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El Eco Maya, October, 1974

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Title:
El Eco Maya, October, 1974
Creator:
El Eco Maya
Place of Publication:
Pueblo, CO
Publisher:
El Eco Maya
Publication Date:
Language:
English

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newspaper ( sobekcm )

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Auraria Library
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
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Copyright [name of copyright holder or Creator or Publisher as appropriate]. Permission granted to University of Colorado Denver to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.

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Full Text
VOL. V No.ll OCTUBRE 1974
_________J-fispana de ^Lolorado
Minority nterprise'74
poco usual
X Localizado en el centro por su
forma topografica pareclera ser el vinculo entre dos mazas continents les, una al norte y otra al sur, tan distantes y tan dis-tintas. .....
Mexico ha sido un vinculo, no
tan solo por su localizacion continental, sino comp catalizador Y laZO de — Continua Pagina 2
Mexico y JEE'UU:
slmblosls
Dia de la Raza
AFFAIR W0
Although the U.S. Navy's 14Buddy Program" which lets friends join the service together and continue through boot camp together may be well known, it's not too often that three brothers and a cousin take
nis local recruiter about the programs available in the Navy.
After discussing things with his brothers, Mike and Ray,
Tony and his brothers all decided that the Navy was the answer for them, Unknown to them,
Mr. Henry G. Maestas, Assistant Director of Denver Coalition Ventures, Inc. announces that DCV is one of seven co-sponsors for the first annual Minority Supplier Fair this Fall at the Denver Merchandise Mart. Coordinated by the Executive Task Force for Minority Economic Development, the objective of the Fair is to promote the exchange of information on minority enterpreneur capabilities and Colorado Business requirements, according to Maestas.
Minority Enterprise ‘74 which will be held October 25 and 26, will bring together under one roof minority businessmen who have products and servicesto sell, and representatives of some of Denver's large and small established companies who need to buy these products and services. Some 150 established large
and medium-sized corporations will rent booths at the Fair for $150.00 each, in an attempt to contract over three hundred Colorado Minority Businesses who will attend (at no charge) and discuss their products or services with the corporate purchasers. Companies anc agencies being Invited to participate in the exhibition as potential purchasers of minority goods and services, will represent the construction, electrical, fabricated metal products, food, machinery, manufacturing and petroleum industries, also state and federal governmental agencies, as well as public utilities, hotels, banks and savings loan associations, hospitals, colleges and universities and transportation organizations will participate.
“Seminars and workshops wil
be held for both buyers and sellers in advance of the Fair so that both will know what to encounter," stated Maestas. He also said, “Not only do we hope to solve the problem of the minority businessman or woman who do not know how to approach or contact the major or established businesses to offer their products or services, but we also want to develope and ment from the large corporations. Hopefully all large and established businesses will adopt and implement corporate policies that will assure the purchase of goods and services from minority owned business, as well as supplementing new and exciting programs to identify minority vendors.” This commitment should be carried no shorter than assisting minority owned bus-Continued on Page 8
advantage same time.
But that's exactly what Tony, Mike, Ray and Greg Hernandez of Pueblo did. Tony, the eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Leo Hernandez of 1714 San Juan Street, was attending the University of Colorado. But he met with financial difficulties working his way through school, and decided to go home and talk to
however, Their cousin Greg, the of Mrs. Paul Hernandez of 2224 East Orman Avenue, had been in contact with the Navy recruiter and reached the same conclusion.
When they were asked why all four chose the Navy, Ray spoke up for the group, syaing, “this way we all go in together and we can get out together... besides* this way our mothers won't have to go through several goodbyes when we all leave home.”
MAKE DEMOCRACY WORK:
Tom Sag0, USN, Enlisted Programs Officer, Navy
vitjng District Denver; Greg, Tony, Mike, Ray Hernandez.
Oct. 9th, 1974. Press release to “EL ECO” Newspaper -Colorado’s Republican incumbent candidate for Secretary of State, Mary Estill Buchanan, has re-affirmed her position to examine structural reform of the state’s election system by creating an Election Advisory Committee.
Stating that only 59% of Colorado’s eligible voters voted in the 1972 presidential election, Mrs. Buchanan said, “With 1,219,591 people registered to vote in 1972, or 75% of an estimated 1.6 million eligible population, 953,878 people actually voted. The drop off could be even worse this year, as in other non-presidential election years."
Mrs. Buchanan concluded, “Apathy • as shown by nonvoting is a greater problem in Colorado than non-voter registration. We. need to. know.:
more about why people do not vote, or fail to register proper-' ly.”
She continued, “Colorado election laws work nearly as well as the assumptions of personal registration responsibility on which they are based. However, Colorado registration could be improved with administrative “bandaids" of increased public convenience and information in how, where, and when to register; and the legislative “bandaids" of purging voters every 4 years instead of 2, requiring rather than permitting deputy registrars, and linking voter registration with the household census canvass.” Mrs. Buchanan emphasized, “To further improve the state's election system or to change its philosophy requires major diagnosis and structural alteration. .............-...... -....- —
“Therefore,” the Secretary of State said, “I am establishing an Elections Advisory Committee to determine the effectiveness of Colorado’s system of individual registration responsibility. ... In addition, the Committee will explore the need for creating a State Election Commission to investigate and enforce the Colorado Election laws, including the campaign disclosure requirements. Further,” Mrs. Buchanan continued, “the committee will study the entire petition process, both for ballot issues and independent candidates, and the impact of lengthening the general election periods.”
Most importantly, “Society must react to government through concerned expression in the voting booth, and not alienation in the streets,’1 concluded Mrs. Buchanan.


Pagina 2, EL ECO, Octubre 1974
Continuacion. .
MEXICO Y ESTADOS UNIDOS. . . .
union entre dos culturas.
jLa V02 d-f ispaha de Colorado
Se dice tacil.... pero el absorber, digerir, amalgamar y difundir tradiciones e ideoiogias tan distintas, es labor de tiempo, teniendo para e 11 o q u e ocurrir desajustes y
reacondicionamientos a
DIRECTORIO
The Eco Newspaper is a Bi lingual newspaper, published monthly by Maya Enterprises 600 West Northern A ve.
EDITOR: Ernesto Barrios SALES: Wanda M. .Padilla: COMPOSITION: Nita Barrios ASSOC. EDITOR: Joaquin Diaz CONTRIB. EDITOR: Joe Padilla PHOTOGRAPHY: William Forehand Jack Avalos LA YOUT: Miguel A. Jimenez Ernesto Barrios
QUALITY CONTROL: Paul Bueno DISTRIB. MANAGER: W. Padilla : DISTRIBUTION: Ray Aguilera Jr.
Todo a sun to relacionado con publicidad en general articulos etc. deben ser tratados con la direccion de Eco Publicaciones Box 2024 - Los articulos son de la exclusiva responsabilidad de quien los firma.
La meta de quienes hacemos ECO es converter a nuestro per-iodico en una tribuna abierta para todos los criterios, y mas que todo acrecentar el in teres de nuestros lectores a un positi-vismo mayor en nuestra comuni-dad.
En nuestros columnas se senalan errores, pero apuntando siempre a una somcion.
traves de ese tiempo que obstaculiza eomo es logico el avance en muchos aspeetos.
A Mexico le ha tocado en suerte ser colehon, cedazo y tubo digeStivo de tradiciones que se han venido y siguen lusionados a traves de los siglos.
Con que recursos ha contado para sobrevivir al impacto de dos luerzas de choque?
No con teenologia ni recursos economicos, que para el caso no cuentan, sino con recursos morales y espirituales de mas valor, como son su sensibilidad. pasividad, comprension y tolerancia, mnatos en el
671$ W. Colfax
«IC8$ Shopping Canter
fl.too SCATS • 35 tVA/OPTAlt^
carrstoe avens • live musicians
. PUPPd SHOWS-6UNHGWS AND N. MUCH. MUCH MOee / >
.3.1.(i.'4 zejZ* i ! 1 t
Hours: 11 am to 2:30 pm/4:30 to 10 pm Daily and All Day Sunday:
mexicano. Como ejemplo de esto, entre parentesis y haciendo un parangon. encontramos que en Mexico y en el resto de paises latinoamericanos se esta mas consciente del ser humano como individuo, del projimo del "otro'. Asi sea para ayudarlo o lastidiarlo. pero se le "sienle cerca.
En los paises super-desarrollados la
inditerencia al projimo llega a lo inaudito rayando en egoismo absoluto y solo interesa el "otro" en cuanto a que torma parte de la misma maquinaria de produccion. Se le aprecia. eh relacion a su electi vidad dentro de esa maquinaria, no como individuo que siente.
Analicemos abora los principals escollos a los que se ha enlrentado
La miisica de “nueva ola” se adopto primero en Mexico, que en otros paises de America Latina, por la presencia tan cercana de nuestro vecino del norte.
Mexico como puente de culturas a traves de varias centurias. Tenemos desde luego que el problema de conciliar generaciones se agudiza aqui mas que en otros paises por ser el impacto mas rapido e inmediato. La generacion de padres no asimila con suticiente rapidez, para transmitir a los hijos, lo queestosya estan viviendo.
renunciar lacu y bruseamente, actitud que merece respelo, ya que a 1 t r a fa r d e apresurardicho cambio, da lugar a un producto de mexicano hibrido y por lo tanto inestable. que no logra ideniilicarSe plenanienie con ninguna de las ups culturas.
Estos ejem plos expuestos son, en todo caso, dos de los muchos problemas socio-economicos que Mexico
Rechazando los hijos, por lo tanto la ensenanza obsoleta de los padres, para volverse, desde ninos, autodidactas de una subcultura tecnologica.
Y es asi como la juventud, inlluenciada
Uene que vivir Uia a dia.
Kesumiendo: Cual de las dos ideoiogias llegara a imponerse en Mexico? La sub-cultura moderna, desde Juego, consecuencia logica del desarrollo tecnologico. La misma.. que todos
No es acaso el desnudismo de protesta o "Streaker” una moda que tambien ha llegado ya a Mexico, el mejor ejemplo de la intluencia que pone en uso, costumbres que chocan con las tradicionales?....
por la avalancha de propaganda martillante, absorbe.dislorsionada a veces, ideologia y costumbres que chocan con las tracionalistas. Otro ejemplo, consecuencia de ese choque de culturas. es el caso del mexicano que es d i s c r i m i it a d o - y rechazado. a veces en su propio pais, al no iograr asimilar faciimenie la ideologia tecnologica: por traer a cuestas costumbres, ideas y; tradtqiqnqs.de las que no1 esta dispue&to a
sabemos llegara a desplomarse algun dia por su propio peso, para dar nacimiento. sin renunciar a la teenologia, a una verdadera cUltqra de valores consistentes, que ira mas de acuerdo con la calidad preciosa del ser humano.
Pero mientras tanto y hasta que esto suceda, Mexico tendra que seguir siendo vinculo y lazo de union, por haberle tocado en suerte (?) ser Hvintera de dos' culturas.


Kohunlich
Pagina 3, EL ECO, Octubre 1974
Como Evitar la
de los Mayas
Perdida de
Cabello Por Lucia I. Valdez
Cuantas veees ha oido frecuencia. En si.
CHETUMAL (Quintana Roo-MAxico), (Por
Miguel Higueras, de la Agenda EFE)—A setenta kil6metros de esta ciudad mexicana, estAn resucitando de un entierro de 1.600 aflos 183 edificios que en el siglo cuarto despuAs de Cristo formaban uno de los nficleos mas activos de la civilizaci6n Maya.
A Kohunlich, hundlda en la selva durante 16 siglos, la puso de nuevo en el mundo el hellc6ptero que, hace cinco aflos, vio remontarse hacia el cielo Sebastian.
Sebastian, un viejecito de 63 aflos, es ahora el guarda de las herramientas del equipo que, bajo la direccidn del arque61ogo Victor Segovia, esU devolviendo a Kohunlich la apariencia que perdid hace mds de mil aflos.
Bajo la direcci6n de Segovia, Kohunlich (colonia de los Palmerales, en Maya), va superando su forma: una plaza central flanqueada por tres semipiramides, orien-tadas al este y rodeadas por decenas de edificios menores.
Hasta hace cinco aflos, s61o se sabfa que en el lugar existiera selva impenetrable. Hasta la mafiana en que Sebastian denunci6 en el palacio del gobernador de Chetmul, la capital del territorio de Quintana Roo, que en aquella selva impenetrable se habia elevado, hasta perderse en el cielo, un helicdptero.
Sebastian que habia sem-brado un maizal cerca del actual Kohunlich, al que los venados y jabalies de la selva estaban destrozando, una mafiana, escopeta al hombro, salid de su choza decidido a espantar a los animales.
Siguiendo su rastro, se alejd del maizal hasta que, de una colina en la selva, vio elevarse al helicdptero. Pudo m£s su curiosidad que su prudencia y fue asi como descubrid las pirAmides semicubiertas de maleza de las que habia huido el helicdptero.
“Nadie puede calcular lo que de aqui robarian aquellos saqueadores. Un plato policromo de doce cent!-
metros de diametro cuyo valor es ,inestimable lo dejaron atras en su huida. No hay duda de que tendrian objetos todavia mas valiosos que llevarse”, se quejd el arquedlogo Segovia.
La restauracidn de Kohunlich es una empresa herdica. AdemAs de la selva, el calor, los insectos y los diluvios torrenciales en esta zona tropical, Segovia y su equipo tienen que luchar contra las serpientes.
“Hasta que perdi la cuenta, hace ya meses, habiamos matado 64 nauyacas. De las serpientes de cascabel, los cor a till os y las demAs, ni siquiera nos preocupamos de contarlas", dijo hoy Victor Segovia.
La nauyaca, o “cuatro narices” es una serpiente cuya mordedura es tan peligrosa como la de la cobra.
"Si a alguien lo mordiera una nauyaca, no habria tiem-po ni de sacarlo a la carre-tera”, seflald Segovia.
La carretera que lleva a Chetumal pasa a menos de un kildmetro de Kohunlich.
El conjunto de edificacidn que, poco a poco, esta reconstruyendo Segovia tiene algunas caracteristicas que el arquedlogo no dudo en calificar de "sorprendentes”.
El resto de los nucleos may as conocidos —Tulim, Uxmal o Chichdn ItzA —los edificios estAn todos orien-tados hacia poniente. En Kohunlich miran hacia la salida del sol.
En la pirAmide principal — "mfrela desde lejos y verA que ya los mayas conocian todos los secretos teatrales para impresionar al auditorio", seflald Segovia — sus escalones de acceso son ex-traordinariamente anchos.
A una persona como Segovia, de casi metro ochenta de altura, le resulta trabajoso subir un escaldn a cada paso. Los Mayas raramente pasaban de un metro sesenta de altura.
Sobre un monticulo que domina todo el conjunto, se levanta un templete con cuatro enormes mascarones, mirando al sol naciente y no al
poniente como en otros centres Mayas.
Los mascarones representan gestos de una misma persona de enormes bigotes. Los Mayas son barbilampifios.
“La utilidad de todo este conjunto es un misterio. No sabemos si fue centro comercial, politico, ritual o un taller de joyeria”.
EstA ultima hipdtesis la explied el arquedlogo: “estamos encontrando los componentes de un mosaico de jade, de un grosor de medio milimetro. Hasta con las tdcnicas mas modernas, el jade sdlo se ha podido pulir en nuestros dias hasta un grosor de tres milimetros. Es otro misterio. QuizAs con los dedos”, dijo.
Cada descubrimiento que el arquedlogo hace en Kohunlich multiplica los misterios de los Mayas. La pirAmide central, posiblemente tumba de notables, tiene en su primer pinAculo un remate cuadrangular al que se llega por un pasillo laberintico.
“La aparicidn del sacer-dote, del rey o del jefe en ese rectAngulo, a la caida de la tarde, aureolado por el sol poniente, debia ser majestuosa”, se admird Segovia.
El arquedlogo cree que los Mayas construyeron Kohunlich cuando la regidn era zona desmontada, fdrUl y de primitivos pero florecientes cultivos agri-colas.
La selva crecid sobre Kohunlich. En sus pirAmides, donde el sol poniente daba majestad al sacerdote, crecieron Arboles. En la Plaza Central, donde los Mayas jugaban a la pelota, em-pezaron a hacer sus nidos las nauyacas y el antes centro de reunidn de los Mayas se disolvid en el tiempo y se dejd engullir por los Arboles.
Hasta que 1.600 aflos mas tarde, SebastiAn, que per-seguia a los venados que devoraban sus maices, vio asombrado como un helicdptero se perdi a en el cielo.
Ml VIDA
Por RUBEN BORQUEZ M.
Estaba ya mi vida sin fe y sin ilusidn habia sufrido tonto, mi pobre coroz6n.
Me cref de tu carino, me entregut por entero, sin pensar que en el mundo no todo es verdadero. Cruzaste mi camino inesperadamente, y este nuestro romance naci6 tan de repente.
Yo debo confesarte te tove desconfianza, mi vida no tenia ya ninguna esperanza.
Mas, al pasar del tiempo, no lo queria creer era verdad, de nuevo yo empezaba a querer.
Mas, no quise de pronto, forjarme yo ilusiones, pues mucho le temia a nuevas decepciones.
Hoy se que tu carino es de verds sincero y te juro que el mio tambidn es verdadero.
Habia sufrido tanto mi pobre corazdn, estaba ya mi vida, sin fe y sin ilusidn. •
Save & Borrow at:
CF&I POWERS
Credit Union
A
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l629E.Evans 5640710
listed decir -“se me esta cay endo mucho cabello y no se qu6 hacer". Este problema tiene remedio. a menos que esta caida sea hereditaria. En dicho caso no hay nada que usted pueda hacer para evitarlo.
Las causas en la perdida del cabello son innumerables. Las hay desde un desorden hormonal hasta una simple caspa o nervios. Asimismo. lo que le cause calvicie a una persona no
necesariamente tiene el mismo efecto en otra. Es decir. las reacciones son individuates.
Para prevenir la perdida de cabello. hay que conservar un casco limpio y seguir una buena dieta.
El mejor tratamiento que el casco puede recibir es un buen masaje .con manipulaciones y alta
mayoria de los tratamientos son similares. Sin embargo existen variaciones si el casco necesita algo
especial. Porejemplo. si la persona tiene mucha
caspa. si su casco es muy reseco. o si es muy
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Pagina 4, EL ECO, Octubre 1974
EdltorLPooe
PENAL REFORM
by Jose R. Padilla
I believe that in the past penal reformers and the like have been concerned with a literal interpretation of the bibicar phrase “an eye for an eye” and this is what present day penalty reflects.
The concern must be shifted. Concern has to be established for the victim, for society, and most importantly, for the criminal, who really does need help.
All people have a potential for doing something meaningful. If this is true, then it follows that this nation, and indeed the World, has a need for the potential of each person.
Yes, it is unfortunate that in a case involving crime, the
person’s potential has to be discovered after the criminal act has been committed, but it is better to discover it then, than to never discover it.
It is society’s responsibility to deal with this problem. Now society can take the easy way out and can simply kill the criminal or lock him up forever This prevents one individual from performing future acts o1 crime, but does nothing for the victim, society, or for the crim inal as a member of society.
Society can instead deter mine what potential good this criminal can do, then match him with the need existant for his ability. In this way the
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criminal can redeem himself in ways which we can measure He as a person can at least pay back his debt. If society is empathetic and makes proper use of this rehabilitation then all three elements of the com munity will benefit The victim or the victim’s heirs are paid back, whereas otherwise they would suffer.-Society benefits because the victims and the criminals themselves do not become as much of a financial burden on the taxpayer. The criminal benefits because he has a chance to pay back his debt with positive action. If he is able to pay back his debt in full, the criminal can hope to be released with the knowledge that he need not return to a life of crime, because he will have learned something better.
In my opinion, this kind of positive rehabilitation for the convicted criminal, such as those at Canon City, Colorado, could be accomplished by Prison reform like the WORK-WHILE Program which has been suggested by several major industries in the Rocky Mountain region, including Honeywell Corp., Western Electric
Co., and the Gates Rubber Co. Their program includes plans to build facilities for private industry at Canon City, which would employ and train the inmates in responsible vocations, meanwhile giving them wages and benefits so that they can pay back their debt to their victim. This program would help build the confidence in the ex-criminal that he needs in order to secure and maintain a job upon his release. It would also give him the opportunity to work out the psychological guilt which he must feel at having committed a criminal act in the first place. This WORK-WHILE Program is currently one of two prison reform measures which are being reviewed by the State Department of Institutions here in Colorado. If the Program is adopted, an Industrial Park would be built nearby Canon City.. We, the publishers of El Eco Newspaper feel that the W O R K-W HIL E Program would be the best solution to ease the tense situation at the State Prison. Therefore, we encourage the State Department of Institutions to adopt
and implement this Program as soon as possible. We also urge the readers of El Eco Newspaper to write to the Dept, of Institutions at the State Capitol in support of this Prison reform program.
The whole premise behind this prison reform is the belief that criminality occurs because of a lack of understanding pr knowledge, lack of hope, or some lack in the life experience of the criminally-prone; a lack which we, in society, can provide once we better understand the problem. The responsibility of society is not over once agate is locked. Even Jesus Christ, a great leader in Western morality, taught that it is never too late for the criminal to acknowledge his sins, thereby opening the door to forgiveness and a renewed life.
To implement the above ideas for Prison Reform is not simple — it will certainly be difficult. But it is generally true that the more difficult the task, the more worthwhile the outcome.
Hasta La Victoria de la Gente Siempre
•------- Si Venceremos!
HERRERA: NAGE- BUDGET COMMITTEE
Mr. Carlos Herrera, President of the National Association of Government Employees Local R14-05 at the Pueblo Army Depot is one of eight (8) NAGE Union Officials from throughout the United States, selected by the NAGE National Executive Committee to serve on the NAGE Budget Committee.
Mr. Herrera attended a Budget Committee meeting in Washington, D.C. in September
of thisyear which prepared him for the National Convention that was held m New Orleans, La. on the 25th, 26th & 27th of October.
The National Office made arrangements for Mr. Herrera to meet with Congressman Frank Evans, and Senator Haskell on the 26th of Sept. â–  and they discussed various areas that affect Employees at the-Pueblo Army Depot.
Marcando § *** Don Juan Contesta en Octubre
Por Simitrius
M’hijo Juan:
Espero que al recebir la presente te encuentres gozando de cabal salu. que la quedemi se despide es giiena, gracias a Dios y paso a decirte lo siguiente.
Contesto tu carta que me mandates el mes pasao. onde me contates del desfile que hicieron los paisas en esa Suidad grande de Chicago pa’ festejar la independencia Mexicana. me gusto todo lo que me dijites. cuando taba leyendola casi creiba que oiba tu voz y cerraba los ojos pa pensar que ai merito tabas delante de mi platicandomelo todito.
Mira Juancho. eso de que en tierras lejanas los mexicanos festejen las fiestas patrias del terruiio es algo que yo he visto siempre de giienos placemes, de piano mecuadra que demuestren de 'onde son sin achicopalarse de ser indios de los de este lao.
Ya que tas grande Juancho y que tengo la oportunida de palabrear contigo manque sea por estos garabatos te dire que tu no debes avergonzarte de haber nacido indio v pobre. tampoco es pa’ que te sientas muy grande p'os tu no Incites nada- pa’ lograrlo y eso de nacer en cualesquier parte d’ este mundo como no cuesta nengun sacreficio pos no es pa’ qug alguien se sienta orgulludo.
Tu debes sentirte muy ancho de lo gueno que hagas. de loservicial que sea. y avergonzarte si no sirves pa’ nada. cosa que a mi mesmo me haria sentirme apachurrao y amuinao, pue’ que hasta triste me pusiera. pero nunca diria que tu no eres m’hijo y me sentiria tam’ien culpable de que tu jueras un giieno pa’nada. • •’ -
juancho. no me canso de repelirte que precures
puedas. ya no eres un chiquito. ya te ’tas poniendo todo un hombre y quero que lo demuestres con hechos a tus cuates y demas personas con quenes a diario te topas: cabila Juancho que cuando la riegas. la gente que te’cha lente a lueguito pensara que que padres te trujeron a este mundo. que onde te criates. que ansina seran todos los mexicanos de brutos. pero que tal si te miran muy arrecho. cumplidor, trabajador. que no eres mitotero. que no dejas el cheque en las cantinas, ni despilfarras lo que ganas con el sudor de tu frente, y que caminas con tu sombrero a media cabeza porque eres honrao, que los dolares no se te han subido a la chaveta haciendote cre’r que eres la'mama de tarzan, antonces diran. que carajo! si de Mexico tamien llegan algunos mojaos que valen por munchos que ya estan secos.
Otra cosa. ojali que las fiestas patrias les aigan servido pa unirsemas. pa’ formarun solo monton. un solo manojo pa’ hacerse juertes ante los que to’bia descreminan a los que no son giieros. o que son mestizos.
‘Qra que si to’s esos mitotes no ’m&s sirvieron pa’ hacerse propaganda los politicos, los que queren un gtieso, pa’ darse a conocer las cantinas y grupos de ruidosos que se llaman musicos. p’os antonces no sirvid pa’ nada y prefiero no giielvas a contarme de ’sos chismes.
Avisame si puedes venir pa’ Navidd. en la casa del pueblo vamos a hacer las Posadas y si a to’bia te gustan y note sientes muy crecido te amarrard los ojos con el rebozo de tu hermana pa’ que 1’eches unos garrotazos a las pifiatas. te comas unos bufiuelos y paladeyes los ponches de .guayaba o cafla que sabe hacer t\r mad re. j . Te bendice to’as las noches tu apl:
siempre ir pa’lante. ayentaj'arwe/efKto«iei4«^q»ieA^^JiW*^Wj^*4^ji^PPf***.*-*-t*-*kW^


Paaina 5. EL ECO. Octubre 1974
VISIT YOUR LOCAL LIBRARY
USAF OFFICER GIVES ADDRESS TO CHICANO
Mr. Jowph Salazar, in charga of Community tervicas for thaDanvar Public Library.
by Joseph Salazar
For the past four years I have been employed as a staff member of the Denver Public Library. In those years, positive steps to improve services for the community have taken place. One change has been the growth and enrichment of the Chicano collections, and these materials are found in every department throughout the library.
Why should you visit the Denver or any public library? Maybe your interests are similar to our ancestors. Perhaps you would like to be a scholar or a mathematician. You might be interested in astrology or would even like to become a historian. Whatever your interests, you will be delighted when you explore your chosen field.
What do you need to take advantage of the opportunities offered at the library? If you are an adult, living or working, in this area, who has never had a card here before, all you have to do is fill out an application giving your name, address, occupation and a friend that knows you, along with some positive form of identification with your current address on it (for example, your Driver's License). It only takes a few minutes to get a card and it will be something you will
— news release to “EL ECO**
Colonel Ernest A. Monte-mayor, executive to the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Air Force, visited three Colorado communities October 7 thru 9, and spoke with Hispano educators and community leaders about the Air Force as a positive career alternative for young people.
never regret. Children and young adults (under 18 years of age) can also get library cards but they must have their parent's signature on the card.
A Public Library card opens the door to many resources. Some books and periodicals are written in Spanish and other languages. In addition to books and periodicals, you may check out music or language recordings, films, casettes, and framed art prints . There are many research materials in Special Collections such as the Western History Department or the Conservation Library. These materials may not be checked out but may be used here in the libraries whenever you wish.
You are the library. That statement is very true... why? because you pay for the library with your taxes so the library is responsible to you and to your individual needs for personal growth. Because the Public Library serves the entire community, you also have an obligation to support your library so that it may continue to provide more services for you.
The Public Library is the only place in town where you may receive these materials and services and also participate in programs.
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During his visit, to assist the Denver-based Air Force Recruiting Detachment 701, Colonel Montemayor spoke at the Boulder Sheraton Inn on October 7. He spoke at the Sands Restaurant in Alamosa at noon October 8th. And on October 9th, he spoke at a noon luncheon at the Regency Inn. Invited guests included local and regional Hispano State senators and representatives, community leaders and Hispano educators. Ms. Wanda Padilla, Representative from “El Eco" newspaper had the honor of attending the Colonel's Dinner engagement at the Boulder Sheraton. More information regarding the talk-back which occurred there between Air Force Representatives and Chicano leaders regarding the Air Force as an alternative career will be presented in the November issue of “El Eco” newspaper.
Colonel Montemayor was born in Philadelphia of Mexican parents. His military career began in 1943 as an enlisted member of the (Army) Air Force. In 1953, he was commissioned a second lieutenant in the U.S. Air Force.
Throughout his career, Colonel Montemayor has been active in many -Air Force educational and training programs designed to assist young people of Mexican-American ancestry.
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Pagina 6, EL ECO, Octubre 1974
IcSa
un
pocol
(Maro Rubio)
Ahora que con la muerte de Siqueiros desaparecio el ultimo de nuestros muralistas, la quien sera encomenda-da la tarea de plasmar nuestras epicas en la pintura?
Mexico es un pais (afortunadamente) rico en artistas de la pintura. Tenemos en plena facultad creativa a: Eduardo Castellanos, Carlos Orozco Romero, Regina Raull, Juan Blanco, que por cierto gand en la ciudad de Florencia, Italia, un concurso en el que participaron ochenta pintores europeos, para la ejecucidn del mural de 150 metros cuadrados en la Escuela Pia Florentina,
trabajo que termino a mediados del ano pasado. Asi que no estamos tan mal, ya que la pintura de los nombrados aqui, tiene tecnicas e ideas de acuerdo con la epoca en que vivimos.
(Francisco Nieto R.) del D. F.
Deseo disfrutar las comidas con vinos adecuados para cada piatillo, pero los libros que he podido conseguir son demasiados pobres. Le agradeceria me pudiera infotmar en donde puedo encontrar una amplia literatura de la buena mesa. Gracias.
Entre los libros editados por Time-Life, de la serie "Foods of the World" existe uno muy compendiado, pero muy complete que se llama "Recipes: Wines and Spirits". Ahora que, otro ya profesional y que le reco-miendo ampliamente es la Enciclopedia de Vinos y Libros de Alexis Lichine's. Estos libros los puede adquirir
en la librerfa American Book, de la calle de Madero.
(Juan Antonio Mendez)
iPodrfa decirme si ha repercutido en la maquinaria politica de otros paises el escandalo de Watergate? Gracias por su atencion.
Sf. Por ejemplo en Canada: Aprobado por el parla-mento, entrara en vigor dentro de seis meses y para to-dos los partidos politicos, el siguiente boletfn: No se podra gastar mas de 30 centavos por cada votante regis-trado en los diferentes distritos. Los candidates estan limitados individualmente para gastar unicamente de 25 centavos a un dolar por votante. Las contribuciones per-
Continued on Page 9
Bendito seas, Mexico
MOUNTAIN BELL
NEW PERSONEEL MANAGER
Francisco Elizalde Garcia
Bendito seas. Mexico, por el rio musical de tu amargura que se nos hace canto en las entranas: por el silencio nuestro que ha aprendido a ser verdad de amor crucificada.
Bendito seas, Mexico,
Porque hiciste el nido de tus ramas abrazo maternal en la tragedia; porque hacen pan tu corazon al dartenos en viva comuni on cada manana.
Porque siembras tu nombre en nuestro surco fecundo de sonrisas y de lagrimas: porque en el poivo nuestro, haces destino la pasion de arrullarnos con tu alma.
Bendito seas, Mexico, porque al herir la tierra de tu sangre una rosa nos das por cada llaga: y nos das vida entera en cada espiga por milagro teliz, multiplicada.
Bendito seas. Mexico,
Porque tiendes la cuna de tus mapas. abrazada al ensueno de tus mares para que nazca en forma de prodigio tu nombre hecho cancion. en las gargantas. Porque trasciende el agua de tus selvas a desnuda fragancia: porque enciendes el laudante diluvio de tus pajaros y haces arpegio al viento tu esperanza... Bendito seas. Mexico.
porque somos tu fe. siendo tu mismo le nuestra en nuestras almas inmoladas: porque del horizonte de tu sangre tus banderas heroicasr levantas...
Bendito seas, Mexico,
porque engendraste un cielo en tus mujeres: por ellas vibra Dios en tus palabras: por ellas nuestros hijos son tus hijos y es rosa en flor la luz de tus plegarias.... Bendito seas, Mexico, por el dolor supremo de tu angustia...
Porque el acero firme de tu espada qs orgullo en la cruz de un juramento j
y para defenderte ha de ser aguila.
i
Bendito seas, Mexico,
Porque eres mio, mas mio que mi alma: porque vine de ti, para ser tuyo: porque haciendome sangre de tu sangre forjaste un nuevo incendio de mi brasa.
Bendito seas, Mexico, porque me modelaste con tu barro transido de emocion en mi palabra. para sentirte gloria de mi mismo cuando pienso en los dioses de mi raza.
Bendito seas, Mexico,
I
por este regocijo de mi lengua que es al viento tesoro de campanas!
Mi bendicion es loa para cantarte y es oracion para llamarte jPATRIA!
James Ortega, 28, has been appointed Mountain Bell Employment - Personel Manager for Pueblo and Southern Colorado.
He will be in charge of recruiting and hiring new employees, and job transfers for existing personnel. Ortega will serve as the company's Equal Employment Opportunity Coordinator for the Pueblo area and will aid in implementing Mountain Bell’s Affirmative Action Program.
Ortega was an Employment Supervisor for the Denver area until January, 1974 when he
accepted the position of Personnel Relations Assistant in Mountain Bell’s Colorado offices, which he held until taking the Pueblo assignment.
A Boulder, Colorado native, Ortega graduated from Lafayette High School, In 1971, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science— Pre Law from the University of Colorado.
Ortega noted that the Mountain Bell Pueblo Employment Office at 401 N. Main will accept applications on Mondays only from 8:30 to 11:00 a.m. and 1 to 4 p.m.


A Political Opinion
Pagina 7, EL ECO, Octubre 1974
an Exclusive Press Release to “EL ECO** Newspaper
PUEBLO, Colo.—Gary Hart, Democratic candidate for the U.S. Senate, said in an exclusive press release to “El Eco” Newspaper that the nation needs a new, innovative approach to the unemployment and underemployment crisis.
While attending the festivities in Pueblo at the State Fair, Hart outlined his five point program to improve job opportunities for Americans, who, he said, have a basic right to have a job.
He noted that while unemployment in Colorado isn’t as bad as in other states, it has increased by close to 10% compared to last year’s figures. Specifically, Hart called for:
1) —Creation of a Job Opportunity Coordination Center which would serve as a clearinghouse for job training, apprenticeships and counseling.
2) —A revamping of government vocational-technical education programs. The programs should be de-
signed to provide people with skills to match job openings today and in the future, based on the comprehensive job inventory.
3) —Establishment of new education programs in strategically located centers of each state. The programs would be in cooperation with state governments and would offer one- and two-year occupational programs, and shorter programs for upgrading skills.
4) —Government grants, loans and tax incentives to provide small businesses with improved on-the-job training for employes, improved tooling and production methods and plant expansion.
5) —Creation of public-service employment programs in the areas of education, medical and environment - conservation fields for those who are unable to find jobs through the free-market system.
Hart said that his program
would be a means for unemployed persons and young peo-
ple entering the job market to start, or begin, careers with long-range stability and potential.
Because of the cooperatior with state governments, Hart said, states like Colorado could stress job opportunities away from congested areas and into smaller communities that need and want growth.
“The Department of Labor reports that over half of all job openings in the future will require specialized technical training,” said Hart, “and we should begin immediately to insure that people are prepared for them.”
Hart said these measures would benefit the nation by reducing unemployment, increasing productivity and substantially decreasing welfare costs. “People are very much concerned about the economy,’ Hart said, “and they want their government to respond with positive, innovative action.
“A national policy for achieving higher employment, higher productivity and, most important, planning for our future can only be beneficial to the American people and their economic well being,” Hart said.
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“En el pueblo de Tula, Tamaulipas, nacieron Emilio y Francisco Vazquez Gbmez; ambos fueron personajes centrales en la Revolucibn. Pasados los aftos y triunfantes en sus profesiones, con muestras de orgullo indicaban a sus amigos la choza en que transcurrie-ron los primeros artos de su vida. Mar-chan a la ciudad de Mbxico a hacer estudios. Francisco decide estudiar la carrera de medicina; pero sin elementos para ello, trabaja como gendarme noc-turno, oficio considerado vil en aquella epoca, y cuyo sueldo era de $0.75 dia-rios. El doctor Puente, que ha hecho una semblanza, recuerda:
“Mai alimentado y peor vestido con-curria a la escuela; tampoco lo reco-mendaba su tipo indigena ni su tez bronceada; pero lo salva su aplicacibn. Alguna vez su necesidad lo hace llegar a clase con un par de zapatos de distin-to color, que unidos a lo raido de su traje le dan un aspecto miserrimo. Uno de los alumnos, notando ese detalle, expresa su disgusto, porque individuos tan pobres sean admitidos como estu-diantes, ‘deshonrando la profesibn’, Vazquez Gbmez oye la critica y se reti-ra a un rincbn del segundo patio para llorar la verguenza o de rabia, dos sen-timientos que se mezclan en el pobre cuando los mimados de la fortuna tra-tan de humillarlo; pero se consuela pensando que a pesar de su mala tra-za, es el primer lugar en la cbtedra.
“La novela de su martirio fue larga, las penurias sin cuento, hasta que llega la hora de obtener el titulo. Todavia de pasante se va a establecer al risueno pueblo de Coatepec, cercano a Jala pa. para juntar el costo de la recepcion. La acogida favorable que tiene en ese pueblo lo decide a escogerlo para estabie-
cerse como mbdico durante los primeros aftos de su carrera. Al cabo de tres o cuatro hace dinero y fama, emprende un viaje de estudio por Europa y regre-sa a la capital para abrirse camino.
“Por haberse dedicado Vbzquez Gbmez a la especialidad de oidos y gar-ganta, es llamado para atender a la es-posa del presidente; y mbs tarde, al propio general Diaz, que comienza a padecer de una sordera justificada de sobra por su edad y que acaba por ser completa en sus ultimos anos. Quizas es de los primeros en darse cuenta del mecanismo y de la fragilidad de aquel rbgimen, asi como de lo propicio que seria para un hombre resuelto, escalar el poder. Los reyistas lo invitan para pertenecer a su grupo y por la amistad que Vbzquez Gbmez lleva con el presidente, que con frecuencia lo invita a sus cacerias, es acogido para ir a poner en su conocimiento los trabajos politicos que tratan de emprenderse. El general Diaz desnuda ante Vbzquez Gbmez su miedo por el general Reyes, y como para disuadirlo de que siga sien-do reyista, le dice en tono solemne “Si el pretendiente fuera un hombre como usted, que se ha formado a si mismo, y que es todo un carbcter, seria dis-tinto.
“La conducta de los hermanos Vazquez Gbmez, es caracteristica, frente a la Revolucibn, de los elementos de mayor preparacibn y que por sus ideas pu-dieron servir al maderismo.
“Esa conducta, que al principio los llevb al antirreeleccionismo, al que si se afiliaron con sinceridad, ocasionb su distanciamiento con Madero, y sobre todo con sus partidarios, que afronta* ron la lucha. El doctor Vbzquez Gbmez no logrb, al final de la lucha contra Diaz, ocupar el cargo de vicepresidente; pues el propio Madero se inclinb por Pino Subrez y realizb una gran labor para evitar que don Francisco figurase en tal cargo. Despubs vendrb la con-troversia abierta. Al pronunciarse Pas-cual Orozco contra el presidente Madero, se le acusa de connivencia. Aun contando con muchos partidarios para la presidencia, tanto el doctor, como su hermano el licenciado Emilio, no logran canalizar las corrientes favorables. Ha* bian estado demasiado tiempo en si-tuaciones dificiles y ahora se mostra-ban intransigentes. Tampoco con Carranza ni Villa se entendieron; y ni si-quiera con Zapata, por quien mostra-ban simpatias ideolbgicas. El final es el destierro.
“De regreso a Mbxico, Francisco Vbzquez Gbmez entrega sus Memorias, documento de primer orden para co-nocer tan contradictoria personalidad y muchos acontecimientos intimos que el autor conocib perfectamente. Falle-ce el 16 de agosto de 1933, en la ciudad de Mbxico."
Moreno, Daniel: Los Hombres de la Revolucibn (I960).
Your Heart Shall Live Who Seek God
—Psalms 69:32
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Pagina 8, EL ECO, Octubre 1974
SUPPLY EMPLOYEE RECEIVE AWARD
Receiving an award was Manuel Ramos, an employee of the Ammunition Division. Col. John E. Donaldson, depot commander, presents Ramos a certificate and a cash award of $690 for an adopted
suggestion. Ramos idea for a fastener replacement closure to cover the propellent tube in guided missiles produced a first - year savings to the federal government of $15,546.
Minority Enterprise ' 74
Continued from Page 1 r
messes in becoming qualified sources of supplies by providing technical and managerial assistance.” By promoting the exchange on infromation on minority vendor capabilities, & what corporate requirements are, as well as working with both government and private agencies to develop minority capabilities where none currently exists, the objectives of this Fair can be realized.
Co-sponsoring the Fair with Denver Coalition Ventures, lnc„ and the Executive Task Force (which is directing the event) will be the Denver Chamber of Commerce, Denver Business
League, Eastside Action Center, League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) Contractors Association, and the Colorado Economic Development Association.
There are also 13 companies acting as guarantors or financial backers of the Fair. These firms are: Adloph Coors Company, Eastman Kodak, Gates Rubber Company, Great Western Sugar Company, Hewlett-Packard, Honeywell Test Instruments also Martin Marietta Corporation, Mountain Bell, Public Service Company of Colorado, Samsonite Corporation, Sunstrand Corp., and Western Electric.
AMERICANIZATION
and
CITIZENSHIP CLASSES
The SCSC Office of Continuing Education is still accepting enrollments for a course entitled Americanization and Citizenship. The class had its first session the evening of October seventh in room 211 of the Chemistry Building on the Belmont Campus. Hereafter it will meet from 6 to 8 p.m., on Monday nights in room 112, Life Science Building, total of twenty class sessions. The fee is $20.00 and registration; will be accepted at the firsl several sessions of the course. This is a non-credit course designed to prepare aliens and non-citizens to qualify for American Citizenship through examinations administered by the United States Justice Department. Spanish translations are available now and others are the United States Justice Department. Spanish translations are available now and others are being developed.
Further information may be obtained by calling the Office of Continuing Education, Belmont Campus; in Fremont County, by calling the Fremont County Education Center, Pine-wood Industrial Park, or by contacting Ms. Dorothy L. Opfer who is teaching class. Questions regarding qualifications fo those wishing to obtain naturalization will be answered by Mr. Arnold Cope in the Office of Immigration and Naturalization, by the District Court Clerk, or by calling Ms. Opfer at her Pueblo residence. English need not be understood
before taking the class, but it is required for the naturalization
The machine is a fire control radar tracker. The man operating it is Ludger Maciel. The machine is a highly sophisticated combination of computers, electronics and radar. The man is much the same combination. Que’ Gran Liga.
Ludger, or ‘Lou’ as he is called, has been in the Navy just three years. He qualif ied for Fire Control Technician school and did very well. “The school was very tough for me. I knew-nothing about this kind of thing before I came in the Navy. I was studying Political Science at Bradley University when I joined. Now I know something about electronics, radar, mechanics and other things all from this one job. Not only that.. .the pay is good."
Lou is right, the pay is good. And there could be an exciting job for you in the Navy. But, the Navy is not going to hand it to you. If you qualify for one of the over 300 jobs the Navy has to offer you, then the work begins. It means hitting the books pretty hard. But, when you've finished your training you can wear your new rating proudly because you will have really accomplished something. Then, of course, you will put your new skills to use around the world.
Lou Maciel admits the school was tough for him. But, he made it and he is, indeed, putting his skills
.M.S 00:3 ,M.A00:6 tYACHUc
to'work around the world. "I spent quite a bit of time in Italy and the Mediterranean. There are some great spots over there."
"Like Lou Maciel, you can put new skills to work. You can start by stopping by or calling your Navy Recruiter today.”
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IN PUEBLO: 325 West 10th.
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â–¡ High School Students â–¡ College Students
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Name _____________

City - Zip
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M2 7
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LlAs;
Chaves
Heads Coronado
Richard R. Chaves, President and Chairman of the Board at Coronado National Bank.
Richard R. Chaves, 38, has been elected President and Chairman of the Board to Coronado National Bank, 1400 Irving Street, by the Bank's Board of Directors. Chaves, succeeds, George F. Rock, who was temporary President on loan to Coronado Bank from the Bank of Denver.
Coronado National Bank is a full-service bank, and one of Denver’s newest, having been in operation for a year and three months. Chaves, is the owner and president of the Denver based Parking Company of America, the nation’s fourth largest parking lot franchise. He is a graduate of the University of Mexico, with a degree in Accounting and a recipient of the Certificate of Merit and Achievement Award from the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Chaves who readily voices his appreciation for thecom-munity support behind Coronado National, states the bank is 100% owned by the nearly 700 shareholders who are. members and residents of the serviced community. With assets of $4 million dollars and deposits of over $3Vt million dollars, Coronado National Bank is no longer the smallest bank in the Metropolitan Denver area, (United Bank of Skyline being the smallest). "We do not want to make the same unfortunate mistakes that happened at Skyline,’’ comments Chaves in reference to the foreclosure and the subsequent take over of that bank by the United Bank of Denver, (Skyline National Bank then became The United Bank of Skyline). "Our outstanding loans to deposit ratio is low,’’ continued Chaves, "but what loans, we have made, we feel are good ones.’’
Coronado’s hours are from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Monday thru Friday and 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. on Saturdays.
Save 15-20% on your groceries
Food co-ops have been one result of recent consumer action. Common Market food co-op both saves people money on groceries and involves people in running the store. Members have the final say, elect management, and can attend meetings. The coop fs run for the benefit of people, not profits.
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Reos Latinos Obtuvieron sus Diplomas de Secundaria
Pagina 9, EL ECO, Octubre 1974

El Poema de Hoy
El programa ALAS se vistio de placemes el pasado mes de septiembre a causa de los result ados obtenidos en el examen de G.E.D. El director del programa. Sr. Leonel Campos y 'varios miembros del personal se sintieron muy orgullosos de felicitar a los muchachos que con su labor v empeno lograron .obtener el diploma otorgado por el Departamento de Educacion de Illinois, el cual quedo sorprendido por el triunfo de los concursantes latinos.
Estos muchachos. motivados por el deseo de superarse al ambiente v las condiciones existentes. no permitieron que la influencia de las paredes y los problemas que dentro de ellas existen. fueran obstaculo alguno
para ellos y su gran entusiasmo no dieron cabida a oposicidn ninguna en contra del deseo de lograr sus metas. Gracias a ese optimismo y a los esfuerzos de nuestro director residente. Sr. Donald R. Torrence, adquirieron el tan ansi ado 6xito.
La dignidad de estos muchachos latinos ha exaltado el entusiasmo de sus compafieros y colaboradores. La i nspi racion de este grupo es conti nuar sus estudios con el firme proposito de llegar a obtener una educacion a nivel de Universidad. “Es nuestro mas ferviente deseo poder alcanzar y disfrutar de lo que merecemos”. expreso uno de ellos. "Tenemos que probar que nosotros podemos mejorar si se nos ofrece la
oportumdad' *. comen to otro.
Lo mas import ante es. que de nueve miembros de nuestro programa que participaron en los examenes. siete de ellos tuvieron la dicha de ser agraciados con el certificado de G.E.D. En proporcion con los demas programas. ALAS obtuvo el mayor porcentaje. y esto ha ereado un gran optimismo en terminos del futuro de ALAS, segun informo el Sr. Campos.
Los muchachos agraciados son: Jos£ Gierbolini. 74652: Gustavo Colon. 72992: Richard Arenibar. 76707: William Mojica. 77247: Raymond Morales. 72918: George Mosqueda. 72166 y Robert La Hori. 69266.
El programa ALAS actualmente consiste de
nueve profesores. Son ellos: Leonel Campos. Ph. D. (Cand.) Psicologia.
Northwestern University. Director y consejero de ALAS.
Donald R. Torrence. Ph. D. (Cand.). History. Northern Illinois University. Director Residente e Instructor en Historia de los Estados Unidos y Civilization.
(Cand.).. . Latin
American History. University of Chicago. Instructor.
Sor. Mary A. Loftus. Ph. D.. Philosophy. University of St. Louis. Instructor. Elementary Math and Personnal Finance.
Mateo Pardo. Ph. D.. Language teaching. Major in French. Northwestern University. Instructor. English.
DE TODO UN POCO. . . .
Continued from Page 6
sonales de mas de 100 dolares deberan ser expuestos publicamente con el nombre y la direccion del donante. Todas las estaciones de radio v TV deberan de contri-buir con seis boras y media de tiempo, repartidas equita-tivamente entre todos los partidos que tomen parte en la lucha electoral. Con lo anterior no solamente el que tenga mas dinero podra aspirar al poder, sino que ofrece condiciones parejas para todos los polfticos.
(Viajeros Unidos)
Hace tiempo lef en una de sus columnas acerca de la existencia de un club para viajeros jdvenes. iSeria usted tan amable de informarnos de qud Club se trata? Le anticipamos las gracias.
Probablemente me referf al Club Mediterraned que funciona en todo el mundo. Marque usted el 533-10-80 con la sefiora Martin (se pronuncia Marta) ella le dird todos los pormenores.
(Alpinista del Socorro)
Somos varios companeros aficionados al alpinismo y tenemos una pequena controversia que le suplicariamos nos aclarara. Se refiere a la nacionalidad del grupo que piso por primera vez el Polo Sur, unos opinan que fueron Neozelandeses, yo digo que no. *Quidn tiene la razon?
Usted. Los primeros en poner pie en la Antdrtica fueron los noruegos, comandados por Ronald Amundsen (1872-1928); despuds de una marcha de 53 dfas en trineos tirados por perros, desde la Bahfa de Ballenas por la que penetraron en el Fram. Olav Bjaaland, el primero que llego, fue el ultimo en morir a la edad de 88 anos. Los otros fueron Helmer Hansen, Sverre Hassel y Oskar Wisting. La hazafia la consumaron el 14 de diciembre de 1911.
Mas Alld
Por Pedro Mata
(Espanol)
Ten to te quiero, te quiero Unto, que a mi delirio ya no le baata saber que nunca me olvidards.
{Nunca! *Y qud es eso? iQud es lo que quieres decir coo “iNuncal? iQud alto seotido tiene en tus lablos este concepto de eternidad?
Cuando to seas tierra en la tierra, cuando yo sea polvo en el polvo, cuando no quede ya ni vestigio de nuestras vidas,
ni aiin el recuerdo de nuestros nombres,
;qud pasard?
Si en el sepulcro todo se scabs, si no hay mds vida que esta que vemos, si tras los velos impenetrates del infinito no hay un lugar
donde las almas sigan amdndose como en la tierra, mds que en la tierra, tod a via mds;
SL con la muerte todo conduye ipara qud amar?
Celos, pasiones, exaltaciones, dulces anhelos, locos delirios, deleites... Todo lo que en sus ]ustas ansias de dicha 11am an los hombres felicidad,
si todo acaba con la existencia y es la existencia como las rosas de los rosales, breve y fugaz: di, mi adorada, di, mi divina,
tu, que me juras con tanto anhelo que nunca, inunca! me olvidards,
*vale la pena de jurar tanto? i vale la pena de am arse tanto si tras la tumba jg
no hay mds alld? «
ff.......................,.............................1
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Pagina 10, EL Pm ~
Ec0, Octubre 1974
^f*SONALIT>
MONTH.
— staff reporter
Sr. Richard Gastro, a self-made Hispano Businessman, is currently employed as Personnel Supervisor at Western Electric’s Service Center at 2551 E. 40th Ave., Denver, Colorado. In his capacity as Supervisor, his duties and functions are varied: 1) he conducts preemployment interviews, 2) he administers Job Aptitude and Clerical Battery Tests, and 3) he makes the final selections for hiring. He also processes pensions for persons retiring from Western Electric Co.
In another aspect of'his job, Rich handles the tuition refund program for employees of Western Electric. He explained that the company refunds 100% of the tuition for college courses if employees take job-related courses or follow a degree program like Business Ad-
ministration or Engineering.
Rich, himself, has been taking courses at night through this tuition refund program, and now has 3'A years of college credits, just 15 credits away from his degree in Organizational Behavior. He was most recently enrolled in the C.U. Extension in Denver.
Rich Castro started his career with Western Electric over eight years ago in the Reproduction Dept. He worked there for about V/i years with the Xerox,. Mufti-Lith, and Black-line machines. Then he received a promotion to Specification Detailing, a de-. partment which takes information from Engineering diagrams and compiles the data. He worked in Specifications for 2/t years.
Then Rich was promoted again to a position in Customer Service, where he was responsible for making sure that all Western Electric equipment is shipped on schedule and that the order is filled correctly by the installers. There are 700 installers throughout the Colo-
FIESTA DE LA VENDIMIA
Vinedos y alborozados fuegos artificiales, lotenas y simpaticos carros alego-ricos, se dan cita del 9 al 15 de agosto en la generosa ciudad de Parras para celebrar las fiestas de la uva en honor de San Lorenzo, patron de la Hacienda del mismo nombre, fundada en el siglo XVI por el espanol Lorenzo Garcia quien introdujo, junto con los misioneros, el cultivo de la vid.
Cuando el sol se anuncia con timidez en las primeras floras de la manana, un fastuoso heraldo proclama el principio de las fiestas. Recorre con jubilo y pre-gones las apacibles calles de la ciudad y, por la noche, la vetusta plaza del pueblo ve descender hacia su recogida intimidad, cuadrillas de bailadores que portan teas encendidas para contrastar con el deslumbrante juego de la piro-tecnia.
Al dio siguiente, Baco, el imprescindible en estas fiestas, surge de su sueho rodeado de cientos de muchachas que se dirigen a los vinedos cercanos e ini-cian la recoleccion, contempladas por la orgullosa Reina de estas fiestas, pre-viamente elegida. Marcha de carretas, peleas.de gallos, carreras de caballos, bailes y charreadas, se realizan como ludico brindis por la complaciente son-risa del ano venidero.
MAJOR BUSINESSES are actively seeking Chicano and Chicana graduates of Sales Training Institute
in the field of sales!!
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APPROVED FOR VETERAN’S TRAINING
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rado-Wyoming region of Western Electric, for which Rich handled all orders, problems, and requests for additional equipment.
To give a little of Sr. Richard Castro’s personal background, he lived in Fort Lup-ton, Colorado and attended school there through the eighth grade. Then he attended the Adams City High School. He has 9 brothers and sisters; his father was a construction laborer.
When asked what was his motivation to enter a Business Career, Rich responded that he didn’t know for sure what he wanted to do when he got out of High School. He said that his goal at that time was to be an Engineer, to go to college. But like many other Chicano youth, he didn’t have the money required for college, so he found a job with Western Electric.
After he had worked there in the Reproduction Dept, for about 14 months, he quit in order to enter C.U. at Boulder as a full-time student in Engineering. He attended college for a year. At the end of that year, Rich decided that he didn’t enjoy Engineering after all, as he prefers to work with people rather than formulas.
So following some summer work in construction, Rich joined the Marine Corps Reserves and immediately spent 6 months in active training in Southern California. Upon his return to Colorado, he went back to work for Western Electric Co. in Aurora.
When asked by an “Eco” reporter how he managed to advance so rapidly in such a large company as Western Electric, Rich responded, “Getting to where I am today was easy for me.” He went on, “Getting ahead is a matter of doing each job as well as one can and to the best of one’s ability. It’s as easy as showing up regularly for work each day, on time, and making an effort to get along with fellow employees.”
Rich stated, “Going to night school was not a grind for me;
I went because I wanted to, not because I had to go." When asked what his personal advice for other young Chicanos would be, Rich responded, “If you really don’t like something, do something constructive about it.” He continued, "l have no real gripe against the Black or Chicano Militants, except that some activists are making a lot of smoke instead of doing something constructive.”
He summarized, "My advice to the young Chicano is to NOT drop out of High School, or he will be stuck with some menial job like dishwashing. If a young Chicano or Chicana really wants to get ahead, there are opportunities. Do what you want to do, as long as you are happy doing it. The important thing,” Rich concluded, “is that a person should choose what he wants to do and create his own opportunities, and not jjust drift into a rut where he feels that he has to stay. Real I change takes time.”
Adelante! Richard Castro, i “El Eco” Newspaper salutes j you as the Hispano Personality of the Month for October, 1974! Congratulations for making a place for yourself in “The System!”
If “El Eco” readers wish to contact Rich regarding Employment opportunities at Western Electric Service Center,, Penye.r* call ph. 579*4207.


mima mo?
VEA LOS ANUNGIOS CLASIFIGADOS
avisos clasificados
i 6 A - VfjV Ec. * - A JT^r
% J a m
pMSIRUUT

HELP WANTED: Precision
Production Machinists with 3 years exp. & setups. Apply to Employment Office, SUN — STRAND, 2480 W. 70th Ave. Denver, Colorado.
HELP PROMOTE LA CULTURA ESPANOLA! Denver Free University Needs Volunteer Teachers for Beginning & Intermediate Spanish Classes, Oct. 1974. No Degree Necessary; just knowledge & interest in Spanish . Call Wareen Ph: 825-1297
FOR SALE: Mediterranean Home 3 BRM, Brick, Must See To Appreciate. Se Habla Espanol.
Juan Garcia ........... 825-0297
PERDIDO: La Pera color de Plata a serca de calles Acoma y 2nd Ave. Denver. Recompensa-cion para el hallador: tele: Thelma 388-3060 or 761-6841.
DOMESTIC HELP WANTED:
Aurora family needs Maid to live-in; Spanish-speaking preferred. General housework; school-age children. Ph. 751 -4449.________________
FOR SALE: 1967 Volvo 4-door Sedan with 1973 engine. Sturdy car, mechanically good, needs paint. $900.00 or best offer. Call: Denver ph. 722-2228.
Bi-lingual Hostess Wanted for North Denver Neighborhood Hours flexible Car Required Contact Rita Higgins Phone: 255-1526 for interview.. Welcome Wagon Internat'l Inc.
CASEY SEWING CENTER Authorized Franchised Dealers Nelco - Alco - Necchi REPAIRS ON ALL MAKES 8i MODELS 38th & FEDERAL - DENVER PH:455-7013
Chance to get up • early. Shower. Shave. Shine your shoes.
Walk for miles. Work hard. Get dirty. Walk back. Go to bed late.
Get up early again.
And be proud of it.
Call Collect Denver 837-4110
Join the people whoVe joined the Army.
An Equal Opportunity Employer
LA CASA DE MANUEL
—MEXICAN FOOD — HOURS: 12:00 -8:30 P.M. Tues. - Sat.
2010 Larimer St. Denver,Ph :222-8"
7 Old Time £
075 South IYj Denver. C. olorjJo 0030* JOi/ 722-40
LOST: Silver female Poodle with two puppies, vicinity of 2nd & Acoma Sts. Denver. REWARD FOR RETURN: phone Thelma 388-3060 or 761-6841.
Pagina 11, EL ECO, Octubre 1974
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Skilled Typists (40 w.p.m Accurate) and Ste no-Transcribers (80 w.p.m. Dictation, 40 w.p.m. Transcription). Needed at Health Department, 4210 East 11th Avenue.
TYPIST Start $425 - $469 a Month STENO-TRANSCRIBER Start $505 a Month
Obtain Colorado Personnel Department Application and Apply with Exam Division, Department of Personnel, 1525 Sherman St., Denver 80203. For Additional Information call Personnel Office, 288-6111 ex. 220.
An Equal Opportunity Employer.
COMPLETELY REDECORATED HOMES
lngredientes
1 guajolote
460 grs. de chile mulato 400 grs. de chile ancho 100 grs. de chile pasilla
3 chipotles grandes
4 jitomates grandes
74 grs. de ajonjoli tostado
100 grs. de almendras
75 grs. de pasas
75 grs. de cacahuates 20 grs. de pan bianco 3. grs. de pimienta 1 gr. de clavo de especia
1 gr. de anis
2 grs. de canals
: j ^
i ^oTtiija cipraifaf *
6 dientes de ajo 2 tabiillas de chocolate 50 grs. de ajonjoli tostato para espolvorear 200 grs. de manteca
Preparacion
El guajolote se corta en piezas, se trie en manteca en una cazuela grande: cuando esta frito, se agregan los chipotles, que se ha bran desvenado y hervido en agua y molido con los jitomates asados; cuandQtreseca se agrega ^ oaua rlitEO cde*«caldo y se-< sazona con sal. Los
chiles*- se desvenan, se irien en manteca a que doren ligeramente. el anis y el ajonjoli se tuestan en un comal. Las almendras, cacahuates, pasas. pan, tortilla y especias se frien en manteca: se muelen con los chiles, el ajonjoli, el anis, las cebollas y los ajos, se disuelve esto en un litro de caldo, se agrega el chocolate y se le pone el aguajolote. cuando esta bien cocido: se deja^al fuego hasta â–  que fcspese'bi^n, se vacia | pVator?y*se espolvorea 1 . .. con el ajonjoli-tostador -
AVAILABLE IMMEDIATELY
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I |
j — VETERANS ADMINISTRATION — -
i3
NOTICE: Send your Classified Ad or Announcement to "EL ECO MAYA" Insert your message here & mail it in. Classifieds will NOT be taken by phone All classified Ads must be prepaid by check or money order —10c. per word. Deadline is the 20th. day of each month for the following issue. Send to:
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Some people wondered if a volunteer Army would work.
300,000young people believe it will.
There were times when we, like the rest of America, wondered if the Army would make it without a draft.
Could we meet our total manpower needs by relying solely on volunteers? And if so, could we meet those needs in quality as well as number? On June 30, 1974, we got the answer.
For the period covering July 1,1973, to June 30, 1974, over 199,000 young men and women enlisted in the Army. Which meant that we not only reached, but exceeded our goal.
Since the last person was drafted, 300,000 young people have joined. As a result, the Army today is at full authorized strength and prepared to do its job.
The figures are impressive. But not quite as impressive as the fact behind them. The people who are joining are joining because they want to, not because they have to. They’re better motivated, better prepared to accept discipline and, therefore, better soldiers.
They’re joining because they’re finding things in the Army they may not be able to find anywhere else.
They’re finding good jobs. If they qualify, they can even take their choice from over 200 job-training courses.
They’re finding new people to meet and new worlds to experience. From Europe to Panama to Hawaii.
They’re finding a chance to get a college education. On Army posts, as well as at nearby universities. And
Denver 1717 Champa St. 693-9771
912 Broadway 893-2822
Englewood 3401S. Bannock 789-9677
Lakewood 8580 W. Colfax 237-7473
Arvada 5707 Webster 423-2200
Aurora 8720 E. Colfax 388-5327
Thornton 840 E. 88th St 287-0246
Colorado Springs 1011 N. Academy Blvd. 596-9682
Alamosa 1015 4th Street 589-4816
Pueblo 325 W. 10th Street 545-3624
La Junta 19 W. 4th Street 384-2064
Salida 121 N. 1st Street 539-3181
Durango 1139 Main Street 247-4856
they’re finding that the Army not only encourages them to further their education, but also pays 75% of their tuition costs.
They’re finding a place to gain self-confidence and maturity. From the ruggedness of Basic Training to the everyday discipline of Army life.
And while they’re finding the Army is making them better individuals, we’re finding they’re making us a better Army.
For more information, talk to your local Army Representative.
Join the people whtfve joined the Army.
.


Full Text

PAGE 1

Mexico y EE UU: Dia dela Raza "Una si01biosis poco usual FAMILY t*l iiid!J< Although the U.S. Navy's • "Buddy Program" which lets friends join the service together and continue through boot camp together may be well known, it's not too often that three brothers and a cousin take advantage of it. . . all at the same time. But that's exactly what Tony, Mike, Ray and Greg Hernandez of Pueblo did. Tony, the eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Leo Hernan dez of 1714 San Juan Street, was attending the University of Colorado. But he met with financial difficulties working his way through school, and decided to go home and talk to nis local recruiter about the programs available in the 1\Javy. After discussing things with his brothers, Mike and Ray , Tony and his brothers all decided that the Navy was the answer for them, Unknown to them, however, their cousin Greg, the of Mrs. Paul Hernandez of 2224 East Orman Avenue, had been in contact with the Navy recruiter and reached the same conclu5ion. When they were asked why all four chose the Navy, Ray spoke up for th. e group, syaing, "this way we all go in together and we can get out together ... be sides, this way our mothers won't have to go through several good byes when we all leave home." Lt. Tom -Sea. USN, Enlisted PrOgrams Officer, Navy . . . .o.,.ver.; ... TOQ.v .. . littm, _ndttz. Localizado en el centro por su forma topografica pareciera ser el vinculo entre dos mazas con tinentales, una al norte y otra al sur, tan distantes y tan dis tintas ..... Mexico ha sido un vinculo, no tan solo por su localizacion con tinental, sino comp catalizador Y lazo de -Continua Pagina 2 Minority .. -nterprise"74 Mr. Henry G. Maestas, Assistant Director of Denver Coalition Ventures, Inc. announces that DCV is one of seven co-sponsors for the first annual Minority Supplier Fair this Fall at the Denver Merchandise Mart. Co ordinated by the Executive Task Force for Minority Economic Development, the objective of the Fair is to promote the ex change of information on minor ity enterpreneur capabilities and Colorado Business requirements, according to Maestas. Minority Enterprise '74 which will be held October 25 and 26, will bring together under one roof minority businessmen who have products and services to sell, and representatives of some of Denver's large and small estab lished companies who need to buy these products and services. Some 150 established large and liledium-sized corporations will rent booths at the Fair for $150.00 each, in an attempt to contract over three hundred Colorado Minority Businesses who will attend (at no charge) and discuss their products or services wi-th the corporate purchasers. Companies and agenCies being invited to parti cipate in the exhibition as po tential purchasers of minority goods and services, will represent the construction, electrical, fabricated metal products, food, machinery, manufacturing and petroleum industries, also state and federal governmental agencies, as well as public utilities, hotels, banks and savings loan associations, hospitals, colleges and universities and transportation organizations will participate. "Seminars and workshops wil be held for both buyers and sellers in adv a nce of the Fair so that both will know what to encounter," stated Maestas. He afso said, "Not only do we hope to solve the proble m of the minority busines s man or woman who do not know how to approach or contact the major or established bus inesses to offer their products or service s , but we also want to develope and ment from the large corporations. Hopefully all large and establi s h ed businesses will adopt and implement corporate policies that will assure the purchase of goods and services from minority owned business, as well 31s supplementing new and exciting programs to identify minority vendors . " This commitment should be carried no shorter than assisting minority owned bus-C ontinued o n Pag e 8 MAKE DEMOCRACY WORK: Oct. 9th, 1974. Press rel_ ease to "EL ECO" Newspaper more about why people do not "Therefore," the Secretary Colorado's Republican incumor fail to regis ter properbent candidate for Secretary Committee to determine the of State, Mary Estill Buchanan , She continued , " C olora do effectiveness of Colorado's syshas re-affirmed her position to e l ectio n laws work nearly as examl . ne structural reform of 11 h . f tern of individual registration we as t e ass umpti o n s o responsibility .... In addition, the state's election system by personal registration res ponsi the Committee will explore the Election Advisory bility on which they are based. need for creating a State Elec However , Colorado registration Statl .ng that only of ld b d . . h d tion Commis s ion to investigate 7 ' cou e Improve Wit a and enforce the ColoFado ElecColorado's eligible voters voted ministrative "bandaids" of in-,n the 1972 pres ,dent.lal elecd bl' . d tion laws, including the camcrease pu 1c convemence an t 10n , Mrs. Buchanan sa 1 d, "W'1 th f t. h h d paign disclosure requirements. m orma 10n m ow, w ere, an 1,219,591 People regl.stered to h t t d h 1 . Furtlier," Mrs. Buchanan conw en o reg1s er; an t e eg1svote l ' n 1972, or 75o l0 of an 1 t ' "b d . d , f . tinued, "the committee will 1 < a 1ve an a1 s o pwgmg estimated 1.6 million eligible voters every 4 years instead of study the entire petition propopulatl .on, 953,878 people ac2 h h cess, both for ballot issues and , requ tnng rat er t an per tually Voted. The drop Off 'tt. d t d independent candidates, and m1 mg epu y reg1strars, an could be even worse this year, linking voter registration with the impact of lengthening the as in other non-presidential the household census canvass." general election periods." election years." Mrs. Buchanan emphasized, Most importantly, "Society Mrs. Buchanan concluded, "To further improve the state's must react to governmen_ t "Apathy . as shown by nonelection system or to change through com:erned expression voting is a greater problem . its philosophy major iA the voting booth, and not in Colorado than non-voter diagnosis and alteraalienation in the streets,' ' con cluded Mrs. Buchanan . ---registration, Wf:. .•. .•. . .............. : ......... -...... . . . ........ .

PAGE 2

Pagina 2, EL ECO, Octubre DIRECTORIO The Eco Newspaper is a Bilif!gual newspaper, published monthly by Maya . Enterprises 600. West Northern Ave. EDITOR: Ernesto Barrios SALES: Wanda M . . Padilla : COMPOSITION: Nita Barrios ASSOC. EDITOR: Joaquin Diaz CONTRIB. EDITOR: Joe Padilla PHOTOGRAPHY: William Forehand Jack Avalos LAYOUT: Miguel A . Jimenez Ernesto Barrios QUALITY CONTROL.' Paul Bueno DISTR/8. MANAGER: W . Padilla: D iSTRIBUTION: H.ay Aguilera Jr. r Los anuncios hacen I EL ECO MAYA L 2 . 1 I tlw mrtThaul" will "'fiiW'f"t'i.atf' patrumage . trlf them you NIW thtir ad i n EL C:CO MA VA NeMPJpe• Todo asunto relaciomido cor. publicidad en general articulo. etc. de ben s.er tratados con Ia direcciOn de Eco Publicacioues Box 2024 Los articulos son de Ia exclusiva responsabilidad de quien los firma. La meta de qulenes hacemos ECO es convertir a nuestro per ' iodico en una tribuna abierta para todos los criterios, y mas que todo acrecentar el interes de nuestros lecti>res a un positi vismo mayor en nue*a comuni dad. ' En nuestras columnas se senalan errores, per_o apuntando siempre a una soluczon . Continuacion. MEXICO Y ESTADOS UNIOOS. union entre dos c _ulturas. Se dice filciL. pero el a b s o r be r, dig e r i r, amalgamar y difundir tradiciones e ideologias tan es labor de tiempo, teniendo para. ell o que o cur r-i r dcsajustes y reacondicionamientos a trave:; ue e:;e uempo que ob:;tacu!Iza como e:; log1co el avance e . n muchos aspectos. A Mexico le ha tocado en suerte ser colch6n. cedazo y tubo digestivo de tract1ciones que se han ven1do y siguen IUSIOila
PAGE 3

Kohunlich de los Mayas -CBETUMAL ( Quintana Roo-Mexico), ( Por M i guel Bigueras, de Ia Agencia EFE)-A setenta kil6metro s de esta ciudad mexlcana , estin resucltando de un entlerro de 1 .600 anos 183 edificios que en el slglo cuarto despues de Cristo formaban uno de los nucleo s mas actlvos de Ia civ ill zaci6n Maya . A Kohunllch , bundida en Ia selva durante 16 siglos, Ia puso de nuevo en el mundo el helic6ptero que, bace cinco anos , vio remontarse bacia el c ielo Sebastian . Sebastian , un viejecito de 63 a nos, es ahora el guarda de las herramientas del equipo que , bajo Ia direccion del arque6logo VIctor Segovia, esti devolviendo a Kobunllcb Ia apariencia que perdio hace mas de mil anos. Bajo Ia direccion de Segovia, Kohunllcb (colonia de los Palmerales, en Maya) , va superando su forma : una ' plaza central flanqueada por tres semipiramides, orien tadas al este y rodeadas por decenas de edificios menores. Basta hace cinco anos , solo se sabla que en el Iugar existiera selva impenetrable. Basta Ia manana en que Sebastian denunci6 en el palacio del gobernador de Chetmul, Ia capital del territorio de Quintana Roo, que en aquella selva im penetrable se habla elevado, hasta perderse en el cielo, un helic6ptero. Sebastian que habla sem brado un maizal cerca del actual Kohunllch, al que los venados y jaballes de Ia selva estaban destrozando, una manana, escopeta al bombro, salio de su cboza decidido a espantar a los animales. Siguiendo su rastro, se alejo del maizal basta que, de una colina en Ia selva, vio elevarse al helicoptero . Pudo m!s su curiosidad que su prudencia y fue asl como descubrio las pirAmides semicubiertas de maleza de las que habla huldo el helicoptero. " Nadie puede calcular lo que de aqul robarfan aquellos saqueadores. Un plato polfcromo de doce centf-Ml VIDA Por RUBEN BORQUEZ M . E stobo yo mi vida si n fe y s i n ilusi6n hobf o su f r ido tonto, mi pobre coroz6n. Me cre i de tu cari ilo , me entregue por entero, s i n pensar que en el mundo no todo e s v e rdodero. C ruzoste m i camino inesperodamente, y este nuestro romanc e naci6 tan de repente. Yo debo confesorte te t u ve desconfionzo, m i v i ,da no ten f o yo n inguno esperonzo. M6s , ol posor del tiempo, no lo quert o creer era verdad, de nuevo yo empezabo o querer. M6s , no quise de pronto, forjorme yo ilusiones, pues much a le tem ro a nuevas decepciones. Hoy se que tv carina es de ver6s sincere y te jura que el mfo tombien es verdbdero. Habra sufrido tanto mi pobre coraz6n, estoba ya mi vida, sin fe y sin ilusi6n. ...... ..... ., .,.. metros de dlametro cuyo valor es inestimable lo dejaron atras en su huida . No bay duda de que tendr lan objetos todav1a mas valiosos que llevarse", se quejo e l arque6logo Segovia . La restauraci6n de Kohunlicb es una empresa ber6ica . Ademas de Ia selva, el calor, los insectos y los diluvios torrenciales en esta zona tropi c al, Segovia y su equipo tienen que lucbar contra las serpientes . " Hasta que perdi Ia cuenta, hace ya meses, hablamos matado 64 nauyacas . De las serpientes de cascabel, los coralillos y las demas, ni siquiera nos preocupamos de contarlas", dijo hoy VIctor Segovia. La nauyaca, o "cuatro narices" es una serpiente cuya mordedura es tan peligrosa como Ia de Ia cobra. "Si a alguien lo mordiera una nauyaca , no habrfa tiem po ni de sacarlo a Ia carre tera", senalo Segovia. . La carretera que Ueva a Chetumal pasa a menos de un kilometro de Kohunllch. El conjunto de edificacion que, poco a poco, esta reconstruyendo Segovia tiene algunas caracterlsticas que el arqueologo no dudo en calificar de "sorprendentes" . El resto de los nucleos mayas conocidos -Tulim, Uxmal o Chicben Itza -los edificios estan todos orien tados bacia poniente. En Kohunlich miran bacia Ia salida del sol. En la piramide principal " mfrela desde lejos y vera que ya los mayas conoclan todos los secretos teatrales para impresionar a! auditorio", seiial6 Segovia sus escalones de acceso son ex traordinariamente anchos . A una persona como Segovia, de casi metro ochenta de altura , le resulta trabajoso subir un escalon a cada paso . Los Mayas raramente pasaban de un metro sesenta de altura. Sobre un montlculo que domina todo el conjuoto, se levanta un templete con cuatro enormes mascarooes, mirando a! sol naciente y no a! poniente como en otros cen tros Mayas . L o s m ascarones r epr e sentan gestos de una m i sma persona de enormes bigotes . Los Mayas son barbilampillos . "La utludad de todo este conjunto es un misterio . No sabemos si fue centro comercial, politico, ritual o un taller de joyerfa" . Esta Ultima hip6tesis Ia explico el arqueologo : "estamos encontrando los componentes de un mosaico de jade, de un grosor de media millmetro. Basta con las tecnicas mas modernas, el jade solo se ha podido pulir en nuestros dias basta un nosor de tres millmetros . Es otro misterio. Qui zas con los dedos", dijo . Cada descubrimiento que el arq ue6logo hace en Kohunlich multiplica los misterios de los Mayas. La pirAmide central, posiblemente tumba de notables, tiene en su primer pinaculo un remate cuadrangular al que se llega por un pasillo laberfntico. "La aparicion del sacer dote, del rey o del jefe en ese rectangulo, a Ia cafda de Ia tarde , aureolado por el sol poniente, debla ser majestuosa", se admiro Segovia. El arqueologo cree que los Mayas construyeron "Kohunlich cuando Ia region era zona desmontada, fertil y de primitivos pero florecientes cultivos agrf colas. La selva crecio sobre Kohunlich . En sus pirAmides, donde el sol poniente daba m ajestad a! sacerdote, crecieron Arboles. En Ia Plaza Central, donde los Mayas jugaban a Ia pelota, em pezaron a hacer sus nidos las naeyacas y el antes centro de reunion de los Mayas se disolvio en el tiempo y se dejo engullir por los Arboles . Basta que 1.600 aiios mas tarde, Sebastian , que per segufa a los venados que devoraban sus mafces, vio asombrado c o mo un helicoptero se perd f a eo e l cielo . Save & Borrow at : 5640710 a MARli N [fNiffi R J 117 Colorado Phone ( 303) 5 • 3-072 1 u... P'I EBLO , COi..O RADO 81005 PH 543-0721 I' I I EL MAS COMPLETO SURTIOO EN INSTRUMENTOS MUSICALES ',"117 COLQRAOe)AVe: PUEBLO , . , Pagina 3, EL ECO, Octubre 1974 Como Evitar Ia Perdido de Cabello Por Lu ia l. aldez ece h a oid o cay ndo muc h o cabello y n o que hacer " . E t probl e m a tien rem dio . a menos qu e e ta caida ea h e r e ditaria. E n dich o ca o n o hay nada q u u t e d pueda hac r par a evitarl o . La cau a en Ia perdida del cab ello on innume r a bl e . La h a d e de un desorden hormo nal h a ta u n a i m p l e ca pa o nervio . Asimi m o . l o que le cause calvicie a u n a person a n o necesariam ente ti e n e e l m ismo e fecto e n otra . E deci r . las reacci o nes o n i ndi v idu a l es. P a r a pre e n i r I a p erdida de c a bello. h a y 'que conserva r un casco limpio y seguir una bue n a dieta . El mejor tra t a m iento que e l casco pue d e f < cu ncia. E n mayoria d i. l q l o t ratamiento o n mbargo i I recibir e s un buen ca masaje con reseco . o si e muy m anipulaciones Y a lt a CONTINUA EN LA PROXIMA KEG BEER WINES -LIQUORS Drive-up Window PH: 777 9922 Rudy's ,::::. RUDY TRUJILLO, Pmk1quors. 377 So. BROADWAY, DENVER, COLORADO NO NEED TO BEA GENIUS ••• Wlen you can't figure . out how your bills will get paid call the friendly people at ) . ' '< MEMBER

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Pagina 4, EL ECO, Octubre 1974 Editor) Page . PENAL REFORM by Jose R. Padilla I believe that in the past penal .reformers and the like have been concerned with a Jiteral interpretation of the bib icar phrase "an eye for an eye" and this is what present day penalty reflects. The concern must be shifted. Concern has to be established for the victim , for society , and most importantly, for the crim inal, who really does need help . All people have a potential for doing something meaning ful. If this is true, then it fol lows that this nation, and in deed the World, has a need for the potential of each person. Yes , it is unfortunate that in a case involving crime, the person ' s potential has to be discovered after the criminal act has been committed, but it is better to discover it then. than to never discover it. It is society's responsibility to deal with this problem. Now society can take the easy way out and can simply kill the criminal or lock him up forever This prevents one individual from performing future acts of crime, but does nothing for the victim, society, or for the crim inal as a member of society. Society can instead deter mine what potential good this criminal can do, then match him with the need existant for his ability. In this way the STOP BY OUR OFFICE MAIN AT FIRST ------. --* . Fn:AL : ESTATE ..:.oc>mmercial . R.esi dential MANAGEMENT. INSURANCE: -Auto -Home -Life ------111111111111111 iII II U 111111 UIU Ill 1.1 lllllll.rE.l SABOREE LAS MEJORES TORTILLAS DE HARINA Y MAIZ DE PuEBLO PH 546-1275 La Ramirez , cuenta con Ia mas amplia expenenc1a en su ramo, Ia satisfacci6n de miles de del suroeste de Texas , asl lo atestiguan . Ahora s1rv1endo a tom el basto estado de Colorado A sus ordenes en 1812 Santa Fe Dr. Blende Colo . Telefono: 546-1275 ' THE BEST COR N . & FLOUR TORTILLAS IN COLORADO t • • •"'", . ' criminal can redeem himself in ways which we can measure He as a person can at least pay back his debt. If society empathetic and makes proper use of this rehabilitation then all three elements of the com munity will benefit. The victim or the victim 's heirs are paid back, whereas otherwise they would suffer . -Society benefits because the victims and the criminals themselves do not be come as much of a financial burden on the taxpayer. The criminal benefits because he has a chance to pay back his debt with positive action: If he is able to pay back his debt in full, the criminal can hope to be released with the knowledge that he need not return to a life of crime, because he will have learned something better. In my opinion, this kind of positive rehabilitation for the convicted criminal, such as those at Canon City, Colorado, could be accomplished by Pris on reform like the WORK WHILE Program which has been suggested by several major industries in the Rocky Moun tain region, including Honey well Corp., Western Electric Marcando tl Por Simitrius Co. , ..and the Gates Rubber Co. Their program include s plans to build facilities for private in dustry at C a n o n City, which would employ and train the inmates inresponsible voca tions, meanwhile giving them wages and benefits so that they can pay back their debt to their victim . This program would help build the confidence in the ex-criminal that he needs in order to secure and maintain a job upon his release. It would also give him the opportunity to work out the psychological guilt which he must feel at having committed a criminal act . irr the first place. This WORK-WHILE Program is cur rently one of two prison re form measures which are being reviewed by the State Department of Institutions here in Colorado. If the Program is adopted, an Industrial Park would be built nearby Canon City. _ We, the publishers of El Newspaper feel that the WORK-WHILE Program would be the best solution to ease the tense situation at the State Prison. Therefore, we encourage the State Depart ment of Institutions to adoot and implement this Program as soon as possible . We also urge the readers of El Eco News paper to write to the Dept. of Institutions at the State Capitol in support of this Prison reform program. The whole premise behind this prison reform is the be lief that criminality occurs be cause of a lack of understand . ing knowledge, lack of hope, or some lack in the life exper ience of the criminally-prone ; a lack which we, in society, can provide once we better understand the problem. The responsibility of society is not over once agate is locked. Even Jesus christ, a great leader in Westem morality, taught that it is never too late for the criminal to acknowledge his sins, _thereby opening the door to forgiveness and a renewed life. To implement the above ideas for Prison Reform is not simple it will certainly be difficult. But it is generally true that the more difficult the task, the more worthwhile the Qutcome. Hasta La Victoria de Ia Gente Siempre Si Venceremos! HERRERA: NAGEBUDGET COMMITTEE Mr. Carlos Herrera, President of the National Association of Employees Local R 14-05 at the Pueblo Army Depot js one of eight (8) NAGE Union Officials from through out the United States, selected by the NAGE National Executive Committee to .. serve on the NAGE Budget Com mittee. Mr. Herrera attended a Budget Committee meeting in Washington, D.C. in September of thisyear which prepared him for the National Convention that was held in New Orleans, La. on.the 25th, 26th & 27th of October. The National Office made arrangements .for Mr. Herrera to meet with Congressman Frank Evans, and Senator Haskell on the 26th of Sept . . and they discussed various areas that affect Employees at the Pueqlo Army Depot. Don.Juan Contesta en O .ctubre puedas. ya no eres un chi quito . ya M'hijo Juan: . . todo un hombre y quero que lo demuestres con Esperoque al recebir la presente te encuentres hechos a tus cuates y demas personas con quenes gozando de cabal salu. que la que demise despide a diario te topas: cabila Juancho que cuando Ia es gilena. gracias a Dios y paso a deCirte lo riegas. la gente que te' cha lente a lueguito siguiente. pensara que que padres te trujeron a este mundo . Contesto tu carta que me mandates el mes que onde te criates. que ansina seran todos los pasao. onde me contates del desfile que hicierori mexicanos de brutos. pero que tal site miran muy los paisas en esa Suidad gran_de de Chicago pa' arrecho. cumplidor. trabajador. que no eres festejar la independencia Mexicana . me gusto mitotero. que no dejas el cheque en las cantinas. todo lo que me dijites. cuando taba leyendola casi ni despilfarras lo que ganas con el sudor de tu creiba que oiba tu voz y cerraba los ojos pa pensar frente . y que caminas con tu sombrero a media que ai merito tabas delante de mi platicandomelo cabeza porque eres honrao. que los dolares nose todito. te han subido a Ia chaveta haciendote cre' r que Mira Juancho. eso de que en tierras lejanas los eres Ia' mama de tarzan. antonces diran. que mexicanos festejen las fiestas patrias del terrufio carajo! si de Mexico . tarnien llegan algunos es algo que yo he .yisto siempre de guerJOs mojaos que valen por munGhos que .va estan placemes. de plano me cuadra que demuestren de secos. 'onde son sin achicopalarse de ser indios de los de Otra cosa. ojali que las fiestas patrias les aigan este lao. servido pa unirse mas. pa' forma run solo monton . Ya que tas grande Juancho y que tengo Ia un solo manojo pa' hacerse juertes ante los que oportunida de palabrear contigo manque sea por to'bia descreminan a los que no son gtieros. o que estos garabatos te dire que tu no debes son mestizos. avergonzarte -de haber nacido indio y pobre . 'Ora que si to's esos mitotes no 'mas sirvieron tam poco es pa ' que te sientas muy grande p'os tu pa' hacerse propaganda los politicos. los que no hi cites nada pa' lograrlo y eso de nacer en queren un gtieso, pa' darse aconocer las cantinas cualesquier parted' este mundo co mo no cuesta y grupos de ruidosos que se Haman musicos. p ' os nengun sacreficio pos no es pa qug alguien se antonces no sirvi6 nada y prefiero no , gtielyas a sienta orgulludo. contarme de 'sos chismes. Tu debes sentirte muy ancho de lo gtieno que Avisame si puedes venir pa' Navida. en Ia casa hag as. de loservicial que sea. y avergo-nzarte sino del pueblo vamos a hacer las Posadas 'Y si a to'bia sines pa ' nada. cosa que ami mes mo me haria te'gustanynotesientesmuycrecidoteamarrare sentirme apachurrao y amuinao, pue que hasta los ojos con el rebozo de tu hermana pa' que tt;ste me pusiera . pero nunca diri a que tu no eres l'eches unos garrotazos a lils . pifiatas . . te comas m 'hi. io y me sentiria tam' ien culp
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VISIT YOUR LOCAL UBRARY USAf OHICfR GIVES AOORESS TO CHICANO lEAOERS Paoina 5 . EL ECO . Octubre 1974 Mr. Jo.ph S.tuar, in charve of Community •rvice fOf' theDtnver Public library . by Joseph Salazar For the past four years I have been employed as a staff member of the Denver Public Library. In those years, positive ste ps to improve services for the community have taken place . One change has been the growth and enrichment of the Chi cano collections, and these materials are found in every department throughout the library. Why should you visit the Denver or any public library? Maybe your interests are similar to our ancestors. Perhaps you would like to be a scholar or a mathematician. You might be interested in astrology or would even like to become a historian. What ever your interests, you wi II be delighted when you explore your chosen f i eld . What do you need to take advantage of the opportunities offered at the library? If you are an adult, living or working, in this area, who has r.ever had a car d here before, all you have to do is fill out an application g1vmg your name , address, occupation and a friend that knows you, along with some positive form of identificati on with your current address on it ( for example, your Dri ver ' s License) . It only takes a few m i nutes to get a card and i t will be something you will news release to "EL ECO" Colonel Ernest A . M onte mayor , executive to the Ad ministrative A ssistant to th e Secretary of the Air Force , vi sited three Colorado com munities October 7 thru 9 , and spoke with Hispano educa tors and community leaders about the Air Force as a posi tive career alternative for youn g people . never regret . Children and young adults (under 18 years of age) can also get library cards but they must have their parent's signature on the card . A Public Library card opens the door to many resources. Some books and periodicals are written in Spanish and other languages. In addition to books and periodicals, you may check out music or language rec ordings, films, casettes, and framed art prints. There are many research materials in Special Collecti ons such as the Western History Department or the Conservation Library. These materials may not be checked out but may be used here in the I i bra ries whenever you wish . You are ihe library. That statement is very true ... why? because you pay for the library with your taxes so the library is responsible to you and to your individual needs for personal growth. Because the Public Library serves the entire community, you also have an obligation to support your l ibrary so that it may continue to provide more services for you. The Public Library i s the only place in town where you may receive the5e materi als and services and also partici pate in programs . LUBE and OIL CHANGE lnciiHit'5 \IP to:\ q11uls uf h11Ch ,rr.d"' ual Call fCM" to •void de'-f IIEPACK & GIIEASE SEALS FIIONT END ALIGNMENT SAFETY CHECIC RI)Mc.k front whft l rw• Jruw totals O t um bf&h c:.n only etth•sprice. by sJutkd mKhllrua.. ... " ....... . HO •OOfT Al C".UGt forf...:torr 01'---c..r I.At F i'"tun.1 1 u,.ru lrt$pKl yO\Ir ur ll)OAY-f1nd tho M lt'O\Ibit spuu brfort th.ty ....... _. ............ No-U9 STOB HOUIS I to 5-Mon. through Sat. ' ,-:30;-W:Ith • ' -.:::...:.: Phone542-6202 IJJ <:;it?<. .?. 1 -_ -" t' u _ c;ll' During h i isit, to as i t the D e n er-based Air Force Recruiting Detachment 701, Co lonel Montemayor poke at the Boulder Sheraton Inn on October 7 . H e poke at the Sands R estaurant in Alamosa at noon October 8th. And on October 9th, he spoke at a noon luncheon at the Regen cy Inn. Invited g ue sts included local and regional His pano S tate sen ators and r e presenta tives, community leaders a nd Hi s p a n o edu cators. Ms. Wanda P ad iII a, R epresentative from " EI Eco" news paper had the h o nor of attending the Colo n e l's Dinner engagement at the B oulder Sher a ton. M ore infor mation regarding th e talk-back which occurred th e r e between Air F orce R eprese n tatives a nd Chic a n o lea d e r s r egardi ng the Air F orce as an alternative career will be pres ented in t he N ove mbe r issue of "EI Eco" new s p aper. Colonel Montemayor was born in Phi l adelphia of M exican p arents. His military career be gan in 1943 as an enlisted m ember of the (Army) Air Force . In 1953, h e was com missioned a seco nd lieutenant in the U.S . Air Force . Thro u ghout hi s career , Colo n e l Montemayor has been ac tive in many Air Force educational and training programs designed to assist young p eople of M exica n -American a n cestry. FORMERLY JOHNNY DICO'S Featuring: -JAIMIE GOMEZ ,La;Uaneha SERVING THE FINEST IN MEXICAN FOOD & YOUR FAVORITE COCKTAILS IN AN UNRIVALED SPANISH ATMOSPHERE. Larimer Square Denver, Colo. Ph: 573-9797 CROSS COUNTRY MOTORS • HORNET • JAVELIN • MATADOR • JEEP • AMBASSAD9R • AMX • GREMLIN 24-HOUR EMERGENCY SERVICE & TOWING AVAILABLE PH: 341-7700 DENVER. NEW LOCATION: EAST VIRGINIA

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ECO, Octubre trabajo que termino a mediados del aiio pasado. Asi que en Ia libreria American Book, de Ia calle de Madero . no estamos tan ma l, ya que Ia pintura de los _ nombrados aqui, tiene tecnicas e ideas de acuerdo con Ia epoca en que vivimos. (Mara Rubio) (Francisco Nieto R".) del D. F. (Juan Antonio Mendez) Ahara que con Ia muerte de S i queiros desaparec i 6 el ultimo de nuestros muralistas , la quien sera encomenda da Ia tarea de plasmar nuestras epicas en _Ia pintura? Deseo d i sfrutar l as comidas con vinos adecuados para cada platillo , per o los l ioros que he podido conseguir son demasiados pobres. Le agradecerfa me pudiera info t mar en donde puedo encontrar una amplia literatura de Ia buena 111esa. Gracias. lPodrla decirme si ha repercutido en Ia maquinaria pol i tica de otros paises el escandalo de Wate r gate? Gracias por su atenci6n . Mexico es un pais (afortunadamente) rico en artistas de Ia pintura. Tenemos en plena facultad creativa a: Entre los libros editados por Time-Life, de Ia serie Eduardo Castellanos, Carlos Orozco Romero, Regina "Foods of the World" existe muy compendiado, Raull, Juan Blanco, que por cierto gano en Ia ciudad de pero muy completo que se llama ''Recipes: Wines and Florencia, ltalia, un concurso en el que participaron . Spir _its". Ahora que, otro ya profesional y que le recO ochenta pintores europeos, para Ia ejecucion del mural miendo ampliamente es Ia Enciclopedia de Vinos y Li de 150 metros cuadrados en Ia Escuela Pia Florentina, bros de Alexis Lichine's . Estos los _ puede adq uirir Sf. Por ejemplo en Canada: Aprobado por el parla mento, entrara en vigor dentro de seis meses y para to , dos los partidos pol{ticos , el siguiente boletfn: No se podra gastar mas de 30 centavos por cada votante regis trade en los diferentes distritos . Los candidates estan limitados individualmente para gastar unicamente de 25 cen t avos a un dolar por votante. Las contribuciones per-Continued o n Page 9 Bendito seas, Mexico MOUNTAIN BELL NEW PERSONEEL MANAGER ---------F r a nci sco Elizald e Gar cra ------Bendito seas. Mexico , por e l rio musica l de tu amargura que se n os hace can to e n las e n trafias : por e l silencio n uestr o q u e ha aprendido a ser verdad de amor c ru cificada . Be n dito seas. Mex i co. }Jorq u e hic iste el nido de t u s ramas abrazo maternal en I a tragedia: porq u e hacen pa n tu coraz6 n a l darten os en viva com un i6 n cacta manana. Po r q u e sie mbras t u n ombre e n nuestro s u rco fec un do d e sonrisas y de lagri mas: p orq u e e n e l polvo n uestr o , h aces destin o I a pasi6 n de arrulla rn os co n tu alma. B e n dito seas, , Mex i co, porque a l herir I a tierra de t u sangre una rosa nos das por cada llaga: y nos das vida e ntera e n cad a espiga por mi lagr.() feliz , mult i plicad a. Bendito seas. Mex i co, Porque tie n des I a c un a de t u s mapas. abrazada a l e n s u efio d e t u s mares para que nazca e n for m a de p ro d igio t u nombre h ec h o ca n ci6 n . en las gargantas . . Porque trasciende e l agu a de t u s sel vas a desnuda fragan c i a : porque encierldes e l laudante dilu v i o de tus pajaros y haces arpegio a! viento tu esperanza ... Bendito seas . Mexico. porq u e so m os t u fe. s i endo t u mi s mo fe nu est.ra e n nuestras al mas inm ol a d as: porq u e de l horizon te de tu sa n g r e tus ba nd e ras h e r o i c as-levantas ... Be n dito seas. Mex i co . por q u e e n ge n d raste un c i e l o e n t.u s muj .eres: por elias vibr:a Uios e n tu s p a l abras: po r elias n uestros hij os so n t u s hijos y es r osa . e n nor I a luz d e t u s p legarias .... B e nd ito seas. Mexico . por e l d o l of s uprem o d e tu a n g u s tia ... Porque e l acer o firme de t u espa d a orguiJo e n I a c ru z de un jura m e nt o y pa r a h a de se r aguila.. B end ito seas, Mex i co, P orq u e eres mio. mas mio qu e mi a lma:. p o rqu e v in e d e t i , p a r a ser tuyo: p o rqu e haci e nd o m e san g r e d e tu san g r e f o rjaste un nu evo in ce n d i o d e m i brasa. Be n d i to seas. Mex i co . porque me m o d e laste con t u b arro transido de emoci6 n e n mi pa l a b ra. para sentirte g l o r ia d e mi mismo cu a ndo p i enso e n l os d i oses d e mi raza. Ben dito seas. Mexico, por este regoc i jo de m i l e n g u a q u e es a l v i e n to tesoro d e camp a n as! Mi bendici6n es l oa para cantarte yes oraci6n para llamar te jPATH.lA' l ' ! I _ , I ! i I James Ortega, 28, has been appointed Mountain Bell Employment Personel Man ager for Pueblo and Southern Colorado. He will be in charge of and hiring new employees , and job ' transfers for e x isting personnel . Ortega will serve as the co.mpany's . Equal Employment Opportun ity Coordinator for the Pueblo area and w ill aid in implemen ting Mountain Bell ' s Aff i rma tive Action Program. O r tega was an Employment Superv isor for the Denver area until January, .1974 when he Wanted: I . D and aD Grinders WITH THREE TO FIVE YEARS YOU MUST OWN YOUR OWN TOOLS. SUNDSTRANDas on.e of the finest fringe benefit programs available: -Health' care benefi t s Ret irement provisions -Vacations: up to four weeks (13 Paid Holidays per Year -Educational reimbursments S ick Leave accepted the posit i on of Personnel Relatiqns Assistant in Mountain Bell's Colorado offices, _ which he held until taking the Pueblo assignment. A Boulder, Colorado native, brtega g raduated from Lafayet t e H igh School, In 1971, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science Pre Law from the Un i versity , of Colorado. Ortega noted that the Moun tain Bell Pueblo Employment Office at 401 N . Main w ill accept applications on Mondays only from 8 :30 to 11 :00 a . m . and 1 to 4 p .m. SUNDSTRAND IMMEDIATE PLACEMENT Apply Ofli.C:e Si tu ere s u n operador en maquinari a d e pre cision y tien es d e menos t res an os d e expe riencla, posees tu propia h e rram ienta y pued es ha cer tus ,.pr opios arreg l o s (setups ) SUNDSTRAND le gustana hablar c ontigo . Aa Equcd Opporhudty Employer, M-F 2480 W.-70th.Jlve .... Denver, ...

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A P oliricai Opinion GARY HART'S JOB OPPORTUNITY PROGRAM an Exc l usive Press R e l ease to "EL ECO" ews paper PUEBLO , C o lo. G ary H art, D emocratic ca ndidate for the U .S. Senate, said in an excl u s ive pres s release to "EI Eco" Newspaper that t h e n ation needs a n ew, innovative ap proach to th e un employment a nd undere mployment c risis. While attending the fe s tiv ities in Pueblo at t h e State F a ir , H art o utlin e d his five p oint progr a m to improve job opportunities for Americ a ns, who, he sai d , have a basic righ t to have a job . He note d that while un employment in Colorado i s n't as bad as in other states, it ha s increased by c lose to 10 % compared to last year 's figures. Sf>ecifically , Hart ca lled for: 1) -Creation of a Job Op portunity Coordination C enter which wo uld serve as a clea ringh o u se for job trai ning , a ppren t ice s hip s a nd counseling. 2) A r eva mping of gove rn ment vocatio n al-tec hnic a l education pr ogra m s . The progr a m s s hould be desrgned t o pro rde pe o ple with skills to match job openings today and in the future, based on the comprehensive job inven tory. 3) Establishment of new education programs in strategically located cen ters of eac h state. The pr ogra m s would be i n co o peration with state gov ern m e n ts a nd would of fer o ne-a nd t wo -yea r occ upational progr a ms, and shorter programs fo r upgr a ding skills. 4) -Government grants, lo a n s and tax incentiv es to pr ovide s m a II busi n esses with improved on t h e-job trai nin g fo r e m ployes, impr o ved tooling a nd pro duction meth o d s a nd pl a n t ex p a n sion. 5) -Creation of public-ser vice employm e n t pro grams in the areas of educati o n , medi cal a nd e nvir onment conserv a tio n fields for t h ose who a re unable to find j o bs through the freem ar ket syste m . H art said that his prog ram would b e a m ea n s for un e m ployed p e r sons a nd youn g pe oFRANCISCO VAZQUEZ COM.Z pie entering the job mar et t o start, or begin , career ' ith long-range tabilit and paten tial. B ecause of the coop ratior with state go ernmen , Hart said states like Colorado could stress job opportunitie a ' a from co nge ted area and into smaller communitie that need and w ant growth. "The Department of Labor reports that o er half of all job opening in the future ' ill re quire s pecialized technical trai n ing," said H art, "and we s hould begin immediately to insure that p eople are prepared for them." Hart said th ese m ea ure would benefit the nation b y r educi n g unemploy m e n t, i n creasi n g pr o ductivit y and ub stantially decr ea sing we I fare costs. " P eopl e are very much co ncern ed a b o u t the econ o my,' H art sai d , "and they want their gove rnm e n t to re pond with p osi tiv e, i nn o vative action. " A nation al p o l icy for achievi n g e mploym ent, high er pro du ctiv ity a nd , most imp o r ta n t, pla nnin g for our f u t ur e ca n only be beneficial to the Americ a n people and their econ omic w ell being," Hart said. P agina 7, EL ECO, Octubre 1974 Your Heart Shall Live o Seek God -Psalms 69 :32 SERVING THE GREATER DENVER AREA WITH RESPECT & WITH DIGNITY: Sr. Ramon J. Trevino y Sr. Marcelo G. Targa TREVINO MORTUARY: 300 S . Loga n S t . CHAPEL OF ROSES: 420 E . Alameda Ave . MEMORIAL CHAPEL: 300 So. Logan St. DENVER, COLORADO PH: 744-6113 I 744-6114

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Pagina 8, EL ECO, Octubre 1974 AMERICANIZATION SUPP'LY CLASSES RECEIVE AWARD The SCSC Office of Continuing Education is still accepting enrollments for a course entitled Receiving an award was Manuel Ramos, an employee of the Ammunition Division. Col. John E. Donaldson, depot commander, presents Ramos a certificate and a cash award of $690 for an adopted Americanization and Citizenship. The class had its first session the evening of October seventh in room 21:1 of the Chemistry Building on the Belmont Campus. Hereafter it will meet from 6 to 8 p.m., on Monday nights in IJ room 112, Life Science Building, total of twenty class sessions. The fee is $20.00 and registration: will be accepted at the firs1 several sessions of the course . This is a non-credit course designed to prepare aliens and non-citizens to qualify for American Citizenship through examinations administered by the United States Justice Depart ment. Spanish translaiions are available now and others are the United States Justice Depart-suggestion. Ramos idea for a fastener replacement closure to cover the propellent tube in guided missiles produced a first -year savings to the federal government of $15,546. Enterprise I 7 41 ment. Spanish translations are available now and others are being developed. Further information may be obtained by calling the Office of Continuing Education, Bel mont Campus; in Fremont County, by calling the Fremont County Education Center, Pine wood-Industrial Park, or by contacting Ms . Dorothy L. Opfer who is teaching class. Questions regarding _qualifications fo those wishing to ?btain naturalization will be answered by Mr. Arnold Cope in the Office of Immigra tion and Naturalization, by the District Court Clerk, or by calling Ms . Opfer at her Pueblo residence. English need not be understood before taking-. the class, but it is required for the naturalization messes in becoming qualified League, Eastside Action Center, sources of supplies by providing League of Unit:ad Latin American technical and managerial assis-Citizens (LULAC) Contractors tance. " By promoting the exAssociatio n, and the Colorado change on infromation on Economic Development Associ-minority vendor capabilities, & ation. what corporate requirements There are also 13 -companies are , as well as working with both acting as guarantors or financial government and private agencies backers of the Fair. These firms to develop minority capabiliti.es are : Adloph Coors Company, where none currently exists, the Eastman Kodak, Gates Rubber objectives of this Fair can be Company, Great western Sugar realized. Company, Hewlett-Packard, Co
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Reos Latinos Obtuvieron sus Diplomas de Second aria El programa ALAS e visti6 de placeme el pasado me de a causa de los resultado obtenido en el examen de G . E . D . El director del programa. Sr. Leone! Campos y 'varios miembros del personal se sintieron muy o rgullo sos de felicitar a los mu c h achos que con labor y empeilo lograron .obtener el diploma otorgado por el Departamento de Educaci6n de l!linois . el cual qued6 sorprendido por el triunfo de los concursan'tes Iatinos . Estos muchachos. moti vados por el deseo de superarse a i ambiente y las condicio nes existentes. no permitieron que Ia influencia de las paredes y los problemas qu-e .dentro de elias existen. fueraR obstacuio alguno DE TODO UN POCO. Continued from Page 0 para ellos y su R;ran entusiasmo no dieron cabida a oposicion ninguna en contra del deseo de lo_grar us metas. Gracias a ese optimismo y a los esfuerzos de nuestro directar residente. Sr. Donald R . Torrence. adquirieron el tan ansiado exito. La dignidad de estos muchachos Iatinos ha exaltado el entusiasmo de sus compaileros y colaboradores. La i nspi radon de este grupo es co ntinua r sus estudios con el fi rme propos ito de llegar a obtener una educaci6n a nivel de n i vers idad. "Es nuestro mas ferviente de seo poder alcanzar y disfrutar de lo que me,recemos". expres6 uno de ellos . " T-enemos que probar que nosotros podemos mejorar si se nos ofrece Ia sonales de mas de 100 dolares debenln ser expuestos publicamente con el nombre y Ia direccibn del donante . Todas las estaciones de racio v TV deberan de contri buir con seis horas y media de tiempo, repartidas equita tivamente entre todos los partidos que tomen parte en Ia lucha electoral. Con lo anterior no solamente el que tenga mas dinero podril aspirar al poder, sino que ofrece condiciones parejas para todos los politicos. (Viajeros Unidos) Hace tiempo le( en una de sus columnas acerca de Ia existencia de un club para viajeros j6venes. lSeria usted tan amable de informarnos de que Club se trata? Le anticipamos las gracias. Probablemente me refer( al Club Mediterranee que funciona en todo el mundo. Marque usted el 533-10-80 con Ia senora Martin (se pronuncia Martaf ella le din\ todos los pormenores. oportumdad". coment6 otro. Lomas importante e . que d!O nueve miembro de nuestro programa que participaron en los examenes. siete de ellos tuvleron Ia dicha de ser aR;raciados con el certificadode G . E . D . En proporcion con los demas programas. ALAS obt.uvo el mayo r porcentaje, y esto h a creado un gran optimismo en terminos del futuro de ALAS . segun inform6 el Sr. Campos. Los muchachos agraciados so n : Jose Gierbolini. 74652: Gustavo Colon. 72992 : Richard Arenibar. 76707 : William Mojica . 77247: Raymond Morales. 72918 : George Mosqueda . 72166 y Robert La Hori . 69266 . El program-a ALAS actualmerite co nsiste de nueve ellos : ph. P icologia . 1 orthw stem ni ersit. . Director consejero de LA o n Donald R . Torrence. Ph. D . !Cand . l . History . Northern lllinoi University. Director Residente e Instructor en Historia de los F.stado nidos . v Ci vilizaci6n . (Can d . I .. Latin American History. niversity of Chicago . Instructor. Sor . Mary A . Loftu . Ph. D .. Philosoph .. Unive r sity of t. Loui . Instructor. E l ementary Math and Personna! Finance. Mateo Pardo. Ph. D .. Language teaching. Major in Frenc h . Northwestern niversity. Instructor. English. Usted. Los primeros en poner pie en Ia Antartica fue ron los noruegos, comandados por Ronald Amundsen (1872-1928); despues de una marcha de 53 dfas en trineos tirados por perros, desde Ia Bah( a de Ballenas por Ia que pern:traron en el Fram . Olav Bjaaland , el primero que lleg6, fue el ultimo en morir a Ia edad de 88 anos. Los otros fueron Helmer Hansen, Sverre Hassel y Oskar Wisting . La hazana Ia consumaron el14 de diciembre de 1911. Los 8lllllldos hlicea ___. ... b l •.JIIIOdo-the will appn-<:iol• yuur """'-' Plrut tdl thea. you •• tlleired in t::l..ECO MAYA Pagina 9 , EL ECO, Octubre 1974 -: El Poema de Hoy :lit :::. I : Mas Alld Por Pedro Mota i (Esponol) I Tanto I.e qule.ro, t.e qulero tanto, I_ que a mi dellrlo ya oo le bast a li:!: saber que ounca me olvldaras . ;Nunca! iY es eao? . . es to que qulerea declr coo ";Nunca I 7 alto seotido tieoe eo tus tabios I este coocepto de eternidad7 ' , Cuaodo tli seas tierra eo Ia tierra, cuaodo yo sea polvo eo el polvo, ii:: cuando no quede ya nl vestigto de nuestras vidas, ni alin el recuerdo de ouestros oombres, pasara? "' :;f. Si eo el sepulcro todo se acaba, si1 no ha1y ma 1 s que esta que vemos, •mpeoetrables I " .•. doode las almas sigan amandose g: como eo Ia tierra, I" mb que eo Ia tierra, todavla mas; Sl coo Ia muerte todo coocluye 1.. ;.para amar? Celos, pasiooes, exaltaciooes, dulces aohelos, locos dellrios, deleites ... Todo lo que eo sus justas i ansias de dicha Uamao los hombres felicidad, sl todo acaba con la exiatenc\a y es Ia existencia como las rosas de los rosales, breve y fugaz: di, mi adorada, "" coo tanto anhelo 1... que nunca, ;ounca! me olvidarll.s, ;. vale Ia pen a de jurar tanto? ;.vale Ia peoa de amarse tanto si tras Ia tumba no hay mAs allll.? . I (Aipinista del Socorro) Somos varios compaiieros aficionados al alpinismo y tenemos una pequeiia controversia que le suplicariamos nos aclarara . Se refiere a Ia nacionalidad del grupo que pis6 por primera vez el Polo Sur, unos opinan que fueron N eozela ndeses , yo digo que no. l Qui en tiene Ia raz6n? COMPLETE LINE OF SAVE 40-60% . . DIRECT BUYING Regalos de Mexi co buys directly '-from Mexico eliminating middleman profits. YOU GET THE MIDDLEMAN'S PROFIT! LOW OVERHEAD-Regalos de Mexico is located in a low overhead area. YOU GET THE DOLLARS FROM THE SA VINGSI Fashion Meat Di s play Shop our colorful market today 0INDIAN-MADE tURQUOISE JEWELRY• 727 SANTA FE DRIVE -.. DENVER . REGALOS de.MEXICO Weekdays 8:30A.M. to 8:30P.M. __ ..

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Pagina 10, EL ECO, Octubre 1974 f' OFTHE MONTH. ) -staff reporter Sr. Richard Castro, a selfmade Hispano Businessman , is currently employed as Person nel Supervisor at Western Elec tric's Service Center at 2551 E. 40th Ave . , Denver , Colo rado. In his capacity as Super visor, his duties and are varied: 1) he conducts pre employment interviews, 2) he administers Job Aptitude and Clerical Battery Tests, and 3) he makes the final selections for hiring. He also processes ministration or Engineering. Rich, himself, has been tak ing courses at night through this tuition refund program, and now has 3Y2 years of col lege credits, just 15 credits away from his degree in Organ izational Behavior. He was most recently enrolled in the C.U. Extension in Denver. ------------. pensions for persons retiring from Western Electric Co. In another aspect of'his job, Rich handles the tuition re fund program for employees of Western Electric. He explained that the company refunds 100% of the tuition for college courses if employees take job related courses or follow a de gree program like Business Ad-Rich castro started his career with Western Electric over eight years ago in the Reproduction Dept. He work ed there for about 1 Y2 years with the Xerox, Multi-Lith, and Black-line machines. Then he received a promotion to Specification Detailing, a de. partment which takes informa tion from Engineering diagrams and compiles the data. He worked in Specificatiqns for 2Y2 years. Then Rich was promoted again to a position in Customer Service, where he was responsi ble for making sure that all Western Electric equipment is shipped on schedule and that the order is filled correctly by the installers. There are 700 installers throughout the Colo--------FIESTA DE LA VENDIMIA Viiiedos y alborozados fuegos artificiales, loterlas y simp6ticos carros aleg6-ricos, se dan cita del 9 al 15 de agosto en Ia generosa de Parras para celebrar las fiestas de Ia uva en honor de San Lorenzo, patron de Ia Hacienda del mismo nombre, fundada en el siglo XVI por el espaiiol Lorenzo Garda. quien introdujo, junto con los misioneros; el cultivo de Ia vid. • Cuando el sol se an uncia con timidez en las primeras horas de Ia manana, un fastuoso heraldo proclama el pr incipio de las fiestas. Recorre con jubilo y pregenes las apacibles calles de Ia ciudad y, por Ia noche, Ia vetusta plaza del pueblo ve desc;ender hacia su recogida intimidad, cuadrillas de bailadores que portan teas encendidcis para contrastar con el deslumbrante juego de Ia piro tecnia. AI dla siguiente, Baco, el imprescindible. en estas fiestas, surge de su sueiio rodeado de cientos de muchachas que se dirigen a los viiiedos cercanos e ini cian Ia recolecci6n, contempladas por Ia orgullosa Reina de estes fiestas, pre viamente elegida. Marcha de carretas, peleas.de gallos, carreras de caballos, bailes y charreadas, se realizan como ludico brindis por Ia complaciente son ; risa del aiio venidero. MAJOR BUSINESSES are actively. seeking Chicano and Chicana gradu_ates of Sales Training Institute PUEBLO'S MEETING PLACE in the field of sales ! ! NO COST SALES APTITUDE TEST. 24-HOUR DINING ROOM 31.., j.a/,,.;,.'1 CONTINENTAL . cockr AIL . LOUNGE FINE FOODS NIGHTLY ENTERTAINMENT BANQUET & MEETING ROOMS FOR 500 PUEBLO'S COMPLETE CONVENTION FACILITY PARTY fACILITIES FOR YOUR DINING PLEASURE ALL MAJOR. CREDIT CARDS ,GRACIOUS DINING IN 5 42• 3 75 0 . . RELAXED SETTING Complete Menu AT INTERSTATE 25 & f.tW4Y 50 EAST (EXIf 4.1)rado-Wyoming region of West ern Electric, for which Rich handled all orders, problems; and requests for additional equipment. To give a little of Sr. Rich ard Castro's personal back ground, he lived in Fort Lup ton, Colorado and attended school there through eighth grade. Then he attended the Adams City High School. He has 9 brothers and sisters; his father was a construction laborer. When asked what was his motivation to enter a Business Career, Rich responded that he didn't know for sure what he wanted to do when he got out of High School. He said that his goal at that time was to be an Engineer, to go to college. But like many other Chicano youth, .he didn't have the money required for college, so he found a job with Western Electric. After he had worked there in the Reproduction Dept. for about 14 months, he quit in order to enter C.U. at Boulder as a full-time student in En gineering. He .attendedcollege for a year. At the end of that . year, Rich decided that he didn't enjoy Engineering after all, as he prefers to work with people rather than formulas. So following some summer work in construction, Rich joined the Marine Corps Re serves and immediately spent 6 months in active training in Southern California. Upon his return to Colorado, he went back to work for Western Elec tric Co. in Aurora. When asked by an "Eco" reporter how he managed to advance so rapidly in such a large company as Western Elec tric, Rich responded, "Getting to where I am today was easy for me." He went on, ahead is a matter of doing each job as well as one can and to the best of one's ability. It's as easy as showing up regularly for work each day, on time, and making an effort to get along with fellow employees." Rich stated, "Going to night school was not a grind for me; I went becaus e I wanted to, not because I had to go." When asked what his personal advice for other Chicanos would be, Rich responded, "If you really don't like some thing, db something construc tive about it. " He continued, "I have no real gripe against the Black or Chicano Milit a nts, except that some activists are making a lot of smoke instead of doing something constructive. " He summarized, "My advice to the young Chic ano is to NOT drop out o f High School, or he will be stu c k with some menial job like dishwashing. If a young Chicano or Chicana really wants to get ahead, there are opportunities. Do what you w ant to do, as long as you a re h appy doing it . The important thi ng, " Rich concluded, "is that a person should choose what he wants t o do and create his own opportunities, and n o t APPROVED FOR VETERAN"S TRAINING drift into a rut where he feel s that h e has to stay. Real change t a kes time. " THE PARTS HOUSE 1 Adelante! Richard Castro, 919 EAST COLFAX AVE. i"EI Eco" Newspaper salutes DENVER, COLORADO 80218 you as the Hispano Personality PHONE 893-5616 of the Month for October, DISCOUNT AUTOMOTIVE PARTS STORE HOURS Monday , thru Friday 5:30 pm Saturday 8:00 am till 4:30 pm Sunday 11 :00 .... till 3:00 pm 1974! Congratulations for making a place for yourself in "The System!" If "EI Eco" readers wish to contact Rich regarding Em ployment opportunities at I Service CenL_____ _:__:__;_;_ ____ _:_..::...._ ________ , _s:a!l ...

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VEA LOS ANUNCIOS CLASIFICADOS a'W'UOS closificados FOR SALE: 1967 Volvo 4-door Sedan with 1973 engine. Sturdy car, mechanically good, needs paint. $900.00 or best offer. Call : Denver ph. 722-2228. Chan c e to get up • earl . hower. Sha e . Shine your shoes. Walk for miles . Work hard. Get dirry. Walk ba c k . Go to bed lat e. Get up early again . And be proud of it . Call Collect Denver 837-4110 Join the p eo ple who've joined the Army. HELP WANTED: Precision Production Machinists with 3 years exp. & setups. Apply to Employment Office, SUNSTRAND, 2480 W. 70th Ave . Denver, Colorado. Bi lingual Hostess Wanted for North Denver Neighborhood Hours flexible Car Required Contact Rita Higgins A n Equal Opportunity Employer HELP PROMOTE LA CULTURA Phone: 255-1526 for interview . . Welcome Wagon lnternat'l Inc. LA CASA DE MANUEL MEXICAN FOOD HOURS: 12:00 8 :30P. M . Tues.Sat. ESPANOLA! Denver Free University CASEY SEWING CENTER Needs Volunteer Teachers for 2010 Larimer St. Denver, Ph :22 2-8 ' Beginning & Intermediate Spanish Classes, Oct. 1 97 4 . No Degree N ecessary; just knowledge & interest in Spanish. Call Ph : 825-1297 FOR SALE: Mediterranean Home 3 BRM , Brick, Must See To Appreciate. Se Habla Espaiiol. Juan Garcia . . . . .... . .. . . . . . . . . 825-0297 Authorized Franchised Dealers Nelco-Alco-Necchi REPAIRS ON ALL MAKES & MODELS 38th & FEDERAL -DENVER PH :455-7013 DOMESTIC HELP WANTED : P E R . D I D O : L a P e ra color de Plata a serca de calles Acoma y 2nd Ave. D e nv er. Recompensa cion para e l hallador: tel e: Thelma 388-3060 or 761-6841. Aurora family needs Maid to live-in ; Spanish-speaking pre ferred. General housework; school-ag e children. Ph . 751-4449. LOST: Sil ver female Poodle with two puppies, vicinity of 2nd & Acoma Sts. Denver. RE WARD FOR RETURN: phone Thelma 388-3060 or 761-6841. lngredientes 1 guajolote 460 grs. de ch1le mulato 400 grs. de chile anc h o 100 grs. de ch.ile pasilla 3 chipotles grandes 4 jitomates grand es 74 grs. de ajonjoli tostado 100 grs. de almendras 75 grs. de pasas 75 de cacahuates 20 de pan blanco 3 . grs. de pimien .ta 1 gr_ . de clavo de especia 1 gr. de anis 2 grs! cie cancl . a .Q' I 6 dientes de ajo 2 tablillas de chocolctte 50 grs. de ajonjoli tostato para espolvorear 200 grs. de m a nteca Preparacion El _ guajolote se en piezas. se, frie en manteca en unct ca zuela chilesse des 'vem111. se lrien en manteca a que doren ligeramente. el anis y el se tuestan en un coma!. Las ctlmendras. cacahuates. pctsas . pan , tortilla y especias se frien en manteca: se muelen con 1os chi les . el ajonjoli. el anis. las cebollas y los ajos. se disuelve esto en un litro de caldo , se agrega el c hocolate y se le pone el aguajolote. cuando esta bien cocido: grande : c uando esta frito. se agregan los c hipotle s , que se habran de sve nado y hervido en agua y molido con los jitomates asados: se dejaat fuego f1asta c u fE.?.
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Sotne people wondered if a volunteer Altny would 300,000 young people believe it will. There were times when we, like the rest of America, wondered if the Arm y would make it without a draft. Could we meet our total manpower needs by relying solely on volunteers? And if so, could we meet those needs in quality as well as number? On June 30, 197 4 , we got the answer. For the period covering July 1, 1973, to June 30, 1974, over 199,000 young men and women enlisted in the Army. Which meant that we not only reached, but exceeded our goal. Since the last person was drahed, 300,000 young people have joined. As a result, the Army today is at full authorized strength and prepared to do its job. The figures are impressive. But not quite as impressive as the fact behind them. The people who are joining are joining because they want to, not because they have to. They're better motivated, better prepared to accept discipline and, therefore , better soldiers. They're joining because they're finding things in the Army they may not be able to find anywhere else . . They're finding good jobs . If they qualify, they can even take their choice from over 200 job-training courses. They're finding new people to meet and new worlds to experience. From Europe to Panama to Hawaii. They're finding a chance to get a college education. On Army posts, as well as at nearbv universities. And Denver Englewood Lakewood Arv.aca Aurora Thornton Colontdo Springs Alamosa Puebto La Junta Salida Durango 1717 Champa St. 893-9771 912 Broadway 893.2822 3401 S . Bannock 789-95n 8580 W. Colfax m-7473 5707 Webster 423-2200 8720 E. Colfax 388-5327 840 E. 88th St. 2ff1-0246 1011 N . Aademy Blvd. 1015 4th Slnet 596-9562 589-4816 546-362A 384-2054 539-3181 247-i866 325 w. 10th Street 19W . . 4th Str.t 121 N. 1st Street 1139 M.in Str.t they're finding that the Army not only encourages them _ to further their education, but also pays 75% of their tuition costs. They're fip.ding a place to gain self-confidence and maturity. From the ruggedness of Basic Training to the everyday discipline of Army life. _ And while they're finding the Army is making them better individuals, we're finding they're making us a better Army. For more in formation, talk to your local Army Reoresentative. Join the people who've joined the Army.