Making The News This
Chicago Mayor Richard Daley names Lourdes Monteagudo, principal at Sabin Magnet School, as deputy mayor for education...New York City Police Commissioner Benjamin Ward promotes police inspector DavidV6lez, 57, to deputy chief, making him the highest ranking Hispanic on the force. Velez is the first Puerto Rican to reach that level...Sources close to U.S. Sen. Pete Wilson (R-Calif.) say Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Lourdes Baird is among the front-runners to fill the vacancy for U.S. attorney for Southern California...Calif. Gov. George Deukmejian presents the Medal of Valor, the stateâ€™s highest decoration for bravery, to National Guard Staff Sgt. Gerardo Sanchez
and Sgt. David Aguilar for their rescue of four victims of a car accident. Also receiving medals were traffic officer Joe Rojas, for rescuing a woman trapped in a burning car, and Paul Fernandez, for subduing an armed felon...The National Endowment for the Arts names Jose Gutierrez, a Mexican jarocho musician from Norwalk, Calif., as one of its 13 U.S. folk artists to be honored this year as National Heritage Fellows... DemetrioMufioz, a junior at Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology in McLean, Va, wins one of eight top spots in the USA Mathematical Olympiad. More than 400,000 students competed in the national contest...U.S. Secretary of Education Lauro Cavazos attends an academic recognition ceremony in honor of 14 Hispanic students from Washington, D.C...
Nursing Shortage Diminishes Hispanic Health Care
By Dartilo Alfaro
Hispanics are woefully underrepresented in the field of nursing, a situation that not only reflects the nationâ€™s overall nursing shortage, but diminishes the quality of health care that Spanish-speaking patients can expect to receive, experts say.
A study released May 9 by the Commonwealth Fund, of New York City, a national organization specializing in health and education issues, analyzed the shortage. In the six major urban areas surveyed, including Los Angeles and Houston, the study found that Hispanics constitute 1-5% of all registered nurses.
By Rhonda Smith
Although the League of Women Voters and several populist-oriented representatives coalesced May 23 to sponsor a California ballot initiative to remove reapportionment power from the governor and state Legislature, some Hispanic leaders there are concerned that the measure, if approved, would harm rather than help their political agenda If the initiative gathers enough signatures, voters in the June 1990 primary will have the option of allowing incumbent state legislators to continue to redraw state and congressional lines following the 1990 census or giving the power to a 12-member commission composed of five Democrats, five Republicans and two additional members who reflect the composition of the stateâ€™s population overall. The commissioners would be chosen by three appellate court justices.
Proponents of the initiative say the commission would be more fairly representative of the political agendas of the stateâ€™s actual voting districts than the Legislature, which many say tends to favor measures of importance to the majority party, in this case Democrats.
But not all Latinos agree with this assessment.
"Hispanics have input through our elected representatives in the state Legislature. While limited, we are being represented by individuals we have elected," according to Jose Garza, program director for political access at
Despite this, the industry is "generally not making an effort" to recruit Hispanics, says Esperanza Joyce, assistant professor of nursing at the University of Texas, Galveston. "They give a lot of lip service, but it is not done in actuality."
Judith Balcerski, dean of the school of nursing at Barry University in Miami Shores, Fla., agrees that while "there is no particular drive toward recruiting Hispanics, weâ€™re recruiting anyone we can." She concedes that this approach falls short and that ultimately it is patients who will suffer.
the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund. "With a commission of this
Pat Montoya, senior staff specialist of political education at the American Nursesâ€™ Association in Washington, D.C., is a registered nurse who at one time worked in the emergency room of a New Mexico hospital. She recalls instances when Spanish-speaking patients were unable to communicate with their attending physicians. "Thereâ€™s nothing scarier than physicians having to call one of us (bilingual nurses) to translate. The patients couldnâ€™t tell the doctor what was wrong."
"It happens all the time,â€ says Jane Delgado, director of the National Coalition of Hispanic Health and Human Services Organizations in Washington, D.C. "Patients need to be able to give their symptoms and follow the course of treatment prescribed. And itâ€™s more than just language. Nurses need to understand the dynamics of the Hispanic family."
type, our input would be minimized." continued on page 2
Coelho Fallout Limited, Says Bustamante
By Felix Pdrez
The abrupt resignation of Congressman Tony Coelho, the third highest ranking official in the House of Representatives, will not diminish the effectiveness of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, predicted Rep. Albert Bustamante, the immediate past president of the caucus.
Calling Coelho a "great friend, a great supporter of the community" and an ally who will be sorely missed, Bustamante (D-Texas) said Coelhoâ€™s departure will have little effect on the caucus.
"We have a pretty good complement of people representing various areas," he told Weekly Report.
He mentioned Henry B. Gonzalez, the Democratic Texan who heads the powerful House Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs Committee, "Kika" de la Garza, a fellow Democratic Texan who chairs the House Agriculture Committee, and Edward Roybal, a Democrat from California who is a member of the House Appropriations Committee and chairman of the House Select Committee on Aging.
Coelho, a member of the caucus since
1985, announced his resignation May 26 when it became clear he would face investigation by the House Ethics Committee for his 1986 purchase of $100,OCX) in high-risk, high-yield junk bonds. He has acknowledged inadvertently failing to report that the
securities were initially purchased for him by a savings and loan executive. Coelho will officially step down June 15, his 47th birthday. The son of first-generation Portuguese parents, Coelho was elected to Congress in 1978. After proving his worth to the Democratic Party as an astute fund-raiser while chairman of the Democratic Congressional Committee from 1981 to
1986, Coelho easily won election to the House majority whip post. Coelho, who represents Californiaâ€™s Central Valley, was assured the House majority leader position with the resignation of House Speaker Jim Wright.
Calif. Officials Question Remap Initiative
N.Y.C. School Board Seeks Latino or Black Chancellor
By Danito Alfaro
Hoping for a candidate who "understands and relates to" the cityâ€™s 80% Hispanic, black and Asian student population, yet not precluding an Anglo from being hired, the New York City Board of Education May 19 set a deadline of Dec. 31 to select a new schools chancellor.
Luis Reyes, director of research advocacy for Aspira of New York, told Weekly Report, "Clearly we need minority leadership at the head of the school system. There Is no contradiction between having a minority and having someone with superb qualifications."
The board appointed Bernard Mecklowitz to serve as interim chancellor until the deadline.
Mecklowitz was deputy chancellor under Chancellor Richard Green. The board also named a 13-member committee to find a candidate. Two committee members are Latino.
Green died suddenly May 10 at age 52 of complications arising from an asthma attack. He had served as chancellor 14 months.
At the urging of its two minority-group members, the board limited Mecklowitz to the seven-month contract. Board members Amalia Betanzos and Gwendolyn Baker, a black, cited their belief that the cityâ€™s blacks and Hispanics would be "suspicious" if Mecklowitz was given a longer term.
Said Betanzos, the seven-member school boardâ€™s only Hispanic, "There is a legitimate
feeling on the board that the best educator should get the job. But if the person turns out to be a Hispanic or a black, we will be particularly happy because that person will provide a role model for 80% of the students." Hispanic students are 34% of the school systemâ€™s population.
"The New York school system is hard to get a handle on," said Angelo Falcon, president of the Institute for Puerto Rican Policy in New York. "Itâ€™s like riding a bronco, and Green had only begun to tame the bull when he died."
Falcon added that it was likely the board would appoint another black to the job because Green had been the first to hold the chancellorship.
Hospitals Try Recruiting Foreign Nurses
continued from page 1
One method of alleviating the shortage has been to recruit nurses from other countries, many from Central and South America While those recruited are usually enthusiastic at the prospect of higher U.S. salaries and hospital-paid education and training, according to Bal-cerski, "Itâ€™s like robbing Peter to pay Paul. The nursing shortage exists worldwide, and other countries need nurses as badly as we do." She adds that the cost of recruiting and orienting one foreign nurse can reach as high as $20,000. "Instead," she challenges, "give me that money to work with a young student.
RNs in Six Urban Areas
City Hisp. Pop. Hisp. RNs
Los Angeles 27.5% 5%
New York 20.0 3
Houston 17.6 3
Chicago 14.0 1
Boston 6.4 1
Pittsburgh 0.8 Note: Population figures are for 1980. 1
Source: The Commonwealth Fund Report on the Nursing Shortage
Thatâ€™s adding to the pool of nurses rather than taking them from other areas."
Henrietta Villaescusa of Los Angeles, past president of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses, points out that nurses recruited from Latin American countries are often required to meet more rigorous standards than their Asian or European counterparts. "One of the biggest problems is that licensing boards do not recognize Latin American nursing schools. They have no trouble recruiting from Ireland or the Philippines, but when it comes to licensing graduates from Latin America, they're not very happy about It." Those nurses, she says, are forced to work as nursesâ€™ aides and are not allowed to take their state nursing board licensing exams in Spanish, except in Puerto Rico. As has been found in other areas of standardized testing, studies suggest that students whose first language is Spanish have a more difficult time passing licensing exams than do those whose first Ikiguage is English. Some 2
experts say the exams are language and culture biased.
Patricia Rodriguez, director of the minority nurse outreach program at the California Nursesâ€™ Association in San Francisco, has been working to recruit high school students in some of the stateâ€™s predominantly Hispanic areas. Her program consists largely of a multi-media outreach strategy involving radio public service announcements as well as other vehicles.
"We have gotten a tremendous response,â€ she says. "The PSAs have proven to be the best medium for reaching the Hispanic community." However, she adds that it is difficult to track how many students have actually entered a nursing program as a result.
Other programs are also being experimented with, including somewhere hospitals may offer to pay off a portion of a nurseâ€™s student loans or offer scholarships in return for that nurse coming to work at the hospital after graduation.
One initial barrier for some students is high school counselors who are unaware of the wide range of opportunities in the nursing field or who encourage students to become nursesâ€™ assistants or licensed vocational nurses because they may be lower achievers academically.
"Counselors tend to steer the brighter students into medical school rather than nursing," says Balcerski. "They donâ€™t understand that there are opportunities for advancement in nursing."
Montoya points to some "unfortunate" images of the nursing profession. "In the past, nurses were seen as oppressed. People now are feeling that they have to break that cycle of oppression." The perception of nursing as an exclusively female profession has also been difficult to overcome. Hispanic men are still often reluctant to consider it as a career.
In addition, with careers available for women today in fields dominated by men, nursing has taken a back seat. "Some of the best and ablest Hispanic women are now saying, â€˜I donâ€™t want to be just a nurseâ€™," Montoya says.
N.Y. Senator Ruiz Loses Seat Due to Conviction
New York Gov. Mario Cuomo was informed May 30 by the majority leader of the state Senate that Sen. Israel Rufz, convicted four months ago on a federal felony charge, no longer serves as a member of the law-making chamber.
Sen. Ralph Marino (R-Manhattan) told the governor of the vacancy following a May 24 decision by the Senate Ethics Committee that the seat should be vacated because of Ruizâ€™s conviction.
Rufz, a Bronx Democrat, was convicted Feb. 3 of filing a false bank loan application to build a supermarket in his district. The 45-year-old legislator has appealed his six-month jail sentence. While no longer a voting member, Rufz has maintained his offices in the Bronx and Albany.
Cuomo will decide whether to call a special election or allow the position to be filled at the November election.
2 â€˜ Latinoâ€™Firefighters Quit
By Luis Restrepo
Two Boston firemen who claimed to be Hispanic to be hired under the fire departmentâ€™s affirmative action policy resigned after an investigation of their records was initiated.
Thomas France resigned May 15 and Richard Pardo quit April 1. Their employment records seemed to have some discrepancies regarding their ethnic affiliation, according to Boston fire department spokesman William Murphy.
The case is similar to one being appealed at the stateâ€™s Supreme Court involving brothers Phil and Paul Malone, who claim to have a black grandmother although their birth certificates state that they are white. The Malone brothers were dismissed from the fire department by the Civil Service Commission.
The cityâ€™s 1,654-member fire department is 23% minority, Murphy said.
Hispanic Link Weekly Report
U.S. Rep. Mickey Leland
Our Third World
The poor go hungry, the sick go untreated and the children have dismal prospects for the future. These Third World conditions occur in the United States as well as in poor Third World countries. I witnessed them recently in my home state of Texas.
The U.S. House of Representativesâ€™ Select Committee on Hunger held a field hearing in Eagle Pass, Texas, last month, invited by Rep. Albert Bustamante to investigate colonias, clusters of housing developments along the United States-Mexico border. Colonias are unincorporated rural subdivisions where people live in substandard housing without adequate plumbing and sewage systems. There are some 600 colonias along the U.S.-Mexico border with a combined population of more than 150,000.
As we toured the colonias, the mosquitos which breed in the cesspools in the backyards of the residentsâ€™ homes swarmed about us.
People walked along the unpaved streets with handkerchiefs under their noses trying to stifle the smell of garbage. Because it had rained the night before, we sank into the mud as we walked. Poor drainage in the river valley flood-plain compounds the health dangers in most colonias.
The children walking to school were stained with mud or perhaps even raw sewage. I realized that their mothers had no running water or washing machines to remove the soil and turn out fresh, clean clothes. They make do with the metal tubs and scrub boards that were visible everywhere.
MEASLES SCAR 7-MONTH-OLD In one of the homes I visited, I met a 7-month-old baby, Marfa Esther Hernandez, scarred by measles. She had just recovered. Her mother said that she had sought no medical assistance either for Marfa Esther or her 4-year-old brother, who also had the measles, because she owed the local health clinic $30 and was afraid she would be denied services. Marfa Esther was suffering. Her mother said she was not receiving any medical care for a persisting inner-ear infection that had recently started to bleed. Drawing on my community health experience as a pharmacist, I took the little girl and her mother to the clinic where she was examined and treated. The clinic director assured me that they do not deny services, but often people believe that they cannot receive help without demonstrating a means of payment.
People live in colonias not by choice but because they are poor, and in some cases have been taken advantage of by unethical developers. Their isolation contributes to unemployment rates as high as 47%. The average household income for a family of four is only $6,500. Sixty-five percent of the families do not have health insurance.
CHILDREN LOSE ENERGY, ENTHUSIASM It is difficult for children growing up in these conditions to foresee a better future. An average of 40% of the childern lose the energy and enthusiasm to remain in school and drop out. Marfa Esther and her brother are among the many thousands of colonia children who could grow up to lead successful, fulfilling lives if only they were given access to the basic necessities most of us take for granted.
The first priority is for funds to be available to the municipalities governing colonia sites to protect health by constructing water and sewage facilities. Legislation to achieve this is pending in Austin and in Washington, D.C., introduced there by Rep. Solombn Ortiz.
We also urgently need to improve the services and outreach efforts by community health centers and to upgrade schools in colonias.
The vast majority of colonia residents are U.S. citizens whose ancestors came from Mexico in search of a better life. They are proud people who have bought land and constructed homes which they hope to pass down to their children. However, they need our help through government at the local and federal levels to realize their dreams.
(Mickey Leland, a Democrat from Houston, Texas, chairs the House Select Committee on Hunger.)
Hispanic Link Weekly Report
Sin peios en la lengua
THE INCREDIBLE SHRINKING CAUCUS: On Sept. 13,1979, Congressman Edward Roybal of California did some predicting at the second annual Congressional Hispanic Caucus dinner.
"Before the next decade is over," the then-caucus chairman said, "a Hispanic woman will be elected to the Congress and the Hispanic caucus will double â€” if not triple â€” in size."
There were five Latino voting members in Congress at that time: E â€œKika" de la Garza and Henry B. Gonz&lez of Texas, Bobby Garda of New York and Roybal â€” Democrats all â€” plus New Mexico Republican Manuel Lu]4n.
Roybal was wrong about a Latina being elected in the â€™80s, but his other prediction was on target. With the arrival of five more Latino Democrats to the House â€” Texans Solombn Ortiz and Albert Bustamante, Californians Esteban Torres and Matthew Martinez, and New Mexican Bill Richardson â€” and admission to the caucus of Tony Coelho, a California Democrat of Portuguese background who first joined the House in 1978, Latino voting representation grew to 11.
Last fall our politicos were optimistic that the number of Hispanics in Congress might come close to doubling again in the approaching decade. After all, the Hispanic population was booming and we were gaining sophistication in registration and getting out the vote. Some excellent candidates were developing their own constituencies at local and state levels. And the reapportionment following the 1990 census would add congressional districts to regions with large and growing Hispanic numbers.
So what has happened?
First, Luj&n quit and was replaced by a non-Hispanic. Then, Garcia was indicted in November on bribery and extortion charges in the Wedtech scandal. And now Coelho has resigned.
That leaves eight. Not a good exit from the â€™80s.
THE UNCOMFORTABLE, SHAKY BOBBY: In the May 29 New York Times, usually gregarious Bobby Garcfa was portrayed in an interview with Clifford May as "anxious and high strung...Even innocuous questions seem to sting him...â€
May quoted Garcfa: "Do you think everybody in prison is absolutely guilty? You canâ€™t say that. You have to measure whatâ€™s in my heart. And I know whatâ€™s in my heart."
Garciaâ€™s wife, Jane, a member of a prominent family in Puerto Rico, is openly blamed on the hill for any trouble that Bobby, a boot- straps guy from the South Bronx, may be in. In the trial now scheduled for September, federal prosecutors are expected to try to prove that $86,000 was illegally channeled to her for "consultant" work, as well as a diamond and emerald necklace and $77,500 disguised as an investment, says the Times.
The paper goes on to quote Rep. Pat Schroeder (D-Colo.), a friend of the pair: "Itâ€™s all Eve and the apple. I donâ€™t know when America gets over that. Bobby is a grown man, independent. He knows what heâ€™s doing."
Adds the Times: "Mr. Garcfa got to know Jane Lee when she came to work on his staff, and they married in 1980. It was his second marriage and her third. Mrs. Garcfa encouraged her husband to polish his image: to lose weight, learn to speak a more refined Spanish, and dress with sophistication...
"In the process, some believe Mr. Garcfa lost the qualities that made him singular. 'Bobbyâ€™s No. 1 ability,â€™ said a long-time friend, *was that he would walk down the streets of the Bronx in a rumpled suit, speak broken Spanish and hug everyone...â€™"
Who said life on Capitol Hill was just a bowl of cherry blossoms?
MEMORIAL DAY POSTSCRIPT: When members of the growing Vietnamese community in Westminster, Calif., sought a parade permit to honor their war dead earlier this spring, City Councilman Frank Fry Jr., in the 4-1 majority that voted to deny it, told them: "If you want to be South Vietnamese, go back to South Vietnam."
Raoul Lowery Contreras
Who Has the Best Culture?
Once, at a cocktail party, a beautiful-people person asked my name. Hearing it, she asked if I was Spanish. Reaching in my pocket, I pulled out my cash, counted $18 and replied, "No. Iâ€™m Mexican. Iâ€™d be Spanish if I had more than $20 on me."
This old chiste reflects for many of us a continuing conflict of what we are. I know Mexican Americans who absolutely refuse to acknowledge their background. If they have one atom of Italian or Spanish blood, they proclaim themselves Italian, Spanish or, sniff the word, European.
Before discussing the problem, letâ€™s define culture. My dictionary has several definitions.
Among them: The integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief and behavior that depends on manâ€™s knowledge and the capacity to pass on that knowledge to succeeding generations; and the customary beliefs, social forms and material traits of a racial, religious or social group.
Those of us who live in Western civilization, specifically Mexican Americans, trace our socio-political and cultural roots back to Egypt, to the Greeks, Romans, the Roman church, the Spanish and their conquering Arabs, the thesis/antithesis of clashing Spanish and Aztec empires and the resulting synthesis we now call Mexico.
U.S. ADDS CULTURAL LAYER
By accepting what the United States has to offer, we donâ€™t lose any cultural identity. We simply add one more layer. We are better for it. Nothing irritates me more than hearing some foreigner proclaim cultural superiority to Americans (in the broadest sense, meaning all of us this side of the Atlantic/Pacific). Is an opera performed in a language we cannot understand, about people weâ€™ve never seen, speaking/sing-ing words which have no modern relevance, superior to one written in English about people we see every day?
Is a painting or mural by a European superior to one by Mexicans Siqueiros, Rivera or Orozco? Are the cathedrals of Europe any more architecturally splendid than pyramids at Teotihuac6n or Chichen-ltza?
Are Shakespeareâ€™s characters â€” say, the Merchant of Venice or Shylock â€” more relevant to us than Arthur Millerâ€™s Willie Loman? Is a mythical Othello more relevant than the mythical characters in Carlos Fuentesâ€™ Old Gringo?
NO CULTURE SUPERIOR TO ANOTHER Vivid is my memory of ninth-grade English and my assignment to read Charles Dickens. Having never seen little English boys in my neighborhood, I approached my teacher confused. I told him I didnâ€™t understand Dickens. I couldnâ€™t define the characters. Could I, I asked, write a report on Leon Urisâ€™ Battle Cry? I could identify with boys training to become men, preparing for war; and, with Urisâ€™ Spanish Joe, a fellow Mexican American from El Paso. Please, I said, donâ€™t make me report on an English book, I wouldnâ€™t know an Englishman if I tripped on one.
True, he replied, but thatâ€™s how one learns and becomes cultured â€” by reading, studying and breathing someone elseâ€™s. No culture, he told me, is superior to another. Political systems, armies and economic systems may be and can be superior. Cultures are not.
How wise my ninth-grade teacher was. I read Dickens and Battle Cry, wrote reports on one for assignment and one for extra credit.
Since then, Iâ€™ve seen operas in languages I didnâ€™t know; Iâ€™ve seen some of Willieâ€™s plays; Iâ€™ve soared with music by German, Russian and Polish composers. Iâ€™ve examined the paintings of Dutch, Italian and Spanish masters. Iâ€™ve watched Baryshnikov dance. Iâ€™ve read many words of Europeans and Asians.
My teacher was right. One culture is not better than another. Despite four decades of exposure to the worldâ€™s culture, I still like "La Bamba." (Raoul Lowery Contreras, of Encinitas, Calif., is a contributing columnist with Hispanic Link News Service.)
Mrs. Duncanâ€™s Lesson
Mrs. Duncan passed away in a nursing home.
Three decades ago, I suffered through her third- and fourth-grade class. Hers was the most feared room in our three-room Texas elementary school. Some kids moved away rather than face her for two years. She had an aquarium and a piano and considered herself a general in the battle against illiteracy. Most of the Mexican children in her classroom could barely speak English, but she still stocked a little library of Laura Ingalls Wilder and Nancy Drew books. I read every volume she had and went on to the Hardy boys.
Mrs. Duncan had silver hair and a short left leg that caused her to limp, although on her it seemed distinguished. We never knew her first name. I think I heard another teacher call her "Maddie" once.
Her one passion was music. She demanded that we learn such songs as "The Eyes of Texas Are Upon You," which always made me nervous. I figured that as big as Texas was, those eyes could see every secret sin hidden away in my 10-year-old heart. (That included the sin of wishing I could leave her classroom forever.)
We sang "America the Beautiful" and Negro spirituals like "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot." For accompaniment, besides her vigorous piano, we had cymbals, triangles and rhythm sticks. What we didnâ€™t have was musical talent.
YELLED AT WHITE KIDS JUST AS LOUDLY Still, every single morning for those two years, we sang and played and cried when she pulled our ears.
She was one of the few teachers I knew who wasnâ€™t racist. She yelled at the white kids just as loudly, and pulled their ears, too. I decided she didnâ€™t like kids, period, regardless of color.
My fourth-grade year, my grandma broke her hip and was bedridden, with only me to care for her. One afternoon Mrs. Duncanâ€™s blue car drove up our dirt road. She had heard about grandmaâ€™s broken hip from the man who owned the grocery store, so she brought her an enamel hospital bedpan.
Our outhouse was a city block away in the woods. Why would Mrs. Duncan care? Grownups were hard to figure out.
Four years ago I went to see my grandmother for the last time in that Texas town, and there in the grocery store I saw a tiny, white-haired woman standing in the check-out line. She looked like Mrs. Duncan, but she wasnâ€™t even five feet tall.
WITH A CLICK, SHE WAS GONE I sneaked behind her and when she pulled out her checkbook I managed to catch a glimpse of her last name.
"Mrs. Duncan, you probably donâ€™t remember...â€
"I know very well who you are, Martha," she interrupted me. "Evelyn tells me youâ€™ve done well for yourself. You are writing, I believe?"
I nodded, tongue-tied, as usual. "Evelyn" was my first-grade teacher Mrs. Haegelin, with whom I corresponded through my nursing career and my return to graduate school for a writing degree.
"Well, good. Iâ€™m glad youâ€™ve stayed in touch with her. She thinks quite a lot of you." With a click, she snapped her black handbag shut. With nothing more than a nod, she was gone.
I never thanked Mrs. Duncan for teaching me that not everyone in this world would like me. Even when I finally mastered my multiplication tables, I didnâ€™t get her smile. But she taught me that it didnâ€™t matter. The satisfaction I felt inside had to be strokes enough.
Mrs. Duncan taught me that the world wasnâ€™t always pretty and the rules werenâ€™t always easy. But I learned that even the worst of times would someday be just another memory.
For that, Iâ€™ll always remember Mrs. Duncan.
(Marta Salinas is a registered nurse working in a migrant labor camp in Woodbum, Ore.)
Hispanic Link Weekly Report
TALKING ABOUT AIDS: "AIDS Prevention Guideâ€ is an information packet by the U.S. Health and Human Services. Department geared for adults on how they can talk about the threat of Al DS with children. Available in English and Spanish, the packet can be obtained for free by calling 1-800-342-AIDS.
CONJUNTO MUSIC: The Guadalupe Cultural Arts Center devotes its 38-page May issue of Tonantzin to the history of conjunto music, the importance of the accordion to the music, artists who perform the genre and an overview of Cajun and Zydeco music. Also included is an article on Tejano conjunto music. For a copy send $1 to the center at 1300 Guadalupe St., San Antonio, Texas 78207-5519 (512) 271 -3151.
LULAC NEWS: The League of United Latin American Citizens released last month the second issue of the LULAC National Reporter. The eight-page publication includes news on projects LULAC is undertaking, activities in different regions, profiles on members and general news affecting Hispanics. For a free copy, send a self-addressed 10"x13" envelope with 450 postage to LULAC National Office, 342 Wilkens, San Antonio, Texas 78210 (512) 533-1976.
N.Y.C. CHARTER REVISION: The institute for Puerto Rican Policyâ€™s president released an 18-page position paper last month that concluded the vote to revise the New York City charter should be held off until the stateâ€™s 1990 gubernatorial election to ensure greater participation by Hispanics and blacks. "Charter Revision and Racial Exclusion," authored by IPRP President Angelo Falc6n, uses voting pattern statistics from the last charter revision vote. For a copy send $5 to IPRP, 286 Fifth Ave., Suite 805, New York, N.Y. 10001-4512 (212) 564-1075.
MOVING ABOUT: "Geographical Mobility: March 1986 to March 1987" is a 120-page report by the Census Bureau that finds Hispanics have the highest rate of moving from one residence to another (23%) than whites (17%) or blacks (20%). For a copy (specify Series P-20, No. 430) send $6.50 to Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
CATHOLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS: The National Catholic Education Association has released a report, "National Assessment of Educational Progress Proficiency in Mathematics and Science: 1985-86 Catholic and Public Schools Compared," that shows Hispanics in Catholic schools outperform those in public schools. For a copy of the 83-page report, send $5 to NCEA, 1077 30th St. NW, Suite 100, Washington, D.C. 20007-3852 (202) 337-6232.
ASSIMILATION AND ADVANCEMENT: "Assimilation and Socioeconomic Advancement of Hispanics in the U.S." is a 74-page report that examines, using several measurements, how Hispanics and various Hispanic subgroups compare to the overall population. For a copy send $5 to the Population Reference Bureau, 777 14th St. NW, Suite 800, Washington, D.C. 20005 (202) 639-8040.
PEPSI-COLA TARGETS DROPOUTS
The Pepsi-Cola Co. will spend $2 million over the next four years on a pilot program to reduce the dropout rate in a Dallas and Detroit high school, it was announced last month. Students participating in the program would receive tuition credits for postsecondary education and teachers would be compensated with money.
The Pepsi School Challenge, to start next fall, will be tested at L G. Pinkston High School in Dallas and Southwestern High School in Detroit. The predominantly black schools are 27% and 15% Hispanic, respectively. The students will be eligible for up to $250 in tuition credits per semester, or a maximum of $2,000 over four years. The requirements are that they maintain a C average, fulfill state attendance guidelines and "have no formal record or documented use of mood-altering substance."
Faculty members designated as mentors at the schools will receive $1,000 a year. Schools receive $4,000 a year.
AIDS FOLLOW-UP REQUESTED
After releasing a study May 22 that found that two out of every 1,000 college students carry the AIDS virus, officials with the American College Health Association said they will request $500,000 to do a follow-up study of students at Hispanic and historically black colleges.
In the first national survey of AIDS on college campuses, 30 of 16,861 students tested positive. ACHA said it will request the money for a follow-up study next year from the Centers for Disease Control.
Baldemar Velasquez, president of the Farm Labor Organizing Committee in Toledo, Ohio, and Jesus Aguilar, an organizer with the Central American Refugee Center in Los Angeles, are among six people selected as winners of the 1989 Charles Bannerman Memorial Program, it was announced May 24. Fellows receive stipends of $10,000 for sabbaticals of three months or more. Deadline for submissions for 1990 is Dec. 1. Applications for the "outstanding activists of color" program are available by writing to 2335 18th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20009...
The Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund will release this summer a series of publications on Hispanic leadership in the United States. The booklets will deal with the status of Hispanic leadership, the development and training of Hispanic leaders and the future of Hispanic leadership. The booklets will be distributed to organizations throughout the country to serve as a resource for groups interested in starting leadership development programs. The first two booklets are being made possible by a $15,000 grant from the Pacific Telesis Foundation...
TO OUR READERS: To ensure information about your organizationâ€™s upcoming event will be included in Hispanic Unkâ€™s Calendar, it must be received at least two Fridays before the publication date of the issue in which you would like it to appear. There is no charge. Please include date, location, contact name and phone number. Address items to Calendar Editor, Hispanic Link Weekly Report, 1420 N St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20005.
Washington, D.C. June 7-11
The American Immigration Lawyers Association will
hold its 43rd anniversary symposium, "Immigration
Law for the Nineties." The conference will focus on immigration policy issues and the U.S. economy as the 1990s approach.
Amy Novick (202) 331-0046
ATHLETES LUNCHEON Los Angeles June 8
Four-time world female body-building champion Rachel Elizondo McLish will be honored as Professional Latino Athlete of the Year at the Hispanic Public Relations Associationâ€™s 12th annual Latino Athletes Awards Luncheon. Four other outstanding Hispanic athletes will be recognized at the event. John Echeveste (818) 793-9335
NALEO CONFERENCE Albuquerque, N.M. June 8-10 Hispanic elected officials and other leaders will examine key issues facing the Latino community, such as high school dropouts, AIDS and border economic development, during the National As-June 5,1989
sociation of Latino Elected and Appointed Officialsâ€™ seventh annual conference.
Mike Zamba (202) 546-2536
FUND-RAISER Los Angeles June 9
Nosotros, an organization of Latinos in the entertainment industry, is holding a fund-raiser banquet to support the Nosotros Cultural Arts Center, which provides acting and dancing workshops. Hosted by Geraldo Rivera, the star-studded event will be televised.
Elia Arquez (213) 594-5797
TENANTSâ€™ RIGHTS Washington, D.C. June 10 Adelanto Inc. is sponsoring a conference on tenantsâ€™ rights, housing codes, tenant/landlord relations, home buying with government assistance and more.
Robert Beato (202) 667- 7700
Hispanic Link Weekly Report
ARLINGTON COUNTY, VIRGINIA
CHIEF ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES Ann. No.: 0210-9B-DHS
Salary: Negotiable from $50,000, commensurate with training and experience. Arlington County is looking for a senior level administrative manager to head the Administrative Services Division, Department of Human Services. The division chief is responsible for the administration and management of five bureaus: 1) Management and Budget 2) Financial Services 3) Personnel 4) Information Services 5) General Services. The division has a budget of almost $2 million and over 50 employees.
Requires: Five to seven years of experience managing administrative systems, including considerable direct supervisory responsibility. Administrative system management must include one or more of the following: financial management, facilities management, personnel administration, budgeting, information/data base system. A Bachelorâ€™s degree in public administration, business administration or a related field is also required. Request official job announcement for desirable qualifications and additional information.
All applicants must submit an official Arlington County application form. RESUMES SUBMITTED WITHOUT A COMPLETED OFFICIAL ARLINGTON COUNTY APPLICATION FORM WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED. The position will remain open until filled. Preferred filing date JUNE 22,1989. To request application material, please call (703) 358-3500 or TDD (703) 284-5521 (hearing impaired only).
ARUNGTON COUNTY PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT 2100 Clarendon Boulevard, Suite 511 Arlington, VA 22201 EOE/MFH
CENTRAL AMERICA IN THE CLASSROOM
Educators: Arc you looking for maps, classroom exercises and readings for students on Central America?
Are you interested in learning about , how other Spanish, Social Studies, English, ESL and Art Teachers introduce Central America in the classroom? If the answer is YES, subscribe now to receive Central America In the Classroom which contains a wealth of:
â€¢ Hands-on Activities
â€¢ Reviews of New Materials
â€¢ News From Teachers and Students in Central America
â€¢ Reports on Innovative Projects to Promote Cross -Cultural Understanding
â€¢ Short Stories by Central American Authors
Please send $10 to start receiving this valuable resource immediately. Include your name, address and phone number. Make check payable to NECCA and send to:
The Network of Educatorsâ€™ Committees on Central America PO Box 43509
Washington. DC 20010-9509 (202) 667-2618
University of Pennsylvania seeks full-time counselor for low income/first generation students.
Responsibilities include personal, academic and career counseling. Masterâ€™s degree required. Fluency in Spanish and past college work experience desirable. Knowledge of issues impacting on Asian and Hispanic students also desirable.
Send resume to: Rose Berg, University of Pennsylvania, Employment Office, 124 Block-ley Hall, 418 Service Drive, Philadelphia, Pa 19104-6286.
Application deadline June 30.
Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer
POSTDOCTORAL RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS IN CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE PREVENTION
The Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, a multidisciplinary group of researchers in the broad field of chronic disease prevention, is seeking applicants for postdoctoral research fellowship beginning July 1, 1990 and July 1,1991 (M.D. candidates may now apply for 1991).
Emphasis is on direct research experience in cardiovascular disease epidemiology, health education, health psychology, health communication (including mass media), behavioral medicine, exercise physiology, nutrition, and biostatistics. Appointments are from 1 to 3 years. Deadline for applications is January 15, 1990.
For more information write to: Stephen P Fortmann, M.D., Deputy Director, Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1000 Welch Road, Palo Alto, Calif. 94304-1885.
COPY EDITOR HISPANIC MAGAZINE
Wanted: Copy Editor for a fast growing, na tional publication. Must love language and have a great sense of headline style. Needs 3-5 years experience.
Send resume to: Marfa Alvarez, Hispanic Magazine, 111 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Suite 410, Washington, D.C. 20001.
Hispanic Link Weekly Report
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
The Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) is looking for a substantial number of individuals who wish to work in the Washington D.C. metropolitan area on a permanent basis. OPP is anxious to locate qualified Hispanics who wish to compete for some of these positions.
The staffing needs include persons with skills in the following areas: ecology, chemistry, environmental biology (wildlife, aquatic), microbiology, agronomy, environmental science, hydrology, plant physiology, toxicology, economics, law and statistics. In addition, we will be hiring program analysts, secretaries, and administrative support personnel. OPP is also looking for Hispanic professors and college students who would work full-time for the agency in Washington, D.C. this summer.
For further information, interested Hispanics can write to:
Chief, Resource Management and Evaluation Branch Office of Pesticide Programs U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 401 M Street, SW, H7502C Washington, D.C. 20460 (703) 557-5047
EPA is an Equal Opportunity Employer
CONCILIO FOR THE SPANISH SPEAKING
The Concilio for the Spanish Speaking, a planning and community development agency in King County, is seeking an executive director with experience in communications, staff supervision, and fundraising; knowledge of human service needs of Latino community and issues; 3 years experience in service oriented organization required; bilingual, bicultural preferred. Salary DOE. Call (206) 461-4891 for application materials; or write Concilio Search Director, 157 Yesler Way, Suite 209, Seattle, WA 98104.
Applicatbn deadline June 15,1989.
THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESIDENT
Nominations and expressions of interest are invited for the position of President of The Johns Hopkins University. The President is the chief executive officer of the University and reports to the Board of Trustees.
The Johns Hopkins University is an international center for both undergraduate and graduate study and research. Its eight academic divisions include: the School of Arts and Sciences, the G.W.C. Whiting School of Engineering, the School of Continuing Studies, the Peabody Conservatory, the Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, the School of Nursing, the School of Hygiene and Public Health, and the School of Medicine, which has its clinical foundation in the world-renowned Johns Hopkins Hospital. The Applied Physics Laboratory, a research and development organization working primarily under contract for the U.S. Navy, is a major division of the University. The Johns Hopkins University Press is regarded as one of the worldâ€™s foremost academic publishers.
Each of the divisions has an international as well as national orientation, and the University also operates campuses in Bologna and Florence, Italy, and in Nanjing, China
Several important affiliates of the University include, among others, The Johns Hopkins Health System, the Dome Corporation, The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Carnegie Institute of Washington Department of Embryology, The National Foreign Language Center, the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies, and the Space Telescope Science Institute, funded by NASA, which soon will be operating the Hubble Space Telescope.
The Universityâ€™s prestigious faculty of 1,900 represents a wide diversity of disciplines. Enrollment includes 3,000 undergraduate and 3,300 graduate students, and 6,800 part-time students, most of whom are at the graduate level. The Universityâ€™s annual budget is in excess of $1 billion, and its endowment is more than $500 million.
The Johns Hopkins University is seeking an individual with a distinguished record of accomplishment in the field of higher education, and/or in other professional fields. The President must be able to conjmunicate the needs and achievements of the University to a variety of groups and to enlarge as well as administer the financial resources of the institution. He or she must also possess the qualities of strength, stamina, and intellectual depth necessary to lead a complex university that seeks to maintain and expand its pursuit of excellence.
Nominations and expressions of interest should be submitted to:
Mr. Morris W. Offit, Chair Presidential Search Committee The Johns Hopkins University Charles and 34th Streets Baltimore, MD 21218
The Committee will begin screening candidates in July, 1989. Early submissions are encouraged.
The Johns Hopkins University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer which actively seeks and encourages nominations of, and expressions of interest from, minority and female candidates.
Hispanic Link Weekly Report
Arts & Entertainment
MORE AWARDS: The achievements of Latino artists are highlighted in various award ceremonies, including this week's 19th annual Golden Eagle Awards.
A Martinez and Ana Alicia are expected to pick up outstanding TV actor and actress nods at the ceremony to be held June 9 in Beverly Hills.
Singer and composer Lalo Guerrero will receive a Lifetime Achievement Award and the late Lucille Bail will be honored with a Special Lifetime Achievement Award.
Other 1989 Golden Eagle recipients include Andy Garcfa, Ramon Men6ndez, Vikki Carr, Edward James Olmos and Daphne Zuniga. The awards are given by the Hollywood-based Nosotros actors organization in an unspecified number of categories.
Geraldo Rivera will emcee the event, which will be taped for future television syndication.
Conspicuously absent from this year's ceremony will be Ricardo Mon-talban, a Nosotros founder and past president. Montalb&n resigned his | membership in the organization earlier this year.
Recent award ceremonies have focused on Hispanic musical talent.
On May 23 Gloria Estefan was named Songwriter of the Year at the BMI Pop Music Awards. Estefan led all songwriters with four citations \ at the ceremony for her hits Anything for You, 1-2-3, Can't Stay Away From You, and Rhythm is Gonna Get You.
Estefan was a featured artist at the first Premio bo Nuestro a la Mdsica Latina, created by the Univision network and Billboard magazine. A dozen performers picked up awards in 19 categories at the ceremony held in Miami May 31. (Top winners in next weekâ€™s column.)
ONE UNERS: Rene Buch, artistic director of New Yorkâ€™s Repertorio Espard, wins an Obie award from The Village Voice magazine for "sustained excellence of direction." The award recognizes achievement off-Broadway...Bethesda, Marylandâ€™s Partners Gallery continues its Hispanic Invitational Show through June 14. The show features paintings, drawings and sculptural works by Hispanic artists from throughout the United States.
____________________________________â€” Antonio Mejfas-Rentas
MULTICULTURAL JOURNALISTS: A group aiming to foster multicultural participation, awareness and interaction in the journalism profession is in its formative stages. The Multicultural Journalists Associationâ€™s founding chapter is in Washington, D.C., but members so far extend to New York, Philadelphia, Hartford, New Haven and Cape Cod. Membership is open to all working journalists.
The groupâ€™s first project is the compilation of a Multicultural Resource Directory of journalists willing to speak to high school students and high school newspaper advisers in their areas. The directory will be sent to high schools nationwide this fall.
For more information contact Dinah Eng at Gannett News Service, 1000 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, Va. 22209 (703) 276- 5869.
MEDIA CENTER: The Hispanic Media Center, an offshoot of The Media Institute in Washington, D.C., began operating last month.
HISPANIC LINK WEEKLY REPORT
A national publication of Hispanic Link News Service Inc.
1420 *Nâ€™ Street NW Washington, D.C. 20005 (202) 234-0280 or 234-0737 Publisher: H6ctor Ericksen-Mendoza Ecfitor. F6lbcF6rez
Reporting: Antonio Mejfas-Rentas, Danilo Alfaro, Luis Restrepo, Rhonda Smith.
Sales: Carlos Ericksen-Mendoza.
No portion of Hispanic Link Weekly Report may be reproduced or broadcast in any form without advance permission Annual subscriptions (50 issues): Institutions/agencies $118; Personal $108 Trial (13 issues) $30
CORPORATE CLASSIFIED: Ad rates 90 cents per word. Display ads are $45 per column inch. If placed by Tuesday, will run in Weekly Reports mailed Friday of the same week.
The center will serve as the focal point for all Hispanic media activities within the institute.
Several projects are already in the works, including a regional Hispanic media conference slated for early next year in Texas and the creation of an annual journalism award. Also, a book titled "Hispanic Media: Impact and Influence" is being written by Ana Veciana-Sucirez of the Palm Beach Post. It is a sequel to the instituteâ€™s popular directory "Hispanic Media, USA," also authored by Veciana-Su&rez.
ARGENTINA FELLOWSHIPS: The American Newspaper Publishers Association has announced the availability of two six-month journalism fellowships in Buenos Aires, Argentina The fellowships are provided by the Dr. Roberto Noble Foundation and Clarin, Argentinaâ€™s national newspaper. It will be awarded to working journalists from North America. The program runs from Oct. 3, 1989, to April 1,1990.
Consisting of classes at the Argentine Catholic University and newsroom training at Qarfn, the fellowships offer journalists the opportunity to obtain theoretical and practical ex-
perience in public issues and journalistic practices in Argentina
Candidates may be reporting on Hispanic issues at North American newspapers or working at Hispanic newspapers in the United States or Canada Applicants should send a resume, a letter describing interest in the fellowship as well as qualifications, and a supervisorâ€™s letter of recommendation to Nancy Osborn, ANPA Foundation, Box 17407 Dulles Airport, Washington, D.C. 20041. The deadline is July 14.
ABOUT AWARDS: Sylvia Lopez, reporter/co-producer of "Mexico: The Power, Poverty and Pride," which aired on KCBS-TV in Los Angeles, received an Emmy in the Best News Special category...The San Antonio-based advertising firm Montemayor yAsociados was awarded a Citation of Excellence in the 1988 10th District American Advertising Federation Awards ceremony for the Lone Star Beer radio commercial titled "Afcrteno." The award advanced the entry into the National Addys.
â€” Danilo Alfaro
Si uno no quiere que le saquen a bailar los esqueletos a la calle, es mejor que no tenga esqueletos en el ropero.
(If you don't want your skeletons dancing in the street, don't keep any in your closet)