Citation
Location! Location! Where current polling places are, and where they should be.

Material Information

Title:
Location! Location! Where current polling places are, and where they should be.
Series Title:
Linear Programming
Creator:
Horton, Drew

Subjects

Genre:
Course Material ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
As a result of the civil rights movement of the 1960's, the US congress enacted the Voting Rights Act of 1965 to ensure that Americans who were eligible to vote were not prevented from doing so. In 2013, the US Supreme Court ruled section 4(b) of the Voting Rights Act unconstitutional in the case Shelby County v. Holden because it was based on outdated data. Section 4(b) was a coverage formula that defined which states would need federal approval to enact laws regarding voting or make changes to elections. Since the US Supreme Court’s ruling on Shelby County v. Holden more than 1688 polling places across 13 states have closed . Our goal is to create a coverage formula that can be used by congress to replace the outdated formula in section 4(b) that was overruled in Shelby County v. Holden. We created a linear program that assigns each census block in a given county to a reasonable polling location based on the distance between the centroid of the census block and all potential polling locations. This will create an optimal distribution of polling places, which we will then compare to the current locations of polling places. Our program will run using data collected from Denver County, and because of the accessibility of voting locations in Denver, it is expected that our results will only have minor differences from the current polling locations. However, we will be able to use our program to identify other states and counties whose current polling locations greatly differ from the optimal distribution. The overall results of our project could serve as a model for fair placement of voting locations elsewhere and help provide a new coverage formula based on current data.
Acquisition:
Collected for Auraria Institutional Repository by the Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Drew Horton.
Publication Status:
Unpublished

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Source Institution:
Auraria Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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