A youth hostel

Material Information

A youth hostel Steamboat Springs, Colorado
Alternate title:
Harrington, Happy
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
45, [18] leaves : illustrations, maps, plans ; 22 x 28 cm


Subjects / Keywords:
Youth hostels -- Designs and plans -- Colorado -- Steamboat Springs ( lcsh )
Youth hostels ( fast )
Colorado -- Steamboat Springs ( fast )
Designs and plans. ( fast )
bibliography ( marcgt )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
Designs and plans ( fast )


Includes bibliographical references (leaves 52-53).
General Note:
Cover title: A hostel.
General Note:
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, Master of Architecture, College of Design and Planning.
Statement of Responsibility:
Happy Harrington.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Colorado Denver
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
12258126 ( OCLC )
LD1190.A72 1985 .H3646 ( lcc )

Full Text
environmental design
auraria library

h. h a rring t on

Steamboat Springs, Colorado

An Architectural Thesis presented to the College of Design & Planning, University of Colorado at Denver in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Masters of Architecture.

May 1985


Artists throughout history have been blessed with the power to evoke emotion. Just as painters create emotion on canvas for the viewer, the architect has the opportunity to do the same on the landscape. The creation and manipulation of the built environment can have an everlasting positive effect on man. Thus there is a primary opportunity for designers to make this world a better place in which to live.

A project of this sort does not come together by the stroke of one hand. Without the support of my dear family and friends it would have been impossible. Most importantly, I wish to express my sincere appreciation to John, whose love and constant encouragement has been a tremendous contribution to this project and my life.

This project is lovingly dedicated to Melda and Jim, for they are responsible for its foundation, the development of its designer.

THESIS INTRODUCTION Introduction Thesis Statement
Project Location Area Background The Site Area Activities Legal Description Site Analysis
Building Location Climatic Design Design Criteria
Required Spaces and Square Footages
Main Entrance
Entrance Hall
Innkeepers Quarters Common Room Dining Room Kitchen
Dormitories/Guest Rooms Rest Rooms
Additional Facilities Statistical Data Typical Hostels A.Y.H. Requirements

This document is the foundation, background research, and programming for the design of a hostel in Steamboat Springs, Colorado. It is to accommodate both travelers and outdoor enthusiasts alike. Respecting the idea that people enjoy interacting with one another, the hostel provides inexpensive, dormitory-style lodging. It is also designed respecting the notion that people are coming to the area to enjoy a variety of outdoor activities and the grandeur of the mountain environment. These people want to stay in a place that is in keeping with the area, they do not want to be associated with a facility that has disrupted the majestic qualities of the setting itself. Thus, this project is one exhibiting that architecture can be sympathetic to the environment while also providing a place to stay that is majestic in its own right.

The Rocky Mountains of Colorado offer great adventure and unique outdoor experiences to travelers from the United States and abroad. Often the accommodations that the visitor to these mountains finds are not in keeping with their image or expectations of the area.
The American Youth Hostel system offers an alternative to individuals who want to venture into the environment as a participant, to become for a time defined by the land, by its people, and by their own individual challenges.
American Youth Hostels is an organization which promotes travel and outdoor recreation. We believe travel on this planet should be simple, enjoyable, and inexpensive. Through hosteling, people learn more about themselves, their fellow travelers, and the earth itself. (AYH Info & Equip Cat 1984-85, p. i)
Traditionally hostels are defined as "low cost, supervised, overnight accommodations for people traveling for health, education, and recreation." Hosteling promotes outdoor activities such as bicycling, hiking, canoeing, skiing, horseback riding and backpacking. All of these forms of outdoor recreation and travel can be experienced to their utmost here in the Rocky Mountains.
A hostel is much more than a place to sleep. Due to its organization and design there is an interaction and involvement that develops between guests that is quite special and extremely rare in other kinds of accommodations.
A man who stays the night in a strange place is still a member of the human community, and still needs company. There is no reason why he should creep into a hole, and watch TV alone, the way he does in a roadside motel. (Alexander, p. 449)
A hostel, unlike most hotels or motels, draws its energy from the community of travelers that are there any given evening. This is accomplished through common spaces where people have an opportunity to interact with one another and through shared sleeping, cooking and eating areas. In his book The Living Bread Thomas Merton summarizes the idea of communal eating.
A feast is of such a nature that it draws people to itself, and makes them leave everything else in order to participate in its joys. To feast together is to bear witness to the joy one has at being with his friends. The mere act of eating together, quite apart from a banquet or some other festival occasion, is by its very nature a sign of friendship and of 'communion.'

The latin word 'convivium' contains more of this mystery than our words banquet' or feast. To call a feast a 'convivium' is to call it a 'mystery of the sharing of life' a mystery in which guests partake of the good things prepared and given to them by the love of their host, and in which the atmosphere of friendship and gratitude expands into a sharing of thought and sentiments, and ends in common rejoicing. (Alexander, pp. 697-698)
The sharing of thought and sentiments Merton describes is not only a function of the kitchen and eating area but is carried on into communal living and sleeping spaces as well. The basis of hosteling "living simply in the spirit of fun and friendship."
One of the basic principles of a hostel is that the guests should be able to live as cheaply as possible when traveling. Hence it is essential that self-cooking facilities are provided. Even when meals are served by the innkeepers, self-cooking facilities are still a desirable feature for many people who want to eat their own food.
This not only saves the traveler money but gives numerous opportunities to enjoy and experience other guests. For centuries the experience of the hearth has been one to draw the family together. In the case of the hostel the family is the group of guests drawn for a communal meal, at any given time. The act of preparing food, along with the warmth of the hearth, often is the catalyst for bringing various people together.
The concept of the hearth is not a new one. Nearly fifty years ago the first youth hostel was built in this country. The following note was placed under the cornerstone of the fireplace :
On this autumn morning, October 22nd, 1936, we the directors, youth hostel staff, and friends of the American Youth Hostels, Inc. do dedicate this fireplace to the happiness of youth, believing that the joys of a blazing hearth not only warm the hands of those who gather round its flames but warm and lighten their hearts as well. May the fires that burn here kindle friendships that will be a magic power in kindling other youth hostel fires, so that when this paper is once more viewed by human eyes the whole world may have come to know the warmth and joy of hosteling. (First Years, p. 13)
Though Colorado has several such hostels, there is a growing need for more of these friendly and economic travel lodges. Particularly in the high country where winter sports participation is at a maximum. Despite the outstanding travel and recreation facilities of all types in the area, the greatest emphasis has been placed on the accommodation of destination travelers who desire and can afford luxurious condominiums and hotels. Travelers to popular mountain areas must be prepared to pay high resort prices for accommodations, particularly during the winter ski season. Although these facilities are in great demand they do not meet the needs of all skiers and travelers.

Thesis Statement
In this Thesis I propose to design a facility in a popular mountain resort area which will accommodate guests in a warm and sharing atmosphere at a low cost. This project is based on the premise that a congenial place can be designed for people of all ages, nationalities, and social backgrounds to interact and rest together in comfort.
I further propose to design an inn with its own identity complementing rather than competing with the natural landscape, a place that is memorable but not overpowering. There is an attitude among hostelers where valuable information about unforgettable places is passed along that becomes quite important to an operation's success or failure. Although the facility itself and the way it is operated plays a great role here the general character of the inn must reflect this idea. The ultimate goal is to achieve a desired emotional reaction and response through a physical form. I submit this can be accomplished through a sensitive use of materials, forms, light, color and texture, along with the manipulation of spaces.
There is a delicate balance which must be met between natural and manmade systems in this region. The structure is to blend but not be lost in the landscape. This is not to say it must become part of the mountain, only that its impact on the environment must be gentle. Architecture with the above objectives can be one of a complementary nature to its surroundings and afford its users the opportunity to enjoy not only the structure itself but its environmental setting and the harmony between the two.

Americans have traveled to the mountains, into the wilderness, and to mineral springs in search of renewed health, spiritual enlightenment, aesthetic gratification, or merely a change of pace, relaxation or sport, for many years. Resorts have also given us an opportunity to mingle with people of similar interests and of similar social standing. Historically the only resorts of this type were the grand hotels whose patrons included business tycoons, political leaders, socialites and fortune-hunters. Fortunately times have changed since the early days of establishments like that of the Broadmoor in Colorado Springs, Hotel Colorado in Glenwood Springs, and the Ahwahnee at Yosemite National Park in California. Although these early resort hotels were and still are today magnificent structures they were not designed to accommodate the general populace.
In contrast to these resorts the inns of colonial America followed the example of the simple country inns of England. Most of them were converted from private residences, with one main room that served as parlor, dining room, and bar. Here meals were taken with the host and his family. Indoor sanitary facilities and private rooms were still idle dreams of the traveler. Washing was usually done in the kitchen or out in the stable-yard. The moral objection to strangers of different sexes occupying the same room was overcome by the host's flat refusal to admit a woman unaccompanied by a husband or a parent. Although the concept of a hostel is still much the same this project is of a different age and
will not only accommodate single women but afford them the luxury of indoor plumbing.
Despite the broad difference between these two early forms of lodging the present day hostel brings the two ideas together. People are no longer merely staying at a country inn for a place to sleep, nor are they looking for a posh resort in which to be entertained.
People's needs and desires have changed greatly over the years but some fundamental historic concepts here are important to the idea of hosteling. In both cases above the individual guests spent much time together with one another. The grand hotels first introduced ballrooms for large parties, dances and an array of social functions. While the country inn displayed its sense of community in a much different way with the guest dining with the innkeeper and his family. The interaction of guests in both these incidents was part of their existence. People expected to meet and take part in activities with others. It was not only expected but considered quite pleasant.
As conservative business ventures, resort hotels have never been in the vanguard of architectural style. Rather, they have been composed of images familiar enough to their patrons to put them at ease, yet novel enough to hold their attention and to reinforce the notion that the hotel is a special place. (Limerick, p. 26)

Due to the wide range of activities in the area it is basically impossible to develop a scenario that would describe a majority of the prospective hostel users, or even typical users. People from all walks of life are hostel members. They probably share a common attitude about the world and what it has to offer more than anything else. They tend to lean toward a 'basic' way of living, enjoying the natural landscape and its people rather than looking to be entertained in a manner common to most resorts.
Although the guests differ a great deal there are generally more men than women staying in the hostels, but that changes nightly and is also a function of the activities the areas has to offer. For example, there are often more women at the hostel in Santa Fe than in Estes Park. Santa Fe offers some of the finest artists, galleries, concerts, and crafts in the area, functions women are often attracted to. In contrast there are more men staying in Estes Park for rock climbing, canoeing, fishing, etc. This is not to say that these activities are excluding one sex or catering to the other, only something to keep in mind when designing dorm rooms.
It is often thought that due to the general low cost of a hostel that the guests are poor, less educated, or of lesser occupations. This simply is not the case. As mentioned above, it is a philosophy about life that brings hostelers together. Often they are well educated giving them a better understanding and interest in people from around the world. They may be
students or simply people drawn to a special place who want to spend time with others.
Another major misconception about those staying at hostels is age. The term 'youth' is said by the American Youth Hostel Association to be a frame of mind rather than an interval of time. There are people of all ages staying in hostels throughout the world, from small children to senior citizens, with the average hosteler in this country being in their late 20's.
At hostels you will encounter outgoing people who like meeting others, who enjoy adventure, and who prefer to travel in a simple and inexpensive style. Hostel users are an interesting mix both Americans and visitors from other countries. They may be bicyclists, backpackers, whitewater rafters, skiers or other outdoor enthusiasts. They may be 'just tourists' perhaps students or senior citizens traveling for a long weekend or on an exciting year-long odyssey around the world. No matter what adventure they pursue, solo travelers and small groups of friends are frequent hostel users. (AYH Let's Go Hosteling, p. 3)


Project Location
Steamboat Springs was chosen as the general area for this project for several reasons. A hostel need not only be a pleasant place to stay, but must offer the guests a variety of recreational, educational and enjoyable experiences. The Steamboat area is ideal for year-round outdoor activities, from hiking, backpacking, and fishing in the summer to extensive crosscountry and downhill skiing in the winter.
The image that Steamboat has as a winter recreation and ski area is quite important here. At the onset of this project the primary goal was to design a lodging facility that would house individuals who are fond of skiing but are not necessarily fond of the jet set image that downhill resorts are typically associated with. Ski areas around Colorado have recently been more concerned with their 'image' than they have in the past. They are directing their marketing and advertising to selected groups and lifestyles. According to Colorado Ski Country U.S.A. there is an area for just about anyone's interests. "Each of our 34 member resorts has a distinctively different style, from the international flavor of Vail to the Western personality of Steamboat." This style or personality is important to the project due to the type of people who might be skiing here and looking for this sort of lodging. Although it is recognized there are existing hostels in other ski areas with totally different images, it is important that the hostel be located where the guests would feel at home, not only at the lodge, but skiing as well.
For economic reasons most of the ski resorts in the area are looking toward the development of year-round recreational activities. It is no longer feasible for them to only be attracting guest for four or five months out of the year. This holds true for the hostels as well. This area provides numerous activities in the Mt. Zirkel wilderness area, the Routt National Forest, the Yampa River Valley, and the natural hot mineral springs for year-round activities.
Steamboat also fits in well with the existing network of hostels in the Rocky Mountain Region. Due to its location it must provide much more than a place for people to sleep. Like the ski resort, it is destination oriented. People will be coming here to participate in whatever functions the landscape allows. It is much more than a bed between Point A and Point B.

Area Background
Steamboat Springs is located in a bend of the Yampa River, in the Yampa River Valley, in Northwestern Colorado. It was first settled in 1875 and has been known for its ranching, mining, and numerous mineral springs.
Skiing has been a part of the area since as early as 1912, although the actual ski area of Steamboat has only been operating since 1962. Unlike other Colorado resorts, it is destination oriented, with guests staying at least a weekend and often a week or longer.
The current population is approximately 6,000 within the city, with another 4,000 in the immediate area. The winter recreation industry draws an additional estimated population of 15,000 to 17,000 at peak times, with an additional winter work force of 4,000 5,000 people. These numbers make up a fairly young population. The median age is 27.

The Site
Located 3 1/2 miles north of the old town of Steamboat, the site was chosen due to its proximity to town, the ski area, its natural beauty and the surrounding recreational advantages. Many guests will use the hostel as a stepping off point to the national forest which borders the site to the north and west. It is also in close proximity to Mt. Zirkel Wilderness area with hiking trails off the county road to Buffalo Pass. The Pass is seven miles to the east. Here on the Continental Divide are numerous lakes and streams. The Steamboat ski area is approximately seven miles to the south and can be seen from the site. To the north on Strawberry Park Road about a mile and a half is the hot springs. The site and its surroundings offer superb facilities for sport, recreation, and relaxation on a year-round basis.
The site itself is beautifully located below Copper Ridge to the west and the Continental Divide to the east. The northwest corner of the property is quite steep and all but the southeast corner is covered with large Aspen trees. This clearing offers beautiful vistas to the valley below and an extraordinary view of the ski area to the south. There is a small stream which runs through the center of the property that starts just above the site to the west.

Steamboat Springs City Map

Area Activities
3 1/2 miles north of the old town of
Steamboat Springs
North and west edges of site border the Routt National Forest
7 miles west of Buffalo Pass and various lakes at the summit
- 7 miles north of Steamboat ski area
- 1 1/2 miles south of hot springs
8 miles southwest of Mt. Zirkel Wilderness area
b miles north of the Yampa River
20 miles southeast of Steamboat Lake State Park


Legal Description
A tract of land situated in section 20, township 7 north, range 84 west, 6th principal meridian. Routt County, Colorado, more particularly described as follows:
That portion of the east 1/2 of the southwest 1/4 of the southeast 1/2 of said section so lying west of county road #38 and that portion of the west 1/2 of the southeast 1/4 of the southeast 1/4 of said section so lying south of county road #38. Said tract containing 27 acres more or less.

The climate of Steamboat Springs and its surrounding area can best be described as a cool alpine climate with low humidity. Located in the Rocky Mountains at an elevation of 6,770 feet pleasant daytime conditions in Winter and Summer occur due to the thin atmosphere which allows a high penetration of solar radiation.
The prevailing winds are from the North, controlled by the Yampa Valley orientation which lies on a north-south axis. The prevailing air currents reach the Yampa Valley from a westerly direction moving eastwardly. Storms typically originate in the Pacific and, while passing over the Rocky Mountain Region, loose most of their moisture to westward facing slopes. Storms originating from the north are much colder with little moisture, they are frequent in Fall and Winter months, and decrease rapidly in the Spring. During Spring the warm moist air from the south is carried in a northwesterly direction to the higher elevations of the Rockies, where heavy precipitation occurs. The heaviest precipitation typically occurs at this time as wet snowfall or rain.
Large variations in this rugged climate occur within short distances, however, a few generalizations apply to this area. Summer conditions are typically mild with warm days characterized by afternoon thunderstorms with cool night-time temperatures. Winter conditions are typically cold characterized by heavy snow storms from the West and occasionally from the North. Significant local variations in temperature, precipitation, and wind directions are possible. However, specific information is not available for this area. The average annual precipitation is 23.32 inches, and the average annual snowfall is 168 inches in town, 325 inches at the ski area. Although the site is only a few miles North of town there is a difference in elevation of almost 1,000 feet. Consequently, the snowfall in this area is much greater than in town. (Grant, p. 23)

Climatic Conditions for Steamboat Springs, Colorado
Longitude: 106 deg. 50 min. West
Latitude: 40 deg. 30 min. North
Elevation: 6,770 feet town
7,600 feet site 7,000 to 9,076 ski area
Average Mean Temperature: Summer 68 Deg. F
Winter 20 Deg. F
Average Monthly Temperature:
J 15 Deg. F F 20 Deg. F M 28 Deg. F A 39 Deg. F M 49 Deg. F J 56 Deg. F
J 62 Deg. F A 61 Deg. F S 53 Deg. F 0-43 Deg. F N 29 Deg. F D 19 Deg. F
Average Snowfall: Town 170 inches
Ski Area 324 inches
Average Precipitation: Town 22.5 inches
Ski Area 42.8 inches
Growing Season: Town 57 days
Surrounding Area 50-90 days High Altitudes under 50 days (Rogers, p. 38)

Building Location
To take advantage of the sun, the structure should be placed on the site to receive the most sunlight during the time of maximum solar radiation 9:00 am to 3:00 pm insuring that outdoor spaces to the south will have adequate winter sun. The south face of the building is not only important for the collection of solar radiation, but also the most valuable outdoor spaces on sunny days.
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Climatic Design
Due to the geographic and climatic location of this building site, roof design with respect to snow becomes an extremely important factor. Snow creeps or slides on any incline, so care must be taken to insure visitor's safety and comfort in this regard. Thus the pitch of the roof should not be in the direction where people are to be. If this is unavoidable there should be overhang sufficient for protection.
Ice dams are another problem in areas of large snow fall. They are caused by heat from the inside of the building melting the snow on the roof.
The entire surface must be kept either cold or warm so that there is no temperature differential. The European cold roof is really two separate roof layers with outside air flowing between them. If there is going to be a sloping roof, one should seriously consider a cold roof or a very carefully detailed warm roof.
With a well-insulated roof, you will melt less snow and avoid many of the classic problems dealt with above. A type of insulation should be used which will not absorb moisture. There should be an impervious vapor barrier toward the inside (warm side) of the wall so that the wall can breathe, and interior moisture will not be trapped in the wall.

Design Criteria for Effective Cold Roof Functions
Roof Pitch Cold roofs are ineffective on any pitch less than 6/12. Due to small vented spaces, frictional slowing of the air is very great.
Length of Run Longer length runs also create great friction and slow air movement. Guidelines:
5/12 pitch 16 foot maximum 6/12 pitch 20 foot maximum 7/12 pitch 30 foot maximum
Runs over 35 to 40 feet should be avoided.
Flow Balancing The surface area of the intake vents should match the area of the ridge vent as closely as possible. Imbalanced situations restrict air flow.
Ridge Clogging The total air flow in the roof system must be great enough to overcome heavy 18" to 24" snow storms which will clog the ridge vent with ice. Once the vent is clogged, the entire roof reverts to a warm roof system and ice will begin to form.
Heat Tape The sole purpose of heat tape on eaves is to allow the water forming at the bottom side of the snow pack to run down the roof and over the cold overhangs without freezing. To do this, the heating coils must extend from 6" above the exterior fall line to the bottom edge of the overhang. Loops should be spaced no further than 4" apart or ice will form between them. Heat should be either controlled by a thermostat or set to run continuously from November to May.
Energy Efficiency Effective cold roofs will draw large volumes of air across the warmed bottom deck. This air movement removes the air film phenomenon, greatly increasing heat loss through the roof. Roofs must be well insulated and a sound vapor barrier must be installed or infiltration from the inside of the building to the roof vents will increase dramatically.

Design Criteria for Warm Roof Design
The properly designed warm roof offers just as much performance as a cold roof, with much less cost. The objectives of warm roof design are as follows:
1. Roof surface should be designed to maintain a 36 degree temperature or lower when it is snowing and the building is heated to 68 degrees.
2. Bar joist and metal deck roofs are especially prone to heat distribution problems. Often the cold roof system is applied directly over the metal deck. This creates a condensation problem. The cool air moving through the old roof cools down the metal deck and bar joists below the dew point. Batt insulation between the joists may keep condensation from forming on the metal deck, but the exposed bottom cord of the joist will have heavy condensation.
3. One of the best ways to insure a uniform roof temperature is to install 2 layers of 1.5" rigid polyurethane insulation between the final roofing surface and the roof sheathing. Two layers are much better than one because the joints can be staggered 50% to reduce infiltration.

p Page # Section or Table # Topic Use Restrictions/ Requirements
1 1 409 Definitions Hotel - Hotel is any building containing 6 or more guest rm. intended or designed to be used, or which are used, rented or hired out to be occupied, or which are occupied for sleeping purposes by guests
46 1 413 Definitions Lodging House - Lodging house is any building or portion thereof containing not more than five guest rooms which are used by not more than five guests where rent is paid in money, goods, labor or otherwise
89 1202 Requirements for Occupancies Group R - Limits in Tables 5-C, 5-D
33-A Minimum Egress and Access Req. Assembly Areas Lodge Rooms Dining Rooms - Min. of 2 exits where # of occ.. is at least 50 - Occupant load factor (7 sq. ft.) - Access by ramp/elevator for handicapped - Balconies or mezzanines not necessary - Occupant load factor 15
5-A Fire Resistance Wall and Opening Protection Location on Property Group R-3 Dwelling and Lodging Houses R-l - Fire resistance of exterior walls 1 hour less than 3 feet - Openings in exterior walls not permitted less than 3 feet - 1 hour less than 5, not permitted less than 3 feet
5-C Basic Allowable Floor Area One Story R-3 R-l - Unlimited sq. ft. type I - Construction type II & IV 13,500 - Construction type V 10,500

Section or Table //
Maximum Height R-3
of Buildings in Stories R-l
Exit Facilities Sleeping
3303(d) Distance to Exits
1205(a) Light and
Ventilation Guest Rooms Rest Rooms
17-A Types of R-l
Construction R-3
Ch. 29
- Type I unlimited
- Type II & V 3 stories
- Type I unlimited
- Type II & III 4 stories
- Type V 3 stories
- At least one operable window or exterior door approved for emergency escape or rescue
- Minimum net clear opening of 5.7 sq. ft.
- Minimum net clear height 24 inches
- Minimum net clear width 20 inches
- Finished sill height not more than 44 inches above floor
- Max. distance from any point to an exit door shall not exceed 150 ft.
- Provided w/natural light area not less than 1/10 of floor area. 10 sq. ft. min.
- As above, not less than 1/20 floor area 1/12 sq. ft.
- Can be mechanical
- Due to size of the buildings all types of construction are allowed by code. With regard to one hour resistive construction
- Cut slopes for permanent excavations shall not be steeper than 2 horizontal to 1 vertical. Footings and foundations see p. 515 U.B.C.

Page // 719
Section or
Table # Topic Use
Ch. 35 Sound Group R
app. Transmission
2305 Roof Design
Ch. 37 Fireplaces Group R
Ch. 38 Sprinkler Systems
Group R-l
1213 Access to Group R
Buildings and Facilities
- Wall and floor-ceiling assemblies separating dwelling or guest rooms from each other and from public space such as interior corridors and service areas shall provide airborne sound insulation for walls, and both airborne and impact sound insulation for floor-ceiling assemblies
- Snow load 90 lb/sq. ft. = S
- No reduction for slope
- For altitudes over 2,000 feet, see building official's for area of passageway.
- Automatic sprinkler system shall be installed. See requirements one hour
- Exception from sprinkler system
- Building containing more than 20 dwelling units or 20 guest rooms shall be accessible to the physically handicapped by a level entry, ramp or elevator

At present the selected site is zoned agriculture and forestry allowing five unrelated persons in one dwelling unit per fifteen acres. In order to have a facility to accommodate the programmed number of individuals a special use permit must be obtained from the county. This would allow an increased number of total occupants under the special use of 'recreational resorts.' This is defined as a commercial place designed and intended primarily to accommodate tourists and vacationers with recreational facilities and may or may not include a lodge or motel.
This project assumes the special use permit would be granted by the county commissioners and thus would allow the programmed number of individuals on the chosen site of 30 acres.
Note: For Routt County zoning regulations see appendix.
100 ft. from mid of road
50 ft. from all bound

Required Spaces and Square Footages Main Entrance
Entrance 1000
Office 200
Innkeepers Quarters 1000
Common Room 1000
Dining Room 1000
Kitchen 500
Dormitories/Guest Rooms 2500
Rest Rooms 1000
Additional Facilities for: storage, mechanical, sports, laundry, 2000
equipment repair 10,000
Circulation + 10% 900
Total Area
11,000 sq.

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Space: Main Entrance
Area: Undefined
Number: 1
Users: All guests, visitors and staff
Ob j ective: To draw guests in and make them feel welcome. This is where they will make their first impressions.
Function: The entrance should be in a prominent position and should be easily recognizable. A place where guests will wait for one another, for shuttle, arriving and departing guests.
Qualities: The space should be warm with a welcoming atmosphere. It should be a place you would want to linger.
Adjacency's: - porch - entrance hall
Orientation: The entry should be on the south or east to protect it from wind and snow and to encourage guests to relax in the sun. It also must have access from the drive and foot traffic.

Space: Entrance Hall
Area: Important part of the hostel and should not be cramped for space -1,000 sq. ft.
Number: 1
Users: Large groups and individuals
Objective: To provide a space for arriving guests to orient themselves, remove packs and outer clothing
Function: The entrance hall will serve as the waiting area for arriving and departing guests. It is also the cross-roads for traffic and needs to be directional.
Qualities: The space should be light and airy, it will set the attitude of the facility, and needs to be informative and friendly
Adjacency's: - daytime toilets - main entrance - office reception desk - coat room - baggage storage
Orientation: The entrance needs plenty of light, as to feel secure, lively and open. The guests should be able to see what the weather is like outside
Furnishings Notes: Considerations should be given to immediate needs of people using the hostel, such as chaninging rooms from dirty and wet clothes and boots, lavatory accommodations, telephone
facilities, mail distribution, messages, and general

Space: Office
Area: 200 sq. ft. +/-
Number: 1
Users: Innkeepers and staff
Objective: The office is a space that must be centrally located and offer supervision of the main entrance
Function: It is a place for the innkeeper to perform business functions, provide supervision of the hostel and reception of guests
Qualities: The space needs to be orderly and efficient but also friendly and informal
Adjacency's: - readily accessible to innkeepers quarters - connection to entrance hall
Orientation: Counter open to entrance hall
Fixtures: The counter should be able to lock or be secured. It is necessary to have a safe, and a place to distribute mail. There also needs to be a place for membership cards and the distribution of sheets.
Notes: - plan of dorms provision for the sale of Hostel Handbooks, maps, pamphlets, food stuffs and confectionery

Adjacency's: Orientation:
Innkeepers Quarters 1000+ sq. ft.
Innkeepers usually two adults, possible a family
To house the innkeepers in their own private area, but also keeping them available to guests
Living quarters for innkeeper, thus 2 bedrooms, living or setting room, kitchen, bath room
The space needs a maximum amount of quiet and privacy but also easily accessible
- near guests, office
Bedrooms to the east
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Common Room
p Space: Common Room
Area: Ideally it should be large enough to accommodate all the guests at the same time, or several smaller rooms. A minimum of 15 sq. ft./person, when combined with dining min. of 22 sq. ft./person should be allowed. These are minimum sizes. More space is always desirable.
Number: Larger room for general purpose and smaller rooms for quiet and more specific functions
Users: All guests and staff AO to 60 people
Objective: The common rooms will serve many different purposes. Consequently it has to be adaptable, used informally, and used spontaneously.
Function: Room where guests meet, talk, read, write, generally spend most of their time. Possibility of educational rooms, slide shows, films. Physical heart of the organization.
Qualities: The space should feel homey, with a comfortable atmosphere and be able to withstand hard wear
Adjacency's: - near or with dining room
(eating space)
- close to kitchen
- pass thru to enter and exit but not disrupt
circulation path should run tangent
- outdoor area
Orientation: Equally accessible to everyone
"on the way" to anywhere in hostel, the heart, warm and sunny at all possible times
Furnishings: Fireplace to provide heat but
also as a focus, a place for people to gather around. Comfortable chairs, group tables
Notes: Common room and dining may be
combined if there is an auxiliary quiet common space

Space: Dining Room
Area: Accommodate at least 1/2 the guests at the same time. A minimum of 14 sq. ft./person for a dining room is required. For a combination dining and recreational room, minimum of 20 sq. ft./person should be allowed
Number: 1
Users: Guests and staff
Objective: Eating should be an event, also a gathering function
Function: To serve as an eating space but also for group activities, relaxing or possible food preparation for kitchen
Qualities: The space should be roomy enough that guests don't feel rushed or cramped but should also not feel deserted if only a few are using space. It should also be light and airy and well ventilated.
Adjacency's: - close proximity to kitchen -connected by a spacious serving hatch with generous laying space - near washroom - connection to outdoor eating area for use in appropriate weather
Furnishings: Simple and strong, tables and chairs easy to keep clean
Should be flexible to accommodate a few users of the space or all. Direct lighting over individual tables encourages a group type setting

| Space: Kitchen
Area: +/- 500 sq. ft
Number: 2 one for staff prepared meals and another for self-cooking
Users: All guests and staff
Objective: Give guests a choice as to cooking their own meals or eating in a family style what staff has prepared
Function: To prepare three meals a day, also available to make coffee, snacks, sack lunches and such
Qualities: The space should be well organized and spacious to accommodate necessary numbers. The guests should feel confident and comfortable using and finding utensils.
Adjacency's: Dining room, pantry, service entrance, wash area, food storage
Orientation: Kitchen often is quite warm with cooking in the evening, don't need extra heat of west or evening sun. In contrast mornings much cooler, easterly morning sun welcome.
Furnishings: Durable, easily cleanable, sufficient storage area
Lighting: Good overall lighting, specific task lighting


Space: Dormitories/Guest Rooms
Area: 40 sq. ft. of floor space or 250 cu. ft. of air volume per bed
Number: Space for 48 guest beds, primarily 46 beds/per room
Users: All guests, male and female, rooms able to serve either sex depending on numbers. Based on 60% male, 40% female
Objective: To allow strangers a relaxed atmosphere in which to rest, sit and sleep. In a hostel your bed is basically the only space which is totally yours.
Function: To provide a place to sleep
Qualities: The space should be quiet and comfortable
Adjacency's: Near bathing and rest rooms. Away from evening noise. Plumbing should not be on common wall with sleeping rooms
Orientation: Bedrooms should be toward the east, and received morning sun.
Notes: - accommodations for 40 to 50 guests with overflow of larger groups in larger rooms with up to 8 beds each men and women - max. sleeping capacity 56 - XTOuld be nice to close off when not in use

Function: Qualities:
Orientation: Note:
Rest Rooms
+ 500 sq. ft.
2 mens and 2 womens
Overnight guests; staff and visitors
Toilets, showers and sinks
The space must be extremely clean, easily repaired and well vented
- near sleeping area, but not on common walls
- need rest rooms near entry and common area for day use
Warmed by morning sun and light
- VI. C. on a minimum ratio of one for every twelve hostelers
- wash basins one for every six hostelers
- shower one for every 15 hostelers

Additional Facilities
Luggage room
Cycling, ski and other sports equipment storage and repair
Broom closets
Mudroom (wet and dirty outer clothing)
Linen and equipment storage
Drying rooms
Work rooms
Mech. room
Greenhouse produce used in kitchen Outdoor gathering space

A.Y.H. Requirements
The following are design guidelines, requirements, and recommendations in order to be considered a superior hostel by the American Youth Hostel Association.
Dormitories 'A Place to Sleep'
Small dorms of 6 beds or fewer be provided among the sleeping units.
Must be at least 40 sq. ft. of floor space or 250 cu. ft. of air volume per bed.
Must have suitable ventilation
- operable window space equal to 1/20 of floor space
- or mechanical substitute
The vertical distance between the upper and lower beds in a bunk (or between the upper bed and the ceiling) must not be less than 30".
Beds must be at least 6'6" x 2'6" with well maintained springs or secure wood bases.
Beds must be arranged to provide unobstructed pathways for egress.
Mattresses must be at least 6'3" x 26" and must be fitted with a mattress cover.
Ceiling must be at least 7' in height.
Two blankets must be available for each bed in use in winter, be of good quality and at least 60" x 80" in size.

Sanitary Facilities 'A Place to Wash'
Sinks should be available at the scale of 1 to 8 capacity.
Toilets should be provided at the scale of 1 to 8 capacity.
Should have extra mirror. Must have shelf space and clothes hooks adequate for maximum number of users at once.
Showers should be provided (hot and cold) at the scale of 1 shower to each 8 beds.

Kitchen 'A Place to Eat'
Some type of stove (wood, gas, electric, etc.) must be provided with capacity to allow all to prepare meals over a reasonable period. Scale of 1 burner to every 8 capacity.
There should be one oven for every 30 capacity.
Impervious, cleanable counter space for food preparation must be provided.
Refrigeration to 45 F (1/2 cubic ft. for each 1 capacity) must be provided. For heavily used facilities more space may be necessary.
Shelves or cabinets (1/2 cubic ft. volume per person) for storage of dry goods must be provided.
Storage for pots, pans, and utensils.
Three compartment sinks or machine wash with 140 F capacity. See code.

Dining Room 'A Place to Make Friends'
The comfortable seating capacity of the dining room should be equal to the bed capacity of the hostel.
The capacity must be at least 14 sq. ft. of floor space per person capacity.

Common Room 'A Place to Make Friends'
There should be a separate quiet room and separate game room provided.
The combined seating capacity of the common room(s), game room(s), and quiet room(s) must be equal to the total hostel bed capacity.
Tables must be provided in common and quiet rooms for individual work, reading, etc. space.

Housekeeping and Maintenance -'A Supervised Place'
There must be on hand and properly stored (either in the respective room or in a cleaning supply area) adequate brushes, rags, sponges, towels, mops, brooms,
buckets, etc... so that the kitchen and all bathrooms can be cleaned at reasonable shifts.
Slop sinks should be provided at
appropriate locations.

General Information
Corridors should be lighted at night by a night light.
Reading lights should be provided in common room or quiet room.
Provisions for storage of equipment -packs, bicycles, skis, etc.
A permanent register.
An outside clothes line.
Coin-operated washer and dryer.

Maximum Number of Beds
Gross Area of Hostel in Sq. Ft.
Area/Bed Space Sq. Ft.
Area of Entrance Hall Sq. Ft.
Area of Common Rooms Sq. Ft.
Number of Common Rooms Common Room Area/Person Sq. Ft. Minimum Dormitory Area/Bed Sq. Ft. Minimum Dormitory Area/Person Dining Area Sq. Ft.
Area Meals Kitchen Area Members Kitchen
Dining Area Sq. Ft./Person
9>0 80 20 52 l£p IOO
0,^(0 8,5&U> 4427 \O-\0 10,245-
II! lOfc 42 8S bS 102
542 IK1 "4 Z30 554
16(o 72I 274 548 402 088
2 2 I I I 1
10 3 I3 II 24 7
33 4I 47 44 35 24
\<\ 20 24 \& 1 5T
| 070 242 I 55 C.ot;N\ <3oo
33 243
*\Oiv soo WO 170 CQt'Won ZSX M 40)
7 I4 I2 3 8
1. Torridon Scotland
2. Corbally (Limerick), Erie
3. Chilliwack Lake, Canada
4. Queenstown, New Zealand
5. Norton Summit, Austrialia
6. Rikuzentaka, Japan

When reviewing the numbers in the above table several things must be kept in mind:
- The psychological need for personal space is much different in this country than in Europe.
- Many existing hostels abroad are converted or renovated spaces. Often the space requirements are a function of space available.
* These figures were taken from a handbook prepared by Mr. James Scott Wood, Consultant, Architect to the Scottish Youth Hostels Association, with the collaboration of the Secretariat of the International Youth Hostel Federation.

How does one write a conclusion to a process, something that is linear that seems to have had no concrete beginning and hopefully no end. This project is about the growth of a design but also and more importantly it is about the growth of a designer and that assuredly has no conclusion. It is a process that begins with life itself and is constantly evolving. This past year has been a major stride in that evolution.
The true conclusion to this Thesis is hopefully seen in the design of the hostel for that was the goal. To have an idea, a concept, a vision of the way something ought to be and to have that achieved in architecture. Thus, the conclusion, the drawings, the design of a youth hostel in Steamboat Springs, Colorado.

Steamboat Springs, CO
May 1985
Happy Harrington



Northeast Elevation


Section A-A L........u

Alexander, Christopher, A Pattern Language, New York: Oxford University Press, 1977.
AYH Information and Equipment, American Youth Hostels, Inc., 1984-85.
Berger, Terry, The Rocky Mountains, Country Inns of America, New York Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1983.
Cullen, Gordon, Townscape, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1961.
"Consumer Guide Winter 1984-85," Colorado Ski Country U.S.A., Denver: Mountain West Printing, 1984.
Davern, Jeanne, M., Places for People, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976.
"Day Lodge, Panorama Village, B.C.," Canadian Architect, January, 1980.
"The First Years," Hostelers' Knapsack, Summer, 1984.
Grant, D.S., unpublished architectural thesis, University of Colorado at Denver, Denver, Colorado, May, 1984.
"Hosteling in the Rockies," Rocky Mountain Council, American Youth Hostels, 1984.
Korb, John W., Winter Sports Administration, Forest Service, U.S.D.A. Personal Interview, Denver, Colorado, 28 September 1984.
Let's Go Hosteling with American Youth Hostels, Washington, DC: American Youth Hostels, Inc., 1984.
Limerick, Jeffrey, America's Grand Resort Hotels, New York: Random House, 1979.

Kills, Edward D., Planning; Buildings for Habitation, Commerce and
Industry, Huntington, NY: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Co., 1976.
"National Forest Landscape Management, Ski Areas, Volume 2, Chapter 7," U.S.D.A., Forest Service Agriculture, Handbook No. 617, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984.
1984 Handbook, Washington, DC: American Youth Hostels, Inc., 1984.
"Planning Considerations for Winter Sports Resort Development," U.S.D.A., Forest Service Publication, 1973.
Rogers, Robert W., Jr., unpublished architectural thesis, University of Colorado at Denver, Denver, Colorado, Spring, 1984.
Smart, J. Eric, Recreational Development Handbook, New York:UU-Urban Land Institute, 1981.
Sommer, Robert, Personal Space, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1969.
Tuan, Yi-Fu, Space and Place, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1977.
Uniform Building Code 1982 Edition, International Conference of Building Officials, Whittier, California, 1984.
World Adventure 1984 American Youth Hostels, Washington, DC: American Youth Hostels, Inc., 1984.

How to A^ply for
A Conditional or Special Use Permit
iplicant comes into Planning Office for pre-iplication conference and receives application
" u i t,-!;.:! -IN -j
Applicant submits completed application, all required fees, and all required information for view of the petition 14 days prior to the anning Commission meeting afc which the Te tition is to be heard.
# pur-uc
Applicant posts a legal notice describing e proposed petition on the property.
o o a b

plicant attends County Planning Conmission meeting (1st S 3rd Thursday) at which the Planning Commission will review and recomnend proval or disapproval of the Special Use rmit to the Board of County Commissioners.
Applicant attends public hearing held by the Board of County Commissioners at which time the ard shall approve or disapprove said Permit.
the Board of County Commissioners approves tne Special (Conditional) Use Permit, it becomes effective immediately, but a State ;nnit may also be required after local
proval .
Come into the County Planning Office and pick up a Special (Conditional) Use Permit application. At this time, the applicant may talk with (or make an appointment with) one of the County Planners if any areas of the process are unclear. Also at this time, the applicant may purchase a copy of the County Zoning Ordinance ($10) which explains all Ordinance requirements of Special and Conditional Use Permi ts.
Once the application is complete, the applicant may submit the application and accompanying data to the County Planning Office. This must be done 14 days prior to a County Planning Commission meeting to allow processing and public notice. Planning Commission meetings are normally scheduled for the 1st & 3rd Thursdays of each month. Public notice must be made at least 30 days prior to the Board of County Commissioners hearing. The Planning Department places the legal advertisement in a paper of general circulation.
The applicant must post the property with a sign furnished by the Planning Department notifying the general public of the time and place of the Planning Commission meeting at which the petition shall be reviewed. The sign must be posted 15 days prior to said Commission meeting.
At the County Planning Commission meeting, which the applicant or an agent must attend, the Commission members will review the proposal and recommend approval, disapproval or approval with conditions to the Board of County Commissioners.
After recommendation by the Planning Commission, and after legal notice in a newspaper, the petitioner attends public hearing held by the Board of County Commissioners, at which time the Board will rule on the petition.

2. The unit is located and designed in such a manner as to be visually compatible with adjoining properties.
3. Planning Commission shall be provided with viable assurances that when the unit is no longer exclusively occupied by a relative, the unit will be removed, if a temporary structure, or reverted to another use that is permitted under this code. To this end, it shall be the responsibility of the Planning Department to send a letter, on an annual basis, to the permittee requesting verification that the status of the permitted occupancy has not changed.
4.. No more than 750 square feet shall be devoted to the senior housing unit.
5. No more than one senior housing unit shall be permitted on any lot.
6. Adequate provisions shall be made for water and sanitation.
7. Minimum open space requirements, as per Table III-A, are to be complied with.
8. Property owners shall live in one of the dwelling units on the lot.
?. Owners are to be related to occupants of the.other unit by blood, marriage or adoption. '
10. Occupants of the Senior Housing Unit shall be of retirement age (usually over 65) or be unable to live independently because of disability.
H. Room Renting, Room Boarding, Bed and Breakfast Facilities
The renting of rooms on a nightly, weekly or monthly basis to persons
other than members of the family residing in the same dwelling may
be permitted provided the following conditions exist:
1. The total number of unrelated .persons, including roomers in any. one dwelling unit must not exceed five (5) for each conforming parcel of land devoted to this use. (Example: In the Medium Density Residential zone, if 12,000 sq. ft. of land area were devoted to this type of use, a total of 10 persons could be housed.)
2. Minimum open space requirements, as per Table 111 -A, shall be complied with.
3. Adequate p.aved or graveled parking shall be provided.
4. Roomers' and renters' quarters shall be an integrated part of the principal housekeeping unit.
V 54

A. Ranching, farming and general agriculture
B. Single family dwelling units related to an individual ranch or farmstead
C. Accessory uses and structures related to agriculture
D. Public parks, public recreation lands and public wildlife preserves (March 7, 1972)
I 4.2 Special Uses Allowed by Permit Only:
A. Major facilities of a public utility, (November 23, 1976)
A. Ranching, farming and general agriculture
B. Single family dwelling units related to an individual ranch or farmstead
C. Accessory uses and structures related to agriculture
D. Lumbering
E. Parks, recreation lands and wildlife preserves (public or private)
F. Home occupations (March 7, 1982)
II 4.2 Conditional Uses:
A. Public Utilities
B. Camping areas
C. Churches and related uses
D. Schools or other public facilities including recreational faci1i ties
E. Dairies
F. Animal hospital or kennel
G. Fur fanning
H. Radio wave and microwave transmitting and relay stations, including accessory antennas (September 12, 1976)
Special UsesAllowed by Permit Only:
A. Mining and related uses including:
1. All uses allowed by right in the Mining Zone District
2. Other related uses which are essentially comprised c!7
4- .

mixing sand and gravel with other materials and the fabrication or finishing thereof into products of another nature (August 8, 1973)
B. Recreational resorts
C. Feed lots
D. Animal sales yard
E. Airports with runways of 5,000 feet or less
F. Airports with runways of more than 5,000 feet and all lands within one mile of the property boundaries of said ai rport
G. Cemeteries
H. Sanitary land-fill
I. Electrical transmission lines of 69 KV or more
J. Milling and processing of lumber, but not including the manufacture of wood products, and provided that no commercial signs are authorized (August 8, 1973)
K. Drilling and boring for oil or other minerals (January 10, 1973 and April 3, 1973)


6.1 Conditional and Special Uses May be Allowed by Permit Only
Conditional and special uses as designated under Section 4, Zoning District Regulations, may be allowed only following review and recommendation by the County Planning Commission and written permission by the Board of County Commissioners, as follows:
A. CONDITIONAL USES shall be permitted by the County Commissioners provided that prior to the granting of such permission the County Commissioners shall have notified the County Planning Commission requesting their review and recommendation on the conditional use. The basis of Planning Commission review and the granting of permission for conditional uses by the Board
of County Commissioners shall be, among other considerations, that: such use complies with and meets all the conditions and safeguards indicated for that particular use under this section and under Sections 4 and 8 of this Resolution. Upon satisfactory demonstration that all such conditions have been met, the County Commissioners shall grant permission for a Conditional Use, subject to additional conditions as may be imposed by the County Commissioners in order to comply with the purposes and intent of this Resolution.
B. SPECIAL USES may be granted or denied at the discretion of the Board of County Commissioners, provided that prior to their action, the Board of County Commissioners shall have notified the County Planning Commission requesting their review and recommendation on the special use, The basis of Planning Commission review and granting or denial of any special use
by the Board of County Commissioners shall be, among other considerations, that: the special use shall be in conformance with standards and requirements regarding special uses as set forth under +his Section and under appropriate provisions of Sections 4 and 8 of this Resolution in granting permission for a special use, the County Commissioners may impose additional conditions in order to comply with the purposes and intent of this Resolution.
(March 7, 1972)
6.2 Procedure for Conditional or Special Use Permits:
A. Application for a conditional or a special use permit shall be submitted in writing to the County Commissioner, along with such evidence as may be necessary to demonstrate compliance with the conditions and requirements set forth for the particular use according to this Resolution.

B. The County Commissioners shall study and review the application
and accompanying evidence before taking action on the application
In addition, before ruling on the application, they shall:
1. Submit a copy of the application and accompanying data to the County Planning Commission for study and review.
2. Hold a public hearing on the application as indicated in Section 6.4 below.
C. The County Commissioners' study of the application shall include
consideration of all the following.
1. Information submitted by or for the applicant;
2. Information submitted for the Public Hearing;
3. Comments by the County Planning Commission, and any additional qualified opinions.
D. The County Commissioners shall rule on the application as follows
1. In case of a conditional use application, such application shall be .granted upon the conditions as indicated in Section 6.1, Article A. above.
2. In the case of a special use application, such application may be granted or denied, as indicated in Section 6.1,
Article B. above.
(March 7, 1972)
6.3 Planning Commission Review:
As part of the review and recommendation process of the County Planning Commission, the applicant for any conditional or special use shall post his property with a sign, furnished by the Planning Commission, notifying the general public of the time and place of a meeting before the Planning Commission at which said property shall be reviewed for a conditional or special use. The sign shall be posted on the property at least fifteen (15) days prior to the scheduled meeting date. (March 7, 1972)
6.4 Public Notice and Hearing:
Before granting, nullifying or amending a Conditional Use of Special Use Permit, the Board of County Commissioners shall hold a public hearing on the matter, and notice of such hearing shall be published at the expense of the applicant in a newspaper of general circulation within Routt County at least thirty (30) days prior to the hearing date. In addition, written notice of the hearing shall be mailed at least fifteen (15) days prior to the hearing date to the applicant and to owners of properties adjacent to the property in question.
Failure to mail such a notice due to clerical omissions shall not affect the validity of any hearing or determination of the Board of County Commissioners. (May 9, 1978)

6.5 Regulation of Conditional Uses:
AH conditional uses allowed by permit only shall conform to the regulations as set forth in Section 4, for the District in which they have been permitted. In addition, such uses shall conform to the regulations such as those designed for particular uses under Section 8 of this Resolution (March 7, 1972)
6.6 Regulations of Special Uses:
A. Planned Unit Development (PUD)
All Planned Unit Developments shall conform to the regulations set forth in Section 7 of this Resolution.
B. All other special uses allowed by permit only shall conform to the regulations as set forth in Section 4, for the District in which they have been permitted. In addition, such uses shall conform to any supplementary regulations such as those designated for particular uses under Section 8 of this Resolution, (March 7, 1972)
6.7 Fees for Conditional Use Applications:
Application fees, to help defray costs of processing and administering this section, shall be paid by applicants for conditional use permits. The fee shall be in the amount of Fifty ($50) Dollars per site for conditional uses. Payment of the fee shall be 'made to Routt County at the time of filing of application for conditional use.
(March 7, 1972)
6.8 Fees for Special Use Applications:
Application fees, to help defray costs of processing and administering this section, shall be paid by applicants for special use permits, The fee shall be in the amount of Fifty ($50) Dollars per site for special uses, except that in the case of a PUD special use application the fee shall be as designated in Section 7.12, "Fees for PUD Application," in this Resolution. (March 7, 1972)
6.9 Performance Bonds Required:
A. Mining, Sand and Gravel, Drilling and Other Extractive Operations.
Before any conditional or special use permit shall be issued for a mining, sand and gravel, oil, or other extractive operation, the applicant shall furnish evidence of a bank

commitment of credit in favor of Routt County, or bond or certified check, in an amount calculated by the County Commissioners to secure the site restorations (as required in Section 8.3 of this Resolution) in a workmanlike manner, and in accordance with specifications and construction schedule established or approved by the appropriate engineer. Such commitment, bond or check shall be payable to and held by the Board of Commissioners of Routt County. (April 3, 1973)
B. Planned Unit Development (PUD)
Any Planned Unit Development, whether a use by right, condition, or special permit shall be subject to the requirements, specifications and procedures as set forth in Section 7 of this Resolution. (March 7, 1972)
6.10 Term of Permit and Permit Review:
A. A Conditional or Special Use Permit shall remain valid for the time period specified by the Board of County Commissioners at the time of issuance of the permit, or if no time period is specified for the life of the use; provided, however, that the permittee has diligently pursued construction on, or initiation of, the use within the first two years after issuance of the permit.
B. If work to construct or initiate the Conditional or Special Use has not substantially progressed within the first two years after issuance of the permit, the Planning Commission may notify the permittee and hold a meeting with the permittee to determine if a recommendation shall be made to the Board of County Commissioners that the Conditional or Special Use Permit be nullified for failure to construct or initiate the use. It shall be the responsibility of the permittee to demonstrate diligence in pursuit of the use. If the permittee successfully demonstrates such diligence, the Planning Commission shall not recommend nullification of the permit to the Board of County Commissioners; however, the Planning Commission shall retain the right to review the permit annually thereafter if such review is deemed necessary.
C. If the Planning Commission recommends to the Board of County Commissioners that the Special or Conditional Use be nullified for failure to construct or initiate the use, the Board of County Commissioners, after public notice (pursuant to Section 6.4) and public hearing, may nullify or amend the Conditional or Special Use Permit. It shall be the responsibility of the permittee at such public hearing to show cause why the permit should not be nullified or amended.
D. If it is alleged that the conditions of a Special or Conditional Use Permit have been violated by the permittee, the permit may be nullified or amended by the Board of County Commissioners at any
I 6

time during the term of the permit and pursuant to the procedural requirements of paragraphs B. and C. above.
E. Whenever a Conditional or Special Use has been discontinued for a period of six (6) months, the permit shall be deemed to automatically lapse. This provision shall not apply to Special or Conditional Uses which are customarily operated seasonally or periodically. (May 9, 1978)
6.11 Transfer of Conditional or Special Use Permit:
The transfer of any Conditional or Special Use Permit may occur only after a review by the Board of County Commissioners with the prospective operator of any such use and filing of a statement by said prospective operator that he will comply with the terms and conditions of the Conditional or Special Use. Any proposal to change the terms and conditions of a Conditional or Special Use shall require a new Conditional or Special Use Permit.
(May 9, 1978)