Citation
El Progreso, May, 1971

Material Information

Title:
El Progreso, May, 1971
Abbreviated Title:
El Progreso
Creator:
El Progreso
Place of Publication:
Denver, CO
Publisher:
El Progreso
Publication Date:
Language:
English

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Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

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Source Institution:
Auraria Library
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
Copyright [name of copyright holder or Creator or Publisher as appropriate]. Permission granted to University of Colorado Denver to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.

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Full Text
COLORADO’S -PA\TTS'H MAC*Zi,\TE
r ■=MI» -
---'CH/CANO— —
Art Exhibit Spanish Play Parade
Cinco De Mayo ’CULTURAL -
Community Action Board threatened by Poor
La LJorona... or false
Why Head Start ?
SHERIFF Joed. Torres. . .Man of the Month
, Top Candidat
500


Jf €>&€©!&&©
"Ideals are like stars; we may never reach them or touch them with our hands, but like seafarers we can follow them and use them as our guide.
EL PROGRESO, meaning movement forward, 4s in a sense, the .only voj»c^ in the southwest that seeks to discover a ^star, a guide ,A for the Spanish speaking people^ 0$: Colorado. It seeks to? create identification and] pride through commemorating the achievements of giants wpo were our forefathers, wfiose blood still runs through our veins, whose culture still determines our character, our individuality arid our way of life. Whose language, like honey stillj sweetens our speech, and whose dreams still stir in thiife aMi^* *
We, the Hispanos of the Southwest are a uniqti people - nowhere else in the history of man on earth have the same elements of circumstance lead to the creation of a people that combine the soul, the heart and the mind of all the races of man that abandoned the tower of Babel. But today, the Hispano seems to be a rootless people in a rootless society on the brink of a fallen Rome.
The people, in response to the mass media dominated by greed, corruption, lies, and meaninglessness, have slowly forgotten who we are, forgetting our language, our culture, our identification, our pride, and are becoming like the cui^s^l | descendants of Cain, a nameless people lost in the vacuum of oblivion.
No, right now we will not reach the stars and the tragic, sorry fact of life is that we seem to be drawing further and further away. In Colorado
No, right now we will not reach the stars and the tragic, sorry fact of life is that we seem to be drawing further and further away. In Colorado alone, our people are on the top of the list in receiving welfare,^unemployment , lowest academic achievements, comprising the largest percent in ratio to the population of persons in prisons, reform schools and jails.
Why? ? ? ? ?
EL PROGRESO, aware of our sorry lot in life attempts to reawake the pride of our people and of our past. It is their reminding us that we are not a lost people, a rootless minority. It is there to show us, teach us that it was our people who settled the southwest - cultivated the land, broke trails, tamed the wilds of a new world, built cities, named lands, mountains, rivers, cities, etc. Those who have been and are to this date leaders in law, in politics, in education and social influences that will live on in the minds of ours who carry their blood and their names.
EL PROGRESO is there to teach us also to follow the stars to carry out pride and our dreams to a greater reality.
VIVA LA RAZA! Hp’ If
2'r• IP P
fm
and cd~fs% zJ-f^ad cdfuntssii

FREEFACIAL from
BEAUTY CONSULTANT PENNY GARCIA
WITH SHAMPOO ft SIT TUESDAY THRU SATURDAY
\f&atu'iuuj cStyCiit
^ cz/fnayci
^ cfJLXX* t-Pino ^ ^adij £Potts\
^ H3e,tty CJaCniadgt
^3Coxia ^utitxxcz, Ouni&x
Across the street from the Shcfkey Pizla —i 4tff & Corona


In This Issue
Editorial. . . ...................... 4
Who is a Chicano? .••••••••.. *5
By Ruben Salazar
Why Head Start? . . • • • ........... 7
Cinco de Mayo........•..............10
Joe Torres - Man o£ the Month • . • . • 14
Aqui Manda La Raza!. ......... .20
Ancestors from out of the Past.......21
by Lee Mora
Amor de Madre...................... 23
by Joaquin Diaz
God could not be Everywhere..........24
by Joaquin Diaz
The Poor Speak Out...................25
The Back Door of History.............36
Hospital Improvement Program.........41
A Man in Need is a Friend Indeed. ... 43
La Llorona...........................45
Sports...............................51
Scholarships Available...............53
Unity Conference • •••••••••• *54
El PMHSSO stiff
S.M. Gonzales. . • •' .Publisher and Editor Lee Mora. • • . . • . • . ... * • Editor Dorothy Trujillo. . • ••••••• fiditor
Larry Alvarado. • Field Representative and
Advertising
Dan Montoya. • Production Manager-Salesman
Levi Martinez. ............Legal Adviser
Dave Marquez........ Commercial Artwork
Gloria Gonzales........ Quality Control
Mike Gonzales. •••••••••.. Printer
Arthur Gonzales. ••••••••• Printer
BERNSTEIN (
BROTHERS COMPANY X(
FEATURl NG TOP NAME TINES OF HUNTING AND
fishing SUPPLIES
QUALITY PRODUCTS AND CREDIT( PUEBLO’S S PORT I NG GOODS HEADQUARTERS
PHONE 544-5210,* ,
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"VIVA”
CINCO D
CEL EBRATION
SEARS, ROEBUCK'AND CO.
AURARIA LIBRARY
Ulfl7D2 D2nD51


■-----—1
S A. LUDOS
BOJWTOffl-MWESTFIFTH '
SWSR«RM»eH • 2820W.NORt HERN
Kttt6 S&OPERS SHOPPING CENTER
V
EDITORIAL
How many people realized then or now the blow that was struck against the poor by the County Commissioners when they cut General Assistance money out of the Welfare budget fox 1971? This money was used to have children’s teeth fixed ta supply eye glasses to children, to pay Sfedloarl and hospital bills for the wotkimg poor1 at times of dire emergency.
t there is nothing - literally not a
for this fund.
The devastation visited upon the poor by the County Commissioners in this fashion should not be allowed to go unchallenged. What will happen to the child whose teeth are rotting in his mouth and whose parents are barely eking out a living and capaot possibly pay to hava them fixed? Can this child be ex* pec ted to bo attentive in school? Will not Ml physical health degenerate to-CC&1y because he cannot chew? And what ,oM the woman, 50 years erf age, not eligible for Aid for the Needy Disabled because she receives $87 a month from her husband’s pension, who suffers 12 epileptic seizures in one day but hesitates Zm go to the doctor because she knows she cannot pay him and - if he puts her in the hospital - who will pay the bill? In Che past General Assistance would have been available in such cases - but not anymore, our so very dedicated County Coramissi-oners took care of that!
There has been no outcry against this fro© the poor. Why? Probably because stos& of the poor are afraid of nn-the County Commissioners (who are £kso the County Board of Welfare) because they fear repercussions financially.
When such gross inequities exist * they cry to Heaven to remedied, and the time to act to this sort of
eeilousne s s- on Site of the C omm i s -
©loner9 i§
#»oth« chi id t&gwaet be allowed to Mifer, nor g&n the Jb0 allowed to
continue being the firs# ernes hurt when budget cute are considered* We must all band together to see that common human decency prevails and that the poor arc not treated as '‘things” to be ^exploited by persons in lofty positions.
General Assistance money must be reinstated, not next year, not next month, but NOW!
4


We at SKAGGS Salute all P’/eb/o MEX/CAN-AMER
on this historic anniversary of
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EL PROGRESO
CHICANO
By Ruben Salazar
A Chicano is a Mexican-American with a non-Anglo image of himself.
He resents being told Columbus "discovered" America when the Chicano*s ancestors, the Mayans and the Aztecs, founded highly sophis-tocated civilizations centuries before Spain financed the Italian explorer*s trip to the "New World".
Chicanos resent also Anglo pronouncements that Chicanos are "culturally deprived" or that the fact that they speak Spanish is a problem.
Chicanos will tell you that their culture predates that of the Pilgrims and that Spanish was spoken in America before English and so the "problem" is not theirs but the Anglos who don't speak Spanish.
Having told you that, the Chicano will then contend that Anglos are Spanish oriented at the expense of Mexicans.,
the Santa Barbara Fiesta, he*s insulting Mexicans because the Spanish conquered and exploited the Mexicans.
It*(S as if the governor dressed like an English Redcoat for a Fourth of July parade, Chicanos.
When you think you know what Chicanos are getting at a Mexican-American will tell you that Chicano is an insulting term and may even quote the Spanish Academy to prove that Chicano derives from Chicanery.
A Chicano will scoff at this and say that such Mexican Americans have been brain-washed by Anglos and that they're Tio Tacos (Uncle Toms). This type of Mexican-American. Chicanos will argue, doesn't like the word Chicano because it's abrasive to their Anglo oriented minds.
These poor people are Brown Anglos, Chicanos will smirk.
They will complain that What, then, is a Chicano? when the governor dresses up
as a Spanish nobleman for Continued on next page
Best Wishes from:
>k
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AMD
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EL PROGRESO
Who is a Chicano? Continued
Chicanos say that if you have to ask you*11 never understand, much less become a Chicano.
Actually, the word Chicano is as difficult-to define as "soul11.
Mexican - Americans, the second largest minority in the country and the largest in the South-western states (California, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and Colorado), have always had difficulty making up their minds what to call themselves.
In New Mexico, they call themselves Spanish - Americans. In other parts of the Southwest, they call themselves Americans of Mexican descent, people with Spanish surnames or Hispanos.
their Mexican brothers from across the border who are willing to work for even less. Mexican-Americans have to live with the stinging fact that the word Mexican is the synonym for inferior in many parts of the Southwest.
That is why Mexican-Amer-ican activists flaunt the barrio word Chicano - as an act fo defiance and a badge of honor. Mexican-Americans, though large in numbers, are so politically impotent, that in Los Angeles, where the country's largest single concentration of Spanishspeaking live, they have no one of their own on the City Council. This, in a city politically sophisticated e-nough to have three Negro Councilmen.
Why, ask some Mexican-Americans , though indigenous to the Southwest, are on the lowest rung scholastically, economically, socially, and politically. Chicanos feel cheated. They want to effect change. Now.
Mexican-Americans average eight years of schooling compared to the Negroes' 10 years. Farm workers, most of the Southwest, are excluded from the National Labor Relations Act unlike other workers. Also Mexican-Americans, often have to compete for low paying jobs with
Chicanos, then, are merely fighting to become "Americans". Yes, but with a Chicano outlook.
Mr. Salazar was murderdd at the L.A„ Chicano War Moratorium by a tear gas canis-fired by an L.A. Sheriff.
BLENDE [TEXACO]
2101 Santa Fe Dr---545-6040
Wayne Bayless
Paul Panariso
RESTAURANT
542-9905
1143 EAST ABRIENDO AVE. PUEfci.O
Sal udos Amigos
FERRO PROCESSING CORPORATION
Division of International Mill Service
6


in ihe center of things AT FIFTH & MAIN
NATIONAL BANK OF PUEBLO
I— 1 1
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543 3834
Area Code 303 1716 N. OGDEN /
JOHN GIARDINO (Jar-deen-o) PUEBLO, COLO. 81001
SERVING PUEBLO AND VICINITY
Piomfet
WE FEATURE PLUMBING AT ITS BEST
AMERICAN STANOARD FIXTURES & SUPPLIES New Work • Repairs Remodeling
AMERICAN I
Head Start
Head Start is a program designed to serve four and five year old children from lower-income families. The children learn mainly through play activity guided by adults who respond to childrens needs, interests, and questions. Through planned new experiences the child*s learning is enhanced to extend and widen his potential.
In the early 1960's, Michael Harrington wrote a book entitled "The Other America." It researched and depicted the vicious cycle of poverty in a light not previously seen. This document was read with interest by the late President, John F. Kennedy. It had such an impact that Kennedy appointed several task forces to study the problem. One such task force was assigned to study the needs of poverty's pre-school children. From these studies the "War on Poverty" was born.
President Johnson, needing a political vehicle to assist him in his assent to office adopted it. As a result the Economic Opportunity Act was passed in 1964, establishing the Office of Economic Opportunity. Head Start was one of the program components. Since two other components for the young people were named, Job Corps and Neighborhood Youth Corps, Head Start was almost named Kiddie Corps. Head Start received such sanction then and such results since that it has helped substantially in the efforts to get the| "War on Poverty1' funded each year.
'A group of interested .individuals here in Pueblo heard of this crash program for pre-school children. Seeing the need for such a program here, they applied for 0E0 funds. Although it was called the Neighborhood Pre-School this was actually the inception of Head Start in Pueblo, in March 1966. It served 30 children from the immediate area. Within a two week period it had grown to an, enrollment of 60 children. In the summer of 1966, Head Start was started in Pueblo in the public schools
Continued on next page
7


B&B AUTO
= SALES =
BILL BUSH. Owner
CAU
542-9186
305 W NOR THEN pueblo, colo
Mayo
Open Eves. By Appointment 407 N Main ——-—-----544-4906
and churches. There were many interested individuals helping make this program a success but one individual especially does stand out because of his sincere dedication* The Reverand Josafat Curti gave many, many hours of his time when Head Start was formulating new techniques and concepts in fulfilling the needs of the young child .
In 1970, the Head Start program was delegated to the Department of Health, Education and welfare, and the Office of Child Development. However, our funds are still obtained through 0E0
Our first objective in the Head Start classroom is to give the young child a positive self-image. This is done by bringing the child into a non-structured classroom. There are several areas of interest that are available to the child. The child goes to the area of his chpice and due to his short in-t’el^S't span nray go at will to another activity. At all times the teacher, her aide and volunteers are supervising these areas, giving direction encouraging verbalization, socialization and stressing the learning concepts available from the nature of the activity.
Other primary objectives to help the child are:
1. To increase sensory and perceptual learning
2. To develop cognitive skills
3. To improve language skills
The over all goal then is to encourage the child to:
1. Learn to work and play independently, learn to be at ease while away from home, learn to accept help and direction from adults.
2. Learn to socialize effectively with other children and to value one’s own rights and the rights of other children.
3. To develop self identity and to view themselves as having competence and
worth. Continued on next page
8


4. To realize opportunities and to strive for successful development physically, intellectually and socially.
5. Sharpening and broadening language skills, both listening and speaking.
6. To be curious. That is, to wonder, to seek answers to questions.
7. To strengthen physical skills and coordination by using large and small muscles.
8. To develop an ability to express inner creative thoughts and impulses.
9. To develop an ability to channelize inner aggressive impulses into constructive work patterns, to take instead of hit, to understand the difference between feeling angry and acting angry, to feel compassion instead of ridicule for the problems of others.
Through these techniques we help the child acquire a Positive Self-Image.
Another major goal in Head Start is to motivate and involve parents. The complete cycle of Head Start goals is thus completed when parents are brought into the picture and informed of the inner mechanics of the Head Start program. Before parents can actively partake in the program they are assisted with any needs or problems they may have. This type of service is available the complete year of Head Start.
As time progresses parents .participate and initiate many projects to encourage parental growth and interest in the child and his needs. The,goals at school can be carried to the home environment and reinforcement of learning can take place. As a parent grows in knowledge of Head Start he can eventually become an employee of Head Start with field experience and proper training.
Bob Comiskl .O w ne r
Y HEATING % AIR CONDITIONING
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9




EL PROGRESO
a Jfreebom Hobtttfl peoples ^olibap
May 5 is observed as a national holiday by the patriotic, freedom-loving people of the Republic of Mexico. The date is their greatest "Fiesta Patria" ranking second only to the Mexican Independence Day, September 16th.
The country*s tiniest "Ranchi-to" and on up to metropolitan Mexico City Arrays itself in the national colors. Gay "mariachis" fill the early morning air with happy "sones and canciones" going on all day and all night except for the hour of the civic ceremonies .
The i tary the sc med iat religi open p e n t 1 c ago. is oral I s lie c e s homo la 1862. Loud c nearby
raising of the colors, mil-bands and troops dominate ene, parading before and im-ely after the solemn, semi-ous civic ceremonies in the ublic square, led by promin-aders in the community. Horn-paid to the memory of Gen-gnacio Zaragoza, who led the sful armed defense of the nd on the historic May 5,
Tin
crowd she
viva
in
oordihation to echo in the
hills.
Mexican historians depict the military events of 109 years ago as an exciting story ,of brave men turned soldiers and guerrillas to crush an invasion by seasoned French troops sent* p-cross the At-L an tic by If greed y Nap o 1 e on III.
Torn by internal strife, the Mexican army was in a state of dire need, the equipment, clothes, everything consisted of bare essentials. The country was in no position to deny indemnization claims made by the governments of England, Spain and France due to losses suffered by their subjects during the war for independence in Mexico. President Benito Juarez acknowledged the debts and England and Spain agreed to wait, signing the Soledad Pact.
France simulated an agreement and signed, too but Napoleon III saw an excellent opportunity to carry out a surprise invasion and increase its extensive war booty and territorial holdings of that time.
Napoleon sent 6,000 crack troops headed by the arrogant Count of LaurencesQ At Vera Cruz, the count stated the Soledad Pact was not worth the paper it was written on. Assured by a Mexican traitor named Almonte, the Count had the support of rich landowners who disliked President Juarez for his land reform laws. Juarez was a full blooded Zapotec. As a boy Juarez lost his parents and ran away from the tribe, was adopted by an uncle in Oaxaca who sent him to law school.
Continued on next page
11


EL PROGRESO
Cinco de Mayo Continued
The French invasion was not only violating the Soledad Pact but the Monroe Doctrine, as well.* At the time, however, the United States could do little to uphold the Doctrine, being itself torn apart by the Civil War.
The situation was ideal for the vain Count. Before leaving Vera Cruz for Mexico City, Almonte learned the commander of the Mexican army, General Lopez Uranga, had resigned, refusing to fight so formidable an enemy. When Count Laurences heard this, he sent Napoleon the following message:
"Taking into consideration our superiority of race, our well-disciplined troops, the excellent morale and the high ideals we pursue, as your Commander-in-Chief here I have become also the master of all Mexico". On the road to Mexico City, Almonte acquired new friends, deserters who feared the conquest was certain to succeed. They brought the news that the clergy in Mexico City was disgusted with the Indian President Juarez, who was taking their land and giving it to the peons.
The invaders made camp at Amozoc, the night of May 4. Only a few minutes ride from Puebla, the Count ordered preparations for a triumphant parade through the city*s main street on the morning of May 5. The Napoleonic uniforms of blue coats, white pants and high black boots were made to look their best.
Meanwhile, at Mexico City, the deserting commander had been replaced by an eager young General, Ignacio Zaragoza. Texas-born Zaragoza left his law studies when he saw his country had a greater need for the military. He enlisted in the national guard and made rapid progress. He became one of the country*s youngest ministers of war under President Juarez. He left the cabinet post to fight the invading army. He elected to meet the enemy at Puebla •
Less than 2,000 army regulars were willing to fight but Zaragoza was joined by three guerilla groups led by veterans Miguel Negrete, Felipe Beriozabal and another youngster named Porfirio Diaz. By the time Zaragoza arrived at Puebla, he had 4,000 fighters, eager to meet the highly touted
Continued on next page
12


EL PROGRESO
Cinco de Mayo Continued 6,000 French soldiers„
Moving swiftly and silently, Zaragoza stationed his men at two small forts, Guadalupe and Loreto on the hills outside of Puebla on the Amozoc side. The guerrillas took strategic positions at various points. All was prepared when they saw the colorful French troops advancing towards Puebla in the morning sun.
Suddenly, the cannons from Fort Guadalupe, which the French were told were un= manned, roared as the invaders came within the range. Before the French could establish what had happened, guerrilla fighters swarmed down upon them from both sides and all was confusion. Completely surprised, the French fled and left the battlefield heavily dotted with dead and wounded.
Because of the superior numbers, the French troops were able to reorganize and attack two more times that afternoon. But the defenders were ready and determined to humiliate the Napoleonic hordes. That day, it was General Zaragoza who sent a messenger to President Juarez: "Please be informed that our valiant men have repelled the enemy and brought military glory to our country".
The bells of Puebla!s churches and cathedrals echoed the victory cry of the guerrillas as the entire city turned out that night for noisy celebrations, gay music, songs and dancing in the streets of Puebla. That was the night of ' May 5...one hundred and nine years ago.
AMOR DE MADRE
Dame, por Dios, tu bendicion 0, madre mfa adorada Que yo a tus pies pido perdon Por lo que tu has sufrido Dame, por Dios, to bendicion 0, madre rofa adorada Madre querida, ruega por. mf Al Creador.
Tu que estas en la mansion De tu trono celestial Mandale a mi corazdn t
Un suspiro Maternal,
Un suspiro maternal Que me llegue al corazon Que me llegue, que me llegue - Al corazon.
Mira madre que en el mundo H
Nadie te ama como yo I
Mira que el amor de madre r
Es carino seductor. 73
CALDWELLS
FABRICS
& HOBBIES COMPLETE CRAFT LINES
542-2382
ft "JVimj
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70S ELM


MAN OF THE MONTH
It took three editors ol the staff of El Progreso tc|] capture the person of Pueblof County^ Sheriff, Joe I. Tor-4: res. The Sheriff unable toy lend the staff enough t imeS for a lenghty interview, an Sheriff Joe Torres, Theft youngest she.riff in the his® tory of Pueblo County an* first American of MexicJ* descent to hold this posing] tion was born in Pueblo oml January of 1937. His fa the*! Jose Emilio Torres and mo® ther , emmi grated irony (’hi® huahua, Mexico and settled',.! in the Salt Creek area ofl Pueblo. They lived ther® for 12 years with their fiv® children - four sons and a& daughter before moving t cfl the Bessemer area.
Continued on next page
?9>>c* tAt mah l*Ain4We
ah 4 4(994 Caw Sh (netmeHl
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Apreciatno* —— 5* Trot* fn El Pascrelo Y En El Fotwro
YOUR NEW CAR DEALER
CHRYSLER
14


Msmnmmji
together in the Pueblo County Jails Control Center, discuss the improvements and adjustments made under the supervision of the Sheriff. The improvements *nade by the Sheriff saved the county taxpayer thousands of dollars.
The Sheriff has great ambitions for future improvements of adequate law enforcement for Pueblo County.
Continued on next page
CORWIN
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TAKE-OUT ORDERS -PLEjfTY^OF ^PARKING!
OPEN DAILY EXCEPT NATIONAL HOLIDAYS^
COMMERCIAL CATERING Hs MEXICAN &
AMERICAN FOODS
A W
A & W MOTOR RESTAURANTS
PUEBLO. COLORADO
4 LOCATIONS TO SERVE YOU
NORTH— 21th A Elisabeth 043-1277
SOUTH—, 1327 Prairit Aw 542-2800
BLENDE-2250 Santa Fa Drive 542-6288
BELMONT— Norwood & By Pass 50
545-6355
15


T»»«* *h4 $(/>(( ah*
PhtUt y
The Sheriff is a product of the finest of families, one of modest means but close knit and of deep devotion to one another. In the' latter part of the thirties, each member had an obligation to contribute to the welfare of the family. Each had a job and turned his paycheck over to their father, so financial obligations could be met. The fine Torres family shared in the many happinesses that come to large families that give and contribute to each individuals necessities.
Sheriff Torres had always had a desire for a career in law enforcement. His ambitions had been revealed to his family but he refrained
from confiding in playmates for fear of ridicule. Flat-foot, cop, fuzz, are hardly flattering adjectives to describe a position a young boy dreams of someday having.
Sheriff Torres grew up with the offspring of Pueblos "melting pot" in the Bessemer area. Exposed to different ethnic groups, Joe
Continued on next page


Specializing in
• EVERGREEN TRIMMING
• TOPPING j 1,
• REMOVING r *
• PRUNING

543-6617
COWARD A
1102 E. !-• PUEBLO
EAGLE BAR
Mr. Fong is rku\ .if fhe ^.igle Bar
Most F 'ici'ous Fried Chicken
and Shrimp V our Choice $ i 00 407 No Union
CORTESE '
SHEET METAL
Phone 542-B729
240 South Santa Fe Avenue PUEBLO, COLORADO B1Q03

i ■ H Y S T A L. W I N i • O W C L. 1 ’ A U i: h
Buy it —-
at your favorite grocer's
was better able to understand different peoples problems .
Joe, an average teenage boy attended local schools, made above average grades, spoke Spanish with his friends and was a member of many clubs and organizations .
SPARKY'S z
Livstock Commission
First Federal Building
REPAIR SERVICE
His father always told him: "In order to succeed, you must work hard." Joe a-dopted that principle as his life-style and began to implement it with each job that he held.
He took his first job at a flower shop while he was still in school. He cleaned and re-planted plants, made floral arrangements and delivered plants among other diverse responsibilities.
When he became 16 and acquired a drivers license, he began work as a driver -salesman for a beverage company. This position took him throughout the county of Pueblo.
He left the company to become an inspector for the Tri-Plex Corporation, now Perfect Circle Company. While at Tri-Plex, he sold sewing machines and trailers nart-time.
WASHING MACHINES Refrigerators & Freezers
544-6201
685 S. UNION AVE.
TEXAS COURT
AIR CONDITIONED - ROOM PHONES REA SON A BLE RA TES
Lincoln 2*9182 Commercial Rates
Operated By South on Hiway U. S. 85-87
JUNE and HAROLD PUEBLO, COLORADO
SPANGLER’S
Home: Fashions. Inc. of Pueblo
FURNITURE - CARPETING - DRAPERIES DECORATIVE FABRICS. INTERIOR DECORATING
322 WEST 4TH phone 542-5370 Pueblo. Colo.
Service Station Equipment
HANK’S SERVICE STATION MAINTENANCE-
INSTALLATION & REPAIR
Authorized Service for
WAYNE - GILBARCO - TOKHEIM
H. A. (Hank) BELLAMY
308 Plum-----------------542-8497
EZE KLN POLISH CO. your personal store at your door since 1868
Call 542-5564
ASK FOR E./ SAUNDERS YOUR PERSONAL REPRESENATIVE
144 2 CEO AD ST PUEBLO COLORADO
—^ ’


U 2*8557 Wholesale Oil - Tires - Batteries & Auto Supplies - Gas - Diesel
'AUTO LITE AC
FIRESTONE DELCO
ALL MAJOR OILS
24 HOUR TOWING SERVICE
Rye Star Route Box 106 _
5 Miles Soirthon Interstate 25 — it 2-0996 PUEBLO, COLORADO 81004
TaU, Ptieitdfy S&wiat
FREE PICK-UP & DELIVERY
•
• TIRES • LUBRICATION •• BATTERIES • BRAKES
• TUNE-UPS • SERVICE CALLS
RADIATOR CLEANING - REPAIRING ALIGNMENT - ELECTRONIC BALANCING
4
THE LATE
HRS TORRES
In his early twenties, he left Tri-Plex and opened his own lounge and restaurant. His natural warmth attracted a wide variety of clientele including highway patrolmen, city policemen and other law enforcement officials* Here he met the man - Sheriff Robert Horvat - who provided him opportunity to fulfill his life-long dream of a career in law enforcement.
Horvat felt that a Spanish surnamed citizen was needed in his administration. Joe grasped the chance to become a deputy in Pueblo and devoted his every effort to doing his best. He worked as a deputy in the patrol car, as an investigator, jailer and even worked as a dog catcher. He never shrunk from his responsibilitis but welcomed them.
When Sheriff Horvat resigned from his position, the other deputies rallied behind Joe as the best leader to fill the spot.
Joe and 15 others applied for the sheriff*s position with the central committee of the Democratic Party. Out of 168 votes cast, Joe captured 117. The appointment was a great victory for Joe but he then faced a general election in one year but was determined to do a good job in the short time he had left.
SOI EAST 4th STREET Rhomk 54S*96 CO MM* 11 ME X TS or
COORS TAVERN
“Where Old Friends Meet' 515 WEST 4 7H
PUEBLO, COLORADO
18


HOMEMADE
ICE CREAM
SAMBOS
POPCORN
CANDIES
A WONDERFUL VARIETY
114 w Abriendo
FRESH - DELICIOUS
545-0282
^UPHOLSTERY *QUAUTY
RESIDENTIAL
AND
COMMERCIAL

603 ITORTH GRAND AVE.
WORKMANSHIP & REPAIR
* PICK-UP & DELIVERY
AT NO EXTRA CHARGE
♦ FREE ESTIMATES
544-7740
SHEARD'S
RADIO & TELEVISION
• SERVICE • REPAIR
TEL 5*2-0485
2701 CASCADE AYE.
The miltiple improvements he made in that time are phenomenal. He built a consultation room within the jail for private conversations between prisoners and their attorneys. He also provided an officer*s lounge. He used his personal expertise to make engineering repairs in the control room. His efforts there saved the county $6,000. By using the jailers, the inmates and $5,000, Joe remodeled the jail*s interior and saved the county another $9,000.
Z0ELSMANN'S BAKERY
912 EAST ABRIENDO AVE.
Pueblo, Colorado ,
81004
____ EMPIRE FURNITURE CO
Ind 1 PA,D FOR
PRICESi0 FURNITURE *
K WE BUY SELL
* TRADE or EXCHANGED
BANKAMERICARD • MASTER CHARGE ACCEPTED
-125 S’Uflion Av -----544-2098
19


EL PROGRESO
BREWED WITH PURE *11118 ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPRING WATER.
ftvrjtuti ^
OTTERS TEIN & COMPANY
1 2 6 S. ONEIDA PUEBLO COLORADO
ECONOMY DRUC
(FORMERLY: PARKS DRUG)
PRESCRIPTIONS
DRUGS • GIFTS • COSMETICS GREETING CARDS
PANGBORN CHOCOLATES
BEER - WINE - LIQUORS
"FASTEST MEDICINE DROPPER IN THE WEST"
MONEY ORDERS - TRAVELERS EXPRESS
• WHEELCHAIRS • WALKERS • CRUTCHES & CANES
SALES t RENTALS - TERMS AVAILABLE OPEN 7 DAYS A WEEK 9 TO 9 MON. THRU SAT.
SUNDAY 10 TO 6
FREE PARKING CITYWIDE DELIVERY DISCOUNT SELF-SERVICE GAS I
B 544-4886
AFTER HOURS CAU 544-4?*? (EMERGENCY ONLY)
PUEBLO
1904 LAKE AVENUE
6}M
The La Raza Unida Party of the school Board and won significant representation on the city council last April 4, in Crystal City, Texas, has instituted a number of impressive reforms for the betterment of the Chi-cano community.
Jose Angel Gutierrez founder and leader of the party, is president of the Crystal City School Board. Some of the changes made thus far are: bilingual
education (Chicano studies) in the secondary schools; a moratorium on the use of I.Q. and English proficiency tests. (The scores on these tests have traditionally been used to keep Chicanos out of college). Adoption of new textbooks which emphasize Chicano contributions to the history of the Southwest. (El Espejo is now being used as a high school literature text, and Stan Steiner*s La Raza as a high school reader), and free breakfast and lunch for all students in all city schools.
Student records have been declared totally confidential and are not available to the selective service boards. Crystal City High School is the first school in the country to oppose the Vietnam war in this manner.
The all-Chicano city council has also made multiple reforms. One of the most important is the use of Spanish in city business. Now, all public meetings
20


flhcttlor* (>*/" 9kt
TOM VIGIL
Tom’s Typewriter and * Adding Machines
.SERVICE ON ALL ,OF OFFICE MACHINES
PH. 545-9361 2223 NEWPORT
j
AM ‘GO'Si DRIVE-INN
RESTAURANT
SPECIALIST IN GOOD FOOD
DISTINCTIVE MEXICAN FOOD
160) W 17'h 542-9908
In searching for our i-dentity as many of oi r >oung are today, it is important for us not to forget that much of what we are, think and believe comes down to us in a forgotten stream of blood from the Indio, Many of us have heard or know about Hernan Cortez, Francisco Coronado and many ^others who give us a great deal of our culture, our language, our faith and traditional family customs as well as our names, factors so many of us take for granted. But there is other blood too, as well as other cultural elements not so well known, recognized or defined: the uniquiness in the character of our people, a subtle nature almost foreign and incomprehensible to the Anglo, sometimes to ourselves.
Many of us have a passing acquaintance with some Indian personalities, Moctezuma, for example, but the closeness , the intimacy is absent in much of o r firm conviction. He, what he represents seems so remote, so abstract to a lot of us that even when we get all emotional about La Raza, etc., Moctezuma is only a vague, dim conscious thought without any reality to what we are saying or believe. We have heard about the Aztecs, the Mayas, and Herpays even Te-ochtitlan, but how many of us really know anything a-
bout them or understand how and why they are important to us?
Neeahualcoyotl was born in Tczcoc in 1492, over a hundred years before the arrival of the Spanish. He was born the son of King Ixtlilx-ochitl. After his father 1\tlilxochit1 was murdered during a war, Nexahuaicoyotl Nezahualocoyot1 was raised by the Aztecs and became an advisor to kings. Historical documents reveal that he was a great thinker and leader in his own right. He was responsible for the building of temples, palaces zoological and botanical gardens, water cause ways and dikes that kept the waters under their control; he was also a just legislator when it came to devising laws for the people to live by. Many of the records that have been discovered from that period have not yet been all deciphered or translated, so there is much to be learned about him, his people; that spirit of temperament that distinguishes us, we like to believe, from other races, so obvious to and of which most of us take our pride.
The depths of his hunger in searching for a truth in the elusive nature of our own existence. The religion of his days was based on the
Continued on next page
434 S. SANTA FE PUEBLO, COLORADO
(^Guadalajara <£Bar
Formerly Skeeter's Charlie Brown Pub "WHERE WHOLESOME FAMILYS GATHER"
SERVING HOME MADE MENUDO, BURRITOS, TAMALES AND GREEN CHILI DAILY ORIGINAL MEXICAN MUSIC
RICARDO ALVARADO
Prop, and Steelworker
542- 9773
21


BEAUTY
ACADEMY
CREATIVE STYLING MGS & WIGLETS
2401 W. NORTHERN AVE.
Gus’ Restaurant <
“W/ier* Old Friends Meet”
DRINKS
EXPERTLY
MIXED
OUR FAMOUS HATE With ime
OWNED A OHftAIH) BY— A. Masdotra
1201 ELM
542-0756

DOES YOUR pi Arc SHOW
SINGLE JOB CONTRAC
RATES BY THE job OR MONTH
545-3 32l
901 PELT*,' PUEBLO, C<^
'Styewiud'Bmtt/Sewuei'
Ancestors Continued god of Quetzalcoatl taken from the Toltecs, Tolque Nahuaque, and from this he developed a simple concept of Moyocoyatzine, "selfinventing-self . n There is really no contradiction in this from the theories drawn out of modern psychology: an individual is actually what he chooses to be inspite of his environment, heredity and so on. His conviction to us, "Let your heart be true," rings with a melody of truth in today*s world of probabilities.
There is a great deal of controversy today about as-simulation, the melting pot, nationalizm and the way of Bhudda, the middle way; but there is no middle way. It*s concept is an aristitolian logic that that has created much of the confusion and misunderstanding prevalent. It is partially to blame for the frame of reference, brought over by the Europeans. They actually believed that the Indio, a savage, was not capable of reason, or thinking, because it was so different from there own. They could not grasp the possibility that there might exist another way of thought different from their own due to a different way of life. If what they saw there did not fit into their narrow frame of what they believed they could not understand it. They tried to interpret behavior in their terms, their experiences and the 22
543-2857
rest was condemned as the work of the devil. They cleaned up many of their self justification with their Christian-judeo god.
The people here, they had to come from somewhere; they must have come from Asia. The beautiful cities, they must have been built by lost European tribes, and so on Only recently have we begun to realize that the people here were as native to this continent as they were to their own. That these people would think and develop philosophies and theories just as they did in Europe.
The young Chicano toHay should study the history of both the Spanish and the Me-jican Indio honestly and objectively if he is to find meaningful truth about himself, his people. He must "let his heart be true," remember that many of us, especially in the southwest, have been exposed to Anglo-ism too long, and much of what we think is us, what we believe, in nothing more than a sugar coating to fit in with the European mentality for the ends of the Anglo sciences. It is not only destructive to our way, but. damaging: It glitters like
gold.__________
thrift imdustriaL^3ank
W. 6TH STREET, PUEBLD. CIIIURADIJ tllLJLli


EL PROGRESO
AMOR DE MADRE
/
Es este un dia festivo del ano de-signado para rendir tributo a mama7.
/
En Estados Unidos, este dia especial de la madre cae cada segundo do-mingo del mes de Mayo. En Mexico, cae en una fecha fija, 10 de Mayo y no ne-cesariamente en domingo.
^Fuentes de informacion aseguran que el Dia de la Madre ya7 se ^observa anual-mente en todos los paises civilizados del orbe.
Desde luego, ^s muy probable que uno de estos dias Moscu le anuncie al mundo que Rusia invento el Dia de la Madre. Sin embargo, fue una senora 11a-mada Anna Jarvis quien sugirio que se dedicara un dia del ano 1907 para vener-ar a las madres.
/ La primer ves que se observo^ ese dia en todo el pais, es decir en forma nacional, fue en el ano 1914. Una reso-lucion aprobada jpor el Congreso de Estados Unidos fijo el dia 8 de Mayo. Despues, el presidente de la nacion quedo autorizado para proclamar anualmente el segundo domingo de Mayo como el Dia de la Madre.
Con el tiempo, el comercio de las
flores inicio la costumbre de . que el
clavel fuera simbolico del dia. Cada
*
hombre y mujer cuya madre habia falleci-do habia de lucir un clavel bianco. La persona que aun tiene su madre con vida, ha de vestir un clavel rojo.
Se le acusa al comercio de ser de-masiado oportuno en el Dia de la Madre por sus actividades exageradas para promover su negocio. Pero es muy probable que sin la propaganda de prensa, radio, television y otras fuentes de informacion no resultara un dia festivo tan bullicioso.
Los magos literarios de Mexico se lucen en ese dia creando, obras y pensa-mientos para declamarse y publicarse. Un recorte de pcriodico, ya de color acafe-tado por el tiempo, autor desconocido, d i ce asi :
"MADRE es la patria del corazon. En ella tenemos un angel que con misteriosa influencia de gracia y calor, de dulzura y amor, hace que el cumplimiento de mi deber sea un triunfo, que mis jpenas sean menos amargas y mis alegrias puras y fragantes.
"Cuando por fatalidad de circun-stancias nos llega a faltar la sombra protectora de las alas de ese angel di-vino, sentimos caer sobre el corazon un velo negro y frio de afliccion. Sentimos un vacio que nada ni nadie es capaz de llenar."
/
"Tu que todavia cuentas con una voz que consuela sin hablar, con unas manos que acarician sin tocar, con una mirada que bendice con ternura, da graci'as al Dios Omnipotente que creo ese angel para ti. .
RAMIREZ
jX'tfaurant anj Jzcuttqe
,542-9648 1601 E. EVANS AVl.


EL PROGRESO
GOD could not be Everywhere,
so He create...
i
iM"*1
There is an undying glimmer of hope, even in these dark troubled times. It is the whole hearted agreement among the civilized peoples in our crowded planet: mothers everywhere deserve a special tribute. Not for just a day, but always.
The people of our neighbor republic ,to the south, Mexico, also have designated one day of the calendar year to pay special homage to mothers.
However, Mexican families observe a fixed date, May 10, not necessarily a Sunday. They call the holiday ,gEl Dia de la Madre*1.
Just like their counterparts the world over, Mexican businessmen capitalize on every opportunity to increase their revenues. May 10 affords them an ideal set of favorable circumstances for economic gains. In the small, quaint villas, the keen competition among street vendors is interesting and quite fascinating.
The metropolitan newspapers publish thicker editions to accomodate the demand for advertising space by supermarkets and the swank downtown shops. Then too, the theatres, restaurants and other amusement centers need to tell the reading public about the way they believe mother should be honored* on her special day.
PIKES PFAK HEAPING AID CENTER
A COMPLETE HEARING AID SERVICE
PAUL F. PODUSKA
Certified Hearing Aid Audiologist
SE hAbla espanol
226 WEST FIFTH STREET PUEBLO, COLO.
JOHN DAURIO
U. S. Hi way 50 and N. Hudson
74 HR.
WRECKER SERVICE
Phone 544-8915 Pueblo, Colorado 81001
For reading matter, the dailies offer poems and essays to mothers. Some editors, like their counterparts here, try to sound serious when they point an accusing finger to the business community for daring to commercialize the event.
In Mexico, flowers grow the year around almost every where without the protection or expense of a greenhouse. The world jardin (garden) i' better known than parque (park), flower gardens and exotic plants are the pride of small and big municipalities. Consequently, the metropolitan florists are busy outdoing themselves, as well as the competition.
Unusual arrangements of tropical flowers and plants
(^udiom (Carpet *Seruice
PROFESSIONAL CARPET INSTALLATION AND REPAIRS
JIMMY WILLIAMS
ROUTE 3. BOX 242 PHONE 545-6538
PUEBLO, COLORADO
donztzuction do* I
Office 545-4420 F§ES. 544-603©
JACK FARNSWORTH
Partner
134 GAMBLE LN PUEBLO. COLO.
THE LOW OVERHEAD DEALER
545-6840
D&MCARPET CO.
2210 WEST
CULUGAN WATER CONDlTIOliiNfi ef PUEBLO
543-3646
917 NO. AAAIN
W. BERT FARABEE
JEWELERS and WATCHMAKERS
OFFICIAL SANTA FE, D. & R. G. W. and MO. PACIFIC WATCH INSPECTOR
PHONE 542-1544 110 WEST 4TH STREET
PUEBLO. COLORADO
24


Interested persons atiogiding meeting at the Amt **-ican d. 10 F^oirtiiii ^oucerudhg the Poor of Pueblo.
Time was 7:00 P.M. on a cool evening at the G.I. Forum Hall and what was to be a gathering of the Board Members of the Pueblos Community Action A-gency, or better known as the P.C.A.A. Pueblo.
Filing into the hall was Board Chairman, Joe LaSavio, Mr. Hawkins, former chairman, Jack Quinn personnel chairman, Joe Ontiveros Southside representative, and others, but hardly noticed by the board to enter the hall were the masses of people of all nationalities, commonly referred to as Pueblos poor.
Continued on next page


Members of the Board
As 7:30 approached most Board members and the a-gency director, Joe Espinoza were discussing the evening session when LaSa-vio called the meeting to order. In doing so silence came over the crowded room. Faces of doubt, concern and what seemed to be bewilderment were apparent. LaSavio, the chairman, and other Board members then discussed correspondence and were prepared to follow the agenda for the regular meeting. But, what has not been a compatible situation in the Pueblo Community,name-. ly the direct neglect of the poor by the agency hanky panky and politics above and beyond the scope of the poor, was to be challenged.
Dave Marquez of the southside area, asked that the regular agenda of the Board be dispensed with, and that the issue of internal structure and reorganization be given first consideration.
Although the chairman did not care to follow this suggestion it was placed before the Board in the form of a motion which carried unanimously.
It had previously been stated that upon the restructuring of the Agency hung the funding of the total Program. The Board commenced discussion of the restructuring passed at the March Board meeting - but - Mr. Pete Meder, a former Board member, demanded to be heard from the audience* Mr. Meder proceeded to speak out vehemently in behalf of the poor by stating that "We have fpr too long remained silent". He attacked the dictatorial decisions of the Board in the past and said that the poor would no longer be silent while being tossed bones by the Board. The poor, he stated , were - there to demand that any restructuring be patterned after the wishes
' Continued von next page
26


â–  303-542-7911
f American
r Federal Savings
601 North Main Street, Pueblo, Colorado Pueblo’s FIRST
Federal Savings and Loan Association
BACHIK TAX SERVICE
INCOME TAX AND BOOKKEEPING SERVICE
PHONE 545-4137
1904 E ROUTT
PUEBLO, COLORADO
BEST WISHES
CHUCK'S lunch
Serving. . !# r ci
BREAKFAST - LUNCH < DINNER *
HOME C00KEIKv * • ’
I 1 7 BAY STATE PUEBLO
AETNA FINANCE LOANS
A national financial institution. Over 50 years of friendly service. Cash promptly on signature or other plans.
Come in for One-Stop Loan Service.
$50 to $3000
:v “WHERE TO CALL
Aetna Finance Co 224 W 5
AETNA
1223 South prairie Pueblo, Colorado B1004
ROADSIDE H6TELS
------------: „ ' - ~ » I I
ONE OF COLORADO’S MOST COMPLETE NLWSTANDS
LOCAL AND OUT OF STATE PAPERS MAGAZINES - GREETING CARDS SALT WATER TAFFY - CANDY CORN OVER 1000 SELECTIONS OF POCKET BOOKS
722 N Main 544-6835


MOTORS SALES
T/MME
PUEBLO'S FIRST AND FOREMOST FU
DOERTENBACH Res. Phone 545 4605
CL-350 K2 ^ 215 N.VICTORA AT UNION
PUEBLO , COLORADO
CALL E-Z
E-Z DISPOSAL CO.
DIVISION OF TORRES TRUCKING CO.
542-7089
815 CURRIE
S.TONES CLEANED - SAND BLASTINGS CEMETARY LETTERING
Marvin Memorials, Inc.
Serving Colorado Families For Over Fifty Years Where Pride Still Exists
HOME OFFICE
300 S. Santa Fe Avel Pueblo, Colorado
Ph. 544-7273 ALBERT FIORINI
Fr»4tfx Bor ft Cafe Installation*
DIAL
544-2343
714 W. 9th PUEBLO, COLO.


"FOR PEOPLE WHO CARE. .
40 Mac Afester Rd Phone 543 348 0 Herman Lope z
v / j a C/NCO DE MAYO
C3
CABLEVISION
620 W.9thSt.
r. V
X'
V 4 *
' C . **
Si^Zaxape.

MEXICAN DINNER
Ph. S42X183
PHONE 543-1090
Pueblo, Colo
r
UE 8k BEMOSMA GONZALES Pftapjeitmu*
"QNE OF PUEBLO'S


W. D u c i c
Mary Ducic|
Du cfc's
osmopo/itan Club
• COCKTAILS
• BEER
311 Bay State Av- -542-0712
Vien Venidos Nue&tro Amigos
i t

KEN CARLE
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTOR
350 WEST D STREET PUEBLO, COLORADO
542-5479
MOUNTAIN VIEW FEED
543-0199
EEDS • HAY
UlEICKEfl
TRANSFER & STORAGE CO.
S. MAIN
Mac's
SUNSET CONOCO
Prairie & Thatcher Pueblo, Colorado
544 — 9302
2826
Empiregas Inc. of Pueblo
PUEBLO, COLORADO
1000 Oil Place
?. 0. Oox 1398
PROPANE GAS
Eric.(Mike)Samuelson Manager
a I >>i r: H f h //A / f b l DPI t b
'<• r ;j / v/.'j ':Jj '. /
1 f t-c wi t fj J y:, j . •,/
Ez f t- i j or V/.-J ?; t j % J
• J r v/i t.h Jli y.) j . b
JIFFY CAR
CONLEYS
CORNER
2 DQ2 EAST 11 i n PUEBLO, C â–¡ L â–¡
Dial LI. 4 BOOS For Free De. . er^
JAKE GOTFRED
MEYER HATCH
Colorado Iron, Metal & Machinery Co.
SCRAP IRON AND METALS 831 Santa Fe Drive P. O. Box 2085
JiUckeli
PvEftANK
MDvOD
©o©®ooo
DEMAS AUTO PARTS
FURNITURE CDMPANY
COLORADO’S OLDEST FURNITURE COMPANY
2238 E. 4th St. [JOHN DEMAS PUEBLO, COLORADO
VERA’S
TAVERN & CAFE
542-9706
1 549 E.EVANS
pueblo colo

543-1203 2219 W. Northern
Mountain View Feed CAU-r 543-0199
.j NU7RENA FEEDS A‘‘^CO & ALBERS RABBIT PELLETS KENL-BISKIT - FRISKIES ?826 Lake Av
PEOPLES DENVER
FURNITURE
COMPANY
-SINCE 1220-311 NORTH SANTA FE AVE.
DIACHirS WEDDING PHOTOGRAPHS 1 SPECIALIZING IN FINE CANDID WEDDING PHOTOS
COLOR A BLACK A WHITE
MIDTOWN SHOPPING CENTER PUEBLO, COLORADO 81003
Colby Auto Repair
3800 E Ath PUEBLO. COLORADQ
BEN COLBY Phone 5-45-0*420
:acT£t
(Carhzt
Ph 54 V8725
Reasonably Priced • Complete Coverage Inexpensive Hand Painted Oils Will Hand Color Your Photo Passports - Reunions • Groups
76 Villa Dr
543-3944 ! Carpet Sales
First and Greenwood Hoover Sales Installation- - Repairing
CONTINENTAL BEAUTY SALON COttKfTE BEAUTY
OPEN SERVICE
EVENINGS WIGS SOLD A STYLED
MARGARET RODARTE Owner
CJt 545-4830
LOCATED IN THE RAMADA INN MOTEL
Phone: 542-2730
CL
WarUs
WIGS
117 E. Abriendo Pueblo, Colo. 81005 Wigs Cleaned & Styled Marie Rhodes Owner


of the poor and that the poor did not want the structure as passed by the Board. At this point, others of the audience de- f manded to be heard, also. v The administration was accused of using Kremlin tactics; of using the poor as puppets and pushing the restructuring in order to make more top level jobs.
Many persons in the audience shouted demands. one, Connie Gonzales rose
in agreement and startled the members of the Board with her agressive, forceful statements. She glared at the audience, silent and attentive now, and shouted, "You people are getting _____ in your com-
munity and it is so apparent!" She looked directly in the eyes of the Board and said "Now is the time - do what you will but this is the way it is with jelly belly representation.
Brought to task with
this statement was a re-
presentative of the Board who did not vote in behalf, of the people of the south side. In stating her disgust with the Board she
stated "Who in the hell are these who look down
their noses trying to tell us how to be poor? Who do they think they are? This chairman telling us how to ' be poor - dictators!"
She then turned to the audience and said "If you allow this then you are all going to get .V
> tfith this closing others took up the challenge oft the poor and stated "the youth are now going to keep tabs an^ see that the ageftcy functions for the
Connie Gonzales
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Although many felt that intimidation was used it was also felt by many on t he Board as well as the audience that the action was justified.
A vote was taken to rescind the restructure as previously passed to get area poor representation in Pueblo.
This was the decision of the Board: But one
question, why must the poor show this type of action to get what is rightfully theirs. High salaried Central Administrative individuals are the ones who should be aking this action in behdif of the poor they represent. This is a question that must be answered,________
WEST 4rth
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35


It has come to the attention of the writer, time and again that the schools in Southern Colorado which teach American History and all of them do - begin the history of the United States with the landing of the Pilgrims and from this point continue to emphasize the influence of the English-speaking people in United States history to the general neglect or at least the inadequate treatment of the contributions of other groups of people to the history of the United States.
The thesis of this article is as follows: In an area such as Southern Colorado, where the composition of the population is largely Spanish-speaking, the teachers of American History should begin such a course with a consideration of the Indian cultures of the area, should move next to the Spanish exploration and colonization of the area and then from this point they should consider the French, the English as well as the other groups who have contributed to American history. This approach would do three things. 1) Lt would put the history in proper perspective and 2) it would give the Spanish - speaking student a knowledge of his Spanish cultural heritage of which he can well be proud: and 3) it would acquaint the Anglo student with the cultural contributions of the Spanish people which are significant event's fe© this day.
A brief review of the history of the Spanishspeaking people will perhaps give a better idea of what the writer has in mind. Before beginning the history, however, it might be well to consider the—-people them-* selves. There a^e in the United States from 2% to 3\ millions ^Spanish* - speaking Continued on next page

RESTAURANT & LOUNGE DANCING
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(Cuisine W'StofPaLmo" Also Select American Diskes OPEN 7 DAYS LUNCH & DINNER
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542-7485
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Bryan's
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HOURS 8:30 A.M. TO 6 P.M. DAILY CLOSED SUNDAY
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JAMES OTTINO • PAUL A. ALFONSO CITY WIDE DELIVERY
Pig! 543-0070
703 NORTH MAIN
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Residence 543-1228 Business 543-2750
1005 Court Street
PUEBLO, COLORADO
EL PROGRESO
History Continued
people. ' They are a very he-terogenos or unlike population. They differ from one another in many respects. Some are blond and some are dark; some Catholic and some are Protestant; some are rich and some are poor; and some spe^k Spanish and some speak only English. The Californio differs from the Tejano, who in turn differs from the Hispano, but yet are Americans and are classified as belonging to the caucasoid race. The people | are generally considered to be Mexican, but they are no more Mexican than the Anglo is Anglo!
It is difficult to know just where to begin the history of the Spanish-speaking people, but supposedly as good a place to start as any is with the exploration of the new world by Spain, which began in the late 1400*s and continued through the 1700*s. No historical account is complete without including the deeds of the following men: Columbus, who ! who under great hardships made his voyages to the new world and claimed it for Spain. Magellan, who circumnavigated the globe and gave to Europe the proof that one could sail around the world. He also discovered for Spain the Philli-pine Islands.
that brilliant Spaniard who conquered what is now Mexico and explored parts of Cen-
The Boone Mercantile Co
tral America. Francisco Pi-zarro, who conquered the Incas of South America and began the colonization of what is now Peru. Panfilo de Narvaez, who helped With the conquest of Mexico and later with the explorations of Florida and the Gulf Coast. There are many others, Balboa, Desoto, Ponce de Leon and of course, the Catholic priests, who were of the utmost importance in bringing Christianity to the new world. The journeys of Cabe-za de Vaca were particulary important because they caused the Viceroy in Mexico City, Mendoza, to send an expedition into the Southwest under the direction of Coronado in 1540. The Coronado expedition traveled over a great part of the Southwest, going as far East as Kansas. He explored the region, learned much about the geography and the Indians and returned to Mexico City in 1543.
Although much exploring was done in the Southwest, it was not until 1598 that the area was colonized through an expedition led by Juan de Onate. He came as far as San Juan in northern New Mexico. By 1650 some 25 missions had been established. Between 1650 and 1780 much of what is now California, Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico had been explored and colonized by the Spanish.
Continued on next page
TL Si9ler & W.E. Sigle,
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37


EL PROGRESO
Trimble's
66
Service
WE MAKE WORN-OUT BRAKES LIKE NEW
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History Continued
This whole area, including Central and South America, belonged to Spain, having been taken from the indigenous populations.
About this time the American Revolution takes place and what is now the United States come 1 into being. A little late the French Revolution occurs in France and still later a series of revolutions occur in North and South America. As a result of the Revolution, which ended in the 1820*s the people became Mexican, since Mexico emerged out of the revolutions an independant country and the Southwest now belonged to her.
A series of events were to occur between 1820 and 1850 which were to change the nationality of the people again. The first of these was the colonization of Texas by Americans under the leadership of Austin in 1823. The people got along well for awhile, but finally partly because of the differences in language, religion and government, the Americans in Texas rebelled and with the help of the United States, Texas became an independant country in 1836. This action did not please Mexico at all and between 1836 and 1848 there was continual friction and hostility between Mexico and the United States. The whole affair culminated in the war
between Mexico and the V i-ted States in 1848. Me o lost essentially the ,i which is now the Southwest; namely, California, Arizona, New Mexico, Southern Colorado and Texas which was lost earlier.
The Spanish speaking people in the area, of course, became American citizens under the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. The Spanish people actually cared little whether they were Spanish, Mexican or American. They lived a life which was quite peaceful. They were mostly agriculturalists; their culture was a mixture of Indian and Spanish; their religion was Catholic; their language and their laws were Spanish. Since the early colonizations the people lived in relative isolation, with the exception of the contacts with the Indians.
The discovery o6i.gold in California and in Colorado; the coming of the railroad; the opening of the West; the building of cities and the increased means of transportation and communication disrupted the lives of the people in the Southwest. Now they came face to face with a people who were different, the Anglo. The Anglo with a different form of law, a different religion, a different language and a different way of life. Here were a people who had been
Continued on next page
901 W. 13th STREET PUEBLO. COLO.
WEST SIDE
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Phone
38


RIVERA
FUNERAL
HOME
PRE-ARRANGED FUNERAL SERVICE
545 4421
125 EAST 7th STREET PUEBLO. COLORADO
Maxson & Marystarr Bevens Partners
Isabelle’s
SUNSET PLAZA FI special l y For Wotti e n
COMPLETE LINE OF LADIES WEAR SPORTSWEAR
112.T S Prairie Ave
History Continued
isolated for many years, living a peaceful, rural life, forced to compete with an agressive group, speaking a foreign language and having a foreign culture.
In the historical events which took place between the 1860*8 and the first world war, the Spanish people were again defeated in their struggle with the Anglo. They resigned themselves with the Anglo dominating the situation.
The turn of the century saw a wave of immigration from Mexico. These people came to work in the railroads, in industry and in agriculture. This immigration aggravated an already serious situation.
The first world war took a great many of the Spanish speaking people out of their isolation and scattered them throughout the world. The second world war did the same except on a larger scale. The isolation ended.
It has been only in the last fifteen or twenty years that the people have awakened to the fact that in order to compete with the Anglo in an Anglo culture, you must learn his ways, and there is need, therefore, for education and training in every field of endeavor. In the last fifteen years the Spanish-speaking people
wanted to be Americans and they became Americans quickly. By the time the Spanish became Americans, they had already been in this country some 250 years. This now was their land; they did not want to become Americans and they had no need to. They were conquered and made Americans and left in isolation. Why should they learn English when Spanish was their native language and the official language of the Southwest until a few years ago? Why should they go to school when there weren't any schools to go to and no need for going to school? Why should they learn trades and professions when there were no opportunities? In short, why should they be Americans when they were perfectly happy being Spanish?
Truly our history is a glorious one, one to be proud of; our heritage is important and our contributions have been significant. We are and deserve to be Americans. Walt Whitman, writing in 1883 said:
MTo the composite American identity of the future, Spanish character will supply the most needed parts -no stock shows a greater historic retrospect-grander in religiousness and loyalty, or for patriotism, courage, decoru, gravity and honor”.
Pueblo Colorado 81004
>43-5837
BELMONT VILLA BARBER SHOP
BELMONT VILLA SHOPPING CE K \ I
FOUR CHAIRS - NO WAITING
Open Tues.-Fri. 9 A.M.-6 P.M.
Open Saturdays 8 A.M. 5 P.M.
SAM MUNIZ JOHN RAMIREZ
ib F Hwy ’>0 Rv Pass
HAIR STYLING - RAZOR CUTS COLORING AS WELL AS STANDARD CUTTING
- 542-9853


AQUI MANDA LA RAZA Continued
of the city government and the school board are conducted in Spanish and English translation is provided when necessary for the very small minority that can speak only English.
The La Raza Unida Party campaigned to get the.notoriously anti-Chicano Texas Rangers out of town. The city council passed a resolution revoking the jurisdiction of the state police and Texas Rangers in Crystal City.
The city council is now in the process of instituting community control of the city police. Minor municipal offences that were formerly tried by a judge are now heard by a Chicano jury from this community, and the jury is rotated weekly to involve as many community people as possible.
More than 30 Anglo teachers and administrators have resigned since La Raza Unida won the school board elections. As a^ result, Chicanos now occupy a number of additional teaching positions including the high school principal, two junior high principals, two counselors and a band director.
A $25,000 federal grant will help develop a city development plan that will permit the Chicano community to set the priorities. One third of the Chicano community lacks paved streets and one third has either^rnadequate or no sanitation facilities.
An attempt by the Texas Attorney General to declare the Raza Unida illegal failed after thq^ Secretary of State intervened and rule^ii* it legal. Also, the courts ruled that the candidates of the party in Hild^go County had filed correctly and could be placed on the election ballot.
Crystal City should serve as an example of what can be accomplished when masses of people are involved in independent political action to win control of their community.
4e


GLORIA SANCHEZ, ownir-opknaton
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1334 HIGHWAY SO EAST A>-'~
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HOSPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM WORKSHOP
The Hospital Improvement Program (H.I.P.) of the Mental Retardation Center at the Colorado State Hospital sponsored a workshop, Tuesday, April 6, 1971 at the
Chilton Motor Inn from 9:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. The work-: shop was coordinated through efforts of the Health, Education and Welfare Department with Mr. Richard T. Chavez, Project Coordinator, and Mr. Lawrence A. Velasco, Workshop Coordinator. The theme of this workshop was "Integrating the Training of the Community." The consultant and principal speaker was Mr. Brian Lensink, Executive Director of the Eastern Nebraska Community Organization for the Retarded. His expertise centered around the Nebraska state program which is renown throughout the United States for its community programs for the mentally retarded. Mr. Lensink also spoke concerning the Mental Retardation Center at the Colorado State Hospital, bringing out many new ideas and programs that could be followed by the Center in Pueblo. His emphasis throughout the work shop was "normalization" of people in institutions by having as many programs integrated into the community, such programs as recreational programs, job training programs and community place ments, along with improving the programs within the in-
stitution. Mr. Lensink was pleased with many aspects of the Mental Retardation Center, saying the Center is much more advanced than many institutions. He offered ma-my suggestions to improve the Center even more so. He commented on our foster homes and Annex House, idle time of residents with j.e-creational activities in the community and placing more residents in jobs within the community.
Mrs. Stella Jones of the Denver Board for the Mentally Retarded consulted on recreation and leisure time activity for the mentally retarded in the community.
Present at the workshop were representatives from State Social Services in Denver, Division of Mental Retardation in Denver, State Home and Training Schools in Grand Junction and Wheat Ridge, Otero County Welfare Department, Southeastern Diversified Industries, Lara-don Hall in Denver, Pueblo County Department of Public Welfare, Pueblo Interagency, Pueblo Diversified Industries , Mental Evaluation Clinic in Pueblo, Mental Retardation Center in Pueblo and Vocational Rehabilitation in Pueblo. A total of eighty participants attended the workshop.
SINCE 1M7
maha
545-6310
______709 E. 4TH j
41


ll
A Man in need-A Friend indeed Leo Jenkins, the youngest
M Man in neea f* of nine children, today is
married to Yvonne Pinkerton," and they have three lovely children - Christopher 5, Jeannette 6, and Priscilla 3o He graduated from Western State College in I960 with a BoA,, and was an honorary member of the Phi Omega Phi Spanish Fraternity.
He has been an active, energetic person all his life as is evident by the number of services and duties to civic and club memberships. The list, too long for space here, include former member of the Board of Directors of the Canon City Chamber of Commerce; Past Vice Pres-ident of the Fremont Chapter of the Abbey Alumni Association; Impromtu Speeich Champion of the Toasts masters International; Fremont County Chairman for U.Se Congressman Frank Evans, as was himself, an unsuccessful candidate for Representative in 1970.
His career as present Parole Supervisor at the Colorado State Penitentiary began in 1960 as an agent trainee. In 1962 he was promoted to Senior agent at the Pre-Parole Release Center. In 1966 he became Parole Supervisor in No. 2 position, and eventually became No. 1 here.
Some of his present duties involve working with men and women when their
Leo Jenkins
For the Chicano, Progress can be an ally, such as Mr. Leo Jenkins white, male, authority. When you meet him, you are completely taken on by his ambitious, intelligence and out-going nature. Your conversation with him will be a rewarding pleasure; as well as surprising; he speaks a fluent, beautiful Spanish as well as most Chicanos in the Southwest.
Asked, as he often is, where he learned such beautiful Spanish, he will tell you that he was born in Cos-tia, New Mexico, where his family was one of four Anglos in a community dominated by Chicanos. The children he grew up with spoke only Spanish. Playing with them, fighting with them, sharing tortillas with them helped mould his mind to be able to almost think like a Chicano.
p. 0. Box 463 Pueblo, Colorado
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Office 544-0358
Room 314 Colorado Building
42


301 West Eighth
limfoiu
STORES
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LORETTA and JIM MANZANARES
1701 East 6th Street Pueblo,Colorado Phone, 543*9330
case goes before the Colorado Parole Board for review. A man must have a job, a place to stay and a desire to stay out of prison.
He is also an important member of the Work-Release Board in screening men for eligibility. (A relatively new concept in Colorado which allows men to work during the last three to six months of his sentence). It is geared to help men adjust to the outside, and to earn a stake for themselves when they are released. Many of them help provide for their families this way.
Why are we interested in Leo Jenkins in a publication by and for Chicanos?
The reader should be a-ware, tba t although we are only 10 to 15% of the total population in prison, and this is where the Forgotten Chicano really needs help.
43
The same factor, poverty that leads most men to prison, is also a prisoner’s worse enemy when he is released. It must be understood that society is, not only reluctant", but set against releasing a man from prison out into society after years of embittering puiishment—broke and frustrated. It is inevitable that most men turn bafck to a life of crime.
Tell me, what do you think a thief will do when he is released with twenty five dollars after five, ten years in prison?
Mr. Leo Jenkins is in a position to help some of these men - often Chicanos, uncommunicative, some can't speak English as well as others. There ere some programs and agencies that can help, but many men do not know how to gn about making the necessary contacts, aWi have onone otk the outside to help.
Also, El Progreso would like to show that not all Anglos are enemy t>f the Ra-za; that there are some like Mr. Leo Jenkins, who can and wilt help to make this a better world to live in, and he has already done what many have failed or neglected to do - speak to us in our language. . B


United Bank
of Pueblo
MON.-THURS. 8:30-4:30 FRIDAY 8:30- 6:00
544-5090
211 w. Sth
60 HOW............PAY LATER
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PUEBLO, COLORADO


EL PROGRESO
Fact or Fiction?
LA LIOROIMA
La Llorona is not, as lias been believed |up to the present time, an imaginary peril son. Quite the contrary. The woman, who || because of circumstances as dramatic as they are terrible, we call la Llorona, was a poor woman' who was the victim of a disgraceful love affair during the time Spain ruled Mexico.
According to historical adventures of one of the richest men in all of new Spain Don Ramirez de Cortes, Marques de la Montana was known to be a selfish, shameful character who took what he wanted, seduced all the defenceless women and only once suffered any consequence. It was while visiting from Mexico City that he spied the young damsel, Dona Luisa del Llano de Zuniga in the street leading to a monas-tary where she studied under the auspices of the superior.
Don Ramirez de Cortes was immediately taken by the beauty of the peasant girl, and true to his lustful nature began to scheme upon her innocences. He was determined to have her, and after questioning some of the citizens, learning that she was an honorable person, h liable and true to the core of her beautiful soul, decided to win her by kindness, etc.
It was not long afterwards that he finally befriended Dona Luisa, convinced hex of his promise to marry her in good faith, that she gave in to his advances and regretfully learned that she was to have a child.
tilty where he intended to \aarry a vtooaao. oi hie own class. Dona Luisa persisted \varddt and, finally exasperated, decided to tsiks the child away trow hex .
On the day he came tor the Ocviid took, a small dagger and cut the. Ok throat, closed the curtains over the and told him* "there is your sc ateeos".
Having succeeded in ruining her as he ad with so many others, he attempted to jibandon her and continue his life o£ shame |ith other innocent young girls, but Dona juisa was a spirited person in her own ight and refused to be left thus dishonored .
Dona huisa \ias sentenced to > at the stake on the grounds that Constitution Donate in Mexico ^
Mhen she \tas homing* \ moans wee tertii>jin%* n hex son! noulh \iNe on It
Conhl
He left the city and returned to llexico
k —


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46



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illlll

great political leader was now on hand. However, ilL! continued to campaign vigorously for the general election and again he was victorious. With his victory he became the first Chicano to ever be elected to county office in Pueblo. The size of his vote total indicated that Anglo voters had also supported him.
In a great display of affection, hundreds of Chica-nos celebrated his victory
Dancing Fri,Sat.& Sun. Featuring the Monterrey Spanish & Moden Music
5420662
1900
^ J Felix & 1'e.a Gomez
RESTAURANT
LOUNGE
SANTA FE DR. PUEBLO, COLORADO
CITY CENTER DINER TREASURE ISLAND
A RESTAURANT
SKY ROOM 10TH AND SANTA FE 543-1653 1234 $. PRAIRIE AV. 545-5659
— OPEN — — OPEN —
6 A.M.-MIDNIGHT M A.M. • 8:30 P.M.
SERVED TWICE DAILY
II A.M.-2 P.M., 5 P.M.-8 P.M
ALL YOU CAN EAT AT ONE LOW PRICE!
ALSO
Complete Menu Available at all Times
Moreover, he added four Chicano deputies to his staff - Edward Gomez, Gene Trujillo, Lee Chavez and Albert Lopez.
When the primary election came, Joe had convinced the Democratic Party of his value through his dedicated efforts to improve the county jail. He was nominated to run unanimously and the enormous number of votes he received in the primary e-lection indicated that a
48


in an all-night party. The food, singing and dancing made it into an incomparable festival.
The emotion of the evening peaked when Joe's father, Don Jose, spoke to the well-wishers. He described Joe's victory as the greatest personal honor a father could ever hope to have.
Joe has two children of his own, a daughter and son. A very devoted father, he
spends all possible time with them. Together they have toured Colorado, California and other states and often go camping during the summer.
\l/
7T"
Nopal
RESTAURANT
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TAKE OUT ORDERS OPEN DAILY EXCEPT
OPEN DAILY AT 11:00 A.M. TUES.-THURS. TILL MIDNITE SUN. & MON. TILL 10:30 P.M.
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316 W.15TH
544 6164
PUEBLO, COLORADO
49


Who knows what thoughts run through the mind of Sheriff Torres as he looks out at Pueblo. County.
So many major achievements have already been made for the betterment of Pueblo County. And for the man of the Month it appears that still greater things lie ahead.
BONDED AND INSURED PHONE
543-1632
President . . . BETTY LYNDE Vice President . . . M. L. STARKWEATHER
519 N. SANTA FE AVE. PUEBLO
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Sounds impossible but it's true! Del Farm Foods with two stores in Pueblo have gone all out to give you the very best in quality at lower Disount prices! And every cook knows that quality in meats, fresh fruits and vegetables and in canned foods form the basis for better meals.
Every one of the thousands of items frorrrwall to wall at Del Farm is Discount priced. Every day—any day you want to shop. You'll enjoy the friendly, fast service you get in a Del Farm store and the money you save on your total food bills.-Make life more fun!
• SUNSET PLAZA
1115 S. Prairie Ave.
FOODS
• BELMONT CENTER
1110 Bonforte Blvd.
50


WEST SIDE CLEANERS
Matt Mora, an 11 year old born in Pueblo, has been selected, undefeated this season, as fighter of the month by coaches guiding the young pugalist of the Denver Catho-1ic Churches. Matt is a tiger for Guadalupe.
1 DAY SERVICE ON CASH A CARRY
FAVORITE OF FUSSY FOLKS"
HATS - DRAPERIES ALTERATION SERVICE COMPLETE LAUNDRY SERVICE
SUEDE CLEANING il FOR ALL GARMENTS
CITY WIDE PICK-UP & DELIVERY RICHARD "RICK" ROSS
544-5283
901 WEST 13 PUEBLO, COLO.
(€aU
EST. 15 YEARS IN PUEBLO
. ....’ET & FURNITURE
\ CLEANERS
^ r CLEANING - REFINISHING
rjCeadimg 'VYjanmfactnrorS
-Approve Our J.stJ YYIrthoJs &auff auJ rJLuslr*
A INSURANCE ESTIMATES INVITO
If' Professional Chemicals
£2 usto
ISSB 544-3089
IHBH >701 ELIZABETH
JOHN H. DAVIS
"DISTINCTIVE SERVICE FOR OVER 60 KcaRS"
128 BROADWAY
PROVIDING PUEBLO AND SOUTHERN COLORADO WITH FIRST CREMATION AND CALCINATION FACILITIES
542-1984
51


City
—=.DELIVER
Matt, an "A" student in the fifth grade, is the son of Orlando and Magdaline Mora and the brother of Orly 6, also a fighter and runner up, Dahlie 4, Leroy 2 and Misty 1. He began his career almost when he was born under the expert training of his father, a lightweight champ in his own right, and has had about 30 battles with only three losses.
Matt, a lighting puncher, has been described as another Cassius Clay, and promises to go all the way.
He wants to win, and shows his desire by faithful training, and a determination extraordinary for his age.
He is a good looking little guy who digs action, loves to tease the little girls, and never fails to respect pretty legs. But his true nature is in his love for his younger brothers and sisters, which is a must in the teaches of his father.
"It’s good for them. It keeps them off the streets they are learning something worthwhile,H says his father, and you feel the pride and the love between a father and son.
Matt, who is being trained today by Chuch Coronado., has so impressed fight followers, that there have been suggestions already made of taking him to the rocks, and, possibly, a future world championship.
We heard Matt one day :ell his father, "As soon as L become champ, the first ;hing I’m gonna do is buy you a new house, Dad."
There’s a ring of something in this boy’s dreams that have a dot of memories.
Service

Delivery Service
Good Luc
amp
City Delivery Service 240 S Santa Fe Av—542-3661
PUEBLO SERVICE
Rower Broke Ui.it* Exchange,
Brake Shoe Exchange,
Drum Turning,
Wheel Bearings t Oil Seals,
Hydraulic Broke Units I Supplies
• CARBURETORS, PARTS & KITS
• FUEL PUMPS, NEW A USED
• ELECTRICAL PARTS-Wire A Cable CHASSIS SERVICE A PARTS
King Pins, Ball Joints, Tie Rod Ends • SHOCK ABSORBERS SERVICE A PARTS
DATTCDirC Car' TfMclc' Fo,*'«n DAI I tKIto: Car, Industrial
OIL, AIR & GAS FILTERS
Spark Plugs: Champion - A.C. - Autolite STOP, TAIL A TURNING LIGHTS A LENSES FOR CARS A TRUCKS
COIL SPRINGS, LEAF SPRINGS SMALL GASOLINE ENGINES A PARTS RECHROMED BUMPERS - EXCHANGE OVER 30 YEARS OF QUALITY WORKMANSHIP
1028 N.Santa Fe Pueblo
COLUMBIA SAVINGS f
AND LOAN ASSOCIATION
COLORADO’S GREAT STATEWIDE
SAVINGS INSTITUTION
COLUMBIA SAVINGS
FIFTH at SANTA FE • 543-5130
Home Office—Denver
52


SCHOLARSHIPS
AVAILABLE
Over $10,000 in scholarship funds are available for Chicanos seeking a cot lege degree from Southern Colorado State College, according to Gilbert Martinez, member of the Education Scholarship Committee of MECHA.
Currently, the five Chicano' delegates to the ESC are soliciting applications for the scholarships from local high schools, the Neighborhood Youth Centers and other high schools in surrounding towns.
Martinez said they already have 100 formal requests for financial assistance but the available funds still exceed the umber of applicants.
Associated Student Government of SCSC appropriated $9,000 for minority scholarships for 1971-72. In addition to this amount, other federal agencies and some citizens of Pueblo have contributed funds. Moreover, the Financial Aid department of SCSC also provides economic aid that almost amounts to matchitlg funds for ;each MECHA scholarship granted according to Martinez.
Recipients of the scholarships are determined solely on financial need which is determined by the eight member ESC Board. Five of the Board members are appointed by MECHA, the Chicano students at SCSC, two are appointed by the Black Action Association and one is appointed by the president of ASG. All are SCSC students.
In addition to providing financial assistance to Chicano students, MECHA also provides volunteer counselors and tutors who periodically check the academic progress of each of the students.
Last year, 38 Chicanos were given financial assistance on $2,000 funds granted by ASG. Of the 38, two failed
CONTINUED PAGE 57
BILL WELLS
Reasonable Rates All work guaranteed
546- 1977
647 CHFRRY LN
• ANTENNAS - AUTO & HOME
• PARTS, ACCESSORIES & TAPES
• SALES & SERVICE
T.V. • HI-FI • STEREO HOME & CAR RADIOS SERVICE ON ALL MAKES CALL AN EXPERT
____PHOME
545-1113
3116 ELIZABETH
53
AUTO REPAIRS & TUNE U P S
LAWNMOWER TUNE UPS & REPAIRS SERVICE
GENERAL WELDING


Puebfo Unity Conference
Over 300 people attended a two-day unity conference for Pueblo’s 28 Chicano groups that was held at Southern Colorado State College in Februaryo
The conference was cosponsored by Movimento Estu-diantil Chicano de Aztlan (MECHA) and Trabajadores de La Raza. The United Mexican-American Students (UMAS) of the University of Colorado (CU) acted as the hosts for the two-day- meet.
The primary goal of the conference was to obtain u-nity ^through a ruling council made up of representa*-tives from each local Chicano group, according to Paul Gonzales, president of MECHA. By the end of the conference > the Pueblo Chicano Unity Council was established o Continued on next page
54


Salvador Ramirez, director of Mexican-American studies at CU, gave the keynote address Friday. Mrs. Marcella Trujillo, director of Mexican American studies at CU's Denver Center was the keynote speaker Saturday .
After each speech, the conference delegates attended one. of five workshops. Each of the panel groups proposed and adopted several resolutions.
In the panel group on crime, Dave Marquez recommended a city ordinance be adopted requiring annual performance avaluation of policemen by an arbitrary panel. Other committee members urged policemen to a-dopt a humanitarian rather than an authoritarian role so the image of fear they create would be dissolved,
Courts and penal institutions were also criticized by panel members for being unfair to Chicanos.
It was also agreed that Mafia influence in Pueblo was detrimental to the community.
The committee on urban housing agreed to investigate the Housing Authority of Pueblo because it failed to meet the needs of the Chicane housing inspector.
The committee on employment decided to create a job testing form for minorities because the current-testing systems discriminate against them. They also reaffirmed their commitment to Cesar Chavez*s farmworkers strike.
In the Social Services panel discussion, board directors of welfare agencies were criticized because they lack Chicano representation. They recommended that the Boards be restructured to include Chicanos and then be held accountable to the community.
In the panel discussion on education, individuals listed some of the current programs that may be impli-mented here. Gilbert Martinez said a $100,000 request for tutorial assistance has been filed with the United
Continued on next page
ROCKY MOUNTAIN BANK NOTE CO.
COMPLETE OFFICE OUTFITTERS
STATIONERY •
STEEL FILES DESKS • CHAIRS
PRINTERS LITHOGRAPHERS ENGRAVERS
544-0322
SERVING PUEBLO COUNTY 112 W. 3RD.
*At a id te
rfa ndmicii ahofi
Stop and eat a maid rj t e special
542-9977
2824 (rjtiyajieth
CITY SHEET METAL INC.
HEATING & AIR CONDITIONING SPECIALISTS
213 E. NORTHERN
542 7678
PUEBLO, COLORADO
INSTALLATIONS
REPAIRS
COMMERCIAL
INDUSTRIAL
RESIDENTIAL
55


milam's bar-be-que
fSBM-B-I
I— -3-A-JLJd TXtf flavor is the
4,4 N.SANTA FE PUEBl°
Always a Friendly Welcome
DEPOT TAVERN
GEORGE BRAY
129V2 W. ifB" Street
Pueblo, Colo. 81003 542 0941
a & B COURT
16 Units - 8 With Kitchens 4 Units With 3 Beds FREE
TELEVISION
PANEL RAY HEAT AIR CONDITIONING ROOM PHONES
Conveniently Located On Highway 85-87 South 2401 Lake Av------------543-0296
MINNEQUA
NURSERY & FLOWERS
NURSERY STOCK - CUT FLOWERS
GARDEN SUPPLIES
^^497 R. E. SEYMOUR f ' 2526 LAKE AVENUE
PUEBLO, COLORADO, 81004
'TEXACQI BLENDE TfcXACO
^aa***^ Triple
S&H Green Stamps With Gas Purchases
Wayne Bayless Dove Green
PHS3Nc 545-6D40
VETERAN'S TAVERN
Serving Best Sandwiches
William Supanic 315 E. Northern Phone 542-9920
Car Washing & Polishing
UNIQUE AUTO DETAIL
AUTO CLEANING SPECIALISTS
• POLISHING & WAXING
• UPHOLSTERY SHAMPOO
• ENGINES CLEANED
JACK DAY - GEN. MGR.
520 W 10-----------------546-0048
Methodist Council of Churches and the federal department of health, education, and welfare.
Jose Cordova said a bilingual program for teachers could be organized here by using the $250,000 available from the Educational Professions Acto The panel agreed to utilize the plan.
The panel members also agreed to begin soliciting funds from major foundations for scholarships for Chicano students.
In the closed sessions of the unity panel, the delegates also adopted several resolutions, all relating to SCSCo
Because of "gross injustices in the educational systems," and the complete lack of Chicano representation in "decision-making positions" in the educational systems, the Unity Council adopted the following resolution :
"Be it resolved that! the Chicano Unity Conference! held in Pueblo, Colorado goes on record demanding a Chicano president for SCSC; that the Unity Conference (also) goes on record demanding proportional representation (at least one-third) Chicanos in all levels of employment beginning with the presidency; that all federal programs which are funded to help the Chicano at SCSC become accountable to that community and be administered, implimented and controlled by Chicanos; and that the selection committee, Board of Trustees (of Colorado colleges) and administrators of SCSC meet with the Unity Conference representatives to discuss these critical issues*,
56
Kinney shoe store
Quality Shoes
542-9713
406 N. MAIN PUEBLO
Danny's
Tavern
Your Fcsvonie
MIXED DRINK
213 South Santa Fe Ave.
ANGIES RESALE STORE
NEW & NEXT TO NEW MEN'S - WOMEN'S & CHILDREN'S ITEMS CLOTHING - JEWELRY - NICK NACKS LINENS - SHOES INDIVIDUAL ATTENTION
18 W NORTHEN
PUEBLO
Com pliments
'â– from'
FERMI N MARTINEZ
Compliments of
The RETREAT
jo Anne Pisc/otta
THE .RETREAT 618 N Main-542-0671
DANE. SHEETS
GENERAL CONTRACTOR 544-2954
HOME CUSTOM BUILDER
swimming pools 706 Brown Avenue
Safe way
stores
SA L UTJL
Joe Torres &
ehp R OG RESO-


9- BYANft TAILORS Jk ] UJL 542-9181 ' limi 104 w. io' Vlll 40 Years Experience IH| Ih® la»«st in formal w«al JR" Spa^rsss^ssses^m gU THIS COUPON WORTH &■ |j ON ANY NEW MACHINE B Q <|IjC PURCHASED S’ JJ ONE TO A MACHINE. 25 mi LiJAltSn. S/f/ze-YTt/icAisi^ 430 Id. A6Aj.€/l.c/&- , U
lo&t/ei SHOE STORES J QUA.LITY SHOES SHOMAKER IHLlECTDaD®.
127 W 4th St '315 No. MAIN St. PUEBLO COLORADO ROCKY FORD. COLORADO • « WIRING AND RADIOS AND FIXTURES
ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR 543-2712 408 WEST NORTHERN AVENUE PUEBLO, COLORADO
•PEN ALL YEAR - * ORDERS TO GO a HAMBURGERS ^ • COMCS • SUNDAiS ,«S ' • MAgl • SHAKtS 704 w. 2*»h 542-9925 AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING COMPANY D,AL 543"6423 Su favorito vendedor de partes de automobiles PRECISION MACHINE SHOP SERVICE AUTOMOTIVE AND INDUSTRIAL SUPPLIES CUSTOM ENGINE REBUILDING 314 Clark Street P. □ . Box 15B4 PUEBLO, COLORADO B1002
colonel bogey's BOARDING 1$$^. KENNELS I V*- * Aj MODERN -^CONTROLLED heat tvaj • JSISkSt » Large Single Stalls with Outside ] 1 Runs - Excellent Personal Care | k*& 1 MILE WEST OF^CITY6PARK ( 4444 Goodnight Av 542-9211 BEST WISHES FROM FRANK LYNCH Now serving your real estate needs RES. PHONE 545-3530 SAM JONGS AGENCY PUEBLO. COLO. SPRINGS 110 WEST 6TH Office Phone 542-6252 pueblo, colo.
1 Colorado Bumper Exchange ^D~ • > COMPLETE PLATING SERVICE CHROME * NICKEL • COPPER • BRASS free Estimates • free Pick Up & Delivery 544-0431 505 N. CHESTER AVE. PUEBLO, COLORADO /I ^ COnTRflCTORS HCRTMG ADD \ supply compunv \ i WYOMING. \ * , COLORADO > \ I NEW MEXICO \ I WESTERN KANSAS \ WESTERN NEBRASKA \ l 1 WESTERN SOUTH DAKOTA DENVER. COLO. PUEBLO. COLO. ALBUQUERQUE, N.M.v 70 SANTA FE DR. • 802 W. 2ND ST. 4019 EDITH BLVD. N.R 222-2841 544-0248 344-2361




Why Head Start? Continued
The parent can also get 'nvolved and have his input into other areas prevail-jing in the community..
| In essence the parent is then a more
I1 interested and productive citizen.
For example : Our program has become a delegate agency and is advised by our parents. A group of interested parents be came incorporated and are presently called the Pueblo County Head Start Parents, Inc. Their primary function is to I advise and formulate new policy to im-I prove the overall functioning of the |Pueblo Head Start program.
SCHOLARSHIPS AVAILABLE f Continued
I to achieve the academic standards estab-j! lished by MECHA. Martinez also pointed 1 out that the funds alloted to the two 1 dropouts were given to alternate Chicano I students. In addition to the 38 Chica-nos, MECHA provided financial assistance | for seven other s this past year at SCSC. The group has raised their funds through j dances and other public events.
The prerecjuisties to receipt of a I MECHA scholarship, outlined by Martinez,
I are that the student must "become con-I cerncd with the economic and social [problems ol’ Chicanes in Pueblo and elsewhere and he must morally support MECHA.
I - - - " i '
Once a Chicano graduates from SCSC,
I Martinez said that MECHA can "practlcal-ly guarantee" the student a scholarship for the graduate school of shoice.
LA LLORONA Continued
|terrible story. So horrible her moans
land vails that soon after3 peewit# began to fear her echoing vails late in the night. The legend persisted down to the present time, and who knows, La Llorona might be in your life tonight. * *tomorrow?
PUEBLO BOW L O - M AT
PUEBLO BOWL-O-M*
40 MIIWW1CK LANES Uaywt l Open Bowing
Free Instructions
CGMHfflt PRO SHOP
YT J tusroM f mo
It i « NUtMft? e a:r conditioned e SNACK BAft
M i COCKTAtl LOUNGE ft
jCIl j LIQUOR AVAILABLE ON LANES GROUP RESERVATIONS SUGGESTED
ip UI4S7Q
Pit NT fOf
SUNSET PLAZA SH CENTER
SIEMPRE
BIEN VENIDOS AMIGOS
Agpodbankhas more answers than it has questions
the best of all possible banks
57
. - ' ')


God could not be Everywhere Continued
are in huge demand. Stil7 roses and carnations are ex-tremely popular. Gardenias and azaleas enjoy their share of popularity all over Mexico. Artificial flowers are slowly coming into their own but a few years back they had people asking, who's kidding whom?
Mother's Day, the holiday as we know it, originated in the United States, in Philadelphia, to be exact. If the way Mexico pays homage to mothers and grandmothers on that day, the glimmer of home for better things to come must never die. Mothers everywhere pray reverently that this be so.
And so it is that, on this Mother's Day 1971 our little old planet renders just tribute to mothers everywhere .
TOYOTA OF PUEBLO
INC.
TOYOTA
CALL

sCp
TOYOTA... THE HOT ONE WITH THE BUDGET-WISE PRICE FEATURES SAFETY COMFORT, POWER & SAVINGS PASSENGER CARS PICK-UP TRUCKS 4-WHEEL DRIVE LAND CRUISER 106 S. GRAND AVI.
a
MURRY'S
ENCO SERVICE
24 HOUR WRECKER
24 HR.
...
542-7330
• tune-ups
• BRAKES
• MUFFLERS & TAIL PIPE
• STATE INSPECTION
• PICK UP AND DELIVERY
825 N. Santa Fe
• FABIAN FLORAL SHOP £ GREENHOUSE
St. Chariot M«to
Opp—k* RoiWown CtmfUry
DELIVERY
542-2923
)606 Rom lawn Rood
/i


K D Z A
PUEBLO RADIO LEADER
SALUTES
all the many people
celebrating the mexican
Cinco de Mayo


a SALUTE to 7 â– 
JOE/. TORRES
SHERIFF PUEBLO COUNTY
-from


Full Text

PAGE 1

! I .. ! 1 . I ' r I j I I I . . . . .___.-#' . . SHERIFF Joer . l Tor1es. . . Man of the Month ,, , .. Top Candidate for Chicano of th e Year Art Exhibit Span1sh Play Parade Cinco De Mayo ----CUL-TU AL WEE K-...,jfl1 Community Action Board •. . I thre{lteneii by Poor ..• f . . La . Llo-rona . . . ,.true or false ! . . . , . ' 1 : . . 7 Why, .Head Start ? l • . <) :I .... 50 r.'\ . , . r t . 1 , , . . . '

PAGE 2

"I deals are _like stars; we may never reach them or touch them with our hands, but like seafarers we can follow them and use them as our guide. EL PROGRESO, meaning movement in a sense, _the in soutd.twest thaJ: seeks to d1s-c over a .. , .,.tL for ., . the Spanish speaking o f Colorado. It seeks to: -... create identification and ' pride through commemorating , the achievements of giant&: . w l o were our w Lose blood still runs through our veins, whose : culture still determines our c iaracter; our and our way of life. Whose l Anguage, like honey stillJ sweetens our speech, .and whose dreams still stir 1n . =l "!\ U.J-.. \ \."' ,, ,---, No, right now we will not reach the stars and the tra-gic, sorry fact of life is that we seem to be drawing further and further away. In Colorado No, right now we will not reach the stars and the tragic, sorry fact of life is that we seem to be drawing further and further away. In Colorado alone, our people. are on the top of the list in rece1v1ng > unemployment, lowest achievements, comprising the largest percent in ratio to the population-of persons in prisons, refdrci schpols and 1 .*i''•-ilr. ... . j a i s • ;,.:* . /. ',\ w h y ? ? ? ? ? . . . . EL PROGRESO; aware of our Sorry lot in life attempts to reawake the pride of our people and of our past. It We, the Hispanos of the is their reminding us that Southwest are a uniql peo-we are not a lost people, a ple -nowhere else in the rootless minority. It is history of man on earth have there to show us, teach us the same elements of circum-that it was our people who lead to the creation settled the southwest -culof a people that combine the the land, broke soul, the heart and the mind . trax1s, tamed the wilds of a of all races of man that. new world, built cities, abandoned the tower of Banamed lands, mountains, ribel. But .today, the Hispano vers, cities, etc. Those who seems to be a rootless peo-have been and are to this ple in a rootless society on date leaders in law, in polthe brink of a fallen Rome. itics, in. education and so-cial influences that will live on in theminds of ours who their .. blood and their names. EL PROGRESO • there to 1S teqch us also to follow the stars to carry out pride and and diet d/t:ad d/unl:ot ., GONE 1!\iscount JrB FACIAL from BEAUTY CONSULTANT PENNY r-:;1\RCIA . WITH $HAMPOO & SIT TUESDAY. THIU SATURDAY '1l''!J dt:/iit <:Pat * {fotti <:Pino * J.ud!J fPottL'I. * !Bi(fupi Jt.. !Be.tt!J , The people, in to the mass med.1a dominat.ed by greed, corruption, lies, and meaninglessness, have slowly forgotten who we are, forgetting our language, our culture, our identification, our and. are becominb like the 'jdescendants of Cain, a nameless people. lost in the vacuum of oblivion. Across . the street from the vrvA LA . Shdker Pizm 4t!f & our dreams to a greater re-ality. . '\ ,• ., ..... !! ..... \ . : A ' ___________ ..... . f,J '\ . ' 11 l y 2 , . . \ \, -J "' '} :bt. ltwi '-:.. ..,

PAGE 3

• I 0' "' ' ••"' "' • • -•••P . o o o o o O '• I ' ; In This l•su, e , Editorial. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 l!lho is a Chicano? ' • • • • • • • • • • • 5 By Ruben Salazar Why Head Start? • • • • • • • • • • • • 7 Cinco de Mayo • • • • • • • • • • • •• 10 Joe Torres -Man of the Month • • • •• 14 Aqui Manda La Raza! •••••• • • • • Ancestors from out of the Past • by Lee Mora • • • .20 .21 Amor d e Madre • • • • • • • • • • • • • 23 b y Joaquin D iaz God could not be Everywhere by Joaquin Diaz • • • • • 0 24 Th e Poor Speak Out .• • • • • • • • • • 2 5 The Back Door of History. • • • • • • • 36 Hospital Improvement Program. 0 0 • • • 41 A Man in Need is a Friend IndL't>d. • • o 43 La L lorona. 0 0 • • • • Q 0 0 • • • 0 • 45 Sports • • o • • • • • • • • • • . • • • 51 Available • • • • • • • • .53 Unity Conference • • • • • • • • • • • • .54 EL PIOGIBSO STAPF ' . . :. . s .M. Gonzales. • • • . Publisher and Ed'itor Lee Mora. • • • • • • • • • • . • • • Editor Dorothy Trujillo. • • • • • • • • • gditor Larry Alvarado. • Field Representative and Advertising Dan Montoya. • Production Manager-Salesman Levi Martinez •••••••• Legal Adviser Dave Marquez •••••• Commerial Artwork Gloria Gonzales •••••• Quality Control Mike Gonzales. • • • • • • • • • . • Printer Artb. tir Gonzales. • • • • • • • • • Printer I . . . . BERNSTEIN& BROTHERS COMPANY ( FEATURING TOP NAME LINES Of HUNTING AND FISHING SUPPLIES QUALITY PRODUCTS AND CREDIT PUEBLO'S SPORTING GOODS H EADQUARTERS PHONE 544-5210 1 7 5 s. sANTA F E A v E . I p u E 8 LO, c 0 LOR A DO I ((VIVA" CIN C O D EMAYO CELEBRATION .v-• .., SEARS, RPEBUC!f-AND . CO. AURARIA LIBRARY I I U18702 0219051 ' -l . l I I 1 i ..

PAGE 4

S !\ LUDOS " ' $ 2820 W. tfORl HERN . . . . . kllltf-MJ!DPfRS SHOPPING CENTER .#lllfiM> -EDITORIAL "i • . • • How many people realized or now the blow that was struck the poor by the County Commissioners when they cut General Assistance money out of the Welfare budget .fox l-971? Ibis money W'as osed . . to have children's teeth fixed t .os-uJMS'ty -eye glasses to children, to :jfefliea--l .and hospital bills for the poor , a . t times of dire emergency. is nothing-literally not a this fund. The devastation upon the poor by the County Commissioners in this fashion should not be allowed to go unchallenged. What will happen to the child whose teeth are rotting in his mouth and whose parents are barely eking out a living and capaot possi-bly pay to hay.:,e fixed? C.atl this 6\ri.tca be e-x• --to-be-at entive in sei\Q"Pl l Wi 11 { not. Vft_y:t.ical hea-lth tokeaus he cannat cbew? And what ,of die '"'woman, 50 age, not eligible for Aid for the Needy Disabled be-cause she receives $87 a month from her husband's pension, who suffers 12 epil ep.t.ic s -ei-zures in one day but hcs i tates --t:v go to . the doctor because she knows cannot pay him and -if he puts her .:. .. . --eJNca . CEEBRA .TION--• . ' .. POWER . ' . . i ! n tbe hospital -who will pay the bi 11? In the General would have been available in such cases -but nod t . anymore, our so very dedicated Coun ty C -ommtasione:rs care of th.3t. ! There --has no against this fx0111 tise poor. . Why? ben;t,ott: Gtf -ch.e p.oor are of :ln. •be County Conunissioncrs (\.Jho ar.e. a'ls o tbe County Boar d. o f \\ c 1 far l ) they fear repercussiDns findn$Uf!lly. Wh-en s -uch gross Jnequi-ti.es ex.is.,t,. :cry to Heaven t().-!be . an-d dietime to act . t 4 Q t:ht• -sort of •lousnes&-- •-dtec .o{ !he Commis.. ilt-ehll..t M -to 4 . nor e&n tfla to eontinuc.. be----l?Swhen cute , a-re , We mus t a 11 t-o See that conunon human decency p revails and that the poor c:trc not trea te: d as "things" to be exp 1 oi ted by persons in lofty positions. General Assistance money must be reinstated, not next year, not next month, but NOW!

PAGE 5

We at SKAGGS Salute all p_,teblo ME X/CAN-AMERICAN$ on this historic anniversary of CINCO DE MAYO 1862 N Main Open 9 a . m to 7 p.m. Mon. and Fri. 'til 9 p.m. Open 9 a.m . to 6 p.m . Sundays . lnl8lef charge ,,. ..,.IOU.,. C .. O ' I _ j 1113 So. Prairie Open 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Every Week Day Open 10 a . m. to 7 p.m. Sundays NEW & USED CARS & TRUCKS TAKE THE SHORT DRIVE FOR THE LONG SAVINGS! PUEBLO CENTRAL MOTORS, INC. 12TH & SANTA FE PUEBLO, COLORADO 81002 BUS: 545-0192 RES: 545-5055 COLO. SPGS. BUS: 634-3472 . EAST SIDE LIQUOR STORE Fine Imported and Domestic Wines & Liquors -Open 8 A.M. 'til 12 P.M. --8 DAYS A WEEK(JOE DATZOwnn) ILocMed 1 Blocka East of Santa P'e) 72) E 4 Unc n 2-9717 Y OUR FURNITURE 'S BEST F RIEN D Mesa Junction fi-l1H21 PRESCRIPTION S OUR SPECIALTY Complete Stoclc ol Drug Prescriptions Drugs Cosmetics & Baby Needs FREE DELIVERY SERVICE GOLD BOND STAMPS MON.-SAT. 8 A.M . • 10 P.M. SUNDAYS 9 A.M .• 8 P.M. thacker bros. ."-: .. R A N SP ORT A TIO INC. THE FINEST STORAGE FACILITIES 4 • Pueblo . .. .. ... . 546-3333 Fort Collins Greeley -. Colorado Springs Denver 598-2707 623-7121 ONE OF THE WEST'S FINEST SHOPS FOR. J HE REPAIRING OF HEAVY INDUSTRIAL MACHINERY • DIAL . 303 543-4917

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• DODGE TRUCKS 542-8432 24 HR. WRECK!l SERVICE .542-0462 701 COURT PUEBLO FAST LOCATED IN ST ARLITE HILLS SHOPPING CENTER Like it? Charge it? DODCB CJRS FEATURING LIVE MEXICAN MUSIC DANCING FRI. & SAT. 9 P. M.-2 A.M. YOUR FAVORITE CQCKT AilS DELICIOUS MEXICAN FOOD SUN. 7 P .M.-12 542-0916 ''Our Sp ecib/;y Chicke11 PRIVATE WEDDING RECEPTION FACILITIES AVAILABLE 300 W . . AVE. CHARGERS DARTS POLARAS CORONETS MONA COS TRUCKS Authorized SALES • SERVICE customer TOP QUALITY (':<:
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EL PROGRESO By Ruben Salazar A Chicano is a Mexican-the Santa Barbara Fiesta; American with a non-Anglo he's insulting Mexicans beimage of himself. the Spanish conquered and exploited the Mexicans. He resents being told Columbus "discovered" Ameri6a when the Chicano's ancestors, the Mayans and the Aztecs, founded highly sophistocated civilizations centuries before Spain financed th= Italian e xplorer's trip to the "New World". Chican o s resent also Anglo pronouncements that Chi can o s are 11culturally de privcd1 ' or that the fact that they speak Spanish 1s a problem. Chicanos will tell you that their culture predates that of the Pilgrims and that Spanish was spoken in America before English and s o the "problem" is not theirs but the A nglos who don't speak Spanish. It's as if the governor I dressed like an English Red-coat for a Fourth of July parade, Chicanos. When you think you know what Chicanos are getting a t a Mexican-American will tell y ou that Chicano is an insulting term and may even quote the Spanish Academy to p rove that C h icano derives from Chicanery. A Chicano will scoff a t and say that such Mexican Americans have been brain-washed by Anglos and that they're Tio Tacos (Uncle Toms). This type of Mexican-American. Chicanos will argue, doesn' t like the word Chicano because it's abrasive to their Anglo oriented Having told you that , the mindso Chican o will the n c ontend that Anglos are Spanish or1-T h e s e poor peo p l e are ent e d at the e xpense of Mex-Brow n A n g l os, Chicanos will icans. smirk. They will complain that when the governor d resses up a s a Spanish nobleman for .NEED A CAB? What , then, is a Chi cano? Continued o n next p age DAY OR NIGHT CAB CO. BestWishes from: v LOMA LINDA MOTEL AND KOA KAiVIPGROUNDS HEATED SWIMMING POOL * Facilities • Fishinq • Kitc:hPnP.ttP.s • GrocP.ry Sto r e • F rP.e Showpr<; ClEAN COMFORTABlE on t h e Ark nnSA s River llf?. Mile o f CotrJ!'>.:=txi on :10 KLAM M ' s B R CHINESE FOOD fRIED CHICKEN -5 PIECES STEAKS • CHOPS • SEAFOODS • BEER MIXED DRINKS ORDER TO GO RESTAURANT 542-8595 l OPEN JJ A.M. TO II P.M . CAFE 542-859!. I CLOSED WEDNESDAY BAR 542..0980 : I 424 WEST NORTHERN AVE. I I l , i f • • I • 1 , l CARRY OUT \ EAT \ HERE ' I 424 w . N ORTHERN @:. I PUEBLO FREE TE.LEPHONES AT BUS DEPOTS -MOST ALL MOTELS -LATEST MOST MODERN EQUIPMENT AIRPORT SERVICE -BAGGAGE SERVICE UNION STATION s

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Who is a Chicano? Continued Chicanos say that if you have to ask never understand, much less become a Chicano. Actually, the word Chicano is as difficult:to define ' as "soul". Mexican -Americans,-the second largest minority in the country and the largest in the states (California, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and Colorado), have always had difficulty making up their minds what t o call themselves. In N e w Mexico, they call themselve s Spanish -Americans. In other parts of the Southwest, they call themselves America n s of M exican descent, people with Spanish s urnames or Hispanos. Why, ask some Mexican Americans, though indigenous to t1he Southwest, are on the lowest rung scholastically, economically, socially, and politically. Chicanos feel cheated. They want to effect coonge. Now. Mexican-Americans average eight years of schooling compared to the Negroes' 10 years.Farm workers, most of • the Southwest, are excluded from the National Labor Relations Act unlike other workers. Also Mexican-Amer icans, often have to compete for low paying jobs with E L PRO G R ESO their Mexican brothers from across the b order who are willing to work for even lesJ. Mexican-Americans have to live with the stinging fact that the word Mexican is the synonym for inferior in many parts of the South west. is why Mexican-American. activists flaunt the barrio word Chicano -as an act fo defiance and a badge of honor. Mexican-Americans, though large in numbers, are so politically impotent, that in Los Angeles, whe r e the country's largest sing l e co ncentration of Spanish speaking l i ve, t h e y have no . one of their own on the City Council. This, in a city politically s ophisticated enough t o have three Negro Councilmen. Chicanos, then, are merely fighting to become "Amer icans". Yes, but with a Chicano outlook. Mr. Salazar was murdered at the L.AQ Chicano War Moratorium by a tear gas canisfired by an L.A. Sheriff. -BLENDE 2 101 Santa Fe OrS45 6040 Wayne Bayless Paul P anariso Saludos Amigos SEVEN-UP BOTTLING CO. BEVERAGE DISPENSING EQUIPMENT • 7-UP • DIET 7-UP • ROYAL CROWN COLA • NEHI FLAVORS • RC DIET RITE COLA • PUNCH SYRUP • FOUNTAIN SYRUPS Pfwne 544-2121 309 SO. VICTORIA AVE. r1ESTAURANT Italian & Amer,can Food Choice Steaks Cocta1ls 5 42 -9905 1143 EAST ABRIENDO AVE. • "J 'LJ r a , , . ,. , . , • r r . r.J \ . . ' : r • FERRO PROCESSING CORPORATION Division of International Mi11 6 -

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In lhe center of things AT FIFTH & MAIN ee ee eej ---NATIONAL BANK OF PUEBLO PLUMB I H SERVING PUEBLO AND VICINITY e. WE F EATURE PLUMBING A 'r ITS BEST AMERICAN STANDARD FIXTURES & SUPPLIES • New Work • Repairs Remodeling 543 3 834 c I Ar .ea Code 303 JOHN GIARDINO 1716 N. OGDEN I PUEBLO, COLO. 81001 / 7 Head Start H ead Start is a program designed to serve four and five year old children from lower-income families. The children learn mainly through play activity guided by adults who respond to children's needs, interests, and questions. Through planned new experiences the child's learning is enhanced to extend and widen his p o t ential. In the earl y 1960's, Michael Harrington wrote a b ook entitle d "The Other America." It researched and cie?icted the vicious c y cle of poverty in a light not previously seen. This document was read with interest by the late PresiEhent, John F. Kenne dy. It had such an impact tha t Kennedy a ppointed several task forces to study the problem. One such task force was assigned to study the needs of poverty's pre-school children. From these studies the "War on Poverty" was born. Pr sident Johnson, needing a political vehicle to 3ssist him 1n his assent office adopted it. As o result the Economic Opportunity Act was passed in 1964, establishing the Office of Economic Opportunity. Head Start was o n e of the program components. Since tw o other c omponents for the young people were named, Job C orps and Neighborh o od Youth Corps, Hedd Start was almost named K iddie Corps. Head S tart received such sanction then and such results s i n c e that it h a s h elped sub s tantially in the effort s to get the "War o n Pove-rty.,' funded each year. group of inte r e sted iridividuals h e r e in Pueblo heard of this crash program for pre-school children. Seeing the nee d for such a program here, they applied for OEO funds. Although it was called the N eighborhood Pre-School this was actually the inception of Head Start i n Pueblo, in f-'larch 1966. It SL)rvc d 30 children from the inunediate a rea. Withih a two week period it had grown t o an. enrollment of 60 children. f n the summer of 1966, Head Start was tn Pueblo in the public schools Continued on next page

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I i. i 1 B&B AlTTO SALES BILL BUSH. OWNER l 305 W NOR THEN OF BRIDES CAll PUEBLO. COLO. I C OMP LIM EN TS ' Cinco de Mayo Open Eves. By Appointment 407 N Main-------------------544-4906 8 and churches. There were many interested individuals helping make this program a success but one individual especially does stand out because of his sincere dedication. The Reverand Josafat Curti gave many, many hours of his time when Head Start was formulating new tech niques and concepts in fulfilling the needs of the young child. In 1970, the Head Start program was to the Department of Health, Education and welfare, and the Office of Child Development. However, our funds are still obtained through OEO Our first objective in the Head Start classroom is to give the young child a positive self-image. This is done by bringing the child into a non structured classroom. There are several areas of interest that are available to the child. The child goes to the area of his and due to his short inspan may go at will to another activity. At all times the teacher3 her aide and volunteers are these areas, giving direction encovrag ing verbalization, socialization and stressing the learning concepts availa ble from the nature of the activity. Other primary objectives to help the child are: 1. To increase sensory and perceptual learning 2. Tb develop cognitive skills 3. To 1mprove language skills The over all goal then . to enl.S courage the child to: 1. Learn to work and play learn to be at ease while away from home, learn to accept help and direction from adults. 2. Learn to socialize effectively with other children and to value one's own rights and the rights of other children. 3. To develop self identity and to view themselves as having competence and worth. Continued on next page

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4. To realize strive for physically, cially. opportunities and to successful development intellectually and so-5. Sharpening and broadening language skills, both listening and speaking. 6. To be curious. That is, to wonder, to seek answers to questions. 7. To strengthen physical skills and coordination by using large and small muscles. 8. To develop an ability to express inner creative thoughts and impulses. 9. To develop an ability to channelize lnner aggressive impulses into constructive work patterns, to take instead of hit, to understand the difference between feeling angry and acting angry, to feel compassion instead of ridicule for the problems of others. Through these techniques we help the child acquire a Positive Self-Image. Another major goal in Head Start is to motivate and involve parents. The complete cycle of Head Start gcals is thus complete d when parents are brought into the picture and informed of the inner mechanics of the Head Start program. Before parents can actively partake in the program they are assisted with any needs or problems they may have. This type of servi c e is available the com plete year of H ead Start. As time progresses parents .participate and initiate many projects to encourage parental growth and interest in the child and his needs. The 1goals at school can be carried to the horne environment and reinforcement of learning can take place. As a parent grows in knowledge of Head Start he can eventually become an employee of Head Start with field experience and proper training. 9 K Bob Comiski _Owner HEATING AIR CONDITIONING ALL TYPES OF MlTAL WORKS FURNACES AIR CONDITIONING PRE FAB FIRE PLACtS YOUR KEY TO CON FORD 2 0 0 0 E. 4TH Call 542 9313 PUEBLO BEAUTY COLLEGE & AFFILIATED SHOPS 310 W. 9TH 542-3833 BEAUTY SHOP 106 W. "ABRIENDO AVE. 542-0128 WE TAKE PRIDE IN DOING YOUR HAIR Jlair :J)dign,J W1' 1jou in minJ • THE ULTIMATE IN HAIR AND WIG STYLING Stg!e BEAUTY SHOP 301 W. 9TH 542-8052

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I ---. -:----c _._.;-----,..---

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EL PROGRESO 0 jfrrrbom 'lobing May 5 is observed as a national holiday by the patriotic, freedomloving people of the Republic of Mexico. The date is their g reatest 1'Fiesta Patria" ranking second only t o the rlexican Independence Day, September 16th. The country's tiniest "Ranchi to" and on up to metropolita n } ' le x ico City arrays itself in the nat i on a 1 c o 1 or s . Gay ''1ma r i a chis " fill the early morning air with happy "sones and canciones" going o n all day and all night except for the h o u r of the civic ceremonles. T h e raising o f the colors, militCJ.ry bands a n d troops dominate the sce n e , p arading b efore and im mediat e l y aft e r the sole mn, semi l -e 1 i g i o us c i v i c cere m on i e s in the opL'n public sq uCJ.rc, l e d b y promin c ' n t l c a d c r s in t h c c o ITl1ll u n i t y . Hom ngc is poicl t o the memo.ry of Gen L ' r 1 l I g n L 1 c i o Z a r a g o z a , who 1 e d the s ucCL'Ssful a rmed d efense of the lllm1L L .1nd o n the hi: ; t _ ol-ic May 5, 1 862. The crowd shc 'l-s "viva" in L l J u d c o u r d i n a t i on t o e c h o in the n : 1 r b v hi 11 s . J historians depict the milit:1ry events of 109 years ago os dn c:\:citing story of brave men turne d soldiers and guerrillas to crush nn invClsion by seasoned French troops sc:nt .:1cross the At Lantic b y Ll greedy Napoleon III. 11 Torn by internal strife, the Mexican army was in a state of dire need, the equipment, clothes, everything consisted of bare essentials. The country was in no position to deny indemnization claims made by the governments of England, Spain and France due to losses suffered by their subjects during the war for independence in Mexico. President Benito Juarez acknowledged the debts and England and Spain agreed to wait, signing the Soledad Pact. France simulated an agreement and signed, too but Napoleon III saw an excellent opportunity to carry out a surprise invasion and increase its extensive war booty and territorial holdings of that time. Napoleon sent 6,000 crack troops headed by the arrogant Count of Laurenceso At Vera Cruz, the count stated the Soledad Pact was not worth the paper it was written on. Assured by a Mexican named Almonte, the Count had the support of rich landowners who disliked President Juarez for his land reform laws. Juarez was a full blooded Zapotec_ . As a boy Juarez lost his parents and ran away from the tribe, was adopted by an uncle in Oaxaca who sent him to law school. Continued on next page

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EL PROGRESO ./ LOANS ..; INSURANCE " FINANCING "" SAVING ACCOUNTS 1811 SANTA FE PUEBLO, COLORADO 81004 saludos • am1gos PERFECT CIRCLE PIS,.I'ON division of DANA CORPORATION PUEBLO MEMORIAL AIRPORT r. PUEBLO COLORADO : 1 $ . ________ .... ___________ ., Cinco de Mayo Continued The French invasion was not only vlolating the Soledad Pact but the Honroc Doctrine, as At the time, however, the United States could do little to uphold the Doctrine, being itself torn apart by the Civil War. The situation was ideal for the valn Count. Before leaving Vera Cruz for Hexico City, Almonte learned the commander of the Mexican army, General Lopez Uranga, had resigned, refusing to fight so formidable an enemy. When Count Laurences heard this, he sent Napoleon the following message: "Taking into consideration our superiority of race, our well-disciplined troops, the e xcelle_nt morale and the high ideals we pursue, as your Commander-in Chief here I have become also the master of all Mexico". On the road to Mexico City, Almonte acquired new friends, deserters who feared the conquest was certain to succeed. They brought the news that the clergy in Mexico City was disgusted with the Indian President Juarez, who was taking their land and giving it to the peons. The invaders made camp at Amozoc, the night of May 4o Only a few minutes ride from Puebla, the Count ordered preparations for a triumphant parade through the city's main street on the morning of May 5. The Napoleonic uniforms of blue coats, white pants and high black boots were made to look their best. Meanwhile, at Mexico City, the deserting commander had been replaced by an eager young General, Ignacio Zaragoza. Texas-born Zaragoza left his law studies when he saw his country had a greater need for the military. He enlisted in the national guard and made rapid progress. He became one of the youngest ministers of war under President Juarez. He left the cabinet post to fight the invading army. He elected to meet the enemy at Puebla • Less than 2,000 army regulars were willing to fight but Zaragoza was joined by three guerilla groups led by veterans Miguel Negrete, Felipe Beriozabal and another youngster named Porfirio Diaz. By the time Zaragoza arrived at Puebla, he had 4,000 fighters, eager to meet the highly touted 12 Continued on next page

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---==--= EL rROGRESO -:_------Cinco de Mayo Continued 6,000 French soldierso Moving swiftly and silently, Zaragoza stationed his men at two small forts, Guadalupe and Loreto on the hills 011tside of Puebla on the Amozoc side. The guerrillas took strategic positions at various All was prepared when they saw the colorful French troops advancing towards Puebla in t h e morning sun. Suddenly, the cannons from For t Guadalupe, which the French were t o l d w ere un= ma n n ed, roared as t h e invaders came withi n the rangee Before the Frenc h could estab= lish what had happened, guerri lla fighters swarmed d o wn upo n them from both sides and all wa s confusion. Completely surprised, the French fled and left the battlefield heavily dotted with dead and wounded. B ecause of the superior numbers, the F r ench troops were able to reorganize and attack t wo mor e t imes that afternoon. But . . . 11\.BR.ICS & HO -BBIES COMPLETE {RAFT liNES 542-2382 f-'.1nd 'Rai;:;ing "Prodect;:; * CraH S\jpplie5 3853 GOODNIGHT AVE. PUEBLO, COLORADO t h e defenders we r e read y and determined to humiliate the N a p oleonic hordes. That day, it i-JD.s Genera l Za r agoza \ vho sent a messenger t o Preside n t Juarez: "Please be informed our valiant m e n have the e n e m y and brought military glory to our countrv''. ../ T h e bells o Puebla's churche s and ca thcdru.ls echoed the victory cry of the guer r illu.s as the entire city turned out that night for noisy celebrations, gay music, songs and dancing in the streets of Pucbla. That Has the night of May 5 ••• one hundred and nlne years agoo A.\IOR DE MADRE Dame, por Dios, tu bendicion 0, madre m!a adorada Que yo a tus pies pido perdon Por lo has sufrido Dame, por Dios, to 0, madre m{a adorada Madre quer ida, ruega pol' . m{ A l Creador. Tu que estas en la mansion De tu trono celestial a mi coraz6n Un suspiro Un suspiro maternal Que me llegue al corazon Que me que me llegue I Al corazon. Mira madre que en el mundo N3die te ama como yo Mira que el amor de madre Es carino seductor. 13 PLUMBING&' HEATING CO. Mechanical Contractors • PLUMBING FIXTURES • DISPO.SAl!; • AIR CONDITIONERS • HOI w ATER AND SnAM HEATIMG: • APPLIANCES--WATER • DISHWASH-RS • NEW: CONSTRUCTION • IEMODELIN(; - • REPAlRING • SEWER (LEANING A. M. BROTHERS DIAL Mochanical Contractors 544-3804 705 ELM

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;:e.' . . "'A" Tltt A" L • ftl f "( It took three editors of the staff of El Progreso to capture the person of Pueblo : Sheriff, Joe I. Torres. The Sheriff unable t o . lend the staff enough t ime for a l enght y intervie w , an: swered each question oughly bet-vveen phone calls and interruptions \.vithout losing sight of each question. Sheriff Joe Torres, t l1e y o u n g e s t s h C'. r i f [ i n t h h j s torv o f Pueblo Collntv and first l\mericJn o f descent to h old this p l)Si tion \vas born in PliL ' h l u o n l J cJ n u r v of l 9 3 7 .. 1 ! i L 1 the' r I I Jose [milio Torres <-1nd mul the r , e mm i grate cl [ l-om C h i 1 h ua huJ, :le:-< j co and set l i 1n the S:1lt CreL' k arc:1 o f ) Pueblo. They 1 ivecl thcrl' 1 or 1 2 v L' a r s Hi t h t h c i r [ i v t , ; f ou r s ons <1nd a ) daughter before to: t --, the Besseme r area. Continued on next page A pre c iamoa .Sv . Tro t • E I Pas o : d o Y En E I ,fo t u ro . YOUR NEW CAR DfALER CHRYSLER 14

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SORWIN ----SUPR--(conOC0) -=------:::=::::= S E R VIC E :=--....... ,. • TUNE-UP • BRAKES • MUFflERS & TAIL PIPES SERVICE • • • SPIN dALANCINli Pronqrt Pick.;Up & Delivery Servie&. 2001 J AUTO AIR CONDITIONING SALES & SERVICE ' • t \\, .• KE-OUT ORDERS _ . . . . . • I OPEN DAILY EXCEPT NATIONAl HOLIDA"(S.::.. ---::COMMERCIAL ____ ---:: MEXICAN & !I\ " I -=-:s; AMERICAN . F OODS -::::._ t----------A together in the Pueblo County Jails Control Center, discuss the improvements and adjustments made under the superv1s1on of the Sheriff. The improvements by the Sher iff saved the county taxpayer thousands of dollars. The Sheriff has great ambitions for future improvements of adequate law enforcement for Pueblo County. Continued on next page A&W MOTOR RESTAURANTS COLORADO 4 LOCATIONS TO SERVE YOU NORTH-21th & Elizabeth 143-1277 lOUTH-. 1327 Prairie Avt 542-2100 BLENDE--BELMONT-2250 Santa Fe Drive Norwood & By Pass 50 542-6288 . ' 545-6355 I 5

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0 . Virgi no & Roy _A rchul•to ' . The Sheriff is a product of the finest of families, one of modest means but close knit and of deep devotion to one another. In the latter part of the thirties, each member had an obligation to contribute to the welfare of the family. Each had a job and turned his paycheck over to their father, so financial obligations could be met. The fine Torres family shared in the many happinesses that come to large families that give and contribute to each individuals necessities. 41, . _ _ ..... _ Art4 f L 0 R A i & G 1 F T -SHOP . . Sheriff Torres had always had a desire for a career in law enforcement. His ambitions had been revealed to his family but he refrained from confiding in playmates for fear of ridicule. Flatfoot, cop, fuzz, are hardly flattering adjectives to describe a position a you ng boy dreams of someday having. Sheriff Torres grew up with the offspring of Pue blos "melting pot" in the Bessemer area. Exposed to different ethnic groups, Joe Continued on next page FLORAL & GIFT SHOP fLOWER S DELIVERED ANYWHERE CITY W IDE DELIVER Y • IMPORTED GinS PH. 542 .. 0035 8 405 WES T SEVENTH PUEBLO , COLORADO . .

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FOR INFORMATION & FREE ESTIMATES Specializing in 543-6617 •EVERGREEN TRIMMINu-------.-.J f EDWARD ALSO •PRUNING 1102 E. • PUEBLO EAGLE BAR . f....Ar. F ong 1 S r h , ,.,. . 1 r H , c BiH ZJnd Shrin1p '{,il H Cho;ce $1 (JJ 407 N c Union CORTESE SHEET METAL PHONE 342-8729 . 240 SOUTH SANTA FE AVENUE PUEBLO. C O LORADO 81003 Buy i t at your favorite grocer' s was better able to under-stand different peoples proSPARKY'S blems. L ivstock Joe, an average teenage boy attended local schools, Commission made above average grades, spoke Spanish with his friends and was a member of First Federal Building many clubs and organizations. swAN)soNS REPAIR SERVICE .. His father always told him: "In order to succeed, . WASHING you must work hard." Joe a-Refrigera.tors & Freezers dopted that principle as his 544 _ 6201 life-style and began to im-plement it with each job._ ______ 6_s_s __ s. __ u_N_ao_N __ A __ v_E---------w that he held. TEXAS COURT He took his first job at AIR CON DITIO NED-ROOM PHONES a flower shop while he was REASONABLE RATES still in school. H e cleaned Lincoln 2-9182 Commercial Rate s and re-planted plants, made floral arran g em ents a n d de-Operated By South on Hiway U . S. 85-87 JUN E and HAROLD PUEBLO, COLORA D O livered plants among diverse responsibilities. SPANG LER'S HOME FASHIONS. INC. OF PUEBLO FURNITURE CARPETING DRAPERIES. DECORATIV E FABRICS, INTERIOR . DECORATING PHO N E 5 42-5370 322 WEST 4TH PUEBLO, COLO. When he became 16 and acquired a drivers license, he began work as a driver -salesman for a beverage company . This position took him throughout the county of Pueblo. P---------------------------4 H e l e f t the company to becom e an inspector for the Corporation, now Perfect Circle Company. While at Tri-Plex, he sold sewing machines and trailers T)art-time. Service S tation Equipment HANK'S SERVICE STATION MAINTENANCE INSTALLATION & REPAIR Authorized Service for WAYNE GILBARCO TOKHEIM H. A. (Hank) BELLAMY 308 Plum ---------------------542-849 E ZE KLN P()LISI-1 co. your personal store at your door since 1868 Call 542-5564 ASK FOR E. / SAUNDERS YOUR PERSONAL REPRESENATIVE 1442 CEtJAD ST PUEBLO COLORADO --------------------------------------------------

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OIL COMPANY u :2-8557 Oil Tires Batteries & Auto Supplies Gas -Diesel '.AUTO liTE AC FIRESTONE DELCO ALL MAJOR OilS 24HOUR TOWING SERVICE Rye Star Route Sox 106 u 2-099& -rtJEBlO , COLORADO 81{)04 [HiiiJ SERVICE CENTER ,RE E PICK-UP & DEtiVlRY • • TIRES • .LUBRICATION ,. BATTERIES • BRAKES . • TUNE-UPS • SERVICE ALLS RADIATOR CLEANING • REPAIAINB. . ALIGNMNT-ELECTRON:IC SALANCfNG . . 8Dl EA8T 4TH STREET PHONE 54 2 TORRES FAMILY AT PLAY In his early twenties, he left Tri-Plex and opened his own lounge and restaurant. His natural warmth attracted a wide variety of clientele {ncluding highway patrolmen, city polieemen and ether law enforcement officials# Here he met the man -Sheriff Robert Horvat who provided him opportunity to fulfill his life-long dream of a career in law enfcrrcem.ent. Horvat felt that a Spanish surnamed citizen was needed i n his tion. Joe grasped the chance to become a deputy in Pueblo and devoted his every -effort to doing his best. He WDrk.ed as a deputy in the patrol car, as an investigator, jailer and even worked as a dog catcher. He never shrunk from his responsibilitis but welcomed them. When Sheriff Horvat resigned from his position , the other rallied behind Joe as the best lead er to fill the spot. Joe and 15 others applied for the sheriff's position wi.t:h the central comm.ittee of the Democratic Party. Out of 168 votes cast, . .J .oe cap tured 117. T -he appo :in.tment was a great vi.ct.o-ry for Joe but he then faced a general in one year but was determined to do a &ood job .. in the short time he had left. COORS TAVERN "Where Old friends Meet" 515 WEST 4TH PUEBLO, COLORADO 18

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ADVANCE SCHOOL INC. MODERN HOME TRAINING ELECTRI C ITY-MECHANICS-REFR IGERATION AN::> AIR CON::::>I T I ONir--.G B U S I NESS TRAI N I N G BOOKI<:C::EPING & ACCOL:NTJNG I 525 w. 8th .-':"\ COMPLETE OFFICE OUTFITTERS 112 W. 3RD • PUEBLO. 545 5120 • DESKS • CHAIRS • • STEEL FILES STATIONERY ';44-0322 SAMBOS POPCORN HOMEMADE M CANDIES A WONDERFUL VARrETY 114 w Abriendo UPHOLSTERY RESIDENTIAl AND COMMERCIAL SHEARD'S RADIO & TELEVISION • SERYIC • REPAIR ............ TEL. 2701 CASCA.DE > . [)45-0282 -tc QUALITY WORKMANSHIP & REPAIR -tc PICK-UP & DELIVERY AT NO EXTRA CHARGE -tc FREE ESTIMATES 544-7740 L9 • The miltiple improvements he made in that time are phenomenal. He built a consultation room within the jail for private conversations between prisoners and their attorneys. He also provided an officer's lounge. He used his personal tise to make engineering repairs in the control room. His efforts there saved the county $6,000. By usin g the jailers, the inmates and $5,000, Joe remodeled the jail's interior and saved the county another $9,000. ZOELSMANN'S BAKERY 912 EAST ABRI ENDO AVE. PUEBLO, COLORADO 81004 EMPIRE FUR.WITURE CO PAID FOR SED FURNITURE TOP PRICE WE BUY SELL ,.... or EXCHA-NGED . BANKAMERICARO • MASTER CHARGF ACCEPTED .125 S Un;on Av ----------------544-2098 -,-- •

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EL PROGRESO BREWED WITH.PURE R 0 C KY 0 U N TA I N S . , . . . . . .. . . . _ , .. : . ... ............ . . ........ . .. 0 TTERSTE.IN & COMPANY 1 2 6 S. ONEIDA PUEBLO (()LORADO RUG (FORIJJitRLY: PARKS ECONOMY DRUG) PRESCRIPTIONS DRUGS • GIFTS • COSMETICS GREETING CARDS PANGBORN CHOCOLATES WINE LIQUORS ' "FASTEST MEDICINE DROPPER IN THE WEST" MONEY ORDERS -TRAVELERS EXPRESS • WHEELCHAIRS • WALKERS • CRUTCHES & CANES SALES & RENTALS -TERMS AVAILABLE OPEN 7 DAYS A WEEK 9 TO 9 MON. THRU SAT. SUNDAY 10 TO 6 FREE PARKING CITYWIDE DELIVERY fl!!!!! DISCOUN T SELF-SERVICE GAS liiiiiJ 544-4886 AFTER HOUIS CAll 544-1219 (EMERGENCY ONLY) PUEBLO 1904 LAKE AVENUE 20 The La Raza Unid a Party of the Board and won significant representation on the city council last April 4, in Crystal .ci ty, Texas, has instituted a number of impressive reforms for the betterment of the Chi cano connnunity. Jose Angel Gutierrez founder and leader of the party, is president of the Crystal City School Board. Some of the changes made thus far are: bilingual education (Chicano studies) in the se condary schools; a moratorium on the use of I.Q. and English proficiency tests. (The scores on these tests hav e traditionally been used to keep Chicanos out of college). Adoption of new textbooks which emphasize Chicano contributions to the history of the Southwest. (il Espejo is now being used as a high school literature text, and Stan Steiner's La Raza as a high school reader), and fr;; breakfast and lunch for all students in all city schools. Student records have been declared totally confidential and are not available to the selective service boards. Crystal City High School is the first sc4ool in the country to oppose the Vi etnam war in this manner. The all-Chicano city council has also made multiple reforms. One of the most important is the use of Spanish in city business. Now, all public meetings

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-----------------------........ II J ,.. .. ( t f ' ) , f 'I , ' "' TOM VIGIL Tom's Typewriter and In searching for our identity as many of 0 1 r .oung are today, it is important for us not to forget much of what we are, tf.lAnk and believe comes down to us 4dding Machines in a forgotten stream of blood from the Indio. Manv of us have heard or know about Hernan Cortez, Francisco Coronado and manv .others who give us . a great ,. • SERVICE ON ALL , OF OFFICE MACHINES deal of our culture, our language, our faith and tra ditional family customs as . / PH. 545-9361 well as our names, factors so many of us take for granted. But there is other blood too, as well as othl'r . cultural elements n --.t so 2223 NEWPORT I well known, recognized or defined: the uniquincss in . -_ .-.. .... the character of our people, AM'GO'S a subtle nature almost fo, j reign and incomprehensible 1 to the Anglo, sometimes to l ourselves. DRIVE-INN I RESTAURANT Many of us have a with some Indian Moctezuma, f6r example, but the close n ess, the intimacy is absent in much of o r firm conviction. He, what he represents seems so remote, so abstract to a lot of us that even when we get all emotional about La Raza, etc., Moctezuma is only a vague, dim conscious thought without any reality to what we are saying or believe. We have heard about the Aztecs, the Mayas, and Herpays even Teochtitlan, but how many of us really know anything a-......... _ SPECIALIST A FAMILY • FUN PLACE. IN GOOD FOOD DISTINCTIVE MEXICAN . FOOD 1601 w 17th 542-9908 bout them or understand how and why they are important to us? Ne.zahua 1 was born in in over a hundre d vc.:1rs before the ar rival ot the Spanish. He was born the son oi King Ixtlilxochitl. his father I \.t 1 ilxochi t 1 was murdeted during a war, NC'zahualocoyot.l \,,as raised by the Aztecs became an advisor to kings. Historical documL'nts rl'Vcal that he was a great thinker and leader in his own right. He was responsible for the building or temples, palaces zoological botanical gardens, water cause ways an\] dikes that kept the waters under their control; he was .:1lso a _just legislator when i t camL' to devising la\vS for the pl'ople to live b y . f'lanv of the records that have bee n discovered from that period have not yet been all deciphered or translated, so there is much to be l earned about him, his people ; that spirit of tem perament that distinguishes us, w e like to b elieve, from other races, so obvious to and of which most of us take our pride. The depths of his hunger in searching for a truth in the elusive nature of our own The religion of his days was based on the • Continued on next page e(3UADALAJARA r?BAR 434 S. SANTA FE PUEBLO, COLORADO Formerly Skeeter's Charlie Brown Pub "WHERE WHOLESOME FAMIL YS GATHER" SERVING HOME MADE MENUDO, BURRITOS, fAMALES AND., GREEN CHill DAilY ORIGINAL MEXICAN MU.SJC .. 21 . -... ....... -RICARDO ALVARADO Prop. and Steelworker 542-9773'

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-. ...... ..: ...... , 2401 W. NORTHERN AV.I.,. Gus' Restaurant e "Where Old fri end s Meet" DRINKS . MIXED 1201 ELM OUR FAMOUS PI.A'fi With.._ A.. Masciotra 542-0756 DOES YOUR PLACE OF BUSIN SHOW BAD HOUSEKEEPING WEEKLY RESIDENTIAL PICK-UPS TFIROUGHOUT CITY OF PUEBLO SINGLE JOB CONTRACTS RATES BY THE JOB OR MONTH 545-3321 9 0 I D E l T A I p u E B l 0 I c (), k c BEAUTY ACADEMY CREATIVE STYUNG WIGS & WIGLETS Ancestors Continued . god of Quetzalcoatl taken from the Toltecs, Tolque Nahuaque, and from this he developed a simple concept of Moyocoyatzine, "self inventing-self." There is really no contradiction in this from the theories drawn out of modern psychology: an individual is actually what he chooses to be inspite of his environment, heredity and so on. His conviction to us, "Let your heart be true," rings with a melody of truth in today's world of probabilities. There is a great deal of controversy today about as543-2857 rest was condemned work of the devilo cleaned up many of self justification their christian-judea as the They their wit h g o d . The people here, they h a d to come from somewhere; they must have come from Asia. The b eautiful cities, they must have been built b y l ost European tribes, and s o on Only recently have w e begun to realize that the people here were as native to this continent as they were to their own. That these people would think and develop philosophies and theories just as they did in Euro pe. simulation, the melting pot, The young Chicano today nationalizm and the way o f s hould study t h e history of Bhudda, the middle way; but both the Spanish and the Nc there is no middle w ayo It's jican Indio h on estly a nd ob concept is an ari s titol i a n jectively if he is to find logic that that has create d meaningful truth about himmuch of the confusion and self, his p eople. H e must misunderstanding prevalent. "let his h eart be true," r c It is partially to blame for member th3t man v o f us, e s the frame of reference, pecially in the southwest, brought over by the Europe-have been to Angloans. They actually believed ism too long, and much of that the Indio, a savage, what we think is us, \vha t He was not capable of reason, bel icvc, in nothing more or thinking, because it was than a sugar coating to fit so different from there own. in with the They could not grasp the i ty [or the ends of the An possib-ility that there might glo sc iencc s. 1 L is nl)t only exist another way of thought destructive to our wa y , bttL different from their own due damaging: It glitters to a different way of life. gold. !!t .. __ a_n_k_. frame of what they believed they could not understand ! l'i , I i 5 42-657' . • 1 their experiences and the 22 : 121 W. 6TH STRE.ET, rUEIJLO, C IIL LmADIJ

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EL PROGRESO AMOR DE MADRE / Es este un dia festive del ano de-signado para rendir tribute a mama. En Estados Unidos, cial de la madre cle mingo del mes de Mayo. en una fecha fija, 10 cesariamente en domingo. / este dia espe-cada segundo doEn Mexico, cie de Mayo y no ne-Fuentes de informaci6n aseguran que el Dta de la Madre ya se observa anual, mente en todos los paises civilizados del orbe. Desde luego, es muy probable que uno de estes dias MoscJ le anuncie al mundo que Rusia inventb el Dia de la Madre. Sin embargo, fue'una llamada Anna Jarvis quien que se , """ dedicara un dia del ano 1907 para vener-ar a las madres. / / La primer ves que se observe ese dia en todo el pais, es decir en forma -' 1 nacional, fue en el ano 1914. Una reso-lucion aprobada ;or el Congreso de Estados Unidos fijo el dia 8 de Mayo. Des-, de la / d / pues, el presidente que o autorizado para proclamar anualmente el , segundo domingo de Mayo como el Dia de la ?--ladre. Con el tiempo, el comercio de las / flores inicio la costumbre de que el / clavel fuera simbolico del dia. Cada , hombre y mujer cuya madre habia falleci-do habia de lucir un clavel blanco. La p ersona que aun tiene su madre con vida, , ho de vestir un clavel rojo. Sc l e acusa a l de ser de, masiado oportuno e n el Dia de la Hadre por sus actividades exageradas para promover su negocio. P ero es muy probable qu e sin la propaganda de prensa, radio, t elevision v otras fuentes de informa..,. cion no resultara un dia festivo tan bullicioso. I _,. , Los mogos litcrarios de Nexico se , 1 LICCn en ese d ia creando, obras y pensamicntos para clcclamarsc y publicarsc . rn ! . 'd I , 1 f rc'cortc c. c pcr1o 1co, ya etc co or aca et :tc!o por c.:l ticmpo, autor , dice Llsi: . ;I "MADRE es la del corazon. En ella tenemos un angel que con misteriosa influencia de gracia y calor, de dulzura y amor, hace que el cumplimiento de mi deber sla un triunfo, que mis )?enas sean menos amargas y mis alegr1as puras Y fragantes. "Cuando por fatalidad de circunstancias nos llega a altar la sombra protectora de las alas de ese angel divino, sentimos caer sabre el corazon un velo negro y frio de aflicci6n. Sentimos un vacio que nada ni nadie es capaz de llenar." / "Tu que todavia cuentas con una voz que consuela sin hablar, con unas manos que acarician sin tocar, con una mirada que bendice con ternura, d grac{as al Dios Ornnipotente que creo ese angel para / " t • • RAMIREZ anJ .COunqe '542-9648 1601 E. EVANS AVL 23 ...

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EL PROGRESO Everuwhere, QOD. could not be ao He created ••• I NJothef There is an undying glimmer of hope, even in these dark troubled times. It is the whole hearted agreement among the civilized peoples in our crowded planet: mothers everywhere deserve a special tribute. Not for just a day, but always. The people of our neighbor republic ;to south, Aexico, also have designated one day of the calendar year to pay special homage to mothers. However, Mexican families observe a fixed date, May 10, not necessarily a Sun day. They call the holiday "El Dia de .la Madre". Just like their counterparts the world over, Mexican businessmen capitalize on every opportunity to increase their revenueso May 10 affords them an ideal set of favorable circumstances f o r economic gains. I n the small, quaint villas, the keen competition among street vendors is inte resting and quite fascinating. For reading matter, the dailies offer poems and essays to mothers. Some edi tors, like their counterparts here, try to sound serious when they point an accusing finger t o the business community for daring t o commercialize the event. In Mexico , flow e r s grow the year around almost every where without the protection or expense of a greenhouse. The world jardin (garden) i' The metropolitan new spabetter known than parque pers publish thicker edi-(park), flower gardens and tions to accomodate the de-exotic plants are the pride mand for advertising space of small and big municipaliby supermarkets and the ties. Consequently, the me swank doWntown shops. Then tropolitan florists are busy too, the theatres, restau-outdoing themselves, as well rants and other amusement as the competition. centers need to tell the reading public about the way Unusual arrangements of they believe mother should tropical flowers and plants be honored on her special day. 24 DIKES DFAK HEARING AID CENTER A COMPLETE HEAR ING AID SERVICE P AUL F. PODUSKA Ce rtified Heari n g A i d A udiolo g i s t SE HABLA ESPANOL 226 WEST FIFTH STREET P U E i LO, COLOl JOHN DAURIO '4 HR. WRECKER SERVICE U. S. Hi way 50 and N. Hudson Phone 544-8915 Pueblo, Colorado 81001 p c:; Lu&lom Larpet -Je,.vics PROFESSIONAL CARPET INSTALLATION AND REPAIRS JUVJ\AY WaLLIAMS ROUTE S, BOX 242 PHONE 545-6!538 PUEBLO, COLORADO fh & 9 Co, • OFFICE 545-4420 RES. 544-6038 JACK FARNSWORTH PARTNER 134 GAMBLE LN PUEBLO COLO. iHE LOW OVERHEAD DEALER 545-6840 D & M CARPET co. 2210 WEST CULLIGAN WATER CONDmOMINS of PUEBLO 543-3646 917 NO. MAIN W. BERT FARABEE and WATCHMAKERS OFFICIAL SANTA FE, D. 8: R. G. W. AND MO. PACIFIC WATCH IN$PECTOR PHONE 542-1544 110 WEST 4TH STREET PUEBLO. COLORADO

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Interested ti}'le ettnt;; at the Am-. .... _ i c an 1 ... For wn * u u L r lki n g t l1 e I) u o r o f . P tie b 1 o o Time was 7:00 P.M. on a cool evening at the G.I. Forum Hall and what was to be a gathering o f the Board Members of the Pue blos Community Action A gency, or better known as the P.C.A.A. Pueblo. Filing into the hall was Board Chairman, Joe LaSavio, Mr. Hawkins, former chairman, Jack Quinn personnel chairman, Joe Ontiveros Southside representative, . and others, but hardly not{ced by the board to enter the hall were the masses of people of all nationalities, commonly referred to as Pue blos poor. Continued on next page A pc e c i a m o s -S u T rat o En E I Pas ad o Y E n E I F o t u r o BUICK-CADILLAC, Inc. NINTH AND SANTA FE • PHONE P. 0. BOX 794 PUEBLO, COLORADO 81002 •Z • ' ' ---

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HAVER COMPANY . . RESIDENTIAL COMMERCIAL RANCHES FARMS INSURANCE -MORTGAGE LOANS STEERING Y.OU RIGHT SiNCE 1900 545-2101 1401 NO. MAIN •[ . .,.. . . .illll" Members of the Board As 7:30 approached most Board members and the agency director, Joe Espinoza were discussing the evening sessio n when LaSa vio called the meeting to order. In doing so came over the crowded roome Faces of doubt, concern and what seemed to be bewilderment were apparent. LaSavio, the chairman, and other Board members then discussed cor and were pre pared to follow the agenda f o r the regular meeting . But, what has not been compatible situation in y the Pueblo Community,nam e-. the direct neglect of the poor by the agency hanky panky and politics above and beyond the scope of the was to be challenged. Dave Marquez of the southside area, asked that the regular agenda of the Board be dispensed with, and that the issue of in• ternal structure and reorganization be given first considerationo 26 Although the chairman did not care to follow this suggestion it was placed before the Board in the form of a motion which carried unanimously. It had previously been stated that upon the restructuring of the Agency hung the funding of the total Program. The Board commenced discussion of the restructuring passed the March Board meeting -but -Mr. P ete Meder, a former Board member, de to be heard f rom audience. Mr. Meder proceeded to speak out ve-hemently in behalf of the poor by stating that have fQr too long remained silent". He attacked the dictatorial decisions of the Board in the past and said that the poor would no longer be while being tossed bones by Board. The poor, he stat ed, were .. :there to demand that any Festructuring be patterned a'ftet the wishes , Continued : )on next page

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American. Federal Savings 601 North Main Street, Pueblo, Colorado Pueblo's FIRST Federal Savings and Loan Association BACHIK TAX SERVICE INCOME TAX AND BOOKKEEPING SERVICE PHONE 545 4137 CLARA 1904 E ROUTT PUEBLO, COLORADO BEST WISHES CHIJCX'S. LUNCH Sorving •• : . -q b BREAKFAST • l U N C H .. DINNER c, a. 'l. HOME C O O KEI)-Yr • J l 7 8 A y s T AT E : PUEBLO AETNA FINANCE lOUS I . A national flnMCial institution. Over ... 50 Jta rs cl friendly Sff'Vitt. Cash pnrnptly on slgnaturt or other plans. Comt In for One-Stop Loan Service. $50 to $3000 "WHERE TO CALL" Atttna Finance Co 224 w s MEDICAL ARTS PHARMACY PRESCRIPTIONS OUR SPECIALTY • , PAONE 545---... ERNEST SPENCER, R. PH. 182!5 E. ORMAN AVE. PUEBLO, PUEBLO BU-RGER CHEF" I , HIGHWAY 50 . I 1223 SOUTH PRAIRIE ONE OF COLORADO'S MOST COMPLETE Nl:::WSTANDS LOCAL AND OUT OF STATE PAPERS MAGAZINESGREETING CARDS SALT WATER TAFFY -CANDY CORN OVER 1000 SELECTIONS OF POCKET BOOKS 722 N Main -544-6835 I 0 . ______________ ...._ _____ .._ ___ ,.,.. _____ _

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' H -REMOVAL \ DIVISION OF TORRES TRUCKING CO • . 542 CURRI TIMME MOTORS SALES CL-350 K2 • TRIUMPH • HONDA ANC • MONTESSA 215 N.VICTORA. AT UNION PUEBLO I COLORADO . . , , .. ' . . S:t:ONES CLEANED SAND BLASTING CEMETARY LETTERING M A R V I N M E M 0 R I . A L 5, I N C • . Serving Colorado FamilieJ For Over Fifty Years Where p,;r,k Still Exists HOME OFFICE 300 5. SANTA FE .. _,. ' • •• t PUEBLO, COLORADO PH. 544-7273 ALBERT FIORINI r:. i . . ... 'i I J N 0 R T H \ "" T "'-f f .'\ \. ! PUEBLO'S FIRST AND FORE M OST FURRIER . DOERTENBACH -Res . Phone 545 4605. ' .,... ..... Cat. lftltaUatRM. DIAl 544-2343 ,.,..._ ..... 714 w. 9th PUEBLO, COLO. BOTTLING C@r: COCA-COLA NESCITT'S SPRITE fRESCA DR. TAE' , , \ . '\ \ _ , . ' . '-\. . ;;! •. . . I 4 \ '

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"FOR PEOPLE WHOCARE ... " ERMANJJANITOR/A L SERVICE .YO MacA/ester Rd Phone 543 3480 Herman Lopez INSURANCE & RELATED SERVICES Vf;A CINCO DE MAYO CABLEVISION .PHONE 54B-1090 620 V11. 9th St. Pueblo, Colo !f'P' UE & BUO:ti""A R.QNE OF PUEBLO'S fiNE S T : ' ' , , ., .. '> ,: ...... ,.,... J \. __ ......... ------------------

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u tc Mary Duci c Ducl c/s Cosmopolitan • COCKTAILS. , • BEER . .. 3ll Bay St ate Av-Club 5420712 ";' , ' WEICKE TRANSFER & STORAGE CO. S. MAIN ........... --. ........... _!";? .. 1 • • , , : "; t-1 r J 1' I 1 r ) il!. r J !If ' r J c . J I: I; J j ( -l ( ' : J 1 'd : J : ; I J '__ I 1 f ( ' , / j i i J J ; : :< . ; -' ' . ' ' . ' . ' E / lC JJ';{ ,;:,;;)] 1,-! • i r { ' 1 i 1 Jr J :.< : J J • JIFFY CAR WASH ; Vien Venidos Nuestro ONLEY'S I KEN CAPLE W HOLESALE DI STRIBUTOR Mac's SUNSET CONOC O Prairie & Thatcher Pueblo, Colorado CORNER 2002 EAST l lrH PUEBLO. COLD b I A L L I . 4 8 0 0 5 F 0 F ';.J E 0 E _ • ' JAKE GOTFRE D MEYER HATCH 350 WEST D STREET ____ s _4 Co I or ado Iron ' Met a I Empiregas Inc. of Pueblo VIEW , FURNITURr;: . COMPANY COLORADO'S OLDEST fURNITURE COMPANY VERA'S TAVERN & CAFE . . • 542-9706 1549 E.EVANS PUEBLO COLO . PvdbeY 543-1203 2219 W . Northern Mounta1n View ,ceed CALL ••• 543-019 9. NUTRENA FEEDS ' ' f:CO & ALBERS RABBIT PELLETS . KEN-lBISKIT FRISKIES ?826 lake Av PUEBLo. coLoRADo & Machinery C o . l r)'I O l r=! . : ; c e . ---. ; . ' r .J, J • . : ' H i. • u • l) ,, _ _/ \.. PROPANE GAS .. Eric{Mike)Samuelson Mana ger DEMAS AUTO PARTS 2 238 E. 4 th St. JOHN DEMAS P UEBLO, COLORADO PEOPLES E FURNITURE COMPANY _ .. SINCE _1220 . . 311 NORTH SANTA FE AVE. DIACHIN'S W!IJDING 1 SPECIALIZING IN FINE -CAMOLO PHOTOS .COLOR_ & BLACK & WHtTf leaaonably Priced-Complete Inexpensive Hond Pain ted Oils Will Hand Color Your Photo Passports Reun io n s Groups 7 6 Villa Dr -543-3944 COIRINEN1 AL :BEAUTY SAt-ON OPEN EVENINGS. 'COMftfT BEAUTY SERVICE WIGS SOLD & STYLED Calf 545-4830 LOCATED IN THE MARGARET RODARTE RAMADA INN MOTEL Owner SCRAP IRON AND METALS 1 831 Santa Fe Drive P. 0. Box. 2085 MIDTOWN SHOPP ING C ENTER PUEILO, COLORADO 8 1 003 Co by Auto R pai 3eoo E 4..,..H PUEBLO . COL ORADQ BEN COLBY P HOr-... E 545-8420 ( ) Ca'tjJ.ct L.::.nt. F rrst and Greenwood HooYer Sales Installation-• Phone: 542-2730 ma,.;,; WIGS l17 E. Abriendo Pueblo, Colo. 81005 Wigs Cleaned & Styled Marie Rhodes Owner I l t r

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of the poor and that the poor did not want the structure as passed by the Board. At this point, others of the audience demanded to be heard, also. The administration was ac cused of using Kremlin tactics; of using the poor as puppets and pushing the restructuring in order to make more top level _jobs. Many personsin the audience shouted dema nds" ... one, Connie Gonzales rose in agre-Jment and startled the members of the Board with her agressive, forceful statements. She at the audience, silent and attentive now, and shouted, "You people are getting in your com munity and Lt is so apparent!" She looked directly in the eyes of the Board and said "Now i s the time do what you will but this is the way it is with jelly belly representation. Brought to task with this statement was a re presentative of the Board who did not vote in of the people of the south side. In stating her dis gust with the Board she stated in the hell are these who look down their noses trying to tell us how to be poor? Who do they think they are? This chairman telling us how to be poor -dicta tors!" She then turned to the audience and said nrf you allow tpis then you are " al .. l going to get • Mith this closing others took up the cllallenge cff the poor and s 13a.ted "the youth are now going to tabs an4 see that the agency functions for Connie Gonzales PL..,or and for people intended. Although many felt that intimidation was used it \v,ls also felt by many on t h e Hoard as well as the that the action h'dS justified. A vote was taken to re-scind the p reviously <.1reo poor 1n Pueblo. restructure as passed to get representation This was the decision of the Board: But one question, why must the poor show this type of ac tion to get what is right fully theirs. High salar ied Central Administra individuals are the ones who should be this action in behalf of the poor they represent. This is a question that must be answered. WEST 4-th Ji'leeno 1 -Sclf-Serve & Custom i Laundry Cleaning Pressing 811 w. 4th 542-9985 35 •• rr 1 , rTforaL S 1 op. and • ::-ToiJ/f/17 lz \,._.)' fl muers for a 1l Occasio n s HENRY J. FABIAN l GOG ROSELAWN ROAD r'! i F R 1.. 0 . C 0 L 0 RAn 0 PHONE: Ll 2-2923 LA FIESTA CAFE Specializing In Good MEXICAN FOOD WE MAKE ORDERS TO TAKE OUT i OPEN 24 HOURS 7 DAYS A WEEK Close d Tues. at Noon : W B 542-0874 WEST 4-th Self-Serve & Custom Laundry Cleaning Pressing 811 w. 4th 542-9985 :!/Jen /at le' FURNITURE Where Fine Furniture Is Not Expensive 4JO w. 4th 542-0i 75 Best Wishes from: DEHEART CLEANERS HATS CLEANEO AND BLOCKED TELEPHONE Ll. 5 112 BROADWAY PUEBLO, COLORADO t 1,,,, in Hairdressinr.(, Phone EPPY SANTOYO 411 Vl . 542-7785

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'--....... ............. !Qt. ?;=;-;;--. :. ,_ ---::DOOR 0 'If ... . . > F I s T 0 R It has come to the attention of the writer, time and again that the schools in Southern Colorado which teach American History and all of them do -begin the history of the States with the landing of the Pil grims and from this point continue to -emphasize the influence of the Englishspeaking people in States history to the gener al neglect or at least the inadequate _treatment of the contributions of other groups of people to the history of the United States. The thesis of this arti cle is as follows: In an area such as Southern Colo• rado, where the composition of the population is largely Spanish-speaking, the tea of American History should begin such a course with a consideration of the Indian cultures of the area, should move next to the Spanish exploration and colonization of the area and then from this point they should consider the French, the English as well as the other groups who have con tributed to American history. This would do three things. 1) Lt would put the history in proper perspective and 2) it would give the Spanish -speaking student a knowledge of his Spanish cultural heritage of which he can well be proud: and 3) it would acquaint the student with the cultural contributions of the Spanish people which significant: eve.JH:&-iiU> t.his day. A review of the history of the Spanishspeaking people will perhaps give a better idea of what the writer has in mind. Before beginning the history, however, it might be well to consider the--people them'!'!', selves. There in the United from to millioa -speakfrrg Continued on next page RESTAURANT & LOUNGE DANCING !Jtahan CuiJin• 'lb.sr o/ Pat,.mo" Also Select American DisiJ-'e.s OPEN 7 DAYS LUNCH & DINNER For Reservations Call 546-1188 "\ . . tl 545-0098 I STEREO SHOWCASE NORTH UNION AVE.

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Bryan's Pharmacy tnc. History Continued people. They are a very he terogenos or unlike population. They differ one another in many respects. PRESCRIPTIONS Across from Pueblo Some are blond and some are dark; some Catholic and some tral America. Francisco Pi zarro, who conquered the In cas of South America and be gan the colonization of what is now Peru. Panfilo de Nar vaez, who helped with the conquest of Mexico and later with the explorations of Florida and the Gulf Coast. There are many others, Bal boa, Desoto, Ponce de Leon and of course, the Catholic priests, who were of the ut most importance in bringing Christianity to the new world. The journeys of Cabe za de Vaca were p articulary important because they caused the Viceroy in Mexico City, Mendoza, to send an expedition into the-South west under the direction of Coronado in 1540. The Cora-MARCELLE HYPO-ALLERGENIC COSMETICS ELASTIC STOCKINGS HOURS 8:30 A.M. TO 6 P.M. DAILY CLOSED SUNDAY PHARMACISTS • • • JAMES O'iilNO • PAUL A. ALFONSO CITY WIDE DELIVERY CJhe J
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Trimble's 66 Service WE MAKE WORN-OUT BRAKES LIKE NEW AUTHORIZED STAR BRAKE SERVICE CENTER • TUNE-UPS e MUFFLERS e TIRES • BATTERIES 1242 Prairie Av--542-7055 CONGRA DULATIONS ON CINCO DE MAYO FES T/V/TJES FROM CALDERON TAVERN DMIXED s RINK T.t .• BpeeitA/4' 1426 Tampico 901 W. 13TH STREET PUEBLO. COLO. 542-0681 EL PROGRESO History Continued This whole area, includ-ing Central and South Ameri ca, belonged to Spain, hav ing been taken from the in digenous populations. About this time the Amer ican Revolution takes place and what is now the United States come into being. A little late the French Revo lution occurs in France and still later a series of re volutions occur in North and South America. As a result of the Revolution, which ended in the 1820's the people became Mexican, since Mexico emerged out of the revolutions an independant country and the Southwest now belonged to her. between Mexico and the 1 -;ted States in 1848. H t o lost essentially the U which is now the Southwest; namely, California, Arizona, New Mexico, Southern Colora do and Texas which was lost earlier. The Spanish speaking peo ple in the area, of course, became American citizens un der the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. The Span ish people actually cared little whether they were Spanish, Mexican or Ameri can. They lived a life which was quite peaceful. They were mostly agricultural .. ists; their culture was a mixture of Indian and Spanish; their religion was Ca tholic; their language and their laws were Spanish. A series of events were Since the early colonizato occur between 1820 and tions the people lived 1850 which were to change relative isolation, with the the nationality of the peo-exception of the contacts ple again. The first of with the Indians. these was the colonization of Texas by Americans under The discovery o 81gold in the leadership of Austin in California and Colorado; 1823. The people got along the coming of the railroad; well for awhile, but finally the opening of the West; the partly because of the dif-building of cities and the ferences in language, reli-increased means of transporgion and government, the tation and communication Americans in Texas rebelled disrupted the lives of the and with the help of the people in the Southwest. Now United States, Texas became they cam e face to face with an independant country in a people who were different, 1836. This action did not the Anglo. The Anglo with a please Mexico at all and be-different form of law, a tween 1836 and 1848 there different r eligion, a difwas continual friction and ferent language and a difhostility between Mexico and ferent way of life. Here the United States. The whole were a people Hho had been affair culminated in the war .lrlllf-"\stfle<• / ONE DAY SERVICE 38 Continued on next page 11FAVORITE OF FUSSY FOLKS" HATS DRAPERIES ALTERATION SERVICE :OMPLETE LAUNDRY SERVICE SUEDE CLEANING FOR ALL GARMENTS :tTY WIDE PICK-liP & DELIVERY PHONE 544-5283

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RIVERA FUNERAL HOME PRE-ARRANGED FUNERAL SERVICE Jiaf 545 4421 125 EAST 7TH STREET PUEBLO. COLORADO Max30n & Bevens Partner9 Isabelle's SUNSET PLAZA Fur lVu llt f n COMPLETE lfNE OF LADIES WEAR S Prairie Ave History Continued isolated for many years, living a peaceful, rural life, forced to compete with an agressive group, speaking a foreign language and having a foreign culture. In the historical events which took place between the 1860's and the first world war, the Spanish again defeated struggle with They resigned with the Anglo the situation. people were in their the Anglo. themselves dominating The turn of the century saw a wave of immigration from Mexico. These people came to work in the railroads, in industry and in agriculture. This immigration aggravated an already serious situation. The first world war took a great many of the Spanish speaking people out of their isolation and scattered them throughout the world. The second world war did the s a m e except on a larger scale. The isolation ended. It has been only in the last fifteen or twenty years that the people have awakened to the fact that in order to compete with the Anglo in an Anglo culture, you m1st learn his ways, and there is therefore, for education and training in every field of endeavor. In the last fifteen years the Spanish-speaking people wanted to be Americans and they became Americans quickly. By the time the Spanish became Americans, they had already been in this country some 250 years. This now was their land; they did not want to become Americans and they had no need to. They were conquered and made Americans and left in isolation. Why should they learn English when Spanish was their native language and the official language of the Southwest until a few years ago? Why should they go to school when there weren't any schools to go to and no need for going to school? Why should they learn trades and professions when there were no opportunities? In short, why should they be Americans when they were perfectly happy being Span ish? Truly our history is a glorious one, one to be proud of; our heritage is important and our contributions have been significant. We are and deserve to be Americans. Walt Whitman, writing in 1883 saf d : "To the composite Amer ican identity of the future, Spanish character will supply the most needed parts -no stock shows a greater historic retrospect-grander in religiousness and loyalty, or for patriotism, courage, decoru, gravity and honor". Pucbln C olorado ________ ...._ _______________ --==:---:: BELMONT BARBER BELMONT VILLA SHOPPING CE \\ \ \ FOUR CHAIRS NO WAITING VILLA SHOP Open Tues.-Fri. 9 A.M.-6 P.M. Open Saturdavs 8 A .M. 5 P . M . SAM MUNIZ JOHN RAMIREZ HAIR STYLING RAZOR CUTS COLORING AS WELL AS STANDARD CUTTING 542-9853

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...... -1 J Thea.ters ...,___...c 11 ie f . . . . M .. I+---== .C 0.0 per, . . : .J.ta:: w 6--------::.---544-&i56 sa ----.. . Hwr 50 . ATTEND. • for the best in motion picture entertainment • alii I CARL WII.J ----....:... .VERAGEs ,. lliLLQ IIIII Llfl lt7 I. RIVER t: s . 0' ..... . , 48 AQUI MANDA LA RAZA. _Continued . ,--4. of the city government and the school boaid are cpnducted in:Spanish and English transta""'tion is provided when necessary for the very small minority that can speak only English. The La Raza Unida Party campaigned _to get .Jlotoriously as Rangers out of town. The city council passed a resolution revoking the jurisdiction of the state police and Texas Rangers in Crystal City. The city council is now in the process of instituting community control of the city police. Minor municipal offences that were formerly tried by a Judge are now heard by a Chicano jury from this community, and the jury is rotated weekly to involve as many cormnunlty people as possibleo 30 Anglo teachers and administrators have resigned since La Raza Unida won the school board elec-More than _ , tions. As a result, Chicanos now occupy (\It, a number of additional teaching posi-tions including the high school principal, two junior high principals, two counselors and a band director. A $25,000 federal grant will help develop a city development plan that will permit the Chicano community to set the priorities. third of the Chicano community lacks streets and one third has or no tation facilities. An attempt by the Texas Attorney General to declare the Raza Unida illegal failed after Secretary of State intervened and it legal., Also, ' .p the courts ruled tni:it the candidates of the party in Hildpgo County had filed correctly and . could be placed on the election ballot. .-, • .,.. I •• : -.. i ; Crystal City shouldserve as ample of what can be accomplished when masses of people are involved in independent political action to win control of their community.

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GLORIA SANCHEZ, DWNIRDPUATDII BEAUTY SALON 545-4772 BELMONT VILLA 1U4 E. HWY. 50 IY.PASS 7 A.M. • 10 P.M. lYI:NING8 BY APPOINTMENT Monday-Saturday 1334 HIGHWAY !50 EA_8T NIW BELM-ONT Ytl.LA Saludos 1 Amigos COLO RADO PRINTING CO. A COMPLETE PRINTING SERVICE BROCHURES • ARTWORK PERSONAL & BUSINESS PERSONALIZING SERVICE 1 542 2845 J 447PARKDR. PUEBLO, COLORADO POWER PACKED PERFORMANCE AND QUALITY 250 CC WORLD GlAND PRIX CHAMPION TOTE-GOTE SALES & SERVICE e COMPLETE fULL-SERVICE SHOP MOTORCYCLES SNOWMOBILES ACCESSORIES HOSPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM WORKSHOP The Hospital stitution. Mr. Lensink was Program (HoloPo) of the Men-pleased with many aspects of tal Retardation Center at the Mental Retardation the Colorado State Hospital ter, saying the Center is sponsored a workshop, Tues-much more advanced than many day, April 6, 1971 at the institutions. He offered rna Chilton Motor Inn from 9:00 my suggestions to improve A.M. to 5:00P.M. The work-: the Center even more so. He shop was coordinated through connnented on our foster efforts of the Health, Edu-homes and Annex House, idle cation and Welfare Depart-time of residents with Le ment with Mr. Richard T. creational activities in the Chavez, Project Coordinator, community and placing more and.Mr. Lawrence A. Velasco, residents i n jobs within the Workshop Coordinator. The connnunity. theme of this workshop was "Integrating the Training of Mrs. Stella Jones of the the Connnunity." The consul-Denver Board for the Mental taut and principal speaker ly Retarded consulted on rewas Mr. Brian Lensink, Exe-creation and leisure time cutive Director of the East-activity for the ern Nebraska Community Orretarded in the community. ganization for the Retarded. His -expertise centered Present at the workshop around the Nebraska state were representatives from program which is renown State Social Service s in throughout the United States Denver, Division of Mental for its community programs Retardation in Denver, State for the men tally retarded. Home and Training Schools in Mr. Lensink also spoke con-Grand Junction and Wheat cernlng the Mental Retarda-Ridge, Otero County Welfare tion Center at the Colorado Department, Southeaste r n DiState Hospital, bringing out versified Industries, L ara many new ideas and programs don Hall in Denver, Pueblo that could be followed by County Department of Public the Center in Pueblo. His Welfare, Pueblo Interagency, emphasis throughout the work Pueblo Diversified Indusshop was "normalization" of tries, Mental Evaluat-i-on people in institutions by Clinic in Pueblo, Mental Rehaving as many programs in-tardation Center in Pueblo tegrated into the community, and Vocational Rehabilitasuch programs as recreation-tion in Pueblo. A total of al programs, job training eighty participants attended programs and community place the workshop. ments, along with improving the programs within the in= SINCE 1117 In aha Bob Adson, Owner 645-6310 709 E. 4TH -----------------_________________________________ _,.,.. 41

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II " --A Man in need-A Friend indeed Leo Jenkins, the youngest .----------------t Leo Jenkins For the Chicano, Progress can be an ally, such as Mr. Leo Jenkins white, male, authority. When you meet him, you are completely taken on by his ambitious, intelligence and out-going nature. Your conversation with him will be rewarding pleasure; as well as sur prising; he speaks a fluent, beautiful Spanish as well as most Chicanos in the Southof nine children, today is married to Yvonne and they have three loveiy children Christopher 5, Jeannette 6, and 3o He graduated from Western State College in 1990 with a and was an honorary member of the Phi Omega Phi Spanish Fraternity. He has been an active, energetic person all his life as is evident by the number of services and duties to civic and club memberships. The list, too long for space here, include former member of the Board of Directors of the Canon City Chamber of Commerce; Past Vice President of the Fremont Chapter of the Abbey Alumni Association; Impromtu Speech Champion of the Toast ..,., mast __ ers International; Fremont County Chairman for U.Sc Congressman Frank Evans, as was himself, an unsuccessful candidate for Representative in 1970. west. His career as present Parole Supervisor at the Colo-Asked, as he often is, rado Stat e Penitentiary bewhere he learned such beau-gan in 1960 as an agent tiful Spanish, he will tell trainee. In 1962 he was proyou that he was born in Cosmated to Senior agent at the tia, New Mexico, where his Pre-Parole Release Center. family was one of four Ang-In 1966 he became Parole Su los in a community dominated pervisor in No. 2 position, by Chicanos. The children he and eventually became No. 1 grew up with spoke only here. Spanish. Playing with them, fighting with them, sharing tortillas with them helped mould his mind to be able to almost think like a Chicano. Some of his ties involve I"" men and women present du-working with when their llaynes' Guardians Security Bureau P. 0. Box 463 Pueblo, Colorado JOE HAYNES Chief of Bureau Any Type of Security and Private Investigation , 42 I ;w•f 24-HOUR FAST SERVICE eaff 206 COURT I 544-4345 Jflrn's anb •"" Royal Park Suits • Weyenberg Shoes • Manhattan Shim Jockey Menswear • LeviCasuals BonkAmericard, Master Charge -413 Central Plaza Office 544-0358 f\oom 314 Colorado Building

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Tirt$fOttt STORES TIRES TUBES HOME AND AUTO. SUPPLIES 301 West Eighth JOE'S TEXAC'O COMPLin'. AUTO SERVtCE 8 6 H CIRIEIEN 8TAM ... ''Wit•r• Your Dollar Has More PHONE !542-0870 LAK E 6 PUEBLO BLVD. PUEBL(), COLO. WIU. GIIN . fOR CASH & CAllY c:.f' !VfY'nMi 6:36 A.M. 9 P.M. . . LORETTA and JIM MANZANARES 1701 Eut 6th Street Pueblo,Colorado Phone; 543 Wholesale Retail Commercial Fleet Passenger Compact Truck Temts Available PUEBLO, COLORADO 81003 The same factor, poverty that leads most men to prison, is also a prisoner's worse enemy when he is released. It must be understood that society is, not only but set against releasing a man from prison out into society after years of embittering puiishment--broke and frustrated. It is inevitable tha-t most men turn back to a life of crime. Tell me, what do you think a thief will do when case goes before the Colora-he is released with twenty do Parole Board for review. five dollars aft-er five, ten A man must have a job, a years in prison? place to stay and a desire t o stay out of prison. Mr. Leo Jenkins is in a position to help some of He is also a n important these men • often Chicanos, member of the Work-Release unconununicative • som e can' t in screening m e n for speak Englialt 4$ well as eligibility. (A relatively others. are som e p ronew concept in Colorado grams and that can which allows men to work help, but many men do not during the last three to six know how to g& abdut making months of his sentence). It the necessa-, e _ont:acts, aofl is geared to help men adjust have onone on tne out'side. to to the outside, and to earnhelp. a stake for themselves when they are released. Many of them help provide for their families this way. Why are we interested in Leo Jenkins in a publication by and for Chicanos? The reader should be aware, tra t although we are only 10 to 15% of the total population in prison, and this is where the Forgotten Chicano really needs help. 43 Also, El Pr6greso would like to show that not all Anglos are Enemy the Raza; that there are some like Mr. Leo Jenkins, who can and wilt help to make this a better world to live in, and he has already done what many have failed or neglected to do -speak to us in our language .. •

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A FULL StRVICE llANK 1----United Ban of Pueblo ,----,...,.. . . ...... ... I..L..t. ..... ,.. iV\ON.THURS. 8:30-4:30 FRIDAY 8:30 6:00 544-5090 GO NOW .... • ••• PAY LATER I . CAN NOW TRAIN UNDER Tl _-tE FEDERALLY li.NSURED STUDENT LOAN PROGRAM. YOU NEED NOT BEGIN REPAYMENT OF THE LOAN UNTIL YOU ARE OUT OF SCHOOL. VISIT OUR NEW CAMPUS AT 3210 WEDGEWOOD DRIVE COMPLETE TRAINING FOR: et SECRET ARIA! e COMPUTER PROGRAMMING • CLERK TYPIST ACCOUNTING 11 OFFICE MANAGEMENT o .KEYPUNCH • STENOGRAPHIC Midwest Business College Pueblo, Colorado 81005 " ACCREDITED BY A.C.B.S. 544-2814 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, MAIL THIS COUPON TO MIDWEST BUSINESS COLLEGE OR PHONE 544-2814. 3210 WEDGEWOOD DRo NAME ADDRESS PHONE AGE -------------------------------YEAR OF GRADU.t.TION .. 2 ' i Q . w. IN MEXICAN FOODS LA COSINA CAFE 1 8 18 SANTA FE DP!VE 544-8680 COLORADO

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---.-------EL PROGRESO Fact or Fiction? .LA LIORONA L a Llorona is not, as has been believed up to the present time, an imaginary per sane Quite the contrary. The woman, who because of circumstances as dramatic as they are terrible, we call La Llorona, was a poor woman who was the victim of a disgraceful love affair during the time Spain ruled Mexico. According to historical adventures of one of the richest men in all of new Spain I Don Ramirez de Cortes, Marques de LaMon1 tana was known to be a selfish, shameful !,character who took what he wanted, seduced all the defenceless women and only once !suffered any consequence. It was while from Mexico City that he spied young damsel, Dona Luisa del Llano de ;Zuniga in the street leading to a monas,tary where she studied under the auspices 1of the superior. J Don Ramirez de Cortes was immediately by the beauty of the peasant girl, and true to his lustful nature began to 1scheme upon her innocences. He was deter ,mined to have her, and after questioning some of the citizens, learning that she )Was an honorable person, hjmble and true to the core of her beautiful soul, decided to her by kindness, etc. It was not long afterwards that he finally befriended Dona Luisa, convinced her o f his p romise to marry her in good faith, that she gave in to his advances and regretfully learned that she was to have a I hi ld • Having succeeded in ruining her as he 'ad with so man y others, he attempted to rlar!d ln her and ( ltinue his 1 i fe of shame i 1 o her i r 1t young girls, but Dona ,u _ a spi t.d person in her o\m ight and refused to be left thus dishon 'red. I He left the city and returned to Nexico City where he intended to marry a woman of his own class. Dona Luisa persis.ted harduc and, finally exasperated, decided to take the child away from her . • On the day he came for the child she took a small dagger and cut the childs throat, closed the curtains over the crib, and told him, "There is .your son. He Dona Luisa was sentenced to b e burned at the stake on the grounds .that are now Constitution Square in Mexico City. \ltTben moans were her soul she was burning, and terrifying. It w a • s•id that w ould live on in me••=y o f her . Continued to page S7

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MIDWEST GLASS CO., INC. FOR THE BEST CALL MIDWEST ///'' / . ., . ' I ; . , AUTO GLASS . COMMERCIAL PLEXIGLAS MIRRORS PHONE 544-2986 P ROPRIETORS: • FRESH FLOWERS • CORSAGES • WEDDINGS & FUNERA' L ARRANGEMENTS MR. Be MRS. WALTER MAJOR 1101 East Eva ns P h.: 5453454 PUEBLO, COLO RADO DIANA SHOPS Dresses Coats Suits Complete Line s -A ll Sizes Including Half Sizes Midtown Shop. Ctr.4th & B lake Sts. Pueblo , C ol o. -Li 5-3000 BEST WISHE S COPE OFFICE SUPPLY WHETHER YOUR OFFICE NEEDS AlE LARGE OR SMALL CALL US F'lR DEPENDABLE SERVICE 542 8122 830 ,AJ MAIN PUEBLO COLORADO DAIR"\7 D E LUXE ORDERS TO GO Delicious • PIZZA • HAMBURGERS • CONES • SUNDAES • MALTS • SHAKES • SANDWICHES OF ALL I
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OW LING \.ENTER OF'EHA.T:ONS BRUNSWICK BELMONT LAND BRUNSWICK LANES leagues & Open Bowling Free Instructions CALL 543 64()() . , f1 "', ''' <.P< • , L!. VAfHJ " • f n 1 c ) : : . ; > t. o q " o o o o 2 2 6 HORf\1 TRANS PORTATION INC. HEAVY HAULING Anywhere-Anytime 3008 E. 4th . Pueblo, Colorado .... . ..... ........... ._ ___ .... . , . .

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%1 3 V DJ I ... ... Z'il:J.) .'ljjl" ,,. B• -----..-..-------,t;;. TACO BELl NO. 345 DISTINCTIVE MEXICAN FOOD PATIO DINING OR TAKE OUT 2 LqCATIONS 542-1030 301 E. ABRIE NDO AVE. 543-3970 2818 W. NORTHERN AVE. FOOD -A -RAMA AMERICANIZED SMORGASBORD TWO LOCATIONS CITY CENTER DINER & SKY ROOM 10TH AND SANTA FE 543-1653 -OPEN-6 A.M.-MIDNIGHT TREASUR E ISLAND RESTAURANT 1234 S. PRAIRIE AV. 545-5659 -OPEN11 A . M.8:30 P .M. SERVE:-ICE DAILY II A.M.-2 P.M., 5 P.M.-8 P.M ALL YOU tAN EAT AT ONE LOW PRICE! ALSO Complete Menu Available at all Times Dancing Fri.Sat.& Sun. Featuring the Monterrey Spanish & Moden Music 542 066 2 Moreover, he adde d four Chicano deputies t o his • staff Edward Gomez, Gene Trujillo, Lee Chavez and A1 -bert Lopez. When the primar y election came, Joe had convinced the Democratic Party of his value through his dedicated efforts to improve the county jail. He was nominated to run unanimously and the great p o 1 i t i c a 1 1 c a c! L ' r \J a s now on hand. HoHever , continued to campaign vigor ously for the elec tion and again he \vas viet o r i o u s . \ i t h h i s v i c t o r \' ' he became the first Chicano to ever be electe d office in Pueblo. of his vote total that Anglo voters supported him. to county T h e s 1ze indicated had also enormous number of votes he In a great display received in the primary e-fection, hundreds of lection indicated that a nos celebrated his of afChica victorv DEL RIC RESTAURANT LOUNGE Fe l1 x & tel' a Gomez 1900 SANTAFEDR. PUEBLO, COLORADO 48

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ln an all-night party. The Joe has two children of food, singing and dancing his a daughter and son. made it into an incomparable A very devoted father, he festival. spends all possible time The emotion of the even-with them. Together they ing peaked when Joe's fa-have toured Colorado, Calither, Don Jose, spoke to the fornia and other states and well-wishers. He described often go camping during the Joe's victory as the great-summer. est personal honor a father could ever hope to have. El )(, . Nopal RESTAURANT AUTHENTIC MEXICAN fOOD TAKE OUT ORDERS OPEN DAILY EXCEPT . OPEN DAILY AT 11 :00 A.M. TUES.-THURS. TJLL MIDNITE SUN. & MON. TILL 10:30 P.M. FRI. & SAT. TILl 2 A.M. • 542-9688 1435 E. EVANS AVE. ALSO EL N.OPAL, COLO, SPRINGS COMPLETE TilE--SERVICE • RECAPPING • TRUING • BALANCING FOR :IJALL AMERICAN SPORTS CARS FOREIGN CARS ROAD SERVICE .543-0101 . .... .-;. ' (P. 0. BOX 341} MAIN AT lliH PUEBLO, COLORADO 81002 -I.EC:rRIC CONTRACTOR Industrial Commercial Residential Wiring ELECTRICAL POWER LINE WORK ELECTRICAL SERVICE /or all gour Wring n-.ch 316 W15TH 49 544 6164 PUEBLO, COLORADO

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Who knows thoughts run the mind of what through Sheriff Torres as he looks out a t Pueblo County. So many major achievements have already been made for the betterment of Pueblo County. And for the man of the Mont h it appears that still greater things lie ahead. ABSTRACTS • ESCROWS TITLE INSURANCE AGENTS FOR ••• LAWYERS TITLE INSURANCE CORP. (One of the Largest Strongest In Its fie!a) FAST • EFFICIENT • ACCURATE BONDED AND INSURED PHONE 543-1632 l'resident ••. IEnY 1 YNDE Vice l'resident .•• M. L. STARKWEATHER 519 N. SANTA FE AVE. PUEBLO 50 Serve Your Family Better Meals at Less Cost! Sounds impossible but it' s true! D e l Farm Foods with two stor.es in Pueblo have gone all out to give you the ver y best in quality at lower Disount prices! And every cook knows that quality in meats, fresh f ruits and vegetables and in canned foods form the basis for better meals. Every one of the thousands of items from•wall to wall at Del Farm is Discount priced. Every day-any day you want to shop. You'll enjoy the friendly, fast service you get in a Del Farm store and the money you save on your total food bills. -Make life more fun! e SUNSET PLAZA 111 5 s. Prairie Ave. e BELMONT CENTER 111 0 Bonforte Blvd.

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-... I WESTSIDE CLEANERS 1 DAY SERV&CE ON CASH & CARRY ' ' FAVORITE Of fUSS Y FOLKS11 HATS DRAPERIES ALTERA liON SERVICE COMPLETE LAUNDRY SERVICE SUEDE CLEANING FOR ALL GARMENTS CITY WIDE PICK-UP & DELIVERY RICHARD "RICK" ROSS 544-5283 901 13 PUEBLO, COLO . EST. 15 YEAH IN PUEBLO r"" CLEANING REFINISHING ri:.aJi,., ma,..f.,.ci.,.,J 0 .. , :J.11,J B,ae&lfJ a,.J J:.Jin f<,llonJ I 544 3089 2701 IUZAinH Matt Mora, an 11 year old born in Pueblo, has been selected, undefeated this season, as fighter of the month by coaches guiding the young pugalist of the Denver Catho= lie Churches. Matt is a tiger for Guadalupe. 11DISTINCTIVE SERVICE FOR OVER 60. ltARS11 PkvvroiNG PUEBLO AND SOUTHEKN COLORADO WITH FIRST CREMATION AND CALCINATION FACILITIES .. ' ' l I , .J • l I 128 BROADWAY 542-1984 51

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Matt, an "A" student in the fifth grade, is the son of Orlando and Magdaline Mora and the brother of Orly 6, also a fighter and runner up, Dahlie 4, Leroy 2 and Misty 1. He began his career almost when he was born under the expert training of his father, a lightweight champ in his own right, and has had about 30 battles with only three losses. Matt, a lighting puncher, has been described as another Cassius Clay, and promises to go all the way. He wants to win, and shows his desire by faithful training, and a determination extraordinary for his age. He is a good looking little guy who digs action, loves to tease the little girls, and never fails to respect pretty But his true nature is in his love for his younger brothers and sisters, which is a must in the teaches of his father. "It's good for them. It keeps them off the streets they are learning something worthwhile," says his father, and you feel the pride and the love between a father and son. Matt, who is being trained today by Chuch Cor has so impressed fight followers, that there have been suggestions already made of taking him to the rocks, and, possibly, a future world championship. We heard Matt one day :ell his father, "As soon as [ become champ, the first I'm gonna do is buy fOU a new house, Dad." There's a ring of thing in this boy's dreams that have a dot of memories. City --. DELIVER Service City Delivery Service 240 s Santa Fe Av--542-3861 MOT IVE PUEBLO sERVICE Power Broke Udh Exchange, Brake Shoe Exchange, Drum Tummg, Whool Bearings & Oil Seals, Hydraulic Brake Units & Suppl i•s • CARBURETORS, PARTS & KITS e FUR PUMPS, NEW & USED • ElECTRICAL PARTS-Wire & Cable CHASSIS SERVICE & PARTS King Pins , loll Joints, Tie Rod Ends e. SHOCK ABSORBERS SERVICE & PARTS BATTERIES Car, Truck, • Car, lndustraal OIL, AIR & GAS FILTERS Spark Plugs: Champion A.C. Autolite • STOP, TAIL & TURNING LIGHTS & • LENSES FOR CARS & TRUCKS COIL SPRINGS, LEAF SPRINGS SMALL GASOLINE ENGINES & PARTS RECHROMED BUMPERS EXCHANGE OVER 30 YEARS OF QUALITY WORKMANSHIP 1028 N.Santa Fe Pueblo COLUMBIA SAVI.NGS FifTH at SANTA FE • 543-5130 Home Office-Denver 52

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SCHOLARSHIPS AVAILABLE Over $10,000 in scholarship funds are available for Chicanos seeking a lege degree from Southern Colorado State College, according to Gilbert Martinez, member of the Education Scholarship Com mittee of MECHA. Currently, the five Chicano' delegates to the ESC are soliciting applications for the scholarships from local high schools, the Neighborhood Youth Centers and other high schools in sur rounding towns. Martinez said they already have 100 formal requests for financial assistance but the available funds still exceed the umber of applicants. Associated Student Government of sese appropriated $9,000 for minority scholarships for In addition to this amount, other federal agencies and some citizens of Pueblo have contributed funds. Moreover, the Financial Aid department of sese also provides economic aid that almost amounts to -matchirig funds for ':each 1'-IECHA scholarship granted according to Martinez. Recipients of the scholarships are determined solely on financial need which is determined by the eight member ESC Board. Five of the Board members are appointed by MECHA, the Chicano students at SCSC, two are appointed by the Black Action Association and one is appointed by the president of ASG. are SCSC students. In addition to providing financial to Chicano students, MECHA al&6 provides volunteer counselors and tutors who periodically check the academic progress of each of the students. Last year, 38 Chicanos were given financial assistance on $2,000 funds granted by ASG. Of the 38, two failed CONTINUED PAGE 57 ' 53 BILL WELLS A U T 0 I R S & TUNE U P S L AWNMOWER TUNE UPS &REPAIRS SERVICE GENfRAL WELD IN G Reasonable Rates All work guaranteed 546-1977 647 C H f R R Y LN TV SICK QUALIFIED SEIVICE IUCI & WHITE s CILOI -...,;.....-...,. PRECISION REPAIRING • All TYPES TV, RADIO & STEREO • COUll BLACK & WHITE • ANTENNAS AUTO & HOME • PARTS, ACCESSORIES & TAPES • SALES & SERVICE T.V. • . HI-n • STEREO HOME & CAB RADIOS SERVICE ON ALL MAKES CALL AN EXPERT ,__ __ PHONE---. 1545-11131 3116 ELIZABETH

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. , I . .-: . .... .. . , . Over 300 people attended a two-day unity conference for Pueblo's 28 Chicano groups that was held at Southern Colorado State College in Februaryo The conference was cosponsored by Movimento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlan (MECHA) and Trabajadores de La Raza. The United MexicanAmerican Students (UMAS) of the University of Colorado (CU) acted as the hosts for the two-daymeet. The primary goal of the conference was t o obtain u--ri-ity -through a ruling coun-cil made up of r<.;presenta" tives from each l o c a l Chica no g roup, according to P nul G onzales, c>f : l E CHA. By the e n d of the c un ference, the Pueblo Chicano Unity C ouncil was cstab -j Continued on next page Pueblo Beaut y & Cl1arm FORMERLY SCOTTS DAY & EVENING CLASSES PI POINT V APPROV.C:D School . Save on Beaflfy Work clone in our School by Stuilenls under Supervision • WIG STYLING LEARN TO EARN ic WE ARE AN ACCREDITED SCHOOL .OTHER SCHOOLS IN COLO . , KANSAS & TEXAS ---2 2 2 vtte st 2nd ----------------.....,. .................. 54

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Salvador Ramirez, director of Mexican-American studies at CU, gave the keynote address Friday. Mrs. Marcella Trujillo, of Mexican American studies at CU's Denver Center was the keynote speaker Satur day. After each speech, the conference delegates attended one. of five workshops. Each of the panel groups proposed and adopted several resolutions. The conunittee on employment decided to create a job testing form for minorities because the current. testing systems discriminate ROCKY MOUNTAIN BANK NOTE CO. COMPLETE OFFICE OUTFITTERS STATIONERY • STEEL FILES DESKS • CHAIRS PRINTERS LITHOGRAPHERS ENGRAVERS 544-0322 SERVING PUEBLO COUNTY 112 W. 3RD. In the panel group on crime, Dave Marquez recommended a city ordinance be adopted requiring annual performance avaluation of policemen by an arbitrary p anel. Other committee members urged policemen to a dopt a humanitarian rather than a n authoritarian role s o the image of fear they create would be dissolved. against themo They also re-.. affirmed thei r to Courts a nd penal institutions were also criticized by pane l members for being unfair to Chicanos. Cesar Chavez's strike. farmworkers In the Social Services panel discussion, board directors of welfare agencies were-criticized because they lack Chicano representation. They recommended that the Boards be restructured to include Chicanos and then be It was also agreed that held accountable to the com influence 1n Pueblo munity. Has detrimental to the com-munity. In the panel discussion on education, individuals The corrnni tte e on urban listed some of the current housing agreed to investi-programs that may be impli gate the Housing Authority mented here. Gilbert Marti of Pueblo because it failed nez said a $100,000 _request to mee t the needs of the for tutorial assistance has CbicanL ) housing inspector" been filed with the United Continued on next page utl a ,;d /Jle I e \ /landw t:clt f/hoft Stop and edt a maidrtte special 542-9977 c I1Y SHEET METAL INC. INSTALLATIONS HEATING & AIR CONDITIONING REPAIRS SPECIALISTS 213 E. 542 7678 55 PUEBLO, COLORADO COMMERCIAL INDUSTRIAL RESIDENTIAL

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MILAM'S BAR-BE-QUE 414 N.SANTA FE PUEBLO Methodist Council of Churches and the federal department of health, education, and welfare. K1NNEY SHOE STORE Quality Shoes 542-9713 408 N. MAIN PUEBLO Jose Cordova said a bilingual program for teachers __ DEPO T 'TAVERN from the E9ucational ProfesGEORGEBRAY sions Acto The panel agreed '" -129 V2 W. "B" Street Pueblo, Colo. 81003 0941 3 & B COURt 16 Units-8 With Kitchens 4 Units With 3 Beds FREE TELEVISION PANEL RAY HEAT AIR CONDITIONING ROOM PHONES Conveni ently Located On H ighway 858 7 Sout h 2401 Lake Av-------------------5430296 S&H Green S tamps With Gas Purchases VVoyne B.ayles.s .,. .. , ....... . _ I"' ; \ :l_. • . ,( .._ "• ! " j • 1... { .. ' .' :. t Dave Green to utilize the plan. The panel members also agreed to begin soliciting funds from major foundations Your Favorite lvliXED DRINK 213 South Santa Fe .Ave. for scholarships for Chicano .-------------------------------• students. In the closed sessions of the unity panel, the del-e gates also adopted several resolutions, all relatin g t o SCSCo I ANGlES RESAlE STORE NEW & NEXT TO NEW MEN'S WOMEN ' S & CHILDREN'S ITEMS CLOTHING JEWELRY -NIC K NACKS LINENS -SHOES ATTENTION 18 W NORTHE N PU E B l 0 Because of "gross injustices the systems," and the compl e t e amp Jments lack of Chicano representa tion in "decision-making po sitionsn in the educational systems, the Unity Council adopted the following resolution : -==from ------FERMIN M A RT/IVEZ Compliment s of .I " B e i t resolved that the Chicano Unity Conference URS RY & FLOWE S held i n P ueblo, Colorad o The R ETREAT NURSERY STOC K CUT FLOWERS goes on record demanding a GAR DEN SUPPLIES Chican o president f o r sese; J(J Ann e Pisc1 o tta ,A 97 R. E. SEYMOUR that the Unity Conference j ')A 3 LAKE A V ENUE (als o ) goes o n record . . _ _ __ m a n ding p r oportional _ _ r_R_A_T_h_lR __ VETERAN'S TAVERN sentation ( a t least on e -third) Chicanos in all le-D A N E . SHEETS vel s of employment beginnin g GENERAL CONTRACTOR with the presidency; that 544-2954 Serving B e s t Sandwiches all federal programs which HOME CUSTOM BUILDER are funded to help the Chi-cano at sese become account-swimming pools 706 Brown Avenue able to that community Wi 11 iam S upanic 315 E . Northern Phone 542-9920 ._ _____________ _, be administered, implimented Car Washing & PoJishi.ng UNIQUE AUTO DETAIL AUTO CLEANING SPECIALISTS • POliSHING & WAXING • UPHOLSTERY SHAMPOO • ENGINES CLEANED JACK DAY GEN. MGR. 520 w 10----------------------546-0048 .and controlled by Chicanos; and that the selection committee, Board of Trustees (of Colorado colleges) and o f sese meet with the Unity Conference representatives to discuss these critical issueso 56 Safe way stores SA LUTE Joe Torres & e IP R 0 G RES 0 •

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' ; ' r \. . , I i RYAN TAILORS fur ALL SEASONS A:\D 542-9181 104 W . 10' 4 0 Years f.xpenence lhe lat4nt in formal weal ' ove6 SHOE STORES Q U A-L I T Y . S H 0 E S 127 w 4TH ST . ' 3 1 5 No. MAIN ST. .. PUEBLO. COLORADO ROCKY FORD. COLORADO • • PEN ALL YEAR --RDERS TO GO Delicious PIZZA HAMBURGERS • CONI$ • SUNDAES • MA o SMAKII 704 w . 29th COLONEL BOGEY's BOARDING .. ...... , KENNELS . . MODEHN -CONTROLLED HEAT SANITARY I Single Stalls w ith Outside Runs -Excell ent P_ersonal Car e 24 Hrs. a Uay "Your Pet Is Our Pet" 1 MILE WEST OF CITY PARi{ 444 4 Goodni ght Av--------------542-9211 I ' Colorado Bumper Exchange I 544-0431 COMPLETE PLATING SERVICE CHROME • NICKEL • COPPER • BRASS Free Estimates • Free Pick-Up & Delivery 505 N. CHESTER AVE. PUEBLO, COLORADO THIS COUPON WORTH .. O N ANY NEW MACHINE . P URCH A S -ED $5 ONE TO A MACJ..UNt: LLia.L rtJn-tfJ./1/c.e. 4-.30 Ul. . SHOMAKIR WIRING AND R ADIOS AND FIXTURES ELECTRICAL C ONTRACTOR 543-271 2 408 WEST NORT HERN AVENUE PUEBLO, COLORADO Su favorito vendedor de partes de automobiles PRECISION MACHINE SHOP SERVICE AUTOMOTIVE AND INDUSTRIAL SUPPLIES CUSTOM ENGINE REBUILDING 314 CLARK STREET P. 0 . Box 1584 PUEBLO , COLORADO 81002 BEST WISHES FROM FRANK LYNCH Now serving you r real e s t ate needs SAM .JONES AGENCY P U E B LO, COLO. SPRINGS OFFICE PHONE 542-6252 I . . RES. PHONE 54!5-3550 .. 119 WEST 6TH PUEBLO, COLO. HEATIIG ARD SUPPLY COmPAD' DENVER. COLO. 70 SANTA FE DR. • 222-2841 WYOMING. . • COLORADO PUEBLO. COLO. 802 W . 2ND ST. 544-0248 NEW MEXICO WESTERN KANSAS WESTERN NEBRASKA WESTERN SOUTH DAKOTA ALBUQUERQUE. .. " ' . 4019 EDITH BLVD. 344-2361'

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, . ,. & • •• t ... ... .p .. me ? --L ... -------.. t; .P... . •

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Why Head Start? Continued The parent can also get and :have his input into other areas prevail ; ing in the community. I l j In essence parent is then a more interested and productive citizen. For example: Ou-r program has become delegate agency and is advised by our parents. A group of interested parents became incorporated and are presently called the Pueblo County Head Start Par-:ents, Inc. Their primary function is to 1advise and formulate new policy to improve the overall functioning of the Pueblo Hea d program. SCHOLARSHIPS AVAILABLE Continued to achieve the academic standards established by NECHA. ;.lartinez also pointed out that the funds allotcd to the two dropouts were given to alternate Chicano students. In addition to the 38 Chicanos, NECHA provic!L ' d financial assistance for SCVCn L)thLr S thiS paSt year at sese. ThL group r.-liscd tlH'ir funds through dan c c s 1 n d o t h 1p ll h 1 i c L ' v c n t s • Thl' prercquistics to receipt of a , :1ECHA out lined by rlartinez, the studlnt must "become conC L' rncd \vi t h tht l • conomic and social prt)h lLms t)f Chicanos in Pueblo and else \vhlrc ;1nd ht must mnrally support. 1HECHA. . I . \ 011Cl' .:1 Chicano graduates from sese. . said that can .,.t"l"Actic.al--1 . . . ! ly guarante-e" .-the st-udent a scl)olarship f nr tlh graduate school . LA LLORONA jtcrrible So he,: moans ! and wails that .s-oon J •• ll to !itear he:r wails late in the •isbt. ! Tftc legend persisted down to the present time, nnd who knows, La Llorona might be in your life tonight ••• I PUEBJ_JO BOWl,;-() -e"l t i PUEBL O Bow. L 0 B . f" . . . ; 40 IIUHS'W! ':" Ll.-:: t • ...,. .. . & Brr;o\;: ;l"q ,_,.. ,,,.,,uctro,u COM/Itl11 ,RO DroP CUJJ'OM lnHD • NVUIRV • A : I CONDITIONED • SNACK IAa COCKT All 'LOUNGE & UOUOI AYAKAII.I ON lANES GIOUP RISIIYAl'fONI SUGGI$J.P SUNSET SHOPJNG C -ENfER SIEMPltE BIEN VENIDOS A MIG O S A good bank bas :more answers . • . # : .. than tt has questions . a.EPU:PLIC X.A.TIO .. .&%.. B.&.MK Merft'ber F .D.f.C. the best of all possible banks • I

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St11/ G. . . . ELECTRICAL CONTRAC"'f,PRS ' 4 ' WIRING_.;. DOMESTIC-COM'J.1ERCIAL. . . INDUSTRIAL REPAIRS: MOTOR APPLIANCE QUICK RELIABLE SERVICE LEO MORESCH IN I PETE J. MONTERA 302 SPRING STREET PHONE LINCOLN 2 -5851 . ! ON' GERMAN AUTO SERVICE clit4JUTE; SERVICE_-:'. aiiaau11.t. -. ......... ........ . ..... . TUIE .. . 107 . •• . . AIIIENJK)AV. • God could not be Everywhere Continued are in huge demand. roses and carnations are ex-• . tremely popular. Garden1as and azaleas enjoy their share of popularity all over Mexico. Artificial flowers are slowly coming into their own but a few years back they had people asking, kidding whom? Mother's Day, the holiday as we know it, originated in the United States, in Phila delphia, to be exact. If the way Mexico pays homage to mothers and grandmothers on that day, the glimmer of home for better things to come must never d i e . Mothers everywhere pray reverently that this be so. And so it is that, on this Mother's Day 1971 our little old plane t renders just tribute to mothers ev erywhere. TOYOTA OF PUEBLO INC. T YOTA ' .... ;' ' • .:1> .... ' • CALL , -B TOYOTA ••• THE HOT ONE WITH THE BUDGET•WISE PRICE . I FEATURES SAFETY COMFORT, POWER & SAVINGS PASSENGER CARS PICK-UP TRUCKS 1702 IONFORTE 543 4626 4-WHEEL DRIVE LAND CRUISER • 106 .S. AVE. , : . . MURR Y'S ' . . -. . ' . ' ENCO I SERVICE 24 HOUR WRECKER 24 HR. PHONE . . . 542-7330 • TUNE-UPS • BRAKES • MUFFLERS & TAIL PIPE • STATE INSPECTION • PICKUP AND DEliVERY ROAD SERVICE 825 N . Santa Fe • FABIAN FLORAL SHOP i GREENHOU-SE . St. c..-., ••• A\•aa o..,. .. Jt ••• ..,..,,. c ....... ,v SAY IT WITH • . ALL OCCASIONS . CITY WIDE ancl ST. CHAlLIS MESA DELIVERY 542-2923 1606 loMiawa loacl .

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• . > • • • - • • • • - • .. > > - • . ! ...... j ' ,, • • I • • • '_, ..... t ,._ ... • . .. . . . . . _ _ ..... ..,. . . . . . . . .. •, . .. . . ' K D Z A P DEB LO RADIO LEADER SALUTES ' '' all the :many people , I celebrating the . . . . mextcan .. Cinco de Mayo . . "

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ _ . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ' • . . . _ _ . JOEl. TORRES . . . . . . ,. . ,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SHERIFF PUEBL<> COUNTY . I • ----from ----:---. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . C<>lorad o Wyoming Rai.lroa. d > . C 'o. .. . -. . . . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . . . ._ . . . . . . . . . . . .. * -------. . . ------.. -:-----. . --* -------. __...,...__ .. . ---. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __ . . . . . . . ._ ,;.-•. • , . . . . . . . • ,.. 1 • -' I • ) , . '") . ; ' I ( ' "'