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Program, MSU Denver Undergraduate Research Conference, 2020
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ProgramandBookofAbstracts 9thAnnualMSUDenverUndergraduateResearchConference April24,2020

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Contents Welcome iv Keynote:Dr.KristyL.Duranvi Celebratingthe2019-2020UndergraduateResearchMini-Grantsvii OutstandingURMentor:Dr.Santhanamviii CelebratingtheRowdyScholarix TheFirstEditionofTheRowdyScholar..............................x Acknowledgments xi AbstractsListedalphabeticallybyprimarypresenter1 DoesChildhoodGenderNonconformityPredictAdultDisorderedEatingBehavior? AnnalisaAdams ...........................................1 Non-ContactAnteriorCruciateLigamentInjuryDierencesinMalesandFemales:AMetaAnalysis KeithAlex*,JoseRios-Ochoa ...........................2 AutismoenNi~nosdeFamiliasBilingues:AVideoResourceProject JuanJoseAndrade ..3 EcologicalEectsofFire AdetilewaAwosanya ..........................3 Solarparticlesinthestratosphere TylerBergfalk ........................4 LarvalViolenceinNeotropicalJungleMosquitoes:InvestigationsofInterspecicPredation MechanicsinTwoSabetheneMosquitoes TaylorBoyd ..................4 Aqualitativeanalysisofrecoveryaideectivenessafterthe2013FloodinBoulderCounty CassyCadwallader ......................................5 ThePanaceaForAccesstoHealthcare InesCalveteBarrios*,JoselinCastro,DeisyRosales, EstefaniPe~naFigueroa ....................................5 TheEyeContactStudy NicoleF.Carey .............................6 TheUseofOpen-EndedActivitieswithOlderAdultsLivingwithDementia EvaCarroll ..6 Cypripediumparviorum Monograph KendraCarter ......................7 MeasuringironcontentinDrosophilamelanogasterS2cells ChristinaChan .........7 EarlyChildhoodExperience,AdulthoodAnxiety,andEatingBehaviors AlexCroft .....8 Lenticvsloticenvironmentsandtheireectsonaquaticinsects CharlesDalton*,Ethan Winger .............................................8 EthnographyofOnlineLGBT+Discourse TJDaniel ......................9 SuspectedZonedMetasomaticKimberliteinVirginiaDale,CO MonikeDistefano .....9 AComparisonoftheSocialCommunicationandSelf-AdvocacySkillsofPost-Secondary StudentswithandwithoutAutism CristinaDonahue*,KayleeEastridge .......10 AnIntroductiontoMathematicalCategories CourtneyFleming*,JosephRuiz,GabrielVigil 10 UsingZebrashtoExploreEmbryotoxicityFollowingthe2015GoldKingMineSpill Zakariah Garriga .............................................11 i

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UsingCharacterStrengthstoHelpCombatDepression VanessaGranados ..........11 PsilocybinImplementationandSignicanceinTherapy:ALiteratureReview ZahavaHeydel*,TylerDevries,MattSinger,BradenParker ......................12 HalophilicOrganismIsolatedfromHorseManure-containingSoilSample ChrissyHobbs ..12 Sequencingof16S,18S,and28SGenestoClarify Fontigens Phylogeny ChelseaHuck ...13 PoliticalPolarization:UnintendedConsequencesofBipartisanIndecisionandIndierence BrandenIngersoll ......................................13 OxygenProtectionisCrucialforOptimalYeastCultivationfromBottledBeer ClaytonJacobs 14 EectsofOralNeisseriasp.ontheBiolmFormationofStreptococcusmutans AnikaJames 14 TwistedIntramolecularChargeTransferinaDonorAcceptorSystem LieslJensen*,Anna Pham,JasperOverbey ....................................15 Numericalapproximationofuidowusingthenitevolumemethod KeeganKarbach ...15 Characterizationofrawhoneyanditsantimicrobialecacy KatjaKleih*,HollyLandon ..16 RainwaterCaptureontheAurariaCampus:AWaytoPrepareforWaterShortagesDueto aChangingClimate JakeKuenzli ..............................16 EcacyofCognitiveBehavioralTherapyinTreatingBipolarAectiveDisorder Kennedy Laidlaw .............................................17 RelationshipofAdvisorandWorkshopInterventiononScholarSelf-Ecacy Cassandra LamasOrtega .........................................17 EthnographyandHeritagePreservation NicholeLambert ...................17 InvestigatingPovertyTrapsThroughTheLensofFractalGeometryandDynamicalSystems BenLee ............................................18 InvestigationoftheInvolvementofNemyandCG1275ofIronUptakeinDrosophilaS2cells KeyataLewis .........................................18 TheCollectivePowerofthe1960s:HowAfriCOBRAEmpoweredaCommunity Emilie Luckett .............................................19 InvestigatingLeafPreservationMethodstoOptimizeDNAConcentrationforGenomicAnalysisofPopulusSpecies ShannonMacFadden .......................19 ForsterResonanceEnergyTransferinOlfactoryPeptides RomanJ.Martinez ........20 MicrosatellitePrimerDesignandAmplicationforPebblesnails DanielMcCullough ....20 ComputationalExaminationoftheElectronicPropertiesof2-Cyanophenylalanine,3-Cyanophenylalanine, and4-Cyanophenylalanine LucyMetzroth .........................21 CanadianGeeseDefenseResponseinUrbanSettings NastassjaMichel*,RebeccaRikke, ChloeGilbreth .........................................21 FerricChelateReductaseKnockdowninDrosophilaS2Cells LauraMurphy .........22 SuspectedhybridizationinColoradoCulex?Preliminarymolecularmicrosatelliteanalysis StephanieMusick .......................................22 ActivityBudgetsofBrantacanadensis:RuralvsUrbanEnvironments SophiaNem .....22 UncoveringDisparitiesinHealthCare KarenNunezSifuentes*,GemmaChacon,AnaLopez Morales,DeisyRosales,DianaMorelos ...........................23 ThecuriouscaseofnasophiliainSabethesmosquitoes:Mechanismsandcuesofasuccessful bloodmeal,exclusivelyfrombloodhostfacialfeatures ConnorO'Brien-Stoa .....24 FindingaSolutionforHomelessness CaitlinO'Donnell .....................24 YeastCellsWithinBottledBeerMayNotBeAbletoProtectThemselvesfromOxygenStress KiraPai ............................................25 EectsofMatingSeasonBasedonCanisLupusHowlingBehavior KarenPerez ......25 Aremalematechoiceandfemaleinteractionimportantinpairbondformationinamonogamous,bi-parentalconvictcichlidshAmatitalanianigrofasciatus? JessicaPletcher*, BlancaGonzalez,CarolineRogers ..............................26 ElectrochemicalDNABiosensorsforDetectingNontuberculousMycobacteriaNTM Dylan Poch ..............................................26 ii

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BabyGotBACI:ChangesinForestCommunityCompositioninResponsetotheChateld ReallocationProject AshleyPurcell*,ColetteRamey ...................27 UniversityandChildren'sMuseumPartnerships RachelRadebaugh ..............28 DarkEnigma JoseM.Romero ..................................28 CharacterTheoryandtheSymplecticGroup JosephDayngerRuiz*,CourtneyFleming, GabrielVigil,AlexTusa ...................................29 ToolsforNavigatingtheDarkWebtoEndHumanTracking:DarkEnigma AnnaSanchez*, DavidKittleson ........................................29 AphenomenologicalstudyofTRIOstudent'sdenitionsofsuccess BrookeSchneider ....30 HyperbaricOxygenTherapy:AnOverlookedTreatmentwithTraumaticBrainInjuries BriannaSimmons .........................................30 RapidandAordableDetectionofCarrion'sDisease AndrewSmith .............31 VariationinGymnospermPhenologyalongTemperature,Elevation&LatitudinalGradients inRockyMountainNationalParkvsYellowstoneNationalParkusingNEONData KathleenSmith ........................................31 DetectionofMannose-cappedLipoarabinomannanamongMycobacterialPathogensviaDiagnosticElectrochemicalBiosensor TylerSodia ......................32 DeletedinColorectalCancerInhibitsProteinSynthesis,ButHow? ElizabethSpear ....32 CanGolfLessonsHelpSavetheEnvironment?-Theeectsofvariousaqueousconditions ongolfballdegradation NickSundstrom ..........................33 EectsofriverottersonbenthicmacroinvertebratepopulationsoftheColoradoRockyMountains AmandaTetz ......................................33 ImpactofVibrationalFrequenciesonStateMoodandMindfulness EricaVanSteenhuyse ..34 MindfulnessSportsPerformance EricaVanSteenhuyse .....................34 TheEectsofForestRestorationonAvianCommunitiesAlongaSuccessionalGradient ShaneWay ..........................................35 TheSandCreekMassacreNationalHistoricSite:CollectiveMemoryandMemorialization TammyWhite ........................................35 Theneuralintersectionbetweenmusicandlanguage PaigeZaring ..............36 AuthorIndex 37 iii

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AwelcomefromProvostGolich WelcometotheMetropolitanStateUniversityofDenver9thAnnualUndergraduateResearchConference:ASymposiumofScholarlyWorksandCreativeProjects! Althoughthenovelcoronavirushasconspiredtopreventtheconferencefromtaking placeinperson,ouramazinganddedicatedfacultyandstahavelaboredovertimeto ensurethatallwhoworkedsohardontheirvariousundergraduateresearchprojects thisyearwillbeabletoengageinavirtualconference!Studentscanhavetheirabstractspublished,togetherwiththevisualsoftheirposters,PowerPoints,andeven avideo-recordingoftheirpresentationiftheychoose.Theentireconferencewilllive permanentlyintheAurariaLibrary'sRepositoryaftertheevent. SpecialkudostoDr.MandiSchaeerFryMathematicalSciencesandJillLangeUndergraduateStudiesfortheirremarkableworksupportingfacultyand staastheycollaboratedonawidearrayofresearch projectsduringthisextraordinaryyear.Andeven morepraisefortheireortstomovethisface-to-face conferenceintoavirtualspacesostudentsandfaculty canstillsharetheirdiscoveriesandcreativeworks. IamalsopleasedtowelcomeournewFacultyDirectorforUndergraduateResearch,Dr.KristyDuran,whowilldeliverourKeynoteAddressthisyear. Youarejoiningafacultyandstawhodemonstrate theircommitmenttoexcellenceineducatingourMSU Denverstudentseveryday.Welookforwardtomany moreyearsofoutstandingundergraduateresearchconferenceshere. Thankstoallofyouwhohavecontributedsomuch tomakethiseventhappenandtosupportourstudents engagedinthishighimpactpractice. Allthebest, VickiL.Golich,Ph.D. ProvostandExecutiveVicePresident ofAcademicAairs iv

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AwelcomefromPresidentDavidson OneofthehighlightsofthespringatMetropolitanStateUniversityofDenveris ourannualUndergraduateResearchConference:ASymposiumofScholarlyWorksand CreativeProjects!EachyearIamremindedonceagainoftheimpressiveacademicand creativeenergyofourRoadrunnerstudentsandthisyearisnodierent.Infact,in themidstofthenovelcoronaviruspandemic,yourepresentthemanywaysinwhich MSUDenverstudentsrisetoeachchallengeandreimaginewhatispossibledespitethe curveballslifesometimessendsourway. ThroughoutyouracademiccareeratMSUDenver,andevenmoreoverthelastfew months,youhaveshownacademictalent,personalresilience,andprofessionaladaptability{allofwhichwillcarryyoubeyondourcampusintosuccessfulcareers,challenginggraduatedegrees,andrewardingliveswithpositiveimpactonyourownfamilies andcommunities. Thediversityofprojectsbeingpresentedisatestamentnotonlytotheexcellenceofourstudentsand theirfacultymentors,butalsotothehumancapacitytoexplorenewideas,inventnewwaysofdoing things,challengeassumptions,andcreatenewnarratives.Inthefaceofthecoronavirus,everyoneofyou, yourfaculty,andyourfriendsandfamilies,hasarole toplayinreimaginingwhattheworldcanlooklikein thefutureandweareproudthatyouwillcarrywith youthevaluesofcommunity,diversity,excellence,and respectasyoucontinuetochallengeyourselfwithresearchprojectsandcreativeendeavorsthatwillhelpus address,asasociety,thestickyproblemsthatconfront us. Wearehonoredtobepartofyourpathandtohave yousharewithusthediscoveriesofyourresearchand theinsightsofyourcreativeendeavors!Thankyoufor thetimeandenergyyouhavededicatedtotheseprojects,forpivotingatthelast minutetoadapttoachangingworld,andforprovidingmetheprivilegeofbeinga smallpartofthisday.ByparticipatingintheUndergraduateResearchProgramand presentingattheconferencedespitethisyear'schallenges,youareprovingthetheory thatRoadrunnersarealwaysseekingtoreimaginewhatispossible! Regards, JanineA.Davidson,Ph.D. President MetropolitanStateUniversityofDenver v

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9thAnnualUndergraduate ResearchConferenceKeynote Speaker: Dr.KristyL.Duran Dr.KristyL.DuranisaProfessorofBiologyandanadvocate fordiversityandequityatAdams StateUniversityASU.Dr.Duranhasadiversebackground inbiology,includingexpertisein neurobiology,ecology,evolutionarybiology,andplantbiology. ShereceivedherB.S.inBiology fromtheUniversityofNewMexico,herM.S.inZoologyfromColoradoStateUniversity,andher Ph.D.inEcologyandEvolutionarybiologyfromtheUniversity ofColorado,Boulder.ShereceivedfellowshipsfromtheFord FoundationandNationalScience Foundationforherworkondwarf mistletoe.Herresearchcontinues tofocusesontheinteractionsof dwarfmistletoesbetweentheirhostspeciesusinggenetic,ecological,andphysiologicaltechniques. Dr.Duran'sworkonequityincludestwoco-authoredarticlesondiversity,Weareneverjust scientists"andIt'stimeforscienceandacademiatoaddresssexualmisconduct",whichwerefeatured inScienticAmericanVoices.AsanemergingleaderintheSocietyfortheAdvancementofChicanos andNativeAmericansinScienceSACNAS,shefoundedASU'slocalchapterandservesasitsadvisor. SheisamemberofthePresident'sAdvisoryGroupforEquityatASUandservedontheinaugural leadershipboardfor500WomenScientists. Asaproductofundergraduateresearchprograms,Dr.Duranispassionateaboutprovidingher studentswithundergraduateresearchopportunitiesbothinandoutoftheclassroom.Inher14years inacademia,shehasmentored30studentsinindependentresearchprojects,withoverhalfpresenting theirresearchatbothnationalandregionalconferences.Sheisalong-timememberandchairof ASU'sStudentScholarsDayCommittee,whereshehasbeenactivelypromotingstudentresearch andorganizingtheannualstudentresearchconferenceatASU.Beginninginthe2020-2021academic year,Dr.DuranisexcitedtojointheRoadrunnercommunityasthenewDirectorofUndergraduate ResearchhereatMSUDenver! JoinusatnoononApril24th,2020forDr.Duran'skeynoteaddressviaTeams! vi

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2019-2020UndergraduateResearch Mini-Grants TheUndergraduateResearchProgramoersmini-grantsofupto$500tosupportstudentresearch, scholarlyworks,andcreativeprojects.Theprimaryaimofthegrantistofosterstudent-initiated, faculty-supervisedresearchorscholarly/creativeactivitythatisintendedtoresultinanoriginalcontributiontothediscipline. URMini-GrantAwardees2019-2020 TylerBergfalk KathrynCunningham,KaitlinEnge,and JuanJoseAndrade CristinaDonahueandKayleeEastridge ClaytonJacobs AnikaJames LieslJensen KeyataLewis ShannonMacFadden JosieMoreno KiraPai JessicaPletcher DylanPoch AndrewSmith TylerSodia ElizabethSpear NicholasSundstrom EricaVanSteenhuyse,AmyBabich,and JeremyMyers URMini-GrantReviewers2019-2020 Aspecialthankyoutothefollowingfacultymembers,whohelpedtoreviewmini-grantapplications in2019! PamAnsburg RebeccaCanges BillCarnes MeganFilbin-Wong JereyHelton SaraJacksonShumate SandyLane KristyLyons BridgetMurphy-Kelsey JereyParker EmilyRagan MandiSchaeerFry SherylZajdowicz ThomasCech NonaShipman vii

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OutstandingMentorfor UndergraduateResearchAward: Dr.SivapriyaSanthanam The2020 GolichAward forOutstandingMentorforUndergraduateResearchgoestoDr.SivapriyaSanthanam,asecond-yearassistantprofessor inSpeech,Language,HearingSciences.Dr.Santhanam'sdedicationtoundergraduateresearchisexceptional,andasyougothroughtheabstracts, you'llseeherworkshine!Here'sjustasnapshotofwhatherstudentsand colleagueshavetosay: Dr.Santhanamisanexemplarymentorwhohasgoneabove andbeyondtoprovidethebestpossibleresearchexperience forundergraduateresearchstudents.Hertenacity,support, patience,andcomprehensiveresearchknowledgeisaboonthe studentbody.Dr.Santhanamisafantasticresearchmentor whohassetahighstandardforfutureresearchexperiences. Iamgratefulformyexperienceasherresearchassistantand cannotthinkofamoredeservingmentor. -KaylaMurchison,UndergraduateResearchAssistant Inlessthantwoyears,Dr.SanthanamhasmadeanextraordinaryimpactinhowSLHSstudentsactivelyengagewithresearch.Equallyimpressiveishowhermentorshipcontinuestoservestudentsasthey pursueopportunitiesbeyondMSUDenverincludinggraduateschoolandclinicalpractice. IcommendDr.Santhanamforhercommitmenttoundergraduateresearchand,aschair, formallyrecognizehowherworkbenetsthedepartmentatlarge. -JessicaRossi-Katz,PhD,CCC-A,ProfessorandDepartmentChair, Speech,Language,HearingSciences [...Dr.Santhanam]ensuredthatwehadavoiceandmadedecisions,whileaskingthought provokingquestionsandprovidingnewperspectives. -KayleeEastridge,UndergraduateResearchAssistant IthinkthefactthatthenumberofstudentsDr.Santhanammentoredgrewfromtwo toeightinoneyearspeaksvolumesaboutherabilitytoinspirestudentsandfacilitate theirinvolvementinUndergraduateResearch.[...]Thementoringshehasdoneinthree andahalfsemestershasledtoonepublication,twopresentationsatthe8thAnnual MSUDenverUndergraduateResearchConference,oneregionalconferencepresentation, onenationalconferencepresentation,tworesearchgrants,fourproposalsforapostersession atanationalconferenceandfourproposalsforaposterattheMSUDenverUndergraduate ResearchConference.IhavenodoubtthatDr.Santhanamwillcontinuetoinspirestudents toengageinUndergraduateResearchandthenumberofstudentsshementorswillcontinue togrow,andtheirworkwillleadtomorepublicationsandpresentations. -Dr.MeredithFlynn,AssociateDirector,CenterforTeaching,LearningandDesign viii

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Celebrating TheRowdyScholar:AJournalofUndergraduateResearch&CreativeWorks isanonline, open-accessmulti-disciplinaryscholarlyresearchjournalpublishingoriginalresearchandcreative works,includingbutnotlimitedtoworkspreparedforclasses,honorstheses,orindependentstudies byundergraduatestudentsatMSUDenver. TheRowdyScholar culminatedfromtheeortsofahighlydedicatedteamoffacultyandstawho arecommittedtopromotingstudentsuccess.Theultimategoalof TheRowdyScholar teamwasto developajournalinwhichtheincrediblescholarlyworksandcreativeprojectsofundergraduate studentsatMSUDenvercanbeshowcasednotonlyatMSUDenver,butalsotothepublic. OriginalFounders LedbytheamazingElizabethKleinfeldandSherylZajdowicz,theoriginalfoundersofthejournal were: ElizabethKleinfeld SherylZajdowicz ErinBissell SalinaBlea SaraJackson KatMartinez VidaMelvin LizMoore AnahiRussoGarrido MandiSchaeerFry SarahSchliemann AHugeThanks AsElizabethKleinfeldandSherylZajdowicz stepdownasleadeditors,theentireeditorial boardwouldliketothankthemfor developingtheideafortheoriginalFLCthat ledtothejournal'sfounding,aswellasfor theirleadershipandextremeeortasthe leadeditorsforthersttwoeditionsof The RowdyScholar .Wewouldhavebeenlost withoutyou! ix

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TheFirstEditionofTheRowdyScholar InSpring2019,wepublishedtheveryrsteditionof TheRowdyScholar ,publishingworkfromsix MSUDenverstudentauthors.Clickonthetitlestoreadthearticles! BilingualisminAutismSpectrumDisorders { Author:ShannonLewis,Speech,Language,HearingSciences { FacultyMentor:SivaPriyaSanthanam ImpactofaSRPinComparisontoLocationandCostonPerceivedValueforMoney { Author:MitchellMattix,Hospitality,Tourism&Events { FacultyMentor:ShinyongShawnJung PerceivedPower:NonverbalCommunicationandMasculinityinPublicSpace { Author:JuliaPerry,Sociology { FacultyMentor:RaeShevalier,Ph.D. IgnorethePlayground... { Author:CassandraReid,English { FacultyMentor:ReneeRuderman EvaluatingForecastsforIndianSummerMonsoonPrecipitationUsingtheNESM { Author:ErinRoberson,Meteorology { FacultyMentor:KeahSchuenemann ThatStrikesaChord!AnIllustrationofPermutationGroupsinMusicTheory { Author:EricRoon,Mathematics { FacultyMentor:MandiSchaeerFry FirstEditionReviewers Thefollowingeditorialboardmembersservedasreviewersfortherstedition: ElizabethKleinfeld SherylZajdowicz PamelaAnsburg ShelbyBalik PhilipBernhardt ErinBissell SalinaBlea JereyHelton SaraJackson ShinyongJung KristenLyons VidaMelvin SivaSanthanam MandiSchaeerFry SarahSchliemann KimberlyVanHoosier-Carey Forinformationonthecurrenteditorialboardandsubmittingtothejournal,visit https://www.msudenver.edu/rowdy-scholar/ . Keepaneyeoutforthe2ndEdition,comingsoon! x

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AdditionalAcknowledgments We'dalsoliketothankthefollowingpeopleandorganizationsfortheircontributions tothe9thAnnualUndergraduateResearchConference: PosterDesignandProgramCoverDesign:CarlosHernandez ConferenceProgramandAbstractCoordination:MandiSchaeerFry OrganizationoftheconferenceandadministrationoftheURP:ElizabethParmelee, JillLange,andMandiSchaeerFry Materialsandadvicefrompreviousconferences:SalinaBleaandSherylZajdowicz SupportforhostingtheremoteconferenceontheAurariaInstitutionalRepository: MattMariner OngoingsupportfortheURP:ProvostGolichandPresidentDavidson xi

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Abstracts Abstractsarelistedalphabeticallybytheprimarypresenter",thepresenterwhosubmittedtheabstractandwhosenametheURCrecordwillbeunderintheAuraria LibraryInstitutionalRepository.Theprimarypresenterislistedrstandnotedwith an*. DoesChildhoodGenderNonconformityPredictAdultDisorderedEating Behavior? Poster Presenters:AnnalisaAdams Major:Psychology OtherStudentCo-Authors:AlexCroft FacultyMentor:CynthiaErickson LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000118/00001 Childhoodgendernonconformityismarkedbyapersistentrefusaltoconformtothesocietalnorms associatedwithone'sassignedgenderandstrongpreferencefortoys,clothing,andplaymatesassociated withadierentgender.Childrenmayormaynotgrowoutoftheirgendernonconformity,and theirgendernonconformitymayormaynotbeassociatedwithgenderdysphoria,whichisdenedas signicantdistressassociatedwithgendernonconformity.Disorderedeatingisatermusedtodescribe arangeofabnormaleatingbehaviorsthatinterferewithone'sabilitytoliveanormallifebutthat mayormaynotrisetothelevelofaclinicaleatingdisorderdiagnosis.Priorresearchhaslinked genderdysphoriatodisorderedeating,butnoresearchhasyetinvestigatedthelinkbetweenchildhood gendernonconformityandadultdisorderedeating.Thepurposeofthisresearchistodetermine whether:1.childhoodgendernonconformitypredictsadultdisorderedeatingbehavior.2.childhood gendernonconformitythatpersistsintoadulthoodmoresignicantlypredictsadultdisorderedeating behaviors,and3.theabsenceofdistressaboutone'sgenderdysphoriamoderatestherelationship betweengendernonconformityanddisorderedeatingbehavior.Thisstudywascomprisedofanonline surveygiventoundergraduateintroductorypsychologystudentsandemailedtofriendsandfamily usingasnowballapproach.Thesurveyconsistedofademographicquestionnaire,theEAT-26scale, theAdverseChildhoodExperiencesScale,andmeasuresofanxiety,childhoodgendernonconformity, andgenderdysphoria.Determiningwhetherthereisalinkbetweenchildhoodgendernonconformity andadultdisorderedeatingwouldallowclinicianstobeawareofpotentiallyat-riskpopulations. Knowingwhethertheabsenceofdysphoriamoderatesthedisorderedeatingwouldallowcliniciansto focustheireortsonmitigatingdysphoria. 1

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Non-ContactAnteriorCruciateLigamentInjuryDierencesinMalesand Females:AMeta-Analysis Poster Presenters:KeithAlex*,JoseRios-Ochoa Major:Biology FacultyMentor:JereySimpson LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000119/00001 AnteriorCruciateLigamentACLisoneofthebiggestconcernsforathleteswhenitcomesto injuries.ThereoccurrenceofACLrupturesismorelikelyinfemalesthanmalesduetocertainfactors. Thehypothesisofthisstudyisthatfemaleathletesaremorelikelytoruptureapreviousnon-contact ACLinjurythanmaleathletesduetothebiomechanicsofthelowerextremity.Thedesignofthisstudy ismeta-analysisresearch.Systematicreviewwasconductedfrommultiplepublishedarticles;Descriptiveanalysisareusedaswellasthree-dimensionalmotionanalysisduringtheDLdouble-leggedDVJ DoubleVerticalJumpandSLSingleLeggeddrop-landingtasks.Researchersusedretroreective markerswhichsecuredtothebilateralupperextremities,trunk,pelvis,hips,thighs,knees,shanks, ankles,andfeettocalculatejointcentersandtractsegmentedmotions.Otherresearchersseparated ACLinjuriesbasedoncontactandnon-contactinjuries.Thesemethodswereusedtoanalyzevertical jumptests. Multipleresultswerelookedattoseethecorrelationbetweeneachstudythathadsimilarresults whenitcomestorecurrentACLinjuryinfemalesandmales.Resultsfromeachstudywerebroken downfromipsilateralgrafttearandcontralateralgrafttear.Contact-to-contactactionwereexcluded fromtheirexperiments.Basedononestudy,theoddsofanipsilateralretearwerenotsignicantly dierentforhamstringautograftoddsratio[OR],1.60;95%CI,0.89-2.90;P=.12butwere5.2times greaterforanallograftOR,5.20;95%CI,2.60-10.44;P < .01comparedwithaBTBautograftbonepatellartendon-bone.Theoddsofanipsilateralreteardecreasedby0.09foreveryyearlyincrease inageOR,0.91;95%CI,0.87-0.94;P < .01andincreasedby0.11foreveryincreasedpointonthe MarxactivityscoreOR,1.11;95%CI,1.03-1.20;P < .01.RiskofacontralateralACLtear showedthatlowerageandhigheractivitylevelwerefoundtobesignicantriskfactorsfortearingthe contralateralACL.TheoddsofacontralateralACLtearwerenotsignicantlydierentasafunction ofsex,smokingstatus,sportplayed,grafttype,ormedialorlateralmeniscaltearstatusP > .05. SimilarstudyresultsshowedWithinthe23participantsafterACLRwithsubsequentACLinjury,16 .6%sustainedcontralateralACLinjuries,and7.4%sustainedanipsilateralgraftretear;19 .6%werefemaleand4.4%weremale.Therewasnodierenceinmeantimefromsurgery toRTSbetweentheparticipantsintheACLRgroupwhosustainedsecondinjury.3 2.0months andthosewhodidnotsustainasecondACLinjury.2 2.7months.Standinglongjump SLJandSLHstudiesresultsshowedthatlessthanorequalto79%height,bilateralSLHlessthan orequalto69%heighthaveahigherriskofnon-contacttime-losslowerquadrantrisk.Moreover,prior historyofACLRanteriorcruciateligamentreconstructionresultedinagreaterriskofnon-contact timelossACLsprainthanthosewithout. Thepurposeofthisresearchwastoseethedierencebetweenfemaleandmaleanatomyandhow verticaltestsaectthebiomechanicsofthelowerextremity.Ourconclusionisthattherewerecertain factorsthatmayhavecausedACLinjuriestoreoccurmoreofteninfemalesthaninmales.These factorsincludeQangle,thekinematicsofthekneejoint,hipjoint,andanklejointandtheuseof contraceptivepills.TherewasconclusivedatathatsupportsthathigherQanglecouldincreasethe riskoffemalestoruptureanotherACLinjury.Inaddition,thekinematicalterationshavebeena hugefactorduetomechanicalinstability,andalteredloadingsinthekneejointmayaectthequality oflifewhichmayleadtoosteoarthritis.Therewasinconclusivedatathatshowsthattheuseoforal contraceptivepillswithin3monthsdoesbenetfemalesbylesseningtheACLinjury,butinhibiting progesteronewoulddecreasethelaxityofthekneejoint. 2

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AutismoenNi~nosdeFamiliasBilingues:AVideoResourceProject Poster Presenters:JuanJoseAndrade Major:Speech,Language,HearingSciences OtherStudentCo-Authors:EvelynRakowsky,KaitlinEnge,KathrynCunningham FacultyMentor:SivapriyaSanthanam SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000170/00001 DisparitiesinidenticationandaccesstoclinicalservicesforchildrenwithautismspectrumdisorderASDfromculturallyandlinguisticallydiverseCLDbackgroundshaveasignicantimpacton children'sacademicandsocialsuccessaswellasthecostassociatedwithtreatmentforchildrenwith ASD.Inaddition,delayedaccesstoservicesleadstoincreasedcaregiverstressandreducedresilience Murchison&Santhanam,2019.Onewaytoaddressthisdisparityistoeducateandbuildawareness ofASDamongcaregivers.Tothisend,wearecreatingapowerfuleducationalprojectthatincludes accessiblevideo-basedmaterialsthatareculturallysensitiveandlinguisticallyappropriateforSpanishEnglishbilingualorSpanish-speakingmonolingualcaregivers.Wearedevelopinganinteractionalvideo seriesincluding25dierentquestionsandanswersthataddressthecauses,characteristics,communicationneeds,languagechoice,assessment,andtreatmentconsiderationsforchildrenwithASD.We beganourprojectbyaskingbilingualfamiliesofchildrenwithASDwhatquestionstheyhadregarding theirchild'sdevelopmentandcommunication.Then,wewroteresponsestothesequestionsbasedon theresearchliteratureonbilingualismandASD.Wearecurrentlycreatingvideoswhereweroleplay asaspeech-languagepathologistandabilingualcaregiver,addressingthesefrequentlyaskedquestions. ThisprojectwillpreventdelayeddiagnosisandtreatmentforchildrenwithASDfromCLDfamilies. TheseeducationalresourceswillthenbesharedwithbilingualfamiliesinthelargerDenvercommunity throughoutreach,andthroughvariousstate-levelorganizations. EcologicalEectsofFire Poster Presenters:AdetilewaAwosanya Major:Biology OtherStudentCo-Authors:BrandiRodriguez FacultyMentor:ChristopherCooley LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000120/00001 Wildreshavebeenthecenterofdiscussionasofrecentduetotheincreaseofforestresthathave takenplaceinCalifornia,theAmazonforest,Australia,andsomanyotherplaces.Notonlyarethese resaectinghumanswhoresideclosetotheareas,butitisalsoaectingthedierentcommunitiesof animalswhoresidethereBanksetal.,2016andthequalityofthesoilwhichaectshowwellplants growAhlgren&Ahlgren,1960.Itisalsoimportanttodetermineifrestorativemeasuresneedto betakeninordertogettheareasbacktotheirnaturalstate.ThepurposeofmySeniorexperience projectwillbetodetermineifthelocationsthatwereonceabundantwithnaturalresourcesanddiverse communitiesandhaveexperiencedadramaticenvironmentalchangelikewildresarestillhabitableby animalsandplantsthatusedtolivethere.Todothis,Ihavechosenthreesitesthathaveexperienced resRockyNationalPark,Fourmilecanyon-westsideofBoulderandthenorthwestpartofthe Bouldercountyblacktigerretoinvestigate.Biodiversityinplantsandanimalswillberecorded foreachlocationandIhopetoalsoattempttogrowatleastoneplantinalllocationstosolidifymy hypothesis.Soilsamplescollectedfromareasthathaveexperiencedwildreswillbecomparedusing asoiltestkittoareasthathavenotexperiencedwildres. 3

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Solarparticlesinthestratosphere Poster Presenters:TylerBergfalk Major:AviationandAerospaceScience FacultyMentor:RandyOwen SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000121/00001 Inthisexperiment,thegoalistocollectbothanaloganddigitaldataonhigh-energyparticlesthat canbefoundinandneartheearth'sstratosphere.Thedatawillbecollectedwithaballoon-sonde. Afterthedataiscollectedandprocessed,theidenticationofsourcesofthedotsmadeinthelm sheetsanalogwillbegin.Therstmethodofdatacollectionwastouseunexposedcameralm torecordparticlesastheypassthroughthelm.ThesecondmethodisusingaGeigercounterto recordthepresenceofsolarparticlesthatpassintotheboxduringtheight.Ontheground,a35mm cameraandlaserswillbeusedtotryandrecreatespotsonthelmtoseeiftheamountofenergycan bedeterminedthatmadeeachspot.Tocompareeachspot,bothcomputersoftwareandanoptical Densitometerwillbeused.Whenthelmwasdevelopedinthelab,smallspotsdidappearinsome placesassingledotsandinclusters.ThedatafromtheGeigercounterdidrecordthepresenceof radioactiveparticles.Outofthreeballoonights,onlyonecamebackwithbothsetsofdata.Onthe othertwo,onehadspotsonlmbutnodigitaldata.ThethirdighthadGeigercounterdigitaldata, butthelmwasdamaged.Withtherstsetofdata,theenergyofsomeofthespotswasdetermined. However,moretestingwillbeneededtocalculatethetotalamountofenergyeachparticlepossessed tomakeitthroughtheboxtothelm. LarvalViolenceinNeotropicalJungleMosquitoes:Investigationsof InterspecicPredationMechanicsinTwoSabetheneMosquitoes Poster Presenters:TaylorBoyd Major:Biology OtherStudentCo-Authors:ShannonMacFadden FacultyMentor:RobertHancock LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000122/00001 IntraguildpredationbymosquitoDiptera:Culicidaelarvaehasbeenwidelyrecordedinatleast thirteengeneraofmosquitoes.Themanifestationofthisbehavioris,however,highlyvariedacross thegenerafrommotivetospecicmechanismusedtoexecute.Tocategorizethepredationifanyof larvaefromtheNeotropicspeciesSabethescyaneusandyellowfevervectorSabetheschloropterus,rst, second,third,andfourth-instarswereisolatedandpairedwitheitheraninstarofthesamespecies, aspecieswithinthegenus,oraninstarfromadierentgenusAedesaegyptiandAedesalbopictus. High-speedmicrovideographywasusedtoelucidatedetailsofpreycapturebymosquitolarvae.The facultativepredatorsSa.cyaneusandSa.chloropteruswereobservedutilizingauniquepreycapture mechanismthatoccurswithinsixteenmillisecondsandinvolvesadirecthitfromthesiphononprey, anteriormovementtowardprey,andcapturebyventrallydirectedopenmaxillaebearingelongate apicalteeth.Preyconsumption,whichistypicallyincomplete,involvesactionoftheteethonthe mandiblescuttingintoheldprey.Inexperimentssetupunderlaboratoryconditions,fourth-instars ofbothSa.cyaneusandSa.chloropteruswereobservedpreyingonAe.aegyptiandAe.albopictus larvae,aswellaslarvaefromtheirsametribe.Sa.chloropteruswasobservedpredatingasearlyas thesecondinstar.Thispredatorybehaviorcoincideswithdevelopmentofthemaxillaeandsiphon inthesecondinstar:lateralteethofthemaxillaetakeformandthesiphonadvances,becomesfully sclerotized,andisequippedwithsetaeandaposteriorrowoflaments.Bothspecieswereobserved committingfratricide{predationwithintheirowncohort.Preliminaryresultsalludetothepresenceof 4

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interspecicpredationby4thinstarSa.chloropterusonyounger2nd/3rdSa.cyaneusandalackof predationwhentherolesarereversed. Aqualitativeanalysisofrecoveryaideectivenessafterthe2013Floodin BoulderCounty Oral Presenters:CassyCadwallader Major:Geography FacultyMentor:SaraJackson LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000123/00001 In2013,BoulderCountywashitwithamajoroodthatgravelyimpactedthecommunitiesfrom thefoothillstotheplains.Approximately18inchesofrainpouredoveraspanofthreedays.The waterowedwithsuchmassandvelocitythattheoodingerodedroadways,transportedcarsand debristhroughthestreets,andsweptawayentirehomes.Asof2018,therehasbeenanestimated $500millionincostaccumulationLounsberry,2018.Variousdisasterresponseagenciesprovidedaid optionsforinfrastructuralrepairsforroadsandstreamchannels,evacuationeorts,andfundingfor displacedfamiliestorepairtheirlives.Tounderstandtheeectivenessandreachofaidallocation,I utilizethe2013-14ColoradoFloodOralHistoryProjectarchivedbythePublicLandsHistoryCenter andColoradoStateUniversity.ByconductingaqualitativeanalysisofinterviewswithEmergency Responseprofessionals,FEMArepresentatives,andcommunitymembers,Ifoundthattherewasa rangeofaidresponsetimesbasedonurgencyofneed.Directlyfollowingtheood,theessential aidwasallocatedtowardsutilityrecovery,suchascleanwateraccessandrebuildingofaccessroads. Residentsandbusinesseswerelaterprioritizedforaidintheformofdebrisremoval,fundingforprivate buildingrecovery,andtemporaryshelterandfoodresourcesduringthetransitionintoanewhome. -Lounsberry,S..FiveyearsafterLongmontood,recoverynears$500M,Unmetneeds exceedanother$500millionacrossBoulderCounty.TheDenverPost.Retrievedfrom https://www. denverpost.com/2018/09/01/2013-longmont-flood-costs/ ThePanaceaForAccesstoHealthcare Oral Presenters:InesCalveteBarrios*,JoselinCastro,DeisyRosales,EstefaniPe~naFigueroa Major:IntegrativeHealthCare,HealthCareManagement,IntegrativeHealthCare,HealthCare Management FacultyMentor:AnnJanetteAlejanoSteele SpecialNote:PartofMSUDenverHealthScholars LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000124/00001 TheMSUDenverHealthScholarsresearchprojectfeaturesmultidisciplinaryandinterprofessional researchonthemental,physicalandemotionalhealthofDACA/Undocumented/Migrantcommunities.Theteamwillsharetheirresearchonthepriorityneedsofthesecommunities,nextstepstoll gapsinresponse,aswellasavailableresourcesinColorado. ThispresentationwillbuilduponresearchreviewedbytherstHealthScholarsteam,whorepresent perspectivesfrom10HealthInstitutedepartments,includingBiology,ChemistryandBiochemistry, Psychology,Nursing,Nutrition,HealthProfessions,HumanPerformanceandSport,HumanServices &Counseling,Speech,Language,HearingSciencesandSocialWork.Thegroupwillpresenton thevariousareasofhealth,drawingndingsfromcurrentresearch.Socialjusticeandsocialchange scholarsquestionwhatisassumedtobenormalbyoeringacalltoactionandchange.Inthespirit ofinternationalrelationsscholarCynthiaEnloe,thegatheredresearchisaresultoftheteam's commitmenttoinclusiveandculturally-sensitiveaccesstohealthforall. 5

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Thissessionwillfocusuponaccesstohealthsystems,communityoutreachandllinggapsin responsetosupporthealthforunderservedpopulations.Inaddition,presenterswillconcentrateon solutionsandnextstepsthatcanempowersaidcommunitytomovetowardsabetterqualityofhealth. HealthissuesforDACA,undocumentedandmigrantsneedmoreattentionthanever,andthismultidisciplinaryeortrepresentsthekeygoalsoftheHealthInstitute|torevolutionizehealthinColorado bybreakingbarriers,empoweringcommunities,fosteringcollaboration,andembracingdiversity. TheEyeContactStudy Oral Presenters:NicoleF.Carey Major:Psychology OtherStudentCo-Authors:AshleiMcGuire-Malone FacultyMentor:CynthiaErickson LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/ Thepurposeoftheeyecontactstudyistogainadeeperunderstandingofthewaypeopleperceive eyecontact.Thenalresultisdrivenbytwomainfactors.Therstisculture:whatpartoftheworld andwhatcultureoneidentieswithhasprofoundlimitationsonhowoneperceiveseyecontact.The secondfactorisone'sself-reportedlevelsofanxietyandautism.Anxiety,whetheritbesocialonlyor othervariationscanhaveadramaticeectonourabilitytoperceiveandparticipateineyecontact. Autism,ontheotherhand,isaspectrumdisorderrenderingmanyvariationsinthelimitationsand abilitiesinone'sabilitytocalculatetrueeyecontact.Inordertoseekoutresultsforthequestionofhow goodwereallyareatperceivingeyecontact,wedesignedastudythatwouldbetwo-fold.Withfaceto-facecontact,ourparticipantsworeatargetedmaskandwereaskednearly100timesifeyecontact wasbeingmade.Afterthephysicaltesttheywereaskedtotaketwosurveystodeterminelevelsof Autismandanxietyandtolearnabouttheirculturalbackgrounds.Withthesetwoparametersin placeandsupportingbackgroundinformation,weareanticipatingtheresultstoshowthatthosewith higherlevelsofself-reportedanxietyandautismareabletodetecttrueeyecontactmoreeciently. Furthermore,thosefromeasterncultureswouldalsobefoundtohaveabetterperceptionoftrue eyecontact.Withourpresentdata,thetrendoverallhasshownnobodyisgreatattrueeyecontact detection,suggestingthereareotherfactorsthatplayinandwillhavetobediscussedforfuture studies. TheUseofOpen-EndedActivitieswithOlderAdultsLivingwith Dementia Poster Presenters:EvaCarroll Major:SocialWork FacultyMentor:JessicaRetrum SpecialNote:PartofCommunity-BasedProject LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000125/00001 TheWorldHealthOrganizationhasidentieddementiaasapublichealthpriority"duetothe impactthatdementiahasonindividuals,families,andcaregivers;aswellasthehighcostofcaringfor thosewithdementiaWHO,2019.Researchrecommends,amongotherthings,toidentifyfactorsthat inuencethetransferofshort-termandlong-termlearningandtoapplytheoriesofhowpeoplelearnin servicedeliverytothispopulationPickettetal.,2018,p.904.Onemethodoflearningthathasbeen showntoincreasecreativity,learning,andmeaningfulengagementistheuseofopen-endedmaterials Al-Mansour,2018.Researchhasshownthatolderadultswithdementiaspendupto85%oftheirtime unoccupiedandthislackofactivitycanbenegativeCohen-Manseldet.al,2010;Cohen-Manseld, 6

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Dakheel-Ali,Marx,2009;Morgan-Brown,Ormerod,Newton,andManley,2011.Thisstudyreports onhowuseofopen-endedmaterialsimpactedqualityoflifeanddisruptivebehaviorsinasmallsample ofolderadultswithdementiainaColoradolong-termcarefaculty.Bothqualitativeandquantitative datameasureswerecollectedandanalyzed.ThisstudywasapprovedbytheMSUDenverIRB. Cypripediumparviorum Monograph Poster Presenters:KendraCarter Major:IndividualizedDegreePlanResearcharea:healthprofessions FacultyMentor:KelseyAsplin LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000126/00001 NorthAmericanisfullofherbaceousremediesforallkindsofailments.Thoughstudiesonherbs havehadlimitedfunding,westillhaveaplethoraofknowledgeofournativeplantsthroughhistorical, research-based,andevidence-basedmethods. ThepurposeofthispresentationistoshowcaseamonographofaoweringnativeplantofNorth Americacalled Cypripediumparviorum anditssimilarspecies,whichiscommonlyknownasLady Slipper.Thepresentationwillcoverbasicbotanicalinformationontheplantandtheplant'shistory inNorthAmerica.Wewillalsoshowitsclinicaluseprimarilyasanervinebutwillalsoshowits applicationsasanantispasmodic,diaphoretic,tonic,andanit-depressant.Itispurposedtoshowthe contraindications,demographic,andenergyof Cypripediumparviorum .Thismonographwillalso pointoutthewayitistobecultivatedandwayswecansupporttheplant'ssustainability. Themethodofthisstudywillincludeexaminingpeer-reviewedresearchandcomparingitwith historicalaccountsofthemedicinaluseof Cypripediumparviorum .Itwillalsoexplorespecicconstituentsof Cypripediumparviorum andexploretheevidence-basedmedicinalusesofthem.Wewill considerthevariouswaystopulloutthedierentconstituentsandtheirpracticalapplication.The methodswillidentifythepathophysiologyofprimarilythenervousconditionsandconsiderthewayin which Cypripediumparviorum showsitselfusefulasanervine.Aswelookattheresearchforthisas anervine,wewillalsolookatitsuseinreproductivehealthandimmunehealthingeneral. Asresearchersexpandingonplantlifeanditsmedicinaluses,I'msure Cypripediumparviorum willsoonbeseenasthevaluableeectivenervineasitwasseenhistorically. MeasuringironcontentinDrosophilamelanogasterS2cells Poster Presenters:ChristinaChan Major:Biology OtherStudentCo-Authors:ClareBurnett,KarenNunezSifuentes FacultyMentor:EmilyRagan LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000127/00001 WeareinterestedinidentifyingtheironuptakemechanisminDrosophilamelanogasterS2cells. OurhypothesisisthattheactivityofferricreductaseenzymesreducesFe3+toFe2+,allowingthe divalentirontoentertheS2cells.TotestthishypothesiswesynthesizeddsRNAtouseinRNA interferenceRNAiexperimentstoknockdownputativeferricreductaseCG1275.Wealsoperformed proteinconcentrationandironconcentrationassaystomeasureironcontentinS2cells.Ultimately,we willcompareironcontentlevelsincellswithandwithoutknockdownoftwoferricreductaseproteins. 7

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EarlyChildhoodExperience,AdulthoodAnxiety,andEatingBehaviors Oral Presenters:AlexCroft Major:Psychology OtherStudentCo-Authors:AnnalisaAdams FacultyMentor:CynthiaErickson LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000128/00001 Thosewhoexperiencehighlevelsofearlychildhoodadversityaremorelikelytoshowsymptomsof anxietyinadulthoodCougle,Timpano,Sachs-Ericsson,Keough&Riccardi,2010.Earlychildhood adversityincludesexperiencessuchasphysicalabuse,sexualabuse,andhouseholddysfunctionEspejo, etal.,2007.Withtheexperienceofadversity,childrenbegintodevelopfeelingsofuncertaintythat theirneedswillbemet.Thesefeelingsofuncertaintyinchildhoodmostlikelyleadtoanxietylateronin lifethattranslatesintoeverydayandnovelsituations.Lateron,intoadulthoodthesechildrentendto displaykeysymptomsofanxiety,whichincludeuncontrollableworryandirrationalthoughtSpitzer, Kroenke,Williams&Lowe,2006.Eatingdisordersarerelativelyrarepsychologicaldisordersthat involvemaladaptivebehaviorsanddisorderedthinkingaroundfoodandlosingweight.Theexperience ofadversitiessuchasemotionalabuseandphysicalneglectpredictlatereatingdisorderbehaviorKong &Bernstein,2009.Thecurrentstudyexploreshowearlychildhoodadversityandadultanxietyis relatedtoadulteatingdisorderbehavior.Weutilizedseveralmeasurestotestforlevelsofearly adversity,anxietyandeatingdisorderbehavior.OurstudytookplaceonlinethroughQualtrics,and includedIntroductoryPsychologystudents,aswellasfriendsandfamilyviasnowballemails.Ifthe currentstudyndsthatearlychildhoodadversityandadultanxietyispredictiveofeatingdisorder behavior,thenfutureimplicationswouldincludepreventativemeasuresinchildhoodandadolescence todecreasethedevelopmentofdisorderedthinkingsurroundingfoodandfoodintake. Lenticvsloticenvironmentsandtheireectsonaquaticinsects Poster Presenters:CharlesDalton*,EthanWinger Major:Biology FacultyMentor:ChristopherCooley LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000129/00001 Thisstudywillbetodeterminetheeectsoflenticenvironmentsonaquaticinsects,including speciessizeandrichness,especiallywhencomparedtoloticenvironmentsinasimilargeographic climate.Wewilldothisbytakingsamplesofwaterfromseverallenticandloticregionsalongthe SouthPlatteRiverofColoradoandestimatingcountsoforganismsofsimilarsizeswithinourvarious collectedsamplestodeterminemeanvaluesforspeciessizeandspeciesrichnessineachwetlandtype. Wewillthenusethosevaluesasanindicatorforpotentialimpactsoftheamountofdisturbance.We expecttondthatthemeanvaluesforbothspeciessizeandspeciesrichnesswillbelargerinthelentic environmentduetoloweramountsofhydro-logicdisturbanceinthesesystems. 8

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EthnographyofOnlineLGBT+Discourse Oral Presenters:TJDaniel Major:Anthropology FacultyMentor:RebeccaForgash LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000130/00001 Nowmorethanever,socialmediaisanessentialaspectofeverydaylife,andtheuniquecommunitiescreatedandsustainedonlineexistandutilizetheplatforminvariousways.Thisresearch exploresinteractionsbetweenmembersoftheLGBTQIA+communitythroughthewebsiteTumblr. Tumblr,abloggingplatformlaunchedin2007,hasprovidedasomewhatsafespaceforalarge,vocal sectoroftheLGBT+communitytogather.However,withinthisonlinecommunity,viewpointsvary betweencommunitymembers,andconictdevelops.Thisresearchexaminespatternsofinterpersonal interaction,negotiationandgatekeeping,andthedeploymentofradicalfeministideologywithinthe community.Drawingondigitalandface-to-faceinterviews,adigitalsurvey,andonlineobservation, theresearchexaminespersonalexperiencesofindividualmembers,actsofaggressionandresistance withinthecommunity,andhownewidentitiesareestablishedandnegotiatedinthissocialspace. SuspectedZonedMetasomaticKimberliteinVirginiaDale,CO Poster Presenters:MonikeDistefano Major:Geology FacultyMentor:UweKackstaetter LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000131/00001 Kimberlitesarethepredominantorerockfordiamonds.Thisunusualmantlederivedultrabasic igneousmaterialoriginatesfromthemantleandismostlikelyemplacedthroughpowerful,gaseous, lowtemperaturevolcaniceruptions.Duetoveryrapidweatheringwhenexposedtothesurface,their lithologyisveryelusive,whichmakesthemdiculttodetect.NearVirginiaDale,Colorado,closeto theWyomingborder,asmallkimberliteoftheMoenSwarmappearstoexhibitametasomaticcontact zonewiththeShermanGranitehost.Preliminarygeochemicaldatarevealedthatthecompositionof thisblackmetasomaticrockliesbetweenkimberliteandgranite,withanotablegeochemicalchange fromgranitetokimberlite.Althoughinfrequentlydescribedinliterature,metasomatisminduced bykimberliteemplacementoccursinavarietyofgeologicallocations.Thisphenomenonaltersthe compositionofthecountryrockasaresultoftheintroductionofuidizedchemicalconstituentshigh inCO2.Thepurposeofthisstudyistodeterminethedevelopmentofakimberliteinducedzoned metasomaticrockfromVirginiaDale,Colorado. 9

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AComparisonoftheSocialCommunicationandSelf-AdvocacySkillsof Post-SecondaryStudentswithandwithoutAutism Poster Presenters:CristinaDonahue*,KayleeEastridge Major:Speech,Language,HearingSciences FacultyMentor:SivapriyaSanthanam SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000132/00001 Inrecentyears,studentswithautismspectrumdisordersASDhavebeenenrolledinuniversityprogramsinincreasingnumbers.However,manystudentswithASDnduniversityenvironments extremelychallengingtonavigate.ChallengesinsocialcommunicationinadultswithASDincludedifcultiesinturn-takinginaconversation,topicinitiationandmaintenance,maintainingeyecontactin conversations,askingquestions,andprovidingresponsesthatincludelessnovelinformationalsharing. Mostpost-secondarystudentsrelyonself-advocacytogetaccesstoservicesandaccommodations,and toasserttheirpreferencesandneedsintheclassroom.However,whenself-advocacybecomeschallenging,studentsoftenfailtoaskforhelpwhenneeded,anddealwithhighlevelsofstressandanxiety.In ordertounderstandfactorsassociatedwiththesechallengingexperiences,thecurrentstudyaimedto investigateandcomparethesocialcommunicationandself-advocacyskillsofadultswithandwithout autism.Thestudyadoptedasurveydesign.Participantscompleted3onlinequestionnairesaspart ofthestudy.Thesequestionnairesexaminedparticipants'self-reportedskillsandchallengesinsocial communicationandself-advocacy.Datacollectioniscurrentlyongoing.Resultsofthisstudywillhave importantclinicalandresearchimplicationsinplanningcommunicationinterventionandsupportsfor collegestudents/youngadultswithautismspectrumdisorders. AnIntroductiontoMathematicalCategories Poster Presenters:CourtneyFleming*,JosephRuiz,GabrielVigil Major:Mathematics FacultyMentor:MandiSchaeerFry LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000133/00001 Categorytheoryisabranchofabstractmathematicsusedtostudymathematicalstructuresintheir mostgeneralform.Findingsimilarstructurescanhelpusreducecomplexproblemsintosimpleones. Here,weintroducethemathematicalconceptofacategory{asystemofobjectsandmapsbetween objects,andprovideafewconcreteexamplesofcategories.Fromthere,wewillconsiderfunctors{ mapsbetweencategories,andseehowcertainnaturaltransformationsbetweenfunctorsallowus tocastdicultmathematicalproblemsintomuchsimplerforms.Thiswillgiveusanideaofthe powerofcategorytheory,whichliesinitsabilitytoestablishconnectionsbetweenseeminglydistinct mathematicalsystems. 10

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UsingZebrashtoExploreEmbryotoxicityFollowingthe2015GoldKing MineSpill Poster Presenters:ZakariahGarriga Major:Biology FacultyMentor:VidaMelvin LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000134/00001 The2015GoldKingMineGKMwastewaterspillinSilverton,ColoradoisanongoingenvironmentaldisasterwhichinitiallyexposedfreshwaterspeciesendemictotheAnimasRiverwatershedto highconcentrationsofheavymetals.AlthoughanEnvironmentalProtectionAgencyEPAanalysis ofbiologicaldatafollowingtheGKMspillwasconductedin2018,todate,noembryotoxicitytesting hasbeenperformedusingthespeciccombinationofheavymetalsdetectedbytheEPAimmediately followingtheGKMspill.OurplanistoutilizethezebrashembryotoxicitytestZET,aprotocol developedbytheEuropeanOrganisationforEconomicCo-operationandDevelopmentOECD,to studypotentialembryotoxiceectsoftheGKMspill.TheOECDZETwasdevelopedspecicallyfor zebrash Daniorerio ,astheyareaneasilyrearedandextensivelystudiedmodelorganismwhose translucentembryosallowresearcherstoobservereal-timeembryogenesisandembryotoxicity.Inaddition,theOECDZETisengineeredtobeeasilyreplicableandhighlyaccurate,usingalimitednumber ofembryosandcommonlaboratoryequipment-allofwhichmakestheOECDZETidealforourGKM spillembryotoxicitystudy.ItisourhopethatinutilizingtheOECDZET,togetherwiththespecic combinationofheavymetalsdetectedintheGKMspill,wewillhelptoelucidatethefulleectsof thisandothertoxicminespillsonlocalfreshwatershspecies. UsingCharacterStrengthstoHelpCombatDepression Poster Presenters:VanessaGranados Major:Psychology FacultyMentor:LisaBadanes LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000135/00001 Researchsuggeststhatabout50%ofcollegestudentsreportexperiencinghighlevelsofstressduring atypicalcollegesemesterHuddetal,2000.Themultipledemandsofcollegesuchasattending classes,keepingupwithschoolwork,workingapart-timeorfull-timejob,andinsomecasesparenting childrencanoverwhelmastudentinitself.Robustliteraturehasalsodocumentedthatincreasedlevels ofstresscannegativelyimpactlearningandmemoryLaBar&Cabeza,2006.Collegestudentswho haveexperiencedtraumaand/oradverselifeexperiencesmaybeatevenmorerisk.Traumacanhave lifelongimplicationsontheindividualandaectone'scognition,mood,arousalandthewayonereacts toanygivensituationTheNationalInstituteofMentalHealth,2019.PositivePsychologyisanewer subeldintheeldofPsychology.PositivePsychologyisthestudyofusingindividuals'strengths thatallowsthemtothrivePositivePsychologyCenter,2020,ratherthanfocusingonwhatiswrong withanindividual.Leeetal.describecharacterstrengthstobeanalternativeapproachto conceptualizingpsychologicaltreatmentforindividuals.Researchsuggeststhatcharacterstrengthsact asabuertowardsdepression,inthatithasanegativecorrelationwithperceivedstressandnegative attributionstylesLeeetal.,2019.DuetoPositivePsychologybeinganemergingeld,Leeetal. suggestthatinterventionspromotingcharacterstrengthstoreducestressneedtobedeveloped.Our currentresearchsuggeststhatparticipantswhoreportedlowerdepressivesymptomshavealsoreported higheroverallcharacterstrengths r = )]TJ/F11 9.9626 Tf 7.748 0 Td [(: 33 ;p<: 01.Theseincludespeciccharacterstrengthssuch ascourage r = )]TJ/F11 9.9626 Tf 7.749 0 Td [(: 39 ;p<: 01,justice r = )]TJ/F11 9.9626 Tf 7.749 0 Td [(: 27 ;p<: 05,transcendence r = )]TJ/F11 9.9626 Tf 7.749 0 Td [(: 30 ;p<: 05, andmoderation r = )]TJ/F11 9.9626 Tf 7.748 0 Td [(: 28 ;p<: 05.Characterstrengthssuchaswisdomandhumanitywerenot linkedtolowerdepressivesymptoms.Ourcurrentresearchalsosuggestsdepressionbeinglinkedto cumulativelifestress r = : 47 ;p<: 001.Though,itisnotshownthatoverallcharacterstrengthsdo 11

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notbueragainsttheimpactofcumulativelifestressanddepression.However,moderation,justice, andtranscendencemoderatestheeectthatcumulativelifestresshasondepression. PsilocybinImplementationandSignicanceinTherapy:ALiterature Review Oral Presenters:ZahavaHeydel*,TylerDevries,MattSinger,BradenParker Major:Psychology FacultyMentor:RandiSmith LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000136/00001 Psilocybinhasbeenusedforthousandsofyearsinreligiousceremonieswithinindigenouscultures acrosstheworld,andyetithasbeenlargelystigmatizedincontemporarycultures.Recently,this psychedelicchemicalcompoundhasbeenthesubjectofmanyresearchstudiesbecauseofitseects regardingseveralpsychiatricdisordersThomas,Malcom,&Lastra,2017;Bogenschutz,Forcehimes, Pommy,Wilcox,Barbosa,&Strassman,2015;Watts,Day,Krzanowski,Nutt,&Carhart-Harris,2017; Johnson,Garcia-Romeu,Cosimano,&Griths,2014.Theamountofresearchisstillbeingthwarted bythefactthatpsilocybinisclassiedasaScheduleIdrug,makingitsuseillegalinrecreationalor medicalcontexts.However,certainstates,suchasColorado,aredecriminalizingpsilocybin.Considerableadvancesinvolvingpsilocybin-assistedtherapyhaveresultedintheadministrationofvarious levelsofpsilocybinandotherhallucinogensintherapeuticsettings.Thoughthepotentialbenetsof psilocybinareprobablylargelyuntappedduetothelimitsonresearchandtheexplorationofnew treatments,therearestillseveraldisordersthatithasbeenshowntobeeectiveintreating.Examplesincludepreventativemeasuresagainstdepression,addictiontoalcoholandtobacco,andanxiety. Whentakingpsilocybin,thepatient'sthoughtpatternsmaybere-carvedintonewhealthythought patternsPetri,Expert,Turkheimer,Carhart-Harris,Nutt,Hellyer,2014.Forexample,someonewho hasanxietyandruminatingthoughtsmostlikelyhasadeeplyengravedthoughtpattern;byutilizing psilocybininanenvironmentthatiscontrolledwithaclinicianpresent,thispatient'sthoughtpatterns canbererouted.ThisispartlybecauseofalargeincreaseinbrainactivitybetweenallregionsPetri etal.,2014. HalophilicOrganismIsolatedfromHorseManure-containingSoilSample Poster Presenters:ChrissyHobbs Major:Biology FacultyMentor:SherylZajdowicz LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000137/00001 Halophilesaresalt-loving"organismsthatrequirehighsalineconditionstosurvive;theyarealso highlydiverse,havingrepresentationinallthreedomainsoflife.Commonlyfoundinsoil,water,and aspartofthemicrobiotaofmanyhumansandanimals,thesaltrequirementforhalophilesisvaried, havingarequirementaslowas2%NaCltoashighas30%NaCl.Thepurposeofthisstudywasto identifyhalophilicmicroorganismsisolatedfromagardensoil/horsemanuremixturecollectedinBailey, CO.Wehypothesizedthathalophilesidentiedinthegardensoil/horsemanuremixtureoriginated fromthehorsemanureusedtomakethesoilmixture.Toidentifyandcharacterizetheorganism isolatedfromthegardensoil/horsemanure,variousbiochemicalandgrowthanalyseswereperformed, andbacterial16srRNAgeneanalysiswascompleted.TheorganismwasidentiedasaGram-positive spore-forming,catalase-positive,bacillusbacterium.Theisolatewasgrownonmediasupplemented with0%,5%,10%,15%,20%and25%NaCl,whichshowedthattheorganismwassalt-dependent, havingmoregrowthapparenton10%and15%NaCl-containingmedia.Additionally,theisolate's 12

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optimumgrowthtemperaturewasdeterminedtobe37 C.16srRNAgeneanalysispunitivelyidentied theisolateasaLentibacillussp.Speciesclassicationandfurtherphysiologicalcharacterizationofthe isolateisinprogress.Toidentifyiftheisolateoriginatedfromthehorsemanure,metagenomicanalysis ofthemicrobiotafoundinhorsemanurewillbecompleted. Sequencingof16S,18S,and28SGenestoClarify Fontigens Phylogeny Poster Presenters:ChelseaHuck Major:Biology FacultyMentor:HsiuPingLiu LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000138/00001 Fontigens isagenusoftinyfreshwatersnailscurrentlyclassiedunderthefamilyhydrobiidae. Previousstudieshaveshownthatthegenusoccupiesawidevarietyofhabitatsandmaybeprevalent acrosstheUnitedStates,butthephylogeneticrelationshipsofthegenusareunclear.Threegeneswill beusedtostudy Fontigens phylogeny.Themitochondrial16Sgene,whichcodesforribosomalRNA, isrelativelyvariablebetweenspeciesandgenuslevel.The18Sand28SnuclearribosomalRNAgenes aremoreconservedandaresuitableforfamilylevelcomparisons.Existingprimersandthedesignof newprimersforimprovedPCRamplicationwillbeusedtoamplifyandsequencethesegenesfrom theninecurrentlyrecognizedspeciesinthegenus.Analysisofphylogeneticdatafromthisstudyand availabledatafromthehydrobiidaefamilywillbeusedtoclarifythefamilystatusofthisgenus.This hasimplicationsfortheconservationofmembersofthegenus,aswellastheecosystemstowhichthey belong. PoliticalPolarization:UnintendedConsequencesofBipartisanIndecision andIndierence Oral Presenters:BrandenIngersoll Major:CommunicationsStudies FacultyMentor:JohnRief;KarenLollar LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000139/00001 InresponsetoanunprecedentedlevelofpoliticalpolarizationintheUnitedStatesinthepast severalyears,Ihaveconductedathoroughinvestigationandwrittenasubsequentessaytoaskwhy, andtowhatextent,ashiftinrhetoricalpracticesmightaidinamelioratingit,especiallythroughthe implementationofamorerobustformofcivicdialogue.Todoso,IusethetheoriesofAristotleand CicerotoinvestigatethecommunicativeapproachesoftwoinuentialpoliticiansthatIhaveselected, giventhattheyrepresenttwoendsoftheAmericanpoliticalspectrum:PresidentDonaldTrumpand SenatorHillaryClinton.Throughthisexamination,Indthatpolarizationislargelythebyproduct of:theabsenceofdialogueinfavoroftargetedrhetoricalappealsforspecicaudiences;and anoveremphasisonrhetoricaleectivenessattheexpenseofcommunicationethics.Asaresult, individualsacrossthepoliticalspectrumareexperiencingtheimplicationsofanongoingdegradation ofthepublicsquarerootedinalackofrobustandauthenticcivicdialogueincluding:widespread politicalindecision,indierence,anddivisiveness. 13

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OxygenProtectionisCrucialforOptimalYeastCultivationfromBottled Beer Poster Presenters:ClaytonJacobs Major:Biology OtherStudentCo-Authors:KiraPai FacultyMentor:HeleneVerEecke SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000140/00001 Ourresearchgoalwastoultimatelydeviseanimprovedprotocolofrecoveringandculturingyeast fromabottleofbeer.Thedevelopmentofanoptimalyeastcultivationprotocolcouldproveuseful forsampleswithfewviablecellsaswellasprovideamethodforfutureassessmentsinvolvingyeast cultivation.Thecurrentstandardoperatingprocedureofyeastcultivationfromabottleofbeer involvedopeningitinair,thusinstantlyexposingthemicrobetooxygen.Yeastisafacultative organismgeneticallycapableofoxygen-protectionwhenexposedtothreateningreactiveoxygenspecies ROSofaerobicenvironmentsbytheproductionofenzymessuchascatalase.Yeastlivingina bottleofbeermaygoanextendedamountoftimeinanaerobicconditions,avoidROSthreats,and maynotproducetheenzymesthatwouldprotectthemfromthatcurrentlynonexistentthreat.To comparecultivationsuccessrates,weculturedyeastfromanewlyopenedbottleofcommercially availableunlteredbeerinaerobicandanaerobicenvironments.Theultimategoalofthisproject wastoincreasecultivationsuccess,whichwasmeasuredbycomparingcolonyformingunitsperml ofconcentratedbeerCFU/ml.Theamountofbeerconcentratedwasvariedbetweenconditionsso astoproduceastatisticallycountableplateinordertoaccuratelycompareCFU/mland,ultimately, cultivationsuccess.Inadditiontothevarianceofoxygenexposureuponbottleopening,therewas varianceofoxygenexposureduringincubationofPetridishes:aerobic,anaerobic,andmicroaerophilic. Ouroptimalprotocolandapproachcouldbeadvantageouslyappliedtovarioussamplestocondently assessifthesamplecontainsanyviablecellsforqualityassurance/controlobjectivesand/orforgrand cultivationgoals. EectsofOralNeisseriasp.ontheBiolmFormationofStreptococcus mutans Poster Presenters:AnikaJames Major:Biology OtherStudentCo-Authors:AmandaSmith FacultyMentor:SherylZajdowicz SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000141/00001 Thehumanoralmicrobiomehousesawidevarietyofmicrobes,bothpathogenicandcommensal. Thisresearchaimstoevaluatetherelationshipbetweentwospeciespresentintheoralcavity|Neisseriasp.andStreptococcusmutans;inordertoidentifyaspecicstrategytopreventordegrade pathogenicbiolmsformedbyS.mutansfromtheoralcavity.S.mutans,duetoitsacidogenicnature andabilitytoformbiolms,isaprimarycauseofdentalcaries,guminammation,andperiodontal diseaseinhumans.VariousNeisseriasp.existascommensalspeciesinthehumanoralcavityand nasopharynx.Whileresearchhasbeguntoelucidatethecomplexinterplaysbetweenmembersofthe oralmicrobiome,limitedinformationexistsregardingtheinteractionsbetweenNeisseriasp.andS. mutans.PreviousstudiesonNeisseriasp.demonstrateditsabilitytocatabolizelactate,including thatproducedbyS.mutans;however,limitedinformationexistsregardingwhatinuenceNeisseria sp.haveonS.mutansbiolmformation.Therefore,thisresearchaimstoexploretheeectNeisseria sp.haveontheabilityofS.mutanstoformabiolm.TostudytherelationshipbetweenNeisseria 14

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sp.andS.mutans,maturebiolmswereformedforeachorganismandtheeectofNeisseriasp.asa pioneercolonizerversusasecondarycolonizeronS.mutansbiolmformationisunderinvestigation. Degradationwillbedeterminedusingtheviablecolonycountmethod.Additionally,optimalgrowth conditionsforNeisseriasp.,includingNeisseriasiccaandNeisserialactamica,willalsobedetermined inanattempttodetermineanaturalwaytopromoteandenhancetheirgrowth.Strategiestopromote commensalgrowthandtolimitS.mutansarealsobeingevaluated,whichmayprovideinsightonways topromoteoralhealthanddentalhygiene. TwistedIntramolecularChargeTransferinaDonorAcceptorSystem Poster Presenters:LieslJensen*,AnnaPham,JasperOverbey Major:Biochemistry FacultyMentor:MeganLazorski SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000142/00001 Cheaper,moreaccessiblesolarenergyconversionmaterialsandinstrumentationcouldhelpimprove solarenergytechnologies,thefocusoftheLazorskilabresearch.Donor-AcceptorD-Asystemscan befabricatedcheaplytoabsorbandstore"solarenergyinachargetransferCTstateviaelectron transfer.TheCTstateenergycanthenbeusedforsolarenergyconversionapplications.Thus, therstprojectinourlabevaluateselectrontransferratesinD-Asystemsforcedtoadoptspecic geometricarrangements,i.e.TwistedIntramolecularChargeTransferTICT.Thesynthesisand characterizationoftwoD-Asystemsisongoing:anuntwisted"controlandatwisted"testD-A. Thus,SECisusedtomeasuretheUltraviolet-visibleUV-visspectraoftheoxidized/reducedDAsystemstoproduceamodeloftheirCTstatespectra.TheSECmodelwillbecomparedto TransientAbsorptionTAspectroscopydatatoevaluatetheeectofthegeometrictwistontheCT statelifetime.Ourrstprojectfeedsintothesecond,whichutilizes3Dprintingtechnologyforthe fabricationofspectroelectrochemistrySECsamplecells.Thisprojectaimstoprovideaordable, accessible,reproducible,andchemicallycompatibleinstrumentationfortheevaluationofsolarenergy conversionmaterials,suchasD-As.OursynthesizedD-Asystemsserveasaproof-of-conceptforour 3D-printedSECcelldesigns,whichhavebeenfabricatedandoptimizedonaMakerBot3DReplicator 2Xprinter.WhilethecurrentfocusisSECdesigns,asecondarygoalistoprovideageneralized techniqueenabling3Dprintingtechnologytobemoreapplicableinthechemistrylaboratory. Numericalapproximationofuidowusingthenitevolumemethod Oral Presenters:KeeganKarbach Major:Mathematics FacultyMentor:HenricusBouwmeester;RandallTagg LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000143/00001 TheFiniteVolumeMethodFVMisoneofthemostwidelyusedandversatilenumericaltechniques usedincomputationaluiddynamics.Inthismethod,acomputationaldomainisdiscretizedintoa numberofcontrolvolumesoverwhosefacestheuxofthevariableofinterestcanbecalculated.The integralformsoftheseuxequationsareconvertedtodierentialformsusingGreen'sTheoremand thesedierentialequationsarenumericallysolvedusingnitedierencemethods.Thepowerofthis methodliesinthefactthatthisdomaindiscretizationcantakeonanyinternaltopology{coarse orne,structuredorunstructured,internalorexternal.Inadditiontothisexibility,anyresulting solutionssatisfyconservationlawsforthetransportofmass,energy,andmomentumduetothenature ofusinguxbetweencontrolvolumesforcomputation.Inthistalk,themathematicalbasisforFVM 15

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willbebrieyreviewed,thediscretizationofboththecomputationaldomainandtheNavier-Stokes equationswillbeinvestigated,andtheentireprocesswillbeillustratedwithasimpleexampleofa real-worldsystemculminatinginavisualizationofvortexformationinaTaylor-Couettemodelbased onanexperimentalapparatus. Characterizationofrawhoneyanditsantimicrobialecacy Poster Presenters:KatjaKleih*,HollyLandon Major:Biology FacultyMentor:SherylZajdowicz LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000145/00001 Themedicinaluseofhoneyinwoundhealinghasbeendocumentedbacktoancienttimes.Honey exhibitsantimicrobialactivity,whichhasbeenwellcharacterizedinManukahoney.Withincreasing microbialresistancetoantibiotics,theinterestinhomeopathicremediesisontheriseandtheheavy focusofresearchintoManukahoneyhasleftotherkindsofhoneywithlittletonoresearch.This studyaimstocharacterizetheantimicrobialpropertiesoftenkindsofrawhoneycollectedinthe UnitedStates.Theinhibitoryeectsoftherawhoneywastestedagainstsevencommonskinand respiratoryspeciesincludingbothgramnegative,grampositive,andeukaryoticrepresentatives.This wasperformedusingthewelldiusionmethodonbrain-heartinfusionagar.Inhibitionofmicrobial growthwascharacterizedviatheKirby-Bauermethod.Preliminaryresultsindicatesusceptibility in Bacilluscereus,Streptococcuspyogenes,Staphylococcusepidermidis,Staphylococcusaureus ,and Escherichiacoli toalltentypesofhoney.Furtherresearchwillevaluateminimuminhibitoryand bactericidalconcentrationsinconcentratedanddilutedhoney. RainwaterCaptureontheAurariaCampus:AWaytoPrepareforWater ShortagesDuetoaChangingClimate Poster Presenters:JakeKuenzli Major:EnvironmentalScience FacultyMentor:ChrisHerr;JackieSlocombe LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000146/00001 Itisnosecretthatthewesternpartofthecountrystruggleswithwatersupply.Denveralonehas seenitsfairshareofwatershortages.Theseshortagescomewithdrasticconsequences.Forexample, thedroughtin2002costthestateoverabilliondollars.Unfortunately,thisproblemisn'tgoingaway andisevenpredictedtobecomeworse.Climatescientistswarnthatduetohigherevaporationrates, streamowdecrease,andchangeinrunotiming,waterscarcitywillbecomealargeissueinthe future.Thereisalsothepossibleimplicationsofanaturaldisasteraectingthewatersupply.While theYellowstoneVolcanoisn'tsupposedtogooinmylifetime,thereisnoguaranteethatitwon't. TheUnitedStatesGeologicalSurveyestimatesthatnorthernColoradocouldseebetween4-12inches ofash.DenverWatersuppliesoveronemillionpeople,anumberthatwillcontinuetogrowwiththe boomingmetropolitanpopulation.NowisthebesttimeforustoreduceourreliabilityonDenver Water,whichprovidesaround100%ofthewatertotheAurariaCampus.Tojustifythisproject,Iwill useColoradoclimatepredictionsfromcasestudiesaswellastheWaterActionPlanfromtheASCP. Byusingaquantitativeanalysis,IwilldiscovertheprojecteddecreasetoDenver'swaterallotment, discernthepossibleamountofrainwaterthatfeasiblycouldbecaptured,andperformcost-benet analysistodetermineifarainwatercapturesystemisrightforthiscampus.Thegoalistocompile thisresearchintoanASCPgrantthatwillultimatelyresultinapilotprojectofrainwatercaptureon theroofoftheTivolibuildingthatwilldecreaseourdependencyonDenverWater. 16

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EcacyofCognitiveBehavioralTherapyinTreatingBipolarAective Disorder Oral Presenters:KennedyLaidlaw Major:HumanServices FacultyMentor:BrianBagwell LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000147/00001 BipolaraectivedisorderBADisacommon,chronicandseverementalillnessthataects13%ofthepopulation.Itischaracterizedbythemanic,depressiveandmixedepisodesthatoccur. Throughouthistory,oneofthemaintreatmentsforBipolarhasbeenpsychotropicmedication,such asLithium,Lamictal,Depakoteandothers.Thispaperwillexaminetheeectivenessofcognitive behavioraltherapyCBTcombinedwithtakingpsychotropicmedicationintreatingBAD,versus theeectivenessofamedication-onlytreatment.Improvementwasbasedonmedicationcompliance, decreasedlevelsofdepressionandmaniaaswellasreducingtherelapserateofbipolarepisodes. RelationshipofAdvisorandWorkshopInterventiononScholar Self-Ecacy Poster Presenters:CassandraLamasOrtega Major:HotelManagement OtherStudentCo-Authors:FernandoPonce-Juarez FacultyMentor:LaurenKoppel;MarkBaccei,AdrianMendoza,MeganScherzberg LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000148/00001 Self-ecacyisthebeliefinone'sabilitytosucceedinspecicsituationsorabilitytoaccomplisha task.Thereisarelationshipbetweenself-ecacyandacademicachievement|ahigherlevelofselfecacyisoftenrelatedtohigheracademicachievement.However,otherstudieshaveshownthatrst generationstudentshavelowerself-ecacyscores,comparedtotheircounterparts.Inthisstudy,we wereinterestedintheimpactofworkshopandadvisorinterventiononscholarself-ecacy.Testing involvedasurveyatthebeginningandendofthesemester,whichaskedstudentstoratetheirlevelof personalbelieftobesuccessfulindierentsituations.Additionally,weencouragedstudentstoattend aself-ecacyworkshoptotesttheeectivenessofsocialpersuasionsofreportedself-ecacy.Scholar's reportedselfecacywasalsocomparedtootherfactorslikegender,race,ethnicity,andGPA. EthnographyandHeritagePreservation Poster Presenters:NicholeLambert Major:Anthropology FacultyMentor:RebeccaForgash LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000149/00001 Thispaperexaminestherelationshipbetweenethnographicresearchandheritagepreservationin RussellGulch,Colorado.RussellGulchwasestablishedasaminingtownin1859afterthediscovery ofgoldinthearea.Thepopulationdwindledafterthemineswereexhaustedduringthelate1800s, andtodayonlyafewdozenresidentsremain.Thetownhaswidelybeenlabeledaghosttown,despite continuedinhabitance.Currently,archaeologicalworkisbeingconductedtoresearch,record,and evaluatehistoricbuildings.Manycommunitymembershavebeenenthusiasticaboutcontributingto thecollectionofhistoricaldataandaidinginthearchaeologicalsurveywork,butthesecommunity initiativeshavealsoexposedcertaindivisionswithinthecommunity.Thisresearchutilizesethnographicmethodstodocumentperceptionsofcommunityhistoryandidentity,thecriteriaresidents 17

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usetodeterminecommunitymembershipanddecision,andsomeofthepotentiallydivisiveissues facedbycommunitieslikeRussellGulch,whicharestrugglingtopreservetheirpastwhilecreatingan economicallyandsociallyviablepresentandfuture. InvestigatingPovertyTrapsThroughTheLensofFractalGeometryand DynamicalSystems Poster Presenters:BenLee Major:Mathematics OtherStudentCo-Authors:ChristopherPadgett,JosephFlatlander FacultyMentor:RobertG.Niemeyer;RichardE.Niemeyer LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000150/00001 Wealthinequalityisamajorproblemfacingustoday.Thegoalofthisprojectistoidentifypatterns incityformationthatarecorrelatedwitheconomicprosperity.Wehypothesizethatfractaldimension isanappropriateindicatoroftheaforementionedcorrelation.Cityformationishighlyaectedby policies,bothpast,andcurrent.Webelieveachangeinhistoricallydiscriminatorypoliciescanimpact economicconditionsandfractalscalingwillindicatehowbenetswillpropagate. InvestigationoftheInvolvementofNemyandCG1275ofIronUptakein DrosophilaS2cells Poster Presenters:KeyataLewis Major:Chemistry OtherStudentCo-Authors:JessicaHolst,LaurenMurphy,MirellaCastaneda FacultyMentor:EmilyRagan SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000151/00001 Ironplayskeyrolesinhumansandinsects,includingintheelectrontransportchainandother electrontransportprocesses.Thereisstilluncertaintyabouthowironentersthecellininsects. Currentlyourgroupisinvestigatingtwocytochromeb561familymembers,CG8399andCG1275,as possibleferricreductasecomponentsinaDrosophilaS2cellironuptakepathway.Thescopeofthe proposedresearchwillfocusonathirdknownhomologofcytochromeb561,whichisknownasnemy. FerricreductaseisapropertyofnemyinDrosophilacells,butitsmainfunctionoccursintheinsect's brain,whereitisexpressedinneuroendocrineneurons.Nemyhasnotyetbeendirectlylinkedtohow iesintakeiron,butwedohypothesizethataferricreductasesuchasnemyisneededinorderforthe celltouptakeiron.WehypothesizethatFe3+isreducedtoFe2+usingaferricreductasenemy, whichwillthenpassthroughthemalvolioproteinforentryintothecytosol.Ourexperimentinvolves selectiveRNAinterferenceRNAiinordertoinitiategenesilencingofnemy.ByaddingdsRNA withasequencematchingnemymRNA,wecauseselectivedegradationofmRNA.Aftersuccessful synthesisofRNAi,wecanextracttotalRNAandusequantitativePCRtoanalyzemRNAlevelsto seeifdegradationoftargetedmRNAhasbeenachieved.Wewillmeasurecellularironcontentusing aferrozine-basedassay.Ifwedetectadecreaseinironcontentinthecellsthenwewillhavesupport forourhypothesis. 18

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TheCollectivePowerofthe1960s:HowAfriCOBRAEmpowereda Community Oral Presenters:EmilieLuckett Major:ArtHistory,TheoryandCriticism FacultyMentor:DeannePytlinski;JessicaWeiss LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000152/00001 Forthispaper,Iexplorehowcollectivescametobesoprominentinthe1960sandtheconditions thatresultedintheformationofAfriCOBRA.Iarguethatthepurposeofthecollective'sartworkwas toempowertheAfricanAmericancommunityandtochallengethenegativestereotypesthatfollowed them.IfocusspecicallyontheircreationofaBlackaestheticandtheirfocusonthethemeofthe `blackfamily'astheirmainmethodstobringaboutBlackliberation.Tounderstandthehistorical contextofAfriCOBRA,ortheAfricanCommuneofBadRelevantArtists,Irstexplaintheconditions thatresultedintheriseofartcollectivesformingafterWorldWarIIbasedonthescholarlyworkof BlakeStimsonandGregorySholette.IthenexploretheearlyiterationsofAfriCOBRAandthesocial conditionstheywereworkingunderthatleadtothegroup'screation.Thecollective'sgoalwastocreate anewBlackaesthetic,andthroughthisaesthetic,bringblackliberation.Thereweresixmainqualities thatthegroupemphasized:capturingtheexpressiveawesomeness"thatencompassesAfricanartand lifeintheUSA;usingsymmetryandrhythmthatisbasedonAfricanmusicandAfricanmovementwith anemphasisonitbeingfreeanduncontracted;markingthespotwheretheabstractandtheconcrete meet;organicformsandmovingawayfromworkthatlookslikemachine-constructed;andthework mustshineandhavelotsofcolor.TheworkofAfriCOBRAwashighlyindividualbutoftencontained similarthemes.Thesethemesincludeddepictionsofblackfamilies,prominentblackgures,andart thatcelebratedAfrican/AfricanAmericanheritagegenerally.The1960swereatimeofturmoiland immensesocietalchange,andAfriCOBRAwaskeenlyawareofthepowerthemediaandvisualarts hadininuencingeventssuchasTheCivilMovementorchallengingthegrowingconsumerculture. Thecollectivewasdeterminedtouseartasatoolforconnection,buildingadeeperunderstanding, empoweringcommunities,andcreatingsocialandpoliticalchange. InvestigatingLeafPreservationMethodstoOptimizeDNAConcentration forGenomicAnalysisofPopulusSpecies Poster Presenters:ShannonMacFadden Major:Biology FacultyMentor:ErinBissell SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000153/00001 GenomicanalysesofintrogressionbetweenPopulusspeciesviatheirhybridscanprovidevaluable insightintoevolutionaryprocessesthataectstabilityofhybridzonesandmovementofadaptivegenes betweenspecies.Toperformthesetypesofstudies,highmoleculargradeDNAmustrstbeobtained. Whileusingfreshplantsamplesisthemostidealmethod,itisnotpracticalforbothlarge-scaleand long-termgenomicanalyses.Thisstudyexaminesthecompetencyofvariousleafstoragemethodsto resolvewhichwilloptimizeDNAyield.Mostchemicalpreservationtechniquesusedonplantmaterial havebeenineective.Twomethodsthathaveprovenmoresuccessfularedrypreservationandfreezing. Theutilityofthesemethods,however,dependsoncharacteristicsofthetargetspecies.Forexample, theuseofsilicabeadsisnotidealforspecieswithdensecuticleswhilefreezingmethodsareuntfor samplesrichinphenols,avonoids,andotherreadilyoxidizedcompounds.Variationintheecacy ofpreservationtechniquesacrossdierentspeciesiswhyaspecies-specicstudysuchasoursisa criticalcontributiontothesubject.DNAextractionwillbeperformedonleafsamplesfromPopulus deltoides,P.angustifolia,andtheirhybrid,P.acuminata,thathavebeenstoreddriedandfrozenfor 19

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variousperiodsoftimeuptotwoyears.DNeasyPlantMiniKitwillbeusedforextractionand thequalityandquantityofDNAyieldfromthesampleswillbequantiedusingspectrophotometry, gelelectrophoresis,andpreliminaryPCRanalyses.Bytestingstoragemethodsoveraperiodoftwo years,wehopetoelucidatewhichstoragemethodwouldbemostadvantageousforlong-termgenomic studiesonPopulusspeciesandtheirhybrids.BecausePopulusleaveshavehighphenoliccontentand donothavethickcuticles,wepredictdrypreservationwillresultinhigherDNAyieldaswellaslower levelsofcontaminants. ForsterResonanceEnergyTransferinOlfactoryPeptides Poster Presenters:RomanJ.Martinez Major:Biochemistry OtherStudentCo-Authors:AndrewMelendrezZerwekh,AustinJ.Haider FacultyMentor:JoshuaMartin LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000154/00001 WereportForsterResonanceEnergyTransferstudiesofa2-cyanophenylalanine-tryptophandonoracceptorpairwithinpeptidechains.TwoolfactorypeptidesOFParesynthesizedassequencehomologuesofa12residue,disorderedregioninanolfactorymarkerprotein.Inthesepeptides,tryptophan occupiestheN-terminusand2-cyanophenylalanineissubstitutedinplaceofphenylalanineattwodifferentdistancesfromtryptophan;inOFPLongthe2-cyanophenylalanineisattheC-terminus,whereas inOFPShortthenitrilederivatizedaminoacidisonlytworesiduesawayfromthetryptophan.While phenylalanineisnativetothepeptide,2-cyanophenylalanineexhibitsalargeruorescencequantum yield,providingbetterspectroscopicselectivity.Further,additionofthenitrilegrouptophenylalaninehasbeenreportedtochangethepeptidestructureonlyminimally,thuspreservingthenative proteinstructure.Assuch,OFPLongandShortallowforcomparisonofenergytransfereciency betweenthedonorandacceptoruorophoresattwodistances.Additionally,examiningOFPLong andShortinsolventsthateitherpromoteorinhibitsecondarystructuresprovidemodelsystemsin whichspectroscopictechniquesareusedtodeterminestructuralperturbationsinducedbyenvironmentalchanges.Ourresultsfurtherdemonstratethepotentialof2-cyanophenylalanineasasite-specic probeofproteinstructureanddynamics. MicrosatellitePrimerDesignandAmplicationforPebblesnails Poster Presenters:DanielMcCullough Major:Biology FacultyMentor:HsiuPingLiu SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000155/00001 Thepurposeofmyresearchistodevelopmicrosatelliteprimersforpebblesnailspecies.AmicrosatelliteisasegmentoftandemrepeatedDNA.Thenumberofrepeatsisvariableinaspecies, typically5{50times,makingmicrosatellitesidealgeneticmarkersforidenticationofindividualsand studyingpopulationstructure.Primerswillbedesignedfrommicrosatellitesequencesandtestedusingpolymerasechainreactions.Gelelectrophoresiswillthenbeusedtovisualizeresults.Successful designedmicrosatellitesprimerswillbeusedtoidentifyscorablelociinindividualstofurtherprovide geneticinformationforconservationBiology. 20

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ComputationalExaminationoftheElectronicPropertiesof 2-Cyanophenylalanine,3-Cyanophenylalanine,and4-Cyanophenylalanine Poster Presenters:LucyMetzroth Major:Chemistry FacultyMentor:JoshuaMartin LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000156/00001 Wepresentanin-depthcomputationalexaminationoftheelectronicpropertiesof2-cyanophenylalanine, 3-cyanophenylalanine,and4-cyanophenylalanine.Electronicstructuresofthesebiologicallyrelevant spectroscopicprobesgiveinsightintotheobservedphotophysicalpropertiesanduseofthesechromophoresasparticipantsinForesterResonanceEnergyTransferFRETandproteinfoldingstudies. Computationalchemistrycalculationsusinghigh-levelabinitiomethodswereperformedtodetermineminimumenergygeometriesandexaminethemolecularorbitalsofamodelchromophorecyanotolueneandthecyanophenyalaninederivatives.Resultssuggestthat,inthegroundstate,mostof theelectrondensityissituatedinbondingorbitalsaroundtheringstructureinallthreeaminoacids. However,uponexcitationtoasingletexcitedstate,themolecularorbitalsbecomemoreantibonding incharacter.Inanalyzingthesechanges,wediscusstheutilityofthesereportersinstudiesofprotein dynamicsthatrequirespectroscopicselectivity. CanadianGeeseDefenseResponseinUrbanSettings Poster Presenters:NastassjaMichel*,RebeccaRikke,ChloeGilbreth Major:Biology FacultyMentor:ChristopherCooley LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000157/00001 StudieshaveshownCanadiangeesetoexhibitdierentdefenseresponsesinurbanandsuburban locations.ThereisageneralconsensusthatCanadiangeesearemoretoleranttohumandisturbances inurbansettingscomparedtosuburbansettingsEberhardtetal.1989,DzusandClark1997,Didiuk andRusch1998,Yerkes2000.Therehavebeenfewstudiesregardinghowgeeseexhibitingdefense responsestohumandisturbancearedependentontheirocksizeandlocation.Thepurposeofour projectistoinvestigatewhetherthereisadirectcorrelationbetweengeeseexhibitingdefenseresponses tohumandisturbanceandthesizeoftheirockinurbanandsuburbansettings.Inordertoperform thisstudy,wewillobservegeesebehaviorinthesuburbsofGoldencomparedtodowntownBoulder inColoradoSmith,Craven,Curtis,1998.Theexperimentwillconsistofapproachingagroupof geeseSta,N.&O'connor,I.M.2015andrecordingtheirocksize,distancefromalertanddefense responses.Whilewalkingdirectlyataockofgeese,atapproximately.5meters/second,onemarker willbedroppedwhenthegeesebecomealertSta,N.&O'connor,I.M.2015.Continuingthesame pace,asecondmarkerwillbedroppedwhenthegeeseexhibitdefenseresponsessuchaswalkingaway, head-ipping,headpumping,orheadforwardattackLink,R.2005.Resultsfromthesetwodierent locationswillthenbecompared.Ifourresultsindicateanincreaseddesensitizationofgeesetohuman interactioninurbansettings,thiscouldbringrecognitiontopotentialharmtohumanandgeesedue tocloseinteractions. 21

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FerricChelateReductaseKnockdowninDrosophilaS2Cells Poster Presenters:LauraMurphy Major:Chemistry OtherStudentCo-Authors:JessicaHolst,GregoryKane FacultyMentor:EmilyRagan;MaureenGorman LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000158/00001 Althoughthemechanismsofcellularironuptakeinmammalsarelargelyunderstood,thereisstill littleknownaboutthemechanismofirontransportininsects.Notonlyisironessential,itcanalsobe toxicandthereforeneedstobewell-regulatedtomaintainbalancebetweennecessityandtoxicity.In mammals,aduodenalcytochromebactsasaferricreductasetoallowforuptakeofironintointestinal cells.Weidentiedacytochromeb561familymemberinDrosophila,CG8399,thatisexpressedin DrosophilaS2cells.CG8399issimilartoferricchelatereductase-1inhumansasbothcontainreeler, domonandcytochromeb561domains.Wearetestingthehypothesisthatthereisreductionofiron byCG8399,whichallowsthetransportofironintothecells.Totestthishypothesis,weusedRNA interferenceRNAitoknockdowntheCG8399mRNA.WequantiedtheRNAiknockdowncaused byRNAiusingrealtimePCRandcomparedironconcentrationsbetweenuntreatedandtreatedcells usingaferrozine-basedironcontentassay.AlowerconcentrationofironinRNAitreatedcellswould supportourhypothesis. SuspectedhybridizationinColoradoCulex?Preliminarymolecular microsatelliteanalysis Poster Presenters:StephanieMusick Major:Biology FacultyMentor:RobertHancock;Hsiu-PingLiu LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000160/00001 Coloradoishometomanyspeciesofmosquito,includingCulexpipiensandCulexsalinarius. VectorDiseaseControlInternationalColoradoDivisionbelievethatahybridmayexistinsympatric populationsofbothCx.pipiensandCx.salinarius.Thispossiblehybridhasmorphologicalcharacters similartobothspecies.Theultimategoalofthisresearchistodetermineifthismosquitoisahybrid, Cx.pipiens,orCx.salinariusthroughanalysisofmicrosatellitefragmentsizes.Therststepwill betoidentifyandoptimizemicrosatelliteprimersthatcanbeusedtodiagnoseCx.pipiensfromCx. salinarius. ActivityBudgetsofBrantacanadensis:RuralvsUrbanEnvironments Poster Presenters:SophiaNem Major:Biology FacultyMentor:ChristopherCooley LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000159/00001 Anorganism'sactivitybudgetprovidesinvaluableinformationabouthowitinteractswithitsenvironmentandotherorganismswithinit.Thisincludesbutisnotlimitedtohowapopulationallocates itsenergyviaactivitiessuchasforaging,sleeping,reproduction,socialization,migrationetcNeumann,2001.Manyfactorsknownasdisturbancescanaectactivitybudgetsofapopulationand thesecanbeofnaturaloriginsuchasdroughtorhumanoriginoftenobservedwiththepresenceof humansRiddington,1996.Whiledisturbancesofnaturaloriginarelargelyuncontrollable,disturbancesofhumanoriginarecontrollableandobservationoftheirimpactonwildlifepopulationsisof 22

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greatimportance.TheCanadagoose Brantacanadensis isanorganismthatmaynditsactivity budgetgreatlyaectedbydisturbancesofhumanorigin,astheycanbefoundroaminganywherefrom thesidewalksofAurariaCampustoinhabitingourlocallakes.Thus,thepurposeofthisresearchwas todetermineifactivitybudgetsoftheCanadagoose Brantacanadensis dierinaruralenvironment versusanurbanenvironmentduetothepurecontrastofpossiblehumandisturbancesbetweenthetwo locations. Brantacanadensis wereobservedontheMetropolitanStateUniversityofDenverCampus representingtheurbanenvironmentandLakeArborlocatedinArvada,COrepresentingtherural environment.Datacollectiontookplaceoverfourseparatedaysforeachpopulation.Observation lastedforapproximatelyonehoureachviaaninstantaneousfocalsamplingmethodinten-minuteintervalswithphotodocumentation.Thesametimeofdayandweatherconditionswereaccountedfor. UncoveringDisparitiesinHealthCare Oral Presenters:KarenNunezSifuentes*,GemmaChacon,AnaLopezMorales,DeisyRosales,Diana Morelos Major:Biochemistry OtherStudentCo-Authors:JacquelineAldereteUrena FacultyMentor:AnnJanetteAlejanoSteele SpecialNote:PartofMSUDenverHealthScholars LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000161/00001 TheMSUDenverHealthScholarsResearchprojectfeaturesmultidisciplinaryandinterprofessional researchonthehealthofDACA/Undocumented/Migrantcommunities.Together,theteamwillshare theirresearchonthekeyhealthissuesneedingattention,priorityneedsforservingthesecommunities, aswellasColoradoresources.Thepresentationwillprovidethewhole-personapproachtowellness andillness,drawingoutkeyneedsrepresentingtheperspectivesfrom10HealthInstitutedepartments, amongthemBiology,ChemistryandBiochemistry,Psychology,Nursing,Nutrition,HealthProfessions, HumanPerformanceandSport,HumanServicesandCounseling,Speech,Language,HearingSciences andSocialWork.Thissessionwillfocusonvariousissuesthatunderrepresentedcommunitiesface suchas:depression,anxiety,lackofdentalcare,HIVcare,highstressandnegativehealthoutcomes, opioiduseandaddiction.TheseareasofhealthrepresentedbytheHealthInstitutearedrawnfrom currentresearch.InthespiritofinternationalrelationsscholarCynthiaEnloe,theteam's gatheredresearchrepresentsthecommitmenttoinclusiveandculturallysensitiveaccesstohealthcare forall.HealthissuesforDACA,undocumentedandmigrantsneedmoreattentionthanever,and thismultidisciplinaryeortrepresentsthekeygoalsoftheHealthInstitute|torevolutionizehealthin Coloradobybreakingbarriers,empoweringandeducatingcommunities,fosteringcollaboration,and embracingdiversity. 23

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ThecuriouscaseofnasophiliainSabethesmosquitoes:Mechanismsand cuesofasuccessfulbloodmeal,exclusivelyfrombloodhostfacialfeatures Poster Presenters:ConnorO'Brien-Stoa Major:Biology OtherStudentCo-Authors:ShawnWard FacultyMentor:RobertHancock LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000162/00001 Femalemosquitoesuseacombinationofthermotaxis,chemotaxis,andphototaxistolocatesuitablebloodhosts.WeobservedlabpopulationsofSabethesSpeciesS.cyaneusandS.chloropterus displayedastrongpreferenceforthenasalregionofthehumanface.Thatnasal-focusedbehavior appearedconsistentlyundervaryingtreatmentswithinourbioassayarena,suchasmanipulationsof bloodhostcarbondioxideexhalationandskinodor.Usingacomparisonoflivinghoststoinanimate sensorymodels,withcontrollablethermalandchemicalcues,willhelpusseparatetherelativeimportanceofhoststimuli.Ourstudywillcontributetoamodernunderstandingofthisrarelydocumented behavior,tothebenetofsafetyconcernsastheSabethessylvaticcycleisdisruptedmoreoftenby anthropogenicexpansioninCentralandSouthAmerica. FindingaSolutionforHomelessness Oral Presenters:CaitlinO'Donnell Major:GlobalBusinessStudies FacultyMentor:SaraJackson LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000163/00001 From2016to2019,theCityandCountyofDenver,Coloradohasexperiencedanaverageofan8 percentgrowthinitshomelesspopulationeachyear.In2019,therewereatotalof5,755peoplein theDenverMetroAreaexperiencinghomelessness,includingveterans,families,unaccompaniedyouth, andpeopleeeingdomesticviolence.Homelessnessisahot-buttonissuethroughouttheUnitedStates, especiallyinlargecitieswherethecostoflivingisrisingandwagesaren'trisingataratetocompensate fortheincreasedprice.Therearemanyfactorsthatcontributetohomelessness,includinggrowingup inabrokenfamily,sueringcripplingdepressionandanxiety,strugglingwithdrugaddiction,escaping domesticviolence,wideningincomeinequality,risinghousingcosts,andgrowinghousinginsecurity. Therearetraditionalservicesforpeopleexperiencinghomelessnesssuchasshelters,foodbanks,and supportformentalservices.However,boththeColoradoandtheHoustonbranchesofCoalitionfor theHomelessagreethataordableandpermanentsupportivehousingisthefoundationofreducing homelessness.In2011,thecityofHouston,Texashadahomelesspopulationof8,538andsincethen hasaggressivelypursuedahousingrst"approachtoreduceitshomelesspopulation,whichhasled toa50percentdecreaseinitshomelesspopulationfrom2011to2019.UsingHoustonasamodel,I haveresearchedwaysthatDenvercouldreduceitspopulationofpeopleexperiencinghomelessness.I examinedthesimilaritiesanddierencesinthewayeachcityaddresseshomelessnessandhowthose servicesaecthomelesspopulations.Theoverwhelmingdierencesbetweenthetwocitiesarethe numberofaordableandpermanentsupportivehousingservicesthateachcityhas.Houstonhas implementedmoreoftheseprogramsinthelastnineyearsthanDenverhas. 24

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YeastCellsWithinBottledBeerMayNotBeAbletoProtectThemselves fromOxygenStress Poster Presenters:KiraPai Major:Biology OtherStudentCo-Authors:ClaytonJacobs FacultyMentor:HeleneVerEecke SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000164/00001 Ourresearchhopestoimprovetherecoverysuccessofyeastfromabottleofbeer.Thisprotocol canbeappliedtosamplestocondentlyassessifthesamplecontainsanyviablecellsforqualityassurance/controlobjectivesand/orforgrandcultivationgoals.Althoughyeastisfacultative,withthe geneticcapacityforoxygenprotection,itsepigenetic/biochemicalstatewithintheanaerobicbottle maynotadequatelyprotectitfromdamagingreactiveoxygenspeciesROS.Oxidativestresscould presumablycauseexcessmacromoleculedegradationtoviableyeaststoredinano/lowoxygenstate withinabottle,therebydecreasingthelikelihoodofcultivationsuccess.Variouspermutationsof oxygenhandlingmethodsweretestedwithunlteredcommercialbeerbottles.Auorescentassay quantitativelycomparedtheamountofROSthatyeastwasexposedtowhenthebottlewasopened aerobicallyoranaerobically.TogaininsightontheenzymaticabilitytoprotectitselffromROS, catalasetestswereperformedonyeastpelletsfromaerobicallyandanaerobicallyopenedbeer,aswell yeastpropagatedundertheseconditions.Spot-testsincorporatingvariousROSintomediawereused toexhibitreduction/inhibitionofgrowthofbottle-storedyeastbythesecompounds.Aerobicrecovery, previouslythemostcommonpractice,mayhavehinderedtherecoveryofpreviouslyassessedbottles. Ouroxygenprotectionapproachlendstogeneralizationsofthecultivationoftherare-biosphere;we mustperpetuallyaimtocollectandtreatsamplesinenvironmentallyrelevantwaystooptimizemicrobialcultivationanddomesticationsuccess.Disseminationandapplicationofthisknowledgeand/or approachmayhopefullyprovidemethodologytobroadlypromotemoreoptimizedmicrobialrecovery. EectsofMatingSeasonBasedonCanisLupusHowlingBehavior Poster Presenters:KarenPerez Major:Biology OtherStudentCo-Authors:TianyTranPhan,JerredCastellano,MelissaHadjih FacultyMentor:ChristopherCooley;RobertHancock LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000165/00001 Awolf'sCanisLupusprimeformofvocalizedcommunicationishowling.Thehowlsmadeby wolvesarelong-rangesignalsthatareusedforterritorialdefense,socialstability,andasabonding mechanism.Themulticomponentsignalsarecomposedofaseriesofdierentvocalizationsemitted byapack.Previousresearchershaveexaminedanincreaseinhowlingbehaviorinwhatiscalleda seasonalcycle.Thesehowlingpeakscorrelatedwithelevationsinestradiol,testosterone,andluteinizing hormone.Followingthebreedingseason,overallhowlingabruptlydecreasedMclntyreetal.,2017. Inthisstudy,theseasonalcyclewasconsideredinordertodeterminewhethertherewillbeanincrease ofhowlingpatternsinthespringmatingseasoninrelationtothefallnon-matingseasonifawolfis inheatduringthespringtime.Todothis,onMarch27th-29thallthedatawillbecollectedata wolfsanctuarycalledMissionWolflocatedinWestclie,Co.MissionWolfisanon-proteducational wolfpreservethatprovidesahometowolvesthatarenotabletobereleasedbackintothewild. Takingadvantageofdigitalsoundrecording,anexternalmicrophoneadaptersetwillbeconnectedto aniPhone,whichwillbeusedtostoretherecordings.Inthefollowingweeks,allthedata,foratotal ofatwo-nightrecordingperiod,willbecataloged.Thefollowingtestwillbeapplied:theG-testof 25

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independence,theG-testofgoodness-of-t,andtheTwo-samplet-test.Theresultswillbecompared tothedatathatwascollectedonapreviousprojectthatwasdoneintheFallof2018onthesame sampleofwolves.OnMarch16,2020,duetotheCOVID-19outbreak,MissionWolfcloseditsdoorsto thepublicuntilfurthernotice.Duetotheseunforeseencircumstances,ourresultswillbeinconclusive. Aremalematechoiceandfemaleinteractionimportantinpairbond formationinamonogamous,bi-parentalconvictcichlidshAmatitalania nigrofasciatus? Poster Presenters:JessicaPletcher*,BlancaGonzalez,CarolineRogers Major:Biology FacultyMentor:JenniferGagliardiSeeley SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000166/00001 Previousresearchsuggeststhatfemaleinteractionmayplayanimportantroleinpairbondformation.Herewedetermineifgivingmalesachoicebetweentwofemalesand/orfemaleinteractionaects pairbondformation.Wepredictedthatpairbondformationwouldincreasewhentwofemalesare presentandwhenfemalesinteractincompetitivedisplays.Thisexperimentcontainsonecontrolone maleandonefemale,andthreeexperimentalgroupswithtwofemalesandonemale:1Nofemale interaction;2Femaleinteractionwithoutmaleobservation;and3Femaleinteractionwithmaleobservation.Afterfemaleinteractionwascompletedinthetwodierentfemale-interactionexperimental groups,allgroupshada4-houracclimationperiodfollowedbya21-daypreferenceperiod.During thepreferenceperiod,5dailyobservationsweretakenonmalelocationandtankswerevideotapedfor courtshipbehavior.Videowasrecordedfor15-minuteperiodsondays1,7,14,and21.Dailyobservationssuggestpairformationoccurredmoreofteninthetreatmentgroupswithfemaleinteraction,both withandwithoutmaleobservation.Weanalyzedday21videoandfoundthatapproximatelyhalfof themalesareshowingmonogamousbehaviorandtheotherhalfareshowingbigamousbehavior.We arecurrentlyanalyzingvideofromdays1,7,and14forcourtshipbehaviors. ElectrochemicalDNABiosensorsforDetectingNontuberculous MycobacteriaNTM Oral Presenters:DylanPoch Major:Biochemistry OtherStudentCo-Authors:TylerSodia FacultyMentor:AndrewBonham SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram;HonorsThesis LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000167/00001 Mycobacterialinfectionandmortalityratesremainhigh;anestimated10millioncasesofTuberculosisemergeeachyear,primarilycausedbyMycobacteriumtuberculosisTB.However,lessstudied Mycobacteriumspeciesarebecomingagrowingconcern:speciesofnontuberculousMycobacterium NTM.Overthelast30years,NTM-basedlungdiseasecaseshavegrowntooutnumberTBinfections inmanyregions.Thegoldstandard"forNTMdiagnosisinvolvesaweeks-to-months-longmicrobiologicalculture-basedmethod.Inthiswork,wearedevelopinganovelelectrochemicalbiosensortodetect NTM,anditmayultimatelybeusedasamoreecientdiagnostictoolthanthecurrent,time-intensive methods.TwomoleculartargetsforourNTMbiosensorarebeinginvestigated:MannosylatedlipoarabinomannanManLAMandglycopeptidolipidsGPL.ManLAMisacomplexlipoglycanabundantly 26

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foundonthecellenvelopeofNTMandTB.GPLsareabsentfromTBandmayconsequentlyincreasethespecicityforNTM-exclusivediagnostics.Thebiosensorcontainsanelectrode-boundDNA aptamerthatisthiol-boundtothesurfaceofagold-platedelectrode.TheaptamerchangesconformationalshapeuponbindingtoitsmoleculartargetManLAMorGPL,subsequentlychangingthe proximityoftheredoxmoietymethylenebluewiththeelectrodesurface.Thisconformationalchange ismeasuredbyvoltammetricanalysis,whereasignicantdierenceinelectrochemicalcurrentupon bindingofthetargetisobserved.FuturedirectionsincludeoptimizingthisNTMbiosensortomore robustlyandsensitivelydetectManLAManddevelopinganaptamersequencetotargetGPLs.The ultimateexpectedoutcomeofthisprojectistoimproverapid,point-of-carediagnosticsthateliminate invasivesamplingandlengthyculturingrequirementsandhenceimproveoutcomesofpatientswith NTMinfection. BabyGotBACI:ChangesinForestCommunityCompositioninResponse totheChateldReallocationProject Poster Presenters:AshleyPurcell*,ColetteRamey Major:EnvironmentalSciencePurcell,BiologyRamey FacultyMentor:ErinBissell LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000168/00001 TheChateldStorageReallocationProjectwasimplementedtoincreasethemunicipalwaterstoragecapacityofChateldReservoir,Littleton,CO,duringyearsofhighwateravailability.Theplan includedremovalofcottonwoodtreesfromforestsaroundthereservoiranditstributaries.TheprocessbeganinFallof2017,andmostofthemajormodicationswerecompletedbyJune2019.We conductedaBefore-After-Control-ImpactBACIstudytomonitorchangestovegetationcomposition resultingfromthereallocationprojectatsiteslocatedalongthePlatteRiverupstreamofthereservoir. Thesecottonwoodforestsoccurintwodistinctagecategories:1youngerstandsindenseformation, and2morewidelyspacedolderlegacytrees.Wecollectedtwoyearsofdatafrombothstandand legacyforestsitesbeforethemodications,oneyearofpost-modicationdata,anddatafromtwo controlsiteslocatedoutsideofthepark.Thepost-modicationdatashowasignicantreductionin thedensityoftreesthroughoutthestudyarea,butespeciallyinthestandforests.Wefoundhigher numbersofsaplings,shrubsandwoodyvinesinboththelegacyandstandformations.Thenumberof speciesfoundinthepost-modicationforestswasalsohigherthanobservedpriortoplanimplementation.Bothforesttypesexperiencedanuptickinthedensityofinvasiveplantsaswell.Modications associatedwiththeReallocationplanalsoresultedinreductioninthenumberofsnagsandcourse woodydebrisfoundinthesiteareas.Cottonwoodtreeremovalmayhaveenabledthegrowthofnew plants,includinginvasivespecies,byopeningupthecanopyandallowingmorelighttopenetrateto theunderstory.Growthofnewseedlingsfromtheseedbankmayalsohavebeenfacilitatedbyreduced competitionwithtreesorthetransmissionofinvasiveseedsbytheactivityoftheprojectitself. 27

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UniversityandChildren'sMuseumPartnerships Poster Presenters:RachelRadebaugh Major:Psychology FacultyMentor:KristenLyons LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000169/00001 Thegoalofthisresearchprojectistounderstandpartnershipsandrelationshipsthatexistbetween universitiesandchildren'smuseumsinordertoestablishanopportunityforstudentsatMetropolitan StateUniversityofDenverMSUinthefuturetoobservechilddevelopmentandbehaviorina real-world,naturalisticsetting.Aliteraturereviewwasconductedthatinvestigatedtherelationship betweenchildren'smuseumsanduniversities.AsurveywasalsoputoutforstudentsinIntroduction toPsychologycoursestondtheirinterestsinparticipatingindierenttypesoflearningactivitiesat achildren'smuseumtohelpwithfundamentalchilddevelopmentunderstanding.Themainfocusof thisresearchprojectistondpartnershipsthatinvolvechildpsychologydepartmentsworkingwith children'smuseumstostudychilddevelopment.Theresearchstudywillgiveanunderstandingof howuniversitypartnershipsareestablished,sofuturepartnershipsatMSUDenvercanbeestablished inordertogivestudentsanopportunitytoobservechilddevelopmentandbehaviorinareal-world, naturalisticsetting. DarkEnigma Poster Presenters:JoseM.Romero Major:ComputerScience OtherStudentCo-Authors:AnnaSanchez,DavidKittlesonandStuartGrin FacultyMentor:ThyagoMota;StevenBeaty LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000171/00001 Humantrackingisamodernformofslaverythataectsmillionsofmen,womenandchildren allovertheworld.Mostpeopleexploitedasslavesarevictimsofforcedlaborandotherabuses, suchasworkingextensivehoursinconditionsthatlackthebareminimalsanitaryconditions,often withoutorpoorlybeingpaid.Itiscommonforhumanstrackedtohaveextortionatedebtswith theirbossesand,becauseofthat,theyareluredtophysicalconnement,sueringdailyviolenceand threats.Humantrackingisoneofthesaddestrealitiesofourcenturyandwemustghtitinevery possibleway,preventingitfromhappeningintherstplaceandprovidingassistancetovictimsafter theconditionceasestoexist. Thisprojectaimstocontributetothereductionofhumantrackingintwoways.First,weplanon learningmoreabouthowTORnetworksworkaswellasexploringanyvulnerabilitieswithinthetoolin ordertohelpcollectdatamoreeciently.Alsorelatedtothisobjectiveisaproposalofawaytoindex thedarkweb'scontent.Second,ourprojectaimstoexploresocialmediaplatformsinthecontextof theiruseasahumantrackingrecruitmenttool.Thispartofourresearchwillfocusspecicallyon theuseoftheWhatsAppplatforminBrazilandMexico.Theultimateoutcomeofthisprojectisthat itwillcontributetooursocietybytryingtostopthescourgeofhumantracking.Additionally,it willincreaseourunderstandingofthetypeofcontentthatisavailablethroughtheso-calleddarkweb throughacomprehensivecatalog.Likewise,itwillalsoshedsomelightonthediscussionsrelatedto jobopportunitiesintheUSadvertisedthroughWhatsAppgroupsinBrazilandMexico.Wehopethat bycreatingthosecatalogswewillbeabletocontributetothegeneralunderstandingofhowhuman trackersremainanonymousandhowtheydeceiveandrecruitpeoplewhoendupbeingtrackedas slaves. 28

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CharacterTheoryandtheSymplecticGroup Oral Presenters:JosephDayngerRuiz*,CourtneyFleming,GabrielVigil,AlexTusa Major:Mathematics FacultyMentor:MandiSchaeerFry LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000172/00001 Agroupisanabstractobjectthatgivesamathematicalwayofrepresentingsymmetries.Representationtheorygivesawayofstudyinggeneralnitegroupsusingmoreconcretegroupsofinvertible matrices.Roughlyspeaking,eachwaywecanrepresent"thegroupasasetofmatricessatisfying certainpropertiesiscalledamatrixrepresentation.Thetraceofthematrixrepresentationiscalleda character,whichturnsouttoencodemostoftherelevantinformationabouttheoriginalrepresentation.Oneofthemostprevalentquestionsintheareaofcharactertheoryaskswhatinformationwecan obtainaboutthegroupitselffromitscharacters.Inourwork,westudyanopenconjectureregarding thisquestion,relatingthecharactersofagrouptothestructureofcertainsubgroups.Inparticular, ourgoalistoprovethisconjecturefortheSymplecticGroup" Sp 4 q . ToolsforNavigatingtheDarkWebtoEndHumanTracking:Dark Enigma Oral Presenters:AnnaSanchez*,DavidKittleson Major:ComputerScience OtherStudentCo-Authors:StuartGrin,JoseRomero FacultyMentor:SteveBeaty;AnnJanetteAlejano-Steele LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000144/00001 Thisstudywillexplorethepresenceofhumantrackingonthedarkwebaswellastheprevalenceof thesellingandpurchasingofhumans.DarkWebtransactionsareincrediblydicult,ifnotimpossible totrackbecauseofaseriesofencryptionalllayeredwithinananonymoussetting.Becauseofthis, wehave,withthehelpofMSUDenversta,beguntoformulateanalgorithmtotrackpatternsinthe verbiageusedbytrackersontheDarkWeb.Wewillbeusingvariousmechanismsinordertodeanonymizeperpetratorsofhumantracking.ThenameofthisprojectisDarkEnigma.Someobstacles wearepreparingtoovercomearetheencryptionlayersthereare6,Blockchain,andCAPTHCA's.All oftheseareaddedformsofsecurityusedtoincreaseanonymityofusers.Utilizingawebcrawler,Dark Enigma'sgoalistosystematicallyindextheHiddenServicesonthedarkweb.Withtheemergence ofinnovativetechnologies,hopefullyDarkEnigmawillbegintoprovidemoreinsightintotheinnerworkingsofthedarkweb,andaviablemethodtostophumantracking.Inconclusion,thepurposeof indexingthedarkwebistolookforpatterns,orfundamentalvulnerabilitiesinthedarkweb'snetwork tode-anonymizehumantrackers. 29

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AphenomenologicalstudyofTRIOstudent'sdenitionsofsuccess Poster Presenters:BrookeSchneider Major:Psychology OtherStudentCo-Authors:VanessaAtencio,MalyMendieta,JeancasiaNolen FacultyMentor:EricSilva LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000173/00001 ThegoalofthisstudyistoidentifythecommondenitionsofsuccesssharedamongTRIOSSS SSSparticipants,andtobetterunderstandwhatshapedthosedenitions.Thestudyseekstobetter understandhowthesedenitionsinuenceaSSSstudent'scollegeexperience,andalsohopestoinform practitionersandinstitutionsthatserveSSSstudents,sothattheymaybetterunderstandtheirneeds. Thestudywillalsoclarifyhowinstitutionaldenitionsandmeasuresofsuccessoverlaporconictwith SSSstudentdenitionstoinuencethesupportsoeredtoSSSstudents. HyperbaricOxygenTherapy:AnOverlookedTreatmentwithTraumatic BrainInjuries Oral Presenters:BriannaSimmons Major:Biology FacultyMentor:SherylZajdowicz;MeganHughes SpecialNote:PartofHonorsThesis LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000174/00001 HyperbaricOxygenTherapyHBOTcanimprovetheoverallhealthofthoseaectedbytraumatic braininjuries.Currentformsofconcussiontherapylackthephysiologicalcomponenttorepairthe damagedtissueofanindividualwhohassueredfromatraumaticbraininjury.Thisnewformof treatmentusespureoxygenatoneatmosphericlevel,whichhelpstopromoterepairtothedamaged tissuethroughoxygenation;growthdevelopmentcanoccurfornewtissueandaidsinghtinginfections. However,eventhoughthistreatmentisavailable,itiscurrentlynotFDAapprovedforconcussion therapyandmanyothermedicalconditions.Researchshowsthatindividualswhohavebeentreated withhyperbaricoxygentherapyhadahighersuccessratefortissuerepairandoverallsymptoms improvement.Individualswhowerenottreatedwithhyperbaricoxygentherapystillexperiencemost oftheirsymptomsfromtheconcussion.Hyperbaricoxygentherapycanreshapeconcussiontherapyby introducingatreatmentoptionthatdoesnotincludeanyadditionalmedicationsorharmfulchemicals. IftheFDAapprovedhavinghyperbaricoxygentherapy,notonlyforconcussiontreatmentbutformany othermedicalconditionsaswell,individualscouldapplyfornancialaidandbeabletoreceivethis therapytohelpimprovetheirhealth. 30

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RapidandAordableDetectionofCarrion'sDisease Oral Presenters:AndrewSmith Major:Biology FacultyMentor:AndrewBonham SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000175/00001 Carrion'sdiseaseisaninfectioushematologicdiseasecausedbyBartonellabacilliformisaecting mainlyrural,impoverishedpopulationsinnorthernPeru,Ecuador,andColombia.Leftuntreated,the disease'smortalityrateisbetween40and80%.Diagnosisisdicultbecausetheinitialsymptoms aresimilartootherinfectiousdiseases,suchasDengue,butcommondiagnosticmethodshavelow sensitivity.Intheacutephase,thinbloodsmears,themostcommonlyuseddiagnostictechnique,only haveasensitivitybetween24and36%.Otherdiagnosticmethods,suchasPCR,arenotviabledue totheremoteandresource-poornatureoftheareasofendemicity.Assuch,thereisgreatneedfor betterdiagnosticmethods.eDNAbiosensorsareanappropriatesolutiontothisproblemastheyare cheaperthanmostmoderndiagnosticmethods,arehighlyportablewhichallowsthemtobeusedin ruralcommunities,andcanhavedetectionlimitsinsub-nanomolarconcentrations.Ourdevelopment techniquecentersaroundtheuseofSELEXSelectiveevolutionofligandsbyexponentialenrichment, inwhichDNAfragmentsareassayedfortheirabilitytobindourtarget,anextracellularmatrixprotein ofB.bacilliformis.ThosethatbindwellarereplicatedbyerrorpronePCRandre-assayeduntila DNAoligonucleotideisdevelopedthatbindswelltothetarget.Onceanaptamerhasbeencreated thatbindswelltothetarget,itwillbesequencedandthenmodiedintoanaptamerwithonand oconformations,whichallowsthissequencetoactasabiosensor.Currently,ourtargethasbeen puriedandwearepreparingtobegintheSELEXprocess. VariationinGymnospermPhenologyalongTemperature,Elevation& LatitudinalGradientsinRockyMountainNationalParkvsYellowstone NationalParkusingNEONData Oral Presenters:KathleenSmith Major:Biology FacultyMentor:ErinBissell LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000176/00001 Seasonalshiftsinphenology,thetimingofgrowthandreproduction,arelikelytooccurinplants inresponsetoclimatechange.Specically,budbreakintreeswilllikelyhappenearlierinthespring, potentiallyexposingbudstohardfreezesthatcoulddamagenewgrowthand/ornegativelyimpact reproductiveevents.Thesechangesmayhavelong-termconsequencestooverallforesthealth.Using NationalEcologicalObservationNetworkNEONopensourcedata,weevaluateddierencesinthe timingofbudbreakingymnospermsalongtemperature,elevation,andlatitudinalgradientsbetween NEONsiteslocatedatRockyMountainNationalParkRMNPandYellowstoneYELL.Variation alongtemperature,elevation,andlatitudeissimilartochangesrelatedtoclimatechangeandcan beusedtomodeltheprojectedeectsofclimatechangeinrelationtobudbreak.Pseudotsuga menziesiiPSME{DouglasristheonlyspeciesintheNEONdatasetthatoverlapsbetweenthe twosites.Weperformedananalysisofcovariancebetweenthetwositestoidentifydierencesinthe timingofbudbreakassociatedtemperature,elevation,andlatitude.Inperformingthisanalysis,we encounteredchallengesinusingopen-sourcedata,specicallydicultyinformingahypothesisthat canbeaddressedusingasecondarydatasetwithnocontroloverthedatacollected.Thesedrawbacks arebalancedbythebenetsofopen-sourcedata,whichincludeinexpensiveaccessforuserswho lacktheresourcestocollectdataatthisscale,whilealsocontrollingforsystemicbiasbyseparating datacollectionfromdatause.NEONisavaluablesourceforcontinental-scaledatacollectedina 31

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standardizedwayinlinewithmanygovernmentaldatagatheringtechniquesandmayproveinvaluable inmodelinglong-termimpactsofclimatechangeonplantphenologyandforesthealth. DetectionofMannose-cappedLipoarabinomannanamongMycobacterial PathogensviaDiagnosticElectrochemicalBiosensor Poster Presenters:TylerSodia Major:Biology OtherStudentCo-Authors:DylanPoch FacultyMentor:AndrewBonham SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000177/00001 Mycobacteriumtuberculosis M.tbisoneoftheworld'smostprevalentbacterialpathogens.However,NontuberculousMycobacteriumNTMarelessrecognized,yetjustasimpactfulasM.tbwhile remainingadicultpublichealthrisk.Whilethereareover140NTMspeciesidentied,notallare pathogenic,andthosethataretendtobeopportunistic.Often,NTMdiseaseisconfusedwiththatof atubercleinfectionleavingdiagnosissemi-unreliable.Additionally,thetimespenttofullydiagnose amycobacterialdiseaseisextensiveanddependentonthespeciesgrowthrateduetothenecessityof culture.ThedurationofculturingandobtaininganisolatecolonyofNTMishighlyvariable.Furthermore,in2014theestimatedexpensefortreatmentanddiagnosisofNTMwasapproaching$1.7billion. Thus,designingasensitiveelectrochemicalDNA-basedE-DNAbiosensorforadiagnostictoolfor NTMwoulddramaticallydecreasethetimelineofdiagnosisandthereforeimprovepatientoutcomesall whilebeingmuchmorecosteective.OnepossibleavenueforimproveddetectionliesinthecellenvelopeofvariousNTMspecies,whichincludesmanycomplexglycolipidsandglycopeptidolipids|many ofwhicharebelievedtohaveimmunopathogenicmechanisms.Mannose-cappedlipoarabinomannan ManLAMisoneofthemostprevalentoftheglycolipidsandpresentsasanovelbiomarkerforthe sensitivedetectionofvariousNTMstrains.Thepurposeofthisresearchistodesignanddevelopan electrochemicalbiosensorthatisequippedtodetectManLAMinbiologicaluidsserum,sputum, urine,etc.ataveryearlystageofinfection. DeletedinColorectalCancerInhibitsProteinSynthesis,ButHow? Poster Presenters:ElizabethSpear Major:Biochemistry FacultyMentor:MeganFilbin SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000178/00001 DeletedincolorectalcancerDCCisachemotropictransmembranereceptorknowntoregulate neurongrowthbystimulatingorsuppressingproteinsynthesismachinery.DCCdoesthisbysensinganextracellularsignalknownasnetrin-1.Intheabsenceofnetrin-1,DCCtetherstranslation machinerywithitscytoplasmictailC-tail,blockingribosomefunction.Inthepresenceofnetrin-1, DCChomodimerizes,releasingthetranslationmachineryforlocalproteinsynthesis.Whilenetrin-1's roleisunderstood,theC-tail-translationalmachinerycomplexispoorlydened.Ourlabfocuseson whichportionoftheDCCC-tailisnecessaryandsucientatregulatingproteinsynthesis.Using site-directedmutagenesis,traditionalcloning,andrecombinantproteinexpression,wehavecreateda seriesofC-tailtruncationmutants.Weplantomeasuretheinhibitoryfunctionofeachmutantusing aninvitroluciferaseassay.Ourresultswillindicatewhetherornottheinhibitoryregionofthetail liestowardtheN-terminus.Indoingso,wewilldevelopamodelforhowitisinteractingwiththe translationmachinery.Collectively,ourdatacontributetoagrowingbodyofknowledgeaboutthe relationshipbetweenchemotropismandproteinsynthesis. 32

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CanGolfLessonsHelpSavetheEnvironment?-Theeectsofvarious aqueousconditionsongolfballdegradation Oral Presenters:NickSundstrom Major:EnvironmentalScience FacultyMentor:SarahSchliemann SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram;HonorsThesis LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000179/00001 Plasticsusehasincreasedtremendouslyoverthepasthalf-century,astheyareeconomicallyecient andsimpletomanufacture,aswellasbeingmalleable.However,theyarenotoriouslyslowtodegrade andevenslowertodecompose.Thesefeaturespresentproblemswithagrowingworldpopulationand increasingplasticconsumption.Anunderstudiedpotentialsourceofmicroplasticpollutionmaycome fromanunlikelyculprit:golfballs.Manygolfcoursesincluderivers,creeksand/orponds,whichgenerallyservethedualpurposeofcreatingachallengeforgolfersandforirrigationofthecourse.Plastic coatedgolfballsmayentertheseaquaticsystemsandstayforanindeniteamountoftime.Research intothedegradationpotentialofgolfballsinvariousaqueousenvironmentsisseeminglynonexistent atpresent.Thisstudyexposedmodernpolyurethanecoatedgolfballstotreatmentsolutionsofvaried pH,salinity,alkalinityandultravioletlight.Afteraperiodofsixmonths,thesolutionsweretested forchangesintotalcarbonTC.Agolfball'spolyurethanecoverischemicallycomposedoforganic hydro-carbonunitslinkedbycarbamatefunctionalgroups.MeasuringachangeintotalcarbonTC ofthetreatmentsolutionsactedasaproxyforchemicaldegradation.Theresultsofthestudywillhelp toidentifyunderwhatconditionsgolfballdegradationtakesplaceorcanbeaccelerated.Theextent ofdegradationundercertainconditionsmayassistinfurtherunderstandingtheeectsofmicroplastics onunderwaterecosystems. Eectsofriverottersonbenthicmacroinvertebratepopulationsofthe ColoradoRockyMountains Oral Presenters:AmandaTetz Major:Biology FacultyMentor:ChristopherCooley LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000180/00001 Reintroductioneortsofkeystonepredatorspecieshavehadsignicanttrophiceectsontheir endemicecosystems,withthemostfamousbeingthereintroductionofwolvestoYellowstoneNational Park.In1976,theColoradoDivisionofWildlifeimplementedtheRiverOtterRecoveryPlan,introducing114-122riverottersLontracanadensisacrossthestateover15years.PopulationsofL. canadensishavesincestabilizedandottersnowthriveintheriparianecosystemsoftheRockies.River ottersarealinkbetweenaquaticandterrestrialecosystems,andtheireectonterrestrialplantlifehas beendocumented.However,noresearchhasbeendoneontheeectottershaveonbenthicmacroinvertebratepopulations.ThisstudywasaninvestigationintotherelationshipbetweenL.canadensis andmacroinvertebratestotestifthepresenceofottersledtolargerpopulationsofbottom-dwelling invertebratesintheriversoftheColoradoRockyMountains.Riparianinvertebratebenthoswerecollectedfromtheriverbottomsof10sitesalonga29.7kmstretchoftheColoradoriverbetweenDotsero andGlenwoodSprings,Colorado,whereriverottersarefrequentlysighted.Thesewerecomparedwith 10samplescollectedfroma29.7kmportionoftheRoaringForkRiverbetweenBasaltandAspen, Colorado,wheretherehavebeennorecordedsightingsofriverotters.Agrosscountofmacroinvertebratescollectedalongeachriverwerecomparedtoexaminewhetherriverottersaectedthenumber ofinvertebrateslivingontheriverbottoms.Itishypothesizedthatthepresenceofotterswillresultin anincreasedpopulationofmacroinvertebratessinceottersfeedonthesh,amphibians,turtles,and otherspeciesthattypicallypreyuponinvertebrates. 33

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ImpactofVibrationalFrequenciesonStateMoodandMindfulness Poster Presenters:EricaVanSteenhuyse Major:Psychology OtherStudentCo-Authors:EricaPayne,ZahavaHeydel,JamesWebster FacultyMentor:MichaelRhoads SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000181/00001 Theaimofthisstudyistoexaminethefollowing:Dosoundsat20,000Hzormoreincrease statemindfulnesslevelscomparedtosoundsat100Hzorless?Thiswastestedusingparticipants inacontrolledresearchsetting.Eachresearchsessionwillberandomlyassignedtoacontrolor valuescondition.Regardlessofcondition,theparticipantswillbegivenapacketwiththefollowing questionnairestocomplete. StateMindfulnessQuestionnaire,SMSTanay,Bernstein,2013. PositiveandNegativeAectSchedule,PANASWatson&Clark,1989. Demographicquestionnaire-age,gender,sex,race/ethnicity,yearinschool. Afterthequestionnaires,participantswillreachapageinstructingthemtostopandwaitforfurther instructions.Participantswillthenbeaskedtositintheirseatswhiletheresearcherplaysaseriesof tonesfortheparticipantstobeexposedto.Theresearcherwillplaythetonesfromtheircellphoneon anapp.Theappiscalled`Sonic',andallowstheresearchertotypeinaspecicfrequencyanywhere intherangeof0Hzto25,000Hz.Threedierentfrequencylevelshavebeenchosenforeachcondition group.Thoseinthehigh-frequencyconditionwillhavethefollowingfrequenciesplayedforthem:100 Hz,50Hz,and5Hz.Thoseinthelow-frequencyconditionwillhavethefollowingfrequenciesplayed forthem:20,000Hz,22,500Hz,and25,000Hz.Eachfrequencywillbeplayedforatotalof30seconds. Afterthetonalexposure,participantswillbeaskedtollouttheSMSandthePANASasecondtime. SPSSsoftwareandtheMANOVAformulaareusedtocalculatenalresults. MindfulnessSportsPerformance Poster Presenters:EricaVanSteenhuyse Major:Psychology OtherStudentCo-Authors:AmyBabich,JeremyMyers FacultyMentor:MichaelRhoads SpecialNote:PartofUndergraduateResearchMini-GrantProgram LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000182/00001 ThisstudyisaninvestigationintothebenetsofMindfulPsychologicalSkillsTraining.Atotalof10 participantscompletedsemi-structuredinterviewsattheendofthetrainingsessions.Intheinterview, participantswereaskedaboutanychangestheyexperiencedintheirmindfulness,performanceanxiety, andnegativethinking.Interviewswerealsousedtoexploreathlete'sexperienceswiththeprogram andtodecipherbarrierstointerventioneectiveness.Interviewsweretranscribedverbatim,followed byopenandaxialcoding.Everyinterviewwascodedbytworesearcherstoensurecredibility.Usinga thematicanalysis,thefollowingemergentthemeswereidentiedemerged: InterventionEectiveness, Diculties,PsychologicalSkillsThatImproved,andRecommendationstoImprovetheProgram . 34

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TheEectsofForestRestorationonAvianCommunitiesAlonga SuccessionalGradient Poster Presenters:ShaneWay Major:Biology FacultyMentor:ChristyCarello;ScottYanco LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000183/00001 Thecumulativeeectsofhabitatlossanddegradationpresentleadingmechanismsassociatedwith avianpopulationdeclinesglobally.Fromabiodiversitylens,itisessentialtoinvestigateaviancommunitiesandtheirassociatedhabitat-selectiondynamicswithrespecttoused-habitattypesversus availablehabitatsinordertodevelopeectiveconservationinitiatives.Inourhabitat-selectionstudy, tendistinctreforestedsitesofvaryingageweresampledwithintheMonteverdeReserveComplexin CostaRica.SurveydatawascollectedbetweenFebruary2018{May2018.Newforest-habitatstructurevariedsincebeingreforested,2008,and2011andwerecomparedtoaclimaxforestcontrol. Asexpected,avianspeciescompositionsvariedwitheachsuccessionalclasswithmostmigrantsbeing detectedintheyoungestsuccessionalclass.Wehypothesizedandourpreliminarydatasuggests thatmigratoryspeciesmaybefrequentlyout-competedforidealhabitatsitesandforcedintooccupyinglowerquality,homogeneous,earlysuccessionalforesthabitat.Interestingly,thistrendappears tobenonlinear,andonlyholdsfortheearliestsuccessionalhabitats,afterwardsthereisno discernibledierencewhencomparedtouncutforesthabitat.Furthermore,theyoungestreforestation classhadgreatertotalspeciesabundance : 77 1 : 44,andrichness.5;range=23-30 whilealsobeingtheleastheterogeneous.Thesendingssuggestthatearlysuccessional,homogeneous forestprovideshabitatforaviancommunitiesandmayespeciallyprovidecriticalhabitattomigratory birds. TheSandCreekMassacreNationalHistoricSite:CollectiveMemoryand Memorialization Oral Presenters:TammyWhite Major:History FacultyMentor:AndreaMaestrejuan LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000184/00001 Historicaltruth.Itcannotbeinexibleanditcannotrestonthepoliticsofpower.Research analyzingthesuccessoftheSandCreekMassacreNationalHistoricSitememorializationeortrequires anawarenessofmultiplepublicmemoriesandanacceptanceofmultiplehistoricaltruths.Thisresearch studyexaminestheeventsprecipitatingtheSandCreekMassacre,thememoriesoftheparticipants surroundingthedayitself,andtheresultsofthememorializationprocessheadedbytheNationalPark ServicethroughtheadditionallensoftheCheyenneandArapahoTribes.Itbecomesclearthatthereis roomformorethanoneinterpretationofthiswatershedmomentintheannalsofwestwardexpansion andmoreimportantly,amultiplicityofhistoricaltruths.Theresearchsourcesforthisanalysisincluded bothprimaryandsecondaryhistoricalsources,datacollectedbytheNationalParkServiceinthesite study,andtheoraltraditionsoftheCheyenneandArapahoTribes.Thesesourcesweresynthesized inaneorttoprovethatitistheprofessionalresponsibilityofthepublichistoriantoconsiderand providemultiplememoriesofahistoricaleventinordertoallowvisitorstoasitesuchasSandCreek theabilitytointerpretandcontemplateadicultpast.Thisanalysisfoundthatitwasastrugglefor theNationalParkServicetoconsidersiteinterpretationbeyondtheEurocentricview,butthrough ongoingcollaborationwiththeTribes,thesiteisoweringintoamulticulturalcommemorationof theviolencecommittedandacelebrationofthestrengthandself-determinationoftheCheyenneand Arapahopeoples.Itisthehopethatcontinuedresearchinthisareawouldbenetcurrentandfuture 35

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sitesofcommemorationandmemorializationintheAmericanWest,suchasWoundedKnee,Washita, andtheBattleoftheLittleBighorn. Theneuralintersectionbetweenmusicandlanguage Oral Presenters:PaigeZaring Major:Linguistics FacultyMentor:MarinaGorlach;AndrewPantos LinktoPresentation: http://digital.auraria.edu/IR00000185/00001 Thisresearchexaminesthesimilaritiesinwhichthebrainprocessesmusicandlanguage.The progressionofneuralimagingtechnologyhasallowedforresearcherstobetterunderstandthewaythe humanbrainprocessesinformation.Musicandlanguageareunderstoodtobetwodierentinformation types.However,thereisasignicantamountofrecentevidencetosuggestthatthebraindigeststhem thesameway.Wernicke'sareaisapartofthebrainknowntobeassociatedwithhigh-levelsyntax processing.AnfMRIshowsthatthesameareaactivateswhenprocessingcomplexrhythms.Thesame fMRIshowsanotherregionofthebrainactivated:Broca'sarea.BrocaandWernicke'sareasarethe twomostsignicantregionsofthebraininthepsycholinguisticstudy.Theneuraloverlapthatoccurs intheseareascouldsuggestevolutionaryoverlapinthedevelopmentofmusicandlanguage.Thereis alsostrongevidencetosuggestthisoverlapfoundinbraindamageanddisabilities:Dyslexiaaects achild'sabilitytoperceiveandproducelanguagetovaryingdegrees.Evidently,dyslexiaalsoaects achild'sabilitytoperceiveandproducemusic;Alzheimer'spatientscannotdemonstratememory throughlanguage.However,throughmelodicpreferencetasks,musicprovidesevidencethatmemory isstillretainedthroughtheillness;TraumathatoccursonWernickeorBroca'sareaswillresultin languageaswellasmusicalproblems.Languageabilitiesalmostalwaysrecover,butmusicalabilities almostneverdo.Theevidence,though,seemstosuggestatsomethingbigger-adeeperconnection humanityisjustonthevergeofdiscovering.Theexpansionofresearchbetweenmusic,language,and intelligencehasthepotentialtorevolutionizeeducation,medicine,andculture. 36

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AuthorIndex Adams Annalisa,1,8 AldereteUrena Jacqueline,23 Alex Keith,2 Andrade JuanJose,3 Atencio Vanessa,30 AustinJ.,20 Awosanya Adetilewa,3 Babich Amy,34 Bergfalks Tyler,4 Boyd Taylor,4 Burnett Clare,7 Cadwallader Cassy,5 CalveteBarrios Ines,5 Carey Nicole,6 Carroll Eva,6 Carter Kendra,7 Castaneda Mirella,18 Castellano Jerred,25 Castro Joselin,5 Chacon Gemma,23 Chan Christina,7 Croft Alex,1,8 Cunningham Kathryn,3 Dalton Charles,8 Daniel TJ,9 Devries Tyler,12 Distefano Monike,9 Donahue Cristina,10 Eastridge Kaylee,10 Enge Kaitlin,3 Flatlander Joseph,18 Fleming Courtney,10,29 Garriga Zakariah,11 Gilbreth Chloe,21 Gonzalez Blanca,26 Granados Vanessa,11 Grin Stuart,28,29 Hadjih Melissa,25 Haider,20 37

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Heydel Zahava,12,34 Hobbs Chrissy,12 Holst Jessica,18,22 Huck Chelsea,13 Ingersoll Branden,13 Jacobs Clayton,14,25 James Anika,14 Jensen Liesl,15 Kane Gregory,22 Karbach Keegan,15 Kittleson David,28,29 Kleih Katja,16 Kuenzli Jake,16 Laidlaw Kennedy,17 LamasOrtega Cassandra,17 Lambert Nichole,17 Landon Holly,16 Lee Ben,18 Lewis Keyata,18 LopezMorales Ana,23 Luckett Emilie,19 MacFadden Shannon,4,19 Martinez RomanJ.,20 McCullough Daniel,20 McGuire-Malone Ashlei,6 MelendrezZerwekh Andrew,20 Mendieta Maly,30 Metzroth Lucy,21 Michel Nastassja,21 Morelos Diana,23 Murphy Laura,22 Lauren,18 Musick Stephanie,22 Myers Jeremy,34 Nem Sophia,22 Nolen Jeancasia,30 NunezSifuentes Karen,7,23 O'Brien-Stoa Conner,24 O'Donnell Caitlin,24 Overbey Jasper,15 Padgett Christopher,18 Pai Kira,14,25 Parker Braden,12 Payne Erica,34 PenaFigueroa Estefani,5 Perez Karen,25 Pham Anna,15 Pletcher Jessica,26 Poch Dylan,26,32 38

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Ponce-Juarez Fernando,17 Purcell Ashley,27 Radebaugh Rachel,28 Rakowsky Evelyn,3 Ramey Colette,27 Rikke Rebecca,21 Rios-Ochoa Jose,2 Rodriguez Brandi,3 Rogers Caroline,26 Romero Jose,29 JoseM.,28 Rosales Deisy,5,23 Ruiz Joseph,10,29 Sanchez Anna,28,29 Schneider Brooke,30 Simmons Brianna,30 Singer Matt,12 Smith Amanda,14 Andrew,31 Kathleen,31 Sodia Tyler,26,32 Spear Elizabeth,32 Sundstrom Nick,33 Tetz Amanda,33 TranPhan Tiany,25 Tusa Alex,29 VanSteenhuyse Erica,34 Vigil Gabriel,10,29 Ward Shawn,24 Way Shane,35 Webster James,34 White Tammy,35 Winger Ethan,8 Zaring Paige,36 39