Material Information

Spatial Thinking Concepts in Early Grade-Level Geography Standards.
Series Title:
Anthamatten, P. 2010. "Spatial Thinking Concepts in Early Grade-Level Geography Standards." Journal of Geography 109 (5):169-180.
Anthamatten, Peter
Place of Publication:
Philadelphia, PA
Taylor and Francis Group, LLC
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
Journal Article


Research in the cognition and learning sciences has demonstrated that the human brain contains basic structures whose functions are to perform a variety of specific spatial reasoning tasks and that children are capable of learning basic spatial concepts at an early age. There has been a call from within geography to recognize research on spatial cognition in a meaningful way in primary school curriculum. This article utilizes the spatial thinking taxonomy proposed by Gersmehl and Gersmehl (2006) to examine to the extent to which spatial thinking concepts are being practiced in U.S. schools. The National Geography Standards and forty-nine state social studies or geography standards are examined. Using standards as a measure of geography content, it is concluded that while some of spatial thinking concepts appear often in curriculum, others are largely absent. Designing geography standards that address the findings of spatial cognition research may serve as a means of improving geography instruction.
Collected for Auraria Institutional Repository by the Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Peter Anthamatten.
Publication Status:

Record Information

Source Institution:
Auraria Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Auraria Membership

Auraria Library
Added automatically