Hispanic link weekly report, May 8, 1989

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Hispanic link weekly report, May 8, 1989
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Hispanic link weekly report
Hispanic Link News Service, Inc.
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Washington, D.C.
Hispanic Link News Service, Inc.
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Making TheftMvs
The doctors of Dimaggio Velasquez, an 18-year-old dying of bone cancer in a San Francisco hospital, write a letter to President Bush asking that he intervene so that Velasquez’s father, Constantino, be allowed to visit from Nicaragua The White House has yet to respond...The California state attorney general’s office launches a preliminary investigation into $7,500 in contributions to state Assemblyman PeteChac6n from the California Check Cashers Association. The group opposed legislation Chacon was carrying to regulate the industry’s charges. Chacon received $4,000 from the group the same day the bill was tabled and $3,500 the month before...Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley ap-
points Antonia Hernandez, president and general counsel of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund, to his newly formed, seven-member ethics panel... Joseph Fernandez, former CIA station chief in Costa Rica, pleads not guilty in a federal court in Alexandria, Va., to four criminal charges in connection with the Iran-contra fiasco...Serafines de Orange County and the California Angels select Rudy Castruita, superintendent of the Santa Ana School District, and Manuel Ortega, chief of police of Bell, as their Man of the Year award recipients. Both men marked firsts in Orange County history when they reached their current positions...Rafael Ibarra, 34, of Fresno, Calif., wins the 52-mile White House Wheelchair Race of Champions in 3 hours, 49 minutes and 3 seconds...

Puerto Rican Unity Efforts Growing
Bush Chooses Davila for Education Position
President Bush nominated May 1 Robert Davila as assistant education secretary for special education and rehabilitative services. Davila has been vice president for precollege programs at the Washington, D.C.-based Gallaudet University, a nationally recognized school for the hearing impaired.
If confirmed by the Senate, Dctvila would oversee an office that has a budget of $3.6 billion and a 424-member staff.
A son of California migrant farm workers, Davila, 56, lost his hearing to meningitis at the age of eight.
Both Parties Gain in
By Mario Santana
Overtures and actions by mainland and island Puerto Rican leaders to seek greater influence through unity have been increasing. The most recent example is the promise by Puerto Rico Governor Rafael Hernandez Colon to redraft a major legislative proposal to satisfy concerns of U.S. Puerto Rican leaders.
The proposal would create a Cabinet department to provide expanded services and resources to the mainland Puerto Rican community. Modified as a result of an agreement between the governor and the Washington, D.C.-based National Puerto Rican Coalition, it
Job Bias Decision
was introduced to the island Legislature April 27.
Other examples include the creation of the island-financed Abeuete Voter Registration Campaign in U.S. cities with large Puerto Rican populations, the governor meeting with mainland leaders to see how they feel about continental Puerto Ricans voting in the upcoming plebiscite on the island's status, and efforts of organizations such as NPRC to extend their outreach to community-based groups on the island.
Despite these activities, leaders in both the island and mainland are raising questions about whether the 3.4 million island Puerto Ricans and 2.7 million mainland Puerto Ricans can work together effectively to pursue common interests.
By Danilo Alfaro
The U.S. Supreme Court May 1 placed the burden of proof on employers that decisions to promote or hire are not based on discriminatory reasons. However, in its 6-3 ruling, the court said that a company need only show by a lesser standard of proof that its reasons are legitimate.
"Putting the burden of proof on the defendants is a move in the right direction," said Richard Rivera, staff attorney for the Puerto Rican Legal Defense and Education Fund. "We’ve been pushing for that for a long time.
San Antonio Attorney Frank Herrera was elected to succeed Southern California corporate executive Frank Quevedo as chairman of the board of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund during the national group’s annual meeting April 28-29 in Washington,
But the decision gave employers an important piece too."
Under the newly imposed standard, a "preponderance of the evidence" must support the defendant’s claim.
The decision concerned a case in which the Washington, D.C.-based accounting firm Price Waterhouse failed to promote Ann Hopkins to partner. The court rebuffed the firm’s argument that the plaintiff should be required to prove that sex discrimination, and not legitimate judgments, contributed to her being passed over. Instead, the court ruled that an employee must only show evidence that race, sex or age played a motivating part.
Herrera set an immediate priority of raising $500,000 to ensure fair redistricting for Hispanic communities following the 1990 census. He said MALDEF would work with other Latino groups such as the Southwest Voter Registration Education Project to give the community an independent ability to draw and promote congressional and state districts.
He said that he and General Counsel Antonia Hernandez, whose contract the board renewed, would visit several Southwestern and Midwestern states in the coming weeks to seek financial support for the effort. MALDEF’s current annual budget is $3.7 million.
The proposed department was first announced March 15. It immediately drew opposition from mainland leaders.
continued on page 2
Father Pulls Plug on Infant
Five days after holding hospital staffers in Cicero, III., at bay with a handgun and disconnecting the life-support system of his comatose 16-month- old son, Rudy Linares attended church May 1 for the infant’s funeral.
According to police, Linares, 23, entered the pediatric intensive care unit at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center April 26 shortly after 1 a.m. and unplugged the equipment. After several minutes of cradling his son, Samuel, Linares asked for a stethoscope to check the child’s heart. Linares, a painter and landscaper, then collapsed in tears and turned over the gun and lifeless body.
Linares, the father of two other children, Stephanie, 5, and Rudy, 4, was released on $75,000 bond after being charged with murder. Asked how she felt about her husband’s action, Tamara Linares told a local radio station, "This is the best thing...Sammy is out of his misery."
Samuel had been on a life-support system since Aug. 2, when he swallowed a balloon at a party in his home.
MALDEF Board Elects New Chairman

Plan for Boston Univ. to Run School District Draws Criticism
By Danilo Alfaro
A plan for Boston University to assume management of the troubled Chelsea, Mass., school district has drawn fire from Hispanic organizations and others who say the university would not be sufficiently accountable to the public and that bilingual education would be threatened.
Hispanic students are approximately 65% of the Chelsea school population.
On May 1 the Chelsea Board of Aldermen ratified the 10-year plan by an 8-1 margin. It was approved 7-4 by the Massachusetts Board of Education last month. The proposal goes to the state legislature for consideration later this month.
Marta Rosa, president of the Chelsea Committee on Hispanic Affairs, told Weekly Report that members of the Latino community are concerned with the plan’s provision for early childhood education. "It would begin to work with children at ages three to four years. There is no guarantee that bilingual education would be maintained and enriched at that level."
Javier Col6n, attorney for CCHA, said, "There’s a lot of concern over the problems of English-only immersion at that age. It would deprive students of speaking and writing Spanish in the future, and that’s not acceptable to the Hispanic community."
Community leaders are seeking implementation of an advisory board to the university, with at least 50% of its members Latino.
Elizabeth McBride, chairperson of the Chelsea school committee, said the plan has gone forth with a minimum of public input. "The Hispanic community is not being represented. The university is not involving the teachers. It’s really been shoved down people’s throats."
Dean Peter Greer, coordinator of the Chelsea project at Boston University, challenged claims of exclusion. "This has been going on for two years. Only now is the Hispanic community getting excited about it."
Leaders Question Single Voice Theory
continued from page 1
The redrafted legislative proposal is a result of an agreement reached April 19. According to NPRC, the new department would support and strengthen mainland leadership rather than compete with it. It will not seek to raise any funds except for the A&ewste Campaign, and an eight-member advisory committee of mainland leaders will meet with the governor at least twice a year.
"The governor wants to bring closer relations between island and mainland Puerto Ricans and I think it is positive," NPRC president Louis Nunez said.
He also said that he does not see as a realistic goal a single voice. “What could be done is to develop an awareness of the situation of the Puerto Ricans in the mainland and recognize that there is a mainland leadership."
Antonio Stevens-Arroyo, a Puerto Rican Studies professor at the City University of New York, Brooklyn College, said, "The governor’s intention has been to help to develop and ac-knowlege the reality of both communities. I agree with the governor. For a long time, Puerto Rico has needed to be more conscious of the mainland Puerto Rican reality."
According to Stevens-Arroyo, the case of Puerto Rico is unique. "The same pattern of being a U.S. citizen and feeling Puerto Rican exists in both communities," he said.
But island political analyst Juan Manuel Garcia-Passalacqua does not think the governor’s initiative is a good idea.
"jQuecarajdl If the governor can’t represent the Puerto Ricans of the island, how is he going to represent the Puerto Ricans of the United States?"
The president of the Philadelphia-based Puerto Rican Registration Committee, Freddy Ramfrez, expressed a similar concern: "The mainland leadership doesn’t realize that what is really going on is that the Puerto Rican government wants to take care of the mainland Puerto Rican issues by itself.
"If the government of Puerto Rico has a cabinet-level department to provide services to mainland Puerto Ricans, then our mainland
governors and mayors — instead of dealing with us as the leadership — will deal with the island government."
Ramirez added that if the communities unify, "one voice, ours, will assimilate to the other one."
Angelo Falcon, president of the Institute for Puerto Rican Policy, said that the reason for the creation of the new department is that Hernandez Colon is trying to influence the vote of the mainland community if they are authorized by Congress to vote in the plebiscite.
"We are not in the position to return to the days when the governor talked on behalf of the Puerto Ricans of the United States," he added.
Luis Cab&n, associate director of the Mid-west/Northeast Voter Registration Education Project, said, "I think people from the mainland are the ones who should be involved in mainland Puerto Rican politics." Caban said that what especially disturbs him is the competition for funds between the Hernandez Colon initiative Atfa/ete and mainland voter registration groups.
"It is important to the government of Puerto Rico to have influence in Washington, D.C. But the fact is that they don’t have any representative there but a resident commissioner with limited powers." On the other hand, he said, Puerto Ricans who live in the United States have full voting rights.
Ditch Plan Goes Forth; Rights Advocates Fume
By Rhonda Smith
Despite opposition from immigrant rights advocates and San Diego officials who say they were not consulted, construction of a 4-mile ditch along the U.S.- Mexico border in that city will most likely begin this summer. Individuals have until May 26 to comment on the proposed structure.
A federal report the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service released April 13 declared it would not be detrimental to the environment to construct the 14-foot-wide, 5-foot-deep ditch.
The ditch is being touted by INS as a deterrent to drug trafficking in that region, as well as for drainage purposes. But Roberto Martinez of the American Friends Service Committee’s U.S./Mexico Program said, "It’s an insult to people’s intelligence to think a 4-mile ditch along a 2,000-mile border will deter drug trafficking."
Opponents of the ditch say that U.S. officials are also using it to deter illegal border crossings. The proposed ditch depicts "the absence of a coherent analysis of the causes of migration," according to Helen Sklar, legal director of the Center For Immigrants’ Rights Inc. in Los Angeles.
Chicago Mayor Considering Requests
By Mario Santana
Chicago Mayor Richard Daley’s chief of staff is reviewing a series of recommendations submitted to the newly elected mayor by the city’s Commission on Latino Affairs, an assistant to the chief of staff told Weekly Report May 1.
The commission met April 6 with representatives of Daley’s transition team to outline its 1989 priorities. Daley was sworn in April 24.
"We expect that in the upcoming weeks we will meet with Mayor Daley or with his chief of staff (John Smith)," said Esther Nieves, the commission’s executive director.
The commission, created by executive order in October 1983, encouraged the development of policy initiatives in areas of affirmative action, education, economic development, health and immigration, among others.
On April 20 it released the report "The State of Chicago’s Latinos: A Report to the Latino Community and Mayor-elect Richard Daley."
The commission urged the Daley administration to utilize its recommendations when policies are being formulated that directly or indirectly impact Latinos.
May 8,1989
Hispanic Link Weekly Report

Sonia D. T. Rodriguez
My Cherished Orchid
1 went to visit her as I had many times in my 22 years of life, taking with me a bouquet of pink carnations to surprise her. Now that I was out of college and had a job, I wanted to do special things for her. I didn’t realize that transporting them 40 miles would compromise their looks.
I drove up the red dirt driveway. She had two windows by her bed, kept open from May to September to capture any small, cool breeze that could fight off the harsh Texas summer, lacanicula—the dog days. However, today there was no radio blaring announcements in Spanish about cow heads for Sunday morning barbacoa. I sensed she was not feeling well.
It had been some time since she had greeted us as in the old days — gracing the wooden steps to her front door. This lady had withstood many a hot, humid summer laboring in the fields. She was a strong flower. Unlike the blossoms I carried, she was not offended by a little dirt and-heat. _:
In her younger years, she was striking — a j beautiful orchid. But the years had caught up I with her. And now she lay on her side on her big i poster bed, a delicate being, too weak to stand
DAIRY QUEEN HAMBURGERS I think back at days gone by. The simple things I joy to her. I fondly remember how my father would just mention Dairy I Queen hamburgers and she would disappear inside her house and t magically reappear with dress shoes on and purse in hand. On holidays we would present her with gifts of Avon talcum powder, floral dresses, undergarments, things we thought she needed, things she treasured. "Have suitcase, will travel" seemed to be her slogan. After having 13 children and raising an additional seven, she always had family to visit. However, she seemed most comfortable in her own little green house with red window panes. She had long retired her suitcase.
As I had many times before as a child, I crawled on top of her bed, and I asked how she was doing. She cracked a smile. Maybe she loved me so because people said I looked like her in her budding years. Knowing I was one of her consentidas — pets — made me feel special around her.
I showed her the wilting posies. They had been scorched by the heat, just as she had by so many Texas summers. She didn’t seem to mind. Her eyes gleamed with happiness. I put the flowers in a vase and placed them on her dresser where she could see them from her bed.
That hot August afternoon we talked at length in Spanish about her family — how her father had remarried after his wife died in a fire. Her mother’s name was Leandra, she told me. Her maternal grandparents came from Spain, which explained her fair complexion and beautiful blue eyes. She lay there and retrieved all this information from her 89-I year-old memory, almost as if she were giving it to me as an heirloom ; for safekeeping.
| I noticed she was getting tired so I decided to let her sleep. I kissed | her on the forehead and as customary, said, "Quedese con Dios." I looked at my sad flowers and remembered thinking, ‘Next time I come,
| I’ll buy them in Pearsall instead of San Antonio so they will be fresh.’ There was never a next time.
My cherished orchid was buried that fall in her beloved red dirt, next j to my grandfather, on the Mexican side of the Pearsall cemetery. That I morning, through my tear-filled eyes, I saw dozens of fresh blossoms and thought how my querida abuelita would have enjoyed all those beautiful floral arrangements. I took comfort in knowing she had enjoyed my little bouquet of pink carnations. And now I knew why — she understood what they had gone through, and like them, she too was a flower that would soon die.
(Sonia D. T. Rodriguez, of San Francisco, is a free-lance writer.)
Hispanic Link Weekly Report
Sin pelos en la lengua
PREGUNTA NO. 1: The other night, a sportscaster at ABC j television’s Washington, D.C., affiliate, WJLA, described the knockout of a Latino boxer by his black opponent, "He went down as easy as a chicken fajita."
Muses aficionado Sal C. Puedes, "How would he have | described it if the Latino kayoed the black boxer?"
PREGUNTA NO. 2: Legally, is the inside of a bus "inside" or ! "outside"?
That’s today’s puzzler in Quebec, Canada, where the provincial government- passed a law calling for all outdoor signs to be in French but allowing indoor signs to be bilingual. In interpreting the legislation, the government of Provincial Premier Robert Bouras-sa has decided that the inside of a bus isn’t inside. It’s outside.
So its signs must be in French only.
What better illustration of the absurdity of trying to legislate language?
PREGUNTA NO. 3: How many Hispanics does the Public Broadcasting Service need on a broad-based advisory commit tee to help frame its education policy?
Answer: None, of course.
That’s how many serve on the 27-member National Advisory Committee to PBS’ Elementary/Secondary Service, which held its first meeting in Alexandria, Va., April 18 with a mandate to "provide counsel and guidance to PBS on how best to serve its educational mission and that of its member public television stations."
Why no Hispanics?
Explained PBS spokeswoman Michelle Ward to Sin Pelos:
PBS picked education and telecommunications institutions and organizations to be represented on the advocacy body on the basis that "we’ve worked with them in the past." I n the cozy group: the Educational Testing Service, Idaho’s Department of Public Instruction, and television commissions and networks in such states as West Virginia, Nebraska, Georgia and South Carolina.
It just happened that none named Latinos to represent them. Surprise!
PREGUNTA NO. 4: If you can’t believe what fellow Republicans are saying about VP J. Danforth Quayle, who can you believe?
On April 27, The Miami Herald and other papers quoted U.S. Rep. Claudine Schneider (R-Rhode Island) as saying that Quayle told her: "I was recently on tour of Latin America and the only regret I have was that I didn’t study Latin harder in school so I could converse with those people."
The Herald added that Schneider didn’t let on whether she thought the veep was kidding, "but instead says she prays for George Bush daily."
i A few days later, spokespersons for Schneider and Quayle agreed that Danny didn’t say any such thing.
PREGUNTA NO. 5: Where can you find the hottest chile peppers?
The Los Angeles Herald-Examiner nominated the Wespice processing plant in nearby San Fernando recently. The barrels of ground chiles got so hot that spontaneous combustion ignited a fire that destroyed or singed 40,000 pounds of them before firemen gave the building a lohg drink of water to cool them down.
_______________________________________— KayBarbaro
PETE DUARTE, executive director of the La Fe Clinic in El Paso, Texas, commenting on President Bush’s thousand points of light:
"... Washington expects us to do with volunteerism and the concept of a thousand points of light. Lights! Schmites! Our batteries are frayed and no amount of inspired White House rhetorical recharging is going to help."
May 8,1989
in life brought so much

MIAMI BUSINESSES: "Miami’s Latin Businesses" is a 15-page report by the Cuban American National Council that shows dramatic growth in the number and gross receipts of Dade County’s Latino firms from 1972 to 1982 but little movement in the number of employees hired. For a copy send $3 to CANC, 300 S.W. 12th Ave., Third Floor, Miami, Fla. 33130-2038 (305) 642-3484.
SMITHSONIAN RESOURCES: "Resources for Latinos at the Smithsonian" is a bilingual brochure about Smithsonian programs related to Hispanic and Latin American issues and resources. Single copies are free by contacting the Smithsonian Information Center, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560 (202) 357-2700.
CHICAGO PLANNING: "Latino Community Areas and Wards in 1990: Details for Political and Economic Planning" is a technical paper by the Latino Institute with useful data for planners in such fields as education, marketing, economic development and human services. For a copy send $6.45 to the institute at 228 S. Wabash, Suite 600, Chicago, III. 60604 (312) 663-3603.
MINORITY CHILDREN PROJECTIONS: The May issue of American Demographics contains an article stating that most projections on the fast-growing minority children population underestimate because they do not include Hispanics. For a copy send $5 to American Demographics, Box 68, Ithaca, N.Y. 14851 (607) 273-6343.
MINORITIES IN THE MEDIA: The March issue of Social Education contains a special section on minorities and their experiences in the media. Nine of the 20 articles are written by Latinos. For a copy send $2 to the National Association of Hispanic Journalists, National Press Building, Suite 634, Washington, D.C. 20034 (202) 783-6228.
MINORITIES AND NEWSPAPERS: "Cornerstone for Growth: How Minorities are Vital to the Future of Newspapers" is a 40-page report released jointly by the Task Force on Minorities in the Newspaper Business and American Demographics Magazine. It analyzes how and why newspapers must turn to minority readers, workers and advertisers to improve readership rates. For a copy send $4, or $3 each for two or more, to the task force at P.O. Box 17407, Dulles Airport, Washington, D.C. 20041 (703) 648-1050.
EDUCATING AT-RISK CHILDREN: "An Equal Chance: Educating At-Risk Children to Succeed" is a 20-page report, accompanied by a 43-page monograph, by the National School Boards Association that gives recommendations on how communities can deal with the problems of at-risk youth. For a set send $20 to NSBA Office of Federation Member Relations, State Legislation and Public Policy, 1680 Duke St., Alexandria, Va. 22314 (703) 838-6722.
DEMOCRATIC HEAD MAKES PICKS Democratic National Committee Chairman Ronald Brown announced April 12 at the organization’s Washington, D.C., headquarters the appointment of two Hispanics to high-level positions. Tom Blackburn-Rodrfguez, chief of staff of DNC Vice Chair Carmen Perez, will focus on outreach to the Hispanic community and establish links between the community and Democratic candidates. Prior to working at the DNC, Blackburn-Rodrfguez was with ACI Inc., a public affairs consulting firm in Washington, D.C.
Hilbert Ocanas, most recently the public information officer for Texas Attorney General Jim Mattox, will work with DNC’s task force on voter registration and mobilization. Ocanas serves as chief of staff for DNC Vice Chair Jack Otero.
RECRUITING COLLEGE GRADUATES The Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities will hold a national seminar for corporate recruiters June 2, 3 in San Antonio on cost-effective ways to recruit Hispanic college graduates.
The seminar, which will stress to recruiters that they use postsecorv dary institutions with significant Hispanic enrollments, will include demographic data on Hispanic students, successful strategies used by companies to recruit them and cultural factors that influence graduates.
Presenters from corporations such as Xerox Corp., Allstate Insurance, AT&T and ARCO will participate.
To register call Gene Gonzalez at (512) 433-1501.
OTHER FACES, OTHER PLACES Lydia Camarillo, a native of El Paso, Texas, joins the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund as director of its National Leadership Development Program. To be based in Washington, D.C., starting next month, Camarillo will head a program that provides training to midcareer Hispanics on leadership skills and political processes...Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, chairman of the board of trustees of The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, announces the election of Susana Torruella Leval to the board. Tor-ruella Leval served as chief curator of the Museum of Contemporary Hispanic Art in New York from 1985 to 1987... Gilbert Casellas, partner in the Philadelphia-based law firm of Montgomery, McCracken, Walker & Rhoads, is elected president of the University of Pennsylvania Law Alumni Society. The youngest person ever elected to head the society, Casellas also served as president of the National Hispanic Bar Association in 1984-85...Congressman Esteban Torres (D-Calif.) hires Angelina Ornelas, formerly with the Nicaraguan Network, as his press secretary...
A joint membership meeting of the Hispanic Public Relations Association, the Public Relations Society of America and the Black Public Relations Society will feature John Paluszek, national president of PRSA. He will discuss strategies for making public relations programs more effective by reaching more diverse audiences.
David Garcia (213) 726-7690
The National Association for Bilingual Education’s 18th annual conference will feature workshops and exhibits, the presentation of the NABE Teacher of
the Year award and the announcement of the new head of the U.S. Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs. Speakers will include Miami Mayor Xavier Suarez and Dade County School Superintendent Joseph Fernandez.
Roger Rivera (202) 822-7870
Eugene, Ore. May 11-14
The National Chicano Student Association conference will include representatives of various Latino and Chicano student groups who will meet to discuss issues that affect their members. Prominent Chicano educators will make presentations.
John Crosier (503) 686-3134
SALSA/ DISCO New York May 12
The Puerto Rican Legal Defense and Education Fund is having its 17th anniversary fundraiser
dance. Three Latin bands will perform.
Miguel Correa (212) 219-3368
New York May 12
International Arts Relations’ Hispanic American Arts Center’s 23rd anniversary celebration will feature a special appearance by Puerto Rican recording star Glenn Monroig. INTAR will also honor playwright/director Marfa Irene Fornesand longtime patron of the arts Esther Novak at the black-tie affair.
Savannah Whaley (212) 695-6135
Grand Rapids, Mich. May 13 Hispanic Women in the Network is holding its fourth annual Hispanic women’s leadership conference. Information on employment, media, education, empowerment and business will be disseminated. Lilia Gonzales (616) 243-1010
May 8,1989
Hispanic Link Weekly Report

'! • I !

ARIZONA BOARD OF REGENTS Assistant Director for Student Services
The Arizona Board of Regents, the governing board for the Arizona University System, is currently seeking an Assistant Director for Student Services who will work under the direction of the Associate Director for Academic Programs. The preferred starting date is during the month of September 1989.
RESPONSIBILITIES: Plans, coordinates, and administers statewide postsecondary education, programs, conducts policy analyses, administers the Arizona Commission for Postsecondary Education; supervises a staff responsible for coordinating and monitoring a variety of state and federal programs, including the federal Stafford Student Loan Program, the WICHE Professional Student Exchange Programs, the Paul Douglass Scholarship Programs, the State Student Incentive Grant Program, and other student aid programs; and represents the Regent’s Central Office on a variety of Arizona University System standing and ad hoc committees. Position also coordinates the publication and distribution of the Directory of Postsecondary Education Opportunities and other materials.
QUALIFICATIONS: A Master’s Degree plus five years of progressively responsible experience in higher education administration, student services, or related area.
PREFERRED: Doctorate in Higher Education, Public Administration, or related field and three years of the above experience.
SALARY: Negotiable and commensurate with experience and qualifications.
The first review date will commence June 1, 1989 and will continue until the position is filled. A complete application must include a letter of application, a current resume, and the names, addresses and phone numbers of at least three references. Submit application to: Assistant Director for Student Services Search Committee, Arizona Board of Regents, 3030 North Central, Suite 1400, Phoenix, Arizona 85012.
The Arizona Board of Regents is a committed Equal Opportunity/Af-firmative Action Employer. Minorities, Women, Handicapped and Veterans are encouraged to apply.
Dean of Business
To be responsible for administration of instructional programs assigned to the division to include: Finance, Accounting, Law and Paralegal, Office Administration, Marketing, Computer Information Systems, Real Estate, and Management.
Master’s degree required, preferably within a discipline of the Business Division. An earned Doctorate is desirable. A minimum of three years of college level teaching experience is required, and a combination of three years of successful leadership and managerial experience in higher education and business and industry is desirable. Salary Range: $61,657-$69,397 per year.
Application deadline: May 31,1989. For District application and instruction contact: El CAMINO COLLEGE, Personnel Services, 16007 Crenshaw Blvd., Torrance, Calif. 90506 (213) 715-3477. eoe/m/f
The division of Special Education and Rehabilitation is seeking a tenure-track assistant/associate professor in sign language effective August 1989 or January 1990.
The College of Education offers undergraduate and graduate courses in sign language for students in hearing impairment, interpreting, and students fulfilling foreign language requirements.
Qualifications include an earned doctorate in special education, rehabilitation, linguistics, or a related field; expertise in deafness, American Sign Language, Signed English, and Sign Language Education; Comprehensive Skills Certification or equivalent skills; prior experience in teaching sign language coursework; work with hearing-impaired persons preferred. Responsibilities will include coordinating the sign language curriculum, personnel, and scheduling for sign language courses; teaching courses in sign lanugage/interpreting/hearing impairment; conducting research; and advising students. Salary commensurate with qualifications and experience.
Applicants should submit a letter of interest, curriculum vita, and three letters of reference to Dr. William Healey, Sign Language Search Committee Chair, Division of Special Education and Rehabilitation, College of Education, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz. 85721.
The review of applications will begin on June 15,1989 and will continue until the position is filled.
The University of Arizona is an Equal Employment Oppor-tunity/Affirmative Action Employer.
Stanford Annual Fund
The Office of Development at Stanford University is seeking candidates for the position of Director of the Annual Fund.
Responsible for managing, developing, coordinating and reviewing a comprehensive annual giving program. Staffs leadership of large volunteer structure. Designs, implements, and monitors annual fund marketing plans; supervises program directors and directors of various School annual giving programs; part of senior management team that shapes overall development strategy.
Requires superior analytical, planning, administrative, and leadership skills; significant annual fund experience or significant fundraising management experience; effective verbal and written skills; experience with fundraising programs that rely on a computerized data base.
Send resume and cover letter highlighting qualifications to: Kathy DeMoulin, # 63498-HL, Human Resources Services, 855 Serra St., Stanford, Calif. 94305-6110. Deadline for Application: June 23, 1989.
Hispanic Link Weekly Report
May 8,1989

• Assistant Dean, Math/Sciences
• Assistant Dean, Communications
• Assistant Dean, Technology
Rio Hondo College serves a diverse population with a variety of traditional and innovative programs, if you’re seeking opportunity in any of the above areas, call Jean (213) 692-0921 ext. 309.
Accepting applications for the following full-time, tenure-track positions:
All positions require master’s degree eligibility for California, Community College credential and experience.
Applications must be filed by 5 pm May 24, 1989.
Coast Community Colleges 1370 Adams Ave.
Costa Mesa, Calif. 92626 (714) 432-5007 EOE/M/F/H
$42K to $59K
The New Jersey Judiciary is seeking a Publications Officer. This position is responsible for the preparation of newsletters, annual reports, brochures, and other publications. Reviews, evaluates, screens, coordinates, edits, writes and prepares informational pamphlets and publications concerning the structure, activities, policies, objectives and procedures of the Judiciary. Determines the need for and develops new publications. Directs photographic assignments and graphic illustrations. Gathers material for inclusion in publications. The ability to make use of facts pertinent for publication in a clear concise and informative manner is helpful.
Requirements: Graduation from an accredited college with a Bachelor’s degree. Four (4) years of professional experience in journalism or public information/public relations including experience in writing, editing and layout of complex materials, two (2) years of which shall have involved the production and preparation of newsletters, pamphlets, brochures and/or magazine, newspaper type publications. A Master’s degree in journalism, or other closely related field may be substituted for one (1) year of basic experience. Applicants who do not possess the required education may substitute experience as indicated on a year-for-year basis.
Forward resum6 by May 19,1989 to Elaine M. Stoebenau (PO), Judiciary Personnel Office, CN-985, Trenton, NJ 08625.
Activities Advisor/
Publications and Greek Organizations
This is a 10-month, academic staff position with the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater. The Activities Advisor reports to the University Center Associate Director/Campus Activities and Programs.
Responsibilities include: 1) Coordinating University Center publications, including Student Handbook, monthly calendar, daily event listing, and supervising student artist. 2) Administering the Greek system. 3) Administering the University Spirit Program. 4) Advising the Homecoming Steering Committee and assisting with development and implementation of leadership programs.
Master’s Degree required or Bachelor’s with two (2) years related experience. Salary range of $16,400 to $22,000 for 10-month position. The University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, located in southeastern Wisconsin, is near three major metropolitan areas (Milwaukee, Madison, and Chicago).
Interested persons should apply in writing to: Judy Endres, Activities Advisor, Campus Activities and Programs, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, Whitewater, Wl 53190. A completed application consists of: Letter of application, resume, names of three references, official transcripts from Master Degree’s course-work.
Models Wanted
CHARACTERS, the agency for real people, is seeking new faces for modeling, casting, and promotions. CHARACTERS (301) 899-4015.
The State Board of Trustees of Child and Family Services of Michigan, Inc., a United Way of Michigan agency, is seeking an executive director for the Central Office which provides consultative and coordination services to a statewide network of community-based private direct service agencies.
Position Requirements:
MSW, ACSW, preferably 5-8 years experience as an administrator in a human service agency. Experienced in interagency coordination, fund raising, program development and administrative consultation. Strong innovative leadership qualities are essential.
Resume must be received on or before June 30,1989. Send to: Lynwood E. Beekman, Chairperson Personnel Committee 2214 University Park Drive, Suite 200 Okemos, Ml 48864
Child and Family Services of Michigan, Inc. is an Affirmative Actiori/Equal Opportunity Employer.
May 8,1989
Hispanic Link Weekly Report

Ann. No.: 5130-9B-SRF Salary $20,716 Responsible for processing court papers and documents and assisting judges as needed in order to ensure smooth operation of the courts. Requires High School and residence within 30-mile radius.
All applicants must submit an official Arlington County application form. Resumes submitted without a completed official Arlington County application form will not be accepted. Applications must be received into the Personnel Department no later than 5:00 p.m. on MAY 27, 1989.
County Manager’s Office, Human Rights/EEO Division Ann. No.; 3615-9A-CMG Salary: $33,446-$47,178 This is a highly visible, responsible position coordinating and conducting investigations into allegations of discrimination as prohibited by local ordinance in the areas of private sector employment, housing, private education, credit and public accommodations. This position requires a person with strong technical and negotiating skills as well as analytical ability in order to investigate and accomplish resolution of complaints in a fair and objec-[ tive manner. Employee supervises a small staff as well as as performing hands-on technical work in complaint investigation and resolution.
Requires Bachelor’s degree in related field and three years of professional experience in civil/human rights compliance, investigation and or administration. See official announcement for more information about duties and desirable qualifications.
2 Positions
County Manager’s Office, Human Rights/EEO Division Ann. No.: 1151-9A-CGM Salary:$31,283-$44,127
Employee conducts investigations into allegations of discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, national origin, marital status, handicap, or age in the areas of private sector employment, housing, private education, credit, and public education. Employee must have extensive knowledge of current issues, practices, and court decisions as applied to these areas and be able to apply it in a fair and objective manner in conducting investigations and proposing solutions, especially in the face of conflicting interests.
Requires Bachelor’s degree in related field and two years of professional experience in civil/human rights compliance, investigation, or administration. See official announcement for more information and desirable qualifications.
A separate application is required for each position.
All applicants must submit an official Arlington County application form. RESUMES SUBMITTED WITHOUT A COMPLETED OFFICIAL ARLINGTON COUNTY APPUCATION FORM WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED. Both positions will be open until filled with a preferred filing date of May 18,1989. To request application material please call (703) 358-3500 or TDD (703) 284-5521 (hearing impaired only).
Arlington County Personnel Department 2100 Clarendon Boulevard, Suite 511 Arlington, Va. 22201 EOE/MFH
Explore Employment Opportunities With Arlington County Government Seminar
Arlington County Government Department of Personnel is sponsoring two evening seminars to provide jobseekers with helpful information in the search for employment opportunities with Arlington County.
Workshop presenter Marvin A. Cortez, Outreach Specialist with the Personnel Department, will cover the following topics:
• Identifying the appropriate job match.
• Determining relevant skills and abilities for specific positions.
• Learning to compete effectively.
The Personnel Department will offer individual assistance in English and Spanish after the seminar.
Interested persons must call (703) 358-3501 to register for one of the following dates:
WHEN: Thursday, May 18, 1989 Thursday, June 29, 1989 Both sessions will be held from 7:00 pm - 9:00 pm
WHERE: Arlington County Courthouse 2100 Clarendon Boulevard County Board Room - 3rd Floor Room 307 Arlington, Virginia
(Across from the Courthouse Metro stop on the Orange Line)
*** No job interviews or job offers will be made at these workshops ***
Arlington County is an Equal Opportunity Employer.
ARIZONA WESTERN COLLEGE NEEDS FACULTY WITH MASTER’S DEGREE IN THESE AREAS: English, Computer Information, Spanish, Nursing, Mathematics. Also need a Counselor, Vocational Placement Coordinator, Head Resi-dent/Assistant Football Coach, Supervisor Plant Maintenance. For more information contact: Arizona Western College, Box 929, Yuma, Ariz. 85366 (602)344-7504.
DEAR PERSONNEL DIRECTOR: No other publication or system lets you target a national pool of Latino professionals with the effectiveness and speed of Hispanic Link Weekly Report. To place an ad in Marketplace, please call in or send your copy to: Hispanic Link, 1420 N St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20005 (202) 234-0280. Ad copy received (mail or phone) by 5 p.m. (ET) Tuesday will be in Weekly Reports mailed Friday of the same week
90 cents per word (city, state & zip code count as 2 words; telephone number, 1 word). Multiple use rates on request.
(ads with borders, varied type size) $45 per column inch.
Hispanic Link Weekly Report
May 8,1989

Arts & Entertainment
ON THE TUBE: An anthology series of independently filmed documentaries on the U.S. immigration experience continues this week on cable TV’s The Learning Channel.
Hosted by Academy Award-nominee Edward James Olmos, the series, titled New to America, premiered on the "basic" cable channel April 23.
According to publicity materials, the anthology "weaves 25 individual stories into a 13-part series that captures the poignancy, exhilaration and struggle that make up the immigrant experience...(concentrating) upon the newest Americans, the immigrants of the past two decades."
Works screened in New to Americaw\\\ include Katherina Calderdn’s A Bailar, a documentary about a man on a mission to preserve the mambo, and Sanctuary: An Expression of Conscience, about Salvadoran and Guatemalan refugees in the United States.
Olmos, who won an Oscar nomination for his starring role in Stand and Deliver, recently received the El Angel award from Los Angeles’
Bilingual Foundation of the Arts. The honor is given yearly to an individual "for extraordinary achievement in the arts and humanities."
The actor was also recently named the first recipient of an award by the Los Angeles chapter of the Hispanic Academy of Media Arts and Sciences. The yet unnamed award — for contributions to a positive Hispanic image — will be given to Olmos at a future date.
MATCH OF THE ACCORDIONS: For the first time in the eight-year history of San Antonio's Tejano Conjunto Festival, which begins this week, there will be a musical encounter among top tejano and Cajun/Zydeco musicians.
Highlights of the event, scheduled for May 11-14, include a national poster contest, exhibits and awards ceremony, inductions into the 1989 Conjunto Music Hall of Fame and some 34 hours worth of music.
The festival’s final event, on May 14, is billed Conjunto Meets Cajun/Zydeco. Performers will include Esteban Jordan and Queen Ida as well as the Test Tube Babies and Flaco Jimenez and Conjunto.
ONE LINER: The film Dominican Republic: Cradle of the Americas is being shown continuously, Tuesdays to Saturdays, through May 31 at the Museum of Modern Art of Latin America in Washington, D.C.
— Antonio Mejfas-Rentas
Media Report
CONFERENCE DRAWS 1,200: Approximately 1,200 media professionals turned out for the seventh annual National Hispanic Media Conference held in San Juan, Puerto Rico, April 19-22.
This marked the last year that the annual conference will be co-sponsored by the National Association of Hispanic Journalists, the National Association of Hispanic Publications and the Hispanic Academy of Media Arts and Sciences. Next year’s conference in San Francisco will be organized solely by NAHJ.
In NAHJ board activity, New York City was chosen as the site for the 1991 conference and a five-year plan was ratified.
The election of NAHJ officers also took place at the event. All candidates ran unopposed. Elected were: President, Evelyn Hernandez, reporter, New York Newsday; vice president for broadcast, Rosalind Soliz, reporter, KERA-
A national publication of Hispanic Link News Service Inc.
1420 ’N’ Street NW Washington, D.C. 20005 (202) 234-0280 or 234-0737
Publisher: Hector Ericksen-Mendoza Editor: Felix Perez
Reporting: Antonio Mejfas-Rentas, Danilo Alfaro, Luis Restrepo, Mario Santana, Rhonda Smith. Sales: Carlos Ericksen-Mendoza.
No portion of Hispanic Link Weekly Report may be reproduced or broadcast in any form without advance permission.
Annual subscriptions (50 issues): Institutions/agencies $118; Personal $108 Trial (13 issues) $30
CORPORATE CLASSIFIED: Ad rates 90 cents per word. Display ads are $45 per column inch. If placed by Tuesday, will run in Weekly Reports mailed Friday of the same week.
TV in Dallas; vice president for print, Don Flores, managing editor, Visalia Times-Delta in California; financial officer, Beatrice Garcia, reporter, The Wall Street Journal’s Philadelphia bureau; secretary, lv£n Roman, reporter, The Miami Herald; at-large officers, Patrisia Gonzales, reporter, the Philadelphia Inquirer; David Medina, news editor, WXTV-41 in Secaucus, N.J., and Marfa Padilla, business editor, the San Juan Star.
NEWSPAPERS NEED MINORITIES: The growing populations of Hispanics and other minorities are crucial to the nation’s newspapers if they are to keep pace with an increasingly pluralistic society, said a report released April 25 by the industrywide Task Force on Minorities in the Newspaper Business.
The report pointed to broadening opportunities for newspapers to expand their minority readership, newsroom staffs and advertising clientele in the face of shrinking circulations.
"Too many publishers and editors are running their news-editorial and business operations according to a model of society that is woefully outdated," said David Lawrence, chair of the Task Force and chairman and publisher of the Detroit Free Press.
The report, noting that the Hispanic, black and Asian populations are the fastest growing in the nation, urged a re-evaluation of newspaper marketing strategies targeting those groups. By the year 2000, the report said, 87% of all U.S. population growth will be among minorities.
According to the report, mainland Hispanics surged by 50% in the ’80s and are expected to grow by 38% in the coming decade and another 30% between 2000 and 2010. It added that by 2010 Hispanics are expected to make up 13% of the total U.S. population.
"Newspaper publishers must understand who their readers and advertisers are, what they want and how the market is changing," the report said.
— Danilo Alfaro
Perro que no sale no encuentra hueso
(A dog that doesn't venture out doesn't find a bone.)

Success finds those who seek it.

Full Text


_..... AN ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN PUBLICATION .... . r ... . " ... , . . , .. , ., .. . . , . : ... ... ............... . . . , _ ... . . ... ••• J ••• • .. -' .. .. . • . -.) . . . . . •• • • J (.• ... ":,.). .. -:; , . , . . . ,. . ...... . ' ' :. <. -.;:1'.r •. •X . ., ....... . . ... .. .. . . . ;. • . . • I .,: .. . . . ",. ' . . .. . . .... . . . ; . ... , .. . . • '\ ' MAY,1981 •.. .... .. : . ,"' ....... , •. ., .. ., ... , ..... . .:rc . •J. : ,.. :, .. ..... \ :. ;. ..


UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER . STAFF: John David Powers, editor Randy Williamson Tim Leong Mohammad Mowlavi Said Mahboubi Richard Bernstein Kristan Pritz Gary Devin Mark Jacobs Peter Levar Kunle Taiwo Willie Chiang David Friedman David Wager Special thanks to: Funding:: Gary Long Lamoine Eiler Mike Collins Dolores Hasseman The Deezine Club American Institute of Architects College of Environmental Design Cover illustration: Lamoine Eiler Mailing address: Laminations c/o College of Environmental Design 1100 14th Street Denver, Colorado 80202


Everything Is Energy 1'Richard CrovJther has concern for effective innovation, for assisting us to an improved state of living, and for stimulating us to thought about the .future." DeVon Carlson Written by Kathy Noble Richard Crowther nas been practicing since 1932, working with solar since 1943. For the last six years all of his work has been exclusively solar design. His design philosophy evolves from a "holistic" energy approach. Strongly directed by site conditions, he also integrates all landscaping and interior design with practical solar requirements. When asked how much of a limiting or determining factor energy considerations are in overall design, he replied, "100%, on the heating, cooling and personal level." Intrigued by and experimenting with technological innovations that may allow our buildings to truely become machines (more climatically self-regulating), he also expressed a fascination with exploring the subtle shaping of space to personal energy. Designing spaces that recognize and respond to energy -all energy. Crowther believes that this approach defines its own aesthetic. "Ornament, concern for texture and transitional areas should not be regarded for their aesthetic satisfaction alone, but also in how they reflect and respond to a holistic concept." he explained. "A building is a 40 year commitment; there is a certain responsibility. that goes beyond aesthetics." Describing his design process in intuitive, analytical and quantative terms, he stated, "Guided by common sense and appropriativeness. Initially evaluating options. In the process of defining it is important not to lose the holistic relationship to what we're doing. Use intuition but rigorously evaluate it by analytical means." His residence in Cherry Creek features 140 interior solar and energy conserving features as well as many site and exterior methods. When asked about particularly successful or unsuccessful methods, he replied, "Rather than concentrating on a particular method-I design a series of natural energy subsystems which are tailored to the purpose and needs of the individual spaces." 3 Photo by Steve Hicks


4 uis recent work has expanded from residential to a office building located in Englewood. Designed for the Hotsy Corp., the architecture and interior design were directed toward the optimization of work functions as well as energy conservation. It is a significant current example of larger scale solar application with different user requirements. "Commercial and office buildingsolar applications should not mimic what is used in residential,"he explained. Guided by many of the same site considerations, there is a greater volume and heating and coolipg requirements. The profession is becoming increasingly concerned with energy/design issues. The new A.I.A. president recently stated, "Potentially, the energy crisis can create a new design vocabulary and is far more revolutionary than anything that has happened since the Renaissance." Crowther's response to this statement illustrates his beliefs. "I strongly agree with this statement," he states. "Our society does not have the time to do things Bradually, the only salvation is to view things in an interrelated way." are in a state of revolution. A very rapid state of revolution. Our society is hanging by a thread."


CHERRY CREEK HOUSE AND RESEARCH FACILITY Located at 4th and Madison. To provide research experience and capabilities in a "live-in" solar habitat. Designed for testing, monitoring of solar and other natural energy sub-systems. Two explorations for this house that have had a large influence ou the resulting form,are, first, the large solar-heated gallery space adjacent to the entry serves as a primary heat II 1 II accumu ator tor the house; second, the cellular nature of the plan enables parts of the house to be thermally isolated. For more information see: Progressive Architecture, April 1980 Photo by Joel Strasser


B NEW M.ARCH./ENERGY PROGRAM Gary Long Director ot Architecture The College of Environmental Design, UCD, announces a new second professional degree program, Master of Architecture -Energy/Design, to begin fall of 1981. The U.S. need for design professionals skilled in new building energy systems design, knowledgeable in old building energy rehabilitation, and sensitive to the impact of energy scarcity on our society can readily be demonstrated. Colorado, Denver, UCD, and the College of Environmental Design are together the ideal location for a program specializing in the education of such designers. The faculty resources have been secured. The opportunity is clear. An outstanding energy/ design program can be inaugurated in the fall of 1981. The Program will join key engineers and architects already identified and willing who are recognized nationally and internationally with existing expertise in the College to form a faculty indeed impressive. The course of study will be open to holders of the first professional degree in Architecture, Landscape and Interior Design, and will require a minimum of one year of residence. The Program will include as well a lecture program for the community and workshops for the practicing professional. The support required of the University of Colorado is the assignment to the Division of Architecture of 1 1/2 new FTE faculty in 1981-82, and an additional 1/2 FTE faculty in each of the years 1982-83 and 1983-84. This proposal projects the mature program in place in 1984 with 24 students and 2 1/2 FTE faculty. The curriculum in architecture now gives introduction to energy in architecture in the required environmental controls course, and encourages further exploration in the design studios and in an elective course in solar technology. But the Di V1S10n expertise and offerings are limited. Additional offerings and faculty are needed to serve elective needs from other divisions, to serve the continuing educational needs of the profession, and to serve the needs of those architects who wish to return to school for a second professional degree in energy management and quantification, and for energy systems design. THE PAST AND THE FUTURE The goal of the Division of Architecture at Colorado continues unchanged into the next decade: The Professional education of men and women who wish to design the buildings in which we live, work, and play. Three key societal issues, have, however, radically influenced in the recent past the direction of architectural education in the pursuit of this goal. The recognition that architectural education must be firmly based in the humanities and social sciences as well as the physical sciences. The recognition that professional design education must address environmental problems of the disadvantaged and of society as a whole as well as the traditional building problems of public and private patrons. The realization of the scarcity of resources, especially of fossil fuels, and of the importance of energy as a key determinant for architectural design. The first two issues have helped shape the form and substance of the College in the last decade. The last issue, energy, must inevitably help shape the direction of the 80's. With respect to the first issue: In 1969, with the reorganization of the School of Architecture into the Coliege of Environmental Design, the University of Colorado wisely extended the education requisite for the design professionals. The traditional five year curriculum in architecture was reorganized into a more broadly based undergraduate experience followed by a professional


program of choice. The College in 1980 is a mature system offering the four-year Bachelor of Environmental Design degree in Boulder, and two year masters programs in Architecture, Landscape Architecture, Interior Architecture and Space Planning, Planning and Community Development, and Urban Design, all at Denver. other architectural made the same change: 36 of the 87 accredited schools of architecture had by 1979 the 4-2 program. About half of the students in the two year program in architecture at Denver come from Boulder, the other half come from these other schools with parallel programs. It is reasonable to assume this pattern through the 80's. In addition, the College recognized the desire of many men and women holding the Bachelor of Arts or Sciences in other than design fields to seek professional education in architecture. The Division has offered since 1971 the three year program leading to the Master of Architecture for this group of applicants. This program is attracting excellent students and will continue in equality with the two-year program through the next decade. 22 of the 87 accredited architecture schools offer similar programs: this approach to architectural education appears to be growing in the United States. And with respect to the second issue: As a part of an awakening of social and urban consciousness in the turmoil of the 1960's, the term urban design was added to the professional lexicon, and a pro-gram of this title was initiated in Denver in 1969. Just two years before, in 1967, the Community Services Department had been established, later to become the Center for Community Development and Design. This Center is the tie of education to community, and provides planning and design services to institutions, non-profit groups, towns and neighborhoods throughout Colorado. Students work on studio .projects through the Center for academic credit in a unique program of service. Architectural education in Colorado has profited greatly from these sometimes revolutionary changes in expectation and direction. Students in architecture are imbued today with a respect for context, for the building user, and for service -all as a responsible framework for traditional concerns for aesthetics and technology. The final issue, that of energy in architecture, is the newest of the shaping forces on architectural education, and provides both challenge and opportunity for the direction of the Division and of the College in this coming decade. FACULTY Douglas Balcomb. Engineer. Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. Los Alamos. Fred Dubin. Engineer. Dubin Bloome Associates. New York. GreJ Franta. Architect. Solar Energy Research Institute. Golden. Gary Long. Architect. Director of Architecture UCD. Denver. Edward Mazria. Architect. Edward Mazria Associates. Albuquerque. Donald Woolard. Architect. Associate Professor UCD. Denver. Peggy Wren. Administrator. Colorado Energy Conservation Office. Denver. Community Center for Development and Design Visiting Professor. Denver. SAMPLE'COURSE OF STUDY FALL STUDIO Mazria, staff QUANTIFICATION 1 Balcomb, Woolard Problems in building design. Passive and active solar applications. Computer processes and applications. Thermodynamics and building materials. Models for design and energy usage. Economic models. DESIGN STRATEGIES: NEW BUILDINGS Woolard, Mazria Human comfort. Climate. Land form and vegetation. Thermal and lighting balances. Building and landscape materials. Solar design procedures. llVACsystems optimization and control. Case studies. DESIGN STRATEGIES: OLD BUILDINGS Dubin, Long PRE-THESIS Mazria, staff SPRING THESIS Mazria, staff QUANTIFICATION 2 Energy audits. Conservation opportunities. Embodied energy. Preservation and energy aesthetics. Existing HVAC systems modifications. Economic evaluation. Energy management programs. Case studies. Independent study: thesis selection and development. Balcomb, Woolard Continuation of Quantification 1. ENERGY, GOVERNMENT, LAW, AND FUTURES Energy has always been an important aspect of de-Franta, Wrenn sign, but with the exponential rise in the cost of Public and private organizations related to energy. Commercialization status. Federal and state involvement. Tax law. Codes and energy. Energy futures and the construction industry. fuels, and with serious question as to the avail-ability of fossil fuels, the control of energy flows in new and old buildings has assumed a new imperative. It is a serious issue to be addressed.


A NEW PERSPECTIVE An Interview With Donald Stafford Woolard By Peter A. Levar LEVAR: WHAT WAS YOUR BACKGROUND? INTERESTS? EDUCATION? ••• WHAT GOT YOU STARTED IN WHAT YOU'RE DOING NOW? WOOLARD: Let me run through my background history and I think it will axplain_why I am where I am at. I did my undergraduate work in two places. I started at the University of New South Wales in Sydney where I was born. I went on a holiday to New Zealand part way through that course and ended up getting my Architectural professional degree at the University of Auckland in New Zealand. I practised in Auckland for several years; I was employed with a large firm and I later practised on my own in partnership with a builder --in a design/construct team. (Which I believe is a very appro priate way for the profession to go). I built a yacht and I went sailing and I spent about a year cruising around the Pacific and the Pacific Islands. The trip had an incredible effect on what I thought about Architecture. First of all I had never realized how super efficient that traditional building was in many ways, particularly climatic considerations. Secondly, I landed in a position as Senior Architect for the British government in the Solomon Islands. Rather lucky for me circumstances followed --another architect resigned or disappeared, and I ended up in a very .responsible position very quickly and so I stayed there and signed a long term contract and made a fairly close study of the traditional housing forms. For me this is where climate and architecture really started to together. I was designing primarily housing; but other buildings such as the governors residence, a police station, many office buildings and central government facilities; and some private non-government commissions, such as the Solomon Island Community Centre I did (which was about a 5 acre development of swimming pool, playing fields, centre, etc.); and the Solomon Island Museum were all other experiences I had there. When I finished my first contract I went to the University of Hawaii and studied for my Master's Degree -which was sponsored by the British government. I was lucky I sort of resigned and they said if you're interested in coming back we'll pay for your courses. So I ended up returning to Solomon Islands and started the Solomon Reusing Authority as Manager and Architect. I was responsible only a board of gov ernors. It was appointed by the British Government in London and they only met about twice a year. So I just built houses and developed land, and set up office and accounting systems. It was a small time operation in money terms because the aim was to build cheap houses. Not the sort of house you'd build here --it had slotted floors -selfcleaning; rice, sand, etc., all fell through the slots in the floor. (modeled on the low-cost principles that I derived from traditional housing). Very cool air was drawn up through the slotted floor and (it was) very climatically


acceptable. So I had a lot of success that way --but success led to conflict so eventually I left to take up teaching. When I moved into teaching at the University of Queensland, in 1973, it was obvious that I should continue the study of traditional buildings --which I did for several years. And during this period, I was employed as a consultant to some of the island governments throughout the Pacific (Nauru, New Hebrides, Solomon Islands and Fiji). Everytime there was a university break I headed out for the islands. So my bent at the moment has come through this traditional design --I still have this very great respect for traditional design and architecture. Its grown from that to try and understand how it came about and quantify why its so &ood. You may be familiar with James Fitch "Primitive Architecture" -he wrote the article (published in Scientific American 1960) and it says alot to me. (It studies why an igloo is efficient and why a grass hut is sui.table, etc.) I've gone from there into trying to quantify why they're efficient; and I've studied the three aspects as I look at them: l)the climatic aspects, 2)the human aspects, and 3)the shelter aspects. You'll find there is alot of literature in these three areas now. (Man, Climate and Architecture; Housing, Climate and Comfort; etc.) LEVAR: WHAT BROUGHT YOU TO COLORADO? WOOLARD: I was here for other reasons --I did a tour of the States for the Austrailian government in 1976 and I really came then to Boulder to visit friends that I'd met at Solomon Islands (Peace Corp Volinteers). I came back in 1980 for a similar sort of trip, again following up energy and computing applications -which is a teaching area I cover in Australia. I visited the school, was introduced to Gary Long, and one thing led to another. LEVAR: WHAT COURSES ARE YOU TEACHING? WOOLARD: I am teaching at the moment Design 601, which has a special emphasis on climate; and a course in Architecture and Energy I (meaning there will be an Architecture and Energy II one day). LEVAR: WHAT DO YOU TRY TO GET YOUR STUDENTS TO DO? HOW DO YOU FIND THE STUDENT/ FACULTY RELATIONSHIP AT UCD? WOOLARD: I like an inquisitive student and an enthusiastic student. I am really excited by the quality of the student motivation that I find here. I found no need at all to stimulate or encourage students to undertake work. I just seem to mention something and references are followed up and I really find it exciting. It may be just because its a graduate school but I really think it goes deeper than that --a great respect for each other and faculty and students. I find it (the student/faculty relationship at. UCD) really positive -a real good qual1ty relationship. LEVAR: WHAT DO YOU THINK IS THE IDEAL SCHOOL SITUATION? WOOLARD: Let me say that my background is from a very different educational . institution than from here, and my teach1ng experience is similarly differen7. . Although my experience at the Un1vers1ty of Hawaii showed me that the American system is far superior than the one I've come through. Not saying that we don't have equivalent end products, but we don't have as broad an Education I feel. For instance, the normal Architecture Education in AustrailiaJ New Zealand and Britain is six years full time --where you enter Architecture, you do Architecture and you come out Architecture. You go in with say 40 to 60 students, and come out with the 20 or 30 that are left. So we never get any electives. Here aoain I think thats one of the tJ , ' nice things about this place --that we ve got scientists, we've got artists, we've got engineers, coming together for the single purpose of becoming Architects. Another good point --the fact that we see our main purposes as training Architects -not any side issues on the way through. We're here for a single purpose and that's a positive thing. So far as the ideal goes I think we've got here the basis administratively for an excellent school. What we are lacking (at UCD) are aertainly facilities --and I don't mean spaces --I prefer old spaces anyday, and very flexible ones, like in the studio, where you can move walls around. We're inadequate in terms of lecture space and seminar space/round-table space. I would like to see alot more laboratory space. LEVAR: YOU ELABORATE ON WHAT TYPE OF LABORATORY SPACE? .... _____ CUMATE----


WOOLARD: Laboratory space in environmental science and architectural logy type spaces, that is, looking at the doing side of architecture. That goes from experimenting --to researching to experiencing the things of Architecture. The things I'd like to spend my efforts developing would be: environmental features, such as, facilities to let people feel different temperatures, humidities, thermal comfort conditions. In other words, an environmental chamber would be one; a wind tunnel would be another; light-box type facilities (where effect of different artificial light types could be experienced and evaluated, tested and checked out); and perhaps even an artificial sky/solar-scope type equipment where we could build models and check out solar penetrations and quantities, etc. Along with that goes computing facilities. I have done quite alot of work in computer graphics, but its not where at the moment, where I believe, the future of computing in Architecture is. (It may be the future but not the present). I believe that every student graduating should have a knowledge of computers • . They are here. They have been in most other disciplines for many, many years and for any university graduate to go out without knowing about computars, and what they can do, is poor --so that would be my greatest criticism. I don't mean by that -that everyone has to use them, but I believe that to know what their capabilities are; to know how they can help and where they can help is essential. (I always think of you guys into the next century and who knows where the computer will be then --so you need the introduction at this level). The rest of the situation here, I think, is excellent. Our relationship with the profession is obviously good our location geographically is excellent, and links with outfits like SERI, NCAR, NOAA, etc. seem really strong -I would hope to develop those in the future. LEVAR: HOW COULD THE STUDENT BODY CONTRIBUTE TO YOUR GOALS AND THE GOAtS OF THE SCHOOL? WOOLARD: By being good students --I really enjoy working with motivated, enthusiastic and inquisitive students. Ones that will go out (I'm experiencing this already), I came with very little local data; and people -particularly from the energy class -have come back with alot of data that I didn't know where to find. They sort it out and got me copies and references, etc. -----The other thing that I think I would encourage in students, which is sort of a personal encouragement, would be to pick up some of the things from research, that are useful to Architects. Architectural research is a very low-key, trial and correction type approach and it needs alot more science .. In encourage a professional approach to the papers I request. I feel students should learn to use bibliographies, references, libraries and computers -as tools and aids in their own work. I hope that my interaction with students would encourage some of them to be interested in Architectural Research --as a future and that would help my goals --because I have one hundred and one things that I'd like to do. And whether I get to do them or not will depend on facilities, but primarily on others interested. LEVAR: GARY LONG MENTIONED A CHARRETTE THAT'S GOING TO PHILADELPHIA COULD YOU CLARIFY ON WHAT WILL BE HAPPENING? WOOLARD: There's the .ACSA in conjunction with the ISES annual (International Solar Energy Society Conference) in Philadelphia in May. They are putting on a four day design cherrette and they are sponsoring five teams that are going to be selected nationally. Each team consisting of a team leader (Edward Mazria} a faculty observer (myself), and four students (Terry Carpenter, Richard Bernstein, James Smotherman, Randy Williamson). Our application, with all the required documentation, was put together by Gary Long and Gary Crowell last week and sent off. Our first objective is to be one of the five schools selected. Once that happens, then the six of us go over for four days and work in what they call a 'fish bowl' type atmosphere--with public watch. and .television coverage. Working for a solar type development, for two city blocks, in Philadelphia. That would be fully published, and presented to the City Council and Architectural Planning Representatives while we're there. I think that's a fantastic opportunity--just hope we get there!!


ENERGY FUTURES by Lamoine Eiler Edited by Kristan Pritz What is reasonable and possible in the near and mid-term (20 years) future for energy? Conventional sources of energy (oil, natural gas, coal, and nuclear) can provide only one-third to onehalf of the country's additional energy needs in the next 20 years. On the other hand, unconventional sources of energy could be the major alternative to imported oil as well as provide an alternative to declining domestic production of oil and natural gas. What will follow will be a review of conservation and solar energy and their potentials to meet future energy demands. CONSERVATION Conservation, despite some opinions, is no less an alternative source of energy than is oil, natural gas, coal, or nuclear. In fact with a serious commitment, a 30 to 40% reduction in consumption could be realized with little or no impact on U.S. standards of living. This is the equivalent of all of the oil imported into the u.s. ! There are many barriers present in the U.S. to conservation but few of these are technological. Conservation is an alternative which is technologically prepared to meet the challenge today. The barriers to be faced by conservation are institutional, social, and political. Consequently the U.S. needs a strong government policy backing conservation. This policy must give conservation an equal chance in the marketplace. Afterall conservation may be the cheapest, safest, and the most productive of all the alternatives. Also conservation creates little pollution and no radioactive wastes. But in order to maximize its use conservation must overcome many barriers. .. . . • .. ,.,,, .. ..41"://.' :. ... .., . ,..._,_ . . . r:...' .... ,., .... ... ....... . . ,.. . ....... -' . .... . ' . The first barrier lies in the very nature of conservation. It is a highly fragmented alternative with very few of its elements being glamorous. The conservation solutions must literally reach millions to be effective. Conservation is not the "technological.big fix" that many feel will save us. Conservation is a bunch of simple, not so glamorous steps and practices. Another barrier focuses on the energy industry. Since their livelihood depends on the build-up of conventional energy sources, few in the industry want to see the decentralization of energy sources through conservation. Also these same industries are enjoying pricing regulations which reduces the competitive edge of conservation in the marketplace. Another barrier is the belief in the "iron link" between energy use and the gross national product. Because of this belief many people insist that conservation could stagnate the economy or even bring on a recession. This belief has been disproved with greater enthusiasm of late and it would appear that the iron link between energy use and the gross national product is actually quite elastic. The following chart shows the major energy consuming sectors separately: U.S. ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR, 1978 Consumption (mbd) % of Total Sector (oil equivalent, mbd) Consumption Residential/ Commercial 14.0 38 Industrial 13.3 36 Transportation 9.7 26 TOTAL 37.0 100


The transportation sector has great possibilities for conservation in that the industry is made up of a limited number of decision makers. Consequently policy can be made quickly and then enacted with guaranteed success of reaching all those involved in the production of automobiles. The importance of keying on car production is that the car uses one-half of all the U.S. transportation sector's energy. That is the equivalent of one-ninth of all of the world's oil consumption. Another factor is that the technological fixes in the car are quickly noticed in the total stock of the country. This is due to a 50% turn over in stock over 5 years. Also it should be noted that increases in efficiency have no adverse effect on the life of the owners. All of this adds up to savings of over 20 billion barrels of oil between 1975-2000 if the fuel economy standards, established in The Energy Policy And Conservation Act of 1975 are met. The industrial sector typically responds to an issue primarily due to financial incentive. Con-sequently industry has made great inroads in conservation realizing the potential savings present. Industrial energy conservation falls into three categories: improved housekeeping, recovery of waste, and technological innovation. Improved housekeeping involves small maintenance fixes which require little or no investment and which can bring substantial savings. Recovery of waste entails such things as waste heat recovery, cogeneration and recycling, all of which-use technologies which are readily available. Technological innovation places its emphasis on redesign of production processes to reflect increased efficiencies. These categories represent varying degrees of capital investment and savings but it is obvious, simply by industries current involvement in conservation, that conservation can greatly reduce energy use in industrial production. The residential/commercial sector makes up the largest use of energy of all the sectors, with space heating and hot water heating being the prime users within the sector. The problem in the buildings sector is actually two-fold: new buildings and retrofits. Faced by rising energy prices architects are responding with "energy-conscious design." These buildings have made substantial reductions in their energy use. Such innovations are also being encouraged through changing building codes. Building codes are just now reflecting the need to make new construction more energy efficient. Coupled with that is an increased awareness in life-cycle costing. This method of costing includes all cost of a structure over the life of the building including energy. In this way the higher initial costs of an energy efficient structure are more than balanced against future energy savings. The problem with innovations in new construction is that it takes such a long time to effect the total stock due to slow turnover in the housing stock. This then calls for a retrofit approach for the present housing stock. The steps involved in retrofit approaches could have major impacts. Simply to insulate the 20 million homes in the U.S. that are poorly insulated could cut residential use by 25%. To speed up retrofit, utility companies could become involved in the retrofits themselves. ln this way the companies are then tied to the industry which would also cut consumption of energy. Consequently the utilities would not fight moves to conservation. They would also be able to do energy audits, supervise subcontractors, guarantee work done, and provide loans for the retrofits. Their stake in conservation is then quite high. Conservation appears to be the "energy source that calls for the greatest emphasis in the short and middle term, since it is often the cheapest, most accessible and least disruptive." Conservation is an alternative which can displace the dependency on imported oil. SOLAR ENERGY Solar energy, given the proper incentives, could provide one-fifth to one-fourth of the nation's energy. In fact the technology is already available to provide a 20% contribution. Again as with conservation barriers must be reduced and in order to extend the contribution beyond 20%, extensive research must be done. Solar has two basic aspects, one involving onsite applications, the other centralized application. Currently it is the on-site technologies which are ready to make a 20% contribution to the nation's energy. The following four technologies are reviewed for their potential in energy contribution: solar heating biomass ' ' power towers and photovoltaics. The basic premise behind solar heating is first to conserve energy then the home is solar heated. This heating can be accomplished with either active or passive systems. Passive systems, by and large, are most appropriate on new structures so their impact is fairly limited due to the slow turnover in housing stock. Thus in the next 10 years it will be active heating systems, especially water heating systems, which will make the most contribution to the nation's energy. But more importantly, it should be noted that "act ive and passive solar heating is a here-and-now alternative to imported oil. The potential for solar heating is vast, because it is well suited to most new residential and commercial buildings and to about one-third of the nation's 55 million existing dwellings. By 2000, active and passive solar heating could replace 3 million barrels daily of oil equivalent." Biomass, the organic matter from plants and .. animals could also provide 3 million barrels daily, from the use of wood from U.S. forests and solid, liquid and animal wastes. This biomass could be used in the forest products industry itself, in the heating of homes with wood burning stoves, and in boilers which are now coal-fired. Again, biomass is an energy source which is readily available and which technology exists for its use. The power tower concept involves the use of a large furnace which produces steam by having the sun focused on it by the use of an elaborate array of mirrors. Power towers represent the technological fix associated with centralized power production, but as yet they are uneconomical. The advantage of such a system is that


1t could be tied into the present utility system and operated by the utility themselves thus reducing a major social change brought on by decentralization. But at best power towers are an uncertain long-term solution. Photovoltaics, like the power tower, is dependent on major technological breakthroughs. Un like the power tower it seems that photovoltaics have applications which are appropriate for onsite use aswell as centralized use. But again it is an alternative for the long-term. Solar energy can be summed up in the following two charts, the first a look at several studies and their findings, the second the authors' estimates on the total contribution by solar. 0 An approach which will balance our energy use, reduce our importation of oil, and reduce the risks involved in energy decisions in the future is needed. Conservation and solar energy should be given a fair chance to contribute to the nation's energy needs. The development of a strong policy directed towards this balanced energy program and ways to guide such a transition in energy use are important steps which need to be taken. *Figures and quotations are taken from the book, Energy Future edited by Robert Stobaugh and Daniel Yergin. Written by I.e. Bupp, Mel Horwitch, Sergio Koreisha, Modesto Madique, and Frank Schulles. kWdoy @11, l

REGISTRATION .... CAN YOU WAIT? Randy Williamson Most students seem on eventually becoming licensed, and in a recent poll of CU students, published in the March issue of Laminations, only 3% denied an interest in registration. The procedure for becoming licensed was understood by 77%, leaving 23% in the dark about registration and NCARB. The intent of this article is to familiarize the future graduate with the steps leading to registration. The National Council of Architectural Registration Board, known as NCARB, requires that the applicant hold a professional in Architecture from a school accredited by the NAAB (National Architectural Accredidation Board) for NCARB certification. It is possible to become. licensed without a professional degree in architecture on the basis of having a combination of education and/or of at least eight years of experience and passing the'NCARB Qualifying Exam before being allowed to take the NCARB Professional Examination. However, having the NCARB certification allows one to be eligible for reciprocity in other states. Most states will grant reciprocity only through NCARB certification. Reciprocity is not automatic but must be applied for at each NCARB, however, the chances are good that will be granted in most cases. This opportunity does not ex ist for licensed architects without a professional degree. They must repeat the entire process in any other state they wish to be licensed in. The NCARB Prfessional Examination is standardized in all states, .with the Site Planning aod Design Test and written exam being identical each year in each state. For this reason, reciprocity is more easily granted. In the event one takes the design in Colorado, and then moves to er state, he or she need not retake that test before proceeding to the next part of the exam. To be certified, one must take and pass two tests. The first is a twelve hour site planning and design test. To be eligible for this test, one must have graduated prior to registering to take the exam. In Colorado, April 10 is the last day to register for the test in June. Graduation, being in May, automatically requires one to wait one year to take the design test. Approximately thirty days prior to the exam, all candidates receive written notice of acceptance and are informed of the building type and site to be used.on the test without specifically outlining the exact program. This allows the participants to research the problem prior to the test. Nationally, about 36% of all participants pass the design portion of the exam. This percentage does not break down the various categories of people taking the test for the first or tenth time nor does it account for age or experience differences. Prior to the decision several years ago to allow recent graduates take the design exam, the pass rate hovered around 50%. Now the pass rate has dropped dramatically, suggesting incompetency-or the attitude that the test is taken only for the experience and not necessarily with the purpose of Many are reconsidering bringing back the three year experience requirement in light of these findings. Incidentally, in this years graduating design class, nine of participating students passed last years NCARB design test in a mock attempt.


Three years of experience is required to participate in the written exam. At least two of the three years of the required experience can be aquired prior to graduation, leaving a minimum of one year of experience working for a registered architect after graduation. Time spent working on the intern program does not count. However, summer jobs and part time work for pay during college can count for up to one year of the required experience. To get credit for this experience, one must show evidence to the NCARB through an affidavit signed by your employer verifying the amount of work experience. If it is part time work, the hours are required as the state board divide the hours by 173 to arrive at a monthly equivalent of your experience. These affidavits are not required until certifi ation is desired. However, if you are moving to another state, it would be wise to have your employer sign the affidavit at the completion of your employment to avoid any problems later. Firms do break up, partners switch firms, move away o r even die, making it difficult to track down the evidence years after the fact. The best practice is to these affidavits in your possesion to avoid any last minute problems. It is especially important to obtain these affidavits immediately if one works for VISTA or the Peace Corps as overseas documentation problems are compounded. The second part of the exam is broken into four parts taken over a two day period. The items covered are are environmental or site analysis, programming, design and theory and construction and administration. This part of the exam is based on a real building, in fact, the Heritage Center in Denver was the subject of an exam sev. eral years ago. The exam uses the actual site, program and working to devise questions around a specific buildipg. The exam is multiple • choice with four possible answers to each ques-tion. About one fourth to one third of the questions involve calculations such as beam and foundation design and the correct answer must be selected from four possible solutions. T WA'b M"( ?Ue.JEG1 ... , .. You r.AJL.eo ME. ••. '15 The success rate for the written part of the exam is about 75%, clearly suggesting that experience is a key factor in the improved rate of success over the design test results. Colorado does not have any limit to the number of times one can take the exam, however there is a $20 application fee. Only one grade, pass or fail is given. Affidavits or test information can be obtained at the office of the State of Colorado Board of Examiners of Architects at 110 State Services Building 1525 Sherman Street, Denver, Colorado, 80203. Thanks go to Robert Kindig, Professor of Architecture at the University of Colorado for his contribution to this article. He has been a member of the Colorado Board of State Examiners for fifteen years and is the chairman of the NCARB Design Committee which sets up the design portion of the Professional Examination.


---------------. ..,. _ _ --... -----.... WINDSTAR FOUNDATION 0. . . ' . . . . . . • 0 . . ... Just of Highway 82 by way of the Old Snowmass Creek Road, the Windstar Foundation is planning a .major passive solar research and learning center. Funded primarily by singer, John Denver, the building will function much like a Benedictine Monaster.y. There are areas designed for sustenance, health, living quarters, community gathering, education, creative work, communication and meditation. The complex will be the physical expression of the Windstar Philosophy which is "Harmony and holism at all levels -from the mind and heart of the individual, to the group, to the mutually supportive integration of humans with the natural world." Noteable Windstar members include R. Buckminster Fuller who last year donated a geodesic dome to the Foundation and Werner Erhard of EST. Site Of Windstar's 950 acre site approximately 80% or :760 acres will be maintained as a wildlife preserve. Most of the remaining land will be devoted to agricul ;ture and aquaculture. Winter grains, fruit trees, :grasses, vegetables, and fish will be grown to pro-vide food for the community. This comes from the de sire for "balance with the local environment rather than a notion of self-sufficiency, interdependence being a basic ecological principle." Construction The facility will be built as much as possible from local materials and should need no fossil fuels to operate. Students, including those from architectural schools will be involved in all phases of the construction. Upon conpletion of the complex, a permanent .community of 20 people will run and manage the land, building and other programs. Long-term research students will live and interact with visiting artists and thinkers. People from the local Aspen community and from around the world will attend shorter-term workshops, think tanks and meetings. • 0 : • • 0 ... ..... ! . : . .. . ..(:) 0. • • .. : . . . . : . . .. .. The Building Program The program calls forsome 5500 sq. ft. of wqrkshop space including photo, video, recording and broadcasting studios as well as metal, wood shop, ceramics and crafts spaces. Guestrooms totalling 8000 ft . . will be provided and public spaces including kitchen, dining, living, meeting, library, greenhouse, health theatre and dance space totalling 10,000 sq.ft. will be constructed. Energy'Concepts The energy concepts for the Windstar Fouqdation Building include direct gain solar heating, domestic hot water collectors, a solar poJd with a rankine engine and windmills. The facility has been designed to be flexible enough so that now and in the future, it will be a place where many approaches to the use of renewable energy can be tested and demonstrated. Recording instruments constantly monitoring the energy life and functioning of the building will be on display inside the building. Richard Bernstein




'IB NIGERIA DESIGN CLIMATE & ARCHITECTURE KUNLE TAIWO CULTURAL DETERM NANTS This article is an attempt to trace briefly the cultural, social, climatic and environmental response of ancient Nigerian architecture. Nigeria is divided into two major climatic zones. The hot and dry Northern Region and the warm and humid Southern Region. The diverse cultural differnece between the North and the South is responsible for the difference in planning of family compounds and cities in the South and family compounds hamlets and village settlementsof the North. The Northern Region, predominantly Muslim, was influenced by the Arab states. Educa-tion was not of primary importance. The only form of formal educational instructions was administered by the Imams (Islamic clergy.) These sessions were solely based on the teachings of the Holy Koran (the Muslim Bible). The South, on the other hand, was more evenly mixed in religious beliefs. There are Christians influenced by the missionary settlers, muslims and atheists, but basically, the Nigerian culture is that of communial interdependance on one another. The term "family" does not limit itself to the Western implication of father, mother, and children. In Nigeria "family" is the whole of one's blood-ties. This in consequently why most Nigerians lived in family compounds and no single family homes were identifiable at that time. The Northern settlements were scattered around grazing land in villages or hamlets while the South had well developed cities based on cash crop economics and industries like goldsmith, wood furniture and leather factories. CLIMATIC FACTORS & BLDG. RESPONSE THE SOUTHERN REGION Temperature: Humidity Rainfall Wind . . • . • . Average daytime temperature is about 85F. There is only a small difference in night and day temperatures. High Heavy between April and September Cool sea breeze from the coast


There is onlv a small difference between night and day temperature, hence outdoor temperature can be assumed to be fairly constant. To keep temperature within the eomfort zone, the architecture of thia region dietatea building orientation in the aoutbwest direetion to facilitate cross ventilation to the extent that temoerature build-up in interior apaces is minimized. Large fenestrations are used on the southwest walls as prevailing wind direction is southwest. The walls are shaded from the intense solar radiation by deep roof overhand& to reduce solar heat gains. The ground treatment is generally with green vegetatiOD. The purpose wa_ s not only for environmental beautJ 'ut as a device used to absorb the solar beat tato the ground and thereby reduce the diffuaed radiation that will be available for absorbtion by the walls. The roofs are pitched because of the heavj rains that occur in this region. THE NORTHERN REGION Temperature: Humidity Rainfall Winds . • • • . • Vegetation : High daytime temperature and low night temperature Dry Scanty Occasional high winds Savanna/Sub-Saharan desert The architecture of this region is not dependent on building orientation. The major architectural elements used here as a response to the climate are the wall construction, . which is similar to the trombe walls in modern day architecture, but without grazing, and the flat roof. Building construction is usually in adobe. The walls are very thick, about "12" or more, with 2" air space between them. This serves as a mass that absorbes solar radiation during the day. By the time the sun sets, the outdoor temperature falls drastically and the "trotnbe" wall now uses the absorbed heat to keep interior ... ces warm. The time-lag of the "trombe" walls is critical. It is amazing how these people have been able to determine the thickness of their walls to create enough time-lag. The roofs are usually flat, with huge space between the ceiling and the roof slab. This is technically ingenious dead space in-between the roof and ceiling serves as a heat trap which is dissipated into the interior room when needed at night. In conclusion, one would realize that available literature on traditional African architecture, has to a large extent, been partisan. Most of them written by foreigners who have shown lack of understanding of the political and social concerns of the region they wrote about. It is my opinion that modern architects have alot to learn from ancient African architecture, much as they learned from Rome, Venice, etc.


20 MAKING DO Mark R. Jacobs Seduced by the mystique of the new, not to mention additional dollars, Colorado's housing developers have been quick to add solar options to their basic single and multi-family tract home package. Boulder realtors are busy pushing the well advertised Solar Tour of Homes. According to them, no Porsche in the garage is complete without solar panels on the roof. Local solar scuttlebutt even has it that fake collectors are in existence in Albuquerque (Keeping up with the boleris). But as the initial rush } --------.. __./" -I \ '"' I \ CD r I l subsides, and the facts and figures of the efficiency of these systems becomes available, the need for solar site planning and engineering from beginning stages of development {s obvious. More often than not, today's tract home builder fails to realize the importance of solar easements, proper orientation, 'tight' envelopes, etc. The underlying goal in going solar, energyLeffi ciency and self-reliance is lost. The solar conversion fails to go beyond the custom option, a status symbol of a 'concerned' family. We Americans have geared ourselves to a two temperature environment-inside and out. Constant ranges have always been maintained throughout our But we are now seeing electrical and mechanical systems that provide for the complete shutdowns of unused, or rarely The 'warm -heart' concept carries this idea further-put the thermal mass where it is needed, near the inhabitants. The kitchen, living and dining rooms are clustered around this mass. The numerous possible configurations lend itself ideally to condominium and townhouse design-small areas can be opened up horizontally and vertically to give an added feeling of spaciousness. Common walls between unks become desirable, in terms of energy savings, as well as cost reduction in materials. The greenhouse, as part of the solar heating system is unnecessary. The large, slow-moving air spaces it creates are undesirable in a totally engineered envelope-thin, quick moving air ducts are far more efficient.


The 'warm-heart' principle is an architect's ideal situation however. What do we do with what we already have?-Acre after acre of split-level subdivision box, hopelessly tied to Public. Service. The greenhouse offers possible relief to our existing predicament. When added for the primary purpose of solar heating, and not solely as an attempt to gain extra floor space, the greenhouse yields impressive results. One such greenhouse, designed by Dave Barrett of Sunflower Architects, and constructed in the Gunbarrel of Boulder two years ago, has since been closely monitored. Fuel costs were 63% the first winter of operation. During the particularly cold winter of 1979-80, heating was cut by 70%. In addition, approximately $850 worth of were grown those same two seasons. The first step in the greenhouse conversion was the addition of insulation to the existing 2400 sq, ft. home, making it 'tight' enough to benefit from the passive heating. The greenhouse was designed to stretch along the entire southern exposure(40 ft. long X 10 ft. wide). Two tons of thermal mass, brick pavers, concrete, and.ten 2ft. diameter X 10 ft. high Kalwall water columns, were added. ( Tar-lined covrugated metal pipe is another possibility for a water mass.) By using a wide variety of masses, heat loss under all climatic conditions is minimized. The upstairs master bedroom and bath were located on the south wall of the building ( Get the people.near the mass). The lowest temperature ever reached was 43 degrees in Febuary 1980 after four consecutive days of cloud cover. Interestingly enough, the high temperature of 100 was achieved later that same month. Heat distribution is controlled by the existing first floor sliding glass doors and windows. Thefts are occurring again, please take care of your personal belongings! Even minor thefts should be reported to Public Safety. Students, Faculty,AHEC and Physical Plant pers sonnel met recently to discuss Room 23 and the problems we are having with temperature flucuations. dust and dirt acrumulations in the room. All present at that meeting felt that everthing possible was being done to make that room tolerable, and from later reports there have been improvements. All of the instructors who use that room have elected to remain. AHEC will make every effort to another room for any class that wishes to move, should conditions again become intolerable. There are various rea'hA' TYPJC,AL . KE.TKortT By building the structure himself, the homeowner ended up paying $20 per sq. ft., considerably less than a contractor would have charged. He expects to be totally paid back in seven years, from fuel savings alone. Food is a bonus. In fact, the homeowner is so enthusiastic about his success, that the neighbors are catching on. Greenhouses are sprouting up all around him, including the one across the street, on the north side of the house. The real challenge to today's architect is no longer convincingbuilders in going solar, but rather in accepting their 'why nots', and designing truly effiGient systems that realize the potential of solar energy. sons for the problems associated with Room 23 as well as the Bromley Building. If further problems should develope please report them to the office so that we can prepare a formal complaint. If there is a problem after hours, please call Public Safety(629-3274 and ask them to contact Van Harper on his beeper about the problem. We appreciate everyone's patience and cooperation with this very frustrating problem. NOTES


' . '22 THESIS PRESENTATI 11\IS 8:30a.m. 9:30a.m. 10: 3Qa.rn. l:OOp.rn. 2:00p.m. 3:00p.m. APR _]J:_]_wntown DeJ1\er Aurora Central Library High Rise/Commercia 1 Centc Airport Terminal Urban Housing .. ?...-.f:!A Y 1!'1 2 5 _4-2 5 6 8:30a.m. Terry Carpenter 9:30a.m. Jim Wright Theater Cc,mplex, Denver Center for the Intergration of Lhe Arts Income lluusing JO:JOa.m. l:OOp.m. 2:00p.m. 3:00p.m. Bernie D cCosse Derk Buttjes Jim Sniolherman Randy llan Planetarium, CanaJa Joint thcs i s projec CompJ ex UCD Graduate S chool of Design & Planning S DA 2 54-2 56 8:30a.m. Harga Fribe tg t lorrison Shopette 9:30a.m. John AJlison Northglcn City Hall 10:-30a.m. Chris ;Hllia ms "Southside " Dcvelopri! ent l:OOp.m. John O'Dowd High Rise Condos 2:00p.m. Richard Bernstein Mixed-use Colllplex 3:00p.m. Uaviu Freedllla n Psychiatric Hospital Y__ ?J __ 2 54-2 5 6 8:30a.m. Tort Da rncr Hixed-use pro j ect 9:30a.r.t. Tom Heck Hotel, Steamboat lO: 30a .m. IHl.l tlousing l:OOp.m. Chiang UCO Gradu.:1te S chool of D esign & Planning Carl Hotel 3:00p.m. Dean F o r<"m a n CU Art Huscu m , BouJdcr 4:00p.m. t--laltani!Had :-lm.:lav{ Suburba n St 3(Ja . :11. 9: 30a. rn. ](J:)Oa.m. I: OOp. m. 2:00p.m. 3:00p.r.1. !>a V C lhOiilaS 1\a ndy \.'i 11 imnson PauJ Pie rce l' etcr Becker Hark \ .'a rd }{ j c 11 n t-d r r j s Housing, GrCJndby i li >:cd-usc! llL• v c l oprne n t, S t c ai;