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West Coast leaf, Fall, 2012

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West Coast leaf, Fall, 2012
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West Coast leaf
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West Coast leaf
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El Cerrito, CA
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Creative Xpressions
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English

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Auraria Library
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The cannabis newspaper of record

OAST
AURARIA LIBRARY
Ulfi7DE DEnM7S
ww.westcoastleaf.com
ISSN 1945-221X • Volume 5 No. 3
Autumn 2012
Cal High Court Tosses Fed Preemption Case
Court dismisses Pack v L.B.
By Amanda Reiman, dmgpoiicy.org The California Supreme Court weighed in on the issue of whether local regulations governing medical marijuana production and distribution are preempted by federal law by throwing out the case of Pack v City of Long Beach. The Aug. 22,2012 decision to dismiss the case means that localities can once again move forward enacting and implementing regulatory programs.
The Court found that since Long Beach had already repealed the ordinance that was the focus of the lower court's decision, the legal validity of the ordinance was moot, so it dismissed the case.
The original Pack appellate decision came in October 2011 and held that some medical marijuana dispensary regulations may be preempted by federal law. The ruling was appealed and the High Court last Please turn to page 6
Uruguay’s President wants full legalization
Growing Latin America trend
By Tony Newman, Drug Policy Alliance The president of Uruguay submitted a proposal to Parliament Aug. 8,2012 to legalize marijuana under government-controlled regulation and sale. This would make it the first country in the world in which the state sells cannabis directly to its citizens. The proposal, signed by President Jose Mujica, is part of a package of measures aimed at fighting crime and still requires parliamentary approval.
Despite Uruguay being one of the safest countries in Latin America, it has seen an increase in crime from drug gangs due to its position on a drug-transit route to Europe via West Africa. The aim of the proposal is to remove the profits of cannabis sales from drug gangs, separate the market from those for other illegal drugs, and avoid cannabis consumers' exposure to drug dealers who also sell coca paste, cocaine, etc. Additionally, the revenue from Please turn to page 13
Please, card my son.
Regulate the sale of marijuana and it out of his hands.

Regulating
Marijuana
Works!
Georgia Edson (center) and other parents who support Amendment 64 announce the formation of Moms and Dads for Marijuana Regulation. Photo: RegulateMarijuana.org
Colorado legalization initiative leads in polls
By Mason Tvert, regulatemarijuana.org The campaign to pass the 2012 ballot initiative to regulate cannabis like alcohol, Colorado Amendment 64 (A-64), is picking up steam as it heads towards a vote.
The measure has been consistently ahead in the polls and support is growing. An August survey conducted by Public Policy Polling found the initiative leading 47-38, compared to 46-42 in June.
"We are thrilled to see such a jump in the polls, but this campaign is far from over," said Betty Aldworth of the Campaign to Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol,
which is spearheading support for A-64. "We have about two months to go, and we are going to use every minute to strengthen our support heading into Election Day."
The campaign received a boost in August from the release of an economic analysis of the initiative by the Colorado Center on Law and Policy. It found that passage of A-64 would produce at least $60 million in annual revenue and savings, with the potential to top $100 million in annual revenues within five years. It would create hundreds of jobs, mostly in construction, and generate tens of millions of dollars annually for the state's public Please turn to page 11
Feds move to seize largest state licensed dispensary
Harborside vows to fight
By Kris Hermes and William Dolphin,
AmericansforSafeAccess.org
Federal prosecutors moved to seize the property housing California's largest licensed medical cannabis dispensary, that was the subject of Weed Wars, a popular reality TV series on the Discovery Channel.
US Attorney Melinda Haag's action against Harborside Health Center (HHC) was denounced by Oakland's mayor and other local and state elected officials at a City Hall press conference July 12, 2012.
"Harborside has nothing to hide or be ashamed of," said Executive Director Steve DeAngelo. "We will contest the DOJ action openly and in public, and through all legal means at our disposal. We look forward to our day in court, and we are confident that justice is on our side."
Harborside was served with a federal civil complaint for "forfeiture of property" earlier that week at its locations in Oakland and San Jose. The dispensary has a city permit and has been serving the community since 2006 without incident. The forfeiture action is against the "third-party" property owner, Real Property and Improvements.
Harborside employs over 100 people and is Oakland's second largest retail taxpayer. Last year, the dispensary paid combined taxes in excess of $3 million, over a million dollars of which went directly to Please turn to page 3
Study confirms dispensaries do not lead to crime
TRIPLE PLAY — A simple grower’s trick can produce triple-headed cannabis flowers. Story inside. Photo by Chris Van Hook.
Los Angeles dispensary ban provokes a crisis
Advocates turn in signatures to overturn it via referendum
By William Dolphin and Kris Hermes,
AmericansforSafeAccess.org
Los Angeles City Council voted unanimously July 24, 2012 to ban the operation of medical cannabis dispensaries in California's largest city. The city of almost 4 million people currently has 762 registered dispensaries.
City attorney Jane Usher said the ordinance complies with the LA County v AMCC Collective appellate court ruling because it allows groups of three or fewer patients to grow collectively. It also happens to close down all the storefront dispensaries and, possibly, delivery services as "medical marijuana businesses."
The council at the same time voted 9-5 to direct the city attorney's office to draft an ordinance to allow the continued operation of 182 dispensaries that had registered with the city when the regulatory process began in 2007 In the meantime, the total
ban will require all city collectives to shut their doors by Sept. 6. Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa said he supports a ban.
When it became apparent that many dispensaries would fight back, Councilman Bernard Parks announced Aug. 22 he was asking the LA Police Dept, to coordinate with the county district attorney and federal DEA on an enforcement policy.
The ban passed despite more than 10,000 letters the council received from cannabis patients and supporters urging the adoption of sensible regulations. Americans for Safe Access and others then gathered signatures to place a referendum before LA voters to reverse the ban.
"After four years of hearing from patients who rely on medical cannabis to ease their suffering, it is outrageous that the city council would decide to simply outlaw its distribution/' said ASA's state director, Don Duncan. "The tens of thousands of Angelenos harmed by this ban will not take it sitting down. We will campaign forcefully to overturn this decision."
By Paul Armentano, NORML.org
Medical marijuana dispensaries do not increase local crime rates, reports a federally funded study published in the July 2012 Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
Investigators at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) examined whether a proliferation of dispensaries is associated with elevated crime rates. Researchers assessed the spatial relationship between density of dispensaries and two types of crime rates (violent crime and property crime) in 95 census tracts in Sacramento during the year 2009.
"There were no observed cross-sectional associations between the density of medical marijuana dispensaries and either violent or property crime rates in this study," they reported. "These results suggest that the density of medical marijuana dispensaries may not be associated with crime rates or that other factors, such as measures dispensaries take to reduce crime (i.e., doormen, video cameras), may increase guardianship such that it deters possible motivated offenders."
The authors acknowledged that their findings "run contrary to public perceptions" and contradict public statements by the California Police Chiefs Assn., which has claimed that petty crimes and nuisance are "common ancillary by-products of (medicinal cannabis) operations."
The UCLA study corroborates a 2011 RAND Corp. study of LA crime rates that concluded, "[W]e found no evidence that medical marijuana dispensaries in general cause crime to rise," until Rand pulled the
study from its website under pressure from the LA city attorney's office.
Other analyses of crime statistics in the cities of LA, Denver and Colorado Springs also indicate that dispensary locations do not increase criminal activity.
"Exploring the Ecological Association Between Crime and Medical Marijuana Dispensaries," J Studies Alcohol & Drugs.
Oregon vote may restore hemp, adult cannabis use
By Doug McVay, Common Sense for Drug Policy Oregonians will again vote on cannabis legalization Nov. 6, 2012. The Oregon Cannabis Taxation Act (OCTA) is officially Measure 80 (M-80) on the general election ballot, to regulate cannabis and restore industrial hemp. The goal is to protect youth and increase public safety by creating regulations concerning the growth and sale of cannabis and hemp.
Petitioners turned in 151,870 signatures, of which 58.53% (88,887) were found to be valid. The minimum requirement was 87,213 valid signatures. The effort was helped by the endorsement of Portland's United Food and Commercial Workers Union Local 555.
"We support M-80 because it'll get middle-class Oregonians back to work, it's as simple as that," said Dan Clay, president of the United Food and Commercial Workers Union Local 555. "Whether it's hemp-biofuel refineries on the Columbia River or pulp and paper mills in central Oregon, hemp makes sense and fits Oregon's Please turn to page 3


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The cannabis newspaper of record WWW.W ESTCOASTlEAf'.COM U18702 0219475 AUTUMN 2012 Cal High Court Tosses Fed Preemption case Court dismisses Pack v L.B. By Amanda Reiman , drugpolicy.org The California Supreme Court weighed in on the issue of w hether local regulations go v erning medical mari juana production and di s tribution are preempted by federal law by throwing out the case of Pack v City of Long Bea c h . The Aug. 22, 2012 decision to di s mi ss the case means that localities can o nce a g ain move forward enacting and impl e menting regulatory program s . The Court found that since Long Bea ch had a lr eady repealed the ordinance that was the focus of the low er court' s d ecis ion, the leg a l validity of the ordina nce w as moot, so it dismissed the c ase . The o riginal Pack appellate decision came in October 2011 and held th a t so me medical marijuana dispensary regulations may be preempted b y fed eral law. The rul in g was a ppealed and the High Court la s t Pleas e turn to page 6 Uruguay's President wants full legalization Growing Latin America trend By Tony Newman, Drug Policy Alliance The president of Uruguay submitted a pro posal to Parliament Aug . 8, 2012 to legalize marijuana under governm en t-controlled regulation and sale. T hi s would make it the first country in the world in which the s tate sells c ann abis directly to its citizens. The propo sal, s igned by President J ose Mujica, is part of a package of measures aimed a t fighting cr im e and s till require s parliamen tary approval. Please, card my son. Regulating Marijuana Works! Georgia Edson (center) and other parents who support Amendment 64 announce the formation of Moms and Dads for Marijuana Regulat i on . Photo: RegulateMari jua na .org Colorado legalization initiative leads in polls B y Mason Tvert, regul a t e m arijua n a .org The campaign to p ass the 2012 ballot initia tive to regulate cannabis like alcohol, Colorado Amendment 64 (A-64), i s pickin g up s team as it h eads to wards a vo te. The measure has been consis tentl y ahead in th e p olls and support is growi ng. An August survey conducted by P ub lic Policy Polling found the initiative leading 47-38, compared to 46-42 in June . "We are thrilled to see such a jump in the polls, but this campaign is far from over , " said Betty Aldw o rth of th e C am pa ign to Regulate Marijuana Like Alco hol , w hich is s pearh ea ding support for A-64. "We ha ve about two months to go , and we are going to u se every minute to s tren g th en our support heading into Electio n Day." The campaign receive d a boost in August from the release of an eco nomic analy sis of the initiative b y th e Colora do Center on Law and Policy. It found th at passage of A -64 would produce at least $60 million in annual revenue and s avings, with the potential to t op $100 million in annual revenues within five years . It would create hundreds of jobs , mostl y in construction, and ge ne ra t e t ens of millions of dollars annually for the sta t e ' s public Please turn to page 11 Feds move to seize largest state licensed dispensarv Harborside vows to fight By Kris He r mes and William Dolphin, American s f orSa feAccess. o r g Federal prosecutors mov e d to seize the property h o u si n g California' s large s t licen s ed medical cannabi s di s pen s ary, that was the subject of W eed Wars , a popular reality TV s erie s on the Di s cove ry Channel. US Attorney Melinda Haag' s action against Harborside Hea lth Center (HHC) was denounced by Oakland' s mayor and o th er local and sta t e elected offic i a l s at a City Hall press conference July 12, 2012. "Harbor si d e ha s nothing to hide or be ashamed of," said Exec utiv e Director Steve DeAn ge lo. "We w ill contest th e DOJ action o p e ill y and in public, and throu g h all l ega l means at our disposal. We look forward to our da y in court , and we are confi dent th a t justice is on our side." Harbor si de was served with a federal civil complaint for "forfe i ture of prop erty" ear lier that week at it s locati o n s in Oakland and San Jose. The dispen sary ha s a city p er mit and h as been serving th e community s ince 2006 without incident. The forfeiture action i s against the "third-party" prop erty owner, Real Property and Improvements. Harbor s ide empl oys over 100 people and is Oakland' s second largest retail taxpayer. Last year , the dispensary paid com bined taxe s in excess of $3 million, ove r a million dollars of which went dir ectly t o Please turn to page 3 De spite Uruguay bein g one of the safest countries in Latin America, it ha s see n ,an increa se in crime from drug gangs due to it s pos ition on a drug-tran s it rout e to Europe via Wes t Africa. The aim of the proposal is to remove the profit s of canna bi s sa le s from drug g angs, s eparate the market from tho se for other illegal drug s , and avoid canna bi s consumer s' expo s ure to drug dealers who also sell coca pa ste, cocaine, etc. Additionally, the revenue from Please turn to page 13 Study confirms dispensaries do not lead to crime TRIPLE PLAY A simple grower ' s trick can produce triple-headed cannabis flowers. Story Inside. Photo by Chris Van Hook. Los Angeles dispensary ban provokes a crisis Advocate s turn i n signatu res to overturn it via referendum By William Dolphin and Kris He rmes , AmericansforSafeAccess.org Los Angeles City Council voted unanimously July 24, 2012 to ban the operation of medical cannabis dispensaries in California ' largest city. The city of almost 4 million pe0 ple currently has 762 registered dispen saries. City attorney Jane Usher said the ordi nance complies with the LA County v AMCC Collective appellate court ruling because it allows groups of three or fewer patient s to grow collectively . It also hap pens to close down all the storefront dis pensaries and, possibl)" delivery services a s " medical marijuana busines ses." T h e council at th e s ame time voted 9-5 to direct the city attorney's office to draft an ordinance to allow the continued opera tion of 182 dispensaries that had regi s tered with the city when the regulatory process b egan in 2007 In the meantime, the total ban will require all city collectives to shut th eir d oors by Sept. 6. Mayor Antonio Villaraigo sa s aid he supports a ban. When it became apparent that many dispen saries w ould fight back , Council man Bernard Parks announced Aug . 22 he was asking the LA Police Dept. to coordi nate with the county district attorney and federal DEA on an enforcement policy. The ban passed despite more than 10,000 letters the council received from cannabis patients and supporters urging the adoption of sensible regulations. Americans for Safe Access and others then gathered signatures to place a referendum before LA voters to reverse the ban. "After four years of hearing from patients who rely on medical cannabis to ease their suffering, it is outrageous that the city council wo uld decide to s imply outlaw its distribution, " said ASA's state director, Don Duncan . "The tens of thou sands of Angelenos harmed by this ban will not take it sitting down. We will cam paign forcefully to overturn this decision." By Paul Armentano, NORML.org Med ical marijuana dispensaries do not increase local crime ra t es, reports a feder al l y funded s tud y published in the July 2012 Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. In vestiga tor s at Uni versity of Califor nia, Lo s Ange l es (UCLA) examined w h e ther a proliferation of di spensar ie s is associated with eleva t e d crime rates. Researchers assesse d th e s patial relation s hip between den sity of di s pensarie s and two types of crime rates (violent crime and property crime) in 95 census tract s in Sacramento during the year 2009. " There were no observed cross-section al a ssoc i a tion s b etwee n the density of med ical marijuana dispensaries and either vio lent or property crime rates in this study," they reported . "These results suggest that the density of medical marijuana dispen saries may not be associated with crime rates or that other factors, such as measures dispen s arie s take to reduce crime (i.e., doormen, video cameras), may increase guardianship such that it deters possible motivated offenders." The authors acknowledged that their findings "run contrary to public percep tions" and contradict public statements by the Californi a Police Chief s Assn., which has claimed that petty crimes and nui s ance are "common ancillary by-products of (medicinal cannabis) operation s . " The UCLA study corroborate s a 2011 RAND Corp . study of LA crime rates that concluded, "[W]e found no evidence that medical marijuana dispensaries in general cause crime to rise," until Rand pulled the study from its web s ite under p ressure from th e LA city att orney's office. Oth er analyses of crime statistic s in the cities of LA, D enver and Colorado Sprin g also indicate th a t dispensar y location s do not increase criminal activity. "Exploring the Ecological Associatio n B etwee n Crime a n d Medical Marijuana D i spe nsaries," J Stu d ies A lcollo l & Dmgs. Oregon vote may restore hemp, adult cannabis use By Doug McVay, Common Sense for D m g Policy Or ego nian s w ill again vote on cannabis legali za tion Nov . 6, 2012. The Ore gon Cannabi s Taxation Act (OCTA) is offici ally Measure 80 (M-80) on the general election ballot, to regulate cannabis and restore industrial hemp. The goal is to protect youth and increase publi c safety by creat ing regulations concerning the growth and sale of cannabis and hemp. Petitioners turned in 151,870 signa tures, of which 58.53% (88,887) were found to be valid. The minimum requirement was 87,213 valid signature s. The effort was helped by the endorsement of Portland's United Food and Commercial Worker s Union Local 555. "We support M-80 becau se it'll get mid dle-cla ss Oregonian s back to work, it's as sim pl e as that ," said Dan Clay, president of th e United Food and Comm ercial Worker s Union Local 555. "Whether it's hemp-bio fuel refineries on the Columbia River or pulp and paper mill s in central Oregon , hemp makes sense and fits Oregon' s Please turn to page 3