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El Eco Maya, May, 1974

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Title:
El Eco Maya, May, 1974
Creator:
El Eco Maya
Place of Publication:
Pueblo, CO
Publisher:
El Eco Maya
Publication Date:
Language:
English

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Genre:
newspaper ( sobekcm )

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Auraria Library
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
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Copyright [name of copyright holder or Creator or Publisher as appropriate]. Permission granted to University of Colorado Denver to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.

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Full Text
Page 3, ECO MAYA Maun
VOLUMEN V NUMERO 5 MEXICAN AMERICAN -EXCHANGING IDEAS NEWS—VIEWS________________1 MAYO 1974
-LOS BAILADORES de DENVER”
“Los Bailadores de Denver” is a dance group which performs monthly Mexican and Spanish dances throughout Denver and the surrounding area. Organized by Donald Petersen and Jess Lopez more than two years ago, the group has been made increasingly popular by the fourteen youngt*ers. These young people, who range in age from nine to nineteen are from various ethnic backgrounds; yet each shares a mutual love for the
Fiesta en Memorable Acontecimiento 1862-1974
music and dances of old Mexico and Spain. The boundless energy of these young performers has carried them through over two hundred performances since March of 1972.
An hour of entertainment by “Los Bailadores de Denver” consists of dances from Jalisco, Veracruz. Micheacan, Oaxaca, and other states of Mexico performed in colorful, authentic costumes as well as Spanish jotas and flamenco dances. Also upon request they perform dances from Italy, Israel, and Greece.
Hard work and endless energy has helped to make this dance group a success. Some fo the young people have studied dancing with various teachers in Denver and work regularly
with the newer dancers. For the past several months, the group was proud to have Sr. Augustine DelRazo from Mexico teach them several new dances. Schukr 8asanow, a well-known International dancer has also had the privilege of performing with the Mariachi Tenampa of Mexico.
Last summer two of the group’s student teachers. Lana Petersen and Tony Lopez continued their studies in Spanish dance. Miss Petersen was instructed by Pablo Rodarte and Master Lopez studied with Mrs. Campa of Denver.
Mrs. Donald Petersen directs each of the performances. She and Mrs. Jess Lopez both work with the other mothers makinq Continued on Page 5
NEWS 2nd.
IMErEMEICE
CELEBRATED IN COLO.
I. Mexico Faces France
On that memorable day April 9, 1862, a turn of events took place. The three European powers: Spain, France, and
England agreed that they disagreed as to the purpose of their being in Mexico. Spain and England wanted payment of the debts owed them by Mexico and respect for their citizens living in Mexico; France wanted to conquer the country and have Maximilian on Mexico’s throne as their emperor. The meeting broke and a communication was sent to notify the Mexican government of these events plus of the fact that France would occupy Paso Ancho, Mexico as of April the 20th.
During the following week, statements were made by Pres. Benito Juarez to the Mexican Congress in which he stated, “repudiaremos la fuerza con la fuerza,” (we will meet force with force.) Then Almonte and Rues of the Conservative Party glorified the French reasons and justified their invasion “to help Mexico."
II. The Battle Begins
The French were more than eager to begin: the soldiers had
been psychologically prepared by the French General Lorencez, who insisted that the Mexicans were killing their countrymen, etc. The French and the Mexican troops moved into position. Then the fight began in a skirmish between General Diaz’s men and the French near Orizaba, Mexico, in which 5 Mexicans were killed; the French bragged about their “tremendous victory," and the war raged
The following day, April 19, the French took Orizaba; then on the 27th of April, Gen. Lorencez moved toward Puebla. Lorencez’s troops moved into Amozoc, Mexico on the 4th of May. Lorencez then understood that Puebla would be where he would meet the Mexican General Zaragoza and his forces. Both Almonte and Haro Tamariz, (Conservatives dealing with the French), offered information as to how to attack Puebla, but Lorencez did not follow their advice. An ingenious Mexican prisoner who knew the city of Puebla told Lorencez how to take the city, which in reality turned out to be the way to be defeated.
The sound of cannon was heard from the Mexican Fort of Guadalupe, which was the strategic key to the city of
Puebla. The French formed three columns: the 1st one to guard and assist the movement
The welcoming party started: a large group of Mexican soldiers shouting "Almonte, Viva Almonte," started towards the French, who welcomed them; the Mexicans _ followed their shouts with gunfire and the French were weakened. Then General Zaragoza opened fire on the French. It was noon. The French fired back and their soldiers were ordered to advance. For about one hour the French fired and used about one-half of their amunition. The attack moved on with caution for the Fort of Loredo. Up until now there had been no casualties; the first one was Gen. Raoul. From then on French soldiers fell right and left, and a hail storm made it even worse for the French.
The Mexican infantry availed between the two forts and at the right time attacked, backed by the fire from their fort of Loredo. At 4:00 PM Lorencez pulled back after 4 hours of war and 7 hours of marching. There were there attacks on the Mexican forts, all of which the French lost. It is believed that the French lost 482 men and the Mexicans lost 83 men, plus Continued on Page 9
EL CINCO DE MAYO parade in Pueblo attracted many floats, decorated cars, and marching groups. Right photo show young Chicanas leading the parade carring La Bandera Mejicana. Many of the floats desplayed the Mexican-lndian heritage of Pueblo's Chicano community. The girls are^ (from left to right) Ms Mary Jand Fierro, Linda Montour and Beverly Garcia.


Page 2, ECO MAYA, Mayo, 1974
The Eco Newspaper is a Bi-lingual newspaper, published monthly by Maya Enterprises 600 West Northern A ve.
El Eco Maya has a circulation of 10,000 copies and is distributed in Pueblo, Denver, Colorado Springs , and the San Luis Valley Area.
EDITOR: Ernesto Barrios SALES: Wanda M. Schmitz â–  COMPOSITION: Nita Barrios ASSOC. EDITOR: Joaquin Diaz CONTRIB. EDITOR : Joe Padilla PHOTOGRAPHY: William Forehand) Jack Avalos J
LAYOUT: Miguel A. Jimenez Ernesto Barrios
QUALITY CONTROL: Paul Bueno DISTRIB. MANAGER: W. Schmitz DISTRIBUTION: Ray Aguilera Jr.
Todo a sun to relacionado con publicidad en general articulo* etc. deben ser tratados con la direccidn de Eco Publicaciones Box 2024 • Los articulos son de la exclustva responsabilidad de quien losfirma.
La meta de quienes hacemos ECO es convertir a nuestro period ico en una tribuna ablerta para todos los crtterios, y mas que todo acrecentar el tnteres de nuestros lectores a un positt-vismo mayor en nuestra comuni-dad.
En nuestras columnas se senalan errores, pero apuntando siempre a una sotucion.
OSaaDsQQQSDcGSQOQ
DIBUJO C0MERC1AL
Creative
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ATwees - QUICK-SERVICE
ipmmwt \
i
* COMMERCIAL ART
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* ILLUSTRATIONS ‘TRADEMARKS
* CREATIVE PRINTING
* LETTER HEADS
May^/enterprises
600 Wist northern Avenue ^PtftBLD. Colorado 81004
(i
DIAL-
543-5207
Congratulations
El Eco Maya wishes to extend congratulations to the Brentwood 4 Theatres and especially Mr. Carmen Bonacci, District Manager of T ransontinental Theatres. These congratulations are for the friendly ear that was lent in hearing a complaint and then following that with positive action to implement a program wherby movie customers could purchase tickets in advance of a particular performance so that the customer does not have to stand in line for an hour only to be told that the nine and ten o'clock showings are sold out and the eleven o’clock showing is the next performance that one can purchase tickets for. All this after having gone through this same scene the week before.
Mr. Bonacci assured me that within a week he would implement this pre-purchase program. I encourage the readership to make use of this service and I also recommend that you see your next movie at either the Brentwood 4 Cinema or the Colorado 4 Cinema and mention to the management your appreciation for this service.
by Jose R. Padilla
Los anuncios nacen anunoeseen
rande
su negodo...
the imTchanlM will ipprrriilr your patronage. Please tell them you saw their ad in EL ECO MAYA Newspaper
mmm
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/os aztecas tenian un buen conoeimiento cientifico de la depresion, la epilepsia y la ansiedad, indica un estudio del si-quiatra mexicano Guillermo Calderon Narvaez. Trataban esos padedmientos como enfermedades, no como resultado de la acci6n de espiritus malignos, y algunas indicaciones que emplearon para combatirlos resultan utiles todavia.
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FOR AN APPLICATION FOR MORE INFORMATION
CALL
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FELICITAMOS A TODA LA COMUNIDAD MEXICO-AMERICANA EN SU GRAN CE-LEBRACION DE TAN GLORIOSA FECHA “5 de Mayo 1974”
DENVER COUNTY COURT PROBATION SERVICES
THE CONSUMER'S AFFAIRS
PLANNING TO RENT ? ? ?
If you are planning to move into a rented apartment or dwelling, the Department of -Consumer Affairs urges you to take a few precautions before signing a rental agreement. By investigating, first, you may be able to prevent later misunderstandings.
Before you sign an agreement, find out what repairs you will be responsible for, and those to be paid by the landlord.
Read the agreement carefully, and be sure the responsibilities are stated clearly. Determine what will happen if you move before the agreement terminates and how much notice you must give before leaving.
Make sure you obtain a copy of the agreement, as well as any other regulations the landlord expects you to follow.
It might be wise to find out the owner's name, ad" dress and phone number.
Before you move into an apartment go through it thoroughly and make a list of any and all damage. Prepare the list in duplicate, date it and have the landlord sign both copies. Keep one copy for your records.
While living in an apartment remember you are usually responsible for damage beyond normal wear-and-tear. Needed repairs should be made as soon as possible.
When you move, ask the landlord to go through the apartment in your presence to determine the damage, etc. he is going to charge against your refundable deposit.
Under California law. regardless of .whether the deposit was called a cleaning, damage, or rental deposit, a landlord may use it to pay back rent, clean the premises, or repair damages, but he must give back to you, within two weeks after you move out, any part of the deposit not used for these purposes. Non-refundable deposits or fees are not covered by this law as the landlord imposes these flat charges whether or not you meet your rental obligations.
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LA IGNOMINIA DE LOS FRANCESES
Page 3. ECO MAYA. Mayo. 1974
First Two Chicano Deacons Oidained For Archdiocese Of Denver
Aprincipios del ano de 1865, el general de Castagny, jefe de la primera division francesa de in-fantena en Sinaloa, envio dos co-lumnas para realizar expediciones incendiarias por todo el Estado. In* tegraban estos destacamentos los cazadores de Vincennes; soldados argelinos pertenecientes a los Cazadores de Africa, asi como elementos del cacique Manuel Lozada, triste-mente conocido como "El tigre de Aliaca". La tromba incendiaria arraso Presidio (hoy Villa Union), El Castillo, La Embocada y Malpica, poblaciones todas ellas que sufrie-ron los horrores del incedio.
Despues, la soldadesca franco-lo-zadena continuo su fatidica marcha hacia Concordia, adonde llegaron las huestes el dia 11 de febrero, en-contrando que la poblacion mascu* lina habia huido por temor a correr la misma suerte que los de los po-blados anteriores y se habia unido, posteriormente, a los chinacos del coronet Domingo Rubi, marchando luego hacia el Mineral de Copala.
Mujeres, ancianos y ninos fueron victimas de la ferocidad de los dra-gones del Cuerpo de Cazadores de Africa, quienes hallando la pobla* cion sin hombres cometieron toda serie de actos vandal icos. Las mujeres fueron registradas bruscamente para robarles las alhajas y las po-cas monedas que pudieron haber guardado; a otras las atormentaron suspendiendolas en el aire con un lazo hasta hacerlas confesar donde tern an el dinero. Despues de come* ter estas atrocidades, los esbirros tomaron todos los muebles y otros objetos combustibles y les prendie-ron fuego en el centro mismo de las casas, acabando con ellas en pocos minutos. La inerme poblacion, de-samparada y despavorida, corrio a refugiarse en la casa cural, pero fue inutil,yaque esta tambien resulto sa-queada. El pueblo entero ardia, los frondosos tamarindos se retoraan entrelas llamaradas, los techadosde las viviendas se desplomaban, y el anciano campanero, por atreverse a tocar las campanas, fue muerto a ballonetazos. Ninos, enfermos y vie-jos fueron arrollados y sus cuerpos regados por las calles, heridos y maltrechos.
Al anochecer, solamente rescoldos humeantes quedaban en los barrios de Concordia, como huella imborra* ble de la ignominia.
The first two Chicano deacons in the history of the Catholic Church in Colorado were ordained to serve in the Archdiocese of Denver of April 6th. The ordinations were made by Archbishop James V. Casey in the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Denver.
Two married men with children, Marcus Baca and Paul Garcia were received in the special ministry of the diaconate. The diaconate program was restored by the second Vatican council in 1964.
The deacon by virtue of the sacrament of Holy Orders is an ordained member of the clergy. He is a minister who preaches, baptizes, performs marriages, conducts funeral services and reserves and distributes the Holy Eucharist.
In the past the Archdiocese has had to depend on the religious order of priests The Theatines from Spain to meet the spiritual needs of the large catholic population who are Spanish-speaking. The majority of priests from the Theatine order are from Spain and have only the
Spanish language in common with the Chicano people of the Southwest.
The newly ordained deacons although employed full time will be serving their ministry with the Spanish Speaking on weekends, evenings and in their spare time. Mr. Baca and Mr. Garcia are both members of St. Anthonys Parish. The Chicano commuhity is indeed fortunate to have these two men ordained to serve in the Archdiocese of Denver, where over 45% of the catholic popultion is Spanish surnamed. This type of ministry is long overdue.
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Page 4/ECO MAYA, Mayo; 1974
FyPAKICIOM HP I A La Rasa Launches
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A pesar de los gravisimos problemas por los que atravie-sa la educacion en nuestro pais, esta sigue en plan ascendente, para poder solucionar en un lap-so mas o menos corto todas las exigencias educativas de Mexico.
Tan es asf. que la Secreta-ria de Educacion Publica, por medio de su titular, acaba de autorizar trece mil nuevas plazas para maestros, elevando el total a cincuenta mil los con-tratados en los tres anos del presente gobierno. A d e m a s, existen 59 mil estudiantes normal istas que en breve entraran a formar parte del personal do-cente de dicha Secretaria. De esta manera, el problema de maestros se ve con un poco de mas tranquilidad.
MEDIDAS EN EL NIVEL PRIMARIO
Ademas de atenderse la de-manda que produce el creci-miento demografico anual, en la educacion primaria se esta aba-tiendo considerablemente el re-
cinco mil alumnos los que con-curren a este ciclo.
Se construiran 32 nuevas es-cuelas secundarias federates. Se edificaran etapas seriadas (aulas, laboratorios, talleres e instalaciones anexas) en otros 226 planteles, con un costo total de 212 millones de pesos.
Ademas, se construiran y equiparan catorce nuevas es-cuelas tecnologicas industrials y se efectuaran ampliaciones
trece mil alumnos distribuidos en cinco planteles, admitira en septiembre de este ano a quince mil egresados de secundarias.
Para septiembre del ano en curso, las instituciones federates estatales, autonomas y pri-vadas, en conjunto, estaran atendiendo a mas de 586 mil estudiantes de preparatoria.
El total invertido sera de 237 millones, 100 mil pesos.
A drive to enroll at least 1000 members by the Latin American Research and Service Agency (LARASA) was announced May 1st by Board President Polly Baca Barragan and LARASA Executive Director, Jack Lang.
“LARASA has recently celebrated its 10th anniversary as an agency for change and support in the Chicano Community" Lang commented. The Board and staff of the Agency value very highly the financial support that has been provided for the last 9 years by the Mile High United Way. This amount, however has not provided the Agency with suff icent revenues to effectively make an impact on critical needs in the Chicano Community - LARASA has as its primary functions the provision of information and referral services, participation in community social planning and enhancing community relations. On a day-to-day level this means job counseling and referral, assistance to individuals who have experienced discrimination and providing staff support for better life for Chicanos. LARASA has a mandate to provide these services for some
150,000 chicanos in the 5-county Metro Denver area"
‘The membership drive is essential if LARASA is to expand its services and develop a broader base of support in the Denver Community," continues Ms. Barragan. ‘Those who become members of LARASA not only provide financial support for United Way’s only all-Chicano agency.
‘There are also other benefits to those who become members beyond the knowledge that by membership one is helping his brothers and sisters. Members have full voting rights and a voice in the selection of Board members. Members also receive a periodic newsletter informing them of events and issues of importance to the Chicano in the Denver area. Finally, free notary service and free access to LARASA’s resource library are given toall members."
Heading the month-long membership drive will be Lena Archuleta and Greg Archuletta, both members of LARASA’s Board of Trustees. For further information call LARASA at 255-1465.
zago de otros anos. Continua tambien la reestructuracion de planes de estudio.
Independientemente del au-mento sufrido en las nuevas plazas para maestros, se construiran y equiparan ocho mil nove-cientas treinta nuevas aulas y anexos con un costo de 644 millones de pesos.
Se editaran y distribuiran cua-tro millones de libros auxilia-res para los maestros de todos los grados de primaria y se in-troduciran adem£s, libros de consults sobre historia y geo-grafia para que los alumnos (os empleen paralelamente a los libros de texto gratuitas y profun-dicen sus conocimientos.
Por otra parte, continuara la implantacion de los nuevos planes y programas de estudio y en septiembre se habr^n modi-ficado totaimente los libros de texto gratuitos. de los cuales se imprimiran y distribuiran 60 millones de ejemplares.
EN EL CICLO SECUNDARIO
En este renglon se incremen-taran las plazas de alumnos en 165 mil, haciendo un gran total de un milldn seiscientos veinti-
en 44 ya establecidos. Se in-vertiran 196 millones de pesos para construir 80 nuevas escue-las de formacion tecnoiogica agropecuaria y concluir las etapas seriadas siguientes en 200 de los planteles que se han creado desde 1971.
Se continuara la teccera eta-pa constructiva en cada una de las 30 nuevas escuelas tecnologicas pesqueras con una inversion de 42 millones de pesos. Y para substituir, ampliar y equi-par secundarias generates estatales, se invertir£n 79 millones de pesos.
EN EL PLANO TECNICO
Ocho nuevos centros de es-tudios cientificos y tecnologi-cos (CEC y T) funcionaran en el pais para septiembre de 1974. Habra entonces 92 centros en total.
Cinco nuevos centros de es-tudios tecnologicos agropecua-rios (CETA) se sumaran al de los 24 en operacion.
EN LAS PREPARATORIAS
Asi, el Colegio de Bachilleres que inicio sus actividades con
EN LA EDUCACION SUPERIOR
Se promueve un amplio pro-grama de apoyo a instituciones federates y autonomas y continua estimulandose la investiga-cion en la ciencia y tecnolqgia.
Para el. prdxlrno septierqbre se espera atender a 415 mil alumnos. De esta manera la po-blacion e s c o I a r en planteles profesionales habra aumentado en mas de 67%, con relacion al ano escolar 1970-71.
Por otro lado, la Universidad Aut6noma Metropolitana (U.A. M.), iniciara sus labores durante el proximo mes de septiembre con capacidad para atender a nueve mil alumnos.
Tambidn, los subsidios a (as universidades de provincia se han cuadruplicado desde 1971 y suman en la actualidad 443 millones de pesos. El subsidio de 1976 millones de pesos que recibird la UNAM, represents un 30% de incremento con re-lacion al del ano pasado.
Las Escuelas Superiores de medicina veterinaria y zootec-nia, recibiran un subsidio especial de 123 millones de pesos que se invertiran en gastos de operaci6n, formacion de profe-sores y desarrollo de programas de investigacion cientifica y tecnoiogica.
Por su parte, las escuelas superiores de agricultura, recibiran un subsidio de 34 millones de pesos para ampliar instalaciones y contratar profesorado de tiempo completo.
Ademas, iniciaran sus labores los nuevos Institutes Tecnologicos Regionales de Acapulco, Hermosillo y Villahermosa. Habra por lo tanto, en operacidn 33 institutes tecnoldgicos regionales en la Republica. Al principio funcionaban 14, cons-truidos en los 25 anos ante-riores.
TODO EL PERSONAL DE LARASA SE UNE A LA COMUNIDAD CHICANA EN TAN MEMORABLE ACONTECIMIENTO -5 DE MAYO 1974-----
LATIN AMERICAN RESEARCH AND SERVICE AGENCY
1375 Deld\M3reSt.
Denver. Colorado 80204, 255-1465
LARASA NEEDS YOUR SUPPORT THROUGH MEMBERSHIP. BENEFITS INCLUDE:
* LARASA NEWSLETTER. * FREE NOTARY SERVICES I USE OF LARASA LIBRARY * VOTING PRIVILEGES
-LARASA MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION-
NAME:_____
CITY:_____
NAME._____
ADDRESS___
CITY _____
SIGNATURE.
PH:_______
DUES PAID $
THE ENTIRE STAFF OF SIR RICHARDS WISHES EVERYONE A HAPPY 5 de MAYO ON THIS GRAN MEMORABLE FIESTA.
COMPLETE CHOICE OF - MEXICAN FOOD -FEATURING (JACKBURRITO) EL BURTO &
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TYPES OF MEMBERSHIP
SINGLE-$5.00-$10.00 FAMILY-S15.00 C0NTRIBUTING-S50.00 SUSTAINING-$100.00 LIFE-S500.00
Send your application to:
LARASA
1375 Delaware St. Denver, Colorado 80204


ruy/'A.nc
Paoe 9. ECO MAYA. Mayo. 1974
Page 5. ECO MAYA. Mayo. 1974
Is The Love Of Money The Root Of All Evil?
'To love a thing is to know and love its nature. To love money is to know and love the fact that money is the creation of the best power within you, and your passkey to trade your effort for the effort of the best among men. It’s the person who would sell his soul for a nickel, who is loudest in proclaiming his hatred of money-and he has good reason to hete it. . . The lovers of money are willing to work for it. They know they are able to deserve it.
"Let me give you a tip on a clue to men’s characters: the man who damns money has obtained it dishonorably; the man who respects it has earned it.
"Run for your life from any man who tells you that money is evil. That sentence is the leper's bell of an approaching looter. So long as men live together on earth and need means to deal with one another-their only substitute, if they abandon money, is the muzzle of a gun.
"But money demands of you the highest virtues, if you wish to make it or keep it. Men who have no courage, pride or self-esteem, men who have no moral sense of their right to theic money and are not willing to defend it as they defend their life, men who appologize for being rich-will not remain rich for long. They are the natural bait for the swarms of looters that stay under the rocks for centuries, but come out at the first smell of a man who begs to be forgiven for the guilt of owning wealth. They will hasten to relieve him of the guilt-and of his life, as he deserves.
‘Then you will see the rise of the men of the double standard-the men who live by force, yet count on those who live by trade to create the value of their looted money-the men who are the hitchhiker's of virtue. In a moral society, these are the criminals, and the statutes are written to protect you against them. But when a society establishes criminals-by-right and looters-by-law~men
THE ENTIRE STAFF OF VETERANS INFORMATION PROGRAM WISHES EVERYONE A HAPP 5 DE MAYO ON THIS GRAND & MEMORABLE FIESTA!!!! ’"VETERANS ARE OUR BUSINESS”
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( PART II )
who use force to seize the wealth of disarmed victims-then money becomes its creator’s avenger. Such looters believe it safe to rob defenseless men, once they’ve passed a law to disarm them. But their loot becomes the magnet for other looters, who get it from them as they got it. Then the race goes, not to the ablest at production, but to those most ruthless at brutality. When force is the standard, the murderer wins over the pickpocket. And then that society vanishes, in a spread of ruins and slaughter.
“Do you wish to know whether that day is coming? Watch money. Money is the barometer of a society’s virtue. When you see that trading is done, not by consent, but by com-pulsion-when you see that in order to produce, you need to obtain permission from men who produce nothing-when you see that money is flowing of those who deal, not in goods, but in goods, but in favors-when you see that men get richer by graft and by pull then by work, and your laws don’t protect you against them, but protect them against you-when you see corruption being rewarded and honesty becoming a self-sacrifice you may know that your society is doomed. Money is so noble a medium that it does not make terms with brutality. It will not permit a country to survive as half-property, halfloot.
"Whenever destroyers appear among men, they start by destroying money, for money is men's protection and the base of a moral existence. Destroyers seize gold and leave to its owners a counterfeit file of paper. This kills all objective standards and delivers men into the arbitrary power of an arbitrary setter of values. Gold was an objective value, an equivalent of wealth produced. Faper is a mortgage on wealth that does not exist, backed by a gun aimed at those who are expected to produce it. Paper is a check drawn by legal looters upon an account which is not theirs: upon the virtue of the victims. Watch for the day when it bounces, marked: 'Account Overdrawn.'
“When you have made evil the means of survival, do not expect men to remain good. Do not expect then to stay moral and lose their lives for the purpose of becoming fodder of the immoral. Do not expect them to produce, when production is punished and looting rewarded. Do not ask, *Who is destroying the world?’ YOU are.
(to be continued)
LOS BAILADORES_______
Continued from Page 1
the many costumes required by the dancers. All of the parents have contributed a great deal of time and cooperation to aid the young dancers; and perhaps one of the proudest moments for these parents was when they witnessed the group’s first ■standing ovation at the State Lion’s Convention in Steamboat Springs in June of 1972. They .have had many proud moments since, then. Their last perfor mance was at the fiestas qf el "Cinco de Mayo" in Denver, Colorado.
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Page 6, ECO MAYA, Mayo, 1974
El hombre yla
El choque entre cultura y civilizacion producira mortal barbarie cientifica
si era suficiente la sola preocupacion de mejorar las condiciones fisicas del. medio,
ECONOMIA
sin que paralelamente, con igual ernpeho, se propongan medidas para superar el am-biente humano, ya que el hombre es la medida y fin de todas las cosas.
Por Jose K. Mora
Ocupados en la lucha por el pan de cada dia y los problemas del bienestar familiar, pocos nos percatamos del incierto futuro que se avecina. Nos enteramos con sor-presa y temor —pero inconscientemente sin darle mayor importancia— de casos que parecen arrancados a la ciencia ficcion: ex-tincion de especies marinas y terrestres; enrarecimiento del oxigeno; contaminacion del medio ambiente y un sin fin de males fisicos y humanos que ensombrecen el ho-rizonte de la humanidad.
Apenas hace unas semanas se informa-ba que “si continua el fenomeno de la contaminacion atmosferica al ritmo actual, la vida humana desaparecera del planeta en el curso de unas cuantas decadasj el uso de los insecticidas aumenta acumulativa-mente el veneno en los alimentos que consume la humanidad y los hombres de ciencia se esfuerzan por responder al reto que el crecimiento demografico plantea a la tecnologia moderna".
El panorama que presentan los medios masivos de comunicacion no es nada con-fortante; empero, a todos estos males y presagios, la carrera cientifica y tecnolo-gica que se realiza ininterumpidamente en nuestro planeta apunta soluciones que, de una u otra forma, coadyuvaran a resolver, aun cuando sea en parte, los problemas que afectan cada vez mas el medio ambiente humano.
A nadie escapa que en la actualidad se contraponen los terminos de civilizacion y cultura. Elio es evidente, maxime cuando observamos sobre todo en las grandes ciu-dades como predominan los falsos valores de una economia de consumo sobre los valores eternos del hombre. Precisamente este fenomeno llevo a estudiosos a decir
Las reflexiones y el analisis en torno a esta cuestion llevo a afirmar que el desnivel entre cultura y civilizacion puede producir una barbarie cientifica de propor-ciones catastroficas, reiterandose que si se satisfacen las necesidades biologicas es urgente satisfacerlas en el aspecto humano, aun cuando para esto se requiera creati-vidad, fraternidad, relacion, seguridad, etc.
Es sabido que la insatisfaccion de rte-cesidades biologicas produce .enfermedad fisica; en cambio, la no satisfaccion de requerimientos humanos originan trastor-nos mentales y desequilibros en las rela-ciones interpersonales, lo cual produce, a su vez, las epidemias sociales que rompen toda estructura de convivencia. Todo ello contribuye a crear un ambiente de psicosis, inseguridad y, en forma plterior, el dete-rioro de la especie humana. Precisamente por esto es urgente insistir y apremiar la forma de relacionar el medio humano con el desarrollo a traves de la educacidn.
Para resolver ese problema se han ex-puesto infinidad de teorias; sin embargo, hasta ahora nada en concreto se ha obte-nido, lo cual obliga a reiterar la urgencia que requiere su atencion y que quienes estan en posibilidad de llevarlo a la prac-tica conjunten sus esfuerzos y conocimien-tos a fin de encontrar el punto de equili-brio en el que el progreso no sea mera-mente manifestacion externa, material o economica, sino ante todo una valoracion subjetiva, una tabla de valores culturales que de espiritu a lo que en la civilizacidn es forma.
De no ser asi, estaremos acordes en que desde que el hombre aparecio en la tierra, trajo un desequilibrio a la ecologia, porque como modelador de la naturaleza la hizo propia para satisfacer sus necesidades de confort, sin reparar en que ha llenado al mundo de odios, rencores, toxi-cos y de basura.
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COLORADO’S CENTENNIAL—BICENTENNIAL INTERNATIONAL CHARRO COMPETITIONS Pueblo Charros —------
When the Pueblo Charro Association first became
aware of the upcoming Centennial and Bi-Centennial celebration, we very much wanted to become a part of the celebrations. We-decided that we wanted to contribute to the success of the
Centennial and Bi-Centennial year.
As Mexican-American, proud of our American heritage, we felt that the rich culture and heritage of the Mexican-American in the development of this part of the United States would add to the overall celebration. We felt we could contribute something very worthwhile. Since we in Colorado are not only commemorating the Bi-Centennial of the United States but also the Centennial of our State, we felt this would be an even greater incentive to become an active part of this celebration.
We have since proposed, through the local Centennial/ Bi-Centennial Task Force of the Pueblo Chamber of Commerce, that the first International Charro Competitions be held here in Pueblo in 1976. These competitions, which are held annually, have never been held outside of Mexico and have not been as of this date, International in scope. Much preliminary work has already-been done on this.
The officials of the National Federation of Charros as well as . Mexican Government
officials are very much enthused about the entire project. It is for this reason and purpose that on May 18, 1974, the Pueblo Charro Association will be very, honored to have two representatives of the Federation of Charros, to meet with the local Centennial/Bi-Centen-nial Task Force as well as the State Task Force to discuss such project for 1976. They are Dr. Islas Salazar, president of the National Federation of Charros from Mexico City, and Ignacio C. Arriola, Delegate of the United States to the Federation of Charros of Mexico, from San Pedro, California.
A banquet to honor these two officials will be held at the Sangre De Cristo Art Center on May 18, 1974 at 6:00 P.M. They will be our guest speakers that night concerning the Charreria and how much it will contribute to the success of the Centennial/Bi-Centennial celebration in 1976. Reservations for this banquet can be made by calling these two numbers 564-9224 or 948-3431 after 5:00 P.M. or by calling Liz Cafe at 564-2410 or 545-8359, all day or contacting any member of the Pueblo Charro Association.
The Pueblo Charro Association feels that many doors could be opened by this activity. A greater understanding would naturally become a better relationship with other people of the world, ordinary people like you and I, not just at the official Government levels.
MAYOR BRADLEY TO HELP LOS ANGELES BUSINESS
A letter asking Los Angeles businesses if the mayor's office can be of assistance to them in encouraging economic groth in the city has been sent to 1.500 firms. Mayor Tom Bradley announced.
Three hundred letters have been mailed, the balance will be sent out over the next weeks.
Addressed to the chief executive officer of businesses employing more than 300 people, the letter states:


CIMcrt ne u« wa


un domingo en la tarda...
CHICANO STUDIES BEG MS RECRUmiBIT
PROGRAM
CONTI NUACI ON DEL MES ANTERIOR
Yo nadamas oia los comenia sombra. rios: "hay que aguantar al toro";
"esa veronica no cuajd”; " iel de pe-cho, el de pecho! " ique belleza
The Chicano Studies Department of Metropolitan State College in Denver has launched a recruitment program to students to enroll for the sum-Al terminar la corrida mis amigas mer and fall quarters. Student norteamericanas estaban f el ices, recruiters have been involved „ . aunque en realidad no habi'an visto in contacting organizations and
de molmete! ; lo estan castigan- na(Ja dg t0fOS Yq fin cambjo^ ten(-a in interviewing seniors in the
do mucho"; "arnmate"... |a garganta deshecha. pese a los cua-,ocal Denver hi9h schoo,s-
Llegd el momento en que el ^ que me fum* y al vino de with the increased demand torero ya no aguanto, y fue, som-. ^ota for bi-lingual/bi-cultural educa-
brero en mano, hasta el centra del tion, the need for personnel
ruedo para pedirles perdon a todos; Mientras encontrabamos la salida trained in this area is great.
s6lo que, como no le hicieron caso,entre un mar de gente, yo iba pen- Therefore, the Chicano Studies se lo avento a la actriz del abrigo/Sando en qu6 cosa le verfa a todo Department is adding additiona que se levanto de su asiento y leesto el maestro Agustfn Lara para * ,n®ua
mando un beso. decir: “No cambio por un trono mi
Mientras tanto, me fij6 que \ux\Xobarrera de sol.. *** a nosotros estaba un seftor, crec
que le deci'an Peraza, que, martillc y cincel en ristre, estaba esperando que se detuvieran toro y torero un momento, para hacerles una escul-tura; y mas alia otro que componfa verso* v les ponia sobrenombres a los toreros, parece que se apellidaba Le6n. ..
Tambien, aunque me hice el disi-mulado, alcance a ver a el dueno de la fabrica en que trabajo, y me ex-trano que no trajera lentes, portafo-lio y chaleco, y si en cambio un grueso puro y un gran vaso de cer-veza... Hasta me parecio que estaba gritando unas palabrotas, por-que las damas que estaban junto c el se tapaban los oidos.
Pero ya para entonces el torero estaba pegado al enorme animal: este que lo correteaba, y aquel que lo engafiaba con su capote. Como lei' en un libro hace anos: el bien vence al mal. Y el mal llegaba, como si lo jalaran, hasta el trapo. Y el aplauso, y los ! oleeeees\ y los paftueios...
La espada que entra hasta la empufiadura. Y la locura.
Como estaba tan emocionado, no me di' cuenta que mis amigas ten fan las manos en los ojos y estaban encdgidas en sus asientos. Pero luego, viendo el relajo, aventaron al ruedo sus sifl§teres, sus pahuelos, el cuadro, el torito, los cuernos, las medias y hasta los zapatos; la mayor i*a de todo esto no pudo recu-perarse.
Finalmente el senor del virreina-to fue otra vez con su amigo, y algo le dijo, porque le corto las orejas y el rabo al toro, y se las hubiera lie-vado a su casa, de no haber sido sorprertdido por el torero, que se las quito.
Los otros toros fueron igual. Muchos gritos, muchos aplausos y al final un tremendo espadazo, y fuera... Bueno, menos uno que, aburrido de escuchar al senor del clarin, se regreso a los corrales.
Aunque, se me estaba olvidando, hubo otros incidentes: empezo a Mover y la gente a correr a las al-turas; luego salio un camion a regar aserri'n en la arena; una mujer se tiro de "espontanea" al ruedo, solo que sin una prenda mtima, la superior para mds senas, y en lugar de tor ear al toro, tuvo que torear a los polici'as.
Ademas, la bronca entre mi patron y otro senor que resulto mas "buena" que la faena; el beso que la senora del abrigo le dio al torero; los gritos de la porra y los contragri-tos de la contraporra; la guerra de "puyas" £ntre los.de sol y los'de . . -. r;..
bi-cultural education.
The Chicano Studies Program now includes Field Experience classes which give students an opportunity to gain practical experience in their individual interest area. In a Field Experience class a student works on a community project, like Operation SER, and in addition he attends a weekly seminar with other students to discuss what they are learning through their experiences in the “real world.” The experience a student gains in a Field Experience class is very beneficial to him when he begins his career as he is better prepared to deal with people in the community.
by Rueben Aguirre
Pane 9. ECO MAYA. Mayo. 1974 Pag* 7, ECO MAYA. Mavo. 197*
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OFFICE LOCATION: 1709 Arapahoe St. Denver, Ph: (303) 623-1217
Mr. Mark Battaglia, Area Director
Mestizo Art Forum
For the first time in the art media a new concept and ideas towards the southwestern artists will be introduced May 6 thru May 18 at the May D & F downtown.
The westside coalition in conjunction with MECHA from community college of Denver will be sponsoring in celebration of Cinco de Mayo the grand opening of “Mestizo Art Forum Showing”.
The concept of the Southwestern artist has always been with a rural mystic aura in mind, but what of the southwestern urban cities with there Neon light and miles of concrete pavement. With this in mind the westside coalition contacted urban students form community college under the direction of Ms. Cecelia Garcia artist and student at the college. Many of the students having a abundance of professional talent have put together a show which not only gives a urban city atmosphere but also has that definate southwestern art, that has complimented this part of the country for so many centuries.
Mixed with the emotions and frustration ef living in an urban city. These artists have expressed and showed a new concept a new idea and a new beginning in what may be called Urban Southwestern Art.
We cordially invite the public to come and experience with us for the first time this type of gallery showing. The show will be May 6 thru May 18 at the May D&F downtown. A grand opening reception will be held the evening of May 7, 1974 at 6:30 - 8:30 p.m.
Sponsors are at the Westside Coalition and MECHA Community College Auraria Campus.
For further information contact: 'Ms.‘ Celi'na' Garcia - Westside Coalition. 534^5088.1~
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Keep doors and windows closed when the unit is in use.
Keep drapes pulled during the day.
Never operate a window fan in an air conditioned area...it just pulls the cooled air out of the room. But it is helpful to use fans within the house to reduce the need for more units.
Good attic ventilation and insulation reduces the heat considerably in a home.
Keep the area in front of your air conditioner clear to avoid blocking the air flow.
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Page 8, ECO MAYA, Mayo, 1974
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ANCIENT MYTHS AND MODERN MAN
Mythical concepts from the ancient past have seeped into present-day society, continuing to affect modern man and woman in some of the most amazing ways.
This is the observation of a University of Southern California faculty member who recently completed a study of myths from Biblical days that are still very much alive in the 20th Century.
Dr. Gerald A. Larue, USC professor of religion and archaeology, has taken a look at how 5000-year-old myths relate to such topical issues as women, family, divorce, minorities and the devil.
"The way people thought in Biblical times has continued into our society. Throughout history people have given the inexplicable or a tragic event a personality,” said the former minister who has been teaching at USC since 1958.
â– u For instance, drought and flood and illnesses were at one time considered acts of God or a demon. But now there are ways to control floods or care for the sick, explained Larue.
However, there are still “hangovers” from the Biblical days. For example, he cited the recent case of a Daly City couple who. reported a number of unexplainable’ incidents happening to them over a period of time. They were reportedly “exorcised” during rites performed by a Roman Catholic priest.
"As in the past, the demon was blamed for these strange occurrences that affected a family negatively,” Laure said. “There is a mythic presupposition that there are demonic powers or that there is a devil.”
The incidents that purportedly happened to the Daly City couple seem to be the exception, however, in these modern times.
But Larue points out ways the “devil” has filtered intb modern-day rhetoric, continuing to play a role. Such as, it’s commonplace to say to an ornery child, "You little demon,” or, “... beat the devil out of you.” And there’s always the age-old remark, "speak of the devil.”
“These come from associating that which is not socially acceptable with satanic powers. When a child behaves ’like the devil,’ he is breaking away from the ‘norm.’ A child is good when he doesn’t • inake any waves or ripples,” Larue said.
On the subject of divorce, Larue
believes all sorts of myths continue to cling on regarding the separation ol a married couple, which oftentimes create guilt feelings.
"According the Christian mythic traditions, marriages where ‘made in heaven’ and the couple took an oath before the deity to stay together until ‘death do us part’ Divorce was a sign of failure. Based on the New Testament, divorce was impossible except on the grounds of adultery.
"Thus couples who were simply miserable together could not be separated. The power of the marriage myth survived into the modern era and stil exercises authority even though we admit that there are some people who should not live together,” he contended.
On myths relating to women, Larue says “For so long women were placed in second-class status by man-made myths. These myths continue to make males dominant in our society. Women were considered the weaker sex — less logical, more emotional. These were ‘God-given facts.’ The strongest in-put of these views came from Biblical literature. For example: ‘It was Eve who caused the fall of man.’
"If individuals teppman or woman F— deviated from their predetermined roles, they were considered abnormal,” he went on. “Not until recently has there begun a liberation of human beings from these ancient patterns.”
The USC professor from Palos Verdes views the feminist movement as a part of the link in the process of liberating women from the past. “Women’s lib recognizes the way we have been boxed in,” he further noted.
Larue additionally associates myths with racial prejudice. "The curse of -Cain from the Bible was read into the black man — he was inferior by mythical interpretations,” he observed. “It took centuries to break from the Biblical myths so the blacks could ride in the front of the bus or use the same bathrooms as whites.”
The research done by Prof. Larue will be put in book form under the title "Ancient Myths and Modern Man.” It is scheduled to be published by Prentice-Hall at the end of the year.


CISCO DE MAYO From page 1
wounded on both sides.
Hi. What Cinco de Mayo did for Mexico.
The Battle of Cinco de Mayo. 1862 was an important victory for Mexico, not only militarily, but also politically. There were several things that the French war did. First, the threat of the three European powers, Spain, France and England united not only the Conservative and the Liberal parties within' Mexico, but also united the divisions within the Liberal Party. The war gave the Conservatives the best opportunity to join back with the Liberals for the sake of the country without losing 4ace. Secondly, it provided the opportunity to expose the selfish interests of some. Third, the fight to throw off the French created a sense of liberty for the Mexican people that had been lost and forgotten, because the Internal Wars that Mexico had been fighting were not for liberty, but rather for idealogies.
Furthermore, Gen. Zaragoza had defeated the French, the world’s number one military power in those days. The continuing war with the French created the atmosphere for Mexico to strengthen amicable relationships with Spain and England. It exposed Mexico to the world as a just and constitutional nation who was morally able to overcome the false charges against her. Finally, to the Mexican Republic and her citizens, the war, from its beginning, showed them that honesty wins in the long run, and that war must be the last resort to achieve peace.
IV. After the Battle of Cinco de Mayo at Puebla, Lorencez regrouped his troups and waited for reinforcements and supplies from Napoleon III in France. Then, almost one year later, June 10, 1863, the French troops entered Mexico City. However, Benito Juarez had already removed his government from the city. To take Mexico City was only a symbol, although a very real one. To take a nation’s capital is to laxe tne country; but, the French never took the Mexican government, nor its leaders, not even with the arrival of Maximilian, again almost a year after the city was taken. Maximilian landed in Veracruz on May 2, 1864.
For as long a Maximilian lasted in Mexico, the war never ceased, and he continued to demonstrate his inability to rule It was also evident that Maximilian was the puppet of a few conservatives, and that he knew or cared nothing about Mexico, the Mexican people, or their culture.
The war went on and on. At last on June 19, 1867, there years after Maximilian's arrival, Maximilian andthe conservatives traitors: Miramon and Mejia were executed. A weak government and a weak leader could not last not even with a strong army. The struggle which began because of $82 million pesos in mid-year 1856, which was presipitated in December 1861 by Spain's invasion of Veracruz and developed into a full-scale war on Cinco de Mayo, 1862 for a debt to France of $3 million pesos, lasted much too long, took too many lives, and cost a lot more money than the original cause.
by Romero Cruz-Aedo
Page 9, ECO MAYA, Mayo, 1974
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Mon through Sat. Phone 542-6202


Page 10, ECO MAYAvMayqt 1974
Letter ToTTieReaders
VACACIONES CON TEHUACAN: ALEGRIA SEGURA
A Letter to the Reader:
We the staff of El Eco Maya welcome all our past and new readers. We are in the process of improving the quality of this newspaper as well as expanding its distribution geographically. Within a year, El Eco Maya will be the largest regular newspaper published for and about the Spanish-speaking
STOP BY OUR OFFICE
MAIN AT FIRST
= REAL ESTATE — —Commercial ~ —Residential 2 PROPERTY MANAGEMENT
INSURANCE: = —Auto “ - Home 2
—Life —
=nillllllllllllllMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII|llllimilllf7=
peoples of Colorado.
El Eco Maya will continue to carry its regular column on the history of the Maya Indians and its information series on the U.S. Space Programs.
We hope to make our newspaper as relevant to you as possible. In order to do this we want to add a Calendar of Community Events especially for and about Mexican-American organizations, groups, & happenings. For this we need your help. If you belong to a Chicano organization which holds regular meetings, please send us the name of the organization and the date and time which the group meets so that we might publish that information. We also need letters and articles to the editor that are pertinent to and reflect the activities of Chicanos
in all Colorado Communities.
Finally and very importantly, El Eco Maya needs YOUR SUPPORT through subscriptions to help it grow into a fine and progressive Spanish newspaper for the Colorado Community. So let's mail those subscription blanks. If you have moved please send us your new address so we can correct the mailing list. Also, let our advertisers know that you read it in El Eco Maya.
"FELICIDADESA LA COMUNWAD HISP AN A EN ESTE GL 0RI0S0 5 DE MA YO 1974----------------------â– 
MAX E. TRUJILLO
OLYMPIC real estate
3934 Federal Blvd. Denver, Colo. Ph: 455-2852
PROPERTY MANGT. - INSURANCE SALES -NOTARY
} SUCCESS & BEST WISHES TO THE 5 DE MAYO ANNUAL CELEBRATION 1974
GROWERS RETAIL MARKETS
Joe Velofta — Tom Sabell & Dominic Velotfa
Fresh Fruit & Vegetables
OPEN YEAR AROUND
OpM 7 Dty« • W.tk—Min. tfcrv Fri.
9:00 to 7:30—Saturday 9:00 (0 6:0ft—
Smtfiy 10:00 U iM.
We Accept Food Stamps ^ W. 38th Ave. at Tennyson and ^ 7000 Sheridan Blvd.
BEDDING PLANTS, PEATMOSS
COW & SHEEP â–  MANURE
GARDEN SEEDS, FRESH EGGS, LETTUCE, ONIONS, ETC.
Tehuac£n, en el Estado de Puebla, es uno de los lugares re-sefiados mas cercanos al Distrito Federal (se encuentra a 123 kilometres de Puebla, a 63 de Orizaba, a 219 de Veracruz y a 254 del Distrito Federal) y es una de las ciudades mas hermosas y tranquilas de la Re-publica: es un oasis autgntico que senala la diferencia del desierto que separa los Esta-dos de Puebla, Oaxaca y Veracruz.
Es una Ciudad famosa mun-dialmente por cobijar entre sus limites al balneario SPA Pefia-fiel, venero de aguas curativas. Los elevados precios del hotel (de $220 a $330 diarios por dos personas, con alimentos, mas $100 por cama extra) son por si mismos una garantia de descanso y diversion: ofrece los servioios de instalaciones para golf, tenis, equitacion, nata-cion ... ademas de estupendas albercas con agua curativa. Si no se desean pagar esos precios, en el corazbn de la ciudad estd el hotel Posada Tehuacdn, tarnbien-con albercas de aguas minerales: sus precios viajan de $60 a $80 por dos personas, sin alimentos, mds $30 por cada cama adicional.
Ademas de las divert id as instalaciones de esos hoteles, por las cercanias del poblado se pueden organizar sedantes paseos entre las montafias.
INFAL
Records. Inc
RECORDING STUDIO WHOLESALE 8c RETAIL
SPANISH RECORDS 8c STEREO TAPES • BUS. PH. 892.7141 RES. PH. 280.3003
v. M. Hernandez
PRESIDENT
2144 CHAMPA STREET DENVER. COLO. 80202
We have only jusf begun i
NEW EXTENDED BANKING HOURS'
Minnequa
Bank
NEW LOBBY HOURS 8:30A.M. TO 5:00 P.M. MONDAY THRU FRIDAY NEW DRIVE-IN HOURS 8:00 A.M. TO 6:00 P.M. MONDAY THRU FRIDAY
Don't Forget To Join MINNEQUA BANK'S 4SY50 CHRISTMAS CLUB iiiiiiini
NORTHERN & EVANS PUEBLO, COLO. 81004 (Member FD/C)
\
On the subject of divorce, Larue
the year.


Renting opertmenfs or Houses in Mexico City
There are a number of rental/agencies which advertise in the classified sections of the local dialies: look under “departamentos" and “casas". They have listings available. House and apartment owners also advertise in the same section.
Wordrobe for winter visit wound Mexico
Travel light but bring a little for each climate — cool, warm and hot. You’ll need sweaters and a top coat for Mexico City evenings. Cities are more along formal lines and resorts are easy going, with no special rules — except wear something. If you plan to visit places like Taxco or Guanajuato, have the women bring flat shoes for the cobblestones.
Travel tip
If you are in Mexico City and can t speak Spanish and want information on restaurants, sports or just a phone number, dial 07 and you’ll get quick service from an English speaking operator.

Page 11, ECO MAYA, Mayo, 1974
NOTICE: Send your Classified Ad or Announcement to "EL ECO MAYA" Insert your message here & mail it in. Classifieds will NOT be taken by phone All classified Ads must be prepaid by check or money order —10c. per word. Deadline is the 20th. day of each month for the following issue. Send to:
ECO PUBLICATIONS P.O.Box 2024 Pueblo, Colo. 81004
Mortalidad inf until
Eco Announces
Eco publications proudly announces that it has opened an office at 668 South Logan St., Denver, Colorado 80209. Phone: 722-6666. Wanda
Schmitz will be managing the activities of Eco Publications in the GREATER METRO
DENVER AREA.
Ms. Schmitz is seeking talented and ambitious Spanish speaking ladies and gentlemen desirous of beginning an exciting and rewarding career in advertising sales. Contact Wanda at Denver phone (303) 722-2228
— CHAPEL — IHiZaK
1102 iv*vs 544-4368
Families We Serve Are Our lest Reference
Petra y Charles M^ulley de AngelusChapel anuncia con orgullo la nueva adhesion de el Sr. Reyes P. Martinez quien asumira la responsabilidad de Cerente Interino.


DE TODO EL PERSONAL
WEST SIDE
ACTION CENTER
SALUDANDO CON RESPETO A TODA LA COMUNIDAD CHICANA EN ESTE “ 5 DE MAYO” 1974
1100 SANTA FE DRIVE DENVER, COLORADO 80204 PHONE 534-5141
WANTED
OVERSEAS OPERATORS
POSITIONS OPEN - APRIL
Apply Now
CALL. 233-3627 FOR APPOINTMENT
I
A.T. & T. Long Lines International Operating Center
( NEED OPERATORS FOR NIGHT SHIFTS ) $108.00 per week to start
EMPLOYMENT OFFICE:
1881 Pierce Street Lakewood, Colorado 80215
“An Equal Opportunity Employer”
Los certificados de defun-cion no dan una idea cabal del ' alarmante indice de mortalfdad infantil eh America latina. Alrededor de un 40 por ciento de todas las defunciones —750.000 al aho— corresponde a ni-nos menores de cinco anos. Con el objeto de llevar a cabo una lucha eficaz contra los principals causan-tes de la mortalidad infan' til, las autoridades de salud publica se propcnen identi-ficar factores que no se re-flejan en los registros, tales como una nutricidn insufi-ciente y otros de car&cter sociologico.
Se ha empezado a reunir informacidn sobre la materia en una Investigation Interamericana de Mortalidad Infantil, estudio de dos anos que abarcara trece zonas de ocho paises del Hemisferio occidental (vOa-se mapa). Se acumularOn datos sobre unos 35.000 ni-hos fallecidos, cuyas histo-rias clinicas se comparar&n con las de 20.000 ninos vivos.
Grupos de investigadores inquiriran en la vida de cada nifio fallecido antes de los'cinco anos en las zonas indicadas. Visitadoras so-ciales obtendran information sobre el destete y la dieta del nino, el embarazo de la madre, el grado de instruction de los padres, el medio en que viviO el nino, etc. Entre los cincuenta es-pecialistas se contar&n epi-demOlogos, patOlogos, pedia-tras, medicos estadisticos, enfermer'as y dietOticos.
SABOREE LAS MEJORES TORTILLAS DE HARINA Y MAIZ DE PUEBLO
PH 546-1275
La familia Ramirez, ciienta con la mas amplia experiencia en su ramo, la satisfaction de miles de hogares del suroeste da Texas, asf lo atestiguan.
Ahora sirviendo a tod) el basto estado da Colorado A sus ordenes en 1812 Santa Fe Dr. Blende.Colo. Telefono: 546-1275
THE BEST CORN 8t FLOUR TORTILLAS IN COLORADO if 11111
1812 SANTA FE DR. BLENDE, COLORADO.
Caricaturas
Una senora entrO en una tienda de calzado y pidio unos zapatos con tacones muy bajos.
—^Para llevar con quO? —pregunt6 la dependienta. s»—Con un senor chaparrito.
JOBS
eURCIR
KING
BURGER KING has full and part-time positions available.
We are looking for people who can take pride in their work, and have a neat appearence.
We are looking for Counter hostesses. Dining room hostesses, food producation personne. Mechanically inclined men and closing personnel.
Hours: Available between 7AM & 1 AM. Shifts as short as 2 hours exist. Hours are flexible enough to fit your class schedule. We particularly need people to work weekday lunches.
Pay: Depends upon experience; free meals available.
Where: DOWNTOWN NEW LOCATION at 15th & Stout Sts. Denver, Colo. Apply to Ken at Ph: 758-7816 or apply at 4996 E. Hampden Ave.
BURGER
KING
BURGER KING CORPORATION (An equal opportunity employer M-Fl


r.rrv
IOTA
M AUA M...»
Hewlett-Packard:
A Colorado citizen since 1960
jI
Loveland
• Denver
Colorado
Springs
Hewlett-Packard es una compama que va a ia vanguardia del progreso en Colorado y emplea mas de 4.400 personas en sus fabricas de Colorado Springs y Loveland. Hemos sido parte de la comunidad desde 1960 y hemos compartido con ustedes las ventajas del estilo de vida de Colorado.
En Colorado, nosotros disehamos y fabri-camos instrumentos electronicos para medi-ciones de precision y equipos de computation — entre los cuales incluimos maquinas de calcular para uso en los negocios, instrumentos de medida para usos topograficos, osciloscopios para usos de medida electronics en la ciencia y la industria y muchos otros productos.
Es la costumbre de Hewlett-Packard de fomentar los negocios de los grupos mino-ritarios comprando sus productos cuando sea posible — sin tener necesidad de sacrificar la calidad o sin tener que pagar precios elevados. Alentamos a los representantes de las minorias que se pongan en contacto con nosotros en cualquiera de las dos fabricas.
Es posible que necesitemos sus productos o sus servicios.
Loveland Division P.O. Box 301
815 Fourteenth Street, S.W. Loveland, Colorado 80537
Colorado Springs Division 1900 Garden of the Gods Road Colorado Springs, Colorado 80907
HEWLETT
PACKARD


Full Text

PAGE 1

MEXICO'S 2nd. INDEPENDENCE CELEBRATED IN COLO. " L os Bailadores de Denver" is a d a n ce g roup which performs m o nthly Mexican and Spanish dances throughout Denver and the surrounding area . Organized b y Donald Petersen and Jess L opez more than two years ago, the group has been made in c r easi n g l y popul ar by the fourt61:"'1 yoL•r"9':fr-rs These young people, w h o range i n age from n i n e to nineteen are from various ethnic backgrounds; yet each shares a mutual love for the Fiesta en Memorable Acontecimiento 1ss2 -1974 I. Mexi co F aces F r a nce On that memorable day April 9, 1862, a turn of events took place. The three European powers: Spain, France, an d England agreed that they dis agr eed as to the purpose of their being i n Mexico. Spain and England wanted payment of the debts owed them by Mexico an d respect for their citizens living in Mexico; France wanted to conque r the cou ntry a n d have Maximilian on Mexico's throne as t heir emperor. The meeting broke and a communi cation was sen t to notify the Mexican governme n t of these e v e n ts plus of the fact that F ra n c e would occupy Paso Ancho, Mex ic o as of Apri l the 20th. During the following week , s ta tements were m ade by Pres . B enito Juarez t o the Mexican Congress in which he stated, "repudiaremos I a fuerza con I a fuerz a , " (we will meet force with force. ) Then Almonte and Rues of the Conse rvati ve Party glorified the French r e a sons and justifi ed their invasion "to help Mexico. " II. The Battle Begins The French were more than eager to t)egin : the .soldiers had been psychologically prepared by t h e French General Lorencez. who insisted that the Mexicans were killing thei"r countrymen. etc. The F r ench and the Mexican troops moved into position. Then the fight began i n a skirmish between General Diaz' s men and the F r ench near Orizaba. Mexico. in which 5 Mexicans were killed; the French bragged about their "tremen dous victory." and the war raged T he followin g day, April 19, t h e Fren ch took Orizaba; then on the 27th of April, Gen. Loren cez moved toward Puebta. Lorencez's troop s moved into Amozoc, Mexico o n t h e 4th of May. L o r e n cez then understootj that Pu ebla would be whe r e he wou l d m ee t the Me x ican Genera l Zaragoza and his forces. Both Almonte and Haro Tamari z, ( Cons ervative s dealing with the French), off e r e d information a s t o h o w t o attack Puebla , but Loren cez d i d not follow their advice . An ingenious Mex ican p risone r who knew the city of Puebla told Lorencez how to take the city, which in reality turned out to be the wa y to be defeated. T-he sound of cannon was heard from the Mex ican Fort of Guadalupe, which wa s t h e strategic key to the city of Pueb la. The French formed three columns: the 1st one to guard and assist the movement The welcoming party started: a large group of Mexican soldiers shouting "Almonte, Viva Almonte," started towards the French, who welcomed them; the Mexicans followed their shouts with gunfire and the French were weakened. Then General Zaragoza opened fire on the French. It was noon. The Fren ch fired back and their soldiers were o rdered to advance. For about one hour t h e Fren ch fired and used about o n e-half of their amu nition. The attack moved o n with caution for the Fort of Loredo. Up until now there had been no casualties; the first o n e was Gen. Raoul. Fro m t h e n o n Fre n c h s o l d i ers f ell right and left, and a hail stor m made i t even worse for the Frenc h . The Mex i c an i n fantry availed between t h e t w o fort s and a t the right time atta c k e d , backed by the fire from t h ei r f ort of Loredo. At 4 : 00 P M L o rencez pulled back afte r 4 hours of war and 7 hours of marching. There were there attacks oi"l the Mexican forts, all of which the French lost. It i s believed that the French lost 482 men and the Mexicans lost 8 3 men, plus on Page 9 music and d ances of old Mexico and Spain . The boundless energy of these young performers has carried them through over two hundred performances since March of 1972. An hour of entertainment by "Los Bailadores de Denver'' consists of dances f rom Jalisco, Ver crut, Micheacan, Qa)(ac,, and other states of Me)( ito per formed in colorful , authentic costumes as well a s Spanish jotas and flamenco dances . Also upon requeSt they perform dance s from Italy, I s rael, and Greece. Hard work and endless energy has helped to make this dance group a success . Some fo the young people have studied dancing with various teacher s in Denver and work regularly I MAYO 1 974 . .. LOS BAILAOORES d e DENV E R " with the newer dancers. For the past severa l months, the group was proud to have Sr. Augustine DeiRazo from Mexico teach them severa l new dances. Schukr Basanow. a well-known Inter national dancer has also had the privilege of performing with the Mariachi Tenampa of Mexico. Las1 summer two of ihe group's student teachers. Lana Petersen and Tony Lopez continued their studies in Spanish dance . Miss Petersen was instructed by Pablo Rodarte and Master Lopez studied with Mrs. Campa of Denver. Mrs. Donald Petersen directs each of the performances. She and Mrs. Jess Lopez both work with the other mothers makinq Conti nu ed on P age 5 EL CINCO DE MAYO parade in Pueblo attracted many floats, decorated cars , and marching groups . Rtght photo show young Chicanas leading the parade earr ing La Bandera Mejicana . Many of the floats desplayed the Mexican-Indian heritage of Pueblo' s Chicano community. The girls tO iight) Ms Mary Jand Fierro, Linda Montour and

PAGE 2

. , , . • \ I ' , . ' -::I .--.. . . .-, Page 2, ECO MAYA, Mayo, 1g74 C'ongratulations The Eco Newspape r is a Bi-lingual newspaper, published monthly by Maya Enterprises 600 West North ern Ave. El Eco Maya has a circulation of J 0 , 000 copies and is distributed in Pueblo, Denver, Colorado Spring s 1 and the San Luis Valley Area . . EDITOR: Emesto Barn"os SALES: Wanda M. Schmitz COMPOSITION: Nita Barrios PHOTOGRAPHY: William Forehan.t./1 . . Jack Avalos ! . LAYOUT: Miguel A . Jimenez Ernesto Barrios QUALETY CONTROL: Paul Bue n o DISTRJB . MANAGER : W. Schmitz Ray Aguilera Jr. Todo asunto relaci onado con public/dad en general articu/o,y etc. deben ser tratados con Ia 1 I Ia exclusiva r esponsabllldad de I quien los /lnna. La meta de quienes hacemos 1 , para todos los criterlos, y mas que todo a c recentar el interes dt; nu e stro s l ectores a un positi wsmo mayor en nuertra comunidad . En nuestras columnas se senalan siempre • COMMERCIAL ART • DESIGN & LAY OUT • ILLUSTRATIONS • TRADEMARKS • CREATIVE PRINTING • LETTER HEADS MAY'ENTERPRISES 6qfi')N"t:ST NOI'ITHt:IIIN AVt:NUIE COI..OIII"'"CO 81004 Los anunclos micen ANuNctese eN su negodo ... t hen,.'l'" l : h:anlll wi ll :l flf lf'"' 'iook )"II' rlo::ali'" l rU them )"O U !laW t heir :ad i n EL.ECO MAYA El Eco Maya wishes to extend congratulations to the Brent wood 4 Theatres and especially Mr. Carmen Bonacci, District Manager of Transontinental Theatres. These congratulations are for the friendly ear that was lent in hear ' ing a complaint and then following that with positive action to implement a program wherby movie customers cou ld purchase tickets in advance of a particular performance so that the custome r does not have to stand in line for an hour only to be told that t he nine and ten o'clock showings are sold out and the eleven o'clock showing is the next performance that one can purchase tickets for. All this after having gone through this same scene the week Mr. Bonacc i assured me that within a week he would implement this pre-purchase program. I encourage the readership to make use of this service and I also recommend that you see your next movie "t either the Brentwood 4 Cinema or the Colorado 4 Cinema and mention to the management your appreciation for this service. by Jose R. Padilla MOTI-JQ{SlJ/W THE CONSUMER"S AFFAIRS PLANNING TO RENT ? ? ? If you are planning to move into a rented apartment or dwelling. the Department of Consume r Affairs urges you t o take a few precautions before signing a rental agreement. By investigating first. you may be able to prevent later misunderstandings. . . Before you sign an agreement . .find out what repairs you will be responsible for , and those t o b e paid by the landlord. Read the agreement carefully. and b e sure the re sponsibilitie s are stated clearly. Determine what will happen if you move before the agreeme nt terminates and how much notice you must give before leaving. Make sure you obtain a copy of the agreement. as well as any other regulations the landlord expects you to follow. It might be wise to find out the owner's n ame. ad-dress and phone number. Before you move into an apartment go through it thoroughly and make a list of any and all damage. Prepare the list in duplicate. date it and have the land lord sign both copies . Keep one copy for your records. While living in an apartment remembe r y ou are usually responsible for damage beyond normal wear and-t ear. Needed repairs should be made as soo n as poss ible . When you move. ask the landlord to go through the apartment in your presence to determi n e the dam age, etc. he is going to charge against your refundable deposit. , Under California law. regardless of whether t h e d eposit was called a cleaning. damage. or rental de posit, a la ndlord may use it to pay back ren t. clean the premises. or repair damages, but he must giYe back to you , w ithin two weeks after you move out. any mi:FORSALE. 'Want%'S4_dverfiSe:qn . . ,,, .. fBJ STORIES . , . . . ffil._ ___ .....,_ ..... _ _. _ _. ____ ...;, .... IBl: OurCJVewspapet-? , ffi1 IBl *AGENCIEs ffi1 Mister Penguin IB) *RESTAURANTS-AND MORE Wanda Schmitz ', 543-5207) ffil .IBJ----------------------------------Ernesto Barrios----ffi1 TuxedfJ R-ental . part of the deposit not used for thes e purposes. Non refunda ble deposits or fee s are not coYered b y thts la w as the landlord imposes these flat charges w h ether or not you meet your rental obligations . IB) WE SERVE OVER 15,000 RESIDENTS AND SUBSCRIBERS ffi1 . Sandys Oriental Jflassage STEAM & MASSAGE HOURS: 11 A .M. to 1 :00 A .M. • MON. thru SAT. Facilities for man & Nom an 564-0718 ; 1309 EAST EVANS AV. PUEI.Ll), COLOIIADO oe's Buffet Rt:STAURANT & BAR los aztecas fenian un buen conocimienlo cientifico de Ia depresi6n, Ia epilepsia y Ia ansiedad , indica un estudio del si quiatra mexicano Guillermo Calderon Nar-vaez. Trataban esos padecimi entos como enfermedades, no como resultad o de Ia acci6n de espiritus malignos, y algunas indicaciones que emplearon para combatirlos resultan utiles todavia. be a CHICANo volunteer probation c(Junselor FOR AN APPLICATION FOR MORE INFORMf\TION CALL DENVER PH : 297 -2971; ADAMS CO . 659-7071 JEFFERSON CO. 279-6511 X 301 FELICITAMOS A TODA LA COMUNIDAD MEXICO AMERICANA EN SU GRAN CE LEBRACION DE TAN GLORIOSA FECHA " 5 de Mayo 1974': DENVER COUNTY COURT PROBATION SERVICES Try coming out in a way all your own. That's Mister Penguin Formal Wear grooming. Brocades, knits and basic tuxedos-all in a For Any variety of colors, ruffled colored shirts, Information straight or flared trousers-_ 542-3344 GROUP DISCOUNTS 518 N. MAIN STREET PUEBLO, COLO. YOOR 8CTRIC HILLit TO \'mK lWENTY-FOI..R l:IXJRS A DAY TO SUPPLY YOU WITH ALL n ENERGY YOO MAY NEED, /U. J ASK IS THAT YCXJ SAFELY, EFFICIENTLY, AND EC()IIk)-11 CALLY , SOON-IT ! ! • "'"--'" central telephone & utilities corporation

PAGE 3

LA IGNOMINIA DE LOS FRANO:SES A princi pios del anode 1865 , e l general de Castagny, jefe de Ia primero divisiOn fronceso de infonterla en Sinaloa, envi6 dos co lumnos para realizer expedicio nes incendiaries por todo el Estodo . ln tegrobon estes destacomentos los cazodores de V i ncennes ; soldodos orgelinos perteneci entes a los Com dares de Africa , osl como elementos del cacique Manuel Lozada, triste mente conocido como "EI tigre de Alicea". lo trombo i ncendiario arras6 Pres i d io (hoy Villa Uni6n) , El Castillo , La Embocada y Malpioo , poblociones todos elias que sufrie ron los , horroFes del incedio. Oesputh, Ia soldadesc o fronco lo zodeiio cont i nu O su fotldico mor ch o hocio Concordia, adonde llegoron las huestes el die 11 de febrero , en co ntrondo que Ia poblaci6n mascv lina hoblo huido par temor a c orrer Ia mismo suerte que los de los FX> blod os onteriores y se hoblo unido , posteriormente, o los chinacos del co ronel Domingo RubL morchando luego hacia el Mineral de Copala. Mujeres, oncianos y niiios fueron •ktimos de Ia ferocidad de los dra gones del Cuerpo de Cazodores de Africa , quienes hallando Ia pobla ci6 n sin hombre s cometieron todo serie de ados vondcllicos . los muje res fueron registradas bruscomente para robarles la s alhajas y las pe cos monedas que pudieron heber guordodo; a otras los otormentoron suspendiendolos en el eire con un lozo haste hacerlos confesar d6nde tenian el dinero. Despues de come ter esteS atrocidodes, los esbirros tomoron todos los muebles y otros objetos y les prendie ron fuego en el centro mismo de los casas, ocobondo con elias en pocos minutes. La inerme pobloci6n, de samparada y despavorida, corri6 d refugiorse en Ia coso curol. pero fue inutil, yo que esta tambien resultd sa queada. El pueblo entero ordfa, los frondosos tamarindos se retordon entre las llamarodos, los tech ados de las viviendos se desplomabon, y el onciono componere, par atreverse a tocor los componos, fue muerto a ballonetazos. Ninos , enfermos y vie jos fueron arrolladas y sus cuerpos regados par las calles , heridos y maltrechas. AI anochecer, solamente rescaldos humeantes quedaban en los barrios de Concordia, como huella imbarroble de Ia ignominia. P1lgo 3 , ECO MA VA, Mayo, 1974 First Two Chicano Deacon For rchdioe Of Den Qcdained The first two Ch i cano dea-cons i n the h istory of the Catholi c Church I n Colorado were orda ined to serve in the Archdiocese of Denvet" of April 6th. The ordina tions were made b y Archbi shop James V . Casey in the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Denver . Two married men with children, Marc us Baca and Paul Garc ia were rece i ved i n the spec ia l m i n istry of the d iaconate. The d i aconate program was restored b y ttle second Vatica n council in 1964. COMPlETElY REDECORATED . HOMES IMff:EDl!'ITEl Y VA NO FEES ACQUIRED lfOMES INTEREST NO DISCOUNT NO CLOSING COSTS {Excepl d eposi l l o lox & Ins . es c row oc.counl ond hazard ln$uronc e premium } EQUAL H0:JSII!G O?POf!Tm1lTY SEE AllY eROKE!t fOil VETEflflilS fiO:;IiiliSTBAT:O;j The deacon by v•rtue of the sacrament of Holy On2ers i s an member of the clenJY . He is a mini ster who preaches . baptizes. performs marriages, conducts funer al serv ices and resenres and d is tri butes the Holy Euchari st . In the past the Archdiocese has had to depend on the relig ious order of priests The Theatines from Spain to meet the spiritual needs of the large catholic population who are Spanish-speak i ng . The majority of pri e s ts from the Theatine order are from Spain and have only the spanish I n t.ommon with the Chicano people ol the South west. The newly ordained dea co ns although employed full tlme will be servi ng t.heir m i nistry w ith the Spanish Speak ing on weekends. evenings and I n their spare t ime. Mr. Bac.a and Mr. Garc ia are both members of St. Anthonys Parish. The Chicano commuhlty Is I ndeed fort-unate to have these t-wo men to serve in the Arch d i ocese of Denver, where over 45% of the catholic popultion is Spanish surnamed. This type of ministry is long o verdue . PUEBlO ' S MEETING PLACE 24-HOUR DINING ROOM :Jr.. /,/'"? 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E?! , A A M 0 3:1 9[' q Page 4, EC0 MAYf\., Mayo,;1974----, EXPANSION DE LA EDUCACION EN MEXICO La Rasa Launches Memberships Drive A drive to enroll at least 1000 members by the Latin American Research and Service Agency (LA RASA) was announced May 1st by Board President Polly Baca Barragan and LARASA E xe cutive Director, Jack Lang . 150,000 chicanos in the 5-county Metro Denver area:• A pesar d e los gravrsrmos problemas par lo s que atravie sa Ia educaci6n en nuestro pais, esta sigue en pl a n asce ndente. p ara poder solucionar en un l ap so mas o m e n os corto todas las exigencias educativas de Mexi co. "LARASA has recently ,_;\;., L._..:....,M celebrated its lOth anniversary "The drive is essential if LARASA is to ex pand its services and develop a broader base of s upport in the Denver Community," continues Ms. Barragan. "Those who become members of LARASA not only provide financial s upport for Uni ted Way's only all-Chicano agency. as an agency for c hange and support i n the Chicano Tan es asi. que Ia Secreta ria de Educaci6n Publi ca. par medio de su t itul a r. acaba de autorizar trece mil nuevas pla ?as para maestros , e l evando e l t otal a cincuenta m il los con tratados en los !res anos del presente gobierno. Ad e m a s. existen 59 mil estud iant es nor malistas que en breve ent r a r a n a formar parte del personal do ce nt e d e dicha Secre t aria. De esta m a n era. e l problema de maestros se ve con un poco de mas tranqui lidad. _ _,....,. • .,, Community" Lang commented. MEDIDAS EN EL NIVEL PRIMARIO c inco mil alum n os los q u e con curren a este ciclo. Se construi ran 32 nuevas es c uelas secundarias federales. Se edificaran etapas se ri adns (aulas. lab oratorios . tall eres e instalacion es anexas) en otros 226 planteles, con un costo t o trece mil alumnos ' di s tribuidos en cinco plant e les, admitira en septiembre de este ana a quin ce mi I egresados d e se cunda -rias. P ara septiembre d e l a na curso. las instituciones federa l es estatales, aut6nomas y pri vadas , en conjunto , estara n atendiendo a mas de 586 m i l estudiantes de preparatoria. El total invertido ser a de 237 millones, 100 mil pesos . Ademas de atende rs e Ia detal de 212 millones de pesos. manda que produce el c reciAdemas . se construiran y mi ento demografico anu a l , en Ia eguiparan cato r ce nuevas e3edu caci6n primaria se esta aba-cuelas tecnol6gicas in dustrialaa tiendo conside r ablemente e l rey se efect u aran amp liaci o n es zago de otros anos. Continua en 44 ya estab l ecidos. Se in tambien I a reestructuraci6n de vertiran 196 millones de pesos EN LA EDUCACION planes de est . udio . para cons t r uir 80 nue vas escueSUPERIOR ln dependien t eme nt e del a u las de formaci6n te c n ol6gica m e n ta s ufrid o e n las nuevas piaagropecuaria y co n cluir las eta Se promuev e un amplio pro zas par a maestros , se co nstrui-pas seriadas siguie nt es e n 200 grama de a poyo a instituciones ran y equipa r a n ocho m il n ovede los pl ante les que se han federales y aut6nomas y conti cientas treinta nuevas a ulas y crea d o desde 1971. nua estimulandose Ia inv es tigaanexos co n un costa de 644 mi-Se continua r a I a teccera eta en Ia c i e n cia y t ec nol ogia. /Jones de pesos . pa constr u ctiva en cada una de Para el , pr61imo Se editaran y distrjbuira n cualas 30 nuevas escue las tecnol6se espera ate nder a 415 mil tro millones de libros auxiliagicas pesq u eras con una i n veralumnos. De esta manera I a po res para los maestros de todos si6n de 42 m ill o n es d e pesos. blaci6n esc 0 1 a r e n planteles los grados de primaria y se in Y par a substitui r. ampliar y equi-p rofesio nale s habra aumentado troducir a n ademas. libros de par sec und arias gene rale s es ta-en mas de 67%, co n relaci 6 n consulta sobre historia y geotales . se invertinin 79 millones al ana escolar 1970-71 . gratia para que los alumnos los de pesos. empleen parale l amente a los li bros de texto gra tuitas y profun-EN El PLANO TECNICO dicen sus conoci m ientos. Par otr a parte. co nt inua r a I a Ocho nuevos ce n t r os d e esimplantaci6n de los n uevas pia tudios cientificos y tecnol6gi nes y programas d e estudio y cos ( CEC y T) func ionar a n e n en septiembre se h abra n modiel pais par a septiembre de 1974. ficado tot a lmente los lib r os de Habra entonces 92 centres en texto gra tuitos. de los cuales total. se imprimiran y distribuiran 60 Cinco nuevos centros de es millones de e jemplares . tudios tecnol6gicos agropecua EN EL C ICLO SECUNDARIO ri os (CETA) se sumaran al de los 24 en operaci6n . En este r engl6n se incre m en-EN LAS PREPARATORIAS taran las plazas de alumnos en 165 mil, haciendo un gran tot•l Asi, el Colegio de Bachille res d e un mill6n seiscientos veintique inici 6 s us actividades con I. . I Par otro lado, I a Univ e r s idad Aut6noma Metropolitana (U . A . M.), ini cia r a sus labores duran t e el pro x imo mes de se ptiem br e con capacidad para aten der a nueve mil alumnos. Tambien . lo s subs idi es a las un iversidades de provincia se han c uadrupli cado d esde 1971 y suma n en Ia actua lidad 443 millones d e pesos . E l subs idi o de 1976 millones de pesos q u e r ecibira Ia U NAM, representa un 30% d e increm en t o co n r e l aci6n a l del ano pasado. Las Escu elas Super i ores de medicina vete r inaria y zootec nia . recibiran un s u bsidio es pe c i a l de 123 millones de pesos qu e se inv ertira n e n gastos de operaci6n. formaci6n de prate so res y desarrollo de progra mas de investigaci6n cientifica y tecnol6gica. Par s u p arte, las escuelas s u periores de agricultura, recibi ran un subs id io de 34 millones de pesos para amp li a r insta la cio nes y contratar profeso r ado de tiempo comp l eto. Ademas. ini ciaran sus labores l os nuevas Institutes Tecnol 6 gicos Regiona les de Acapulco . H er mo si ll o y V illahermosa . Habra par lo tanto. en operaci6 n 33 institutes t ecno l 6gicos re gio n a l es en Ia Republica . AI principia funcionaban 14, cons truidos e n los 25 .anos ante riores. The Board and staff of the Agenc y value very highl y the financial support that has been provided fo r the last 9 years b y the Mile Hig h United Way . This amount, however has not pro vided the Agency with sufficent revenues to effectively make an impact on critical need s i n the Chicano Community-LA RASA has as its primary function s the provision of information and r eferra l services, parti c ipati o n in community socia l planning a nd enhancing communitY relations. On a day -to-da y l evel this means job counseling and referral, assistance t o individual s w h o have experienced discrimination and providing staff support for better life for Chicanos. LARASA has a mandat e to provide these services for som e "There are also other benefits to those who beco m e member s beyond t h e knowledge that by mem bership o ne is he l ping hi s brothers and sisters. Members have f ull voting ri ghts and a voice in the selection of Bo ard members. Mcm bers a I so receive a p eriodic newsletter informing them of events and issues of importance to the Chicano in the D enver area. F i nall y, free notary service and free access to L A RASA's resource libr ary are given to all members." Heading the m o n th-long membership drive will be Lena Archuleta and Greg Archuletta, both members of LA RASA's Board of Trustees. For further information call LARASA at 255-1465 . TODO EL PERSONAL DE LARASA SE UNE A LA COMUNIDAD CHICANA EN TAN MEMORABLE ACONTECIMIENTO 5 DE MAYO 1974--LATIN AMERICAN RESEARCH AND 1375 St Denver, Colo.xlo 00204, 2551465 LARASA NEEDS YOUR SUPPORT THROUGH MEMBERSHIP. BENEFITS INCLUDE: * LARASA NEWSLEJTER . * FREE NOTARY SERVICES *USE OF LARASA LIBRARY* VOTING PRIVILEGES -LA RASA MEMBERSHIP APPLICATIONNAME=-------------------------CITY:_______ TYP.ES OF MEMBERSHIP SINGLE-55 .00-SlO .OO FAMILYSl5 .00 NAME _______________ ADDRESS-------------LIFE-$500.00 CITY--------Send yo ur application SIGNATURE to : • LARASA PH: 1375 Delaware St. Oenver , Colorado ••U3 DUES PAl 0 $ 80204 THE ENTIRE STAFF OF SIR RICHARDS WISHES EVERYONE A HAPPY 5 de MAYO ON THIS GRAN MEMORABLE FIESTA. ?. = 6526 So . Broadway Denver, Colorado Ph: 798-4527 _5:._9MPLETE CHOICE OF-MEXICAN FOOD-FEATURING (JACK BURRITO) EL BUR TO & " JUAN ' S SPECIAL" 2 DINNERS FOR PRICE OF ONE, WITH THIS AD MONDAY--THURS. 1 1 a . m.10 p . m . (Food Value $1.50 to $3.00 )

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Is The Love Of Money The Root Of All Evil? "To love a t h ing is to know and love I ts nature. T o love money is to know and love the fact that money is the creation o f the bes t power within you, and your passkey to trad e your effort for the effort of the best among men. It's the person who would sell his sou l for a nickel, who i s loudest i n proc la iming hi s hatred of money and he has good reason to hate it. .. The lovers of money are w illing to work for it. They know they are able to deserve it. " L et m e g ive you a tip on a clue to men's characte rs: the man who damns money has obtained it dishonorably; the man who respect s it has earned it. "Run for your life from any man who tells you that money i s evil. That sentence i s the l eper ' s b ell of an approaching looter. So long as men live together on earth and need means to deal with one anothertheir only sub stitute, if they abandon money, is the muzzle of a gun. THE ENTIRE STAFF OF "But money demand s of you the h i gh est virtues. if you wis h to make i t or keep i t . Men who have no courage, pri de or self.-esteem, men who ha ve no moral sense of thei r right to theit money and are not willing to defend it a s they defend thei r life, men who appologize for being rich-will not remain r i ch for long. They are the natural bait for the swarms of looters that stay under the rocks for centuries, but come out at the first smell of a man who begs to be forgiven for the guilt of owning wealth. They will hasten to relieve him of the guiltand of his life, as he de serves. "Then you w ill see the r ise of the men of the double standardthe men who live b y force, yet count on those who live b y trade to create the value of their looted money-the men who are the hitchhiker's of virtue. In a moral society, these a re the criminals, and the statutes are written to protect you against them.. But when a society establishes c riminals-by right and looters-byl aw--men VETERANS INFORMATION PROGRAM WISHES EVERYONE (PART II ) who use force to seize the wealth of dis armed victims-then mon ey becom es its creator's avenger . Su ch beUeve i t safe to ro b d efenseless men , once they've pa ssed a law to d i sarm them. But their toot becomes the magnet for other looters , who get it from them as they got it. Then the race goes, not to the ablest at production , but to those mos t r u thless at brutality. When force i s the standar d, the murderer wins over t h e pickpocket. And then that society vani shes , in a spread of ruins and slaughter. "Do you wish to know whether that da y is coming ? Watch money. Money is the barometer of a society's virtue. When you see that trading is done, not by con sent, but b y com pulsion-when you see that in order to produce, you need to obtai n permission from men who produce nothing-when you see that money is flowing o f those who deal, not in goods , but in goods, but in favors--when you see that men get richer b y graft and by pull then by work, and your laws don't protect you against them, but protect them against you--when you see corruption being rewarded and honesty becoming a self-sacrifice you may know that your society is doomed. Money is s o noble a medium that it does not make terms with b rutality. It wi11 not permit a country to survive as half-property, half loot. Paoe 9. ECO MAYA. Mayo , 1974 Page 5 , ECO MAYA , Mayo, 1974 SUCCESS & BEST WISHES TO THE 5 DE MAYO CELEBRATION TODO EL PERSONAL DE mEmORIAl CHAPEl 300 S. lOGAn IT. CHAPEl OF AOSU • 420 E . ALAmEDA OENVEI , COL0-...00 PH : 744-6113 SE UNE A LA COMUNIDAD HISPANA EN TAN MEMORABlE CElEBRACION (5 de Mayo 19741 Sr. Marcelo G. Targay y Sr. R amon J. T!evino TUNE UPS • 2ATTEQII:S ACCESSORIC:S C OM,..LETE BRAKE SERVICE • TOTA L AUTO CA.RE W. 38th +SERVICE BEST WISHES TO THE (5 DE MAYO 1974) A HAPP 5 DE MAYO ON THIS GRAND & MEMORABLE FIESTA!!!! "'VETERANS ARE OUR BUSINESS" "Whenever destroyers appear among men, they start by LOU, RODRIQUEZ destroying money, for is men's protection and the base of a moral existence. De*COLLEGE stroyers seize gold and lea ve • VOCATIONAL TRAINING PH : 573-7673 to its owners a counterfeit file • JOB PLACEMENT of paper . This kills all objective standards and delivers men into *HIGH SCHOOL COMPLETION the arbitrary power of an *DISCHARGE REVIEW arbitrary setter of values. Gold • SOCIAL SERVICES was an objective value. an • FOOD STAMPS equivalent of wealth produced . Pape r is a mortgage on wealth *DRUG COUNSELING that does not exist . backed b y VETERANS INFORMATION PROGRAM a gun aimed at those who are 847 E . Colfax/ Rm-308/ Denver, Colorado expected to produce it. Paper :::::::;::::::::;::::::::::::! theirs: upon the virtue of the victims. Watch for the da y . !';!li"!l r-{1-n when it bounces , mark e d • -I.J "'tttttVvP :'Account Overdrawn.' n..., f!'!le,... ...... I "When you have made evil the u • li.l ' • • v " ' means of survival. do not expect SUCCESS & BEST WISHES TO THE (5 DE MAYO CELEBRATION 1974) 6715 W. COLFAX AVE. LAKEWOOD, COLORADO ({: A 0 1\!1 R! men to remain good. Do not '-,.1-.c\,f 1 ;''i","-,1'/!Wl\t ::..: ' expect then to stay moral M ODF.l 9 a.m. to 7 p.m-:-Dorfy lose their lives for the purpose 4 "i OME 9 a .m. to S p.m. Saturday of becoming fodder of the OG'!:N j 1 p.m. t o S p.m. immoraL Do not expect them Mail to: CAPP HOMES, DEPT. 60041 5201 W .. 47th. "Ave. Denver , Colo. 80212 PH • 455-3678 Please send us details on Capp Homes and FREE f ull Color catalog of new home plans and building Ideas. Nam.a_ ____________________________________ _ Address------------------------------------TownorRFD _______________________________ __ State-----------------ZIP-------------Phone( ( ) _______________ County---------We own a lot In--------------------------------We don't own a lot, but could get one in ______________ _ to produce, when production is punished and looting rewarded. Do not ask, 'Who is destroying the world?' YOU are. (to be continued) lOS BAILADORES .... Continued from Page 1 the many costumes required by the dancers. All of the parents have contributed a great deal of time and cooperation to aid the young dancers; and perhaps one of the proudest moments for these parents was when they witnessed the group's first 'standing ovation at the State Lion's Convention in Steamboat springs in Ju-ne of 1972. They , have had many proud moments CR_P..P HOmES since. then. Their last perfor ... • ......... ' • . .. lii.\;;f.;.:;lilio_..; ____ --.o..;.;;.,..;;.,..;,_.., _____ . :colorad?. EARN CASH TWICE WEEKLY .. be. BLOOD PLASMA DOitOR NOW ACCEPTING BOTH MALE & FEMALE ages 18to 60 PLASMA HOURS: . 8:00•m to 7:15pm Mon. 8t Thur. 8:0:0 am to 3:1. 5 pm Tues. & Friday ClotOd WEDNESDAY COMPONENTS. INC. SOW. 10th Ave., DENVEJI COLO. Phone 892-5773 Physician In Attendai)ce .. . Ot• VV'C .

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Page 6, ECO MAYA, Mayo, 1974 El hombre y Ia El choque entre cultura y civilizacion producira mortal barbarie cientifica si era suficiente Ia sola preocupaci6n de mejorar l as condiciones fisicas del . media, sin que paralelamente. con igual empeiio, med1da y lin de to das las casas. p J . K M Las reflexiones y el analisis en torno or ose ora a esta cuesti6n llev6 a afirmar que el des Ocupados e n Ia lucha por el pan de cada dia y lo s pr ob l emas d el bienestar familiar. poco s nos percatamos del incierto futuro que se avecina. Nos enteramos con sor presa y temor -pero i n conscientemente sin darle mayor importancia-de casas que parecen arrancados a Ia ciencia ficci6n: ex tinci6n de especies marinas y terrestres; enrarecimiento del oxigeno: conta minaci6n del media ambiente y un sin fin de males fisicos y humano s que ensombrecen el ho rizont e de I a humanidad . Apenas h ace unas semanas se i nforma ba que "si continua el fen6meno de Ia con taminaci6n atmosterica al ritmo actual, Ia vida humana desaparecera del planeta en el curse de unas cuantas d1kadas.; el usa de l os insectic idas aumenta acumulativa mente e l ven e no en los alimentos que con sume I a human i dad y lo s hombres de cien cia se esfue rzan p o r respond e r at reto que el c reci m iento dem og r at i c o plantea a Ia te c nol ogia mod e rna " . El panorama que presentan los medias masivos de com uni cac i6n n o es nada con fortante: empero. a todos estos males y presagios, I a carrera cientifica y tecno16gica que se realiza ininterumpidamente en nu estro planeta apunta sol u c iones que, de una u otra forma, coadyuvani n a resolver, aun cuando sea e n parte. los problemas que atectan cada vez mas e\ media am biente humano. A nadie es capa que en Ia actualidad se c ontrapon e n los terminos de civilizaci6n y cultura. Ello e s evide nte. maxime cua ndo observ a mo s sabre todo en las grandes ciu d a de s c o m o pr e domin a n los falsos valores de una ec onomia d e c o nsu m e sabre los valor e s e t e rno s del h o m b r e . Pre cisamente este f e n 6 m e no \lev6 a est udioso s a decir nivel entre cultura y civilizaci6n puede producir una barbarie cientifica de propor ciones catastr6ficas, reitenindose que si se satisfacen las necesidades bio\6gicas es urgente satisfacerlas en el aspecto humano , aun c u a ndo para esto se requiera creati vidad, fraternidad , relaci6n, seguridad, etc. Es sa bido que Ia insatisfacci6n de n'e cesidades biol6gicas produce _ enfermedad tisica: en cambia, Ia no satisfacci6n de r equerimientos humanos originan trastor nos mentales y desequilibros en las rela ciones interpersonales, lo cual produce, a su vez, las ep.idemias sociales que rompen toda estructura de convivencia. Todo ello contribuye a crear un ambiente de psicosis, inseg u r idad y, en forma ulterior. el dete rioro de Ia especie humana. Precisamente por esto es urgente insistir y apremiar Ia forma de relacionar el media humano con el desarrollo a !raves de Ia educaci6n . Para resolver ese problema se han ex puesto infinid a d de teorias; sin embargo, hasta ahara nada en concreto se ha obte nido, lo cual ob\iga a reiterar Ia urgencia que requiere su atenci6n y que quianes estan en posibilidad de !Ievario a Ia prac tica conjunten sus esfuerzos y conocimien tos a fin de encontrar el punta de equili bria en el que el progreso no sea mera mente manifestaci6n externa, material o econ6mica, sino ante todo una valoraci6n subjetiva. una tabla de valores culturales que de espiritu a lo que en Ia civilizaci6n es forma. De no ser asi, estaremos acordes en que desde que el hombre apareci6 en Ia tierra, trajo un desequilibrio a Ia ecologia, porque como modelador de Ia naturaleza Ia hizo propia para satisfacer sus ne cesi dades de contort, sin reparar en que ha 1\enado al mundo de adios, rencores , taxi cos y de basura . enver Moving & Storage Inc. Estimates Without Obligation 2030 So. Dahlia Ask about our individual pelletized storage for home or office AGENTS FOR U tti1R1L V rm Li.MA TUXEDO RENTALS & SALES Also Business Suits See Us for: LONG DISTANCE OVERSEAS LOCAL Sr. Jerry Lara, Manager. WEDDINGS, PROMS AND ALL FORMAL OCCASIONS' flab(a, Efpanol e Ingles" _ 601 -'-'15tn. 'St: (at Welton rDENVER, Ph: 534-6252 ' 'Oance--Daoce--Daoce--My goodness ! What's the play all about?" CUSTOM MADE RINGS SHOP: i-1!;RMAN'S JEWELERS DIAMONDS WATCHI!S !506 • 1!5TH ST., DENVER, HERMAN UUBARRI 2!5!5-f54QO COLORADO'S CENTENNIAL-BICENTENNIAl INTERNATIONAL CHARRO COMPETITIONS Pueblo Charras----------When the Pueblo Charro Association first became aware of the upcoming Centennial and Bi-Centennial celebration, we very much wanted to become a part of the celebrations. Wedecided that we wanted to contribute to the success of the Centennial and Bi-Centennial year. As Mexican-American, proud of our American heritage, we felt that the rich culture and heritage of the Mexican-American i n the development of this part of the United States would add t o the overall celebration. We felt we could contribute something very worthwhile. Since we in Colorado are not only com memorating the Bi-Centennial of the United States but also the Centennial of our State , we felt this would be an even greater incentive to become an active part of this celebration. We have since proposed, through the local Centennial/ Bi-Centennial Task Force of the Pueblo Chamber of Commerce, that the first lnternationar Charro Com petitions be held here in Pueblo in 1976. These com petitions, which are held annually, have never been held outside of Mexico and have not been as of this date, International in scope. Much preliminary work has already been done on this. The officials of the National Federation of Charras as well as Mexican Government officials are very much enthus ed about the entire project. It is forth is reason and purpose that on May 18 , 1974, the Pueblo Charro Association will be honored to have two representatives of the Feder ation of Charras, to meet with the local Centennial/Bi-Centennial Task Force as well as the State Task Force to discuss such project for 1976. They are Dr. Islas Salazar, pres ident of the National Federation of Charras from Mexico City, and Ignacio C. Arriola, Delegate of the United States to the Federation' of Charras of Mexico, from San Pedro, California. A banquet to honor these two officials will be held at the Sangre De Cristo Art Center on May 18 , 1974 at 6:00P.M. They will be our guest speakers that night concerning the Charreria and how much it will contribute to the success of the Centennialft3i-Centennial celebration i n 1976. Reserva tions for this banquet can be made by calling these two numbers 564-9224 ar 948-3431 after 5:00 P.M. or by c alling Liz Cafe at 564-2410 or 545-8359, all day or contacting any membe r of the Pueblo Charro Association. The Pueblo Charro Association feels that many doors could be opened by this activity. A greater under s tanding would naturally become a better relationship with other people of the world ordinary people like you and I, not just at the official Government level s . MAYOR BRADLEY TO HELP LOS ANGELES BUSINESS A letter asking Los Angeles businesses if the mayor's office can be of assistance to them in encouraging economic grath in the city has been sent to I ,SOO-firms, Mayor Tom Bradley announced. Three hundred letters have b een mailed. the balance will be sen t out over the next weeks. Addressed to the chief executive officer of busines ses employing more than 300 people. the letter s tates: a MARliN CfN\ffi 111 J 117 Colon.do J. nn11e PhoM (303) . u.. P• J EBLO, '"" PH 543-0721 EL MAS COMPLETO SURTIDO EN INSTRUMENTOS MUSICALES 117 COLORADO AVE. PUEBLO, TODO EL PERSONAL DE J & J REALTY SE UNE A LA COMUNIDAD HISPANA EN TAN MEMORABLE CELEBRACION. 1974 REAL ESTATEBUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES OFFICE: .5817 W , 38th. DENVER, COLORADO BUS: PH, 423:9900 RES: PH: 477-3118 . •

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un domingo en Ia tarde ... Paoe 9. ECO MAYA. Mayo. 1974 Page 7 , ECO MAYA. Movo . 19U BEGINS RECRUITWIBIT PAOGRAII The Chicano Studies Depart ment of Metropolitan State CONTINUACION DEL MES ANTERIOR College in Denver has launched Yo nadamas oia los cementa som b ra. a recruitment program to nos: " hay que aguantar al taro"; AI term i na r Ia corrida mis amigas " es a verOn ica no cuaj6"; "iel de pe:-norteamerica nas estaban felices have been involved cho, el _ d e "; .. i .que be_ lleza aunque en r ealidad no habian in contacting organizations and d e mo!lnete! ; lo esta n casuga n nada de toros. Yo en cambia t enia in interviewing seniors in the do "arrimate"... Ia garganta deshecha, pe se a cualocal Denver high schools . Uego el memento en que el tro puros que me fume Y al v ino de With the increased demand torero ya no aguant6, y fue, som 1 a bota for bi-lingualjbi
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I ovs"li ,P• 'v P. ", i P . r: .Page 8, ECO MAYA, Mayo, 1974 A & B TRANSMISSION & GEAR CO. Automatic Standard Clutch -Differential Rep air & Rebuild 3375 So . Lincoln Slreel Englewood, Colorado -REASONABLE PRICES -PROMPT SERVICE ''ONE SHOP THAT WON' T RIP YOU OFF" . John Derry 789 ' j SEWING CENTER 6RAOUATION SPECIAL * BERNINA ALL MODELS * HECCHI ALL MODELS * ELNA ALL MODELS SAVE $1000 425 N. SAI'IT A FE AVE. PUEBLO PH: 546-1830 PHONE 433-8791 DENVER, COLORADO 80211 DENVER ' S LARGEST INDEPENDENT SUPER MARKET _ LOW DISCOUNT PRICES EVERY DAY U.S. D .A. CHOICE MEATS-OUR SPECIALTY Featuring High Stan.da;ds of Fresh Produce Daily NONECD TO BEA GENIUS ••• Wlen you can't figure out how your bills will get paid call the friendly people at ANCIENT MYTHS AND MODERN MAN Mythical concepts from the an cient past have seeped into present day society, continuing to affect . _ modern man and woman in some of the most amazing ways. This is the observation of a Uni versity of Southern California fa culty member who recently complet ed a study of myths from Biblical days that are still very much alive . in the 20th Century. Dr. Gerald A. Larue, USC pro fessor of religion and archaeology. has taken a look at how 5000-year old myths relate to such topical is sues as women, family , divorce. minorities and the devil. "The way people thought in Bi. blical times has continued into our societ y. Throughout history people have given the inexplicable or a tragic event a personality," said the former minister who has been teach ing at USC since 1958. • For instance, drought and flood and illnesses were at one time con sidered acts of God or a demon. But now there are ways to control floods or care for the sick. explain ed Larue. However, there are still "hangovers" from the Biblical days. For example . he cited the recent case of a Daly City couple who. reported a number of unexplainable incidents happening to them over a period of tim;, . They were reportedly "exorcised" during r ites performed b y a Roman Catholic priest. "As in the past. the demon was blamed for these strange occur rences that affected a family negatively ," Laure said. "There is a mythic presupposition that there are demonic powers or that there is a devil. " The incidents tha t purportedly happened to the D a ly City couple seem to be the exception , however, in these modern times . But Larue point s out ways the "devil" has filtered intb modern day rhetoric , continuing to play a role. Such as, it 's commonplace to say to an ornery c hild , " Y .;u little demon," or, " ... beat the de vil out of you." And there's always the age-old remark, "speak of the devil." "These come from associating that which is not so cially acceptable with satanic powers. When a child behaves 'like the d evil,' he is break. i!lg away from the 'norm.' A child ' is ' gooc!' when he doesn ' t . inake any waves o r ripples," Larue said. _!he subject of divorce, belie .ves all sorts of myths continue to cl ing on regarding the separation ol a married couple . which often times create guilt feelings. "According the C hristian mythic traditions. marriages w here 'made in heaven and the couple took an oath before the deity to stay together u ntil 'death do us part.' Di Yorce was a sig n of failure. Based on the New Testament, di v orce was i mpossible except on the grounds of adult e r y. "Thus couples w ho were simply miserable together could not be separated. The power of the marriage myth s urvived into the modern era and stil exercises authorit y even tho ugh we a dmit that there are s ome people who should not live to gether." he contended . On my th s relating to women . La rue says " F or so long women \Ve r e place d i n secondclass s t a tu s by man-made myths. These myths con t inue to make male s dominant in our soci et y . Women were considered t he weaker s ex less logical , more . e m o tional. These were 'God-g iven facts.' The strongest in-put of these views c a me from Biblical literature. For example : 'It was Eve who caused the fall of man.' "If individuals man or wo man -deviated fr o m their prede termined rol es. they were consider ed abnormal," he went on. "Not until recently has there begun a liberation of human being s from these a n cient patterns." The USC professor from Palos Ver des views the feminist move ment as a part of the link in the process of iiberating women from the past. "Women's lib recognize s the way we have been boxe d i n," he further note d . Larue additionally associates myth s w ith racial prejudice . "The curse of Cain from the Bible was read into th e bl ack man ...:.._ he was inferior by mythical interpretations.'' h e observed. "It took centuries to break from the Bib lical myths so the blacks could ride in the front of the bus or u se the sam e bath roo m s as w hit es." The research done b y Prof. Larue will be put in book form under t he title "Ancient Myths and Modern Man." It is sc h e dul ed to be publish ed by Prentice-Hall at the end of the year ..

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CINCO DE MAYO From .:age 1 Page 9, ECO MAYA, Mayo, 1974 wounded on both s ides . 1m Ill. What Cinco de Mayo did for IHJ" ' Mexko. The Battle of C i nco de Mayo, J 862 was an important victory for Mexico, not only militarily, but also politically. There were several things that the French war did. F irs t , the threat of the three European powers, Spain, France and England united not only th e Conservative and the Liberal parties within Mexico, but also united the divisions within the Liberal Party . The war gave the Conservatives the best opportun ity to join back with the Liberals for the sake of the country without losing iace . Secondly, it provided the opportunity to expose the selfish interests of some. Third, the fight to throw off the French created a sense of liberty t Or the Mexican people that had been lost and forgotten. because the Inter nal Wars that Mexico had been fighting were not for liberty, but rather for idealogies . Furthermore, Gen. Zaragoza had defeated the French, the world's number one military power in those days. Th e continui ng war with the French created the atmosphere for Mexico to s trengthen amicable relationships with Spain and England. It exposed Mexico to the world as a just and constitutional nation who wa s morally able to overcome the false charges against her. Finally, to the Mexican Republic and her citizens, the war, from its beginning, showed them that honesty wins in the long run, and that war must be the last resort to achieve peace. IV. After the Battle of Cinco de Mayo at Puebla, Lorencez re grouped his troups and waited for reinforcements and supplies from Napol eo n Ill in France . Then, a lmost o n e year l ater, June 10. 1863, the French troops entered Mexico City. However, Benito Juarez had already removed his government from the city. T o take Mexico City was only a symbol, although a very real one. T o take a nation's capital is to taKe me country; but, the French never took the Mexican government, nor i t s leaders, not even with the arrival of Max imilian, again almost a year after the city wa s taken . Maximilian landed i n Veracruz on May 2, 1864 . For as long a Max im ilia n lasted in Mexico, the war never ceased. and he continued to demonstrate hi s inability to rule It was also evident that Maximi lian was the puppet of a few conservatives, and that he knew or cared nothing about Mexico, the Mexican people, or their culture. The war went on and on. At last on June 19 , 1867, there years after Maximilian's arrival, Maximilian andthe conservatives traitors: Miramon and Mejta were executed . A weak govern ment and a weak lead e r could not last not even with a strong army. The struggle which began because of $82 million pesos in mid-year 1856, whic h wa s presipitate d in De cember 1861 b y Spain's invasiO n of V eracruz and developed into a tull scale war on Cinco de Mayo, 1862 tor a debt to F ranee of $3 million pesos, lasted much too long, took too many lives, and cost a loS more money than the original cause . alaire libre nNIIjarritaM ea,aeltaM lngredientes para 4 personas METROPOLITAN STATE COLLEGE CHECK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION. NAME----------------PHONE'------ADDRESS'----------------CITY _______ ___ SEN D COUPON TO: CHICANO STUDIES DEPT. ZIP ________ ___ 250 West 14th. A ve. 4 mojanitas medianas; 1 cebo-DENVER , COLO . 80204 PH : 292-5190 Ext. 255 lla grande ; 4 rebanadas de qu ... .._ ________________________________ ..J so gruyere o similar; sal ; pi-mlenta ; mantequilla y papal de,.------------------------------aluminio . Corte Ia cebolla en roda jas fi nitas . Abra las mojarritas y sa z6nelas con sal y pimienta por Iuera y unte las con mantequi lla . Envuelvalas e n papel de aluminio y cuezalas a Ia parri lla durante unos veinte minutos . Sfrvalas con el paper para que guarde todo el delicioso jugo que suelta el pescado. fNtllltos en .... tte!ll .. lngredientes para 4 p ers ona s 2 pollitos ; 4 tajadas finas de tocino o de jam6n; sal; plmien ta; aceite; juga de lim6n; mos taza ; mayonesa con lim6n y hierbas aromaticas. Corte los pollitos por Ia mitad , aplastelos y aderecelos con sal , pimienta, mostaza y jugo de lim6n . Ontelos con aceite e inserte cada mitad en una bra chela, con una tajada de locino, envolviendolos . Cueza los pollitos a Ia parrilla sobre las brasas . Sfrvalos con mayonesa adicionada de jugo de lim6n y hierbas aromatica s picadas . REAL ESTATE • RESIDENTIAL •COMMERCIAL • BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES LIFE AUTO r.ve Deal In High-Risk Also) HOME COMMERCIAl JOHN C . C .UCIA -lrohr .3234 W . COLFAX AVE. Located i n the AVONDALE SHOPPING CENTER STEEL RADIAL 500 I J ! • I • • '> • •

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Pa!le. )0, Leder To The Readers A Letter to the Reade" We the staff of El Eco Maya welcome all our past and new readers. We are in the process of improving the quality of this newspaper as well as expanding its distribution geograph ically. Within a year, El Eco Maya will be the largest regular ne wspaper published • for and about the Spanish-speaking STOP BY OUR OFFICE MAIN AT FIRST .REAL. ESTATE -Ocinimercial . R.esi dential PROPERTY MANAGEMENT I NSU RAI\1CE: -Auto -Home -Life = :illllllllllllllllllllll n 1111111111111111111111111111111 rr; open Daily 9:00 to 6:00 elosed Svnclay RY , Yo se que tu todo ese d i nero en muebles nuevos para nuestro hogar, pero que no se te olv ide que podemos se_guir pasando todos los dia s y registrarnos para los "500.00 dolares que se rlfan constantemente. HO .... HO .... Oonde iremos a guardar todo ese dinero. , NEW peoples o f Colorado. El Eco Maya will continue to carry its regular column on the history of the Maya Indians and its information series on the U.S. Space Programs. We hope to rna ke our news paper as relevant to you as possiPie . In order to do this we want to add a Calendar of Community Events especially for and about Mexica n -American organizations, groups, & happen i ngs. For this we need your help. If you belong to a Chicano organization which hol ds regular meetings, please send us the name of t he organization and the date and time whic h the gro.up meets so that we might publish that information. We also need letters and article s to the editor that are pertinent to and reflect the activit ies of Chicanos i n all Colorado Communities. Finally and very importantly, El Eco Maya needs YOUR SUPPORT through subscriptions to help it grow into a fine and progressive Spanish newspaper for the Colorado Community. So let's mail those subscription blanks. If you have moved please send us your new address so we can correct the mailing list. Also, let our advertisers know that you read it in El Eco Maya. Los anWKios llaceo suoegodo _ !n<'l"ch.anl!< will aiiiM"•'
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Re-nrinCJ oponme11ts or house-s in Mexico C ity There a re a number of re.nta V agencie s wh1ch adv e n 1 se i n the: cla ss ified s ectio ns o f the l o cal dia ltes : look under " de.pa.rtamentos " and casa s . They h a v e lis tings a vailable. H ouse and apartment a l so adv ertise in the sam e sectio n . Wardrobe for winter visit around Mexico Travel light but bring a litt l e for ea c h climate cool. warm and hot. You '11 need sweater s and a top coat for Mexico City evenings. C i tie s a r e more along f o rm a l lines and resorts are easy going. with no special rul e s excep t wear somet hi ng. If you plan to v i si t places like T axco o r Guanajuato. have th e wome n b ring flat s h oe s for the co bbl es t o nes. Travel tip If you a r e in Mexico City and can' t speak a nd want informatio n on restaurant s. spo rt s or JUSt a phone number. dial 07 and you'll get quick service from an English speaking operator. J\ngelus f as Personas Que Servimos Son Nue'stras Mejores Referencias .. =CHAPEL= 1102 544 hmili ts We S.n• A,. Ow lftt lt.,_,.K.e P etra y Charles MCCulley de Angelus Chapel anuncia con orgullo Ia nu eva adhesion d e e l Sr . R eyes P . Martin ez qui e n asumira I a responsabilKtad d e C e r ente I nte rino . SALUDANDO CON RESPETO A TODA LA COMUNIDAD CHICANA EN ESTE "5 DE MAYO" 1974 1100 SANTA FE DRIVE DENVER. COLORADO 80204 PHONE 534 5141 I OPERATORS POSITIONS OPEN APFHL Apply Now CALL: 233-3627 FOR APPOINTMENT A .T. & T . Lines International Operating Center (NEED OPERATORS FOR NIGHT SHIFTS) $108.00 per week to start EMPLOYMENT OFFICE: 1881 P ierce Street Lakewood, Colorado 80215 "An Equal Opportunity Employer'" Mortalidad in fan til L o s ce r tificados de defun ci6 n n o d a n un a idea ca b a l del ... aJarmante 'ndice de m ortal fd a d infantil en ri ca la t ina. Alre d e d o r de un 40 por c ien to de todas las defunc i ones 7 5 0 . 000 a l aii.o--cmres p o nde a ni ilos men o re s de cinco afios . Con el o bje to de lleva r a cabo una luch a eficaz con tra los principales ca u sa n tes de Ia mortalid a d infan=til , las autoridades de s alud pUblica se identi ficar factores que no se re ftejan en los registros, tales como una nutrici6n insufic iente y otros de carActer s ociol6g i co. ' Se ha empezado a reunir informaci6n sobre I a m ateria en una Investigaci6n Interamericana de Mortalidad lnfanti1, estudio de dos afios que abarcad. trece zonas de ocho paises del Hemisferio occide ntal (vf:a se mapa). Se acu m u 1aran datos sobre unos 35.00 0 ni iios fallecidos , c uyas hi st
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Hewlett-Packard: A Colorado citizen since 1960 Hewlett-Packard es compania que va a .a vanguardia del progreso en Colorado y em plea mas de 4.400 personas en sus fabricas de Colorado Springs y Loveland. Hemos sido parte deJa comunidad desde 1960 y hemos com partido con ustedes las ventajas del estilo de vida de Colorado. En Colorado, nosotros disenamos y fabri camos instrumentos electr6nicos para medi ciones de precision y equipos de computaci6n entre los cuales incluimos inaquinas de calcular para uso en los negocios, instru mentos de medida para usos topograficos, osciloscopios para usos de medida elec tr6nica en Ia ciencia y Ia industria y muchos otros productos. Es Ia costumbre de Hewlett-Packard c;fe fomentar los negocios de los grupos mino ritarios comprando sus productos cuando sea posible sin tener necesidad de sacrificar Ia calidad o sin tener que pagar precios elevados. Alentamos a los representantes de las minorias que se pongan en contacto con nosotros en cualquiera de las dos fabricas. Es posible que necesitemos sus productos o sus servicios. Loveland Divi sio n P . O . Box 301 815 Fourteenth Street, S.W. Loveland, Colorado 80537 HEWLETT Colorado Springs Division 1900 Garden of the Gods Road Colorado Springs , Colorado 80907 PACKARD I Loveland • Denver IJ Colorado Springs