Citation
Mixed use development proposal for lower downtown Denver

Material Information

Title:
Mixed use development proposal for lower downtown Denver terminals center, Denver, Colorado
Alternate title:
Mixed use development, terminals center
Alternate title:
Terminals center
Creator:
Berzins, Vija
Language:
English
Physical Description:
46 unnumbered leaves : color illustrations, color plans ; 23 x 29 cm

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Real estate development -- Colorado -- Denver ( lcsh )
Real estate development ( fast )
Colorado -- Denver ( fast )
Genre:
Academic theses. ( lcgft )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
Academic theses ( lcgft )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title: Mixed use development, terminals center, Denver, Colorado.
General Note:
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, Master of Architecture, College of Design and Planning.
Statement of Responsibility:
Vija Berzins.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Colorado Denver
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
09449485 ( OCLC )
ocm09449485
Classification:
LD1190.A72 1978 .B49 ( lcc )

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This item has the following downloads:


Full Text
MIXED' USE DEVELOPMENT.. .PROPOSAL
A v. . • • •••-'*.*
FOR LOWER DOWNTOWN. DENVER
TERMINALS CENTER DENVER, COLORADO



VIJA BERZINS
MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE PROGRAM UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO DENVER, COLORADO MAY 25, 1979


CONTENT
1. INTRODUCTION
2. SITE LOCATION PLAN
3. SITE VIEWS
4. EXISTING BUILDINGS TO BE PART OF PROPOSAL
5. SITE PLAN
6. SECTIONS
7. PERSPECTIVES
8. PLANS - R.T.D. BLOCK
UNION STATION BLOCK
9. TYPICAL RESIDENTIAL UNIT
10
CONCLUSION




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INTRODUCTION
lEliel Saarene (1943)]
" The individual's everyday life includes such activities as home life, work dnside or outside the home, need of necessary supplies, adult education, and physical and mental development. In the case of such indispensable everyday activities of one's existance and livelihood, it is a sensible thing they be concentrated as much as possible within a certain area, so as to eliminate the use of mechanical means of communication. Such an arrangement is logical; it is practical; it is time saving; and above all, it is human. The adequate interrelation between living and working is the functional community. That is a community unit where the bulk of the population can exist without being compelled everyday to rush back and forth into the congested heart of the city or elsewhere in order to make a living."
This design concept is to provide housing for the lower downtown Denver area, making it a self sufficient area which would include retail and office spaces. The site to be surrounded by Blake, Wynkoop, 16th and 17th Streets.
In major urban areas shelter costs for the most prevalent housing types have escalated to the point where they cause hardship and dislocation. The combination of high land costs, high mortgage rates and rapidly increasing construction costs has slowed the production of new housing in central urban areas. Incouraging mixed use developements, including retail, office and residential spaces.
When large numbers of people expect a level of housing quality which they cannot attain, the resulting frustrations lead them to dissatisfaction with their existing residential environment and may lead them to incur shelter costs which are beyond their real ability to pay. Due to this situation, mixed use developments, may be an answer. The retail and office levels may alleviate certain cost.


The housing crisis may in fact lie with people's expectations about an ideal housing environment, measured against the reality of the choices made available in the condominium market. An apartment or a condominium may be chosen by adults, as an interim measure which is a less costly or more convenient alternative.
Only recently, has the private market begun to test the acceptability of higher densities in low rise form. A growing body of research on user needs and preferences with regard to the housing unit has indicated that the following are some of the most important concerns:
1) Privacy
-functional division between living and sleeping areas -off street entrances (to elevators and stairs)
-private unshared outdoor space (a balcony)
-acoustic privacy; for both outgoing and incoming sound
2) Territoriality -approach space
-clearly defined areas of responsibility
3) Convenience
-direct link to automobile parking space -ease of maintenance; both indoor and outdoor
"The housing-crisis" housing alternatives which make more economic use of land can provide an environment with many of the benefits of housing at lower costs. Public acceptance of lower downtown housing is of course essential and will be largely dependent on the quality of its design, and on the capital and financing costs which it imposes on the condominium owner. Housing at a more urban scale and density (4:1) can be developed to begin to compact the metropolitan area and lessen the harmful affects of sprawl on the urban structure.
A rational approach to building design has been advocated for many years, by researchers, teachers and a number of architects. Confronted with a building design problem, (in this case a mixed use development), the designer may begin to evolve a type of concept. This method of approach can be challanged, on the basis that the designer tends to think of a concept and "fit in" the brief in an existing urban site. In this approach the brief, the site location and the environment indicate a solution. The two main guides on this site are:
1. The new design to be a "bridge" between two terminal buildings (Union Station and the future RTD Terminal).
2, Allowance of some worthy existing structures in the new concept.


Invite "ordinary” people to use it, offering them comfortable places to meet and sit, and even.bring their own food, sit by the water fall opposite the Union Station. It is not necessary to have money to spend to enjoy the public spaces. Depending on the time of day one may see different generations, young and old, relaxing at tables in the Terminal Plaza and the Market Place.
The obvious positive definitions in a brief might concern the area of the spaces, some information about their shapes, definite functional groupings, requirments and cost levels. There are a multitude of solution types within the envelope of the program. There is little or no indication from a rational point of view which solution is the most advantageous. The designer cannot consider all or even a small portion of that would form a suggested solution,
I chose differing frameworks, all Of which may be within the envelope of the brief. The framework can be called the "concept". Once it has become evident that the "concept" is within the terms of the brief, I tried to "fit in" the terms of the required building to the concept.


SITE LOCATION PLAN








SITE VIEWS










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CONCLUSION


CONCLUSION
To imagine that there is a purely logical solution to a given brief is to attempt to find the number of a safe combination lock (with ten numbers) by going through each one, there are 3,628,800 possibilities.
This presentation proposal in only one of all these.


Full Text

PAGE 1

l l llllllllllllllllll l l l .llllllllllllllll l llllllllllllllllllllllll 0 3 1204 00275 4118 .;. ..• • • • • • .,. • 0 : . . . ..... . . .... ,.!""'"--""'"'"' .. . ... r . .: . " . : MIXED: .. . . . ... P.ROP.OSAL. ' FOR LOWER ;;-' . .., . ... . ..... , . ... ! . . . --TERMINALS CENTER : ....... _ ........ _., ......... '"' .... . ... . . . . . . . :; '6:E'N\i:ER, COLORADO , : -,1 ... . . --.... -: . . '•' . . ....... ... .,. ......... ....... _.......... . . . • ;1 • VJ;JA BERZINE? ' MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE PROGRAM UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO DENVER, COLORADO MAY 25, 1979

PAGE 2

CONTENT 1. INTRODUCTION 2. SITE LOCATION PLAN 3. SITE VIEWS 4. EXISTING BUILDINGS TO BE PART OF PROPOSAL 5. SITE PLAN 6. SECTIONS 7. PERSPECTIVES 8. PLANS -R.T.D. BLOCK UNION STATION BLOCK 9. TYPICAL RESIDENTIAL UNIT 10. CONCLUSION

PAGE 4

N 0 I J n a 0 a N I

PAGE 5

INTRODUCTION !Eliel Saarene (1943)] 11 The individual's everyday life includes such activities as home life, work rinside or outside the home, need of necessary supplies, adult education, and physical and mental development. ln the case of such indispensable everyday activities of one's existance and livelihood, it is a sensible thing they be concentrated as much as possible within a certain area, so as to eliminate the use of mechanical means of communication. Such an arrangement is logical; it is practical; it is time saving; and above all, it is human. The adequate interrelation between living and working is the functional community. That is a community unit where the bulk of the population can exist without being compelled everyday to rush back and forth into the congested heart of the city or elsewhere in order to make a living." This design concept is to provide housing for the lower downtown Denver area, making it a self sufficient area which would include retail and office spaces. The site to be surrounded by Blake, Wynkoop, 16th and 17th Streets. . . In major urban areas shelter costs for the mostprevalent housing types have escalated to the point where they cause hardship and dislocation. The combination of high land costs, high mortgage rates and rapidly increasing construction costs has slowed the production of new housing in central urban areas. Incouraging mixed use devel9pements, including retail, office and residential spaces. When large numbers of people expect a level of housing quality which they cannot attain, the resulting frustrations lead them to dissatisfaction with their existing residential environment and may lead them to incur shelter costs which are beyond their real ability to pay. Due to this situation, mixed use developments, may be an answer. The retail and office levels may alleviate certain cost.

PAGE 6

The housing crisis may in fact lie with people's expectations about an ideal housing environment, measured against the reality of the choices made available in the condominium market. An apartment or a condominium may be chosen by adults, as an interim measure which is a less costly or more convenient alternative. Only recently, has the private market begun to test the acceptability of higher densities in low rise form. A growing body of research on user needs and preferences with regard to the housing unit has indicated that the following are some of the most important concerns: 1) Privacy -functional division between living and sleeping areas -off street entrances (to elevators and stairs) -private unshared outdoor space (a balcony) -acoustic privacy; for both outgoing and incoming sound 2) Territoriality -approach space -clearly defined areas of responsibility 3) Convenience -direct link to automobile parking space -ease of maintenance; both indoor and outdoor "The housing alternatives which make more economic use of land can provide an environment with many of the benefits of housing at lower costs. Public of lower downtown housing is of course essential and will be largely dependent on the quality of its design, and on the capital and financing costs which it imposes on the condominium owner. Housing at a more urban scale and density (4:1) can be developed to begin to compact the metropolitan area and lessen the harmful affects of sprawl on the urban structure. A rational approach to building design has been advocated for many years, by researchers, teachers and a number of architects. Confronted with a building design problem, (in this case a mixed use development), the designer may begin to evolve a type of concept. This method of approach can be challanged, on the basis that the designer tends to think of a concept and "fit in" the brief in an existing urban site. In this approach the brief, the site location and the environment indicate a solution. The two main guides on this site are: 1. The new design to be a "bridge" between two terminal buildings (Union Station and the future RTD Terminal). 2. Allowance of some worthy existing structures in the new concept.

PAGE 7

Invite "ordinary" people to u .se it, offering them comfortable places to meet and sit, and even.bring their own food, sit by the water fall opposite the Union Station. It is not necessary to have money to spend to enjoy the public. spaces. Depending on the time of day one may see different generations, young and old, relaxing at tables in the Terminal Plaza and the Market Place. The obvious positive definitions in a brief might concern the area of -the spaces, some information about their shapes , definite functional groupings, requirments and cost levels. There are a multitude of solution. types within the envelope of the program. There is little or no indication from a rational point of view which solution is the most advantageous. The designer cannot consider all or even a small portion of that would form a suggested solution. I chose differing frameworks, all of which may be within the envelope of the brief. The framework can be called the "concept". Once it has become evident that the "concept'' is within the terms of the brief, I tried to "fit in" the terms of the required building to the concept.

PAGE 8

S I T E L 0 C A T I 0 N P L A N

PAGE 12

, . S I T E V I E W S

PAGE 15

-

PAGE 17

EXISTING BUILDINGS TO BE PART OF PROPOSAL

PAGE 18

-,

PAGE 22

S I T E P L A N

PAGE 24

S E C T I 0 N S

PAGE 27

P E R S P E C T I V E S

PAGE 32

P L A N S • R.T.D. BLOCK UNION STATION BLOCK

PAGE 42

T Y P I C A L R E S I D E N T I A L U N I T

PAGE 46

CONCLUSION To imagine that there is a purely logical solution to a given brief is to attempt to find the number of a safe combination lock (with ten numbers) by going through each one, there are 3,628,800 possibilities. This presentation proposal in only one of all these.