Citation
12th & Grant condominium project

Material Information

Title:
12th & Grant condominium project
Creator:
O'Dowd, John D.
Place of Publication:
Denver, CO
Publisher:
University of Colorado Denver
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Thesis/Dissertation Information

Degree:
Master's ( Master of architecture)
Degree Grantor:
University of Colorado Denver
Degree Divisions:
College of Architecture and Planning, CU Denver
Degree Disciplines:
Architecture

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Colorado Denver
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
Copyright John O'Dowd. Permission granted to University of Colorado Denver to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.

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Full Text
ENVIRONMENTAL design
auraria library
12TH& GRANT CONDOMINIUM PROJECT


THESIS PREPARATION
* /
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO
FALL, 1980
JOHN D. O'DOWD ‘
12TH & GRANT CONDOMINIUM PROJECT


INTRODUCTION
GOALS
CONCEPTS
FACTS
NEEDS
PROBLEM STATEMENT CASE STUDIES APPENDIX
\
\
TABLE OF CONTENTS


INTRODUCTION


Introduction
The nation today is facing a shortage of adequate housing -- a problem we share with many other nations in the world. The problem has become more acute in recent years because inflation has made the cost of everything increase. Costs for materials of construction, labor, and land are all included in the cost of providing new housing to meet the needs of our society, and these increased costs have discouraged developers. However, our society continues to grow and change. The children of the baby boom have all matured and need housing for their own nuclear families. The nation's high divorce rate is reflected in the growth of the housing market. Medical advances and healthier lifestyles have kept people living longer. These are but a few of the reasons our complex society is experiencing its need for housing.
Denver, Colorado is like many other mid-size cities in America. It experienced a period of city development early in its history in which most of the building occurred within a small radius of downtown. With the invention of the automobile, mobility was injected into American lifestyles and soon people left downtowns to live in tract homes in surrounding suburbs. Denver's downtown became a place to work in but not a place to live in. Time has made things turn almost full circle. Today, with increasing prices for vulnerable supplies of fuel, the "close-in” suburbs are seeming more distant to most people. Denver's downtown economy has been broadening in the past decade due to its proximity to the energy industry's development of coal -- and oil shale developments in the Rocky Mountains. People want to live where events are happening and where the dynamics of a city are at work. This is why downtown and close-to-downtown housing are in high demand, especially here in Denver.
The problem that I have chosen for my thesis is a real one. The Denver office of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill -- Architects and Engineers -- is designing a condominium project for a private Denver developer on ten lots that are currently used as an uncovered parking lot on the corner of Twelfth and Grant Streets in the Capitol Hill neighborhood. Terry Willis, an SOM designer, has been very helpful to me and will continue to work closely with me during my own design process. The purpose of this report is to clearly identify the problem. In familiarizing myself with William Pena's book, Problem Seeking, I have learned that a clearly stated problem avoids many unwanted pitfalls and is part of the programming process necessary before approaching the design of a building. My report will use the five steps that Pena points out in his book: (1) establish goals; (2) collect facts; (3) uncover concepts; (4)
determine needs; (5) state the problem.


GOALS


Goals
What does the client want to achieve, and why?
1. To provide housing that appeals to a wide range of users/to maintain flexibility in dwelling unit design to the variety of personal tastes and modes of living.
2. To provide both indoor and outdoor private spaces associated with home environments for each unit.
3. To create an atmosphere of sophistication, in well-tended but easy to maintain public spaces.
4. To develop a mechanical/electrical system which saves energy over conventional systems for owners; is economical; and which is integral with the building's design philosophy, i.e. orientation and design to obtain the greatest use of solar energy and other alternate power sources.
5. To provide users with common spaces which will be landscaped to buffer against noise, to provide shade and comfort, and to create an outdoor environment that is visually pleasing.
6. To provide common amenities which promote the health of the users, such as a sauna, an exercise room, and a swimming pool.
7. To allow for spaces (as allowed by zone and codes) at the street level for uses by right other than residential, yet supportive of the residential sector (i.e. pharmacy, dry cleaners, beauty and barber shop); to add to the convenience of life of the user and the surrounding community; and to create animation typical of diverse city dynamics.
8. To create a building which fits into the existing neighborhood
character.
9. To create a building which adds to the quality of the neighborhood.
10. To provide housing units of more than average interior and exterior square footages for each unit size to appeal to households that would otherwise seek conventional housing.
11. To provide a quality structure for under 9 million dollars which maximizes site development allowable and a 20 percent profit.


FACTS


Climate
Denver's climate is generally sunny, semi-arid and mild. The area receives 15 to 20 inches of precipitation annually, 70% to 80% of which falls between the months of April and September. Snow and ice disappear rapidly from the ground after exposure to the sun.
The eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains is subject to high winds of up to 120 MPH caused by compression of air due to rapid altitude loss from 13,000 feet to 5,000 feet as air moves over the front range from the west. This effect is called the Chinook effect.
Denver is characterized by low humidity and, unfortunately, smog from the heavy concentration of automobiles.


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SITE ANALYSIS
LOCATION
The project site is located1’— at the southwest corner of F the block bounded by 13th ? Avenue to the north, 12 th SJS
Avenue to the south, Grants,?
Street to the west, and Logan*** Street to the east. TheLj
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, The site is very accessible *5to many of Denver's amenities jT-f--"and services. A short bus or lci_I "car ride takes the user to "the Denver Center for the -Performing Arts, Larimer Square shopping district, the Auraria Higher Education Complex, and downtownJ_
shopping. Movie theaters and suburban shopping are also a 5 few miles away at Cherry *'Creek Shopping Center.
jAirport shuttles are located ^ downtown at major hotels, and^ /Tipick-up request at the Gotham1 *â– 
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Walking Distances 1 Block - 1/10 Mile
1. Elementary School Emerson School at 14th and Ogden, 7 blocks.
2. Junior High School Morey Junior High School at 13th and Emerson, 5 blocks.
3. Churches - numerous within 5 block radius.
4. Downtown - 6 blocks to
16th and Broadway
(United Bank Center).
5. Retail Shopping - 7
blocks to May D&F downtown.
6. Park - 5 blocks to Civic Center Park.
7. Supermarket - King Soopers at 9th and Corona, 11 blocks; grocery, 1 block.


Views From/To Site
The location of the site is strategic for offering its future tenants excellent i views. The growing downtown skyline is to the northwest and it is close enough to entice the residents to walk into the city for work and entertainment. The view of the mountains to the west stretches in an arc from the southwest to the northwest and forms the horizon. Pike's Peak is visible to the south-southwest. Cheesman
Park and the residential neighborhoods create the views to the southeast, east, and northeast. Of course, these views become more panoramic as the elevation of the viewer increases. Based on existing land-use, views for tenants should be excellent above the 3rd floor to all directions except due south where the Gotham Apartment Building (7
stories) lies directly at the property line. Above ground utility lines (telephone and power) run through the alley and are an eyesore.


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Urban Context
The site is within one of the oldest residential areas in Denver, Capitol Hill. During the late 1800's and early 1900's, Capitol Hill was the home to the wealthiest people in Denver, and the mansions built during this period reflected this wealth. The architecture is eclectic with styles borrowed from many historical periods such as Italianati, Greek Revival, and Victorian. In some structures, many styles were drawn upon to satisfy the desires of one client.
As time past, the wealthy moved to the Cheesman Pairk and Denver Country Club areas. Businesses and commercial interests encroached upon the formerly residential area during the 1930's. And in 1955, the Capitol Hill neighborhood was zoned R-3, high-density residential, in response to the high rate of apartment construction during the war years. Today, less than 4% of the structures in Capitol Hill are single family units; many of the formerly single family homes have been converted to multi-dwelling units, causing Capitol Hill to have the highest population density in the city.



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MULTI-FAMILY UNITS ON 12TH AVE


12th and Grant Street Condominium Project
Agency:
Project Site:
Document:
Zoning District:
Department of Zoning Administration 3840 York Street, Unit H Denver, Colorado 80205 (303) 575-2191 Block No. 65
1200 - 1234 Grant Street Denver, Colorado
Zoning Ordinance - Denver, Colorado
Revised 1978
R-4
1.
2.
3.
Uses
Allowed Uses by Right
Various Uses including: Dwelling, multiple unit, office, other (see 612.5-3), (i), (h)
Location of Structures 612.504 (2)
A. Front Setback: (Grant Street) 10 feet
(12th Avenue) 5 feet
B. Side Setback: 7.5 feet
C. Rear Setback: 20 feet from
alley centerline
Allowable Maximum Floor Area
The sum total of the gross flor 612.50-4 (4) on a zone lot shall be less than four times the zone lot area.
Zone Lot Area: 125 ft. x 250 ft. =
18.79 ft. x 100 ft. =
16.165 ft. x 100 ft. =
12.95 ft. x 50 ft. -
F.A.R. (4) x 35,383 s.f. = 141,532 s.f.
31,250 s.f. 1,879 s.f. 1,616.5 s.f. 647.5 s.f. 35,383.0 s.f. =
. 7/3? acres.
ZONING


4.
Parking
612.5- 6
614.6- 1 (1)
There shall be one and one half off-street parking spaces provided for each dwelling unit and one parking space for each 500 square feet of
office space.
74 x 1.5 = 111 + 40 = 151 cars total required 6>b X /. £ = Cfb +
5. Loading
Buildings with area between 100,001 and 160,000 square feet are required to provide three off-street loading berths.


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(ISTING STREET CLASSIFICATION AND AVERAGE WEEKDAY TRAFFIC VOLUME CHARACTERISTICS
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Grant Street is classified as a city arterial. Its one way traffic flows south
experiencing highest flow rates during the late afternoon when commuters leave the downtown core.
Latest figures (1975) record the traffic volume on Grant Street to be 14,300 vehicles.
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SECTION 509. TOILET FACILITIES.
(a) General. Every building shall be provided with toilet room facilities for use by the public and employees as specified in this Section. Types of building occupancy not indicated herein shall he considered individually by the Department.
5. Dwelling Units. Each unit shall be provided with one water closet, one lavatory, one bathtub or shower, and one kitchen sink with garbage disposal.
A. In addition, buildings with one or two dwelling units shall provide an accessible capped rough-in for a laundry facility in a space large enough to accept laundry equipment in each unit.
B. In buildings with 3 or more dwelling units or apartments, provide one laundry tray and one automatic washer for the first 10 units or apartments. In excess of 10 units or apartments, provide one automatic laundry washing machine for each additional 15 units or apartments. This equipment shall be accessible to all units or apartments.
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otherwise regulated herein.
EXCEPTION: Retail, wholesale and service establishments w,.,.. occupant load of not more than 20 people may provide only one toilet room (water closet and lavatory) to accomodate both sexes.
11. Schools and Other Places of Instruction.
Scope. The requirements of this Section shall apply to all public, parochial and private schools, universities, colleges, academies, seminaries, libraries, museums and galleries, including all buildings used for the purpose of instruction.
12. Swimming Pools. Separate toilet facilites for each sex shall be located adjacent tojill swimming pools usedLby thje public except for Croup H occupancies of 3 stories or less.
(b) Other Requirements.
1. Separate Facilities. Separate toilet room facilities shall be provided for males and females unless otherwise excepted in this Section. Toilet room facilities shall be completely enclosed or screened to insure privacy. Toilet rooms, except for I Occupancies and other than public toilet rooms in H occupancies, shall be identified for each sex and shall be available for use by the public and the employees during normal hours of occupancy of the building. Toilet rooms utilized by both sexes shall be identified as a “rest room.”
2. Ratio. In buildings occupied by both sexes, the ratio of male to female facilities shall be established on the basis of 50 percent male and 50 percent female occupants, except when the building or portions thereof, are designed and inteded for an unbalanced division of the sexes. In this case, the number of fixtures for each sex shall be installed on the basis of the actual or intended ratio of male and female occupants of the building or portion thereof.
3. Accessory Use Building Requirements. Toilet room facilities shall not be required in Accessory use buildings when these facilities are available within 300 feet of this building.
4. Handicapped Persons. For handicapped requirements see Section 510.
5. Construction.
A. Floors and Walls. In occupancies other than family dwelling units, floors and walls of toilet facilities shall be constructed of hard, smooth, non-absorbent surfaces.
B. Compartments. Every toilet room shall have at least 14 square feet of floor area with a minimum width of ,3'Teet and at least 100 cubic feet of volume for each water closet and each unnal in addition to adequate space required for other piumbanJQTxtures or equipment installed within the toilet rooms. Compartments for water closets shall be at least 30 inches wide, and shall provide at least 24 inches clearance in


front of the water closet.
C. Bathing and Shower Facilities. Enclosures for bathtubs and showers, when provided, shall be constructed of shatter resistant materials. Hinged doors shall open outward. See Chapter 54 for glazing requirements.
D. Lavatories. 18 inches of wash sink or 18 inches of a circular basin, when provided with water outlets at each space, shall be considered equivalent to one lavatory.
E. Toilet Room Accessories. At least one type of hand-drying facility shall be provided in each toilet room facility where lavatories are provided.
F. Access. Access to any portion of the building shall not be through a toilet room facility. Access to toilet rooms shall not be through food preparation areas except for toilet room facilities provided exclusively for the use of employees in the food preparation area.
G. Location of Toilet Facilities. Facilities shall be located convenient to occupied areas being served and in no case more than 200 feet on the same level or more than one floor removed from the occupied area.
H. Location of Service Sinks. Service sinks are required in all Group A through G occupancies on each floor where toilet^ facilities are required. Hose bibb and flopr drain may be substituted for service sinks in Group G occupancies, service \ sinks shall not be installed in the toilet rooms.
6. Urinals for Women. Urinals for women may be installed under the following conditions:
A. The urinals shall be installed as an auxiliary or supplementary Fixture. The Fixture shall not be considered as a substitute for water closets; in all cases the required minimum number of water closets shall be provided.
B. The urinal shall be enclosed with a water closet compartment and door to insure privacy in use.
7. Coin-Operated Toilets. When toilet rooms for public use are provided with coin-operated or other external locking devices, these toilet facilities shall be provided in addition to the toilet room facilities required by this Chapter.
8. Temporary Toilet Facilities. Enclosed temporary facilities for working personnel shall be provided when existing permanent toilet facilities are not available or assigned for use in a convenient location near the work area. Fixtures may be conventional water closets and urinals installed in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 50 or may be water closets and urinals of the chemical storage type. Water closets shall be provided with seats and covers.


SECTION 510. REQUIREMENTS FOR HANDICAPPED PERSONS.
(a) General. In all Group A. B-l, B-2. B-3, B-4. C-l. C-2, D-l. D-2. F-l, F-2, H i, and H-2 Occupancies where public facilities are provided, at least one water closet and one lavatory shall be provided for the use of handicapped persons. They shall be fully accessible by each sex and shall be constructed as specified in this Chapter or as may be approved by the Department and the Commission for the Disabled. For additional requirements in Group H-l and H-2 Occupancies, see Residential Units for the Handicapped. See Chapter 33 for Ramps.
(b) Residential Units for the Handicapped. Group H-l and H-2 occupancies containing 8 or more units shall have one unit for each 7 units which is fully accessible and complies with all the requirements applicable to handicapped facilities. Required handicapped units shall be located in each building unless otherwise approved by the Department. All doors in each handicapped unit shall be at least 32 inches nominal width except doors leading into areas that are not habitable. All common elements used in connection with the exits shall be fully accessible to the handicapped.
(c) Toilet Requirements. Toilet facilities required for the use of the handicapped shall be constructed as follows:
1. Compartments for handicapped persons will be at least 36 inches in width with a door or access at least 32 inches wide; there shall be at least 32 inches of space unobstructed by door swing, in front of the water closet; and the compartment shall be equipped with grab bars at least 24 inches in length on each side of the water closet. Grab bars shall be at least 31 inches parallel to floor) 1 1/2 inches clearance to the wall, fastened securely at each end. EXCEPTION: In Group H-2 Occupancy Units, supports for grab bars shall be provided, however grab bars need not be provided qnless the unit is occupied by a handicapped person. Compartments need not be provided.
2. Lavatories for handicapped persons shall provide a clear space underneath of 26 inches in width, 12 inches in depth and 29 inches in height, excluding the projection of the bowl and waste piping. The maximum distance to the rim of the lavatory shall be 34 inches.
3. Where mirrors and hand drying facilities are provided, at least one mirror and one hand drying facility shall be installed not more than 40 inches above the floor to the bottom of the mirror or fixture.
4. Where separate toilet facilities are required by this Chapter, toilet facilities for handicapped persons shall be provided for each sex.
5. Toilet facilities for handicapped persons shall be provided where toilet facilities are required in buildings equipped with elevators and on the ground floor of buildings not equipped with elevators.


6. The access door to the toilet rooms shall be at least 32 inches wide.
7. Each toilet room shall provide a clear floor space of 4 feet by 4 feet.
id' Handicapped Ramp Requirements. Every building housing Group
A. B-l, B-2, B-3. B-4, C-l. C-2, D-l. D-2, F-l, F-2, H-l, and H-2 occupancies shall provide an access ramp for the handicapped to the first floor, unless'otherwise approved by the Department and the Commission on the Disabled. This ramp shall not exceed a slope of 1 in 12 ( 8 1/3 %). See Chapter 33.
(e) Stair Landing Requirements. On all floors above the first floe a space at least 25 inches by 42 inches shall be provided for one wheel chair in each stairway enclosure as an area of refuge for handicapped persons confined to wheelchairs where exits useable by the handicapped persons are not provided. This refuge area shall be required only in buildings with elevators to upper floors.
(f) Additional Requirements. See Section 509.
SECTION 511. TABLES.


*1 a 111 r no. .va
(.HOl'I'SOI tKCLTANCY
DROIT* DIVISION DESCRIPTION OF OCCl'I'ANCY CHAPTER REFERKNCF
A An a**iml»i. building with a stage and an occupant loud of 1.000 or more. 6
R 1 An assembly building with a stage and an occupant load of less than 1.000
2 An assembly building without a stage and an occupant load of 300 or more
3 An assembly building without a stage and an occupant load of less than .100. and which is not daHNified as a Group F occupancy 7
4 Stadiums, grandstands, bleachers, reviewing stands, and amusement park structures not included within Group A or Group B Division 1. 2. 3 occupancies.
C 1 A building used for educational purposes bv 20 or more persons at '.he twelfth grade level or below, auch as nurseries, kindergartens, preschools, dance schools, day care center-. schools for manual arts, elementary schools, junior high schools, etc 8
2 A building used for educational purposes by fewer than 20 persons at the 12th grade level or below, such as nurseries, kindergartens, preschools, dance schools, day care centers, schools for manual arts, elementary schools, junior high schools, high schools, etc
D 1 Buildings used for mental hospitals, mental sanitariums, jails, prisons, houses of correction, or buildings where personal liberties of the inmates are restrained.
2 Buildings used for h<»spita!s. sanitariums, homes for the retarded, homes for the handicapped nursing homes, orphanage- rehabilitation centers, and similar uses, and which accomodate 5 or more patients or residents. 9
E 1 Buildings storing or handling hazardous materials*tNFPA classed flammable liquids; highly flammable solids; explosive materials: flammable compressed gases, or similar material, including hazardous chemicals as defined in the Fire Code. 10
2 Buildings storing or handling hazardous materials NFPA classed combustible fluids such as diesel fuel, fuel oil. printers ink animal fat. combustible dry cleaning fluids or similar to any listed in this Section
3 A building storing or handling materials for processing or manufacturing, where combustible residue is produced or generated
4 Repair facilities where gasoline, diesel fuel, gas and similar fueled equipment is housed. Automobile service stations
5 Aircraft repair hangers and aircraft storage hangers^
Cn L Drinking and dining establishments, recreational building* and other assembly buildings without fixed theater type seating, and with an occupant load of less than I5u persons n
t Stores for wholesale or retail sales office buildings, medical or denial office buildings, and clinics, veterinary clinic* arid 1 * 0 1 2 jH Manufacturing plants, fac loro’s. or \M»rksHops'"uflflZHf|r noncombuslibh . non-explosive or not highly combustible material- and sale- room* incidental to their operation A building storing non-explosive materials, nonrnmhustihle or not highly combustible materials and saicscnurT)>.,im:idcnUdj.uJhgir operation Automobile parking garages ^ 12
Table No. .VA Konl'd.i
DIVISION IIKSCKIPTION OF OCCUPANC Y CHAPTER REFERENCE
1 Hotels and motels.
v—s ' ( 2 Apartments, garden apartments. dormitories, convents, monasteries, rooming and boarding houses, foster homes. *«*nior citizen homes
f 3 Townhouses. cluster homes, row dwellings and connected dwellings housing more than 2 families. . . .. .
i One and 2 tnmiiy dwelling units. 14
j 1 2 Private garages, carports, covered patios, storage sheds, agricultural buildings, laundry buildings, and minor recreational buildings not exceeding 1000 square feel in area and an occupant load of 10. See ( haptcr 1. Separate structures such as swimming pools, retaining walls, and fences. IS
NOTE: See Chapters 6 through 15 for specific requirements.
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TAIll.F NO. H-R
RFQUIRF.I) SFPARATION8 IN RUII.OINGSOF MIXKD OCCUPANCY Refer to Occupancy Chapter* * 8 through 15 for specific requirement*.
N -* No Separation required.
* Provided lh*l mnterinl* n* approved for one hour fire resistive construction on ihe garage side »nd tight Titling solid wood door at least one and three eighths <1 .1/8* inches in thickness, shnll he permitted.
•♦See Chapter 1.1 for required separation between units.
*
* .


TABLE NO. 5-C
XOWABLE FLOOR AREA (IN SQ. ET.) FOR BUILDINGS ONE STORY IN HEIGHT IN ES No. I AND No. 2. FOR BUILDINGS LOCATED IN FIRE ZONE No. 3, THE BASIC AREA MAY BE INCREASED 33 1/3 PERCENT.
____________________________________________________
ncy TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION
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1 -Hour or H.T. N 1 Hour-N 1-Hour N
Unlimited 22.500 NP NP NP NP NP NP
Unlimited 22.500 10.200 NP 10,200 NP 7.800 NP
Unlimited 22.500 10.200 NP 10.200 NP 7,800 NP
Unlimited 22.500 10.200 6.900 10,200 6.900 7,800 1.500
Unlimited 22.500 10.200 6.900 10.200 6,900 7.800 4.500
Unlimited 33,000 15.300 10.200 15.300 10.200 11.700 1.200
Unlimited 15.000 15.300 3.000 6,000 3,000 4.800 600
Unlimited 12,000 NP NP NP NP NP NP
| Unlimited 12.000 5.100 SR 5.100 SR 3,900 SR
20.000 9.000 4.200 2.700 4,200 2.700 3,300 1,200
! 35.000 9.000 4.200 2.700 4.200 2.700 3,300 1,200
• Unlimited 18.000 8.400 5.700 8,400 5.700 6,600 3,800
1 Unlimited 18.000 8.400 5,700 8 400 5.700 6.600 3,800
) Unlimited 33.000 25.000 15.000 25.000 15.000 6.600 3,800
1 > Unlimited \ 18.000 13.500 9.000 13.500 9.000 10,500 6,000
a Unlimited / 30.000 13.500 9.000 13.500 9.000 10,500 6,000
i Unlimited 45.000 13.500 9.000 13,500 9,000 10,500 6,000
Ls Unlimited 45.000 20.400 13.500 20.400 13.500 15,900 9,000
D ^Unlimited 45.000 13.500 9.000 13.500 9.000 10.500 6,000
i Unlimited 24.000 10.200 6.900 9,000 6.900 7,800 NP
0 Unlimited 1 24.000 10.200 6.900 10.200 6.900 7,800 NP
i> ^ Unlimited
tTnfi?mted
i See Chapter 15
2 See Chapter 15
x»cial requirements • Refer lo Occupancy Chapter for special provisions, ot Permitted
Fire-resistive construction
ix*e Section 5u.ri and 508 for additional information on allowable floor area and floor area increases. ien parking structures, see Chapter 12.
TABLE NO. 5-D
MAXIMUM HEIGHT OF BUILDINGS
ZL_
1 . TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION '
i Occupancy i . 1 1 1 11 III IV V
1-Hour or H.T. N 1 • Hour N 1 Hour N
MAXIMUM HEIGHT IN FEET
Unlimited 75 65 | 55 65 55 50 40
MAXIMUM HEIGHT IN STORIES
A Unlimited NP NP NP NP NP NP NP
j B 1 Unlimited 4 2 NP 2 NP 2 NP
B-2 Unlimited 4 2 NP 2 NP 2 NP
B-3 Unlimited 4 2 1 2 1 2 1
i B-4 Unlimited 4 2 1 2 1 2 1
! ci Unlimited 4 2 1 2 1 2 1
C-2 Unlimited 4 2 1 2 1 2 1
1)1 Unlimited 2 NP NP NP NP NP NP
j D-2 Unlimited 3 1 1 1 NP 1 1
El Unlimited 2 1 1 1 1 1
E-2 Unlimited 5 2 1 2 1 1 1
E-3 Unlimited 5 2 1 2 1 2 1
E-4 Unlimited 5 2 1 2 1 2 1
E-5 Unlimited 5 2 1 2 1 2 1
cj±y~i '"Unlimited f 6 4 1 4 1 i 3 1
f?.2 _> ^ Unlimited^ 6 4 1 4 1 3 1
G-l Unlimited 6 4 1 4 1 2 1
G 2 Unlimited 6 4 1 4 1 2 1
^Unlimited S 6" 5” 1 4 r 31’ 1
H-l | Unlimited , 6 4 1 4 i 3 NP
fn-2 J f Unlimited ^ 6 5 1 4 i 3 NP
Unlimited J 3 3 1 3 i 3 NP
Unlimited 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
J-l Unlimited 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
J-2 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
NP = Not Permitted NA * Not Applicable N * Non Fire-reaistive Construction NOTES:
Refer to Chapters 6 through 22 for other requirements
For other restrictions regarding the height of buildings, see Articles 640, 645. and 646 of the Revised Municipal Code
' For maximum height limitations of open parking structures, see Chapter 12.
" Parking structures may be permitted on the fi-st story in this type of construction when built of noncoir bustible materials. See Chapter 12.


TABI.E 5 E
MINIMUM PLUMDING FACILITIES <•) (Fixture* per Occupant* Except where Noted)
I.K USE WATER C1XWKT8 MALE URINALS <*» LAVATORIE8 Drinking <0 FOUNTAINS
MALE FEMALE MALE FEMALE
Place* of 1 M00 1 1 76 1 - 1 100 1 1-250 1 • 1-200 1 per floor
Assembly (c) 2 101 600 2 76 200 2 - 101-600 2 251 600 2 201 600
3 601 950 3 201 400 3 - 601 950 3 601 775 3 601 1100 Add 1 fixture for each
Add 1 fixture for each Add 1 fixture for additional 500 males
additional 500 males and each additional and 1 for each 600
1 for each 200 femaltc* 200 males •vJrmill,!' .... ——
Industrial, 1 1 30 1 1-10 0 - 1-10 1 1-30 1 1-30 1 per 75 with
office. 2 31-60 2 11 30 1 - 11 60 2 31 60 2-31-80 1 per floor
retail, A Public 3 • 61 90 3 31 60 2 61-120 3 61-120 3-81-120 minimum
Buildings For additional occupant* For additional For additional occupant*
•- 1 per 30 1 per 20 occupants 1 per 60 1 per 40 1 per 40 m,- — —■■ i —rvmm****0'
Tavern* 1 - 1 30 1 1 30 1 1 30 1 1 60 ~1 1 60 1 per floor
and 2 - 31 90 2 31 60 2 31 60 2-61-120 2-61-120
Ixmngea 3 • 91-150 3 61 90 3 -61 90 3 121 180 3 - 121 180
NO.
For additional occupanta 1 per 60 1 per 30
For additional occupant*
I per 30
For additional occupant* 1 per 60 1 per 60
5 E -1
School* •«_ Jr. High
_ . --------- <
5 E 4 All other*
1 per 100 I per 45
1 per 30
1 per 2 water closet* and'or urinals
1 per 100 with 1 per floor minimum
I per 100 1 per 45
1 per 30
1 per 2 water 1 per 100 with
closets and/or urinals 1 per floor
5 v r,
Dormitories W fh)
I per 10
1 per 8
1 per 25 over 150 1 per 50
1 per li I per 12^^" 1 per 75 with 1 per floor
See Section 509 snd th) for additional requirements.
n The plumbing facilities shown are for the number of persons indicated or
any fraction thereof.
b Provide one shower for each 5 pupils of a gym or pool class.
Cont’d.


TABLE 5-F
ASSUMED OCCUPANT LOAD AND INDEX FOR TOILET FACILITIES
V1 3 t -O' l ' U

USE OR OCCUPANCY SQ. FT. PER PERSON SEC. 509 (a) TABLE
Arenas or Field
Houses to* 7 1 5-El
Armories 30 1 3-El
Assembly Halls 7 1 . 5-E-l
Auditoriums <*> 7 1 5-El
Banquet Rooms IS 1 5-El
Barber Shops 30 10 5-E 2
Beauty Parlors 30 10 5-E-2
Billard Rooms IS 1 5-E-l
Bowling Alleys N/A 1 5-El
Cafes 15 1 5-E-l
Cafeterias M IS 1 5-E-l
Churches (c) N/A 1 5-E-l
Dance Floors 15 1 5-E-l
Day Nurseries 150 9 N/A
Dining Rooms 15 1 5-E-1
Dormitories 50 3 5-E-5 x
Drive-in
Restaurants 2/car 1 5-E-l \
Drive-in Theatres 2/car 1 5-E-l
Dwelling Units N/A 5 N/A
Employment (Gen. V â– 
Places of) 100 10 5-E-2 V
Foundries 500 6 5-E-2 t
Gymnasiums 15 1 5-E-l
Homes for the Aged 80 7 N/A
Hospitals 80 7 N/A
Hotels N/A 4 N/A
Libraries (Public) N/A i N/A
Lodges 15 i 5-E-l
Lounges *b) 15 2 5-E-3
Manufacturing 300 6 5-E-2
Meeting Rooms N/A 1 5-E-l
Mental Hospitals 80 7 N/A
Motels N/A 4 N/A
Nursing Homes 80 7 N/A
Offices 100 10 5-E-2
Orphanages • 150 9 N/A
Parking Lots N/A 5 N/A
i


TABLE 5-F (cont’d.)
ASSUMED OCCUPANT LOAD AND INDEX FOR TOILET FACILITIES
USE OH OCCUPANCY SQ FT. PER PERSON SEC 500 la) TABLE
Penal Institutions N/A 8 N/A
Restaurants lb) IS 1 6-E-l
Retail Establishments ISO 10 6-E-2
Sanitariums 80 7 N/A
Schools. Class Recitatiqn & Library Reading Room 20 11 S-E-4
Study Rooms IS 11 S-E-4
Classrooms seated with Tablet arm Chairs or seats without desks 10 11 S-E-4
Shops & Vocational Rooms 300 11 S-E-4
Skating Rinks 100 1 6-E-l
Stadiums 7 1 5-E-l
Stages 15 1 6-E-l
Taverns IS 2 5-E-3
Theaters 7 1 6-E-l
Touriat Court* N/A 4 N/A
Warehouses N/A 6 N/A
Workshops 300 6 6-E-2
a. Seating area projected horizontally.
b. Uae one peraon for each 200 aq. ft. of preparation area.
c. For Fixed aeating, uae 1 occupant per aeat.


TARLE NO. 33-B
—•-'5m* _____N,
REQUIREMENTS FOR FIRE RATED DOORS "
() 1' c r V l x it Poors to Corridors Doors to Exit Enclosures Roiler and Furnace Room Doors Corridors Crossing Area Separation Walls
A N V Hour'" Sq lit* Glazing Closing Device Hour** Ruling Sq. In.B (â– lazing Closing Device Hour Rating Sq. In.B Glnzing Closing Device llourf Rating Sq. ln.B Glazing Closing Device
A V. 770 A or 11 1 '/» 100 A or b 1 0 A Not applicable
It ' / 4 r.too A or R 1 7. 100 A or R 1 0 A 1 V. 100 A or R
Cl C 2 7, 1200 A or R 1 7. 100 A or D 1 0 A 1 7. 100 A or R
n i I) 2 1 3 â–  720 1200 A or Br 1 7. 100 A or B 1 0 A 1 7. 100 A or B \
El E-2 E 3 E4 E-5 9 J 100 A or R 17. 100 A or R No Interior Openings Permitted 4 s Not Permitted
v\
(V N viiV ' V. 100 1200 A or R C 1 7. 100 A or R 1 0 A 1 7, 100 A or R \
G 1 ik'l V. 1200 C 1 7t 100 A or R 1 0 A 1 7. 100 V A oi\B
ii i V. 1200 C 1 7. 100 A or R 1 0 A 1 7. 100 A or B


(e) Operations Center. An Operations Center shall be provided in a location approved by the Department and Fire Department, and shall contain the following:
1. The communication system panel.
2. Fire alarm and detection system annunciator and panel.
3. Elevator controls and status indicators.
4. Air handling system controls and status indicators.
5. Sprinkler valve and water flow indicators.
5. Sprinkler valve and water flow indicators.
6. Standby power controls.
7. A telephone.
8. A diagramatic set of building floor plans.
The Operations Center shall be contained in a room separated from the remainder of the building by a 2-hour fire resistive construction. The center shall he located on the ground floor with the door that opens directly into the main lobby at a point in the lobby accessible directly from the exterior. The door to the Operations Center shall not be located on a dead end corridor. The location of the Operation Center shall be approved, prior to construction, by
the Department and the Fire Department.
If) Standby Power System. A permanently installed standby power generating system conforming to the requirements of Chapter 53 shall be provided. System supervision and controls shall be provided at the Operations Center. An on-site fuel supply sufficient for at least 2 hours operation at full load shall be maintained. Systems required by this Section shall be automatically transferable to the standby power system. The standy power requirements shall be sufficient to provide for the following:
1. Fire alarm and detection system.
2. Exit and emergency lighting.
3. Fire pumps.
4. Mechanical ventilation as may be required by the Department.
5. Emergency elevators.
6. Communication system.
See Chapter 53.


tabu: no. it.b
RFQl IMF?) FIRE RESISTANC E OF EXTERIOR WALLS FOR TYPES IV AM) V CONSTRUCTION (Set* Chapters 21 and 22»
OCCUPANCY FIRE ZONE KKQITHEI) FIRE RESISTANCE OK EXTERIOR WALL
A 1 NA - See Chapter 6
B-1 B-2 1 2 hours less than 20 leet 1 hour elsewhere
2.3 2 hours less than 10 teel 1 hour elsewhere
B-3 1 â–  2 hours less than 20 teet 1 hour elsewhere
2 2 hours less than 5 feel 1 hour elsewhere
3 2 hours less than 5 feel 1 hour less than 10 feet
B-4 1 2 hours less than 20 teet 1 hour elsewhere
2 1 hour
3 1 hour less than 10 feet
C-1 C-2 1 2 hours less than 20 feet 1 hour elsewhere
2 2 hours less than 10 feel 1 hour elsewhere
3 2 hours less than 5 feel 1 hour less thann 10 feet
D-1 NA - See Chapter 9
D-2 1 2 hours less than 20 feet 1 hour elsewhere
2.3 2 hours less than 5 feet 1 hour elsewhere
E-1 1.2 Not permitted See Chapter 16
3 4 hours less than 5 teet 2 hours less than 10 feet 1 hour elsewhere
E-2 E-3 E-4 1 4 hours less than 20 feet 1 hour elsewhere
2 4 hours less than 5 feet 2 hours less than 10 feet 1 hour elsewhere
3 4 hours less than 5 feet 2 hours less than 10 feet 1 hour less than 20 teet
E-5 1.2 Not permitted See Chapter 16
3 • hour less man 6C teel
Qd - 1 | 2 hours less than 20 feet 1 hour elsewhere
2 1 hour less than 20 feet *
3 1 hour less than 10 leet
G-1 ^ H 1 2 hours less than 20 feet t hour elsewhere
2 1 hour less than 20 feet ^
3 1 hour less than 10 feet
Table No. 17-B • H'CIT’ASCV I FIRE ZONE "*•*" " ■ -v - 1 KEQl'IRCn FIRE RESISTANCE OF EXTERIOR WALL
d>. 1 2 hours less than 20 leet V 1 hour elsewhere
2 1 hour
3 1 hour less than 5 leet Jt
1 1 2 hours less than 20 teet 1 hour elsewhere
2 1 hour
3 1 hour less than 3 leet
j-i 1 2 hours less than 20 teet 1 hour elsewhere
2 1 hour less than 20 leet
3 1 hour less than 3 leet
. J-2 1.2 Noncombustible construction not regulated. Combustible construction shall be 1 hour.
3 Not regulated
Distances given are from the adjacent property line or center line of a street or alley to the wall. NA - Not Applicable


TABLE NO. 17-C
SET-BACKS REQUIRING PROTECTION OF OPENINGS IN EXTERIOR WALLS
(See Section 1707}
Occupancy Fire Zone Type of Construction Set-Backs in Feet
A 1.2,3 I 20
j 1.2.3 II.1II.IV.V NP
B 1 1.2,3 1.11,111 20
B-2 1 1V.V 20
B-3 2.3 IV,V 10
C-l 1.2,3 I.I1.III 20
C-2 1 IV,V 20
2.3 IV.V 10
D-l 1.2.3 1,11 20
1.2,3 III.IV.V NP
D-2 1,2.3 1.11,III 20
1 IV,V 20
2.3 IV.V 10
E-l 1.2 1,11,111,IV.V NP
3 I.II, III, IV.V 20
E-2. E-3. E-4 1.2,3 I.II.III.IV.V 20
E-5 1.2 I.II,III,IV.V NP
3 I.II.III.IV.V 60 (See Chapter 10)
AT- (ihuii 20
f F-2 ) 1 IV.V 20
*3? IV.V 10
G-l 1X3 I.II.III 20
G 2 1 IV.V 20
53 IV.V 10
1.2.3 I.II 20
A2y 1 III.IV.V 20
2 III.IV.V 10
m III.IV.V 5
i 1.2.3 I.II.III 20
1 IV.V 20
2 IV.V 10
3 IV.V . N
j 1,2,3 I.II.III 20
1 IV.V 20
2 IV.V 10
j 3 IV.V N
NT • Type of Construction not permitted N - No protection required beyond 3 feet.
<


TABLE NO. 23-A
UNIT LIVE LOADS
OCCUPANCY OR USE
Live Load Lbs. Per Sq. Ft.
Assembly (Public*
Armories and drill rooms...........................................................................
v Libbies, foyers, vestibules, balconies and similar public spuces of hotels, theatres, clubs and public buildings,
churches and assembly bulls without fixed seats, dunce halls, public dining rooms and restaurants including
\ kitchens, gymnasiums, skating rinks...................................................................
Auditoriums, churches, und assembly hulls with fixed seats, including aisles, passageways and balconies.. Theatre stages, gridirons and fly galleries. ......................................................
150
100
60
125
Business
Offices........................................................................................
Structures shall be designed for file, computer, and special equipment loads, when applicable.
Corridors
Serving assembly hulls in theatres, penal institutions, churches, school buildings.
Ollier Corridors: Same loading as heuviest occupancy from which they provide egreBS.
Educational
Classroom, not exceeding 1200 sq. ft. in area, or larger size rooms with fixed seats... Class and lecture rooms in excess of 1200 sq. ft. in area without fixed seats......
Libraries:
Stuck rooms......................................................................
Reading rooms...................................................................
Oarages (Loads include impact)
Passenger cars, floor und ramps used for parking...................................
Passenger cars, roof decks used for parking including snow load....................
Trucks (Applicable AASIITO Loading)
Industrial
Equipment and machinery rooms designed for use, but not less than
Mainifact tiring:
Load lo lie determined from proposed use or
occupancy, but never less than.................................
125 100


TABLE NO. 23 A icont’d.i
UNIT LIVE LOADS

I
OCCUPANCY OR USE
Institutional
Hospitals, asylums, infirmaries, sanitariums, nurseries, orphanages, home for aged, penal institutions, reformatories, jails and houses of correction..............................................................
Operating and X-ray rooms.............................................................................
Mercantile
Retail (Light merchandise) .............................................................. i...........
Wholesale (Light merchandise).........................................................................
Residential
Lounge, recreational areas; exterior balconies........................................................
All parts of private dwellings, rooms and suites in apartment houses, lodging houses and clubs, educational and religious institutions, including corridors giving access thereto, und bedrooms of hotels.........
Storage
Light.................................................................................................
Heavy: (Load to b«? determined from proposed use or occupancy, but never less than....................
Miscellaneous
Hleachers. grandstands, stadiums: 100 pounds per sqa.iu foot of horizontal projection for the structure as a whole. Seatbourds and floorboards shall be designed for 120 pounds of vertical load per linear four. In addition. the structure shall be designed to resist sway forces of 10 pounds front-to-back and 24 pounds side-to-side per linear font of seats. Sway forces, wind forces, and seismic forces need not be applied simultaneously.
('oiling fronting ‘Does not apply to ceilings which have sufficient total access from below, such that access is not required within the space above the ceiling)......................................................
Elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators, ami moving loads in accordance with (-huptcr 55.
I input I.
Moving or vibrating loads shall he increased as follows:
Heavy equipment and moving loads, 25 percent.
All t ranewavs shall be designed to resist a horizontal transverse force equal to 20 percent to the sum of the ci .me capacity ami the weight of the trolley applied at t he top of runway rails in proportion to the stiffness of the supporting sti in line In addition, all ernnevvavs shall he designed to resist horizontal longitudinal forces equal to 10 percent of the total of t he maximum wheel loads applied at t he top of each rail. Moving loads not specified involving an impact load shall he as approved by the Department.
Live Loud Lbs. Per Sq Ft.
40
f.0
75
100
Gt
V
10


TABLE NO. 33-A
AVAILABLE SQUARE FEET PER OCCUPANT AND EGRESS FACILITIES •
USE Rooms 2 or More Exits Req. When Occ. Load Exceeds Square Feet per Occupan buildings Floors Rooms
Aircraft Hangers (No Repair) 30 500
Aircraft Hangers (Repair) 10 300
Assembly : Concentrated Use) 50 7
Auditorium* Bov-dug Alley* Assembly Areasi Churches and ChupeL Dance Flt*ors. Halls and Banquet Room.-* Lodge Rooms Meeting Rooms Reviewing Stands Theatres Stadiums:
Field Houses • Gyms (Seating Areas! 50 7
Field Hounes • Gyms (Other Areas' 50 50
Assembly (Medium Concentrated Use1 50 10
Assembly (Low Concentrated Use) 50 15
Conference Rooms
Dining Rooms Exhibit Rooms lounges Skating Rinks
Stages
Childrens Homes 5 50
Classrooms 25 20
Dormitories 20 20
Dwellings 10 300
Factories 10 200
Garages 'No Repair) 30 300
Garages 'Repair) 10 150
Greenhouse* 30 500
Group K Occupancies 5 100
H • pifah Samtar .ms 5 FO
li; :»»!►. for t:.c Aged
*'» r*.»»it.;J t t •cru::.. l ID Zoo
... .,. ,r. ,• ■Ap^'«W-P. afe 10 200
1 Ki't fii if ■■ '*nin»er( i..t 200
...fi m ud::. »t<'{ m i LCk |c ( f q 5 50
• ".1. , tl:f .. ■ r.*t »Srt Co
TABLE NO. 33-A
AVAILABLE SQUARE FEET PER OCCUPANT AND EGRESS FACILITIES •
. USE • Rooms 2 or More Exits Req. When Occ. Load Exceeds Square Feet per Occupant Buildings Floors Rooms
Mechanical Equipment Rooms 30 300
Nurseries for Children (Day Care) 5 50
^ Office Buildings and Offices ^ Row Dwelling Buildings 30 100 >
10 «... 3?9— S
Schools Shops and Vocational Rooms 50 50 X
Stores . Retail Sales Lx
Basement 30 30
Ground Floor 30 30
Upper Floors 10 50
, Swimming Pools (Inside or on Roof of Buildings) Tennis Courts (Indoors) 50 ' 50
30 500
Warehouses 15 \ 300
All Other Occupancies as Approved by the Department — 50 100
“ Refer to Sections 3315 through 3323 for other specific requirements.
*


CHAPTER 33
STAIRS, EXITS AND OCCUPANT LOADS
.
[ON 3301. GENERAL.
urpose. In addition to the other requirements of this Building Code, iis Chapter shall govern and determine the occupant loads and exit icilities of buildings, structures, or any portion thereof, cope. Every building, structure, or portion thereof shall be provided > ith exits as required by this Chapter. Where there is a conflict bet-een a general requirement and a specific requirement for an in- [. vidual occupancy, the specific requirement shall govern, efinitions. For purposes of this Chapter, certain terms are defined as Hows:
1. Balcony, Exterior Exit. A landing or pocrh projecting from the , wall of a building and serving as a required means of egress.
2. Corridor. A horizontal space dedicated to providing pedestrian * communication within a building.
3. Corridor, Dead End. A corridor which provides only one means , of egress.
4. Corridor, Private. A corridor other than a public corridor.
5. Corridor, Public. A corridor open to general use, or used by more than one tenant.
6. Exit. A continuous and unobstructeed means of egress to a public ' way, including intervening doors, doorways, corridors, exterior exit balconies, ramps, stairways, horizontal exits, exit passageways, exit courts and yards.
7. Exit Court. A yard or court which provides egress to a public way.
8. Exit, Horizontal. A means of passage from one building into another building, or from one section of a building into another section of the same building through a separation wall. See Section 3307.
3. Exit Passageway. An enclosed means of egress connecting a rer quired exit or exit court with a public way.
3. Exit, Vertical. A means of egress between two or more floors or levels, including exterior stairways, fire escapes, ramps, and interior stairways.
1. Floor Area. See Chapter 4.
1. Occupant Load. The total number of persons permitted to occupy a building or portion thereof at any one time.
1. Panic Hardware. A bar which extends across at least one-half of the width of each door leaf, which will open the door when subjected to pressure.
1. Public Way. Any parcel of land unobstructed from the ground to
the sky and at leat 10 feet in width, dedicated to the free passage of the public.
15. Stairway. See Chapter 4.
16. Stairway, Exit. One or more flights of stairs and the necessary landings, platforms, handrails, and guardrails connecting them to form a continuous and uninterupted passage from one floor to another.
17. Stairway, Private. A stairway serving one adjacent floor only, for one tenant only, and not serving as a required exit.
18. Stairway, Spiral. A stairway which provides a circular form in its plan view, with uniform sector shaped treads attached to an radiating about a supporting column. The effective tread shall be delineaed by the nosing radius line exterior arc (center line of railing), and the overlap radius line (nosing line of tread above). Effective tread dimension shall be taken along a line perpendicular to the center line of the tread.
19. Stairway, Winder. A tread of a stair which, because of the arrangement of the stair, does not have a uniform horizontal dimension measured from riser to riser at each tread.
(d) Determination of Occupant Load. The occupant load permitted in_ ~"any building or portion therof shall be determined by dividing the floor__ :area assigned'to that use by'the square foot per occupant set forth in^
Table No. 33-A. When the number of square feet'per occupant is not (given for a particular occupancy, it shall be determined by the occupancy which it most nearly resembles. In determining the occupant load, all ‘portions of the building shall be~presumed to be occupied at the same timeT except as permitted byTfie Department.
EXCEPTIONS:*
1. The occupant load of an area which provides fixed seats shall be determined by the number of fixed seats installed. Aisles serving fixed seats, and not used for other purposes, shall not be considered as adding to the occupant load.
2. Accessory use areas which ordinarily are used primarily by persons that occupy the main areas of an occupancy shall be provided with exits as though they were completely occupied, but their occupant load need not be included in computing the total number of occupants for the story or building.
(e) Posting of Occupant Load. Rooms in Group A or B Occupancy and dining or drinking establishment in a Group F occupancy which provide an occupant load of more than 50 shall have the capacity of the room posted in a conspicuous place. The wording of the sign shall be as determined by the Department.
(D Overcrowding. The number of occupants of any building or portion thereof shall not exceed the permitted posted capacity.
(g) Benches, Pews, and Booths. When benches or pews are used, the


her (if scats shall he based on one person for each 18 inches of h of the benches or pews. When booths are used in drinking or din-reas, the number of seats shall be based on one person for each 24 es or major portion thereof, of the length of the booths, ed Occupancies. The maximum occupant load of a building con-ng mixed occupancies shall be determined by adding the number of pants of each occupancy as specified in Table 33-A. ed Occupancy Exit Requirements. For determining exit re-ements for a building or portion thereof which is used for more than occupancy, the capacity shall be determined by the occupant load he largest number of persons.
Obstruction. Obstructions shall not be placed in the required
h of an exit, except those projections permitted by this Chapter, ting Equipment and Incinerator Rooms. Boiler or furnace is containing an incinerator, liquified petroleum gas, or liquid fuel-
I equipment, shall be provided with at least two means of egress. All rior openings shall be protected as set forth in Table 33-B. See pter 49 for Machinery Room Exits.
nges in Elevation. Changes in elevation of less than 12 inches g an exit shall be made by means of a ramp.
3EPTION: Group I and J Occupancies and along aisles adjoining ing areas.
t Ramp Requirements. Every building housing Group A, B-l, B-2, B-4, C-l, C-2, D-2, D-l, D-2, F-l, F-2, H-l, or H-2 occupancies shall ,1de one means of exit from the first floor for the handicapped con-d to wheel chairs, unless otherwise approved by the Department.
N 3302. EXITS REQUIRED.
ermination of the Number of Exits Required. „ Building, or^
rs, including basements, cellars, or occupied roofs shall have not less rrtwo exits where required by Table No. 33-A. In all occupancies", fs above the first story having an occupant load of* morS" tMn 10~
II have not less than two exits. " "!" ■ -1 •
zzanines. Each mezzanine used for other than storage purposes, if ater than 2,000 square feet in area or if more than 60 feet in any lension, shall provide at least 2 stairways to the adjacent floor below. :cial Requirements for All Occupancies. See Section 3315 augh 3323, and Chapters 12 and 49.
gc Exits. See Chapter 39.
ree Exits Required. Every story or portion thereof which provides ah occupant load of 500 to 999 shall have at leasl three exits. lr Exits Required. Every story or portion thereof which provides and occupant load of 1.000 or more shall have at least four exits, ltiple Story Exit Determination. The number of exits required n any story of a building shall be determined by using the occupant
(hi
(i>
load of that story plus the percentages of the occupant loads of floors which exit through the level under consideration as follows:
1. Fifty percent of the occupant load in the first adjacent story above, "andjthe firsWa^aceQL story below when the story beiow exits Through the level un4er consideration.
2. Twenty-five percent of the occupanUoadJnjthe story immediately above and below' the fitst'adjacent story.
Final Exiting. The maximum number of exits" required for any story shall be maintained until egress is provided from the building.
Motion Picture Projection Room Exits. Every projection room shall be provided with at least one exit, or as otherwise required by Table 33-A. The door opening shall be at least 30 inches in width and at least 6 feet 6 inches in height. Entrances to a projection room shall be protected by a self-closing assembly having a 3/4-hour fire-resistive rating. The doors shall open outward and lead to exits as required by this Chapter.
i (j) Width. The total width of exits in feet shall be at least the total occupant load served divided by 50. The width of exits shall be divided ap-proximalely""equally’ among the separate exits. The total exit width required from any story'shairbbTtete'rmined bu using the occupant load of that story, plus percentage of the occupant loads of floors which exit through the level under consideration as follows:
1. Fifty percent of the occupant load in the first adjacent story above, ~ancPthe first* adjacent store below when a storv below exits
through the level under consideratioru \
2. Twenty-five percent of the occupant load in the story immediately ‘''above and below*The IirsFa3iacent.story. 11 J‘,T*
3. The^afllJftum'e’xit width required from any story of a building *“ shall be maintained until egress is provided from the building.
:k' Arrangement of Exits. When more than one exit is required from a portion of a building or story Tat least 2 oiftKe exits ‘sh&ll be rembte from "Tach‘other and arranged and,constructed to minimize any possiblity* fhkt both may become blocked by any one fire or other emergency condition. Means of egress shall^be arranged so that, from any room door,"* exitsTviil be accessible in at least 2 different directions except as permitted in Section 3304. Minimum travel distance betweep exit doors shall he 25 feet for a buildmgror storv.
DfStancP to Exits. The maximum travel distance in any occupied space to at least one exit, measured in accordance with the following requirements, shall, not exceed the limits specified for individual oecupan-es. See Sections 3315 to 3324. Means of egress shall be so arranged ai there are no dead end pockets, hallways, corridors, passageways, or ii'ts whose depth exceeds the dead-end corridor regulations of this Chanter. Exit distance and length of dead-end corridors shall be measured from the most remote point on the floor or dead-end corridor


long the shortest travel distance to the center of the exterior door, orizontal exit, or exit enclosure.
xit Through Adjoining or Accessory Areas. Exits from a room lay open into an adjoining or intervening room or area, provided the djoining room is accessory to the area served and provides a direct leans of egress to an exit corridor, exit stairway, exterior exit, horizon-d exit, exterior exit balcony, or exit passageway.
XCEPTION: Exits shall not pass through kitchens, storerooms, rest )oms, closets, heating or mechanical rooms, or spaces used for similar urposes. In Group H-3 and I Occupancies, exits may pass through itchens.
oyers, lobbies and reception rooms constructed as required for cor-dors shall not be construed as intervening rooms.
ON 3303. EXIT DOORS.
eneral. This Section shall apply to every exit door serving an area aving an occupant load of more than 10. or serving hazardous rooms • areas. Buildings or structures used for human occupancy shall have , least one exit door which meets the requirements of Sub-Section (d). ab-Section (h) and (i) shall apply to all doors, regardless of occupant ad.
wing. All doors shall swing in the direction of exit travel when serv-g any hazardous area, or when serving an occupant load of 30 or ore. Double-acting doors shall not be used as exits serving an occu-int load of more than 100. used as a part of a fire assembly, nor equip-:d with panic hardware. A double-acting door shall be provided with a ew panel of at least 200 square inches.
ype of Lock or Latch. Exit doors shall be operable from the inside ithout the use of a key or any special knowledge or effort. Doors shall )t be equipped with more than one latch or locking device. The use of >uble keyed locking devices is prohibited.
XCEPTIONS:
1. Sliding surface bolts may be installed for extra security in F and G Occupancies with the following provisions:
A. Only one sliding bolt per door.
B. The sliding bolt shall be within 6 inches of the primary latch and above same.
C. The sliding bolt shall he of a type that is easily operated.
D. The sliding bolt shall be open during business hours.
E. When a sliding bolt is installed, the door shall provide a sign posted with minimum l inch letters reading. “THIS DOOR TO BE UNLOCKED DURING BUSINESS HOURS. IF THIS DOOR IS LOCKED DURING BUSINESS HOURS. NOTIFY THE FIRE DEPARTMENT."
F. Non-conformance with these provisions shall result in Department orders for removal of the sliding bolts.
1. A double keyed lock may be installed on the main entrance door when approved by the Department. Wheii.exit.fjqors are used in

pairs, and approved automatic flush bolts are used, the door leaf providing the automatic flush bolts shall have no door knob or surface mounted hardware. The unlatching of any leaf shall not require more than one operation.
(ei DoorLeaf Width. No leaf of an exit door shall exceed 4 feet in width. <0 Special Doors. Revolving, sliding, overhead, or power-operated doors shall not be used as a required exit.
EXCEPTION: Sliding door fronts may be used only where glass store fronts are permitted and where a second means of exit is provided. The sliding store front shall be kept in the fully open position at all times during business hours.
(gi Egress from Door. Every exit door required by this Section shall give immediate access to an approved means of egress from the building, (hi Change in Floor Level at Doors. Regardless of occupant load, there shall be a level floor or landing on each side of a door. When doors open over landings, the landing shall extend 2 feet beyond the edge of the door leaf when in an open position.
EXCEPTION: In Group I Occupancies, and within ihdividual units of Group H Occupancies, a door may open on the top step of a flight of stairs or on an exterior landing, provided the door dops not swing over the top step or exterior landing, and the landing is not more than 7-1/2 inches below the floor level.
(i) Door Identification and Marking. Exit doors shall be marked to be readily distinguishable from the adjacent construction. Stairway and elevator doors shall be marked on the stairway side and the elevator side with the appropriate floor number. These numbers shall be conspicuous and not less than 2 inches in height. Glass doors shall be marked in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 54. â– 
(jl Public Way. Doors shall not swing into the public way.
SECTION 3304. CORRIDORS AND EXIT BALCONIES.
(a) General. This Section shall apply to every public corridor serving as a required exit. For purposes of this Section, the term corridor shall also include exterior exit balconies and covered or enclosed exit passage-i ways, including walkways, tunnels and malls.
1. Foyers, lobbies and reception rooms meeting the construction requirements of corridors as specified in this Section may be considered as corridors.
2. Partitions, rails, counters and similar space dividers less than 6 feet in height above the floor shall not be construed to form cor-
[' ridors.


dth. Corridors shall be at least 44 inches in width. For special re-remenTOor Groups C and D Occupancies*' see Sections 3317 and
rar
ight. Corridors shallprovide a clear height of at least 7 feet,
asured to the lowest projection from the ceiling.
ojections. The required width of corridors shall be unobstructed.
• purposes of this Chapter, a door, when fully opened, shall be perpen-ular to the opening.
CEPTIONS:
. Trim and handrails shall not reduce the required width by more than a total of 7 inches.
. Exit doors may swing into the corridor a maximum of 1 foot when the corridor exceeds 6 feet in width. The required width of the corridor shall not be decreased by the projection into the corridor.___
. Doors may swing into a corridor from rooms that are infrequently used, and provided with a lock; such as janitors, telephone, and ellectrical closets.
cess to Exits. When more than one exit is required, exits shall be anged so that i4"is possible to go in either direction from any point in jrridor to a separate exit, except for dead-end corridors permitted by 3 Section.
ad-End. ^Corridors in all occupancy groups may have dead-ends not ixceed 20 feet in length. Dead-end corridor's permitted by this Sectibn 11 comply with the following requirements:
. All doors opening onto a dead-end corridor shall be protected by a labeled fire assembly which provides a fire-resistive rating of at least 45 minutes. These doors, except in Group H Occupancies shall also be provided with an approved self-closing device to maintain the door in closed position.
. Stanch corridors shall not be permitted from a dead-end corridor. EXCEPTION: Except in Groups C and D Occupancies, when the entire building is provided with automatic fire extinguishing system, the dead-end corridor may be extended to a total length of
50 feet. ALL OCCUtfr W ... . - -
istruction. Walls of public corridors shall be of at least one-hour -resistive construction and the ceilings shall be at least that re-red for a one-hour fire-resistive floor or roof system. The long side of exterior exit balcony shall be at least 50 percent open, with the open a distributed to prevent the accumulation of smoke or toxic gases, erior exit balconies shall be of noncombustible construction, except t in Type III and Type V building not exceeding two stories in height, balconies may be of wood at least 2 inches in nominal thickness. CEPTIONS:
^One-story buildings housing Group G Occupancies.
(c> Discharge Arens. A horizontal exit shall lead into a floor area having a capacity for an occupant load of at least the occupant load served by this exit. The capacity shall be determined by allowing 3"square feet of net clear floor area per occupant and 20 square feet per nonambulatory occupant, the area in which the horizontal exit leads shall be provided with exits other than additional horizontal exits.
SECTION 3308. EXIT ENCLOSURES.
va) General. Every intrior stairway, ramp, or escalator shall be enclosed as specified in this Section.
EXCEPTIONS:
1. In other than Group D Occupancies, an enclosure shall not be required for a stairway, ramp, or escalator serving only one adjacent floor, and not connected with corridors or stairways serving other floors.
2. Stiarwavs in Group I Occupancies and stairways within individual apartments in a Group H Occupancy, need not be enclosed.
3. An enclosure shall not be required for escalators if an automatic fire sprinkler system is installed in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 38.
4. The enclosure for private stairways need not be provided when the stairway is provided with an automatic fire sprinkler system installed in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 38 and the stairway does not inter-connect with more than one adjacent floor.
(b) Enclosure Construction. Enclosure walls shall be constructed of at least 2 hour fire-reBistive construction in Type I and II buildings and shall be at least one hour fire-resistive construction elsewhere. When stiars and stair platforms are required to be constructed of reinforced concrete, iron or steel, the finish of these treads and risers shall be of hard noncombustible .materials.
(c) Openings Into Enclosures. There shall be no openings into exit enclosures except doorways and openings in exterior walls. All doors in an exit enclosure shall be protected by a fire assembly having a fire-resistive rating of at least one-hour where one-hour enclosure construction is permitted and one-and one-half-hours where two-hour enclosure construction is required. Doors shall be self-closing or shall close automatically when actuated by means of products of combustion detectors. See Table 33-B. There shall be no enclosed useable space under stairways in an exit enclosure. In all buildings having floors used for human occupancy located more than 75 feet above the lowest level of Fire Department vehicle access, and housing a Group C, D. F-2, H-l and H-2 Occupancy, the exit stairway doors shall be openable from the stairway side at levels not exceeding 5 floors.
'd' Extent of Closure. Stairway and ramp enclosures shall include landings and parts of floors connecting stairway flights and shall also in-


elude a corridor on the ground floor leading from the stairway to the exterior of the building. Enclosed corridors or passageways shall not be required from unenclosed stairways. Every Opening into the corridor shall comply with the requirements of Section 3308 (c). EXCEPTIONS:
1. Exits may discharge through street floor lobbies or corridors with unprotected openings provided the required exit width is free and unobstructed and the entire street floor is protected with an automatic fire-extinguishing system.
2. Where one remote exit leads directly to the outside with all open-
, }/. ^ j\ ings protected as per Section 3308 (c), a maximum of 50 percent of 7 . / the exits may discharge into a lobby provided thelobb^ is protected
t* with an automatic fire sprinkler system, and all unprotected open-
ings are provided with a row of sprinkler heads on the accessory use side.
(e) Barrier. A stiarway in an exit enclosure shall not continue below the grade level exit unless a door is provided at the ground floor level to prevent persons from accidentally continuing into the basement. The door shall swing in the direction of exit from the lower level. See Section 3303 for door requirements.
EXCEPTION: A barrier shall not be required for a building with only one story and basement.
SECTION 3309. SMOKEPROOF ENCLOSURES. Deleted.
SECTION 3310. EXIT COURTS.
(a) General. Every exit court shall discharge into a public way or exit
passage.
(b) Width. Exit court minimum widths shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of Section 3302, based on the tributary occupant load. The rquired width shall be unobstructed except for projections permitted in corridors in Section 3304. Where the width is reduced from any cause the reduction shall be effected gradually by a guardrail at least 3 feet in height and making an angle of not more than 30 degrees with the axis of the exit court.
(c) Number of Exits. Every exit court shall be provided with exits as determined by Section 3302.
(d) Openings. All openings into an exit court less than 10 feet wide shall be protected by fire assemblies having not less than a three-fourths-hour fire-protection rating.
EXCEPTION: Openings more than 10 feet above the floor of the exit court may be unprotected.
SECTION 3311. EXIT PASSAGEWAYS.
(a) Construction. The walls of exit passageways shall be without open-
i- T ‘ ’ ‘ r
i ;. , ..... : H:,:
tv


SECTION 3320. EXITS: GROUP F OCCUPANCIES.
(a) Special Exit Requirements. At least 1/2 of the required exits shall be located to be reached without going through checkout stands. In no case shall check-out stands or associated railings or barriers obstruct exits
or required aisles or approaches.
(b* Arrangement and Access of Exits. See Section 3302 for the number
and arrangement of exits.
(c) Maximum Travel Distance. Exits shall be arranged so that the total length of travel from any point to an exit shall jnot exceed 150 feet. EXCEPTION: When the building is protected throughout by an automatic fire-sprinkler system, the distance may be increased to 200 feet.
SECTION 3321. EXITS: GROUP G OCCUPANCIES
(a) Arrangement of Exits. See Section 3302 (k).
(b) Maximum Travel Distance. Exits shall be arranged so that the total
length of travel from any point to an exit shall not exceed 150 feet. EXCEPTIONS: -----------*
1. When the buildings protected throughout_by an automatic fire sprinkler 8ystemTtKe~dlstance may be increased to 200 feet. See Chapter 55.
2. In open parking garages, the distance may be increased to 200 feet.
SECTION 3322. EXITS: GROUP H OCCUPANCIES.
(a) Arrangement of Exits. See Section 3302 (k).
(b) Maximum Travel Distance. Exits shall be arranged so that the total length of an individual living emit shldTnotexceed 50 feet or traverse Qiore than one TligKl of stair?. The entrance door to any unit shall be within lOUTeETof an exirofT507etwhen the entire building is protected
"II —..in. , r n ...... *“* ■ «
by an automatic fire sprinkler system.
(c) Emergency Exits H-3 Occupancy. Sleeping rooms shall have aLleast— one openable window or exterior door.approvedfor emergency exit or rescue in accordance with Section 3323.


Gross Revenues: 50 units @ 1,450 s.f. @ $90
24 units @ 1,650 s.f. @ $90
Cost Analysis: 141,000 s.f. @ $45.00 =
151 cars @ $4,000 Architect @ 4%
Marketing: 3% of Revenues
Finance Fees: 3% Construction interest @ 14% Legal, Title and Taxes Administration Land Cost
Development Profit Construction Loan: Cash Investment:
@ 11%
$ 7,644,980 $ 1,450,640
$ 6,345,000
604.000 253,800 302,670 190,350 888,300
150.000
200.000 312,500
$ 6,525,000 $ 3,564,000 $10,089,000
$ 9,095,620 $ 993,380
COST ANALYSIS


CAPITOL MILL - CMEESMAM PARK DENSITY
ACRE
MOUSING UNITS/RESIOEK1TIAL
m3 im
PERSONS/MOUSme UNITS OT3 I9T6
PERSONS/RESIDENTIAL ACRE
1973 1976
•• CAPITOL MILL "•CMEESMAkl PARK • CITY OT DENVER
User Description based on Market Study by realtor D. Granato, September 1979.
75% married
42% 30-39 years old
38% 40 years or older
68% per capita income
$18,000/year or over in 1978


CITYWIOE RANK-MEAN HOUSING RENT*
I9G0 *970 I97S
CAPITOL HILL
SlNGlF -TAM«l.Y
multi-familv
CHESSMAN PARK
vJ VI OL. MUlTl - FAMiCi SinGi C * FA*^lv
VAC AMT


LAND USE CIRCULATION
RESIDENTIAL
SINGLE UNIT
1 I ;1W p! N5ITY
__J I roil OINSI1 v
MULTI UNIT
I tOW I » N'JI Y 173 M r ill IM Of NSIT Y
CT nic.n pi nshy
PUBLIC AND STREETS AND
SEMI PUBLIC HIGHWAYS
\ I SCHOOLS M( V.MTAI S ( mi m*i mi i K
ARTIRIAl — COl.l I CTOR
OPEN SPACE
1 VAOAN!
8Si nimi tr. aictss parks
amp III I .RI All''N
T IOC.AI r^- ONI WAY
TRANSPORTATION
NETWORKS
MIXED
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l f I K I
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usi s
BUSINESS
_ j I'AKkINi;
73 cv i r.i SB l'1 'Ail.
INDUSTRIAL
73 I * 'PI INI M IS1RIAI
M m
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ifflsi'jspiie
500 1.000
SCALE
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FACILITIES
SERVICES
•f l ANPMARK
ORTD STATION
ICTNFRAIIZFD LOCATION)*
SCHOOLS
E I IT MIN I ARY JH KINIOR IHC.H
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CONCEPTS


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NEEDS


Square Footage Requirements (figures are liberal and approximate)
A. Two-bedroom, 1-3/4 bath, units
Square Feet
1. Living 350
2. Dining 150
3. Kitchen 100
4. Master Bedroom 240
5. 2nd Bedroom 150
6. Dressing 80
7. Closet 30
8. Bath and 3/4 Bath 140
9. Pantry 20
10. Utility 70
11. Other Closets 60
12. Entry 60
SUBTOTAL 1,450
13. Outdoor Areas 150
TOTAL 1,600
50 x 1,450 = 72,500
B. 3rd bedroom (or 2 + den), 2 bath unit
1. Living 350
2. Dining 180
3. Kitchen 125
4. Master Bedroom 240
5. Dressing 80
6. 2nd Bedroom 150
7. 3rd Bedroom/Den 150
8. Closets/Storage 70
9. Pantry 25
10. Utility 70
11. 2 Baths ’ 140
12. Entry 60
SUBTOTAL
1,650


Square Feet
13. Outdoor Areas 200
TOTAL 1,850
24 x 1,650 = 39,600
c. Office and Unassigned Lease Space 20,000
Square Feet
Public Spaces
A. Corridors 1,500
B. Building Lobby (tower for 2 bedroom units) 600
C. Elevatoring and Elevator Lobby 250
D. Party/Club Room Facility with Kitchenette 750
E. Swimming Pool Area (outdoor) 4,000
F. Exercise Room @ 300 SF/Sex 600
G. Saunas @ 50 SF/Sex 100
H. Steam Rooms @ 50 SF/Sex 100
I. Jacquzz i 70
J. Locker Rooms @ 400 SF/Sex 800
K. Showers and Toweling Areas @ 300 SF/Sex 600
L. Restrooms @ 200 square feet each 400
Other Spaces
M. Maintenance/Trash Area 150
N. Building Office 300
O. Meehan ical 1,000
P. Parking (covered) 250 cars @ 300 SF/car 75,000
Q. Truck Dock (3 berths) 1,200
TOTAL OF INDOOR AREAS =

8,420


Program Summary
Square Feet
A. 50 - (67.5% total) 2 bedroom, 1-3/4 bath units @ 1,450 interior square feet = 72,500
B. 24 - (32.5% total) 3 bedroom, 2 bath units @ 1,650 interior square feet = 39,600
C. Ofice and Unsassigned Lease Space = 20,000
D. Other 8,420
TOTAL 140,520
Total Allowable Floor Area Project Area Unassigned
141,532
1,012


PROBLEM STATEMENT


12th and Grant Street Condominium Project
Denver, Colorado
Date of Project: December 1980
Statement of Problem
Function Since the developer wishes to include diverse uses at the lower levels, care must be taken to integrate public spaces sensitive to respective uses and separate private spaces accordingly.
Form Despite the floor area allowable, a residential scale should be maintained to identify the project as a primarily residential building.
Economy Materials and finishes should be considered for their effect upon minimizing maintenance cbsts.
Time Since other downtown housing projects are under construction, the condominium/office project will demand immediate fast-track construction so as to be competitive with those projects as they ar completed.


CASE STUDIES


ONE CHEESMAN PLACE
Denver, Cofaevdo


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ONE CHEESMAN PLACE 1201 Williams Street ..., 321-1636
, *i »«t» • v-»; *'
• Orientation to the south, eliminating the hot western sun.
• Nine foot, 4 inch ceilings in all principal rooms.
• Individual thermostatic controls within each apartment so that one room
may be cooled while another is healed. : - â– ; ,
• Custom built kitchen cabinets to the ceiling.
• Saunas, theraputic pool, exercise rooms and swimming pool.
• Underground parking at no extra charge. .
• Oversized elevators
• Party room without charge.
• Guest rooms.
• All utilities, except telephone, included.
• Maximum of 3 apartments per floor.
• Excellent sound proofing.
• Fireproof construction.
EXTRAS? THERE ARE NO EXTRA HIDDEN CHARGES TO THE RESIDENT, BUT THERE ARE MANY EXTRA FEATURES TO BE FOUND ONLY AT ONE CHEESMAN PLACE AND SOME . . . YOU MAY CONSIDER PRICELESS!


HOW MUCH IS TOTAL SECURITY WORTH TO YOU?
Our building security has been rated by experts as the most total and effective security in Denver, and it is yours at ONE CHEESMAN PLACE. . . . After you have seen it, you will wonder how you
ever lived without it!
• 24 hour security doorman
• Closed circuit TV
• Electric door alarms
• Elevators activated only by owners key
341 square feet often describes a typical living room Or master bedroom area, but at ONE CHEESMAN PLACE it describes one of our balconies the smallest.
No other building commands the total south 160 acres view of Cheesman Park as does ONE CHEESMAN PLACE.
Acres of grass and trees, framed by the south mountain range, is the scenery enjoyed by every
apartment.
1900 SO FT.
1536 SO FT.
1900 50 FT.


DH/tyipic Towev
nx, si. vr






Fifth Avenue
Typical floor plans floors 23 thru 49.
Facing East 52 Stieet
Ran: Apartment A
51 Street


Focing East 52 Sheet
Chamber 15-5"x 17-10"
X54356M
£3=
Living
25-«"xW-8" 7.7724M. x508M
Ran: apartment B
51 Street


r-oang East 52 Street
5i Street


Fifth A/enue
Focng Eost 52 Stieet


East 51 Street
Plan: /Apartment F


fth A/eoje
LMng/Dining 17-4"x28'-2" 5207M X85852M
9-0" ceiling
Oonnber 12 -7 x 17-17 3 8354M x 51816M
9-0" ceiling
Oomber 16-0" x 18-6"
4 8768M x 5 6388M
9-0'ceiling
E3.
P
East 51 Sfreet

Plan: Apartment G
51 Street


Fifth A/enue
L 6 rLLJ "1 c JLrv D
; '/'}}//. ’vp; wmm G T.v i c
East 51 Street
Plan: £partrrent H
51 Street







Interiors...that special loot
Nuuanu Brookside apartments from studic. to penthouses will share that special lob The look of careful and painstaking desigr
The look that comes from quality: Oak indoors, top-of-the-line bronze finished hardware, rich ceramic tiles (in the kitcher bathrooms, on the lanais...) dark anodize window and sliding door frames, mirrore wardrobe doors, color coordinated quali appliances...
The look that comes from spaciousness: lanais accessible from each bedroom, pass-thru kitchen counters ...all allowing optimum trade-wind circulation.
Nuu zw u Bnoh/dc
ibnolu lu/ //atfj a ij


Living Area 62P sq. ft.
Lanai lO'l sq ft
Cross '37 sq ft.


Typical Floor Plan





. â– 
aJ
Dining
Bedroom
Living Room
-•—^— *-
Terrace
One Bedroom—One Bath
Two Bedroom—Two Baths
Features and Amenities
Organizer kitchens, all with General Electric appliances • Spacious balconies with entrances to both living room and master bedroom • Secured, controlled e^’rv to buildinn Decorator designed reception area • Lounge entertainment area with bni ards, wet bar and game room Year round swimming pool.opening to spacious walled sundeck Whirlpool bath in pool area • Saunas • Fully equipped exercise room Central laundry facilities • Tennis • Covered off street parking available Individual heat and air conditioning


Skidmore, Owinas & Merrill/SOCSW Fifth Avenue Portland.Oregon &?20*
it.-i i ;• '960
JOB MEMORANDUM #11'
T-K/i/k
SUBJECT:
Eau Claire Estates - Riverfront Housing Job No. 16137-100
Project Reviews with Marketing Consultant in Portland May 13, May 23, 1980
DATE:
June 2, 1980
'/erry f yrv /yucjh’f'ivcm •jg -f'fic Ong/ perbopf
TSif'~c fh ~~7n
May 13 Review Present:
Oxford: L. Krepstekies, W. Parlee
J.D.& A: J. Dahl berg
GKAG: D. Jefferies
SOM: D. Pugh, H. McKee, R. Law!
J. Malick, R. Janik
1. PARKING
a. Circulation
- SOM presented parking garage plan indicating one-way circulation, recommended to eliminate congestion and conflicts.
- Plan was reviewed with Pv. McBride of Barton-Aschman, Traffic Consultants.
- Separate exit and entry recommended.
- Circulation method as proposed was acceptable.
b. Number of Parking Spaces
- Mr. Dahlberg indicated that, in this price range it is important to offer two parking stalls per suite.
- Garage presently contains spaces for 370 cars (parking ratio of 1.5 cars/ suite.)
- Expanding the caraoe to accommodate up to one hundred additional cars, including twenty spaces for visitors would be acceptable.
- SOM will proceed with studies.
c. Recreational Vehicles
- Recreational vehicles would be parked off-site.
d. Tunnel
- Pedestrian tunnel to be incoroorated connecting Riverfront Housing and the Terraces in lieu of a plus-fifteen connection.


Job Memorandum # 11
Eau Claire Estates - Riverfront Housing June 2, 1980 '
page two
2. PLAZA LEVEL ELEMENTS
a. Townhouses/Flats
- SOM presented plan showing the plaza level condominium unit layout revised to reflect exit requirements brought forth in CKAG’s detailed code review, (marked-up set received by SOM this date.)
- A resulting combination of 2 level townhouses and single level units was approved.
b. Amenities
- SOM presented plan showing amenity areas and swimming pool pavilion.
- A two-bedroom apartment (approx. 1,000 sf) is required for the manager, in lieu of one-bedroom unit shown.
- Small meeting room as shown is acceptable.
- No requirement for sales office.
- Hobby room is required, (must be well-ventilated) Garage location is acceptable.
- Portions of the plan showing pool, whirlpool, exercise area, toilets, lockers, sauna was reviewed and approved.
.- Access to the amenities area and pool, passing through the high-rise elevator lobby was not seen as a problem.
c. Entry Pavilion and Connecting Links
- In-process design development model studies reviewed showing central courtyard features.
- Travel distance from drop-off area discussed.
- The cost of all-weather connections across plaza can be justified along with travel distance if design makes positive contribution to project, looks inviting, and if possible, is a selling feature.
- Long, narrow connecting links to be avoided.
- SCM to continue model studies.
- Winter-time appearance important consideration.
- Excessive use of glass questionable.
d.
Additional Townhouses


Job Memorandum #11
Eau Claire Estates - Riverfront Housing June 2, 1980 page three
3. SUITE LAYOUT REVIEW
a. General
- Mr. Dahl berg stated that, in general, the space planning standards used were good, and that wasted space in preliminary layouts was minimal.
- No second entry is required for the suites.
- Unit designation to be changed to comply with the number of bedrooms shown on the layouts.
- Penthouse units to remain as loft-type space with no interior partitions
- Fireplaces to be incorporated at upper floor suites.
- A detailed review and mark-up of each suite layout took place. SOM to modify layouts for further review.
b. Bathrooms
- Bathrooms appeared small. Eathrooms are to be self-contained and de-compartmentalized. Master bath to appear as one spacious, luxurious room.
- One lavatory sufficient in master bath.
- Master bath to have bathtub, second bath to have shower only. Six-foot tubs for larger units, five-foot tubs for smaller.
- Maximize full-width mirrors.
c. Kitchens
- Kitchens are to be separate - door is desired.
- Informal eating area required.
d. Storage, Closets
- Storage to be compartmentalized where possible - fully designed, with shelving, etc.


c_, m c
’ob Memorandum # 11 au Claire Estates -une 2, 1980 page four
Riverfront Housi
ng
May 23 Review
Present: Oxford: L. Krepstekies
J.D.& A: J. Dahlberg, J.Grohne
SOM: D. Pugh, H. McKee, R. Lawless,
J. Johansen, R. Janik
1. PARKING
a. Number of Spaces
- SOM presented parking garage plan options adding spaces as requested.
- A scheme was selected, adding 94 spaces to reach a total of 466.
- Additional spaces are to be added along the east edge of the garage
(2 levels) across the south face (one level) and beneath the townhouses at the south west corner.
- It was determined that overflow parking - visitors, guests for large parties - could be accommodated easily in the Terraces garage.
2. SUITE LAYOUTS
a. Approval
- Mr. Dahlberg reviewed SOM suite layouts revised per previous review, along with enlarged kitchen/bath plans. Mr. Dahlberg concurred that the layouts now incorporate features requested with minor refinements discussed this date. -The layouts are considered approved and SOM would proceed with design development drawings using them.
b. Tabulation
- A tabulation was requested, assigning suite numbers, types, description and areas. No thirteenth floor to be identified as such. (See attached.)
c. Fireplaces
- Fireplaces are to be included where possible.
- Suites at the top four floors of the project would include fireplaces..
- Zero clearance type to be used.
d. Doors
- Entry doors to be one full size (active leaf) and one smaller (inactive leaf), the smaller leaf can then be opened, ensuring easier move-in.
- Pocket doors are to be used where helpful.


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Full Text

PAGE 1

A+P I LD 1190 A72 1981 0361 ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN AURARIA LIBRARY 12TH & GRANT CONDOMINIUM PROJECT

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THESIS PREPARATION UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO FALL. 1980 JOHN D. O'DOWD 1 ' . '\ • ' ' . 12TH & GRANT CONDOMINIUM PROJECT

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' \ INTRODUCTION . GOALS CONCEPTS FACTS NEEDS PROBLEM STATEMENT ' \ ,-, CASE STUDIES : APPENDIX TABLE OF CONTENTS

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. \ INTRODUCTION ' '

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Introduction The natio n today is facing. a shortage of adequate housing --a problem we share with m any other nations in the world. The problem has bec9me more acute in recent years because inflation has made the cost of everything increase. Costs for materials of construction, labor, and land are all included in the cost o f providing new housing to meet the needs of our society, and these increased costs have discouraged developers. However, our society continues to grow and change. The children of the baby boom have all matured and need housing for their own nuclear families. The nation's high divorce rate is reflected in the growth of the housing market. Medical advances and healthier lifestyles have kept people living longer. These are but a few of the reasons our complex society is experiencing its need for housing. Denver, Colorado is like many.other mid-size cities in America. It experienced a period of city development early in its history in which most of the building occurred within a small radius of downtown. With the invention of the a utomobile, mobility was injected into American lifestyles and soon people left downtowns to live in tract homes in surrounding suburbs. Denver's downtown becam e a place to work in but not a place to live in. Time has made things turn almost full circle. Today, with increasing prices for vulnerable supplies of fuel, the "close-in" suburbs are seeming more distant to most '., people. Denver's downtown economy has been broadening in the past decade due to its proximity to the energy industry's development of coal --and oil shale developments in the Rocky Mountains. People want to live where events are happening and where the dynamics of a city are at work. This is why downtown and close-to-downtown housing are in high demand, especially here in Denver. ' , The problem that I have chosen for my thesis is a real one. The Denver office of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill --Architects and Engineers --is designing a condominium project for a priyate Denver developer on ten lots that are currently used as an uncovered parking lot on the corner of Twelfth and Grant Streets in t h e Capitol Hill neighborhood. Terry Willis, an SOM designer, has been very helpful to me and will continue.to work closely with me during my own design process. The purpose of this report is to clearly identify the In familiarizing myself with William Pena's book, Problem Seeking, I have learned that a clearly stated problem avoids many unwanted pitfalls and is part of the programming process necessary before approaching the design of a building. My report will use the five steps that Pena points out in his book: (1.) establish goals; (2) collect facts; (3) uncover concepts; (4) determine needs; ( 5) state the problem.

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' \ ' GOALS

PAGE 7

Goals What does til client want to achieve, and why? 1. To provide housing that appeals to a wide range of users/to maintain flexibility in dwelling unit design to the variety of personal tastes and modes of 2. To provide both indoor and outdoor private spaces associated with home environments for each unit. 3. To create an atmosphere of sophistication, in well-tended but easy to maintain public spaces. 4. To develop a mechanical/electrical system which saves energy over conventional systems for owners: is economical: and which is integral with the building's design philosophy, i.e. orientation and design to obtain the greatest use of solar energy and other alternate power sources. 5. To provide users with common spaces which will be landscaped to buffer against noise, to provide shade and comfort, and to create an outdoor environment that is visually pleasing. 6. To provide common amenities which promote the health of the users, such as a sauna, an exercise room, and a swimming pool. 7. To allow for spaces (as allowed by zone and codes) at the street level for uses by right other than residential, yet supportive of the residential sector (i.e. pharmacy, dry cleaners, beauty and barber shop): to add to the convenience of life of the user and the surrounding community; and to create animation typical of diverse city dynamics. 8. To create a building which fits into the existing neighborhood character. 9. Tn create a building which adds to the quality of the neighborhood. 10. To provide housing units of more than average interior and exterior square footages for each unit size to appeal to households that would otherwise seek conventional housing. 11. To provide a quality structure for under 9 million dollars which mnximizes site development allowable and a 20 percent profit.

PAGE 8

FACTS

PAGE 9

Climate Denver's climate is generally sunny, semi-arid and mild. The area receives 15 to 20 inches of precipitation annually, 70% to 80% of which falls between the months of April and September. Snow and ice disappear rapidly from the ground after exposure to the sun. The eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains is subject to high winds of up to 120 MPH caused by compress ion of air due to rapid altitude loss from 13,000 feet to 5,000 feet as air moves over the front range from the west. This effect is called the chinook effect. Denver is characterized by low humidity and, unfortunately, smog from the heavy concentration of automobiles.

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IOCIO' MJN • • USfNAl

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Relative Suitability for Solar Energy Colfcction (winter) ----Solar Suitability These maps and charts show that Denver's altitude, climate, and location, make it an ideal place for using solar energy as an alternative energy source. With the aid of tilt angle mechanisms, an average collection of 2,000 BTU's/sq.ft./day can be maintained in Denver.

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.1 vertical horizontal i l t R f r l f . ( I t : Btu's I sq. ft. I day-Denver, Colorado

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' / Q I -40"N LATITUDE WT......,-q SQ._ STIC E SOLAR TIME '""" sj 7 "!-..a.I..T 8j 8 .:.1_'!' 7 ' 5 I ...::. a: ''-T 4 .:..=I -----:9 j .O.I..T 3 "-21 10 I .. ._T 2 ... ... 11T .&\,.""!" 1 "''..T t2 ..::r Latitude N 40 JAN i FEB I MARl APR ' MAY I JUN i JUL I AUG ; SEP : OCT 21 21 21 I 21. 21 21 21 21 I 21 I 21 NOV! DEC 21! 21 a 4 ' ' i ,, "' --..___ --r. r i '' ,, 13 • " 1 •oe -::.J_ •oe •oe 100 I " ... ,. t O ,, , ' ., tc: 87 100 •• 90 eo 72 - • ,, 23' 30 i 38 3? 38 3 1 Z:! ., • ! )'. 6J n •• ... !0 1'0 8? !l 11 :nl ., : 47 -"' .:: :\.' 25 17 '4 u ., U ' 7e k' .. u '10 .... ; ' I --, . :!2 •J ; ,. eo .. 2 :t= ,. ll :00:. ., ,, I " ee 82 .. 2 38 ]I a -;;r M -21 37 •• 118 t7 •• 31' XI •• , . 23 ael *" . , .. 30 n •• •• ., 30 ,. ., i 70 14 " eJ .00 30 ;• II II 0 ' 0 II 0 0 0 0 0 :

PAGE 14

SITE ANALYSIS LOCATION project site is located the southwest corner of block bounded by 13th : to the north, 12th to the south, , to the west, and Street to the east. north/south alley r Grant and Logan forms 1 ••"'-eastern boundary to the site. " ........ F1'""i' ' "' t , ..... _ . _ I ir _.__..,

PAGE 15

e site is very accessible many of Denver's amenities and services. A short bus or ride takes the user to Denver Center for the Performing Arts, Larimer I i. Square shopping district, the ia Higher Education _ 1 shopping. Movie theaters and _ r. 1 Complex, and downtown 1 • 1 : : i shopping are also a h few miles away at Cherry Creek Shopping Center • . iff . . . I Airport shuttles are located downtown at major hotels, i pick -up request at the Goth am' -::'' ' : A par tme n t Hotel d ire c t l y across 12th Avenue • Cabs also sit at the entrance to Gotham. i1"!'i-J I I 1 I I I I I ' ---

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DOWNTOWN DENVER Placet of Interest .. _._ .. l ____ .., t _Col, . -----fJ r 4-1 t :::=:::::::: ===== :i IICtoiOIIJfo!kiiOI. ---1-1 I -tic-lQ .... ....... ._ .. __ .. { cooy ... c-ocr ... C.. --------tJ =::..:: ....... -... --fJ ... rr.-c .... _ ... .. -:U ll . .::::::: ... ll>"" "'-tl n. ..... .. __ .. , -==--=tf '=--==---=--= tJ :. :::; :.:.: =====-tJ .. , .. =n':: !1---'"J .. , :. =-o:r ...... --=------== tf ... ---H : : -----ii ..... c.,o .. _ _ u ..... " .. --.. , 11.-o .... .,_ !! .. ...... "'"'\.----n .... 11 . • . , ..... .. , , .. .,.. ............ ___ _ .. "1.-=:'i.:::: __ ., • ""'""\!.,";-m:: _ _ .., 11. v-------1-r .,. .... ,...... .. .. • It u . u . ----.r.;li-\H Walking Distances 1 Block -1/10 Mile 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6 • 7. Elementary School Emerson School at 14th and Ogden, 7 blocks. Junior High Morey Junior at 13th and blocks. School High School Emerson, 5 Churches numerous within 5 block radius. Downtown 16th (United 6 blocks to and Broadway Bank Center). Retail blocks downtown. Shopping to May 7 D&F Park 5 blocks to Civic Center Park. Supermarket Soopers at Corona, 11 King 9th and blocks; grocery, 1 block.

PAGE 17

Views From/To Site The location of the site is strategic for offering its future tenants excellent views. The growing downtown skyline is to the northwest and it is close enough to entice the residents to walk into the city for work and entertainment. The view of the mountains to the west stretches in an arc from the southwest to the northwest and forms the horizon. Pike's Peak is visible to the south-southwest. Cheesman Park and the residential neighborhoods create the views to the southeast, east, and northeast. Of course, these views become more panoramic as the elevation of the viewer increases. Based on existing land-use, views for tenants should be excellent above the 3rd floor to all directions except due south where the Gotham Apartment Building (7 stories) lies directly at the property line. Above ground utility lines (telephone and power) run through the alley and are an eyesore.

PAGE 18

LOOKING NORTHEAST

PAGE 19

LOOKING EAST

PAGE 20

' ... . -.... .... .._ ... \' .. ..... .... ., _ _ ... , ____ ,. __ .,, .......... .,, __ .,.. ____ ""!_, .. l . 1 !. _;i s LOOKING WEST

PAGE 21

Urban Context The site is within one of .the oldest residential areas in Denver, Capitol Hill. Our ing the late 1800's and early 1900's, Capitol Hill was the home to the wealthiest people in Denver, and the mansions 1built during this period reflected this wealth. The 1architecture is eclectic with 'I styles borrowed from many historical periods such as i Italianati, Greek Revival, 'and Victorian. In some structures, many styles were drawn upon to satisfy the jdesires of one client. As time past, the wealthy moved to the Cheesman Park and Denver Country areas. Businesses and :commercial interests encroached upon the formerly residential area during the 1930's. And in 1955, the Capitol Hill neighborhood was zoned R-3, high-density residential, in response to the high rate of apartment construction during the war years. Today, less than 4% of the structures in Capitol Hill are single family units; many of the formerly single family homes have been converted to multi-dwelling units, causing Capitol Hill to have the highest population density in the city.

PAGE 22

....... .•: ' 1244 GRANT

PAGE 23

CAMELLIA HOUSE

PAGE 24

-1 :X: m G') 0 -1 :X: )> s:

PAGE 25

MULTI-FAMILY UNITS ON 12TH AVE

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12th and Grant Street Condominium Project Agency: Project Site: Department of Zoning Administration 3840 York Street, Unit H Denver, Colorado 80205 (303) 575-2191 Block No. 65 1200 -1234 Grant Street Denver, Colorado Document: Zoning Ordinance -Denver, Colorado Revised 1978 Zoning District: R-4 1. Uses Allowed Uses by Right Various Uses including: Dwelling, multiple unit, office, other (see 612.5-3), (i), (h) 2. Location of Structures A. B. c. Front Setback: (Grant Street) (12th Avenue) Side Setback: Rea r Setback: 612.504 (2) 10 feet 5 feet 7.5 feet 20 feet from alley centerline 3. Allowable Maximum Floor Area The sum total of the gross flor 612.50-4 (4) on a zone lot shall be less than four times the zone lot area. Zone Lot Area: 125 ft. x 250 ft. = 18.79 ft. X 100 ft. = 16.165 ft. X 100 ft. = 12.95 ft. X 50 ft. = F.A.R. (4) x 35,383 s.f. = 31,250 s.f. 1,879 s.f. 1,616.5 s.f. 647.5 s.f. 35,383.0 s.f. :: . 7139 141,532 s.f. ZONING

PAGE 27

4. Parking 612.5-6 614.61 (1) There shall be one and one half off-street parking spaces provided for each dwelling unit and one parking space for each 500 square feet of office s p a ce. 74 x 1.5 = 111 + 40 = 151 cars total required 1.(;) ;c /. ;:;: '/6 + :;. /f/Q 5. Loading Buildings with area between 100,001 and 160,000 square feet are required to provide three off-street loading berths.

PAGE 28

@ c:: r:, ,_, c:: .. 1 t) . , ' ... 70 " ; • -<:. l "l .R-4 : . . . 8 R -w N ; : s -:-r -[ : ... _ • • .: ................ 111 . . :: A 9 D I T I 0. N @ ... --'.,,R 4 't:. , ... l 0 E .-. c. R . .... . . c:: t) ' ' E .. ... l ' z ; " -<: v-, i ,.. ,. c j . , !I' I A vi" 0 0 r-. . . p ....... . :' ' : -..... ,_, en. ) .,. J• ., .. --i ! c:: 1:.>. t) -..J .... <: ...... 'V c:: Q.. ' () R-4 Clll -0 .. ; • ..... = -.. ... -. ];" r J I y 1-, i te • t . 1R .... ... ... '• .. r II) . . .!.J . _ .. -:-Lots 1'1-'21 {inc.lu.) 13/ocK {,t;

PAGE 29

. . , .: A-. • .FF v • .-.--<:.--,• ,-I . . _.,. ....

PAGE 30

I I J.../ $7 .:7; I . I I I I I I I I I I I ) I " 1 I I I Grant St \ \ \ \ \ QUILQING SETBACK , I \ \ \ 1 I I ______ _ a_,._ ley ------148.061 -BULK LIMIT

PAGE 31

(lSTING STREET CLASS\FICATION l\NO AVRAGE lRAffiC VOLUME CI-IARACTERISTICS I 25100 , 'l4,800(8.1" .4) eoLt:AX AV. ' l 5 ."3".4) 1 8 700 ' 1 8 700 14T ... "' ( • 1 4 7'4) 1 {+10 .0'/.) , 1 &(,0 0 _,_ 1 , 0 0 0 13TH AVE._, ( • 11.. 1 %). -;; ' )?: (. b % ) ' .. <> ---t_ ""-.. ..,; 4"2 0 0::. .... If' 0 :.. (800 ( •35. 5'lC f2T'4 AVC. g 0 0 \•liJY.) ! 0 0 .. .. ,. '"' ., 2 ... -,..-5 , 500 .... "" .!.-:!: liTH Ave. ,j {+10 0"1.)0 8 'II If ., , Ill , "' "' " a ' Q " ; :B , j,.. " " . 0 • '-" 3 ,. n 0 \(1 1?9o() 11,500 I 8TH AVE.14'JOO " "' -( • 1 .\,'1;.) ( • 3 .1:>"1.) ' (•b.4 Y.) T,-w Avt. AATERIAL. i . f.! ti .,: t1 l 0000 "'' AV[. ()AI\."( 0 z J " TitArF.C e "11 0 7 rt z s s ta 0 i l'lS Cll :J u 8 Traffic Volume Grant Street is classified as a city arterial. Its one way traffic flows south experiencing highest flow rates during the late afternoon when commuters leave the downtown core. Latest figures (1975 ) record the traffic volume on Grant Street to be 14,300 vehicles. offiu /1111 Chees-ntt:ffl Rcrk Lfp:/ak

PAGE 32

SECTION 509. TOILET FACILITIES. (a) General. Every building shall be provided with toilet room faciliti e s for use by the public and employees as specified in this Section. Types of building occupancy not indicated herein shall he con i . rlered individually by the 5. Dwelling Units. Each unit shall be provided with one water closet. one lavatory, one bathtub or shower, and one kitchen sink with garbage disposal. A . In addition, buildings with one or two dwelling units shall proYide an accessible capped rough-in for a laundry facility in a space large enough to accept laundry equipment in each unit. B . In buildings with 3 or more dwelling units or apartments, pro vide one laundry tray and one automatic washer for the fir s t 10 units or apartments. In excess of 10 units or apartments , proyide one automatic laundry washing machine for each ad ditional 15 units or apartments. Thi's equipment shall be ac--cessib le t.o all units or apartments. • ' \ CODE CHECK

PAGE 33

otherwise regulatE-d herein . EXCEPTION: Retail, wholesale and service establishment::; .. occupant load of not more than 20 pe ople m ay provide only one toile t room (water closet and lava t ory) to accomodate both sexes. 11. Schools and Other Places of Instruction. Scope. The requirements of this Section shall apply to all public, parochial and private schools, universities, academies , seminaries, libraries, museums and galleries, including all build ings used for the purpose of instruction. 12. Swimming Pools. Separate shi! . P.,I?.e < adjacent to all . s";i.mmi!!g :M .. ... TO'f"Group lt occl)pancies o 3 stories or less. (b) Other Requirements. 1. Separate Facilities. Separate toilet room facilities shall be pro . ....C::. -vided for males and females unless otherwise excepted in this Sec tion. Toilet room facilities shall be completely enclosed or screened to insure privacy. Toilet rooms, except for I Occupancies and other than public toilet rooms in H occupancies, shall be identified for ea. ch sex and shall be available for use by the public and the employees during normal hours of occupancy of the building . Toilet rooms utilized by both sexes shall be identified as a "rest room." 2. Ratio. In buildings occupied by both sexes, the ratio of male to female facilities shall be established on the basis of 50 percent .. male and 50 percent female occupants, except when the building or portions . thereof, are designed and inteded for an unbalanced division of the sexes. In this case, . the number of fixtures for each sex shall be installed on the basis of the actual or intended ratio of male and female occupants of the building or portion thereof. 3. Accessory Use Building Requirements. Toilet room facilities shall not be required in Accessory use buildings when these facilities are available within 300 feet of this building. 4. Handicapped Persons. For handicapped requirements see Sec tion 510. 5. Construction. A . . Floors and Walls. In occupancies other than family dwell ing units , floors and walls of toilet facilities shall be con structed of hard. smooth, non-absorbent surfaces . B. Compartments. Every toilet room shall have at least 14 . quare. feet of floor area With a minimum Wlctffi or:nee a n(!'" at ieas C I 00 . cu bic feet of v olum ' e fo; and each''\inna ' in to reciuired __ rooms. Compart.ments for water closets shall be at least 30 in 'clle's \ vide, and shall provide .at least 24 inches clearance in ' • \ ' \ ,, ,, l '\,

PAGE 34

front of the water closet. . C. Bathing and Shower Facilities. Enclosures for bathtubs and showers, when provided, shall be constructed of shatter resistant materials. Hinged doors shall open outward . See Chapter 54 for glazing requirement. s . D. Lavatories. 18 inches of wash sink or 18 inches of a circular basin, when provided with ' water outlets at each space, shall be considered equivalent to one lavatory. E. Toilet Room Accessories. At least one type of hand-drying facility shall be provided in each toilet room facility where lavatories are provided. . F. Access. Access to any portion of the building shall not be through a toilet room facility. Access to toilet rooms shall not be through food preparation areas except for toilet room facilities provided exclusively for the use of employees in the food preparation area. G. Location of Toilet Facilities. Facilities shall be located convenient to occupied areas being served and in no case more than 200 feet on the same level or more than one floor removed from the occupied area. H. Location of Service Sinks. Service sinks are required in all Group A through G occupancies on each floor where toilet ' facilities are required. Hose bibb and floor drain may be ' substituted for service sinks in Group G occupancies, service sinks shall not be installed in the toilet rooms. 6. Urinals for Women. Urinals for women may be installed under the following conditions: A. The urinals shall be installed as an auxiliary or supplemen tary fixture. The fixture shall not be considered as a substitute for water closets; in all cases the required minimum number of water closets shall be provided. B. The urinal shall be enclosed with a water closet compartment and door to insure privacy in use. 7. Coin-Operated Toilets. When toilet rooms for public use are pro vided with coin-operated or other external locking devices, these toilet facilities shall be provided in addition to the toilet room facilities required by this Chapter. 8 . Temporary Toilet Facilities. Enclosed temporary facilities for working personnel shall be provided when existing permanent toilet facilities are not available or assigned for use in a convenient location near the work area. Fixtures may be conventional water closets and urinals installed in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 50 or may be water closets and urinals of the chemical storage type. Water c1osets shall be provided wjth seats and covers. t I \ \ ,

PAGE 35

SECTION 510. REQUIREMENTS FOR . . fERSONS. l u i General. In all Group A , B -1, B-2. B-3, B-4. C -1. C -2, D -1. D 2 . F-1, F 2 , H -1. a nd H 2 Occupan c ie s wh e re public facilities are provided , at lea s t J1l" one water closet and o n e l a , a tory shall be provided for the use of handic a pped persons. They s hall he fully accessible bv each sex and shall be const ructed a s specified in this Chapter as may be approved by the Departme .nt and t h e Commission for the Disabled . For additional re quirements in Group H-1 and H 2 Occupancies. ' see Residential Units for the Handicapped . See Chapter 33 for Ramps . lb) Residential Units for the Handicapped. Group H-1 and H 2 occu pancies containing 8 or more units shall have one unit for each 7 units which is fully accessible and complies with all the requirements applica ble t o handicapped facilities . Required handicapped units shall be lo cated in each building unless otherwise approved by the Department. All doors in each handicapped unit shall be at least 32 inches nominal width except doors le ading into areas that are not habitable . All com mon elements used in connection with the exits shall be fully accessible to the handicapped . (c) Toilet Requirements. Toilet facilities required for the use of the han dicapped shall be as follows : 1. Compartments for handicapped persons will be at least ' 36 inches < in width with a door or access at least 32 inches wide ; there shall be at least 32 inches of space unobstructed by door swing , in . front of the water closet; and the compartment shall be equipP\(!d with grab bars at least 24 inches in length on each side of the,,water closet . Grab bars shall be at least 31 inches parallel to 1/2 inches clearance to the wall, fastened securely at each end. ' EXCEPTION: In Group H-2 Oc_ cupancy Units, supports for grab bars shall be provided, however grab bars need not be provioed qnless the unit is occupied by a handicapped person . Compart, ments need not be provided. 2 . Lavatories for handicapped persons shall provide a clear space un derneath of 26 inches in width, 12 inches in depth and 29 inches in height, excluding the projection of the bowl and waste piping. The maximum distance to the rim of the lavatory shall be 34 inches. 3 . Where mirrors and hand drying facilitie s are provided, at least one mir. ror and one hand drying facilit y shall be installed not more than 40 inches above the floor to the bottom of the mirror or fix -ture. . 4 . \\'here separate toilet facilities are re. quir e d by this Chapter. toilet • facilitie s for handic a pped persons shall be provided for each sex . 5 . Toilet facilities for handicapped persons shall be provided where toilet facilities are required in buildings equipped with elevators and on the ground floor of buildings not equipp e d with elevators .

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l i The access door to the toilet rooms shall be at least 32 inches wide . i . E a l'h toilet room shall proYide a clear floor s pace of 4 feet by 4 feet. ! d 1 Hant.l i<:apped Rump H<•quircments. Every building housing Grou p A. B-1, B 2 . B-3 , B-4. C -1. C-2. D -1. D-2. F-1, F -2, H-1, and H-2 occupa!'l c 'ie8 shall provide an access ramp for the handicapped fo the first floor , unless otherwistc: approved by the Department and the Commission on th e Disabie d . This ramp shall not exc e ed a slope of 1 in 12 ( 8 113 r..). See Chapter 33. t e ) Stair Landing Requirements. On all floor s above the first flol c.. s pace at least 25 inches by 42 inches shall be provided for one wheel chair in each stairway enclosure as an area of refuge for handicapped persons confined to wheelchairs where exits useable by the handicap ped persons are not provided . This refuge area shall be required only in buildings with elevators to upper floors . (f) Additional Requirements. See Section 509 . SECTION 511. TABLES. ' ,

PAGE 37

A ll c D E /\ 111\ ' ISIIIS TAIII.E '1111. ( ;HOl'l'!. 01 'l'EH RF.n:Rt:SC'F. 6 :l An Bl'll'Pmhh wtlhuut ",.tlllt' and an occupant lo11d nf IP"':o 1 hHn :11tH. and whtch not claM"irtfll a M 1 Group F uccupant'. Y 5 Stadtum,., jrt:tnd.ctand.ot. tt'f'Winl( "'•"• and amu-rf"mt nt pwrk ctrUC"turt•J& n nt tncluded • ithin Omup A ur ft Otvuunn I. 2 . 3 f'I('Cupandett . A lnul dtnJ: U"'Pd t •ducattunn l purpUJif"JI h\ 'l(J or morf' pt • r:-un ... wt !h•• t•rlfth I!':HI•• h •vc.• f ttr hrlu••. fi\Kh all k dalitf' de y t 'Mt' -tchut•l " fnr manurtlert,;. t'lt :mf'nlary juntur tu)! h ..tr A buildtnR' U"t' d ft•r t"durHtiunHI purpttM'II by fewf'r than :l(J ol ,,,,. 1111. ,::ntdt• lt • vf'l or btolmr.-. "\K'h a' prt"!>tC'hnniJI. dtncto f'thool s . day cure center!". fur manunlarb. rlf'mPntary l't'hool" . juntor hi'h }(C'ht•nl" . h i,rh etc Buildm,rl" U!lt.•d fur m .. ntHI hcJ1tplt•lf'. mental wanitarium ... hou!'f'.!'l or or buildinJIII wherP pt'rsnnal c•f the inmatett are rf',traint!d. u,ce d ft\f "anitariumJI. homell for thr rf'IRrdt•d . lm lht. handtupprd. nunin1 homett. rrhahihlatto n C'f'ntera . and ttimilar '"""* and wh1ch acromod.att-5 or morr pet;enh nr r.tticlenta . t ur hJtndhnl( haur6uWt cla!Jflt•d Oamm•hlt! l1qu•d.F: hi.-hly Oamm•ble 1101ids: exriCMIIVt' OammabW eompretttted JIWI. or Rimilar matenal . hatarduutt chemical1 •• in 1\'ISION 11t:s< 'HII''I'ION OF I)(' C'l l f>ANC'\' IIEFF:RENCE 'K:) I I Hot<• l• and mulel • . ( .. ... . Apartmt nt:4 . t:Yr(k n a1•artmt:nb. tktrmttnrit':o:. run'\enLM. nwna-clt rh• .... ro•Jm ina and boardmq hiiU:O.t>;l. fu"'1er .. , •ntur ritaz.en hurnf'... . '. .. . ( 1"0....,. ... 3 Tuwnhoust•<. clu . •ll r humu. row dwt llintr• end tonnrcted m u rtt than 2 familie!C. I o:w lind 'L fHmil,'\' dwdhnR uniL" . 14 J I Privale 11areges . carpuri K . palio •. ,.orelf" o he
PAGE 38

TARI,F. Nil. 1-R RF.Q111RF.DRt:rARATION81N RUII.IIINC:S OP CIN ltfUIRSI o:11011r A II 8 3 n c I c 2 II I 0 2 t: E 2 r. 3 F.fFClC:OIIIIII JJ 6 212a12a 12 -. -II N N N N N N N 3 . 4 2 3 N ------------------------------------------1.11 N N N N N N 3 N 112 N N N N N N N N N -------------II 4 N N N --c 1 N N 1"2 N 3 3 3 3 4 I . -------------N N N N N n . _ 1 _ ____ _ _ _______ __;_N __ N _ __;_ __;__::. __ _ ----2 __ 2 _ _ _ 2 __ 2 __ _ N N N 1>_ 2 __ __ _______ _____ • __ __ f . f N 2 2 3 N -------------'----------. . ---f. 2 N f. 3 --------------------r. . • .J. f -----J 2 Rf>f,.r t . n Ocrup,.ncy rh-.Jllf"rtll f' thrnu:h fnr '""flUin'm•ntlll. N Nn ton ref1uirf"d . 3 : 1 N ------N I a a N ---------N 2 2 2 I N ---N 2 N N N ---N N ,. N -------------N N N • J •r,vidt-fllh"t ,.,. lllrtrrov('d fM rnrt!'ltructinn on thf" lf"'"llrt" "'*and tiaht-littinl' aolid dtM'Ir at le1111t onf' and thr,... f'i.rhthfll It -:111'1 inC'""" in thklcnt"ftfl , tthnll he p:rmllte-d. • • Sf.<" ( 'h,.ptrr 1:1 fnr t'f'11\11rcod btotw""n unit". \\ I • \ \

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TABLE N O . 5 C .LOWABLE F'LOOR AREA INGS I --' TYPES OF CONSTR U CTION i . ( I ) II Ill IV I 1-Hour or H . T . N ! Hour N i MAXIMUM HEIGHT IN FEET I Unhmi ted 75 65 55 65 I 55 I i MAXIMUM HEIGHT IN STORIES I A ' Unlim i ted NP I B : l Unlimited 4 ! B Unlimited . 4 : B Unlimited 4 B-4 Unlimited 4 ; --+-i c . J Unlimited : C 2 Unlimited j). J Unhmited ' 0 2 Unlimited i j E l Unlimited E-2 Unlimited E 3 Unlimited E 4 Unlimited E 5 I Unlimited [r1 ] 'Unlimited'} { F 2 ) UnlimitedJ 0 1 'linlimited Unlimited 7'6 !(Unlimited ) H l Unlimited (1'[2) I ,...Un limited \ /Jf.3) Unlimited j ...,.-!lf.itiiift.ed J-1 Unlimited J 2 NA NP • Not Permitted NA • Not Applicable 4 4 2 3 2 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6. 6 6 3 3 I NA N c Non Fireresistive Con1truction NOTES : NP NP 2 NP 2 NP 2 I 2 1 2 1 2 I NP I NP I I I 1 I 2 I 2 1 2 I 2 I 1 4 I .. 1 4 1 4 1 s 1 .. I 6 1 3 I 3 3 1 I NA NA Refer to Chapten 6 through 22 for other requirement.a NP NP 2 NP 2 NP 2 I 2 1 2 1 2 I NP NP 1 NP I I I 2 I 2 1 2 1 2 1 4 1 4 1 4 I 4 1 .. 1" 4 1 4 1 3 1 3 3 1 1 NA NA . . " v 1 -Hour N so 40 llo'P NP 2 NP 2 NP 2 1 2 J 2 1 2 I NP NP . I I 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 \ 2 1 3 I \ 3 1 .. 2 I 1 3 r I 3 '. NP 3 NP 3 NP 3 3 1 1 NA NA f' or other n s t . r i ction ! regarding the height of building s. eee Articles 640, 64 5 , and 646 of the Reviaad Mun ici pal Code . • F t • r nta x unum ht•ight iimitaiit.ons of open . • ., .. Chapter I 2 . • mny i>crmitit'd o n thl! f'i•st •tor) i n th is typt' of con • truction v.hcn built of n o ncom hu • t i b l .. material•. Sec Chapter 1 2 .

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TAll I.E NO. r • . f. . J U!IE nf Aooembly (c) Srlnklnll•) en FOUNTAINS::._ __ _ I per floor 1 per 100 'IO!th 1 i>er noor minimum dclfl•lt end/or urlnale r a .. •• .... n . Tht• p l lllnhing fAc ilitiefl shown •re for the number or pentOnl indicated or nny fr ndin u lh("r eof. over 1110 1 ""' 50 b . l'r nv i .l t • nn t • • hnwor for uch 5 pupils nf ft ern "' pool cl••• Cont'd . -----------------.--J l ' ' \ \ .

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-TABLE 5-F ASSUMED occt/PANT LOAD AND INDEX FOR TOILET FACILITIES SQ. IT. USE OR OCCUPANCY PER PERSON SEC. 509 tal TABLE Arenas or Field HoUSH lal 7 5 E Armoriea 30 . ) . . 1 A••embly Halla { a) 7 5 El Auditorium• (a) 7 5 E l Roome 15 5 E . 1 Barber Shope 30 10 5 E ::! Beauty Parlors 30 10 5 E 2 Billard Rooma 15 5 E l Bowling Alleys N / A Cafea lbl 15 Cafeteriu (bl 15 5 -El Churchea (cl N/A 5 E l Dance Floora 15 5E l Day Nuraeries 150 9 N / A Dining Roome 15 5 E 1 Dormitories 50 3 5 E 5 Drive-in Reatauranta 2/car SEl OriYein Theatres 2/car 5 E l Dwelling Unite N/A 5 N/A Employment (Gen. Placea oO 100 10 5E" Foundriea 500 6 5 E 2 Oymnaaiums 15 5 El 80 7 N/A Homes for the Ared -----=-------------------------Hoepitala Hoteia Ubrariea ( Public! Lodges Lounge• (b) Manufacturing Meetin1 Room• Mental Hoepitala Mote Ia Nuraing Home• (}mcea Orphan ares Parking Lota 80 7 N / A N!A ________ __.4 _ _ ____ ___:N/ A NIA 15 15 2 300 6 N/A 1 80 7 N/A 80 7 100 10 i50 9 N/A 6 N I A SE l 5 E 3 5 E 2 5 E l N/A N / A N/A 5 E N ! A N ! A ' ' \ "\ I' \ \ .

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TABLE &-F (cont'd. J ASSUMED OCCUPANT LOAD AND INDEX FOR TOILET FACILITIES

PAGE 43

---o , . (' 1 ' I ' " N , . \' A II c . J OJ . ----E 1 g . • , F. 5 'J'AHLF. NO. 3:tB FOR FIRE ItA TED DOORS • Vxit. ln Conidnrs --lln u r" S!J. ln.l( C <:1:. inr: D t•vicc '/, ---72 0 A urn --A 1:1.00 A 720 1 200 100 A A nr n or 0 or [I• or n --floors ln F:x it EncloRur cs -----Sq. Cln11ing Jtnting Glazin!{ Device 1---t---t1 .,, 100 A orb -----I I,, 100 A orB I If, 100 A orB 1 .,. 100 A orB 1 .,. 100 A orB ---100 A 1200 orB 1 1/, 100 A orB c --r-c 1 1ft 100 A orB -1?.0[) c 1 .,, 101) A or D ------lloilcr and Furnace Room l)oora -.-I! our &,. Rnting Glnr.ing He vice r--------t---1 0 A -1 0 A --1 0 A 1 0 A No lnh•rior Opcninga Permitted 1 0 A -1 0 A 1 0 A ----.. ----Cnrridorl! Arcn Scp11rutinn Wall!< llnurr Rq. Rating -Not npplkahlc -I 1ft 100 A tlr B I I' 100 A orB ---r1 .,. 100 A' or n Li -. Not Permitted ' \ , \ 1 1/a 100 A ot' n . \ 1 A o.\n \ 1 .,. 100 -1 .,. 100 A orB : --.--'-

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(e) Operations Center. An Operations Center shall be provided in a loca tion approved by the Department and Fire Department, and shall con tain the following: 1. The communication system panel. 2 . Fire alarm and detection system annunciator and panel. 3 . Elevator controls and status indicators. 4 . Air handling system controls and status indicators. 5 . Sprinkler valve and water flow indicators . 5. Sprinkler valve and water flow indicators. 6. Standby power controls . 7. A telephone. 8. A diagramatic set of building floor plans. The Operations Center shall be contained in a room separated from the remainder of the building by a 2-hour fire resistive con struction. The center shall be located on the ground floor with the door that opens directly into the main lobby at a point in the lobby accessible directly from the exterior. The door to the Operations . -\ 1 Center shall not be located on a dead end corridor. The location of 1 the Operation Center shall be approved, prior to cOnstruction; by ---. --the Department and the Fire Department. (f) Standby Power Sys t e m. A p ermane n:l y installe d s t a ndh y _ _;o w e r gen e r a ting sy s t e m conforming to the re qUir e m ents of o . . , s h all be provided . S ystem s upervi s ion and controls _ h e _ pro v1ded at th e Operations Center. An onsite fuel supply suff1c1ent for _at least 2 _ hours operation at full load shall he maintained. Systems reqwred QY tlps Sec tion shall be automatically transferable to the standby power s ystem. The standy requirements shall be sufficient to provide for the following : 1. Fire alarm and detection system. 2 . Exit and emergency lighting. 3. Fire pumps . 4 . Mechanical ventilation as may be required by the Department. 5 . Emergency elevators : 6 . Communication system. See Chapter 53 . I. , .. I • !

PAGE 45

II('('L'I'A:'\CY A 8 t 8 8 3 8 4 C t C-2 0-1 D 2 E 1 E 2 E 3 E-4 _.. E 5 ' ....... cv 2 G 1 @ TAIII.E NO. 178 F"IHE H ES I STANCF. OF EXTt:H J OH WALLS FOR I\' \ ' l'O:-IST H UCT IOI' ISt•t• ChHIIlo r. 2 1 a n d F IHF. ZOI'OE HEQl' IREil rillE RE:.<;JSTANCEOt' E XTER IOR W A I.L t NA . See Chapter 6 t 2 hours less lha n 2 0 feet t hour else:ovher e 2 . 3 2 hou rs less than 1 0 fee l t h our elsewhere t 2 t>ours less than 2 0 tee t t hour elsewhere 2 2 hours less 11\an 5 leel t hou r e lsewh ere 3 2 hours less l han 5 lee I t hour less than 1 0 feel 1 2 t>ours less lhan 2 0 leet t hour elsewhere 2 ' 1 hour 3 1 hour less t han 1 0 leet t 2 hou r s less t ha n 20 feel t hour elsewhere I 2 2 hours less than 1 0 feel t hour elsewhere 3 2 hours less t han 5 leel 1 h our less thann t 0 !eel NA See C hapter 9 t 2 hours less than 20 teet t hour else w he r e 2 . 3 2 "ours less lhan 5 feel t hour elsewhere t . 2 Nol permilled. Se e C ha p ter 1 6 3 4 h ours less than 5 leet 2 h ours less than I 0 leel t hour elsewhere 1 4 hours less than 20 teet t hou r elsewhere 2 I 4 hours less than 5 feel 2 hours less than 10 teet t hour elsewhere 3 i 4 hour s less than 5 feet ' 2 h ours les s than 1 0 feel I ' I 1 howr less lhan 20 feel I 1 . 2 N o l oe rmilled . See Chapter 16 3 • riou• c ess t han 60 t eet I t i 2 hours less than 20 leel ' 1 hour elsewhere -R 2 t hou r less lhan 20 feet hour less than t 0 feel 3 I t l t 2 h ou•s l ess lhan 20 l ee l I 1 h our elsewhere 2 J t hour les s than 20 fee l 3 l t hour less lhan 1 0 feel l t i I l I • I j l I ; IX'('l'I'ASCY l:;/ J-1 . J-2 fiRE ZONE 3 3 3 1 , 2 3 N o . l1B cC.onl' d . l REQliREO rJRE KES ISTA I'i<:t;Ot' EX T_J;RIC)R WALL 2 hours tes s tha n 2 0 feet 1 h our elsewhere 1 hour 1 hour less than 5 feel 2 hours less th a n 20 lee! 1 hour elsewher e hour 1 hour less than 3 feel 2 hours less than 2 0 teet hour elsewhere h our less than 2 0 teet hour less than 3 f eel \ N o ncombusti b le conslru c tion not regul a ted. C o mbus t •ble construction lhall be 1 ilour . Nol re<,;Jul ated D i stances g o ven are from the a djacent properly line or center lone o f a street or alley to the wall. NA • Nol A pplicable \

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TABLE NO. 17-C SET-BACKS REQUIRING PROTECTION OF OPENINGS IN EXTERIOR WALLS (See 1707) Fire Zone T y pe of Construction Set-Backs in Feet I A 1 ,2,3 I 20 1.2,3 II.III.IV , V NP B 1 ; 1,2 , 3 l.li,JII 20 B 2 ' 1 IV,V 20 B-3 2,3 .Jv.v . 10 C-1 1 , 2,3 I.Il .lll 20 C 2 1 IV,V 20 2.3 IV , V 10 I D 1 I 1.2.3 1.11 20 1,2,3 Ill, IV,V NP D-2 1,2 , 3 I.Il , JII 20 1 IV,V 20 2,3 JV, V 10 E 1 1,2 l,ll,lii, IV , V NP 3 l.ll,lll,JV,V 20 E -2. E 3 . E-4 1.2,3 l , ll.IIJ.IV,V 20 E-5 1 , 2 I.Il, JII,JV,V NP 3 I,ll,lll.IV ,V 60 (See Chapter' 10) GJ 1,2/3} ( !hi.In 20 1 IV.V 20 2 2(J} IV,V 10 G 1 1.!'3 I,Il, JII 20 G 2 1 IV,V 20 ('G.Q_ 2,3} JV. V 10 GD 1,2,3 1.11 20 ,' 1 Ill.IV,V 20 2 IIJ.IV,V 10 . OJ III,IV.V 5 I 1,2 , 3 1.11.111 20 1 IV . V 20 2 IV.V 10 3 IV . V ' N J 1,2 , 3 1.11.111 20 i 1 JV.V 20 I 2 1\'.\' 10 I 3 JV. V N :'\P . Typt> of Construction not :'\ ;o.;o r"quired be y ond 3 f ee t. ' I

PAGE 47

TABLE NO. 23A UNIT LIVE LOADS . -----. --------Live Load Lbs . OCCUPANCY OR USE Ass e mbly I l'uhlid ' ' Bus iness Arrnoril'!l und drill rooms .................... . ............................................ ........ . . foycr!l. Vl! Stibulcs, balcnnics and similar public spaceK of hotels, theatres, clubs and public buildings, dntrt:hi'K and ussembly hulls without fixed sc uta, dunce hall11, public dining rooms and reataurllnll including kildwnK , ..:ymnaHill11111, skating rinkH ............................................................... . chun hl•s , and assumbly hulls with fixed seat11, including aisles, paBSaJicwaye and balconies .. Thcut rc stugcs, gridirons and lly galleries. . .......... ....................................••......... OIHt :es ................................ ........... ............................................... . . Strul'lurcs s hall be de s igned for lile, computer, and special equipment loads, when applicable. CurriJnrs . Se rvin..: asse mbly halls in theatres, penni institutions. churches, school buildings ................. . ... : .. Ollu: r C urridors : Sume loading us heuvicst occupancy from which they provide egress. l : ,lnl'atimwl < : ta ssroo m, uot oxccerling 1200 "ll ft. in urcll, or larger size rooms with fixed seats ... .................. . C la ss and l ct'lure 1"110ntS in cXCCHH of 1200 sq. n . in area without fixed scots ....... .................... . Li l.ru rit•s: . Stut:k room s . . . ......................................•.......•......•.....•........... .' ......... : Heading room!! .......................................... .......... ........ . . ..................... . tl. .. ;ods include impact) nors, llunr und rumps uscd for purking ................................. ..........•......... n tr s. roof tleck!l ll!led for parking including snow load ....................... ... ............ . Trucks 1 AIJ I'Iit:aul o ITO LouJingl . 1-:quipiiiCIII and machinery room>! de!lign ecl for usc, but not lc118 than . ..... ......... ...• ...... : ........ . 1\l:o l.oaol ' " It• ilnlermirwd from fJroposcd U 8 C or ••ct:upao .. y, but never lc!!!l than ... . . . ..............................•.............. . ...... .......... Per Sq . 150 100 60 125 II)() flO 75 150 60 1:.!!i Jl)l) \ \ \ \ _I

PAGE 48

TABI.'E NO . :l:J A l}NIT I.IVI!: I.OAI>S OCCUPANCY OR USE --------------------------------lnslituli"""l lluspituls. n sylums, nurMeriea, orphanages, home for aged. penal inatiluliona, refor jails and of t.•urrcclinn . 1 •••••••••••••••••••••••••••• , ••••••••••• , •••• • •••• • , •••••••• Opt• und X ray I'IIIIIIIS .......•••.•••.•.•..•...•.• , • . ..•.•..•.••••••••. ••.• • • •••••• • •••••••..•• • 1\J, n anlli• ltt •la i I 1 nuThn udist•l .......................••.... . .................... . . .....•.......... ..... Whol esale 1 ...................•.•............................ .....• ..... . ' ....... . llt ,;itlcnlial Loung4..•, rc, n.ational t.'Xll•rior bnkunicM .... , .............................. , ..• : . . ............. . i\11 pu r l. ' of privalt• und iu IIIJitrlmcnl huuseM, Induing huuse11 and educutiunul and n lil(iou s llt slilutnms . iududint: cunidurN t:iving act' t • s s lhcrclu, und hcdrOway funcs. wind ftll'l'CS0 ond furn•s need nul be applied I Fra111ing: • Jlt,tos nut tu whida suflid••nt lutal ucccgK frum ht!low, such thal access is unt l ' t quin• tl tlw "-pac t • a huvu the ........ . ................... .................... ..... . Elt , a lur:-,. du•uln \:tlll"rs . autl luatls in atl' Urthuu.:c with Chut•h • r .. , iiiJ..: ur \ i t.ratitlf..: loads s l1all Itt! int' t't 'lli"t'cl a s fulluw s : lltotvy l 'CI'IIPIJHnt :uul ntuviuJ.{ loads , 2f• pcrt:t•nt . , \II t . , . ,,.;,."'' " ' shall ),. , lo a fi>rcc '"lll:tlto :.!ll purcenl tu the sum ul' the t ' t , tru t a p : u ity :tttol IIH' Wt•il(hl uf I ltl trolley apphttl al llw I up uf runway in prupurtlun to th" stiffm,;s uf' I lot ''''"'lun .ln :ulololiun , olllt' l'llllt '""Y ' shall he oJ,.,il:lll:oluflhe lll:ox i ntlllll w lu• llumls uppli
PAGE 49

' I i .I TA HLE !'10 . 33 A AVAILABLE S QUARE FEET PER OCCUPANT AND EGRESS FACILITIES • US I:: Room a 2 or More Exit s Rcq. Whe n Ocr . Load Exceed!! ! N o R ep a ir I A.1 r rr;tft IP.• pilirl A.-enobly : Concentrated U•e l A ud,tonum..: I > .. v . • ltiJ.! ( hurdl es and 'hup<• l , Dan" J::I<>Ors. H nlls and Flanqu<'l R .1 m.' Lr•rt!t Rn(tms R o 1 m f Revu ' wlnl( Stand s Theatre s S t : tdium!' : Field . Gym > rSE-nting Area• I Field . A rca• I A.otmbl y !Medium C''"" ''ntruted Us" ! A "emhly tLow Conccntrutcd Con ferenc e Rooms D i n in11 Room • Exhibit Room ! Skating R inks Staj1Pi' D 'l r mrtOries F'actorie!' •:\o R t>pf'ir l 1Ht-SJ
PAGE 50

CHAPTER 33 STAIRS, EXITS AND OCCUPANT LOADS ION 3301. GENERAL. urpose. In addition to the ot her requi1 : cments of this BUilding Code, tis Chapter shall gov ern and determine the occupant loads and exit t cilities of buildings, structures, o r any portion thereof. cope. Every building , structure, or portion thereof shall be provided ith exits as required by this Chapter. Where there is a conflict bet een a general requirement and a specific requirement for an in . vidual occupancy , the specific requirement shall govern. . efinitions. For purposes of this Chapter, certain terms are defined as Uows : 1. Balcony, Exterior Exit. A l a nding or pocrh projecting from the wall of a building and serving as a required means of egress. 2 . Corridor. A horizontal space dedicated to providing pedestrian communication within a building . 3. Corridor, Dead End. A corridor which provides only one means of egress . 4. Corridor, Private. A corridor other than a public corridor. 5 . Corridor, Public. A corridor open to general use, or used by more than one tenant. 6 . Exit. A continuous and unobstructeed means of egress to a public way, including intervening doors, doorways, corridors, exterior exit balconies, ramps, stairways, horizontal exits, exit passage ways , exit courts and yards. 7 . Exit Court. A yard or court which provides egress to a public way . B. Exit, Horizontal. A means of passage from one building into another building, or from one sect ion of a building into another section of the same building through a separation wall . See Section 3307. 9. Exit Passageway. An enclosed means of egress connecting are, quired exit or exit court with a public way. [). Exit, Vertical. A means of egre ss between two or more. floors or levels, including exterior stairways, fire escapes, ramps, and in terior stairways. L. Floor Area. See Chapter 4. Occupant Load. The total number of persons permitted to oc cupy a building or portion thereof at any one time. ). Panic Hardware. A bar which extends a cross at least one-half of the width of E!ach door leaf, w hich will open the door when sub,.. . jected to pressure. L Public Way. Any parce l of land unob structed from the ground to ----------the sky and at leat 10 feet in width, dedicated to the free passage of the public. 15. Stairway. See Chapter 4. 16 . Stairway, Exit. One or more flights of stairs and the necessary landings, platforms, handrails, and connecting them to form a continuous and uninterupted passage from one floor to another. . 17. Stairway, A stairway serving one acljacent floor only, for .one tenant only, and not serving as a required exit. 18. Stairway, Spiral. A stairway which provides a circular form in its plan view, with uniform sector shaped treads attached to an radiating about a supporting column. The effective tread shall be delineaed by the nosing radius line exterior arc (center line of rail ing), and the overlap radius line {nosing line tread Effec tive tread dimension shall be taken along a line perpendicular to the center line of the tread. 19. Stairway, Winder. A tread of a stair which, because of the ar rangement of the stair, does not have a uniform horizontal dimen sion measured from riser to riser at each tread. (d) Determination of OccupaDt Load. in any building or po ton t ero sha __ 11
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hN < . , f shnll be ' b asP d on one p e r s on for 1 8 in ches of . h o f th e be nchP>' or r w w s. \rhe n l •oot h s are u s ed in drinking or din t reas. the number of eat shall b e based on one person for each 24 or major portion thereo f , of the l e ngth of the booths. ed Occupanci('s. The maximum o cc upant load of a building con n g mix e d occ up a nci e s shall be determine d b y a ddin g the number of p a nt s of each occupancy as specified in Table 33-A. ('d Occupancy Exit Requirements. For determining exit re ements for a building or portion thereof which is used for more than occupancy, the capacity shall be determined by the occupant load he largest number of persons. : Obstruction. Obstructions shall not be placed in the required h o f a n exit, except those projecti on s p ermitted b y this Chapter. ting Equipment and Incinerator Rooms. Boiler or furnace :1s containing an incinerator. liqu ified p etroleum gas , or liquid fuel ! equipment, shall be provided with at le ast two means of egress. All rior openings shall be protected as set forth in Table 33-B . . See pter 49 for Machinery Room Exits. nges in Elevation. Changes in el evation of less than 12 inches , g an exit shall be made b y means of a ramp. Group I and J Occupancies and along aisles adjoining .ing areas. tRamp Requirements. Every building housing Group A, B-1, B 2, B 4 , C-1, C 2, D 2 , D-1, D ' 2, F-1, F-2 , H -1, or H-2 occupancies shall r ide one means of exit from the first floor for the handicapped con d to wheel chairs, unless otherwise ap_Proved by the Department. N 3302. EXITS REQUIRED. . ermination of the Number of Exits Build!n&... r r s, including basements, cellars, or occupied roofs shall have not less tt'tW.ssib1itf .. t'h t 2gtl1 m!IY. be 0 e blocked PY. Stny qpe (u-. e or. otl).er •. . mt'iOn : ... of _ sha'1 be S? that, door, In direc : eic j p [3s permit,;d m 3304. tra, ve]_.. b t xit "" shn11 be 2 0 feet for a bUildin or storv -r n t o s"': distance in anv occupied t o at least one exit, measured in accorda nce with the foilowing re q_ture m('n ts, h all. not e xceed the limits s p e cified for individual occupan:-e;. Sections 3315 t o 3324. Means of egress shall be so arranged r ! 1ere a r e no dead end pockets, hallv.-ays , corridors. passageways. or t: • . • t:; whos(' de p t h e xceeds the dead-end corridor regulations of this Exit distance and length of dead-end corridors shall be measured from the most remote point on the floor or dead-end corridor . .

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long the shortest trave l di s t a nce to t h e center of the exterior door , orizontal e xit. or exit xit Through Adjoining or Accessory Areas. Exit s from a room 1ay ope n into a n adj o ining o r inte n e ning room or area, provided the djoining room is. accessor y t o t h e area . erved and provides a dire ct. 1eans of egress to a n e xit corridor. e xit stairway. exterior e;Oms, closets, heating or mechanica l rooms , or spaces used for similar urposes . In Group and I .Occupancies, exits may pass through itchens. oyers, lobbies and reception rooms co nstructed as required for cor dors shall not be construed as intervening rooms. :ON 3303. EXIT DOORS. eneral. This Section shall apply to every exit door serving an area aving an occupant lo a d of more than 10, or serving hazardous rooms areas. Buildings or structures used for human occupancy shall have ; least one exit door which meets the requirements of Sub-Section (d). 11b-Section (h) and (i) shall apply to all doors, regardless of occupant ad. wing. All doors shall swing in the direction of exit travel when servt g any hazardous area, or when serving an occupant load of 30 or .ore. Double-acting doors shall not be u sed as exits serving an occumt load of more than 100 , used as a part of a fire assembly, nor equip !d with panic hardware. A double -acting door shall be provided with a ew panel of at least 200 square inches. ype of Lock or Latch. Exit doors s h all be operable from the inside ithout the use of a key or any special knowledge or effort. Doors shall >t be equipped with more than one latch or locking device. The use of mble keyed locking devices is prohibite d . X.CEPTIONS: 1. Sliding surface bolts may be in stalled for extra security in F and G Occupancies with the following provisions: A. Only one sliding bolt per door . B. The sliding bolt shall be within 6 inches of the primary latch and above same. C. The sliding bolt s h all be of a type that is easily operated. D . The sliding bolt shall b e o p e n during business hours. E. When a sliding boll is installe d . t h e door shall provide a sign posted with minimum l inlh Idlers reading, "THIS DOOR TO BE UNLOCKED DURING BUSINESS HOURs: IF THIS DOOR IS LOCKED DURl\IG BUSINESS HOURS. NOTIFY THE FIRE DEPART.\IE:"iT ." F . Non-conformance wit h provisions shall result in orders for of the sliding bolts . A double keyeci lock may lw in.-talkd o n t h e main entrance door when.approved by t h e 0f :part;nL' Ill. :.1re U:af pi'O\'iding the automatic bolts s hall h comnrut"d t o form cor ridors .

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dth . . Corridors s h all b e at l ea s t 44 inches in width . F o r s p ec ia l e;. . r e m e n s f'Or'l::irou ps c a n we st'pr o jecti on fr o m thE! ceihrl'g. ' ojections. The re quir e d width 0 f corr ' idor s s h a 1 b e u n o b structe d . :purposes of this C h a p te r , a d o o r . w h e n fully op e n ed. s h a ll be p e rpen ular to the opening. :CEPTIONS: Trim and h andrails s h all not r e d u ce t h e required w id t h b y more tha n a total of 7 in c h es . Exit door s may swing into the corridor a maximum of 1 foot when the corridor exceeds 6 feet in width . The required width of the cor ridor shall not be decre a sed b y t h e projection into the corridor _ _ Doors may swing a corrid o r from rooms that are infrequently used , and prov i ded with a lock ; such as janitors, telephone, and ellectrical closets. cess to Exits. When more than one exit is required, exits shall be anged so that if'is possible to go in either direction from any point in Jrridor to a separate exit, except for dead -end corridors permitted by ad-End. Corridors in all occupancy groups may have dead-ends not : xceed 20 feenrrlength. Dead -end corrido f s 'pe rmitt ed o j tbi-s Se'ctiorl i ll comply With the following requirements: .,,; .•. ,, >lo "' : AJ! c!oor,s onto a deadend be by B:. labeled fire assembly which provides a fire resistive rating of at least 45 minutes. These doors , excep in G roup H Occupa nc ies s h a ll be an pproved t o main. tain the door in closed posit i on . • ... , ' ., • .... 041 • Branch corri aors shall n o t b e pe r mi t t e d from a dead-end cor r idor . EXCEPTION: Exc ept in Groups C and D Occupancie s, when the entire building is provided wit h automatic fire ex t ingui shing system, the dead-end corridor m ay b e extended to a total length of 50 feet. AI.L OCCU /"r ,c.-'.: : 11stru ctio'n. Walls of public cor ri d o r s s h all b e of at lea s t one-hour : -res i s tive construction and the ce ilings shall be at least that re red for a one-hour fire-resistive floor or roof system. The long side of exterior exit balcony shall be at l east 50 percent open, with the open a distributed to prevent the accumulation of smoke or toxic gases. erior exit balconi e s shall be of n o ncombustible construction, except tin Type III and Type V building not e xceeding two stories in height, balconies may be of wood at least 2 inches in nominal thickness. CEPTIONS: One -stor build ings housing Gro up G Occupancies . --. --_ __;;.__ _ _ I. ( c ) Discharge Areas. A horizontal exit shall lead into a floor area having a capa city for an occupant load of at least the occupan t load served by this exit. The cap acity shall be d etermined by allowing 3'square feet of n e t clear floor area per occupant and 20 square feet per nonambulatory occupant. the area in which the horizqntal exit leads shall be provided with e xits other than additional horizontal exits. SECTION 3308. EXIT ENCLOSURES. ( a ) Every intrior stairway, ramp, or escalator shall be enclosed as specified in this Section. .EXCEPTIONS: 1. In other than Group D Occupancies, an enclosure shall not be re quired for a stairway, ramp, or escalator serving only one adjacent floor, and not connected with corridors or stairways serving other floors. 2 . Stiarways in Group I Occupancies and stairways within individual apartments in a Group H Occupancy, need not be enclosed . 3. An enclosure shall not be required for escalators if an automatic fire sprinkler system is installed in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 38 . 4 . The enclosure for private stairways need not be provided when the stairway is provided with an automatic fire sprinkler system installed in accordance with 'the provisions of Chapter 38 and the stairway does not inter-connect with more than\me adjacent floor. (b) Enclosure Construction. Enclosure walls shall be '<:onstructed of at least 2 hour ftre-resistive construction in Type I and ' n buildings and shall be at least one hour ftre-resistive construction el sewhere. When stiars and stair platforms are required to be constructed of reinforced concrete, iron or steel, the finish of these treads and shall be of hard noncombustible .materials. , < c ) Openings Into Enclosures. There shall be no openings into exit enclosp.res except doorways and openings in exterior walls. All doors in an exit enclosure shall be protected by a fire assembly having a ftre. resistive rating of at least one-hour where one-hour enclosure construc tion is permitted and one-and one-half-hours where two-hour enclosure construction is Doors shall be selfclosing or shall close auto matically when actuated by means of product s of combustion detectors. See Table 33B . There shall be no enclosed useable space under stair i n a n exit e ncl osure. In all buildings having floors used for human occupan c y loc ated more than 75 fee t abov e the low e s t l e vel of Fire De pa rtment v ehicl e acce s s , and ho u s in g a Group C , D. F 2 , H 1 and H-2 Occupancy, the exit s tairway doors shall b e openable from the stairway s ide a t levels not exceeding 5 floors . ' d ' E x tent of Closure. S tairway and ramp enclo sures shall include land i ng s and parts of floors connecting. stairway flights and shall also in-

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-elude a corridor on the ground floor leading from the stairway to the ex terior of the building . Enclo s ed corrid o rs or pa ssage ways shall not be r e quired from unenclosed stairways. Ever y Op ening into the corridor shall comply "";th the r equirements of Section 3308 (c). EXCEPTIONS: 1 . .Exits may discharge through street floor lobbies or corridors with unprotected openings provided the required exit width is and unobstructed and the entire street floor is pro"tected with an auto "knatic fire-extinguishing system. 2 . Where one remote exit leads directly to the outside with all open ings protected as per. Section 3308 ( c), a maximum of 50 percent of the exits may discharge into a lobby provided the lobby is protected with an automatic fire sprinkler systell) , and all unprotected open ings are provided with a row of sprinkler heads on the accessory use side. (e) Barrier. A stiarway in an exit enclosure shall not continue below the grade l e vel exit unless a door is provided at the ground floor level to pre: vent persons from accidentally continuing into the basement. The door shall swing in the direction of exit from the lower level. See Section 3303 for door requirements. EXCEPTION: A barrier shall not be required for a building with only one story and basement. SECTION 3309. SMOKEPR.OOF ENCLOSURES. Deleted. SECTION 3310. EXIT COURTS. (a) General. Every exit court shall discharge into a public way or exit passage. (b) Width. Exit court minimum widths shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of Section 3302, based on the tributary occupant load . Th e rquired width shall be unobstructed except for projections per mitte d in corridors in Section 3304 . Where the width is reduced from any cause the reduction shall be effected gradually by a guardrail at least 3 feet in height and making an angle of not more than 30 degrees with the axis of the exit court. (c) Number of Exits. Every exit court shall be provided with exits as determined by Section 3302 . ( d ) Openings. All openings into an exit court less than 10 feet wide shall be protected by fire assemblies having not less thah a three-fourths-hour fire protection rating. EXCEPTION: Openings more than 10 feet above the floor of the exit c ourt m ay b e unprote cted . SECTION 3311. EXIT PASSAGEWAYS. ( a ) Construction. The walls of exi t passageways shall be without open'

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SECTION 3320. EXITS: GROUP F OCCUPANCIES • . (a ) Special Exit At least 112 of th e required exits shall be located t o he without going through checkout s tands. In no ca s e che c k-out stands or associated railings or barriers obstruct exits or required aisles or approaches. ( b l Arrangement and Access of Exits. See Section 3302 for the number und arrangement of exits . ( c ) Maximum Travel Distance. Exits shall be arranged so that the total length of travel from any point to an exit shall not exceed 150 feet _ EXCEPTION: When the building is protected throughout by an auto matic fire-sprinkler system, the distance may be increased to 200 feet. . -SECTION 3321. EXITS: GROUP G OCCUPANCIES ( a ) Arrangement of Exits. See Section 3302 (k) . ( b ) Maximum Travel Distance. Exits shall be arranged so that the total length of travel from any point to an exit shall not exceed 150 feet. EXCEPTIONS: 1. When the buildings protected throughout by an automatic fire sprinkler system, tfie be increased to 200 feet. See Chapter 38. 2 . In open parking garages , the distance may be increased to 200 feet . SECTION 3322. EXITS: GROUP H OCCUPANCIES. ( a ) (b) (c) t I ,, \

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Gross Rev enues: 50 units @ 1,450 s.f. @ $90 = 24 units @ 1,650 s.f. @ $90 = Cost Analysis: 141,000 s.f. @ $45.00 = 151 cars @ $4,000 Architect @ 4% Marketing: 3% of Revenues Finance Fees: 3% Construction interest @ 14% Legal, Title and Taxes Administration Land Cost Development Profit @ 11% Construction Loan: $ 7,644,980 Cash Inves tm ent: $ 1,450,640 $ 6,345,000 604,000 253,800 302,670 190,350 888,300 150,000 200,000 312,500 COST $ 6,525,000 $ 3,564,000 $10,089,000 $ 9,095,620 $ 993,380 ANALYSIS

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CAPITOL lULL-PARK DENSITY UNITS/ ACRE l'n3 . ,,16 80 7'l.S••• ••• •• • • •• • 72. 4 AO .44_, ______ 4'a.f .9 0 UNITS ''"s "T6 3.0 1." ... ---... : 2 . 4 2.0 PERSONS/RESIDENTIAL ACQE 1973 ''"' 100 \07••••.4 "10.'3 _______ 76.3 so '2.5 .. ---0 •••••• cAP•TO'-un.L .--C'-'tESMAN MAk __.. C\TV DENVER 1.0 -------User Description based on Market Study by . D. Granato, September 1979. 75% married 42% 30-39 years old 38% 40 years or older 68% per capita income $18,000/year or over in 1978

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CITYWIDE RANKMEAN 1-taUSING RENT* 1975 iTH •••• CAPITOL HILL CHESMAN PARK VA(l)J.IT I., .. , .. .. • , , 't . , • ,' ., . , . .. . . • • J

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" ' EXISTING CONDITIONS JANUARY 1973 II LAND USE RESIDENTIAL SINGLE UNIT :=J I :)W D! N$11 V ::.J II'( , I I \)1 N ,-11 V MULTI UNIT .:.J 1 nw 1 , , N ' ;n v ;::::] "-'l l lll<'.l D INSITV '''N:;nv MIXED PUBLIC AND SEMI PUBLIC c:J •; OPE N Sr>A C CJVIIC/\NI P \ 1 1\l k.: PJ\I?KS 1\NI) 1<1 l ' f?l ,\1. IN _]!Nil. SIV! \)I II( I • Nil Mlilllf'lf. I , BUSINESS .:=..J 1".\;'"' ' '":=J . ,,. '" l INDUSTRIAL ..tdli!N o n T 1-illlli.. 111lllillil!!!l:!!l!!!l!!ll!in!J! 0 !'>00 1,1)00 ftiiii= I 5'4 SCALE • "" ''-'':unul, ,," fllD CIRCULATION STREETS AND HIGHWAYS 1\IH[Rilll C:OUI C T OR :_:-::-I (ICIII .. QNI WilY TRANSPORTATION NETWORKS . • ., 111 n r.c Nll ! ll l l l(O IILIGt-M: N TI • f l U ROUT E ..•.. HIKf. 1;{:)1.)1 E FACILITIES SERVICES + LIIN['MIIIll< I!TDSIIIli()N r GfNfRI\LIZFD LOCATIONI ' SCHOOLS E ll.IMINI/\IIY JH .Jl!NI(11! IIIG H ! . .Vl rr 11 NEIGHBORHOOD PLAN

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CONCEPTS

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1 I i ; . . ..... . . ... ...... . ... . . .. ,4/...le( ....... . I Ml'leo ,!Jse 1716 tJf( Nlr1J11 tP crry u re 1 /JI(!e,ese . ... . ,, l ; OFFf c,e/HaJSt/J(r OFFIC-e 'If . . fM?K-1/J(; Jf !II" use.s BY ffWM!tc-'( Sf1cP .(/'eMf 'o) !JtY '' '' teu ,, ,,

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/NTeflNALi, Y 0/ZeNTCO OUTPootz. 1 CAfJ 8 !3UFfeeP F!
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A 3-4 H51Gff1 me srre feRIMere,e fLEASIHGL,'f 78 pte ff?!IJ1S Skfr;tJLO Mceo ;N&t/)6

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Mt,OW l16fl7 D!rreeEIJ7 o,e;er;J-rA77oN S A'N() V!E;,Wt;; IN PI?Pe!Ze7J7

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qraJA.tf ST6/'f[) 1f2/rN51TloN l!e"1W 6efN V/rty;tt; Sc,At,e $ull,IJ/f\/(l.S IN /1tJ, Nt.

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\t 1' 1' ttt11 <:-I \ I \:') I i ---. <

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. NEEDS

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Square Footage Requirements (figures are liberal and approximate) A. Two-bedroom, 1-3/4 bath, units 1. Living 2. Dining 3. Kitchen 4. Master Bedroom 5. 2nd Bedroom 6. Dressing 7. Closet 8. Bath and 3/4 Bath 9. Pantry 10. Utility 11. Other Closets 12. Entry SUBTOTAL 13. Outdoor Areas TOTAL 50 X 1,450 = B. 3rd bedroom (or 2 +den), 2 bath unit 1. Living 2. Dining 3. Kitchen 4. Master Bedroom 5. Dressing 6. 2nd Bedroom 7. 3rd Bedroom/Den 8. Closets/Storage 9. Pantry 10. Utility 11. 2 Baths 12. Entry SUBTOTAL Square Feet 350 150 100 240 150 80 30 140 20 70 60 60 1,450 150 1,600 72,500 350 180 125 240 80 150 150 70 25 70 140 60 1,650

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13. Outdoor Areas TOTAL 24 X 1,650 :: c. Office and Unassigned Lease Space Public Spaces A. B. c. D. E. F. G. H. I • J. K. L. Corridors Building Lobby (tower for 2 bedroom units) Elevatoring and Elevator Lobby Party/Club Room Facility with Kitchenette Swimming Pool Area (outdoor) Exercise Room @ 300. SF/Sex Saunas @ 50 SF/Sex Steam Rooms @ 50 SF/Sex Jacquzzi Locker Rooms @ 400 SF/Sex Showers and Toweling Areas @ 300 SF/Sex Restrooms @ 200 square feet each Other Spaces M. N. o. P. Q. Maintenance/Trash Area Building Office Mechanical Parking (covered) 250 cars @ 300 SF/car Truck Dock (3 berths) TOTAL OF INDOOR AREAS :: Square Feet 200 1,850 39,600 20,000 Square Feet 1,500 600 250 750 4,000 600 100 100 70 800 600 400 150 300 1,000 75,000 1,200 8,420

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Program Summa r y A. B. c. D. 50 -(67.5% total) 2 bedroom, 1-3/4 bath units @ 1,450 interior square feet = 24 -(32.5% total) 3 bedroom, 2 bath units @ 1,650 interior square feet = Ofice and Unsassigned Lease Space = Other TOTAL Total Allowable Floor Area Project Area Unassigned Square Feet 72,500 39,600 20,000 8,420 140,520 141,532 1,012

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PROBLEM STATEMENT

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12th and Grant Street Condominium Project Denver, Colorad o Date of Project: December 1980 Statement of Problem Function Since the developer wishes to include diverse uses at the lower levels, care must be taken to integrate public spaces sensitive to respective uses and separate private spaces accordingly. Form Despite the floor area allowable, a residential scale should be maintained to identify the project as a primarily residential building. Economy Materials and finishes should be considered for their effect upon minimizing maintenance cdsts. Time Since other downtown housing projects are under construction, the condominium/office project will demand immediate fast-track construction so as to be competitive with those projects as they are completed.

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CASE STUDIES

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....--'1... . : . • : . . , (•'1. r ... T • , _ , '_•, .:•: • (•" . " : . . i i .;. !t-:" ...... ""'<'tloo."-'1• ..... , \, ,,,.J , . .. ,.. ..: . . ... • . 1 . . ... I Ill ' . . . . . "" . . . cb a p12.)0/fQ 1.)3/J 141 H8V1d NVWSH3HJ HNO

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ONE CHEESMAN PLACE. . -1201 Williams Street • ... • J 321-1636 . : . :\''):; ... ' •",• .. ... . .. ,-:..> .. . ,' ' !;" . ,: • . : ... ' ' ':... • Orientation to the south, eliminating the hot western sun. Nine foot, 4 inch ceilings in : all principal rooms. •'I ; •' • • • Individual thermostatic controls within each apartment s0 that one room may be cooled while another is heated. ::,. " ; : ! ; . • Custom.built kitchen cabinets to the ceiling. ' . -: : .. . . . . • Saunas, theraputic pool, exercise rooms and swimming pool. . • . • Underground parking at no extra charge. . . -.> Oversized elevators • Party room without charge. • Guest rooms. • All utilities, except telephone, Included. • Maximum of 3 apartments per floor. • Excellent sound proofing. • Fireproof construction . EXT R AS ? THERE ARE NO EXTRA HIDDEN CHARGES TO THE RESIDENT, BUT THERE ARE MANY EXTRA FEATURES TO BE FOUND ONLY AT ONE CHEESMAN PLACE AND SOME . . . YOU MAY CONSIDER 'PRICELESS!

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HOW MUCH IS TOTAL SECURITY WORTH TO YOU? Our builr:lir.g security has been rated by experts as th e mos t total and effective security in Denver, and i t i 5 yours at ONE CHEESMAN PLACE ...• After you hJve seen it, you will wonder how you e ver lived without it! 2 4 hour :;ecurity doorman circuit TV • Electric door alarms Ele vators activated only by owners key No other building commands the total south acres view of Park as does ONE CHEES MAN PLACE. Acres of grass and trees, framed by the south mountain range, is the scenery enjoyed by every apartment. I Uoooo - • ... I -.•.. ,. .. .,. ) ••• ...... 1900 SO. FT. -., n•.M• .. "' .... 341 square often describes a typical living room or master bedroom area, but at ONE CHEES-/ MAN PLACE it describes one of our balconies ••• .... ,. 1!536 SO. FT. ••• •a• . . n•.tc• •.. ... .u• 190 0 sa. FT. i .

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---...... _ . I I

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••• • • • . <> I . -

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...... .. .._ .. , -u.t---.--; fA-=-'_-:..-:...-..;;rll 1 ... -:-... _ .. . .... -----------i .w.
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Typical floor plans floors 23 thru 49. l.Mng/{)ntrg 17 d"" X 32"5 5 . 28J2M X 9 . 868dM 9' -a cetlirg Foclng East 52 Street Qn-rlber 1J" -6" X 18" -11 4 .11d8M x 5 . 7 ,j()
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O'larrt:le' 15'-5"x17--1CT' x5 .4356M. lllllllllll!i!!lllllllll \ '''''l!llllllllmmm 0 D'essing ----------7 .m4M. x5 .0!t.A. Dining 11' X 12' -'()" J .51J52M X q .{]' ceiling Gallery 7-3"x8 ' -fl' Plan: .Af:x.r1:ment B 51 Street

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:.Mng 26' -6'' X 16' 8 " 8 077.2M X 5 OBM Q' -Q" ce•ling 51 Street [):I!"Q 15' -1" X 1 Q ' -1" 4 .597
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O>omber 1 5'-f!" X 18' .0 " l 7752M. X 5 .6388M. Q ' 0 ceiling (\i J ' ....... I I I I 51 Street Fo::rQ East 52 SfTeel 0-orrber 1J.O"x18'-Q" ll1148M. X 5 715M Q' -0" ceiling !!11111111111111111111111 Got !ely 8 ' -3"x17 ' 2 " 251&6Mx5232.1lM Q ' -0" ceiltng Plan : ,Apatrrent D Living 17 -.ll" X 32' -5" 5 2832M X 9 .868&M q o ceiling

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0 0 01orrber 18"-.1"x16" J " 5 .588M )( 4 953M.
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Living/Dining 1 7 r x 28' -2" 5 2071\A. X 8 .5852M. Q ' -0 " ceihng 51 Streel O'lorrt:Jer 12' T x17 ..()" 3 .835dM 5 . 18'6M Q' ..(J' ceiling East 51 Street Plan: ,Apartment G -------------------------------/ . 01orrber 16' O " x 18' 4 8768M. )( 5 .6388M. Q' ..(J' ceiling

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[)'esslng 0 Q ' -0" cei t,ng j :lllllllllllllllilllili!l ;E ------u:::: LIVing/Dintng a-.ormer Oxlrrtler 17'-d" X 32'-5 " 13'-6" x18'-10" 15'-8"x18'-5" 5 .2832M Q 868
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-. --..... -...ciDt4 • ....c. --=-.----I ---dMI ........ ----. -------------'!"""'--------Q.. -....................... . . . . I r " . .

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------= ---= .......... ..... ... . • . . . ............. ' ..... _ ...,.. ,__ "<>• ""'t I --. "'---------------------------------------l' _ _ :_..,_ . ------______ • ..__ ____ t----.J'.• ... _______ , ______ .. f----'"!W-.W __ _.:__..__ __ ____Jf.ft' ___ _ • : ' . -v -.• ......... • .... . f I --------,.. ___ --------------------Q.. _..,._ ----. . ., I ----------------... ---------------:,---------::----------..:=...---:-

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Slurlio Ap.H1m<'nh A and AR A AR Art>
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One Bedroom C Living Area 676 sq. ft. lanai 109 sq . ft. Gr oss 787 sq . ft. Living Area 62t\ sq . ft. Lanai J(l q SQ. ft. 7Ji sq . fl .

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Two B edroom Aparlmt'nl 0 1 , 0:.'1 fl . 271 ft. 1 .2'1 2 s q . fl . Typical Floor Pbn

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Bedroom Bedroom Bedroom Bedroom living Dining living.Oining Bedroorn LivingDining liviny Dining I Bedroom p Bedroom I Bedroom Bedroom Master Plan-Typical Floor Plan

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Bedroom Dining Bedroom Living Room Living Room Bedroom Terrace Terrace One Bedroom-One Bath 1\No Bedroom-Two Baths Features and Amenities Organizer kitchens, all with General Electric appliances • Spacious balconies Y:ith entrances to both living room and master bedroom • Secured. controlled to huilrlino Decorator designed reception area • Lounge entertainment area w1th bllt.arfls . wet oar and game room Year ' round swimming pool.opening to spacious walled sundeck Whirlpool bath in pool area • • Fully equipped exercise room Central laundry facilities • Tennis • Covered off street parking available Individual heat and air conditioning

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.... , Skid more, Owings & Merrill s w . F1lth A ve:1ue Por: : ano . Oregon J l. , t i . , :-,pn . ; • . ' """'" v J O B # 11 SUBJECT: Eau Claire Estates-Riverfront -Housing Job No. 16137-100 Project Reviews with Marketing Consultant in Portland Jerry r ;;rv m'.J ii-ux:u, 7 '* real. f-hii Qpf May 13, May 1980 DATE: June 2, 1980 13 Review Present: Oxford: J.D.& A: L. Krepstekies, H. J. Dahl berg D. Jefferies J!rt, Parlee t(e/} GKAG: D. Puoh, H. McKee. R. J. Mafick, R. Janik Lawless, J. Johansen 1. P; .RKING a. Circulation presented garage plan indicating one-way circulation, recorrmended to eliminate c!"lnnestion and conflicts. Plan was reviewed \.rith R. McBdcle of Barton-Jl.schman, Traffic Consultants. Separate exit and entry reccr"Lfl1t:ndr.d. Circulation method as proposed was acceptable. b. Number of Parking Spaces . Mr. Dahlberg indicated that, in this price range it is important to offer two parking stalls per suite. G=rage presently contains spaces for 370 cars (parking ratio of 1.5 cars / st.: te.) Expa n d ing t o u p t o o n e h u ndr e d addio a includi n g t w ent y spaces for visitors woul d be acce pt able. SOM will proceed with studies. c. Recreational Vehicles Recreati onal vehicles would be parked off-site. d . Tunnel Pedestria n t u n n el to be incorporated connec•ing Riverfront H o u sino and t h e Terraces in iieu of a p lus-fifteen connec t ion.

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Job # 11 Eau Claire Estates Riverfront Housing June 2, 1980 page two 2. PLAZA LEVEL ELEMENTS a. Tovmhouses/Fl ats presented plan showing the plaza level unit layout revised to reflect exit requirements brought forth in CKP.G's detailed code review. (marked-up set received by this date.) -A resulting combinatioh of 2 level townhouses and single level units was approved. b. Amenities SOt1 presented plan showing amenity areas and swimming pool pavilion. A two-bedroom apartment (approx. 1s000 sf) is required for the manager, in lieu of one-bedroom unit shown. Sinall meeting room as shO\.,rn is acceptable. No requirement for sales office. -Hobby room .. is required. (must be well-ventilated) Garage location is acceptable. -Portions of the plan showing pool, whirlpool, exercise area, toilets, lockers, sauna was reviewed and approved. -Access to the amenities area and pool, passing through the high-rise elevator . lobby was not seen as a problem. c. Entry Pavilion and Connecting Links In-process design development model studies reviewed showing central courtyard features. Travel distance from drop-off area -The cost of all-weather connections across plaza can be justified alone with travel distance if design makes positive contribution to project, inviting, and if possible, is a selling feature. Long, narrow connecting links to be avoided. sc;1 to continue model studies. Winter-time appearance important consideration. -Excessive use of glass quest1onable. d. .A.dditional Tovmhouses

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Job # 11 Eau Claire Estates Riverfront Housing June 2, _980 page three 3. SUITE. a. General Dahlberg stated that, in general, the space planning standards used were good, and that wasted space in pr eliminary layou t s v1as miniiiial. -No second entry i"s required for the suites. Unit designation to be changed to comply with the number of bedrooms shown on the layouts. -Penthouse units to refTlain as loft-type space \
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Job # 11 Eau C1aire Estates Riverfront Housing Jt.;ne 2, 1980 page four 23 Review Present: Oxford: L. Krepstekies J.D.& A: J. Dahlberg, J.Grohne SOM: D. Pugh, H. R. Lawless, J. Johansen, R. Janik 1. P.A.RKING a. Number of Spaces SOM presented garage plan options adding spaces as requested. -A scheme was selected, adding 94 spaces to reach a total of 466. Additional spaces are to be added along the east edge of the garage (2 levels) across the south face (one level) and beneath the townhouses at the south west corner. -It was determined that overflow parking -visitors, guests for large parties could be accommodated easily in the Terraces garage. 2. SUITE LAYOUTS a. Approval Mr. Dahlberg reviewed SOM suite layouts revised per previous review, along with enlarged kitchen/bath plans. Mr. Dahlberg concurred that the layouts now incorporate features requested with minor refinements discussed this date. The 1 ayouts are considered approved and SOM would proceed with design development drawings using them. b. Tabulation A tabulation was requested, assigning suite numbers, types, description and areas. No thirteenth floor to be identified as such. (See attached.) . c. Fireplaces Fireplaces are to be included where possible. Suites at the top four floors of the project would include fireplaces . . Zero clearance type to be used. d. Doors Entry doors to be one full size (active leaf) and one smaller (inactive leaf), the leaf can then be opened, ensuring easier move-in. -Pocket doors are to be used where. helpful. h0

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f\ I I Uri J t _ / \ I \JI\L...J -4 -:l: 0 LOC/\TION NET 0 w tiUMBER TOT/\t: X V1 a: u a fYPE /\REI\ :::> w cJ: >-W(.!) OF UN ITS DISTHIBUTION ..<;. 0 >-...... u _. z V1 z: 0 V1 _. a: <( 0.. 0 V1 ...... a: c r : :c ...... <( a: Ld LJ WN l.JJ Cl 1-z _. a: 0::: _. LJ
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FEATURES ltiVENTORY ---::L 0 tiUI111ER TOTJ\L NUt•liJER : x GEUEilf\L LOCJ\TJON NET 0 w V1 cr.: ::E u 0 TYPE AREA ::::> w c:::r. >-Wt!J OF UNITS DISTRI\UTII 0 >-._... u _J z V1Z 0 . V1 _J cr.: <( 0.. 0 V1 ._... cr.: cr.: :c ._... <( cr.: l.JJ u WN la.J 0 1-z _J 0:: cr.: _J uc:::r. :r.: w < <.( w 0 w ._... <( w _J 1co 00 LL. 0 V1 1LL. co cr.: t!J 0 FL/\T \JEST 2 2 yes yes 5 NORTH II \ JEST II 2 2 yes yes ye. s yes R-2 9 NORTII 24 10% II NORTII II 2 2 yes yes yes R-1 2 II \!EST 2,000 2 2 yes yes R-1 . 8 (one Unit) FLJ\T HEST 2,400 2 2 yes yes _ yes 12 NORTH II HEST 2 '400 2 2 yes yes yes yes yes R-2 9 24 10% NORTH \ II HEST 2,400 2 2 yes yes yes yes R-1 3 NORTH FLJ\T E/\ST 1,755 2 2 yes yes yes 4 (upper) " EJ\ST 1,955 2 2 yes yes yes yes yes R-2 4 (upper) (one R-3) 15 6% II E/\ST 1 '911 2 (upper) 2 yes yes yes 4 II E/\S T 1' 911 2 2 yes yes yes yes yes R-2 3 (upper) FLAT EAST ( 2 3 4 3 2 yes yes yes (uppet) ( 2,643-tl 15 6% '\T ?-.1111. 1 -3) 1 2 ves yes yes yes yes R-2 7 n':'llnO ?

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IAT 1 ')II fE/\TURES . ItiVENTORY -----. ------:::L 0 TOT/\[ NUf,1nER ' % GEIIEPJ\L LOC/\TJON NET 0 w f1Uf10ER (/) ()( ::E u 0 HF' E 1\H[/\ => w c::( >OF UNITS 01 STR IOUTIC 0 >1-1 u _J z (/) z: 0 (/) _J ()( c::( 0.. 0 U')H ()( :c 1-1 c::( CY-l.JJ u WN . w 0 1-.._ z: _J 0:: ()( _J Uc::( :c LLI < w 0 w 1-1 <{ w _J 1--ll.."l co l.J.. 0 U') 1-lL. ro 0 FL/\T !fEST UORTII 1,600 2 2 yes -large 3 E/\ST storage (upper plaza) room fl/\T UEST rmrnH 1,697 2 2 yes 3 EAST (2) (plaza) FL/\T UEST NOIHII 1,73tl 2 2 yes II 3 12 5% E/\ST (upper plaza) FL/\T UEST NOIHH 1,812 2 2 yes 3 E/\ST (2) (plaza) TOl-INIIOUSE \lEST 1, 9'1 9 2 212 yes yes yes -large 6 NOR Til storage (plaza) room TOt-INIIOUSE II 2,392 3 yes yes yes II 3 12 5% TOI/NIIOUSE II 3,tl57 3 3 yes yes yes yes II 3 PENTHOUSE \'/EST . 2,580 ' 3 yes yes yes yes yes yes R-3 2 FL/\T NOHTII . 5 2.5% PGITIIOUSE 3 ,.3B2 3 ' 2 yes yes yes yes yes yes R-3 3 rL/\ r NOIHII page 3

PAGE 102

\ page 4

PAGE 103

A 1ft ( I I I I I I I rt,,....,., NtoRIS G Dt.D&. (N) N"llTH /JL06.(N) Ta•vER. f) ]):{'l.c:AL UNIT I
PAGE 104

APPENDIX

PAGE 105

OOLORADO STA'l' TRE EVEUORHEN TREES Fir •rloN:iu. (A6it't) "l" Ju. (Juuipf!rfu) l : .. turn Ut• d Cotlwr (.lunlperl•• •f.arch •t..-t'l•:w (l.arix) !-l(•rucu •t"• , h :t ( l'ic-.. n) •J•n•e ft J te• i o •ri ( l 'iuu!ll) • Umi.c1AI4 Fir ( PK14J o t •u•o ru ondl.'f!lii ) 1\rttOr-Vitt•t • ('l'AtljO) •JiemiVt:li: etH.Jt:lt."IJ ('l'•ulu) TllEES Cl.ASSIFlED OY HBIOUT 20 t. n U ruet Mu,.lu (Ar ... ,. r.om,•e;trc ) Amur i\lua•l u (Aar ,;innulu) Manchminu Mat•lu (Arcr '"'-'"d•Auricrml) ,', ( Ohiu lult:k• :ve (Ae•.:ulu• tf.,b,.o) Apt•l u & • r v i• •Juhururu) Trt:., o f llcuvun (Ailonllw• Sptlc"lud Al • l c r (Jt/,.ue incnntt) )(,., 1 Al.lcr r•ru) • S iuh;hfuw ... i• u l tt.trry CAnh •lun(Aif'r camulclt-11) Allc1:uny ( i\,t'l.:ancAi. r ltk'tlll) llovll"a Wal"h•• Nllr:k (AruU11 •lulu) ll•huri•n IUrt'h (lfdulu 4uut•ricu) •l•:uruiM'tRn lUrch (llelul .. AmurkMn florniMtu••• (Corpinu• turoliniu11n) . fttpllnOrtll t llurnhunm (Carp;,,.. /n#JORit : ct) t:tah.-o l !fw•tuul molli .. C•l"ll•• (L'nt ul1•o •t( .. tattrn Trc. : G ((.'erdJiplty/1"'" iuJ ,.,nic:um) ..: .... tern U01lhucl (Ct •rci• cottuJI!tui•) • Flowerintt Uotewt.Wwl (Cornu• /lorida) TurUth filhcrt (C,ryfu• colurno) •gi::k:oAt:!• t:f•hWhMI Junlt)Uf (./unilte"'' cAi,.rn•i•) Sthcrlatt Crab At•t•lu (Afulu• 6accota) ''Cowidunt'' t:r•l• Ae•plu ( Afnlu• "("owicltan'') .. n .. •r•" e,,. •• At••••• (Atulu• ••Mn • At•t•lo (Afctlu• "Atu.amiA' '} Cl•crry Cr•h ACt•lo (Afufu• rol,.ulu) .. .. Siuip11Ar") •AuJttr Ct.M'k True ( """'n!'IIU) •. Jenwta> 1 . -.,n '''"" l'inu (l'inu• 6u,tt,"\:mlo) :hone a•tuu f l'irw• l .h.--.hur (Pim•• /lttJtlil) Sc••lcf, t'iue (J•;,.,. n l•-r•hi•) l'oplur ( J•o,m/ue 1imtmi) Amur t !lu•ku (:htitrY (l'runu• nuuu: Ai) MiytHnu Churry (I'"'""' ntuJ.imuu.•ic..r.i) Uird Cherry (l ... rumu eadu•) (!huny (J•runu• ''""''''"" rc .. r (l'yru• .... UU4I Uuk (Qut:rcu• bor e qlie) fic•rh t l 0tlk COCdneu) • !!"tv .. (Salix 61uwlu) Weepinl( \VUiow (&lix n•unti .. imo) l..nurt!!l Witlnw (S.•lix PfllltHulra) Muunlniu A•h or Uow•n 11rM (.Sur6u• Arl.urVii Me (1'hujo llunlluck (1'Ku t:
PAGE 106

En r 1.-l('t'r ttlur, ,,,,;n, .• , ,,., .. , . ,""'' C '"IIIUlU, I f' Ht-.1 tt\n•r rnnrom f"tJ/11/IIflfU'') f , \ o ',•r •w'f'ltllfllfll Ull.)llllllll'tl(ll/t• l :-;_.,lfn; c:inl.. t:o , ,;,,.J.,;ol ll' uJ'., , .. ,,::,,,,,, IUut• t • .. h111111tr -luutf"' " , . /untt••'T•I.pln 1\' E11r•• 1._,_.11n ltir,h tllt:tlll , , p • . , d , ltt ,,.,.,,1!:1 ltitdl , ,, . ,11,.11 ()• ' ''"'" ' ' \ 'U/1111...'11 \\" ,,. Pill\! l t\'\0t ' h .'0\/tllll•• t i /ll'fl((lt/(11 \'••'t'fllll!: l':!tph jt,''..'\.' h ,,..111!1.4 fJII'Jtllrt'O fiL''Idldtll \ \ ' • • ptn-.: l .. trth / _ ,,,.,( dnof,,. , , , , .,,./:1/, , " I : , .. !l,• nl' l'l11o.: l " t 'r: tl t .\pl'l•: ' "'"'"' Th;, . , .. , ' ' f lt! , .. f ' r ;tlt .\f'l'lt .\fuJ,,., " t , •. :,,.,, , . , , ,.,ul f ' t • ln, r r , . , . , . , 't \\,., .,IIH! \1ult.crrv • ,\lflr u., '"''" t••ut/u/u) ''"!• : ' . \ • tHn\f \\' illot \ \ • /'tr•• • ; • '':: •" J u ,_,.,.,,,,.,) ',\,., j • llt..! HI. . ' "' I ' h• rt\' • /'"''''•" ... , , , ,.,, ,,._.,,J,,;,,, \\'\.'t'l•tll • ! l l••t • c l . t t Fir • /• ...... ,,/rtt" IO.:•I l•to t::l• rth't• :OI.._'Cil..'=t I i"'lt ' t 'lll Ht!il I /';,,,. J,•,uiii''"'J •E. Il'(h •rn \\hite f ' inu l / 'tf1H!I !Ctrohu ,ll .... ; ,.,, \\ lto t wthon• f('rutm.'J:II• J•hur.nniJ')Irllm J t r ;•h .\pj• l u • •rrwiJIItn•tl !'tl .. • rt :tn t r :•h ,\J•pl o f l\fol111 buct'ulo 1 : • : •a ' ' r .•h 'l'l•l u t1\lu / u J I l'ltnn ( Prnn u • Suur ( I":..:•MJ:a ! ' rcc (,v_,,,Jwm j11punicu) : \ M h • umt>riconuJ :\:t h ( . ')odu•• flliC.'/I( )ttrittJ :-.huwy . \ •h (Sorbu• d('C'Oro l Pink T•l • . l I f , H, h•) rll , t('rut m Ht•, "'/ (,1,11 ' ) l l;n,e •rt n• ! t ' r u h ,\t• l'l• , . U1 1t11, 1 t\ : •thn nt• t r.•lt \ppltt t,\lulllil " h ' utle.•r,e,_•" l , . , nit .\pplu """""" . \lfflli! ( .\lu{,, l'"""luJ I lmrry 1 /'run"• TllEES WITU URIOUT RED FRUIT Sjberian Cub "/'t• l • f " "'"" hncrntn) Hop• f'nh J\pr• e C ftf,,/ , _ "llupn"' •Common r\pple 1 pumila) Arneric•n Mounlnio A•h nmrri!'otto) t-:urore•n Mountain A•h mrcuparurJ TREES CLASSIFIED BY SUMMER COLOR OF FOLIAGE Blue Uuuittn f)llve {F./ n,nlltt"• ""ll" •ll{oli o Uert Cerln r ' ''""'Peeiee ( .<;,li.T) Red :\mur Mnple (Acer Jtiflnnlo) Maple (A.c'r 1'1lArian /:fftple lotoricuM) •sheuJblow Serviceherry canoJ .:n•••) IIOI'n..._m 1peciee (Cor-ptnut) l bwthurn pltu#nopyrnm) Gum (Liquitlombar 11yraci(1ua) n""'IIOn Cralt A,..... (Afoltt• ctaWIIIUnluno) •('herry ( p,,,.,,) •t•in Oak (Qu.rcu• po/ualri•) Purple \Yhile Aeh (FrtuitUII ""'t'ricana) •swf"el Gum (f.iqu;Jam&ar •tyraci/luo) •Whil• Ook ((/rc
PAGE 107

. in pavcmcn king for \ ' rica! sea A) cr . the public. open tO tor areas Tree m . pavement. Paley Park.) f detail used in on o (A varaatl

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\ ' B) Ground l e vel st aking. .:u d to secure a tre e. C) Dca men

PAGE 109

Rooftop tree pit. -------:-----------lllf------9Jvrvti,U •to91L-win: li.uistu (' f/Wf9 per tree) l:bpgoil mi.;( Cure epecJiiat. HM-=-+--perforated pipe r r i.i:rqltus I::Wt.lzd_ pipe(f'u!L """Yz rtx.Vnd) tl7fm,30Jrnvs w

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...... . . .. _ -... --u e---', ------....... . ... .... , . . . ;;;.-.----r --1 -,.r I -::;•u { u . • [ : j u o • I • .. r . _ : ... . --J t . . , . . . . . . . . . -----1 L. . . • . • - •• - ••. • :':> '27. o / (A pifo J rn' ( ' ( f?)::;ferV\ P?t r GGVJS!AS TYI\cJ) STATISTICAL PLANNING AREAS COMMUNITIES CENSUS TRACTS

PAGE 112

/V}f{) 2 ' 0 " DRIVEW4Y r 7-o " I / I 1--7'0" ___ .. it __ __ e __ __ o_" __ I STANDAR D PAR KINO WHEEL BUMPER', . } FLUSH PARKING NOTE: z l b ' in CAR S,.ACE Sp•ces sh o u ld be clo!Miy marked : " f o r u•e b y ll"le handic3pped. " Loca r e c l ose t o b u•ldtng entra n c e . ..>.vood behond pa rked c.rs. SIDEWALKS a CURBS NOTE: S id w..tlk no1. tr> t!IICPI!tt 1 d ropped -:u rh1 a ' imcrwr.tums. Oo not loc.lt•! t.Jrpppcd c or lJS o n I DROPPE D CURB CAR SPACE CAA SP4CE 5'-0 " MIN . . . . : . : : :: .. . DROPPED C U R B o -PAV 0 WALK inl 0 I itt t f . , 2 .. ELEVATION •. 7 " THE WHEELCHAIR NOTE: --.----------1 ' , . 0 " • \ T-1 PLAN All informarion shown h e r e is pret.J•cale d o n reQUirements of .J whl!t.!lc:!lJtr and will be lryr ,...,t!Jn s of ambulation.

PAGE 113

S TAIRWAYS E •ot suir wa y width is generally b y code minimum. Some have the same rnirwnum wollth re q uir eme nt for stairs and corridors. uthers req u ire stair m•n•mun'ls yreat c r than corri d o r rninirnums , wh ile o t h ers have c o rndor mmimurns grcJter than nair 1ninimums . Be sure 10 ( h eck the locJI code authorities h av i ng jurisd iction . IJAIUOUS OCCUPANCIES Prehrninary room urnm a rizes the requirements of the vari oos moocl for vanous occup a n cie s : CE.tLING liEIGUTS hciuht s arc < . ned IJy cutfc. Ge ne r a lly accP.ptctf residential ccilin•J hei•JI.t. os 8 '-C; . J wc vP.r rn,orry codes I " '"" it 7 : 6 " ceiling t ,f!ii:Jht in habnahle ro l, ,; 7 0 in c orridors . Roorn function .... or h cdroo .,) . width, type ol illurnrnation. type of structure, Jttoc or ple num requio e rncnts , duct and pirc ways should be given pri
PAGE 114

RESIDENTI.-\l OCCUPANCY DESCRIPTION Monomuon H e sooentoao Room Size II I I UBC BBC ----------Lovony noo m L o-.ng and Cool.:ing Living and Sleeping Bedroom Eff icienc y or Bach e lor Al)dtln>ent Kilcl, e n Kitchen a n d Dining 1 2 0 sq . h . 150 sq . h . 150 sq . ft. 90 sq. h.r 220 sq . ft. It 50 sq . h . Rooo n s 70 s q . ft. 400 c u. ft. Per 6 0 ;c l . h . I It 90 SQ. h . ..l.dd 50 sq. h . f o r eJCh •>CcunJnt ove r 2 . I 1 .:.oo 100 sq. ft. ior e J c n over 2 . T T r X-11\: ht!n wnhour l h ! Oroorn 50 ; q , ft . II II UBC • L:nifor m Buoldong Code. =National Buoluing Code. BBC = B a sic Buoldinq Cooe. SBC a Southern Buoloong Code. LOBBY • PRELIMINARY ASSUMPTION DESCRIPTION ; W IDTH OR AREA -----------,-----------------Elevator one side ! 6'-0" minomum width Elevator two side Theater Foyer Wait ing Room CORRIDOR DESCRIPTION ResodentoJI : Office Buildings School Buildings Hdspital i 9'-0" aml)1e 10' 0 .. tninirnum width : 12 ' 0 " ample I J sq. ft. per person l 1 1/2 sq . h . P"" person . B •drooon H.1ll Service Hall D o rmitories PRELIMINARY ASSUMPTION 'CORRIDOR WIDTH J' -0" to 5 ' 0 " 3 ' 0 " m inunum 5 ' 0 " to 7' -0" , 5 ' -0" to 7'-0" 8' 0 " to 12' 0 " a 0 " minimum non ambuldtorv S BC Habotab l" Rootns 125 ;q, ft. Per Permn •' \

PAGE 115

KITCHCN SPACE PLANNING 1 htt . .... -: • • , , : :t' \1\' .r; tu:o, . \ ' , ''' tf•• :lf r Wt1h ctll or1dll u II f , lvr l&Cil fJf:flloO: . USU'-111'{ SCfVt'd lttlt:rs A , B . ancJ C s tr•J\' , ' ' ' h('IOw l(•lcr t o U1t "v,( tenters" d cs:.,.btd v n pagt-Thf' • \, tlicc.tt: lht lucittiOflllo for d "JiJII tl such etn ovtr used. TO OR B c c B U -&HAPE U-SHAPE Af' 6 PERSOhJS PARALLEL WALL L_J PARALLEL WALL J S TO 86 SO F'T F'OR AISLE Ci...CA.J;.c.t .,JC 3 ' MiN &LIT f • J t.:-T C.. -a .=. r:: "'! OtSTAt..CE OCTWEEN S ..... OU....D A"'C:-==cA-15" T-:;> 2':' .. ._ L-SHAPE .0'-'i: • t.PF'ROJ<. 70 SOF T f " O n 4 PERSONS TO 8 5 SOFT FOR 6 PEPS Ot"S \ I I T c1oF. ' B . L....-----'1_8 _8..._1'___.[ J * c TOuR 1-"'l.L B A O.ot:rr C1D ' '8ROKENU BROKEN-U APPROX 68 SO F"':'"' FOR 5 Ft:.R50r..:S T O & 6 SQ FT FOh 7 PERSONE. I :a A B c * &INOL WALL AREA APPROX 9! SO ,.---; F"OR 3 PE.:CSONS. TC Ill SC fT F C R 6 PERSONS

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___ _______ _ RESIDENTIAL KITCHEN ARRANGEMENTS NOTE: . ..,.,t..t. ... o-r. HAS lP TO 20 F"EET OF CO: .. NTER 6 EOJF'r.AE;NT J !'0 " r .. 1tN o.::: -• v-::-----... ----------KITCHENETTE to N b z ..:.} j 00 0 0 e.o usw.:. : . j J D ll t 7 0 " J l b ;.: l 1 ..... 9 f T ABBREVIATIONS: 0/W r D'S.H : . .:..O:-t::R W 0 r: .. E• : D A , ,:,.. "-QC_I , , GENERAL NOTES C : ..,.._ . 1 . For equ ipment not show n . such as coverf'd range!. dl\ St:t' mttnvfitcluren." 11\trato.Hr 2 Cc 111Sull l uc ; .,! l>ut ldtr,g tode:. to 'Cllt,u (A65)

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------I<:I!C..HI:.N CENTERS: ,', , ' ' • : . ' • r • . , , , t1 t•'!) a ; , r , dtlllt• r , •l.."ti " t , , Thto f tlw unre r " ••' :' I . . I I • • r ' ,., .t t l ! t •)flit ' 1 • • ft t , rc..• f o rt-that hoC ,I:t.iO ,f p l H:.rl •L, h • t;tllt. ••! ! ' t ' : 'l r ! I I.• • • ''•'' ''I ; : •' : .. then , • . lttt: r c frtt J ' I ..tl' J ' [d•ter" il .•t .. : • d r u •,:r !h.'.: . • t r y . " r , • H t •.: u c , , .. near tht c..tlrung illtd . : l ,,. ,11,1\". . J . , • • • 1ttllllt••Sh: ) •• 11-t : n : l o f ;.ctiv•l t . and ):, '•.h :..: :u. :t,t t • t JH,\, ! C h • : , , . , t h .. •lt. ' t• i t'l , :OIHkCitOn with rto ntt."r . . .-.;.. ! --_': s: .• ;• . : :,) . . : '-'f r:,. 0 . L ;:..., \..-.. . (. l, N .:..T :..•• \ .. ' .... -_., / / _., / / REF"RIGERATOR CENTER IAE:CEIV ING AND F"OOD PREPARATION! ProvtOl ' SttJr • . uJt ' ft . , n .t>l'' .::r1
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CLEARANCES AND COUNTER WIDTHS: i.:J . , ;! t -I _ , 1 ' ; '.J! ! i:.. J t ; 't I ... • t'lllt l'' .... til • l J I t l ( it,tl ,,, ... ,:.: . I I -.=. I t 1 I :: ; 1 ' 1 I , ' ' : 1 ' , : • ' : .. 1 It\. c • •l1' ' , , I II 1 :.: 111•\ , ,1 . 1\ ; , , , !.uttn1 , ot.( ! lilt 1.11 ' 1 , , f J i lt , t lool c . ;-, 1 ::" l u 3 G " :?1 " Ill 36 " Flrc'.'' " ' : sri,•ct• on lJ01h of s i n'-.. II U!aCd d l led Sl 24 ' ' t(l ' ''t ••'Jf: t u r trf!. [lool I T J o I . . ll 111'' ftHfllflHHT' 1 ltalitt•tl' hr1\\lt' ' ' " thf: CC:tl tl r nl tbe bc w; • .,n d l hl: t urn o f til e D = 31:" to 41" 0 :. t V .Jn1CI ht!h\lf:\ . 11 t.tllfl!• e!.l P•C:Ct: o t eqwplltl'IIL I 1 m: R___ , I' (' "' 1 G'' 1 D • c t c • u • • nct' lJt! t w ren ' ' ( t tr:.t(Jt lf(IOI and hHfl ( 1 1 tht I -; [J I 1 !,.,' 11 l'o ' l • o •;, f fC H I(l• , '('+(I" , . t ( . 1 f u r .. '-' lll.'l• : I -\-I.'"" I. '". I ' • :C .,_I ! , p C -t •t'-'' :,lltt ' ' h u r O I ! f tii•C ''l' O fo•<: II t1Ct' 01 ('(,, .; l' .. n : u : t' • • : • • ll' @GS)

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------------------.. -.._ ... _ _ _ ,. _ _ _ _ : _ .... __ 0" -------;r----------i' --,;. . I !: AVERAGE CAR A ssunu? d flveranc car s may prol•udP int o aisle ; will have ll•s s sp a c e for door N OTE• N o all ow;,nce has l>ee n made f or cvlumns on thi s pJgt. Allo w I' 0 " :!; 44-0 ' TO 46'-0" ---l ONE ROW ' .Jf....,IT DEPTH I STALL AND AISLE DIAGRAM 63' 0" TO 6S'• C " 3 b;:'-0" 1'::" B4-o I -"' R c ; .. --, -t== .=--=--. = I t= -=-=== I r------1------lCD 0, 1 I 1------l , ----og . 0 " ! 25' 0" 1 9 0 " .. f-.---; ---TWO ROWS RECOMMENDED ANGLE X B c =-= =-_, i . -=-).=-;: 11, I I ..: I
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.... ------... .. -..-.... ! " -,( W It 2!"--'-LLOW El'-6'' I..
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. STAGGERED FLOORS ONEWAY CIRCULATION STAGGERED FLOORS-TWO-WAY CENTER RAMP FLAT F"LOORS-STRAIGHT, ONE-WAY RAMPS SLOPING FLOORS TWO-WAY CIRCULATION (_AGS)

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----SLOPING F"LOORS ONE WAY CIRCULATION SLOPING FLOOR WIT H EXPRESS HELICAL DOWN RAMP TWO INTERTWINED HELICAL D O W N RAMPS IN THE S AME DIRECTIO N L , b :!.t o : . (':. .. (JI ! f C'tluu • h•U l h t!f' \ \ \ ,:.11!11•'" DC SLOPING F"LOORS-CROSS CONNECTED ONE-WAY CIRCULATION CONCENTRIC OPPOSED PLANE RAMPS I1GS

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>NE WAY DOWN RAMP l '2' ;;-.,:." I 7 0 ' ' RADtUS ; -o"',..._ o=J:. L-OI U S MIN ).CTION A-A .. aT. ;AMP GRADE . 5 -17co, maKimum on short ramps -stau
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\ -------'"OTES. A • . 11 9Po Jal ruiP. a lluv .. "' lt:ast : 1 nutbo\• 1 • d ' ""f' for snacts 1 t:,rk '"' rvtr • ''' 500 1 • . • 1 ' lfo ( 'VI'.\' 'F1'dtf ' • \ ,.!(• ' u : • If ::.,0 !.P•t" • ' • 1 t • • \ :! t f ,.,.,, t • . 1111 ICJ 1000 o,p;,t : c : INTERIOR GARAOE DESIGN F"EATURES L .• , .. :. b :. 11. f... • • h-,lc r. \'o •tt t u h u nui ; , , SCJuth \ ",'uf, . r :'' .,tu! AQ. h . Column spacfng : A . of 30 h . . e>tablishes 73 anyl e park ing, 8'11" x 19'0 " stalh, 2 1 ' 0 " a05le> 8 . of 31 ' 0 " x 28' 0". e5talol05hes goo angle of iny . 9 ' 0 " • 19' -0 " stalls . 22' 0 " •isle s C . equ•l to unot dt•pth (c lear spa n C<•" Is tug h l y dl!sirablc. ,,s tilt llexilole d esign allows luo lutuo e c h ;•ng down-ramp on inside ; up-ramp ouuide. Esr.blish circulaloon whenever possi ble . Locate elevators . art<•. and c-its c.s to de s tination nossi hle . Estc.lJiio,h oil stain, anc.J door open i ngs tJwiJy from traffic ' ' \ \