Hispanic link weekly report, February 29, 1988

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Hispanic link weekly report, February 29, 1988
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Hispanic link weekly report
Hispanic Link News Service, Inc.
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Washington, D.C.
Hispanic Link News Service, Inc.
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Making The News This Week
House of Representatives Majority Whip Tony Coelho (D-Calif.) distributes a letter to his colleagues on Capitol Hill calling on them to join the “Grate American Sleep Out.” Coelho, actor Martin Sheen, of Spanish and Irish descent, and other celebrities will sleep on heating grates in the nation’s capital the night of March 4, Ash Wednesday, to support the cause of the homeless... The directors of the Southern California Rapid Transit District hire Ernesto Fuentes for the new position of inspector general. Fuentes, 39, is a San Francisco-based legal counsel for the U.S. Urban Mass Transportation Administration. . .The U.S. Mission to the United Nations selects Armando Valladares, a Cuban political prisoner for 22 years, as a spokesman for an international campaign focusing on human rights abuses in Cuba Valladares’ recently published book, “Against All Hope,”
chronicles his time in a Cuban prison.. .The Michigan Commission on Spanish Speaking Affairs elects for 1987 Pilar Le6n as its chair and Carmen Munoz as vice chair. . Clotilde Helen Cabrera, 22, is selected as the first runner-up in the Miss USA pageant. Cabrera is from Tampa, Fla... The Miami City Commission votes unanimously to name its baseball stadium after Cuban baseball legend Bobby Maduro. Maduro, who died at the age of 70 last October in Miami, had served as a special assistant to former baseball commissioner Bowie Kuhn. . .The Puerto Rico Federal Affairs Administration names Tony Bernazard, a second baseman with the professional baseball team of the Cleveland Indians, as the recipient of its“Athlete of the Year” award. Bernazard is from Caguas, Puerto Rico.. .Jorge Baca of Pasadena, Texas, wins $1,000 and a trip to Chicago to compete in the national “Best Bagger” semifinals. Baca, 19, neatly sacked a bag of groceries three seconds faster than his closest competitor...
Immigration Confusion Grows
Arguelles Proposed for Calif. Supreme Court
State Appellate Judge John Arguelles was nominated by California Gov. George Deukmejian Feb. 18 to fill one of three vacancies on the state’s Supreme Court
Arguelles, 59, was formerly a legislative lobbyist and served on the City Council of Montebello before being appointed to the Los Angeles Municipal Court by Gov. Edmund Brown in 1963. I n 1969, Gov. Ronald Reagan selected him for a Superior Court post and Deukmejian elevated Arguelles to the Court of Appeal in 1974.
Deukmejian’s appointments give him a majority of five appointees on the seven-member high court. Arguelles was the only Democrat among the nominees. The other two, both state appellate justices, were David Eagleson and Marcus Kaufman.
Deukmejian had been pressured by California Latinos to include a Hispanic among his nominees Arguelles would become the second Latino to have served on the Supreme Court. The other was Cruz Reynoso, who, along with another associate justice and the chief justice, was defeated at the polls in November. Deukmejian opposed Reynoso’s reconfirmation.
The nominations will be reviewed in public hearings March 18 before the state Judicial Appointments Committee.
Aranda Leaves Institute
Mario Aranda, executive director of the Chicago-based Latino Institute for the last seven years, announced Feb. 20 that he was retiring from the institute to seek opportunities in the private sector.
Josue Gonzalez, director of the board of trustees of the Latino Institute, said Aranda’s “guidance, dedication and hard work on behalf of Chicago’s Latinos have been invaluable.”
The board of trustees appointed Peter Martinez, associate director of the institute for the past four years, as acting director. A permanent replacement for Aranda is expected by mid-March.
Employer confusion and employee ignorance of the new immigration law is resulting in firing and attempted extortion of both U.S.-born Hispanic employees and those seeking legalization, according to reporters and community service representatives throughout the country.
A sample of reports gathered by Weekly Report last week shows:
• Employers in Los Angeles are not accepting letters issued by the Catholic Diocese there to undocumented workers as proof of their eligibility for citizenship.
• Employees are being extorted by employers who demand money to supply them with fraudulent documents.
• Employees in a New York factory were being required to work overtime to contribute to a special fund in case the employer is fined for hiring undocumented workers.
Reports are coming in at the rate of 100 to 150 a day to the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund citizen hotline in California, said Linda Wong, associate counsel for the national office.
Chicago incumbents, including four Hispanic aldermen, fared well in that city’s Democratic primary Feb. 24. Latinos total 7% of the 1.5 million registered voters there.
Re-elected to four-year terms were Jesus Garcia (Ward 22), Juan Soliz (Ward 25), Luis Gutierrez (Ward 26) and Miguel Santiago (Ward 31).
In those four inner-city wards, which range from 60% to 78% Hispanic, Mayor Harold Washington received 54% of the vote, slightly higher than the 50% his campaign projected.
The vote in Hispanic wards:
Total % for
Ward Turnout Washington
22 6,883 50.7%
25 8,459 42.6
26 11,576 60.6
31 10,469 56.1
* Note: Vote totals for precincts vary from 88% to 98% of total votes counted.
“It shows the depth of the information gap. The immigration service has been derelict in its duties,” Wong said.
“You can’t do all of this immediately,” INS spokesman Duke Austin countered Wong’s assertion. He added that INS has publicized the law in most U.S. newspapers, sponsored public information forums and issued preliminary regulations.
Beginning in mid-March, the INS plans a nationwide advertising campaign to outline legalization benefits and responsibilities of employers. The agency is considering the possibility of an employer hotline.
“Employers do not know the law,” said Gilbert Carrasco, director of Immigration Services for the U.S. Catholic Conference in Washington, D.C. Under a “grandfather'’ clause, employers do not need documentation for employees hired before Nov. 6,1986, Carrasco explained.
“The Nov. 6 date only makes the employer immune from sanctions. It does not grant authorization for (undocumented) people to continued on page 2
Washington defeated former mayor Jayne Byrne by a 53% - 47% margin.
In a related election incident, a Cook County ruling reinstated as many as20,000 Hispanics who were purged from voting rolls, the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund reported. “It was a complete victory for us,” said MALDEF attorney Dora Arechiga about the decision to allow purged voters to be reinstated at the polling sites.
Gloria Chevere, a34-year-old Puerto Rican backed by Mayor Washington, fell 60,000 votes short, out of nearly a million cast, of winning the city clerk’s position. Incumbent Walter Kozubowski received 494,049 votes.
An estimated 76% of Chicago’s 1.5 million registered voters turned out for the primary. The Board of Elections did not supply Hispanic voter turnout figures.
Until 1983, there were no Hispanics on the 50-member Chicago council.
Hispanics Help Re-elect Washington

Cubans Criticize Gov. Martinez
Rafael Penalver, chairman of the Florida Commission on Hispanic Affairs, told Weekly Report Feb. 24 that Gov. Bob Martinez’s proposal to move the commission to the state commerce department“will not sell in the Hispanic community.
“I hope that the governor will see how prestigious an organization the commission has become and that he will re-evaluate the situation,” said Penalver. “It would be sad to see Hispanics against Hispanics but the governor is losing a lot from his base of support.”
Penalver conceded that the move was in accord with Martinez’s management style, but opposed it full-heartedly. “The fact is that the commission has been reduced in status,” he said.
Martinez announced Feb. 16 that the commission was being moved to the state commerce department as part of a complete overhaul of the governor's staff. Responding
to growing protests and criticisms from Hispanic organizations, including the Cuban American National Foundation and the Spanish American League Against Discrimination, Martinez denied the commission would lose any clout as a result of the move.
A major concern expressed by Hispanic leaders was that the transfer was the first step in the complete abolition of the commission.
“The commerce secretary is an appointed position, giving any future secretary the opportunity not to include the commission’s budget in the department’s budget,” said Penalver.
As a compromise Penalver suggested that Martinez keep the statutes which created the commission, maintaining the commission in the governor's office but housed in commerce. Any changes in the statutes will have to be approved by Florida’s legislative bodies. - Julio Laboy
Immigration Reform Off to Poor Start
continued from page 1 work,” Austin stressed.
Under the law, employers must verify the status of all job applicants hired after Nov.6.
“Employers are beginning to be very cautious of who they are hiring,” said Ricardo Sanchez, publisher of La Voz magazine in Seattle. “There are cases of people being refused work, even if they are citizens, if they do not have the right identification,” he added.
“Many employers are extremely confused and anxious about the new law. Most are fearful and given what they’ve heard, the only protection they believe they can take to not be sanctioned is not hiring,” said Wade Henderson, associate director of the American Civil Liberties Union.
Workers with discrimination complaints have 190 days to file them. Yet the U.S. Justice Department’s new Office of Special Counsel, designed to hear these problems, has not been opened.
“The anti-discrimination provisions themselves offer modest protection for victims but they are only as effective as the administration’s commitment to their enforcement. The administration has turned an active hostility to these provisions,” said Henderson.
No date for the opening of the special center has been set, according to Justice Department spokesman Joe Krozisky. The 1987 budget includes approximately $1.4 million and 30 positions for the center. The office is expected to double in size by 1988.
“Jobs are scarcer and employees are being exploited,” said Univision reporter Jose Gray. As part of a seven-part immigration series for ■"Noticiero” Gray interviewed workers and employers in Los Angeles and San Antonio.
Civil penalties will range from $250 to $2,000 for the first offense per unauthorized
worker and go up to $10,000 for the third offense. A pattern of such violations could result in criminal penalties.
No employer citations will be issued before May 31 and no fines will be charged until June 1, 1988.
Under anti-discrimination provisions, employers may not ask employees to post bond or security to offset any penalties or fines resulting from employer sanctions, nor can they discriminate on account of national origin
or citizenship status. , , , ,
- Melinda Machado
Caucus Given High Marks
The eleven full-voting members of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus averaged a 91% score in favor of legislation positively affecting Latinos, according to findings released last week in the Congressional Education Associates’ “Congressional Ledger 1986.”
The book, which rates Congress on black and Hispanic interests, covers the first session of the 99th Congress.
Rep. Manuel Lujan(R-N.M.) scored 30%. The 10 other House Latinos - all Democrats-scored from 90% to 100%. There are no Hispanics or blacks in the Senate.
The scores are based on 20 roll-call votes between Jan. 3 and Dec. 20,1985.
Gordon Alexander, president of the nonpartisan black- and Hispanic-owned Congressional Education Associates firm, which is based in Washington, D.C., said the ledger included votes on such topics as immigration, higher education, the budget, housing and prohibiting aid to Nicaraguan rebels.
Overall, the House voted 61 % in support of legislation that CEA determined was beneficial to Hispanics and blacks. The Senate was 57% supportive.
CEA plans to publish its edition covering Congressional votes in 1986 in late May.
Canada Resets Policy to Inhibit Refugee Flow
The Canadian government imposed rules Feb. 20 to end the practice of allowing automatic entry to refugees from El Salvador, Guatemala and 16 other countries. It did so in response to the growing number of undocumented aliens arriving at its border.
Many of the refugees, known as bus people, are fleeing the crackdown of the new U.S. immigration law.
Those wishing to claim refugee status are now turned back at the border by Canadian immigration officers who arrange for a hearing four to six weeks later.
In the first six weeks of 1987,6,120 persons claiming refugee status have arrived at the Canadian border. That is nearly as many as the total arriving in all of 19$5. More than a third of the recent arrivals are natives of El Salvador and about 1,000 are fleeing Chile.
Canada’s Immigration Minister Benoit Bouchard promised to propose legislation this month that would tighten border control.
LA Racial Incidents Rise
The number of racial incidents in Los Angeles County increased to 58 last year from 13 in 1985 - a 346% increase - while only three such attacks were committed against Latinos, reported a study issued Feb. 20 by the county's Human Relations Commission.
Nearly three-quarters of the incidents were directed against blacks and about a quarter were aimed against Asians. Officials with the commission said the totals were probably severely underreported due to the reluctance of people with questionable immigration status to report crimes.
Most of the incidents involved vandalism, but a number were dangerous A Latino family in Long Beach, for example, had slingshot-fired stones aimed at them and their home.
The number of racial incidents has risen steadily since 1981, when such a breakdown was first provided, except in 1983 when it dipped to 11 from 15 the previous year.
Dade Latinos Grow32%
Dade County, Fla, Hispanics increased their numbers by 187,000 from 1980 to 1985, increasing their proportion of the population from 36% to 43%, according to a study to be released later this month.
The profile, prepared by the county’s Office of Latin Affairs, found that Hispanics increased their representation from 581,000 in 1980 to
768.000 two years ago. Dade County has a total population of 1.77 million.
Among the county’s Latinos, 517,000 were of Cuban extraction, 45,000 Puerto Rican and 25,000 each Colombian and Nicaraguan. Cubans alone accounted for more than
100.000 of the five-year Hispanic population growth.
A spokesperson for the Office of Latin Affairs said the study was the county’s first comprehensive count of the Hispanic population that took into consideration the refugees that arrived during the Mariel boatlift in 1980.
Hispanic Link Weekly Report

Raul Yzaguirre, guest columnist
The‘Mendacity Bug
There is some kind of “bug” going around in Washington these days. A bug that makes Reagan administration officials say one thing and then do something completely opposite.
This appears to be true, at least, as far as federal education policy for Hispanics is concerned.
Secretary of Education William Bennett became afflicted with the “Mendacitis Bug”
(as in “mendacious,” not truthful) over a year ago when he made his first speech on bilingual education.
At Senate hearings on his proposal to amend Title VII, the Bilingual Education Act, he proclaimed both his commitment to protecting bilingual education from further budget cuts and his concern about limited-English-proficient children.
Since Secretary Bennett took office, however, the department’s record on implementing the act has been abominable.
The act’s governing regulations were issued a year and a half late-and they deviate from both the law and the intent of Congress. The majority of the secretary’s appointees to the National Advisory Council on Bilingual Education advocate eliminating the program. And the Office for Civil Rights has sharply reduced its monitoring on language-related issues.
The secretary’s bilingual education proposals are no better. His legislative amendments to Title VII would allow him to fund as many all-English programs as he pleases, at the expense of successful bilingual education programs.
In January, he made another speech on bilingual education. Again he spoke about his commitment to the program Yet he resubmitted to Congress the same Title VII amendments he proposed last year.
The secretary called his 1988 budget a “responsible budget for American education - for our children, their schools, and their futures.” He claimed that it would “enhance educational opportunity for the poor, the disadvantaged, the handicapped and children with limited English-speaking ability.”
It would reduce the federal government’s commitment to education by 25%, and much of this reduction would be at the expense of programs important to the education of Hispanic children. The secretary proposes to eliminate vocational and bilingual vocational education, public library assistance, desegregation assistance, immigrant and refugee education programs, and programs vital to migrant children.
Budget cuts would come from the TRIO programs, such as Upward Bound, which serve disadvantaged high school youth; programs which serve disadvantaged college students; and financial aid for higher education.
Apparently, the secretary’s condition occasionally goes into slight remission. He proposes to increase funding both for Chapter One, the federal government*s compensatory education program, and for the Adult Education Act. At a House hearing on the budget, he remarked that the increase in Chapter One was to account for inflation. (Thus the proposed level funding for the Bilingual Education Act actually represents a budget reduction.)
In the absence of some vaccine for this bug, we can only hope that the secretary of education will listen to his own rhetoric and translate those words into real solutions.
Hispanic children need effective educational services, adequately funded - not kind words accompanied by slashed budgets and crippled programs. The Mendacitis Bug is a serious ailment in the nation’s capital, and Secretary Bennett needs an antidote fast.
Perhaps we’ll find a doctor in the House... or maybe the Senate.
(Raul Yzaguirre is president of the National Council of La Raza.)
Sin pelos en la lengua
REPORTERS ANONYMOUS: In the, it’s accepted that the comparatively low salaries earned by outstanding reporters are balanced by ethereal and ego rewards. Prominent Page 1 bylines are part of the ego compensation.
Thus it was strange to read The Miami Herald’s well-written and well-documented four-part series last month on “The World’s Deadliest Criminals: The Medellin Cartel” and observe not a single byline or credit-line.
The series obviously required numerous trips to Colombia. It took 2 1/2 months to document and write. It mentioned international drug leaders freely and filled in score cards with who got in the way and died: 180 Colombian policeman were killed in 1986. Since late 1984, cartel assassins killed four judges (including a Supreme Court Justice), three high-level security officials and the crusading anti-narcotics editor of Colombia’s second-largest newspaper.,
(The cartel was also believed to have played a major role in the 1985 guerrilla raid on Bogota’s Palace of Justice, in which 11 members of the 24-member high court were killed.)
The Herald series obviously demanded powerful Spanish- language skills and cultural knowledge and sensitivity.
Certain that many of the Herald’s Latino staff members were involved in a story that is bound to win some awards, I called executive editor Heath Meriwether to ask the questions with obvious answers: Who wrote it? Why no bylines?
He courteously declined to tell me who worked on the series. “It was a decision of the people who worked on the story not to use bylines,” he said, adding that if the series pitted the cartel against anybody, the Herald would prefer that it“aim its ire institutionally,” rather than at individuals.
He expressed pride in the fact that seven Colombian newspapers - including two with staff members believed to have been murdered by drug traffickers - are simultaneously reprinting the Herald’s bold expose.
Hopefully, the only suspense remaining is who’s going to pick up the awards that the series is bound to generate.
PRIZE CROP: Meanwhile, the United Nations issued a postage stamp to honor Colombia (U.N. stamps featuring member-countries are printed for collectors and may be used as postage if mailed from the U.N. post office) a couple of months ago.
Someone tampered with it, however. It was printed featuring the country’s flag and a tribute to its main agricultural crops, described on the stamp as “coffee, cocaine and marijuana”
Colombia’s ambassador sent off an energetic protest to Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar, who promised an investigation. A U.N. spokesperson gave assurances that none of the stamps had been used on outgoing mail. Colombia announced an investigation of its own.
The last time we checked with the Embassy in Washington, the matter was still “under investigation.”
- Kay Barbaro
BOB GALLAGHER, Houston high school coach, quoted in the Feb. 16 Los Angeles Times on his coaching 7-foot, 1 -ihch University of Miami basketball star Tito Horford(who at the time was concerned about helping his widowed mother in the Dominican Republic):
“He was a very confused boy. . . He had that Latin mentality -everything goes back to mamacita. Just before he needed to make a decision, he had to call mamacita. And here was a woman in poverty telling a boy with all his potential how to lead his life.. m
ANNA GOMEZ, a patron in Miami’s Parallel Bar, quoted in the Feb. 16 Time magazine on why middle-class whites think AIDS affects only gays and poor mlVlorities:
“ People believe that the higher the cover charges at a bar, the less likely the/re going to run into AIDS.
March 2,1987
Hispanic Link Weekly Report

ASYLUM IN THE UNITED STATES: The US. Committee for Refugees has published a 48-page booklet titled “Despite a Generous Spirit Denying Asylum in the United States.” Included are the steps considered when one applies for asylum and application denial and acceptance rates according to country. For a copy, send $2 to the committee at 815 15th St. NW, Suite 610, Washington, D.C. 20005 (202) 667-0782.
NEWS FOR, ON THE UNDOCUMENTED: UNDOC is a 2-6 page newsletter published four to six times yearly. It deals with legislation that affects undocumented aliens and recent research and books geared to this community. Subscription to UNDOC is free - donations are appreciated. To receive, write to: Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), P.O. Box 1986, Indianapolis, Ind. 46206(317)353-1491.
HISPANICS IN TUCSON: “Hispanic Visions” is a 28-page report detailing the purchasing power, education, employment and growth patterns of Latinos in that city. Single copies are free; additional copies are $5. To order, write to. Tucson Newspapers,4850 S. Park, Tucson, Ariz. 85714(602)573-4366.
RATING CONGRESS: “CEACongressional Ledger 1986: Rating Congress on Black and Hispanic Interests” is a 122-page booklet that rates congressional members on how they voted on legislation affecting Latinos and blacks in the first session of the 99th Congress. To order (discounts are available for bulk orders^ send $10 to: Congressional Education Associates, 302 E. Capitol St. NE, Washington, D.C. 20013 (202) 547-9000.
NATIONAL HISPANIC ART SHOW: Expresiones Hispanas, a national Hispanic art show to tour the nation this fall, is seeking 40 to 50 works. The show, which will tour cities such as Los Angeles, San Antonio and Denver, is sponsored by the Adolph Coors Co. Prizes totalling $15,000 will be shared equally by the artists and the organizations of their choice. Entry deadline is March 31, and artists must be 21 years of age or older. For information, write to: Expresiones Hispanas, c/o Artistic Images, Maureen Leon Acosta, P.O. Box 11434, Denver, Colo. 80211 (303) 433-2661.
PARENTS HELPING CHILDREN LEARN: “Helping Your Child Learn,” a 25-page pamphlet authored by Luis Cano, is a guide written in Spanish and English outlining advice on how Hispanic parents can keep their children in school. For a free copy, write to: Southwestern Bell, P.O. Box 1530, Room 1216, Houston, Texas 77251-1530.
(Late news on whafs occurring within the U.S. Hispanic community and those agencies and corporations that work with it)
A feasibility study is presently being conducted by the Economic Research Association on the proposed legislation calling for the establishment of the first museum of Latino history in the United States, to be located in Los Angeles.
The study, under the direction of the California Museum of Science and Industry, is to be completed sometime in April. Then it is expected that Charles Calderon, Democratic state assemblyman, will submit legislation calling for appropriations to finance the full operation.
Proposed name for the facility is the California Museum of Latino History.
A three-year study financed by the Ford Foundation will examine Hispanic dropouts in public schools in Milwaukee; Chicago; Dade County, Fla; San Antonio; and Newark, N.J.
The principal investigator of the study is Ricardo Fernandez, an associate professor in the department of education at the University of Wisconsin.
The dropout rate among Hispanic students is up to 80% in some areas, according to statistics provided by the Ford Foundation. Fernandez hopes the study will produce local, school-based strategies to keep Hispanic youths in schools.
A study conducted by Strategy Research Corporation of Miami, found that Metropolitan Life Insurance Company is number one in market share and consumer awareness in the top six Hispanic markets in the United States where the company has a Hispanic marketing program.
Through participating managers and sales representatives supported with Spanish-language promotion materials and advertisements, Met Life has achieved this status.
The study consisted of 1,400 door-to-door interviews with Hispanics in Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, San Antonio and the San Francisco area
The Pomona/East Los Angeles LULAC Education Center is sponsoring the sixth annual Hispanic career conference for professionals and college students in the high tech, business and public sectors. There will be workshops on job search strategies, employment trends, corporate retention and exhibits as well as recruitment booths.
Al Rios (714) 623-0588
A minority women’s conference, focusing on employment issues such as job rights, sexual harassment and professional mobility, is being sponsored by the Los Angeles County Commission on Human Relations.
Reva Trevino (213) 974-7626
CHICANO COLLOQUIUM Stanford, Calif. March 6 4
As part of the Chicano Graduate Students Association’s Chicano colloquium, Sheila Shannon will present research on the “Context of English in the Barrio.” Mary Ann Seawell (415) 723-2558
HISPANIC FORUM Houston March 7
A career and educational day for Hispanic students, grades 6-12, is being sponsored by the Houston Hispanic Forum. School districts, universities, colleges and businesses will provide sessions on pursuing educational goals, career planning and role models for students.
Benjamin Avila (713) 521-6151
HISPANIC WOMEN’S CONFERENCE National Network of Hispanic Women Date change: the network’s conference has been changed to June 25-27 in Miami.
Alda Levitan (305) 854-3332
JOURNALISM CONFERENCE Institute for Journalism Education Washington, D.C. March 9 Lava Thomas-Hebert (415) 642-8288
March 2,1987
National Puerto Rican Forum
New York March 10
Hector Velasquez (212) 685-2311
League of United Latin American Citizens South Bend, Ind. March 13 lla Plasencia (515) 225-6865
WOMEN’S LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE Statewide Hispanic Women’s Leadership Conference Lansing, Mich. March 14 Andrea Rodriguez (517) 371-3365
HISPANIC WORKING WOMEN’S CONFERENCE: “Latinas in the ’80s: Power, Success and Leadership” is the theme of the Latino Institute-sponsored conference in Chicago on March 27, 28. Keynote speaker Patricia Barela Rivera will offer professional and personal power strategies to help Latinas succeed without compromising their cultural values. A report on Chicago’s Latinas in the labor force will be released by the institute, a research, training and advocacy agency, during the event For more information, contact Graciela Kenig (312) 663-3603.
Hispanic Link Weekly Report

The Board of Trustees of the Latino Institute seeks an Executive Director to head an important Hispanic organization providing multiple services to individuals and community-based organizations in Chicago. Candidates must be highly experienced in management of non-profit organizations; in the design and development of services and programs; fundraising; personnel management and minority-group advocacy. Outstanding verbal and written skills are essential. Fluency in Spanish and English is mandatory. Bachelor’s degree in a field related to the work of the Institute is required; Master’s or advanced degree is preferred.
The Latino Institute is among the most prestigious and influential Hispanic agencies in the region. It seeks to improve the life of U.S. Hispanics by providing training, information and advocacy in ail areas. Service area is limited to Chicago. Candidates from other localities are welcome but preference may be given to those with first-hand knowledge of and experience in that city.
Salary $48,000 - $55,000. Apply by March 16, 1987 to:
Dr. Josue M. Gonzalez, Chair Executive Director, Selection Committee P.O. Box 699005 Chicago, III. 60609-9005
Community Based Advocacy, Research and Planning Organization seeks an Executive Director. We seek proven experience in fundraising, program and staff development planning and administration. Relevant graduate degree or equivalent experience required and Spanish/ English bilingual preferred. Competitive salary. Send resume and cover letter by March 1 (no calls) to: Search Committee, Hispanic Office of Planning & Evaluation, Sewall Building, 55 Dimock St., Boston, Mass. 02119.
Agency for International Development is looking for candidates with graduate degrees in agriculture, accounting, economics, education, housing/urban planning international relations, population planning, public health, nutrition, procurement/contracting, public or business administration, or closely related disciplines fori its International Development Intern Program. An internship leads to positions planning and managing U.S. foreign economic assistance programs in the developing countries.
U.S citizenship and two or more years’ relevant professional experience are required. Starting salaries are in the $22,000 to $36,000 range, plus standard Foreign Service allowances when stationed overseas.
Send resume or application for Federal Employment (SF-171) as soon as possible to Recruitment Staff, FSP/RSS, HL, Agency for International Development, Washington, D.C. 20523.
An Equal Opportunity Employer
PROGRAM ASSOCIATE, International Clearinghouse on Adolescent Fertility (ICAF). Responsible for development of newsletter in three languages and coordination of seed grants program. Provides technical assistance to adolescent programs.
Qualifications: B.A.; experience in developing country; knowledge of family planning and/or youth work; Spanish fluency; bicultural preferred. Contact: ICAF, Center for Population Options, 1012 14th St. NW, Suite 1200, Washington, D.C. 20005..
PRINCE GEORGE’S COUNTY, Md.,. government office on personnel has a JOB hotline (301) 952-3408.
LATINO PUBLIC POLICY Fellowships for 1987-88
The Inter-University Program for Latino Research* and the Social Science Research Council announce three fellowship competitions.
• Postdoctoral Fellowships working with one of the centers of the I UP or with the Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C. One year stipend of $22,500. Deadline: March 15,1987.
• Summer Workshop in Statistical Methods at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Transportation and living expenses for four-week program. Deadline: April 24, 1987.
• Latino Graduate Student Training Seminar at Stanford University. Transportation and living expenses for two-week summer program. Deadline: March 15,1987.
For more information contact IUP/SSRC, Center for Mexican American Studies, University of Texas at Austin, SSB 4.120, Austin, Texas 78712(512)471-1817.
• The IUP is operated jointly by the Centro de Estudios Puertorriquenos, Hunter College; Center for Mexican American Studies, University of Texas; Chicano Studies Research Center, University of California, Los Angeles; and the Stanford Center for Chicano Research.
90-DAY TEMPORARY POSITIONS The Library of Congress
The Library of Congress needs applicants for some temporary positions not to exceed 90 days. These positions are:
• Clerk/Messenger, GS-303-04 ($6.16 per hour)
• Library Technician, GS-1411-3 ($5.49 per hour)
or GS-1411-4 ($6.16 per hour),
or GS-1411- 5 ($6.20 per hour)
• Library Aid, GS-1411-02 ($5.03 per hour)
• Editorial Assistant GS-1087-5 ($6.90 per hour)
• Editorial Clerk/Assistant GS-1087-4 ($6.16 per per hour)
or GS-1087-5 ($6.90 per hour)
Experience Requirements: Experience requirements vary according to the type and level of each position.
Test Requirements: Clerk/Messenger, Library Technician and Library Aid positions do not require typing. Editorial Assistant positions require passing of the Library of Congress Clerical Test unless applicant holds bachelor’s degree.
Call Susan Karnes at (202) 287-5627 for further information.
How to Apply: Submit a Standard Form 171 and a copy of clerical test results as soon as possible to Susan Karnes, Recruitment and Placement Specialist Employment Office, Room LM-107, James Madison Memorial Building, Washington, D.C. 20540.
The following two positions are with the California Air Resources Board ENGINEERS
The California Air Resources Board is now accepting applications for its Air Resources Engineer exam. Must have4- year engineering degree or EIT certificate. Salary: $2,206 -$2,972/mo. + benefits. For more information call (916) 323-4916 before April 6. Se habla espahol.
SCIENCE DEGREES The,CaliforniaAir Resources Board is now accepting applications for its Air Pollution Specialist exam. Must have a 4-year physical or biological science degree. Salary $2,011 /-$2,837/mo.+ benefits.,For.more information, call (916) 323-4916 before March 13. Se habla espahol
CLASSIFIED AD RATES 75 cents per word (city, state & zip code count as 2 words; telephone number. 1 word).Multiple use rates on request.
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Hispanic Link Weekly Report

Arts& Entertainment
A NIGHT AT THE GRAMMYS: For the first time in three years, three Hispanic performers won Grammys in all three “Latin” music categories at the awards ceremony of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences held Feb. 24.
Jose Feliciano won in the “best Latin pop” category for the Lelolai track from the Te amare album. It was his fourth Grammy- Feliciano had won in the same category in 1983 and twice in 1986 in “pop” performances.
“The future seems bright,” said Feliciano, “because I will also be recording classical music, in English and also in Spanish.” The Puerto Rican singer said he hopes to record his own The Mozartian Influence, a piece for the guitar in seven movements.
San Antonio accordionist Flaco Jimenez won in the category for which his brother Santiago was nominated last year-“best Mexican American performance” - for his album Ay te dejo en San Antonio.
Ruben Blades won in the “best tropical Latin performance” category for his album Escenas. Blades, who had been nominated last year in
the same category, said he is currently collaborating on an English-language album with Lou Reed, Elvis Costello, Bob Dylan and Sting.
For his second year in a row, Blades was an awards presenter at the Grammys ceremony, held in Los Angeles’ Shrine Auditorium.
Past Grammy winner Placido Domingo and past nominee Julia Migenes were also presenters at the ceremony, syndicated to Puerto Rico, Mexico and various Latin American countries. The “Latin” Grammys were announced - as were the majority of the awards- in a non-televised ceremony prior to the awards “show” telecast in the United States by CBS.
Other Latino musicians are in the news this week:
Mexican cellist Carlos Prieto has begun a monthlong recital tour of the United States highlighted by a performance at New York’s Lincoln Center March 13, a Chicago date on the 14th and at the University of California in Los Angeles on the 21 st.
And Sheila E, who is featured on timbales on Prince’s Sign of the Times album, due out March 23, has included the track Salsa Soul in her new album, featuring performances by her father, Pete, her mother, Juanita, and three other performers of the Escovedo family.
- Antonio Mejias-Rentas
Media Report
HISPANIC MEDIA, USA: The Media Institute,a non-profit research foundation based in Washington, D.C., released a narrative guide to U.S. Hispanic news media on Feb. 27.
Titled “Hispanic Media, USA,” the 225-page soft-cover publication features one-to-two-page profiles of 48 daily and weekly newspapers, television networks and stations, radio stations, wire services and magazines. Nearly all are Spanish-language.
It also has a directory section listing 259 key Hispanic print and broadcast outlets in summary format.
Ana Veciana-Suarez, a reporter with The Miami Herald, was commissioned to write the directory. In her preface, she notes three characteristics shared by U.S. Latino media:
1. They provide Latin American news in much greater detail than do their English-language counterparts.
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2. They cover U.S. Latino communities extensively.
3. They carry editorials that support Hispanic interests such as bilingual education.
University of Southern California journalism professor Felix Gutierrez credits Veciana-Suarez in his foreword as filling “an important void in our knowledge.”
Gutierrez suggests that as Hispanic media in the United States “continue to grow and redefine their role, larger questions will be posed and, hopefully, addressed.”
He singles out five trends or issues described in the publication:
• The need for more coverage of issues relating to the lives of U.S. Latinos;
• The long-range commitment to a Latino audience of the growing number of non-Hispanic owners of Latino media;
• The use of Spanish/English/bilingual formats in media as language use in Latino communities becomes more complex;
• Differences in concepts of advocacy and objectivity between Latino and generahaudience news media; and
• The social responsibility of Latino media to their largely low-income audiences as they operate and grow by selling their audiences as a consumer market to be tapped by advertisers.
The 8 1/2x11-inch directory, supported by funding from the Chevron Corp. and the Adolph Coors Co., sells for $75.
However, The Media Institute President Patrick Maines is making it available to Hispanic organizations and media outlets, as well as to academic institutions, for $25.
Its initial printing is 4,000.
Copies may be obtained from the Publications Department, The Media Institute, 3017 M St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20007 (202) 298-7512.
PEOPLE: Miguel Gallastedui has been promoted to deputy news director of Radio Marti... Reporter Alfredo Corchado, winner of the National Association of Hispanic Journalists’ 1986 journalism award, moved from the El Paso Herald-Post to The Wall Street Journal’s Philadelphia bureau...
- Charlie Ericksen


iportunity Em ploye r

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Making The News This Week Moran plans to announce h i s intentions to seek a fou rt h one-year term in March. Tobar received about 20% of the vote f o r p resident last year ... The 16-member Citizens Commission on AIDS for New York , which includes Amalia Betanzos , member of the New York City Board of Education and chairwoman of the board of directors of the National Puerto Rican Coalit i on, issues a 1 0-point "bill of r i g h ts " on AIDS In the work place ... Former federal Judge Haro ld Medina, who presided over the 1949 landmark trial of 11 U . S . C om munist leaders, celebrates his 1 OOth birthday. Medina is the oldest l iving federal judge ... Orlando Bosch , a Cuban exile noted for his strident anti-Castro militancy, turns himself in to U.S. marshals i n Miami. Bosch , 61, fled the United States in 1974 to Venezuela for a paro l e violation stemming from a conviction in an attack on a Polish fr e i g hter engaged i n trade with Cuba ... Denver Mayor Federico Pen a appoints Leo Rodr i guez as affirmative action officer for the City and County of Denver. Rodriguez will oversee the bidding and adm i nistrative process in nearly $100 m i llion worth of city pro j e cts .. . Marion Barry, mayor of Washington, D . C., says his administration will w it hhold fundi ng and support from the city's annual Hispanic Festival unless a dispute over who won the election for festival president, l e d by publisher Jose Sueiro on one side and building contractor Arturo Griffiths on the other, is settled ... Andres Tobar, former northeast regional vice president of the League of United Latin American Citizens, announces he will enter this July's elections for LULAC president. Current President Oscar voi . • No.• ll HISPANIC LINK WEEKLY REPORT Remap Fight Builds Over Undocumented Aliens The states of Pennsylvania and Kansas , 41 bipartisan Congress member s and two organizations filed a lawsu i t on Feb . 18 seeki ng to force the U .S. Census Bureau to exclude undocumented imm i gran t s from the 1990 census for reapportionment pu r poses . The suit argues that counting undocumenteds gives them an undeserved say in congres sional redistricting. Rep . Thomas Ridge(R -Pa. ) , the chief plaintiff of the suit filed in his Pittsburgh home base, told Weekly R eport he be l ieves " the founding fathers did not want s e ats apportioned or influen c ed by the presence of illegal aliens." Ridge introduced a bill Dec. 18 on the issue . He says it now has 70 co-sponsors . Patrick Burns, assi stant director of the Federat i on for American Immigration Reform , also a plaintiff in the suit, said , " Uninvited foreign nationals who are here without the consent of the governed s hould not be allowed to determine the political rep resentati on of the United States." He was challenged by TerriAnn Lowenthal , staff director of the U.S. House Subcommittee on the Census and Population. She said , " The Constitution appears to be very clear that all persons, not all citizens, are to be included in the count. " She added that s ub-PROJECTED1990 REAPPORTIONMENT WINNERS LOSERS California +6 New York -3 Tex as +4 Illinois -2 Michigan -2 Florida + 3 Ohio -2 Pennsylvania -2 Arizona +1 Iowa -1 Georgia +1 Kansas -1 Virginia +1 Massachusetts -1 Wisconsin -1 Source: Election Data Services Inc . based on 1 98 0-87 p opulatio n trends. committee Cha i rman Mervyn Dymally(D-Calif.) believes the Ridge bill is unconstitutional. Richard Santillan , a research director at the Rose Institute in Claremont, Calif. , who Racial Unrest at Univ. of Mass. Grows Three Puerto Rican students at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst charged Feb . 18 that they were the victim s of a rac ial attack The charge follows by one day the end of a six day ordeal in which _minority students took control of a univers ity building to protest racism on the campus. The students, whose names were not released to protect against retaliation , said the incident occurred Feb. 16 when four white males bumped into them as they were going to a campus garage. When one of the white stu dents real i zed the group was Hispanic, said the four male Latinos, he started kicking, pushing and spitting on one of the Hispanics. The Latino students were told, "Don' t come around here. Get the hell out of here, Cuban bastards." On Feb. 18, a group of about 100 minority students ended their p e a c eful occupation of the university bu ilding. Th e y demanded that t he university expel five wh ite stude nts who allegedly assaulted two black students three weeks ago. University Chancellor Joseph Duffey re solved the occupation after he agreed, among other things, to mete out swift punishment to students who commit racial violence or racism . The Amherst campus has approximately 400 Hispanic students. Island GOP Backs Bush The Puerto Rico GOP overwhelmingly came out in support of Vice President George Bush over Sen . Bob Dole , 731-32, in a non-binding straw poll of delegates conducted at a Feb. 1 5 meeting in San Juan. The Dole camp dismissed the importance of the poll , saying that the real test would come in the i sland ' s March 20 primary . The pri mary will determine who will be Puerto Ric o's 14 delegates to the Republican convention in New Orleans this August. worked on that state ' s 1980 r eapportionment plan , said the lawsuit " can ' t be divorced from other Latino bashing, such as th e m ove for English only , cutbacks on bilingual e ducati o n , opposition to bilingual ballots and t h e anti immigration movement. If they win , man y of the gains made could be erased. " Karen Woodrow, a Census Bu reau demo grapher, said the agency does not c omment on pend i ng lawsuits, but she did sa y that its mission is to count everyone. The census figures are used to determine the number of House seats each stat e receives every ten years. The 435-seat limi t requ ires that as some states obtain more s eats, other states with a declining or steady rate must lose seats. With a third of all undocumented immigrants in Los Angeles County alone, Cali fornia is slated to be the big winner in 1 991 w ith projections ranging from 3 to 6 s e ats. Te xa s and Florida may gain as many as 4 and 3, respectively. co n t i nued on page 2 Roybal for L.A. M ayor? U . S . Rep . Edward Roybal (D-Cali f . ) , serving his 13th term in the House of Repr esentatives, said Feb. 12 in Los Angeles he i s g ivi ng serious consideration to runnin g f o r mayor of the city. The first Latino elected to the Los Angeles City Council this century, Roybal said he had been approached by a citizens comm i ttee and urged to run . "There is al ways that possibility," said Roybal. " I always wait to see what the nex t step will be ." Roybal, 72, said he will r un for r e-e lection to Congress this November and p r obabl y wait until1989 before making a final d ecis i on . The Albuquerque, N.M., nat i ve a d ded that his decision also rests on whether current Mayor Tom Bradley, 70, dec ide s not to seek a fifth term . Los Angeles' mayoral elections w ill be in 1989. The city is 29% Hispa ni c . Roybal was elected to th e L os Angel es City Council in 1949. He w o n hi s congres sional seat in 1962.


Top Catholic Official Calls for Legalization Extension The chairman of the U.S. Catholic Con ference's Committee on Migration called Feb. 16 fort he federal government to extend the May4 deadline for applying for legalization under the Immigration Reform and Control Act. Archbishop Theodore McCarrick of New ark, N.J., said failure to provide an extension would create a "dispossessed, disenfran chised underclass subsisting on the edge of society." In addition to suggesting that the program's legalization deadline be moved back, through legislation, to May 3, 1989, from May 4 of this year, McCarrick asked that the eligibility date be advanced to Nov. 6, 1986, from its present cutoff date of Jan. 1, 1982. Gil Carrasco , director of the Catholic Con ference's division on Migration and Refugee Services, said his office mailed out packets Feb. 23 to the organization's field offices, urging them to write their congressmen and appropriate congressional committees. Carrasco's division operates more than 100 Qualified Designated Entities around the country that assist people in filling out their legalization forms . The National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials held press confe rences in Chicago, Los Angeles, Houston, Miami and Phoenix, Ariz. , Feb. 26, calling on qualified undocumented aliens to apply for legalization and pushing for a legalization period extension. As of Feb. 19, some 1,003,951 people had applied for legalization , not including those who applied under the Special Agri cultural Worker provision of the law . On Feb. 22, INS Deputy Commissioner Mark Everson said the agency had backed down from its goal of 2 million applicants and now expected "somewhere in the range of 1.5 million" applications. When the program first got underway, INS estimated that some 3 . 9 million people were eligible for legalization . L. A. Groups Decry Police Deployment Senate Panel Passes Officials of two Los Angeles community groups met with city Police Chief Darryl Gates Feb. 22 to have him respond to a report that found that patrol units take too long to answer calls. The representatives also voiced con cern at what they said were too few patrol men deployed in Hispanic and other minority neighborhoods. Louis Negrete, leader of the United Neigh borhoods Organization, said he and the other six community representatives who attended the meeting left with "mixed feelings." Gates, Negrete told Weekly Report , said the patrol deployment plan under fire was no longer being used . But Gates refused to di vulge the specifics of the new plan , said Negrete, until a March 8 public meeting with the city police commission. Negrete, whose group of 158,000 families is 90% Hispanic, said this precludes community organizations from presenting an adequate rebuttal should they find the plan lacking . "The public has a right to know how police are deployed in their city," said Negrete , a professor at Cal State Los Angeles. The city-commissioned study found that the entire deployment system should be re vamped. The time that police took to respond to an emergency was typically 9 . 2 minutes. The recommended time is 7 minutes. The Los Angeles County Sheriffs Department has an average time of 5 . 9 minutes. The 1 0month , $183,000 study was ordered after repeated complaints that the police departmenfs formula to allocate discretionary patrol forces was tilted toward more affluent neighborhoods . 41 U.S. Reps. Join Redistricting Suit continued from page 1 Based on the 1980 census, over 80% of all undocumented residents are in five states; California, New York, Illinois, Texas and Florida FAIR filed a similar suit in 1979. The Supreme Court dismissed it, saying that FAIR could not prove harm as a result of the 1980 census inclusion of 2 million undocumented aliens. The current lawsuit states that as a direct result," New York and California each gained congressional representatives, at the expense of Indiana and Georgia." The suit also differs in that it does not oppose counting undocu mented residents fort he purpose of allocating federal grants. "This is a shrewd way to appease legislators who do not want to lose federal money but wouldn't mind not counting illegals politically," said Santillan, "because it may increase the chances of more Latino representatives." Ridge called such a suggestion a "red herring." Leo Estrada, a demographer and the chair man of the Hispanic Advisory Committee to the 1990 CensuS; said, "This late in the process, it would be a severe problem to shift everything." According to census demographer Woodrow, the proposed 1990 census forms will be 2 submitted to Congress April1 and should be ready for printing by the fall. Burns said all that is required is adding an instruction not to count household members who are undocumented. Census demographer Jeff Passel said this method has not been tested and warned that illegal residents might misrepresent them selves for fear of being found out and that uncooperative residents might use it as an excuse not to respond. Once the apportionment of seats is decided, the state legislatures must redraw congressional district lines in order to reflect population changes. Estrada predicted that new Latino districts would be carved out in the Fresno/ San Jose area and in the San Fernando Valley. Santillan agreed that there would be a new Hispanic district in that state regardless of the inclusion of undocumented immigrants, and possibly also an Asian district. Estrada promised to fight the suit along with other interested organizations. Santillan voiced assent. "Both parties should be put on notice that the Latino community is going the full way to get accuracy from the census and reapportionment afterwards," he said. Darryl Figueroa 'Legal' Immigration Bill The Senate Judiciary Committee passed by voice vote Feb. 23 a bill that would restructure the system which regulates legal immigration into the United States. The legislation, sponsored by Sens. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass . ) and Alan Simpson (R Wyo.), has been criticized by groups such as the National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials for taking what they say is critical attention away from problems surrounding the 1986 immigration reform law, which gives legal status to certain un documented aliens. The bill has also been termed shortsighted for setting a cap on the number of adult brothers and sisters of U . S . citizens who may apply for visas. This, charge groups opposed to the bill, would exacerbate the backlog that already exists when individuals under the immigration reform law become citizens . The bill , say its sponsors, would permit more skilled immigrants to enter the country. Family Allowed to Stay Mario Marquez, his wife and their four children will be allowed to remain in the United States as a result of a recent decision by a U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service panel that found the family qualified under the Special Agricultural Worker pro gram of the immigration reform law. The INS' Legalization Appeals Unifs de cision ends a three-year-old battle the Mar quezes, who reside in Leicester, Vt., had waged to stay . The appeals unit overturned a ruling by INS' Eastern Regional Processing in Williston, Vt. Officials there reasoned that because the corn Mario harvested was for cattle, not humans, it could not be considered a vege table. The SAW program of the immigration law allows agricultural workers to remain in the country if they can prove they worked for 90 days between May 1, 1 985, and May 1, 1986, with fruits, vegetables or perishable goods. Hispanic Link Weekly Report


MAQUILADORAS Gary M. Cohen The ShortTerm Fix For 60 million Mexican workers, economic stagnation means working harder. Work twice as hard, say economists, and the average Mexican will be able to afford only the same food , clothing , and other goods earned in 1982. At the same time, the developed economies that invest in Mexico are growing. As a result, maquiladoras have become Mexico's fastest growing industry . But can an industry based on "the rich getting richer and poor getting poorer " survive? Generally considered economically beneficial, maquiladoras are foreign-owned factories that assemble electronics, automotive, and other type components for export, using Mexican unskilled labor. So long as wages stay low, corporations look favorably on Mexican assembly operations. But, if Mexican workers try to share in the profits by demanding better wages , they risk their jobs. It is not that Me x ican workers in maquiladoras are being singled out for exploitation. They are part of the world economy. And in the world economy, competition is everywhere ; resources, including jobs , will move to where production costs are most favorable. Mex ican maquiladora workers compete against low-wage Far Eastern countries, several Caribbean economies and even the United States. Mexico maintains an advantage over these other countries partly through a devalued peso , which keeps wages down. A falling peso reduces the costs of doing business in Mexicoforforeign businesses and thus keeps export prices low . For this reason, the Mexican government intentionally devalued the peso . However, curre ncy devaluations also add to inflation . And inflation erodes the value of Mexican wages . Mexican labor fights are usually just attempts to keep pace with inflation. But workers' strikes to simply maintain an already low standard of living are v iewed as instability to cautious foreign business interests. Foreign in v estors in Mexico depend on the development of a dis c iplin e d , low-skilled and low-educated labor force, and not the development of Mexican workers into higher paid managers or engineers. Evide nce is now building that the use of maquiladoras is just a short term tactic b y corporations to cut costs in the face of strong com petition. Companies in many industries are in the process of implementing ne w automation and management techniques to reduce labor needs while improving productivity and product quality. The only significant long-term interest by foreign corporations in Mexico will come through easier access to the Mexican market. Trade and i n ve strnent restrictions (and a weak Mexican economy) currently make this difficult, and encourage maquilador::rtype investment. But, by substituting certain !rade and investment restrictions for require ments of technology transfer and research, and development opportunities, the Mexican government could gain future benefits from foreign co rpo rations while still exerting some control over their presence. Maquiladoras, however, offer little in self-sustaining growth for the co untry or the people of Mexico. In the near term, they may show their fragility in the face of a U . S . recession, trade protectionism, or internal labor unrest as workers demand better wages. It i s true th a t maquiladoras are good at creating a limited number of l ow -le ve l jobs a nd providing some much-needed hard currency to the Mexican government, and making money for businessmen and co n s ult a nts along the border who extol the virtues of their investment. But beyond s u ch s h o rt-term , superficial benefits, they offer little more -and in their current form will not endure. (Ga ry M Cohen is an economist in Washington, D.C.) Raoul Lowery Contreras The Miracle Miracles are in short supply, even for the overwhelmingly Roman Catholic Mexicans, who believe in miracles. Neverthe less, a miracle is rapidly developing along the border between Mexico and our Sun Belt states of California, Arizona and Texas. The miracle is producing hundreds of thousands of new jobs on both sides of the border, making the most prosperous areas of both countries even more prosperous. The miracle : Maquiladora -pronounced mah key-lah-door-ah. The maquiladora program allows foreign companies to assemble products in Mexican assembly plants, using Mexican workers, and to ship the products out of Mexico, with only a minimum tax. The United States, in its wisdom , allows component parts or raw materials to be shipped into Mexico, assembled or finished , and returned with only minimal duties applied to the added value. labor costs. Conceived in 1965 by the Mexican government to soften the blow of losing the 20-year-old bracero farm labor program with the United States, maquiladora gestated for many years along the border. U.S. labor unions constantly raised roadblocks against this country's companies trying to set up twin plants . The dam burst a few years ago , and today almost 1,400 U.S. companies have opened facilities along the border. In 1974, 440 twin-plant facilities employing 40,000 Mexicans produced products valued at $320 million . Today , such plants employ 300,000 Mexicans producing $1.35 billion worth of goods. A recent San Diego State University study concluded there are 2.5 jobs in the United States for every maquiladora job in Mexico. With 300,000 maquiladora jobs in Mexico. this translates to 750,000 U.S . jobs . The study projects three million maquiladora jobs along Mexico's northern border by the year 2000. Thus, we can conclude 7 . 5 million new jobs will be created in California, Arizona and Texas during the next 12 years, creating billions of new payroll dollars and taxes. Sound too good to be true? Try this. A federal government study states that 50% of all income earned by Mexican maquiladora workers is spent on the United States side of the border, beefing up the economies of San Diego, Tucson and El Paso , which in turn beef up the Sun Belt economy , to the chagrin of our cousins in Youngstown, Gary, Pittsburgh and their representatives in Washington, D.C., the AFL/CIO. The AFL/CIO, which through its minions in the Democratic Party brought us millions of illegals by lobbying to kill the regulated bracero program, now wants to stop maquiladora because, it says , a natural redistribution of jobs in the world is taking from the Rust Belt and giving to the Sun Belt. In Mexico, their version of the AFL/CIO also objects to some aspects of maquiladora, particularly over the heavy female involvement in maquiladora jobs, which prevents them from unionizing the bordP.r plants, as women are less prone to labor organization. Objections from organized labor notwithstanding, the economic miracle of maquiladora continues to grow. Example: Sony is now producing color television components in its San Diego plants, shipping them back to its Tijuana plant, assembling them, then bringing them back to San D i ego for inspection, packing and shipping . Where to? Japan. Perhaps Mexico should anoint a new patron saint to take its place next to our Lady of Guadalupe. How about Our Lady of Maquiladora? (Raoul Lowery Contreras is a businessman in La Jolla, California) His p anic L in k Weekly Report Feb. 29, 1988 3


COLLECTING BROADCAST OPPORTUNITY: WCVB-TV, Boston, is offering one nine-month broadcasting internship for minorities. The internship, seeking to develop writing, editing, producing and reporting skills, has a deadline of March 31. For more information and applications, contact: Carol Nicholson Boiling, Human Resources Manager, WCVB TV, Five TV Place , Needham, Mass. 02192 (617) 449-0400 ext. 4060. OFFICEHOLDER DIRECTORY: The latest edition of"Who's Who: Chicano Officeholders " is available for $19.95 . The directory , which looks at the federal, state and local levels , can be obtained by contacting: Arthur Martinez, P . O . Box 2271 , Silver City , N . M . 88062 (505) 538-6229. RESEARCH SUBMISSIONS REQUESTED: Proposals for papers are being sought on the past and present roles of Spaniards, Mexicans , Mex i can Amer i cans and Chicanos in the Great Plains. Proposals, which should run from 150-200 words , should be submitted by July 1 and sent to: Miguel Carranza , Center for Great Plains Studies , 1213 Oldfather Hall , University of Nebraska , Lincoln , Neb. 68588-0314. DROPOUT STRATEGIES: "Dealing With Dropouts: The Urban Superi ntendents' Call to Action" is a 73-page report with strategies from around the nation on dealing with the dropout problem. For a copy send $3.25 to : Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government P r inting Office , Washington, D . C . 20402 (202) 783-3238. FEMALE DROPOUT PREVENTION: "What's Promising: New Approaches to Dropout Prevention for Girls" is a 33-page report by the National Association of State Boards of Education which lists 10 recommendations. For a copy send $6 to: NASBE, 1012 Cameron St., Alexandria, Va. 22314 (703) 684-4000. WELFARE POLICY AND REFORM: The Ford Foundation recently released two publ i cations, " Divide and Conquer. Responsible Security for America ' s Poor" and "Reforming Welfare With Work, " which examine the effectiveness of welfare programs. For free copies write : Ford Foundation, Office of Reports , 320 E . 43rd St., New York, N . Y . . 10017. PROMOTING EDUCATION CAREERS: The National Education Association has released a 60-page booklet that highlights the rewards , the challenges and the positive impact a teaching career provides. For a copy send $9.95 to: NEA Professional Library, P.O. Box 509, West Haven, Conn. 06516. Services. CONNECTING AIDS PROJECT FUNDED The Houston-based Association for the Advancement of Mexican Americans received nearly $60,000 in a federal grant for AIDS education to Latino youths and their families in that city, the Texas Health Department announced this month . The director of the group, Richard Farias, said a large part of AAMA's yearlong campaign will stress abst i nence. One-fourth of the grant will be used for educational materials such as Spanish-language brochures and videotapes . The rest of the money , said Farias, will go toward increasing the number of volunteers trained in AIDS prevention from 25 to 200, hiring a staff counselor for youths and offering classroom and group presentations . ADULT LITERACY PROMOTED A project in Caguas, Puerto Rico , to teach 600 adu l ts to read won a $48,000 renewal grant from the Gannett Foundation ' s Literacy Challenge , it was announced Feb. 16. The award is one of21 in a$1.35 million program to promote efforts at the state level teaching adult literacy. Caguas has the island's second highest adult illiteracy rate, 19%. The project will coordinate the efforts of government, business , schools and community volunteers on instructing i ndividuals . OTHER FACES, OTHER PLACES The San Francisco-based Public Advocates Inc. , a law firm specializ i ng in civil rights, says Feb. 8 it is drafting federal legislation that would require businesses seeking government approval for mergers to submit plans for "effective" affirmative action. The firm was instrumental in a recent pact where six of California ' s largest utilities agreed to set a five-year goal giving 20% , or $1. 2 biUion, of thei r contracts to minority-owned firms . .. Glendale , Calif., agrees Feb . 9 to implement a plan to improve the hiring and promotion of minorit i es in all its departments . The plan comes as a result of a January 1987 court ruling that found the city's police department had improperly refused promotion to a Latino . . . Mountain Bell executive Sol Trujillo of Denver gets promoted to a vice-president. position with the US West division of AT&T in Phoenix , Ariz ... Colone (J,George C i sneros , father of San Antonio Mayor Henry Cisneros, the March 5, 6 Easter Seal marathon as the group's national adult representative ... Calendar Marta San Martin (201) 866-3208 HIGHER EDUCATION CONFERENCE San Antonio March 4 6 THIS WEEK LIMITED-ENGLISH STUDENTS Rochester , N . Y . March 1 , 2 A conference sponsored by the New York State Education Department and the Monroe 2 Orleans Board of Cooperative Education Services will be held to consider appropriate instruction for limited English-proficient students with special educational needs . Patrice Lancelot (716) 352-2406 AWARDS BANQUET Omaha , Neb . March 3 The 1Oth annual awards banquet sponsored by Omaha SER Jobs for Progress will honor private organizations for the i r support. Hector Mota(402) 734-1321 BILINGUAL EDUCATION North Bergen , N .J. March 3 The future of bilingual educat i on and its impact on H i span i c communities will be the focus of a conference sponsored by the National Association of Cuban American Women of New Jersey and the Hispanic Women ' s Resource Center of Catholic Commun i ty 4 LATINA LEADERSHIP New York March 3 A conference by the National Latinas Caucus will focus on refining a leadership agenda for Latinas. Awards will be presented to local women of note, and workshops will be held on such topics as l obbying , usi ng the media and community organizing. Yolanda Sanchez (212) 673-7320 IMPACTO '88 BANQUET Ontario, Calif . March 4 U . S . Rep. Esteban Torres of California and Xico tencatl Leyva Mortera, governor of Mexico ' s Baj a California Norte, will be the featured speakers at a fund-raising banquet where establishing ties with Mexico and impacting the 1988 presidential elections will be discussed . Armando Navarro (714) 888-0207 LINGUISTIC RESEARCH Minneapolis March 4 , 5 Sociolinguistic research on Spanish in Europe, Latin Amer i ca and the United States will be conducted through working sessions on such top ics as Andean Spanish , language maintenance and language shifts. The conference is sponsored by various departments at the University of Minnesota Deborah Wolfangel (612) 625-5569 Feb. 29, .1988 San Antonio Mayor Henry Cisneros will be the keynote speaker at this year's National Education Association higher education conference . Issues of interest to faculty and staff members , including Hispanic students in higher education and faculty evaluation programs, will be addressed . Gerie Bledsoe (202) 822-7146 MIGRANT HEAD START San Antonio March 6-11 The 26 national administrative groups of migrant farm worker Head Start programs will evaluate the services provided, conduct workshops and discuss management concerns at this conference sponsored by the National Migrant Head Start Directo r s As sociation. Isaac Salcido (602) 231-0967 COMING SOON WOMEN'S ENPOWERMENT Hispanic Women ' s Task Force of New Jersey Somerset , N . J . March 8 lvette Del Rio (609) 292-8840 TEACHERS CONVENTION Teachers of English to Sl)eakers of Other Languages Chicago March 8-13 Roger Rivera (202) 872-1271 Hispanic Link Weekly Report I I l j I I


CORPORATE CLASSIFIEDS ASSISTANT PROFESSOR SOUTHWEST TEXAS STATE UNIVERSITY ASSISTANT PROFESSOR: The Department of Psychology at Southwest Texas State University anticipates filling a tenure-track, assistant professor position (Ph.D. required) beginning fall 1988. Applicants should be effective teachers with a broad psychology background and the ability to teach a variety of undergraduate courses. Anticipated areas of particular need Include Quantitative and Cognitive/Developmental Psychology . Resumes, support materials, and three letters of reference should be submitted to Dr . Shirley Rosenwasser, Faculty Search Committee, Psychology Dept, Southwest Texas State University, San Marcos, TX. 78666. Application deadline Is March 15, 1988. All positions contingent upon budget approval . The University reserves the right not to proceed with any appointments for financial or programmatic reasons. Southwest Texas State University Is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. CLEANING HOUSE Hispanic Link's editorial office has a few boxes of past editions of Weekly Report If you'd like some for school or organization use , in quantities of 50 to 300, FREE, contact Hector Ericksen Mendoza . Available by featured sub ject(i.e . education , employment , politics, enter tainment, census reports) or assorted . You pay postage or pick up at Link, 1420 N St. NW, Washington , D.C. (202) 234-0737. EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR Established national Hispanic organization seeks Executive Director to manage and administer operations at the National Image Inc. office in Washington , D .C. Primary res ponsibilities and skills: Fund raising , adminis tration, management , computer technology , and bilingual (Spanish / English). Salary negotiable. Applications must be postmarked March 8, 1988. Submit your re sume to Mr. Alfred Garcia , 3906 Greystone Dr., Austin , Texas 78701 . VOLUNTEERS NEEDED The Central Amer i can Refugee Network (GARNET), a national coalition of Salvadoran and other refugee organizations, has opened its office in the nation's capital and needs volunteer assistance to help it accomplish its many projects and activities. EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT AND BOARD LIAISON Excellent secretarial skills . Type 65 to 70 words per minute, word processing e x perience preferred . Strong writing and editing skills , ability to prepare accurate minutes of meeting, strong administrative support skills, know ledge of Hispanic issues and organizations , bilingual (English/Spanish) preferred , able to travel. Salary: $17,000 to $24,000. Send resume to : Personnel Department , National Council of La Raza , 2nd Floor , 20 F St. N.W., Washington, D .C. 20001 . NATIONAL RADIO SALES Hispanic Radio Network Hot , new national Spanish radio syndication service seeks independent sales agent for New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Texas . Call(505) 9840080. The following two positions are with RIO HONDO COMMUNITY COLLEGE , Whittier , California. ASSISTANT DEAN, BUSINESS EDUCATION ASSISTANT DEAN, PHYSICAL EDUCATION For application procedure, call Jean at (213) 692-0921 ext. 309. EOEANemployer EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR Community-based , non-profit organization seeks executive director with strong adminis trative skills, financial management, fund raising and resource development expertise . Candidate must also possess proposal and contract development skills. Excellent salary and fringe benefits. Forward resume to Search Committee . Attn. Dr . George Castro , His panic Health Council, 98 Cedar St. , 3A, Hart ford , Conn . 061 06. PUBLIC AFFAIRS SPECIALIST PUBLIC AFFAIRS SPECIALIST . To plan and develop information and promotion programs for Census Bureau activities and reports , es pecially with regard to the Hispanic media . Must have college degree and three years of relevant experience . Must be fluent in Spanish, GS 11/12, salary $27,716-$33,218. Contact Maury Cagle , Assistant Chief , Public Information Office , Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233, (301) 783-4051. The Census Bureau is an Equal Opportunity Employer TARLETON STATE UNIVERSITY CRIMINAL JUSTICE and Tenure-track appoint contingent upon available fund ing , beginning September 1 , 1988. Assistant Professor level, salary competitive with sum mer employment generally available , depend ing on need . Ph. D . essential ; professional experience in civil rights jurisprudence preferred Teach four classes per semester; recruit and advise students ; university committees and other professional duties as needed ; interest in professional research and publications encouraged. Send letter of interest, vita, official tran scripts, three letters of recommendation and/ or placement file on or before April15, 1988, to: Tarleton State University Dr . W . Eugene Atkinson Department of Social Sciences Box T 2006 Tarleton Station Stephenville , TX. 76402. ANEEO/MF If you can spare a few hours a week or more , please contact: Roberto Alfaro, president, 421 Seward Sq. SE, Washington , D.C. 20003. Tele phone (202) 546-7907 NATIONAL HISPANIC DEMOCRATS The National Hispanic Democrats Inc., a new political organization co-chaired by U.S. Rep . Esteban Torres (D-Calif.), Marife Hernandez of New York and Luis Lauredo of Florida, will help Hispanics nationwide exercise their political power at the ballot box in November and into the 21 st century. DEAR PERSONNEL DIRECTOR: No other publication or system lets you target a national pool of Latino executives and professionals with the effectiveness and speed of Hispanic Link Weekly Report. To place an ad in Marketplace, please complete and attach your ad copy and mail to: Hispanic Link, 1420 N St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20005 or phone (202) 234-0737 or(202) 234-0280. Ad copy received (mail or phone) by 5 p.m. (El) Tuesday will be in Weekly Reports mailed Friday of the same week . Become a Founding Associate Member of this independent, national organization . Leo Gallegos , executive director. A $5 check (payable to NHD) covers your 1988 membership . Send it care of coordinator Leo Gallegos, National Hispanic Democrats, P .O. Box 90460, Washington , D . C . 20090-0460. Hispanic Link Weekly Report CLASSIFIED AD RATES 90 cents per word (city, state & zip code count as 2 words; telephone number, 1 word). Multiple use rates on request. DISPLAY CLASSIFIED RATES (Ads with borders, varied type sizes) $45 per column inch. Ordered by Organization Street _____________ _ City, State & Zip _________ _ Area Code & Phone ________ _ 5


Arts & Entertainment One of those nominees, Linda Ronstadt, may not be able to personally accept a Grammy should she win in any of three categories . The singer is booked March 2 at the Warner Theatre in Washington, D . C., on her current Canciones de mi padre tour. AWARDS CON SALSA: This week's 30th annual Gram my Awards ceremony will featu re performances by two perennial Hispanic nominees in the "tropical Latin performance" category. Celia Cruz and Tito Puente will appear together at the March 2 ceremony at Radio City Music Hall in New York, to be telecast by CBS. Ronstadt has been performing the all-Spanish songs from the namesake album to sellout crowds in Dallas, Houston, Tucson, Las Cruces, N . M .. Albuquerque, Los Angeles and New York. Cruz is one of this year's nominees, along with Willie Colon, for the album The Winners. It would be a first Grammy for the guarachera, who has four previous nominations. Tito & His Latin Jazz Ensemble are three-time winners, including a 1985 Grammy. Ronstadt is nominated twice this year for the country album Trio (with Dolly Parton and Emmylou Harris) , and once for her duet Somewhere Out There with James Ingram. The awards season is now in full swing, with the recent announcement of Academy Awards nominees-and two non U.S . Latinos are in the lot. Nominated in the "best supporting actress" category is Norma Aleandro, for her role in Gaby: A True Story(TriStar) . This is the first nominat ion fort he Argentine actress . Another top Hispanic performer this year has never been nominated for a Grammy. Gloria Estefan and the Miami Sound Machine missed nods in 1985 and 1986, even though they had four hits from their platinum album Primitive Love . An unprecedented 34 Latino recording acts are nominated by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences this year , including fiv e in the top three categories (see HL WR Jan . 25) . One of this year's "best foreign-language " nominees is the entry from Spain , Jose Luis Garcia ' s Asignatura aprobada . Garcia has been nominated twice before in that category-he won in 1982 for Media Repo rt TWENTY-NINE DAYS IN FEBRUARY: For Hispanic media leaders and entrepreneurs, February ha s been a month to forget. In t elevision, print and radio as well , they were shown-or found-the exit. What happen ed? • The sale of the Hispanic-owned, Spanish language tel evision network Univision -formerly SINwas completed to Hallmark Cards and partner First Chicago Venture Capital. e With the transaction , Univision President Luis Noga l es departed. Nogales was invited to stay on as president but in a reporting relationship"to a committee" that he found unsatisfactory. Instead , he is expected to work on some new projects with Univision 's parent Univisa. • Mexican media magnate Mario Vasquez Rana turned over control of United Press HISPANIC LINK WEEKLY REPORT A national publication o f Hispanic Link News Service Inc. 1420 'N' Street NW Washington, D . C. 20005 (202) 234 or 234-0737 Publi sher Hector Ericksen Mendoza Editor Felix P e r ez Reporting: Antoni o MejiasRentas. Darryl Figuer oa. Gra phics/Production: Carlos Arrie n , Zoila Elias . N o portion of Nispanic Link Weekly Report maybe reproduced or broadcast in any form without advance permission. Annual subscription (50 issues): 'Institutions/agencies $118 Personal $108 Trial (13 issues) $30 COR P ORATE CLASSIFIED: Ad rates 90 cents per word. Display ads are $45 pe r column inch. Ads placed by Tuesday will ru n in We e kly Reports mailed Frida y of same week. Multiple use rat es on request. 6 Volver a empezar . International to an investment group headed by Dr. Earl Brian, chairman of the 24-hour cable television Financial News Network. Vasquez Rana paid $41 million for UPI in June 1986 and has been losing an estimated $1 to $2 million on it monthly ever since . He is to be paid a total of $55 million. A Washington Post article on the sale said : "Brian could not resist a jab at the Mexican publisher. When asked how the new firm would improve UPI's operation, he said , 'We'll be doing it all in English.' " • National Public Radio has informed the staff of the half hour Spanish-language news magazine Enfoque Nacional that its funding will be terminated March 24. Enfoque , pro duced by Jose Mireles, has been on the air since January '79. It is presently carried by 39 of NPR's 300 stations and six commercial stations. • Sale of the motion picture trade news paper The Hollywood Reporter to Billboard Publications was revealed this month by its Mexican American owner Tichi Wilkerson -Antonio Mejias-Rentas Kassel. She'll stay on as publisher and editor in-chief for the time being. • And at press time negotiations are reportedly about complete between Ted Turner's Cable News Network and non Hispanic owned Telemundo Television Group to re place "Noticiero Telemundo " with a CNN news show. Presently " Noticiero Telemundo" is produced by Hispanic-American Broadcasting Corp., a Latina-owned group in Miami. It earned $3. 6 million from New York-based Telemundo for the show last year . The Wall Street Journal quoted HBN news director Pedro Sevcec as calling the negotia tions " shameful " and challenging CNN's ability to cover Latino issues . The Los Angeles Times' Victor Valle quoted Miami media critic Ana Veciana Suarez : " All of a sudden, U .S. corporations see that we are a growing market. They are going to make money off us , but ifs not going to go back to us, except in jobs.'' Charlie Ericksen Hispanic Link Weekly Report