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El Eco Maya, July, 1974

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Title:
El Eco Maya, July, 1974
Creator:
El Eco Maya
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Pueblo, CO
Publisher:
El Eco Maya
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Language:
English

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newspaper ( sobekcm )

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Auraria Library
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Auraria Library
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Copyright [name of copyright holder or Creator or Publisher as appropriate]. Permission granted to University of Colorado Denver to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.

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Full Text
V02 ^"fispana de Colorado
VOL. V No 7 JULIO 1974
Minority
Businessmen’s
Program
VIKKI CARR Highlights State Fair
Not many people would recognize the name of Florencia Bisenta de Casillas Martinez Cardona, even if you told them that was the real name of a Columbia Records star who is top-selling female singers in the United States.
On the other hand, hardly anybody would fail to recognize the name of Vikki Carr, and you certainly wouldn't have to explain who SHE is.
Pert, diminutive, and so wholesomely American you'd think she hails from a farm in
singer of Mexican-American heritage who has made it to the top as a major recording and night club star.
On Monday, August 26, 1974 Vikki will bring her inimitable show to Pueblo for a performance at the Colorado State Fair. There will be two performances, one at 6 p.m. and another at 9:00 p.m.
Miss Carr's generosity and concern is extended especially to Mexican-American young people, with her annual series of $1000 scholarships to help
young Chicanos who could not otherwise afford to go to college.
Since 1971, the Vikki Carr Scholarship Foundation, she has set to earmark a portion of her earnings for this educational purpose, has provided more than $40,000 to enable more than 50 students to attend universities and colleges throughout the country.
Vikki is fiercely proud of her heritage, just as her fellow Mexican-Americans are fiercely proud of her, not only for her career achievements, but for her
Ohio, Vikki is the only female some of the bright, deserving interest in them.
BI4.INGUAL VOCATIONAL
Training Program
(The Small Business Administration was created in 1953 "to aid, counsel, assist and protect small business." In this issue of El ECO Hispano, one of the SBA's programs for minority businessmen will be described).
SBA stands for Small Business Administration - but for thousands of minority businessmen. it spells OPPORTUNITY.
Last year, under the SBA's 8(a) contracting program, more than 2,000 socially and economically disadvantaged small business men and women across the United States received government contracts totaling $217.4 million.
That's a lot of money.........
and a lot of opportunity.
Since the 8 (a) program (named for the section of the Small Business Act authorizing the activity) began in 1970, total awards have added up to ~ $434.7 million!
The program provides assistance to minority entrepreneurs (sp) so that they can develop into self-sufficient competitors for the nation's purchasing dollars, in both the private and public sectors.
It is open to people for whom a single starting contract may
help establish a business.......
as well as to existing businesses.
Under the 8(a) program, the Small Business Administration serves as prime contractor to government buying agencies. These include the General Services Administration, AEC, Department of Defense, Veterans Administration, Department of Agriculture and others. The SBA then subcontracts to qualified small minority firms.
These subcontracts call for hundreds of different items used and purchased by the Federal Government. They include such diversified supplies and services as data processing, electronics,
Samuel R. Martinez, Regional Director since July 8, 1973 of the U.S. Department of Labor and a veteran educator and federal official, begins his duties this week as Chairman of the Mountain Plains Federal Regional Council.
From Denver, the Regional Council serves the six states of Colorado, Montana, North and South Dakota, Utah & Wyoming - all with Region VIII.
Continued on Page 7
furniture, plumbing, painting, construction, repair work, and cleaning and food services.
All subcontracts awarded under this program are limited to minority enterprises-firms with at least 50 percent minority ownership.
To qualify, certain data is needed by the Agency, such as a description of the products or services the firm can supply; what the potential market is in its trade area; and a statement on the production capabilities of its facilities. Labor considerations and management knowhow should be identified, as well as the firm's financial status.
If a firm or potential supplier requires necessary financing or management and technical skills, the Small Business Administration can offer assistance to overcome handicaps.
SBA's authority to serve as prime contractor actually is the seed which can facilitate the beginning or expansion of small businesses which are, or will be, owned and operated by minority groups.
In effect, this means that SBA will use all its facilities and resources which in cooperation with big businesses and other Federal agencies, can halp motivated individuals form their own manufacturing, construction or service industries.
The 8(a) program offers opportunity because the U.S. Government is the biggest buyer in the world - it purchases thousands of items and numerous services on a continuing basis, year in and year out.
Readers of El ECO Hispano who would like to obtain more information about this SBA program are invited to contact the SBA office at 721-19th St. Denver, Colorado, phone 837-4565. Mary K Barr
Senator Peter H. Dominick was successful in persuading a House-conference on H.R. 69, the Education Amendments of 1974, to adopt a Dominick provision to authorize $17.5 million for what would be the nation's first Federally-supported bilingual vocational training program for dropouts and unemployed or underemployed high school graduates.
Dominick, who was heavily involved in the bilingual programs approved by the conference for elementary & secondary students earlier in the week, said his program was designed to primarily help those who had been forced to drop out of school due to a lack of understanding of English. "Why should these dropouts be penalized because they were born a
few years too soon to have the benefit of the new bilingual education programs the Congress is finally getting around to authorizing," Dominick asked? The Colorado Senator cited the 33% dropout rate in his home state, and the 40% dropout rate in the Southwest for Spanish-origin children as evidence of the need for his amendment. He explained that Spanish Americans and others whose principal language is other than English often could not take advantage of conventional vocational training programs. "The* 1972 census,” Dominick said, showed that 65% of America's Spanish-origin persons aged 14 to 54 currently speak Spanish in their home, and a large proportion of these persons do not have sufficient
mastery of English to be able to participate in a vocational education program conducted in English.
"Hopefully, the bilingual vocational training grants authorized under my program will provide dropouts - and even graduates who are unemployed-an opportunity to learn those skills necessary to find acceptable employment."
Dominick said the House-Senate conferees still had a number of issues to consider before the bill containing Dominick's bilingual vocational program could become law. Dominick estimated his provision would become law sometimef during July. The program will be administered by the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
NIXON APPOINTS SAMUEL R. MARTINEZ


gobernador
(Anted H^ry VANDERHOOF
Special Needs Fund
Page 2, EL ECO, Julio 1974
The Eco Newspaper is a Bi-lingual newspaper, published monthly by Maya Enterprises 600 West Northern A ve.
El Eco Maya has a circulation of 10,000 copies and is distributed in Pueblo, Denver, Colorado Springs and the San-Luis Valley Area.
EDITOR: Ernesto Barrios SALES: Wanda M. .Padilla ;
• COMPOSITION: Nita Barrios ASSOC. EDITOR: Joaquin Diaz CONTRIB. EDITOR: Joe Padilla PHOTOGRAPHY: William Forehand Jack Avalos LAYOUT: Miguel A. Jimenez Ernesto Barrios
QUALITY CONTROL: Paul Bueno DISTRIB. MANAGER: W. Padilla ;
, DISTRIBUTION: Ray Aguilera Jr.
Todo asuntOf relacionado con pubticidad en general articulos etc. deben ser tratados con la direccion de Eco Publicaciones Box 2024 - Los articulos son de la exclusiva responsabilidad de quien losfirma.
La meta de quienes hacemos ECO es convertir a nuestro per-iodico en una tribuna abierta para todos los criterios, y mas que todo acrecentar el interes de nuestros lectores a un positi-vismo mayor en nuestra comuni-dad.
En nuestras columnas se senalan errores, pero apuntando siempre a una solucion.
NAVIDAD
EN
JALISCO
Fiesta universal por exce-lencia, la Navidad ocasiona en todas las regiones de Mexico innumerables celebraciones re-liqiosas y proianas, que a tra-ves del tiempo ban ido tinen-dose de espiritu local. Jalisco matiza a su manera el episodic; de los pastores, y lo con-vierte en vivo mosaico de mu-sica, de color y de alegrla.
Las notas del mariachi pro-vocan la danza a las puertas de la iglesia y el espectaculo cuimina en la pinata, diversion apasionada que representa la apoteosis de Ids noches navi denas, para desatarse luego en profusion de sones y jarabes.
Eleven Chicano oriented programs will receive one year grants from the Mile High United Way Special Needs Fund, according to Richard Tucker, President of the Mile High United Way Board jof Trustees. The Special Needs Fund was' established by the United Way to help support innovative programs meeting urgent community needs.
Programs receiving Special Needs grants are selected by a volunteer committee composed of representatives from the total community. Fifteen programs were selected from a total of 45 applications.
Of the programs funded, the following directly affect the Chicano community:
Brother’s Redevelopment -
$1,840 A self-help program to rehabilitate delapidated resident-owned homes which do not meet city standards. Low income and elderly homeowners purchase the necessary materials and labor is provided by volunteers.
Colorado Migrant Council.
$6,640 The grant will provide a bilingual family health advocate at Colorado General Hospital, who will be a translator and liaison to migrant farmworkers and Spanish speaking residents of low income urban areas requiring hospitalization or medical assistance.
Layfayette Youth Task Force-$2,300 The task force sponsors the Calmecac Comunidad Proyect, which provides employment referral to youth and adults and offers classes in cultural dance and crafts. Educational films will be produced on such subjects as due process of law and cultural heritage. Nation Chicano Helath Organization -
$1,650 The purpose of this organization is to insure improved health care for the Chicano communities and increase the number of Chicanos entering health professions by providing programs of tutoring, counseling and motivation for Chicano high school students so that they may be recruited into medical fields.
San Juan Del Centro -$1,840 Funds, will provide for
a day care center in this low income housing area in Boulder. Westside Action Ministry Project Freedom -
$1,390 Funds will provide for a daily summer school program for juveniles who have been referred by public schools, Denver Juvenile Court and the Westside Youth Development Program. Classes in Chicano history and culture will be offered in additon to academic classes, recreation programs and field trips.
Westside Learning Center -$2,300 The center is an alternative school for actual and potential drop-outs, ages 12 to 17. Emphasis is placed on basic skills and vocation development through individualized instruction, behavioral modification, tutoting, cultural and recreational events and family counseling. Colorado Optometric Center -
$1,290 The grant will provide vision care and glasses to disadvantaged individuals, particularly children in the Curtis Park/Five Points area. Commerce City ChildCare Center-$2,760 United Way money will help support this child care facility in Commerce City.
Horace Blanton Youth Center -$3,220 The center provides a reading lab and employment services for youths from Ithe Five Points area, mostly Black and Chicano boys ages 12 to 17. Boulder Confederated Tenants Council
$3,220 The council is a citizen advocacy organization composed of residents of seven low income housing areas in Boulder. The council is oriented toward solving tenant problems. Self-help programs include day care and babysitting co-op, recreation and job counseling.
Other agencies receiving Special Needs allocations are: Black Education Program, $920; Eagle Lodge, Inc., $4,610-, Get Ahead, $460; and Personal Services, Inc., $460.
Upon announcing the allocations, Tucker said, “In its three years of operation, the Special Needs Fund has provided $132,920 to 45 excellent programs. The needs of our community are constantly
"Ustedes han de saber bien cuanto me esfuerzo porque toda nuestra gente tenga un gobierno estatal que responda de manera favorable a las necesidades basicas de la vida cotidiana..."
"Nadie puede decirme mejor que ustedes lo que hab emos de hacer para que las personas ancianas de Colorado gocen de una vida mas contenta, mas creativa y significante."
Asi se expreso el gobernador John Vanderhoof en reciente conferencia del Congreso de Organizaciones de Ancianos de Colorado. En su presentation el mandatario estatal hfzo mencion del gran numerode agendas y centros recreativos que se han establecido en anos redentes para rendir servido directo y exclusivo para las personas mayores (senior citizens).
"Cuando yo era nino, todas las familias grandes tenian un abuelito o dos viviendo en casa. Eran ellos una fuente de sabiduria para la familia y para la comunidad. Ahora no puedo permitir que los problemas de la gente jubilada, los ancianos que tanto hicieron por engran-decer nuestro belio estado se conviertan en un simple estorbo."
El gobernador dijo que estaba resulto no solo a resolver los problemas evidentes que han surgido por la escases de viviendas y la inflacion economica sino tambien buscar y resolver problemas extra-
Groups requesting money from the Special Needs Fund must be ndnprofit programs but do not need to be affiliated with United Way to be eligible for funding. Grant recipients follow the same strict standards required of an affiliated United Way agency. The programs cannot duplicate existing programs but may complement or augment efforts by other community agencies. No programs may receive more than two years of Special Needs Funding from the United Way.
ordinarios que acongojan a la gente mas pobre.
Tambien declaro que los problemas sociales,problemas culturales de los contem-poraneos deben de ser bien comprendidos para fin de resolverse y asegurar que toda la gente de edad mayor en Colorado viva en una forma tranquila como parte activa de la familia y la comunidad mientras la salud asi se lo permita.
"Asi que mientras yo prometo ayudar y dirijo este gobierno a imponer nuevos proyectos para Uds., la responsabilidad de revisar nuestra efectividad es de ustedes," concluyo el Gobernador Vanderhoof... "Hace poco tiempo que le dije al COG de San Luis que las cosas mas faciles estaban hechas ... las presas se construyeron, los posos petroleros se perfora-ron,las minas se reactivaron.. pero los problemas mas formidables, los mas human-itarios, como aprender a platicar entre nosotros, aprender a reconocer lo bueno de cada quien - eso nos falta y acabaremos por hacer mejor progreso en esto que los que estuvieron en nuestro lugar antes de nosotos. . ."
changing and programs meeting these needs are desperately in need of short term funds to continue their services. Even though our 74 affiliated United Way agencies provide hundreds of programs for the betterment of our communities, they cannot meet every need. We are glad that we have been able to assist other worthy programs during the past three years and hope that we will be able to assist many more deserving programs in the future." g
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Page 3, EL ECO, Julio 1974
Whatever your plans or non-plans are after school, the Air Force can fit in. And fit in beautifully.
If college isn't in your immediate future, active duty Air Force can train you in a skill that will be valuable to you both in and out of the Air Force. . . and will pay you while you learn. You can also participate in the Air Force Community College Program and earn the accredited Air Force counterpart to an Associate in Technology degree.
If you don’t plan to start job hunting right now. consider the Air Force Delayed Enlistment Program. A great way for a young man or woman to enlist today - enjoy the summer -then go active at a later date.
Your future and ours . . . let's move ahead together. For more information contact your Air Force Representative
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Igualdad de Empleos
El Departamento de Justicia proceso su primera causa por discriminacio'n en empleos el 4 de Febrero de 1966 contra cinco sindicatos locales en la rama de la construccio'n en Seattle, Washington.
Desde entonces, 110 de las causas han alegado discriminacion contra el negro, 32 han alegado discriminacion contra los hispanos, asia'ticos o indios Americanos, 15 han alegado discriminacion contra mujeres, y una ha alegado discriminacion a base de religion.
De las 116 causas, 48 han sido completamente resuelta por decretos por consentimiento y 28 por decretos judiciales despues de juicios. Otras 11 causas han sido resueltas parcialmente y 10 han sido apeladas. Solo 19 casos quedan por resolver, 16 de los cualesfueron encausados el pasado ano.
El Procurados General Asistente J. Stanley Pottinger, a cargo de la Division de Derechos Civiles, dijo que su agencia continual haciendo cumplir las leyes de igualdad de empleos contra Iso empresarios publicos, los contratistas Federates y los contratistas trabajando en proyectos financiados por el gobierno Federal.
El Departamento de Justicic ya ha procesado a 20 empresarios publicos-principalmente distritos es-colares y departamentos de policia e incendios - desde que le fue dado el poder
de requerir el cumplimiento por la Ley de Igualdad de Oportunidades de Empleo de 1972.
El Departamento de Justicia finalizo susacciones contra empresarios privados el mes pasado al fichar su primera accion clasista, que
El Procurador General de los Estados llnidos William B. Saxbe felicito' hoy a la Division de Derechos Civiles del Departamento de Justicia por sus"meritoriosalcances" durante los ocho ahos en que ha servido como el mayor encausador de partes que discriminan en empleos.
La autoridad del Departamento de Justicia para comenzar causas por discriminacion en empleos -contra empleadores privados' organizaciones laborales, y agencias de empleo, le fue transferido en Marzo a la Comision de Igualdad de Oportunidades de Empleos.
Desde que la Ley de Derechos Civiles de 1964 tuvo efecto el 2 de Julio de 1965, el Departamento de Justicia proceso 116 causas de ” discriminacion en empleos, lascualesefectaron a mas de 1,000 empleadores, sindicatos y agencias de empleos.
La solucion de estos pleitos ha aumentado las oportunidades de trabajo a muchos miles de obreros minoritarios, incluyendo a mujeres, y ha alcanzado obtener casi $9 millones en sueldos atrasados para victimas de discriminacion.
"La Division de Derechos Civiles puede estar justa-
mente orgullosa de sus alcances en la expansion de oportunidades de empleo para las personas de raza negra, y otras minorias," dijo el Sr. Saxbe.
"Ademas, muchos princi-pios legales notables han sido establecidos, incluendo metas de empleos y schedules,salarios atrasados, antiguedad en empleos y eliminacion de examenes y calificaciones discriminato-rios."
impugna la practicas de empleo de una industria entera en toda la nacion.
La causa nombraba a siete grandes companias camion-eras como demandados principales y 342 otras empresas de transporte como miembros de la clase de demandados.
La causa alegaba que la industria del transporte de carga por carretera discri-mina contra negros e hispanos en empleo, tareas y antiguedad.
Al mismo tiempo, fue fichado en la corte un decreto por consentimiento que resolvio las querellas existentes contra los siete demandados principales. El
decreto establece metas de p • p 4^ *
empleo para endividuos
pertiencientes a grupos I N
minoritarios en empleos de VFRACRUZ mas paga y otorga salarios
atrasados para aquellos que Dry, stinging sounds of harp
transfieren para empleos de OTd ”requinto" (small guitar),
e carretera. played with incredible speed
Hicrriminarin>S o C8US? and purity, in a burst of dizzy discriminacion en empleos se . 7
comenzaron en Marzo, gcne^' contra el Departamento de Verses, which slyly slip in Incendios de St. Louis y double meanings between co.n^Ta C'udad de Jackson, poetic compliments. The prodi-Mississippi. La causa de gjOUS dexterity of the dancers Jackson fue archivada junto rotes with the fl i fin. con un decreto por consent- ,, .
miento requiriendo a ,a of the musicons who play Ciudad que emplee y a woodpecker rhythm. The ascienda a mas negros y dancing couple imitates the fly-mujeres en virtualmente todo ing curves of the charro's rope tipo de empleos municipales, end knet it with their fee! tc incluyendo los departamen- symbolize their union. The “Za-to de incendios y policia. pateado" of Veracruz is a pub-■rMynHHM lie competition of musical vir-> - tuosity, dancer's dexterity and
poetic repartee. is danced as the natural climax of every jjlAwR feast, especially at weddings 1 and in it the bride and groom
v Qk speak, play, court and show their love publicly, repeating the eternal "nuptial dance" or all earth's creatures, but with a graceful gallantry found only in the paradise of Veracruz.
We fit into your plans... even if you don’t have an



Greed, Ambition
Frustration
which will it be for you?

There exists a great deal of misunderstanding between the young generation “chicano” and the older generation “chicano parent” that stems in part I believe, from not recognizing the difference between two very powerful words “ambition" and “greed".
The “chicano” parent, being somewhat imbued with religious principles, teaches the younger “chicano” that “It is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to gain entry through the gates of Heaven.”
Thus when the young “chicano” views the American free enterprise system and in his mind determines to make his “mark”; begins to study, works very dilligently, perhaps even works seven days per week to achieve his goals; neglects to attend church regularly, spends endless hours on his job or study; soon finds himself being subtly and sometimes directly ostracized from family, church and friends because of his ambition.
The parent views the ambition as greed and attempts to dissuade the younger “chicano” from
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devoting so much time and effort to his goals. Unfortunately, the older “chicano” many times succeeds and the result is frustration.
This misunderstanding that ambition equals greed has served as a brake on the progress that “chicanos” could have made in education, economics and politics.
“Ambition” is striving to acquire and to achieve a better way of life and a higher standard of living through work and effort that does not take away or destroy that which belongs to another. It means to acquire through honest and lawful means not through violence, coercion, blackmail, or extortion.
“Greed” is to strive to acquire that which another posesses through whatever means be it lawful, moral or immoral. A first cousin of greed is "envy" which does not respect that which another posesses which is of higher value than one's own.
I wish to encourage the younger “chicano” as well as the older "chicano” to strive to understand the difference between these two words and to study the various
shades of gray between their meanings. As part of this study I recommend the recent writings of Carlos Castaneda beginning with ‘THE TEACHINGS OF DON JUAN”. In this work Don Juan explains to his student, Carlos, that man, every man has four enemies, FEAR, CLARITY, POWER, and OLD AGE. In my opinion, these are indeed the enemies of the "chicano”. Perhaps by reading these excellant writings we can begin to conquer the enemies that plague all of mankind not only the “chicano".
Robert M. Espinoza, an electronic fire control systems repairer with the jnissile systems division, and Richard Trujillo, a pipefitter with the depot facilities division, were the recipients of the Department of Army (DA) Meritorious Civilian Service Award & Medal. The award, the highest Army civilian service honor, was presented to Espinoza and Trujillo in special ceremony at the PAD by COL Robert L. Nair, acting commander. Presented to Espinoza and Trujillo were a special plaque, and engraved medal, a lapel button and a $100 cash award. Espinoza additionally received the laurel leaf cluster to the medal having earned the award previously. The citations on plaques were signed by Genreal Henry A. Miley, Jr., commanding general of the United States Army Materiel
Command (AMC),Alexandria, Virginia.
In the citation, Espinoza and Trujillo were cited for quick thinking and immediate action when a fellow employee Richard Wieman,Rt4Box448 had been injured in an explosion of a compressor on November 27, 1973 at the depot. Their actions and joint act of bravery were credited for reducing the physical complications of the injured employee and for preventing further damage to government property.
Espinoza had previously earned the same award a year earlier having quickly washed eyes of a fellow employee who had been blinded by acid from an exploding battery. At the time of the compressor explosion, Espinoza was serving as a vehicle operator with the Equipment Management Division.
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Page 5, EL ECO, Julio 1974
jDonde Estaba el Paraiso Segun los Antieuos Mexicanos?

nor F. GEKUN1ANO i.
Para los aztecas llegar al paraiso dependia del g^nero de muerte y la ocupaci6n que en vida tuviera un ser humnao
Asi, les guerreros que morian en combate o en la piedra de los sacrlflcios fban al Paraiso Oriental, que estaba rodeado de hermoso jardin y alii repetian el simulacro de sus luchas. Y cada cuatro a ft os bajaban a la tierra y se transformaban en coUbrles o en aves de ptamajes hermosos, que se alimentaban del nectar de las flores.
Los guerreros eran los privilegiados, los que el sol habia elegido para su s6quito y que disfrutaban de una vida deliciosa.
Y las mujeres muertas en parto, habitaban el Paraiso Occidental, que cuando bajan a la tierra lo hacen de noche y se transforman en fantasmas del lnal aguero, principal men te para las seftoras y los niftos.
Los que mueren ahogados, por el rayo, la lepra o alguna otra enfermedad relacionada con los dioses del agua, van al Tlalocan, el paraiso de TIAloc, que es el lugar de la fertilidad donde crecen toda clase de Arboles fru tales y abunda el maiz, el frijol y la chia.
Para ios que ban aido elegidos por el Sol o por TIAloc van al MlctlAn, y ahi las almas padecen una serie de pruebas m&gicas antes de llegar a ese lugar.
Para llegar al MlctlAn, primero tienen que pasar por un caudaloso rio, el Chignaguapan. Por eso se en tierra a los cadAveres con un perro leonado. para que ayude a su amo a pasar a la otra orilla.
En una segun da prueba, las almas pasan entre dos montaftas que se juntan: luego por una mont&Aa de obsldiana; luego por donde sopla el vlento helado, que corta como si llevara navajas de ogsidiana. En la quinta prueba atraviesan un campo por donde flotan banderas. En la sAptima, estAn las fieras que comen corazones human os, luego slguen los estrechos lugares, que tienen piedras filosas y, en la nove-
na prueba, llama do el ChignahuamictlAn. descansan o desaparecen las almas de los di/untos.
Para que un humano iniciara un viaje al otro mundo, se le ponia una serie de objetos que le permitian soportar las pruebas mAgicas.
Para ei camino se le daba un Jarrillo de agua y se amordazaba al difunto en cuclillas, liAndolo fuertemente con mantas y papeles.
Otros Inst rumentos eran cuchillos, piedras. que eran 0tiles para atravesar por las tierras que se juntan y para defenderse de las grandes culebras y lagartijas que poblaban los infiemos de la trave-sia hacia el otro mundo.
Durante los funerales se quemaban los atavios empleados en vjda por los di fun los, para que no tu vie ran frio al cruzar por donde el viento sopla tan cortante como navaja, y se le ponia una cuenta de jade para que le sirviera de corazdn y quizA para dejarla en prenda en el lugar donde las fieras devoran el corazdn de todos los hombres.
Por tiitimo le da ban ciertos objetos valiosos. para que los entire-gara a Mictlantecuhtli o a Mictecacihuatl, cuando llegara al fin de la jomada.
Las cenizas del difunto se guards ban en una uma que era enterrada en uno de los aposentos, que tuvo de propiedad el que iniciaba un viaje al mAs alia
Y ahi. sc cfectuaban ofrendas a los ocho dias del entierro y cada ano, hasta los cuatro que duraba el viaje a ultratumba, y despuAs ya no se hacia nada mAs.
Y a los trece cielos aztecas no iban las almas de los hombres, pero en el treceavo es la morada de los dioses creadores. Iban las almas de los niftos que murieron antes de tener uso de raz6n, pues estos esperan en ese lugar, alimentados por el Arbol de la leche, a que se destroys la presente humanidad en el cataclismo final, para reencarnar en una nueva humanidad.
" Plant a dream at Minnequa Bank and watch it grow!!*
MINNEQUA BANK of Pueblo
NORTHERN ANO EVANS
MAGNIFIQA reconstruccidn de ki Plaza Mayor de la Gran Tenoch titlan en tiemoo dt los aztecas, magmfico trabajo realizado por el arqueologo Marquez. En el Templo Mayor sacrificaban a los que co nfiaban en el paraiso.
MEMBER FD.I.C
still open for business
Precisior t firestone — — * — pcopic ore ptoplc
FRONT END ALIGNMENT
Our skilled mechanics set caster, camber and toe-in to original specs.
NO ADDITIONAL CHARGE for factory air or torsion bar cars!
Any American car; parts extra if needed.
We re RADIAL TIRE Headquarters
State Inspection No. 839 Inspection Sticker No. 7 Due Now
STORE HOURS 8 to 5 301 W, 8th. St. .
— Monday through Sat. Ph: 542-6202
THE PARTS HOUSE 919 EAST COLFAX AVE. DENVER, COLORADO 80218 PHONE 893-5616
DISCOUNT AUTOMOTIVE PARTS
STORE HOURS Monday thru Friday 8:00 am till 5:30 pm
Saturday
8:00 am till 4:30 pm Sunday
11:00 am till 3:00 pm
MAJOR BUSINESSES are actively seeking Chicano and Chicana graduates of Sales Training Institute
in the field of sales !!
NO COST SALES APTITUDE TEST
APPROVED FOR VETERAN’S TRAINING COlolftAOO V I
am Iraining Imtdte, INC.
700 EAST SPEER BLVD. DENVER, COLO. 80203 PHONE 7447031
839 South Circle Drive Colorado Springs Ph: 471-4880


Page 6, EL ECOf Julio 1974
\
LA MUJER MEXICANA

National Bank
OF PUEBLO
NO NEED TO BE A GENIUS...
MEMBER F.D.I.C.
When you can't figure out how your bills will get paid call the friendly people at
71 Convenient Downtown Locations PARKING by the Day, Week, or Month
LOWEST PARKING RA TES IN DENVER-(Storage for cars available)
OFFICE i 709 Arapahoe St. Denver, LOCATION: Ph: (303) 623-1217
Mr. Mark Battaglia, Area Director
Por ROSALIA D’GHUBCACERO
“Porque el pueblo ignora mucho de lo autAnticamente hermoso y valioso de nuestro pasado, no lo ama y respeta tan to como merece, le inclusive, mAs penoso aOn, lo menosprecia, por oontemplarle unica-mente al trevAs de la triste imagen del paupArrimo y marginado indi-gena de hoy. Nada sabe, o cast nada del talento, el valor, el sefiorio y la virtud de esos antepasados indigenas. Yo voy a hablar en esta entrevista, gustosamente concedida a JUEVES DE EXCELSIOR de la Mujer Mexica, “ralz y flor de nuestra mAs pure narionalidad”.
Es la maestra, investigadora histdrica y escritora, Otilia Meza, autora de varios libros, el primero de ellos **Leyendas Aztecas”, con prdlogo de don Alfonso Caso. Actualmente prepara otros y, entre ellos, uno con cuatrodentas biografias de persona jes prehispAnicos, mAs varios cuentos infan tiles con temas similares.
“Me he dedicado a estos temas, —dice— porque comprendo la necesidad urgenfe de familiarizar a nuestro pueblo con lo realmente valioso de su pasado. QuizAs ello le inspire para coadyuvar en la lucha por el rescate de los Derechos Humanos para los desvalidos indigenas**.
EDUCACION
“A los cinco aftos de edad, comienza diciAndonos, las niftas eran puestas en manos de los sacerdotes para ser educadas en los seminaries $ ni aun las princesas o hijas de nobles eran eximidas. A los diez o dbce, las enviabAn Al Calmecan o TepochcallL Habian maestros de nifiez, adolescenda y juventud, En el primer curso aprendian a leer y escribir, musica, historia de los hechos de sus mayores y religidn. En el segundo aprendian buenos modales, modestia y finura en el andar; y, en el tercero, por ser la edad propicia para corregir defectos y. quebrantar pasrones, el “teopizque” (maestro), modelaba a las alumnas en estos sentidos. Asi pues, la educacidn femenina se con-cretaba a lectura y escritura; aritmAtica, danza, canto, musica, poesia, labores femeninas y buenas maneras, ademAs de la formacidn moral* sumamente estricta.
CASTIGOS
"Si las niftas mentian, les herfan los labios con puas de maguey; si se alejaban de su casa sift permiso, les ataiban los pies, si eran des-obediantes las azotaban con ortigas. A los ocho aftos los castigos corporales empezaban con pelhzcoft; a los Once, se les aplicAba humo de chile en la nariz y, a los doce, el castigo consistia eft que por 1A noche hkderan el aseo de la casa, o de la calle.
COMO ERAN ELLAS
"Las mujeres eran abnegadas, sumisas, castas y limpias. Como origen de la familiq era sumamente respetada y ocupaba prominente lug&r en la sociedAd. Elitre los aztecas, se formaba fa familia por el mAtrimonlp y bajo pena de muertc estaban prohibidas las uniones entre familiares, cuidando con ella de la honestidad publics y de la no degeneraddn de la raza.
“El. matrimonio era obligatorio a la edad de veinte aftos en los hombres y entre los diecisAis y dieciocho en la mujer. El divorcio era consentido pero no autorizado y, tanto la mujer como el marido, podian pedir la separaciAn, que se autorizaba por sentencia judicial. Cuando esto sucedia, am bos podian volverse a casar, quedando los hQos varones bajo la tutela del padre y las hijas con la madre.
poligamia era permitida S610 como recompensa o premio a las grandes hazafias, o como privilegio de reyes; de lo que se des-prende que el pueblo no practicaba esta costumbre.
“Como la ley reconocia la poligamia, en los casos antes citados, reconocia tambiAn como hijos legitimos a todos, exceptuando a persona jes obligados por su posicidn a escoger a sus sucesores. En estos cases,1 s61o a estos se consideraba legitimos e ilegitimos a los demAs.
“Cuando a un joven principal le gustaba una muchacha, se diri-gia a la madre explicAndole que habia escogido a su hija, no para casarse con ella sino para tener hijos. Si la situaciAn era aceptada, la muchacha se convertia en su amante, la "Tlacallalcahui’*. Si de dicha uni6n nacia un hijo, el padre estaba obligado a casarse con ella, o de lo contrario devolverla a su familia, pero en ningun caso cuando esto sucedia, volver con la “tlacaJlalcahui”, que significaba “delada**.
MATRIMONIOS DE FRUEBA
“Actualmente, dice la maestra Meza, no pocas veces he escu* chado la opiniAn de personas autorizadas, extemar su pensamiento de que para salvar de la bancarrota a las unione&, se necesitaba implantar los “matrimonios a prueba*'. Y en mi concepto, estos ma* trimonios pensados no tendrian otra caracteristica que la de esas uniones libres de las aztecas.
“Cabe agregar que si el joven no habia pedido permiso y todo habia sido hecho voluntariamente, de acuerdo con la mujer, entonces esta tomaba el nombre de "Temecaum** (manceba) y sus hijos eran naturales. Pero si se trataba de la familia real, entonces s61o la reina era llamada “Cihuatlanti” y la otras esposas "Cihulli”.
DfVERSOS TITULOS
“Se la dasificaba asi: La Mujer Noble, la Mujer Hidalga, la Sefiora de Familia, la Mujer Principal; la Seftora, la Doncefia, la Hija de Buen Linaje y la Mujer de Noble Sangre y de Se.flores, todas calificadae por su seriedad, su nobleza, su ahnegaciAn, su virtud, su recato, su generosidad, limpieza, pulcritud y demAs virtudes, con las que honraban a sus antecesores, a ellas mismas y a su raza.
La Mujer Mala, es decir, la carente de estas virtudes y entregada a los vicios, estaba lAgicamente al margen de una sodedad tan austera.
acitvidades
Save & Borrow at:
“Su principal obligadAn era el cuidado de su hogar, para k> cual eran ensefiadas cuidadosamente, induso en actividades artisticas. Pero no ae les prohibian y hubo quienes ejercteron el comercio, quie-nes fueron soldaderas, caciques, mAdicas, sacerdotisas, hechiceras y poetisas, costureras, joy eras, tejedoras, hilanderas y trabajadoras en el arte de la pluma y muchas otras tareas.
LA PROSTTTUCION
Se dedicaban a ella, generalmente, las prisioneras de guerra y las esdavas, pero habian de hacerlo recatadamente, debiendo vivir en reclusiAn. Se educaban en forma parecida a la de las “geishas'-*. Se les llabama “huinamine o maqui** y, la casa en donde vivian, se denominaba “Cihuacalli**, o “casa de mujeres desenvueltas’’.
Otilia Meza ha publicado un libro titulado: “Breve Estudio sobre la Mujer Mexica**.
Las decisiones de los mexicanos dtectan ya a todos los hombres.
USED
SEWING
MACHINE
CLEARANCE!
! REPAIRS ON ALL MAKES OF SEWING MACHINES
We Are Heavily Overstocked From Chhristmas Trade-Ins. Good Reconditioned Popular Brand Machines Such As: Singer, Pfaff, Necchi, etc.
GREATLY REDUCED FOR QUICK CLEARANCE • • FULLY GUARANTEED...
SINGER Touch'n Sews ELNA Open-arm Supermatic. NECCHI Open-arm Lydia 544 Save $70.00 on Bernina Floor
BERNINA
SEWING CENTER 425 N. SANTA FE AVE. PUEBLO PH: 546-1830


Page 7. EL ECO, Julio 1974
A MINORITY OPPORTUNITY
FAIR!
$687t990 in business was placed with minority suppliers in 1973 by the Executive Task Force Committee (ETFC), a group of representatives from major Denver-area corporations concerned with the economic development of the minority business community.
The primary goal of the ETFC is to seek out and develop small businesses - preferably of the manufacturing type — that several member companies can use. Those companies help determine and furnish what technical and counseling services are required by the supplier.
The Task Force will also develop and sponsor a Minority Opportunity Fair in October, 1974. The Fair will bring together purchasing personnel from large and small companies
and minoirty businessmen desiring ot sell products- and/or services to those companies.
Other activities of the organization will be in assisting both government and private agencies to develop minority capabilities where none currently exist, and the encouragement of area businesses to adopt and implement corporate policies assuring the purchase of goods and services from minority owned businesses.
The ETFC is chaired by Bill Conard, of the Adolph Coors Company. Other companies involved in the program are Dow Chemical, Gates Rubber Company, Great Western Sugar, Hewlett Packard, and Honeywell. Others include Martin-Marietta, Mountain Bell, Public Service Company, Samsonite, Sunstrand and Western Electric.
NIXON APPOINTS.'.............
From Page 1
The appointment of Martinez by President Richard M. Nixon as the highest - ranking Federal official in the Region gives him the responsibility of providing leadership in coordinating the decentralized delivery of Federal services to state and local governments.
“We will continue to pursue actively the coordinating role of government agencies to simplify procedures by which the government serves people,'’ Martinez said.
“We hope to help agency Regional Directors form decisions that serve the public without the time-consuming red tape and sometimes unnecessary communications with Washington" he added. “The Regional Council should facilitate federal service to the public."
Agency members of the Council are the Labor Department, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, the
Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Department of Transportation, the Office of Economic Opportunity, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, the Department of Agriculture, and the Department of Interior. In addition, the Civil Service Commission, General Services Administration and Federal Energy Office sit in on ad hot basis.
A work plan for Fiscal Year 1975 will be formalized July 15 and 16. Some of the issues it will address include:
1. Intergovernmental Relations.
2. Interagency Program Cooperation.
3. Delivery of Unique Services
4. Balancing of Missions. Martinez will retain his position
as Regional Director of the Labor Department, but will devote most of his time .to the Council.
come
grow with us
We've more than a bunch of small grocery stores. At the end of 1973 we operated 4973 convenience stores. This fact alone made The Southland Corporation the largest retailer in the United States in total number of retail establishments.
This may be very impressive, but we need your help. We are planing to double in size during the next five years. We need your management skills and maturity to help us expand.
We're an organization which promotes on the basis of of ability, not seniority, time in grade, or educational achievements.
The Southland Corporation has a complete benefit program.
We are the largest user of the VA On-The-Job Training Program in the State of Colorado.
If you are interested in promotions based on merit, outstanding Profit Sharing and unlimited opportunities for advancement, contact a representative of The Southland Corporation TODAY! Offices in Pueblo, Colorado Springs & Denver.
AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER
lELECCOHEf'
MUiKALEL
Que Vivan Los Novios
ranch era de Indalecio Ramirez fcanta: El Dueto GuadalajaraJ
Que vivan los novios
Que seen muy fehces.
cuando te casasre la genre decia
sal is re del templo repartiendo abrazos
mientras yo en la copa
mi I Ian to bebia.
Prendtda del brazo de tu amado esposo. las cal/es del pueblo fehz recorrias.
pasaste son rten do sm mtrar la esquina donde muchas veces conmigo estuviste
Qujzas. Quizas, Quizes
L. yU.de OsvaJdo f arret cants Nat King Colt
S»empre Que te pregunu•
Que cuando. como y doncn tu siempre me respond**
Quiz a. QUIZ S. QU iZm
V asi pasan los dia* y /o desesperado y to rii. c on test and o quizas. Quizes, quiz a*
Estas perdiendo ei oe npc pensando. pensando por to Que mas tu queer a> haste cuSndo
V asi pasan los die: y yo desesperado v to tu contesrandc Quizes Quizes Quizes
All Kinds of People (Toda clase de gente)
Hal David-Burth Bacharach
Tall hmd of people should get together
With small kind of people Should get together and talk to each other
Old kind of people should try to listen to young kind of people Should try to listen and comfort each other
All kinds of people should reach out and help one another
Light kind of people should feel compassion for dark kind of people
Should feel compassion and care for each other
All kinds of people should reach out and help one another.
Que vivan los novios decian a tu paso. arroz te arrojaban deseandote suerte.
Yo seguia bebiendo buscando el olvido. Queriendo en el vino encontrar la muerte.
Que vivan los novios yo tambien decia, y he vivido siempre pidi&idole al cielo.
Que igual como entonces tu esposo te Quiera.
Que seas muy dichosa aunque yo sin verte de borracho mu era.
7 ad Time £ 4 Furniture T
S. S ©75 South IVjrl m J
IVnvrr. Colorado 802&* ^
301/722 402© _fjf
GROWERS RETAIL
MARKETS
Joe Velofta — Tom Sobell L Dominic Velotta
Fresh Fruit & Vegetables OPEN YEAR AROUND
0p*« 7 Otfi c WmL—rirv ftv 4:00 I# 7:JO—WTintf f:00 t» * 0C-—
Wa4«r io-oc >• see.
We Accept Food Stamps W. 38th Ave. at Tennyson and 1000 Sheridan Blvd.
BEDDING PLANTS. PEATMOSS
COW & SHEEP MANURE
GARDEN SEEDS, FRESH EGGS, LETTUCE, ONIONS. ETC.
The machine is a fire control radar tracker. The man operating it is Ludger Maciel. The machine is a highly sophisticated combination of computers, electronics and radar. The man is much the same combination. Que’ Gran Liga.
Ludger, or *Lou’ as he is called, has been in the Navy just three years. He qualified for Fire Control Technician school and did very well. “The school was very tough for me. I knew nothing about this kind of thing before I came in the Navy. I was studying Political Science at Bradley University when I joined. Now I know something about electronics, radar, mechanics and other things all from this one job. Not only that... the pay is good.”
Lou is right, the pay is good. And there could be an exciting job for you in the Navy. But, the Navy is not going to hand it to you. If you qualify for one of the over 300 jobs the Navy has to offer you. then the work begins. It means hitting the books pretty hard. But, when you’ve finished your training you can wear your new rating proudly because you will have really accomplished something. Then, of course, you will put your new skills to use around the world.
Lou Maciel admits the school was tough for him. But, he made it and he is, indeed, putting his skills
♦ ♦ * < * • ' 4 t f • « « . ♦ »
to work around the world. ”1 spent quite a bit of time in Italy and the Mediterranean. There are some great spots over there.”
“Like Lou Maciel, you can put new skills to work. You can start by stopping by or calling your Navy Recruiter today."
IN DENVER: New Custom House
19th and Stout- Room 123 837-3344
IN COLORADO SPRINGS:
233 N. Wahsatch 632-4162
IN PUEBLO: 325 West 10th.
545-3490
Please send information on Navy Programs for:
O High School Students Q College Students
lD High School Graduates £ College Graduates
Name____________,________________________
Address. -___'______:_______...____________—
City___________,_____State_________Zip—
Telephone No_____________________Age--------


Page 8, EL ECO, Julio 1974
hTKOl
$o

NOTICE: Send your Classified Ad or Announcement to "EL ECO MAYA" Insert your message here & mail it in. Classifieds will NOT be taken by phone All classified Ads must be prepaid by check or money order —10c. per word. Deadline is the 20th. day of each month for the following issue. Send to:
ECO PUBLICATIONS P.O.Box 2024 Pueblo,Colo. 81004
TONY MILLER:
EL NACIMIENTO DE UN VENADO
Jorge Tiller, quien durante trece anos representara la Danza del Venado con el Ballet Folklorico de Amalia Hernandez, cedio reciente-mente la estafeta de su arte y~ su responsabilidad (esa pieza, todo mundo lo sabe, es la super-estrella de cual-quier ballet folklorico mexi-cano) al estupendo. coreo-grafo y solista brasileno Tony Miller.
Please write to Ron Cordova, IBM Corporation, Department 404, P. 0. Box 1900, Boulder, CO 80302, or call 447-5794, between 8:00 AM and 5:00 PM, Monday through Friday.
IBM
An Equal Opportunity Employer
STOP BY OUR OFFICE - MAIN AT FIRST
= * REAL ESTATE INSURANCE: =
SI —Commercial —Auto _
~~ —Residential —Home —
= PROPERTY MANAGEMENT “Life =
flllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllli
MEXICO AL MUNDO POR IGUAL DIVIDE, Y COMO A UN SOL LA TIERRA SE LE INCLINA Y EN TODA ELLA PARE*=
CE QUE PRESIDE. Bernardo Balbuena(1604)
MECHANICAL DESIGNERS: . Performs design and layout of mechanical, electromechanical, electronic devices and transport mechanisms. Would also be required to calculate and specify dimensions and tolerances. Experience in design work is necessary.
CORRESPONDING SECRETARIES: Opportunity for persons with good
typing and spelling skills to gain valuable experience with magnetic media equipment. The positions include the processing of written and verbal correspondence, as well as telecommunication correspondence.
A los veinticinco anos de edad, y despues de haber dedicado ocho al arte de Terpslcore (Musa de la danza), Tony se ha constituido en el unico extranjero que ha podido realmente profun-dizar en la psicologia de ese magnifico personaje del folklore mexicano. *‘Y es que, mucho mas importan-te que la t£cnica —aclara Tony—, son los sentimien-tos fisicos del venado los que deben desentranarse. Eso, creanlo, fue bastante dificil para mi’’.
A pesar de su joven edad, Tony ya es poseedor de una
extensa experience mundiai, adquirida despues de arduos estudios en Alemania con la Opera de Berlin (justamente ahi se presento en un show de Tom Jones), y de haber realizado giras por toda Eu-ropa, Estados Unidos y Canada. El gran exito de Miller, segun el mismo, lo consti-tuye el hecho de ser el primer solista de la compaftia Brasiliana (la mejor de Sud-america, a juicio de los ex-pertos), que tiene un con-trato para presentarse en Europa permanentemente durante ocho tifios. Tony tra-baja con Amalia Hernandez y solo acude al llamado de Brasiliana cuando hay gran-des estrenos en puerta. Bien-venido este joven danzante que si no enriqueceri a la Danza del Venado, cuando menos respetara, su profun-do sentido folk.
m MUSIC SMI Wffi
117 Colorado Avenue Phone (303) 5.43-0721
PUEBLO, COLORADO 81005
PH 543-0721
EL MAS COMPLETO SURTIDO EN INSTRUMENTOS MUSICALES
117 COLORADO AVE. PUEBLO,.
BOULDER, COLORADO /
HAS NEEDS FOR:
COMPANY-PAID BENEFITS
IBM provides liberal company paid benefits, including 11 holidays, vacation, dental and medical benefits, and a 100% tuition refund plan.
Tony Miller, la nueva,
valiosa adquisicion de Amalia Hernandez, en su representacion de la danza brasilena Fredo, y poseido por su nuevo personaje, el venado.
Enjoy Your Favorite Cocktaiu In The Purple lounoe
MEXICAN F®or
xicanSty
Innea
cMfl. Jlctirruxi.
J\ zitauxant & Jlounqe. Mexican Food Closed Mondays OPEN 1! A.M. TILL. lO P.M. Except fri. a sat. till midnight Sundays - Open S p.m. till lO P.M.
always
WELCOME
3620 S. FEDERAL BLVD. Phone 78d-387d
Your Hosts The Gallegos


SONES
Page 9. EL ECO, Julio 1974
Denver Region Sponsors Reports Under CETA
Dave Duncan, Acting Assistant Regional Director in Denver of . the U.S. Labor Department for Manpower (ARDM), has called special attention to the requirement that all local units of government acting as prime sponsors under the new Comprehensive Employment & Training Act of 1973 (CETA) must publish summaries of their proposed manpower plans.
, In accordance with regulations published in the March 19, 1974 Federal Register, Volume 39, No. 54, Section 95.15, mayors, county executives, and governors as local prime sponsore under CETA must give the public the opportunity of commenting on their grant applications.
Each prime sponsor shall publish a summary of the grant application package, including the proposed allocation of funds, in a newspaper or newspapers (including minority newspapers, where feasible) which will provide for a general circulation throughout the area to be served by th prime sponsor's plan.
Such publication shall be for three consecutive issues and shall include an address and appropriate hours when the complete grant application will be available for review and the place where comments may be directed.
The publication shall be made 30 days prior to the submission of the application to the ARDM, except that for Fiscal Year 1975 the publication shall be no later than the date of submission of the applicaiton to the ARDM. The information published shall include the following:
1. The goals provided in the Project Operating Plan;
2. The significant segments of the population to be served, and number of planned participants in each segment;
3. The program activities and services to be provided by the program in each geographical area and the funds to be planned, for each activity and service;
4. The total funds in the grant and distribution by cost categories.
For CETA grants for Fiscal Year 1975, prime sponsor applicants and the ARDM shall respond to comments on their plans made within 30 days of publication.
A prime sponsor applicant shall respond to any comment made pursuant to these regulations. It shall inform any party submitting a substantive comment of whether any plan revision will be made in response to the comment and the reasons for the prime sponsor's determination. All substantive comments and responses will be transmitted to the ARDM with the grant applicaiton,unless the comments are received after the applications submission, in which case they will be sent separately to the ARDM.
The statement of purpose of CETA enacted by the Congress and signed into law by the President on December 28, 1973 is: It is the purpose of this Act to provide job training and employment opportunities for economically disadvantaged, unemployed, and
underemployed persons, and to assure that training and other services lead to maximum employment opportunities and enhance self-sufficiency by establishing a flexible and decentralized system of Federal, State, and local programs.
HUASTECOS
Una historia de amor y muerte en la alta Huasteca pc-tosina: la andcdota eterna y universal cobra violencia y co-lorido en esta tierra pintoresca y bravia. Naturaleza hostil que senorean los macizos rocosos y las plantas del desierto. As-peros vientos senalan las va-riaciones de un clima extremo-so, y tallan por igual en los hombres y en las piedras el perfi 1 inconfundible de la Huasteca. La mujer y la tierra son tornados por la fuerza, cueste lo que cueste: la fecun-daci6n vale la vida.
Un hombre a cahallo (mon-tado en tin juguete mexicano) va rumbo a su boda, pero tro-pieza con el destino: la mujer que le corresponde, pero que no es la legitima. Ya en el baile nupcial, surge un nuevo personaje: el pretendiente des-denado por la novia. Sobre-viene la pelea, y el rival es eliminado a machetazos. La irrupddn de la muerte inte-rrumpe apenas la fiesta que el ritmo de los sones enardece: el muerto al pozo y el vivo al gozo. Al margen de la boda, la mujer hallada n el camino anuncia con su presencia lateral, que ella es y seguird sien-do para el hombre enajenado, la amada y la amante verda-dera.
Dos mujeres dolientes, pla-nideras silenciosas, avanzan hasta el centro del escenario vacio, llevando los drios en-cendidos que senalan la presencia de la muerte en el apo-geo de la vida.
COMPLETE LINE OF ^ .
AA**'C**
r d_
Fresh Produce Daily Old Fashion Meat Display
727 SANTA FE DRIVE DENVER Open Weekdays 8:30 A.M. to 8:30 P.M. SUNDAYS 9:00A.M. 6:00 P.M.
~^.UXWUf fon.
PUEBLO'S MEETING PLACE
24-HOUR DINING ROOM
\t/so ftaluriny
3L
CONTINENTAL COCKTAIL LOUNGE
NIGHTLY ENTERTAINMENT BANQUET & MEETING ROOMS FOR 500 PUEBLO'S COMPLETE CONVENTION FACILITY PARTY FACILITIES
FIXE
FOR YOUR DINING PLEASURE
ALL MAJOR CREDIT CARDS GRACIOUS DINING IN
RELAXED SETTING
54!2<>3/50 Complete Menu
AT INTERSTATE 25 A HIWAY SO EAST (EXIT 4li
EARN CASH
TWICE WEEKLY... BLOOD PLASMA DONOR
NOW ACCEPTING BOTH MALE & FEMALE ages 18 to 60 HOURS:
8:00 am to 7:15 pm Mon. & Thur.
PLASMA
8:00 am to 3:15 pm Tues. & Friday Closed WEDNESDAY
COMPONENTS. INC.
50 W. 10th Ave., DENVER COLO.
Phone 892-5773 Physician In Attendance
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Page 10, EL ECO, Julio 1974
SHERIDAN
ommunity development Corporation
What is a Community Development Corporation ?
by Tony Ortiz Community Development Corporations are a unique concept of reducing urban and rural poverty through community economic growth. They are crafted by the community itself to mobilize all of the resources and power of that community and of the larger society as well, in seeking to build an economic base in their community.
Senators Robert Kennedy and Jacob Javits co-sponsored legistlation to amend the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 that provided for the development of special programs by which residents of urban low-income areas may, through self-help and mobilization of the community at large, with
appropriate federal assistance, improved the quality of their economic and social benefits.
The first CDC to be funded under this Economic Opportunity Act, was Bedford-Stuyvesant Restoration Corporation in Brooklyn, New York. That project is presently serving 453,000 people in New York's largest black community, where it is considered the most ambitious economic development program in America. At present, there are CDC’s operating in 36 areas throughout the nation. They are affecting a population of five million people with many jobs being created, and are filled with men and women who were unemployed before the CDC brought ~ new life to their
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The range of business ventures is virtually limitless. CDC’s throughout the nation are engaged in activities such as: Manufacturing toys, blue jeans, furniture, fabricated metal parts, shopping centers, farming and fishing cooperatives, acqua-culture projects, motel franchises, industrial parks, housing programs, electronics and pipe bending plants, fast food franchises, grocery stores, and investment corporation. An example . is Denver’s own Adelante Supermarket located 727 Santa Fe Drive.
CDC’s are set up to insure a return of federal and private investment that will pay dividends to a community and notio an individual. The initial steps are for members of 'a community, and not to an individual. The initial steps are for members of' a community, an urban or rural area, to get together and form a profit or non-profit corporation that will raise money by pursuing venture capital, by way of short and long-term loans from banks, foundations, or federal sources. Once a venture of business is acquired, technical assistance and community resources are sought from private industry to help insure the success of the project. When a fully capitalized corporation is. developed and is successful, the dividends or profits can be re-invested into other ventures in the community are the ownership and management of it’s own profit-oriented businesses. The end result is employment and training in skills that otherwise have not been available to disadvantaged people before. Another benefit is that the development of these businesses brings new income into poor areas of the community.
(DCDC), was organized and structured as a non-profit corporation on January 22, 1970. Sponsored by several community organizations, DCDC is designed to focus on the areas of chronic unemployment, underemploy-i ment, dependency and corn-unity under-development. The offices are located at 4142Tejon St., Denver, Colorado. Phone 433-8636.
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% taza de mayonesa 1 lechuga romanita
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Se mezela la mayonesa con el vinagre, la cebolla y la sal, revolviendo bien con un tenedor, despu^s se aftade el polio cortado en cubitos, la manzana tambten en cubitos y el franco de apio en rebanadas muy delgadas y se revuelve todo con cuidado. Se sirve sob re hojas oe lechuga romanita colocadas en platitos individuales.
YEMITAS
12 yemas de huevo zada
175 gramos de azucar pulveri- Azucar granulada
Se baten hasta que est£nmuy duras las yemas y despu6s se mezclan con el azucar pulvenzada. Se pone la mezcla al fuego y se mueve continuamente para un mismo lado con cucharada de madera hasta que espese; se entibia la pasta batitodola con espfttula de madera y se hacen bolitas que se revuelcan en el azOcar granulada.
MACARRONES AL HORNO
150 gramos de macarrones 4 huevos cocidos 50 gramos de mantequilla 1 cebolla chica 50 gramos de harina
2% tazas de leche 50 gramos de queso raUado 1 ramito de perejil Sal y pimienta
Se ponen los macarrones en agua hirviendo con sal en fuego lento, ya suaves se escuiren y se refrescan con agua fria. En la mantequilla derretida se acitronan la cebolla y el perejil finamente picados, despuds se agrega la harina y antes de que tome color se aftade la leebe tibia moviendo para evitar que se formen grumos. Se deja en el fuego hasta que la salsa tenga una oonsistencia suave y espesa, moviendo constante-mente. Se quita la cacerola del fuego y se agregan los maca-rrones, sal, pimienta y la mi tad del queso. En' cuatro molde-citos enmantequillados refractarios se divide la mitad del ma-carrdn se hace un hueco en el medio de cada moldecito y se coloca en 61 un huevo, sse cubren con el resto del macarron*y con el sobrante de queso, se meten al homo a una tempera-tura de 400 grades por veinte minutes.
GUISADO DE F1LETE
1 kilo de filete 50 gramos de jam6n crudo 50 gramos de almendras 2 rebanadas de bolillo frio 1 cucharada de maizena
1 ramito de yerbas de olor 1 taza de vinagre Aceite de olivo Sal y pimienta
Se meeba la came con el jam6n y se pone a cocer en agua con media taza de vinagre y las yerbas de olor. A medio cocimiento se agrega la sal. Ya suave se rebana y se le da una ligera frita en aceite. Aparte se frien las almendras con todo y c&scara y el pan, cuando estft dorado se agrega la maizena a que done tambi6n. Se muele lo frito y se le revuelve el resto de vinagre. Se vuelve a freir afladiendo un poco del caldo en que se coci6 la came, sal y pimienta. Con esta salsa espesa se cubre la came que se habrft conservado caliente. Se adoma con aceitunas y chilitos en vinagre.



fr>5i
“Elena"
BEN MARTINEZ CONSTRUCTION of DENVER AWARDED CONTRACT from
Page 11, EL ECO, Julio 1974
Subscribe /
Yes. I would like to receive my copies of "EL ECO MAYA** soon to become the largest Spanish Newspaper in all of Colorado Please enter my name for a —1 Year Subscription.
Escucha mi cancion es dedicada a b, escucha de mis labios lo que quiero dear.
Nunca te olvidare ni te guardo rencor. tu eres mi unico anhelo de mi pobre corazon
Han pasado los ah os y yo sigo sufnendo, no puedo seguir asi comp rend eme.
Lloro
cuando me acuerdo de ti no me hagas ya mis sufnr. dame todo tu amor para vivir feliz.
La generosidad y el desprendimiento de toda mira personal son afributos del mexicano.
Francisco Javier C(avl|ero (1781)
(SBA)
U.S. Senator Peter Dominick announced that Ben Martinez Construction of Denver has received a $190,877. contract from Small Business Administration (SBA).
The contract was awarded under the Administration special
SPECIAL FEATURE: listen to “Chicano Community" sponsored by DCDC on KIMN Radio in Denver every Sunday at 9:45 a.m.
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program for minoirty owned businesses.
According to the Senator, the Martinez Firm is the prime contractor for the remodeling of the third floor of the Veterans.Administration Hospital in Grand Junction.
NAME___
ADDRESS
CITY________________________________STATE______________
ZIP__________________________
Sand Completed Blank with Check or Money Order for S3.50 To —
ECO PUBLICATIONS ECO PUBLICATION
P.O.Box 2024 P.O.Box 9650
Pueblo.Colo.81004 Denver.Colo. 80209
A Mi Madrecita
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nombre sagrado para mi, divino pensamiento que Dios escribio, en el infinito y en la Tierra.
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a new idea in economic development for pueblo!!
Yo te vengo a pedir per don, por las ofensas que te he dado, por lo que te he hecho Uorar.
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de mi caxiho
tan sincero hacia ti,
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WHAT IS FONDO SAN ISIDRO?
It it an organized fund made up of voluntary contributions made by its members.
WHAT IS IT FOR ?
Its purpose is to increase the participation of Mejicanos in the economic and business life of Pueblo by providing money for a loan that will enable them to begin or expand a business that they own and control.
HOW Does IT WORK ?
Any persons who wish to join sand their contribution each month or a payroll deduction is arranged at their place of work to enable them to easily taka cere of their monthly contribution.
WHAT WILL BE DONE WITH THE CONTRBITTIONS ?
Eventually, vrtien the fund is large enough, people who wish to begin a business and who would not otharwise be able to can file application with the Board of Fondo San Isidro for a loan to begin such a business. The application will include questions about the person's experience, planning, and goals for the business.
WHO WILL DECIDE WHAT PERSONS GET A LOAN?
The Board of Directors will make the decision based on the amount of money requested and the feasibility of the proposed business.


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Full Text

PAGE 1

Minority Businessmen's Program (The Small Business Ad ministration was created in 1953 "to aid, counsel , assist and protect small business . " In this issue of El ECO Hispan o, one of the SBA's programs for minority bus inessme n will be described) . SBA st ands for Small Business Administration but for thousands of minority business men, it spells OPPORTUNITY. Last year, under the SBA's 8(a) contracting p ' rogram, more than 2,000 socially and economically disadvantaged small business men and women across the United States received government contracts totaling $217.4 million. That's a lot of money ..... and a lot of opportunity. Since the 8 (a) program (named for the section of the Small Business Act authorizing the activity) began in 1970, total awards h ave added up to $434.7 million! The program provides assistance to minority entrapreneurs (sp) so that they can develop into self sufficient competitors for the .nation's purchasing dollars, in both the private and public sectors. It is open to people for whom a single starting contract may help establish a business ..... as well as to existing businesses . Under the 8(a) program, the Small Business Administration serves as prime contractor to government buying agencies. These include the General Services Administration, AEC, Department of Defense, Veterans Administration, Department of Agriculture and others. The SBA then subcontracts to qualified small m inority firms. These subcontracts call for hundreds of different items used and purchased by the Federal Government. They in'chide such d iversified supplies and services as data processing, electronics, furniture, plumbing, painti ng, construction, repair work, and cleaning and food services . All subcontracts awarded under this program are limited to minority enterprises-firms with at least 50 percent minority ownership. To qualify, certain data is needed by the Agency, such as a description of the products or services the firm can supply; what the potenti al market is i n its trade area; and a statement on the production capabilities of its facilities. Labor consider ations and management know how should be identified, as well as the firm's financial status . If a firm or potential supplier requires necessary financing or management and technica l skills, the Small Business Administra tion can offer assistance to over come handicaps . SBA 's authority to serve as prime contractor actually is the seed which car. facilitate the beginning or expansion of small businesses which are, or will be, owned and operated by minority groups . In effect, this means that SBA will use all its facilities and resources which in cooperation with big businesses and other Federal agencies, can motivated individuals form their own manufacturing, construction or service industries. The 8(a) program offers op portunity because the U . S . Government is the biggest buyer in the world --it purchases thousands of items and numerous services on a continuing basi s , year in and year out. Readers of El ECO Hispano who would like to obtain more information about this SBA program are invited to contact the SBA offic e at 721-19th St. Denver, 837-4565. Co lora do, phone -by Mary K Barr NIXON APPOINTS SAMUEL R.MARTINEZ Samuel R. Martinez, Reg ional Director since July 8, 1973 of the U-S. Department of Labor and a veteran educator and federal official, begins his duties this week as Chairman of the Mountain Plains Federal Regional Council. From Denver, the Regional Council serves the six states of Colorado, Montana, North and South Dakota, Utah & Wyoming --all with Region VIII. Continued on Page 7 VIKKI CARR Highlights State Fair Not many people would recognize the name of Florencia Bisenta de Casillas Marti ne z Cardona, even if you told them that was the real name of a Columbia Records star who is top-selling female singers i n the United States . On the other hand , hardly anybody would fail to recognize the name of Vikki Carr , and you certainly wouldn't have to explain who SHE is. Pert, diminutive, and so wholesomely American you'd think she hails from a farm i n Ohio, Vikki is the only fem;ol" singer of Mexican-American heritage who has made it to the top as a major recording and night club star . On Monday, Augus t 26, 1974 Vikki will bri ng her inimi{able show to Pueblo for a performance at the Colorado State Fair. There will be two performances, one at 6 p . m . and another at 9 :00p. m . Miss Carr's generosity and concern is extended especially to Mexican-American young people, with her annual series of $1000 scholarsh i p s to help some of the bright, deserving young Chicanos who could not otherwise afford to go to college . Since 1971, the Vikki Carr Scholarship Foundation, she has set to earmark a portion of her earnings for this educational purpose, has provided more than $40,000 to enable more than 50 students to attend universities and colleges throughout the country. Vikki is fiercely proud of her heritage, just as her fellow Mexican-Americans are fiercely proud of her , not only for her career achievements, but for her interest in them. BILINGUAL VOCATIONAL Training Program Senator Peter H . Dominick was successful in persuading a House conference on H . R . 69, the Education Amendments of 1974, to adopt a Dominick provision to authorize $17. 5 million for what would be the nation's first Federally-supported bilingual vocational traini ng program for dropouts and unemployed or underemployed high school graduates. Dominick, who was heavily involved in the bilingual programs approved by the conference for elementary & secondary students earl i er in the week, said his program was designed to primarily help those who had been forced to drop o 'ut of school due to a lack of understanding of English. "Why should these dropouts be penal ized because they were born a few years too soon to have the benefit of the new bilingual education programs the Congress is finally getting around to authorizing," Dominick asked? The Colorado Senator cited the 33% dropout rate in his home state, and the 40% dropout rate in the Southwest for Span is h origin children as evidence of the need for his amendment. He explained that Spanish Americans and others whose principal language is other than English often could not take advantage of conventional vocational training programs. "The 1972 census," Dominick said, showed that 65% of America's Spanish-origin persons aged 14 to 54 currently speak Spanish in their home, and a large proportion of these persons do not have sufficient mastery of English to be able to participate in a vocational ed ucation program conducted in English . "Hopefully, the bilingual vocational trai ning grants authorized under my program will provide dropouts and even graduates who are unemployedan opportunity to learn those skills necessary to find accept able employment. " Dominick said the House Senate conferees still had a number" of issues to consider before the bill containing Dominick's bilingual vocational program could become law. Dominick estimated his provision would become law sometime t during July. The program will be administered by the Depart ment of Health, Education and Welfare.

PAGE 2

Page 2, EL ECO, Julio 1974 . . . ... . . . . . . . . GOBER-NAD'nR . . ' . . "7,/te /4;,iteJlltk!l VANDERHOOf The Eco Newspaper is a BMi11gual n e wspaper , published monthly b y Maya Enterprises 600 Northern Ave. El Eco Maya has a circulation of /o, 000 copies and i s distributed in Pu eblo , Denver, Colorado Springs and the San . Luis Valley Area. EDITOR: Ern es t o Barri o s SALES: Wanda M .. Padilla : CO MPOSITION: Nita Barri o s ASSOC. EDITOR: J oaquin Diaz CO NTRIB. EDITOR: J o e Padill a PHOTOGRAPHY: Willi a m F o r ehand ' Jack Avalos . . LAYO U T: M igu e l A. Jimenez E rn es t o Barrios . QUALITY C O NTROL.' Paul Bue n o D ISTRIB . MANAGER: W. P ad1lla: . p ! STRIBUTIO N : J
PAGE 3

mente orgullosa de sus alcances en Ia expansion de lgualdad de Ernpleos oportunidades de empleo para las personas de raza negra , y otras minorias, " dijo el Sr. Saxbe . " Adem as , mudlos princi pios legales notables han sido establecidos, incluendo metas de empleos y sdledules, salarios atrasados, antiguedad en empleos y El Departamento de Justicia proces6 su primera causa por discriminacion en empleos el 4 de Febrero de 1966 contra cinco sindicatos locales en Ia rama de Ia construccion en Seattle, Washington. Desde entonces, 110 de las causas han alegado discriminacio'n contra el negro, 32 han alegado discriminacio ' n contra los hispanos , asiaticos o indios Americanos, 15 han alegado discriminacio'n contra mujeres, y una ha alegado discriminacion a base de religion. . eliminacion de examenes y de requerir el cumplimiento calificaciones discriminate por Ia Ley de lgualdad de rios." Oportunidades de Empleo de 1972. El Departamento de Justicia finalizo sus acciones contra empresarios privados el mes pasado al fichar su primera accion clasista, que impugna Ia practicas de empleo de una industria entera en toda Ia nacion . La causa nombraba a siete grandes companias carnian eras como demandados principales y 342 otras empresas de transporte como miembros de Ia clase de demandados . El Procurador General de los Estados Unidos William B. Saxbe felicito ' hoy a Ia Division de Derechos Civiles del Departamento de Justicia La causa alegaba que Ia por sus"meritorios alcances" industria del transporte de durante los ocho afios en carga por carretera discri que ha servido como el mina contra negros e mayor encausador de par-tes en empleo, tareas que discriminan en empleos . Y . La autoridad del Departa . AI mlsmo t1empo, fue mento de Justicia para flchado en Ia un comenzar causas por decreto consent1m1ento discriminaci011 en empleos resolvlo las contra empleadores privados ' ex1stentes _ los s1ete . . es lab ales y •demandados pnnc1pales. El orgamzac10n or , decreto estableoe metas de empleo para endividuos perti encientes a grupos minoritarios en em pleos d e mas paga y otorga salarios atrasa do s para a qu ellos que transfieren para empleos de chofer d e carretera . Otras do s causas de discriminacion e n e mpl eos se comenzaron e n Marzo contra e l Departamento lncendios de St. Louis y P age 3 , EL ECO , Jul i o 1974 FIESTA IN VERACRUZ ds ol h _Ia d e Jackson , poelic com liments . The rodiMISSISSippl. La causa de gious d x t erity ol t he danc-ers Jackson fue archivada junto . . Con Un decre t competes w1th t he llym o por consent. miento requiriendo a Ia gers of lhe mustoo:ns who ciudad que emplee y at a woodpec e r rhythm . ascienda a mas negros y cou le imitates th mujeres en virtualmente todo ing cu r ves of t he chorro' ro tipo de empleos municipales , C':'!c !--.:1:::: : : to: los departamensymb olize t heir union . Th "Zo to de mcendios y policia . pateodo" ol Veracruz is 0 ub-lic competition of musical vir t uo s ity, dancer' s dexterity and poetic repartee. It is danced as the natural climax of every feast , especially at weddi n s and in it t he bride and groorr. speak, lay , cour t and show t heir love publicly , repeotin the e t ernal " nuptia l dance" oi all earth's creatures. bu wit! a g r aceful gallon ry found only in the paradise of Veracruz . De las 116 causas, 48 han sido compfetamente resuelta por decretos por consentimiento y 28 por decretos judiciales despues de juicios. Otras 11 causas han sido resueltas parcialmente y 10 han sido apeladas. Solo 19 casos quedan por resolver, 16 de los cuales fueron encausados el pasado afio. El Procurados General Asistente J. Stanley Pottinger , a cargo de Ia Division de Derechos Civiles, dijo que su agencia contin uara hacienda cumplir las I eyes de igualdad de empleos r.ontra lso empresar,ios publicos, los contratistas Federales y los contratistas trabajando en proyectos financiados por el gobierno Federal. agencias de empleo, le fue transferido en Marzo a Ia Comision de lgualdad de Oportunidades de Empleos. Desde que Ia Ley de Derechos Civiles de 1964 tuvo efecto el 2 de Julio de 1965, el Departamento de Justicia proceso 116 causas de .. discriminacion en empleos, las cuales efectaron a mas de 1,000 empleadores . sindicatos y agencias de We fit into your plans ... if you don 't haveany. El Departamento de Justicic ya ha procesado a 20 empresarios publicos principalmente distritos es co.lares y departamentos de policia e incendios desde que le fue dado el poder empleos . La solucion de estos pleitos ha aumentado las oportunidades de trabajo a muchos miles de obreros minoritarios, incluyendo a mujeres, y ha alcanzado obtener casi $9 millones en sueldos atrasados para victimas de discriminacion. "La Division de Derechos Civiles puede estar justa<&la.a.a inrtnr REPAIRS & REPLACES Cracks Afaired C'+ 696 So . Broadway St. DENVER , COLORADO Mister Penguin TuxedfJ Rental Try coming out in . a way all your own. That's Mister Penguin Formal Wear grooming. Brocades, knits and basic tuxedos-all in a For Anty variety of colors, ruffled colored shirts, _ lnforma 1on straight or flared trousers-542-3344 GROUP DISCOUNTS 518 N. MAIN STREET-PUEBLO, COLO. Whatever your plans or non-plans are after school, the Air Force can fit in . And fit in b9autifully. If college isn't in your immediate future, active duty Ai r Force can train you in a skill that will be valuable to you both in and out of the Air Force ... and will pay you while you learn . You can also participate in the Ait Force Community College Program and earn the accredited Air Force counterpart to an Associate in Technology degree . If you don't plan to start job hunting right now, consider the Air Force Delayed Enlistment Program. A great way for a young man or woman to enlist today --enjoy the summer --then go active at a later date. Your future and ours ... let's move ahead together. For more information contact your Air Force Representative LOOK UP. BE LOOKED UP TO. AIR FORCE

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which will it be for you? There exists a great deal of misunderstanding between the young generation "chicano" and the older generation "chicano parent" that stems in part I believe, from not recognizing the difference between two very powerful words "ambition" and "greed". The "chicano" parent, being somewhat imbued with religious principles, teaches the younger "chicano" that "It is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to gain entry through the gates of Heaven." Thus when the young "chicano" views the American free enter prise system and in his mind determines to make h is "mark"; begins to study, works very dilligently, perhaps even works seven days per week to achieve his goals; neglects to attend church regularly, spends endless hours on his job or study; soon finds himself being subtly and sometimes directly ostracized from family, church and friends becau s e of his ambition. The parent views the ambition a s greed and attempts to dissuade the younger "chicano" from By Jose R. Padilla devoting so much time and effort to his goals . Unfortunately, the older "chicano" many times succeeds and the result is frustration. This misunderstanding that ambition equals greed has served as a brake on the progress that "ch icanos" could have made in education, economics and politics. "Ambition" is striving to acquire and to achieve a better way of life and a higher standard of living through work and effort that does not take away or destroy that which belongs to another. It means to acquire through honest and lawful means not through violence, coercion, blackmail, or extortion. "Greed" is to strive to acquire that which another posesses through whatever means be it tawful, moral or immoral. A first cousin of greed is "envy" which does not respect that which another posesses whi ch is of higher value than one's own. I wish to encourage the younger "chicano " as well as the oJder "chicano" to strive to understand the difference between these two words and to study the various * Life I rlsurance * Retirement • Educational Plans ... Hospital Income * Disability Income FRANCISCO OCHOA Kentucky Central Insurance Companies RES : 544-4329 114 3 S . SANTA FE pUEBLO, COLO. 81004 PH: 544-6795 shades of gray between their meanings. As part of this study I recommend the recent writings of Carlos Castaneda beginning w ith "THE TEACHINGS OF DON JUAN". In this work Don Juan explains to his student, Carlos, that man, every man h as four enemies, FEAR, CLARITY, POWER, and OLD AGE. In my opinion, these are indeed the enemies of the "chicano". Per haps by reading these excellant writings we can begin to conquer the enemies that plague all of mankind not only the "chicano". fSPINOZA & TRUJilLO RECEIVE HIGHEST ARMY CIVILIAN SERVICE AWARD Robert M. Espinoza, an electronic fire control systems repairer with the Jllissile systems division, and Richard Trujillo, a pipefitter with the depot facilities division, were the recipients of the Depart ment of Army (DA) Meritor ious Civilian Service Award & Medal. The award, the highest Army civilian service honor, was presented to Espinoza and Trujillo in special ceremony at the PAD by COL Robert L. Nair, acting commander. Presented to Espinoza and Trujillo were a special plaque, and engraved medal, a lapel button and a $100 cash award. ESpinoza additionally received the laurel leaf cluster to the medal having earned the award previously. The citations on plaques were signed by Genreal Henry A. Miley, Jr., commanding general of the United States ArmyMateriel Command (AMC) ,Alexandria, Virginia. In the citation, Espinoza and Trujillo were cited for quick thinking and immediate action when a fellow employee Richard Wieman,Rt4Box448 had been injured in an explosion of a compressor on November 27, 1973 at the depot. Their actions and joint act of bravery were credited for reducing the physical complications of the employee and for preventing further damage to government property. Espinoza had previously earned _ the same award a year earlier having quickly washed eyes of a fellow employee who had been blinded by . acid from an exploding battery. At the time of the compressor explosion, Espinoza was serving as a vehicle opera tor with the Equipment Management Division. JOHNNY DICO'S ••• WANTED: I YERSEAS OPERATORS POSITIONS OPEN ---API"HL Apply Now CALL: 233-3627 FOR APPOINTMENT . I A.T. & T . Long .-Lines . International Operating Center (NEED OPERATORS FOR NIGHT SHIFTS) $1 08.00 per week to start EMPLOYMENT OFFICE: 1881 Pierce Street Lakewood, Colorado 80215 "An Equal Opportunity Employer" .. . . . ' ''' '. \. ' ..... • HORNET • JAVELIN • MATADOR • AMBASSADOR • AMX • JEEP • GREMliN 24-HOUR EMERGENCY SERVICE & TOWING AVM1Ailf 1388 -4 3811 6001 EAST COLFAX AVENUE SpriiHJ 74 loolr lw Us ot fast v;.,;,.;. & Seut• H.w ... i• A•,.. • • ••• , •• , •••••••• ,,., ........ , ..•. ,,,,,,,,. , ....

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lDOnde Estaba el Paraiso SegUn los Antiguo Mexicano ? P a ge 5 , EL ECO , Julio 1974 por F . GER N lA:"iO J . Para los aztecas Uegar aJ para1so dependla d e l g enero de muerte Y I a ocupacl6n que e n vida tuviera un ser h u mnao Asl. lcs g uerreros q u e m orlan en combate o e n la p iedra d e las sacrl1lclos lban aJ Paralso Oriental, q u e estaba rodead o de h ermoso j 11r'din Y alii reoetlan el sJmulacro de s u s luchas. Y cada cuatro ai'los bajaban a Ia tierra y se translormaban en collbrles o e n aves de phnnajes hermosos, que se alirnentaban del n ktar d e las fiores. Los guerreros eran los prl vil eglados, los que e l sol h a bia e legido p ara s u sequlto y que dlstrutaban d e una vida deliciosa. Y las muj res muertas en parto, habitaban el Paralso Occid e ntal, q u e cuando bajan a I a tierra lo hacen de noche y se trans!orman e n !antasmas cie l lnal agOero, prlncipalmente para las Sl'i'loras y los ninos. Los que mueren ahogados, por e l rayo , la l epra o alguna otra en!ennedad relacion ada con los dloses del agua, van aJ TiaJocan , e l paraiso d e nA.loc, que P.S el Iu gar d e Ia fertilldad donde crecen toda clase de arboles trutales y abunda e l malz, e l trlj o l y I a c hla. Para io s q u e han s ld o e l egidos por e l Sol o por Tlaloc van aJ Mlct.lAn , y ahl las almas pad!'cen una Sl'rie d e pruebas magicas ante s de llegar_ 4 ese Iugar. Para Uegar a! MlctiAn, prime r o tie n e n que pasar p o r un c audaJoso rio, e l Cltignaguapan. P o r eso se entierra a los cad a veres con un perm para que a su amo a pasar a Ia otra orilla . En una segunda prueba, las aJmas pasan e n t r e dos m o ntal'las que se juntan: lue g o por una montana d e obsldlana; luego por donde sopla el viento h elado, que corta como si Llevara navajas de ogsldlana. En la quinta prueba atraviesan un campo por d o rrd e !Iotan banderas. En Ia septima, estan las fieras que c o m e n corazo nes humanos, lue g o sl:;-uen los estrechos lugares, que tle n e n piedras filosas y , en la nove na pru b.! . e l h.lgnahu o las almas de los d.ifun tos. Para que un human lnki ra un v i je al o tro mundo. e I ponia una serif." de o b)etos que lc rmiUan sopor1Jlr las p r u eba.s magi cas Para el camino se le daba un jarrlllo d e agua y a m ordl!..ul a l difunto e n c u cllilas. liandolo ful'rtement con mantas y papei i'S O tros in. trumentos eran c uchillos. piedras. que e.ra.n OtU atraves;upor las tlerra.s q u e se junta.n y para d fe.nderse d las grandes culebras y lagar lija.s q u e poblaban los infiemos d e la t:ra v sia hacia el otro mundo . D uraut e los !une ra.l i'S se que m aban los atavlos l'mpleados en vida por los dlfuntos. para que n o tuvl ran trio al cruz:a r por d nd e l vlento sopln tan cortante como navaja , y se le ponla una cuenta d e jade para. que l e slrvicra de coraz6n y q uizA par a d ejarla e n prend11 e n e l Iugar c o n d e las fi eras d e v oran e l coraz6n de todos los h ombr . P o r i.titim o l e daban clertos o b j e tos v a li o , p3ra que los n t regara a Mi ctlantecuhtli o a Mictecaclhuatl. cuando llegara al !in I a j omada. Las cenizas d e l di!u n t o se guardaban e n una uma que era enterrada e n L!n o d e los aposentos. que tuvo d propiedad I que iniciaba u n v i a j e a l mas alla. Y ahl. sc <:fectuaban o !rend a s a los octoo d ias d l e ntierro y cada ano , hasta los c uatro que duraba el v laje a ultratumba., y despues ya n o se hacla nada mas. Y a los trece cie lo s aztecas n o l ban las aJmas d e los h ombres, p ero en el treceavo e s l a morada de los dio creadores. Il>an las almas d e l o s nil'los q u e murleron a n t e s d e t e n e r uso d e raz6n , pue s estos e s p eran E:n e se Iugar, alimentados por e l arbol d e I a lech e , a que s e desin :ya Ia presen t e humanl dad e n e l catac llsm o fina l. para reencarna r e n una nueva humanldad. " Pl ant a d r e a m a t Minnequa B ank and watch i t grow ! I ' MINNEOUA BANK of Pueblo NORTHERN AND EVANS de kl Pla!Za Ma'Yor de Ia Gran Tenoch titian en tiemoo d'e los arleeas, magnifico trabajo realizado por el arque6logo M a f't!utz . E . n el Templo Mayor sacrificaban a 1 os' que co nfiaban en el pal"lriso . MEMBER F . D .I.C RfMODHIG _ still open for business IiI iJj J,J; J-j FRONT END ALIGNMENT Our skilled mechanics set caster, camber and toe in to original specs . N O ADDITIONAL CHARGE for factory air or torsion bar cars! 27& An y American car ; parts extra if needed. re RA-DIAL TIRE Headquarters State Inspection No. 839 Inspection Sticker No. 7 Due Now STORE HOURS 8 to 5 301 w. 8th. St . . Monday through Sat. Ph: 542-6202 THE PARTS HOUSE 919 EAST COLFAX AVE. DENVER. COLORADO 80218 PHONE 893-5616 DISCOUNT AUT O MOTIVE PARTS STORE HOURS Monda y thru Frid a y 8 :00 a m t ill 5 :30 pm S aturda y 8 :00 a m t ill 4 : 3 0 pm Sunda y 11 :00 a m t ill 3 :00 pm MAJOR BUSINESSES are actively seeking Chicano and Chicana graduates of Sales Training Institute in the field of sales ! ! NO COST SALES APTITUDE TEST APPROVED FOR VETERAN"S TRAINING TRAINING INSTITUTE, INC. 700 EAST SPEER BLVD. DENVER. COLO. 80203 PHONE 744-7031 839 South Cirde Drift C_!tlorado Springs Ph: 471-4880

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..... t .. -Page 6, EL ECO, Julio 1974 NO NEED TO BEA -_GENIUS ••• tMlen you can't figure . out how your bills will get paid call the friendly people a t I . !PAn 'NA!r UOWAlL • if'h,I\J\jj){ I OF PUEBLO PUEB L O , COLORAD O MEMBER F . D.I.C. 71 Convenient Downtown Locations PARKING by the Day, Week, or Month LOW EST PARK lNG RATES IN DENVER (Storage for cars a vailable) OFFICE 1709 Arapa hoe St. Denver, LOCATION: Ph: (303) 623-1217 Mr. Mark Battaglia , Area Director Save & Borrow at : CF&I 564-GTI J LA . M -EXICAN A POl' :B08AUA D'CIIUIIACI!IIO "Porque el pueblo ignora mucbo de lo bermoeo y valloso de nuestro pasado, no lo 8lD.\l y resi_)E!ta tanto como merece, inclusive, mAS penoso aUn, Io menosprecia, por contemplarle Unlca mente al traves de la trlste imagen del pauperrimo y marginado incHgena de hoy. Nada sabe, o casl nada del talento, el valor, el seftorio y la virtud de esos antepasados indigenas. Yo voy a bablar en esta entrevista, gustosamente concedida a JUEVES DE EXCELSIOR de la .Mujer .Mexica, "raiz y fior de nuestra mAs pura nacionalidad". Es la maestra, investigadora hist6rica y eScritora, Otilla Meza, autora de varios libros, el primero de ellos ''Leyendas Aztecas", con prologo de don Alfonso Caso. Actualmente preP!U'& otros y , entre ellos, uno con cuatrocientas biografias de personajes prehispanicos, mas varios cuentos infantiles con temas similares. "Me he dedi..?do a estos tema.s, -dice-PQrque comprendo la necesidad urgente de famlliarizar a nuestro pueblo con lo realmente valioSo de su pasado. Quiz8s ello le inspire para coadyuvar en la lucha por el rescate de los Derecbos Hwnanc;>s para los desvalidos indigenas". EDUCACION "A los cinco aflos de edad. comienza diciendonos, las nif\as eran puestas en manos de los sacerdotes para ser educadas en los semina I"Ms ;_ ni a:un las princesas o bijas de nobles eran exiniidas. A los diez o las enviilb6n ai Calmecan o TepncbcaJU Habian maestros de nille2:, adolescencia y juventud, En el primer curso aprendian a leer y escribir, musica, historia de los becbos de sus mayores y rellgi6n. En e1 segundo aprendian lruenos rilodales, modestia y finura en el andar; y, en el tercero, por ser la edad propicia para corregir defectos Y . quebrantar pasi.'ones, el ".teopizque" (maestro), modelaba a las alqmnas en estos sentidos. Ast pues, la educaci6n femenina se con cretaba a lectura y escritura; aritmetica, danza, cantQ, musica, poesia, labores femeninas y buenas maneras, ademas_ de la formaci6n moral. sumamente e6tricta. C:A..STIG08 "Si las nif\as mentlan, .Ies herlan los labi<>s con puas de maguey; sl se alejaban de su. sin permiae, atilban l<>S pies, si eran des obedianJes las azotaban. con !)rtigilS . . A loil och'O afios los castigos corporales em{lezaban coli pellizcciS; ' a los once, se le5 aplicaba humo de chile en la narlz y, a los doce, el castigo consistia -t:I'l que pOr .,. nocbe bicleran el aseo de Ia casa, ode Ia calle. COMO ERAN ELLAS "Las mujeres eran abnegadas, sumisas, castas y limpias. Como CJrigen de la famili4 era sumamente respetada y ocupaba prominente lutar en la sociedad . . Eritre .loe aztecas, se fonnaba la fam.iDa por el mat:rtmonio y bajo pena de estaban probibidas :las uniones entre famillares, cuidando con ella de la bonestidad publica y de la no degeneraci6n de la raza . "El. matrimonio era obligatorio a la edad de veinte afios en los hombres y entre los y dieciocho en la mujer. El divorcio era pero no autorizacio y, tanto la como el marido, podlan pedir la separaci6n, que se autorizaba por sentencia judicial. C\ulitm esto podian volverse a casar, quedando los bajo la tutela del padJ;e y las hijas con la madre, 'La poligamfa era permitida ' S6lo como recompe116a o premio a las grandes hazaflas, o como privilegio de reyes; de lo .que se des prende que el pueblo no practicaba esta "Como la ley reconocia Ia poligamia, en los casos antes citados reconocia tambien comli bijos legitimos a todos, exceptuanilo a per8onajes obligados por su pc.sici6n a escoger a sus sucesores. En estos cases. s6Jo a e.>tos se ccnsideraba legitimos e ilegitimos a los demAs . "Cuando a un joven principal Ie gustaba una muchacha, se diri gla a Ia madre explicandole que habia escogido a su hija, no para casarse con ella sino para tener hijos. Si Ia situaci6n era aceptada, la muchacha se convertfa en su amante, Ia "Tlacallalcahui". Si de dicha uni6n rtacia un )1ijo , el pac;ire estaha obligado a casarse con ella, o de lo contrario devolverla a su familia, pero en ningun caso cuando esto sucedia, volver con Ia " tlaca!lalc,. .hui", que '3ignificaba "de.1ada". XATRIMONIOS DE PRUEBA "Actualmente, dice Ia maestra Meza, no pvcas vece> he escu chado Ia de personas autorizadas, externar su ptmsamiento de que para salvar de Ia bancarrota a las unione,, se necesitaba implantar los "matrimonios a prueba". Y en mi concepto, estos ma trirnonios pensados no tendrian otra caracterlstica que la de esa.s uniones libres de las aztecas. "Cabe agregar . Que si el joven no habia pedido perrn16o y todo habia sido hecho voluntariamente, de acuerdo con la mujer, entonces esta tomaba el nombre de ''Temecaum" (manceba> y sus bijos eran naturales. Pero s i se trataba de la familia real, entonces s6lo Ia relna era llamada "Cihuatlanti" y la otras espo;;as "Cihulli". DIVEBSOS TrrULoS "Se la clasificaba asi: La Mujer Noble, Ia Mujer Hidalga, la Sefiora de Familia, la Mujer Principal; la Seftora, la Doncella, la Hij_a_ de B\len I...iDaje Ia Mujer de Noble Sangre y de . Se.fiores, todas calificadas por su senedad, su nobleza, su abnegaci6n, su virtud, su recato, su generosldad, limpleza, prulcritud y demas virtudes, con las que hom:aban a: sus antecesores, a elias mismas y a su raza. La .Mala, es,
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FAIR! $687,990 in b usi ness was p laced with minority suppliers in 1973 by the Executive Task Force Committee (ETFC), a group of from major Denverarea corporations con cerened with the economic development of the minority business community. The primary goal of the ETFC is to seek out and develop small businesses • • preferably of the manufacturing type • that sever al member companies can use. Those companies help determine and furnish what technical and counseling services are required by the supplier. The Task Force will also develop and sponsor a Minority Opportunity Fair in October, 19 74 . The Fair will bring together purchasing personnel from large and sma ll companies NIXON APPOINTS.' From Page 1 The appointmen t of M ar tinez by Presi dent Richard M. Nixon a s the highest ranking Fe dera l official in the Region g ives him the responsibility of provid i n g leaders hip in coord i nating t he decentralized d el ivery o f F e d eral services to state an d loca l governments. "We will continue to pursue actively the coordinating r o l e o f government agencie s t o simplify procedures b y which the governm e n t serves people," Martin ez sai d . " W e hope to help a g e ncy Region al Directors form de cisions that serve the public with out the time-consuming red tape and sometimes unnec e ssary communication s with Washington" he added . "The Regional Cou nci 1 should facilitate I ed er al service to the public." Agency members of the Council are the Labor Depart ment, the Department of Health. Education and Welfare, the and minoirty businessmen de siring ot sell products.. and/or services to thos e companies. Other activities of the organ ization will be in assisting both government and pr1vate agencies to develop minority capabilities where none currently exist, and the encouragement of area bus i nes ses to adopt and imple ment corporate policies assuring the purchase of goods and services from minority owned businesses. The ETFC is chaired by Bill Conard, of the Adolph Coors Company. Other c:>mpan ies involved in the program are Dow Chemical, Gates Rubber Com pany, Great We stern Sugar, Hewlett Packard, and Honeywell. Others include Martin-Marietta Mountain Bell, Public Company, Samsonite, Sunstrand and Western Electric. Depart ment of Housing and U r b a n D "velopme n t, the Depart ment o f T r a nsportation, the O f f ice of Economic Opportunity, the Environme n t a l Protection Agency, t he L a w E nforce m e n t A ssistance Administration, t h e D e p artment o f Agriculture, and the D epa r tmen t of Interior. In addition, the Civil Service Commission. Gen eral S e r vices Administ r atio n and Federal E nerg y Office sit i n o n ad h o c basis . A work p lan for Fisca l Year 1975 will b e f ormalized J1..1ly 15 and 16 . S o m e of the issues it will add ress i nclude: 1 . Intergovernmental R el a t ions. 2 . Interagency Program Co o peration. 3. Delivery of Unique Servic es. 4 . Balancin g of Miss ions. Martin ez will retain his position as Region al Director of the L abor Department, but will devote most of his time .to the Council. come grow with us We've more than a bunch of small grocery stores. At the end of 1973 we operated 4973 convenience sto res. This fact alone made The Southland Corporation the largest retailer in the Uni ted States in total number of retail establ i shments . This m a y be very impressive , but we need your help . We are plan ing to double i n size during the next five years . We need your management skills and m aturity to help us expand . We're an organization which promotes on the basis of of ability, not seniority, time in grade , or educational achievements . The Southland has a comp l ete benefit program . We are the largest user of the VA On-The -Job Training Program in the State of Colorado. If you are interested . in promotions based on merit outstanding Profit Sharing and unlimited opportunities fo; advancement , contact a representative of The Southland Corporation TODAY! Offices in Pueblo, Colorado Springs& Denver . AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER P age 7, EL ECO, Julio 1974 u1zas. Qwzas. o.' All Kinds of People (Toda clase de genre ) L y 0 iJIOO f;rtr : cantil ar 1ng C It Que Vivan Los ovios ranchera de lncJalec: t o Ramirez lcanra: El Duero GuacialaJara / ove r e pregunft cuando . com o donot t U st empre n te Quua. ouua a u ,-? kmd of fHOPie should ger Wtt:fl sm./1 md of people $/Jould gel rogert>er Mid noli< ro eM:h Y dSI pas.J n IOl Oue vtvan los nov1 0 S Que sean muy feltce> . cuando ce casasre Ia gen c e oec:ia sal isce del remplo reparc,endo abrazos m i entras yo en Ia copa y /O d e sesperaoo y rt . n: con restdnd n VUtl8S. QUIZ8 S QUUrl) Old md of PJPit! moul d try 10 ltnen ro young md of Should uy ro nd comfort ort>er m1 llanco bebia. E s tas p er o'tendo e l l1t! npc pensando. p ens.andCJ 41/l
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I , • I ' Page 8, EL ECO, Julio 1974 MEXICO A L MUN D O POR IGUAL D IV IDE, Y C O M O A UN SO L LA T IERR A SE LE INCLINA YEN TOD A ELLA ECO PUBLICATIONS PO .Box 2024 P ueblo,Colo. 87004 CE QUE P R ES IDE. Bernard o B a lb ue n a (1604) EN.JO Y YOUR FAVOR ITE COCKTAI L. I N THE: PURPL E LOUNCJE" dli('l. . cf? & MEXICAN F OOD CLOSED MONDAY S OPE N 11 A . M . TILL 10 P . M . E XCEPT FRI. & SAT, TILL M ICNfQHT SUNDA Y S • OPEN 5 P .M. TILL 10 P .M. 3620 S . FEDERAL BLV D . YOU R HOST S Tf,IE GALLEGOS PHONE 789-387Q a n:-----=1 117 Colorado A\e n ue Pho n e (303) 543-0721 !!!I P'JEBLO, COL-ORADO 81005 PH 543 0721 EL M AS COMPLETO SURTIDO EN INSTRUMENTOS MUSICALES 117 COLORADO AVE: PUEBLO, , TONY MILLER: EL NACIMIENTO DE UN VENADO Jorge Tiller , quien durante t rece afios representara Ia Danza del Venado con el Ballet Folkl6rico de Amalia Hernandez, cedi6 rec i ente mente Ia estafeta de su arte su responsabil i dad (esa pieza , todo mundo lo sabe , es Ia super-estrella de cual quier ballet folkl6rico mexi cano) al estupendo _ core6 grafo y solista bras i I e fi o Tony Miller . BOULDER, COLORADO HAS NEEDS FOR: A los veinticinco afios de edaai, y despues de haber dedicado ocho al arte de Terpsicore (Musa de Ia dan za), Tony se ha constituido en el unico extranjero que ha podido realmente profun dizar en Ia psicologia de ese magnifico personaje del folklore mexicano. "Y es que, mucho mas importan te que Ia tecnica -aclara Tony-, son los sentimien tos fisico"'S del v.enado los Tony Miller, Ia nueva, valiosa adquisici6n de Amalia Hernandez, en su representaci6n de Ia danza cbrasiletia Fredo , y poseido por su nuevo personaje, el _venado. extensa expenenc1a muna1a1, adquirida despues de arduos estudios en Alemania con Ia Opera de Berlin (justamente ahi se present6 en un show de Tom Jones), y de haber realizado giras por toda Eu ropa, Estados Unidos y Ca nada. El gran exito de Miller , segun el mismo , lo consti tuye el hecho de ser el pr i MECHANICAL DESIGNERS: Pe r forms desi g n and layout o f m echa ni'c al, e lectromechanical , e lectronic devices a n d tra n sport m e ch anis m s . Would a lso be required t o calcula t e a n d specify d ime nsion s and tolerances. Experience in design work is necessar y . que deben desentrafiarse. Eso, creanlo, fue bastante dificil para mi". . A pesar de su joven edad, Tony ya es poseedor de una mer solista de Ia compafiia Brasiliana (Ia mejor de Sud america , a juicio ae los ex pertos), que tiene un con trato para presentarse en Europa permanentemente du rante ocho Tony tra baja con Amalia Hernandez y solo acude al llamado de Brasiliana cuando hay gran des estrenos en puerta. Bien venido este joven danzante que si no enriquecera a Ia Danza del Venado, cuando menos respetara, su profun CORRESPONDING SECRETARI ES: Opportuni t y for per s on s with good typing and spelling skills to gain valuable exp erience with mag n e tic media equipment. T h e positions include the processin g of written and verbal c orresponde nce, a s well as t e lecommunic ation c orrespondence. COMPANY-PAI D BENEFITS IBM provides liberal company paid benefits, includi n g 11 holiday s , vacation, d enta l a n d medical benefits, and a 100% tuiti on r efund p l an. P lease write t o R on Cordova, IBM C orporat ion, Department 404, P . 0 . Box 1900, Boul d e r , CO 80302, o r call 447-5794, betw e e n 8:00AM and 5 :00 PM, Monday through F riday. I B M A n Equal Oppo rtuni t y Employer do sentido folk. STOP BY OUR OFFICE . MAIN AT FIRST -= * .R"E.AL ESTATE = -Oo. nimercial : -Resioontial MANAGEMEN.T . INSURANCE: -Auto Home -Life ------------

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Denver Region Sponsors Repor.ts Under CETA Dave D uncan, Acting Ass lrunt Reg i onal D 1rector in Denver of the U . S . Labor D e partmen t for Manpower (AR OM). h a s calle d special attention to t h e requir e m ent th a t all loca l units of g overnme n t acting a s prime sponsors unde r the new Compr ehensiv e Em p l o y m ent & T rai n ing Act o f 1973 (CET A) must p u bl ish summari e s of the i r proposed manpower plans . 1 n accordanc e w ith r egula l ions published i n the March 19, 1974 Federal Register , Volum e 39, No. 54, Sect i o n 95. 15, mayors, county exec u t i ves, and governors as local prime s p onsore und e r CETA must g i v e t h e public t h e opportunity o f c o m m e n t i ng on their grant applicati ons . Each prime sponso r shall publish a sum m a r y o f t h e gran t a pplication packa ge, includ i n g the proposed allocatio n of funds, in a n ews p a per o r ne w s p a pers (includi ng minority ne w s p a p e r s , w h ere feas i b le ) whic h w111 provid e for a general circulation thro ughout t h e area t o b e s erv e d b y th prime s p ons o r's p l a n . 2 . The significant segments of the population to be served, and number of planned partici pants in each segment ; 3 . T he program act i v i ties an d services to be provi d e d b y the p rogra m in e ach g eograp hical area and t h e fund s to b e plan ned, for each a ctivity and service ; 4 . T h e total fund s i n the grant and d istribution b y co st c ategor ies. For CET A grants f o r Fiscal Y ear 1 9 7 5, p r ime sponso r a pp lica n ts and t h e ARDM shall re spond t o comments on t heir p lans mad e w i t h i n 3 0 d ays o f p u b l ication. SONES HUASTECOS Uno h i s o r i a de amo Y muer e en a al H as eco pc osina: Ia anecdo a elemo y universal cobra violencio Y co lorida en es a i e ro pin oresco y brovlo. aturolezo hos que seiiorean los macizos rocosos y los Iantos del desierto. As peres vientos seiiolan los vo riociones de un dimo extreme so, y !allan por igual en los hombres y en los piedras el p e r f i I inconfundible ci e Ia Huosteca. La mujer y Ia tierra s o n tornados por Ia fuerza. cueste l o que cueste: Ia fecun daci6 n vol e I a vi d a . Un hombre a caballo (mon tado e n un jugu e t e m exicano) v a r um b o a su bodo , pero t ro piezo con e l d e stine: Ia mujer que l e corresponde, per o que n o es Ia l egitimo. Ya e n el baile nupciol, s u r g e un nuevo personoje: e l pretendienle desdeiiado por Ia novia. S o b re vi e n e Ia pelea, y e ) ri val es eliminado a m ochetozos . La irrupci6n de I a mue rt e i nt e rrumpe apenas Ia fiesta que e l ri t mo de los sones enardece: P a g e 9 , EL ECO , Julio 1974 COMPLETE LINE OF ail ld Fa hi n M e t D i pia 727 SANTA FE DRIVE D ENVE R Open Wee k d a ys 8 :30A.M. t o 8 : 30P. M . SUNDAYS 9 :00A. M . 6 :00P.M. Su c h publication shall b e f o r three c onse cuti ve iss. ues an d s h all include a n address and approp ri ate hours whe n the comple te g rant application will be availab le f o r revie w and the p l a ce where c o m m ents ma y b e dire cted. A prime sponsor applicant shall resp o n d t o any comme n t m a d e p ursua n t to these r egulations. It shall inform any party sub mitting a sub stanti v e comment o f whether any p lan rev i s i o n w ill b e made i n re sponse t o the con. m e n t an d the rea s ons f o r the prime sponsor's determ inatio n . All sub sta A t i v e comme n ts a n d responses w i l l b e tran s m i t t e d t o t he ARDM with t h e gran t applicaiton,Unl ess t he comments are received after t he a pplicatiorls submis s ion, in whi ch case they w ill b e sent separately t o t he ARDM. el muert o al pozo y e l vivo ol L-----------------------... gozo. A I margen d e Ia l:>odo, The p u b lica t i o n shall be made 30 days prior to the submission of the ap plication t o t he AR OM, except t h at for Fiscal Y e ar 1975 t h e p u blication s h all b e no lat er t han t h e date of submission of t h e ap plicaiton t o the ARDM. The state men t of pu rpos e o f CET A enacted by t he Cong r ess and signed i n t o law b y t he Pre s id ent on December 2 8 , 1 9 7 3 Ia mujer holloda n el carnin-:> anuncia con su presencia late ral, que ella es y seguira s ien do para el hombre enajenado, I a amado y Ia amante verda dera. is: I t Is tile purpose o[ this A c t t o provide job training and employ m ent Dos mujeres dolientes, plaiiideras silenciosas, avanzan hosta el centro del escenario vado, llevando los cirios en cendidos que seiiolan Ia pre sencia de Ia muerte e n e l apo geo de Ia vida. oppornmit les [or eco nomically d i sodvantaged, u11employed, and The information publi s h e d shall include the following: 1 . T he go als p r ov i d e d i n the Project Operating Plan; u11derempl oyed perso11s , and t o a.mJr e tlw t trai11ing a11d other serv i ces l ead to maximum employment opponun irles a n d IWila n u sel[-su[[lciency by estab l ishing a flexi b l e and d ecentral ized system of Fed era l , Sta t e , and local programs . CHECKING "CHECK AND SAVE " Ma intai n $100 Minimum Balance During Statement Period and There are NO Service Charges for Your Checking Account. Writ e All the Checks You Lik e -FREE! S4VINGS From Passbook Savings to Certificates of Depos i t , Our Interest Rates are the Maximum Allowable by Law! l04NS 'For Auto H ousehold Goods Ho m e Improv ement A FULL SERVICE BANK earonado National Ban& Member F .D.I.C. \ • I• \\ o : ,,, ' \ ' . '.', .... , . eoronado National Ban If " Denver's only Mexican -American o w n e d bank : Servi n g the En;i r e Community o f Metr o Denver" 1400 Irving Street (Near Colfax and Federal in the Avondale Shopping Center) Denver, Colorado 80204 Telephone 303-572 3811 Hou r s : 106 Monday thru Frida y 9 1 2 Satur da y Drive-Up and Night Depository Available Good for FREE r epl i ca o f ori g i na l Azt ec Calendar when you open a NEW Savi ngs or Checking acct. t ••• • > PUEBLO' S MEETING PLACE 24-HOUR DINING ROOM :Jt.. 'a.lo f,al uri " 9 CONTINENTAL COCKTAIL LOUNGE NIGHTLY ENTERTAINMENT BANQUET & MEETING ROOMS FOR 500 COMPLETE CONVENTION FACILITY PARTY FACILITIES FOR YOUR D INING P LEASU R E All MAJOR CREDIT CARDS GRAC lOUS DINING IN RELAXED SETTING 542-3750 Complete Men u AT INTERSTATE 25 & HIWAY 50 EAST ( EXIT EARN CASH TWICE WEEKLY ... bea BL.OOD PLASMA DONOR .. NOW ACCEPTING BOTH MALE & FEMALE ages 18 to 60 PLASMA HOURS : 8 :00am to 7 :15pm Mon . & Thur. 8 : 00 a m to 3 :15pm Tues . & Fri day Closed WEDNESDAY COMPONENTS. INC. 50 W. 10th Ave., DENVE.R COLO. Phone 892-5773 Physician In Attendance New Donors $1.00 With This ad f .., ;f 1 .. f I • f • i • & \ .. " ' 'It \ \ \ ' ' 0 'It • t 0 0 0 f f . , of I I 0

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Page 10, EL ECO, Julio 1974 SHERIDAN enver l ommunity evelopment l orporation What is a Community Development Corporation? by Tony Ortiz Community Development Corporations are a unique concept of reducing urban and rural poverty through community economic growth. They are crafted by the community itself to mobilize all of the resources and power of that community and of the l arger S')Ciety as well, i n seeking to build an economic base in their community. Senators Robert Kennedy and Jacob Javits co-sponsored legistlation t o . amend the Eco nomic Opportunity Act of 19 6 4 that provided for the development of special programs by which residents of urban low-income areas may, through self-help and mobilization of the community at large , with appropriate federal assistance, improved the quality of their economic and social benefits. The first CDC to be funded under this Economic Opportuni ty Act, was Bedford-Stuyvesant Restoration Corporation in Brooklyn, New York. That project is presently serving 453,000 people in New York's largest black community, where it is considered the most ambitious economic d evelopment program in America. At pre sent, there are CDC's operating in 36 areas throughout the nation. They are affecting a population of five million paop!e with many jobs being created, and are filled with men and wome n who were unemployed before the CDC brought-new life to their SABOREE LAS MEJORES TORTILLAS DE HARINA Y MAIZ DE PUEBLO PH 546-1275 La familia Ramirez , cuenta con Ia mas amplia experiencia en su ramo, Ia satisfaccion de miles de hogares del suroeste de Texas, asl lo atestiguan. Ahora sirviendo a to cb el basto estado de Colorado A sus ordenes en 1812 Santa Fe Dr . Blende , Colo . Telefono : 546-1275 THE BEST CORN & FLOUR TORTILLAS IN COLORADO !!!!I. U 1812 SANTA FE DR. BLENDE, COLORADO. community. The range o f bus iness ventures. is virtually limitless. CDC's throughout the nation are en gaged in activities such as: Manufacturing toys, blue jeans, furniture , fabricated metal parts, shopping centers, farming and fishing cooperatives, acqua culture projects, motel franchises, industrial parks, housing programs, electronics and pipe bending plants, fast food franchises, grocery stores, and investment corporation. An example is Denver's own Adelante Supermarket located 727 Santa Fe Drive. CDC's are set up to insure a return of federal and private investment that will pay divid ends to a community and not o an individual. The initial steps are for members of ia community, and not to an individual. The initial steps are for members of' a community, an urban or rural area, to get together and form a profi t or non-profit corporation that will raise money by pursuing venture capital, by way of short and long-term loans from banks, foundations, or federal sources. Once a venture of business is acquired, technical assi stance and community resources are sought from private industry to help insure the success of the project. When a fully capitalized corporation is. developed and is successful, the dividends or profits can be re-invested into other ventures in the community are the ownership and manage ment of it' s own profitcoriented businesses. The end result is employment and training in skills that otherwise have not been available to disadvantaged people .before. Another benefit is that the development .of these bus inesses brings new income into_ areas of the community. (DCDC), was orgar)ized and structured as a non-profit corporation on January 22, 1970. Sponsored by several community organizations, DCDC is designed to focus on the areas of chronic unemployment, underemploy•, ment, dependency and com unity under-development. The offices are located at 4142Tejon S t . , Denver, Colorado. Phone 433-8636. ---=_ '"All right. who pulle d the emergency?"" Sandys-CJr;ental Jrlassage STEAM & MASSAGE .. 1larlor HOURS: 11 A.M. to 1 :00 A . M . MON. thru SAT. Facilities for man & woman 564-0718 1309 EAST EVANS .AV. PUE1l9, COLOIADO • ENSALADA DE POLLO CON MANZANA • 2 tazas de . polio cocldo en cubitos .. taza. de mayonesa . 1 cebolla chica finamente picada 1 mllnzana grande en cubitos 1 tronco de apio 1 lechuga roinanita 1 cucharada de vtnagre Se mez.:-1a la mayonesa con el vinagre, la cebolla y la sal, revolviendo . bien con un tenedor, des>pues se aiiade el polio cortado en cubitos, la manzana tambien en cubitos y el. tronco de apio en rebanadas muy delgadas y se revuelve todo con cuidado. Sa sirve sobre hojas ue ledluga romantta calocadas en pJatitos individuales. l."EMMTAS 12 yemas de huevo 175 gramos de azucar pulveri zada Azucar granulada Se baten hasta que esten.muy .duras ias yemas y des pues se mezclan con .el azucar pulverizada. Se • PQne la. mezcla al fu-----------,--------County --------------We own a lot In---------.,.----------------------We don't own a lot, but could get one

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" Elena .. Escucha mJ canc16n es d e di cA!U a t i , escucha d e mis la b oos lo que qwero d=r. Nunca t e olv o d a re ni t e qu a _ rd o r e-ncor . tU e res m i Uruco anhelo de ffil p obre corazon H a n p asado los ailos y yo s:igo sufrien d o , no puedo sequi r aso comprendeme. Uoro cuando me a c uerdo de tJ no me hagas y a mas sufri r . dame t o d o r u amor para viv i r f eliz . BEN MARTINEZ CONSTRUCTION of DENVER AWARDED CONTRACT hom (S8A) U . S . Senator Peter Dominick announced that Ben Martinez Construction of Denver ha s received a $190,877. contract from Small Business Admi nistra t ion (SBA). T he contract was award ed unde r the Administration soecial SPEC IAL FEATURE: listen to "Chicano Community" sponsored by DCDC on KIMN Radio i n Denver every Sunday at 9:45a.m. La generosidad y el desprendimiento de toda m1ra personal son atributos del mex1cano. Francisco Javier Clavilero (1781) TAILORS -TUXEDO RENTALS & SALES Also Business Suits See Us for: Sr. Jerry Lara, Manager. WEDDINGS, PROMS AND ALL FORMAL OCCASIONS' -------------------" "Se H ab/a Espana! e Ingles" 601 -15th. St. (at Welton) DENVER, Ph : 534-6252 Featuring: .JAIMIE GOMEZ ,La;14aneha SERVING THE FINEST IN MEXICAN FOOD & YOUR FAVORITE COCKTAILS IN AN UNRIVALED SPANISH ATMOSPHERE. Larimer Square Denver, Colo. Ph: 573-9797 program for minoirty owned bus inesses . According to the Senator. the Martinez F irm is the prime contractor for the remodeling of the third floor of the Veterans . A dministration Hospital i n Grand Junction. A \1i \ladrec it a M adre nombr e • a qr ado para mi, divi n o pensam.ien t o que D ios escribio , en el in fini t o y en I a T o e r ra . M adre tesor o incomparable. por eso m adre hoy 1 0 de m ayo, dia d e todas las m adres del mundo. P a ge 11, EL ECO, Julio 1974 Y es . I w o u ld like to rtoceive my copies of " E L ECO MAYA" soon to becom e the larQe$ 1 SJ> n i sh Newspaper in all of Coloredo PIYsa e nter m y name for a 1 Y or Su bscri p t on. NAME-------------------------------------CITY-----------------------STATE---------ZIP -----------------S end Completed Bla n k w ith Check or Money Order f o r SJ.SO T o --ECO PUBLICATIONS P . O . Bo x 2024 Pueblo,Colo. 81 004 ECO PUBLICATION P . O . Box 9650 Denver, Colo. 80209 SAN ISIDRO* Yo t e vengo a pedir perdon, por l as ofensas q u e :e he dado, por l p que t e he hech e llorar . anew idea in econon1ic HOW DOES IT WORK 1 A ny persons w h o wbh to tom send the1r contr i bution each month or a pa yroll deduction is arranged a t t h e r place of work to enable Ma d r e m i a como una mue stra d e mi c ariiio tan sincere hac1a t1. traigo este Iindo ramo d e Oo res para ti madrecita moa . the m t o usHy t ake developlllent contr i b u tion. c.are of their monthly for pueblo!! .. a: DONE Willi THE WHAT IS FONDO SAN ISIDRO 1 Los anunclos luc e o """""""'""' It is an organ i zed t unct ma d e up o f voluntary contributions made by its m embers. Eventually, when 1tle fund Is larve enouah . p eo ple who whh t o begin a busineu and w h o woutd not otherwise be ab l e t o can file applica t ion with th e Board of Fondo San Isid ro fo r a loa n to beg i n suc h a b usinen. . The lpplicat io n will I n c lude quest ions about the penon's experie n ce . p \ennii"'Q, and goal s t o r the businus. 511 L n ,l the mcrthan l " w ill a ppn.,...i.ah-) our I patrul'\.l,;e . P\l::aM: tdl them you AV the .. r.td i n EL E C O MAVA A WHAT IS IT FOR 7 Its purpose is to i n crea se t he p artiCipation of M ejicanos i n the economic a n d busin ess life of Pu e b l o b y provi d ing money for a loan that will enable the m to begi n or expand a business th1t they own and control. . WHO WILL DECIDE WHAT PERSOIIIS GET A LOAN 1 Th e Bo.trd of D irectors will make the d eciSio n b as.ed on th e amoun1 of money requet:ted ? nd th e feas i bil ity o f th e proposed businen. = . ;:. . -. . A Whats wrong with this nicture? I f you guessed t hat th e m i st ak e is show i ng y ou a sn owman i n the summerti me . you 're wrong ( a lt h o ugh w e were hopi ng you ' d guess that ! ) . What ' s rea l ly wrong i s showi ng a snowman w i th eyes , mou th and buttons made f rom coal. Know why ? Years ago. before suc h fue l s as natural gas and o il be c ame popular, coal was our most important source of energy . But with the i ncreased populari ty of these fuels. there was a l ot m ore c oal j ust sett i ng around wa i t i ng to become part of a snowman. But no more . W i th o il and natural gas currently i n short supply , we 're looking with renewed i nterest at Ameri ca ' s vast reserves of coal. There ' s enough coal here to meet our energy needs for centuries. That's why it's wrong to show a snowman with features made from coal. Today . coal has more ir:nportant work to do. Sorry , Frosty'

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/ DD81 lalks . . Qualify for Cash Bonus Enlist Now • Get a bonus for t-raining as: $1500 BONUS TITLE -Radio Teletype Operator -Lance Missile Crewman * -Lance/Honest John Fire * Direction Assistant -Hawk Missile Crewman * -Ground Su rve i II a nee Radar * Crewman Pershing Electronics MaterJal Specialist . Wire-Guided Missile Systems * Repairman -Multi-Channel Communications Equipment Operator -Field General COMSEC Repairman -Field System COMSEC Repairman -Dial Central Office Repairman -Sheridan Tank Turret Mechanic -Power Gene rat fon Equipment Operator /Meehan i c -Ammunition Storage and Operations Specialist -Missile Tank Turret Mechanic *NOTE: Not avai I able to Women. Colorado Springs 1011 N. Blvd. Alamosa 1015 4th Street Pueblo 325 W. 10th Street La Junta 19 W. 4th Street Salida 121 N. 1st Street Durango 1139 Main Street 596-9562 589-4816 545-3524 384-2054 539-3181 247-4856 $2500BONUS TITLE -Combat Engineer * -Chaparral Crewman * -Vulcan Crewman * -Pershing Missile Crewman* -Nike Test Equipment Repairman -Lance Missile System Repairroan * -Shillelagh Missile System * Repairman -Fixed Plant Carri er Equipment Repairman -Aircraft Fire Control Repairman -Pershing E I ectri cai-Mechan i cal . Repairman * N 0 T E: Not a v a i I a b I e to Worn en. _ Today's Anny It's a g r ,eat pi ace to . start. Denver 1717 Champa St. 893-9771 -912 Broadway 893-2822 Englewood 3401 S. Bannock 789-95n Lakewood 8580 W. Colfax 237-7473 Arvada 5707 Webster 423-2200 Aurora 8720 E. Colfax 388-5327 Thornton 840 E. 88th St. 287-0245 Tcilk IDDIUI1J wilh 1JD111' Brm1J Bec:ruilar