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El Eco Maya, June, 1974

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Title:
El Eco Maya, June, 1974
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El Eco Maya
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Pueblo, CO
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El Eco Maya
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Language:
English

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newspaper ( sobekcm )

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Auraria Library
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Auraria Library
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Copyright [name of copyright holder or Creator or Publisher as appropriate]. Permission granted to University of Colorado Denver to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.

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LARAS A ANNOUNCES EDUCATION CONFERENCE
Staff Reporter The Latin American .Research and Service Agency (LARASA) will sponsor jointly with the Colorado Civil Rights Commission a statewide Conference on Quality Education for Mexican Americans. “The date for the Conference has tentatively been set for October/’ announced Jack Lang, Executive Director of LARASA.
The Conference will be a follow-up of a similar national Conference held in March in San Antonio, Texas, under the sponsorship of the U.S. Com-
mission on Civil Rights. The purpose of the Colorado Conference will be to develop strategies for implementing the recommendations of the U.S. Commission regarding quality education for the Mexican American.
“One goal of the Colorado Conference,” continued Lang, “will be to develop a statewide task force of concerned citizens who will work toward the rapid implementation in Colorado of well-planned bilingual/bicultural education,
placement of students in colleges, teacher training in Mexican American history and culture, and also, compliance of school districts with Federal regulations regarding equal employment opportunity.”
Further details about the Conference, as they become available, will be printed in “El Eco Maya” newspaper. More information can also be obtained from the LARASA office at 1375 Delaware St., Denver, Colo., or phone 255-1465.
MSC-CHICANO STUDIES RECRUITMENT PROGRAM
by Ben Lovato, Student The Chicano Studies Department is a component of the Urban Affairs Center at Metropolitan State College serving Chicanos as well as Non-Chicanos. It offers a minor in Chicano Studies and
Mutualistas Observan 52a vo. Aniversario
Mas de cien miembros e invitados de la Sociedad Mutua-lista Ignacio Zaragoza participa-ron en el banquete del 52vo. Aniversario de la agrupacion.
El evento social se verifico por la tarde y noche del sabado, dia primero del mes en la casa Mutual ista, Salon Zaragoza, ubicado en el 1339 dela avenida East Routt. Al concluir el banquete, el presidente de la Sociedad, Sr. Santiago Aragon extendio una calurosa bienvenida a la concurrencia. La maestra de ceremonias, la senora Dora
Martinez, presento a cada participante en el programa de oratoria y variedad.
La secretaria de la Sociedad, senora Julia Cordova leyo el Acta Primordial y el distinguido senor Leonardo Flores pronuncio el discurso oficial. La oratoria se desarrollo mediante un desfile de delegados de las distintas organizaciones locales que tomaron la palabra para ofrecer sus felicitaciones a los Mutual istas.
El reverendo Padre Mario invoco.. bendiciones Celestiales
para los presentes y encabezo el accion de gracias por los favores recibidos durante el tiempo senalado en la celebracion del aniversario.
Divertidos numeros de baile y variedad fueron ofrecidos al publico por el grupo que encabeza la talentosa Linda Raigoza bajo la direccion de la Sra. Lupe Raigoza.
El baile de aniversario fue amenizado por la musica de “Aztlan” y resulto todo un derroche de alegria hasta 1^ media noche.
courses that promote in academic and professional areas the awareness, knowledge and sensitivity to the historical and cultural factors that make Chicanos a unique group in the Continued on Page 6
Columna de la Independencia. En una de las glorietas del Paseo de la Reforma. Es un monumento conmemorativo de la Independencia Nacional. Independence Column, at one of the "glorietas" or traffic circles along the Paseo de la Reforma. It is a monument conmemorating Independence and erected a century after the movement began in 1810. MEXICO, D.F.
EN MEXICO NO HAY PROBLEMA DE COMBUSTIBLE
LOS ANGELES. . . La grave situacion en el abastecimiento de combustible por la que atraviesan los Estados Unidos de Norteamerica hoy en dia, obligando a los automovilistas a hacer largas y lentas lineas de espera para surtirse de gasolina, esta desanimando a los vacacionistas al hacer sus planes de paseo durante el proximo xprano. Los reportes con respecto a la situacion, cambian de un dia a otro; unos optimistas informando que el problema se solucionara muy pronto y otros, que el racionamiento es inmiente. La solucion que sugiere el Consejo Nacional de Turismo para los que disfrutan y desean viajar durante sus vacaciones, especialmente los propietarios de autos de recreo, es que vean hacia el SUR...
La disponibilidad de combustible y demas derivados del petroleo es normal en todo Mexico. . . inclueyendo la nueva Carretera Transpeninsular de la Baja California. En la reciente-inaugurada carretera de 1,035 millas, algunas de las estaciones de gasolina no han sido aun terminadas, pero los que ya estan
en operacion, cG'entan con sufi-ciente combustible.
El trecho man largo de una estacion a otra, -es de La Paz a Villa Concepcion (aproximada-mente 211 Kms. — 131 millas). Se recomienda llenar el tanque cada vez que se llega a una estacion pare evitar contratiem-pos. Existen 16 estaciones en operacion en el territorio de la Baja California y 4 mas fuera de la ruta principal. En el estado de Baja California, el numero es mucho mas alto.
Como consecuencia, no hay escasez de gasolina para autos, camiones o aviones.
Los precios oficiales son: NOVA $1.40 por litro (aprox i-madamente 0.45 ctvs. por ga Ion); Gasolina de alto octanage para aviones, $2.20 pesos por litro (aprox. 0.70 ctvs. por galon); DIESEL $0.50 ctvs. por litro (aprox. 0.16 ctvs. por galon). Puede haber una pequena diferencia en precio.dependiendo del area. Los precios son para toda la Republica de Mexico.
Los automovilistas que tengan planes de manejar por la carretera
Continued on Page 3
{



Page 2, ECO MAYA, Junio 1974
an inspiring speech
The Eco Newspaper is a BUlingual newspaper, published monthly by Maya Enterprises 600 West Northern A ve.
•El Eco Maya has a circulation of 10,000 copies and is distributed in Pueblo, Denver, Colorado Springs and the San Luis Valley Area.
EDITOR: Ernesto Barrios SALES: Wanda M. Schmitz COMPOSITION: Nita Barrios ASSOC. EDITOR: Joaquin Diaz CONTRIB. EDITOR : Joe Padilla PHOTOGRAPHY: William Forehand Jack Avalos LA YOUT: Miguel A. Jimenez Ernesto Barrios
QUALITY CONTROL: Paul Bueno DISTRIB. MANAGER: W. Padilla : DISTRIBUTION: Kay Aguilera Jr.
Todo a sun to relacionado con publicidad en general articulos etc. deben ser tratados con la direccidn de Eco Publicaciones Box 2024 - Los articulos son de la exclusive responsabilidad de quien losfinma.
La meta de qulenes hacemos ECO es convertir a nuestro per-iodico en una tribuna abterta para todos los criterios, y mas que todo acrecentar el interes de nuestros lectores a un positl vismo mayor en nuestra comuni-dad.
En nuestras columnas se senalan errores, pero apuntando siempre a una solucion.
ON THE BILINGUAL-BICULTURAL EDUCATION
BILINGUAL TRAINING BILL PASSES
After an extensive campaign to include provisions for non-English speaking persons, Senate Bill 1SS9, the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act of 1973, which was recently passed by Congress and signed into law by the President, now contains the substance of two crucial bilingual amendments which were introduced by Rep. Herman Badillo (Dem.-N.Y.) and accepted by both Houses.
The first amendment requires a prospective sponsor to insure that the intended manpower services will benefit those most in need of such aid including persons of limited English speaking ability.
The second and primary amendment identified persons of limited
"Bilingual/bicultural education is needed to develop the Spanish speaking student’s self-image and to provide equal educational opportunity, but it should be considered only part of the total effort of improving the educational achievement of the Spanish speaking.”
So spoke Dr. Henry M. Ramirez. Chairman of the Cabinet Committee, as he addressed the first national convention of the Association of Mexican American Educators in Los Angeles. Calif.
“I am a strong supporter of bilingual bicultural education.” Ramirez said. "But I believe that it alone will not solve the many educational problems encountered by the Spanish speaking child.”
Increasing the income level of the parent, said the Chairman, will substantially increase the effectiveness of bilingual/bicultural education for the- student as well as making it easier for him to take advantage of all the educational opportunities available.
"Let’s not forget that the most important single factor that will bring about better educated Spanish speaking people is a better economic situation.” Ramirez said. “Let’s im-• prove the income level of our people, because this in turn will improve our chances in school. This is a new and added dimension for the education of the Spanish speaking child.”
Citing a report on Mexican American education which he directed while serving at the U.S. Civil Rights Commission in the late 1960’s. Ramirez said the study noted that the socio-economic status of the family is the greatest factor in determining the academic performance of the pupil.
The effectiveness of any bilingual/bicultural program — no matter how good it is, he added, will suffer unless the Spanish speaking overcome their serious economic disadvantaaes.
Dr. Henry M. Ramirez
Ramirez strongly supported bilin-gua’ bicultural education. He called it an essential teaching concept that materially improves the performance of bilingual/bicultural students.”
He said bilingual/bicultural education deals effectively with the Spanish speaking student’s self-image. enabling the pupil to develop the pride and confidence necessary for high academic achievement. He said the latter “is a direct result of encouraging the student in the use of his language and exposing him to the culture and history of his ancestors.”
He said it also attacks prejudice against the Spanish speaking by educating the Anglo student in Hispanic culture.
Ramirez added, however:
'Our efforts must include but not be limited to the support of bilingual bicultural education. We must now '.ook at the larger picture to try to deal more broadly with the issue of equal educational opportunity for the Spanish speaking.”
Along these lines, Ramirez suggested that the Spanish speaking:
• Place Spanish speaking students in touch with Spanish speaking professionals. who can serve as models, through campus “career days,” guest speakers, and give the students better ideas of opportunities available to them in the professions.
• Place more Spanish speaking persons in professional jobs in both government and private industry.
® Sensitize teachers to convey the message of career opportunities for the Spanish speaking.
• Find ways for Spanish speaking students to continue their education beyond junior colleges, which Ramirez said often become “deadends” for the Spanish speaking.
• Seek new sources to help finance post-secondary education for the Spanish speaking and assist him in acquiring basic opportunity grants where eligible.
• Set up in-service training for teachers who have difficulty relating to the Spanish speaking.
“We must explore every avenue that we know, and try to find new ones that will get our young people into the professions and postsecondary education,” Ramirez said.
Ramirez said that the Spanish speaking must work also for the development of affirmative action plans affecting “tens of thousands of jobs” at the grassroots level in order to raise the income level rapidly. He cited local fire and police departments and city, county and state offices. He mentioned also private sector institutions, such as utilities and banks, which fall under federal government regulations.
“The Spanish speaking, Ramirez added, must influence government agencies in charge of equal opportunities to see to it that the Spanish speaking’s interests are being monitored and enforced.
“Th is effort must be joined by parents, activists and organizations, as well as educators who must realize that the welfare and performance of the Spanish speaking student is also directly determined by the acquisition of employment, better incomes, and economic development opportunities by their father and mother.” Ramirez said.
English speaking ability as one of the special target groups created by the manpower bill to which the Secretary of Labor is to give particular attention. The significance of this is that, for the first time, Federal manpower legislation mandates that the Secretary of Labor must move to insure
that unemployed and underemployed persons who do not speak English as their native language are given special attention in job training and related aid which will increase their employment and training opportunities.
Badillo said he envisioned that the programs conducted under the man-
date established by his amendments would include the development of training courses to teach skills and occupations which do not require a .high proficiency in English, particularly courses which would use materials in languages other than English; undertake programs designed
to increase the technical English vocabulary necessary for a worker with limited English to perform a specific job; develop programs designed to increase the number and improve the quality of bilingual training instructors and bilingual personnel; and Continued on Page 4
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centroamerica
„ P*9* 3, ECO MAYA, Junio 1974
National RazaVbuth Conference
GUATEMALA
AESCASAS horas de vuelo de la ciudad de Mexico, y accesible tambien por excelentes carreteras, Guatemala ofrece al visitante una gran variedad de atracciones. Igual que Mexico, cuenta en su pasado con una fabulosa civilizacion precolombina, al compartir con este los vestigios de la culture mayo.
Por todo el pais, ruinas de los ciudades y tern-plos de aquella raza, dan fe del esplendor y grandeza de los antiguos moradores. Las restau-radas ruinas de Zaculeu en el Departomento de Huehuetenango; la imponente Tikal en la selva del Departamento de Peten; Kaminal Juyu en plena ciudad de Guatemala, son joyas, entre muchos otras, que el visitante no debe perderse.
De la Colonia conserve Guatemala totnbi6n, numerosas y extraordinarias muestras, particu-lormente en la llamada hoy "La Antigua", que fuera en el pasado residencia del gobierno de las provincias espanolas en Centroamerica y tercera gran ciudad de todas las Americas, despues de Mexico capital y Lima.
Guatemala es hoy un pais moderno, avanzado y dinamico, donde el visitante puede gozar de sus atractivos recorriendo sus carreteras pavimen-tadas y hospedandose en edmodos hoteles de primera categoric, tales como el GUATEMALA BILTMORE, EL MAYA EXCELSIOR o el MOTEL PLAZA.
La ciudad de Guatemala es la metropoli de la America Central. Sus casi medio millon de habi-tantes gozan plenamente de un ciima ideal, de bellos parques, grandes y ultramodernos edifi-cios, anchos bulevares, restaurantes de tipo in-ternacional (CAFESA, CANTON, etc.), multiples diversiones (CENTRO NOCTURNO CHICOTE, EM-PERADOR BOITE, GRILL SENORIAL), todo en un ambiente de tranquilidad prometedora. Grandes almacenes (PAIZ, MAVAN MODERN, Ml AMIGO, ALMACEN REGALOS SELECTOS), ofrecen los mas exclusivos articulos del pais e importados.
Muchas personas llaman a Guatemala la Suiza de Centroamerica por la similitud de sus pai-sajes. Ademas de los logos, montanas y volcanes
del altiplano guatemalteco, es aqui donde reside la mayoria de sus habitantes indigenes, quienes conservan hoy todas las costumbres, tradiciones, dialectos y trajes de sus antepasados. El merca-do de Chichicastenango sobre todo, demuestra plenamente el colorido, la variedad y mezcla de las culturas precolombina y siglo veinte.
El Centro Guatemalteco de Turismo tiene especial empeno en lograr un mayor intercambio turistico, particularmente con sus vecinos del nor-te, y para ello no escatima esfuerzo y atencidn. Empresas particulares, como JERRY'S TOURS SUPER TRAVEL SERVICE, colaboran eficazmente en esta tarea, promoviendo viajes individuals y de grupo. El recientemente establecido vuelo Guate-mala-Acapulco, que efectua regularmente la compania de aviacidn guatemalteco AVIATECA, es una importante aportacion a ese empeno.
The purpose of the conference is to develop a meanful exchange of ideas and information on the relationship of education to Raza and the movimiento. We feel that this conference is very necessary because education has played a major role in the development of the social and political movement of Chicanos and all Raza throughout the United States for this reason we are extending this invitation to attend this conference.
The conference will consist of daily panel presentations, workshops, speakers, films, cultural, exhibits, cultural presentation, (Teatros, Musical groups, Dancegroups). Special nightly events, Chicano Art
The Committee for Rural Democracy and the National Educational Task Forces de La Raza are co-sponsoring the National Raza Youth Conference in Austin, Texas. The conference will be hosted by MAYO (Mexican-American Youth Organization) at the University of Texas Austin, on 14th, 15, 16th of June in Austin Texas.
EN MEXICO. ...................
From Page Continued from Page I
de la Baja California, pueden ahora disfrutar de los servicios de hospe-daje de la cadena hotelera mas grande del pais. Nacional Hotelera que. en conjunto con inversionistas locales, estan construyendo varios moteles. El Presidente. en Tijuana. Ensenada. San Ignacio. Santa Rosalia. Muleje. Loreto. La Par y Cabo San Lucas. Ya en servicio. estan los de San Quintin, Santa Inez, Punta Prieta y Guerrero Negro (Paralelo 28). Cada unidad contara de 60 a 120 cuartos. cada unidad tendra servicio de gasolina y otros,
Exhibits, and special speakers.
Included is a schedual of events, with registration on the 13th of June with workshops and presentation daily on the 14th and ISth and nightly presentation of film's, speakers, teatros, and musical groups. Free housing will not be provided, some limited number of free housing will be provided to student only on a first come, first served basis. Registration fee $2.00. Please register in advance.
For information write or call: National ference.
Rural Democracy.
519 E. Crockett St.
Crystal City. Texas 78839 (512) 374-2323
Raza Youth Con-c/o Committee for
asi como alojamiento. bebidas v ali-mentos por un dia o mas.
Varios hoteles cuenta con servicio completo para casas rodantes (trailers). Para mayores informes y re-servaciones. llame o escriba a Hoteles Presidente de Baja California: 8721 Beverly Blvd., Los Angeles. Calif. 90048.'Telf. (213) 657-5162: Airport Information Center C'O Gunnel — Aviation. Inc. 3050 Airport Ave.. Santa Monica. California 90405. Telf. (213) 391-6354; en Tijuana. Baja California. Ave. Revo-lucidn 1242, Teldfonos 38-506-01 v 38-506-02.
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Page 4, ECO’MAYA;-Junto' 1974
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The Real Story of the Denver School Desegregation Case
BILINGUAL TRAINING...
From Page 2
numerous other features which had been specifically spelled out in the Senate version of the manpower bill.
The final effort to achieve a meaningful congressional commitment for manpower assistance for persons with limited English speaking ability occurred during sessions of the joint House-Senate Conference Committee established to work out differences
by Paul A. Baca, Attorney
On December 11, 1975 the Honorable William Doyle, Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals Tenth Circuit, acting as the Trial Judge in the case of Keyes v. School District No. 1 found that a dual school system existed in Denver. With this finding Judge Doyle was under a mandate from the United States Supreme Court to desegregate the Denver School System “root and branch.” Having found constitutional violations on the part of the School Board, the next phase of litigation involved the relief to be given to the plaintiffs. In simple terms the relief stage of the litigation means what is going to be done or ordered by the Court to correct the situation.
At this point the Congress of Hispanic Educators (CHE), an association of Chicano Classroom Teachers and Counselors, represented by the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF) intervened at the relief stage of the law suit to
between the two manpower bills.
The Conferees deleted a Senate provision which made specific reference to individual manpower programs, but the continuation of such programs was ensured by defining activities which could be conducted by “community based organizations”. The conference report specifically referred to SER Jobs for Progress as an example of such a “community based organization.”
achieve four basic goals. First, CHE sought to ensure that the Chicano community did not do more than its share of the student transportation requirements ordered by the Court. Second, CHE sought to have bilingual bicuitural programs developed for the Denver Public Schools. Third, CHE sought to obtain an Affirmative Action Plan for the hiring of, minority teachers. Fourth, CHE sought to prevent the closing of minority schools as a part of any desegregation plan.
As far as the first goal mentioned above, the inter-venors are relatively satisfied that Chicano children will not be doing more than their share of the busing which has been the case in many other desegregation law suits in the Southwest. In fact, much of the busins ordered by the Court involving Chicano children was being done before any Court order. The inter-venors were satisfied that the Court minimized the transportation as much as possible and yet meets constitutional requirements.
The President o» the United Su Honorary Chumvin
SISTER CITIES INTERNATIONAL
A creative force for international cooperation and understanding through ettiaen urmohement and community participation
June 7, 1974
Hr. Henry G. Reyes 404 West Adams P.0. Box 3275 Pueblo, CO 81004
Dear Hr. Reyes:
Congratulations! It Is my great pleasure to Infore you that your city has been selected to receive an "Outstanding Achievement Award"
In the 12th Annual Town Affiliation Awards prograw sponsored tty the Reader's Digest Foundation. This award honors outstanding achievement In specific program areas and your comaun ity has been nominated to receive one or more of these awards.
For your information, I am enclosing a list of all cities In this country who will be receiving awards 1n this outstanding program. As you know, the actual awards presentation will take place following the annual banquet of the 16th Annual Town Affiliation Conference, September 18-21, 1974 In Phoenix, Arizona at the Mountain Shadows Hotel. Hr. Kent Rhodes, President of the Reader's Digest Foundation will be with us to present the awards. More detailed Information about the actual presentation will reach you at a later date.
In order for us to make the presentation of the actual awards at the banquet more dramatic and effective, we need your help. Mould you please send to our Washington office a selection of 35mn color slides which best represent your program. A maximum of six slides will be sufficient. While you are being called to.the awards platform, the slides will be shown, with a narration about your winning program being read. Please have your slides Into the national office by no later than July 1, 1974.
Please extend my very best wishes to the members of your Sister City Coaaalttee who have done such an excellent job and I will very much look forward to seeing you In Phoenix In September.
Sincerely,
Louis Wozar President
cc: The Honorable Melvin Takakl
JOHNNY DICO'S...


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Page 5, ECO MAYA, Junto 1974
Trousomerico ocquires Mexican hotels
The San Francisco based Transamerica Corporation (1972 assets: 4 billion dollars) has acquired a 45 percent interest in Spain's Melia International Hotel Corporation. Total investment on the part of Transamerica was 6 million 500 thousand dollars. In addition to Melia's European hotels, the deal includes the San Jose Purua hotel-spa in the Mexican state of Mi-choacan. the hotels Cristobal Colon and Colon Downtown in Mexico City, and a large apartment-hotel which Melia is currently constructing at the corner of Niza and Liverpool streets in Mexico’s capitol.
The rebozo
Santa Maria del Rio. 30 miles south of San Luis Potosi is the cuna (birthplace) of the rebozo, a symbol of Mexican womanhood, worn by rich and poor alike. This shawl is of Mexican, not Spanish, origin.
Thirteen rebozo types are made here on handlooms operated by hand and foot. Some are of such fine texture that a whole garment can be run through a small finger ring. They have as many as 5000 delicate silk tassels at each end.
Mazotkm becomes duty-free port
The federal government of Mexico has declared Mazatlan in the Pacific state of Sinaloa, a duty-free port. (Note: Other duty-free ports are Manzanillo, Guaymas, Tampico. Progreso, Ensenada; Salina Cruz; and Coatzacoalcos. This leaves just two Mexico ports which still impose duties — Acapulco and Veracruz).
Wearing slacks
Wearing slacks, once taboo in Mexico, is now considered in good taste. Many Mexican girls wear them.
Tehuantepec
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22 M 23 OO 2 17
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25 00 258
25 OO 25 OO 2 74
25 OO 31 OO 2 97
- 32.25 313
33 50 .2J2.
Tehuantepec at the southernmost tip of Oaxaca state is a must if you're in that vicinity. It is famous for its women and market. Tehuantepec women descendants of Zapotecas who built the temples of Mitla to the north, wear the pants. They handle the money, hold down the best City Hall jobs and run the market, even to butchering.
_«• ane nonor own cm
luse
Put steel between you and tire trouble!
500 STEEL BELT
WHITEWALLS
strong promton «Q»«U rood hutrtk r Strong. imoolMdng Potyostcr cord body
E7»*4 F78 14 G78 M MTS *4 GTS IS M 78-15 J 78 15 1.7815
•41.11 45 75 47 15 MOO 45.35
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53 00
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•Wooden handle AddWonrf MCh
•Assorted colors

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At 5:00 PM on Saturday, May 25th, Ms. Wanda M. Schmitz and Sr. Jose R. Padilla exchanged wedding vows in a beautiful double ring ceremony. The bi-lingual wedding service was officiated by the Rev. Josafat Curti of Denver; it was held in the new home of the couple at 668 So. Logan St. in Denver; The bride wore a floor-length slim gown of egg-shell white wool crepe, which she fashioned herself. Her dress was accented by a Cameo brooch, a gift of the bridegroom from Rome, Italy. Her headdress, a cascade of Spanish lace, was designed and made by the mother of the bride, Mrs. Naomi Schmitz Blanton. Ms. Schmitz was attended by two matrons of honor, Mrs. Eileen Houk, and Ms. Mary Impastato Lindner.
The bridegroom, Sr. Padilla, wore an off-white brocaded Tuxedo, which was accented with a black velvet tie and collar. He was attended by a best man, Mr. David Houk, and a groomsman, Sr. Ernesto Barrios. There were approximately 50 guests in attendance.
Immediately following the service, a garden-party reception was held which included dinner with Spanish-styled paella prepared by Mr. Lawrence Phipps, and a whole roast pig barbequed by Mr. Delbert James. A champagne toast was given for the wedding party by the groom and fruit-wine punch was served to all in attendance. Later, a tequilla toast was served all around. There was a three-tiered wedding cake, decorated with yellow and orange roses, white doves, wedding bands, and topped with a miniature bride and groom. The cake was served with coffee after the dinner as dessert. After the reception, the bride and groom left for a two-day retreat to a mountain cabin.
The new Sra. Padilla is a 1966 graduate of Mendota, Illinois High School and a 1970 graduate of Northwestern University with a degree in Communication. She is currently employed as manager of AD Sales with ECO PUBLICATIONS, INC. of Denver, Colo. Sr. Jose Padilla is a 1956 graduate of Ignacio, Colorado High School, the Valedictorian of the class; and a 1966 graduate of U.C.L.A. with his degree in Electrical Engineering. Sr. Padilla pusued Master's studies in Engineering at U.S.C. He has been involved in several phases of the U.S. Space Program, including the Apollo Sky lab missions, and he is now employed with the Martin Marietta Corp. In Denver, where he is working on the Viking Mission to MARS.
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A life insurance loan is an inexpensive form of borrowing and is available to you, depending on the type of policy you have. Usually, you can borrow up to 95 percent of the cash value built up in your policy at a cost of approximately five percent interest. This can be a quick low-rate method of obtaining money. There is no pressure to repay on an insurance loan so you repay the loan whenever you wish. Remember, however, that the amount of your insurance coverage is reduced by the value ' of the loan until it’s repaid.
A bank passbook Joan is one of the least expensive methods available to borrow money. However, it requires that you have money in the bank. Under this form of borrowing, you obtain a loan and your savings are held by the bank as collateral. Interest on a passbook loan is approximately ten percent; but your savings continues to pay interest to you of about five or six percent, so the loan runs about four to five percent. The . question arises, why not simply ; withdraw your money from the bank. Simple, a passbook loan gives you an incentive to repay yourself and to rebuild your savings. It also preserves interest on savings that would otherwise be lost to withdrawals, and this form of borrowing may be an * excellent way of establishing a credit history with a commercial bank.
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Page 6, ECO MAYA, Junio 1974
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Un filosofo incomprendido en cierta ocasion aseguro que las guerras se debian a la cos-tumbre de usar ropa y usaba como argumen-to principal esta pregunta: “^Puede usted imagi-narse a dos ejercitos de hombres desnudos comba-tiendo entre si?” Aparte de lo imposible que seria distinguir al enemigo (salvo que su piel fuese de otro color), la premisa arguye que el ser humano que se dice civilizado no puede sentir ganas de pe-lear estando desnudo. Pero lo que nos lleva a tocar este tema no es la teoria antibelica sino la nueva moda que esta implantando el que las mujeres lie-ven pantalones hasta a los eventos sociales mas destacados. Debemos asentar que el porque de la ropa nunca se ha aclarado y quiza ello se deba al hecho de que diariamente nos vestimos sin pensar en la-razon que nos lleva a ello. Sabemos por que respiramos, comemos y muchos otros actos consue-tudinarios, pero pregunte usted a cualquier persona por que anda vestida e invariablemente recibira respuestas que caen bajo estas dos categorias: (1) Seria inmoral andar desnudo y (2) para protegerse del clima. Un psiquiatra afirma que estas contesta-ciones son falsas ya que mucha gente no encuentra motivos para colgarse prendas y, si bien estas per-tenecen a tribus de Australia o Africa, su poco com-plicado modo de pensar jamas los ha Ilevado a la idea de arroparse. Para quien alegue que seria imposible soportar el frio desnudo, basta recordarle que los nativos de Tierra del Fuego, isla que so-porta inclemencias antarticas los doce meses del aho, andan desprovistos de ropa.
Los primeros misioneros que llegaron a la Poli-nesia al ver como todos andaban en panos menores, catequizaron hasta que los nativos quedaron con-vencidos de que debian usar ellos pantalones y las wahinis una prenda de tela que les cubriera de los hombros hasta la rodilla. Los evangelistas que pen-saron haria esta usanza menos promiscuos a los in-digenas pronto se convencieron de que ocurria
precisamente lo contrario, ya que se ocultaba por razones desconocidas lo que tan naturalmente se ex-ponia antes. Por lo anterior, muchos afirman que la ropa y de manera especial la femenina, fue crea-da para despertar el interes del hombre y no para desanimarlo.
Durante la Edad Media, el vestido adopto carac-teristicas singulares ya que servia mas para dife-renciar las castas sociales que como protection a la moral o al clima. Los raonjes no quisieron abando-nar sus vestimentas que recordaban tiempos bibli-cos; los caballeros de alcurnia se mandaban bordar complicados trajes para darse a conocer como tales; las mujeres aristocratas recurrieron al truco de po-nerse encima metros y metros de telas y brocados que soportaban gracias a crinolinas de alambre, muy decorosas en tanto Madame permanecia de pie pero que se elevaban hasta el techo cuando se sentaba, dejando a la marquesa de Camembert mas expuesta que los quesos de su condado.
Volviendo a la idea original de este articulo, esa nueva modalidad que esta cundiendo entre las socialites internacionales de lucir pantalones a bailes, funciones de opera y demas, nos recuerdan el co-mentario que escuchamos de labios de un conocido actor de cine norteamericano, cuando alguien le pregunto que pensaba de las chicas que usaban esta prenda masculina. “Para mi —respondio—, una muchacha ataviada con pantalones de mezclilla o pana luce tan atractiva como un peloton de fusila-miento de Fidel Castro.” Esta bien que las mujeres voten, trabajen, manejen, fumen, beban, bailen rit-mos estramboticos pero ya es hora de que nos dejen a los hombres la unica prenda que aun conserva el simbolo de masculinidad. Estamos dispuestos a pedir a los escoceses dejen sus falditas y a los grie-gos que vistan a sus soldados de manera que no parezcan bailarinas de ballet, si con ello logramos conservar la'exclusividad de los pantalones.
MSC-CHICANO Continued from Page 1
Southwest.
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With this newly attained identity Chicano students will then be motivated to continue their education; consequently becoming sufficiently qualified to help the people in their community.
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"SI SON GRINGOS, MO ME RINOO
Page 7, ECO MAYA, Junto 1974
“Desde que Pablo Lbpez fue herido en ambas piernas durante el asalto de Columbus la madrugada del 9 de mar-zo de 1916, tratb de acercarse a Sate vb, su ciudad natal, con el unico fin de poderse curar, ayudado de personas de su confianza absolute, sin peligro de ser delatado.
“Con grandes sufrimientos llegb a la Sierra de la Silla, situada a I norte de aquel lugar, a fines de marzo, ha biendo dispersado sus tropas. Encontro refugio en una cueva en la cual, ayudado por dos fieles amigos vecinos de Satevb, contaba con cuanto le era ne-cesario en materia de medicinas y ati-mentos . . .
“Bajaban los asistentes al pueblo constantemente, habiendo poco a poco cobrado confianza; posiblemente co-metieron alguna indiscrecibn.
“El cuartel general en Chihuahua tu-vo conocimiento de que Pablo Lbpez se encontraba por la regibn, curandose de sus heridas as! como tambibn supo de la forma como los dos individuos lo abasteclan desde la ciudad.
“El general Benjamin Garza intern-pestivamente sitio el pueblo, poniendo un cordbn de tropas e impidiendo la salida o la entrada a persona alguna.
“En esos dias Lbpez habia mandado a uno de sus dos amigos en busca de alimentos, por lo que fue capturado, pero sin que se lograra hacer que de-latara a su jefe. Como el herido tuviera necesidad de alimentarse y el caso era desesperado, Lbpez decidib enviar a su segundo servidor, tan pronto noth que el primero no regresaba. Tambien este segundo enviado cayb en manos de las tropas del general Garza.
“Lbpez comenzb a sospechar que algo anormal y extraordinario habia pasado puesto que tenia plena confianza en sus dos amigos. De haber estado sano, lo de menos hubiera sido cam-biar de escondite, pero herido como se encontraba precisamente de las dos piernas, no le quedaba mbs remedio que esperar. Pero tampoco podia espe-rar por tiempo indefinido, puesto que la falta de alimentos lo tenia casi des-fallecido. Habian pasado algunos dias desde la ausencia del primer enviado.
“Por fin, a los pocos dias, uno de los asistentes confesb conocer el lugar en donde se escondla el asaltante de Santa Isabel, y se prestb para con-
ducir a las tropas hacia el lugar preci-so.
“Liegaron a la misma cueva. pero el pajaro habia volado. mejor dicho, se habia arrastrado.
“Desesperado por el hambre y la sed, Lbpez salib de la cueva, arras-trandose ladera bajo. Siguieron el ras-tro los de Garza e imciaron una minu-ciosa busqueda ‘pemando’ la sierra.
“El general Garza sabia que Lbpez no podia estar muy lejos, asi es que comenzb a hacerlo llamar en voz aita por su nombre, sin que obtuviera mbs respuesta que el eco. Treinta y seis horas despues de llamarlo constantemente se escuchb una respuesta que conmovib y sorprendib a los soldados.
“No muy lejos vieron moverse unas ramas; surgib de entre ellas la cabeza de un hombre; era Pablo Lbpez ru-giendo:
“—Bueno, aqul estoy. Si son gringos, no me rindo. Si son mexicanos, me entrego.
“Al mismo tiempo que decia estas palabras, empuftaba su mbuser como para hacer ver a sus perseguidores que estaba dispuesto a acompahar hechos a palabras.
“Como le gritaran que eran mexicanos, se entregb al general Garza, quien lo condujo a Chihuahua, en donde in-greso al hospital militar.
“A los pocos dias fue pasado por las armas. Lo de Santa Isabel pesaba demasiado para otorgarle el perdbn. Ademas estaba fuera de la ley.
“Si Lbpez no hubiera sido el principal autor del atentado aquel, segura-mente habria sido perdonado, pues con la respuesta: ‘Bueno, aqui estoy; si son gringos, no me rindo; si son mexicanos me entrego’, que cundib rapi-damente por todo el Estado, se captb la simpatia de las tropas de la zona militar de Chihuahua.
“El fusilamiento causb sensacibn en todas partes, pero muy especialmente en los Estados Unidos, debido al valor con que se enfrentb al pelotbn.
“Tiro las muletas, se irguib desafiante y esperb la descarga como un valiente.
“Las fotografias de este fusilamiento circularon por todo el mundo."
Salinas Carranza, Alberto: La Expedi-cion Punitiva (1936).
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Under these conditions, they had to make the most of every available resource. And when it came to the all-important question of a source of fuel, fuel that was essential for cooking food and staying warm in the winter, they used anything from wood to coal to buffalo chips, depending upon what was available. And it wasn't unusual to travel great distances and spend a lot of time in search of fuel.
Fortunately for these early settlers, the wood or sod from which they built their homes was excellent insulating material, and they were able to make the most efficient use of the fuel they worked so hard to get.
Today, of course, our fuel and energy supply is as near as the turn of a dial or the flip of a switch. Because it's so convenient, and because natural gas has been so plentiful and inexpensive for years, we haven't always used it as efficiently as possible.
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Page 8, ECO MAYA, Junio 1974

NOTICE: Send your Classified Ad or Announcement to "EL ECO MAYA" Insert your message here & mail it in. Classifieds will NOT be taken by phone All classified . Ads must be prepaid by check or money order —10c. per word. Deadline is the 20th. day of each month for the following issue. Send to:
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The Court as part of its final order, ordered the development of bilingual bicultura! programs at Garden Place, Swansea, Cheltenham, and Del Pueblo Elementary Schools. Ir addition, the Court ordered similar programs for Baker Junior High School and West High School. The Court ordered that these programs be similar to the model which was presented to the Court by Intervenors’ Expert Witness Dr. Jose A. Cardenas of San Antonio, Texas. The order of the Court provides further that once developed, these programs shall be expanded to other schools where needed or desired. The Intervenors would have liked to have seen the bilingual bicultural programs expanded to all schools in September, 1974. However, J the Intervenors are of the opinion that the Court order is a step in the right direction towards the ultimate achievement of this goal.
The Court’s order also provides for an Affirmative Action Plan for the hiring of minority teachers so that their numbers more approximates the general school population figures for minority students. The school district is also required to make yearly projections with regard to the number of minority teachers they can expect to hire. In the event that they do not comply with these goals and show good cause why they were unable to meet them, the Court has reserved the right to impose goals and timetables upon the district. The Intervenors were seeking a Court ordered hiring quota for minority teachers. However, since no evidence was presented as to the school district’s hiring practices when the case was tried on the merits, the Affirmative Action Plan ordered by the Court is a fairly strong one in light of the circumstances. We will just have to wait and see how the School Board performs.
The Intervenors were successful in resisting the proposed closings of minority schools under the Plan proposed by the school district and that proposed by the Court’s consultant.
In retrospect, the Intervenors had a definite impact on this law suit which will ultimately assure that Denver’s Chicano children do, in fact, receive equal educational ,op-
Grupos de ancianitos de Pueblo se divirtieron durante Mayo a bordo del autobus de lujo llamado Big Mac.
Bajo auspicios de los restaurantes McDonald de Colorado, estuvo en esta ciudad el autobus equipado con sillas reclinadoras que giran al gusto. El piso del autobus esta cubierto con a If om bras gruesas y cojines.
El autobus esta totalmente ventilado cientificamente y guarda una temperatura agradable y limpia contin-uamente. Un bar de
refrescos y mesitas permite servir durante el paseo.
"Este bus esta' muy elegante" digo Jose Olivas uno de los pasageros, "Nos llevaron por Pueblo West y Colorado Springs a ver muchos lugares nuevos..."
La gerencia de McDonalds dijo a los reporteros de Eco que tienen planes para ofrecer a los ancianos otra serie de paseos en el autobus de 18 pasajeros por varios dias en el cercano futuro.
En la grafica se dejan ver cuatro de los tripulantes al fin de su paseo.
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Page 9. ECO MAYA, Junio 1974
PART III
(Thi* is a continuation of our May Issue, By Ayn Rand
“You stand in the midst of the greatest achievements of the greatest productive civilizaiton and you wonder why it's crumbling around you, while you're damning its life-blood-money. You look upon money as the savages did before you, and you wonder why the jungle is creeping back to the edge of your cities. Throughout men's history, money was always seized by looters of one brand or another, whose names changed, but whose method remained the same: to seize wealth by force and to keep the producers bound, demeaned, defamed, deprived of honor. That ohrase about the evil of money, which you mouth with such righteous recklessness, comes from a time when wealth was produced by the labor of slaves-slaves who repeated the motions once discovered by somebody's mind and left unimproved for centuries. So long as production was ruled by force, and wealth was obtained by conquest, there was little to conquer. Yet through all the centuries of stagnation and starvation, men exalted the looters, as aristocrats of the sword, as aristrocrats of birth, as aristocrats of the bureau, and despised the producers, as slaves, as traders, as shopkeepers-as industrialists.
“To the glory of mankind, there was, for the first and only time in history, a country of money-and I have no higher, more reverent tribute to pay to America, for this means: a country of reason, justice, freedom, production, achievement. For the first time, man’s mind and money were set free, and there were no fortune-by-con-quest, but only fortunes-by=work, and instead of swordsmen and slaves, there appeared the real maker of wealth, the greatest worker, the highest type of human being-the self-mademan-the American Industrialist.
“If you ask me to name the
PIRAMIDE de VIDA
proudest distinction of Americans, I would choose-because it contains all the others-the fact that they were the people who created the phrase *to make money.' No other language or nation had ever used these words before; men had always thought of wealth as a static quantity-to be seized begged, inherited, shared, looted or obtained as a favor. Americans were the first to understand that wealth has to be created. The words *to make money* hold the essence of human morality.
“Yet these were the words for which Americans were denounced by the rotted cultures of the looter’s continents. Now the looters' credo has brought you to regard your proudest achievements as a hallmark of shame, your prosperity as guilt, your greatest men, the industrialists, as blackguards, and your magnificent factories as the product and property of muscular labor, the labor of whip-driven slaves, like the pyramids of Egypt. The rotter who simpers that he sees no difference between the power of the dollar and the power of the whip, ought to learn the difference on his own hide-as, I think, he will.
“Until and unless you discover that money is the root of all good you ask for your distruction. When money ceases to be the tool by which men become the tools of men. blood, whips, and guns -or dollars. Take you choice-there is no other- and your time is running out.
Una orca aumama madio kilo conaumiando . . .
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Tros siete decadas de estudio, la ciencia empieza a reconocer, con extraha lastima, la evidencia de la existencia de Dios. Ha hallado pruebas de que la vida en los oceanos y sobre la Tierra esta apoyada sobre un gran plan maestro, el cual se basa en una serie de cadenas alimenticias que conservan y sostienen toda la vida del planeta. Existen muchos centenares de complejas e incomprensibles cadenas alimenticias que vinculan a todas las formas de vida. Por ejemplo, las diatomeas (plantas microscopicas) son consumidas por anchoas. Estas a su vez son devoradas por aves como el corvejon. En la Tierra tenemos cadenas alimenticias mas directas, como por ejemplo, pasto-res-hombre y granos-pollo-hombre. El diagrama muestra la cadena alimenticia plancton-a-ballena.
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Page 10, ECO MAYA, Junio 1974
61. LUCHA ENTRE MAYAFAN Y CH1CHEN ITZA
The highland Maya traded in obsidian, jade, (the Maya passion and greatest store of value) and feathers from the illusive quetzal bird found in the vicinity of Alta Verapaz. Copal, an incense, and alum were also exported from the highlands north and east of what is now Guatehnala City. Flint, the Maya substitute for metal and chert, came from deposits in the Central area (El Peten). All of these products were exchanged with the lowland Maya for cotton, cotton yardage, honey, wax, and smoked deer. Maize, most importand to the lowlanders, was shipped in sacks.
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From the unraveling coastline of the penninsula whole fleets of fishing canoes put to sea daily. Thus fish became an important export commodity for the tideland areas. But of all products bartered by the coast dwellers, salt was the most important. This life-giving staple was distilled from natural ponds and traded to inlanders for cotton mantles, ornaments and maize.
Maya sailors seem to have been afraid to venture into hostile Gulf waters since there is no record of Maya knowledge of any of the numerous Caribbean Islands. Seafaring must have remained coastal and, because of superstition, only a daylight activity. Yet pearls found in the tomb at Planque most likely came from as far away as Venezuela and what little gold the Maya possessed came clear up from Panama. However, more important than all other articles and However, more important than all other articles and commodities of trade, there were two which influenced every aspect of the Maya society and day to day life. One was cacao and the other slavery.
The cacoa tree grew only in the thick jungles on the periphery of Mayadom making it a scarce commodity. Its beans could be used to make chocolate or could be pressed and allowed to ferment making ‘balche’, the favorite drink of the Maya. But most important “Cacoa was the gold of this country for it served as money in the market of Chichen Itza” wrote Bishop Landa, the formost observer of the Spanish conquest. Thus not only did the cacoa bean derive its value from use, but also from exchange.
The other commodity of profound political importance was slavery. A slave cost about one-hlihdfed cocao' beans, and was invaluable to the Mayan household as a servant, to the community as a laborer and to the priest as a sacrifical victim. Even one slave was a prized family possession and was usually treated as such. However in the case of draught or or famine, slaves were the first to be sacrificed to the reluctant Gods. Thus owning slaves involved more than an economic motive; it guaranteed some measure of insurance that ones family members need not be given up to the high priest’s obsidian knife.
After the successful invasion of the Toltecs, slavery became a social institution. Internecine wars were fought ostensibly for the angrandizement of the brutal Cult of the Jaguar, but in reality raids were waged more for the profiteering on the sale of captives from the plundered villages. . The demoralizing effects of this activity will be discussed more fully later on.
In addition to cacao and slavery, gold, silver, jade and other durable metals were not without their value. They contained a great store of value, but not in the conventional sense associated with western civilization. Instead, their’s was a value akin to a nebulous religious-social value rather than to any direct economic value. Like a temple or a pyramid, a gold earing or mask carved from jade represented the product of the spiritual community; the final product of the time lent to man by the Gods; a gift to society created by some skilled artisan to commemorate a culture which freed man from his bondage of want, of being human and therefore mendane and economic.
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Del mar y el aire... Gran parte de los barcos que los Estados Unidos de Norteam6rica utillzaran en la II Guerra Mundial, se encuentran en la actualidad amarrados en diversos muelles sirviendo de almacGn a sus exce* dentes de producd6n agricola, particularmente. el trigo— Hoy por hoy, el m&$ importante puerto del mundo lo es el de Rotterdam. En el famoso Puerto holand£s, se movieron el pasado afto tres millones mAs de toneladas metrical de carga que en el -de Nueva York... El mAs barato "Jet” lanzado al mercado por los fabrlcantes de aviones —para cuatro pasajeros, tipo ejecu-tivo—, tiene un cos to de ocho millones de pesos...
Y hdblando de cotton... La tribuna real, recientemente terminuda en Ascot, donde se corre anualmente el mdt cldsico y famoso de los derbys ingleses, costd un total de doce millones de pesos... que, claro, comparado con el precio de los cinco millones de drboles que es preciso talar para producer el papel que emplea anualmente el New York Times para su publi-cacidn. resulta una bagatela...
Lo que no es una bagatela, es la eficienda postal de nuestro vecino del norte... La Direccidn de Correos de aquel pais, concedid asueto a todos los carteros los dias 25, 26 y 27 de diciembre, debido a que para esas fechas no quedaba pendiente de reparto ni una sola pieza postal. ;Veridico...!
Algo sobre arte... Todos las muy numerosas obras que merecen tal ran go, existentes en los castillos de la familia real de Inglaterra, pertenecen precisamente a dsta y ho, como se podria pensar, al gobiemo del pals... Cosa muy distinta ocurre en EE. UU., donde gran parte de los cuadros que se encuentran en la Casa Blanca, incluso en la habitacidn del Presidents Johnson, son prestados por distintos museos y coleccionistas particulares...
Y algo sobre ciencia... Una valiosa contribucidn de la muerte a la vida, es el cada vez mAs empleado mAtodo de transfusiones de sangre de cadA-ver... Aunque suene un tan to truculento, la realidad es que tal sangre tiene una serie de ventajas sobre la del donador vivo, que la hacen valiosisima para la lueha contra la enfermedad... La primera ventaja es que la sangre del donador difunto no se coagula... La segunda, muy importante, es que mientras el donador vivo proporciona como mAximo un volumen de 500 gramos de sangre, el difunto puede dar 3 o 4 litros... AdemAs, la sangre ael cadAver cuando es transfundida en un lapso de pocas horas, no requiere para ser conservada de los llamados estabilizadores. indispensables en la conservation de la sangre de vivo... Por ultimo, alguna de las aplicaciones del ultrasonido en la actualidad... Aparte de la muy conocida que sustituye al "Abrete sAsamo" y que permite que las puertas de un garage se abran al acercarse un automOvil, de cuyo interior se emite la seftal inaudible para el humano que hace funcionar la cerradura y goznes de las puertas, el ultra-sonido se emplea para prevenir incendios, evitar que las personas penetren en zonas de peligro, incrementar la pesca, para destruir bacterias peligrosas, preparar sueros, producir transformaciones quimicas —que crean toda una tAcnica especial de la quimica: la fonoquimica—. y en muchas otras cosas que seria muy largo reseftar...
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Full Text

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(.20) VOLUMEN V NUMERO 6 MEXICAN AMERICAN -EXCHANGING IDEAS NEWS-VIEWS JUNtO 1974 LARASA ANNOUNCES EDUCATION CONFERENCE Staff Reporter The Latin American . Research and Service Agency (LARASA) will sponsor jointly with the Colorado Civil Right s Commission a statewide Con ference on Quality Education for Mexican Americans. "The date for the Conference has tentatively been set for October," announced jack Lang, Executive Director of LARA SA . The Conference will be a follow-up of a similar national Conference held in March in San Antonio, Texas, under the sponsorship of the U.S . Com-m1ss1on on Civil Rights . The purpose of the Colorado Con ference will be to develop strategies for implementing the recommendations of the U .S. Commission regarding quality education for the Mexican American . "One goal of the Colorado Conference," continued Lang, "will be to develop a statewide task force of concerned citizens who wi II work toward the rapid implementation in Colorado of well-plann e d bilingual/bicultural education, EN MEXICO NO HAY PROBLEMA DE COMBUSTIBLE LOS ANGELES ... La grave situacion en el abastecimiento de combustible por Ia que atraviesan los Estados Unidos de Norteamerica hoy en dia, obligando a los automovilistas a hacer largas y lentas lineas de espera para surtirse de gasolina, esta desanimando a los vacacionistas al hacer sus planes de paseo durante el proximo erano . Los reportes con respecto a Ia situacion, cambian de un dia a otro; unos optimistas informando que el problema se solucionara muy pronto y otros, que el racionamiento es inmiente. La solucion que sugiere el Consejo Nacional de Turismo para los que 61isfrutan y desean viajar durante sus vacaciones, especialmente los propietarios de autos de recreo , es que vean hacia el SUR ... La disponibilidad de combu stible y demas derivados del petroleo es normal en todo "Mexico . . . inclueyendo Ia nueva carretera Transpeninsular de Ia Baja California. En Ia reciente inaugurada carretera de 1 , 035 millas, algunas de las estaciones . de gasolina no han sido aun terminadas, pero los que ya estan ' ' ' .... <> '\'. en operacion, con sufi ciente combustible. El trecho man largo de una estacion a otra, es de La Paz a Villa Concepcion (aproximada mente 211 Kms.-131 millas) . Se recomienda llenar el tanque cada vez que se llega a una estacion pare evitar contratiem pos. Existen 16 estac iones en operacion en el territorio de Ia Baja California y 4 mas fuera de Ia ruta principal. En el estado de Baja California, el numero es mucho mas alto. Como consecuencia, no hay escasez de gasolina para autos , camiones o aviones . Los precios oficiales son : NOVA $1.40 por litro (aproxi madamente 0.45 ctvs. por ga lon); Gasolina de alto octanage para a vi ones, $2.20 pesos por I itro (aprox. 0. 70 ctvs. por gal on); DIESEL $0.50 ctvs. por litro (aprox. 0 . 16 ctvs . por. galon) . Puede haber una pequena d iferencia en precio,dependiendo del are9. Los precios son para toda Ia Republica de Mexico. Los a utomovil istas que tengan plane s de manejar porIa carretera Continued on Page 3 placement of students in colleges, teacher training in Mexic.an American history and culture, and also, compliance of school districts with Federal regulations regarding equal employment opportunity." Further detail s about the Conference, as they become avai lable, will be printed in "EI Eco Maya" new s p aper. More information can also b e ob tained from the LARASA office at 1375 Delaware St., Denver, Colo. , or phone 255-1465. MSC-CHICANO STUDIES RECRUITMENT PROGRAM by Ben Lovato, Student The Chicano Studie s D e partment i s a co mponent o f the Urban Affairs Cente r at Metropolitan State College serving Chicanos as well as NonChicanos. It offers a minor in Chicano Studies and courses that promote in academic a nd professional areas the awareness, knowledge and sen sitivity to the histo rical and cultural factors that make Chicano s a unique group in the Con tinued o n Page 6 Columna de Ia lndependencia. En una de las glorietas del Paseo _de Ia Reforma. Es un monumento conmemorativo de Ia lndependencoa Nacoonal. Independence Column. at one of the "glorietas" or traffic circles along the Paseo de Ia Reforma. It is a monument conmemoratong Independence and erected a century after the movement began in 1810. MEXICO, D. F . Mutualistas O&servan 52avo. Aniversario Mas de cien miembros e invitados de Ia Sociedad Mutual ista Ignacio Zaragoza participa ron en el banquete del 52vo. Aniversario de Ia agrupacion. El evento s ocial se verifico por Ia tarde y noche del sabado, dia primero del mes en Ia casa Mutuali sta, Salon Zaragoza, _ ubicado en el 1339 dela avenida East Routt. AI concluir el banquete, el presidente de Ia Sociedad, Sr. Santiago Aragon extendio una calu ros a bienvenida a Ia concu r renci a . L a maestra de ceremon ias, Ia senora Dora Martinez, presento a cada participante en el programa de aratoria y variedad . La secretaria de Ia Sociedad, senora Julia Cordova leyo el Acta Primordial y el distinguido senor Leonardo Flores pronuncio el discurso oficial. La aratoria se desarrollo mediante un desfile de delegados de las distintas organizaciones loc ales que tomaron Ia palabra para ofrecer sus fel icitaciones a los Mutualistas. El reverendo Padre Mario invoco,., beridiciones Celestiales para los presentes y encabezo el accion de gracias por los favores recibidos durante el tiempo senalado en Ia celebracion del aniversario. Divertidos numeros de baile y variedad fueron ofrecidos al publico por el grupo que encabeza Ia talentosa Linda Raigoza bajo Ia direccion de Ia Sra . Lupe Raigoza. El baile de aniversario fue amenizado por Ia musica de "Aztlan" y resulto todo un derroche de alegria hasta Ia media noche.

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, ( . . ,. ' . f r-_ ..-,. - • f , _".j"' l ! Page 2, ECO MAY.A," junio1974 AN INSPIRING SPEECH The Eco Newspaper is a Bi-lingual newspaper, published monthly by Maya Enterprises 600 West Northern Ave. 'El Eco Maya has a circulation of io, 000 copies and is distributed in Pueblo, Denver, Colorado Springs and the San Luis Valley Area ... EDITOR: Emesto Barrios SALES: Wanda M. Schmitz COMPOSITION: Nita Barrios ASSOC. EDITOR: Joaquin Diaz CONTRIB. EDITOR: Joe Padilla PHOTOGRAPHY: William Forehandi . . • . Jack Avalos LAYOUT: Miguel A. Jimenez Ernesto Barrios QUALITY CONTROt: Paul Bueno DISTRIB. MANAGER: W. Padilla: l)ISTRIBUTlON: J
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centroamerica '-.........._____ GUATEMALA A ESCASAS h o ros de vuel o d e I a ciudod de Mexic o , y oc ces i b l e tombien por exce lentes correteros, Guat e m a l a ofrece o l v i s itonte un o g ran vori e dod d e o t rocciones. lguol que Me x i co , cuento en s u posodo con uno fobuloso civiliz oci 6n p rec o lombi no , o l comportir con es t e l os vest i g ios de I a cu lture mayo. Por todo e l pai s , ru i nos de los c iudodes y temples de oquello rozo , don fe del esplendor y grondezo de l os ontiguos morodores. Los restou rodos r u inos de Zoculeu en el Departamento de Huehuetenongo; Ia imponente T i kol en Ia servo del Departamento de Peten ; Kom i nol Juyu en plena ciudod de Guatemala, son joyos , entre muchos otros, que el vis itonte no debe perderse. De Ia Colon i a conserve Guatemala tombien, numerosos y e xtroordinori o s muestros, porticu lormente en Ia l lomodo hoy ''La Ant igua, que f uero en e l posodo residenci o del gobierno de los provinc ios esponolos en Centroomeri co y tercero gran c iudod de todos los Americas, despues de Mex i co capitol y Limo. Guatemala es hoy un pai s moderno, ovonzodo y d inami co , donde el v i s itonte puede gozor de s us otrocti vos recorr iendo sus correteros povimen todos y hospedandose en c6modos hoteles de pr imero categoric, tales como el GUATEMALA BILTMORE, EL MAYA EXCELSIOR o el MOTEL PLAZA. La c iudod de Guatemala es Ia metr6poli de Ia America Central. Sus cosi medi o m i ll6n de hobi tontes gozan plenomente de un clime ideal, de bellos porques, grandes y ultramodernos edi f i cios, anchos bulevares, restaurantes de tipo in ternocional (CAFESA, CANTON , etc .), multiples d i vers iones (CENTRO NOCTURNO CHICOTE , EMPERADOR BOlTE, GRILL SENORIAL), todo en un ombiente 'de tranquilidod prometedora. Grandes a lmacenes (PAI Z , MA YAN MODERN , M l AMIGO , ALMACEN REGALOS SELECTOS), ofrecen los mas ex clus ives a r ticulos del pai s e importados. Muchas personas Jlamcin a Guatemala Ia Su i zo d e Cen troamerica por Ia s imi l itud de sus pai sajes. Ademas de los lagos, montanas y volcones del altiplano guatemalteco, es aqui donde reside Ia mayori a de sus habitantes indigenes, quienes conservan hoy todos las costumbres, trodiciones, d ialectos y trajes de sus antepasados. El merca do de Ch i ch icastenango sabre todo, demuestra p lenamente el colorido, Ia variedad y mezcla de los cultures precolombina y s iglo vei nte. The Committee for Rural Democracy and the Nat i onal E d ucational Task Forces de . L a R aza are co-sponsoring the N atio nal R aza Youth Con fer e nce i n Austin, Texas. T he con fer ence will b e ho ste d b y MAYO (Mexic an -American Youth O r gan i z a t i on) at the Univer sity of Tex a s Aust i n , on 14th , 15, 1 6 t h o f June i n Texas . EN MEXI C O . . , .•••.... .......... Fro m Page Continued from P age I ,. Page 3 , ECO MAYA, Juni o 1974 National Raza \both Conference The purp ose of the con f erence i s to develop a meanful change of I deas and in format i on on the r elationsh i p of educat i on to Raza and the mov i m i ento . We feel that his c onference is very necessary because education has pla y ed a ma jor ro l e i n the development of the soc ial and pol i tical movement of Chi canos and all Raza throughout the Un i ted State s for this reason we are extend ing t his invita t ion to attend this conference . The conference will consist of daily panel presentations , w o rksh ops, speakers, films , cu lt ural, exhi b its, cultural present at i on , (Teatr os, M u sical g roups, D a n ce g roups ) . S pecial n ight l y events, Chica n o Art E hlb t:s., and s p lal speakers. Inclu ded i s a sc:hedua l of e n , with regi stration on the 13th of June th work shop s an d presentation dail on the 14th and 15th and n i ghtly presentat on of film's, s peakers . teatro s , and mus i cal groups . Fre hous ing will not be provided, some limited number of tree hous ing will be prov i ded to student o n l on a first come, irst ser ved basis . Regist ration fee $2. 00. Please register i n advance . For i nformation w rite or call: National Raza Youth Con ference . 'to Committee for Rural Democracy. 519 E . Crockett St. Crystal City , Texas 78839 (512) 374 -2323 de I a Baja California. pueden a hara a i como alojamiento. bebida y ali menta por un dia 0 rna . d is frutar de l o s servicios de hospedaje de Ia cadena hotelera mas grande del pais. Nacional Hotelera qwe . en conjunto con inversionistas locales. estan construyendo varios moteles. E l Presidente . en Tijuan a . Ensen a d a . San Ignacio. Santa Ro salia. M uleje. Loreto. La Paz y Ca bo San L ucas. Ya e n servicio. estan los d e S a n Qui n ti n . Santa Inez, Punta Prieta y Guerrero Negr o ( P aral e l o 2 8 ). Cad a u ni d a d con tara d e 6 0 a 1 2 0 c u artos . cad a uni d a d tendra servicio d e gasolin a y otros. a rias hotele cuenta con er ici complete para ca a rodante ( tr i ler ) . P a r a ma ore inform y r servacione . lla m e o e cri a H o teles Pre idente d e B ja California: 721 Bever! Blvd.. L "' Ang le . Calif. 90048 . Tel. (213) 657 5162 : A irport Information Center C ' O , Gunnel -Aviation. 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( Daily 8t Sunday ) PHONE: 545-3992 131:-l : . W • . NOR
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Pagei4,. ECJ ; The Re3J Siory of the Denver School Desegregation Case SISTER CITIES INTER!\JATIONAL E E • COMMERCIAL ART • DESIGN & LAY OUT • ILLUSTRATIONS • TRADE MARKS • CREATIVE PRINTING • LETTER HEADS .----'--Dil--L----, 543-5207 BILINGUAL TRAINING ... From Page 2 numer . ous other feature s which had been specifica lly spelled out in the Senate ver s ion of the manpower bill. The final effort to achieve a mean ingful congressional commitment for manpower assistance for person s with limited English speaki ng ability occurred during sessions of the joint House-Senate Conference Committee established to work out differ ences by Paul A. Baca , Atto rney On December 11, 197 3 the Hono r able William Doyle, Cir cuit judge of the United States Court of Appeals Tenth Cir cuit, acting as the Trial judge in the case of Keyes v. School District No. 1 found that a dual school system existed in Denver. With this finding Judge Doyle was under a mandate from the United States Su preme Court to desegregate the Denver School System "root and branch. " Having found constitutjonal violations on the part of the School Board, the next phase of litigation in volved the relief to be given to the plaintiffs. In simple terms the relief stage of the litigation means what is going to be done ' or ordered by the Court to correct the situation. At this point the Congress of Hispanic Educators (CHE), an association of Chicano Class room Teachers and Coun selors, represented by the Mex ican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MAL DEF) intervened at the relief stage of the law suit to between the two manpower bills . The Conferees deleted a Senate provi s i o n which made s pecific refer ence to individual manpower pro gram s , but the continuation of such programs was ensured by defining activities whic h could be condu c ted by "community based organizations". The confere n ce report s pecifi c ally r efe rred to S E R Jobs for Progress as a n exampl e of such a ''community based organization . " * Life Insurance • R etirement • Educational Plans • Hospital Income * Disability Income FRANCISCO OCHOA !fentucky Central Insurance Companies RES: 544-4329 1143 S . SANTA FE PUEBLO, COLO. 81004 PH : 544-6795 achieve four basic goals. First, CHE sought to ensure that the Chicano community did not do more than its share of .the student transportation require ments ordered by the Court. Second , CHE sought to have bilingual bicultural programs developed for the Denver Pub lic Schools. Third , CHE sought to obtain an Affirmative Action Plan for the hiring of, minority teachers. Fourth, CHE sought to prevent the closing of minority schools as a part' of any desegregation plan . As far as the first goal mentioned above, the inter venors are relatively satisfied that Chicano children will not be doing more than their share of the busing which has been the case in many other de segregation law suits in the Southwest. In fact, much of the busins ordered by the Court involving Chicano chil dren was being done before any Court order. The inter venors were satisfied tnat the Court minimized the trans portation as much as possible and yet meets constitutional requirements. Hr. Henry G. Reyes 404 West Adam P .o. Box 3275 Pueblo, CO 81004 Dear Hr.-Reyes: A c:rellliw! iOI'Cf! kK and understandi n g tfvout/1 ci:Uen MKJ community participation June 7, 1974 Congratulations1 It is lilY great pleasure to infona you that your city has been selected to receive an •Outstanding t.ard• in the 12th Annual Town Affiliation /awards progr• sponsored by the Reader's Digest Foundation. This award honors outsbnding achieYelll!ftt in specific program areas and your has been .-tnated to receive one or more of these awards. For your information, I • enclosing a list of all cities in this country -"o will be receiving awards in this outstanding program. As you know, the actual awards presentation will take place following the annual banquet of the 16th Annual Town Affiliation Conference, September 18-21, 1974 in Phoenix, Arizona at the Mountain Shadows Hotel Hr Kent Rhodes, President of the Reader's Digest Foundation will be -with u; to pre sent the awards. More detailed information about tbe actual presentation will reach you at a later date. In order for us to lllilke the presentation of the actual awards at the ban!luet 110re dramatic and effective, we need your help. Would you please send to our washington office a selection of 35mm color slides which best your program • . A axiof six slides will be sufficient. Whi.le you are being called to. the -rds platfonn, the slides will be sholjl'l, with a narration about your wiming program being read. Please have your slides into the office by no later than July 1, 1974. Please extend IllY very best wishes to the members of your Sister City ec-ittee who have done such an excellent job and I wfll very JAUCh look forward to seeing you in Phoenix in Septellber. cc : The Honorable Melvin Takaki President JOHNNY DICO'S ••• ,. -Jeep wANrEo: I VERSEAS OPERA TORS POSITIONS OPEN -APFHL Apply Now CALL: 233-3627 FOR APPOINTMENT A.T. & T . Long Lines International Operating Center (NEED OPERATORS FOR NIGHT SHIFTS) $108.00 per week to start EMPLOYMENT OFFICE: 1881 Pierce Street Lakewood, Colorado 80215 "An Equal Opportunity Employ e r .. f I ' ' , ' • HORNET • JAVELIN • MATADOR • AMBASSADOR • AMX • JEEP • GREMLIN 24 -HOUtt EMERGENCY SERVICE & TOWING AVAi1Ailf 1388-43811 6001 EAST COLFAX AVENUE ..... '74 l.oolr I• Us _, fall Virgi11ia & s.ut• H....., ill A.,.. . • • t • ' •• ' • • J ' ' t ... t .. " J .t •• ... . . l . I ' I

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irCiftSGifterica acquires Mexican hotef s The San Francisco based Transamerica Corporation ( 1972 assets: 4 billion dollar l has acquired a 45 percent interest in Spain's Melia Interna ronal Hotel Corporation. Total in estmen on the p a r of Trans america wa 6 million 500 thousand dollars. In addi tion to Melia's European hotel s . the deal includes the San J o e Purua hotel-spa in the Mexican state of Mi choacan. t h e hotels Cristobal Colon and Colon Downtown i n Mexico City. and a large apartment-hotel which Melia is currently con tructing a t the corner o f iza and Liverpool streets in Mexico' s capitol. The rebozo San to Moria del Rio. 30 mil es south of San Lui Potosi is the cuna (birthplace) of the rebozo. a s mho! of Mexican womanhood. worn by rich and poor olike. This s hawl is o f Mexicon. not Spani h . origin. Thirtee n rebozo types a r e made here on handlooms operated b y h and o n d foot. Some are of such fine textur e that a whole garment can be run through a small finger ring. They hoYe os man v o5 5000 delicate ilk tas els at each end. Mcuattcm becomes duty-free port The federal government of Mexico has declared Mazatlan in the Pacific state of Sinaloa, a duty-free port. (Note: Other duty-free ports are Manzanillo. Guaymas. Tampico. Progreso. Ensenada; Cruz; and Coatzacoalcos. This leaves just two Mex1co ports which still impose duties -Acapulco and Veracruz) Wearing slacks Wearing slacks. once taboo in Mexico. is now consid e red in good taste. Many Mexican girls wear them. T ehuantepec Tehuantepec at the southernmost tip of Oaxaca state i s a mus t if you're in that vicinity. It is f amous f o r its women and market. Tehu?.ntepec women des cendants of Zapotecas who built the temples of Mitla to the north. wear the pants. They handle the money, hold down the best City Hall jobs and run the market. even to butchering. Put steel between yoU and tire trouble! &oo S I EEL BELT WHITEWALLS .... '71" 4 S...2S ,61 G711 t 4 ,..,_ , s '79 :::: = H78 J18 ..... ...... 306 30. 320 BOLFUMBIIR•U •Big .. ... . ,._..,. nyton shaft •Wooden•Asoortodoolon -ly *299 EACH l imit one at t his price ---:-We're RADI.AL TIRE Headquarters State lllspectioll No. m Inspection No.5 .,.,. Now 31'01 HOURS 8 to 5 Moli through Sat. ltl w. 8th ,.... 5424202 : ... . , ... .. ,. PageS, ECO MAYA, Junio 1974 Enlace I Schmitz-Padilla ([irculos fNLACf At 5 :00 PM on Saturday, May 25th, Ms. Wand a M. Schmitz and Sr . Jose R . Padilla exchanged wedd'ing vows i n a beautiful double r ing ceremony. The bi-lingual wedding service was officiated by the Rev . Josafat Curti of Denver ; i t was held i n the new home of the couple at 668 So. Logan St. in Denver; The bride wore a floor-length slim gown of egg-shell white wool crepe, which she fashioned hersel f. Her dress was accented b y a Cameo brooch, a gift of the bridegroom from Rome, Italy. Her headdress, a casca de of Span ish lace, was designed and made by the mother of the br i de , Mrs . Naomi Schmitz Blanton. Ms. Schm i t z was attended b y two matrons of honor, Mrs . Eileen Houk. and Ms . Mary Impastato Lindner. The bridegroom, Sr . Padilla, wore an off-whi te brocaded Tuxedo, which was accented with a black velvet tie and collar. He was attended by a best man. Mr. David Houk, and a grooms man, Sr . Ernesto Barrios . There were approximately 50 guests in attendance . Immediately following the service, a garden-party reception wa s held which included dinner with Span ish-styled paella prepared by Mr. Lawrence Phi pps , and a whole roast pig barbequed by Mr. Delbert James . A c hampagne toast was given for the wedding party by the groom and fruit-wine pu nch was served to all in attendance. Later, a tequ i lla toast was served all around. There was a three-tiered wedding cake, d ecorated with yellow and orange roses , white dove s , wedding bands, and topped with a m iniature bride and groom. The cake was serve d with coffee after the dinner as dessert . After the reception, the bride and groom left for a two-day retreat to a mountain cabin. The new Sra. Padilla is a 1966 graduate of Mendota, Illinois High School and a 1970 graduate of Northwestern University w ith a degree in Communication. She is currently employed as manager of AD Sales with EC O PUBLICATIONS, INC. of Denver, Colo. S r. Jose Padilla is a 1956 graduate of Ignacio, Colorado H igh School, t he Valedictorian of the class; and a 1966 graduate of U.C .l.A. with his degree in Electrical Eng i neer ing. Sr . Padilla pusued Master's studies in Engineering at U.S.C . He has been i nvolved in several phases of the U.S . Spac e Program, including the Apollo Skylab missions, and he is now employed with the Martin Marietta Corp. In Denver . where he i s working on the Viking Mission to MARS. UNDERSTANDING BANK PASSBOOK and LIFE INSURANCE LOANS EIR lbDI> SYSTEMS. INC. leAN FEJEJB 822 SANTA FE. DR. (303) 572-1587 DENVER, COLORADO 80204 458-0920 A life insurance loan is an i nexpensive form of borrowing and is available to you, depend ing on the type of policy you have . Usually, you can borrow up to 95 percent of the cash value built up in your policy at a cost of approximately five percent interest. This can be a quick low-r ate of obtain in g money. There is no pressure to repay on an insurance loan so you repay the loan whenever y o u wish . Remember, however, that the amount of your i nsurance coverage is reduced by the value ' of the loan until it's repa i d. NO NEED TO BEA GENIUS ••• A bank passbook Joan is one of the least expens iv e methods available to borrow money. How ever, it requires that you have money in the bank. Under this form of borrowi ng , you obtain a loan and your savings are held by the bank as collateral. Inter est on a passbook loan is approximately ten percent; but your savings continues to pay interest to you of about five or six percent, so the loan runs about four to five percent. The question arises, why not simply withdraw your money from the bank. Simple, a passbook loan gives you an incentive to repay yourself and to rebuild your savings. It also preserves interest on savings that would otherwise be lost to withdrawals, and this form of borrowing may be an excellent way of establishing a credit history with a commercial bank. WJen you can't figure , out how your bills will get paid call the friendly people at PAD. NATJONAL BANK OF PUEBLO PUEBLO. COLORADO MEMBER.F.J).l; C . . • .. ' :0 • t _ _ , ;: ; : .' ' • ' • ' • ' . : t . ' • I I ' '

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Page 6, ECO MAYA, Junio 1974 TUXEDO RENTALS & SALES Also B usiness Suits See Us for: ----------Sr. Jerry Lara, Manager. WEDDINGS, PROMS AND ALL FORMAL . _OCCASIONS' -;;-------"Se Habla Espanol e Ingles" 601 -15th. St. (at Welton) DENVER, Ph: 534-6252 COMPLETE LINE OF MEXICAN FOODS --Fresh Produce Daily -Old Fashion Meat Display 727 SANTA FE DRIVE -DENVER Open Weekdays 8:30A.M. to 8:30P.M. SUNDAYS 9:00A.M. 6:00P.M. 71 -CONVENIENT DOWNTOWN LOCATIONS PRAKING BY THEDA Y WEEK ' ' OR MONTH---------------LOWEST PARKING RATES IN DENVERfor cars available) OFFICE LOCATION: 1709 Arapahoe St. Denver, Ph: (303) 623-1217 Mr. Mark Battaglia, Area Director Save & at : CF&I Cre vans 564-QTI VESTIR ONO VESTIR agustin barrios g6mez U n fil6sofo incomprendido en cierta ocasi6n asegur6 que las guerras se debian a Ia cos . de usar ropa y usaha como argumen to pnnc1pal esta pregunta: "l Puede usted imagi narse a dos ejercitos de hombres desnudos comba tiendo entre si?" Aparte de lo imposible que seria distinguir al enemigo (salvo que su pie} fuese de otro color), Ia premisa arguye que el ser humano que se dice civilizado no puede sentir ganas de pe lear estando desnudo. Pero lo que nos lleva a tocar este tema no es Ia teoria antibelica sino Ia nueva moda que esta implantando el que las mujeres lle ven pantalones basta a los eventos sociales mas destacados . Debemos asentar que el porque de Ia ropa nunca se ha aclarado y quiza ello se deba al hecho de que diariamente nos vestimos sin pensar en Ia raz6n que nos lleva a ello. Sabemos por que respiramos, comemos y muchos otros actos consue tudinarios, pero pregunte usted a cualquier perso na por que anda vestida e invariablemente recibira respuestas que caen ba jo estas dos categorias: ( 1) Seria inmoral andar desnudo y .(2) para protegerse del clima. Un psiquiatra afirma que . est,as contesta ciones son falsas ya que mucha gente no encuentra motivos para colgarse prendas y, si bien estas per tenecen a tribus de Australia o Africa, su poco com plicado modo de pensar Jamas los ha llevado a Ia idea de arroparse. Para quien alegue que seria ' im posible soportar el frio desnudo, basta recordarle que los nativos de Tierra del Fuego, isla que so porta inclemencias antarticas los doce meses del aiio, andan desprovistos " de ropa. Los primeros misioneros que llegaron a Ia Poli nesia al ver como todos andaban en pafios menores, catequizaron basta que los nativos quedaron con vencidos de que debian usar ellos pantalones y las wahinis una prenda de tela que les cubriera de los hombros basta Ia rodilla. Los evangelistas que pen saron haria esta usanza menos promiscuos a los in digenas pronto se convencieron de que ocurria precisamente lo contrario, ya que se ocultaba por razones desconocid as lo que tan naturalmente se ex ponia antes. Por lo anterior, muchos afirman que Ia ropa y de manera especial Ia femenina, fue crea da para despertar el interes del hombre y no para desanimarlo. Durante Ia Edad Media, el vestido adopt6 carac teristicas singulares ya que servia mas para dife renciar las castas sociales que como proteccion a Ia moral o al clima. Los monjes no quisieron abandonar sus vestimentas que recordaban tiempos bibli cos; los caballeros de alcurnia se mandaban bordar complicados trajes para darse a conocer como tales; las mujeres arist6cratas recurrieron al truco de po nerse encima metros y metros de telas y brocados que soportaban gracias a crinolinas de alambre, muy decorosas en tanto Madame permanecia de pie pero que se elevaban basta el techo cuando se s entaba, dejando a Ia marquesa de Camembert mas expuesta que los quesos de su condado. Volviendo a Ia idea original de este articulo, esa nueva modalidad que esta cundiendo entre las so cialites internacionales de lucir pantalones a bailes, Iunciones de opera y demas, nos recuerdan el co mentario que escuchamos de labios de un conocido actor de cine norteamericano, cuando alguien le pregunt6 que pensaba de las chicas que usaban esta prenda masculina. "Para mi -respondi6-, una muchacha ataviada con pantalones de mezclilla o pana luce tan atractiva como un pelot6n de fusila miento de Fidel Castro." Esta bien que las mujeres voten , trabajen, manejen, fumen, beban, bailen rit mos estramb6ticos pero ya es bora de que nos dejen a los hombres Ia unica prenda que aun conserva el simbolo de masculinidad. Estamos dispuestos a pedir a los escoceses dejen sus falditas y a los grie gos que vistan a sus soldados de manera que no parezcan bailarinas de ballet, si con ello logramos conservar Ia ... exclusividad de los pantalonea. I • MSC-CHICANO Continued from Page 1 Southwest. The department offers courses in all aspects of Chi cano life. Through these educational endeavors, Chicano .Studies hopes to develop a new concept of the C:hicano in the minds of both the Chicano and the Anglo student. With this newly attained identity Chicano students will then be motivated to continue their education; consequently becoming sufficiently qualified to help the people in their community . YOUR OLD MACHINE IS NOW WORTH $112 TRADE-IN ALLOWANCE NECCHI &T-R-E-T-C-H STITCH ZIG ZAG model 538 SALE PRICE • MASTER CHARGE • EMPIRE CHARGE l iMO MAKU SlW s unOMitOm aunOM$ • BANKAMERlCARO • 30 DA Y S CI\SH NEW MACHINES FROM S98 All MAKES REPAIRED I :J 3 i SEWING CENTER 425 N. SANTA FE AVE. PUEBLO REAL ESTATE RESIDENTIAL •COMMERCIAL • BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES LIFE AUTO rt-/e Deal In High-Risk Also) HOME COMMERCIAl JOHN C. GAliCIA-IJrohr 3234 Y! COLFAX AVE. Located in the . AVONDALE SHOPPING CENTER

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"SI SON GRINGOS, NO ME RINDO ... '' " Desde que Pablo L6pez fue hendo en ambas piernas durante el asatto d e Columbus la madrugada del 9 de mar zo de 1916, trat6 de acercarse a Sa e v6, su ciudad natal, con e l umco fin de poderse curar. ayudado de personas de su confi anza absoluta, s i n peligro de se r delatado. con gra n des sufrimoentos lleg6 a Ia S i erra de I a S ill a , s ituada al norte de aquel Iugar. a fin es de marzo, ha b iendo d ispersado sus tropas. Encontr6 refugi o en una cueva en Ia cua l, ayu dado por dos f i e l es amigos vecinos de Satev6 , contaba con cuanto le era ne cesar i o en materi a de medicinas y al i mentes ... "Baj aban los asistentes a l pueblo consta ntemente , habiendo poco a poco cobrado confianza; pos iblemente co metieron al g una indiscreci on . "El cuartel general en Ch ihuahua tu vo conocimiento de que Pablo L6pez se encontraba por Ia regi6n, cunindose de sus heridas as i como tambi en supo de Ia forma como los d os individuos lo abastecian de sde Ia c iudad. "El general Benjami n Garza i nte m pestivamente sitio el pueblo, poniendo un cordon de tropas e impidien d o Ia sali da o Ia entrada a persona alguna . "En esos d ia s L6pez hab i a mandado a uno de sus dos amigos en busca de alimentos, por lo que fue capturado. pero sin que se lograra hacer que de latara a su )efe . Como el herido tuviera necesidad de alimentarse y el caso era desesperado , L6pez dec idio enviar a su segundo servidor, tan pronto noto q ue el primero no regresaba. Tambien este segundo enviado cay6 en manos de las tropas del ge ne ral Garza . "L6pez comenzo a sospechar que al g o anormal y extraordinario habia pasado puesto que tenia plena c onfi an za en sus dos amigos. De haber estado sano. lo d e menos hubiera sido cam biar de escondite, pero herido como se e n contraba precisamente de las d os piernas, no le quedaba mas remedio que esperar. Pero tampoco podia e spe rar por tiempo indefi n ido, puesto que Ia falta de alimentos lo tenia casi d es fallecido. Habi an p asado algunos d i as desde Ia ausen cia del primer enviado. " Por fin , a l os pocos d i as. uno d e los as istentes confes6 conocer el Iugar en donde se escond i a el asaltante d e Santa I sa bel, y se prest6 para con a la s tropas hac1a e l Iugar prec• so . •uegaro n a Ia mosma cueva , pero el pa )aro habi a olado. me,or docho . se habi a arrastrado. " Oesesperado por el hambre y I a sed, L6pez sah 6 de I a cuev a , arras randose ladera bajo. S igu i eron el ras t ro los de Garza e imciaron una minu ci osa busqueda 'peinando' I a s i erra . "El genera l G arza sab i a que L6pez no podi a estar muy lejos, as i es q ue comenz6 a hacerlo llamar en voz a l ta por su nombre , s i n que obtuvi era mas respuesta que e l eco . Tre i nta y se i s horas despues de llamarlo constante mente se escuch6 una resp uesta que conmovio y sorprendi o a los soldados. "No muy lejos vieron mover se unas ramas ; surgi 6 de entre elias Ia cabeza de un homb re; era Pablo L6pez ru g i endo: "-Bueno, aqui estoy. S i son grin gos, no m e rindo. S i son mexicanos, m e entrego. " A I mismo t iempo que de cia estas palabras. empui\aba su mauser como para hacer vera sus persegu idores q ue estaba d ispuesto a acompai\ar hechos a pa labras. " Como le gritaran que eran m e xica nos , se entrego a l general Garza , quien lo condujo a Chihuahua, en donde in gres6 al hospital milo tar. " A los pecos d i as fue pasado por las arm as . Lo de Santa Isabel pesaba demasiado para otorgarle el perd6n. Ademas esta b a fuera de Ia ley . " S i Lopez no hubiera s ide el pri nci pal autor de l atentado aquel, segura mente habria s i d o perdonado, pues con Ia respuesta ; ' Bu eno, aqui estoy; s i son gri ngos, no me rindo; si so n me xicanos me entrego', que cundi o rapi damente po r todo el Estado, se capt6 Ia simpatia de las tropas de Ia zona militar de Chihua hua. " E I fusilamiento causo sensaci6n en todas partes, pero muy especialmente en los Estados Uni d os, debido a l valor con que se enfrent6 al pelot6n. " T i ro las muletas, se i r gui6 desa fia nte y esper6 Ia descarga c omo un valiente. " Las fotografias de este f us ilamiento circularon por todo el mundo. " Sal inas Carranza , Alberto: La Expedi c ion Punitiva (1936) . PHONE 433-8791 DENVER. COLORADO 80211 DENVER' S LARGEST INDEPENDENT SUPER MARKET _ LOW DISCOUNT PRICES EVERY DAY U.S. D .A. CHOICE MEATSOUR SPECIALTY Featuring High Standards of Fresh Produce Daily 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. Daily Page 7, ECO MAYA Junio 1974 6526 So. Broadway D enver, Colorado Ph : 798-4527 S:..QMPLETE CHOICE OF-MEXICAN FOOD FEATURING (JACK BURRITO) EL BUR TO & "JUAN'S SPECIAL" 2 DINNERS FOR PRICE OF ONE, WITH THIS AD MONDAY-THURS. 11 a .m.10 p.m. (Food Value $1.50 to $3.00 ) SUCCESS & BEST WISHES TO THE 5 DE MAYO ANNUAL CELEBRATION 1974 GROWERS RETAIL MARKETS Jo e Velotta Tom Sabell & Dominic Velotta Fresh Fruit & Vegetables OPEN YEAR AROUND • ..;,, IC,:OGt•UIO . We Accept Food Stamps W. 38th Ave. at Tennyson and 1000 Sheridan Blvd. BEDDING PLANTS • PEAT MOSS -COW & SHEEP MANURE ( rSe"se H OME OPEN 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday l p.m. t o 5 p.m. S u,.day If you ever have any doubt that the first settlers i n Colorado were a courageous breed , just th ink about where they lived . Most likely, it was in a t i ny little house where the only thing vis i ble i n four directions was sagebrush and the hori zon . If they were lucky enough to live near some trees , their home might be made from wood. If they weren 't, it was made of sod or adobe. W . 47 AVE. DENVER, COLO. 80212 PH: 455-3678 Mail to: CAPP HOMES , DEPT . 60041 5201 W. 47th. Ave. Denver, Colo. 80212 PH : Please send us details on Capp Homes and FREE full Color catalog of new home plans and buildi ng ideas. Nama_ ________________________________________ ___ Address-----------------------------------TownorRFD---------------------------------------State ---------------------z lp ----------------Phone( ( >'-----------------County------------We own a lot In ---------:-:------------------------We don't own a , lot, but could get one in, ___________________ _ rct;:f}/Pp iNic::JjLi J/'W ;=t._,-----\ .. Under these conditions, they had to make the mos t' of every resource. And when it came to the all-important quest i on of a source of fuel , fuel that was essent ial for cooking food and staying warm i n the winter, they used anything from wood to coal to buffalo chips , depending upon what was ava i lable . And it wasn ' t unusual to travel great distances and spend a lot of t i me in search of fuel. Fortunately for these early settlers . the wood or sod from which they bu i lt their homes was excellent insulating mater i al. and they were able to make the most eff i cient use of the fuel they worked so hard to get Today , of cou rse, our fuel and energy supply is as near as the turn of a oial or the flip of a switch . Because it' s so convenient , and because natural gas has been so plentiful and i nexpensive for years , we haven ' t always used it as efficiently as possible. But today , with energy prices going up and natural gas in short supply, we can take a lesson from our frontier forefathers-good insulation just makes good sense .

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• • 1 • 1 \ • \ \ I • ' ! t " A ; t .. r ; ... .. 't' -... Page 8, ECO MAYA, Junio 1974 Ancianosen Paseo Especial ECO PUBLICATIONS P. O.Box 2024 Pueblo,Colo. 81004 Conserve Natural Gas_ It's a Vital Energy PUEBLO GAS & FUEL Division of Public Service Co. of Colorado SABOREE LAS MEJORES TORTILLAS DE HARINA Y MAIZ DE PUEBLO PH 546-1275 La familia Ramirez , cuenta con Ia mas amplia experiencia en su ramo, Ia satisfaccion de miles de hogares del suroeste de Texas , asl lo atestiguan . Ahora sirviendo a to d:> el basto estado de Colorado A sus ordenes en 1812 Santa Fe Dr. Blende,Colo . Telefono : 546-1275 THE BEST CORN & FLOUR TORTILLAS IN COLORADO 1812 SANTA FE DR. BLENDE, COLORADO enver. Moving & Storage Inc. Estimates Without Obligation 2030 So . Dahlia Ask about our individual pelletized storage for .. •••••••••••r#your home or office AGENTS FOR LONG DISTANCE OVERSEAS LOCAL 757-3327 ' • • t El Eco Maya the rea I story ... 2nd galley The Court as part of its fin a l ord e r , ordered the d evelop ment of biling u a l bicultural progr a m s at Garden Place , Sw a n sea, Cheltenham, a nd D e l Pueblo Ele mentary Schools. l r addition, t h e Court ordered s imil ar programs for Baker ) unior High School a nd West High School. The Court order e d that these programs be s imil ar to the m o d e l which presented to the Court by I nterve nors' Expert Witn ess Dr . ) ose A. Ca rden as of San Antonio, T exas. The order o f the Court pr ovides further that o n ce d eve l o p e d , these pro g r a ms s h all b e exp a nd e d to oth er s chool s where n ee d e d o r d esire d . The Interve n o r s would h ave lik e d t o h ave see n the bilin g u a l bicultura l progr a m s exp anded to all sc hool s in September, 1 974. H oweve r , t h e Inte rv e n o r s are of the o pini o n that the Court ord e r i s a step in the right dir e cti o n towards the ultimate a chi eve ment of this goal. The Court's ord e r a l so pro vide s for a n Affir mative Action Plan for th e hiring of minorit y teachers so that their number. s m o re approxim a t es the ge n era l sc hool p o pulation figures for min ority students . The sc ho o l district i s a l so require d to m a ke yearly pr o jections with regard t o the numbe r of minority teachers they c a n expect to hire . In the event that they do not comply with these goals and show good cause why they were unable to meet them, the Court has reserved the right to impose goals and timetables upon the district. The Inter venors were seeking a Court ordered hiring quota for minority teachers. However, since no evidence was pre sented as to the school dis trict's hiring practices when the case was tried on the merits, the Affirmative Action Plan ordered by the Court is a fairly strong one in light of the circumstances. We will just h a ve to wait and see how the School Board performs . The Intervenors were suc cessful in resisting the pro pose d closings of minority schools under the Plan pr o posed by the school district a nd that proposed by the C o urt's consultant. In retrospect, the Inter venors h a d a definite impact o n this law suit which will ultimately assure t _hat De rwer's ,Chicano children do, in fact, reGfive equa[ a OP.-portuOi.tY. : ••••• ' ' Grupos de ancianitos de Pueblo se divirtieron durante Mayo a bordo del autobus de lujo llamado Big Mac. Bajo auspicios de los restaurantes McDonald de Colorado, estuvo en esta ciudad el autobus equipado con sillas reclinadoras que giran al gusto. El piso del autobus esta cubierto con alfombras gruesas y cojines. El auto bus esta total mente ventilado cientificamente y guarda una temperatura agradable y limpia contiri uamente. Un bar de refrescos y mesitas permite servir durante el paseo. "Este bus esta' muy elegante" digo Jose Olivas uno de los pasageros, "Nos llevaron por Pueblo West y Colorado Springs a ver muchos lugares nuevos ... " La gerencia de McDonalds dijo a los reporteros de Eco que tienen planes para ofrecer a los ancianos otra serie de paseos en el autobus de 18 pasajeros por varies dias en el cercano futuro. En Ia grafica se dejan ver cuatro de los tripulantes al fin de su paseo. Exclusive Showing Introducing Handmade Indian Jewelry Now at Wards Now is the time to buy that special piece of INDIAN SILVER AND TURQUOISE, fast becoming the "Collectors Investment" BROADWAY 55 So. Broadway Denver VILLA ITALIA Alameda & Wadsworth LAKESIDE NORTH VALLEY 500 E . 84th Ave. Thornton 5801 w . 44th Ave. Denver BUCKINGHAM SQUARE 1400 So. Havana

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PART Ill (Thu ua conrlnuarion B y Ayn Rand "You stand I n the m idst of the greatest achievements of the greatest productive civilizaiton and you wonder why it's crumb ling around you, while you're damning its life-blood-money. You look upon money as the savages did before you, and you wonder why the jungle is creep ing back to the e d ge o f your cities . Throughout men's history. money was always seized b y looters o f o n e b ran d o r a n other. whose n a mes c h an g ed, but whose method r e ma i n e d t h e same: t o seize wea l t h by force and t o keep t h e p roduc e rs bound, de meaned , d e f a m ed, depri ved o f h o n o r . T hat ohr ase about the evi l of money, which you mouth with suc h righteous reckles sness, comes from a time when wealth was produce d b y the labor of s l avess l aves who repeated the m otions onc e discovered b y som ebody's mind and left un improved for c enturies. So long as production was ruled by for ce, and wealth was obtained b y conquest, there was little to conquer. Yet through all the ce n t uries of stagnation and starvation, men exalted the l o o t ers, as aristocrat s of the sword, a s aristrocrats of birth, as a ristocrats of the bureau, and despis ed the producers, as slaves, as trader s , as shopkeepersa s industrialis ts . "To the glory o f mankind, t h e r e was , for the f i r st and only tim e i n history, a country of money--and I hav e no higher, more rev erent tribute t o pay to A m e rica , for this m e ans : a countr y o f reason, justice, f ree d o m , production, a c h ievement. For the first t i m e, man's mind an d money were s e t f r ee, and there were no f ortuneby-conquest, but only f ortunes-b y'Work, and i n stea d of swor d s m e n and slaves, there appeare d t h e rea l maker o f weal t h , t h e greatest worker, t h e h i gh est t y p e of human being-the self-mad e m a n the A merican Industrialist. " I f you ask m e to n a m e the CHECKING proudest distinction of Amer icans. 1 would choose-because i t contains all the others-the fact that they were the people who c reated the phrase 'to make money.' No other language or nation had eve r used these words before; men had always thought of wealth as a static quantity-to be seized begged , inherited, shared, looted or o btained as a f a v o r. A m e rica ns w ere the first t o understand t ha t wealth has t o be c reated . The w o r d s ' t o mak e m o ney' hold t he e ssenc e o f human morality . "Yet these w ere t he words f o r w h i ch Ame r ica n s w e re denoun c ed by t he rotted c u ltures of the looter's continents. Now the looters' credo has brought you to r egard your proudest ach ievements a s a hallmark of shame, your prosperity a s gui lt, your greatest men, the industri al i sts , as bla ckguards , and your magnificent factories as the product and property of muscular labor, the Iabar of whip-driven slaves, like the pyramids of Egypt . The ratter who simpers that he sees no differ en c e between the power of the dollar and the power of the whip, ought to learn the difference on his own hide--as, I think, he will. "Until and unless you discover that money is the root of all good you ask for your distruction. When money c ease s to be the tool by which men become the tools of men. blood, whi ps , and guns --or dollars. Take you choic e -there is no othe r--and your time is running out. Los anuncios t • arcn ANVNO.,...,. 511 negodo ... thr fllf'f'<"haub will ) IMt r pa lmru.=:c. Plrur 11-11 you Nft t heir ad i n E l. E CO 'MAYA NtWiP-aPt • Coronado National Ban If P age 9 , ECO MAYA, Junio 1974 PIRAMIDE DE VII)A 5 kilos de foca, se logreron el conaumirse . . . 50 d._ / 00 kilos de krill, que se prod (!J '..; ; /--5.000 KILOS DE PLANCTON ln.11 fvcu)n Ambou.odor Tras siete dtkadas de estudio, Ia ciencia empieza a reconocer , con extrana l o s t imo, Ia evidencia de Ia exi stenc i a de Dios. Ha hallado pruebas d e que Ia vida e n los oceanos y sabre Ia Tierra es t 6 apoyado sabre un g ran PLAN MAESTRO , e l cuol se baso en uno serie de cadenos olimenti cios que cons ervon y s o s tienen todo Ia vida del ploneta . E xi sten muchos centenores d e complej o s e i n compre nsibles codenos oli menti c i os que vinculon a todos los formas d e vida. Po r e j emplo, las d iatome a s (plantas microscopicas) son consumidas por anchoas . E st a s a s u vez s o n devoradas por aves como el corvej6 n . En I a T ierra t enemos cadenas ali m e n ti c i a s mas directas, como por ejemplo, pasta-re s -h o mbre y g ranos-polio-hombre . E l d iogramo muestro Ia cadena alimenticia planctona -ballena. JeSs ' s -&as & PAINT & B ODY S HOP Aut o Repair "CHECK AND SAVE" "Denver's o nly Mexican-America n owned ba nk: JESS GARCIA Maintai n $100 Minimum B a lance During State m ent P eriod and The re are NO S ervice Charges for Your Checking Account. Write All the Check s You Like-FREE! S4VINGS From Passbook Savings to Certificates of Depos i t , Our Interest Rates are the Maximum Allowable by Law! l04NS Fo r Auto Household Goods Home Improvement A FULL SERVICE BANK eoronado National Bank Member F.D.LC. S erving the Enti r e Community of Metro-Denver" 1400 Irving Street (Near Colfax and Federal in the Avondale Shopping Center) Denver, Colorado 80204 Telephone 303 572 3811 Hours : 1 0 6 M o n day thr u Friday 9 1 2 S a turday Drive-Up and N ight Depository Available COUPON Good for FREE replica of original Aztec Calendar when you open a NEW Savings or Checking acct. 2040 E. 4th . St. Pueblo, Colorado 81003 Ph 542-0461 EARN CASH TWICE WEEKLY ... bea BLOOD PL-ASMA DONOR NOW ACCEPTING BOTH MALE & FEMALE ages 18 to 60 HOURS: 8 :00am to 7 :15pm Mon. & Thur. 8 :00am to 3:15pm Tues. & Friday Closed WEDNESDAY

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• '\. 11' •v Page 10, ECO MAYA, Junio 1974 The Empire That Was Maya by James W. Reed Tejedora de San Antonio Aguas The highland Maya traded in obsidian, jade, (the Maya passion and greatest store of value) and feathers from the illusive quetzal bird found in the vicinity of Alta Verapaz. Copal, an incense , and alum were also exported from the highlands north and east of what is now Guatemala City. Flint, the Maya substitute for metal and chert, came from deposits in the Central area (EI Peten). All of these products were exchanged with the lowland Maya for cotton, cotton yardage, honey, wax, and smoked deer. Maize, most importand to the lowlanders, was shipped iri sacks . a [fmffi . 117 Colorado Avenue Phone (303) 5 4 1-0'72 1 .I] -P'JEBLO. 8 1005 PH 543-0721 ELMAS COMPLETO SURTI DO EN INSTRUMENTOS MUSICALES 117 COLORADO AVE; PUEBLO, . STOP BY OUR OFFICE MAIN AT FIRST --* REAL ESTATE Oo . mmercial _ -Residential PROPERTY MANAGEMENT -INSURAI'\!CE: -Auto -Home -Life -----;i 11111111 i 111111111111 11 JOBS BURGER BURGER KING has full and part-time positions available. We are looking for people who can take pride in their work, and have a neat appearence. KING -We are looking for Counter hostesses, Dining room hostesses, food producation personne, Mechanically inclined men and closing personnel. Hours: Available between 7AM & 1 AM. Shifts as short as 2 hours exist. Hours are flexible enough to fit your class schedule. We particularly need people to work weekday lunches. Pay: Depends upon experience; free meals available. Where: DOWNTOWN NEW LOCATION at 15th & Stout Sts. Denver, Colo. Apply to Ken at Ph: 758-7816 or apply at 4996 E. Hampden Ave. BURGER KING . BURGER (An KING CORPORATION opportunity employer M-F) From the unraveling coastline of the penninsula whole fleets of fishing canoes put to sea daily. Thus fish became an important export commodity for the tideland areas. But of all products bartered by the coast dwellers, salt was the most important. This life-giving staple was distilled from natural ponds and traded to inlanders for cotton mantles, ornaments and maize. Maya sailors seem to have been afraid to venture into hostile Gulf waters since there is no record of Maya knowledge of any of the numerous Caribbean Islands. Seafaring must have remained coastal and, because of superstition, only a daylight activity. Yet pearls found in the tomb at Planque most likely came from as far away as Venezuela and what little gold the Maya possessed came clear up from Panama. However, more important than all other articles and However, more important than all other articles and commo!ilities of trade, there were two which influenced every aspect of the Maya society and day to day life. One was cacao and the other slavery. The cacoa tree grew only in the thick jungles on the periphery of Mayadom making it a sc-arce commodity. Its beans could be used to make chocolate or could be pressed and allowed to ferment making 'balche', the favorite drink of the Maya. But most important "Cacoa was the gold of this country for it served as money in the market of Chichen ltza" wrote Bishop Landa, the formost observer of the Spanish conquest. Thus not only did the cacoa bean derive its value from use , but also from exchange. The other commodity of profound political importance. was slavery. A slave cost about one-hundred cocaobeans, and was invaluable to the Mayan household as a servant, to the community as a laborer and to the priest as a sacrifical victim. Even one slave was a prized family possession and was usually treated as such . However in the case of draught or or famine, slaves were the first to be sacrific;ed to the reluctant Gods. Thus owning slaves involved more than an economic motive; it guaranteed some measure of insurance that ones family members need not be given up to the high priest' s obsidian knife. After the s uccessful invasion of the Toltecs, slavery became a social institution. Internecine wars were fought ostensibly for the angrandizement of the brutal Cult of the Jaguar , but in reality raids were waged more for the profiteering on the sale of captives from the plundered villages .. The demoral izing effects of this activity will be discussed more fully later on. In addition to cacao and slavery, gold, silver, jade and other durable metals were not without their value. They contained a great store of value; but not in the conventional sense associated with western civilization. Instead, their' s was a value akin to a nebulous religious-social value rather than to any direct economic value. Like a temple or a pyramid, a gold earing or mask carved from jade represented the product of the spiritual community; the final product of the time lent to man by the Gods; a gift to society created by some skilled artisan to commemorate a culture which freed man from his bondage of want, of being human and therefore mendane and economic. (cont. of April issue) "FELICIDADES A LA COMUNIDAD HISPANA EN EST GLORIOSO 5 DEMAYO MAX E. TRUJILLO OLYMPIC REAL ESTATE 3934 Federal Blvd. Denver, Colo. Ph: 455-2852 PROPERTY MANGT. -INSURANCE SALES NO ,TA,RY 0 ,. .• • • ; ' . 4 ' . C R \HADO IJE 1.\ EHEI. \ Joe's Buffet & BAR Dancing Fri.,Sat. ,& H o lidays 8 p . m . unti/2 a . m . Sun.6p. m . until J-2 p.m. Weioome to the home of the MEXICAN HAMBURGER The M eal that' s sure t o Fill ..... . Sandys Gr;enial Jrlassage STEAM & MASSAGE HOURS: 11 A . M . to 1 :00 A . M . MON. thru SAT. Facilities for man & women 564-0718 1309 EAST EVANS AV. PUEILI), COLORADO CUSTOM MADE RINGg SHOP; . \,1/ Hf;RMAN s' I JEWELERS DIAMONDS WATCHES !506 -t !5TH ST.. DENVER, HERMAN UWBARRI 2!5!5-e490 . t •

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Del mar y el aire . . . Gran parte de los barcos que los Estados Unido s de Norteamerica utillzaran en la n Guerra Mundial, se encuentran en la actualldad amarradoa en d lversos muellea sirviendo de almacen a sus dentes de producc16n agricola, particularmente. el trigo ... Hoy por hoy , el mA4 importante puerto del mundo lo es el de Rotterdam. En el !amoso puer to hola.ndea , se movieron el pasado a .flo tres millones rnAs de toneladas mede carga que en el-de Nueva York ... El mas barato "jet" la.nzado al mercado por los fabrlcantes de aviones -para cuatro pasajeros. tlpo ejecu ' tivG-, tiene un coato de ocho millonea de pesos . . . Y hablaftdo de c oBtOI . . . La tribuna reaL, rec1ente!'1Wmte terminllda e9l ABcot, d.onde 1e corre amlalmente eZ mdB c ld.rico y famoBo de loB clerby B ift.tlleBeB , cotrt6 un total de d.oce millonu de peM>B ... que, c Zaro , con el precio de loB cinco millonu de arboleB que 68 precilo talar para pro . duct-r e l papel que emplea anualm.ente el New York Timu par a IU pubz.i. caci6n. rewlta una ba.gateZa . . . Lo que no es una bagatela, es la eficiencta postal de nuestro vecino del norte. . . La Direcci6n de Correos de aquel pais, conced16 asueto a todos los carteros los dias 25, 26 y 27 de diciembre, debido a que para esas fechas no quedaba pendiente de reparto nl una sola pieza postal. iVeridico ... ! Algo BObre arte. . . Todat laB muy numeroBaB obraB que merecen tal rango, e:riBtenteB e9l loB c aBtiZloB de Ia fnmilia real de lnglaterra, pertenecefl preciBamente a uta y n'O, oomo Be polfria penaar, al gobier'no del pa4B ... COBa muy diBtinta ocurre e9l EE. UU. , donde gran parte de loB cuadroB que 1e encuentran en la Blanca. incluto en, la habitnci6n Pruidente Bon preBta.doB por diBtintoB muBeoB 11 roleccioftiBtaB particulares ... Y algo sobre ciencia . . . Una valiosa contribuci6n de Ia muerte a Ia vida, es el cada vez mAs empleado metodo de transfusiones de sangre de cadA ver ... Aunque suene un tanto truculento, Ia realldad es que tal san,;tre tiene ';! una serie de ventajas sobre Ia del donador vivo , que Ia hacen valioalsima Ia 1"'-cha contra Ia en1ennedad. . . La primera ventaja ea que la sangre donador difunto no se coagula. . . La segunda, muy importante, es que mientras el donador vivo proporciona como maximo un volumen de 500 gramos de sangre, el di!unto puede dar 3 o 4 lltros. . . AdemAs , la sangre del cadAver cuando es transfundida en u.n lapso de pocas horas, no requiere para ser conservada de los llamados estabilizadores. indispensables en Ia conservaci6n de la sangre de vivo. . . Por ultimo, alguna de las apllcaciones del ultrasonido en Ia actualidad ... A parte de Ia muy conocida que sustituye al "Abrete sesamo" y que permite que las puertas de un garage se abran al acercarse un autom6vil, de cuyo interior se emite Ia seflal inaudible para el humano que hace tuncionar Ia cerradura y goznes de las puertas, el ultra sonido se emplea para preveni r incendi os, evitar que las personas penetren •en zonas de peligro, incr.ementar Ia pesca, para destruir bacterias peligrosas, prep.arar produc1r qulmicas -que crean toda una tecmca especial de Ia quim1ca : Ia fonoqulmica-. y en muchas otras cosas que serla muy largo ... liD . .. ffi m1 FoR s . ALE CZO qn ffi [* STORIES 0 ffi lg)*COMPANIES urGJVew.cmaner;J ffi lr.l * HELP WANTED l.o7,l"l 'Y • • r::1 L::.l *AGENCIES 1.:11 lg) *RESTAURANTS-AND MORE -----CALL-Wanda Schmitz 543-5207) ffi1 lg) ------------------------------Erne.
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Toni wonts to to k with youooo about career opportunities at Dow Chemical's Rocky Flats Division. LocATED 18 MILES NORTHWEST OF DENVER, ROCKY FLATS IS OWNED BY THE U. S. GOVERNMENT AND OPERATED BY DOW UNDER A CONTRACT WITH THE U.S. ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION. RocKY FLATS IS PRIMARILY A METAL PRODUCTION AND CHEMICAL PROCESSING PLANT WITH HEAVY EMPHASIS ON PRODUCTION-RELATED RESEARCH. PRODUCTION ACTIVITIES INCLUDE FOUNDRIES, FABRICATION SHOPS, CHEMICAL RECOVERY AND PURIFICATION PROCESSES, AND ASSOCIATED QUALITY CONTROL FUNCTIONS. RESEARCH INCLUDES AREAS OF CHEMISTRY, PHYSICS, MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY, ECOLOGY, NUCLEAR SAFETY, MECHANICAL ENGINEERING AND HEALTH PHYSICS. WE PRESENTLY NEED ENGINEERS: ELECTRICAL, CHEMICAL, MECHANICAL, INDUSTRIAL, ELECTRONICS, COST AND SYSTEMS; HEALTH PHYSICISTS, PROGRAMMERS AND ECOLOGISTS. WE ALSO NEED CRAFTSMEN: PIPEFITTERS, SHEETMETAL WORKERS, ELECTRICIANS, MACHINISTS AND STATIONARY OPERATING ENGINEERS. IN ADDITION TO A CLEAN, SAFE AND MODERN WORK ENVIRONMENT, DOW OFFERS AN UPTO-DATE BENEFITS PACKAGE THAT WILL BE OF INTEREST TO YOU. Join Dow in Co oro do For more i nformotionooo CALL TONI COLLECT 303-494-3311 OR WRITE: TONI BERUMEN DOW CHEMICAL U.S.A. ROCKY FLATS DIVISION P. 0. BOX 888 GOLDEN, COLORADO 80401 AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER CAN CONSIDER U . S . CITIZENS ONLY