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El Eco Maya, September, 1975

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Title:
El Eco Maya, September, 1975
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El Eco Maya
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Pueblo, CO
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El Eco Maya
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Language:
English

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newspaper ( sobekcm )

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Auraria Library
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Auraria Library
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Copyright [name of copyright holder or Creator or Publisher as appropriate]. Permission granted to University of Colorado Denver to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.

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ECO PUBLICATIONS P O Bo* 9650 DENVER, COLO 80209 Ph. (303) - 722-2228
15 cents Inside:
FEATURE STORY on MEXICAN INDEPENDENCE DAY — page 5.
Editorial on page 4
VOLUME III. NUMBER 8-9, AUG-SEPTEMBER 1975 DE TODO UN poco
page 6
j£-a V02 de Colorado
Bi-Lingual Education "LEARN SPANISH" page 7
—photo by Mary Lou Lopez
Charro Association member, Sr. Vicente Gonzalez, rides with his son, Vicente, Jr., at Rodeo event.
ti Colorado-Jalisco, Mexico Proclaimed Sister States!!
by James W. Reed
This article marks an unprecedented diplomatic event for the State of Colorado and for the United States. A proclamation has been signed by the Governor of the States of Jalisco, Mexico, Sr. Alberto Orozoco Romero and the Governor of Colorado, Richard D. Lamm. This Proclamation creates a "sisterhood” for the two states and opens the door to brotherhood for our peoples.
Not since the Civil War has any single State in the Union made an agreement or reached a formal diplomatic relationship with a state of another country. Such bold diplomacy has set a positive precedent for the future. EL ECO, La Voz His-pana de Colorado, acknowledges the far reaching implications and the lasting good effects that will come from the SiStSF! r>f Colorado
and Jalisco.
The capital city of Jalisco, colorful and renowned, Guadalajara, stands 5200 feet above sea level, and is inhabited by 1,800,000 persons — similar to
Governor Lamm initiates an abrazo with Governor Romero to symbolize the Ststerstatehood.
MORE PHOTOS ON PAGE 4.
Denver, the capital of Colorado. But more than size and altitude is similar about the two cities. Denver, the Queen City of the West, and Guadalajara both have dominion over territory that is much alike in topography, climate and natural resources. Because of this, our peoples have a comparable economic base. We confront similar problems and must seek similar solutions. Both the people of Colorado and of Jalisco strive toward economic development; energy exploitation, agriculture, transportation, and maintaining a high quality of life.
The design of the Sister State relationship is to help both states recognize their real similarities, not only in quantitative terms, but in the much grander design of individual people working together. Our different peoples learning and benefit-ting from each other’s experience will form the basis of understanding which will ensure a prosperous and peaceful future.
This will be accomplished through many exchanges in education, technology, science, commerce and, most of all, through the cultural exchange realized by an enthusiastic welcome and travel between the citizens of both states: Colorado and Jalisco, Jalisco y Colorado.
CHARREADA Y MERCADO: SEPTIEMBRE 20TH
Why the September 16th Demonstration?
The Second Annual Fiesta de
eptiembre is being co-sponsored by the Denver Charros Association, an affiliate of the National Federation of Charros in Mexico and the Latin American Research and Service Agency. The Charreada will be held September 20th from 2:00-5:30 p.m. at the Adams County Fairgrounds, East 124th and Henderson Road.
A Charreada, or Mexican Rodeo, is the grandfather of the rodeo known to most Anglo-Americans. As first settlers of the Southwest, the Mexican Charro or Cowboy entertained himself and matched his skills against his fellow Charro at a Charreada. The events, though similar to American Rodeo events differ in many respects. They feature a number of roping and riding skills and are highlighted by the perilous and popular Coleada, or wrestling a steer by the tail instead of by the horns.
Interspersed with the Charro events will be musical entertainment featuring several local individuals and groups performing traditional Spanish and Mexican dances.
In pioneer days as well as in modern times, the Charreada has been considered a festive event for the entire community.
The site of the Charreada became the site for the mercado or market place where artisans sold their wares, farmers exchanged their commodities and skilled cooks provided food and drink for those that had travelled long distances. The Mercado at the 1st Annual Fiesta De Septiembre will feature food and drink, crafts and commodities and will be a feature in itself of the Fiesta.
No Charreada is complete without a dance to celebrate the day’s victories and forget the bruises. The dance for the Second Annual Fiesta De Septiembre will feature the very popular sounds of Mitch Garcia’s Latin Brass. Additional entertainment will feature local entertainers again performing traditional folk dances of Spain and Mexico. The dance will be held at the Ramada Inn, 455 South Colorado Blvd. for $6 a couple, starting at 8:30 p.m. to 1:30 a.m.
The public is invited to attend all events and everyone is promised an entertaining and colorful day. Tickets will be available in advance at LA-RASA, 1375 Delaware, and at the Adams County Fairgrounds Box Office on the day of the events. Tickets for the Grandstand at the Charreada are $2.50 per adult and $1.75 per child.
In the spring of 1969 the Crusade for Justice sponsored a National Youth Conference which was attended by over 3,000 Chicanos of all ages. The “Plan Espiritual de Aztlan” was written and adopted, which included points of organization, philosophy, and Action. Also in “El Plan de Aztlan” was a decision to use September 16th as a day for a national walkout by all Chicanos from the schools. This walkout will be continued until the revision of the educational system to meet the needs of our people and our community is complete. September 16th, by the actions of walkouts and school boycotts became Chicano Liberation Day; nourished by the cultural and national complex of Mexican Independence day and revitalized by the action and resistance of a new progressiveness in political thought.
The results have been positive in that we can look at some of the gains that have been made: Chicano Studies in almost every college or University in the Southwest and in many universities across the nation; Bilingual education becoming acceptable; Chicano professors, teachers, counselors, and administrators; Chicano College and high school organizations like MECHA and UMAS; Chicano Historical and Literary anthologies; Chicano educational programs; Mass media input; the growth and development of independent Chicano schools.
On the negative side we have the Boomerang Chicanos who resisted the identity, the culture, the association, but who came back home to reap in the program profits. We have the poverty pimps who take care of themselves instead of the poor.
We have Chicano assistance programs which are used to pacify vocal leadership by high salaried administration jobs. We have the opportunists who make an industry out of the movement and line their pockets with green while they shout brown power.
Now at least this time each year we must look at ourselves and decide if we want to become part of the positive advancement of our people or to become the parasites and leeches of the movement.
This September the 16th, 1975, must continue to be a rallying point for all Chicanos to come together under a banner of unity dedicated to educate, create awareness, analyze our present situation. We must reassess our gains and strengths and our weaknesses and recommit ourselves to the idea
Article cont. page 2.


Page 2, EL ECO, SEPTEMBER 1975
DIRECTORIO \/o2 sJ-fispaha de Colorado
EL ECO newspaper is the largest Bi-lingual Spanish newspaper in Colorado. It is published by ECO PUBLICA TIONS, INC. and distributed mainly to Hispanos and Chicanos throughout the Denver Metro area. Colorado Springs, and Southern Colorado.
Denver office mailing address: P.O. Box 9650, Denver, Colorado 80209. ph. 722-2228
GENERAL MGR: Wanda Maria Padilla EDITOR IN CHIEF: Unfilled (position available) ASSOCIATE EDITOR: Joseph Ramon Padilla SPANISH EDITOR: Barbara Hinton ADVERTISING MGR: Unfilled (position available)
REPRESENTATIVE: Rudy Pacheco
COLUMNISTS: J.J.Albi, Joseph Salazar,
Marcia Oeste
CONTRIBUTIONS: James W. Reed DISTRIBUTION STAFF: positions available)
DENVER TYPESETTING: Goot & Berg PRINTING BY: Town & County Review, Boulder
Tune In To:
"El Boletin Budweiser"
EACH DAY - 5:30 P.M.
Send news of the upcoming events of your fraternal and civic organizations to:
El Boletin Budweiser c/o KFSC Radio Station 2185 Broadway Denver, Colo. 80205
NO CHARGE FOR THIS SERVICE
George M. Sandoval, Gen. Mgr. Donvor, Colorado 89205
Spanish Language Radio 1000W 1220 KC
2185 Broadway Phone 623-KFSC
cont. from page 1
that we will not be misled, misguided or misused by politicos, bureaucrats, vendidos or self-proclaimed Chicano experts.
All Hermanos and Hermanas should meet at 9:00 a.m. in front of the City and County Building. The protest march will then proceed through downtown Denver to the State Capitol Building.
When all Marchers reach the Capitol, the Movement Speakers, some National, some Local, will begin the program. Around 4:00 p.m., following the speeches, Mexican food and beverages will be served at the Crusade for Justice, 1567 Downing St., Denver.
That evening, at Adams County Fairgrounds, a Celebration Dance will be held, featuring Daniel Valdez, and Mestizo, a Chicano musical group from
San Jose, California. Other local Chicano musical groups will also play. A highlight of the evening will be a performance by the well-known “Ballet Chicano de Atzlan.’’
All Chicanos are encouraged to attend all events on this Day to strengthen this symbolic demonstration of unity!
—Submitted by La Crusade Para Justica
* 1t-lr^k-1r irit
EL POLITICO
by J.J.ALBI
J.J. Albi, 48, El Eco’s columnist, has been a news and political writer during the past 25 years in Washington State and Colorado. Albi was formerly chief political writer and editorialist for the Colorado Springs Weekly Times newspapers (circulation: 65,000).
MALDEF Fights for Chicano Rights in Colorado, Southwest
Civil rights, equal educational opportunity and equal employment practices are just three of many areas in which MALDEF (Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund) works to obtain better standards of justice and living for Chicanos throughout the United States, especially in Colorado and the Southwest.
Funded by organizational grants and contributions from individual Chicanos and Anglos, since 1968, MALDEF has worked in class-action law suits to improve the lot of the Spanish speaking.
In the case of unequal educational opportunity in Denver, at the behest of MALDEF, a remedy was formulated by Dr. Jose Cardenas, noted educational expert. The essentials of Dr. Cardenas’ proposal have been adopted in Federal Court, so we now have more equality of opportunity among Chicano, Black and other minorities, as well as among Anglo children, in education in Denver.
Other cases which MALDEF is concerned with involve governmental and organizational abuse of authority, consumer protection, voting rights, public accommodations, municipal services, welfare and Social Security rights, problems of migrants and other farm workers, immigration and naturalization, housing and urban renewal, Selective Service, water rights, prison reform, jury discrimination, political association and expression, land rights, criminal procedure and law, and juvenile delinquency.
If you, or other Chicanos, have legal problems which may involve class-action ramifications, you may want to consult* the MALDEF office in Denver.
Attorney Pete Reyes operates the MALDEF office at 209 16th Street in Denver, 80203. The Denver MALDEF office phone number is 893-1893.
Colorado board members of MALDEF are Robert B. Yegge, Denver University Law School Dean; State Senator Roger Cisneros, and Jesse Manza-nares, Assistant Dean of the University of Denver Law School.
Ms. Vilma S. Martinez, San Francisco, is MALDEF!s president and general counsel. MALDEF’s national headquarters are at 145 9th Street, San Frnacisco, 94103.
Flamenco Dance
Lessons
Con CARMEN HEREDIA CLEO PARKER STUDIO. For Information Call 893-2404
People Do Read Small Ads
YOU ARE
I
Los Angeles attorney Richard A. Ibanez, a co-founder of MALDEF, often visits Colorado to raise funds for the legal defense group.
> Among recent cases handled by MALDEF alleging discrimination by the government is that of the Pueblo Army Depot. The depot has been charged with discrimination in hiring, promotion, upgrading and reduction in forces as they affect Mexican Americans.
Another Colorado suit, settled favorably out of court, had a double-pronged discrimination discrimination charge on physical requirements, because the plaintiff, a Mexican-American woman, was denied a position in a meat-packing plant, because she did not meet certain height and weight speicfica-tions.
Chicanos occupy a unique position as a disenfranchised minority. Many Chicano families are native to their area, more so than many of their Anglo neighbors, who have helped perpetuate discrimination resulting in poverty and deprivation.
The Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc. promotes legal action and legal education on behalf of all Chicanos.
Starting with one office in 1968, MALDEF now has offices in San Antonio, Albuquerque and Washington, D.C., as well as in Denver, San Francisco and Los Angeles.
You never know when you, a loved one or friend may become a victim of educational, employment or some other form of discrimination which you will want to address in a court of law.
MALDEF exists to fight for your rights free of charge.
El Eco suggests that you send an occasional contribution to MALDEF, c/o Dean Robert Yegge (or Assistant Dean Jesse Manzanares), University of Denver, College of Law, 200 West 14th Avenue, Denver, Colorado 80204.
SPANISH MEDIA PROGRAMS Compiled by Marcia Oeste
TELEVISION
Chanel 6, KRMA -
Every Thursday at 7 p.m: Esta Semana: a bilingual/ bicultural half hour of interviews & entertainment. Mario Alvarez, Producer.
Educational Programs for Children:
Villa Alegre: Every Monday 6 p.m.: Sept. 22 Carrascolendas: Tuesdays and Thursdays 6 p.m. Sept. 23 (391/2 hrs. of programming in its 5th Season!
Channel 4, KOA —
Sept. 7th The Other Side (last date for this time slot) Sept. 13th and 27th Mi Linda 3 p.m.
Carlos Santistevan, assoc, producer. Sept. 27th National Latino Collation 5:30 (documentary)
Channel 2 10:00 a.m Martinez 9:25 a.m. 9:45 a.m. 9:30 a.m.
KWGN -Mon. thru
Fri. Denver Now with Beverly
Sat. News - NOTICliRS - with Rich Gonzalez Sun. Your Congress Speaks Sun. Catch 2 deals w/minority affairs.
Greg Guinan and Phil Guerin: Producers Every Saturday at 7:30 a.m. Lo Mejor del Cine Es-panol: feature length films from Mexico.
Channel 9, KBTV -
Sept 2 - "A Blessing in the Shadow of Controversy," a story Father Lara.
Special: "Chicana . . . the ties that Bind."
Sept. 14 - Nine File- People from the Lafayette Committee for 16th Sept, demonstration.
Charros Association of Denver (slide presentation of Charreada) Jeanne Olguin, producer Sept. 28th - Interview - University of Americas (Film presentation of Mexico City)
Channel 7, KMGH —
Sept. 6th - 5:30 - Quinto Sol, a half hour of special interest to Hispanos; Miguel Barragan, producer.
Charros Association of Denver (Denver vs. Pueblo) RADIO
KFSC AM 1220 on your dial —
Seven days a week, from sunrise to sunset. The only radio station in Denver that broadcasts extensively in Spanish, offering news, entertainment & public service. Language lessons daily sponsored by La Mancha Restaurant at 7:30 a.m., 12:30 p.m. & 4:30 p.m. Also from 3 to 5 p.m. a new contemporary bilingual program of music and news.
KPOF AM 910 on your dial — Every Saturday from 8:30 to Broadcasts.
10:30 p.m: Spanish
KLZ FM 106.7 on your dial —
Sundays at 8:15 a.m. Chicano Hoy. Host: Ted Barros KLZ AM 560 on your dial —
Sundays at 8:45 p.m. Chicano Hoy. Host: Ted Barros


Sa Jessica Luna — Newsletter Editor
SEPTEMBER 1975, EL ECO, Page 3
- SEPT. 1975
LAHN AMBdCAN RESEARCH AND SERVICE AGENCY 075 DeW*neSt, Derver Cdoado 80204, 623-1465.
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR'S COMMENTS
It is with mixed feelings of regret and gladness that I announce my resignation as Director of LARASA to assume the position of Deputy Director of the Colorado Civil Rights Commission. My regret, of course, is over the fact that I will no longer have the opportunity to assist in the carrying out of the programs of United Way’s only agency for the Chicano community. LARASA has become a strong and well-respected force in the Denver community for resolving some of the many serious problems still faced by so many of its Spanish origin citizens. I have felt privileged to have been a part in shaping LARASA for the future.
I am pleased that in my new position I will continue the work of remedying and eliminating the discrimination so often experienced by our hermanos y hermanas. A difficult and therefore challenging task lies ahead of me. I respectfully ask for and hope to receive the support of the Chicano Community and all friends of LARASA.
Finally I urge all friends of LARASA to support the agency, its Board and Staff in every way possible. Become a member of LARASA if it is within your means and when you give to the United Way, designate your contribution to LARASA. Attend the Fiesta
de Septiembre on September 20. Viva LARASA!
r Smceramente,
Jack Lang y Marquez

Current LARASA Board member
MESSAGE FROM THE BOARD*
The Need forChicanas in Politics
"Women in politics? — Not for me, that’s for ‘politicos’ — We can’t change anything! — It doesn’t make any difference — ‘They’ are all the same . . .” This scenario is not uncommon; but, what we should really be saying is “Yes, we can make a difference — we can make changes.” More than just saying it, we should be doing something about it by being involved in politics. Everything relating to our' social, economic and physical environment is controlled by elected officials and their appointees. The people in these positions are, on the average, no different from you and I. The main difference may be their motives, and concerns, coupled with the fact that they made the effort to acquire their positions.
This brings me to the essence of this article — Chicanas are needed in politics. Apart from the basic need for equal representation, there are issues and concerns that can best be addressed and articulated by Chicanas. This does not suggest that only those who seek public office should "do their own thing.” The need is for more participation at all levels of the political process utilizing whatever talents, abilities and time we may have. Currently, very few Chicanas belong to partisan and non-partisan organizations that are involved in decision making processes. This has to change.
Not all of us necessarily aspire to an elected office, but we should seek out, encourage and support the most qualified Chicanas capable of high political achievements and provide leadership and a source of pride to the Chicano community. Former Vice Chairperson Submitted by:
2nd Congressional District . Yvonne R. Lucero
Current Boulder County Executive
Past Member State Democratic Committee member
Executive committee
ADDRESS OPENS 1WY
The President of Mexico Luis Echeverria gave the opening address at the World Conference of The International Women’s Year in Mexico City. Here are some remarks from that speech.
"For many years women have been judged in accordance with an inverted scale of values. Their virtues, unlike those of men, have been defined in terms not of their acts but rather of their abstentions.”
“This ambiguous attitude is incompatible with the essential equality of all human beings. It is imperative that every woman should be valued for herself, for the work she does, for the ideas she upholds, for the causes she defends, and not solely for the support she gives to the work of her husband. Her work should be intrinsic and not a mere reflection.” * * * *
QUOTE — The Most Underdeveloped of All Human Resources
Mrs. Helvi L. Sipila, United Nations Assistant Secretary General for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs, who was designated as Secretary-General of the International Women’s Year and the Conference, has stated that women, a good half of the world’s population, have not been able up to now to make a full contribution to strengthening world peace. “As a group, they remain the most under-developed of all human resources, because of lack of opportunity to play an equal part with men in all roles of life, and because of the stereotype of male and female roles.” The International Worn-
SYMBOL OF I.W.Y.
The United Nations has also adopted a symbol designed by a woman, Valerie Pettis, to represent these various activities. It symbolizes the constant desire of the international organizations to promote peace and to further equality between men and women throughout the world. It consists of a stylized dove, representing peace, combined with the biological symbol for the female sex and the mathematical sign for equality.
Jess Luna Attends INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S
CONFERENCE
Because Larasa, KLZ Radio Station, and the Y.W.C.A. believed that the International Womens Conference was important they made it possible for Ms. Luna to attend the International Womens Conference in Mexico City.
The Conference and the Tribune mark a turning point in the history of humanity. Things cannot be as they were before. After this, women will have to be associated with everything that happens. Nothing can be done without the participation of women.
The World Plan of Action is a Major achievement. Over 7,000 persons mostly women from all over the world came together for the first time. They represented widely different cultures and societies yet they were able to exchange experiences and to exchange information about condition in their own countries.
TWA still has not hired any Chicano Skycaps!
en’s Year, stated Mrs. Sipila, signals “the beginning of a new era when all of humanity, not half of it, will participate in the effort to solve the problems of the world”.
AtiO
INTERNACIONAL DE LA MUJER
The decision to proclaim 1975 “International Women’s Year” was taken by the United Nations under the terms of resolution 3010 which the General Assembly adopted on 18 December 1972. On the basis of this resolution, the Commission on the Status of Women, at its twenty-fifth session (New York, 14 January to 1 February 1974), formulated recommendations which were incorporated in a program approved by the Economic Social Council at its fifth-sixth session (May 1974). Furthermore, the Economic and Social Council, in its resolution, requested that the Secretary General of the United Nations convene an international conference (which was held from 23 June to 4 July 1975, in Mexico City) to launch an international action program includ-
CHICANAS ATTEND 1WY CONFERENCE
The La Raza Unida Party met at tribunal meetings for the world conference on International Women’s Year. Chicanos representing California, Colorado, Texas, New Mexico and Arizona spoke with Latin American and Mexican women ro discuss problems of development, bi-lingual and bi-cultural education, forced sterilization, birth control and abortion. A coalition of Chicanos from California had previously expressed concerns that the Chicanos not be excluded from discussions about the women’s movement in America.
Support the September 16th Rally!
WORLD PLAN OF ACTION
In addition to an exchange of views on a number of substantive issues affecting women, the Conference did focus attention on a draft World Plan of Action. The Plan contains suggestions for national and inter' national action over the 10-year period 1975-1985 to solve the “problems of under-development and of the socio-economic structure which places women in an inferior position, in order to achieve the goals of International Women’s Year”.
Thus, in recognition of the “persisting de facto gap between the economic and social status of women and men”, the Plan sets forth recommendations aimed at promoting equality between the sexes in such | nothing. areas of concern as educational and employment opportunities, legislative measures, political participation and leadership, health and population.
In addition to the World Plan . of Action, the provisional agenda for the Conference contained the following substantive items:
— The objectives and goals of International Women’s Year — present policies and programs;
— The involvement of wom-
ing short-term and long-term measures aimed at achieving the integration of women as full and equal partners with men in the total development effort and eliminating discrimination on grounds of sex, and at achieving the widest involvement of women in strengthening international peace and eliminating racism and racial discrimination.
At the global level, the Plan states, an effective international machinery should be established or existing bodies, such as the Commission on the Status of Women, utilized "to afford women from all regions of the world the opportunity to support each other in mutual understanding of their national and local problems and fight for the elimination of all forms of discrimination and oppression.”
â– â– â– â– â– â– â– â– â– â– 
ANO INTERNA TIONAL DE LA MUJER 1975 — Lucharemos por la igualdad social politico y economica de hombres y mujeres.
PROBLEMS OF THIRD WORLD WOMEN
We must remember that women from poor countries may reject our notion of freedom and equality.
Western women do not seem to understand that one woman’s sexual stereotype may be another's sense of security, a traditional role that provides identity, continuity — even survival.
Equal pay for equal work has little appeal in areas where there is no work for anyone and children are dying of malnutrition.
For Third World Sisters to demand control over their own bodies or to inform their doctors of their needs is a somewhat inappropriate task in a country like India or Bangladesh where the doctor-patient ratio is 1 to 10,000 and where one is lucky to get a single medical visit in the course of a lifetime.
It is small wonder that we have inspired so little trust in women from developing nations.
What are the priorities in a world where 700 million people, mostly women, do not know how to read or write, where 500 million children in 60 countries are threatened with starvation, and where millions of women are forced to bear children they do not want?
It is thus presumptuous for U.S. women to try to educate feminists from any country without their specific request. It is far more likely that those who have been raised in a consumer society can learn from those who have taught themselves to survive by wasting
-***««•
en in strengthening international peace and eliminating racism and racial discrimination;
— Current trends and changes in the status and roles of women and men, and major, obstacles to be overcome in the achievement of equal rights, opportunity and responsibilities; and
— The integration of women in the development process as equal partners with men.


Page 4, EL ECO, SEPTEMBER 1975
Editor}’ Page
Joseph R. Padilla is an Electronic Engineer at the Denver Martin Marietta Corporation. He is a native of Colorado, bom in Silverton, and grew up in the San Luis Valley. The son of a Railroad Foreman for the D&-RGW, Sr. Primitivo [Pete] Padilla, Joseph was the first of a family of ten children to graduate from High School. He is also a graduate of E. L.A. Jr. College, andofU.C.L.A. in Los Angeles. Joseph Padilla is one of a handful of Hispanos in the U.S. who has worked in the Aerospace Industry since the Space-Age began in 1957.
Governor Lamm reads Colorado’s Sister State Procla- photos by Rani Rodnqnez
EDITORIAL
I, Viva Equality for All! i Viva Colorado-Jalisco Sisterstatehood!
mation at the reception held at his Mansion honoring the event. In the background at left are Barbara Kuban, Asst, to the Governor, and Sr. PeteMiralez.
Governor Romero reads Jalisco’s Sister State Proclamation in Spanish at the reception.
by Joseph Ramon Padilla
On September 16th, all of La Raza pauses to demonstrate support for the cause of achieving economic and political equality for all Chicanos, Mexi-canos, Hispanos, and other Latinos who now reside in this affluent nation, the United States. Certainly, we can all stand in unity for this great cause of reaching true equality.
Those of us whose heritage lies in the country of Mexico may take pride, also, in another recent ‘ ‘ demonstration ” that will create economic advancement for our people. On August 4th, a special and well-organized reception was held at the Governor’s Mansion to commemorate the birth of a peaceful union between Jalisco, Mexico and Colorado, U.S.A. FT. ECO congratulates Governor Richard Lamm for making and participating in this very worthwhile friendship union.
The commitments that were made, via the proclamations that were read and signed by each Governor in turn, must be carried out actively and immediately.
These commitments represent an incredible economic opportunity for La Raza in the state of Colorado, because at the moment, we are the most qualified to travel down these new economic roads and to succeed. Furthermore, we must do so now, because that economic opportunity exists there for every Colo, citizen as well as for Hispanos.
Congratulations to Andres Nedig and Guillermo Valdez for working so diligently to create this Sister City Concept and for presenting it so well over Channel 6 under the direction of Mario Alvarez.
Amistades a el Senor Gober-nados, Ricardo Lamm y ojala que usted valla ser el primer de su raza que aga moviemientos directos para comprender y communicar en la idioma de la raza Mejicana. Salud!
‘Were It left for me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers, or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.’ —Jefferson
744-3984
TYPESETTING &
LAYOUT
Goo t cBerg
The visiting Mexican dignitaries tour Colorado’s Central City with guide, Sr. Raul Rodriquez. Also pictured, left to rt. are Sra. & Gov. Alberto Romero, and their son, Edmundo Romero.
At the left, Sr. Guillermo Vales, Mexican Consulate in Denver, organizer of the Sister State Program, with Sra. Valdes at the far right. In the center are Sra. and Gov. Alberto 0. Romero, of Jalisco, Mexico.
denver free university
1122 East 17th Avenue PO. Box18455 Denver, Colorado80218
FALL CLASSES will begin OCT 1st.
Registration for our classes will begin Sept. 10 thru Sept. 30 at the d.f.u.
COURSE LISTINGS Available at D.F.U. or any 7-11 Store
Call 832-6688 I for further information.
Lsi_r 1i i ivjit — ucri iticiuit
ECO [echo] — hacer eco, repetir; resonar, repercutir.
ECHO — To send out the word, and the word comes back to you.
i VIVA EL 16th de SEPTIEMBRE!
i i Estamos Juntos en la Lucha para Igualdad de Toda la Gente!
JOSEPH Y WANDA PADILLA
Viva el Dia de Independencia de los MEXICANOS!! 16th de Sept. — 1975
By working together as brothers, we will conquer oppression.
Trabajando juntos como Hermanos venceremos oppresion!
JOE 1 ULIBARRI ULIBARRI
CONSTRUTION COMPANY INC Residential * Commerical
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Conflict Over ERA
by Colorado Coalition for the ERA
The Equal Rights Amendment for which many of us worked so hard in 1972 has again become a subject of attention across the state. During the past legislative session questions were raised by some women who expressed doubts that ERA would really help them. Their questions and fears are much the same as were raised in 1972, and we feel they are primarily due to a lack of information.
However, the controversy has prompted the formation of two interim legislative studies on the subject of the ERA and legal rights for women. We are therefore prevailing on persons and organizations which have supported the ERA to once again work for this legal principle which is of prime importance to many persons in this state and across the nation.
A new Colorado Coalition for Support of the ERA is being formed by the Colorado Commission on the Status of Women, the League of Women Voters and many other groups.
The Coalition will be embarking on a campaign to show support for the amendment and to furnish information and witnesses to the legislative hearings. We hope to organize a speaker’s bureau, to coordinate contacts with legislators, and to generate publicity for the ERA.
Contact your State Senator or Representative in support of continued ratification of the federal ERA and of the state ERA.
by Colorado Coalition for the ERA
Hablamos Espanol
458-1771 Plaza 3025 ZUNI


Barbara Hinton, a Colorado native, has been a Spanish language teacher in the Boulder-Denver area for the past 9 years. Barbara has also , taught for the Denver Museum of Natural History,
HEW, OEO and in Baja California, Mexico.
EL ECO is proud to announce that Barbara is now Spanish Editor of this, the largest bilingual newspaper in the State of Colorado.
ii EL DIA INDEPENDENCE DE LOS MEXICANOS!!
collecting for himself. One of by Barbara Hinton the viceroys, to crush the spirit
iViva la Virgen de Guada- of the people, even forbade lupe! IMuera el mal gobiemo! them the joyful jarabe tapatio, * Mueran los gachupines! The ordering a penalty of two years joyous cries of independence of imprisonment for performers and freedom, ‘‘el grito de and two months for the on-Dolores,” are to be heard lookers!
throughout Mexico in honor of Finally it was a sixty-year-old Independence Day, the 16th of priest, Miguel Hidalgo y Cos-September. In Mexico City, tilla, who talked the people of Avenida Madero, the principal his parish of Dolores into street leading to the Zocalo rebellion after the Spaniards Plaza, is closed to traffic early had added the last straw by on the night of the fifteenth, cutting down the mulberry Bustling crowds of happy peo- trees from which the people pie throwing confetti accom- were trying to raise silkworms, pany the brilliant rows of red, Padre Hidalgo rang the bell of white, and green lights strung his little church to call his along the Paseo de la Reforma, people to arms in protest of the At eleven o’clock the Zocalo injustices of the Spanish gov-is jammed with thousands of ernment. That night of the people who have come to hear fifteenth of September of 1810, the President of the Republic of he probably did not realize that Mexico give “el grito de he was starting a war between Dolores” from the balcony of Spain and Mexico that would the Palacio Nacional. Above the last for ten years, and that long balcony hangs a small, very old before its end he himself would bell, which is said to be the one pay the supreme penalty. That from the church in Dolores was what did happen, for within which was rung so long ago. a year the brave priest was The Presidente pulls a rope executed at Chihuahua, and his attached to it, and the pealing head placed in an iron cage and of the campanita is a signal for hung on the corner of the an outburst of rejoicing. The air Castillo de Granaditas in Gua-is filled with the clamor of najuato as a warning to those church bells. Factory whistles who dared rebel against power-and automobile horns join in ful Spain, the noise. And the huge But the spirit of Padre cohetes, fireworks pieces set up Hidalgo, el Padre de la Patria, on the Zocalo, begin to weave went marching on, and after a beautiful patterns in the clear, long and bloody struggle, Mex-deep blue skies. ico won her independence in
Serenatas, parades, concerts, 1821, and was beginning to festive dinners, ceremonies at forge her own history. After the Monument to Independence years of political upheaval, the and the graves of heroes engulf Revolution of 1916, and years of Mexico City itself and spread to formation, Mexico has emerged all corners of this vast and to be the proud and free nation varied land. of today. iViva la independen-
The phrase “taxation without cia! IViva la libertad! iViva representation” has long been Mejico!
known to the readers of the , . . â–  â– _â– __._i ' nzr.
history of the United States, but QQElEllEllEllEllEllEllE] Mexico had even more to protest about in Spain’s iron rule of the wealth-producing New World. For almost three hundred years Mexico was to Spain merely a source of income. Kings appointed court favorites as viceroys, who, with few exceptions, sailed home from their terms in Mexico with pockets bulging, each leaving behind a record of his concern only for the fortune he was E|E]E]E]G]E]E]G]G]B]
SEPTEMBER 1975, EL ECO, Page 5
BOOK REVIEW: 'The Proud Peoples "
by Harold J. Alford
It is with a renewed and inspired spirit that we once again salute the 16th of September celebration, when all of the people of La Raza gather to inspire new and better directions for all of the people.
The Proud Peoples, by Harold J. Alford, illuminates the immense contribution of the Spanish-speaking people in the making of America, and shows the dramatic consciousness of pride and powers now taking place among our Spanish-speaking citizens. The book not only tends to deal with the struggles of the past, but also points out a better future. A giant step has been taken in the writing of this book, by providing a better understanding of the rich culture and wealth of human resources that our Spanish-speaking citizens continue to offer the United States today.
We welcome you to the Denver Public Library at any time during the year that you desire to visit us.
Joseph Salazar Community Services Assistant
Denver
Public
Library
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Page 6, EL ECO, SEPTEMBER 1975
A VARICIA NO RESPETA LEYNIOBEDECEA REY.
Unos recien casados que acababan de instalarse en su nueva casa, recibieron por correo una agradable sorpresa. Era un sobre con dos entradas para el mejor teatro de la ciudad, pero sin indicacion de quien las envio. La pareja no pudo imaginarse quien seria el.buen amigo que les regalaba las entradas.
La funcion en el teatro fue excelente, pero al regresar al la casa, vieron los recien casados que todos los regalos de boda habian desaparecido. En lugar bien visible, el ladron dejo la nota siguiente: “Ya saben ustedes quien les envio los billetes.”
£a cucaracha
Una de las mas famosas canciones que salio de la Revolucion mexicana es esta cancion popular, o “corrida”, “La cucaracha". Cada cual conoce sus versos predilectos, porque hay como centenares. Aqut se reproducen cinco, con los cuales se puede divirtir mucho.
B10GRAFIAS MEZCIAPAS
Miro Ferrer y Garcia Lorca
Seleccionar de las siguientes pruposi-ciones las qrue mejor correspondan a cada uno de ellos:
1. Se llamaba Gabriel.
2. Se llamaba Federico.
3. Es autor de " Mariana Pineda".
4. Es autor de "Bodas de sangre".
5. Es autor de "El humo dormido”.
6. Es autor de "Anos y leguas”.
EN 3 MINUTOS
iuiiiiiiiuiiiiiuiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiii!iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiii>iiiiiiiiiiuiiuimii Por Cova
quien se debe la famosa frase «La vida es una mala nocl^e pasada en una mala posada»?
Santa Teresa
Voltaire
Napoleon
(Soluciones en la pSg. sleuiente')—)°'8
/ Viva el 16th
de Septiembre!
/Qtu\ Walt Weinberg
Professional Potter
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a Coro: Ho pi dQ
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La

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cu - ca - ra - cha, la cu - ca - ra - cha,
Coro:
La cucaracha, la cucaracha, ya no quiere caminar,
ya no quie-re ca - mi - nar,
por-que no tie - ne, por-que le porque no tiene,
Advertencies pertinentes
Aviso a la puerta de la tienda de un barrio: “Sail a almorzar. Si no he regresado antes de las 5, sera que tambien me quede a cenar”.
— J. J.m.
Sobre una de las puertas de una gran tienda de Los Angeles, pro-tegida con una alarma automatica, hay un letrero que dice: “Esta puerta esta alarmada. No la abra”. — b. k.
Letrero a la puerta de la oficina de un espiritista:
“Se ruega Uamar con la campanilla. Los golpes podrian confun-dirnos”. — e. e. k.
i | i fj h h M L N/2 . ... ^
9 9 J J J i \
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di - ne - ro pa - ra gas - tar.
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Una cucaracha pinta le dijqjLjuna colorada,
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Pruebe el transporte colec-tivo (carpool) para ir con sus vecinos al super mercado. El uso de un solo automovil signif-icara economia en gasolina, y ademas le dera mas tiempo para convivir con sus amis-tades.
* * *
?Porque no usa las escaleras en lugar de un elevador, par-ticularmente tratandose de solo unos cuantos pisos? Esto ayuda a economizar energia — y a la vez proporciona muy buen ejercicio.
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SEPTEMBER 1975, EL ECO, Page 7
BI-LINGUAL - BI-CULTURAL EDUCATION SECTION
Learn Spanish thru the Practical Spanish-English Language Guide
How to Pronounce and Where to Place the Accent In Spanish.
It is quite simple to pronounce and read Spanish. This is because each of the letters in the Spanish alphabet has only one or at most two sounds that follow definite rules. The Spanish accent also is patterned on fixed rules. You will be able to read any Spanish word once you know the value of each letter in the alphabet and something about accentuation and rhythm.
The Spanish vowels are as follows:
A as in father: padre.
E as in red: beber (to drink).
1 as in machine: si (yes), mi (my).
O as in orbit: como (like).
U as in food: me gusta (1 like).
C followed by “E” or “I” is pronounced like the “S” in sea: ex. cinco. If “C” is followed by a, o, u, it has a “K” sound: ex. casa.
CH always sounds like in chess: ex. mucho (much), chico (little).
C before the vowels a. o. u. is pronounced like the word go: ex. Gonzalez. If the vowels "E” or “I” follow, the letter “G” is pronounced like the word head: ex. gente (people). If “G" is followed by “ue” or “ui” then it is pronounced like in get: ex. guerra (war).
H is silent: huevo (egg).
J sounds like the English "H” in house: ex. jamon (ham).
LL has the value of the English consonant “Y” as in the word yawn: ex. ella (she), polio (chicken).
N sounds like “NY" in the word canyon: ex. maflana (tomorrow).
Q followed by “E” or “I” is pronounced like the English “K”: ex. Que? (What?).
R is slightly trilled like in run: ex. pera (pear).
RR is strongly trilled as in horror: ex. tarro (mug).
Y is pronounced like the English “E”: y (and), yo (I).
Z has the value of "S”: zapato (shoe). NOTE: The other consonants are pronounced more or less as in English.
The Spanish Accent
1. If a word ends in a vowel (a. e, i. o, u) or in the consonants "N" or “S”, the stressed accent falls on the next-to-the-last syllable: ex. sopa.
2. If a word ends in a consonant except "N" or "S", the stressed accent falls on the last syllable: ex. mujer.
3. Exceptions to these two rules will be indicated by a written accent which indicates the syllable to be stressed: ex. cafe (coffee).
4. Certain words will bear a written accent to distinguish them from other words spelled alike but with a different meaning: A (he), el (the), sf (yes), si (if), mas (more), mas (but)
5. A written accent is also used to break up a dipthong in two separate syllables: ex. mau (corn).
Aprenda Ud. Ingles Atraves del Album Bilingue Ingles-Espanol Pr&tico
Instrucctones para Lot Qua Eatudtan Ingle*
El ingles, a diferencia del espaftol. tiene varios sonidos para cada una de las vocales. Algunos de estos sonidos no existen en el idioma esparfoi. En la pronunciacion (igurada. damos el sonido aproximado al esparTol. El alumno se dar^cuento de esto a medida que vaya escuchando los discos y debera'poner empeno en reproducir la pronunciaciort tal como la oye en los discos.
Professor Anselmo S. Jaramlllo, a native of Colorado, is the author or The Three-Way Method of English, Bks. I & II. The Three-Way Method ot Spanish, Bks. I & II (translated to Portuguese Chinese and Yiddish) and is presently writing two other works: Programmed English and Programmed Spanish. He is also the author of the Musical Slide Rule Robby, a method to learn guitar and piano chords by means of color and number. For the Olympic Games in Mexico City, 1968, Professor Jaramillo published a practical method to team both Spanish and English as a means of communication for this great event. The method is simple to follow and goes with 4 LP records.
DO YOU HAVE AN APPOINTMENT? du iu hav an apointment? iTiene listed una cita?
DOES HE HAVE A DATE? das ji hav ei deit? iTiene el una cita?
YES, HE HAS A DATE WITH HIS SWEETHEART, ies, ji has ei deit with jis sutjart.
Si, ei tiene una cita con su novia.
COSMETICS
kasmetiks
cosmeticos
ROUGE
rudsh
colorete

EYELASHES ay lashes pestahas
MAKE UP meik ap maquillaje
WHEN MAY I SEE YOU AGAIN? juen mey ai si iu aguien? iCuando ia puede ver etra vex?
MAY I HAVE YOUR PHONE NUMBER?
mey I jav iur foun namber?
i,Me puede dar el numero de su teldfono?
MANICURE
manikiur
manicure
NAIL POLISH neil palish barniz para las unas
MAY I CALL YOU UP BY PHONE TOMORROW? mei ai kal iu ap bai foun tumarou? tLe pueda hablar per teldfsne rnanana?
Wl LL YOU HAVE DINNER WITH ME? uil iu jav diner with mi? iHe centers conmigo?
I’M SORRY BUT I JUST CAN’T MAKE IT TODAY, aim sary bat ai yiast kant meiket tudei.
Le siente pare ne me es pesible hey.
DRUGS
FACIAL CREAM feishiel crim crema facial
PERFUME
perfium
perfume
FACE POWDER feis pauder polvo facial
COLOGNE
koloun
#
celenia
a drug store una farmacia
LIP STICK lip stik lapiz labial
SHE IS PUTTING SOME LIP STICK ON. shi is puting sam lip stik an.
Ella se esta pintande Ies labios.
YOUR PERFUME SMELLS VERY NICE, iur perfium smels very nais.
Su perfume huele muy bonite.
WHERE CAN I BUY SOME COSMETICS ? juer kan ai bai sam kasmetics? iDonde puede comprar cosmeticos?
YOU CAN BUY THEM IN ANY DRUG STORE, iu kan bai dem in eny drag stor.
Los puede comprar en cualquier farmacia.
Give the Gift of LEARNING to Yourself, Your Friends and Relatives
SPANISH-ENGLISH LANGUAGE GUIDE KIT: PROGRAMMED ENGLISH and PROGRAMMED SPANISH: Elementary School level.
TEXT + 4 LP RECORDS — $18.50. INTRODUCTORY PRICE — $7.00 per text.
THE THREE WAY METHOD TO SPANISH I: THE THREE WAY METHOD TO ENGLISH I: THE THREE WAY METHOD TO ENGLISH II:
5 LP RECORDS + 2 TEXTS - $25.00
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MAIL IN YOUR ORDER TODAY!
Name:
Address
City
State
_ZiE_
Please enclose payment, check or money order, and send to:
Prof. Anselmo S. Jaramillo 1680 S. Java Way Denver, Colorado 80219
‘Postage included on all orders prepaid.


Colorado Native:
Thomas H. Martinez Lauded As Triple Award Recipient
LA FA?A
ME.IICAMO!
ESPAMOL!
LATINO!
hispamo*
C We AMO!
I oh
TKVEtt you •all ME*
K TOE SAME
X* the same
# AMO
d the sa
Thomas H. Martinez
A triple award for meritorious service and dedication to duty during the past year was presented to Thomas H. Martinez, a Federal employee at Fort Carson, CO.
Martinez is an Equal Employment Opportunity Specialist and Spanish Speaking Program Coordinator for the Colorado mountain post, and he was cited for Outstanding Performance, given a Quality Step Increase in pay and awarded a 1,000-hour Sick Leave Certificate.
In presenting the awards to Mertinez, LTC Glynn C. Mallory, Director of Personnel and Community Activities remarked: “I am very happy to present you with these a-wards. It is civilians, such as you, which are the backbone behind the military team to accomplish the equal opportunity mission of Fort Carson.”
Martinez, LTC Glynn C. Mal-veteran in the Federal service joined the Fort Carson civilian workforce in 1963; He was retired as a Lieutenant Colonel from the US Army in 1962 and resides with his wife, Eralia and family in Colorado Springs.
Mr. Martinez is well known in the state of Colorado and throughout the Southwest for his voluntary leadership and participation in humanitarian projects, educational matters, and a champion of veterans’ programs with deep commit-
ment.
As assistant to the Equal Employment Opportunity Officer at Fort Carson, Martinez aids in carrying out an affirmative action program to promote equal employment opportunity for all civilians employed at Fort Carson. As a coordinator of the Post’s Spanish Speaking Program, he participates in Federal, state and regional activities to improve employment opportunities and community conditions that affect the employability of Spanish surnamed individuals, He also counsels personnel on problems of discrimination based on race, color, age, sex, religion and national origin; conducts classroom instruction for managers and supervisors; assists EEO Counselors in efforts to resolve discrimination complaints and provides technical assistance on complaints proceedings.
As an activist and champion of human rights, Martinez is deeply involved in civic, patriotic and statewide affairs. He is a member of the American GI Forum, the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 101, Disabled American Veterans Post #39, the Reserve Officers Association, and a board member and advisor for Operation SER, the Veterans Outreach Program, and the LULAC Education Center.
FIESTA AT ST. CAJETAN’s —
St. Cajetan’s Church held a three-day'fiesta Friday through Saturday, August 1-3, at its new church at Alameda and Raleigh streets.
The fiesta marked the congregation’s first activity in the new building since relocating from the Auraria site in downtown Denver.
This event was one of 19 activities listed on the Colorado Centennial-Bicentennial Commission’s statewide calendar of events for celebrating Colorado’s 99th year of statehood — Colorado Days, August 1-4. It was an endorsed Centennial-Bicentennial event of the Denver Mayor’s Committee.
Delphine Garcia, spokesperson for the event, said the fiesta began 6 p.m. Friday, August 1 with games and entertainment at the church. Mexican food was served and Mexican imports and handicrafts were sold.
On Saturday, August 2, the church had its Bicentennial dinner and show, featuring a children’s folkloric dance group Los Alegres. Participants wore 19th century costumes.
On Sunday, August 3, there was a mariachi Mass at noon, followed by a traditional outdoor procession, in which worshippers carried the statue of St. Cajetan. August 7 is St. Cajetan’s Day, but the event is traditionally observed on the closest Sunday to that day. Afternoon events included entertainment by folkloric dancers, games, a dinner, and the crowning of a queen, Miss St. Cajetan.
The young lady who won the Queen’s crown was Jeanette Vigil, age 16. She sold the fantastic total of $3,439.00 dollars worth of raffle tickets! The grand prize was a 1975 Ford Pinto Station Wagon, which was won by the lucky Mr. Jack Stermer.
iQue Sigamos Avanzando! Sept. 16th - 1975
295 SO. PENNSYLVANIA DENVER. COLORADO 80209
LOUIS ESQUIVEL. PROP. ROBERT F. ESQUIVEL. WGR.
TEL. 744-3191
Soluciones de pagina 6
BIOGRAFIAS MEZCLADAS
1. Mir<5 Ferrer.—2. Garcia Lorca.—3. G. L.—4. G. L—5. M. F.—6. M. F.
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SEPTEBER 1975, EL ECO, Rags 9
New Adventure in Day-care
5-C's CHILD CENTER
by Ray Lucero Board Member, 5 C's
Commerce City Child Care Center, a non-profit community day care center, opened July 9, 1975. The center is licensed for 60 children, ages two and a half through six years old, by the Colorado Department of Social Services. It also meets the Federal Interagency Day Care Requirements.
The center offers a well-rounded developmental program with emphasis on the four areas of growth: social, emotional, physical, and intellectual. Preschool activities, such as language arts and pre-math, are planned throughout the day. A bi-lingual, bi-cultural program is being developed by the staff. Commerce City Child Care Center is participating in the Special Food Service Program for Children which is sponsored through the Colorado Department of Education. Breakfast, hot lunch, and two snacks are served daily.
At the present time, children are being supervised by two teachers: Alice Mendoza, whose background is Elementary Education; and Tony Ian-nitti, who has a BA in Sociology. Susan Pena, an aid, adds much to the program by assisting the teachers.
XXX" xf X
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ TYPES OF
RESOLUTIONS THAT WERE ADOPTED
ATI.W.Y.
CONFERENCE:
NON-SEXIST LANGUAGE
The committee on Language Revision proposes the development and conscious use of non-sexist language. When terms are used in a generic sense — hombres, mankind — it is significant that women become non-existent. For more than 2,000 years, male terms have been associated with leadership positions. Today, chairman. Congressman, Committeeman, etc., are illustrative of male dominance of language elements in English usage. Similarly, it is noted that leadership terms in other languages are normally masculine in gender.
Recognizing that vocabulary shapes thinking and limits communication, recommendations included extensive study and immediate active change to non-sexist language — language which will express the equality of the sexes. It is the responsibility of the media, educational institutions, and all individuals to effect the change.
ABOUT UNIONS
Women must be helped to participate in trade unions because this is where real power lies. Women need education to help other women understand the functions and benefits of unions.
Marjorie Stern is one of the few female labor organizers in U.S.
Only 4 million of the 34 million female workers in the U.S.A. are organized. It must be demonstrated that women as well as men are bread winners and that meeting structures of unions can be changed to the needs of women.
CHILDREN & FAMILIES
Because of the growing number of single-parent families, additional assistance and benefits wherever possible, should be provided for them.
The unmarried mother should be granted equal legal and moral status as a parent, and children born out of wedlock should have the same rights and obligations as children born in wedlock.
Some children eating hot lunch at the 5-C's Center. From left to right are Monica Wheeler, age 4; Ernest Pizznuli, age 4; Lisa Foley, age 2 1/2.
Ernest Pizznuti at play with building blocks at 5-C's Center.
The center is open from six a.m. to six p.m., Monday through Friday. The tuition is $22 a week. For more information call Kathleen Gottlieb, Director, at 288-4230.
NEW ADVENTURES IN Day Care: 5-C s CHILD CENTER
Tax deductible donations may be sent to: Commerce City Child Care Center, 5621 Bowen Court, Commerce City, Colorado 80022.
GAZPACHO
INTRODUCCION:
One of the joys of raising a garden during the summer months is the plentiful harvest which awaits your efforts. Radishes, onions, green peppers, cucumbers and tomatoes are found in abundance at this time of year, and are the necessary ingredients for making gazpacho, a cold soup which originated in the southern provinces of Spain. It is closer to being a “liquid salad” than a true soup, and is most refreshing and delightful on these still warm days of late summer/early autumn.
To serve 6 to 8 — GAZPACHO
2 medium-sized cucumbers, peeled and coarsely chopped
1 large onion, coarsely chopped
2 teaspoons finely chopped garlic 4 cups cold water
V* cup red wine vinegar
4 teaspoons salt
1 tablespoon tomato paste
5 medium-sized tomatoes, peeled and coarsely chopped 1 medium-sized green pepper, deribbed, seeded and
coarsely chopped
4 cups coarsely crumbled French or Italian bread trimmed of crusts 4 tablespoons olive oil
Garnish —
1 cup Vi-inch bread cubes, trimmed of crusts Vi cup finely chopped onions Vt cup peeled and finely chopped cucumbers Vi cup finely chopped green peppers
In a deep bowl, combine the coarsely chopped cucumbers, tomatoes, onion and green pepper, garlic and crumbled bread, and mix together thoroughly, Tlien stir in the water, vinegar and salt. Ladle the mixture, about 2 cups at a time, into the jar of a blender and blend at high speed for 1 minute, or until reduced to a smooth puree. Pour the puree into a bowl and with a whisk beat in the olive oil and tomato paste.
(To make the soup by hand, puree the vegetable and bread mixture in a food mill or, with the back of a large spoon, rub it through a sieve set over a bowl. Discard any pulp left in the mill or sieve. Beat the olive oil and tomato paste into the puree.)
Cover the bowl tightly with foil or plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 2 hours, or until thoroughly chilled. Just before serving, whisk or stir the soup lightly to recombine it. Then ladle it into a large chilled tureen or into individual soup plates.
Accompany the gazpacho with the bread cubes and the vegetable garnishes presented in separate serving bowls to be added to the soup at the discretion of each diner.
NOTE: If you prefer crisp croutons for the garnish, fry the t ead cubes. In a 6- to 8-inch skillet, heat V* cup of olive '' ver moderate heat until a light haze forms above it. Drop in tw ead cubes and, turning them frequently, cook them until they are crisp and golden brown on all sides. Drain on paper towels and cool.
TRY YOUR FAMILY FAVORITES In our
14th floor Rotunda Dining Room
Sunday Brunch..........3.25
Roast Baron of Beef —
Wednesday night........4.95
Hawaiian Sea Food —
Friday night...........4.95
Hill Billy Buffet —
Saturday night.........3.95
Lunch Buffet —
Mon.-Fri...............1.95
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LIVE ENTERTAINMENT NITELY
Also Facilities Available for: Meetings • Banquets • Weddings
Located on 1-25 - Exit 104 Next to Mile High Stadium


Page 10, EL ECO, SEPTEMBER 1975
ceda - COURSE INFORMATION BULLETIN
It is with great pleasure that w announce the following seminars to be sponsored by COLORADO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION in conjunction with Colorado Society of Certified Public Accountants, Small Business Administration, and the Emily Griffith Opportunity School. If the location and specific time is not shown below, kindly contact CEDA by telephone for the information.
Steps in Starting a Small Business — Sept. 9-23
Small Business Management Seminar (With strong emphasis relating to Women in Management)
Small Business Management Oct. 13 - Nov. 12
Alternative Methods of Financing a Small Business — Oct. 16 - Nov. 6
Loan Packaging (Geared for the professional individual involved in some manner with this)
Year End Tax Planning Nov. 15 & 22
Individual Income Tax Planning Nov. 24 - Dec. 3
Loan Packaging for Potential Businessmen
Tues. & Thurs. — 7:00-9:00 p.m. — 5 sessions
Sept. 10 - Sept. 29 — 6 sessions.
Wed. & Mon. Time to be announced.
Mon. & Wed. — 7:00-9:00 p.m. 10 sessions
Thurs. & Tues. — 7:00-9:00 p.m. — 10 sessions
Wed., Nov. 19 — 7:00-9:00 p.m. — 1 session
Saturdays — time to be announced. 2 sessions
Mon. & Wed. — 7:00-9:00 p.m. 3 sessions
Time to be announced.
Financial Considerations and Time to be announced. Restaurant management
There will be a charge of TEN DOLLARS ($10.00) for any of the above listed courses payable at the first class session. You may pre-register by calling the CEDA Business Education Department (255-0421) and speaking with either Mrs. Blanca Zisman or Ms. Edna Beasley.
j jfiiiel ©rti?
} Clectric, 3Hnc.
Sim Hmufott
• 4043 TEJON
I DENVER, COLO. 80211
l 458-7203
! RESIDENTIAL : COMMERCIAL 7:30 a.m.
: & INDUSTRIAL
• CONTRACTORS 4:30 p.m.
E]G]B]E|G]G)B|E]E]E1
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Manuel Orantes of Spain was the Masters Champion winner from among the world’s top-ranking players who competed in “Grand Prix Tennis: Summer Tour,” broadcast Aug. 11th on TV’s Channel 6 over PBS.
L
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the fire in the hearth of the Great Southwest ... is our basic ingredient. Our distinctive cooking, fine atmosphere and a sense of paradox will light your fire .. . and bring you back to Larimer Square to
LA MANCHA
a
COME HELP CELEBRATE THE 16th OF SEPT. FIESTA: TEQUILLA PARTY 4:00 PM ON.
COLORADO LEGISLATURE PASSES NEW LAW PERMITTING HITCHHIKING
State Patrol Chief C. Wayne Keith said Aug. 11 that the 1975 Colorado State Legislature passed, and Governor Lamm has signed into law, House Bill No. 1143 concerning pedestrians on highways permitting hitchhiking.
The Chief said that the important sections of this revised law include:
1. Pedestrians are required when walking along highways where there are no sidewalks provided, to walk on the left side facing approaching traffic.
2. No person shall stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride, but must stay off that portion of the road normally used by moving motor vehicle traffic.
3. This statute continues to place responsibility upon motorists when picking up pedestrians. As a safety precaution, pedestrians may be picked up only where there is adequate road space for vehicles to pull off and not endanger and impede the flow of traffice. This is for the protection of both the motorist and the pedestrian.
Finally, the Chief warned, the passage of this law will no doubt increase the number of pedestrians on our highway, and safety measures must be taken by motorists when picking up pedestrians in order to prevent collisions involving vehicles illegally stopped in traffic lanes.
BOYS & GIRLS:
Ages 11-17
MAKE XTRA $ $ AFTER SCHOOL
Help distribute EL ECO, Spanish Bi-lingual Newspaper in your neighborhood.
For information, Call: EL ECO Publications ph. 722-2228
DOLLIE & FRANK WELCOME YOU TO
FERNANDO'S LOUNGE & RESTAURANT
Now Serving MEXICAN & AMERICAN FOOD
11:00 a.m. til Closing
ENTERTAINMENT: FRI/SAT/SUN 9 p.m. - 2 a.m. featuring "Dollie" with the
BOB GRAY TRIO â– â– â– â– â– â– â– â–  Regular Hours:
9:00 a.m. - 2:00 a.m.
SUN. MENDUO Served 8 a.m. - 8 p.m.
1000 SANTA FE DR. Denver ph. 825-9518


i
4»
VEA LOS ANNUNCIOS
CLASIFICADOS Classified Ads
ariios clasificados
HELP PROMOTE LA CULTUR A ESP AN OLA! Denver Free University Needs Vo*-unteer Teachers (or Beginning & Intermediate Spanish Classes. Jan 75 No Degree Necessary, just knowledge & interest m Spanish Call Warren Ph 832-6688
T REAL ESTATE:
Al reel nutc admtkcd la (Ui mnpaprr b »eb)tci lo ibc Federal Fair Hear leg Art of 1968 w hicb main It Mr gal le id»trtbe “aa> preference, limitation, er dUcrimiaation baaed aa race, color, religion, mi, or aallaaal origin, or aa tateatiaa la make aai rarb preference. limitation, or dfeertmiaatioa.*'
m P ft f « a t' , A m '
s V & m [333212 H ATIONB E
BARBERS:
Mr. Fred’s
Barbers and Stylists
HELP WANTED:
ADMINISTRATION SERVICES ASSISTANT
This position responsible for coordination of routine maintenance of company vehicles.
Applicant must possess ability to communicate w/executive management and have a current valid Colo, driver's license.
Please apply between 8:30 a.m. - 11:30 a.m. Mon.-Thurs.
at FRONTIER AIRLINES. INC. 8250 Smith Rd.
Denver, Colo.
•An Equal Opportunity Employer*
FOR SALE:
Bio-degradable Soap Products available from Apollo. Laundry . powder. Dish soap. All-purpose cleaner; Protein Shampoo, etc. Call your local representative: Sr y Sra. Padilla, Denver, Ph: 722-2228
TutKlay - Sat urdny
10-00 am-7 30 »m«
Styling by Appointment
458 9686 3019 Zun.
Fine Razor Cutting
Hairspray Lotions Tonics
Q. jO ALBERTS
v> /y\ For Men AL& JOHN
8:30 a.m to 5:30 p.m.
4047 TEJON 455-4125
Thi* ttvipapcr «rffl not kMvbgh accept aa> ad'crtiviog for real ertale wbtrb b la violation of (be law. Our rradcro arc Informed that all dwelling* advertised In this newspaper are available on aa equal opportunity basis.
MEMO REALTY CO.
194 So. Federal Blvd. ph. 922-8386
Willie (Memo) Romero Betty Jane Almeida Free Notary Service Residential & Commercial Sales
OLYMPIC REAL ESTATE 3934 Federal Blvd. Denver, Co. 80211 ph. 4SS-28S2 Residential Sales
I SEPTEMBER 1975, EL ECO, Page 11 ]
Subscribe to: EL ECO
Yes, I would like to receive my copies of “EL ECO," the largest Spanish Bi-Lingual Newspaper in all of Colorado. Please enter my name for a 1 -Year Subscription.
address______________________________
CITY________________________________STATE____________
ZIP__________________________
Send Completed Blank with Check or Money Order for S3.50 To â– 
l«
ECO PUBLICATIONS P.O. Box 9650 Denver, Colo. 80209
ECO PUBLICATIONS B P.O. Box 2024 Pueblo. Colo. 81004
FOR RENT: Air-Conditioned & Carpeted offices & warehse space.
1405 W. 38th St.
Call ph. 458-1685
Thanks to you it works...
FOR All OF US
This space donated at a public tanner
United WUy
WHERE TO OBTAIN EL ECO NEWSPAPER IN DENVER
DRINKING PROBLEM? For information, call the National Council on Alcoholism, a United Way agency at 623-6146.
LA MANCHA RESTAURANT 1470 Larimer Square
INFAL RECORDS 2144 Champa St.
M & R
THRIFT SHOP
1405 W. 38th Ave.
458-1685 (between Navajo & Mariposa)
KIRBY CLASSIC OMEGA VACUUM
199.95
2056 Clay 455-8151 RESTAURANTS:
IsIalsIaSIsIsIsIsIs
LA MANCHA MEXICAN REST. Great Mex. Food of the Southwest — Entertainment and your favorite cocktails.
1470 Larimer Sq. ph. 573-9797
G]E]E|E|E]E1G]E]E]E]
â–  â– â– iV
Sr. DONALD PERLA interpreting & Translating Service English & Spanish 8000 E. 12th Ave.. Bldg 15, Apt 28 ph. 320-6011, or 433-0442
JOE’S BUFFET 753 Santa Fe Dr. HOGAN’S PLACE 1962 Curtis St.
ADELANTE SUPERMKT. 727 Santa Fe Dr. FRED’S BARBERS/STYL1STS 3019 Zuni St.
LA MODE RECORDS 574 Santa Fe Dr. MARTINEZ ENTERPRISES 4235 Tejon St.
KIKO’S CAFE 6 Santa Fe Dr. JOHNNY’S MARKET 2030 Larimer St.
FERNANDO’S LOUNGE 1000 Santa Fe Dr. CORONADO NAT’L BANK 14th & Irving Sts.
LA NUEVA POPLANA 4001 Tejon St. SHUTTO’S SUPERMARKET 5300 N. Sheridan Blvd.
DON QUIJOTE REST. 35 Federal Blvd. ROYBAL’S GROCERY 198 E. 45th Ave.
SHUTTO’S SUPERMARKET 46th & Tejon Sts. HERMOSILLES CREAMERY 519 E. Exposition Ave.
MORA’S MEX. IMPORTS 2636 W. 32nd Ave.
32nd AVE. GROCERY 2626 W. 32nd Ave.
JERRY’S NEWS WEST 3785 Federal Blvd.
CHAVEZ RESTAURANT 4835 W. 38th Ave.
LATIN AMER. RECORDS 2447 Larimer St.
ZEE’S FURNITURE 2658 W. 32nd Ave.
LARASA SERVICE AG. 1375 Delaware St., 3rd FL
K.F.S.C. RADIO 2185 Broadway St.
Sale
Cancioneros
MEXICAN0S
— MEXICAN S0NGB00KS INC. ALL OLD FAVORITES $1.00 ea. with order of 1-10 .75 ea. with order of 10-20 .50 ea. with order of 20+
PALABRAS DE
PLEASE YOUR CUSTOMERS: SELL EL
OVER ECO THE- COUNTER
n
Boys and girls —
NEVER, NEVER tease auto drivers by running in front of them intentionally. Don't let your fun lead you into an accident, says the State Patrol.
TO ORDER SEND:
1. Number-Cancioneros
2. Check or M.O. for correct amt
3. Your Name & Address TO: HISPANO PUBLICATIONS
P.O. Box 9650 Denver, Colo. 80209
USB
i CANCIONES QUE LOS MEXICANOS CANTAN!
UJJE25S
nr

NOTICE
Send your Classified Ad or Announcement to “EL ECO." Insert your message here & mail it in. Classifieds will also be taken by phone. All Classified Ads must be prepaid by check or money order — $5.00 per column inch. Deadline is the 20th day of each month for the following issue. Send to:
ECO PUBLICATIONS P.O. Box 9650 Denver, Colo. 80209
ECO PUBLICATIONS P.O. Box 2024 Pueblo, Colo. 81004


Page 12, EL ECO, SEPTEMBER 1975
SAM MARTINEZ HONORED AT TESTIMONIAL
Denver — Samuel R. Martinez, Chairman of the Mountain Plains Federal Regional Council and Regional Director of the U.S. Department of Labor in Denver, was honored at a testimonial Thursday, July 31st.
This “Tribute to Sam Martinez” was on the occasion of his re-appointment by President Ford as Chairman of the Council, and for his outstanding career of public and community service.
“Sam epitomizes the new breed of dedicated, hardworking young men and women who are in public service today,” said Bernard Valdez, emcee for the testimonial held at the Cosmopolitan Hotel in Denver.
“Martinez is one of the outstanding persons who have pursued relentlessly the goals of the Spanish-Speaking people while at the same time attending to the needs of all citizens,” added Valdez, who is President of the Denver Public School Board and Manager of the Social Service Department.
Valdez and some twenty friends, colleagues and associates in the fields of government, business and education sponsored the fete for the veteran educator and Federal official.
The reception began at 7 PM in the lobby and Silver Glade Room of the Cosmopolitan Hotel. The program followed at 8 PM.
The program participants were: Former Governor John Love; State Rep. Polly Baca Barragan; Dean Bob Yegge, Denver Law School; and also, Dr. Fred Romero, with the U.S. Dept, of Labor; Eudine Anderson, school teacher; Tom Ewing, Denver Boys, Inc.; Ben Haney, Dallas, Texas; Taylor August, Director of Civil Rights, H.E.W; Gilbert Roman, Kansas City; and Rebecca Murrujo and Alex Vigil, IMAGE.
About 600 persons of all ages and races from Colorado and other states attended the testimonial. They included government officials, community agency workers and others who had worked with Martinez.
As chairman of the regional council, Martinet is the highest ranking federal official in the six-state region of Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming. The council has responsibility for coordinating the decentralized delivery of federal services to state and local governments and is one of ten such bodies across the country.
As the Labor Department’s regional director here, Martinez serves as the personal representative of Labor Secretary John T. Dunlop.
Former Gov. John Love addresses the crowd at Testimonial honoring Sam Martinez. Also pictured are Sr. Martinez at left, and Sr. Bernard Valdez, at rt., Emcee for the event.
Getting all your adventure from TV?
Instead of getting your excitement from watching the exploits of others, you could be having some of your own.
By driving a tank. Or jumping out of a plane. Or learning to sleep in the rain.
Or by learning a job you never thought you could do. Or doing a job you never thought could be done. Or going places you never thought you would go.
Or simply by putting on a uniform and getting satisfaction from an old-fashioned feeling that you’re doing your best in the service of your Country.
Registration and cocktail reception in lobby of Cosmopolitan Hotel. In background, Musicians entertain the crowd.
&
art director
CO
LO
Visit your local Army representative or call 837-4110 in Denver, collect.


Full Text

PAGE 1

ECO PUBLICATIO S P . O Bo 50 0 R , COLO 80209 Ph ( 303) 722 2 28 -photo by Mary Lou Lopez Chano As oclation member, Sr. Vicente Gonzalez , rides with his son, Vicente, Jr., at Rodeo event. CHARREADA Y MERCADO: SEPTIEMBRE 20TH Th S cond Annual Fie ta de ptiembre i being co-sponor d b the Den er C harr os As ociation , an affi l iate of the Nation a l F deration of Charros in M exico and the Latin Amer i ca n Re ear h and Ser ice Agenc . Th Charreada will b e h ld September 20th from 2:00:30 p.m . at the Adam Count Fairgrounds. East 124th and Render on Road. A Charreada , or Mexican Rodeo , is the grandfather of the rodeo known to most Anglo Americans. As ftrst settlers of the Southwest , the Mexican Charro or Cowbo entertained himself and matched his skills against his fellow Charro at a Charreada. The events, though similar to American Rodeo events differ in many respects. They feature a number of roping and riding skills and are highlighted b the perilous and popular Coleada , or wrestling a steer by the tail instead of by the horns. Interspersed with the Charro events will be musical enter tainment featuring several local individuals and groups per forming traditional Spanish and Mexican dances. In pioneer days as wen as in modern times, the Charreada has been considered a festive event for the entire community. The site of t h e Cbarreada became the site for the mercado or market place w here artisans old t h eir wares, farmers ex c h anged their com modi ties and skilled cooks provided food and drink for t h ose that had tra e ) led l ong distances . The Mer cado at t he 1st Annual Fiesta De Septiembre will feature food and drink , crafts and c ommodi ties and will b e a f eature in itse lf of the Fiesta . No Charreada is complete without a dance to celebrate the da 's ictories and forget the bruises . Th e dance for the Second Annual Fiesta De Sep tiembre will feature the ve r y popular sounds of Mitch Gar cia ' s Latin Brass. Additional entertainment will feature local again performing traditional folk dances of Spain and Mexico. The dance will be held at the Ramada Inn, 455 South Colorado Blvd. for $6 a couple , starting at 8:30 p.m. to 1:30 a.m. The public is invited to attend all e ents and everyone is promised an entertaining and colorful da y. Tickets will be available in ad v ance at LARASA, 137 5 Delaware , and at the Adams County Fairgrounds Box Office on the day of the events. Tickets for the Grand stand at the Charreada are $2 . 50 per adult and $1.75 per child. VOLUME Ill, NUMBER 8-9 , AUG-SEPTEMBER 1975 i i Colo radojalisco, Mexico Proclaimed Sister States!! b Jame W . Red This article marks an un precedented diplomatic e ent for the State of Colorado and for the United States. A proclama tion ha s been signed by th e Gove rnor of the States of Ja.iis co, Mexico , Sr. Alb erto Or zoco Rome ro and the Governor of Colorado , Richard D . Lamm. This Procl a matio n creates a "sist e rh oo d " for t h e two states and opens t he door to bro ther hood for our peoples. Not since the Civil War ha any single State in the U n ion mad e an agreement or r e ached a formal diplomatic r e lation s hip with a state of another c ountr . Such bol d dipl o macy has s e t a po iti e preceden t f o r the fut ur e. E L ECO. La Voz H is pana de Col rado, a c k n o v l e dg e the f a r r eachi n g implica ti o n a n d t h e I a t i ng good eff ec t s th a t ' ill com e fro m t h ' " f -s• -+ ., f C:' ,,. and Jalis c o . The c apital city of Jali sco, colorful and renowned , Guada laj ara, stands 5200 feet abov e sea level , and is inhabited b y 1,800 , 000 p e rsons sim ilar to Go emor Lamm ini ti at e an abnuo w ith Go emor Romero to mlh ( t MORE PHOTOS ON PAGE 4. Inside: Why the September 16th Demonstration? In the spring of 1969 the Crusade for Justice sponsored a National Youth Conference which was attended b y o ve r 3 , 000 Chicanos of all ages. The "Plan Espiritual de Aztlan " was written and adopted , which points of organization, philosophy , and Action. Also in ' ' El Plan de Aztlan'' was a decision to use September 16th as a day for a national walkout b y all Chicanos from the schools . This walkout will be -continued until the revision of the educational system to meet the needs of our people and our communi ty is complete. Sep tember 16th , by the actions of walkouts and school bo ycotts became Chicano Liberation Day ; nourished b y . the c ultural and national complex of Me xi: can Independence day and re vitalized by the action and resistance of a new progressiveness in political thought. The results have been posi tive in that we can look at some of the gains that have been made: Chicano Studies in al most every coiJege or Univer sity in the Southwest and in man y universities across the nation ; Bilingual education be coming acceptable; Chicano professors, teachers, counsel ors, and administrators; Chi cano College and high school organizations like MECHA and UMAS; Chicano Historical and Literary anthologies; Chicano educational programs; Mass media input; the growth and development of independent Chicano schools. On the negative side we have the Boomerang Chicanos who resisted the identity, the cul ture, association, but who came back home to reap in the program proftts . We have the poverty pimps who take care of themselves instead of the poor. We hav e Chicano assistance programs which are used to pacify vocal leadership by high salaried administration jobs. We have the opportunists who make an industry out of the movement and line their pock ets with green while they shout brown power. Now at least this time each year we must look at ourselves and decide if we want to become part of the positive ad vancement of our people or to become the parasites and leech es of the movement. This September the 16th, 1975 , must continue to be a rallying point for all Chicanos to come together under a banner of unity dedicated to educate, create awareness, analyze our present situation. We must re assess our gains and strengths and our weaknesses and re commit ourselves to the idea Article cont. page 2.

PAGE 2

Page 2, EL ECO, SEPTEMBER 1975 OIRECTORIO EL EGO newspaper is the largest Bi-lingual Spanish newspaper in rado. I t is published by EGO PUBLICA T/ONS , I NC. and distributed mamly to Hisp a nos and Chicanos throughout the Denver Metro area . Colorado Springs, and Southern Colorado. De n ver office mailing address : P . 0 . B ,Jx 9650 , D enver , Colorado 80209 . ph . 722-222 8 GENERAL MCR: Wanda Maria Padilla EDI TOR IN CHIEF: Unfilled (position available) ASSOCIATE EDITOR: Joseph Ramon Padilla SPANISH EDITOR: Barbara Hinton ADVERTISI NG MCR: Unfilled (position available) REPRESENTATIVE: Rud y Pac h eco COLUMNISTS: J . J . A l bi , Joseph Salazar , Marcia Oeste CO TRIBUTIO S : james W. R eed DISTRIBUTIO STAFF: positions available) D NVER TYPESETTING: Coot & Berg PRINTI NG BY: Town & County R ev iew, Boulder Tune In To: '' El Boletin Budweiser'' EACH DAY-5:30P.M. Send news of the upcoming events of your fraternal and civic organizations to: El 6oletin Budweiser c/o KFSC Radio Station 2185 Broadway Denver, Colo. 80205 NO CHARGE FOR THIS SERVICE KFSC George M. Sandoval, Gen. Mgr. Denver, Colorado 8t205 Spanish Language Radio lOOOW 1220 KC 2185 BroaclwGy Phone 623-KFSC c ont. from page 1 that we will n ot be misled , misguided or misused b y polit icos , bureaucrats, vendidos or self-proclaimed Chicano experts. All Hermanos and Hermanas should me et at 9:00 a.m. in front of the City and County Building. The protest march will then proceed through downtown Denver to the State Capito l Building . When all Marchers reach the Capito l , the Movement Speak ers, some National , some Local , will begin the progr am. Around 4:00 p.m., following the speeches, Mexican food and beverages will be served at the Crusade for Justice, 1567 D owning St., D enver. That evening, at Adams County Fairgrounds , a Celebra tion Danc e will b e held, featur ing Daniel Valdez, and Mestizo, a Chicano musical group fro m v I v San Jose, California. Other local Chicano musical groups will a l so play. A highl ight of the evening will be a performance by the well-known " Ballet Chi cano de Atzlan." All Chicanos are encouraged to attend all events on this Day to strengthen this symbol ic demonstration of unity! -Submitted by La Crusad e P ara Justica '* * * "** * * El POLITICO J . J . Albi, 48, El Eco 's columnist, has been a news and p olitica l writer during the past 25 years in Washington State C o l ora do. Albi was formerly chzef political writer and editorialist_ for the Colorado Springs Weekly Tzm es newspapers (circulation: 65, 000). by j.J. AlBI MALDEF .Fights for Chicano Rights in Colorado, Southwest The Mexi ca n American Legal Defense and Education Fund, In c. promotes legal action and legal education on behalf of all Chicanos. Civil rights, equal education al opportunity and equal employment practices are just three of many areas in which MALDEF (Mexican American Legal and Educational Fund) works to obtain better standards of justice and living for Chicanos throughout the United States, especially in Colorado and the Southwest. Funded by organizational grants and contributions from individual Chicanos and Anglos , since 1968 , MALDEF has work ed in class-action law suits to improve the lot of the Sp anish speaking. In the case of unequal educational opportunity in Den ver, at the behest of MALDEF , a remedy was formulated b y Dr. Jose Cardenas, noted ed ucational ex pert. The essentials of Dr. Cardenas' proposal have been adopted in Federal Court, so we now have more equality of opportunity among Chicano , Black and other minorities, as well as among Anglo children, in education in D e nver. Other cases which MALDEF is concerned with involve go v ernmental and organizational abuse of authority , consumer protection, voting rights , public accommodations, municipal ser vices, welfare and Social Secur ity rights, problems of migrants and other farm workers, immigration and naturalization, housing and urban renewal , Selective Service , water rights , prison reform . , jury discrimina tion, political association and expression, land rights, crimi nal procedure and Jaw , and juvenile delinquenc y . If you, or other Chicanos , have legal problems which may involve class-action ramifica tions , you may want to consult• the MALDEF office in Denver. Attorney Pete Reyes operates the MALDEF office at 209 16th Street in Denver , 80203. The Denver MALDEF office phone number is 893-1893. Colorado board members of MALDEF are Robert B . Yegge, Denver University Law School Dean; State Senator Roger Cisneros , and Jesse Manzanares, Assistant Dean of the University of Denver Law School. Ms. Vilma S . Martinez , San Francisco, is MALDEFs president and general counsel. MALDEF's national headquarters are at 145 9th Street, San Frnacisco , 94103. Flamenco lessons Con CARMEN HEREDIA CLEO PARKER STUDIO. For Information Call893-2404 I People Do Read Small Ads ... _A_RE__. I Los Angeles a ttorney Richard A . Ibanez, a co-founder of MALDEF, often visit s Colorado to raise funds for the legal defense group. " Among recent cases by MALDEF alleging dtscnm_t nation b y the government ts that of the Pueblo Army Depot. The depot has been charged wit h discrimination in hiring , promotion , upgrading and re duction in forces as they affect Mexican Americans. Another Colorado suit , settl ed favorably out of court, had a double-pronged discrimination discrimination charge on phys ical requirements, because the plaintiff , a Mexican-American woman, was denied a position in a meat-packing plant, because she did not meet certain height and weight speicfica tions. Chicanos occupy a unique position as a disenfranchised minorit y. Many Chicano fam ilies are nati ve to their area, more so than many of their Anglo neighbors, who have helped perpetuate discrimina tion resulting in povert y and deprivation . Starting with one office in 1968, MALDEF now has offices in San Antonio , Albuquerque and Washington, D.C ., as well as in Den ver, San Francisco and Los Angeles. You never know when you, a loved one or friend may become a victim of edu cational, employ ment or some other form of dis crimination w hi ch you will want to address in a court of law. MALDEF exists to fight for your rights free of c harge. El Eco suggests that you send an occasional contrib u tion to MALDEF, c / o Dean Robert Y egge (or Assistant Dean Jesse Manzanares), University of Denver , College of Law , 200 West 14th Avenue , Denver , Colorado 80204 . r .Los anuncios haccn i grande?; I suoegodo_ f hr will 'flllf'UNCC. 1'\ra• \rM them yuu ltwir ad in E1.: ECO SPANISH MEDIA PROGRAMS Compiled by Marcia Oeste TELEVISION Chanel 6, KRMA -.. Every Thursday at 7 p . m : Esta Semana: a bdtngual/ b i cultural h alf h our of inte r views & entertatnm e nt. Mario A l va r ez, Produce r . Educational Programs for Children: Villa Alegre: Every Monday 6 p .m.: Sept . 22 Carrascolendas: Tuesdays and Thursdays 6 p . m . Sept . 23 (391h hrs. of programming in its 5th Season) Channel 4, KOA Sept. 7th The Other Side (last date for this time s lot) Sept. 1 3th and 27th Mi Linda 3 p . m . Carlos Santistevan, assoc. producer. Sept. 27th National Latino Collation 5:30 (documentary) Channel 2, KWGN 10:00 a . m . Mon. thru Fri . Denver Now with Beverly Martinez 9:25a.m . S a t . NewsNOTICIASwith Rich Go nzal ez 9 :45a. m . Sun . Your Congress Speaks . 9 30 a . m . Sun . Catch 2 d ea l s w /minority affatrs. Greg c 'uinan and Phil Guerin: Produce rs Ever y Saturday at 7 :3 0 a . m . Lo Mejor del Cine Es panol: feature l e ngth films from Mexico. Channel 9, KBTV Sept 2"A Blessing in the Shadow of Controve r sy," a story Father Lara. Special: " Chican a . . . the ties that Bind." Sept. 14 -Nine File-People from the Lafayette Committee for 16th Sept. demonstration. Charros Associati on of Denver (slide presentation of Charreada) Jeanne Olguin, producer . Sept . 28th Interview -University of A meri cas (Fdm prese ntation of Mexico City) Channel 7, KMGH Sept . 6th 5:30 -Quinto Sol , a h alf hour of special inte r est to Hispanos; Migue l Barragan, producer. Charros Association of Denver (Denver vs . Pu eb lo) RADIO KFSC AM 1 220 on your dial Seven days a week, from sunrise to sunset. The on _ ly radio station in Denver that b r oadcasts extenstvel v tn Spanish, offering news, entertainment & publtc service. Language lessons daily spo nsor ed by La Mancha R estaurant at 7 : 3 0 a . m ., 12 : 30 p.m. & 4:30 p . m . A lso from 3 to 5 p . m . a new contemporar y bilingual program of music and news . KPOF AM 910 on your dial -Every Saturday from 8:30 to 10 : 30 p . m : Spani s h Broadcasts . KLZ FM 106. 7 on your dial Sundays at 8 :15a.m. Chicano Hoy. Host : Ted Barros KLZ AM 560 on your dial Sundays at 8 :45 p . m . Chicano Hoy. Host: Ted Barros

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EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR'S COMMENTS It i s w ith mixed feel ings of r eg r e t an d g l a dn e a nn o un ce m y r e i g n ation a D irec t o r o f L R SA t o a s um e th e p o itio n o f D e put y Directo r of the Col o r a d o ivil R i g ht Commi i o n . M y r eg r e t. o f cour e. is ove r the fac t tha t I will n o l o ng e r ha ve the op p o r t unit y to assist in t he ca rrying o ut o f th e pr og r a m o f Unite d W ay ' s only agency for th e hica n o commun ity. L R SA h as become a st r ong and wellr e p ec t e d for ce i n t h e D e n e r com munit y for resolving so m e o f th e m a n y serio u pr oble m rill faced by so many o f it Sp ani h orig i n citize n . I h a v e f e lt privi leged to have bee n a p art i n s h a p i n g L RASA f o r th e futur e. I am pleased t h a t in m y n ew p o it i o n I will cont i nu e th e work of remedying a nd e limin a t i n g t h e disc r i min ati on s o oft e n expe r i e n ced by o ur h e r ma n os y h e rm a n a . A diffi c ult an d t h e r e for e c hallenging ta k lies a h ea d o f m e. I r es p ec tfully f o r a n d hope to r ece ive the s upp o rt o f th e hic a n o C o mmunt ty a nd all f r i e n ds o f LA RASA. Fin ally I urg e all f r i e n d s o f L A R A S A to s upp o rt th e agen cy, it s B oa rd a nd Staff i n e v e r y wa y po ss ibl e. a o f LA RASA if i t i s wit hin yo ur mea n s a nd w h e n yo u g t ve t o th e Wa y, d e si g nat e y o u r con tr ibu t i o n t o L ARASA . Att e nd th e Ftesta d e S e pt i e mbr e o n S e p te mb e r 2 0. Viva LARASA ! s m ce r a m e nt e. J ac k Lan g y M a rqu ez MESSAGE Curre nt LA RASA Board m ember FROM THE BOARD: The Need for Chicanas in Politics " W o m e n in politics ? -N o t for m e , that's f o r ' p o liti cos ' W e ca n't c h a nge an y thing ! -It d oes n ' t mak e a n y diff e r e nce' T h ey ' a r e all th e same . . . " Thi s s ce nari o i s n o t uncommon ; but, w h at w e s h o uld reall y be s ay ing i s ' ' Y es, w e can m a k e a diff e r e n c e w e ca n m a ke changes." More than just say ing it, we s hould b e d o in g so m e thing about it b y b e ing involv e d in p o liti cs . E ve r ything r e l a tin g t o our socia l , eco nomic a nd ph ys i ca l e nvir onment is controlled b y e l ected offi c ials and th e ir appo intees. Th e people in t hese positi o n s are, on th e average, n o diff e r e nt from yo u and l. T h e main diff e r e n c e ma y b e th e ir motive s , and concerns, coupled w ith th e f ac t th a t th ey m a d e th e e ffort t o ac quir e their positions . Thi brin g s m e t o th e essenc e of this article Chi canas ar e n ee d din politics . Apart fr o m the basi c nee d for equal representa tio n. t h e r e a r e i s su e s and co n cerns that can b est be addressed and arti cula t e d b y Chi canas. Thi s does not suggest that onl y tho s e who seek publi c office s h o uld " do th e ir ow n thing. " The need is for m o r e par tici pati o n at all levels of th e p o litical process utili z ing wh a t e v e r t a l e nt s. abiliti e s and time w e may have. Curren t l y , ver y f e w Chi canas belong to partisan and non-partisan organizations th a t are involved in d ecision making processes. This has to c h a n g e. Not all of u s n ecessarily aspire to an elected office , but we h o uld seek out, encourage and support the most qualified Chi ca nas c apabl e of high political a c hiev ements and provide l ea d e rship and a sourc e of pride to the Chicano communi ty. F o rm e r Vice Chairp e rson 2 nd Con g ressi o nal District Past Member State Demo c ratic Executive committee ADDRESS OPENS IWY The President o f Mexico Luis E c h e v e rri a g a v e t h e o penin g ad dr ess a t the World Conf e ren ce of The int ernational Women ' Y e ar in Mexico City. Here are some r e m a rks fro m that spe ech. "For many y ears women h ave b ee n j udg e d in accordance with an inv ert e d scale of values . Their virtu es , unlik e tho e o f men, have b ee n d efine d in terms n ot of their act s but r athe r o f their absten t i o n s . • "Thi s ambiguous attitude is in comp a tibl e with the essential e qu a lit y of all human beings. It is imp e rati ve that e ve r y woman sh o uld b e v alue d for h e rself , for the work sh e d o es , for the i d eas she upholds. for the causes she de fends , and not so l e l y for the support she g i ves to the work of her husband. Her w ork should be intrinsic and not a mere reflection. " • • • • Submitted b y : Y vonne R . Lucero Current B ou lder County Exec u ti v e Committee member QUOTE -The Most Under develop e d o f All Human R e s o ur ces Mrs. Hel v i L. Sipila , United Nations Assistant Secretary General for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs , who was designated as Secretary General of the International Women's Year and the Confer ence, has stated that women, a goo d half of the world ' s popu lation, have not been able up to now to make a full contributio n to strengthening world peace. " As a group, they remain the most under-developed of all .human resources, because of lack of opportunity to pla y an equal part with men in all roles of life , and because of the stereotype of male and female roles." The International WornSYMBOL OF I.W.Y. Th e nit e d ario n h a al ad o pt e d as mb o l d e ig n ed by a woman , a l e r ie P erri . t o repre sen t th e e a riou s acti iti e . It s mb o l ize th e constant de i r e o f th e int e rn a tion al o r ga n iza tion s t o pr o m o t e peace a nd to furth e r e qu a lit y b etw e e n m e n and w o m e n thro u g h out the wo r l d . It consi t of a t lize d d o v e . r e presenti n g peace, c o m b in e d wit h t h e biol o gical m b o l for t h e f e m a l e s e x an d t h e m a th e m a ti ca l s i gn f or e qu ality. Jess Luna Attends INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S CONFERENCE Because Larasa, KLZ Radio Station, and the Y .W.C. A . beli e v e d that the International Womens Conference was im portant they made it pos s ible for Ms. Luna to attend the International Womens Confer ence in M e xico City. The C onference and the Tribune mark a turning point in the history of humanity. Things cannot b e as they were before. After this , women will have to b e associat e d with everything that happens. Nothing can be done with out the participation of wo men. The World Plan of A c tion is a Major achievement. O ver 7, 000 persons mostl y w omen from all over the world came together for the first time. The y r epresented widely different cultures and societies yet they were able to exchange ex periences and to exc hange in formation a b out condition in their own countries. ******** ................................... SEPT.1975 ANO INTERNACIONAL DELAMUJER CHI CANA S AITE D IWY CONFER E N CE Th e L a R aza U nid a P arty m e t at t ribun a l meetin g f o r th e world confe r e n ce o n Inte rn a tio n a l W o m e n ' Y ear. C hi ca n o r epresen t in g Ca l ifo rn ia , o l o ra d o, Texa , ew M ex ico an d Arizo n a spo k e w i t h Lati n Am r ican a nd M e x i ca n wo m e n r o di c u s prob l e m o f d eve l op m e n t, bi-lingual a nd bi-cultura l education, f o r ce d t ril' z a t i o n , bir t h co n t r o l a n d abo r t i o n . A coalitio n of C h i cano f r o m Ca lif o rni a h a d pre v i o u s l y ex pre s e d co n ce rn that th h i ca n os n ot b e excl ud e d fro m di c ussi o n s ab o u t t h e wom e n ' m o v e m ent in Am e r ica. ,-------------"'1 I I 1 Support the 1 l September 16th l : Rall y! I l ______________ _J WORlD PlAN OF ACTION •••••••••• A 0 I TER ATI O AL DELA M J E R 1975 L u c h ar m o p o r Ia i g ualdad soc ial p o liti a eco n omic a d h o mbre y m ujer e . •••••••••• PROBLEMS OF TffiRDWORLD WOMEN W e mu 1 r e m embe r t h a t wome n fro m poor cou nt r i e rna ' rejec t our n otio n cW' fre e d o m and equality. W e t ern wom e n d o n o \ ee m to und e r stand tha t o n e wom a n ' se x u a l t e r eotyp e may b e a n othe r ' s e n e of ecurity, a tr adit i o nal r o l e t hat p r o i d e i d e nt i ty, cont i nuityeve n s u rvival. Equ a l p a y f o r e qua l work has litt l e appeal i n a r e a w h e r e the r e i no work f o r a n y o n e and c hildr e n a r e dyin g o f malnu t riti o n . F o r Third W o rld S ister t o d e m and con t r o l ove r their own b odies o r t o i nf orm their d octo r s o f their n ee d s i s a somewh a t inappropria te ta s k in a count r y like India or B a nglad es h w h e r e th e doc t o r pati e nt rati o i s 1 t o 10,000 a nd whe r e one i s luc k y to get a sing l e m edical visit in the cours e o f a life t i m e . It i s small wond e r that w e have i n s pir e d s o littl e trust in wome n fro m developing nations. What are the prioriti e s in a world where 700 million people , m ostly women , do not know how to read or writ e, where 500 million childre n in 60 countries a r e threatened with starvation , and where millions of wome n are forced to bear chi.ldren they do not want? It is thus presumptuous for U .S. women to tr y to edu c ate feminists from any countr y without their specific request . It is far more likely that those who have been raised in a consumer society can learn from t h ose who have taught themselve s to survive by wasting nothitig . TWA still has not hired any Chicano Skycaps! In addition to an e xchange of vie w s on a number of substan t ive issues affecting women, th e Conference did focus atten tion on a draft World Plan of Action. The Plan contains sug g e s t ions for national and inter national action over the 10year period 1975-1985 to solve t h e "problems of ment and of the socto-econom t c s tructure w hich places women in an inferior position , in order to achieve the goals of Inter national Women' s Year" . Thus, in recognition of the "persisting de facto gap be tween the economic and social statu s of women and men'', the Plan sets forth recommenda tions aimed at promoting e qual ity between the sexes in such areas of concern as educational and employment legislative measures, participation and leadershtp, health and population. .... ----en in strengthening interna tional peace and eliminating racism and racial discrimina tion; Current trends and chan ges in the status and roles of women and men, and major. obstacles to be overcome in the achievement of equal rights, opportunity and responsibili ties; and en' s Year, stated Mrs. Sip ila, signals "the beginning of a new era when all of humanity, not half of it , w ill participate in the effort to solve the problems of the world". ln addition to the World Plan . of Action, the provisional agen da for the Conference contained the following substantive items: -The objectives and goals of International Women' s Year -present policies and pro grams; -The involvement of worn. -The integration of women in the development process as equal partners with men.

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Page 4, El ECO, SEPTEMBER 1'975 Editor) PoQe Joseph R. Padilla is an Elec ' tronic Engineer at the Denver . ' Martin Marietta Corporation. He is a native of Colorado , born in Silverton , and grew up in the San Luis -Valley . The son of a Railroad Foreman for the D& RGW, Sr. Primitivo [Pete] Padilla, Joseph was the first of a family of ten childre n to graduate from High School. He is also a graduate of E. L.A. Jr. College , and of U. C.L.A. in Los Angeles. Joseph Padilla is one of a handful of Hispanos in the U.S. who has worked in the Aerospace Industry since the Space-AR,e began in 1957. EDITORIALi , Viva Equality for All! i Viva Colorado-Jalisco Sisterstatehood! by Joseph Ramon Padilla On September 16th, all of La pauses to demonstrate support for the cause of achiev ing economic and political equality for all Chicanos, Mexi canos, Hispanos, and other Latinos who now reside in this affluent nation, the United States. Certainly, we can all stand in unity for this great cause of reaching true equality. Those of us whose heritage lies in the country of Mexico may take pride, also, in another recent "demonstration" that will create economic advance ment for our people. On August 4th, a special and well organized reception was held at the Governor's Mansion to commemorate the birth of a peaceful union between Jalisco, Mexico and Colorado, U.S.A. EL ECO congratulates Gov ernor Richard Lamm for making and participating in this very worthwhile friendship union. The commitments that were made , via the proclamations that were read and signed by each Governor in turn, must be carried out actively and im mediately. These commitments repre sent an incredible economic opportunity for La Raza in the state of Colorado, because at the moment, we are the most qualified to travel down these new economic roads and to suc ceed. Furthermore, we must do so now , because that economic opportunity exists there for every Colo. citizen as well as for Hispanos. Congratulations to Andres Nedig and Guillermo Valdez for working so diligently to create this Sister City Concept and for presenting it so well over Channel 6 under the direction of Mario Alvarez. Amistades a el Senor Gober nados, Ricardo Lamm y ojala que usted valla ser el primer de su raza que aga moviemientos directos para comprender y communicar en Ia idioma de Ia raza Mejicana. Salud! ...Ill--; 'Were It left for me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers, or news papers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.' -Jefferson 744-3984 Qoot TYPESETIING LAY:UT CJJetg The visiting Mexican dignitaries tour Colorado's Central City with guide, Sr. Raul Rodriquez. Also pictured, left to rt. are Sra. & Gov. Alberto Romero, and their son , Edmundo Romero. denver free university 1122 East 17th Avenue PO. Box 18455 Denver, Colorado 80218 FAll CLASSES will begin OCT 1st. Registration for our classes will begin Sept. 10 thru Sept . 30 at the d.f.u. COURSE LISTINGS Available at D.F.U. or any 7-11 Store Call832-6688 for further information. DEFINITION DEFINICION ECO [echo] h ace r eco , r e p e ti r ; r eso n ar , r e p e r c u tir. ECHO T o send out th e w o rd , a nd th e w o r d co mes b ac k to y o u . Governor Lamm reads Colorado's Sister State Procla mation at the reception held at his Mansion honoring the event. In the background at left are Barbara Kuban, Asst. to the Governor, and Sr. Pete Miralez. -photos by Raul Rodriquez Governor Romero reads Jalisco's Sister State Proclamation in Spanish at the reception. i VIVA EL 16th de SEPTIEMBRE! i i Est amos J: untos en la Lucha para -Igualdad de Toda la Gente! At the left, Sr. Guillermo Vales, Mexican Consulate in Denver, organizer of the Sister State Program, with Sra. V aides at the far right. In the center are Sra. and Gov. Alberto 0. Romero , of Jalisco, Mexico. Viva el Dia de Independencia de los MEXICANOS!! 16th de Sept. 1975 -----------------------------By working together as brothers, we will conquer oppression. -----------------------------Trabajando juntos como Hermanos venceremos oppresion! JOE I ULIBARRI ULIBARRI CONSTRUTlON COMPANYINC Resid e ntial * 4046 TEJON STREET DENVER, COLORADO 80211 433-8277 All THE STAFF OF Denver Community Development Corporation 4142 Tejon Street Denver , Colorado 80211 Phone(303)433-8636 DE LA POBREZA ALPODER ECONOMICO SIN CULTURA ES BARBARISMO. FROM POVERTY TO ECONOMIC POWER WITHOUT CUL lURE IS BARBARISM. JOSEPH Y WANDA PADILLA &ALL THE STAFF OF EL ECO NEWSPAPER Conflict Over ERA by Colorado Coalition for the ER)\ The Equal Rights Amendment for which many of us worked so hard in 1972 has again become a subject of attention across the state. During the past legislativ e session questions were raised by some women who expressed doub ts that ERA would really help them. Their questions and fears are much the same as were raised in 1972, and we feel they are primarily due to a lack of information. However, the controversy has prompted the formation of two interim legislative studies on the subject of the ERA and legal rights for women. We are therefore pre vailing on persons and organiza tions which have supported the ERA to once again work for this legal principle which is of prime importance to many persons in this state and across the nation. A new Colorado Coalition for Support of the ERA is being formed by the Colorado Commission on the Status of Women, the League of Women Voters and many other groups . The Coalition will be embarking on a campaign to show support for the amendment and to furnish information and witnesses to the l egislative hearings. We hop e to organize a speaker's bureau, to coordinate contacts with legisla tors, and to generate publicity for the ERA. Contact your State Senator or Representative in support of con tinued ratification of the federal ERA and of the state ERA. by Colorado Coalition for the ERA r Los anundos hacen I I 5Unqodo' thr wiU •PP'""i.tr ,.,.,. lrll ,...... you •• tlorir od ill n : tto N...,;....,. Hablamos E s panol

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Bar ba ra H into n , a olorado native, has been a panis h lan guage reacher i n the BoulderD e n ver a r e a for th e pas t 9 year . B a r bara has also taught for the D e nver Museum of atural Hi s t o ry, H E W , OEO and i n Baja alifornia. Mexi co. EL ECO i s proud t o an n ounce that Barbara i s now Spanis h Edito r of this, th e lar ges t bilingual newspape r in th e Stat e of Co l o rado. i i EL DIA INDEPENDENCIA DE LOS MEXICAN OS!! b y Barb ara Hinto n i V iva I a Virg e n d e G u ada lupe! 'Mue r a e l mal g o bierno ! i Mue r a n l os g ach up ines! Th e joyo u s cries o f ind e p e nden ce a nd freed o m, " e l grit o d e D o l o res,'' a r e t o b e heard thr o u g h o ut M ex i c o in honor of Ind e p e nd e n ce Day, t h e 16th of S e pt e mb e r. I n M exic o City, Ave nida Mad e ro, the prin c ipal s tr ee t l e adin g to the Z oca l o Plaza, i s clo e d to traffic early o n th e night o f the fifteenth. Bustling c r owds of h a pp y p eople throwing confetti accom pany the brilliant r ows of r e d , w hit e . a nd g reen lights strung a l o n g the P aseo d e I a Reforma . At e l eve n o'cloc k the Zocalo is jamme d with thousands of p eople who h ave come to hear the Pr es id e nt of th e Republic of M ex ico give " e l grito de Dolo res" from the balcon y of th e Pala c io Nacional. Above the balcon y hangs a small, very old bell, which is said to be the one fro m th e church in Dolores which was rung so long ago. The Presidente pulls a rope attached to it , and the pealing of the campanita is a signal for a n outburst of r e joicing. The air is fille d with the clamor of churc h bells . Factor y whistles and automobile horns join in the noise. And the huge cohetes. fireworks pieces set up o n the Zoca l o, begin to weave beautiful patte rn s in the clear , deep blu e skies . Serenatas. parades, concerts , festive dinners. ceremonies at the Monument to Independence a nd th e graves of heroes engulf M e xico City its e lf and spread to all corners of this vast and varied l and. The phrase "taxation without r epresentation' ' has long been kn ow n to th e readers of the his tor y of the United States, but Mexico had even more to protest about in Spain's iron rule of the wealth-producing N ew World . For almost three hundred years Mexico was to Spain merely a source of income. Kings appointed court favorites as viceroys , who, with few exceptions, sailed home from their terms in Mexico with pockets bulging, each leaving behind a record of his concern onl y for the fortune he was c olle c ting f o r hims elf. On e o f th e v i ce roys . t o c rush th e spirit o f th e p eople. eve n f o rbad e th e m th e j oy ful j a rab e tapati o . ord e rin g a p e nalt y of tw o years of impris o nm e nt for perfo rm e rs and tw o m o nths for th e on l ook e r ! Finall y it was a s i xtyy ear-o ld pri e st. Miguel Hid a l go y Cos tilla. who talke d the p eople of hi s p a ri s h o f D o l o res into r e b ellio n after the Sp a niards had a dd e d the last straw b y cutting down the mulberry trees from w hich the peopl e were trying to rais e silkworms . Padre Hidalgo rang the b ell of his little church to call his peopl e to arms in protest of the injustices of the Spanish gov ernment. That night of the fifteenth of September of 1810 , h e probabl y did not reali ze that he was starting a war between Spain and Mexico that would last for ten yea rs, and that long b e fore its e nd he himself would pa y the supreme penalty . That was what did happen, for withi n a year the brave priest was executed at Chihuahua, and his head placed in an iron cage and hun g on the corner of the Castillo de Granaditas in Gua najuato as a warning to those who dared rebel against power ful Spain . But the spirit of Padre Hidalgo , el Padre de Ia Patria, went marching on , and after a long and blood y struggle, Mex ico won her independence in 1821. and was beginning to forge her own history. After years of political upheaval, the R evo lu tion of 1916, and years of formation, Mexico has emerged to be the proud and free nation of today. i Viva Ia ind ependen cia ' ! iViva Ia libertad! iViva Mejico! iiiiiiiliiliilii Miguel Hidalgo (1753-1811) SEPTEMBER 1975, EL ECO, Pail! 5 BOOK REVIE Denver PubliC Cormnunity Services Assistant library NOW AVAILABLE in 8-TRACK & ETIE TAPES only $4.99 ea. +.55 Handling • The Cultural Legac y of The Forgotten P eople A 30-minute narration of the Chicano is now told with vivid stereo music background. LA RAZA recounts the struggle of the second largest and fastest growing minority in the United States: Chicanos, Mexican Americans, Hispanos , Tejanos. . . . LA RAZA traces the historical and cultural significance of the Chicano from their forefathers in Old Mexico, through the conquest and oppression b y Spain , migrations into the United States, further oppressions of the Braceros and Mojados, to the Chicanos of today's America in their struggle for reinstatement of their cultural background, racial pride, and equality as Americans. TO ORDER TAPES Send Check or Money Order for $5.54 to: Antonio Ulibarri 66 So. Xavier St. Denver, Colo. 80219 Success & Best Wishes to the 16th of Sept. Demonstration Esta usted invitado a • juntarse con sus gentes que gozan de los SERVICIOS PERSONAlES: • Cuentas de Cheques • Ahorros • Prestados SERVICIO NUEVO: Deposito directo de su cheque de Gobierno en su cue . nta. Ahora! You are PERSONAllY invited t9 join the growing numbers of SATISFIED CUSTOMERS. PERSONAl Services: • Checking Accounts • Savings • loans NEW SERVICE: Direct deposit of Government Checks in 14th&IRVING•DENVER,COLO 80217 u can d al ,vi_th it. The pportunity is for real... and are we. NAVY It you can deal with it . . . Call OENV R : 333 9552 COLORADO SPRING 6 3 2 4162 PUEBLO: 545-3490 on L oWINE I oBEER Q. oBOURBON oWHISKEY oiCE u OPEN 0 Mon."'" Fri . llom-11 : 3 0p m Sat. 9om]] :JOpm 320 4 Tejon St. UNCOLN CREAMERY 519 E. EXPOSinON. HERMOSILLO'S MUICAN FOOD TO GO Open 7 Dar• A Week aGO AM To 10:00 PM auli•tes BEEF IUIHITOI TACOS TOITADAS EIICII._..... 35C 45C 35C 35C

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Page 6, EL Eco ; SEPTEMBER 1975 A VARICIA NO RESPETA LEY Nl OBEDECE A REY. Unos recien casados que acababan de instalarse en su nueva casa, recibieron por correo una agradable sorpre.s_a. Era un sobre con dos entradas para el mejor teatro de la ciudad, pero sin indicacion de quien las envio. La pareja no pudo imaginarse quien seria el .buen amigo que les regalaba las entradas. La funcion en el teatro fue excelente, pero al regresar a}}a casa, vieron }OS recien Casados que todos los regalos de boda habian desaparecido. En Iugar bien visible, el ladron dejo la nota siguien t e : "Ya saben ustedes quien les envio los billetes. " .a cucaracha Una de las md's famosas ca n cio nes que salil de Ia R evo lucicfn mexic ana es es ta cancion popular, o "co rrida", "La c u ca ra cha". C a da c ual conoce sus versos predilectos, p o rqu e ha y como ce ntenares. Aqu{ se r eproducen cinco, co n los cua l es se puede div irtir mucho. Rt1p1'do I J"' ) I= 3 ) ) )' cu -ca -ra -cha, Ia cu -ca I BIOGRAFIAS MEZCLADAS Mir6 Ferrer y Garcia Lorca Selecciona.r d e ta.,. sigui.ent:e" prupos:icion.es las que mejor correspondan a ro da uno de ellos: 1. Se llamaba Gabriel. 2. llamaba Federico. 3. Es au tor de "Mariana Pineda". 4. Es autor de "Bod as de sangre" . 5. Es au tor de "EI humo dormido". 6. Es autor de "Alios y leguas". EN 3 MINUTOS Po r Cov a (;A quien se debe Ia famosa frase cla vida es una mala pasada en una mala posada? 3 ra cha, Santa Teresa VoltairP. Napoleon Coro: U -na cu-cara-cha pin-ta Todas l as mu<.:ha<.:has tienen le a_u na co -lo ra da, e n l os ojo s do s estrellas; pe ro las m e xi ca nitas 808 NATIVIDAD, OwNER TEL. 777-9856 de seg uro SOn maS belJas . SOUTH BROADWAY BAY FINA Motor Tune Ups • Brake Service Lube & Oil Changes Regulators • Starters • Alternators 795 SOUTH BROADWAY DENVER 80209 Para sarapes , Sal ti llo, Chihuahua para so l dados; p a ra muj e r es, Jalisco, para_ a m a r, toditos lados. Una cos a me da P a n c ho Villa s in ca misa. Y a se van l os ca rran c istas, porque vienen los .villista s . -l Viva el 16th de Septiembre! -Y, ,;.que quieres que haga, con lo que me duele la garganta? Walt Weinberg Professional Potter 573 5903 701 Santa Fe D r. Denver, Colorado 80204 ' _fos 2034 LARIMER STREET Mexican Food & Mixed Drinks Dancing : Fri. Sat. p.m. ' s Jessie Gallegoes 534-9704 ............................... Advertencias pertinentes Av1s o a Ia puerta de Ia tienda de un barrio : "Salf a almorzar. Si no he regresado antes de las 5, sera que tambien me quede a cenar". -J. J .M. SoBRE una de las puertas de una gran tienda de Los Angeles, pro tegida con una alarma automatica, hay un letrero que dice: "Esta puerta esta alarm ada . No Ia a bra". -B. K . LETRERo a Ia puerta de Ia ofic i na de un espiritista: " Se ruega Hamar con Ia campanilla. Los golpes podrian confun dirnos " . -E. E . K . Save & Borrow at: CF&I Cre 5640710 EL CONSEJO DIARIO EQUAl HOUSING ENERGIA OPPORTUNITY Acquired Homes REDECORATED AND READY TO MOVE IN No Fees • No Discount Low Closing Costs See any broker to inspect and offer: VETERANS ADMINISTRATION EL CONSEJO D/AR/0 PARA ECONOMIZAR ENERGIA Evite dejar corrien d o el agua caliente al rasurarse, lavar vasijas o a l hacer otra tarea similar. No es dificil abrir y cerrar I a lla ve d e l agua cada vez que sea necesario y Ia r ecom pensa sera un marcado ahorro en los costos de energia. * * * Pruebe el transporte colec tivo (carpoo l ) para ir con s u s vecinos a l super mercado. El u so de un solo automovil signif icara economia en gasolina, y ademas le dera mas tiem p o para convivir con sus amistades. * * * ? Porque no usa las escaleras en Iugar de un elevador, par ticularmente tratandose d e solo unos cuantos pisos? Esto ayuda a economizar energia -y a la vez proporciona muy buen ejercicio. SABOREE LAS MEJORES TORnLLAS DE HARINA Y MAIZ DE PUEBLO PH 546-1275 La Ramirez, cuenta con Ia mas amplia exper1eneta en su ramo. Ia satisfacci6n de miles de hogares del suroeste ci! Teps, as[ lo atestiguan. . Aho111 sirviendo a to cb el besto estado de Colorado A sus ordenes en 1812 Santa Fe Dr. BJende,COio . Telefono : 546-1275 THE BEST CORN & FLOUR TORTILLAS IN COLORADO 181.2 SANTA FE DR. BLENDE, COLORADO.

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SEPTEMBER 1975, El ECO, 7 BI-LINGUAL BI-CULTURAL EDUCATION SECTION Learn Spanish thru the Practical Spanish-English Language Guide How lO Pronounce and Where lO P lace th . e Accent In SpanJ b . I! is quite simple t o pronounce and read Spani s h . Thi i because each o f the letters in the Spanish alphabet has onl y one or at most rwo sounds that f ollow definite rules. The Spani s h a cce nt al o i patterned o n ftxed rules . Y ou will be able to r ead any Spanish word once yo u know the value of each lener in the alphabet and something about accentuation and rhythm. Th e Spani h vowe l s are as f ollows: A a s in f athe r : padre. E as in r e d : beber (to drink). I as in ma chine: s l (yes), mi (my). 0 as in orbit: co m o (like). U as in f ood: m e g u s ta ( I like) . C followed b y " E " o r " I " is pro n o un ced like the "S" in sea : ex. ci n co. If "C" is foll owe d b y a, o. u , it has a "K" ound: ex . cas a . C H a l ways sounds like in chess: ex. muc h o ( mu c h) . chico (little). G b e f ore the vowel a. o. u . is pronounced like the word go: e . Gonzllez. I f the , owel "E" o r 'T' follow. the lener "G" is pro nounced like the word head : ex . gente ( peopl e). I f "G" is follo"'• ed by "ue" or "ui" then it is pronounced like in get: e . guerra (war). H is silent: huevo (egg) . J sounds like th e English " H " in hou e: ex. jamon (ham). LL ha s the value of the Engli h co nsonant " Y " as in the word yawn : ex. ella ( he ). polio (chicken). sounds like " Y" in the word canyo n : ex. m a n a n a ( t o morrow). Q followed b y "E" o r "!" is pronounce d l ike the E nglish "K": ex. Que? (What?). R i s slightly trilled like in run: ex. pera ( pear ). RR is tro n g l y trilled as in horror : ex. tarro (mug). Y is pronounced like the English "E": y (a nd ), yo (1). Z ha s th e value of "S": zapato (s h oe). NOTE: The othe r co ns onan t s are pro n ounced m o r e o r l ess a s in English. DO YOU HAVE AN APPOINTMENT? Aprenda Ud. Ingles Atraves del Album Bilingue lngles-Espaiiol Practico lnatrucclonu p11,.. Loa Que Eatuct le n lnglea Elongl/s. a d o ferencoa del toene aroos sonodos para cada una de las ocal s . Algunos d estos sonodos no exosten en el odooma espanol. En Ia pronuncoacoon f ogurada. damos el son ido aproxomado al espanol. E l alumno se dar a cuen to de esto a medoda que ay scuchando los d i s cosy debera"'poner empeiio en reproducor Ia pronunco aco6'" tal como Ia o e n los d i scos . Profe 11or Anaelmo S . Jaramillo, a natove of Colorado. os the author or The Thr.e-Wey Method of Engllah , Bks . I & II . The ThrM-Way Method of Bks . I & II (transl ted to P ortuguese Chinese and Y iddosh) and is presently writong two other works: Programmed Engllah and Pro grammed Spanlah . He os also the author of the Mualcel Slide Rule Robby , a method to I am guo tar and poano chords by means of color and number. For the Olympi c Games i n Mexoco Coty. 1968 , Professor Jaramillo publ ished a p rac tical method t o learn both Span ish and English as a means of communica t ion for th is great event. The method is somple to follow and goes w i th 4 LP record . du iu hav an ap6intment? i. Tlene usted una clta? COSMETICS kasmetiks cosmetlcos FACIAL CREAM feishiel crim crema facial PERFUME perflum perfa•e DOES HE HAVE A DATE? das j i hav ei de it? ;.Tiene 61 una clta? YES, HE HAS ADA TE WITH HIS SWEETHEART. ies, ji has ei deit with jis sutjart. Sl, el tlene una clta con su no vi a. EYE 1_ASHES aylashes pestaiias MAKE UP meik ap maquillaje ROUGE rud s h colo rete MANICURE FACE POWDER feis pauder polvo facial COLOGNE kol6un . colonia WHEN MAY I SEE YOU AGAIN? juen mey ai si iu aguien? ;.Cuando Ia puedo ver otra vu:? manikiur manicure LIP STICK I ip stik laplz labial SHE IS PUTTING SOME LIP STICK ON. shi is puting sam lip stik an . . MAY I HAVE YOUR PHONE NUMBER? mey I jav iur foun namber? ;.Me puede dar el niimero de su teiUono? MAY I CALL YOU UP BY PHONE TOMORROW? mei ai kal iu ap bai foun tumarou? c.Le puedo hablar por teleftn1 maiiana? WILL YOU HAVE DINNER WITH ME? uil iu jav diner with mi? ;.Ne cemeri cenmlge? NAIL POLISH neil palish barniz para las uiias Ella se esta plntanchl lo s lablos. YOUR PERFUME SMELLS VERY NICE. iur perfium smels very nais. Su perfume huele muy bonito. WHERE CAN I BUY SOME COSMETICS? juer kan ai sam kasmetics? ;.Donde puedo comprar cosmetlcos7 I'M SORRY BUT I JUST CAN'T MAKE IT TODAY. aim sary bat ai yiast kant meiket tudei. a drug store una farmacia YOU CAN BUY THEM IN ANY DRUG STORE. iu kan bai dem in eny drag stor. La stante pero ne me as poslble hoy. Los puede comprar en cualquler farmacla. Give the Gift of LEARNING to Yourself, Your Friends and Relatives SPANISH-ENGLISH LANGUAGE GUIDE KIT: TEXT + 4 LP RECORDS $18 . 50 . THE THREE WAY METHOD TO SPANISH 1 : 5 LP RECORDS + 2 TEXTS $25 . 00 MAIL IN YOUR ORDER Name : Address City State Zip PROGRAMMED ENGLISH ;tnd PROGRAMMED SPANISH : Elementary School level. INTRODUCTORY PRICE $ 7. 00 per text. THE THREE WAY METHOD TO ENGLISH 1: 5 LP RECORDS + 2 TEXTS $25 . 00 THE THREE WAY METHOD TO ENGLiSH II: 5 LP RECORDS + 2 TEXTS $2.500 TODAY! Please enclose payment, check or money nrliPr, and send to: Prof. Anselmo S. Jaramillo 1680 S. Java Way Denver, Colorado *P.ostage on . I orders prepaid.

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' . Colorado Native: Thomas H. Martinez Lauded As Triple Award Recipient Thomas H. Mart inez A triple award for meritor ious service and dedication to duty during the past year was presented to Thomas H . Mar tinez, a Federal employee at Fort Carson, CO. Martin ez is an Equal Em ployment Opportunity Special ist and Spanish Speaking Pro gram Coordinator for the Colo rado mountain post , and he was cited for Outstanding Perfor mance, give n a Quality Step Increase in pay and awarded a 1,000-hour Sick Leave Certifi cate. In presenting the awards to Mertinez , LTC Glynn C. Mal lory , Direc:;tor of Personnel and Community Activities re marked : " I am very happy to present y ou with these a wards . It is civilians, such as you , which are the backbone behind the military team to accompli sh the equal opportun ity missi on of Fort Carson." Martin ez, LTC Glynn C. Mal veteran in the Federal service joined the Fort Carson civilian workfor ce in 1963: He was re tired as a Lieutenant Colonel from the US Army in 1962 and resides with his wife, Eralia and family in Colorado Springs . Mr. Martinez is well known in the state of Colorado and throughout the Southwest for his voluntary leadership and participation in humanitarian projects , educational matters, and a champion of veterans' programs with deep commitment. As assistant to the Equal Employment Opportunity Of ficer at Fort Carson, Martinez aids in carrying out an affirma tive action program to promote equal employment opportunity for all civilians employed at Fort Carson. As a coordinator of the Post's Spanish Speaking Program, he participates in Federal, state and regional activities to improve employ ment opportunities and com. munity conditions that affect the employability of Spanish surnamed individuals, He also counsels personnel on problems of discrimination based on race, color, age, sex, religion and national origin; conducts class room instruction for managers and supervisors; assists EEO Counselors in efforts to resolve discrimination complaints and provides technical assistance on complaints proceedings. As an activist and champion of human rights, Martinez is deeply involved in civic, patri otic and statewide affairs. He is a member of the American GI Forum, the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 101, Disabled Amer ican Veterans Post #39, the Reserve Officers Association, and a board member and advisor for Operation SER, the Veterans Outreach Program, and the LULAC Education Center. iQue Sigamos Avanzando! Sept. 16th 1975 29!5 So". PENNSYLVANIA DENVER. COLORADO 80209 LOUIS ESQUIVEL. PROP. ROBERT F . ESQUIVEL • .,GR. TEL. 744-3191 FIESTA AT ST. CAJETAN'sSt. Cajetan's Church held a three-day'"fiesta Friday through Saturday, August 1-3 , at its new church at Alameda and Raleigh streets. The fiesta marked the con gregation's first activity in the new building since relocating from the Auraria site in down town Denver. This event was one of 19 activities listed on the Colorado Centennial-Bicentennial Com mission ' s statewide calendar of events for celebrating Colorado's 99th year of statehoodColorado Days, August 1-4. It was an endorsed Centennial Bicentennial event of the Den ver Mayor's Committee . Delphine Garcia, spokesperson for the event , said the fiesta began 6 p.m. Friday, August 1 with games and entertainment at the church . Mexican food was served and Mexican imports and handi crafts were sold. On Saturday, August 2 , the church had its Bicentennial dinner and sho w, featuring a children's folkloric dance group Los Alegres . Participants wore 19th century costumes. On Sunday, August 3 , there was a mariachi Mass at noon, followed by a traditional out door procession, in which wor shippers carried the statue of St. Cajetan. August 7 is St . Cajetan's Day, but the event is traditionally observed on the closest Sunday to that day . Afternoon events included entertainment by folkloric danc ers, games, a dinner, and the crowning of a queen, Miss St. Cajetan . The young lady who won the Queen's crown was Jeanette Vigil, age 16. She sold the fantastic total of $3,439.00 dollars worth of raffle tickets! The grand prize was a 1975 Ford Pinto Station Wagon, which was won by the lucky Mr. Jack Stermer. Soluciones de pagina 6 BIOGRAFIAS MEZCLADAS EN TRES MINUTOS 1. Wr6 Fer:rer.-2. Gaorcia Lorca.-3. G . L .-4. G, L.-5. M . F.-6. M. F. Santa Teresa. r------------------------------1 LOCHA'S MEXICAN RESTAURANT i Specializing in Dishes . 821 -14th Sf. from OLD MEXICO! MOLE ..... . Wednesdays HOURS : FLAUTAS ....... . . Fridays Mon. -Th . 10 a.m . 6 p . m. Fri. & Sat . 10 a . m . -8 p . m . CARRY OUTS: ph. 573-9240 J and J Realty JULIAN J . DURAN REAL ESTATE 5815 W . 38t h Ave. Denver, Colorado 80212 BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES Off. 422-0101 Res. 477-3118 i VIVA LA DIA INDEPENDENCIA DE LOS MEXICANOS!! 1975 4235 REMNANT RUG PRICES SLASHED Room size rugs in all sizes at tremendous savings. Because they're cut from ends of rolls, ends of runs, overrun pieces, partial rolls. YOU'D PAY DOLLARS MORE if purchased by the square yard. Ideal for bedrooms, hallways, family rooms, kitchens, living rooms. The choice is yours and so are the savings. SIZE 12'x3'0" 6')(4'4" 12'x9'3" 12'x9'4" 12'x9'0" 12'x12'4" 12'x11'6" 12'x13'1" 12'x13'6" 12'x15'6" 12'x20'0" PARTIAL LISTING FOLLOWS DESCRIPTION VAlUE Rubber-backed Gold Tweed level loop $ 27.80 Brown Plush Shag $ 40.26 Green Hi-lo $ 73.40 Rubber-Backed Blue Spaced Dyed Tweed $ 99.50 Gold Shag $ 83.40 Green Tweed Hi-lo $ 90.50 Gold Shag $152.50 Green Tweed Hi-lo $169.50 Gold Shag Rubber Backed $143.10 Blue Green Shag $220.00 Gold Tweed Shag $212.00 PRICE $ 12.95 $ 14.95 $ 37.50 $ 49.95 $ 58.66 $ 64.50 $ 76.65 $ 79.50 $ 84.10 $ 99 .5 0 $129.95 OVER 150 ROllS AND ROll ENDS TO CHOOSE FROM. All SAlE PRICED PlENTY OF FREE PARKING jim Brown 4272 Lowell Blvd. .. ' jim Payne 458-7228 .. \ .....

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5-C's CHILD CENTER b y R a y L uc e r o Boar d M e m b e r . 5 C's ommer ce City hild Ca r e e nt e r. a non profit comm un ity day ca r e ce nt e r , o pened July 9. 1975. Th e center i licen e d for 60 c hild r e n . age two a nd a h a l f t h r o u gh ix yea r old, b y th e o l o r a d o D epanmen1 o f S oc ial erv i ces. It al o meets th e F e d e r a l Int e ra ge n cy Day Care R e quir e m e nt s. The ce nter offers a w ellr ounde d developmental prog ram with emphasis on the four are as of growth : social. emotional , physical, and intellect ual. Pr eschool activities. such a s language arts and pre-math. are planned throughout the da y. A bi lin g u al. bi-cultural program i s b e ing d eve l o p e d b y th e ta ff . Commerce City Child Car e Ce nter is p artic ipating in the Special Food S e rvi ce Pro g ram f o r Children which is s po n so r e d through the Colo r a d o Department o f Education. Br e akfast. h ot lunch, and two s n acks are ser ve d d ai l y . At the present time. c hildre n are being s up e r vise d b y two teachers: Alice Mendoza, w h ose b ac kground i s Elemen tary Education; and Tony lan nitti, who has a BA in S oci o l ogy. Susan Pena , an aid, adds much to t h e pr og r a m b y assisting th e teac h e r s. TYPES OF RESOLUTIONS THAT WERE ADOPTED ATI.W.Y. CONFERENCE: NON-SEXIST LANGUAGE The committ ee o n Language Revi ion pr oposes the d evelopment and consciou s use of non-sexist l ang u age . Whe n t erms are used in a ge n e ri c se n se hombr es, m a nkind -it i s significant that women become non-exist ent. For m o re than 2,000 yea r s, male terms have been associated with leader ship p ositio ns. Toda y . chairman. C o n g ressm a n , Committeeman, etc . . are illustrative of male domi n a nce of languag e elements in E n glis h u sage. Similarly. it is noted that leadership term s in other l a n guages are normall y masculine in gender. Recogniz ing that vocabulary s hap es thinking and limits communicatio n , recomme ndations inclu de d extensive study and immediate active change to non-sexist language-language which will express the eq ualit y of the sexes . It is the res ponsibilit y of the media , educa tional institutions. and all individuals to effect the c hange. ABOUT UNIONS Women must be helped to partic ipate in trade unions because this is where real power lies . Women need education to help other women understand the functions and benefits of unions . Marjorie Stern is one of the few f e male labor organizers in U .S. Only 4 million of the 34 million f e male workers in the U.S. A . are organized. It must be demonstra ted that women as well as men are br ea d winners and that meeting structures of unions can be changed to the needs of women. CHILDREN & FAMILIES Because of the growing number of single-parent families, addi tional assistance and benefits wherever possible , should be pro vided for them. The unmarried mother should be granted equal legal and moral status as a parent , and children born out of wedlock should have the same rights and obligations as children born in wedlock. Some children eating hot lunch at the 5-C's Center. From left to right are Monica Wheeler, age 4; Ernest Pizznuti, age 4; Lisa Foley, age 2 1/2. Ernest Pizznuti at play with building blocks at 5-C's CenterThe ce nt e r is o p e n from six a.m. t o six p . m .. Monday through Frida y . The tuition i s $22 a week . For mor e inf orma• tion call Kathleen Gottlie b , : Dir ecto r , at 288-4230. NEW ADVENTURES IN Day Care: 5-Cs CHILD CENTER Tax d e du ct ibl e d o nati o ns may b e sent to: Comm e r ce City Child Care C e nter, 5621 Bowen Court, Comm e r ce City, Colo rado 80022. ,. GAZPACHO INTRODUCCION : One of the joys of raising a garden during the summer months is the plentiful harvest which awaits your efforts. Radishes, onions, green peppers, cucumbers and tomatoes are found in abundance at this time of ye ar, and are the necessary ingredients for making gazpacho, a cold soup which originated in the southern provinces of Spain. It is closer to being a " liquid salad" than a true soup, and is most refreshing and delightful on these still warm days of late summer/early autumn. To serve 6 to 8 GAZPACHO 2 medium-sized cucumbers, pc:eled and coarsely chopped 1 large onion, coarsely chopped 2 teaspoons finely chopped garlic 4 cups cold water •;. cup red wine vinegar 4 teaspoons salt 1 tablespoon tomato paste 5 medium-sized tomatoes, peeled and coarsely chopped 1 medium-sized green pepper, deribbed, seeded and coarsely chopped 4 cups coarsely crumbled French or Italian bread trimmed of crusts 4 tablespoons olive oil Garnish-1 cup •;. -inch bread cubes, trimmed of crusts 1 / 2 cup finely chopped onions V2 cup peeled and finely chopped cucumbers 'll cup finely chopped-green peppers In a deep bowl, combine the coarsely chopped cucumbers, tomatoes, onion and green pepper, garlic and crumbled bread, and mix together thoroughly. Then stir in the water, vinegar and salt. Ladle the mixture, about 2 cups at a time, into the jar of a blender and blend at high speed for 1 minute, or until reduced to a smooth puree. Pour the puree into a bowl and with a whisk beat in the olive oil and tomato paste. (To make the soup by hand, puree the vegetable and bread mixture in a food mill or, with the back of a large spoon, rub it through a sieve set over a bowl. Discard any pulp left in the mill or sieve. Beat the olive oil and tomato paste into the pijree. ) Cover the bowl tightly with foil or plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 2 hours, or until thoroughly chilled. Just before serving, whisk or stir the soup lightly to recombine it_ Then ladle it into a large chilled tureen or into individual soup plates_ Accompany the gazpacho with the bread cubes and the vege table garnishes presented in separate serving bowls to be added to the soup at the discretion of each diner. NOTE: If you prefer crisp croutons for the garnish, fry the l cubes_ In a 6-to 8-inch skillet, heat 1/. cup of olive .. ver moderate heat until a light haze forms above it. Drop in ti.... . .:!ad cubes and, turning them frequently, cook them until they are crisp and golden brown on all sides. Drain on paper towels and cool. SEPTEBER 1975, EL ECO, Pa.J_e Holiday Inn Sports Center 1975 Bryant St Denver, Colo. 433-8331 TRY YOUR FAMILY FAVORITES in our 14th floor Rotunda Dining Room Sunday Brunch ...... . 3.25 Roast Baron of Beef W ed.nesday night ........ . 4.95 Hawaiian Sea Food Friday night ............ . 4.95 Hill Billy Buffet Saturday night .......... . 3.95 Lunch Buffet Mon.-Fri. . . . . . • • • • • • • • • • 1.95 -Plus-LIVE ENTERTAINMENT NITELY Also Facilities A vallable for: Meetings • Banquets • Weddings Located on 1-25 Exit 104 Next to High Stadium

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Page 10, EL ECO, SEPTEMBER 1975 CEDA COURSE INFORMATION BULLETIN It is with great pleasure that w announce the following seminars to be sponsored by COLORADO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION in conjunction with Colorado Society of Certifjed Public Accountants, Small Business Admin istration, and the Emily Griffith Opportunity School. If the location and specific time is not shown below, kindly contact CEDA b y _ telephone for the information. Steps in Starting a Small Business -Sept. 9-23 Small Business Management Seminar (With strong emphasis relating to Women in Manage ment) Small Business Management Oct. 13 -Nov. 12 Alternat i ve Methods of Financ ing a Small BusinessOct. 16 N ov. 6 Loan Packaging (Geared for the professional individual involved in some manner with this) Year _End Tax Planning Nov. 15 & 22 Indi vidual Income Tax Planning No v. 24 Dec. 3 Loan Packaging for Potential Businessmen Tues. & Thurs. 7:00-9 : 00 p.m. 5 sessions Sept. 10 Sept. 29 -6 sessions. Wed. & Mon. Time to be announced. Mon. & Wed.7:00-9:00 p.m. 10 sessions Thurs. & Tues. 7:0 0-9:00 p.m. 10 sessions Wed., Nov. 19 7:00 9:00 p.m. 1 session Saturdays -time to be an nounced. 2 sessions Mon. & Wed.7:00-9 :00 p . m. 3 sessions Time to be announced. Financial Considerations and Time to be announced. Restaurant management There will be a charge of TEN DOLLARS ($10.00) for any of the above listed courses payable at the first class session. You may pre-register b y calling the CEDA Business Education Department (255-0421) and speaking with either Mrs. Blanca Zisman or Ms. Edna Beasley. We're looking for stars. L T AI Cisneros of Brownsville , Texas, is a Naval Aviator (Pilot). He made it because he has what it takes . If you thmk you've got it, then we want you. Ftrst of all, you don ' t have to know how to fly to b egin train ing with our Navy air team . We start you from the g round up . It' s demanding , rugged , but when you take your f i rst solo, you'll know it' s worth tt. Think about it. You'll find out the Naval Aviator is a special breed of c at. The opportunity is for real ... and so are we. NAVY For information see Littleton: Woodlawn Shopping Center, Bldg. 101 , 1500 W . Littleton Blvd. -795-0846 Colorado Springs: 233 N . Wahsatc h Ave. 632-4162 Puebl o : 325 W . 10th St. 545 -3490 •• jfibel rti; 3tnc. 3Jim JJnntbtn 4043 TEJON DENVER, COLO . 0211 458-720 3 RESIDENTIAL COMMERCIAL & INDUSTRIAL CONTRACTORS 7:30a.m. -4:30p.m. . . . ! ]]JJJJJJJI thr will aPfJ""'"YI'" fYI"N\OICC. ,.,.._. \rM tiwnt you •• ....... .t .._ El. [CO 1[[[[([([ Manuel Orantes of Spain was the Masters Champion winner from among the world's top-ranking players who competed in "Grand Prix Tennis: Summer Tour," broadcast Aug . 11th on TV's Channel 6 over PBS. Carpet Sale CARPET LIVING ROOM, DINING ROOM AND HAll OR 2 BEDROOMS & HAll Co111plete illclll4i1tJIIIItlr 1ft4 pl4. IIIH n 2l0 '' ft. Call GOODBUY INTERNATIONAL 2056 Clay St. lfSS/S/ the fire in the hearth of the Great Southwest ... is our basic ingredient. Our distinctive cooking, fine atmosphere and a sense of paradox will light your fire ... and bring you back to Larimer Square to LA MANCHA 0 9 COME HELP CELEBRATE THE 16th OF SEPT. FIESTA: TEQUILLA PARTY 4:00 PM ON. COLORADO LEGISLATURE PASSES NEW LAW PERMI'ITING IDTCHHIKING State Patrol Chief C. Wayne Keith said Aug. 11 that the 1975 Colorado State Legislature passed , and Governor Lamm has signed into law, House Bill No. 1143 con cerning pedestrians on highwa ys permitting hitchhiking . The Chief said that the important sections of this revised Jaw include: 1. Pedestrians are required when walking along highways where there are no sidewalks provided, to walk on the left side facing approaching traffic. 2 . No person shall stand in a roadway for the purpose of solicit ing a ride , but must stay off that portion of the road normall y used by moving motor vehicle traffic . 3. This statute continues to place respon s ibility upon motorists when picking up pedestrians. As a safety precaution. pedestrians may b e pick e d up only where there i s a d eq u ate road space for vehicles to pull off and not endanger and impede the flow of traffice. This is for the protection of b ot h tht motorist and the pedestrian . Fin ally, the Chief warned , the pa ssage of this law will no doubt increase the number of ped estrians on o ur high way, and safety m ea sures must be taken b y m otorists when picking up ped estrians in order to pr event collision s involv ing vehicles illegall y stopped in traffic J a nes. BOYS & GIRLS: Ages11-17 MAKE XTRA$$ AFTER SCHOOL Help distribute EL ECO, Spanish Bi-lingual Newspaper in your n e i ghborhood. For information, Call: EL ECO Publications ph. 722-2228 DOLLIE & FRANK WELCOME YOU TO FERNANDO'S LOUNGE & RESTAURANT Now Serving MEXICAN & AMERICAN FOOD 11:00 a.m. til Closing •••••••• ENTERTAINMENT: FRI/SAT /SUN 9 p.m. 2 a.m. featuring 11Dollie" with the BOB GRAY TRIO •••••••• Regular Hours: 9 :00a.m.-2:00a.m. SUN. MENDUO Served 8 a.m.-8 p.m. 1000SANTA FE DR. Denver ph. 825-9518 ' ). f f 1 l ! I I i I l l I I i

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VEA LOS AN NUNCIOS CLASIFICADOS o-.,isos ciGsif!ados H LP W A T ED: ADMJNl S TR A TIO N S E RVIC E S ASS ISTANT Thi s po s ition respon s ibl e for co ordin a tion of routine maintenanc e of company ve hicl es . Applicant mus t possess abilit y to communica t e w / exec uti ve manage m ent a nd have a current v alld Colo . dri ver's lic e nse. Please apply between 8: 30a. m. 11:30 a . m . Mon.-Thurs. ut FRON T IER AIRLINES, I N C. 8250 Smltb Rd. Denver, Colo. Classified Ads HEL P PROMOTE LA CUL TUR A ESP-'N ' O LAJ Oenvef Free Un1 . et'S. 1 01-un!eer Teac n or Beg nn.ng & In ermOO•a e Span•sh Classes Jan 75 o Oe9rPe e<:essa 1us: n edg & on eres •n Span's Ca U Warren Ph 8326688 BARBERS: Mr. Freds Barber s and Stylists S..turday 10 QQ 3Q PM. Styl•ng by Appomtment 458-9686 3019 Zun F in e R azor Cutting Hair pray Lotions Tonics ALBERTS HAIRSTYLING For Men AL&JOHN R E L E T T : I prrft r f"ar-e. limitation , or dl crlmlaacfoa ba.5ed oa C'Okw. .loa. KJ., or o : adoa:al ori: iD. or &.D to tl:lM.e ud. Uml tal.ioo .... clb' acf,-b1J fo:r real lalr • bkb lD ' Jola . l.ioo of
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PaRe 12, EL ECO, SEPTEMBER 1975 SAM MARTINEZ HONORED AT TESTIMONIAL . Den ve r Samuel R. Mar tinez, Chairman of the Moun tain Pl a in s F ederal Regional Council a nd R egi on a l Direc tor ' of t h e U.S. D epartment of Labor in D enver, was honor e d at a testimonia l T hu rs d ay, July 31st . This ''Tribute to Sam Martinez" was on the occasion of hi s re-appointment by Presi dent Ford as Chairman of the Council , and for his outstanding career of public and community service . ''Sam epitomizes the new breed of dedicated, hardwork ing youn g men and women who are in public service today," sai d Bernard Vald ez, e m cee for the testimonial h eld at the Cosmopolitan Hotel in Den ver. " Martinez is one of the out standing persons who have pursued relen t lessl y the goals of the Spanish-Speaking people while at the same time attend ing to the needs of all citizens,'' added Valdez , who is President of the Denver Public School Board and Manager of the Social Ser vice Department. Valdez and some twenty friends, colleagues and associ ates in the fields of govern ment, busi nes s and education sponsored the fete for the veteran e du cator and F e deral official. The reception began at 7 PM in the lobb y and Silver Glade Ro .om of the Cosmopolitan Hotel. The program followed at 8 PM. T h e program participants were: Former Governor John Love; State Rep . Poll y B aca Barragan ; Dean B o b Yegge, Denver Law S c hool ; and a l so, D r. Fred Romero , wit h the U.S. Dept. of Labor; Eudine Ander son, sc h ool teacher; Tom Ew ing, Denver Boys, In c.; Ben Haney , D allas, Texas; Taylor August, Director of Civil Rights , H . E. W ; Gilbert Roman, Kansas City; and Rebecca Murrujo and Alex Vigil, IMAGE. About 600 p e rsons of all ages and races from Co l orado and other states attended the testi monial. They included govern ment offic i a ls, community agenc y workers and others who had worked with Martinez . As chairman of the regional council, Martine;z is the highest ranking federal official in the six-state region of Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota , Utah and Wyoming. The council has responsibility for coordinating the decentral ized deliv e ry of federal services to state and local governments and is on e of ten such bodies across th e country. As the Labor Departm ent's regional director here , Mar tinez serves as the personal representative of Labor Secre tary John T. Dunlop. Former Gov. John Love addresses the crowd at Testimonial honoring Sam Martinez. Also pictured aJ:e Sr. Martinez at left, and Sr. Bernard Valdez, at rt., Emcee for the event. Getting all your adventure &o01 TV? Instead of getting your excitement from watching the exploits of others, you could be having some of your own. By driving a tank. Or jumping out of a plane. Or learning to sleep in the rain. Or by learning a job you never thought you could do. Or doing a job you never thought could be Or going places you never thought you would go. Or simply by putting on uniform and getting satisfaction from an old-fashioned feeling that you're doing your best in the service of your Country. Registration and cocktail reception in lobby of Cosmopolitan Hotel. In background, Musicians entertain the crowd. Visit your local Army representative or call 837-4110 in Denver, collect.