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West Coast leaf, Spring, 2011

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West Coast leaf, Spring, 2011
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West Coast leaf
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West Coast leaf
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El Cerrito, CA
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Creative Xpressions
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English

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serial ( sobekcm )

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AURARIA LIBRARY
The Cannabis Newspaper of Record
ww.WestCoastLeaf.com
U1A7D2 DElTHb?
Spring 2011
Kristin Peskuski addressed a Medical Cannabis Conference held at the senior community Laguna Woods City Auditorium on Jan. 22. The image behind her depicts super-magnified and colorized trichomes, or resin glands of the cannabis plant, which contain cannabinoids.
More about the conference and more photos by Michael Guerrini on page 5.
Big jump in cannabis legislation nationally
State lawmakers nationwide weigh marijuana reform
By Morgan Fox, Marijuana Policy Project One of the biggest victories for cannabis last year was the sheer quantity of publicity in the media. After the discussion surrounding Props 19 in California, 203 in Arizona, and other major developments around the country, reform is in the limelight. More importantly, it is finally being treated as a legitimate policy issue.
This exposure has had an impact in a number of state legislatures this session. More states are considering cannabis reform measures now than ever, and there is a real possibility that we will see some substantive changes in the near future.
Seven states (Arizona, Connecticut,
Hawaii, Illinois, Rhode Island, Texas, and Virginia) are considering bills to 'decriminalize' possession of small amounts of marijuana, and at least one more state legislature is expected to consider a similar proposal during the 2011 legislative session. All the bills would replace possible jail sentences with fines for a modest amount of marijuana (ranging from less than an ounce to up to two ounces).
While many argue that marijuana decrim does not go far enough, it would be a tremendous step forward for states like Texas with Draconian penalties, where more wide-reaching reform is still years off. Any step to help keep marijuana users out of jail deserves support.
Perhaps even more significant is that Please turn to page 11
Leno bill would proted patients' jobs Medica| marijuana under attack
H 1 7 A ..1 7-X. T. 777 * - omr>lArrni'c o nn-nf fn ciiccnmmoto Tmiricf
Employment rights hill in California legislature
By Kris Hermes, Americans for Safe Access California Senator Mark Leno (D-San Francisco) is moving legislation to protect the employment rights of patients. In late January, Leno introduced SB 129, a bill he said "simply establishes a medical cannabis patient's right to work."
The bill is similar to a Leno bill passed by both houses of the state legislature in 2008, AB 2279, and vetoed by then-Govemor Arnold Schwarzenegger. Both bills seek to clarify the intent of the legislature when it passed SB420, the Medical Marijuana Program Act (MMPA), in 2003.
The MMPA states that, "Nothing in this article shall require any accommodation of any medical use of marijuana on the property or premises of any place of employment or during the hours of employment." Unfortunately, the state Supreme Court in 2008 ruled in Ross v. Raging Wire Telecommunications that the language gives
Medical cannabis regulation bills in Cal legislature
By Dale Gieringer, Director Cal norml California Sen. Lou Correa (D-Anaheim) has introduced a comprehensive Medical Cannabis Licensing Act to provide a "complete, functional, licensing scheme" aimed at fulfilling Prop. 215's mandate for a "safe and affordable" distribution system.
Senate Bill 847 would require producers, distributors and sellers to be licensed by the Dept, of Public Health, with licenses renewed each 12 months. It also establishes an indicia program under the Board of Equalization, to require traceable, secure indicia of licensure to be placed on medical marijuana, require a product testing program and a facilities inspection program, and authorize assessment of related fees.
On the whole, SB 847 is surprisingly well drafted (especially given that Correa has the worst record of any Democrat in the legislature on medical rights). It puts enforcement in the hands of the Dept, of Health and Board of Pharmacy; explicitly exempts licensees from charges for sales, Please turn to page 10
employers a right to discriminate against more than 400,000 qualified patients. Leno's bills have been in direct response to that ruling.
"The people who voted for Prop 215 never intended to force law-abiding Please turn to page 7
AWARD GIVEN — California State Senator Mark Leno received an award from California NORML Jan. 29 at the Berkeley conference.
Photo by Mikki Norris
By Russ Bellville, NORML stash.norml.org Fifteen states and the District of Columbia have enacted medical marijuana laws. Will there still be 15 of these by the end of the year? Two states - Montana and New Mexico - face unprecedented calls for outright repeal of their medical use laws.
The GOP lawmakers who dominate the Montana legislature are circulating a propaganda essay entitled, "Why Montana's Medical Marijuana Law Should Be Repealed." Montana NORML's John Masterson said it was created by the state's coordinator of drug courts.
The essay says the state medical use program has led to increased "criminal involvement... intoxicated driving crashes and fatalities ... use of marijuana by their children... lost productivity by their state's workforce ... unsafe working conditions ... amount of drugs consumed on a regular basis by each user... and the need for more psychiatric and addictive disease treatment." None of this is true, according to Montana statistics.
Overflow crowd turns out for forum to discuss 'Next Steps' for marijuana reform in California
Cal Norml hosts conferences
By Chris Conrad
An overflow crowd came from around the state to Berkeley Jan. 29, 2011 for a California NORML conference to assess 'Marijuana Reform: Next Steps for California.' Another conference is set for March 19 in Los Angeles (see canorml.org).
At the Jan. 29 event, State Senator Mark Leno and Assemblyman Tom Ammiano agreed that with Jerry Brown as state governor the prospect of getting meaningful reform passed and signed into law is enhanced. Leno said he is introducing SB129 to protect the jobs of qualified patients who use cannabis medicinally.
Oakland City Councilwoman Desley Brooks and Mendocino Supervisor John McCowen spoke of devising workable solutions at the local level in the face of erratic federal intervention. Surprise guest speaker Ethan Nadelmann of Drug Policy
Alliance pointed to a global debate that Prop 19 initiated in 2010 and the more favorable voter turnout expected in 2012.
Cal NORML Director Dale Gieringer guided the conferees through a series of panels and presentations.
A second room was opened to handle the overflow crowd. During the last panel of the day, that room became an open-microphone forum so everyone had a chance to speak on the future of reform.
All agreed that legalization reached new levels of acceptance in 2010. Dale Sky Jones of the Yes on 19 campaign said this was a major goal of the campaign and that a new initiative committee is in its developmental stages. "The question isn't whether cannabis will be legalized, it is determining what form of legalization will take place."
Throughout the day, a plethora of initiative ideas was discussed by the panels Please turn to page 7
Since medical marijuana was legalized in 2004 until 2009, teenage use dropped 28.7%, Montana's crime index declined 15.8%, fewer people died in-auto fatalities, gross domestic product outpaced national averages, workplace injuries and fatalities both dropped, overall marijuana use fell, and fewer people attended rehab claiming marijuana as their "primary substance."
Regardless, Montana's House Speaker Mike Milburn (R) remarked that, "Voters did vote for the [compassionate use] initiative but it wasn't for what happened." A front group, Safe Community Safe Kids, is Please turn to page 23
THC content up, CBD down in confiscated cannabis
By Paul Armentano, norml Levels of the cannabinoid CBD (cannabidi-ol) are declining in marijuana, according to a review* of over 5,000 samples seized by law enforcement in California. The review appears on the website of the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.
Investigators at the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica assessed changes in the median THC and CBD levels of cannabis seized between 1996 and 2008 and found that THC levels rose during this time period while CBD levels fell. "[M]edian THC potency has increased from 4.56% in 1996 to 11.75% in 2008," they reported. "The increase in THC was far more dramatic in non-border areas (from 4.18% to 13.95%) than in border areas (from 4.52% to 6.84%). ... The median level of CBD dropped from 0.24% in 1996 to 0.08% in 2008."
The authors speculated that the shift was because "growers are making greater use of plant strains that favor THC production over CBD production."
Cannabidiol is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid that is believed to temper the psychoactive effects of THC. In preclinical trials, CBD has demonstrated the ability to both treat symptoms and modify the course of various diseases. A recent review in the journal Trends in Pharmacological Sciences reported that CBD has over a dozen separate therapeutic properties — Please turn to page 24


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I1u Cannabis Newspaper of Record Kristin Peskuski addressed a Medical Cannabis Conference held at the senior community Laguna Woods City Auditorium on Jan. 22. The image behind her depicts super-magnified and colorized trl chomes , or resin glands of the cannabis plant , which contain cannabinoids. More about the conference and more photos by Michael Guerrini on page 5 . Leno bill would protect patients' jobs Employment rights bill in California legislature By Kris Hermes , Americans for Safe Access C a lifornia Senator Mark Leno { DSan Franci s co) is m oving legis l atio n t o p ro t ect the employ m en t rights of patient s . In l a t e January , Leno in troduced SB 129, a bi ll h e said "simply establishes a medi cal aruutbi tient's ri ht to work." 1:'ne bi.\.\ is simi.\ar to a Lena bil\ p assed by both houses of the s tate legislature in 2008, A B 2279, and ve t oe d b y the n Governor Arnold Schwarze n egger. B oth bills seek to clarify the intent of t h e legis lature w h e n it p assed S B420, th e Medic a l Mari ju ana P rogra m A ct (MMPA) , in 2003 . T h e MMPA s tate s that , " Nothing in this a rticle s h a ll r e quir e an y accomm o dati o n o f any m edical u s e of marijuana on the prop e r ty o r p re mi s e s of an y plac e o f e mplo y ment or during the h ours of empl oy ment. " Unfortuna tely, the s tat e Supreme Court in 2008 rul e d in Ros s v. Raging Wir e T elecommunications that the languag e gives employers a righ t to discriminate against more than 400,000 qualified patients. Leno' s bill s ha v e been in direct response to tha t ruling . " Th e people who voted for Prop 215 n ever int ended to f orc e la w -ab i d ing Please t urn t o page 7 AWARD GIVEN California State Senato r Mark Leno received an award from California NORML Jan. 29 at the Berkeley conference. Photo by Mikki Norris U18702 0219467 SPRING 2011 Big iUIIP in cannabis legislation nationanv State lawmakers nationwide weigh marijuana reform By Morgan Fox , Marijuana Policy Project One of the bigge s t victories for cannabis la s t year was the sheer quantity of publici ty in the media. After the di sc u ss ion sur rounding Props 19 in California , 203 in Arizo na , and other major developments around the country, reform is in the lime light. More importantly, it is finally being treated as a legitimate policy issue. This exposure has had an impact in a number of state legislatures this s es sion. More s t a te s are considering cannabis reform measures now than ever, and there is a real po ssibi li ty that we will see some substantive changes in the near future . Seven states (Arizona, Connecticut , Hawaii, illinois, Rhode I sland, Texas, and Virginia) are considering bills to ' d ecrimi nalize' possession of small amounts of marijuana, and at least one more sta t e l eg islature is expected to consider a similar proposal during the 2011 legislative ses sion. All the bill s would replace possible jail sen tence s with fines for a modest amount of marijuana (ranging from less than an ounce to up to two ounces). Whi le many argue that marijuana decrirn does not go far enough, it would be a tremendous step forward for states like Texas with Draconian penalties, where more wide reaching reform is still y ears off. Any ste p to help keep marijuana users out of jail d eserves support. Perhaps eve n more significant is that Please turn to page 11 Medical marijuana under attack By Russ Bellville , NORML stas h.norml.o r g Fifteen sta t es and the District of Columbia have enacted medical marijuana laws. Will there still be 15 of these b y the end of th e year? T w o s t a t es Mon t a n a and New M ex ico f a c e unpre c e d e nted call s for out r ight r e p e al o f their medical u se l aws. The GOP lawmakers who dominate the Montana legi lature are circulating a prop aganda essay entitled, "Why Montana's Medic a l Ma rijuan a La w S h o u l d B e Repealed . " Montana NORML's John Ma s ter son said it was created by the s tate's coordina t or of drug c o u r ts. Th e essay says th e s t a t e medi c a l u se program h as l e d to in cre a se d "c rimin a l involvement . . . intoxicated driving cra s he s and fatalities ... use of marijuana b y their children ... lost productivity b y their s tate's workforce . .. unsafe working conditions ... amount of drugs consumed on a regular basis b y each user .. . and the need for more psychiatric and addictive disease treat ment." None of this is true, according to Montana s tatistic s . Since medical marijuana was legalized in 2004 until 2009, teenage use dropped 28.7%, Montana's crime inde x declin e d 15.8%, fewer peopl e di e d in-aut o fat ali i ies, gross d omesti c product o utp aced natio n al ave r ages, wo rkpl ace injur ies an d fatalities b o th dropp ed, over all mari jua n a u e fell, and few er peopl e attended r e hab cl aimin g marijuana as their "primary s ubstance." Regardless, Montana's House Speaker Mike Milburn (R) remarked that, "Voters did v ote f or th e [compassio n a t e u se ] initiative but it wasn ' t for what happened." A front group , Safe Community Safe Kids, is Ple ase turn to page 23 1HC content up, CBD down in confiscated cannabis By Paul Armentano , NORML Levels of the cannabinoid CBD (cannabi di ol) are declining in marijuana, accordin g t o a review* of over 5,000 samp l es seized b y law enforcement in California. The review appears th e website of the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence. Medical cannabis regulation bills in Cal legislature By Dale Gieringer, Director Cal NORML California Sen. Lou Correa (D-Anaheim) has introduced a comprehensive Medical Cannabis Licensing Act to provide a "com plete, functional, licensing scheme" aimed at fulfilling Prop. 215's mandate for a "safe and affordable" distribution system . Overflow crowd turns out for forum to discuss 'Next Steps' for marijuana reform in California Investigators at the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica assessed changes in the median THC and CBD levels of cannabis seized between 1996 and 2008 and found that THC levels ro se during this time period while CBD levels fell. "[M]edian THC potency has increased from 4.56 % in 1996 to 11.75 % in 2008," they reported . "The increase in THC was far more dramatic in non-border areas (from 4.18 % to 13.95% ) than in border areas (from 4.52 % to 6.84 % ). ... The median level of CBD dropped from 0.24% in 1996 to 0 .08% in 2008." Senate Bill 847 would require produc ers, distributors and sellers to be licensed by the Dept. of Public Health, with licenses renewed each 12 months. It also establishes an indicia program under the Board of Equalization, to require traceable, secure indicia of licensure to be placed on medical marijuana , require a product testing pro gram and a facilities inspection program, and authorize assessment of related fees . On the whole, SB 847 is surprisingly well drafted (especially given that Correa has the worst record of any Democrat in the legisl ature on medical rights) . It puts enforcement in the hands of the Dept. of Health and Board of Pharmacy; explicitly exempts lice nsees from charges for sales, Please turn to page 10 Cal Norml hosts conferences By Chris Conrad An overflow crowd came from around the state to Berkeley Jan. 29, 2011 for a California NORML conference to assess 'Marijuana Reform: Next Steps for California.' Another conference is set for March 19 in Los Angeles (see canorml.org). At the Jan . 29 event, State Senator Mark Leno and Assemblyman Tom Arnmiano agreed that with Jerry Brown as state gov ernor the prospect of getting meaningful reform passed and signed into law is enhanced. Leno said he is introducing SB129 to protect the jobs of qualified patients who use cannabis medicinally. Oakland City Councilwoman Desley Brooks and Mendocino Supervisor John McCowen spoke of devising workable s olutions at the local level in the face of federal intervention. Surprise guest speaker Ethan Nadelmann of Drug Policy Alliance pointed to a global debate that Prop 19 initiated in 2010 and the more favorable voter turnout expected in 2012 . Cal NORML Director Dale Gieringer guided the conferees through a series of panels and presentations. A second room was opened to handle the overflow crowd. During the last panel of the day, that room became an open microphone forum so everyone had a chance to speak on the future of reform. All agreed that legalization reached new levels of acceptance in 2010. Dale Sky Jones of the Yes on 19 campaign said this was a major goal of the campaign and that a new initiative committee is in its develop mental stages. "The question isn't whether cannabis will be legalized, it is determining what form of legalization will take place ." Throughout the day, a plethora of ini tiative ideas was discussed by the panels Please turn to page 7 The authors speculated that the shift was because "growers are making greater use of plant strains that favor THC produc tion over CBD production." Cannabidiol is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid that is believed to temper the psychoactive effects of THC. In preclinical trials, CBD has demonstrated the ability to both treat symptoms and modify the course of various diseases . A recent review in the journal Trends in Pharmacological Sciences reported that CBD has ove r a dozen separa te therapeutic properties Please turn to page 24