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Hispanic link weekly report, October 17, 1988

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Hispanic link weekly report, October 17, 1988
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Hispanic link weekly report
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Hispanic Link News Service, Inc.
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Washington, D.C.
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Hispanic Link News Service, Inc.
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English

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Auraria Library
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Arlene Limas, a gold medalist in taekwondo at the recent Olympic games in Seoul, South Korea, visits the White House as a guest ff President Reagan... San Antonio City Manager Lou Fox chooses RaOl Losoya, 40, to head the city’s fire department. Losoya, with the department for 19 years, follows 1.0. Martinez, who retired... John Garcia, a Denver businessman and prominent member of the Colorado Republican Hispanic Assembly, resigns from the party, calling it “out of touch” on minority language and education issues. He is now an independent... After more than three years of legal wrangling, a federal trial in Hartford, Conn., begins for Juan Segarra Palmer, Carlos Ayes Sudrez, Norman Ramirez Talavera, Roberto
Maldonado Rivera and Antonio Camacho Negrbn-accused in the ^ 1983 robbery of $7.1 million from a Wells Fargo depot. . . San 4 jfantonian Juanita Valdez visits Washington, D.C., to pick up her 1988 M^jRenney Golden Rule Award for exemplary volunteer service. *2 Valdez, a single mother of seven who lost her voice to cancer, was X&elected from among 3,600 volunteers across the country. . . A Chicago jury awards $5 million to Vincent Rodriguez, 39, for a train injury that severed his left forearm. Rodriguez, a first lieutenant with the Marines at the time, says he will share the award with the man who saved him, Leonardo Elizondo... As part of his plan to donate blood in every state capital, Connecticut resident Louis Soto, 55, drives 1,000 miles to give a pint in St. Paul, Minn. On the project since 1954, he also donated in the capitals of Wisconsin, Arkansas, Mississippi and Louisiana this year...

House Acts on Internal Job Bias
The U.S. House of Representatives became an equal employment opportunity employer Oct. 4 when it voted to extend to its own employees the protections offered to other U.S. workers under the 1964 Civil Rights Act But it’s unclear whetherthe plan will signal an increase in the number of Hispanics on Capitol Hill.
The special resolution, which passed 408 to 12, goes into effect immediately and creates an Office of Fair Employment Practices to deal with complaints of hiring and job discrimination. The policies of this new office will be shaped by the same laws and court decisions which affect the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, a product of the Civil Rights Act.
EEOC Commissioner Tony Gallegos welcomed the House action affecting the legislative body’s 12,137 employees. “For a long time, Congress has exempted itself from rules dealing with discrimination,” he said. The Senate is expected to consider similar legislation covering its 7,100 employees next year.
Gallegos pointed out that for Hispanic House staffers the greater problem is hiring, not on-the-job discrimination.
“If they*re going to be discriminated against,
Bishops Hit Fla. English
Saying the Florida initiative to make English the official language “is divisive and offers harm rather than benefit,” the state’s nine Catholic bishops issued a statement Oct. 6 opposing the Nov. 8 ballot measure.
In a four-page declaration, the bishops, who include Miami Archdiocese Auxiliary Bishop Agustin Roman, said the initiative “invites endless litigation” and would “create obstacles in commerce and the delivery of essential community servicea”
The clergymen added, “We believe that there is an urgent need for all our people to be able to speak, write and read English.” Church services in Florida are conducted in 10 languages other than English, the statement pointed out.
they have to be there first,” said Gallegoa He pointed to the results of a 1983 count of Hispanic House and Senate staff members conducted by Hispanic Link which put their combined number at less than 1% - or less than 150 - of congressional staffers.
But, according to Rep. Matthew Martinez (D-Calif.) there seem to be more Hispanic staffers. Ethnicity of House employees is not documented anywhere, said Nancy Mehr, the deputy staff director of a House Administrative subcommittee.
The number of Hispanic House employees is “out of kilter” with their representation as 9.4% of the population, according to Rep. E. “Kika” de la Garza (D-Texas), vice chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus. “I don’t know that the resolution will impact Hispanics that much. I don’t believe there’s discrimination in hiring because we don’t get many (Hispanic
continued on page 2
Colorado voters will decide in November if English should be the state’s official language. The measure won a place on the ballot following an Oct. 12 ruling of the U.S. 10th Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver which reinstated petition signatures thrown out last month.
The three-judge panel voted 2-1 that the Voting Rights Act does not apply to the initiative process, thereby overruling the Sept 16 decision of Judge Jim Carrigan that said such initiatives must use Spanish-language materials in 12 Colorado counties under the voting act Carrigan had wiped out some61,000 of 102,000 signatures collected.
Secretary of State Natalie Meyer said the state can now use the 98,593 signatures which had been certified by her office before the ruling. Official-English supporters needed 50,668 to put the measure on the ballot.
According to Steve Workings, spokesperson for the Washington, D.C.-based U.S. English group, a sufficient number of signatures had been gathered anyway. U.S. English tunneled $100,000 into Colorado’s initiative following Carrigan’s ruling to help pay legal fees and signature collectors.
House Votes Against MarieHtos’ Rights Bill
The U.S. House of Representatives Oct 4 voted down a measure, 271-144, that would have given Mariel detainees a right to a judicial hearing and would have shifted the burden of proof in parole hearings from the Cubans to the U.S. government.
The U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service has2,500 prisoners in custody who have completed their sentences The cases of 100 prisoners are being reviewed to determine if they should be deported.
Gary Leshaw, an attorney affiliated with the Coalition to Support Cuban Detainees, said riots and other problems resulted because the Congress failed to act in the past.
“Congress refused to deal with it again,” said Leshaw. “Something will come up in the next Congress, but in what form I don’t
Rudolph Schware, co-chair of the Colorado chapter of the National Lawyers Guild, which filed the initial suit, said they would consider taking the case to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Said Meyer, who had appealed Carrigan’s decision, “We were not concerned with the merit of the issue, but we think it is just that the Voting Rights Act not apply to a private citizen’s right to petition.”
- Darryl Lynette Figueroa
Boston Gets New Bishop
A Puerto Rican native of New Jersey became the youngest Catholic bishop in the United States Oct 3. The Rev. Roberto Gonzalez, 38, former pastor of Holy Cross Church in the Bronx borough of New York, was installed as one of six auxiliary bishops for Boston.
Gonzalez, who has been a Franciscan priest for 11 years, is now one of 20 Hispanic bishops in the country. The ceremony in Boston was attended by 2,400, including New York Mayor Ed Koch and a representative of Pope John Paul II.
know.” _ Sophia Nieves
Court Reinstates Cola-English Petitions


Central American Refugees Agree Senate Help Unlikely
The U.S. House of Representatives passed legislation Oct. 5 that broadens the right of refugees to “safe haven” in the United States and changes the procedure for obtaining refugee status.
Sylvia Rosales, director of the Washington, D.C.- based Central American Refugee Center, considered it unlikely that the Senate would act on the bill before Congress adjourned, however.
At press time, Capitol Hill observers also considered it unlikely that another piece of legislation, the Moakley-DeConcini bill, would be brought to the Senate floor for a vote. _________________________________________
Congress was hoping to wind up its business by the end of lafst week.
The Moakley-DeConcini bill would grant temporary work authorization and halt deportation of Nicaraguan and Salvadoran refugees. The House approved it in July 1987.
The safe haven act would give the attorney general power to grant extended visas to refugees based on conditions in the country of origin, rather than on the current case-by-case basis, requiring individual proof of personal danger.
More countries would be given considera-
tion and natural disasters would be included in the criteria. Presently, those fleeing persecution and other life-threatening dangers are considered refugees.
Rosales says it is unclear if the bill would gain refugee status for Salvadorans. “It is still to be seen what they mean by this broad concept of safe haven.”
Critics complain that the refugee process has been politicized by the Reagan administration. They cite its acceptance of refugees from Reagan-opposed Nicaragua but not from ally El Salvador.
- Darryi Lynette Figueroa
Hisjpanas Have 13% of All Abortions
Hispanic women in 1987 were 60% more likely to terminate an unwanted pregnancy through abortion than their non-Hispanic counterparts, says one of the first two national studies released this month on why women have abortions and who they are.
The results of the studies, published in the July/August issue of the Alan Guttmacher Institute’s Family Planning Perspectives magazine, revealed that Latinas accounted for 12.8% of all abortions to women aged 15 to 44, while they made up only 8.4% of the women in that group.
ExllMtoG«tS1 Million
A TV-radiothon held Oct. 3 by the Cuban American National Foundation in Miami raised $1,041,600 in pledges for Cuban exiles stranded in other countries.
Funds will be used primarily to provide food, shelter and medical help to an estimated 6,000 Cubans living illegally and under economic duress in Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Peru and Spain.
The foundation will also use the money to coordinate the immigration of 1,500 Cuban refugees in those countries to the United States by Christmas They brought 700 Cubans here last month. Exodus program coordinator Jorge Cantera said, “Some of these people have been, separated (from their relatives) over eight years You had to be non-human if you did not cry that day.” / The foundation is the first U.S. organization to take advantage of a program that allows private sponsorship of up to4,000 refugees annually. The foundation is hoping to increase the 1,500 allotment.
Families of the exiles agree to guarantee employment and medical insurance in exchange for the legal entry of their relatives
Coordinators attributed the success of their24-hour, fifth annual fund-raiser to the first-time involvement of Univision TV stations in Miami/Tampa, Fla., and Chicago. Seven local radio stations and one in New Jersey also participated.
- Darryl Lynette Figueroa
The studies found that the abortion rate for Latinas defined as the number of women per 1,000 that abort their pregnancies was considerably higher than that for the non-Hispanic population. The rates were:
Hispanic 43 per 1,000
Non-Hispanic 28 per 1,000
White 23 per 1,000
Non-White 53 per 1,000
In its survey of 9,480 women who obtained abortions in 1987, the Guttmacher Institute found that the pill was the most common form of contraception used by Hispanic women, but discontinued during the month they became pregnant The percentages of women from different groups who used contraceptives were:
Hisp. Black White
Pill 30.9% 39.5% 20.9%
Condom 22.7 23.1 31.2
Rhythm 12.3 5.3 6.7
Withdrawal 12.4 7.6 11.9
Diaphragm 5.7 6.9 5.0
Hispanic women who had abortions had the highest proportion who had never used
contraceptives -16.7%.
Latinos Say House
continued from page 1
job applicants),” he said.
The plan sets a 180-day time limit on the filing of a complaint after an alleged discriminatory incident takes place. This is followed ! by a 30-day period set aside for counseling and mediation by the new fair employment office. If this fails, a hearing will be held before an eight-person panel that includes two Democrats and two Republicans from the House Administration Committee, as well as two House officers and two other employees
Hispanics are not likely to take advantage of the grievance procedure, said ArnoldTorres, a long-time lobbyist and now acting director for public policy for the League of United Latin American Citizens Torres said he based his assertion on EEOC findings that Hispanics in the general population file few complaints against employers
Commissioner Gallegos agreed that EEOC studies had found this to be true as recently
Dade Upheld in Use of At-Large Elections
A federal judge in Miami found legal Oct.5 the at-large method of electing county commissioners in Dade County, Fla, but he also indicated the method could by changed by the Metro Commission.
U.S. District^Judge Kenneth L. Ryscamp ruled against the plaintiffs in the class-action suit They had argued the present system dilutes the voting power of minorities Ryscamp indicated the plaintiffs failed to show a voting bloc of whites has prevented minorities from being elected to the nine-member commissioa Currently, there is one Hispanic and one black on the body. The county population is 42% Hispanic and 18% black, according to 1985 County Planning Department figures The 10 plaintiffs include Miami Mayor Xavier Suarez, former Miami Mayor Maurice Ferr6 and Florida state Sen. Carrie Meek.
The recent election victory of a districtvoting supporter alters the balance of the board and will probably mean a switch to single-district elections soon. Nonetheless, the case will be appealed, according to the plaintiffs’ attorney, Steve Cody.
Hiring Still Ignored
as the early 1980s but he said in the past “agencies had not conducted any kind of outreach... I think Hispanics serving on the Hill.. . will use the grievance procedure if discriminated against”
According to one Latina working on a senator’s staff, the need is not dire for a similar Senate resolution. “We feel we’re working at a member's behest and if s a situation thats kind of unusual. I’ve never heard (other staffers) talk about the need for it”
State, county and municipal employees are covered by the provisions of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
- Sophia Nieves
Joblessness Dips 1 Point
The Hispanic unemployment rate dipped last month to 7.4%, a full percentage point from the August rate of 8.4%, the U.S. Labor Department reported Oct 7.
Hispanic Link Weekly Report
2


William O. Medina, guest columnist
Mama Medina’s Menu
In November, voters in Florida, Colorado and Arizona will decide whetherto make English the official language of their states. Opinion polls tell us that their minds are made up. They want to quash the public use of Spanish
and other “foreign” tongues.
Nativists leading the attack are getting bolder in the restrictions they demand
It’s got me nervous. We Medinas put in endless hours at the Zacatecas, a Mexican restaurant founded by our parents 25 years ago in Riverside, Calif., trying to keep pace with a growing national craving for enchiladas and chiles reiienos.
I fear that the current periodic visits by Border Patrol agents to check on how “American” we and our employees are will be minor annoyances compared to whaf s ahead
As I see it, such an amendment could lead quickly to language purity committees authorized to investigate complaints of infractions at the local level.
Conceivably, a straight-ahead English speaker who loves ethnic foods but can’t decipher Spanish or Italian or French words on menus would have grounds to petition that the managers of such eateries conform to the new law. Cafeterias in government buildings would be the first to feel the impact. No more tacos or pizza, at least not under those names.
LAW WOULD CREATE INDIGESTION
In our cafe, changing the titles of Mexican entrees would cause havoc. Convincing Martha, our senior cook, to stop calling frijoles frijoles is asking too much. She would view it as cultural treason. She’d probably quit before bowing to the language zealots.
And if Martha left, our chiles reiienos just wouldn’t be the same.
Mama Medina isn’t well versed in political tug of war. She believes there is good in everyone and that if our legislators voted for such an amendment, it’s because they followed their consciences. (She assumes everyone has consciences.)
Such a depraved law would test her faith in our system of government and make her feel despondent. Meals cooked with simmering resentment cause gastric problems, and there is nothing more menacing to a timid stomach than a cook who ref lects antipathy in his or her entrees.
The indigestion created by such an amendment would be widespread among Mexican chefs.
WALLOWING PIG
Salsa fresca retitled “fresh sauce” or “Mexican ketchup” would lose its crisp bite. Chile verde, a delicious pork dish that swims in a sauce of green chile, would lose its appeal if we had to list it as “Pig wallowing in a green pond.”
Authentic Mexican restaurants could be forced to go underground, operating inside “safe houses.” Only members of the resistance would be able to gorge on frijoles, menudo, caldo de gallina and otheri forbidden delights. By defying the state to protect the sanctity of their kitchen, Martha and Mama Medina could become heroines in the cultural revolution.
Remember what happened along the California border during Prohibition? Norteamericanos deserted the Golden State every weekend to flock to Tijuana and other border cities, where they could quench their thirst for Scotch and soda or tequila con limon.
What I see happening this time is the young patrons of all our nation’s yuppie bars revolting when they can’t order nachos and cerveza Corona anymore. They'll circulate their own petitions during the 5-to-7 p.m. Happy Hour. And before you can shout Viva Pancho Villa, they'll force the whole Southwest to cede itself back to Old Mexico.
(William O. Medina manages his family's restaurant, Zacatecas, in Riverside, Calif.)
Hispanic Link Weekly Report
Sin pelos en la lengua
ONE MORE DEBATE? I’m no troublemaker. Never, never. But if two individuals have a legitimate difference of opinion, I see nothing wrong with encouraging them to settle their affairs in front of the saloon.
Encourage, I said. Not goad.
Fouryears ago this month, Linda Chftvez, then the staff director of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, and Arnold Torres, executive director of the League of United Latin American Citizens at the time, were exchanging barbs from a safe distance.
Linda was telling reporters that Arnold and LULAC were “very much out of touch with the Hispanic people.”
And Arnold was countering that, “If s a sad day when Hispanics use their background to get ahead and then turn against their community when they’ve made it.”
In this space, we offered to reserve a room at the National Press Club if Linda and Arnold would agree to face off in the first Sin Pelos en la Lengua Gran Debate.
The rest is history. On a blustery December night, they showed down - on the issue of who speaks for Hispanics. The event was well attended by capital Latinos and well covered by the national press. And, as happens in all debates, even in pre-spinner days, each side’s supporters claimed glorious victory.
Now Arnold is back in Washington, blessed by a new LULAC administration after having been ostracized by the past one; Linda has since worked at the White House, run for U.S. Senate, and become director of U.S. English.
But, no. I don’t want a rematch.
I am fascinated instead by the vision of Juan Gonzalez facing down Angelo Falc6n on who speaks for New York’s Puerto Ricans. Neither claims to, exactly. But Juan, columnist with the New York Daily News, and Angelo, executive director of the Institute for Puerto Rican Policy, are at public odds over Juan’s recent column calling Puerto Ricans a colonized people who have a dependency hang up.
The city's Puerto Rican leaders, Juan said, refuse to talk about their community's 39% welfare rate, “preferring to stick their heads in sewers and spew muck from their mouths about oppression...”
Angelo retorted that Juan’s column was “the most confused piece of junk I’ve ever seen,” reinforcing the wrong stereotypes.
In response to a Sin Pelos question this week, Juan called it “an act of cowardice” to acknowledge a problem and not address it A public forum on the issue could be a healthy thing, he suggested.
Would he be willing to participate in such a debate?
“Anywhere,” he responded.
If New York doesn’t want it we can check with the National Press Club again.
‘CANSECO MILKSHAKE’: On a Sept. 26 CBS-TV Nightwatch program, Washington Post columnist Thomas Boswell labelled Oakland A’s outfielder Jos6 Canseco “the most conspicuous example of a player who has made himself great wtth steroids.” Ballplayers call steroids a “Jose Canseco milkshake,” he said.
The muscular 6-foot-3, 230-pound Canseco, who last month became the first player in major league history to hit 40 home runs and steal 40 bases in a single season, promptly denied it.
He obviously needs no help in defending himself, but a couple days later, his father, Jos6 Sr., let it be known to The Miami Herald, “If (Boswell) wants to solve this thing as a man, we’ll do that. I’m a pretty big guy.” - Kay BAbaro
Photo ID: That man is New York Daily News columnist Juan Gonz&lez.
Quoting...
A METRO COMMISSION SECRETARY in Dade County, Fla, responding to a question by a Hispanic Link reporter about the board’s ethnic makeup:
"There's one Hispanic, one black, and the rest are American."
Oct. 17,1988
3


Guarione Diaz, guest columnist
CarlOS Morton, guest columnist
Questioning U.S. Politics
Cubans have few problems understanding the United States’ economic system and the drive of those who succeed in it. Even those of u$ who do not make it stand by the free market and believe that individual effort
eventually will pay off.
Such views are shared equally by Cubans in the United States who knew capitalist Cuba and by those who were born in the revolution.
Yet for many Cubans, including those born or reared in the United States, American politics remain a mystery.
I believe there are two reasons for this difference.
One is the evident concern of Cubans with their relatives, political prisoners and other aspects of life in the island. Cuban Americans perceive that unless the United States heeds Castro and communism, freedom will be compromised in the short term.
The second reason is the unique role of politics in American life and the notable changes in U.S. society and foreign policy since World War II.
U.S. citizens tend to stay away from politics. This type of behavior is a by-product of 200 years of democracy, a stable political system, the availability of leisure time and resources, and made-for-teievision political campaigns.
UNREST YIELDS TO YUPPIES
Cubans, by contrast, see U.S. politics as pivotal to affairs in Cuba and to world freedom. For the half or more of eligible U.S. voters who do not generally vote, an election is an unattractive chore. For many Cubans, it is an exciting and perhaps momentous event.
With few exceptions, traditional pre-Castro Cuban politics involved the military, divergent and unyielding political ideologies, and frequent breaks in the constitutional process.
After Castro, uncompromising political views have been forced on every aspect of social life. Quite the opposite, U.S. local, state and even national elections include opposing candidates with similar themes. It is not unusual for U.S. presidents and other public officials to move to the center of the political spectrum after winning.
For Cubans, social and political change tends to be altered only when supplanted by an opposing process. The United States has a unique ability to absorb change and tolerate dissent.
It was quite difficult for newly arrived Cubans to understand that this country would overcome the trauma of the Vietnam War, that student political unrest would yield to the yuppies in just a decade, and that social action by controversial interest groups would evolve within the constitutional framework of expanding individual rights
NEW GENERATION CHANGED
U.S. society has changed in the last half of this century. Most of the world has changed, too, and so have relations among the world powers that fought World War II.
But new world arrangements such as glasnost, solidarity, the multiple shapes of European socialism, post-Maoist China, the rise of Japan, increasing contacts between Cuba and the United States, and a variety of conflicts all over the globe are now part of the Cuban-American experience, that experience of 30 years includes a U.S.-born generation.
Cuban Americans are still likely to distrust overtures toward Castro and to retain a high level of interest in world politics. At the same time, this interest and their view of the United States’ changes in handling domestic and international politics is increasingly affected by their U.S. experience.
To the extent that this U.S. experience influences them, Cuban Americans - the younger ones, in particular - will increase their efforts to bring a Cuban-American presence to the change and continuity of mainstream American politics.
(Guarione Diaz is president of the Cuban National Planning Council, a non-profit social service agency headquartered in Miami.)
4
La Raza’s Funny Bone
In Jose Antonio Burciaga’s first collection of essays, “Weedee Peepo,” he introduces himself as a“Mexicanus-Americanus-Chicanus-Texicanus-Californicus.” He gets angry when people mispronounce his last name,(Boor-see-agha) and call him Barracuda, Burserra, Bursitis or, in an attempt to make him Italian, Burchaga.
In plain English (with accompanying Spanish translations by Jose Roig), the author recounts his school days in El Paso, Texas, when lunch consisted of a burrito or chorizo con huevo that inevitably stained his brown paper bag as well as his pants. Across the way, a little blonde girl named Suzy would pull a peanut butter and jelly sandwich out of her Roy Rogers lunch box.
The nuns, claims Burciaga, never understood his culture, nor he theirs: “Dick and Jane, their two-story house, a father with a coat and tie, and Spot, who barked in English,
‘BowWow.’ My dogs always barked in Spanish,
‘Guau Guau.”’
And no wonder. He grew up in the basement of a Jewish synagogue where his father was the janitor and handyman. In one of his essays, Burciaga writes that the joys of the Yuletide seasons were threefold: His family celebrated Hanukkah besides the Anglo and Mexican Christmases.
WILL ROGERS AND CANTINFLAS MIXED
He tells us that he identifies a great deal with E.T., the alien from another planet. They are both shorter than “normal” people and both have upturned noses, exposing their nostrils for all the world to see. Aliens like E.T. use non-traditional modes of transportation to arrive in the United States. So, Burciaga points out, do many Indo-Hispanics: car trunks, railroad cars, inner tubes. He likes the caresses E.T. received at the end of the movie which told the audience that dark skin is just as nice as white skin.
Burciaga, who is also a fine visual artist, poet and comedian with the “Culture Clash” comedy troupe, will best be remembered for his humor. He is the funny bone of La Raza, an earthy, gutsy proletariat howl as native to the U.S. Southwest as the cactus and adobes. He is a mix of Will Rogers and Cantinflas, the Mexican comic.
Not that he doesn’t have his serious side. His pieces on the Border Patrol, the Junipero Serra sainthood controversy and other Mexican and U.S. issues show us how far we as neighbors have to go before the twain shall meet There are also some very touching moments, especially when he writes about his mother and father.
UN-AMERICAN NAMES RECHRISTENED
My favorite essay of all, and one which I read to my junior college speech classes every semester, is “The Tall Ones Are Ganging Up On Me.” In it the author argues that if the proponents of English Only have their way, all the foreign names of our cities will have to be changed. In California, Los Banos would become The Bathrooms and Sobrantes, Leftovers. San Francisco would be renamed Saint Francis of Assisi, Atascadero, Mud Puddle; Manteca, Lard; Panocha, Brown Sugar, and Aromas, Smells.
People with “un-American” names would have to follow suit . Nieves Palomares would be rechristened Ice Cream Pigeonhouse and Jose Feliciano would answer to Joe Happiness.
Asks Burciaga: Would Julio Iglesias and Piacido Domingo sound more romantic and artistic as July Churches and Placid Sunday?
As for the title, “Weedee Peepo” refers to the author's parents who, when studying for their naturalization tests, would ask each other in Spanish, “Have you learned el Weedee Peepo?” That’s the way Maria and Jose Burciaga pronounced the first words of the preamble to the Constitution.
Despite their limited English, his parents became citizens. They knew that Weedee Peepo meant nosotros el pueblo, we the people.
(Carlos Morton is a playwright who teaches speech and drama at Laredo Junior College in Laredo, Texas)
Hispanic Link Weekly Report


COLLECTING
ABORTIONS: The July/August issue of Family Planning Perspectives magazine contains the results of two studies on why women have abortions and who they are. Data by race and ethnicity are included For a copy send $5 to The Alan Guttmacher Institute, 111 Fifth Ave., New York, N.Y. 10003.
TEACHER RETENTION: “Minority Teacher Recruitment and Retention: A Public Policy Issue” is a 30-page booklet by the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education that presents an action plan, which includes legislative and institutional strategies, for combating the shortage of minority teachers. For a copy send $12 to AACTE Publications, One Dupont Circle, Suite610, Washington, D.C. 20036-2412.
LITERARY CONTEST: Entries are being sought for the 15th annual Chicano Literary Contest. The categories are prose, poetry and theater, works can be submitted in English, Spanish or both. Deadline is Jan. 26, 1989. For more information contact Chicano Literary Contest, Department of Spanish and Portuguese, University of California at Irvine, lrv«ne, Calif. 92717 (714) 856-5702.
PRE-MARIEL CUBANS: “The Demographic Characteristics of Pre-Mariel Cubans Living in the United States: 1980” is a 70-page monograph explaining socioeconomic differences among Hispanic subgroups. For a copy send $5 to Graduate School of International Studies, North-South Center, Publications, University of Miami, P.O. Box 24-8123, Coral Gables, Fla. 33124-8*23.
TEEN-AGE MOTHERS: “The Challenge of Serving Teen-Age Mothers: Lessons from Project Redirection” is a 32-page report on a successful national program to ease the welfare dependency of teen-age mothers. For a copy send $7.50 to Manpower Demonstration Research Center, Office of Publications, Three Park Ave., New York, N.Y. 10016.
WEEDEE PEEPO: “Weedee Peepo” is a 207-page book containing a collection of essays by humorist Jose Antonio Burciaga on his observations about life as seen through the eyes of a Chicano. Soft-cover editions cost $10.95 and can be ordered through Pan American University Press, 1201 W. University Drive, Edinburg, Texas 78539-2999 (512) 381-2011.
REFUGEE SPONSORSHIP: The Private Sector Initiative-4000 Program allows government-designated refugees to immigrate to the United States under sponsorship by private groups or individuals. The prospective immigrant must be able to prove individual persecution to be classified a refugee. For information, write U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Office of Refugee and Asylum Parole, 425 I St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20536.
CONNECTING
SCHOLARSHIP EVENTS UNDERWAY
More than 60 fund-raising activities in 35 cities and Puerto Rico are being held this month and next by Anheuser-Busch Cos. Inc. to raise $2 million for the National Hispanic Scholarship Fund, the beer company’s chairman announced last month in San Antonio.
Money will be raised through events such as 10K runs, concerts, skiing competitions, golf tournaments and dinners. In addition, participating Anheuser-Busch wholesalers will donate money from each case of Budweiser they sell this month.
The 13-year-old NHSF has awarded $4.8 million to more than 7,600 undergraduate, graduate and professional school students.
For more information on the events, call David Ramirez at (314) 982-1700.
SEEKING MINORITY EXECUTIVES
Expanding the participation of Hispanics and other minorities in the upper echelons of the corporate world is the goal of the Corporate Executive Fellows program, a joint effort announced by the National Urban Fellows and the Columbia University Graduate School of Business last month.
The 24-month program differs from others of its kind in that each fellow is placed for nine months as a special assistant to an executive at one of the participating corporations These include the Chase Manhattan Corporation, Time Inc. and the Hewlett-Packard Co.
Fellows will attend two terms at Columbia, beginning May 1989, before and after the mentorship, during which a $15,000 stipend is awarded. Tuition and travel expenses are covered. Candidates should apply by Dec. 26 for the Graduate Admission Test. For more information contact George Pefta, corporate executive fellows director, at 570 Seventh Ave., Suite 905, New York, N.Y. 10018 (212) 221-7090.
OTHER FACES, OTHER PLACES
Philip Perez, principal of Paul Revere Elementary School in Orange County, Calif., receives one of 12 California Educator Awards from the state. The award carries a $25,000 prize... Gabriel Aguirre, owner of an Indianapolis firm that makes ice cream machines and beverage dispensers, SaniServ, wins the U.S. Minority Business Development Agency’s Minority Entrepreneur of the Year Award... The YWCA of Metropolitan Chicago selects Virginia Martinez, vice president and general counsel of Voices for Illinois Children, as one of seven women for its Outstanding Achievement Awards...
Calendar
THIS WEEK
FINANCIAL RESOURCES Washington, D.C. Oct 17-21 The Pan American Development Foundation will hold a meeting designed to put non-governmental agencies from Latin America and the Caribbean in touch with resource organizations from the United States and Canada that can provide them with financial, technical and training assistance.
Daniel Seyler(202) 458-6272
BIG BROTHER RECRUITMENT New York Oct. 18
Big Brothers/Big Sisters of New York City will hold a breakfast for community leaders to kick off a minority volunteer recruitment drive. Featured speakers include Fernando Ferrer, Bronx Borough president, Hispanic Link Weekly Report
and Aida Alvarez, a vice president of First Boston Corporation.
Aurora Flores (212) 889-2788
ENGINEERING SYMPOSIUM Los Angeles Oct. 19-21
The Mexican American Engineering Society will hold a symposium which will include the presentation of technical engineering papers as well as works addressing the retention of Hispanic students. Panel topics include improving employment and educational opportunities for Latino students. Robert Sanchez (714) 952-2579
AIDS SKILL BUILDING New Orleans Oct. 20-23
Community-based AIDS service providers, including a large proportion of minority organizations, will learn how to develop their skills in the areas of management, finance, fund-raising, information systems and systems of case management The conference is sponsored the National AIDS Network Betsy Ringel (202) 293-2437
GUITAR CONCERT
Cleveland Oct. 21
Classical guitarist Pepe Romero will appear as part of Northern Ohio’s Celebration of Hispanic Arts and Culture. Romero, from Spain, will play works drawing on the music of Andalusia and Malaga.
Great Lakes Theatre Festival (216) 241-5490
CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS CONFERENCE Washington, D.C. Oct. 21
The Christopher Columbus Quincentenary Jubilee Commission and the National Italian American Foundation will sponsor a conference looking at the meaning Columbus^ journey has for all ethnic groups in the United States. It will include a presentation by Abel Quintela, president of the U.S. Hispanic Chamber of Commerce.
Barbara Herlock (202) 638-0220
COMING SOON
EDUCATION AND THE FAMILY Chicago Commission on Latino Affairs Chicago Oct. 28 Marta Ayala (312) 744-4404
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CORPORATE CLASSIFIEDS
Southwest Texas State University
San Marcos, Texas 78666 AC512 245-2205
SOUTHWEST TEXAS STATE UNIVERSITY ANTICIPATED FACULTY POSITIONS FALL 1989
Dean, School of Science: Professor, tenure-track. Closing date: January 10,1989.
Chair, Department of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation: Associate/Professor, tenure-track. Closing date: December 9,1988.
Chair, Department of Psychology: Associate/Professor, tenure-track. Closing date: January 15,1989.
Accounting: Two positions in financial/managerial accounting, both Assistant or Associate Professor, tenure-track. Closing Date: December 15,1988.
Agriculture: Agribusiness, Assistant Professor, tenure-track. Closing Date: February 15, 1989.
Art: Two positions, graphic design and art historian, both Assistant Professor, tenure-track. Closing date: December 16,1988.
Biology: One position in limnology, one position in aquatic ecology, both Assistant Professor, tenure-track Closing date: January 30, 1989. One position in science education, Assistant Professor, tenure-track Closing date: January 16,1989.
Computer Science: Computer engineering or information science, Assistant Professor, tenure-track Closing date: March 15,1989.
Criminal Justice: Law enforcement administration, Assistant Professor, tenure-track Closing date: March 15,1989.
Curriculum and Instruction: Secondary/content reading Assistant/Associate Professor, tenure-track January 15,1989.
English: Two positions, both Assistant Professor, tenure-track Closing date: November
10.1988.
Finance and Economics: Business finance, Assistant/Associate Professor, tenure-track Closing date: December 1,1988.
Health, Physical Education and Recreation: Recreational administration, Assistant Professor, tenure-track Closing date: January 13,1989.
History: Three positions, modern East Asia, U.S. history survey, and western civilization, all Assistant Professor, tenure-track Closing date: October 31,1988.
Home Economics: Three positions, two in fashion merchandising one in clothing/textiles, all Assistant Professor tenure-track Closing date: February 1,1989.
Management and Marketing: Policy or production/operations, Assistant Professor, tenure-track Closing date: February 1,1989.
Modern Languages: French, Assistant Professor, tenure-track Closing date: November
15.1988.
Psychology: Assistant Professor, tenure-track. Closing date: February 15,1989.
Sociology/Anthropology: Cultural anthropology, Assistant Professor, tenure-track’ Closing date: January 15,1989.
Speech Communication/Theatre Arts: Organizational Communication, Assistant Professor, tenure-track Closing date: December 1,1988.
Although no tenure-track vacancies are anticipated in other areas, applications are welcome for consideration for future needs. The University continues to seek applications for temporary faculty appointments in the departments listed above as well as other departments of Technology, Computer Information Systems and Administrative Sciences, Educational Administration and Psychological Services, Journalism, Music, Allied Health Administration, Geography and Planning, Philosophy, Political Science, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Physics.
For more information please contact the appropriate department, Southwest Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas 78666. The University reserves the right not to proceed with any appointments for financial or programatic reasons.
An Equal Opportunity/
Affirmative Action Employer
GRADUATE MANAGEMENT INTERN
(FOUR POSITIONS)
Ann. #1514-9A-CMG
Salary Range: $9.96 - $14.04/hr. These positions are designed to provide graduate students with learning experience while performing productive assignments and becoming oriented tothegoals, organization and operations of local government. The vacancies exist in the following departments:
DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN SERVICES: This position will provide hands-on experience in local government in the areas of decision making, organizational process, purchasing, planning, and budgeting.
DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY PLANNING, HOUSING AND DEVELOPMENT: This position will assist in the development of a computerized housing data base for the county.
OFFICE OF TECHNOLOGY AND INFORMATION SERVICES: This position will provide support to the County’s Product Technology program. The assignment will be to identify, study, and help implement innovations to improve county operations.
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS: This position will assist the budget preparation and/or computer applications depending on the intern’^ background. Otherassignments are possible.
Qualification Requirements: Applicants must have graduated within the last year from a Master’s degree program and not previously been employed in the field, or must have completed one semester of graduate study beyond the Bachelor’s degree and be currently enrolled in a program leading to a Master’s degree in public or business administration, urban and regional planning or other field related to the needs of local government.
All applicants must submit an official Arlington County application form and cover letter. Refer to official announcement for details. Applications and cover letter must be received into the Personnel Department no later than 5:00 p.m. on Octoberl27,1988.To request an application please call (703) 358-3500 or TDD(703) 284-5521 (hearing impaired only).
ARLINGTON COUNTY PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT 2100 Clarendon Blvd., Suite 511 Arlington, VA 22201 EOE/MFH
CITY MANAGER CATHEDRAL CITY, CALIF.
CITY MANAGER, CATHEDRAL CITY, CALIF., (Riverside County Population: 27,000). Salary: Open and competitive D.O.Q. Reports to five-member elected city council and oversees a fast-growing, middle-class, full-service city with police, fire, park and recreation and redevelopment services provided by 151 employees. FY88-89 budget is $11.8 million operating and $8.3 million capital.
Prefer city manager or assistant city manager in a comparable city with management experience in redevelopment and finance.
Send resume to KORN/FERRY INTERNATIONAL Attn: David Donaldson or Jim Clarke, 1800 Century Park East, Suite 900, Los Angeles, Calif. 90067 AA/EOE
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Oct. 17,1988
Hispanic Link Weekly Report


THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS at EL PASO DIRECTOR OF CHICANO STUDIES
The University of Texas at El Paso seeks candidates for the position of Director of the Chicano Studies Program with a joint faculty appointment in an academic department Rank and salary are open and commensurate with qualifications and experience.
Required qualifications: earned doctorate in liberal arts, science, education, nursing and/or allied health, business, and engineering; strong record of teaching, scholarly activity, and administrative experience; ability to work with various academic units and community groups; fluent in Spanish and knowledgeable of the demographics of the Chicano population.
Duties: Responsible for course and program development; initiates and coordinates research and publication efforts; organizes lecture series and cultural performances, often in collaboration with community organizations and regional universities; teaching and student advising; the director reports directly to the Vice President for Academic Affairs.
Chicano Studies offers an interdisciplinary BA and selected minor areas of academic concentration. The program facilitates research, publications, and cultural services of importance to the Chicano community.
The position is available after June 1,1989. A letter of application, curriculum vitae, three letters of recommendation, and publication samples must be submitted by December 7, 1989, to:
Dennis J. Bixler-Marquez Chicano Studies Director Search Committee Chicano Studies Program The University of Texas at El Paso 500 West University Avenue El Paso, Texas 79968
The University is an equal opportunity, affirmative action employer.
CONTROLLER-TREASURER SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
CONTROLLER-TREASURER (Director of Finance and Administration) SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA RAPID TRANSIT DISTRICT, Los Angeles* Calif. Salary $73,308 to$99,840 D.O.Q., t Reports to General Manager and oversees staff of 311 employees and a $23 million budget. Responsible for accounting and fiscal management, investments, budget, risk management, management information systems, and personnel.
Prefer Bachelors degree in accounting, business or public administration and several years senior level management experience in a financial and administrative capacity in a comparably sized organization, preferably transit related.
Send resumes to KORN/FERRY INTERNATIONAL, Attn: Jim Clarke, 1800 Century Park East 9th Floor, Los Angeles, Calif. 90067.
AA/EOE
CONFERENCE ASSISTANT
National Council of La Raza seeks conference assistant. Salary $18,000-$20,000. Assistant will help conference coordinator plan and implement all phases of annual conference. Must be highly organized, possess excellent writing skills and have computer skills. Bilingual (English/ Spanish) preferred.
Send resume to Eileen Torres, NCLR, 20 F St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001 (202) 628-9600.
TARLETON STATE UNIVERSITY
ASSISTANT PROFESSORS
Tarleton State University, part of the Texas A&M University System, is seeking candidates for Assistant Professor, criminal justice, 9-month, full-time, tenure-track position beginning fall, 1989. Duties include teaching four courses per semester, one summer term usually available, and perform other university and departmental duties. Specialty in criminal and civil rights law preferred. Requires Ph.D. in Criminal Justice, Justice Studies or related field. J.D. degree preferred. University teaching essential. Salary competitive. Women and minority candidates especially welcome.
Tarleton State University, part ofthe Texas A&M University System, is seeking candidates for Assistant Professor in government 9-month, full-time tenure-track position beginning fall, 1989. Duties include teaching four courses per semester,, drawn from American National and Texas State government, upper-division and graduate courses in comparative politics and international relations. One summer term generally available. Requires Ph.D. and demonstrated excellence in classroom teaching. Salary competitive. Women and minority candidates especially welcome.
Tarleton State University, part of the Texas A&M University System, is seeking candidates for Assistant Professor in economics, 9-month, full-time tenure track position, beginning fall, 1989. Duties include teaching four courses per semester including undergraduate principles and upper division courses to include Money and Banking and Economic Development. One summer term teaching generally available. Requires Ph.D. and demonstrated excellence in classroom teaching. Salary competitive. Women and minority candidates especially welcome.
Send resumes/vita, letter of interest, official transcripts and three letters of academic references to Tarleton State University, Dr. Wm. E. Adkinson, Head, Social Sciences Department, Box T-2006, Tarleton Station, Stephenville, TX 76402. Application deadline January 15,1989.
AA/EOE
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR CHICANO/LATIN AMERICAN LITERATURE
V
I ECONOMICS FACULTY
We are seeking two tenure track candidates (and possibly a third) for Fall, 1989. These positions entail teaching and doing scholarly activity in: Labor Economics and International Economics. The third opening would be in Health Economics and/or Industrial Organization.
Appointment will be at the Assistant or Associate Professor rank with salary dependent upon rank. An excellent salary and benefit package is provided.
Qualifications: Ph.D. in Economics by August 1989 required; evidence of re-search/scholarly activity commitment; ability to provide advising to gradu-ate/undergraduate students necessary.
I To apply: provide detailed vita, letter of in-
i terest, transcripts and three recommendations to: Chairperson - Search Committee; Position #FAAA88028, 029, 030; EASTERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY; 310 King Hall, Ypsilanti, Ml j 48197.
i Immediate responses will receive consideration and possible interviews at the December American Economics Association Conference. Deadline for receipt of all materials: December 31,1988.
WE TAKE PRIDE IN THE PURSUIT OF OUR AFFIRMATIVE ACTION OBJECTIVES AND ENCOURAGE QUALIFIED WOMEN AND MINORITIES TO CONSIDER THIS OPPORTUNITY. MULTICULTURAL EXPERIENCE DESIRED.
Eastern Michigan University
An Equal Opportunity Employe'
Chicano/Latin American Literature. Asst. Prof., reg. appt, Fall’89. Ph.D. or near completion. Specialist in Chicano lit. with expertise in one or more of the following: Mexican lit., Lat. Am. lit., third world lit., lit. theory, women’s studies, applied linguistics. To teach lang., Iit,& interdisciplinary courses & to work closely with Latino community on campus. Native or near-native fluency in
both Spanish & English. Minority candidates & women particularly encouraged to apply.
Send dossier, three letters of rec., & self-addressed postcard by Nov. 15 to Robert Ellis, Search Chair, Occidental College, Dept of Langs. & Lits., 1600 Campus Rd., Los Angeles, Calif. 90041.
A A -EQ. OP. Employer
Hispanic Link Weekly Report


Arts & Entertainment
REEL TALK: An independent production company headed by Moctezuma Esparza has teamed with distributor Trans World Entertainment on a $15 million, three-year deal.
The deal- reported in trade publications-calls for TWE to finance and distribute a minimum of five Esparza Katz Prods. Inc. features. Esparza and partner Robert Katz wi II produce all films.
Esparza and Katz are executive vice president and president, respectively, of Saints & Sinners Film Development Co.
Projects currently in development for the TWE deal reportedly include a film version of Rudolfo Anaya’s novel Bless Me Ultima. Also in development, in TV miniseries form, is an adaptation of Gary Jenning’s best seller Aztec.
Esparza and Katz produced last year’s The Telephone, which starred Whoopi Goldberg and was released by New World Pictures. Esparza was co-producer, with Robert Redford, of UniversaPs The
Milagro Beanfield War.
In related news, Latino actors are featured in various films that are currently in production:
Cheech Marin heads the cast of Rude Awakening (for Orion), which began filming in New York in September. Charlie Sheen co-stars with Tom Berengerin Mayor League (Paramount).
Eddie Velez and Alexis Cruz will be seen in Rooftops (New Visions); Miguel Sandoval in The Gumshoe Kid; Rick Aviles in Tuesday Night in Memphis. And Richard Coca, Benny Martinez, Daniel Villareal and Diana Ortelli are cast in Judgment, a Juvie Prods, film about the juvenile court system, produced by Oscar L. Costo, and starring Elliot Gould and Emilia Crow.
Incidentally, casting director Bob Morones held open calls in East Los Angeles for several of the kids in the movie. “The producers told me they wanted it realistic, so I told them I'd get them gang members,” Morones told The Los Angeles Times. Morones added that violence was avoided by “(making) sure there was a pact declaring the filming area‘neutral’ territory.”
Antonio Mejias-Rentas
Media Report
SPANISH TV COVERAGE: This election year, the Unlvieion and Telemundo networks offered their viewers for the first time live Spanish-language coverage of the George Bush/Michael Dukakis presidential debates.
Univision also provided simultaneous interpretation of the debate between vp candidates Dan Quayie and Lloyd Bentsen. News Director Guillermo Martinez explained that the signals were transmitted via satellite to their Washington, D.C, office where four translators stood ready.
Voice identification for the candidates was made possible by having different translators handle their comments Two other translators spoke for reporters.
Univision also snared the presidential candidates for interviews Though the Democratic pair are much touted as the first bilingual ticket, Martinez said, Dukakis is more comfortable with translation for in-depth stories
Bentsen prefers to speak his own Spanish.
They also are making themselves accessible and cooperative in other ways
Telemundo Executive Producer Marlene May said the Dukakis campaign offered it a free satellite hookup so it could interview Rep. Bill Richardson (D-N.M.) following the first presidential debate. “They are coming after us because they know we are getting to the voters” she said.
CAVAZOS MEETING: The Hispanic News Media Association of Washington, D.C., will sponsor a formal breakfast meeting Oct. 25 with U S. Education Secretary Lauro Cavazos at the Capitol Hill Hyatt Hotel.
The meeting will provide a forum for Latino reporters to pose questions to the nation’s first Hispanic Cabinet member. Non-media representatives may also attend, but reservations are required.
For information, contact Sophia Nieves at (202) 234-0280.
JOURNALISM SYMPOSIUM: The New York region of the National Association of Hispanic Journalists and the New York
Association of Black Journalists will cosponsor an affirmative action symposium at the Columbia University Journalism School in New York Oct 29.
The Newspaper Guild will discuss the discrimination complaint it filed against The Washington Post this summer. The Post will not send a representative, said meeting coordinator Joe Rodriguez, who is an editorial writer at The Hartford Courant Rodriguez intends, however, to have management’s position voiced as well.
Also on the panel will be a reporter from the New York Daily News, who will review hiring over the one-year period since minority journalists there were successful in their discrimination lawsuit
Contact Rodriguez for more information at (203) 241-6602.
NOTABLE: Reporter Mike Castro has taken a leave of absence from the Sacramento Bee to serve as executive director of the California Chicano News Media Association for the next two years. Castro was a founding director of CCNMA and founder of its Sacramento chapter. _ Qarryi Lynette Figueroa
HISPANIC LINK WEEKLY REPORT
A national publication of Hispanic Link News Service Inc.
1420‘N’ Street NW Washington, D.C. 20005 (202) 234-0280 or 234-0737
Publisher. Hector Ericksen* Mendoza Editor F6lix Perez
Reporting: Antonio Mejias-Rentas, Darryl Lynette Figueroa, Sophia Nieves.
Graphics/Product’on: Carlos Arrien, Zoiia Elias No portion of Hispanic Link Weekly Report maybe reproduced or broadcast in any form without advance permission.
Annual subscription (50 issues):
Institutions/agencies $118
Personal $108
Trial (13 issues) $30
CORPORATE CLASSIFIED: Ad rates 90 cents per word. Display ads are $45 per column .inch. Ads placed by Tuesday will run in Weekly Report mailed Friday of same week. Multiple use rates on request.
WHO IS THAT MAN? See Sin polos on la lengua.
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Hispanic Link Weekly Report


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