..................................
39
41
1


PROJECT DESCRIPTION
The Capitol Hill Commun i1y Center i s Master of Architecture degree at the D e n v e r. T h e c: e n t er is intended
a thesis project University of Co3 to provide a
recreational and commercial focus for the residents urban nei ghborhood.
f or the orado at cultural of this
The center Col orado. Emerson and
is to This Ogden
be located at 900 East is on the south side Streets in the heart of
11th
Of lith
Capitol
Avenue A v e i i u e Hi 11 .
Denver, between
The building program includes more than SO,000 square feet of activity, retail, office, educational, and cultural space.


INTRODUCTION
All communities have a central focus. This focus can consist of many things; cu 11ura 1 facilities, art faci 1 ities, recreat.iona 1 facilities, and shopping areas, to name a few. This focus provides emotional and symbolic meaning as well as being a physical structure. It promotes the psychological and social health of the community.
In history, there are many examples of a central community focus. The ancient Greek agora is where public discussion, the buying and selling of goods, informal meetings, and formal oratory all took place. It was a kind of town hall. All of the; activities took place simultaneously and the result was a lively and varied space. This was the focus of the community.
Today, the specific needs of communities are quite different than those of ancient. Greece. Still, however, diverse activities take place which draw many different kinds of people from throughout the community: little Joey is dropped off at daycare in the
morning; the sophisticated yuppies go to a cooking class; neighborhood kids pi ay ball; socialists meet to discuss Marx; Grandma plays bridge Grandpa plays checkers.
Some centers offer primarily recreational facilities such as swimming, racquetball and tennis. Others are more focused on cultural activities such as theatre, music and art. More recently the shopping center has taken on the role of community center
As Eugene and Barbara Sternberg state, "With all its faults, the shopping center is the nearest thing that vast, areas of our cities have to a community center. This should be no surprise. The need for human interaction is a fundamental one, and in the absence of any bona fide centers, anywhere that brings a lot of people together in the same place on a. voluntary basis will tend to take on the attributes of a community center. However ugly or tasteless the shopping centers may be, they show signs of life: there are lights, movement, variety, people."
(Sternberg, Eugene and Barbara, Communi,ty_Centers_and.Student
Unions, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1971, p.101)
In a discussion of urban marketplaces, Charles Hoyt refers to the importance of diverse activities to their overall success.
"(Urban marketplaces) still need the excitement that comes from a mix of social, cultural and entertainment activities -as well as commerce all happening in one place at the same time; here, one meets friends, has new experiences, sees and is seen while conducting one's business."
(Hoyt, Charles, Ar chi tec tural_ Record, October 1980, p.,90)


I believe that this mi x of soc:i a 1 , c:u 11.ur a 1 , entertai nment, and
CDmmercial activity to be at. the heart of what a. successful community center should be. It should not be a place to play tennis and then leave, but a place to become aware of cultural*, pgliticalj and community issues. Whether one is looking for recreation, culture, entertainment, or shopping, the result, is the same: social interaction and fun.
Many communi ty cent.ers i n Amer i ca. today reflect a segregat.ed class structure. The rich go t.o their country clubs, the middle class go to the suburban YMCA, and the poor go to the city rec
center. (Footnote) Although this is partially due to the
geographic separation that exists between economic classes, I believe it to be very unfortunate situation. It only compounds many of the social problems that exist today. I believe that community centers should work to resolve these problems. Many people, young and old, have no where to go and little to do.
They are often isolated and alienated from the rest of the
community. If community centers can work to bring people together, then our future as a society looks promising.


STATEMENT
I propose to design a community center that will involve all members of our society. It must be an inviting and comfortable p1ace where peop1e of a11 cl asses, ages, races, and re1i gi ons want to go. It must be a positive social and psychological experi ence.
How can architecture help facilitate this ideal notion of community center and encourage user participation? I believe the following issues to be of primary importance in working to achieve this goal.
CONTEXT
A community center must be an integrated part ot the community. All things are perceived in relation to their context. There is meaning in the way a building relates to its surroundings. Through its response to context, the architecture cam belong to the community. This can be accomplished through the careful study and exploration of nearby buildings. The community center site lies within an orthagonal city street grid. The building must, acknowledge the grid and work within it, for it is an urban building. Through the strong use of context, the ultimate goal of maintaining the existing scale of the street can be acomplished. The building must be a friendly sight for pedestrians and bicyclists.
IMAGE
As a focus, the community center must convey an image through its architecture that helps reinforce the sense of neighborhood. A community center has special meaning. It reflects a commitment to social ideals and community unity. The building must convey this meaning through a spirit which reflects its importance within the community. After all, community centers have to do with stimulating, maintaining, and deepening a sense of community, (footnote)
HUMAN SCALE
It is important that all buildings, especially community centers, encourage human interaction with our environment. All people want to feel in control of their surroundings. Human beings use buildings. I intend to design a building that relates strongly to people, not to automobiles. There are already too many blank walls in our city. Through the use of human scale elements and the articulation of form, I hope to allow people to have a better understanding, a dialogue, with their friend, the community center.
SOCIAL INTERACTION
Through the manipulation and organization of space, I hope to provide an interesting and varied experience for the user. My


approach to organizing space will be one which like the ancient agora, will promote social interaction and be a lively and exciting place for all people Through the use of spaces for circulation and by minimizing the use corridors, I hope to bring people into closer contact with each other.
Figure 103. Priene, plan of agora
1. North Stoa
2. Pi-shaped Stoa on Agora
3. North Stoa in Sanctuary of Zeus
4. South Stoa in Sanctuary of Zeus
6


0)
in
7


LEGAL DESCRIPTION
900 EAST 11TH AVENUE DENVER, COLORADO
Lots 19 Inc. 8< Lots 14 to 22 Inc. E: c 520 F t. T h e r e o f .
EXISTING CONDITIONS
The property is currently the site of FBG Foods, International, A 30,000 square foot specialty supermarket. Parking lies at the perimeter of the lot around the north, east and west sides of the building, and consists of 75 spaces. The entire site encompasses 53,400 square feet of area.
There is a very slight, grade toards the building from the outer perimeter parking but is not significant enough to be a design infuence. There is no landscaping on site and the median strip b e t w e e n t h e s i d e w a 3. k a n d c: u r b c: o n t a i n s a s p h a 11
The electric a 1 a n d t. e 1 e p h o n e u t i 1 i t y con n e c t i o n s are made at t h e southeast corner of the building.
The site is surrounded by an unusual miof building styles and densities with heights ranging from 1 to 5 stories. The predominant impression is one of diversity with a bit of confusion.
Emerson Street:
Looking south on Emerson, a small two story apartment building (left in photo) lies directly south of the site. This building houses residents of lower income.
8


Directly across the site on shortly after the turn of large single family homes.
Emerson are the century
apartment which at
buildings built one time were
L o o k i n g a c r o s s t h e a p a r t m e n t b u i 1 d i n g can be seen at the U n i t e d B a n k b u i 1 d i n g
site up towards the northwest, a three with parking directly under the second corner of 11th and Emerson. The top of can also be seen in the distance.
story
story
the
9


This photo looks clearly shows blocks. A very
north on the low pieasant
P
Emerson from scale nature lace to strol
the corner of many of 1 .
of the the
site and adj acent
11th Avenue:
Across 11th Avenue between Emerson Street and the alley between Emerson and Ogden are two small apartment buildings.
10


Across 11th Avenue between Ogden Street and the alley is a small, one story, non-descript commerical structure containing McFann's Restaurant. A pharmacy/1iquor store is directly west of MeFanns
on the northwest corner of Ogden and 11th. right up to the property line.
These buildings front
Ogden Street:
Looking north store as well west. A dry east.
on Ogden, a building housing the pharmacy/1iquor as a laundry and clothing shop can be seen to the cleaner housed in a former gas station is to the
11


Looking across the site at the corner of 11th and Ogden, the Capitol Cleaners is at the center of the picture. To the right lies a 7~11 convenience store.
Across Ogden Street at the corner of Ogden and 11th is antother small one story commercial structure containing a 7-11 store, 2 restaurants, and a dry cleaner. There is a small parking lot between the sidewalk and the shops. South of this building is a small 2 story apartment building.
12


Looking south on Ogden Street from the corner of Ogden and 11th Avenue, a 4 1/2 story pseudo colonial apartment building (right in photo) lies directly south of the site.
13


SITE ANALYSIS
ZONING:
The surrounding neighborhood is predominantly residential and is zoned R-3. Within this R-3 area, there are nodes of commercial activity that are typically zoned B-2. The area at 9th and Corona as well as the area to the north east of the community center site are examples of such nodes.
TRANSPORTATION:
Pedestrian access to the building is made very easy through the existing network of city sidewalks. Automobile traffic flows in two directions on 11th Avenue, directly fronting the site. The traffic is regulated by traffic lights at Corona Street and Clarkson. Nearby are two north-south arterial streets, Corona -Downing and Washington Clarkson which provide easy access to the site.
Generally speaking, the streets immediately surrounding the site are very safe for pedestrians. Bicyclists should have a pleasant trip on adjacent, streets, as the traffic is light. The last traffic count in the area was done in 1981. At that time, Denver Traffic Engineering estimated 4550 autombobiles per day on 11th Avenue west of Corona. Even though the count today is higher due to the recent opening of FBC, Foods International, it does not exceed the capacity of the streets. I do not believe the community center will attract any greater number of automobiles than are now using FBC Foods, International. FBC attracts regional customers. The community center will attract predominent1y local residents, many on foot and bicycle.
Convenient bus service exists on Corona and Dawning (Route 12), 12th Avenue (Route 10), and 11th Avenue (East Circulator).
NOISE:
In Capitol Hill, most traffic noise seem to be confined to one way streets. This site is surrounded by two local two-way streets and opposite one arterial two-way street. Other than an occasional delivery or sanitation truck, noise is not a problem.
AIR POLLUTION:
Other than the prevailing metopolitan area polution, the greatest, localized pollution occurs on one way streets. Since the site is not adjacent to a one way, pollution should not influence the design of the center.
SITE ORIENTATION:
As the site fronts 11th Avenue to the north, open space should be minimized on this side.
14


VIEWS
Views o-f Downtown Denver are limited to the top of a few highrise towers. I do not believe them to be significant.

m
Two way Streets One way Streets
NORTH
Bus Stops Traffic Lights
Zoned B2 (All other property is zoned R-3)
15


CLIMATE
Denver, Colorado
Latitude: 39.45N
Longitude: 104.52W
Altitude: 5285 -ft. above sea level
The -following Narrative Climatological Summary is from NDAA, Environmental Data & Information Service, National Climatic Center, Asheville, North Carolina.
Denver enjoys the mild, sunny, semi-arid climate that. prevails over much of the central Rocky Mountain region, without the extremely cold mornings of the high elevations and restricted mountain valleys during the cold part of the year, or the hot afternoons of summer at lower altitudes. Extremely warm or cold weather is usually of short duration.
Air masses from at least four different sources influence Denver's weather: artic air from Canada and Alaska; warm moist air from the Gulf of Mexico; warm dry air from Mexico and the southwest; and Pacific air modified by its passage over coastal ranges and other mountains to the west.
The good climate results largely from Denver's location at the foot of the east slope of the Rocky Mountains in the belt of the prevailing westerlies. During most summer afternoons cumuliform clouds so shade the City that temperatures of 90 Degrees or over are reached on an average of only thiry-two days of the year, and in only one year in five does the mercury very briefly reach the 100 degree mark.
In the cold season the high altitude and the location of the mountains to the west combine to moderate temperatures. Invasions of cold air from the north intensified by the high altitude, can be abrupt and severe. On the other hand, many of the cold air masses that spread southward out of Canada over the plains never reach Deners altitude and move off over the 1ower plains to the east. Surges of cold air from the west are usually moderated in their descent down the east face of the mountains, and Chinooks resulting from some of these westerly flows often raise the temperature far above that normally to be expected at this altitude in the cold season. These conditions result in a tempering of winter cold to an average temperature above that of other cities situated at the same latitude.
In spring when outbreaks of polar air are waning, they are often met by moist currents from the Gulf of Mexico. The juxtaposition of these two currents produces the rainy season in Denver, which reaches its peak in May.
Situated a long distance form any moistrue source, and separated from the Pacific source by several high mountain barriers, Denver enjoys a low relative humidity, low average precipitation, and
16


considerably sunshine.
Spring is the wettest, cloudiest and windiest season. Much of the 37 percent of the annual total precipitation that occurs in spring falls as snow during the colder, earlier period of that season. Stormy periods are often interspersed by stretches of mild summy weather that remove previous snow cover.
Summer precipi tation (about 32 percent of the annual total), particularly in July and August, usually falls mainly from scattered local thundershowers during the afternoon and evening. Mornings are ususally clear and sunny. Clouds often form during early afternoon and cut off the sunshine at what would otherwise be the hottest part of the day. Many afternoons have a cooling shower.
Autumn is the most pleasant season. Local summer thunderstorms are mostly over and invasions of cold air and severe weather are infreequent, so that there is less cloudiness and a greater percent of possible sunshine than at any other time of the year. Periods of unpleasant weather are generally brief. Precipi tation amounts to about 20 percent of the annuyal total.
Winter has least precipitation accumulation, only about 11 percent of the annual total, and almost all of it snow. Precipitation frequency, however, is higher than in autumn. There is also more Cloudiness and the relative humidity averages higher than in the autumn. Weather can be quite sever, but as a general rule the severity doesnt last long."
17


18
Background


CAPITOL HILL
Capitol Hill is a complex, ever changing neighborhood. It is by far the most exciting, diverse and energetic neighborhood in Denver.
In the official plan -for Capitol Hill, the Denver Planning O-f-fice defines the boundries of the neighborhood as Colfax Avenue on the North, Seventh Avenue, on the south, Broadway on the west, and Downing Street on the east. Much of the following information has been extracted from the most recent neighborhood plan (1973).
DEMOGRAPHICS
Capitol Hill is the most dense residential neighborhood in Denver. It is one of the smallest in terms of land area (433 acres), but the largest in terms of population (17,661 1970 census). Infants and young children are underepresented while the aged are overepresented when compared with the rest of the City. 427. of the residents are single, compared to a City average of 277,. 70% of the households are headed by a single
individual, compared with 30% for the city as a whole.
Residents are relatively well educated. The median education level is above the City average.
It. is a highly mobile population. Less than 25% of the population has lived in the same place for five years. This figure is 50% of the population of the City as a whole.
HISTORY
Capitol Hill is one of the oldest residential areas of Denver. After the State Capitol was built on land that Henry C. Brown donated to the State of Colorado, development began on Capitol Hill.
By the end of the 1880"s, Capitol Hill was completely platted and a sizeable amount of development had occurred east of the Capitol and along the trolley lines on Colfax to Alta Street (now known as Ogden Street). In Denver it was Capitol Hill that Colorados wealthy built their mansions. The architecture ranged from Greek Revival to Tudor to Victorian. Few of these mansions remain today. Shortly after the turn of the century, the wealthy began to move further south and east to the Country Club and Cheesman Park areas.
During World War II, Capitol Hill provided rooms and apartments to people who could not find housing elsewhere. These non-conforming apartments were formally recognized in 1955 with overall high density residential (R-3) zoning of the
neighborhood. As a result of this zoning change, Capitol Hill in 1973 consisted of only 4% single family units, 22% converted homes to apartments, and 75 % large apartment structures.
19


In recent years, many middle and upper income people are rediscovering Capitol Hill. Many apartment buildings are bein converted back to single -family homes. In addition, incentive to preserve older structures are resulting in many office conversions in the western portion of the neighborhood.
The future looks bright for Capitol Hill. Its close proximity to downtown along with its unusually diverse population make for an exciting place?. With proper planning and zoning it. is hoped that the proliferation of office buildings is halted at the western edge of the ne?i ghborhood. Colfax Avenue, a one time haven for prostitutes and drug pushers is improving with the help of several neighborhood organizantions, including the Capitol Hill United Neighborhoods (CHUN).
20
O' in


THE AGORA
As indicated in the introduction and statement of this thesis, it. is hoped thait the design of this center will help promote human interaction. I have referred to the agora as being a stage for human interaction. A discussion of the agora follows with the goal of further understanding what kind of spaces help are used for the purposes of assembly and interaction.
What is the Agora?
The Agora was essentially a large open space which acted as both a marketplace and administrative center to the ancient Greeks. The whole life of the city was concentrated here. The citizens would use the agora for public assembly. Audiences would gather to listen to speakers or to watch performances. Sometimes the agora was defined by stoa, large porticos where shops were set up. Temples were usually built in a prominent location with or at the edge of the agora.
Rasmussen describes the Agora at Priene as a beautiful pi Hard assembly hall open to the heavens. Originally there were colonades on all four sides for booths but later the symmetry of the square was broken by the addition of the large 2-naved hall of columns north of the marketplace. This was a sacred hall, broader than the square, which acted as a gathering place where citizens could gossip with friends while strolling in the shade. The small cells in the rear wfepe city administration offices.
The Agora at Lato had steps for audiences to stand or sit, which helped to define the enclosed area. The temple was located in a prominant location. One aisle stoa were not usually sufficient for the markets. This was true at Lato, where the stoa contained an inner colonnade. Shops or offices were sometimes two or three rows deep.
21


/
/
2p


ZONING REQUIREMENTS .
1982 Zoning Ordinance, City and County of Denver P er id i 11. e d S t. r u c t ur es!
The site is designated B-2. Community centers, as well as most types of retail are considered uses by right. (SEC. 59-279)
Location of Structures::
All structures shall be set. in a distance of not less than 5 feet from each front line and a distance of not less than 10 feet from each rear line of the zone lot. (SEC. 59-279)
Bu 1 k of St. ruct ur es s
No part of any structure (except church spires, church towers, flagpoles, antennas, chimneys, flues, vents of accessory water tanks) shall project up through bulk limits which are defined by p 1 anes extending up over the zone lot. at an angle of forty-five (45) degrees with respect to the horizontal (a pitch of one foot additional rise for each foot additional setback) and which planes starts
(1) At horizontal lines which are co-directional to the center line of all streets abutting the zone lot and pass through points ten (10) feet, above the midpoint of such center lines between the boundry lines of the zone lot extended; and
(2) At, if no alle is co-directional through a point t: line of the zone 1 1ot are estab1ished shall start at hor center lines of s points ten (10) f between the boundry
y abuts the zone lot, a horizontal line which to the rear line of the zone lot and passes en (10) feet above the midpoint of such rear ot; and if the rear line of lines of the zone by an abutting alley or alleys, such planes izontal lines which are co-directional to the uch abutting alley or alleys and pass through eet; above the midpoint of such
lines of the? zone lot extended.
center lines (sec. 59-279)


Maximum Gross Floor Area:
The sum total of the gross floor area of all structures on a zone lot shall not exceed the area of the zone lot on which the structures anre located.
Zone Lot. = 53,400 sq. feet
Max. allowable floor area = 53,400 sq. ft.
Permitted Signs:
Generally the code permits signs related to the use by right on the zone lot.
Off Street Parking Requirements:
Community Center: Class 3 - 1/4 of the area of the zone lot
Retail: Class 4-1 space for every 200 square feet of gross
floor area
Off Street Loading Requirements:
Retail: Up to 15,000 sq. feet requires none.
Special Zone Lot Group Plan For Planned Building Groups:
If 2 or more structures are built, this article dictates the orientation of buildings and site facilities.
24


BUILDING CODE SUMMARY
The -foilowing information is based on the Denver Building Code, 1982 Revised.
Building Type
Occupancy Classification
Assembly Building (Principle Occ.) E<~2 Retail, Office F-2 Dining and Drinking F-l Daycare C-l
Type of Construction I
Allowable height unlimited Allowable floor area unlimited
Fire Zone 3 (Election 1601)
Occupancy Separation Required (Table 5B) : 1 hour between all occupancy types
Fire Resistive Requirements Type I Construction (Table 17-A)
Exterior Bearing and Non Bearing Walls
Interior Bearing Walls
Structural Frame
Permanent Partitions
Vertical Opening Enclosures
Floors
Roofs
4 hours 3 hours 3 hours
1 hour
2 hour 2 hour 2 hour
Openings in Exterior Walls:
Openings shall not be permitted in exterior walls located less than 5 feet from adjacent property line or center line of street or alley (1707B). Setback requiring protection of openings in exterior walls = 20 feet (Table 170.
Exits:
Occupancy Type Sq.ft./occupant Exits Req.
Assembly (1ow cone.) 15 o or more ex i ts > 50 occ.
Assembly (high cone.) 7 n or more ex its > 50 occ.
Off i ces 100 or more exits > 30 occ.
Retai1 30 n X. or more ex its > 30 occ.
Daycare 50 o X. or more exits > 5 occ.
Minimum Width: 3
Minimum Height: 6r-S" (3303d)
Exits will be accessible in at least 2 different directions. Minimum travel distance between fire exit doors shall be 25 apart, minimum. (3302k)


Maximum allowable travel distance to exit: 150' (200' w\sprirtk.)
(33200
Exit Doors: Minimum width = 3', Minimum leaf = 4' (3303d,3303e)
Fire Resistance: 45 minutes (3304f)
If occupancy > 30, exit doors must swing in direction of travel.
Exit Corridors: 3'-B" (3304b)
Maxi mum 1ength of dead end corridor: 20
STAIRS:
Minimum wi dth: 44" > 50 occ.; 36" < c: 50
Max i mum r i ser: 7.5"
Maxi mum tread: 10 "
Landings:
Minimum size = dim. of direction of travel = width of stairway 12-6" max. vert, distance between landings
Ramps: Maximum slope to use as exit: 1:12
Handrail min. height 32" on at least one side
Fire Protection:
Sprinklers required when floor area exceeds 1,500 sq. ft. TOILET ROOM REQUIREMENTS:
P1 aces of assemb1y:
Men: 1 fixture 2 fixtures 3 fixtures
Lavatories: 1-250 occ. 251-600 601-775
Water Closets: 1-100 101-600 601-950
Uri nals 1 -100 101-600 601-950
Women: Lavatori es: 1-250 251-600 601-1100
Water Closets: 1-75 76-200 201-400
One drinking fountain required per floor
26



27
Propnann


OPERATION OF THE CENTER
The Capitol Hill Community Center is operated by a non-profit organization. This organization is governed by an eight member board of directors. This board is responsible for running the center in the interests of the community. They appoint a center-director who manages the day to day operation of the center.
In addition to the director, other members of the staff include an assistant director, four cl eric ail workers, an activities director and an educational director. There are two full-time custodi arts.
The center will be open seven days per week, with its actual hours varying with different types of activities. It is hoped that the bookstore and cafe can remain open 24 hours.
The architectural program has been designed to allow for as much diversity as could reasonably be allowed. This diversity will help draw many different kinds of people with many different interests to the center.
28


ENTRY AND ACTIVITY SPACE
Major uses:
Dances, Concerts, Exhibitions, Art Displays, Eating, and Drinking.
Descri ption:
This is where everything comes together; a crossroads with access to retail, food, theatre, classrooms, everything!
Total Square Footage.......................6000
Speci al Requirements:
Fixed and portable seating, tables, access to storage, movable parti t; i ons.
Natural light.
F1 exibi 1 ity for mainy different uses.
30 mi n i mum cei ling hei ght.
Adj acencies:
The main entry to the Community Center must open into the Central Activity Space.
Strong relation to food service, retail, educational facilities, cultural facilities.
2> 9


COMMERCIAL
Major Uses:
Sale o-f specialty products, -food and drink services, movie going, office rental for community organizations.
Descr i pt. i on:
These spaces add a touch of commerce to the center. People love to shop. It will help introduce people to other community center act i vi t. i es.
Space Requirements: sq. ft.
Restaurant/Bar (seating not inc.)......2400
Theatre 1 <100 Seats).]...............1250
Theatre 2 (100 Seats).................1250
Theatre 3 (100 Seats).................1250
Concession and Storage.............400
Restrooms. ....................... 400
Retai 1 ..........................600
Market..................................3600
Office
5 Offices 500 + Conf. S) 300... 1900
Total................................... 16450
Special Requirements:
The Bookstore should be accessible to the cafe when the rest, of the center is closed.
Security is important when retail and offices are closed while the rest of the center is open. (ie. Sunday evenings, Hoii days)
Movie theatre concession should allow for sales to both theatregoers and others.
High Visibility from street and from central activity space.
Natural Light for offices essential, preferred for retail. Restroom required in projection booth.
Adjacencies;
Close to street for sidewalk display.


RECREATIONAL
Descrription:
In addition to the central activity space, there will be additional recreational spaces.
Space Requirements:
Bowl i ng <4 Lanes) ................. 3300
Vi deo Game Room. ...................... 400
TV Room............................. 400
Billard Room <6 Tables)..................1620
Card Room.................................400
Chess/Li brary........................ 500
Lounge.................................. 400
Table Tennis (4 Tables)................ 1260
Total.................................. 8200
Speci al Requirements
The card room, the library, and the lounge should be located in a quiet area, away from the noise generated by other recreational activities.
The library should be located adjacent t.a outdoor space in order to provide outdoor chess during nice days.
Other activity spaces; should be located apart from the central activity space in order to reduce noise levels, however visibility must remain high.
31


EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES
Descr :i. pti on:
These spaces will be used in conjunction with Denver University or rented out to community users.
Space Requirements:
Cl assroonts:
Generail Purpose. ........................... 2400
(2 Dividable 30 pers. Dccup. 3 1200)
Art Studio (2 'a> 500) ......................... 1000
Dance Studio.................................... 500
Darkroom............................. ............ 150
Arts and Crafts (Dividable)......................1000
Education Office............................... 150
Restrooms....................................... 400
TOTAL
5600
Spec:! al Requi rements:
Natural Light preferred in all areas with the exception of recording equipment room and the darkroom.
Adjacencies:
Location of Educational facilities should be highly visible central activity space with the general purpose rooms closest
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CULTURAL FACILITIES:
Major Uses:
These spaces include theatre for drama and music, gallery space, and associated support spaces.
S p a c e R e q u i r e m e n t s:
sq, f t..
Theatre (200 seats)................... 2500
Support
Projection room. ....................... 100
Sound/Li ghting room................... 100
S L o!" a. qj S1................................ '.ii10 0
Dressi ng/Makeup (2 S> 140 inc. lav).. ...300
Gal 1 ery Space. .......................... 800
Storage. ................. 300
Shop .................................... 300
R a d i o S t. a t. ion. .
T 0 I HL. ................. 'uh.uu.
Speci a1 Requi r ements s
Parking for bookmobile.
. 300 5000
Restrooms to be shared with central activity space.
T h e a t r e r e q u. ires f 1 e i b 1 e s e a t i n g a n d s t a g e a r e a.
5 Handicapped viewing positions required in theatre. Adjacencies s
Theatre must have prominent location within or adjacent to the central activity space.
Radio Station must be located within central activity space.
The shop must be directly accessible to storage and theatre stage.


DAYCARE FACILITY
Descri pti on:
The -facility must be able to meet the needs of 50 children.
Space Requirements:
FT ayrooms. . .
Kitchen.......
Office........
I sol -at i on. LavsXToi1ets.. Nursery.......
Coat area.
T 0T Ai L..............
s q. f t. 2000 100 80 60 200 400
. 2840
Special Requirements:
Direct access to outdoor playground. Excel 1ent security
Convenient for drop off\pick up. Natural light for playrooms.
Rooms protected from public view.
10? H i gh Ceilings.
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GENERAL SUPPORT SPACES
Descripti on:
These spaces support the operation of the community center as a whole.
Space Requirements!
Offi ces
Di rector...... .
Assistant Director
Clerical..........
Activity Director,
Conf, Room........
Storage. ...... ,
Servi ce
Storage...........
Loading........ .
Custodi al........
sq. f t.
150 100 300 100 300 75
800
300
100
TOTAL......................................2225
Special Requirements:
Offices require natural light.
Adjacencies:
Service must be located at the alley and away from the public spaces.
Offices need to be visually apparent at or near to the1 entry.


PROGRAM SUMMARY
sq. ft.
Cental Activity Space......................6000
Commerci al............................. 16450
Recreational ............................. 8200
Educati onal .......................... 5600
Cul tural................................ 5000
Daycare................................ 2840
Support.................................. 2225
Subtotal.............................. 46315
Ci rcul at i on (157.)................... 6947
Total.....................................53262


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BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bennett, Corwin. Spaces_.f0r._P.e09le. Prentice-Hall, Inc. ,
Englewood Cliffs, N~j. 1977."
Callender, John, Joseph DeChiara. II Gi!_Saver_Standard_f or
Bui 1ding_Tyges. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1980.
Caul tan, I. J. The_Archi.tectural__Devel ggment_gf_the_Greek_Stoa. Clarendon Press, Ox-ford. 3.976
Denver Planning Office. Capi tol__Nei ghbgrhood_F;l an. Denver,
Colorado. 1973
Greene, Herb. Mi.nd_and_Image. The University press of Kentucky, Lexington, Ky. 1976
Lawrence, A.W. Greek Architecture. Penguin Books, Baltimore, Md. 1967.
Licklider, Heath. Architectural_Scale. George Braziller, Inc., New York. 1966.
Lynch, Kevin. Ib_l!2§91_9f._§_Gi.tY* The M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Ma., 1982.
Ramsey, Sleeper. Architectural_Graphic_Standards. John Wiley and S3ons, New York. 1981.
Rudofsky, Bernard. Streets_for_Peggle. Doubleday, Garden City, N.Y. 1969
Sternberg, Eugene & Barbara. Community_Centers_and_Student yniQDIjL Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York. 1971
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CONCLUSION
Choosing to design a community center was an easy decision. I wish the actual design decisions were as easy. Designing a building that does not have an easily distinguishable building type is extremely difficult. Trying to use the ancient agora as a model for a modern center built in a 20th Century city with its orthagonal street, grid and programatic requirements was quite a chal1enge.
I believe that the actual learning experience is much more important, than the actual architectural product produced in this thesis semester. I learned a tremendous amount about what priorities are most important in designing in the real world. I also feel that the actual design solution is a rather responsible and real istic one.
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