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El Eco Maya, July, 1975

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Title:
El Eco Maya, July, 1975
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El Eco Maya
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Pueblo, CO
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El Eco Maya
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Language:
English

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newspaper ( sobekcm )

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Auraria Library
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Auraria Library
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Copyright [name of copyright holder or Creator or Publisher as appropriate]. Permission granted to University of Colorado Denver to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.

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VOLUME III, NUMBER 7, JULY 1975
V02 ^Jispaha de Colorado
Inside:
Bi-Lingual Education "LEARN SPANISH" pa? COLORADO PASSES BI-LINGUAL, BI-CULTURAL BILL
byJ.J. Albi
On June 17th, the Colorado State House and Senate passed the nation’s most comprehensive bi-lingual, bi-cultural bill, which was introduced in the Senate by Paul Sandoval and Roger Cisneros, and in the House by Leo Lucero and Ruben Valdez.
The bill, originally earmarked at $6,000,000, designed to serve elementary, junior and senior high schools, was slashed by the Senate to $2,550,000, and will only serve kindergarten through the third grade.
Senator Hugh Fowler, R-Littleton, amended the bill to include $200,000 to provide a monolingual tutorial program for students who speak only a language other than English. Thus, if a student speaks only Spanish, Greek, French, etc., and no English, he will be eligible for the monolingual program.
Monies will be spent to hire up to 215 language aides, 50 extra language instructors, cur-friculum specialists, coordinators, directors and other personnel.
Sandoval said hundreds of legislators and educators worked on the bi-cultural, bi-lingual bill.
Sandoval and Lucero said the program might be expanded to cover students above the third-grade level. It is the only bi-cultural, bi-lingual program in the United States today. Other states are contacting the Colorado Legislature, exploring possibilities of similar bills.
Sandoval said the PAR school-testing bill passed this session will also benefit Chi-canos. PAR will provide tutorial help for 9th through 12th graders who fail tests in reading, writing and other subjects. Sandoval said PAR will detect problem areas in education, so that students will be prevented from flunking in their senior years of high school.
Multi-cultural Center Endorsed
The Ethnic Minority Council of the Colorado Centennial Bicentennial Commission endorsed a proposed Auraria Higher Education Multi-Cultural Center.
Merab Sandoval and Steve Lopez, members of the Multicultural Center Task Force presented the proposal for use of the former St. Cajetan’s Church, located in the heart of the Auraria Higher Education Center site in downtown Denver, as a performing arts center. The state is slated to receive title to the building June 1.
BILINGUAL-BICULTURAL ED.
by Anselmo S. Jaramillo
Last year Denver Public Schools, under Judge Doyle’s Court Order for the desegregation of schools and equal educational opportunity for the so called disadvantaged minorities, appropriated $214,000 in Federal funds and under the Emergency School Assistance Program CESAA), for bilingual-bicultural education. These monies were distributed among 5 elementary and 2 secondary schools, including Baker Jr. High and West to offset a bi-lingual-bicultural program on a city wide scale. This coming school year it is hoped that the same program will be extended to two additional secondary and 6 more elementary schools with a budget of $775,000 in ESAA funds.
The total number of Chicano students in the' City and County of Denver is 20,563 or 26.4% out of a total number of 77,763 enrollment. The dropout rate from grades 7 thru 12 and Special education during the school year 73-74 was 11.3% for Chicanos, as compared to 8.5% for Blacks and an overall dropout rate of 7.8%. In other words, out of 7,728 Chicano students attending DPS, grades 7 through 12 and Special ed., 989 dropped out, as compared to 597 Blacks out of a total of 6,399, and 3,089 out of a total student population of 36,779.
The high dropout rate among Chicanos points to the irrelevant education by DPS which the Chicano community has been clamoring for years. We want relevant education that will make our children proud of our ethnic and cultural heritage and in counteraction of the discrimination and institutional racism that has caused so much damage to Chicanos and other “disadvantaged minorities’’. Bilingual-bicultural education, rather than being “de-visive and creating a dual system”, as the majority society views it, is merely a tool to provide equal education opportunity and begin healing some of the damage caused by discrimination.
The endorsement from the Commission’s Ethnic Minority Council will provide the sponsors a reference for obtaining funds from other sources to establish the center.
Lopez said St. Cajetan’s has one of the finest pipe organs in the area.
The center will be for use of the community and for students at the three colleges of the Auraria Higher Education Center: University of Colorado Denver Center, Metropolitan State College and Community College of Denver.
'I'm Singing for
My Brothers and My Sisters' —
PROFILE OFTRINI LOPEZ
by Rose Marie Roybal y Garcia
Hispanic
Organization
Praised
For Leadership In Operating Manpower Programs under CETA
Denver — Colorado Jobs for Progress, Inc./SER, a Hispanic oriented organization, was praised by a U.S. Labor Department official for its leadership and flexibility in extending manpower efforts into rural counties of Colorado.
Gilbert Florence, coordinator of the Department’s Spanish-Speaking Program in Washington, D.C., pointed out that Colorado Jobs for Progress Inc./SER, when it was funded as a new program in November 1973, became the first community-based organization designated by the governor to serve as prime agent for carrying out statewide manpower programs.
Florence commended the organization for its leadership and ability to develop new approaches and new methods which resulted in expanded operations under the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA). He addressed the second annual banquet of the organization, presented in cooperation with the Colorado Migrant Council and the Northern Colorado Consortium.
Individuals,who have advanced because of CETA were recognized. The theme was CETA/Community Based Organizations.
Florence pointed out that as prime agent under the Governor’s Planning Regions 7 and 8, the organization serves the counties of Huerfano, Las Animas, Alamosa, Costilla, Conejos, Rio Grande, Mineral and Saguache.
Colorado Jobs for Progress, Inc./SER, is sponsored by the League of United. Latin American Citizens (LULAC) and the American G.I. Forum. It is headed by Louis R. Trujillo, executive director, with central offices at 1060 Bannock St., Denver.
^ ^ sX** si/
"It will be a resource center and a place for practice as well as for performances,” Ms. Sandoval said. “It will promote minority artists.”
The Ethnic Minority Council also endorsed “The Last War Trail,” a proposed film adaptation of a book by Robert Emmitt. It deals with the settlement of Colorado and the takeover of Ute Indian lands by white settlers after the Meeker Massacre.
Jose Salazar, chairman of the council’s Heritage Committee, said the project has the backing of the councils of the various Ute tribes.
Trini Lopez recently left a week-long Denver engagement at the Warehouse Restaurant where each performance was before a packed house. On his way to England via New York, he anticipates a full schedule and a variety of experiences. About his experiences with people all over the world, he muses, "people are basically the same.” His first performance in England will be at the Binder’s Club in Wales, following that he will do a Spastic Children's Benefit in Brighton, England, which will be hosted by Jerry Lewis. His last appearance will be a “Command Performance” at the request of the Royal Family, with whom he will dine following the performance.
Trinidad Lopez, Jr., is an internationally known entertainer who experienced the same bigotry and prejudice Mexicanos have experienced since first meeting “Americanos” in the Southwest. However, that bigotry and prejudice has produced a human being driven to succeed to prove that he was worth something to the human race — in attempting to prove that worth, he surpassed all of his own expectations.
What are the facets of this man, now known to'every American family as an entertainer of major stature? How does this Trini Lopez feel about himself and his relationship to Raza?
© 1975
A line in his nightclub act was, “I’m pleased to be at the Warehouse — it brings back fond memories. . . . My first experience with a warehouse was breaking in.” The importance of this line is not that it sparks laughter, but that it is reality for so many young Chicanos. For those Chicanos, and others, Trini Lopez provides a rich model of talent and fulfillment for them to emulate.
Proud of his name, his family, his heritage, and his accomplishments, he yearns for something more. That “something” is to see more Mexicans proud of their heritage and willing to openly speak Spanish. He incredulously points out that when he speaks Spanish to Mexicanos he meets that “they don’t even say ‘adios’ or ‘buenas noches’.
. . . it’s like they’re ashamed of speaking Spanish.” Pride in his heritage is also exhibited in his refusal to change his name from L^ez to some other name. He reflects, “When I made it big they wanted me to change my name — to Trini Loper or something like that.” Why wasn’t Trini Lopez pressured into changing his name as were other Mexicano entertainers, equally proud of their culture?
It is said that Trini is good to his family and that he took care of them first when he became an “overnight success." Is this love of family the key to his
Article cont. page 2.
/


Page 2, EL ECO, JULY 1975
DIRECTORIO
1/02 d-f ispana de CLoloraelo
EL ECO newspaper is the largest Bi-lingual Spanish newspaper in Colorado. It is published by ECO PUBLICATIONS, INC. and distributed mainly to Hispanos and Chicanos throughout the Denver Metro area. Colorado Springs, and Southern Colorado.
Denver office is located at 668 South Logan Street; mailing address: P.O. Box 9650, Denver, Colorado 80209. ph. 722-2228
Pueblo office is located at 600 West Northern Avenue, upstairs; mailing address: RO. Box 2024, Pueblo, Colorado 81004. ph. 543-5207
GENERAL MGR: Wanda Maria Padilla DISTRICT MGR. Ernesto Barrios EDITOR IN CHIEF: Unfilled (position available) ASSOCIATE EDITOR: Joseph Ramon Padilla
ADVERTISING MGR: Unfilled (position available) COLUMNISTS: J.J. Albi, Joseph Salazar, Marcia Oeste
CONTRIBUTIONS: James W. Reed DISTR. STAFF: Erron J. Fernandez
(2 positions available)
DENVER TYPESETTING: Coot & Berg
PUEBLO ART EDITOR: Er.nesto Barrios PUEBLO COMPOSITION: Nita S. Barrios PUEBLO DIST: Ray Aguilera, Sr.
PRINTING BY: Town & County Review, Boulder
Tune In To:
"El Boletin Budweiser"
MONDAY thru FRIDAY - 12 noon
Send news of the upcoming events of your fraternal and civic organizations to:
El Boletin Budweiser c/o KFSC Radio Station 2185 Broadway Denver, Colo. 80205
NO CHARGE FOR THIS SERVICE
George M. Sandoval, Gen. Mgr. Donvar, Colorado 89205
Spanish Language Radio 1000W 1220 KC
2185 Broadway Phone 623-KFSC
cont. from page 1 1
adamant refusal to lose his identifiability as a Mexicano in spite of the inferiority he felt from the prejudice he experienced in Texas? One only needs to know a little of his homelife as a youth for the answer.
Trinidad Lopez, Sr. sang often, played the guitar, and enjoyed his music. He entertained the family, and Trini, Jr., experienced the warmth, love, and humor of his family entwined with the music of his father. How would it have been possible for Trinidad Lopez, Jr., to change his name without changing his essence? “Cada persona tiene su don” and Trinidad Lopez, Sr., passed this herencia to his son. Because of this all of La Raza
gains publicity through Trini’s visibility in the mass media. His name, his music, and his culture reflect our existence in this country.
A desire on his part to encourage talented young Mexi-canos is admired by his staff and managers. They give countless examples of his intense dedication to the people of his culture. One of these, is his willingness to perform benefits for organizations such as the Crusillos in Dallas, Texas. Another example is his willingness to listen to cassette tape recordings of aspiring artists and then provide guidance. Still another is his constant desire to create the most positive image of himself as an artist who is a ‘‘Mexicano bien educado” at all times.
it * *
EL POLITICO
by J.J. ALBI
J.J. Albi, 48, El Eco's columnist, has been a news and political writer during the past 25 years in Washington State and Colorado. Albi was formerly chief political writer and editorialist for the Colorado Springs Weekly Times newspapers (circulation: 65,000).
Two Hispanos Victorious in Denver City Council Race
June 17 was a big day in Spanish-speaking circles:
Sal Carpio and Sam Sandos swept to victories in Denver councilmanic races.
Carpio and Sandos are the first Chicanos ever to be elected councilmen in Denver. Sandos is a Democrat; Carpio, a newly declared Democrat.
The previous city council was composed of eight Republicans and five Democrats. The new council is composed of eight Democrats, five Republicans.
Sandos is executive director of SER, a job-opportunity program. He defeated Rosenberg by 502 votes, nearly the same margin by which Rosenberg beat Sandos in their 1971 city council race.
The boundary lines of council districts 3 and 9 were gerrymandered in 1970 with an unannounced purpose of creating one or two districts that could elect a Chicano councilman.
Carpio, an assistant professor of sociology at Metropolitan State College defeated DiManna by 847 votes.
Sandos said, “I am looking forward to joining the new members of the city council. I want to benefit the entire city. I want to help select competent people from District 3 onto boards and commissions to serve Denver. I will recommend persons to serve on these boards and commissions, and they will be appointed by Mayor McNichols.
“We need a good comprehensive housing program throughout the city. We have Community Development Act funds available to do the job, in private as well as public housing sectors.
“Ivan Rosenberg has pledged his assistance to me to help make the whole city of Denver a better place in which to live.
“Districts 3 and 9 are depressed. More money needs to be spent in these depressed neighborhoods to improve housing.
“There are many, many people in Denver who can’t bring their housing up to code specifications. Monies will be lent to people who ' need to fix their homes up, at very low interest rates.
“I plan to open a city council office in District 3 where I will be available to my constituents.”
Los anuncios hacen »m.wcotm
grande
sunegodo
the mrrriMMl* will appreciate your patronage. PVa*r trH them you «aw their ad in EL ECO Nawspamr
Commenting on his victory in District 9, Carpio said:
“It’s been a long hard fight and a lot of work has to be done now. I’m going to do those things necessary to make Denver a .good place to live for everybody. I am going to look into many of the problems I talked about during the campaign. I’m not going to race into the city council on July 1st and start firing away with ordinances.
“I want to get a good idea first of what is needed to improve our city. I want to communicate the status of District 9 to the people in District 9. I hope to set up communications lines where I will be in touch with as many people as possible.
“I plan to open a city , council office in District 9, where citizens can meet with me and let me know what improvements they desire in Denver.
“Former councilman Eugene DiManna has indicated he wants to work with me. He wants to do all he can to help me in our district. I will call upon his experience as a councilman wherever it is needed.” .
vL-* vL' sL* si/ J/ U/
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SPANISH MEDIA PROGRAMS Compiled by Marcia Oeste
TELEVISION
Chanel 6, KRMA —
Every Thursday at 7 p.m: Esta Semana: a bilingual/ bicultural half hour of interviews & entertainment. Mario Alvarez, Producer.
Educational Programs for Children:
Villa Alegre: Monday through Friday, 2:30 p.m. Carrascolendas: Sundays at 6:30 p.m. (June 22nd, last show for summer)
Channel 4, KOA —
July 6th — 9:30 a.m. Festival - bicultural entertainment & information Series:
Father Marty Marquez - special guest.
July 6th — 10:00 a.m. Que Linda Es Mi Raza -Carlos Santistevan, assoc, producer.
July 20th — 9:30 - 10:30 a.m. — A special combination of 2 Chicano programs, featuring the music & philosophy of Bishop Patricio Florez.
The weekend of July 26th (time to be announced)
Every Saturday at 7:30 a.m. Lo Mejor del Cine Es-panol: feature length films from Mexico.
Every Saturday at 9 p.m. Catch 2 deals w/minority affairs. Greg Cuinan and Phil Guerin: Producers
Channel 9, KBTV -
The weekend of June 28th (time to be announced) Nine File focuses on minorities. Jeanne Olguin, Producer.
Channel 7, KMGH -
July 5th — 5:30 p.m. Quinto Sol, a half hour of special interest to Hispanos; Miguel Barragon, producer.
RADIO
KFSC AM 1220 on your dial —
Seven days a week, from sunrise to sunset. The only radio station in Denver that broadcasts extensively in Spanish, offering news, entertainment & public service. Language lessons daily sponsored by La Mancha Restaurant at 7:30 a.m., 12:30 p.m. & 4:30 p.m. Also from 3 to 5 p.m. a new contemporary bilingual program of music and news.
KPOF AM 910 on your dial —
Every Saturday from 8:30 to 10:30 p.m: Spanish Broadcasts.
KLZ FM 106.7 on your dial —
Sundays at 8:15 a.m. Chicano Hoy. Host. Ted Barros KLZ AM 560 on your dial —
Sundays at 8:45 p.m. Chicano Hoy. Host: Ted Barros


JULY 1975, EL ECO, Page 3
bNewsletter - Julio 1975
wm A Si Jessica Luna — Newsletter Editor
LAHN AMB9L 075 Del*/*
v SEARCH AND SSMCE AGENCY Dervei, CcJoedo 80204, 255-1466
BILINGUAL-
BICULTURAL
EDUCATION
by Anselmo S. Jaramillo The attitude taken by most State legislators in their resistance to implementing a statewide biiingual-bicultural program, reflects the general feeling of the “majority society” in this regard. People say: if we’re going to begin teaching another culture and language, why not extend it to all the cultures and languages in the Country and thus have a truly multicultural program going.
This thinking is a fallacy: white anglo saxon protestant Americans and other descendants of European extract have not been stamped by society at large as second rate citizens as have the American Indian, the Chicanos, the Blacks, the Orientals and other minority groups. They have no need for such a program. Biiingual-bicultural education is a means to an end rather than an end in itself. It means building a positive self image in our qhildren. If society in general does not want to implement such a program, then let the majority society change its stereotyped attitude towards Mexican Americans, Blacks, American Indians, etc.
SPECIAL RECOGNITION OFLARASA STAFF
Anselmo Jaramillo
LARASA Assistant Director, Anselmo Jaramillo, has recently completed all requirements for a Masters Degree in Bilingual Education. The degree, awarded by Antioch College through the Juarez Lincoln Center of Denver is the culmination of two years of work done in conjunction with his duties at LARASA, and includes credits for the development of unique methods of teaching Spanish and the guitar. Time off from other duties at LARASA was provided through the Agency’s Staff Development Program. Congratulations, Anselmo.
MARIA ESPINOZA — SECRETARY/BOOKKEEPER
Many Chicanos & Chicanas because of their jobs require quite a bit of Air Traveling. But have you noticed there are very few, if any, Chicano or Chicana Ticket Agents?
TWA recently laid off 4 Sky Caps, 1 Chicano (the only Chicano) and 3 Blacks, yet call back higher paying positions, plus add a new position making twice the salary of these men. Next time you take a trip, look around and see how many Chicanos or Chicanas you see, in any kinds of positions in all the Denver Air Port.
*********

Jack Lang y Marquez became director of LARASA in 1973 after two years as Administrative Coordinator of Colorado Rural Legal Services. A fourth generation native of Denver, he has been active for several years on various community Boards & Committees. He is currently on the Boards of the Metro Denver Urban Coalition. PLUS, and is Chairman of the Committee of Twenty plus One.
LARASA To Stage Second Annual
Fiesta de Septiembre
The Denver Charros Association and LARASA will present the Second Annual Fiesta de Septiembre on Sunday, September 14. As it was last year, the event is scheduled to include a Charreria (Mexican Rodeo) and a dance. Watch this newsletter for further details. Mark your calendar now for September 14th and plan to .attend!
(Watch this newsletter for further details)
*********
Theresa Garcia Martinez
When I came to LARASA I knew I wanted to work with my people. Among the many things I have done here I have had the chance to help with job-hunting, housing and legal referrals. Working here has helped me come to the decision to go to college in September and study Bilingual Education.
Theresa Garcia Martinez
NACOM
by Jessica Luna
The aggressive woman is willing to take risks and is courageous enough to face up to the consequences of her actions.
In fact, she exhibits a number of traits which in our culture are traditionally associated with masculinity. She is more often active rather than passive, independent rather than dependent, assertive rather than weak-willed, venturous rather than timid, forthright rather than devious.
1 think it’s possible to make too much of this last quality and to interpret it as a conscious (or subconscious) desire to abdicate womanliness in favor of being “like men". I see it otherwise.
Passive, dependent, weak-willed, timid, devious people of either sex are far less likely to lead rich and interesting lives, than are active, independent, assertive, venturesome, forthright people (again of either sex). Women who display the latter qualities are not so much acting “like men” as they are functioning as strong, vibrant human beings.
Jessica Luna
Support the September 16th Rally!
MESSAGE
FROM
THE BOARD
MIGRANT PROTECTION The House approved, 39-26, a bill designed to protect migrant farm labor from abuses by crew leaders.
The crew leaders would have to register with the State Department of Labor which could revoke a crew leader’s registration if he failed to live up to an agreement with a worker or a farmer. Violators could be fined up to $10,000 and jailed up to three years.
The bill, which is sponsored by Rep. Charles DeMoulin, D-Denver, now goes to the Senate.
WHAT IS A
VOLUNTEER WORKER
by Sofie Zamora LARASA Board Member A volunteer is: an older man or woman who has a lot of love to give as a Foster Grandparent to a child in a hospital, sometimes many miles away from his own family.
A volunteer is: a teen-ager (Boy or Girl) that can spend a few minutes a day just talking to a lonely Senior Citizen in a rest home.
A volunteer is: a person of any age, who will write a letter or read to a bed-fast person, sometimes one that is blind.
A volunteer is: a person that will share a beautiful day with a Senior Citizen by taking him out for a ride in the park or the mountains.
A volunteer is: one that will teach other people to read.
A volunteer is: one who will serve on advisory or policy boards, to make positive changes where needed.
A volunteer is: one who will work for a political candidate that you feel would be good for your community.
When you volunteer, you give of yourself, it’s people caring about people and doing something about it.
The rewards for being a volunteer worker are, sometimes a smile or a clasped hand.
Another big reward is a volunteer never has time to be bored.
********
A BOY NEEDS YOU
Are you a man, 18 years or older, and will be living in the Denver Metropolitan area for at least a year or more? On an average there are 746 hours in a month. Do you believe that it would be worthwhile to give 12 to IS of these hours to help a fatherless boy? If you do, please call Big Brothers, Inc., 623-6101 and learn how you can become a friend to a fatherless boy.
Big Brothers serves fatherless boys of all races, creeds, colors and ethnic origin. rOur boys need men who can understand their individual problems. You can help one of these boys by giving of yourself.
MARLA ESPINOZA Secretary/Bookkeeper
PHONE CHANGE
If you have tried to call LARASA during the last few weeks, you probably heard that we have a new phone number. The new number is 623-1465.
LARASA NEEDS YOUR SUPPORT THROUGH MEMBERSHIP.. BENEFITS INCLUDE:
EL ECO Newspaper * Free Notary Services
Use of LARASA Library * Voting Privileges
-LARASA MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION-
Name
Address
City
Signature
Types of Membership Single- S5.00-S10.00 Family- $15.00 Contributing- $50.00 Sustaining- $100.00 Life- $500.00
Ph:
Dues Paid $
Send your application to: LARASA
1375 Delaware St. Denver, Colorado 80204
U—


Page 4, EL ECO, JULY 1975
Editor* Page
Joseph R. Padilla is an Electronic Engineer at the Denver Martin Marietta Corporation. He is a native of Colorado, bom in Silverton, and grew up in the San Luis Valley. The son of a Railroad Foreman for the D&-RGW, Sr. Primitivo [Pete] Padilla, Joseph was the first of a family of ten children to graduate from High School. He is also a graduate ofE. L.A. Jr. College, andofU.C.L.A. in Los Angeles. Joseph Padilla is one of a handful of Hispanos in the U.S. who has worked in the Aerospace Industry since the Space-Age began in 1957.
EDITORIAL
The Bilingual-Bicultural Education Bill:
A Step in the Right Direction
by Joseph Ramon Padilla
The recent approval of $2.5 million for Bilingual-Bicultural education by the Colorado Senate Appropriations Committee is a step in the right direction. But, it is only the first step of many that are needed.
We must all become acutely aware that we are living in a WORLD community today. We are affected daily by the events occurring throughout the world. We have a need to be knowledgable and conversant with many other languages and cultures.
The price of the food on your table and the wages you earn are directly and drastically affected by such things as the price of Egyptian oil. We must stop isolating our children from knowledge of other languages and cultures. Multi-lingual and multi-cultural education and
awareness have been needed in this country for many years by all the people.
Congratulations to those in Colorado government who have worked diligently and unceasingly to bring this legislation into reality. 1 urge the readership to take note of those in the state legislature who have sponsored, labored, and voted for Bilingual-Bicultural education. In the next election, be sure to cast your ballot to help retain these competent, far-sighted public officials.
Let us all encourage them to create legislation in the coming years providing for quality multi-lingual / multi-cultural education in the Colorado school systems. This is the next step in order to achieve true literacy for our children in today’s world community.
Hasta la Vista, Compadres!!!
UNIDOS VIVIMOS -DESUNIDOS VIVIMOS TAMBIEN, PERO VIVIMOS POBRES Y SIRVI-ENTES COMO SIEMPRE.
A Star Made of Ice Cream
by Douglas L. Romero
As I write this, I am somewhere on the coast of East Africa. In the distance, native drums are beating rhapsodically in tune with the ocean. As I gaze upon the moon and stars, my mind floats to my home half-way around the world to Denver, Colorado.
I left home at the age of sixteen to finish high school in Mexico City — alone. It was a shock, “culture shock,” they say. Unable to communicate, unable to adjust in this metropolis of ten million — left me weeping the first two nights. Imagine, here I was in the country of my ancestors.
Adapting to the new life was strenuous, and I was always blue. Yet it was the construction of a new openness, an exposure. Things bought and paid for by tears and love came early, and human experience became constant. I was in a different aura there. I was the stranger; I was different. It was like being reborn, this breaking into a whole new culture. It was like pouring cold water down my back — how much I' really didn’t know about life, love, and people. It was worse when I realized how much less people at home understand, and I knew it when I talked to them.
I’m eighteen now, and the last two years have meant a great change of head and heart for me. I’ve lived in Mexico, Guatamala, Hawaii, Spain, and now here in Kenya, Africa. I could fill pages with the sights and spices of each place, but one can find that in a travelogue. Besides that’s not what it’s all about: it’s people that makes this world go round. People share the same fears, tears, loves, and laughs, which is all part of being human. These people I have met, they are a product of the Twentieth Century Society. What is it that gives them that “Kick of Life?”
Here, for instance, the African tribes still practice VooDoo and black witchcraft with as much passion and belief as any true Mexican Catholic, or any Jesus Freak. To each culture, each belief is the most logical thing in the world to them. They wouldn’t have it any other way. They’re happy, that’s what makes them tick.
Fine, but what about us — the new generation? If our institutions fall apart, what will we cling to for strength? It’s not in flashy clothes, saints, or drugs. It has to come from within; it is there I can feel it. I have faith in the human race.
I have dreams, too, and they are what keep me going. I lost all dreams of love and religious fervor. My dream of a Medical career is a reality now as I struggle through Pre-Med School. It is hard and it’s going to take devotion.
My father, like his father before him, is a success. It is said that “Success is in the blood of the Romeros.” That leaves a pretty big shoe to fill, but like every man, I want to be a success. Unlike every man, I have confidence; I’m not afraid to fall down. I see myself reaching for something new. It may not be in the right direction, but at least I’m moving and growing. Like it is said, “He reached for the moon, and brought down a star.”
I want someday to marry a good Chicana girl, like my Dad did. I want to have children and to teach them what it is all about to live this life.
They say I’m part of a breed of Chicanos. Well, I don’t know about that, but I’m just as good or bad as anybody else, and we’re all pink on the inside. But one thing is for sure — I’d rather be brown than any other color, as a brown face is an international look. It can get you in and out of situations faster than anything.
VISIT YOUR LOCAL LIBRARY
Mr. Joseph Salazar,
Community services for theDBnver Public Library.
DEFINITION - DEFINICION
ECO [echo] — hacer eco, repetir; resonar, repercutir.
ECHO — To send out the word, and the word comes back to you.
BOOK REVIEW:
“Mexican American Artists” Author: Jacinto Quirarte
The author shares the many works of Mexican American artists. A background about each artist, outlining the development of his individual style, is provided in detail.
Quirarte has captured the architecture and beauty of the Southwest, as well as the manner in which it was transposed, with the Spanish and Indian, to the setting of the American continent. This is a beautifully illustrated, bound book and very worthwhile reading, reviewed by Joseph Salazar
IsIsIstsIstsEslsIsIa
E|E|E1E]E]E|E|E]E]E)
1
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TO ORDER TAPES Send Check or Money Order for $5.54 to: Antonio Ulibarri 66 So. Xavier St.
Denver, Colo. 80219


TV-6 Special of the Week:
‘BROKEN TREATY AT BATTLE MOUNTAIN’
The Battle Mountain Indian Colony aadlciaa wau op«na pinyon nuts, a food itapl* threatened by goremeent land projects, in scene (roe Mom TREATY AT BATTLB NOOVTMI. The docventary account of the Shoshone Indiana* struggle to retain their culture and their lands.
BROKEN TREATY
—press release to EL ECO
The award-winning documentary “Broken Treaty at Battle Mountain”, narrated by Robert Redford, will be presented on the P.B.S. Channel 6-TV Monday, July 7 at 8 p.m. and again on Saturday, July 12 at 7 p.m.
The film, which tells the story of the Shoshone Indian’s present day struggle to retain their culture and their land, was awarded a Bronze Reel at the San Francisco International Film Festival and the first prize at the Nyon (Switzerland) International Film Festival.
The film traces the efforts of some of the Western Shoshones to claim 24 million acres of Nevada land that they say was originally promised them by the Federal Government in a treaty concluded in 1863. The Shoshones protest the white man’s hunting regulations
and mourn the destruction of thousands of acres of pinyon trees — the sacred pine of the Indians. The Indians use pinyon pine-nuts as food, but the government claims that the pines must be cleared from the land to benefit the watershed.
The final 30 minutes of the program includes an update on the status of the Western Shoshone suits now in litigation. Further, it deals with the whole Indian question in general, presenting an overview of the state of Indian affairs, and of the legal and claims issues affecting all the Indian nations.
One of the proponents for the Indian point of view in this follow-up is Vine De Loria, a resident of Golden, Colorado. Mr. De Loria is chairman of the Institute for the Development of Indian Law and author of the book Custer Died For Your Sins.
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VETERANS
ADMINISTRATION
JULY 197S, EL ECO, Page 5
chile^r
the fire in the hearth of the Great Southwest ... is our basic ingredient. Our distinctive cooking, fine atmosphere and a sense of paradox will light your fire .. . and bring you back to Larimer Square
LA MANCHA
o.
White Buffalo Council
OF AMERICAN INDIANS
PLANS ANNUAL POW WOW
Insight —
IMPROVE YOUR MEMORY’ ON P.B.S. TV-6
—press release
Pete Newman hosts a special interview with memory expert Harry Lorayne Sunday, July 6 at 6:30 p.m. on Channel 6.
Mr. Lorayne demonstrates how to use simple association to remember dates, names, numbers and even foreign languages.
Mr. Lorayne also discusses his new publication. “The Memory Book” which he wrote in collaboration with former basketball star Jerry Lucas.
Memory expert Harry Lorayne demonstrates how to use simple association to remember details on Insight, Sunday, July 6 at 6:30 p.m. on Channel 6.
NEW SUMMER CLASSES AT COMMUNITY COLLEGE
—news release to EL ECO
There need be no summer doldrums when you enroll in the special interest adult evening classes now scheduled at Community College, Auraria Campus, 1200 Broadway in Denver.
You can study everything from Bronze Sculpture to Power Lawnmower Repair. Also on the list are Calligraphy, the art of beautiful writing, Sewing for Men (and Women), and Outdoor Photography, complete with field trips.
Bronze Sculpture students will finish a piece of art from bronze casting materials. The course meets Tuesdays and Thursdays, 6 to 9 p.m. beginning July 1. Richard Stephenson is the instructor. Fee is $30.
Sewing for Men (and Women) will feature instant repair jobs to creative handling of modern fabrics. Fee is $20. Ashley Tinsley is the instructor.
Calligraphy, the art of decorative script in letters, cards, posters, will be taught by Elizabeth Lomonaco. Fee is $16. Both the above classes meet on Tuesday and Thursday evenings, beginning July 8.
Lawnmower Repair and Maintenance (Power and Electric) will be given Mondays and Wednesdays, 6:30 to 9:00 p.m. beginning July 14. David Sumner is the instructor. There is no age limit and youngsters are invited to participate.
Outdoor Photography, shooting the moods of the city, will be Sat. or Sun. field trips. Mary Taylor, Still Photography Director, Channel 7, will instruct. Class fee is $12.
Register now for the above classes: there’s plenty of room left. No previous experience or knowledge needed. Contact the Community Services Office, Room 23, Community College, Auraria, 1200 Broadway, Denver or call 266-1881 or 893-8868 Ext. 253.
The White Buffalo Council (WBC) of American Indians will hold its 20th Anniversary year POW WOW on Saturday and Sunday, July 19-20, 1975 at the Jefferson County Fairgrounds, Highway Six West. Tribes from Oklahoma, the Dakotas, northern Plains Montana, and the Southwest will gather for the summer tradition of dancing, contests, games and giveaways. It is expected that a hundred Indian families from other states will be camping at the Fairgrounds for the event.
Color, splendor, music and traditions are slated to characterize the two-day festival. The excitement of dance competi-
tion will highlight the weekend. According to the official dance contest rules, each contestant must dance at each performance to be eligible for the cash prizes which will exceed $2,000.00 total. The public is invited to enjoy the Pow Wow arts .and crafts booths, Indian food, and dance events — admission free.
WBC was formed in 1935 to provide social contact for Indian people coming to, and living in Denver, and to preserve and enjoy Indian traditional activities. Indians from different tribes serve as officers and directors of WBC, but membership is open to all who wish to join and support the purposes of the Council.
TENTATIVE SCHEDULE OF EVENTS j
- SATURDAY SUNDAY
10:00 a.m. Booths open 9:00 a.m. Booths open
*1:00 p.m. Grand Entry * 12:00 p.m. Grand Entry
and Ceremonies of Dancers Straight Dance Contest
2:00 p.m. Tots’ Division Specialty Dances
Contest General Social Dances
*8:00 p.m. Grand Entry of Giveaways
Dancers and Crowning *7:30 p.m. Final Session
of 1975 WBC Princess Special Dances
Women’s Contest Dancing Social Dances Fancy War Dance Contest Indian turquoise silver jewelry door prizes
* Best Visuals drawings


Page 6, EL ECO, JULY 1975
lln Latino FundO Chicago
Conforme la comunidad latina va tomando conciencia de st misma, mis y mis claro surge en el horizonte de nuestro futuro el devenir del progreso al que tenemos derecho en esta sociedad.
Lo anterior viene a colacibn por el "re-descubrimiento" que la comunidad realizd esta semana. En efecto, despuds de cientos de aftos, los latinos hemos sabido que el fundador de la ciudad de Chicago no fue ningun iriandds, ningun polaco. ningun alemdn, ningun inglds, ningun ruso. Fueun latino, un latino como lo fue Juan Bautista de Sable, oriundo de la isla espaftola, to que es actual mente la Republica Dominicana y Haiti.
Desde luego, que este hecho demuestra en si que los latinos ya andaban por estas latitudes mucho antes que cualquier anglosajdn pusiera pie en el Estado de Illinois.
El hecho de que la f undacidn de Chicago ha sido, final mente, reconocida por las autoridades ofiaales debe ser de jubilo para la gente latina que
vivimos en esta ciudad.
La ereccidn de una estatua a tamano actual del ilustre mulato De Sable, creemos. ahora mis que nunca debe ser considerada como un acto trascendental para la comunidad latina, quien induso debe dedicar un dia festivo en el Estado de lllinos, en el futuro.
La comunidad invariablemente ha sido considerada como "extranjera" en una tierra fundada por un latino quien introdujo las ciencias, el comercio. el principio organizador del correoy le did vida a una pequena poblacidn que con el tiempo se convertiria en una de lasoiudades mis pujantes de los Estados Unidos.
Consideramos que la comunidad latina, antes que ninguna, debe pasar lista de presentes en esta ceremonia dedicada a De Sablequevendrfaa darle confianza a toda la gente de habla hispana que no cree que ha hecho nada para merecer estar en Chicago.
m
CALDO DE QUESO
Ingredientes:
Vs '' * .,'*15',ft*
V2 kg {18 oz) de queso Chihuahua 1 kg 02 ib) de papas .
, 1 jitomate gpfpgf 1 * S 1 chllepoblano
1 cebolia de regular tamafte 5«1
Manera de prepararsee^-^^cg^
“En une sartdn, se frfe la cebolia rodajas y se 1e pone una ‘pizqutta’d|§ .harina. En una cacerola se ponen a | bocer las papas cortadas en tiritas y ipi- queso wSMawb^ lwito con el jitomate. Se ie agFega ia cebolia. Ip chile poblano se asst le quitan I6§|
Minutos antes de seryirse, al caldo se In agregan las rajas. Es nutrftiyo, jy
mo
— — “ /
Mala Uva
Habia un juez tan severo, que se lamentaba de no poder condenar a las dos partes.
Devocion filial en Medio Oriente
—Vete tranquilo, papa —dijo el joven Mustafa Jalii ibn Tufic al Musta-sarrif a su senor padre, mientras este afilaba la cimitarra y aceitaba el fusil—: mientras tu estes en el frente, yo me hare cargo de tu haren.
Perspicacia
—Ah/ viene un borracho —dijeron dos sombreros, al ver que se acerca-ba uno de copa.
Proporcion
Era tal la flacura de aquel senor, que todo su intestino —hasta el grue-so —era delgado.
Compensacion
La mayor parte de los politicos no tienen oficio, pero si beneficio.
Precision
—Se ha establecido cientfficamente —dijo el erudito conferenciante— que nuestro planeta comenzo a formarse hace quince mil millones de ah os.
—Perdone usted —interrumpio el borrachito que nunca falta en estos actos—: cpodria explicamos en que dia de la semana?
Prudencia
Jamas se debe discutir con un superior, pues se corre el riesgo de ganar.
Funcionalismo
Anuncio en un periodico de Merida, Yucatan:
“Negro de Belice, de 1.90 mts. de estatura, se alquila para entierros, misas de difuntos y visitas de pesame. Tambien para ahuyentar cobra-dores”.
FIGURA MAGICA
(46)
La Noche que Chicago Muri6
(Murray - Callender . Valadez •
Vir gillo-Ohendo)
INTER PR ETA: La Banda Macho
Papd trabajaba cuando vivla en Chicago, siempre <1 policia fue siempre al lado de la ley.
Una noche de veraito en \a tierra del ddlar fue lo que todo Chicago vio dficnme explicarlrs que...
Mi madre oi llorar la nocfie que Chicago se murid
hermano, que noche mandO Dios hermano. que guerra tan atroz, gloria y paz.
Mi madre oi llorar-'-a ncche en que Chicago se murid
hermano, que noche mandd Dios esa guerra todo el mundo vio, yo la vi.
El sonar en las calles hie por el sur de la gran ciudad fue una guerra sin cuartei ha^ta que todo acabd.
Se escuchd alguien que gritd entre la gente carter en la caOe se murierao policias mas de den,
Y despues nada sono
solo el rdoj se escuchd
tras la poerta que se abrid
mi padre aparedd
a ml madre la bead y sus la grim as
EXPLICACION: Escriba hori zontal y verticalmente las seis palabras dadas en las defini ciones de modo que en cads casilla figure una letra.
Save & Borrow at:
1629 E. Evans 5640710
HEFERENCIAS: 1) Persona mal conformada de los pies o de las piernas. 2) Bdveda que se hace en la muralla para poner una baterfa. 3) Cigarro. 4) Pro-ceder, traer origen de una causa. 5) Acometerdn, embesti-rdn. 6) Atascar, atollar
The Night Chicago Died
LA NOCHE QUE CHICAGO MURIO —rVper Law-
Daddy was a cop on the East side of back in the IL&A. back in the bad aid days
In the heat of a inmer ninth in the land of the dnlb, hffl when the town of Chin go (feed and they talc about it all.
When a man named Al Capone tried to make that town his own and he called his gang to war with the forces of the law.
I heard my nnan cry f beard her pray the Chicago dm brether what a night it really was brother what a fight it really was Lord, indeed.
I heard my mama cry I heard her way the night Chicago died
brother whaat a night the people saw brether what a fight the people saw yes. indeed.
And the aouod of the fcattle ran from the sheets of the old East So the fast el the hoodhme gang that surrendered up all down.
There was shouting in the street awi the *^a*a*t of running feet and I asked someone who said: "best a hundr ed cops ase dead".
I heard ary
. cry.
Then there eras no sound at all then the doorbell stubborn wild But the deck upon the; wall and my daddy stepped inside.
And he kissed my mama's face and he busted her tears away
The night Chicago died...
SABOREE LAS MEJORES TORTILLAS DE HARINA Y MAIZ DE PUEBLO
PH 546-1275
La ramilia Ramirez, cuenta con la mar amplia experience en su ramo, la satisfaction de miles, de hogares del suroeste de Texas.as/ lo atestiguan.
Ahora sirviendo a to cb el besto estado dB Colorado A sus or denes en 1812 Santa Fa Dr. Blende Colo. Telefono: S46-1275
THE BEST CORN & FLOUR TORTILLAS IN COLORADO mini
1812 SANTA FE OR. BLENDE, COLORADO.


JULY 1975, EL ECO, Page 7
BI LINGUAL - BI-CULTURAL EDUCATION SECTION
Learn Spanish thru the Practical Spanish-English Language Guide
How to Pronounce and Where to Place the Accent in Spanish.
It is quite simple to pronounce and read Spanish. This is because each of the letters in the Spanish alphabet has only one or at most two sounds that follow definite rules. The Spanish accent also is patterned on fixed rules. You will be able to read any Spanish word once you know the value of each letter in the alphabet and something about accentuation and rhythm.
The Spanish vowels are as follows:
A as in father: padre.
E as in red: beber (to drink).
I as in machine: si (yes), mi (my).
O as in orbit: como (like).
U as in food: me gusta (I like).
C followed by "E” or “I” is pronounced like the “S” in sea: ex. cinco. If “C” is followed by a. o, u, it has a “K” sound: ex. casa.
CH always sounds like in chess: ex. mucho (much), chico (little).
G before the vowels a. o. u, is pronounced like the word go: ex. Gonzalez, if the vowels "E” or “I” follow, the letter “G” is pronounced like the word head: ex. gente (people). If “G” is followed by “ue" or “ui” then it is pronounced like in get: ex. guerra (war).
H is silent: hucvo (egg).
J sounds like the English "H" in house: ex. jamon (ham).
LL has the value of the English consonant “Y" as in the word yawn: ex. ella (she), polio (chicken).
N sounds like "NY" in the word canyon: ex. maflana (tomorrow).
Q followed by "E" or “I” is pronounced like the English "K”: ex. Que? (What?).
R is slightly trilled like in run: ex. pera (pear).
RR is strongly trilled as in horror: ex. tarro (mug).
Y is pronounced like the English "E”: y (and), yo (I).
Z has the value of “S”: zapato (shoe). NOTE: The other consonants are pronounced more or less as in English.
The Spanish Accent
1. If a word ends in a vowel (a. e. i, o, u) or in the consonants "N" or “S". the stressed accent falls on the next-to-the-last syllable: ex. sopa.
2. If a word ends in a consonant except "N" or "S". the stressed accent falls on the last syllable: ex. mujer.
3. Exceptions to these two rules will be indicated by a written accent which indicates the syllable to be stressed: ex. cafe (coffee).
4. Certain w ords will bear a written accent to distinguish them from other words spelled alike but with a different meaning: (ft (he), cl (the). sf(yes). si (if), mafs (more), mas (but).
5. A written accent is also used to break up a dipthong in two separate syllables: ex. maiz (corn).
Aprenda Ud. Ingles Atraves del Album Bilingiie Ingles-Espanol Prictico
Instrucciones para Lot Que Estudtan Ingles
El ingles, a diferencia del espaffol. tiene varios sonidos para cada una de las vocales. Algunos de eslos sonidos no existen en el idioma espanol. En la pronunciacion tigurada. damos el sonido aproximado al espanol. El alumno se dara cuento de esto a medida que vaya escuchando los discos y debera poner empeno en reproducir la pronunciaciori tal como la oye en los discos.
Professor Anselmo S. Jaramillo, a native of Colorado, is the author or The Three-Way Method of English, Bks. I & II, The Three-Way Method of Spanish, Bks. I & II (translated to Portuguese, Chinese and Yiddish) and is presently writing two other works: Programmed English and Programmed Spanish. He is also the author of the Musical Slide Rule Robby, a method to learn guitar and piano chords by means of color and number. For the Olympic Games in Mexico City, 1968. Professor Jaramillo published a practical method to learn both Spanish and English as a means of communication for this great event. The method is simple to follow and goes with 4 LP records.
I’M GOING TO TAKE A HOT WATER BATH, aim gouing to teik ei jat uater bath.
Vey a tomar un ban# de agua eallente.
DIDN'T YOU TAKE A SHOWER THIS MORNING?
dident iu teik ei shauer dis morning? iNo tomo un bade de ducha esta maflana?
SHOWER
I DIDN’T HAVE TIME. shihjer
ai dident jav taim. regadera
No tuve tiempe.
TOWEL
tauel
toalla
WASH CLOTH uash clath teallita
BATH TUB bath tab tlna
SINK
sink
lavabe
1 FAUCET
m\ faset
Have de agua
SHAMPOO
shampu IX x V-•
champu
SPONGE
spandch
esponja
PLEASE GET ME A CLEAN TOWEL, plis guet mi ei clin tauel.
Tralgame una tealla limpia, per fever.
I’VE GOT TO GET SHAVED, aiv gat tu guet sheivd Necesite rasurarme.
ei reiser rasuradera
ei bleid heja de afeitar
SHAVING BRUSH sheiving brash eepille para afeitarse
SOAP
soup
Jabon
I NEED A RAZOR BLADE, ai nid ei reiser bleid. Necesite una beja de afeitar.
SHAVING SOAP
sheiving soup MOST MEN SHAVE THEMSELVES ONCE A DAY.
jabfln para afeitarse moust men sheiv demselvs uans ei dei.
La mayerfa de les hembres se rasuraji una vex al dfa.
LADIES’ ROOM leidis rum bafts para damas
MENS’ ROOM mens rum
bane de Caballeros
WHERE IS THE MENS’ ROOM?
juer is di mens rum?
cDende esta el bane para caballeres?


KFSC Announces New Manager
Paco Sanchez, Jr. congratulates George Sandoval on his recent appointment as General Manager of KFSC Radio.
by John Garcia
George M. Sandoval, former co-owner and General Manager of radio station KAPI in Pueblo, Colorado, has been named General Manager of radio station KFSC in Denver. Sandoval, a well known radio personality in Denver as well as in Pueblo, takes over as manager of KFSC as it begins its twenty-first year of broadcasting in Spanish to the Spanish surnamed population in the Denver, Brighton, Greeley, Fort Collins, and Colorado Springs area.
Mr. Sandoval sold his interest in radio station KAPI in January and went, to KFSC in February at the request of the Sanchez family, heirs to radio station KFSC. Currently he announces Monday thru Friday on a special bilingual-bicultural program from 4:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Says Mr. Sandoval about the program, “What we want to do with a bilingual-bicultural program is to fill the needs of many in our listening audience who do not understand the Spanish language completely, but who do like to listen to KFSC. We feel that by airing a program that uses both languages effectively we provide an educational, as well as entertaining, program to two types of listeners that KFSC has: namely the many Mexican people in the community who speak only Spanish and wish to learn how to speak English
better, and also, the many in our community who have been born and raised in the United States and have Spanish surnames, but cannot speak Spanish effectively or would like more help in speaking it. Thus, KFSC produces the bilingual program. We hope that we are satisfying the needs of our audience in an educational as well as entertaining manner.” .
Also in this area ra'dio station KFSC works into its daily program log three times daily a series of Spanish lessons designed to help everyone with conversational Spanish.
These together, with many other daily programs provide examples of music from Mexico and a number of South American countries during KFSC’s programming day. Says Mr. Sandoval of the programming for KFSC, “With such a diverse array of music in the Spanish language, we find it many times difficult to fit everything we would like in our broadcast day. But we are always trying to keep the programming fresh and alive, and we welcome any comments and suggestions. Anyone can feel free to give me a call or write a letter with comments about KFSC programming, or please feel free to stop by the station for a visit. Although we are going into our 21st year of successful programming, we can always use suggestions from our listeners.”
FILM ESPANOL EN TV - JULY, 1975
— press release to El ECO
“Joselito se Enamora” rezan los slogans publicitarios de este film donde el siempre magnifico Joselito cautivara nuevas audiencias en una bril-lante interpretacion cinemato-grafica: “LA VIDA NUEVA DE PEDRITO ANDIA” es el titulo de esta cinta que lleva fiel-mente al celuloide la juvenil gran obra literaria.
Caballero Spanish Media, productores de la laureada serie LO MEJOR DE CINE EN
ESPANOL, se complacen en anunciar el estreno televisivo en esta area de tan prestigioso film para el Sabado 12 de Julia a las 8:00 a.m. en el espacio habitual que dicha serie ocupa a traves de KWGN-TV Canal 2.
Y junto a Joselito, la bella Karin Mossberg, objeto de las atenciones del galancete es-panol y un reparto de primeras figuras extraordinario donde destaca tambien la magnifica colaboracion de Lina Rosales, todos en el marco fastuoso de una aventura de principios de siglo donde Joselito prueba brillantemente sus dotes de gran actor.
Los anundos hacen wjbiimi
grande /?\l
0 suoegodo-.
the merchants will appreciate your patronage. Please tell them you one their ad in El ECO Mewmaper
Page 8, EL ECO, JULY 1975
Hefc 22.
He’s got a real solid job. .
Petty Officer Adolph C. Guerra is building his future by learning Aviation Electronics. He gets on-the-job training with his studies., .and good pay while learning. We have over 70 career f ields. And this is just one of the many challenging opportunities we offer. First get your high school diploma to better qualify. Then you must study and work hard.. .and be willing to do your share of the chores. But you’ve got buddies sharing the work with you.. .and often, the play.
If you want the chance to put it all together, the Navy is a good place to start.
The opportunity is for real... and so are we. NAVY
For more information see...
Denver, New Custom House, Room 123 19th & Calif. - 837-3344 Colorado Springs, 223 N. Wahsatch — 632-4162 Pueblo, 325 West 10th — 545-3490
Chicano School Children Visit Zoo
by J.J. Albi
Whittier Elementary School teacher Katie Webster recently took Chicano and Indian School children on a tour of the Denver Zoo.
The children took photographs of the animals, and wrote captions in Spanish and English for the pictures.
Here are a few of their photos with captions:
m
Yo tome un retrato de unas jiraffes. La jirafa tiene un largo pescueso, y el esta largo. La jirafa tiene una larga lingua que yo munca a vista.
I took a picture of the giraffes. The giraffe has a long neck and he is tall. The giraffe has the largest tongue I have ever seen.
Article cont. on page 9


SPECIAL BICENTENNIAL^ HISPANO POEM:
SOY AMERICANO PURO
★
★
m
JULY 1975, EL ECO, Page 9
I was born in the North American Continent
in the land that is named The United States of America
My parents too, were born in these United States.
The maintenance of the railroads that linked the East and West was my Father's occupation clickety clickety clack,
Born in the winter of thirty-eight on the day before Lincoln's birthday in Silverton, a gold and silver mining town not too far from Ouray.
The Southwestern states, New Mexico, Utah and Colorado were my childhood playgrounds clickety clickety clack
The narrow guage railroad passenger train
was my first modern means of transportation.
The names of railroad-related things, and names on freight-train boxcars were my first lessons in English grammar, clickety clickety clack.
Ties and spikes, and frogs and switches,
round houses, motorcars, steam engines and cabooses.
Chesapeake and Ohio, D & RCW RR, Co., Union Pacific, Wabash,
N Y. Central, Santa Fe . . . clickety clickety clack,
clickety clickety clack, clickety clickety clack . .
Electric lights, telephones, radios, and indoor running water
(everyday things) for Donald Duck and Elmer Fudd and Mickey Mouse
These things were just as strange to me
as the Space Ships and Ray guns created by Buck Rogers.
Though born one hundred and twenty-nine years after Abraham Lincoln I know well the flickering faint light of the kerosene lamp.
For when I was the age of seven
I honed the axe and pumped the water and carried in the coal.
In the quiet of my lonely mountain home I learned to love the magic in a book.
And in the streams from which I took our drinking water I learned to love the dipping of a baited hook.
I know this country very well
because in books as in reality, I've travelled it far and wide
I know that it has many problems
many are too important to set aside.
But I know too, and few can better understand,
the promise and pleasure existent in this great land.
Because I've lived on both sides of the railroad track and the things that Buck Rogers spoke about,
I've helped to make them fact.
I see the solutions to many of this country's problems because I see and understand the causes.
I dedicate myself to aid in their solution and just like "Abe", I know,
the way is not a bloody revolution.
- Joseph Ramcm Padilla
LOOK TO YOURSELF
Little girl, mujercita What's in store muchachita?
What 's ahead? Why. when you re only starting you re already dead.
Little girl. Little woman find yourself A stop roamin through delusion and the dream that only a MAN will settle con fusion.
Little person, find yourself then develop and grow.
For in these fields
only you can sow
what it is you 'll truly know . . .
if not chained to a "MA-CHO.
Fight for your dignity.
your worth, your person
that essence clearly yours at birth.
Sept. ’74 © by R. M. Roybal
THE RETURN
We who would dare to match our lifes Our lifes not being matchless and perfect as they seem Could not now create of growing old. a life
At this time meant to be complete and full
So full as to match our coming deaths with quiet understanding and acceptance
Strength for this final test Coming from that last spark of spiritual evidence, that our lifes were full and complete But only so full as our courage and government would let it be so
— Orlando W. Martinez
hhpp>i
JuL4
th
1975
SCHOOL CHILDREN Cont. from page 8
■I “Flamingos,” photo and captions by Consuelo Villagrano, 1st grade-
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juadalupe Rivas smiles a lot these days.
He’s happy he’s learning a skill and getting paid for it. Third Class Petty Officer Guadalupe Rivas is learning to be a Hull Maintenance Technician and he getson-the-job training in the repair and installation of Navy pipe systems. It’s just one of the many challenging job opportunities we offer qualified young men like him. We have over 70 career fields in the Navy.
First, though, get your high school diploma. Then we can help you get a good start on a solid future. Of course you’ll be doing your share of the chores, and maintaining high Navy standards. But the rewards are worth it. You might even find yourself smiling a lot, too.
The opportunity is for real... and so are we.
NAVY
For more information- Cal DENVER: 837-3344 COLORADO SPRINGS 632-4162
PUEBLO: 545-3490
DOLLIE & FRANK WELCOME YOU TO
FERNANDO'S LOUNGE & RESTAURANT
Now Serving MEXICAN & AMERICAN FOOD
11:00 a.m. til Closing
ENTERTAINMENT: FRI/SAT/SUN 9 p.m. - 2 a.m. featuring . "Dollie" with the BILLIE GRAY TRIO â– 
â– â– â– â– â– â– â– â– I
r
Regular Hours:
9:00 a.m. - 2:00 a.m. i SUN. MENDUO Served 8 a.m. - 8 p.m.
1000 SANTA FE DR. Denver ph. 825-9518


Page 10, EL ECO, JULY 1975
Basta d eexplofar d degales
OINCGR
— Urt opinion
Pretender que la comunidad de habla hispana, residente en Chicago pueda algun dia surgir, sera una tarea poco menos que imposible de realizar, mientras existan en sus lilas, elementos inescrupulosos que amparandose en el estatus ilegal de muchos hombres venidos mbs allb de la frontera de los EE.UU; se valgan de esa situacion para explotarlos sin ningun miramiento.
Para nadie es un secreto los nombres ylas posiciones que ocupan, quienes se dedican a esta forma de vivir o pretenden enriquecerse de esa manera.
Lo malo de nosotros mismos, es que nunca nos atrevemos a seftalarlos con el dedo de la vindicta publics y con nuestro silencio, mantenemos una situacion vergonzosa y humillante.
Legiones hay de "enganchadores" (personas que sededican aconseguirsupuestostrabajosa ilegales) que no conformed con cobrarles gruesas sumas de dinero, por traerlos desde pueblos colindantes con los Estados Unidos, siguen sacandoles dinero, una vez que el incauto ha obtenido una colocacion, muchas veces mal pagada.
Existen comerciantes, que a la sombra de esa misma situacion notienen escrupulos en aumentar el precio de la mercaderla vendida a piazos, sabedores de que quien esta en forma irregular en este pais, lo que menos quiere es verse en un lio policial, o concurriendo a una Corte.
Tambibn hay "empleadores" que adembs de explotar economicamente a sus propios compatriotas, abusan de su posicion para darles un trato despot a e inhumano, bajo la amenaza de que si se atreven a rebelarse, serbn denunciados ante Inmigracibn con la consiguiente detencion y deportation de los Estados Unidos.
Por ultimo han proliferado organizaciones, que alegando una pretendida preocupacidn por conseguir la residencia, cuando no la amnistia para los ilegales, medran a la sombra del temor a tener que volver algun dia a empezar en el pais de origen y cobran sumas de dinero aparentemente pequefias, pero que en forma global, ascienden al final a sumas astrondmicas, sin ningun resultado positivo para el cotizante, como no sea de vez en cuando el pago de una fianza, cuando el Departamento de Inmigracidn y Naturalizacidn le ha echado el guante al sufrido "miembro" de la Liga.
Y como si todo esto fuera poco, viene a sumarse ahora una nueva expresidn de la "poca verguenza" existente, esta vez expuesta a travbs de una cinta cinematogrbfica ramplona y tan mal hecha, que sin temor a equivocarme podria calificarla de "monumento a la mediocridad".
Exhibida en un teatro local, donde sin ningun miramiento se le denomind "premiere" se cobrd DIEZ DOLARES a quienes esperaban ver reflejada en "LOS ILEGALES" el verdadero via crucis que viven en este pais los indocumentados.
Pero todo no pasd de ser una "mamarrachada" hecha por personas sin ningun talento, que no tiene ningun mensaje y donde lo unio que se ha puesto en evidencia, es la falta de respeto que hay hacia !a comunidad de habla hispana, toda vezqueella, estd integrada por legales e ilegales.
Y si alguien tiene alguna duda, bastard que afloje sus centavos para que se convenza que lo que aquf afirmo, no tiene ningun asomode critica interesada. No conozco al director, ni al productor, ni al quepuso "la lana" para realizar esta estupidez sin pies ni cabeza, ni me importa de que nacionalidad sean.
Lo unico que verdaderamente me interesa, es que alguien le ponga coto a situaciones de irrespeto por los ilegales, porque si adembs de tener que cuidarse de Inmigracibn, los indocumentados tienen que cuidarse de la explotacibn inicua de sus mismos connacionales, esto se irb tornando en una vida insoportable.
Por eso creo que ya va siendo hora, que cada uno se pare en sus propios piesyempieceadenunciar, a quienes pretenden pisotear su dignidad, atropello que se express a traves de multiples formas.
Solo asi, aprenderemos a respetarnos mutuamente y hacer por consiguiente que otros tambien nos respeten.
Por lo menos esa es mi opinibn.
â– 3-4 A.
Para las nacidas entre el 22 de junto y el 22 de julio
*
*

4
*
* *
* **
* +
* +*
+
it
Las mujeres del signo de Cancer son el prototipo de la mujer maternal y hogarefia, super-emocionales, y por consiguiente facilmente se descontrolan; con frecuencia sufren de un sentimiento de inseguridad. Ellas estan hechas a la medida para el matrimonio y la matemidad. Su hogar es su mundo. Para ellas, la ronda diaria de cocinar, limpiar, hacer las camas, represents sufi-ciente felicidad, siempre que cuen-ten con amor, bondad, seguridad y proteccibn.
En su busqueda de seguridad us-ted puede correr el riesgo de aga-rrarse del primer hombre que ilega a su vida. Muchos hombres —por el simple hecho de serlo— parecen ofrecer las cosas y cualidades que usted mas busca. Pero tenga cui-dado; no todos el los la poseen. Al-gunos hombres son tan super-emocionales como usted misma; otros, sufren de la misma falta de seguridad que usted padece. De modo que no deje que necesariamente la gane el primero que le ofrezca matrimonio y un hogar. Antes de aceptarlo, ase-gurese de que con bl va tambibn la seguridad de que posee una bondad permanente.
Hay muchas probabilidades de que la clase de hombre que usted nece-sita la encuentre, bien en uno con signo de Tauro o en uno de Piscis. De los dos, el de Tauro le ofrece su mejor oportunidad. Los hombres nacidos bajo el signo de Piscis son capaces de dar la bondad y simpa-tia que usted requiere; pero algu-nas veces carecen de la estabilidad y capacidad decisiva que usted tambibn necesita para que su vida sea alegre y segura. El hombre de Tauro posee estabilidad y aptitud decisiva, conjuntamente con tranquili-dad y capacidad para alejarse del gentio, y paz mental.
Su dia de suerte es el lunes; su CRUCIDIAGONAL fecha mejor el 2; color dichoso el (60) bianco, aunque los verdes claros tambibn armonizan con su signo.
Escriba sle“PTe Las piedras de suerte: bgata y zafiro. de izquierda a dere- B 3
eha.
HACIA ABAJO: 1)
Letra grlega que co-rresponde a nuestra erre. 2) Promulgb, expldib. 3) Agata listada. 4) Con junto de particulas des-agregadas de las rocas. 5) Hueco o cavidad natural abierta en penas o riscos. 6) El que es-la dotado de Inge-nio grande, intell-gencia extraordina-rla. 1) Reslduo de la sustraccldn. 8)
Avistb, dlvisb.
LA HOJA: CREACION MARAVILLOSA
Indudablemente que todo lo que Dios ha hecho es sen-cillamente admirable. Pero por ahora .detengbmonos a con-siderar a la hoja, que es una de la infinidad de cosas que el divino Artifice esta haciendo continuamente, mediante el proceso de las leyes que el ha puesto en la madre naturaleza.
La hoja es la parte terminal de los vegetales, de forma lisa y delgada y, por lo general de color verde. Las hojas son de mil distintas formas y tamanos, y ellas son el traje her-moso con que las plantas y los arboles se visten. La hoja, ademas de ser bella es en alto grado util. La vida de los arboles depende de la funcion de las rafees, que estan meti-das en el suelo, y de las hojas, que se mueven temblorosa-mente afuera. Las hojas desempenan la valiosisima funcion clorofilica mediante el misterioso fenomeno de la fotosinte-sis, el cual consiste en que las hojas aprovechan quimica-mente la energia solar, y transforman bioxido de carbono y agua, tornados respectivamente del aire y de la tierra, en azucar y almidones. ^Quien se da cuenta de este proceso? Y, sin embargo, la hoja lo realiza paciente y silenciosamente, en el laboratorio oculto de sus entranas microscopicas.
El peciolo, el limbo y la nervadura de la hoja se combi-nan en figuras caprichosas, dandole simetria y hermosura. Y las hojas todas de un arbol, en cercania de amistad, se abren cual paraguas generoso para brindarle sombra reconfortante al cansado peregrino. Muchisimas hojas tienen propiedades alimenticias y medicinales, y tambien se les puede usar corrio adomos, o aun, algunas de ellas, como techo acogedor en la choza del labriego.
Quien observa estudiosamente la estructura de la hoja, dificilmente se atrevera a negar la existencia de un Creador sabio y bueno.
What floor is your French Room?
3obin>Bo
Hm! How would you like to sic across che breakfast cable from chat the rest of your life?
Come &.Browse at: M ACKEY S New L'nolcums Ustd FurnIture & ANTIQUES MISC. 233 S. UNION - PUEBLO -542-1686
HOUSE nEiKligJI IN FASHIQNABI£ OLD PUEBLO
ANTIQUES, JEWELRY
AND GIFTS
ISI3SI1 S. UNION OF CHARM AND
DISTINCTION PUEBLO. COLORADO 81003, USA Phone (303) 544-1251


HACIA ARRIBA: 3) Atender, escuchar.
4) Holgado, amplio.
5) Voz muy esforza-da y alta. 6) (Domingo Theotocbpu-los, llamado el) Pin-tor de origen grlego autor de El reparto de la sagrada tunica. 1) Agrupa, aco-pia. 8) Cesion mediante un precio convenldo. 9) Tra-tamlento que se da en Ambrica a las senoras. cn form a amistosa y familiar 10) Autillo, ave ra-paz.
PLASTIC
TRASH CAN
|-Av j-^-j Mm MM Big 3-bushel capacity; fits
20-gallon trash cans. ^
S/f oo
â– V WITH COUPON
Call for appointment to avoid delay.
RADIAL V-l STEEL
‘r7“t.-26)iSS
Limit one box of 52 liners: Additional *3.98 par box.
LUBE and OIL CHANGE
.Includes up to 5 quarts of high grade oil.

mNtwalft tin Senncf 741 eacto) TSHsmmI prlci (tack) III par tin
"ER70-I4 FR70T4' "GR707T4‘ TTft7 Al prices plus tsi and ok) i«e.
I summer per set ef 4
• Four fabric belts plus a fifth steel belt and two radial body plies offer great protection against road hazards. •Aggressive European tread design works with radial cord body to give excellent traction and sure-footed •:ornering.
•Deep tread, stabilizer belts and flexible radial cord body combine to give long tread wear.
Tirestone
tho pooplo Hr*
people
We mustn't ever let oo—Mi thinks thst gold fish’s worth i fortune.
And if you chink I'm gonna pay you » hundred bucks, YOU’RE crazy!
We'rt RADIAL THE Hmtliunrtou
Hme fcwpacHaa tHaa Me- •**
BSHCWOM «HCK1 HO tOWHOBf
STOII HOURS S to S—Mon. through S«t. 301 W.ath «)OM 342-4202


VEA LOS ANNUNCIOS
CLASIFICADOS Classified Ads
arlsot elasificados
HELP PROMOTE LA CULTURA ESP AN-OLA! Denver Free University Needs Volunteer Teachers tor Beginning & Intermediate Spanish Classes. Jan '75 No Degree Necessary. |ust knowledge & interest in Spanish Call Warren Ph 832-6688
REAL ESTATE:
Al rr»J niatt idmtlwd hi ihh irviyprt b iwb)cct la tto Federal Fair Hanhf Ad of 19M vUck atkn it Brfal la adintbr “■) preference, limitation, or discrimination based on rare, color. religion, an. or national origin, or an in ten lion la make mmy tack per fete ace. limkatioo. or diecrtaainaliee."
a Q <> j f •
§ bUasU ATION* E
1 â– rrtr *rTr--r , - r
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This newspaper v. ill not knowing!* accept an* advertising far real estate which is in *iola-lion of the law. Our readers arc informed that all dwellings advertised in this newspaper arc available on an equal opportunity basis.
DAN NINO
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ECO PUBLICATIONS ECO PUBLICATIONS [|
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â–  â– â– â– â– â– â– â– â– â– hHitioiraBfl
HELP WANTED:
INTERVIEWERS: NO SELLING
To go door-to-door, updating information from residences & places of business for the 1975 Denver City Directory. No experience necessary. Full-time; 38 hrs. per week. Approximately 12 weeks work. Salary plus incentive bonus. Must be 18 or over. Good handwriting & desire to walk necessary. Must have transportation. Apply In person: Mondays 9:00 -12:00 Noon only.
R.L. Polk & Co.
30 E. 11th Ave.
Denver, Colo.
.An Equal Opportunity Employer
FOR SALE:
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WHERE TO OBTAIN EL ECO NEWSPAPER IN DENVER
Biodegradable Soap Products available from Apollo Laundry powder. Dish soap. All-purpose cleaner. Protein Shampoo, etc Call your local representative Sr. y Sra. Padilla, Denver, Ph: 722-2228 _________
RESTAURANTS:
Islslslslslslslslsls
LA MANCHA MEXICAN REST. Great Mex. Food of the Southwest — Entertainment and your favorite cocktails.
1470 Larimer Sq. ph. S73-9797
E]B]B]E]E]E]B]G]B]G]
LA CASA DF. MANUEL
—MEXICAN FOOD — HOURS: 12:00 -8:30 P.M. Tues. — Sat.
2010 Larimer St. Denver

Sr. DONALD PERLA Interpreting & Translating Service English & Spanish 8000 E. 12th Ave., Bldg 15, Apt 28 ph. 320-6011, or 433-0442
LA MANCHA RESTAURANT 1470 Larimer Square
JOE’S BUFFET 753 Santa Fe Dr.
ADELANTE SUPERMKT. 727 Santa Fe Dr.
LA MODE RECORDS 574 Santa Fe Dr.
KIKO’S CAFE 6 Santa Fe Dr.
FERNANDO’S LOUNGE 1000 Santa Fe Dr.
LA NUEVA POPLANA 4001 Tejon St.
DON QUIJOTE REST. 35 Federal Blvd.
SHUTTO’S SUPERMARKET 46th & Tejon Sts.
INFAL RECORDS 2144 Champa St.
HOGAN’S PLACE 1962 Curtis St.
FRED’s BARBERS/STYL1STS 3019 Zuni St.
MARTINEZ ENTERPRISES 4235 Tejon St.
JOHNNY’S MARKET 2030 Larimer St.
CORONADO NAT’L BANK 14th & Irving Sts.
SHUTTO’S SUPERMARKET 5300 N. Sheridan Blvd.
ROYBAL’S GROCERY 198 E. 45th Ave.
HERMOSILLES CREAMERY 519 E. Exposition Ave.
MORA’S MEX. IMPORTS 2636 W. 32nd Ave.
32nd AVE. GROCERY 2626 W. 32nd Ave.
JERRY’S NEWS WEST 3785 Federal Blvd.
CHAVEZ RESTAURANT 4835 W. 38th Ave.
LATIN AMER. RECORDS 2447 Larimer St.
ZEE’S FURNITURE 2658 W. 32nd Ave.
LARASA SERVICE AG. 1375 Delaware St., 3rd FI.
K.F.S.C. RADIO 2185 Broadway St.
Sale
Cancioneros
MEXICAN0S
-MEXICAN S0NGB00KS INC. ALL OLD FAVORITES $1.00 ea. with order of 1-10 .75 ea. with order of 10-20 .50 ea. with order of 20+
PALABRAS DE
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i CANCIONES QUE LOS MEXICANOS CANTAN!
MeariV**8CliptU* EL
ls a thoughtful " ECq
Lets pull together before mere torn opart.
DENVER COMMISSION ON COMMUNITY RELATIONS
Boys and girls — Remember when you play outdoors that a traffic accident now can spoil NEVER, NEVER tease auto a whole summer of fun. Play drivers by running in front of where it's safe, and never run them intentionally. Don't let into the street without looking, your fun lead you into an accident, says the State Patrol.
NOTICE:
1 your Classified Ad or Announcement to "EL ECO." Insert your message here & mail it in. Classifieds will also be taken by phone. All Classified Ads must be prepaid by check or money order — $5.00 per column inch. Deadline is the 20th day of each month for the following issue. Send to:
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Denver, Colo. 80209 Pueblo, Colo. 81004


Page 12, EL ECO, JULY 1975
Ton get 12 matches, a cop, a knife, and 3 days to enjoy yourself.
We know that a weekend in the desert isn't everybody's idea of a good time. But when three guys at Fort Carson, Colorado wanted to
try it, we said O.K.
Their project was part of a new program, now underway at selected Army posts, called Adventure Training.
Under this program, you can plan your own special training mission. If your unit commander likes the idea, you'll go. That's because we know that the more you do on your own, the more we can do as an Army.
To further aid your independence, we'll start you at $344.10 a month (before deductions). And we'll take care of a lot of everyday expenses that can tie a man down.
So if you'd like to find out what you could be doing in today's Army, see your Army Representative, Or Call Army Opportunities.
CALL YOUR LOCAL ARMY RECRUITER TODAY:
Denver 1717 Champa St. 8934771
912 Broadway 893-2822
Englewood 3401S. Bannock 789-9677
Lakewood 8580 W. Colfax 237-7473
Arvada 5707 Webstar 423-2200
Aurora 8720 E. Colfax 388-6327
Thornton 840 E. 88th St 287-0246
CALL YOUR ARMY REPR€SENTATIV€
Colorado Springs
Alamosa
Pueblo
La Junta
Salida
Durango
1011 N. Academy Bled. 596-9662 1015 4th Street 589-4816
325 W. 10th Street 546-3624
19 W. 4th Street 384-2064
121 N. 1st Street 538-3181
1139 Main Street 247-4866
[Juntese Con La Gente, Quienes Se Han Unido Al Army]


Full Text

PAGE 1

COLORADO PASSES BI-LINGUAL, BI-CULTURAL BILL by J .J. A/hi On June 1 7t h , the Colorado State House and Senate passed the nation's most comprehen sive bi-lingual , bi-cultural bill, which was introdu ce d in the Senate b y Paul Sandoval and Roger Cisneros, and in the House b y Leo Lucero and Ruben Valdez . The bill, originally earmark e d at $6,000 , 000, designed to serve elementary , junior and senior high schools, was slash ed by the Senate to $2,550,000, and will only serve kinder garten through the third grade. Senator Hugh Fowler, R Littleton , amended the bill to include $200 , 000 to provide a monolingual tutorial program for students who speak only a language other than English . Thus, if a student speaks only Spani h, Gre e k , French , etc., and no English, he wilJ b . e eligible for the monolingual , program . Monies will be spent to hire up to 215 language aides, SO extra language instructors , cur l riculum specialists, coordina tors , directors and other per sonnel. Sandoval said hundreds of legislators and e ducators work e d on the bi cultural. bi-lingual bill. Sandoval and Lucer o said the program might be expanded to cover students above the third grade level. It is the only bi cultural, bi-lingual program in the United States today. Other states are contacting the Colo rado Legislature, exploring possibilities of similar bills. Sandoval said the PAR school-testing bill passed this session will also benefit Chi canos. PAR will provide tutor ial help for 9th through 12th graders who fail tests in read ing , writing and other subjects. Sandoval said PAR wiU detect problem areas in education , so that students will be prevented from flunking in their senior years of high school. BILINGUAL BICULTURAL ED. b y Anselmo S . Jaramillo Last year Denver Public Scho ols, und e r Judge Doyle's Court Order for the desegrega tion of schools and equal e ducational opportunity for the so called disadvantaged minor ities, appropriated $214 , 000 in Federal funds and under the Emergency School Assistance Program (.ESAA), for bilingual bicultural education. These monies were distributed among 5 elementary and 2 secondary schools, including BalCer Jr. High and West to offset a bi lingual-bicultural program on a city wide scale. This coming school year it is hoped that the same program will be extended to two additional secondary and 6 mqre elementary schools with a budget of $775,000 in ESAA funds. The total number of Chicano students in the' City and Coun ty of Denver is 20,563 or 26.4o/o out of a total number of 77,763 enrollment. The dropout rate from grades 7 thru 12 and Special education during the school year 73-74 was 11.3 o/o for Chicanos , as compared to 8.5% for Blacks and an overall dropout rate of 7.8%. In other words , out of 7, 728 Chicano students attending DPS, grades 7 through 12 and Spe cia l ed .. 989 dropp e d out, as compared to 59 7 Blacks out of a t ota l of 6.399. and 3.089 out of a total student popula tion of 36,779 . Th e high dropout rate among Chicanos points to the irrele vant e ducation b y DPS which the Chicano community has been clamoring for yea rs. We want r e levant education that will mak e our children proud of our ethnic and cultural heritage and in counteraction of the dis crimination and institutional racism that has caused so much damage to Chicanos and other "disadvantaged minor ities". Bilingual-bicultural edu cation, rather than being "de visive and creating a dual s ystem'', as the majority soci ety views it , is merely a tool to Multi• -CU It ural provide equal education opportunity and begin healing some C of the damage caused b y enter Endorsed discrimination. The Ethnic Minority Council of the Colorado Centennial Bicen tennial Commission endorsed a proposed Auraria Higher Educa tion Multi-Cultural Center. Merab Sandoval and Steve Lo pez, members of the Multi Cultural Center Task Force pre sented the proposal for use of the former St. Cajetan's Church , loca ted in the heart of the Auraria Higher Education Center site in downtown Denver, as a perform ing arts center. The state is slated to receive title to the building June l. -----------------------The endorsement from the Com mission's Ethnic Minority Council will provide the sponsors a ref erence for obtaining funds from other sources to establish the center. Lopez said St. Cajetao ' s has one of the finest pipe organs in the area . The center will be for use of the community and for students at the three colleges of the Auraria Higher Education Center: Univer sity of Colorado Denver Center , Metropolitan State College and Community College of Denver . Hispanic Organization Praised For leadership In Operating Manpower Programs under CET A Denver Colorado Job s for Progress, lnc./SER , a Hispani c oriented organization, was praised b y a U . S . Lab o r De partment official for its leader ship and flexibilit y in extend ing manpower efforts into rural counties of Colorado . Gilbert Florence, coordinator of the Department's Spanish Speaking Program in Washing ton, D.C., point e d out that Colorado Jobs for Progress Inc./SER , when it was fund e d as a new program in November 1973 , became the first commu nity-based organization desi g nated by the governor to serve as prime agent for carrying out statewide manpower programs. Florence commended the or ganization for its leadership and abilit y to develop ne w approaches and new methods which resulted in expanded operations under the Compre hensive Employment and Training Act (CETA). He ad dressed the second annual banquet of the organizati on , presented in coop e rati o n with the Colorado Migr ant Coun cil and the Northern Colorado Cons ort ium . lndividuals.who have a d vanced because of CET A were recognized. The theme was CET A / Community Based Or ganizations. Florence pointed out that as prime agent under the Gov ernor's Planning Regions 7 and 8, the organization serves the counties of Huerfano, Las Ani mas, Alamosa , Costilla , Cone jos, Rio Grande, Mineral and Saguache. Colorado Jobs for Progress, Inc./SER, is sponsored by the League of United . Latin Amer ican Citizens (LULAC) and the American G.l. Forum. It is headed by Louis R. Trujillo, executive director , with central offices at 1060 Bannock St., Denver. ******** "It will be a resource center and a place for practice as well as for performances," Ms . Sandoval said. "It wiU promote minority artists .'' The Ethnic Minority Council also endorsed " The Last War Trail," a proposed film adaptation of a book b y Robert Emmitt. It deals with the settlement of Colo rado and the takeover of Ute lndian lands by white settlers after the Meeker Massacre . Jose Salazar, chairman of the council's Heritage Committee, said the project has the backing of the councils of the various Ute tribes. 15 cents 19/ 5 'I'm Singing for My Brothers and My Sisters'PROFILE OF TRINILOPEZ b y Rose Marie Roy bal y Garcia 1975 Trini Lope z r ece ntl y l eft a week-long Denver e ngagement at the Warehouse Restaurant where each p e rforman ce was befo r e a pa c k e d hou se. On h_is way to England via Ne w Y o rk , h e a nti c ipates a full schedu l e a nd a variety of experie n ces . About his experie nces with p eop l e all over the world. h e muses. "people are basicall y the sa me." His first perfor man ce in England will b e at th e Bind e r's Club in Wales. following that he will d o a Spasti c Childr e n ' s B enefit in Bri g ht on . England, w hi c h will b e hosted b y Jerry Lewis. His la s t appearance w ill b e a "Command Performance" at the request of the Roya l Fam ily, with whom h e will dine foll ow ing the performance. Trinidad Lopez , Jr., is an internationally known enter tainer who experienced the same bigotry and prejudice Mexicanos have experienced since first meeting '' Amer icanos'' in the Southwest. Ho weve r , that bigotry and prej udice has produced a human being driven to succeed to prove that he was worth some thing to the human race in l\_ttempting to prove that worth, he surpassed all of his own expectations. What are the facets of this man, now known to 'every American family as an enter tainer of major stature? How does this Trini Lopez feel about himself and his relationship to Raza? A lin e in his night c lub ac t was. ''I'm ple a e d to b e at the Ware h o use it bring ba c k f o nd m e mori e .... M y fir s t ex peri e n ce w ith a wa r e h o u e was breaking in." The imp o r tan ce o f thi s lin e is n o t th a t it spark s laughte r , but that i t is reality for so m a n y young Chicano s . F or th ose Chica n os, and ot h e r s, Trini Lopez pro vides a rich model of ta l e nt a nd fulfillm e nt f or th e m to e mul a t e . Proud of hi s n a me, hi s famil y . his h e rita ge, a nd hi s accomplishments, h e yearns for something more. That "something" is to see m ore Me x i ca n s proud of their heri tage and willing to openly speak Spanish. He incredulous l y points out that when h e speaks Spanish to Mexi ca no s h e meets that "th ey don ' t even say 'adios' or 'buenas n oches'. ... it's like they're ashamed of speaking Spanish. " Pride in his heritage is also exhibited in hi s refusal to change his name from to some other name. He reflects, "When I made it big they wanted me to change my name to Trini Loper or something like that." Why wasn'. t Trini Lopez pres sured into changing his name as were other Mexicano enter tainers, equally proud of their culture? It is said that Trini is good to his family and that he took care of them first when he became an "overnight success. " Is this love of family the key to his Artic l e cont . page 2 .

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Page 2, El ECO, JULY-1975 DIRECTORI01 EL ECO ne.:.spaper is the largest Bi-lingual Spanish newspaper in Colorado. It is published by ECO PUBLICATIONS, INC. and distributed mainly to Hispanos and Chicanos throughout the Denver Metro area. Colorado Springs, and Southern Colorado. Denver .office is located at 668 South Logan Street; mailing address : P. 0. Box 9650, Denver , Colorado 80209 . ph . 722-2228 Pueblo office is located at 600 West Northern Avenue , _ upst-airs ; mailing address : P:O . Box 2024 , Pueblo , Colorado 81004 . ph . 543-5207 GENERAL MCR: Wanda Maria Padilla DISTRICT MCR Ernesto Barrios EDITOR IN CHIEF: Unfilled (pos ition available) ASSOCIATE EDITOR: Joseph R amon Padilla ADVERTISING MCR: (position available) COLUMNISTS: J .J. Albi, Joseph Salazar, Marcia Oeste CONTRIBUTIONS: J a mes W . R eed DISTR. STAFF: Erron J . Fernandez (2 positions available) DENVER TYPESETTING: Coot & Berg PUEBLO ART EDITOR: Er:nesto Barrios PUEBLO COMPOSITION: Nita S . Barrios PUEBLO DIST: Ray Aguilera, Sr. PRINTING BY Town & County R ev i ew, Boulder Tune In T . o: 11EI Boletin Budweiser'' MONDAY thru FRIDAY12 noon Send news of the upcoming events of your fraternal and civic organizations to: El Boletin Budweiser c/o KFSC Radio Station 2185 Broadway Denver, Colo. 80205 NO CHARGE FOR THIS SERVICE KFSC George M. Sandoval, Gen. Mgr. Denver, Colorado 8t205 Spanish Language Radio lOOOW. 1220 KC I • l . 2185 Broaclwoy Phone 623-KFSC cont. from page 1 I adamant refusal to los e his identifiability as a Mexi ca no in s pit e of the inferiorit y h e felt from the prejudice h e ex p e ri e nc e d in Texas? One only need s to know a little of his hom e lif e as a youth for the a n wer. Trinidad Lopez, Sr. sang often, played the guitar, and enjoye d his mu s ic. He enter ta ned the family, and Trini, Jr., ex p erie nced the warmth, love, and humor of his family entwined with th e music of his father. How would it have bee n po ssi bl e for Trinidad Lopez, Jr., to change his name without his essence? ''Cada persona tiene su don " and Trinidad Lopez , Sr., passed this herencia to his son. Because of this all of La Raza gains publicity through Trini's visibility in the mass media. Hi s nam e, hi s music , and his c ultur e reflect our existence in this country. A desire on his part to encourage talented young Mexi ca nos is admired by his staff and managers. They give countless examples of his intense d e dication to the people of his culture. On e of these, is his willingness to perform bene fits for organizations such as the Crusillos in Dallas, Texas. Another example is his willingness to listen to cassette tape recordings of aspiring artists and then provide guid ance. Still another is his constant desire to create the most positive image of himself as an artist who is a "Mexicano bien educado'' at all times. El POLITICO J.J. Albi, 48, El Eco ' s columnist, has been a news and P.Olitical writer during the past 25 ;years in Washington State and by J.J. ALBI Colorado . Albi was formerly chief political writer and editorialist for the Colorado Springs Weekly Times newspapers (circulation : 65, 000). Two Hispanos Victo .rious in Denver City Council Race June 17 was a big day in Spanish-speaking circles: Sal Carpio and Sam Sandos swept to victories in Denver councilmanic races. Carpio and Sandos are the first Chicanos ever to be elected councilmen in Denver. Sandos is a Democrat; Carpio, a newly declared Democrat. The previous city council was composed of eight Republicans and five Democrats. The new council is composed of eight Democrats, five Republicans. Commenting on his victory in District 9, Carpio said: "It's been a long hard fight and a lot of work has to be done now. I'm. going to do those things necessary to make Denver a ; good place to live for everybody. I am going to look into many of the problems I talked about during the campaign. I'm not going to race into the city council on July 1st and start firing away with ordi nances. " I want to get a good idea first of what is needed to improve our city. ' I want to communicate the status of District 9 to the people in District 9 . I hope to set up communications lines where I will be in touch with as many people as possible . "I plan to a city . council office in District 9, where citizens can meet with me and let me know what improvements they desire in Denver . "Former councilman Eugene DiManna has indicated he wants to work with me. He wants to do all he can to help me in our dis trict. I will call upon his experience as a councilman wherever it is needed." *J***** 's Buffet & BAR Dancing Fri.,Sat.,& Holidays 8p. m. until2 a.m. Sun.6p.m. until 12 p.m. . We. loome to the home of the MEXICAN HAMBURGER The Meal that's sure to FUJ. : ... . I People Do Read Small Ads YOU ARE I Sandos is executive director of SER , a job-opportunity program. He defeated Rosenberg b y 502 votes, nearly the same margin by which Rosenberg beat Sandos in their 1971 city council race. The boundary lines of council districts 3 and 9 were gerrymandered in 1970 with an unannounced purpose of creating one or two districts that could elect a Chicano councilman. Carpio, an assistant professor of sociology at Metro politan State College defeated DiManna b y 847 votes. Sandos said, " I am looking for ward to joining the new members of the city council. I want to 6enefit the entire city. I want to help select competent people from District 3 onto boards and com missions to serve Denver . I will recommend persons to serve on these boards and commissions, and they will be appointed b y Mayor McNichols. "We need a good comprehen sive housing program throughout the city. We have Community Development Act funds available to do the job , in as well as public housing sectors. "Ivan Rosenberg has pledged his assistance to me to help make the whole city of Denver a better place in which to live . "District-s 3 and 9 are depressed. More money needs to be spent in these depressed neighborhoods to improve housing . ''There are man y, man y peopl e in Denver who can't bring their h o using up to code specifications . Monies will be lent to people who n ee d to fix their homes up , at very low interest rates. " I plan to open a city council office in District 3 ' where I will b e available to my constituents.'' r Los anuncios hacen . I grande I sunegodo-1 thr RW'f't•hanhl will "'Pfl'"" Ut.' PI'"'ROIC'! ..... lrM lhftn you ... tiwW .din E-\: ECO SPANISH MEDIA PROGRAMS Compiled by Marcia Oeste _ TELEVISION Chanel 6, KRMA -Every Thursday at 7 p .m: Esta Semana: a bilingual/ bicultural half hour of interviews & entertainment. Mario Alvarez, Producer. Educational Programs for Children: Villa Alegre: Monday through Friday, 2 :30p.m. Carrascolendas: Sundays at 6:30 p . m . (June 22nd, last show for summer) Channel 4, KOA -July 6th -9:30a. m . Festival -bicultural entertain ment & information Series : Father Marty Marquez special guest. July 6th 10:00 a.m. Que linda Es Mi RazaCarlosSantistevan, assoc . pr'oducer . July 20th 9:30-10:30 a .m. -A special combination of 2 Chicano programs, featuring the musk & philosophy of Bishop Patricio Florez. The weekend of July 26th (time to be announced) Every Saturday at 7:30 a.m. Lo Mejor del Cine Es panol: feature length films from Mexico. Every Saturday at 9 p .m. Catch 2 deals w /minority affairs. Greg Guinan and Phil Guerin: Producers Channel 9, KBTV Th e weekend of June 28th (time to be announced) Nine File focuses on minorities. Jeann e Olguin, Producer. Channel 7, KMGH July 5th-5:30p.m. Quinto Sol , a half hour of special interest to Hispanos; Miguel Barragan, producer. RADIO KFSC AM 1220 on your dial Seven days a week , from sunrise to sunset. The only radio station in D e n ve r that broadcasts exten sive ly in Spanish, offering news, entertainment & public service . Language l essons daily spo nsored by La Mancha R estau rant at 7:30a. m ., 1 2 : 30 p . m . & 4 :30p. m . Also from 3 to 5 p . m . a new contemporary bilingual program of music and n ews . KPOF AM. 910 on your dial -Ever y Saturday from 8 : 30 to 10 : 30 p . m : Spanish Broadcasts . KLZ FM 106.7 on your dial Sundays at 8 :15a. m . Chicano Hoy. l-lost: Ted Barros K LZ AM 560 on your dial Sundays at 8:45 p . m . Chicano Hoy. Host : Ted Barros

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J L 1 , EL E 0 , Pag 3 Julio 7975 EXr:CUTIVE DIRECTOR'S COMMENTS T wo o f th e most pressin g problems fa ce d by th e Chicano in th e D e nv e r area and throughout the Southwest are e mplo y m e nt and l ac k of e ducatio n . The two probl e m s are intricat e l y link e d tog ether. In o rd e r to succeed in an angle socie t y a Chicano or Chicana mu s t first fight the battle for a decent educatio n and then s truggl e for a decent job. In ord e r to succeed with dignity and self-esteem our c hildr e n and our brothers and sisters must continue to demand the opportunity to learn about their own culture in their own language. We believe that all Chicanos should support Bilingual-Bicultural programs in education so that our special BILINGUAL BICULTURAL EDUCATION by Anselmo S . Jaramillo The attitude taken by most State legislators in their resistance to impl ementing a statewide bilingual-bicultural program, reflects the general feeling of the "majority soci ety" in this regard. People say: if we're going to begin teaching another culture and language. why not extend it to all the cultures and languages in th e Country and thus have a truly multicultural program going. This thinking is a fallacy : white anglo saxon protestant Americans and other descendants of European extract have not been stamped by society at large as second rate citizens as have the American Indian. the Chicanos, the Blacks , the Orientals and other minority groups. They have no need for such a program. Bilingualbicultural education is a means to an end rather than an end in itself. I t nreans building a posirive self image in our children. If society in general does not want to implement such a program, then let the majority society change its stereotyped attitude towards Mexican Americans, Blacks, American Indians, etc. MARIA ESPINOZA SECRETARY/BOOKKEEPER Many Chicanos & Chicanas because of their jobs require quite a bit of Air Traveling. But have you noticed there are very few, if any, Chicano or Chicana Ticket Agents? TWA recently laid off 4 Sky Caps, 1 Chicano (the only Chicano) and 3 Blacks, yet call back higher paying positions, plus add a new position making twice the salary of these men. Next time you take a trip, look around and see how many Chicanos or Chicanas you see, in any kinds of positions in all the Denver Air Port. ********* language and culture be made a source of pride rather than embarrassme nt. LARASA has recently sponsored a workshop on Affirma tiv e Action to explore wa y s and means of enforcing better com pliance with Federal and State Civil Rights Laws. In the next newsletter we will outline h ow you can help change the employment situation for Chi can os and Chicanas by using the laws requiring nondiscrimi nation in employment. Sinceramente, Jack Lang y Marquez SPECIAL RECOGNITION OF LARASA STAFF Anselmo Jaramillo LARASA Assistant Director, Anselmo Jaramillo, has recentl y completed all requirements for a Masters Degree in Bi lingual Education. The degree, awarded b y Antioch College through the Juarez Lincoln Center of Denver is the culminatio n of two years of work done in conjunction with his duties at LARASA. and includes credits for the development of unique methods of teaching Spanish and the guitar. Time off from other duties at LARASA was provided through the Agency's Staff Development Program. Con gratulations, Anselmo. MARIA ESPINO,ZA Secretary /Bookkeeper Ja ck Lan g y Marqu e : becam e dir e c r o r of LARASA in 1 973 afre r two y ears as Admin isrrarive Coordinaror of Colo rad o Rural L ega l S e n • ic es. A fourrh generarion narive of D e n ve r . h e has b ee n acriv e for several years on various com munity Boards & Commitr ees. H e is currently on the Board s of th e M e tro D e n ve r Urban Coalition. PLUS. and is Chairman of the Committee of Twenty plus One. LARASA To Stage Second Annual Fiesta de Sep ,tiembre The Denver Charros Associa tion and LARASA will present the Second Annual Fiesta de Septiembre on Sunday, Sep tember 14. As it was last year , the event is scheduled to include a Charreria (Mexican Rodeo) and a dance. Watch this newslette r for further details. Mark your calendar now for Septembe r 14th and plan to .attend! (Watch this newsletter for further details) ********* Theresa Garcia Martinez When I came to LARASA knew I wanted to work with my people. Among the many things I have done here I have had the chance to help with job-hunting, housing and legal referrals. Working here has helped me come to the decision to go to college in September and study Bilingual Education. Theresa Garcia Martinez PHONE CHANGE H you have tried to caD LARASA dur_ing the last few weeks, you probably heard that we have a new phone number. The new number is 623-1465. NACOM Lun Th e a r e iv c w m n i will i n tak e r i k an d i a ctio n . f a c u p o f h e r In fact . h e ex h i bit a num b e r o f tr ai t wh i h in our culture a r e tra d i t i n llv a i a t c d w i th rna ulinit v : h e i m o r e often activ e r a . th e r than p a i,e. independe nt rath r th a n d e p endent. a ertiv rathe r th a n w e ak-will e d . v nturo u r a th e r than timid. f rth ri ht rather than dcvi u . I think it po ible t m ak t oo much of thi I a t qualit and t o interpret it a a n ciou (o r ubco n iou ) d e ire t abdicate ' o m a nlin e in f a o f being "like m en". I otherwi e. Pa s i e, depe nd e nt, weak willed, timid. d e i o u peopl e o f either sex are far l e lik e l y to lead rich and interesting li e . than are active. independe nt. a sertive, venturesome. f orthright people (again of either sex). Wome n who display th e latter qualities a r e not so much acting "like men" a they are functioning as strong. vibrant human beings. Jessica Luna ,-------------_ _, I I 1 Support the 1 l September 16th l l Rally! l l ______________ J MIGRANT PROTECTION The House approved, 39-26, a bill designed to protect migrant farm labor from abuses b y crew leaders. The crew leaders wo uld have to registe r with the State D epartment of Labor which co uld revoke a crew leader's registration if he failed to live up to an agreement with a worker or a farmer. Violators could be fined up to $10,000 and jailed up to three years. The bill , which is sponsored b y Rep. Charles DeMoulin, D-Denver, now goes to the Senate. MESSAGE FROM THE BOARD R R man wh ha t iv a F t r randpare nt t a hild in a h pita! , m tim man' mile awa fr m hi wn fnmil . lunt r i : a t ena r ( B y or irl) that can pend a few minut a da ju t t a lkin t a l o n e l y iti zen in a r e t h o m e . volunt er i : a p e r on of any age. who will write a l e tt r o r r a d t o a bedfa t per o n. ometime o n e th a t i blind. A volunteer i : a p r o n that will hare a beautiful day with a e ni o r iti ze n by taking him out f o r a rid e in th park o r th mountains. A olunteer i : o n e that will t e ach other people t o read. A volunteer i : one w ho will erve on advi or or p olicy boards, to mak e p o itiv e changes where need e d . A volunteer i : o n e who will work for a p o litical candidate that yo u feel would b e good for your community . When yo u volunteer. yo u give of your e lf , it ' peopl e carin g about peopl e and doing omething about it. The reward for being a volunteer worker are, sometim e a s mil e or a cia p e d hand. Anothe r big reward i a volunteer never has time to b e bored. ******** A BOY NEEDS YOU Are yo u a man, 1 8 years or o lder, and will be living in the Denver Metropolitan area for at least a year or more? On an average there are 746 hours in a month. Do yo u believe that it wou ld be worthwhile to give 12 to 1 5 of these hours to help a fatherless boy? If you do, please call Bi g Brothers, lnc., 623-6101 and learn how yo u can become a friend to a fatherless boy . Big Brothers serves fatherless boys of all races, creeds, colors and ethnic origin. Our boys need men who can understand their individual probl e m s. You can help one of these boys by giving of yourself. ********* r------------------------------, LARASA NEEDS YOUR SUPPORT THROUGH, MEMBERSHIP . • BENEFITS INCLUDE: * El ECO Newspaper * Free Notary Services * Use of LARASA library * Voting Privileges -LARASA MEMBERSHIP APPLICA liONName Address City Signature Types of Membership Single-$5. 00-$10.00 Family$15 .00 Contributing$50.00 Sustaining$100.00 Life$500.00 Ph : Send your application to: LARASA D enver, Colorado 80204 :T 1375 Delaware St. . Dues P ai d $ w.y '

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Page 4, El ECO, JULY 1975 . Editor) Page EDITORIAL-Joseph R. Padilla is an Elec. ' tronic Engineer at the Denver Martin Marietta Corporatlon. He is a native of Colorado , born in Silverton, and grew up in the San Luis Valley. The son of a Railroad Foreman for the D& RGW, Sr. Primitivo [Pete] Padilla , Joseph was the first of a family of ten children to graduate from High School. He is also a graduate of E. L.A. Jr. College, and of U. C. L.A. in Lo s Angeles. Joseph Padilla is one of a handful of Hispanos in the U.S. who ha s worked in the Aerospace Industry since the SpaceAf!.e began in 1957 . . The BilingualBicultural Education Bill: A Step • 1n the Right Direction by Joseph Ramon Padilla The recent approval of $2 . 5 million for Bilingual-Bicultural education by the Colorado Senate Appropriations Com mittee is a step in the right -direction. But, it is only the first step of rrtany that are needed. We must all become acutely aware that we are living in a WORLD community today. We are affected daily by the events occurring throughout the world. We have a need to be knowledgable and conversant with many other languages and cultures. The price of the food on your table and the wages you earn are directly and drastically af fected by such things as the price of Egyptian oil. We must stop isolating our children from knowledge of other languages and cultures. Multi-lingual and multi-cultural education and awareness have been needed in this country for many years by all the people. Congratulations to those in Colorado government who have worked diligently and un ceasingly to bring this legisla tion into reality. I urge the readership to take note of those in the state legislature who have sponsored, labored, and voted for Bilingual-Bicultural education. In the next election, be sure to cast your ballot to help retain these competent, far-sighted public officials. Let us all encourage them to create legislation in the coming years providing for quality multi-lingual I multi-cultural education in the Colorado school systems. This is the next step in order to achieve true literacy for our children in today's world community. Basta Ia Vista , Com padres!!! NOW AVAILABLE in 8-TRACK & CASSETTE TAPES • The Cultural Legacy of The Forgotten People _ only $4.99 ea. +.55 Handling . . . A Star Made of Ice Cream by Douglas L. Romero As I write this, I am somewhere on the coast of East Africa. ln the distance, native drums are beating rhapsodi cally in tune with the ocean. As I gaze upon the moon an d stars, my mind floats to my home half-way around the world to Den ver, Colorado. I left home at the age of sixteen to finish high school in Mexico Cit y alone. It was a shock, ''culture shock," they say. Unable to communicate , unable to adjust in this metropolis of ten million left me weeping the first two nights. Imagine, here I was in the country of m y ancestors . Adapting to the new life was strenuous, and I was always blue. Yet it was the construction of a new openness, an exposure. Things bought and paid for by _ tears and love came early, and human experience became con. stant. I was in a different aura there. I was the stranger; I was different. It was like being reborn, this breaking into a whole new culture. It was like pouring cold water down my back how much I" really didn ' t kl).ow about life, love, and people. It was worse when I realized how much less people at home understand, and I knew it when I talked to them. I'm eighteen now, and the last two years have meant a great change of head and heart for me. I've lived in Mexico, Guatamala, Hawaii, Spain, and now here in Kenya , Africa. I cduld fill pages with the sights and spices of each place, but one can find that in a travelogue. that's not what it's all about: it's people that makes this world go round. People share the same fears, tears, loves, and laughs , which is all part of being human. These people I have met, they are a product of the Twentieth Century Society. What is it that gives them that "Kick of Life?" Here, for instance, the African tribes still practice VooDoo and black witchcraft with as m ' ucli passion and belief as any true Mexican Catholic , or any Jesus Freak. To each culture, each belief i s the most logical thing in the world to them. They wouldn't have it any other way. They're happy, that's what makes them tick. Fine, but what about us the n ew generation? If our institutions fall apart, what will we cling to for s tr e ngth ? It's not in flashy clothes , . sa ints , or drugs. It ha s to come from within; it is there I can feel it. I have faith in the human race. I have dreams, too , and they are what keep me going. I lost all dreams of love and religious fervor. My dream of a Medical career is a reality now as I struggle through Pre-Med School. It is hard and it's going to take d evot ion. My fat h er, like hi s father before him , is a s ucc ess. It is said that "Success is in the blood of the Rom eros." That leaves a pretty big shoe to fill, but like every man, A 30-minute narration of the Chicano is now told with vivid stereo music background. LA RAZA recounts the struggle of the second largest and fastest growing minority in the United States: Chicanos, Mexican Americans, Hispanos, Tejanos. ... LA RAZA traces the historical and cultural s ignificance of the Chicano from their forefathers in Old Mexico, through the conquest and oppression by Spain, migrations into the United States, further oppressions of the Braceros and Mojados, to the Chicanos of today's America in their struggle for reinstatement of their cultural back ground, racial pride, and equality as Americans. : I want to be a success. Unlike TO ORDER TAPES Send Check or Money Order for $5.54 to: Antonio Ulibarri 66 So. Xavier St. Denver, Colo. 80219 • eve r y man, I have confidence; I'm n o t afraid to fall down. I see m y self reaching for somet hin g new . It ma y not be in the right dir ection, but at least I'm moving and grow ing . Like it is said, " He reached for th e moon , and brought down a star." I want someday to marry a good Chicana girl, like my Dad did. I want to have ch ildr en and to teach th e m what it is all about to live this life . .............••..•.••..•.......•...............•••............•.....• They say I'm part of a breed of Chicanos. Well. I don't know abo ut that, but I'm just as good or bad as anybody else, and we're all pink on the inside. But one thing is for sure -I'd rather be brown than any other color. as a brown face is an international look . It can get you in and out of situations faster than anything. U IDOS VIVIMOS D ESUN IDOS VIVI MOS T AMBI EN , PERO VIVIMOS POBRES Y SIRVI E TES COMO SIEMPRE . VISIT YOUR LOCAL UBRARY Mr. Joseph Salazar, Community services for dtelllllnver Public Library. DEFINITION DEFINICION ECO [echo] hacer eco , repetir; resonar, repercutir . ECHO -To send out the word, and the word comes BOOK REVIEW: "Mexican American Artists" Author: Jacinto Quirarte The author shares the many works of Mexican Amer\can artists. A background about each artist, outlining the development of his individual style , is provided in detail. Quirarte has captured the archi tecture and beauty of the South west, as well as the manner in w hi ch it was transposed, with the Spani s h and Indian , to the setting of the American cont'inent. This is a beautifully illustrated, bound book and very worthwhile reading. reviewed by Joseph Salazar back to you . )))))))))] Holiday Inn Sports Center 1975 Bryant St Denver, Colo. 433-8331 Meeting and Banquet Facilities Available: Acapulco Room Guadalajara Room Live Entertainment Nitely in our ''Cielo Vista'' Lounge on the 14th Floor Currently Starring •STEVENSON CROST• Rotunda Dining Room in operation 6 a.m. 10 p.m. featuring Lunch Buffet $1.95 Monday -Friday Please Join Us -We're Waiting for You Exit 104 -Interstate 25

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TV-6 Special of the Week: ' BRO KEN TREATY AT BATILE M O UNTAIN' BROKEN TREATY -pres s r e lease to EL ECO The award-winning docu mentary " Brok e n Treaty at Battle Mountain", narrate d by Robert R edford, will b e presented o n the P.B.S. Channel 6 -TV Monday, July 7 at 8 p.m. and again on Satur day. July 12 at 7 p . m . The film, which tells the story of the Shoshone In dian's present day struggle to retain their culture and their land, was awarded a Bronze Reel at th e San Franc is co International Fi l m Festival and the first prize at the Nyon (Switzerland) International Film Festival. The film traces the efforts of some of the Western Sho hone to claim 24 million acres of Nevada land that they say was origi n ally prom i ed them b y the Federal Government in a treaty con cluded in 1863 . The Sho shones protes t t h e white m a n's hunting regulations and mourn the destruction thousand of ac res of pinyon trees -the sacred pine of the Indians. The Indians use pinyon pin e-nuts as foo d , but the government claims that the pines must be cleared fr o m the land to benefit the watershed. The final 30 minutes of the program includes a n update on the status of the Western Shoshone s uits no w in litiga tion. Furthe r , it deal s with the whole Indi an question in general, presenting an ov_er view of the state of lnd1 an affairs, and of t h e legal and claims issues affecting all the Indian nations. On e of the propo nents for the Indian point of view in this follow-up is Vin e De Loria , a resident of Golden, Colorado. Mr. D e Loria is chairman of th e Institute for the Developme nt of Indian Law and author of the book Custer Died For Your Sins. UNCOLN CREAMEJIY 519 E. EXPOSITION HERMOSILLO'S MEXICAN FOO'D TO GO BURRITOS Open 7 Days A Week B:OO AM To 10:00 PM 35C BEEF BURRITOS TACOS 45C 35C 35C 45C TOSTADAS ENCHILADAS W /IEEF EQUAL HOUSING OPPORTUNITY Acquired Homes REDECORATED AND READY TO MOVE IN No Fees • No Discount Low Closing Costs See any broker to inspect and offer: VETERANS ADMINISTRA liON In ' I Memory expert Barry Lorayne demonstrates how to use sim ple association to remember detail s on Insight, Sunday, July 6 at 6:30 p.m. on Chan nel6. NEW SUMMER CLASSES AT COMMUNITY COLLEGE -news r e lease to EL ECO Th e r e need b e n o summer doldrums when you enroll in the special interest adult eve ning classes now schedul e d at Community College, Auraria Campus, 1200 Broadway in D e nv e r . You can study everythin g from Bronze Sculpture to Power Lawnmower Repair. Also o n the list are Cal ligraph y, the art of beautiful writing, Sewing for Men (and W o m e n ) , and Outdoor Ph o tography, complete with field trips. Bronze Sculpture students will fini s h a piece of art from bro n ze casting materials. The course meets T uesdays and Thursdays. 6 to 9 p . m. b e ginning July 1 . Richard Stephenson is the instructor. Fee i s $30. Sewing for Men (an d Wom e n) w ill feature instant repair jobs to creative handling of modern fabrics. Fee is $20 . Ashley Tinsley is t h e instruc tor. Calligraphy, the art of decorative script in letters, cards, posters, will be taught by Elizabeth Lomonaco. Fee is $16 . Both t h e above classes meet on Tuesday and Thurs d ay evenings, beginning July 8. Lawnmower Repair and Maintenance (Power and Electric) will be given Mon days and Wednesdays, 6:30 to 9:00 p . m . beginning July 14. David Sumner is the in structor. There is no age limit and youngsters are invited to participate. Outdoor Photography, shooting the moods of the city, will be Sat. or Sun. field trips. Mary Taylor, S till Pho tography Director , Channel 7, will instruct. Class fee is $12. Register now for the above classes: there' s plenty of room left. No previo u s exper ience or knowledge needed. Contact the Community Serv ices Office , Room 23 , Com munity College, Auraria, 1200 Broadway, Denver or call 266-1881 or 893-8868 Ext. 253. J l 1 , EL , Pag 5 the fire in the hearth of the Great Southwest ... is our basic ingredient. Our distinctive cooking, fine atmosphere and a sense of paradox will light your fire ... and bring you back to Larimer Square to LA MANCHA White Ruffalo Council OF AMERICAN INDIANS PLANS ANNUAL POW WOW The White Buff alo Counci l (WBC) of American Indians will h o ld it s 20th Anniversary year POW WOW on Saturday and Sunday, July 1 9-20, 1 975 at t h e J efferso n County Fair grounds, High way Six West. Tribes from Oklahoma, the Dakotas , north e rn Plains Mon tana, and the Southwest will gather for the summer tra dition of dancing, contests, games and giveaways. It is expected that a hundred Indian families from other states will be camping at th e Fairgrounds for the event. Color, splendor, music and traditions are slated to charac terize the two-day festival. The excitement of dance competition will highlight the week end. According to the official dance contest rules, each co n testant must dan ce at each performance to b e eligib l e for the ca h prize which wi ll exceed $2,000.00 total. The publi c is invit e d to e njo y the Pow Wow arts .and crafts b oot h s, Indian food, a nd dance events -admiss ion free. WBC was formed in 1935 to provide socia l contact for In dian people coming to , and living in Denver, and to pre ser ve and enjoy Indian tradi tional activities. Indi ans from different tribes serv e as of ficers and directors of WBC , but membership is open to all who wish to join and support the purposes of the Council. TENT A TJVE SCHEDULE OF EVENTS SATURDAY 10:00 a.m. *1:00 p.m. Booths o pen Grand Entry and Ceremonies 2:00p.m . Tots' Di vision contest *8:00 p.m. Grand Entry of Dancers and Crowning SUNDAY 9 :00a.m. *12:00 p.m. Booths o pen Grand Entry of 1975 WBC Princess Women' s Contest Dancing -of Dancers Straight Dance Contest Sp ecia lt y D a nces General Social Dances Giveaways *7:30 p . m . Fin a l Session Sp ecia l Dances S ocia l Dances F a n cy War Dance Contest Indian turquoise s ilver jewelry door prizes * Best Visuals drawings

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un Latino FundO Chicago Conforme Ia comunidad latina va tomando conciencia de si misma, mb y mb claro surge en el horizonte de nuestro futuro el devenir del progreso al que tenemos derecho en esta sociedad. Lo anterior viene a colaci6n por el "redescubrimiento" que Ia comunidad realiz6 esta semana. El) efecto, despulis de cientos de a nos, los Iatinos hemos sabido que el fundador de Ia ciudad de Chicago no fue ningun irlandlis, ningun palaeo, ningun aleman. ningun ingllis, ningun ruso. Fue un Iatino, un Iatino como lo fue Juan Bautista de Sable, oriundo de Ia isla espanola, to que es actualmente Ia Republica Dorninicana y Haiti. Desde luego, que este hecho demuestra en si que los Iatinos ya andaban por estas latitudes mucho antes que cualquier anglosaj6n pusiera pie en el Estado de llli nois. El hecho de que Ia fundaci6n de Chicago ha sido, finalmente, reconocida por las autoridades oficiales debe ser de jubilo para Ia gentelatina que vivimos en esta ciudad. La erecci6n de una estatua a tamai\o actual del ilustre mulato De Sable. creemos, ahora mas que nunca debe ser considerada como un acto trascendental para Ia comunidad latina, quien lncluso debe dedicar un dfa festivo el Estado de minos, en el futuro. La comunidad invariablement., ha sido considerada como "extranjera" en una tierra -fun dada por un Iatino quien introdujo las ciencias, el comercio, el principioorganizadordel correoy le di6 vida a una pequena poblaci6n que con el tiempo se convertiria en una de las.ciudades mas pujantes de los Estados Unidos. Consideramos que Ia comunidad latina, antes que ninguna. debe pasar lista de presentes en esta ceremonia dedicada a De Sable que vend ria a darle confianza a toda Ia gente de habla hispana que no cree que ha hecho nada para merecer estar en Chicago. Page 6, El ECO, JUlY 1975 Mala Uva Habfa un juez tan severo, que se lamentaba de no poder condenar a las dos partes. Devoci6n filial en Medio Oriente -Vet e tranquilo, papa -dijo el joven Mustafa J ali! ibn Tufic a! Musta-sarrif a su senor padre, mientras este afilaba Ia cimitarra y aceitaba el fu sil-: mientras tu estes en el frente, yo me hare cargo de tu haren. Perspicacia Ah f vie ne un borracho -dijeron dos sombreros, a! ver que se acerca ba uno de copa. Proporci6n Era tal Ia f!acura de aquel senor, que todo su intestino -hasta el grue so -era delgado. Compensaci6n La mayor parte de los politicos no tienen oficio, pero sf beneficia. Precision Se ha establecido cientfficamente -dijo el erudito conferencianteque nuestro planeta comenz6 a formarse hace quince mil millones de anos. . -Perdone usted -interrumpi6 el borrachito que nunca falta en estos aetas-:-: C:podrfa explicamos en que dfa de Ia semana? Prudencia J amis se debe discutir con un superior, pues se corre el riesgo de ganar. Funcionalismo Anuncio en un peri6dico de Merida, Yucad.n: "Negro de Belice , de 1.90 mts . de estatura, se alquila para entierros, misas de difuntos y visitas de pesame. Tambien para cobra dares". Save & Borrow at: CF&I FIGURA MAGICA (46J c La Noc:he que Chic:aC]o Muri6 (Murray -\'.lladez. VlrgUto-Olendo) INTFRPRETA: La Banda Macho Papa trabajaba cuando viVia en Chicago , policla fue slempre aJ lado de Ia ley, Uaa de VU'iiDO en \t tkrra del d61ar (ue lo que todo Olicago vlo expllcarles que . . . Mi madre oi l.lorar Ia DOCM que ODcago se muri6 berma.oo, qui ooche maado Dlos httmano. que guerra taD a . troz . gloria y paz_ Mi madre oi Uorar neche en que Olicago ae murio hennano, que nocM mando Dios esa guura todo el mundo vio. yo Ia vi. El sonar en las calles fue por el sur de Ia gran ciudad fue una guerra sin cuartd hil!.ta que todo acab6 . Se ucucb6 alguien QUt! grit6 Ia gtDk COiftr en Ia R llll1riaqa palicias IIIU de dea, The Night Chicac)o Died Wb a man AI Capoue rmd to make that town hb OWD aDd ._ caUal bi& 1P114J to war with the forces of tbe law. I br.ud •J ..-ay I beard a-pray dlr llitk Okato ... brcther what a aloht It really -brothu what a fight it really was Lord , lDdeecl I beard my mama cry I heard Ol'ay the night Odcago died 'There was lhoating in tbe strerl aDd tbr llllUIMl of r1llllliD1I lftt and I asbcl somt:ODt who aaid: ""bctct a I \af aft clraG. 1-.d -r-ay . . . '1'1lat tlaeft ..... llo somMt at aD then the doodMill stubborn wild Bat tbe deck ..,_ tile wall and my daddy *PPecf' Iukie. ADd M ldsaed my mama's face and l!e busted her turs away The night Olicago died ..• EXPLICACION: Escriba hori zontal y verticalmente las sei palabras dadas en las d . efini ciones de modo que en cad cas1lla figure una letra . REFERENCIAS: 1) Persona mal conformada de los pies o de Ia!! piernas . 2) B6veda que se hace en Ia muralla para . poner una bateria . 3) C i garro . 4) Pro ceder , traer origen de una cau sa. 5) Acometeran , embestiran . 8) Atascar . atollar --------..... . .. . . .. . . . .. . . . .......... .. SABOREE LAS MEJORES TORnLLAS DE HARINA Y MAIZ DE PUEBLO PH 546-1275 La Ramirez, cuenta. con Ia mas amplia experiencia en su ramo, Ia satisfaccicin de miles . de hogam del suroeste da asl lo atestiguan. Ahora sirviendo a to cb el besto estado dB Colorado A sus ordenes en 1812 Santa Fe Or. Blende,COio . Telefono : 546-1275 THE BEST CORN & FLOUR TORTILLAS IN COLORADO !H!I.H 18l2 SANTA FE. DR. BLENDE, COLORADO.

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J L 19 r , L , Page BI-LINGUAL 81-CUL TURAL EDUCATION SECT I O N Learn Spanish thru the Practical Spanish-English Language Guide How lo Pronounce and Wbere to Place th e A ccent In S panis h . It i quite sim pl e t o pro n o unc-e and r e ad Spani h . Thi s is because each of th e leners in the Spani s h alphabet has only o ne or at m os t two sound s that f o llow defini t e rule . Th e Spanish a cce nt als o i s paneme d on fixed rul e . Y o u will b e able to read an y Spanish word o n ce yo u know the val u e o f each lette r in t h e alphabet a n d o mething a b out accent u atio n a n d rh y thm . T he Spanis h vowel a r e as f ollows : A as in f a th e r : p adre. E as i n red: beber ( t o drink ) . I a i n m ac hin e: s l (yes). mi ( m y). 0 a s in o rbit : co m o (like) . U as i n f oo d : m e g u s t a (!like) . C followe d b y " E " o r " I " is pronounced l ike t h e " S " in sea : ex . cinco . If "C" is f ollowe d b y a, o. u , it ha s a " K " s ound: ex . casa. C H alw ays sounds like in c hess: ex. mu c ho ( mu c h) . c hi co ( littl e ) . G before the vowels a. o. u. i pronounc-ed like the word go: ex. G on lez . If the vowels ''E'' o r " I " f ollow. th e leuer "G" i pro n o un cc d like the word head : e . gente ( people). l f''G" is f ollowed by " ue" or "ui" then it is pro nounc-ed lik e in e t : e . guerra . H i> sile . nt : huev o (egg). J ound li.lte the Engli s h " H " in h o u e: ex. jamon (ham). LL ha the al u e o f the E n gli h consonan t " Y " as in th e word yawn: e . ella (s h e), p olio ( c hick e n). soun d lik e " y i n the wo r d can • o n : ex. ma n a n a ( t o m orro w ) . Q f ollowe d b y "E" o r " I " i s pr o n o unced like th e En glis h "K": ex. Que? ( Wh at?) . R i slig htl y trille d l ike i n run : ex. pera (pea r). RR, i s tr o n g l y as in h o rr o r : ex. tarro (mug) . Y is pronounced lik e th e En glis h " E": y ( and), yo (1). Z ha s th e value o f " S": zapa t o (s h oe). NOTE: T h e o th e r co n so nant a r e pro n o un c e d more or less as in Engli h . I'M GOING TO TAKE A HOT WATER BATH. aim g6uing to teik ei jat uater bath. Voy a tomar un bane de agua caliente. DIDN'T YOU TAKE A ' SHOWER THIS MORNING? dident iu teik ei shauer dis morning? c,No tomo un bano de ducha esta manana? I DIDN'T HAVE TIME. ai dident jav taim. No tun tlempo. SHOWER shauer regadera o r in the Ire!> cd a yllable : e Aprenda Ud. Ingles Atraves del Album Bilingue lngles-Espanol Practico lnstrucclones p ara Los Que E studlan Ingles Etongt/s. a
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KFSC Announces New Manager Paco Sanchez, Jr. congratulates George Sandoval on his recent appointment as General Manager of KFSC Radio. by John Garcia George M. Sandoval, former better, and also , the many in co-owner and General Manager our community who have been of radio _ station KAPI in Puebborn and. raised in the United lo, Colorado, has been named States and have Spanish sur General Manager of radio sta-names, but cannot speak Span tion KFSC in Denver. Sanish effectively or would like doval, a well known radio more help in speaking it. Thus, personality in Denver as well KFSC produces the bilingual as in Pueblo, takes over as program. We hope that we are manager of KFSC as it begins satisfying the needs of our its twenty-first year of broadaudience in an educational as casting in Spanish to the well as entertaining manner.". Spanis h surnamed population Also in this area radio in the Denver, Brighton, Greestation KFSC works into its ley, Fort Collins, and . Colorado daily program log three times Springs area. daily a series of Spanish Mr. Sandoval sold his inlessons designed to help everyterest in radio station KAPI in one with conversational Span January and went, to KFSC in ish. February at the request of the These . together. with Sanchez family, heirs to radio other da1ly prov1de station KFSC. Currently he of mus1c from Mex announces Monday thru Friday !co a of on a special bilingual-bicultural Amencan countnes dunng program from 4:00p.m. to 6:00 KFSC's programming day. p.m. Says Mr. Sandoval of the proSays Mr. Sandoval about the gramming for KFSC, "With program, "What we want to do a array of music with a bilingual-bicultural prom th_e lang':"age, we gram is to fill the needs of find 1t times many in our listenin,g audience fit everythmg we would hke m who do not understand the our broadcast day. But we are Spanish language completely, always _trying to keep probut who do like to listen to grammmg fresh and ahve, and KFSC. We feel that b-y airing a we welcome any comments and program that uses both lang-suggesti?ns. Anyone can . feel \Jages effectively we provide an free to me a call or wnte a educational as well as enter-letter w1th comments about taining, to two types KFSC programming, or of listeners that KFSC has: feel free to stop by the station namely the many Mexican a Although we are people in the community who gomg mto our 21st of speak only Spanish and wish to successful programmmg: we learn how to speak English can always use suggestions from our listeners.'' Here is a picture of a lion. The lion has very long hair around his head. It is called a mane. "Lion," photo and caption by Manuel Chavez, 6th grade. FILM ESPANOL ENTV-JULY,1975 -press release to El 'ECO "Joselito se Enamora" rezan los slogans publicitarios de este film donde el siempre magnifico Joselito c.::autivara nuevas audiencias en una bril lante interpretacion cinemato grafica: "LA VIDA NUEVA DE PEDRITO ANDIA " es el titulo de esta cinta que lleva fiel mente al celuloide Ia juvenil gran obra literaria. Caballero Spanish Media, productores de Ia laureada serie LO MEJOR DE CINE EN ESPANOL, se complacen en anunciar el estreno televisivo en esta area de tan prestigioso film para el Sabado 12 de Julia a las 8 : 00 a.m. en el espacio habitual que dicha serie ocupa a traves de KWGN-TV Canal2. Y junto a Joselito, Ia bella Karin Mossberg, objeto de las atenciones del galancete es panol y un reparto de primeras figuras extraordinario donde destaca tambien Ia magnifica colaboracion de Lina Rosales, todos en el marco fastuoso . de una aventura de principios de siglo donde Joselito prueba brillantemente sus dotes de gran actor. the ....,.ch.ntJ wiU approciolc your patnm•ce. Pie-tell them their acl in (L ECO ........_ Page 8, EL ECO, JULY 1975 He's 22. He's got a real solid job. Petty Officer Adolph C. Guerra is building his future by learning Aviation Electronics . He gets on-the-job training with his studies ... and good pay while learning . We have over 70 career fields . And this is just one of the many challenging opportunities we offer. First get your high school diploma to better qualify . Then you must study and work hard ... and be willing to do your share of the chores. But you've got buddies sharing the work with you ... and often , the play . . If you want the chance to put it all together , the Navy is a good place to start. The opportunity is for real ... and so are we. NAVY F or mo r e info r mation see. Denver, New Custom House, Room 123 19th & Calif.837-3344 Colorado Springs, 223 N. Wahsatch 632-4162 Pueblo, 325 West 10th 545-3490 Chicano School Children Visit Zoo by J .J. Albi Whittier Elementary School teacher Katie Webster recently took Chicano and Indian school children on a tour of the Denver Zoo . The children took photographs of the animals, and wrote captions in Spanish and English for the pictures. Here are a few of their photos with captions: Yo tome un retrato de unas jiraffes. La jirafa tiene un largo pescueso, y el esta largo. La jirafa tiene una larga lingua que yo munca a vista. I took a picture of the giraffes. The giraffe has a long neck and he is tall. The giraffe has the largest tongue I have ever seen. Article cont. on page 9

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SPECIAL BI-CENTENNIAL IDSPANO POEM: SOY AM RICA 0 P R O I ''as born 1n the o r hAm rrcan Contrnent 1n thf' land ha IS nam d Th Un1t d t a ot merrca My pa r nts oo . wer born 1n thes n1t d tate The ma1ntenance of th r arl r oads that lrnked t he Ea t and\ \ ' \\a my r -ath r.'s oc upatiOn cf1cket\ cl1ck t\ c la ck . 13orn 1n the'' 1nter o th1rt\ -e1gh un th e da\ befor e L1ncoln ' s b1rthda' 111 S1herton. a gold and sriH•r m1n1ng to11n not too tar !rom Oura, I l w outh\\ Ne\\ Me\1 o . tah and Co l o rado ''cre m\ ch rldh ood cl1ck('ty cl1ckety c l ack The narrow g uagc> rarlroad tra1n \\aS m y modern m ea n s o f I he names ot r a rlroad r e l a t e d a n d names o n f r e 1ght-tra1n b o x ars w e r f' m y f1rst l esso n 1n n gl1s h g r ammar cl1c k e t y c li c k ety c lack T1es a n d sp 1 k es, a n d f r ogs and swit c h es, r ound h o u ses, motor c a r s , steam engine a n d caboo es. a n d Ohio , D & RCW R R , Co . , Unio n P acific, W abash . . Y . Centra l . Santa Fe . . c li c k e t y cfi c k e t y c l ack , click e t y cfi c k e t y c i a k , l1c k e t y cf i c k e t y c l ac k . l ec trr c li ghts , t e l epho n es, r ad i os , a n d indoor running wa t e r (everyday th i ngs) f o r D o n a l d Duc k and E l m e r Fudd and Mic k ey M o use. Thes thing s w e r e ju s t as strange t o m e as the Sp ace Ships and Ray guns c r ea t e d b y Buc k Roger s . Th o u g h b orn o n e hund red and twenty -nine y ear afte r Abra h a m Li n co l n I k n o w w e ll the flic k ering faint li ght of the k e r ose n e l a m p l ' o r w h e n I was the age o f seven I h o ned the axe and pum p e d t h e wate r and c a rrie d i n t h e co al . I n the quie t of m y l o n e l y m ountain h o m e I l earne d t o love the m ag i c i n a b oo k . And in th e st r e a m s f r o m whic h I t oo k our d r i nking w a t e r I l e arned t o love the dippi n g o f a baite d h oo k . kn o w this countr y very w e ll b ec a use in book s as in r ea lity , I ' ve trave ll e d it f a r a n d wide know tha t it h a s m a n y p r o b l e m s m a n y are too i m p ortant t o set a side . But I know t oo , and fe w a n b ette r u n d e r s t and, t h e p r omise a n d pleasure ex i s t ent i n this g r e at l and. I ' ve live d o n b o t h sides o f the r a i l r oad trac k a n d the things tha t Buc k Roger s s p o k e about, I ' ve h elpe d t o m a k e the m fac t. s0e the solut i o n s t o m a n y of thi country ' s p r o b l e m s b eca u s e I see and unde r l a n d the causes . I dedicat e m yse l f t o ai d in t h eir solutio n and j u s t l i k e "Abe", I kn o w , the way i s n o t a b lood y r e v olution . -Joseph R a m
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,,. Page 10, El ECO, JUlY 1975 Basta cle explotar a los ilegales -utt opl•lo• ' Pret-ender que Ia comunidad de habla hispana. residente en Chicago pueda algun dfa surgir. sera una tarea poco menos que imposible de realizar , mientras existan en sus Jilas. elementos i nescrupulosos que amparandose en el estatus ilegal de muchos hombres venidos mas alia de Ia de los EE.UU ; se valgan de esa situaci6n para explotarlos s i n ningun miramiento. Para nad i e es un secreta los nombres y las posiciones que ocupan. quienes se dedican a esta forma de vivir o pretenden enriquecerse . de esa manera. Lo malo de nosotros mismos. es que nunca nos atrevemos a sei'ialarlos con el de Ia v indicta publica y con nuestro. silencio. mantenemos una situaci6n vergomosa y humillante. Legiones hay de "enganchadores" (personas que se dedi can a conseguir supuestos trabajos a ilegales) que no conformes con cobrarles gruesas sumas de dinero. por traerlos desde pueblos colindantes con los Estados Unidos. siguen sacandoles dinero. una vez que el incauto ha obtenido una colocaci6n , muchas veces mal pagada . +-+ * CANCE:R lit + Para las nacidas entre el 22 de junro . • y el 22 de julio lf+t *. !* • Las mujeres del signo de Cancer son el prototipo de Ia mujer mater nal y hogareiia, super emocionales, y por consiguiente facilmente se descontrolan ; con frecuencia sufren de un sentimiento de inseguridad. Elias estan hechas a Ia medida pa ra el matrimonio y Ia maternidad . Su hogar es su mundo. Para elias, Ia ronda diaria de cocinar, limpiar, hacer las camas, representa sufi ciente felicidad, siempre que cuen ten con amor, bondad, seguridad y protecci6n . En su busqueda de seguridad us ted puede correr el riesgo de aga rrarse del primer hombre que llega a su vida . Muchos hombres -por el simple hecho de serloparecen ofrecer las cosas y cualidades usted mas busca . Pero tenga . cui dado; no todos ellos Ia poseen. Al gunos hombres son tan super-emo cionales como usted misma; otros, sufren de Ia misma falta de seguri dad que usted padece. De modo que LA HOJA: CREACION MARAVILLOSA Includable m ente que t odo lo que. Dios h a hecho essen cilla m ente admirable. P ero p o r ahora,d e t e ngam onos a con side r a r a I a h o ja , que es una d e I a infinida d d e cosas que e l . divino Artifice est a h a ci endo continua m ente, m ediante e l proceso d e las I eyes que e l h a puesto e n I a m adre n atu r a l eza. La h o j a es I a part e t ermina l d e los veget a l es, d e f orma lisa y d e lgad a y, por l o gen e r a l d e col o r v erde. Las hojas so n d e mil distintas formas y t a m alios , y elias son e l tra j e h er m oso co n que las plantas y los arboles se v i s t e n . L a hoja, ademas d e ser bella es e n alto grado lttil. La vida d e los arbo les depende d e I a funci6 n d e las r atces , que est a n m eti das e n e l s u e l o , y d e las h o jas, q u e se mueven t emblorosa m ente afue r a . Las h o jas d esempelia n I a valiosi sima funci( m clorofilica m ediante e l mis t erioso f e nomen o d e I a f otosinte s i s , e l c u a l consi s t e e n que las hojas aprovechan quimica mente I a e n e rgia o l a r , y tra n sforma n bioxido d e carbona y agua, t o rn a dos respectivamente d e l ai r e y d e Ia tierra, e n aztkar y almido nes. se d a c u enta d e est e proceso? Y , sin emba rgo, I a h o j a l o r ealiza paciente y silenciosa m ente , e n e l labor a t orio oculto d e s u s entralias microscopicas. E l peciol o, ellimbo y I a n ervadura d e I a h o j a se combi n a n e n figuras capric h osas , d ando l e simetria y h errnosura . Y las hojas t o das d e un arbol, e n cercania d e amis t a d , se abren c u a l p a r ag uas gen eroso p a r a brindarle som b r a reconfortante a l ca nsad o p e regrina. Muchisimas hojas tie n e n propie d a d es alimenticias y m edicinales, y t ambi m se les pue d e usar como adornos, o aun, a l gunas d e elias, co m o techo acogedor en I a choza d e l l abriego. Quie n observa estudiosament e I a estructura d e I a h o j a, dificilmente se atrevera a negar I a exis t e n c i a d e un C r ea d o r sabio y bueno. Existen comerciantes. que a Ia sombra de esa misma situaci6n no tienen escrupulos en aumentar el prec i o de Ia mercaderfa vendida a plazos. sabedores de que quien esta en forma irregular en este pafs . lo que menos quiere es verse en un lio policia l . o concurriendo a una Corte . no deje que necesariamente Ia gane r------Tambien hay "empleadores" que ademas de explotar econ6micamente a sus propios compatriotas. abusan de su posicion para darles un trato despot a e inhu mano, bajo Ia amenaza de que si se atreven a rebelarse. seran denunciados ante lnmigraci6n con Ia consiguiente detenci6n y deportaci6n de los Estados Unidos. Por ultimo han proliferado organizaciones. que alegando una pretendida preocupaci6n. por conseguir Ia residencia , cuando no Ia amnistf a para los ilegales. medran a Ia sombra del temor a tener que volver algun dfa a empezar en el pais de origen y cobran sumas de dinero aparentemente pequei'ias , pero que en forma global. ascienden al final a sumas astron6micas. sin ni ng un resultado positivo para el cotizante . como no sea de vez en cuando el pago de una f i anza . cuando el Departamento de lnmigraci6n y Naturalrzaci6n le ha echado el guante al sufrido "miembro" de Ia Liga . Y como si todo esto fuera poco , viene a sumarse ahora una nueva expresi6n de Ia "poca vergiienza"' existente, esta vez expuesta a traves de una cinta cinematografica ramplona y tan mal hecha, que sin temor a equivocarme podria calificarla de "monumento a Ia mediocridad" . Exh i bi da en un teatro local , donde sin ningun miramiento se le denomin6 "premiere" se cobr6 DIEZ DOLARES aquienesesperaban ver reflejada en " LOS !LEGALES " el verdadero vfa crucis que viven en este pa fs los indocumentados. Pero todo no pas6 de ser una :mamarrachada" h e cha por personas sin n ingun talento. que no tiene ningun mensaje y donde lo unio que se ha puesto en e vid e ncia . es Ia falta de respeto que hay hacia :.:; comunidad d . e habla hispana. toda vez que ella , esta i nt e grada por l egalese ilegales . Y si alguien tiene alguna duda . bastara que afloje sus ce nt avos para que se convenza que lo que aqu f afirmo. n o tie n e ningun asomo de c rftica interesada. No conoz co a l director. n i al productor. ni al que puso "Ia lana " para r e alizar esta estupidez sin pies ni cabeza , ni me importa de que nacionalidad sean . Lo unico que verdaderamente me interesa. es que alguie n l e pong a coto a situ aciones de irrespeto por los ilegales. porque si ademas de tener que cuidarse de lnmigraci6 n , los indocumentados tienen que cuidarse d e Ia explotaci6n inicua de sus mismos connacional es . esto se ira tornando en una vida i nsoport abl e . Por eso creo que ya va siendo hora , que cada uno se pare e n sus propios pies y em piece a denunciar. a quienes pretenden pisotear su dignidad, atropello qu e se expres a a trave s de multiples formas. Solo asi. aprenderemos a respetarnos mutuamente y hace r por consiguiente que otros tambien nos r es peten . Por lo menos esa es mi opini6n. ei primero que le ofrezca matrimonio y un hogar . Antes de aceptarlo, gurese de que con el va tambien Ia seguridad de que posee una bondad permanente : Hay muchas probabilidades de que Ia clase de hombre que usted nece sita Ia encuentre, bien en uno con signo de Tauro o en uno de Piscis . De los dos, el de Tauro le ofrece su mejor oportunidad. Los hombres nacidos bajo el signo de Piscis son capaces de dar Ia bondad y simpa tia que usted requiere; pero algu nas veces _ carecen de Ia estabilidad y capacidad decisiva que usted tambien necesita para que su vida sea alegre y se. gura. El hombre de Tauro posee estabilidad y aptitud _decisiva, conjuntamente con tranquilidad y capacidad para alejarse del gentio, y paz mental. Su dia de suerte es el lunes; su CRUCIDIAGONAL fecha mejor el 2; color dichoso el (60) blanc .o, aunque . los verdes tamb1en armomzan con su s1gno. Escriba si em pre Las piedras de suerte: agata y zafiro. de izquierda a dere-cha. HACIA ABAJO: 1) Letra grlega que co rresponde a nuestra erre. 2) Promulg6, expld16 . 3 > Ag a ta l i:;tada. 4> Conjunto de particulas des agregadas de 1 as rocas. 5) Hueco o cavidad natural abierta en peflas o riscos. 6> El que esLa dotado de lnge nio grande, lnteli gencla extraordina rla. 7 > Residuo de Ia sustracci6n. 8) A vlst6, dlv1s6 . HACIA ARRIBA: 3) Atender, escuchar. 4) Holgado, am plio. 5> Voz muy esforza da y alta. 6) (Do mingo Theotoc6pu los, Uamado ell Pin tor de origen griego autor d e El repart1• rle Ia sagrada tuni ca. 1 > Agrupa, aco pia. 8) Cesi6n me diante un precio convenido. 9) Tra tamiento que se rn America a en oras. en rorm y f amiliar 10> Autillo, ave ra paz . thr '•ill pol"-"""' trlllhota yuu •• twodio>Et.:ECO -And if you think I'm gonna pay you a hundred bucks, YOU'RE crazy! What Aoor is your. Preach Room? Hm! How would you l ike to sit across the breakfast table from that the rest of your life? Come & . Browse at: , MACKEYS New linoteums UsEd FuRNiTURE & ANTIQUES MISC. 233 S. UN 'ION-PUEBLO -542-1686 HOUSE IN FASH/QNABI OLD PUEB LO ANTIQUES , JEWELRY AND GIFTS OF C HARM AN D DI S TINCTION PUEBLO . COLORADO 81003 , USA Phone (303) 544 1251 LUBE and OIL CHANGE .Includes up to 5 quarts o f high grade oil. $488 WITH COUPON Call for appointment to avoid •Deep s111billzer belts and f lelltib l e r11di al cord body CQITlbine 10 give long 1reac1 w ea r . -... _. ................ Ut ... SlOB HOUIS I to J-Mon, tlwough Sot. 301 W. lth Phone S4U202

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VEA LOS AN NUNCIOS CLASIFICADOS a"isos clasificados H E LP WANTED: I TERVIEWERS: 0 SELLI G To go doorto-door, updating i nfor mation from residences & places of bu sines for th e 1 975 Den ve r Ci t ) Directory. No experience necessary. FuJI-time; 38 hrs. per week. Approximate l y 12 week s work. Salary plu s incentive bonus . Must b e 18 or over. Good hand writing & desir e to walk necessary. M u s t have transportation. Apply In per on: Mondays 9:00 1 2: 00 Noo n on l y . Classified Ads HElP PROMOTE LA CUL TURA ESP AN OLAJDen. erFre-eUno "'"' eees 01un e-er Teac tS ' or Beg nn1ng & In t meo ate Span• Jan 75 o Degree ecasar, JU$t .. no .... an-In Span1S Ca.J \arref' p 832-6688 BOYS & GIRLS: Age 111 7 MAKE XTRA$$ AFTER SCHOOL H elp di tribute EL ECO, Spani h Bi-ling u a l ew paper in your n e i ghborhood. Fo r informa ti o n , Call: R L ,..,..) eoutr .d • <:<1h;ed 1D to lk F..ckn.l Fal.r El I ..-....US It w..p to .d•..U... .. llmltatJoa. or d l c r lml•atloa bu.ed oa .-..H'. C'Oiot. rdl&loa , K'. w u..l.locu.l Ofi.aiD. w an lO och '""'""'. llmkalloc> . .... d.bcrtmlna lloc> ... T'b.b DC"--p:&pef ,.rn oo: ( &e:'C"q)l &It) ad• log r r ,..,..) t'SU.l< ..-b to ioUlloc> ol the Ia•. O"r I'CII letS pull before we're tern aport. DENVER COMMISSION ON COMMUNITY RELATIONS .. B oys and g irl s R e m embe r w h e n you pla y outdoors that a traffic accident n ow c an spoil a w h o l e summe r of fun. Pla y where it's safe. and never run inw th e street w ithout l oo king . ,. NOTICE: lf{ __ Send your Classified Ad or Announcement to "EL ECO." Insert your message here & mail it in . Classifieds will also be taken by phone. All Classified Ads must be prepaid by check or money order $5. 00 per column inch. Deadline is the 20th day of each month for the following issue . Send to : ECO PUBLICATIONS P.O .. Box 9650 Denver, Colo . 80209 ECO PUBLICATIONS P.O. Box 2024 Pueblo, Colo. 81004 -

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.. I " Page 12, EL ECO, JULY 1975 You gatl2 matches, . a eup, a lmiiB, and 3 daJS to 8DjOJ JOIIrseH. We know that a weekend in the desert isn't everybody's idea of a time . But when three guys at Fort Carson, Colorado wanted to CALL YOUR ARMY REPRESENTATIVE try it, we said 0 .K. Their project was part of a new program, now underway at selected Army posts, called Adventure Training. Under this program, you can plan your own training mission . If your unit commander hkes the idea, you'll go. That's because we know that the more you do on your own, the more we can do as an Army. To further aid your indepen dence, we'll start you at.$344.10 a month (before deductions) . And we'll take care of a . lot of everyday expenses that can tie a man down. So if you'd hke to find out what you could be doing in today's Army, see your Army Representative, Or Call Army Opportunities .. CALL YOUR LOCAL ARMY RECRUITER TODAY: Lakewood Arv.ada Auronl Thornton Colorado Springs AlamOsa Pueblo La Junta Salida Durango 1717 Chlmpe St. 912 Broadway 3401 S. Bannock 8580 w . Cotfax 5707 Webster 8720 E. ColfD 840 E. 881h St. 893-8771 .. 2822 789-9577 m-7473 423-2200 388-6127 287-0246 1011N . A-...y Blvd. 1015 41h Slnet 325 w. 10th Str..t 19W. 41tt su.t 121 N. 1st Street 1139 Join the ueoulewho'veioined [J untese Con La Gente, Quienes Se Han Unido AI Army] •